According to the rules of agrotechnology, bulbs of most species of lilies are planted in the ground in autumn - this time more closely matches the natural life cycle of the plant. However, the trend of recent years is spring planting of corms. At the same time they plant not only heat-loving Asian and LA hybrids, but also other types and types. This is connected with the selection achievements, and with the fact that in winter the planting material of lilies can be bought much cheaper - there are sales of the remnants of the autumn season. Among these bulbs are often found already sprouted. And the question arises - how is the planting of lilies with sprouts in the spring?
How to save the bulbs to spring?
First of all, the purchased onions carefully inspect, remove the scales with mechanical damage, dry, covered with dark spots, with other deviations. Then treated with antifungal agents, dried.
You can store them before the onset of heat in the home refrigerator, after having transferred them with moistened peat, coconut fiber, moss or vermiculite and packed in plastic bags with openings for air circulation. They put the onion bulbs necessarily done down - just in case the awakened sprout is not deformed.
For storage of corms allocate a separate compartment in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator. Fresh vegetables and fruits stored nearby need to be tightly packed in a film: ethylene, which they secrete, has a detrimental effect on lilies.
Periodically, at least once every two weeks, the bags are opened, if necessary, moistened with cushioning material, and the onions are checked to see if signs of rot and mold have appeared. If such problems occur, the corms are cleared from the affected scales, treated with fungicides, and then removed for storage.
What to do with sprouted corms before planting?
If at the next inspection of planting material germinated tubers were found, they must be planted. The process of germination can not be stopped, and without a bulb, the bulb will be exhausted, it will no longer be of use. Also, newly purchased lilies with sprouts are not subject to storage.
Plant corns with sprouts in ordinary pots for pot plants. It would be even better to choose a transparent container for them, such as a large plastic cup or a cut bottle: it is easier to observe the condition of the roots, and it is not difficult to make additional holes for air access to the roots in the walls. Transparent walls, moreover, will allow for more accurate regulation of watering, since the tubers are equally negatively related to overwetting and drying.
Any soil mixed with peat or humus will be suitable for growing. The main requirement is moderate fertility and friability. You can use the purchase of universal or special for lily. For better growth and preservation of the bulbs, the soil is poured into the pot in layers: first, a layer of soil, then clean river sand, in which the lily is sprouted strictly up, then again the soil.
Before planting, pickle the bulbs in any disinfecting solution - manganese, "Fitosporine" and others - for 30 minutes. Also disinfect the soil, sand.
The onion in the pot is not buried, but planted so that the beginning of the germ is at the level of the soil. If the sprout is quite small, it has just proklikulis, on the surface leave the very tip.
Keep pots with bulbs on a cool well-lit window sill. Watered every 5-7 days. Feed the bulbs in this period is not necessary.
In a container with soil, lily bulbs are kept until spring, when the appropriate time comes for their landing on the flowerbed.
Planting bulbs with sprouts
On the flower beds in the spring lilies begin to plant when the warm weather is finally established, and the risk of return frost will be reduced to zero. In the southern regions this is the second half of April, in temperate latitudes - the middle of May, in the Urals and in Siberia the landing is carried out in the first decade of June.
More accurate terms are determined by the condition of the soil at the landing site. It should warm up, become loose, loose, moderately wet. In any case, the bulbs with sprouts are planted a week or two later than non-germinated.
In order to plant a lily, a place for planting is chosen appropriate to its appearance - some like the sun and do not tolerate even a hint of a shadow, others, on the contrary, are revealed in all their glory, being shaded. For all lilies, it is important that the place is not blown through by winds, but it is well ventilated.
The soil for planting is also compiled and refined according to the varietal characteristics. Common to all species is fertile, light soil with sand content so that moisture does not linger.
Algorithm for preparing the soil for planting sprouted corms of lilies
- Soil dig up to a depth of 40 cm. If necessary, arrange drainage, ennoble the earth, introducing baking powder and bringing to the desired level of acidity (depending on the type of lilies).
- For large bulbs with sprouts up to 15 cm, planting holes are dug 20 cm deep, for small ones - 12-15 cm.
