The height of such a plant can reach 0.9 m. It has straight densely branched shoots, on the surface of which there is pubescence. The alternate simple leaf plates can be lanceolate or oval, they have a serrated edge. On long peduncles single inflorescences baskets are located. They consist of red-purple marginal three-pronged flowers, as well as tubular median, which often have a dark red color. There are terry, semi-double and simple baskets. In the semi-double inflorescences reed flowers are placed in 2 or 3 rows. The composition of terry inflorescences includes overgrown funnel-shaped median flowers. Blooms profusely. The fruit is a seed with a tuft. As an annual plant, the gaillardia is beautifully cultivated, and as a perennial, the gaillardia is a hybrid and the gaillardia is spongy. Often, gallardia is confused with gelenium, but these are 2 different flowers.
How to sow
Gylardia, which is an annual, is grown through seedlings with seeds. Sow them in February or March. Large seeds of the plant should be spread over the surface of a moist soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of vermiculite (you can not sprinkle it). Seed containers should be removed to a well-lit and warm (20 to 23 degrees) place, while protection from the direct rays of the suns is necessary. Moisten the substrate should only be necessary. The first seedlings can be seen in 7–15 days.
After the appearance of the first seedlings the container must be rearranged in a cool (from 18 to 20 degrees) place. The best place to grow seedlings is a cold greenhouse. And all because such a plant requires not only coolness, but also high humidity. After the appearance of the first pair of true leaf plates, seedlings should be planted more freely. Watering should be done as soon as the top layer of the earth mixture dries out. The optimal daylight hours for seedlings range from 14 to 16 hours. In connection with this, plants will need additional illumination with fluorescent lamps. Otherwise, the lack of light and high humidity can trigger the development of gray rot.
What time to land?
Seedlings of the annual gaylardii should be planted in open ground from the second half of August or in September. Place for disembarkation should choose a well-lit. The soil at the same time should be light, well drained and rich in nutrients. It should be remembered that such a flower reacts negatively to stagnant fluids in the soil, to acidic soil and to fertilizing with fertilizer. Before planting, it is necessary to bring a bucket of humus (compost), a handful of mineral fertilizer and 1 tbsp of 1 m 2. wood ash. This should be done under digging.
How to land
The landing should be made in the middle of the day in the sun. The distance between the holes should be done from 20 to 25 centimeters. Then the seedlings need to be watered. Before the arrival of winter, the flowers will perebelee and root well. The first flowering you can see next year. It is necessary to replant the gallardia once in 4–5 years.
If you do not want to bother with the cultivation of seedlings, then sow the seeds directly into open soil. Gaylardiya, which is a perennial, is grown in this way. Seeding is done in July – September, and they do not need to be embedded in the soil. During the year, only 10 to 15 leaf plates will appear on the plant. Flowering can only be seen next year in spring.
Peculiarities of care
Plant and grow such flowers is easy. For such a plant, only good illumination matters most, while everything else is too important for it. It is necessary to water a plant only during the long droughty hot period. At the same time it is necessary to water moderately. But to remove weeds and loosen the soil should be regularly. Gaylardii bloom lasts more than 8 weeks, but in order for it to be even longer, it is recommended to pick off timely, which began to wither inflorescences. Tall varieties need to be tied up. Also, this flower is necessary for the season to feed 3 times, for this they use the full complex fertilizer. Top dressing is carried out during the appearance of the buds, during the flowering period, as well as during the autumn time, about 4 weeks before the cold comes. Remember that manure is not allowed for top dressing.
We should not forget that the gallardia needs to be transplanted on time, or rather, 1 time in 5 years. During transplantation, the flower also often reproduces the flower by separating the rhizomes.
Gaylardiyu can be propagated not only by seed, but also by separation of rhizomes. After a perennial bush turns 4 or 5 years old, its root system must be excavated and divided into several parts. It should be noted that each of the delenok must have a certain number of stems and roots. Plant delenki should be on new permanent seats. The transplant procedure is recommended in spring time.
Root cuttings are suitable for reproduction. It is necessary to make a digging curtain around the perimeter, after that it is necessary to find and cut the biggest roots. They are cut into five to seven centimeter segments, rooting of which is produced in a greenhouse.
Pests and diseases
Often on the plant live aphids and whiteflies. In order to destroy them, it is necessary to process the bush with Aktellik or Decis, however, before the procedure it is necessary to study the instruction attached to the tool. If you break the rules of care, the flowers can get sick with gray rot, spotting, powdery mildew, and white rust. In order to get rid of such fungal diseases, you should use the following fungicidal agents: Xom, Bordeaux mixture, colloidal sulfur, Oxy or Topaz. The bush infected with a white rust is recommended to be processed by the Brief.
In order to get seeds from your own gaillardy, you should leave a few withered inflorescences before the onset of the autumn period. In order for the seeds not to spill, inflorescences should be wrapped with gauze, which is fixed on the stem. However, it should be noted that plants grown from seeds cannot preserve the varietal characteristics of the mother plant. In this regard, before you engage in collecting seeds, you need to think about whether you need them.
