Many people dream of having beautiful plants in their home, bringing comfort to their home, reminiscent of a blooming summer in the cold, and pleasing to the eye. One of these wonderful plants is the gardenia jasmine. Who would not want to see on his window-sill an amazing creamy flower with large double petals and smooth emerald leaves, which exudes a delicious delicate fragrance?
Jasmine-shaped gardenia: a brief description
A beautiful plant of the Mirenov family, when living in room conditions, is a low bush 45-50 cm in height, and wild species living in the forests of Japan, India and China reach approximately 180 centimeters.
Particular attention gardenia jasmine deserves during flowering. The flowers of this beauty grow to 5-7 cm, have a dense structure and a delicate white color. Their magic and gentle smell can easily compete with the scent of roses.
Optimal conditions for growing
Jasmine-shaped gardenia is a capricious and demanding plant, it needs special care at home. If you do everything right, to fulfill all the recommendations for its content, then it will continuously bloom fluently throughout the year.
Usually a picky flower is presented to someone as a gift, and most often the person who received the gift does not even know how to find the right approach to the evergreen beauty so that she does not die.
Gardenia is very light-loving, and it needs a full-fledged light source throughout the day. However, protect the evergreen from direct sunlight at noon, at which time it is better if the lighting is scattered.
Therefore, western or eastern windows will be an excellent option for placing the pot.
How to care at home
Not every lover can do all the whims of gardenia jasmine-like, so grow it as a usual unpretentious houseplant experienced flower growers do not recommend.
But as mentioned above, the main thing is a great desire, perseverance and effort to do everything right, following the suggested recommendations.
Watering and humidity
I propose to consider in detail the issue of how to water the gardenia jasminoid, because almost every flower needs moisture to grow properly in order to remain beautiful and maintain a decorative appearance.
The soil of the plant should always be slightly wettherefore, abundant watering is welcomed in spring and summer, and in winter - moderate. The idea of the harmonious existence of a gardenia in a pot is to absolutely not allow the earthen clod to dry out, while there should not be watery stagnation in the roots either.
At any time of the year, water for irrigation should be used soft and not cold (to soften it, add 2 drops of lemon juice to a liter of liquid). It is better not to experiment with tap water, but to give preference to filtered rainwater.
It should be watered through the top of the pot, and the water formed in the pan should be drained 20 minutes after the procedure. High humidity of this flower is especially necessary when budding, otherwise inflorescences can simply stop their development and fall off.
It is recommended to place the pot in a container with wet sphagnum or expanded clay, which will provide drainage - so that the bottom does not touch the water. Be sure to daily moisten the leaves, in the summer should be sprayed several times a day, in the winter - it will be enough once. The procedure should be carried out mainly in the morning and in the afternoon so that the krone can dry before the onset of twilight.
Soil and dressing
This beautiful flower is also very fastidious to the composition of the earth. Since he has a slightly sour soil in priority, and he does not tolerate lime, the land for Azaleas can be used for planting.
But to prepare their own soil for gardenia jasminoid is also quite realistic. For this, it is necessary to combine sand, parts of sod, coniferous peat and leafy land in equal quantities. For feeding plants it is better to use liquid types of fertilizers.
The use of mineral fertilizers will help to improve it and keep it always in shape, but when choosing a fertilizer for gardenia jasminoid, preference should be given to preparations without the addition of calcium, otherwise the effect may be reversed.
Experienced growers also advise some “folk” methods of feeding the soil. For example, in order to keep the flower healthy, add half a teaspoon of Aktiferrin (the drug is sold at the pharmacy) in half a glass of water and water the growing gardenia once every two weeks. But for an adult flower it is better to give such liquid weekly.
A large role in the successful cultivation and care of sanitary pruning plays a jasmine-shaped gardenia after each flowering. This procedure perfectly stimulates the growth of the flower and maintains its decorative state.
Sick and weak leaf cuttings, as well as cuttings with fading flowers, should be removed immediately. The remaining shoots after pruning can be used to propagate the plant.
Features care in the winter
The main enemy of gardenia in the winter time is drafts. It is also necessary to adhere to the minimum allowable temperature regime of not less than +16 ° C, as the plant, suffering from an excess of moisture, may begin to fade, the leaves will begin to lose its unique tone, and the buds will fall off without opening. In winter, the window sills facing the south side will be good for plant placement.
How to transplant gardenia at home
It is advisable to perform transplantation of jasmine-shaped gardenia every couple of years, but in no case during flowering, otherwise buds may fall off. A transplant of a plant occurs this way:
- First you need to remove the gardenia from the pot and, gently brushing off the roots of the old soil, place it in the solution (room temperature) of the biostimulator for the time specified on the package.
- At the bottom of the pot should be placed steamed drainage, then add sand, then a layer of charcoal, and then add soil above.
- During the preparation of the soil for transplanting, gardenia was well fed, being in solution. Now it should be carefully, trying not to damage the root system, divided into several shoots, distribute the roots and place in a pot, slightly sprinkling the soil.
- After the flower has successfully “migrated” back to the pot, the rest of the biostimulator should be poured into it and placed in a warm place where the direct rays of the sun and drafts will not disturb it.
- After planting should not be watered very often, but rather give the plant a "drink" only when the earth dries out a little, about 2 centimeters deep.
Reproduction: rooting cuttings
In gardenia jasminoid reproduction is carried out mainly by the apical cuttings. Usually, for this purpose, semi-woody cuttings of about 10 centimeters in length are selected.
Cut them in the spring or early fall. A kind of greenhouse is created: the cut stalk takes root immediately into the ground, and then it is covered with a glass jar. And when he, grown up and strong, releases roots, he is transplanted into a permanent pot. To make the plant more beautiful and better to bush, after adaptation in a pot, the stem is lightly pinned to the top.