- At the bottom of the pits lay out a drainage layer of broken brick, expanded clay or pebbles of medium size.
- If the soil is poor, the soil dug out of the holes is mixed with a small amount of compost or humus.
- A small amount of prepared soil mixture is poured on the drainage layer, some superphosphate and potassium sulfate are added.
- Spill the hole with a small amount of water.
- Pour a layer of sand, forming a small mound in the center of the fossa.
- A bulb for protection against diseases is powdered with wood ash and placed in a hole on the top of a sandy knoll, straightening the roots on the slopes.
- The onions are filled up, watered abundantly with water with the addition of “Epin”
Tubers with long, more than 15 cm, sprouts are preferably planted in 10-centimeter grooves, putting them on a flank. Usually such long sprouts produce Asian and LA hybrids. For a couple of weeks, the shoots will take a vertical position, this time is enough to completely eliminate frosts, which are detrimental to heat-loving sissies.
Features care for the bulbs with sprouts
Usually, the lilies planted in spring bloom badly in the first year - they need time to get stronger. If you really want them to bloom in the first summer, they pay more attention than when planting unsprouted bulbs. To increase the chances of flowering, these plants are fed more often than others.
Top dressings bring in according to the schedule:
- calcium nitrate - 2 times, 10 and 20 days after planting,
- potassium- and phosphorus-containing fertilizers - one month after planting, then every 10 days until the buds appear,
- Kalimagnesia is applied every 10 days from the beginning of bud formation, completed one week before flowering,
- potassium monophosphate after blooming contribute twice.
Fertilize lilies every 10 days, only liquid formulations.
The main rule for making dressings is to prevent overdose. Often, gardeners, instead of chemicals, feed problem plants with wood ash or onion peel extract, which act more gently. Infusions are not able to harm the corm. Organic lilies do not feed, so as not to provoke fungal diseases.
No less important is watering, because without a sufficient amount of moisture, the lily simply cannot fully bloom. However, care should be taken that excess moisture does not provoke the development of fungal diseases.
While preparing for planting lily bulbs with sprouts, gardeners often wonder if they will wait for luxurious flowers this season. If storage, growing, planting on beds and further care were carried out according to the rules, lilies will surely form buds and bloom. But, most likely, not as plentiful as it would have bloomed, being planted in good condition in due time.
Problems with flowering occur if the summer after planting lilies with sprouts happened cold and rainy. Experienced gardeners under such circumstances generally do not allow the buds to open, cutting them off immediately after the appearance.
Most spring garden centers sell lilies planting stock. Florists with experience recommend in this case to buy exactly lilies with sprouts: they indicate the viability of the bulbs.
Another thing is that the offspring of problem plants in the first season will not give. The bulb, which has sprung up in anticipation of its buyer, is already to some extent depleted, plus summer flowering - it needs a full-fledged rest period for full restoration.
To grow a healthy plant, flowering with high quality and in good time giving children, from a bulb with a sprout is quite real. Properly carried out planting and increased attention to flowers in the first season guarantee the successful completion of the collection of lilies at their summer cottage.
Preparing for landing
Ideally, the bulbs have a smooth shape, without scales, specks, rot, live elastic roots 4-5 cm long. Such bulbs do not need treatment with drugs from pathogens. Otherwise, it is necessary to soak the bulbs in the solution of the drug "Maxim" and when planting to pour the soil "Fitosporin" according to the instructions indicated on the package.
If planting material is purchased earlyFor example, in February, the bulbs began to sprout, and before planting in open ground is still far away, you should not hide them in the refrigerator, because they can die. You should plant them in a pot with no holes in the bottom or a container, preferably transparent, so that you can control the condition of the root system and regulate watering, since over-wetting and over-drying is dangerous for this flower.
Choosing a place for landing
Daylily unpretentious to the place of landing. It is enough that they had enough light and there was not too much moisture stagnation. The soil should be with a lot of sand., which is added to the hole during landing.