You can not collect the seeds. Inflorescences are left, but they are not tied with gauze. Fallen on the surface of the soil seeds, ascend with the onset of the spring period. Seedlings will only need to thin out and, if necessary, plant.
Wintering of gailardiums of many years
Before the first wintering it is necessary to cut off all leafy plates flush with the ground surface of young plants. After this, the plants should be filled with dry foliage or covered with spruce leaves. For the next wintering plants do not need to cover. Covering gaylardiyu need annually only if it is cultivated in an area with little snow and frosty winter period.
Gaillardia beautiful (Gaillardia pulchella)
Gailardia beautiful enjoys the most popular among the annual growers varieties. The bush of this flower grows sprawling. At the tops of thin and fairly high peduncles are baskets-inflorescences, which in diameter can reach from 6 to 7 centimeters. Color reed petals very spectacular. So, it changes from red-purple or pink-purple at the base to yellow at the tips of the petals. Tubular flowers have a very showy color, namely brown-red. This plant has several fairly common varieties:
- Painted (picta) - has very large buds, which can be double or semi-double. Such inflorescences-baskets can be painted in different colors, namely: rich red or yellow-red (two-color).
- Lorenz - terry inflorescences-baskets he has a very large spherical shape. The composition of such inflorescences includes yellow-red or yellow tubular funnel-shaped flowers with a dentate limb.
Most popular varieties:
- Red Plume - inflorescences baskets at this grade terry. They are composed of funnel-shaped tubular flowers, they have a terracotta color.
- Yellow Plume - terry baskets of spherical shape consist of yellow tubular flowers.
Such varieties as Lolipups and Dzhayeti are also quite popular in the culture. But the one-year-old gaillardia dull-toothed (Gaillardia amblyodon) does not enjoy such a great love of gardeners.
Gaillardia Spinous (Gaillardia aristata)
Gaillardia Spinous is a perennial that is relatively popular with gardeners. Homeland of such a plant is North America. Straight shoots are bent at the bottom, and on the surface they have dense pubescence. The height of such a bush can vary from 30 to 75 centimeters. The shape of the leaf plates can be oval, oblong or lanceolate. They are entire or serrated, and there is a pubescence on their surface. Stem leaves sessile, and basal - petiolate. Single baskets in diameter reach 12 centimeters. They are composed of motley and very bright reed flowers, which are most often painted in yellow, orange or copper-red color of various shades. Tubular flowers are purplish-yellow. The beginning of flowering occurs in June. It has been cultivated since 1812. Garden forms of this type are united by one name - Gaillardia grandiflora. The most popular varieties such as:
- Mandarin - there are reed yellow-red flowers.
- Wirral Flame - there are reed red flowers with yellow edging.
- Dazer - The tips of reed flowers are yellow, and at the base they are dark red.
Gaillardia Hybrid (Gaillardia hybrida)
This species was born thanks to the crossing of a beautiful gaylardii with other types of gaillardii. The shoots reach a height of about 0.8 m. The beginning of flowering occurs in June-August. Baskets-inflorescences can be semi-double, simple and terry, and in their color there are mainly yellow, red and brown color shades. Most popular varieties:
- Primavera - short, compact bush in height can reach about 25 centimeters. A total of one outlet can form up to 8 peduncles, at the tops of which are large (diameter of about 12 centimeters) inflorescences.
- Arizona San - dwarf shrub in height can reach only 20 centimeters. It blooms very lushly and long from the beginning of the summer period until the frost.
- Sonne - The bush reaches a height of 0.5 to 0.6 m. The color of the reed flowers is golden yellow, while the tubular ones are dark yellow.
Such a perennial species, such as Gaillardia lanceolata, is also sometimes cultivated.
The straight stem of Gailardia can reach almost a meter height, or more precisely 90 cm. It has an edge and is branched densely along its entire length. Simple alternate leaves are oval-shaped (or lanceolate), serrated along the edges. Quite long peduncles form a single basket inflorescence at the end. On this inflorescence are located marginal three-toothed purple petals and median, dark red, tubular.
Gailardia blooms very copiously. Its fruit is achene with a tuft. Gailardia is a one-year-old culture, and perennial - hybrid and spinous Gylardia. Gaylardiyu is very similar to the plant Gelenium, belonging to the family of Compositae. It is necessary to take this into account and try not to be confused.
If we sow on seedlings at home
Gaillardia seed cultivation when planted seedling photos
- When to plant gayardiyu seeds? Sowing start in early March.
- A wet substrate is taken and rather large Gaillardia seeds are distributed on its surface.
- Top can be sprinkled with nutrient primer or vermiculite - an active mineral component that contains a complex of elements for plant growth, and this is iron, silicon, potassium-magnesium compounds, etc.
- The place where crops are kept should be bright, but not accessible to the direct rays of the sun.
- The optimum temperature should be between 20 and 22 ° C. The seed germination time is from one week to two.
Gaillardia from seed Shoots gaylardii photo
- With the emergence of shoots, it is necessary to move the seedlings to a place where the temperature will not exceed 18-20 ° C. Well suited cold greenhouse, which not only provides the desired temperature, but also creates high humidity, so necessary for plant growth.