- Rooting gardenia is best carried out in a substrate consisting of river sand and peat (in a 1: 1 ratio).
- Before planting the cuttings in the substrate, they must be kept in a very weak solution of potassium permanganate and, preferably, dipped in "Kornevin" (root formation stimulator).
- The teplichka can be built both from a can, and from a plastic bag.
- Rooting cuttings should be at a temperature of +25 ° C.
- The greenhouse needs to be ventilated every evening, and the substrate should be kept wet.
- To care for cuttings should be exactly the same as for the flower itself.
Gardenia at home can try to grow with seeds, but it is very difficult, given that they quickly lose their germination, besides you need to be able to choose them in the store.
In the spring, seeds are sown in the right soil (the mixture is the same as for the cuttings), covered with a layer of earth from 3 to 5 mm thick, and then gently pressed and moistened with a spray bottle.
Then the seed pot is covered with a greenhouse and placed on the southern window-sill. About a month later, some of the seeds should come up (approximately 2/3). Now they are removed a little further from the sun and continue to grow, first in the total capacity, and then separately.
Why leaves turn yellow and fall
There are many other troubles that amateur gardeners may encounter, such as yellowing leaves. I propose to analyze the possible reasons why the gardenia jasminoid.
The fact is that the yellowing symptoms of the leaves are caused by various factors, the first of which is improper transplantation. Small roots, which are responsible for the nutrition of the whole plant, are damaged when replacing the soil. As a result, frightening yellowness appears in gardenia jasminoid and leaves quickly fall down (several per day).
Otherwise, the flower may be sick with a shield. This is an unpleasant infection, which also causes yellowing of the leaf plate. On its reverse side are brown spots, which are easily removed without damaging the sheet.
Another reason for the poor condition of the plant is its irrigation with too hard water, as a result of which the acidity of the soil is disturbed and the plant ceases to absorb iron correctly.
You will not regret for a second about your decision to bring this wonderful plant with intoxicating aroma into the house. The main thing is to adhere to all the advice and satisfy all the whims of the naughty gardenia and then the care for her and her originality will bring you the most positive emotions.
The jasmine-shaped gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) is a representative of the numerous Marenov family. This species is suitable for breeding at home. In nature, shrubs grow on the African continent, in Asia:
- Ryukyu Islands.
It grows where it is warm and humid, but also prefers partial shade, sour, well-drained soil. In the wild, it grows from 1.5-3 meters tall. On the windowsill is no more than half a meter. The leaves are large, smooth, bright green and glossy shine.
The flower bush differs in decorative leaves, all year round it is green and lush. Leaf size 10 cm in length. Flowers are single or gathered in inflorescences of 4-6 pieces. Basically they have white color, however there are yellow, pink, vanilla hues.
The appearance of the inflorescence in form resembles a peony or a full-blown rose. Petals are smooth, but there are varieties that have a terry or semi-double texture. Flower size 6-8 cm in diameter.
No less passionate about the extraordinary plant and breeders, through the efforts of which various varieties were bred. Among the most popular such types of gardenia:
- Chuck Heyes.
- Radikan Variyegata.
- Golden Magic.
Watch the video about gardenia jasmine-shaped:
See what a jasmine-shaped gardenia looks like:
As already said plant loves acidic soil, pH 4.5-5.5. However, over time, the water washes away acidic substances and the earth is alkalized. Therefore, it is important to acidify the water for irrigation a couple of times a month, adding citric acid, juice, or settling on peat. The land should be light, loose and fertile.
The capacity of the root system depends on the composition of the soil.
For self-preparation of the substrate will require the following components:
- leafy ground
- turf soil
- coniferous land
- coarse sand.
Natural baking powder will not be superfluous, they mainly use perlite or vermiculite. These substances can be replaced by sand. The total component of additives should be no more than a third part of the total mass of the earth mixture. Do not forget about the drainage, the best option would be - expanded clay, pre-boiledto remove the salt from the pores.
All the details on how to choose soil, pot and fertilizer for gardenia, read here.
How to care after purchase?
Recently acquired gardenia should not be disturbed. She needs time to recover from the transferred stress associated with transportation, change of location.
Do not be alarmed if on arrival home gardenia drops buds. Thus, she responds to a change of residence, relocation.
The adaptation period usually lasts 2-3 weeks, not more. At the end of this period or after flowering an exotic beauty should be transplanted. The procedure is necessary, because the soil in which it was sold is poor, has no useful substances. You will learn more about the nuances of gardenia transplantation in this article.
It is necessary to feed a room gardenia during the autumn and spring period. In early spring, active growth begins, the flower needs additional feeding, and in the autumn and winter period, you can not use fertilizers.
Feed the flower should be 2 times a month. Concentration is two times weaker than indicated in the instructions, in order not to overfeed the plant. Gardenia responds well to organic and mineral fertilizers. use complex preparations of liquid consistency for azaleas or for flowering plants.
It is also good to conduct foliar nutrition, by means of spraying with green fertilizers. This procedure will be enough one per week.
Spectacular, compact form is achieved by trimming. Still, this process stimulates the growth and long-term flowering of the plant. The formation of the crown is carried out after the flowering stage, namely in the fall. First of all, diseased, damaged, underdeveloped processes are removed, which will add strength to the flower.
During the growing season they pinch the side shoots, so the bush looks more lush and neat. After plucking, gardenia will bloom thicker, and so that healthy cuttings do not disappear, they can be used as planting material.
When and how does it bloom?