Soil preparation for planting bulbs with sprouts includes the following activities:
- digging up topsoil up to 40 cm deep
- arranging drainage so that excess water does not stagnate,
- for nutrient poor soil, application of phosphate-potassium fertilizers and humus. These plants do not need a lot of humus, so with him carefully,
- for too acidic soil, reduce its acidity to pH 6.5 by adding chalk or wood ash,
- soil moisture to be soft.
When spring plant lily bulbs
Plant lilies in the spring should, when there is a certainty that there will be no frost anymore. The best time is the end of April and the beginning of May. Of course, if we are talking about a temperate climate, in Siberia it is better to postpone the landing time until the end of May and the beginning of June. If summer is cold and short, then you should not expect good results from spring planting. Lilies can not bloom in this year, but only the next year, if not freeze in winter.
The optimal time for planting bulbs with sprouts when the soil becomes warm, moist and loose.
Technology of planting lily bulbs with sprouts - video
For planting lilies with sprouts, you need to dig small holes with a depth of 5 to 20 cm. It all depends on the variety. If the plant is supposed to be highthen you need to plant it deeper. In floriculture, it is customary to plant an onion of this flower to a depth exceeding its diameter twice or three times. Sand or fine gravel is poured into the hole to create good drainage. On top of this, ground or special soil mixture is poured. Next you need to pour a hole well, when the water is absorbed, pour in some sand and put an onion in it, which can be rolled in wood ash, its roots should be gently straightened. How to plant lilies with bulbs is shown in the video below.
Features of planting lilies bulbs with sprouts in spring
Lilies with sprouts are planted not so deeply if they plan to dig out the bulbs in the fall for the winter. Sprouts can not be buried in the ground, otherwise they simply rot.
Spring lilies may not give offspring. They need more fertilize. Fertilizers are applied only in liquid form. Intervals between fertilizer use must be observed in 10-15 days. The sequence of feeding this plant after planting:
- calcium nitrate,
- potassium phosphate fertilizers,
- Kalimagneziya after the appearance of buds and a week before the blooming of flowers,
- potassium monophosphate after flowering twice, observing the specified interval.
It should be remembered that any mineral fertilizer is good in moderation. Because if you overdo it, the lilies just burn away from the chemistry. Without restrictions, you can only fertilize wood ash.
For these flowers, high-quality watering without waterlogging is very important, it is also impossible to overdry the soil, as the plants will be stunted and will definitely not make the gardener happy in lush color. In this plant, the root can reach a length of up to 1.5 m, so often surface watering does not provide the plant with the necessary amount of moisture. Drip irrigation system - the excellent decision for care of lilies.
Many novice flower growers are concerned with the question of how far from each other to plant lily bulbs. It all depends on the variety. If it is assumed that the plant will be high, then it is necessary to plant the bulbs, observing an interval of 30 cm. For short growing varieties, this interval can be reduced to 10 cm.
Unfortunately, these beautiful flowers are prone to many diseases of gray mold, root mold, rust. To prevent these diseases and to protect against pests, it is necessary to observe optimum irrigation conditions and regularly inspect lilies.
Planting lilies with sprouts - video
Hello, dear gardeners, growers lovers.
We are often asked how to plant the lilies that you have just bought in garden centers. Here I have two lilies - this is quite a good planting material. Look at the color of the bulb itself - it is light enough, not too many dark spots on it. Generally speaking, it is difficult to find an ideally healthy onion in our stores now, because some industrial methods are used when digging, i.e. some kind of equipment and some mechanical damage is necessarily formed. This is what they are. But practice shows that such damage here does not have any negative impact on the further development of this bulb.
Further, what else is good here. The bottom is also quite dense, i.e. not weeping. It happens that this bottom deepens, soft, black. The roots are not completely salted, quite normal, not rotten. But the most important thing is a sprout. It is still closed and the leaves have not spread out. The bulbs, which lie in the store for a long time and wait for their customers for a long time, the sprout begins to grow long, sometimes it bends, and these leaves turn green and begin to open, as we used to see them in the summer, as they grow in the summer. That's just such a bulb and do not know the flower growers, how to plant it.