- Watering is done as the surface of the soil dries. To avoid the risk of infecting seedlings with a disease such as gray rot, which occurs due to very high humidity, do not flood plants.
- If there is poor illumination in the house, it is necessary to equip the room with fluorescent lamps in order to increase the length of daylight hours to 15 hours.
- Seedlings grow well and form new leaves. In order for them to develop fully, it is important to provide enough space: in a box or container, leave a distance of at least 5 cm between the plants and transplant the remaining seedlings into separate cups. Pick up seedlings in more free containers is carried out when the first pair of these leaves develop well.
- After a dive, when a couple of weeks pass and the seedlings will actively develop, do not forget to temper. Leave the plants on the street or open balcony for an hour or two a day, gradually increasing the time "in the sun" to a full day. when the seedlings will be fine to sleep on the street, it is boldly planted in the ground.
Do not forget about the danger of frost. Only when the positive temperature is established at night, can the plants be left outside.
If we sow in open ground
Just in the ground, seeds of gaillardia can be sown as soon as good weather is established and the ground ripens. Gaillardia can multiply by self-sowing, and therefore the seeds are not afraid of low temperatures. Shoots will appear only when favorable conditions occur.
- We make shallow grooves at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
- Carefully arrange the seeds in the furrows. They are a little inconvenient to sow because of the sharp tips, resembling umbrellas. But try as little as possible.
- Sprinkle with earth using a rake.
- We water abundantly, but in order not to form an earthy crust after drying (in appearance, the ground must remain loose).
- After a couple of weeks you will need to break through the shoots and remove the weeds.
- The bed can be used as a future flower bed and a hotbed for transferring excess plants to another place.
- As a result, we leave in the row the distance between the bushes of 20-25 cm.
Perennial gaillardia is rapidly growing, but will only bloom next year. Be patient!
Varieties with photos and titles
Gaillardia is beautiful most popular among annuals. This species forms a rather large bush. Flowers with a diameter of about 6 cm are placed on high flower stems. Petals yellow at the edges and red hues in the center. The middle of the flower is brown.
It has varietal forms:
- Lorenz - with double rounded flowers.
- Yellow feather - simple flowers of rich yellow color,
- Zarnitsa - Terry flowers of rounded shape.
Gaillardia Spinous perennial view. It has direct shoots, densely covered with down. Leaf oblong shape, also covered with small fluff. The flowers are large - more than 10 cm in diameter, painted mainly in orange and red tones. It blooms in early to mid-summer.
Garden forms are represented by a group Gaillardia grandiflora (grandiflora).
Gylardia hybrid represents the crossed types of gaylardii. Characteristics of size and color depend on the species that served as the basis for the hybrid.
Gaillardia Burgundy perennial, growing up to 70 cm. It has a rather flimsy stem, therefore it requires support. The flowers are large with dark red petals.
Gaillardia seed growing
Annual gaillardia breeds by the seed method. Perennial species can also be obtained by the seed method, but specifically the seedling path is more suitable for annuals. Sowing is carried out in early spring. The seeds are laid down on a moist soil and sprinkled with vermiculite.
Sowing should be placed under bright ambient lighting at a temperature of about 22 ° C. After a week and a half, the first shoots will begin to appear. Seeding seedlings should be grown at a temperature of about 19 ° C, but the humidity should be high, so a cold greenhouse is well suited for this purpose.
When the seedlings are released on a pair of sheets, they dive. At this time, the soil is moistened as its upper ball dries. Please note that the light day for young plants should be approximately 15 hours, so additional artificial lighting will be needed, otherwise the young shoots will rot.
Rudbeckia is also a representative of the Astro family, grown as a perennial when planting and caring in the open field without much hassle, but subject to the nuances. Recommendations for growing and care can be found in this article.
Gaillardia perennial planting and care
Planting plants in the flower bed is carried out at the end of the summer. Для этого выбирают светлое место, открытое для солнца, с легким грунтом и наличием дренажа. Участок не должен располагаться в низине или возле водоемов, так как эта культура не любит лишней влаги.
Приветствуется нейтральная водородная реакция грунта, на кислых почвах гайлардия гибнет. A month before planting, the plot is fertilized with a compost bucket, a glass of ash and a small amount of mineral supplements (dose per square meter).
Between seedlings you need to keep a distance of 20-30 cm. After planting, watering should be carried out. In autumn, the young plants will take root and will bloom next year. Perennial species can grow in one place without loss of quality of flowering 4-5 years.
Perennials sow directly into the soil from mid-summer to September, scattering them on the surface of the flowerbeds. First there will be foliage bushes, and next year it will be possible to wait for flowers.
Caring for gaylardiyu easy. The most important thing in this - a strong light, but the rest of the flower is quite unpretentious. Watering is needed only during prolonged heat. From time to time we need to carry out weeding and remove weeds. High species should be supported.
Fertilizer for gaillardia
Also throughout the year gaylardiyu need to feed. The first time fertilizer is applied during budding, the second - when flowering begins and the last - in the fall, a month and a half before the arrival of frost.
You need to make 25 grams of complete complex mineral fertilizers per square meter. Please note that it is not possible to use manure as a top dressing.