The flowering phase begins in March and lasts through September. At first, the gardenia prepares for the process, bud buds appear somewhere in April-March. It is during this period that the flower requires careful maintenance. It is forbidden to replant gardenia. It is excluded, even to mix or move it, and to touch the flowers. Even the slightest defect can lead to a reset of the buds.
I would also like to note that the flowers do not bloom all at once, but in turn. Therefore, on a green shrub there are several snow-white buds, ripening for 2 months. BUT blooming flower keeps on gardenia for about 4 days. Faded inflorescences should be immediately cut off to form new ones. About why gardenia does not bloom and what care should be followed for it to form buds, you will learn in this material.
How to transplant?
Before transplanting, you need to purchase or prepare a quality substrate yourself, and also select a quality pot. This process should be performed every 3 years, as the root system grows, if there is a need.
The process of soil renewal is usually performed in early spring, necessarily after flowering. Jasmine gardenia, like most plants, does not tolerate transplantation. For easier adaptation and quick recovery, it is better to use the transshipment method:
- plenty of water the soil and remove the plant with a clod of earth from the pot,
- put a thick layer of drainage on the bottom of the new pot,
- Place gardenia with the earth in a pot and sprinkle with a soil mixture.
Lifespan when growing at home
In the natural range of wild gardenia can survive for 15-20 years. Of course, in the house or in the apartment this period is significantly reduced. Under favorable conditions and attention, an exotic beauty can live up to 10 years. If the parameters of the room or care do not fit the capricious flower, then the duration will be less than 1 year.
Mostly young individuals bloom better, therefore it is advised not to keep them for more than 4 years, but it is better to grow several young plants at once.
Causes of diseases and methods of treatment
Why experienced growers strongly recommend that you follow the recommendations for the care of gardenia, but because not maintaining the necessary parameters, of course, affects the health of the plant.
- Why do the leaves turn yellow? This can be caused by damage to the root system, as a result of an incorrectly chosen watering system. Both excessive moisture and lack of moisture negatively affect the roots, and as a result, the appearance of yellow, sometimes with brown leaves. It is also possible evidence of low indoor temperature, improper soil composition.
- Why does not bloom? Опадание бутонов сигнализирует об сильных колебаниях температурного режима, избытке или недостатке влаги, сквозняках, перемещении горшка, пониженной влажности воздуха. В период бутонизации гардения чутко реагирует на все изменения окружающей среды, поэтому отрегулируйте полив, повысьте влажность и исключите сквозняки, что избежать отказа от цветения.
- White spots on the leaves indicate the development of the disease Chlorosis, which is associated with iron deficiency. How to save the plant? Feed it with iron-containing preparations, for example, Ferovit. Procedures are carried out until the full recovery of the flower, and later for prevention.
- The leaves turn black and fall off. First of all, the lower leaves are damaged, which means there is a problem with the roots, flooding or a lack of nutrients. It is possible that the soil has compacted, there is no air access, it is also worth paying attention to the drainage holes, if clogged - clean. When the crown is blackened - you need to look for insect pests.
- Appearance of dry foliage - a sign of improper transplantation, disturbed irrigation, lack of sun or power. To get rid of such troubles, you need to: set up a humidification system, feed the flower and rearrange it in a place with good lighting.
About all the problems with the leaves of gardenia, we wrote in detail in this article.
Gardenia often undergoes attacks scutes, spider mites, aphids. With these parasites the fight is conducted with the help of insecticide preparations:
The number of treatments depends on the extent of the damage to gardenia. Basically, 3 procedures should be performed with a break of 10-14 days.
You will learn more about the diseases and pests of this plant in another article.
Gardenia is not only beautiful flowers with inviting scent, but also dark green decorative leaves that highlight the beauty of the inflorescences. In winter, the plant is a unique, extremely aesthetic accent in the house.
Jasmine-shaped gardenia can be purchased in the form of a small bush, reaching several tens of centimeters. It is worth noting, over time, the height of the plant can reach more than a meter, depending on the variety, in native places it has the form of a small tree.
The evergreen shrub impresses with leathery, oblong, lanceolate, dark green leaves with additional luster, against which the inflorescences look great. The species is characterized by single, tasty-smelling flowers, varieties are more diverse - single, semi-double and double flowers. The color of the flowers is white to creamy when they bloom, they become more yellow. The flowering period falls on the summer months, but it is worth noting that the widespread variety “Veitchii” blooms in winter.
Jasmine-shaped gardenia, characterized by an intense smell, similar to the smell of jasmine. The similarity is reflected in the name of the plant species.
The native places of gardenia jasmine are on the Asian continent in China, Japan and Taiwan. Overgrown with tropical forests, among others with rhododendron and azalea. In the natural environment, they have unique conditions for development, they feel worse at home and are characterized by higher requirements.
Other care procedures
Of the other procedures associated with the cultivation of gardenia, it is worth mentioning the application for irrigation of warm water. The plant does not like cool earth.
The flower should be cleaned of dust with a soft and damp cloth.
To maintain a compact form of the plant, gardenia is pruned in the spring, cutting off of the shoots is allowed - the possibility of obtaining gardenia in the form of a very original stem tree.
When growing gardenias, one may encounter many adversities, usually occurring due to cultivation mistakes at home, not following the care at home for gardenias.
At the very beginning it is worth noting that gardenia is an acidophilic plant, and the substrate must have an appropriate pH level. If we neglect the plant, giving it an alkaline substrate, it will limit the absorption of relevant nutrients and lead to yellowing leaves while maintaining the green veins. Underground acidification, soft water and appropriate fertilizers are the basis for protecting gardenia from chlorosis.