I bought these bulbs in February, i.e. they lay with me in the store for a month and a half. There was no germ at all; he grew up in the fridge in cold at -4 degrees. Those. this suggests that any onion, now gladioli, dahlias, and lilies cannot be stopped, and the rhizomes of peonies. They already have spring, they should already grow, and these growth processes cannot be stopped in any way. And now we are still cold outside, and we cannot plant such bulbs in the garden.
How do you need to do with such plants?
Longer such a bulb can not be kept in the refrigerator. This sprout will increase even more, it will necessarily twist somewhere, and the leaves will begin to unfold. Look, he is so pale this sprout, and it is clear that if this process goes on further, then such a long pale sprout will not lead to anything good.
Let's see what you can do with this bulb.
By the way, last year I grew a beautiful lily from the same bulbs, planted it at home in a pot (it was too early to plant in the garden, it was still cold outside), and I started to grow very actively and even blossomed in May . There were still cold weather, but it already blossomed with me, the bell was yellow - even two. Those. such bulbs can be planted. In this case, I have Asian lily now. I love yellow color very much, it is cheerful, and we will plant it now - this bulb.
Here, they ask, how to plant correctly? Deepen this sprout or not? How deep to plant? Etc.
Everyone knows that for bulbous crops there is a rule: plant onions at three heights. That is, here we have the height of the bulb, the second and third - somewhere 10 centimeters or even a little more. That's what will happen if I dig this bulb 10 centimeters. Suppose I put in a plastic bottle. How, then, will the roots develop, if you plant it to a depth of 10 centimeters in a plastic bottle, where do they go? They have lily bulbs growing down almost vertically, and not spreading to the sides. And they will have nowhere to go there - they will begin to twist first, and then they will begin to rise upwards - this is a proven thing. Поэтому сажаем мы не глубоко, а потом, когда мы будем пересаживать в сад, мы эту луковицу, посаженную из вот такого вот горшочка, заглубляем уже на положенную глубину.
Тем более, если у вас этот росток, как я уже говорила, с распущенными листочками, т.е. это у вас пальмочка такая на верхушке этой луковицы, естественно, заглублять ее вообще нельзя, потому что толща земли, которая ляжет на эти листья, она не даст этому ростку расти, он там будет просто-напросто загнивать. Such an onion with loose leaves should be planted in general directly along the “hangers”, i.e. the whole sprout should be outside, such an onion should grow in height, and only be deepened when it is planted.
What can be done with this bulb now is to remove the outer scales. We just break them off neatly, we do not need to cut them off with scissors, we just need to break them off. We have already told how to propagate lilies from flakes. Even such thin, semi-dry scales can produce small onions. They are formed on the basis of this scale, which was closer to the Donets was. If you put them in the peat or in the moss and sprinkle a little, then you will have quite young onions here.
Now. We cut off all the dry tips of the roots, you can even completely cut them off, because new roots always grow in the lily bulbs. Now I will show - on another bulb, they have already begun to grow. All dark roots need to be cut off, they are completely useless to us. I'm still a supporter of leaving a little bit of these roots, it seems to me that somehow it will be better for an onion. Air remains under them when the onion lands on the ground, and there is less likelihood that the bulb will rot.
But the second bulb already has new roots, i.e. the bulb is healthy and ready to grow and prepare for flowering. Ask: will such bulbs bloom? It seems that they are weakened in the store, when they began to grow their sprouts without land. Such bulbs will blossom. Maybe only they will have fewer flowers (many lilies, you know, bloom in large buds, in the first year do not expect such magnificence from them), well, then you have these plants will be quite normal to show themselves, as stated in the description according to the variety . In general, I really like lilies, because this is probably a problem-free plant, if you plant it properly, care for it, protect it a bit from diseases, and you just get a great result.