Once for 4-5 years gailardia bushes are transplanted. This procedure involves the separation of a large bush into smaller ones and the seating thereof.
In fact, this procedure is vegetative reproduction by dividing rhizomes.
Diseases and pests
Gaillardia is affected by some pests and if you break the rules of care, problems with diseases can begin.
The pests that cause the most trouble are whitefly and aphid. Since these are garden plants, it will be easiest to resort to insecticidal treatment by Actellic or Decis.
If there is too much moisture and there is a lack of lighting gray rot, rust, powdery mildew. They appear in wilting plants, stained on foliage and stems or (in the case of powdery mildew) white bloom. They fight against these diseases with fungicides - oxy, Bordeaux mixture, Topaz, and rust helps well.
Planting and care for gaillardia (in short)
- Landing: sowing seeds of biennial gallardy for seedlings — in February or March; transplanting seedlings into open ground — in mid-August or early September. Seeds of perennial species and varieties are sown directly in the ground, without covering up, from July to September.
- Bloom: in the second year after planting from June to frost.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: light, dry, nutrient soils with good permeability.
- Watering: moderate and only prolonged drought.
- Garter: tall varieties need a garter to support.
- Top dressing: three times a season with full mineral fertilizer: during budding, during flowering and in autumn.
- Reproduction: seed and rhizome division.
- Pests: aphid, whitefly.
- Diseases: powdery mildew, white rust, gray mold, spotting.
Flower gaillardia Description
The gaillardia flower reaches a height of 90 cm, its stems are straight, pubescent, densely branched. The leaves are simple, oval or lanceolate, serrated, alternate. Single basket inflorescences on long peduncles consist of marginal three-pronged flowers of red-purple hue and middle tubular flowers, usually colored dark red. Baskets are simple, semi-double and terry. In semi-double baskets, reed flowers are arranged in two or three rows, and double flowers consist of strongly overgrown median flowers that have a funnel-shaped shape. The gallardia blooms profusely. Fruit - achene with tuft. As an annual crop, gaillardia is grown beautiful, and as perennials, gaillardia is hybrid and gaillardia is spinous. Often, beginning flower growers confuse gaillardia with such a plant as gelenium, but despite their similarity, these are completely different plants.
One-year-old gaillardia is grown by seed seedling method. Sowing is carried out in February or March. Large gaylardii seeds are laid out on the surface of the wet substrate and only slightly sprinkled with vermiculite, although you can not do this. Keep crops in a bright place at a temperature of 20-23 ºC, covering from direct sunlight and moistening the soil as needed. Shoots appear in about a week or two.
As soon as the gaillardia shoots appear, transfer it to a cooler place - the seedlings should grow at a temperature of 18-20 ºC. A cold greenhouse is best suited for this purpose, since the air humidity at which seedlings will develop successfully must be increased. As soon as the seedlings develop the first pair of true leaves, they are planted more freely. The soil must be moistened after the topsoil has dried. The light day for seedlings should last 14-16 hours, so you will have to install fluorescent lamps, otherwise the lack of light and high air humidity may cause the risk of seedling disease gray mold.
When planting gaylardiya in the ground.
Seedlings of annual gaillardia are planted in open ground in mid-August or in September. For gaillardy choose a sunny plot with a nutrient, light, well-drained soil. The stagnation of moisture in the roots of gaillardia does not tolerate, as, by the way, acidic soils and manure as fertilizer. Before planting, it is necessary to deposit one square meter of land for digging a bucket of compost or humus, a glass of wood ash and a handful of mineral fertilizers.
How to plant gaylardiyu.
Planted gaylardiya in the sun, keeping the gap between seedlings in the 20-25 cm, after which the bed watered. Before winter, the plants will have time to take root. The gaillardia will bloom only next year, and will grow without a transplant in one place for four years, and maybe five years.
You can, of course, not spend time on seedlings, and sow the seeds directly into the ground. In any case, the cultivation of perennial gaylardii takes place just this way: the sowing of seeds is carried out from July to September, without putting them in the ground. In the first year, the plant only forms a rosette of 10-15 leaves, and will only bloom next spring.
How to care for gaillardia.
Planting a long-term gaillardia and caring for it is not difficult: the main thing for the plant is good lighting, everything else is of no great importance to it. Watering is required only in a strong and prolonged heat, and it is quite moderate, but weeding and loosening the soil are necessary. To prolong the flowering of gaillardia, which already lasts more than two months, it is necessary to remove faded buds in time. In addition, tall grades of gaillardii need a garter. Care for the gaylardia flower also involves feeding the plant three times a day with a full complex fertilizer - during the budding period, during flowering and in the fall, about a month before the onset of cold weather. Once again we remind: it is categorically impossible to fertilize gallardia with manure.
Planting and caring for gaylardiya in the open field provides for the timely transplantation of the plant after five years. This procedure is usually combined with the reproduction of the plant by dividing the rhizome.
Pests and diseases of gaylardii.