In cool weather, the plant can fall off the leaves, leaves turn black, buds fall, also in case of insufficient humidity. Buds may fall in case of high soil pH or after plant transplantation.
In the case of moisture on the buds may appear brownish spotsIn a strongly sunny place, burns may occur.
Plant too low with pale and small leaves, requires replenishment of nutrient deficiencies, transfer to a bright room.
Of the pests should be afraid of spider mites, scutes, mealy worms and thrips.
Jasmine-shaped gardenia is an example of an ornamental plant that is problematic for home care and cultivation, but it's worth a try, it does not always end in failure. The plant does not tolerate the kitchen, but will tolerate a cool living room, only in the greenhouse will be able to obtain optimal conditions for development.
It represents an interesting accent in interior design, grown for bouquets and used as a boutonniere.
Because of the high decorative style and beautiful aroma, it is worthwhile to grow a changeable but unique gardenia.
06.06.2018 admin Comments No Comments
Gardenia jasmine (ardenia jasminoides) is one of the representatives of the Marenov family. Flowers are very attracted to gardeners for their aroma and long flowering. Depending on the variety, it can bloom at different times of the year.
Its name gardenia jasmine, received thanks to the approximate smell of a flower to jasmine.
China is considered the homeland, but the flower can be found in India, Taiwan, and Japan. In a cool climate, gardenia jasmine are grown in greenhouses and winter gardens, also under appropriate conditions, it is well adapted at home. The bush is very demanding of itself and with a slight turn of the pot during maturation, it can throw off all the buds.
Description: The ornamental flowering shrub, in its natural environment, reaches a height of 2 m. It prefers shaded but well-lit areas with a sour soil composition and good drainage to drain moisture. Prefers altitudes from 200 to 500 m above sea level.
In room conditions, does not exceed 50-60 cm in height.
The leaves are smooth, uniform green, or dark green, shiny, lanceolate, with a sharpness at the base, length 8-10 cm. The shoots are smooth.
Single flowers that are in the axils of the leaves, but sometimes can be gathered into inflorescences of 3-5 flowers, on the tips of young shoots.
Blooms white, or cream color, double flowers. Flowering often takes place from July to October, but it all depends on the variety and conditions of detention.
Gardenia Jasmine Varieties
For a long period, gardeners cultivated many varieties, among which the most popular:
- Chuck Hayes - up to 2 m, with double cream flowers. Not bad tolerate low temperatures. It blooms throughout the summer.
- Beauty - bloom from summer to mid-autumn. It blooms with white large flowers, often used in gardening.
- Amy - dark green leaves and double flowers 10-12 cm, give a sophisticated look. May bloom 2 times a year, in winter and starting from midsummer.
- Mystery - height 1.7 - 2 m, large dark green leaves. Flowers reach 14 cm, terry. Flowering occurs twice a year.
- Belmont - A popular variety among gardeners, through resistance to low temperatures and diseases. Large leaves are egg-shaped with flowers up to 10 cm and a very pleasant aroma.
- Radikans is a shrub 0.6–1 m high and up to 1.5 m wide. The leaves are small, covered with glitter. Flowers terry, 3 - 4 cm. Often used as bonsai. It blooms from mid-summer to late autumn.
- Golden Magic - flowering has a different color and very long.
- Variyegata - Shrub is medium in size, up to 1 m high, with variegated leaves and fragrant flowers of 6 to 8 cm. Well adapted for indoor conditions in a pot.
Gardenia Jasmine - care and maintenance
Location and lighting: Prefers bright ambient light. At lunchtime, you need to shade from direct sunlight, especially if located on the south side. Prefers southwest, or southeast windows.
In winter, it needs additional lighting with fluorescent lamps, otherwise the flowering will not start.
In temperate latitudes, in summer, the flower is carried out into the open air in partial shade. Living in a warm, southern climate, needs spraying in the morning and evening, as well as shading. At the time of the appearance of buds, the pot can not be rotated, is also very sensitive to the change of lighting and can reset all the flowers. In the open air, protect from rain and drafts.
Temperature: The optimum temperature in the hot period is 21–24 ° C. Starting from the autumn, the indicators slowly decrease to 18–20 ° C. Often the temperature is reduced to 15–18 ° C, which compensates for the lack of light in the winter and reduces depletion of the flower. Gardenia jasminoid, can safely tolerate short-term decreases to 10 ° C. High temperatures in winter, leads to subsidence of the kidneys, it is necessary to add artificial lighting.
Humidity: Prefers high or moderate humidity. Low humidity helps to reduce flowering, flowers become dull and small. Increase humidity in several ways.
Spray in the morning and evening, covering the ground and preserving the buds as much as possible. During the flowering period, spraying is often stopped, moisture trapped on the petal, provokes the appearance of dark spots on the surface. The water used is warm, a few degrees above the habitat.
You can put the pot on a tray with moistened pebbles, or moss, but the pot should not touch the liquid.
Soil: For all varieties of gardenia, requires acidic or slightly acidic soil.
You can buy ready-made mixtures for flowering ornamental flowers (azaleas), or make your own. Ingredients: peat, sand, coniferous and sod land in equal quantities. The substrate should pass water and air well. Over time, acidity decreases. To maintain the desired level, watering is carried out with acidic water.
Watering: Water for watering is used warm, separated, or soft. From spring to early autumn, the gardenia jasminoid requires abundant watering. Carry out as the drying of the upper layer.
From autumn to the beginning of spring, watering is significantly reduced, maintaining the top layer of semi-dry for 2-3 days, then only carry out the next watering. Water only on top of the pot to achieve a uniform distribution of moisture, do not pour water into the pan. It is better to use settled or soft. It can be boiled, cooled and wait until the sediment settles on the bottom, then drain the upper layer. Use water at room temperature, or a few degrees higher.