Well, here I have already poured the land into a bottle, so that there is room for our roots to grow, and I plant this onion. Why do I put in a plastic bottle? It is very convenient because it is easy to control the humidity of this substrate. Those. we can not even make drainage holes in it, but just make sure that we do not have excess water there, moisture does not stagnate. Where to find pallets for all containers that we have on the windowsills - for example, I have nowhere to put them at all. Well, watering. I prefer to water not with ordinary water, but with phytosporin. It is a biological drug that suppresses pathogens. Now our water will be absorbed, the earth is dry, it does not really want to be wetted. Then it will be possible to pour on a little more, so that the earthman there is well moistened.
Here your onion stands on a window sill, very soon a sprout will appear above the surface, and when you bring such a plant into the garden, you will have it bogged down to the proper depth, since this bulb must sit. You remembered what level your onion is at, and you lower it about two times deeper. This way you will have it properly planted. Then I will plant the second onion.
When to plant in the garden? Such plants, which stood at home on the windowsill, with a warm temperature, did not experience night and day temperature fluctuations, of course they need to be planted after frost. Otherwise, your wonderful sprouts, which can even form a bud, can die from frost, which (you know) we have until the end of May. So be patient, hold your beauties on the windowsill, maybe they will even bloom on the windowsill, and next year everything will be in due time. They themselves will crawl out of the ground and bloom in your mid-summer, as it should be lilies.
A few words about the preparation of the soil
Whatever kind of lilies belong to, they like loose soil. For good and fast growth lilies suitable soil with a high content of sand. Therefore, if you have a heavy land on the plot, you should prepare the ground for planting lily bulbs in advance.
Experienced growers prepare the site for planting flowers in the fall. They introduce sand, peat, and pine litter into the soil, which will have time to be rotten by the spring and will make the earth lighter.
It should be said that it is the needles for some groups of lilies is a vital component, these primarily include: Asian hybrids, LA - hybrids, OT - hybrids, LO and LOO hybrids, as well as Oriental.
Neutral composition without peat and needles is recommended for planting tubular varieties and Orleans species. For this type of bulbous flowers, the composition of the soil should consist of: sandy soil, wood ash and dolomite.
If the lilies of these species are planted in the ground with a high content of alkali, there will be a gradual degradation and death.
Based on the foregoing, you should carefully consider the planting of these flowers, since for their successful flowering and cultivation will require an individual approach and certain rules for the preparation of personal soil.
Spring planting rules
There are certain advantages of spring planting before the autumn planting of lilies. Consider several determining factors:
- The main advantage is that you don’t need to “wrestle” for the safety of the bulbs. There are several different ways, but all of them are unsafe for plants. Some gardeners are trying to bury the lilies in the ground and insulate this place.
- Lilies, wintering at home, are better preserved and do not freeze in winter, they are not eaten by underground rodents and insects do not damage. The best place to store the bulbs is the refrigerator.
- Provided that the soil has been properly prepared, the lilies planted in the spring develop beautifully and bloom in the current season.
However, there are some negative sides. Some varieties are not able to develop the root system to a sufficient degree in one season, so it is not worth waiting for flowering this summer. The flower lives only due to the potential of the bulb.
Repeatedly there were cases when the lily, planted in spring, disappeared for a year and did not show any signs of life, but after a season several trunks grew from a bulb, and the inflorescences looked like huge magnificent hats.
Spring lilies do not give babies, but the bulbs during the autumn planting can “give birth” to up to ten completely healthy and viable babies.
Specialists involved in lilies, do not advise to engage in spring planting, if in your region the summer is no different in duration and special warmth. It is advisable to plant flowers closer to October.
Differences in care and in the preparation of soil mixture for spring and autumn plantings, forcing gardeners to determine different areas for lilies, so it is easier to provide and requests for flowers and carry out the necessary procedures.
When to plant and feed lilies with sprouts in the spring
The best time to plant lily bulbs in spring is the end of April and the beginning of May, although the bulbs can be planted until the end of spring. After two weeks above the ground level, green sprouts begin to peek up. There is no reason to linger, since it is the very time when mono make the first dressing.
Some gardeners buy ready-made special fertilizers for bulbous flowers, but here calcium nitrate is quite suitable, which is applied again after 15 days.