Among insects, gaillardia's enemies are primarily whitefly and aphid, which are easy to get rid of by exposing the plant to treatment with Decis or Aktellik in the manner indicated in the instructions. And in case of improper care, the plant can be affected by powdery mildew, gray mold, white rust and blotchiness - fungal diseases that are destroyed by fungicides - such drugs as colloidal sulfur, Hom, Oxyf, Bordeaux mixture, Topaz. For the fight against white rust is most suitable drug Scor.
How and when to collect seeds gailardii.
If you want to collect seeds from your gaillardia, leave a few wilted flowers on the plant until autumn, tying them with gauze so that the ripe seeds do not wake up on the ground. Although during seed reproduction, the varietal characteristics of the parents are not preserved, so it is unlikely that you will be able to grow any particular variety from your own collected seeds, and if so, is it worth spending time collecting seeds? Leave a few wilted inflorescences on the gaillardia bushes, not tying them with gauze, and when the seeds ripen, wake up on the ground and germinate in the spring, you will only have to thin out or plant seedlings.
Perennial gaillardia in winter.
In young plants, before the first winter, all the leaves are cut flush with the ground, then cover the area with dry leaves or spruce branches. The next winter, the strengthened gaillardies are already completely calm overwintering without shelter, it can only be used by plants that are grown in areas with cold, snowless winters.
Description, types and varieties gaylardii with photos
The plant is a spreading shrub that can grow up to 50-70 cm. Its branched curved stems surround the basal leaves of the lanceolate form. At the tips of the shoots grow inflorescences, from which after flowering funnels are formed with seeds.
Large and unusually beautiful flowers have rich, bright colors. In the middle they can be of different shades, but the border is almost always yellow. Bloom gaylardiya begins in early June and pleases with its bright color to the very frost. You can grow a flower in the garden, on the balcony or at home.
In nature grow more than 25 types of gaillardia. Only three species of this magnificent plant are widely used in floriculture.
Perennial gaylardiya hybrid
The most popular plant, which is the result of crossbreeding gaylardii spine with different types of wild annuals of this flower. Hybrids are shrubs up to 70-80 cm in height, each shoot of which is surrounded by slightly pubescent lanceolate leaves.
Terry or semi-double baskets of flowers are surrounded by bright red, red-brown, orange, dark orange or dark yellow petals. The first flowers begin to bloom in early June. Duration of flowering up to two months. Among gardeners the most popular varieties of hybrids:
- Variety "Zone" is a two-flowered plant up to 60 cm in height. The inflorescences in diameter reach 10 cm. Petals of dark yellow or golden yellowish shades.
- Variety "Kobold" - a bush with branched stems and large, yellow inflorescences with bright red edging. In height reaches about 40 cm.
- The variety “Arizona Sun” is a dwarf plant only 20 cm tall. It blooms profusely from early summer to the most frost.
- Variety "Primavera" is a compact plant up to 25 cm high. From one outlet, eight peduncles with baskets with a diameter of 12 cm can form.
- The Burgunder variety is distinguished by bright, large dark red buds with small yellow patches.
- The variety “Tokajer” is a tall perennial whose shoots are decorated with bright orange baskets.
- The variety “Golden Gobin” is a short-growing plant with monochromatic yellow inflorescences. Abundant blooms for a long time.
Perennial gaillardia: planting and care
Unpretentious shrub can grow on almost any type of garden soil. However, before planting gaillardii, the soil must be prepared, enriching it when digging with humus, mineral fertilizers and wood ash. The plant does not like sour and too wet soils, as well as top dressing with fresh manure.
In open ground, planting of gailardia seedlings should be carried out in mid-August or early September. To do this, select solar areas and well drained soil. The plant loves the sun, so it grows poorly and practically does not bloom in the shade.
The distance between the pits for plants should be at least 20-25 cm. In this case, the bushes grow well, and the flower garden next year will look beautiful. At one place you can grow gaylardiya for four years.
Vegetative breeding method
Lush, old bushes multiply by dividing rhizomes. Shrubs can be divided in the fall after pruning the peduncles, or in the spring before the start of active growth.
The plant is dug up and divided into parts with a sufficient number of roots and shoots. Planting delenok produced in pre-prepared new holes. Planted plants are well watered.
Perennial gaillardia in open ground breeds self seeding. However, the color range of colors on new bushes can differ significantly from the mother bushes. To avoid this, self-seeding must be controlled. For this fall, the seeds are collected and dried.
In the spring, with the onset of heat, a plot is allocated for planting seeds, which is dug up and abundantly spilled. Seeds are sown to a depth of no more than 0.5-1 cm, otherwise they may not germinate. To create the greenhouse effect, the seed bed is covered with a film or agrofibre.
The first seedlings should appear 11-12 days after sowing. When 2-3 true leaves appear on young plants, they will need to be picked out. On a permanent place grown in open ground gaillardia landed in the fall or next year in spring. The plant will bloom in the second year after planting.
Reproduction of annual gaillardia with seeds
Annual plant propagated by seed in room conditions. Sowing is done at the end of winter or early spring. Seeds are laid out on the surface of a moist earth mixture and sprinkled with vermiculite. Razadnye boxes covered with plastic or glass and put on a bright place with a temperature of 20-23C. As required, the soil is moistened.