To maintain an acidic environment, add lemon juice (for 1 l. 2-3 drops). Gardenia absorbs and assimilates nutrients from the ground only under the condition of an acidic environment. Excessive watering, or overdry earthen room, is detrimental to the bush.
Transplant: Young plants are replanted each year in early spring.
Adults are transplanted every few years, as needed, when the roots are wound around the whole earthen room.
Often the flower is not transplanted, but transshipped, with the addition of a fresh, nutritious acidic layer of soil. Sometimes it is enough to change only the top layer.
Pruning: Pruning is necessary as the bush grows, immediately after flowering. Pruned half of the shoot, it is also often used as a cutting for breeding.
Pruned as dried shoots and densely sprouted.
In early spring, shoots pinch, so achieved bush pomp.
Reproduction: Gardenia jasmine-shaped over the years loses profusion in flowering and charm, but you can always rejuvenate the plant by cutting. The shoot is cut off after flowering during pruning, or in early spring before the onset of budding.
The cutting is first placed in the stimulator (a weak solution of potassium permanganate), then in a mixture of sand and peat in the same proportions. Cut the escape should not be shorter than 10-12 cm. The stalk can take root in the water.
Capacity covered with a glass flask (jar) and regularly air. At the same time, soil moisture is constantly maintained, it is plentifully watered and kept at 24 degrees. After a month should appear the roots, to speed up the process, use the bottom heating.
After the appearance of the root system, the stalk is transplanted into the ground. Composition: sand, peat, coniferous and sod land in equal quantities. All mix thoroughly. Previously at the bottom of the pot, on ¼ part, lay drainage of expanded clay. The pot should have a hole in the bottom.
Top dressing: Feed the plant 2 times a month, starting in spring and ending in August. After transplantation, it is necessary to sustain a month of rest. Fertilizers use purchased, with an acidic base. Also sprayed 1 time per week, with a weak solution based on mineral. The basis of feeding is to maintain the acidic soil. In winter, fertilize subject to yellowing of the leaves, magnesium sulfate, or iron in the form of spraying.
Pests: Gardenia jasmine like, as well as other varieties, are affected by a shield, aphids, mealybugs, spider mites.
The difficulties of care and their solution
There is no bloom. A frequent cause is high temperature, low air humidity, or lack of light. Start spraying the bush regularly, and place the pot on a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay. If it is not possible to reduce the temperature, extend the daylight using fluorescent lamps.
Bud fall. There are a lot of reasons. The flower is extremely sensitive to sharp fluctuations in the external environment and violation of the standards for care.
- insufficient lighting
- sudden changes in temperature, or lighting
- turning the pot around its axis, or changing places when the buds appear (often occurs)
- excessive watering, or drying earthy coma
- humidity 50% and below, provided high air temperature
The flower is extremely sensitive at the time of budding, be careful, do not take any quick action to change the habitat or microclimate.
Begin to turn yellow leaves. Irrigation mode violated, or insufficient feeding.
- Often the cause is a slightly acidic substrate. Increase acidity by adding 2-3 drops of lemon juice to 1 l for watering.
- One of the reasons: insufficient, or excessive watering. Trace the top layer of the earth, irrigate only after the top layer dries. The liquid should not remain in the pan.
- Pests infect plants. Use means for spraying against pests, you can determine them in the section pests of indoor plants.
- Sometimes water itself (hard) causes yellowing of foliage.
Spots on the petals. During the spraying (moistening), moisture has hit, or the jasmine-shaped gardenia is watered with too cold or hard water.
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How to know you, gardenia jasmine?
At home, an adult bush can grow from 50 to 180 cm tall. It has strong lignified shoots with shiny leaves and fragrant large flowers. Gardenia blooms photo in nature twice a year. In the culture derived large-flowered forms with a long flowering period.
However, to grow and wait for flowering capricious beauties is not easy. It is difficult to create the desired microclimate and maintain it unchanged at home. At the slightest deviation in the care of gardenia, the jasmine-shaped responds by changing the color of the leaves, fading, dropping flowers and cover. Read about the Monkeys!
Even prolonged bad weather can spoil the mood of a tropical guest. Lack of light leads to plant fading. It is important to organize the backlight sissy to relieve stress. Moreover, now there are special lighting lamps. Does not tolerate the plant:
- prolonged exposure to direct midday sunlight
- dry air
- improper watering and nutrition,
- uncomfortable temperature.
Flowering occurs at the tips of the shoots and axillary, closer to the light. Therefore, the annual pruning of woody twigs allows you to make the bush decorative and gives planting material for reproduction - cuttings.
In the caring hands of the skilled hostess, gardenia jasmine, photo, will delight with a radiant look and exquisite aroma of flowers. The aroma is strong and in the bedroom there is no place for a flower.
When caring for a plant, you need to know that all parts of the flower are poisonous and you should work in protective gloves.
How to care for gardenia jasmine
Plant care is to create a comfortable environment for it. In a residential environment, the required microclimate in a limited volume is achieved by constant care of the flower. Thus it is necessary to create:
The main condition is the absence of sharp climatic changes, to which the gardenia jasmine-like reacts painfully.
A place with a good diffused light is chosen for a long time. A flower is not only rearranged, it cannot be rotated, otherwise it will drop buds. Therefore, the south-western and southern window on hot days with shading will be just right. Favorably flower refers to the open balcony and loggia, and even a terrace in front of the house. In winter, gardenia needs a backlight with a fluorescent or LED lamp, the air is heated from an incandescent lamp.