Further, two supplements include potassium magnesia or potassium monophosphate. To do this, an aqueous solution is prepared, which plants are watered under the root with an interval of two weeks.
How to plant lilies with sprouts
Lilies, bought in winter or early spring and stored at home, not waiting for planting pores, begin to throw sprouts.
This, of course, is not a positive veil, but nature cannot be fooled, and in conditions of warmth and sufficient illumination the bulbs germinate. Lily sprouts are not considered defective and can also be successfully planted.
There are some differences that determine the rules of landing.
- If the sprouts have just started to appear, and the bulbs are large in size, they are embedded in the soil by 20 cm. The distance must be taken from the top of the bulb.
- With a small onion volume, the embedment depth should be 12-15 cm.
- Separately, it should be said about Asian hybrids and LA - hybrids with long, up to 18-20 cm sprouts. They should be planted horizontally, having previously made grooves in the ground at a depth of 8-10 cm. After two or three weeks, sprouts begin to assume an upright position underground and appear above the surface. If they were planted in such a way at the beginning of May, then we can safely count that they are not afraid of return frost.
- Frosts, which are usually in May, cause irreparable damage to tender shoots of lilies. Being stuck in the freeze, the shoots are no longer capable of growing and blooming in the current season, they will stand for a while in a stunted state, and, in the end, will lose the entire ground part.
I must say that preserving germinating bulbs is a big problem. Liliavody trying to come up with all sorts of ways to save flowers and protect sprouts from the vagaries of the weather. The best preventive measure can be called a deep or horizontal landing.
Measures to preserve the sprouts after planting
It can be very disappointing when strong sprouts of lilies that appear above the soil, die from return frost. Especially if the variety is rare and you got after a long search, because you want to see the opened buds already this summer and admire them.
In order not to be disappointed by the approaching frosts, certain measures should be taken to save landings. Emergency assistance before frost can come with water, but for this you need to pour plenty of lilies.
This method really saves flowers, because frost weakens from the wet earth and wet plants. For greater effect, you can add the drug "Epin" to the watering can, it helps plants to adapt and recover their strength more quickly under stress.
Lilies, even if they have fairly long shoots, plant in the spring can and should be. In case you do not get the result in the form of flowers this summer, be sure that next year Lily will surely give you a charming and fragrant bouquet of beautiful flowers.
Features of spring care
As soon as there is snow in the flowerbeds, it is necessary to start bringing order to it.
But to do this in the area where lilies grow, you need to be very careful.
The first warm days, warming the soil even by a few centimeters, wake up lily sprouts.
Perhaps they have already made their way to the surface, and you can accidentally damage them.
If the lilies were sheltered for the winter, you need to remove the shelter from them as soon as possible.
Depending on the variety, they begin to germinate from the beginning of April. Even under cover, the first shoots sometimes break through. Therefore, the site should be urgently released from the shelter, so that the soil warms up faster.
The sprout may even burn completely, and you will not get a flower out of it this season.
If a take off the shelter on time you did not have time and under it sprouts appeared, leave a small layer of leaves or straw on them. Such reception will allow sprouts get used to the bright rays, and they will not burn.
After taking shelter the land around the lilies is desirable to slightly burst. The bulbs will get enough moisture and air. Loosening is carried out with small rake and very shallow, so as not to touch the tender shoots.
If you carelessly break off the escape of a lily, it will not grow.
Be careful when removing weeds in the area with lilies. They most often appear earlier than flower sprouts, and their removal too vigorously can damage the shoots of lilies. And if at the same time to touch the bulb, then it will remain in a dormant state, or start the formation of children. Then this season the flower on the bulbs will not.
Without it, can not do.
Lily - one of the most demanding on nutrient colors.
Only in case sufficient the number of trace elements in the soil of its flowers will be bright, and most importantly large and numerous.
The development of the bulb in the spring-summer season occurs very quickly.
In a short time, lilies need to grow foliage and form buds.
It is unlikely that she will have enough strength for this without additional power.
Therefore, the first feeding of the plant is carried out in early spring.
But only this should be done when the roots are able to absorb the microelements.