Approximately in 10-14 days the first shoots will appear. Polyethylene will need to be removed immediately, and boxes of seedlings moved to a cooler place. with air temperature within 18-20C. Picks are done when two real sheets appear. Caring for seedlings is to moisten the soil and increase daylight hours:
- Watering the seedlings is necessary only after the topsoil dries out.
- A light day for young plants should last at least 14 hours, otherwise due to the increased humidity and lack of light, they can become sick with gray mold. Therefore, seedlings are recommended to highlight fluorescent lamps.
Planting seedlings annual gaylardii in open ground is carried out from mid August to September.
Perennial gaylardiyu can be used to design flower beds, rabatok, alpine slides or in mikboxerov. Low-growing varieties are made broad curbs. Paying the plant quite a bit of attention, in return you will get lush, prolonged flowering and bright, sunny flower beds.
How to plant Gylardia in the open field
Gaylardy seedlings are planted in a flower bed already in May. Place for landing pick up a sunny, open. Nutritious soil for planting flowers should be light and have good drainage. Heavy acidic soil that retains moisture, gaillardia can not stand.
- To prepare the ground for planting, you need to make one bucket of humus, a couple of handfuls of ash and one handful of complex fertilizers for every 1m² of land.
- The distance between the saplings is observed from 20 to 25 cm. After planting the bed is moistened.
Before the onset of autumn frosts, the plant will take root and the next 4 years will delight you with abundant flowering.
In the first year, a 10-15 leaf rosette is formed, which will give a flower in the spring of next year.
Care for many years of gaillardia
Due to the fact that the plant is very unpretentious and needs, basically, only in good lighting, then caring for her great difficulties and
- Moderate watering it is necessary only if the heat is delayed for a long time and does not recede. All care for Gylardia is reduced to weeding and loosening the soil.
- For more than 2 months this bright flower will delight you with its flowering, but if there is a desire, you can extend it with the help of simple manipulations.
- First, it is necessary to get rid of wilted inflorescences in a timely manner and tie up the tallest varieties of Gylardia.
- Secondly, three times per season (during the appearance of the first buds, during the flowering period and in the autumn before the cold weather appears), the plant needs to be fed with granules of mineral complex fertilizer.
- Manure to feed is prohibited.
- Gaylardiyu must not only feed in time, but also transplanted. Do it every 4-5 years by dividing the rhizome.
Gaillardia beautiful Gaillardia pulchella
Gaillardia beautiful Lorentzian or Lorenzian Lorentz Planting and care photos in the garden
Applies to annual plants. In the process of vegetation, a bush of a fluffy, sprawling form is formed. On thin peduncles flower baskets appear, reaching 7 cm in diameter. The tongue-shaped petals change their color from red at the base to yellow at the end of the petal. Tubular petals have a red-brown color.
Gaillardia beautiful inherent in the following varieties:
- Picta painted - the owner of terry and semi-double bright red or two-colored inflorescences.
- Lorenz - differs from the rest in the size of a terry spherical inflorescence consisting of tubular petals of yellow or yellow-red shade of funnel shape. The most popular varieties Gailardii.
Grade "Yellow Plume" with terry baskets in the form of a ball, consisting of tubular yellow petals,
The variety “Red Plume” is the same terry baskets, only the color of tubular petals is Terracotta.
Flower gaillardia lollipup two-tone photo in the garden Planting and care
Кроме этих сортов, неизменной популярностью пользуются следующие сорта: «Джайети» и «Лопипус». А вот сорт однолетней Гайлардии тупозубчатой (Gaillardia amblyodon) является редким экземпляром на дачных участках.
Гайлардия остистая Gaillardia aristata она же Гайлардия грандифлора крупноцветковая Gaillardia grandiflora
Gaillardia grandiflora Gaillardia aristata ‘Gallo Red’ photos in the garden
Is a perennial plant, rooted from the North American continent. Its stems are distinguished by their straightness with a slight bend in the lower part, which are densely pubescent. As for height, it can vary from 30 to 75 cm. The shape of the leaf is oblong (lanceolate or oval), the edge of which can be solid or serrated. The leaf is completely trimmed.
Bottom leaf - petiolate, while the stem - sedentary. The diameter of some inflorescences can reach 12 cm. Reed petals are variegated, bright with shades of yellow and red. Yellow-red color is typical for tubular petals.
The first flowers appear in June. Gylardia has been cultivated since 1812. The combined name of this type of flower is Gailardia grandiflora (Latin Gaillardia grandiflora).
Gaillardia dwarf large-flowered variety of Gaillardia Fanfare fanfare Gaillardia spinous cultivation
The most popular varieties include:
Varral Flame variety - with red reed petals framed with a yellow border,
Dazzer variety, dark red reed petals of the plant at the base at the end turn into yellow color,
The Mandarin variety differs from the others in a rich red-yellow shade of a reed petal.
Gaillardia hybrid Gaillardia hybrida
Occurred when crossing Gailardia beautiful with its other varieties. The height of the shoot of the hybrid Gaillardia reaches 80 cm. The blooming is observed from June to August - a month. Inflorescences can be, both simple and semi-double and terry, the color of which is in the range of red-yellow-brown shades.