Соблюдение температурного режима гардения жасминовидная в уходе требует неукоснительно. Летом растение цветёт при температуре не выше 22-24 0 С. Выставленное на свежий воздух растение, перед началом цветения заносят в комнату и создают нужную температуру. Зимой на побегах идёт образование бутонов. При температуре 16-18 их будет много. And if the temperature is higher, the branches will begin to grow to the detriment of the formation of fruit buds.
Subtropical plants need moist air. In the care of the jasmine-shaped gardenia at home, this is achieved by spraying the leaves, but the buds and flowers must remain dry. The evaporator, an aquarium nearby or a pallet with a wet substrate and stones on which the pot is installed will save the situation.
Special requirements for water for irrigation. Hard water, from which the kettle is scum, is unsuitable. Only soft, otstoyannaya, river or rainwater can be used to moisturize the clod of earth. In the summer the flower is watered often. If the drainage passes excess moisture, there should be no stagnation. In winter, watering is carried out moderately, but without drying out the coma.
On the composition of the soil depends on its capacity and the power of the root system. Therefore, after the purchase of the plant, and each time the earth is depleted, the jasmine-shaped gardenia needs to be transplanted. The substrate is prepared sour, based on heather or peat-coniferous soil.
You can take ready-made soil for azaleas, and you can make in equal shares:
- riding red peat,
- land of coniferous forests
- leafy ground
- coarse sand,
- sod land.
Drainage is made of expanded clay, which must first be boiled by removing salt from the pores. The soil should be acidified and some natural lemon juice added to the irrigation water 2 times a month.
Iron chelate salts are used as a top dressing for the flower, as the plant needs this element more. All dressings exclude calcium and magnesium, as they will make the soil unusable, the plant will have to be transplanted. During the growing season, gardenia jasminoid needs phosphorus - potash fertilizers. Nitrogen is needed to build green mass. But everything is good in moderation. Excess salts not absorbed by the plant poison the soil.
Gradually, the root system expands, the soil becomes poor, the drainage pores are silted up, and a gardenia jasmine-shaped transplant is required.
Any plant transplant during the growing season will result in dropping of the buds. Therefore, even a purchased flower is transplanted at a time when the buds and flowers have not yet appeared. But if you need to save jasmine gardenia, you will have to sacrifice flowering.
The plant is transplanted after autumn flowering, that is, in late autumn and before the beginning of February. For small bushes use the method of transshipment. It is not necessary to cross every year, the main thing is that the one is completely enveloped in roots and retains its shape.
Large bushes free from the lump of old earth, shaking it off. The roots are pruned, treated with activated charcoal, a root formation stimulant and arranged in the same container, after replacing the substrate. Set the pot to a permanent place.
Gardenia Jasmine, blacken and fall leaves
A signal to look closely at the plant will be the blackening of the leaves and their dropping. The reason may be the poor performance of the root system, which does not provide bush nutrition.
If the lower leaves turn black, you need to check:
- has the potted soil become airtight,
- Do not drain the drain holes, creating stagnation of water
- excess fertilizer can give the same reaction.
If the head is blackened, you need to look for pests. It is possible that a bacterial or viral disease has appeared on the plant and the supply of nutrients to the upper part is disrupted. If the leaves fall, it can be caused by any abnormalities in the care of gardenia jasmine at home.
The appearance of fungal diseases, accompanied by spots, bloom and death of leaves. The fight is in the treatment of fungicides. The best way is to pick the diseased plants and burn them, and process the plant, including the roots and transplant it into fresh soil or other dishes.
Gardenia jasmine yellow leaves
An indicator of the health of a houseplant is the state of the leaves. If the leaves of gardenia turn yellow, it is urgent to look for the cause:
- Yellowing of the lower tier of the leaves suggests whether the moisture balance is disturbed or the plant stands in a draft. It is necessary to reduce watering, remove the pallet with pebbles.
- The yellowness of the upper leaves indicates a lack of nitrogen or its poor absorption. This is a sign of irrigation with hard water, as a result of which the acidity of the soil is disturbed.
- In case of insufficient lighting, the gardenia jasmine appears to turn yellow and discard buds and leaves. The plant lacks iron in chelated form or nitrogen. Only it is necessary to restore the balance gradually, otherwise the effect will be the opposite.
The cause of yellowing can be the colonization of leaves spider mites. Any deviation in the content of gardenia leads to stopping flowering and dropping the buds.
Reproduction of gardenia jasminoid at home
There are two methods of reproduction - seed and vegetative. In seed reproduction, the main condition is the freshness of the seeds. They can be obtained independently in room conditions, waiting for maturation. It must be recalled that gardenia seeds are poisonous.
The upper parts of woody shoots serve as cuttings. They take root in the greenhouse, in the sand-peat mixture in the summer, when the bush is formed, removing part of the stems. Rooted plants are later transplanted into the prepared substrate, and after six months the young plant may bloom.
How to grow gardenia jasmine from seeds
On a third, expanded clay or coarse sand with small pebbles is poured into a wide bowl with drainage holes. Soil for growing shkolki consists of equal parts of peat, sand and coniferous land.
Seeds are soaked for a day in growth stimulants. For growing from seeds, the gardenia jasminoid is laid out on the surface of the substrate and sprinkled on top with a mixture of half a centimeter thick. The earth is moistened from above with a spray gun, covered up and placed in a warm, bright place. Soil temperature should be stable at 25 degrees. The shelter is periodically cleaned and the soil is moistened. Sprouts will appear in a month.
When the seedlings get stronger and there are real leaves, they need to be seated in the smallest cups one by one and cover until they take root. In the future, will have to replant more than once, until after two years the bush blooms.
It is more profitable to reproduce gardenia jasmine-like grafting, since flowering occurs faster in six months.