It is necessary to wait for the soil to warm up by no less than 7-8 degrees. This usually happens in late April - early May. The exact time is determined by the height of the shoots, they should be at least 10 cm in length. If you conduct the dressing earlier, the onion will not receive nutrition. All substances go nowhere with melt water.
If the soil in which they are grown fresh, there is enough humus in it, then it is better not to carry out spring dressing, as it can have a depressant effect on the plant.
How to feed the lilies in the spring so that they grow well? First fertilizing it is advisable to make ammonium nitrate, since the purpose of feeding in this period is the rapid growth of green mass. Nitrogen just helps the plant in this. On one square meter of landings is brought 15-20 grams.
In addition to saltpeter for feeding will fit nitroammofosk or solution of mullein (1:10). Good effect on the health of lilies watering a solution of ash - a glass of 10 liters. You can sprinkle the area well rotted humus.
Biohumus is useful for the growth of lilies, which can be purchased in retail chains. This product of the vital activity of Californian worms is introduced into the soil at the rate of one to four, with a focus on the volume of the soil.
When the sprouts grow to 25 cm, calcium nitrate is supplemented. Substances contained in it will strengthen the stems, and the lilies will be stable and not bent from the wind and rain.
Bulb Transplant Rules
Now consider how to transplant lilies in the spring. If the bulbs acquired or dug out in the fall began to lose elasticity or sprouts appeared on them and the landing time did not come, you need to land them in a container.
This way you save the quality of the bulb.
Fill the container or any container a mixture of peat and garden land and plant an onion in it.
It is advisable to use such dishes, which can be cut when planting bulbs.
So you do not damage the bulb when landing it in the ground.
Also convenient are dairy products boxes, which are easily cut, and at the same time lumps of earth are saved.
Before removing the bulb from the container, the soil in it must be slightly moistened. Lilia is carefully removed along with a clod of earth and placed in open ground. This should be done with the utmost care not to damage the roots.
If during planting you need to deepen the lower part of the leaves, then they must be removed from the stem, so that they do not start to rot.
The process of caring for lilies in the spring - responsible moment. Conducting it according to the rules will contribute to the active growth and lush blooming of beautiful lilies on your site.
Features of spring planting
Lilies belong to the onion perennial plants. In the process of growth, this flower forms a high, straight stalk, which is decorated with small glossy leaves. The flowers of lilies have a great variety of forms - funnel-shaped, cup-shaped, bell-shaped and star-shaped. But a characteristic feature is the presence of 6 stamens and petals, slightly elongated. Shades of the flower are quite diverse: orange, yellow, lilac, red, pink and purple.
It is best to plant this plant in the fall, since at this time the weather is relatively warm and there is enough moisture in the ground. Under these conditions, rooting and adaptation in a new place is faster.
Possible planting lilies in the spring. But it is worth remembering that in this case, the landing work has some special features. Both the planting material and the soil in the future flower bed need additional processing.
Many people wonder when to plant lilies in the open ground in spring. The most favorable time is the end of April and the beginning of May, when the threat of frost has passed and the earth warms up a little. Lilies planted at this time, will begin to bloom in the year of planting.
Selection and storage of bulbs
High and beautiful lilies can be grown only from those bulbs that do not have signs of disease and damage by pests - mold, rot, scales and spots. The roots should be strong and elastic, up to 5-6 cm long. If you are going to buy planting material in the spring, then buy only those bulbs that have already given small shoots. If they fail to quickly plant, then put them in any container and cover with loose soil, wet moss, sawdust or sand.
When buying do not forget to ask about the grade of lilies. The conditions, time of planting and growing methods depend on it.
Raw materials for planting can be prepared independently, since autumn. You only need to know how to properly maintain the bulbs until spring. After you have dug them out, gently clean them of the ground, rinse with water and process. Disinfection is made with well-known solutions. These include:
- a weak solution of potassium permanganate (5-10 g of substance per 1 bucket of water),
- a solution of the fungicide "Fundazol"
- solution karbofos (1 tablespoon. substances per 1 bucket of water).