The most commonly grown varieties of Gylardia hybrid:
Gaillardia Red Arizona Red Shades Arizona Red Shades
Gaillardia Arizona Red Shades Arizona Red Shades gaillardia photos in the garden
Differs plant height, which can reach 50-60 cm, and yellow-golden shade of a flower. Tubular flowers are dark to dark yellow.
Gaillardia Primavera landing and care photos flowering Gaillardia undersized perennial
The undersized dwarf, whose height very rarely exceeds 25 cm. Its distinctive feature is that one socket can form up to 6-8 peduncles. The diameter of the flower basket at the same time reaches 12 cm.
Description of the plant: varieties and varieties
Gaillardia (Gaillardia, Lat. Gaillardia) - an unusual sun in a flower garden. This flower with bright yellow petals and a red heart is shaped like a daisy. Perennial gaillardia can grow in a permanent place for about 4-5 years, after which the flower must be transplanted. In the open ground, it blooms almost all summer and autumn until frost.
A real decoration of the garden and a favorite in the photo will be a two-and three-color gaillardia with unusual terry inflorescences.
In nature, there are about 25 varieties of gaillardia, in landscape design for planting in open ground most often use spiny gillardia (Latin Gaillardia aristata, or Gaillardia grandiflora) and hybrid gallardia (Latin Gaillardia x hybrida). Hybrid gaylardiya obtained as a result of crossing a wild annual gailardii beautiful annual with gaylardiyu bristle, as well as awned and other species.
Hyllardia hybrids are quite similar to each other, which can cause some difficulties for an amateur gardener. Hybrid perennial - quite tall plant (about 70-80 cm), with lanceolate, slightly pubescent leaves. Inflorescences can be bright yellow-orange, dark yellow, dark orange, bright red, brown-red shades, and baskets of flowers - double or semi-double. In favorable conditions, blooms in early June, flowering can last up to one and a half months.
There are such varieties of hybrid gaillardy:
- "Kobold" is distinguished by straight branching stems 40 cm high, the petals of the inflorescences are yellow with bright red edging, the inflorescences are large,
- Burgunder striking gaze with dark red large inflorescences,
- "Zone" reaches a height of about 60 cm, two-colored plant - petals of golden yellow and dark yellow shades, inflorescences in diameter of about 10 cm.
Attractive enough and new varieties gailardia hybrid:
- “Golden Gobin” is a short perennial with monochromatic golden-yellow blossoms that blooms quite abundantly for a long time,
- “Tokajer” is a tall perennial with large baskets of bright orange shades, in a bouquet it keeps a fresh look for a long time.
Gaillardia is spinous or, as it is also called, Gaylardiya grandiflora grows up to 75 cm, the stems are straight, densely pubescent, need a garter, otherwise the bush is scattered to the sides and looks sloppy. Lanceolate leaflets, petals of inflorescences of bright yellow, orange, red shades, tubular in the middle of the basket - dark red at the base and yellowish at the tips.
Most popular spiny gaillardia varieties:
- "Dazzler" - bright red petals with orange edging,
- "Wirral Flame" - the petals are dark red, and at the tips the color abruptly turns yellow,
- "Croftway Yellow" - monophonic grade with inflorescences of a yellow shade,
- "Mandarin" - flower baskets mandarin color.
Breeders for wider use in landscape design bred dwarf varieties of this perennial, for example, Goblin, the stems of which grow to 20-25 cm, two-color flower baskets - a reddish-yellow shade with bright yellow edging.
Planting a plant
Cultivation in open ground shrub gaillardia perennial, planting and caring for it does not require a lot of effort, but you need to know and comply with certain conditions. Since this perennial is light-requiring, planting should be carried out in well-lit, unshaded areas. Gaillardii is suitable for any cultivated light soil, you just need to avoid soils with high acidity and humidity.
Planting bushes produced at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other, for the pomp of the composition to be planted in the hole for 2-4 plants. When planting gaylardiyu need to fertilize, put in the hole humus, wood ash, compost and complex mineral fertilizers (at the rate of 35-40 g per bucket of water). Planted bushes are recommended to pour abundantly.
Tip: heavy, humus-rich, wet soils are not suitable for growing gaillardia.
Care for perennials is to ensure timely watering, tying and shelter for the harsh winter.
Gaillardia is a drought-resistant plant, needs moderate watering, tolerates hot, dry periods.
Tall perennial varieties need a garter or other support, otherwise the bush may fall apart on the ground. As props use twigs or stems of other plants, planted next to gaillardia, for example, irises, in which flower stalks are resistant even in windy weather.
Gaillardia is quite frost-resistant, tolerates good wintering, but on the threshold of fairly low temperatures, experts recommend covering it with fallen leaves or spruce.
Fertilizer and gailardia feeding
Perennials need to be fed three times per season: at the beginning of the budding phase, in the summer during the period of active flowering (July-August) and at the end of autumn after full cutting of the peduncles (end of September - beginning of October) three to four weeks before the first frost. Mineral complex fertilizers intended for flowering plants, compost, humus should be applied under the bushes.