Transplant after purchase
Peat grounds, in which this flower grows in the store, are not suitable for it. Often the plant is covered with the roots of the whole earthen room and does not have the ability to fully develop - a pot in which it grows very small. Therefore, transplantation - the first thing to do after the purchase of gardenia. But first it is worthwhile to arrange a tropical sissy with a warm shower. After several days required for the adaptation of the flower, you can begin to transplant it.
They have a lot of this plant.
- The earth must have an acid reaction. You can buy a special soil intended for plants - acidophilus: azaleas, rhododendrons.
- The soil must dry quickly and at the same time retain moisture well. For looseness, sand, perlite, processed and ground sphagnum moss, which is capable of acidifying the earth, are used.
- The soil must contain enough nutrients.
If you can not buy ready-made primer, you can prepare it yourself.
When the soil mixture is prepared, proceed to transplant.
- We prepare a growth stimulant solution according to the instructions, but dilute it only in warm soft water.
- An hour before the transplant we pour warm soft water on the gardenia. Carefully remove the plant from the pot without damaging the roots.
- If rot is found on them, remove all diseased roots, soak it with an earthen clod for 20 minutes in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. After that, put the root system in the solution of the root stimulator. You can simply powder the powdered roots of the plant.
- While it is soaking, we are preparing a pot for planting. It should be slightly larger than the one in which gardenia was brought from the store. Ideally, between the walls of the pot and the earthy clod should be about 1.5 cm. At the bottom we place a drainage layer of expanded clay or small stones, put a layer of sand on top, with a bit of soil mixture on it.
- We take the plant out of the root-forming solution and, if there are several of them in the same pot, carefully separate them. Each bush needs a separate pot.
- We place the azalea in the center of the pot and sprinkle it with soil, slightly compacting it.
- Pour the remaining solution.
All components of the soil, as well as drainage elements should be steamed. When transplanting ensure that the azalea roots do not come into contact with the drainage layer. The plant should be strictly in the center of the pot, the distance from its roots to the walls should be the same. After planting, the plant should be sprayed with epin to reduce stress. The transplanted gardenia is placed in a warm place with diffused light for several days. When she comes to life after transplantation, they choose her permanent place of residence.
Gardenia can not be transplanted in flowering condition - it will drop flowers, so you have to wait until the end of flowering.
Temperature, humidity and lighting
These are the three most important components for plant health and its abundant flowering.
- The constancy of temperature is very important for this flower, in the summer we keep it within 21-24 degrees during the day and 15-18 degrees at night. In winter, it must be reduced to 16 degrees. At low temperatures, under conditions of lack of light, the plant will be less depleted. At higher winter temperatures, gardenia begins to grow new shoots, and it will bloom less. Drafts where gardenia is contained are unacceptable - this creates stress for the plant.
- This capricious grows well in bright light. But the bright sun in the summer is bad for her. The most comfortable flower will be on the window sills of windows with a western or south-western orientation. In winter, a tropical sissy should be covered to the maximum.
The place for the flower must be chosen permanent. It can not only be rearranged, but even slightly move the pot, especially when gardenia blooms.
Like all inhabitants of the tropics, gardenia loves the air with high humidity, especially when it blooms. It can be wetted by spraying, but excluding the ingress of water droplets on the flowers - stains remain on them. For spraying suitable soft water, having a room temperature. You can put a vaporizer next to the plant or place it in a pallet with wet pebbles. It is good to arrange a gentle warm shower, covering the ground in a pot with a film so that it does not get wet. You can wipe the leaves of the flower with a damp cloth.
Proper watering will provide long and lush blooming gardenia. In the summer, the land in the pot should always be wet, so watering is carried out regularly. In winter, it is permissible to do it a little less - once every 2-3 days. But in any season the water should be soft, better boiled, not contain salts. The temperature of irrigation water should not be below room temperature or slightly warmer. Every fifth watering is acidified by adding 2-3 drops of lemon juice per liter of water. You can insist water on the top peat. Water the bush only on top, it is impossible to water it over the pan. Excessive humidity damages room beauty - it provokes the development of root rot.
Top dressing and fertilizer
Do feeding gardenia has its own characteristics. The first feeding is carried out in 1-2 months after transplantation. Plants brought from Holland do not feed the entire first season, since the soil is well filled with nutrients, overfeeding this plant is harmful.
Root top dressings make acidic complex fertilizers intended for azaleas, but lower their concentration by 2 times. Feed each decade of the entire season of active growth. Once a week, you can make foliar dressing with a weak solution of the same fertilizer. Mineral dressings are combined with organic - special liquid preparations for indoor flowers. In winter, the number of dressings reduce or stop them altogether, if the plant does not bloom.
To prevent chlorosis, they feed iron chelate a couple of times during the season. You can spray them plants on the leaves. The problem of iron deficiency can be solved by bury some rusty nails in the pot.
Conditions of detention
To grow a gardenia jasmine-shaped at home is not an easy task. Therefore, before purchasing a plant, it is necessary to carefully consider where the flower will be located and how to ensure proper maintenance for the gardenia. The flower is very sensitive to moisture, does not tolerate errors in watering as an excess, and lack of moisture will lead to death or lack of flowering. Temperature drops and drafts are a threat to gardenia. Requires special attention the soil. The soil must be acidic, in addition, fertilization during the growing season is mandatory.
Lighting. Gardenia is light-requiring, but exposure to direct sunlight will damage it. The leaves of the plant are sensitive to ultraviolet, burns may occur. Southwestern, eastern and western windows are the best location for the flower. In winter, the plant is rearranged to the south side. It is worth considering that the flower does not like sudden movements.