Замачивать в одном из выбранных растворов нужно в течение 30-40 минут. Дальше дайте луковицам высохнуть в тени.
Далее весь посадочный материал поместите на нижнюю полку холодильника и периодически проверяйте, в каком состоянии они находятся. Вполне вероятно, что некоторые из них пойдут в рост раньше ожидаемого срока. In this case, the bulbs with sprouts need to be planted in ordinary flower pots or special containers. As soon as the earth warms up, sprouted specimens can be transplanted into open ground.
Place for planting lilies should be sunny. But it will be very good if in the hot daytime there will fall a shadow. This significantly prolongs the period of flowering, because direct sunlight burns flowers strongly. The earth should be healthy, loose, hydrated and alkaline.
For this spring, after the earth thaws and becomes relatively soft, it is necessary to carry out preparatory activities:
- Dig the top layer of earth 40 cm deep.
- Drain so that excess water goes away. To do this, you can use river pebbles, broken bricks or gravel.
- If other plants were previously grown on the site of the flower bed, add fresh soil or substrate.
- Add humus or rotted compost, as well as phosphate-potassium fertilizers.
- If the acidity is increased, then it should be reduced to a pH of 6.5. To do this, it is enough to deposit 200 g of wood ash or 500 g of chalk per 1 cubic meter of soil.
- Water the soil periodically to keep it hydrated.
In order for the bulbs to grow strong, large and healthy, you can add sand mixed with a small amount of pine needles into the soil. It is necessary to remember that lilies do not tolerate manure, so it is strictly prohibited to bring it.
It is also worth noting that lilies should grow in one place for 4-5 years, so the choice of a site for a future flower bed should be taken responsibly.
How is the landing
After you have prepared the soil, you need to dig holes. The depth of the holes should be up to 10 cm, but the variety must also be taken into account - depending on this, the depth of the holes may be greater or less. For example, undersized crops need to be squeezed to a depth of 8-12 cm, and tall ones - 12-20 cm. If the roots are very strong, then add another 5 cm.
The intervals between plantings also depend on the variety. For stunted plants, it is sufficient to leave 15–20 cm. Take the prepared bulbs and place them in the wells. Cover with earth and lightly tamp palms. After pouring. It is necessary to ensure that the landing site is not flooded with water, otherwise the bulbs will rot.
If you want the inflorescences to “look” in the direction of the walkway or at home, you need to focus on the north, that is, try to plant them to the north of the object. Lilies love, if their stems are protected from the scorching sun. To this end, near them you can plant stunted flowers such as violets and daisies. Their leaves will reliably retain moisture, which is so necessary for the bulbs.
After the bulbs are planted in the ground, as well as with further cultivation, they need to be cared for. This is nothing complicated. care consists of the following activities:
- Top dressing. Regardless of the time for planting lilies, the soil must be fed with mineral fertilizers. The following additives are perfect: nitroammofosk (50 g per 1 bucket of water), ammonium nitrate (1 tbsp. L. Per cubic meter), wood ash. Be sure to follow the dosage, as an overabundance may adversely affect the lilies. Top dressing occurs three times: during planting, before the formation of buds, after flowering.
- Watering. It is useless to feed the soil if you are not going to water the flowerbed. Watering should be regular, it is a guarantee of healthy, lush and very beautiful inflorescences. It is necessary to water in the morning and afternoon hours at the root. Avoid droplets from falling on the leaves, otherwise sunlight can cause a burn. Also, make sure that there is no waterlogging, otherwise diseases can develop (wet rot, brown spot, fusarium).
- Protection against diseases and pests. During the spring planting of lilies can be faced with diseases such as bacterial rot, rust, gray mold. Insects can also be harmful - spider mites, beetles beetles, click larvae. These evils can be prevented by using the products “Pochin”, “Povotoks”, “Grizzly”. Before using them, carefully read the instructions.
Time to summarize. Rules for planting and caring for lilies are simple. It is only necessary to follow our recommendations and carefully consider the procedure itself. In this case, lilies for a long time will decorate your garden.