Gaillardia, like many other perennials, can breed in 2 ways:
- vegetatively - division maternal bush.
The easiest way of breeding perennial gaylardii - maternal bush division. This method is suitable for lush old bushes, because gallardia grows rather slowly. It is recommended to separate the bushes in spring (in April) or in autumn after full trimming of peduncles. The wells before transplantation should be moistened abundantly, make humus.
Perennial gaillardia actively reproduces by self-sowing, but at the same time, the color of new plants can differ significantly from the mother plant.
For controlled breeding of gaylardii seeds In the fall, leave several flower stalks to ripen the seed, then collect the seeds in a separate bag, dry them and sow in the spring in a designated place. Do not embed the seeds in the soil deeper than 0.5-1 cm, they can not grow. The sown area should be poured abundantly and covered with agrofibre or film to create the greenhouse effect. The first shoots appear on the 11-12th day. Dive seedlings in the phase of 2-3 true leaves. The grown seedlings are planted in open ground on a permanent place in the autumn before winter or next spring. These plants will bloom only in the second year.
Varieties and types of gaillardia: photo
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They write in conjunction with Nivyannik and chamomile, but Nivyannik is chamomile just its second name.
These are different plants, it is just popularly called the chamomile nivyanik
Description of the flower with a photo
Gaillardia grows as a spreading bush. In height, it can reach 50-70 cm. Lanceolate leaves form a rosette. Stems branched, curved, flowering occurs at the tips of the shoots. After gaylardiya ottsvetet, peculiar funnels with seeds are formed on it. The flowers are large, very saturated shades.
The edges of the petals are always yellow, and the middle of the flower can be of a different color. Flowering lasts all summer and ends with the arrival of frosts. You can grow gallardia in the garden on the balcony and at home. Most often it is used in landscaping garden plots. At a permanent place, the plant can be maintained for 4-5 years, after which it is necessary to transplant the gallardia.
The variety is a shrub with a height of 70-80 cm. Slightly pubescent lanceolate leaves grow around each shoot. Flowers can be double or semi-double, red, orange, red-brown gamma. The flowering of this species, like the rest, begins in early June and lasts until August.
Hybrid varieties most popular with gardeners:
- Primavera is a low bush growing to a maximum of 25 cm. Up to 8 peduncles with single flowers can be formed from each leaf rosette. Flowering plant about 35 days. Each flower is a basket with a diameter of up to 12 cm. The yellow center is framed with cherry tubular petals, on the edge of the basket are reed petals of a crimson color with a yellow border.
- “Sonne” is a hybrid up to 60 cm high. Leaves and stems are slightly pubescent, light green in color. The baskets are large, with a diameter of up to 10 cm. The center of the flower consists of yellow-orange tubular petals, along the edges of the basket there are pale yellow pointed petals.
"Kobold" - a bushy medium-sized plant that grows up to 40 cm. Branchy stems. The inflorescences are large, composed of yellow petals with red trim, the middle is surrounded by tubular dark pink petals.
Gaillardia Kobold (Kobold)
“Arizona Sun” is a dwarf variety, has a height of not more than 30 cm. The bush branches well, has a significant green mass. The leaves are elongated, oblong, with a developed vein. The plant blooms in June in large baskets with petals carved along the edge. Baskets consist of cherry tubular petals in the center and marginal dark pink petals with yellow edging.
Gaillardia Gaillardia aristata Arizona Sun
"Burgunder" - a bush plant with bright dark red inflorescences of large size. On the flowers there are small yellow blotches. It blooms all summer. It prefers sunny places and light soil. The height of the bush - 50-60 cm.
For division choose overgrown, lush bush. It is best to plant plants in this way in the middle of spring or autumn, after trimming the inflorescences. The division of the bush at another time will be painful for gaillardia. Consider that this perennial grows slowly, so you should not divide it into many small parts.
Usually, one bush is divided into 3-4 parts, after which each of them is planted in previously prepared holes. If you have an insufficiently grown gailardia bush on the site, and you want to get new specimens from it, you can use cuttings of the shoots. This breeding method is rare, but applied.
Gaillardia in landscape design
Since this plant looks spectacular and bright, it has many varieties - it is widely used for the design of flower beds, flower beds, park zones. Low copies are perfect for rock garden and curb landings. Landscape designers use them to create beautiful compositions, combining with other ornamental plants.
The main advantage of gaylardii is a long flowering period. In addition, the plant is unpretentious, so even a novice grower can plant it in its flower bed and successfully grow it. They are distinguished by their spectacular varieties with two-color and three-color baskets of inflorescences. Gaillardia looks great on a background of green lawn or tall shrubs. Plants are planted not only in open ground, but also in containers and flowerpots.
A composition made up of different varieties of this perennial will look spectacular in a flowerbed. The flowers are great for cutting and look good in a bouquet along with decorative daisies, asparagus and a navynik. Of course, only tall grades of gaillardia are suitable for this.
Perennial gaylardiya in design: video
I hope you have seen that this beautiful plant is worthy to liven up every corner of nature on your site with a riot of colors. Given the fact that gaillardia does not require much care and can decorate a flower bed for many years, it can become an indispensable plant for any garden.