Temperature. The optimal temperature for gardenia +22 degrees Celsius. Daily fluctuations from +16 g are admissible. at night and up to +24 gr. during the daytime hours. The plant tolerates drafts and excessive cooling of the root system very poorly. The flower can not be kept in a cold place, for example, on the windowsill in winter. It is recommended to put the pot on a foam stand or fill the tray with expanded clay. Summer "walks" on the balcony or veranda are contraindicated.
Air humidity. Gardenia jasminoides needs high humidity. There are two ways to achieve maintaining the required level of humidification:
- Pot with garden put on a tray filled with water or wet clay. When evaporated, water saturates the air with moisture. Continuous monitoring of the plant will eliminate damage to the root system of excess water.
- Spraying is an effective way to maintain the humidity of the air, it is recommended to carry out the procedure up to 3 times a day, the frequency depends on the season. Spray the air around the flower, not the plant itself. Those parts of the plant on which large drops of water fall (leaves, flowers) may turn yellow, buds fall off.
Watering. Watering is carried out at drying of the top layer of the soil. It is recommended to water it from above; with this method, complete dissolution of the mineral components of the soil required by the flower is achieved. The soil should be slightly damp, not wet. Water before boiling is boiled and defended during the day. Water temperature for irrigation - room. From time to time approximately once in 5 irrigations, it is good to acidify the water with citric acid. 2-3 drops are enough for one liter of water.
The soil. Gardenia perfectly feels in sour soil, but the level of acidity should not exceed the mark of 5. Soil mixture for azaleas and roses will suit gardenia. Soil can be enriched with sand and peat. Over-acidification should be avoided, otherwise the plant root system may be damaged.
Top dressing. Fertilize jasmine gardenia in the spring and summer seasons. Liquid fertilizer is best suited for indoor plants. The basis of feeding should be potassium and phosphorus. Calcium fertilizers are absolutely not suitable, since calcium lowers the acid level of the soil. Iron chelate is applied to fertilizer from time to time.
With proper care, gardenia lives up to 7 years. The plant blooms for a long time, if the night temperature does not fall below + 16 degrees. The bud is small, and the flower blooms large to 10 cm in diameter. Flowering begins with white, then the petals become cream or yellow. The aroma of jasmine-shaped gardenia resembles the characteristic smell of jasmine.
Transplantation and reproduction
Transfer. Gardenia tolerates transplantation best in the spring, before the beginning of the vegetative period. The growth of the root system is ensured through the annual transplant of young plants into more spacious flowerpots. Adult plants need to be transplanted every 2 years.
When transplanting without fail, it is necessary to check the acidity of the soil using test strips. For this, prepared soil is spilled with water, allowed to drain. Then measure the acidity of the water drained into the pan, dropping the test strip into it and comparing it with a standard scale.
Breeding. There are two breeding options: seed and grafting.
- Propagation by seeds should be chosen by those who first decided to start gardenia. Seeds are purchased in specialized stores. Seeds before planting are placed in water for 3–5 days, only after that they are planted in prepared soil mixture. The soil should be sour and moist, suitable soil mixtures for indoor plants. You can prepare the soil yourself from sand and peat in a 1: 1 ratio. Capacity for planting should choose a wide, but shallow. Planted seeds to a depth of 5 cm, watered and covered with plastic film, which perfectly retains moisture. The temperature of productive growth is +24 degrees Celsius. A month later, the seeds sprout. Usually germination is 50% of the total number of planted seeds. Ростки пикируют в ёмкости диаметром около 10 см, когда расправятся три листочка.
- Размножение черенкованием. Самый удобный вариант. Гардению необходимо обрезывать ранней весной или осенью после цветения. После обрезки оставляют только верхушечные черенки. For quick rooting, it is recommended to dip the cutting for a few seconds in a special phytohormone root solution. The treated stalk is planted in the prepared pochvosmes. Rooting occurs easily at +25 degrees in wet ground without drafts and temperature drops. The flower is transplanted after the formation of the roots. Gardenia will take root without problems with proper organization of care.
Problems with care
Jasmine-shaped gardenia is considered a capricious plant; many problems arise during its cultivation. Gardenia is very sensitive to maintenance errors: improper watering, lack of moisture, soil composition. Pests and diseases cause serious damage to the flower. The plant can be saved, if the causes of the problems identified in time. The main difficulties in the care of the garden jasmine-shaped:
- Gardenia does not bloom, the leaves turn pale. Usually the cause of this condition is the lack of light and minerals. The solution is simple. A pot with a flower should be placed in a place that is better lit. Feed once every 7 days.
- The leaves turn yellow unevenly, covered with brown spots. There may be several reasons. First, the lack of acidity of the soil. Acidity is tested using test strips. If necessary, the soil is shed with water with citric acid (2–3 drops of acid per liter of water). Secondly, the lack of iron in the soil. The problem is solved by applying fertilizer with iron chelate or iron sulfate. Third, the lack of moisture or excess moisture. In this case, you need to adjust the watering.
- The leaves and buds turn black, then fall off. The problem occurs when the cold air in the room where the plant is located. Dropping leaves, buds also occurs as a reaction to watering with too cool water.
- Bud fall. It is associated with a lack of lighting or changes in ambient temperature. A flower does not tolerate a change of place during intensive flowering.
- Spider mite Mite breeds well in a dry atmosphere. Humidifying the air around the plant will solve the problem in the early stages of infection. In advanced cases, insecticide treatment is indispensable.
- Shchitovka. With minor signs of damage, removal of dried leaves is sufficient. If a large number of leaves have been affected, then all foliage is treated with soapy water. Then the leaves are washed with clean water and dried with napkins.