Often gardeners do not know which plant to plant in the shade or what to place in a flower bed between phloxes, hosts and other summer plants until they grow up. These problems will help to solve an undeservedly forgotten flower. Dicentra magnificent, which most amateur gardeners call a “broken heart,” blooms in the spring gardens one of the first. She is really great. With its flowers of a bleach, it does not resemble any of the plants we are used to. Many legends are associated with her name, because the flower is shaped like a heart.
The name of the "dicenter" itself consists of two words: "di" - two, "centron" - the spur, that is, consisting of two spur. The name of the flower broken heart arose from the fact that it is shaped like a heart, it is called broken, because the edge of the flower is divided into two parts.
Dicentra came to Europe from Japan in the early 19th century. Since then, it has spread throughout the continent.
What is the name of a flower broken heart in different countries?
In France, it is called the heart of Jeanette. This name echoes the way the flower is called a broken heart. Legend has it that Jeanette fell in love with the guy who saved her. But then I met him with another girl. Her heart broke with grief and became a flower.
In Germany, where the name of the flower of the heart stuck to the center of the center, the girl who wants to meet the bridegroom needs to hide a branch with hearts in her bosom. In Poland, it is called the shoe of the Mother of God.
What does a broken heart flower look like?
There are about twenty species of this flower of the family smokykov. This is a perennial plant, but every year its ground part disappears. They grow in China, North America, the Far East. Height reaches both 30 cm, and one meter. It depends on the type and variety. The root is thick, fleshy. Leaves dissected, light green, with a touch. They can decorate a flower bed without flowers.
Dicenter flowers are slightly flattened in one plane, up to 2 cm in size, hang on drooping branches. Stems with flowers placed above the bush. The color of the petals is dark red, pink, light pink. Now more and more often plants of a dicentre are found with white and even yellow flowers. White peeking out from under the top colorful petals. From a distance they resemble an arrow that pierced the heart.
Each spring, new branches are formed from the replacement buds at the bottom of the bush, so the plant grows quickly. Each leaf has buds that awaken after the main leaf dies and blooms in July.
After the broken heart fades, a box forms where the black seeds are located.
The following varieties are distinguished.
The Far East: the "foreign" and "magnificent" dichotom.
American species: "beautiful", "beautiful".
By crossing, many hybrid species are bred with flowers of various varieties and various leaves.
- Dicentra "gorgeous" - our broken heart. The height of the bush usually ranges from 30 cm to 60 cm, sometimes reaching 1 meter. The branches are thick, light green. The leaves are large, pinnate, dissected, light green above, bluish on the reverse side. Flowers pink in size to three centimeters. The length of the brushes is about 20 cm. The flower stalks are high, towering above the bush. Flowering begins in the last weeks of May and lasts a little more than a month. Then the bush falls apart, the stems die off and dry out. But in the middle of summer, under optimal conditions, it can grow back and bloom again.
Cutting off the faded stems, we open the view of the summer flowers, which will later open in a place located near the center.
Usually, a broken heart flower tolerates frost well, but sometimes is damaged by spring return frosts. Does not like dissentra and snowless frosty autumn.
Garden flowers broken heart can not tolerate drought and react to it by premature wilting of the leaves.
The variety with white flowers grows slightly lower than with pink.
Recently created species, the leaves of which have a golden color.
- Dicentre "beautiful" grows in height to thirty centimeters. It blooms for a long time, almost to frost. Flowers are 2 cm in size. They are placed on peduncles of 30 pieces each. Pink petals of varying intensity. Leaves do not shed. They are both green and silver colors. Well reproduces shoots.
- Dicentre "exceptional" is the lowest. It is not known why she received such a name, as it grows up to 20 cm high, it does not bloom very long. True, her leaves are beautiful, look like a leaf of fern.
- Dicentre "curly" - creeper, reaching a height of 2 meters. It has a weak frost resistance, therefore it often freezes out during severe frosts. If you sow it from the seeds in March, the bleeding plant will have time to bloom.
- Dicentra "klobuchkovaya" ("breeches Dutchman") is grown in our area very rarely. It has flowers of the original form, which hints at their name. Very naughty plant.
Broken heart multiplies by dividing the bush, cuttings (green and root) and seeds. But the latter method is the longest and irrational way.
Seeds Dicentra remain viable for up to two years. Sow them in February. They emerge at a temperature of 18 degrees in 30 days. When they grow up, they dive, mulch. In winter, cover with fallen leaves. Dicentra grown in this way will bloom in the third year.
A broken heart flower can be transplanted in spring (before flowering) or in autumn. This is done after the plant germinates in one place for about five years.
In order not to break off the sprouting sprouts, the center of the plant is transplanted very early, as soon as its leaves come out of the ground. The bush is carefully dug, the cuttings are cut with several shoots, each is about 10 cm long. If there are more, they can break because they are very fragile. Two cuttings are planted in one hole, but not close by, but leaving a distance of several tens of centimeters between them.
Cherenkuyu Dicenter "beautiful" in the spring. "Gorgeous" gives a lot of shoots, because it can be grafted throughout the growing season.
Propagated by parts of the root. Cutting it, planted the cuttings in August into the soil, constantly moisturizing it and waiting for the sprouts to appear. Spring transplanted to the right place.
Broken heart is a homemade flower. All kinds of Dictres grow well in the sun, in partial shade and shade. In pritenennyh places flowers brighter, bloom longer. A shrub planted in an open area grows lower than in partial shade.
It is not necessary to plant the center in the grass. In summer, it almost does not bloom, so there will be no beauty from it.
The plant needs drainage, especially in places with close adjacent groundwater. Otherwise, the root that penetrates deep into the ground will rot, and the plant will disappear. Drainage is made from broken bricks or rubble. But the flower doesn't like drought either.
The soil for planting should be fertile, pH-neutral. But the bush can grow on the sand. Does not love only heavy clay soil. Drainage is filled into pits 40 cm deep, the soil is mixed with humus or compost, sand and lime are added. The root is set in a hole, straightened and covered with prepared soil.
Dicentra plant on lawns, curbs, flower beds. Flower broken heart looks beautiful next to spring flowers: forget-me-nots, tulips, aquilegia, summer: hosts, fern.
In the spring, many species of diphterres may freeze slightly. In the northern regions of their planting is covered with a layer of peat 8 cm thick. But even if the bush froze, due to the large number of sleeping buds it grows quickly. However, the flowering period in this case is delayed. Every year, starting from the second, a new soil should be poured under the center, otherwise the roots will be exposed and the plant will freeze.
The shrub is watered as needed, mulched or regularly loosened the soil. Its root is deep in the ground and pulls out moisture.
Cutting off faded stems will prolong flowering time. After the plant ottsvetet, the stems are cut at a height of 5 cm, covered with ashes, so that they do not rot. In the spring or in the autumn organic fertilizers are applied. Especially likes the bush humus. Can be fertilized with complex mineral fertilizers.
Dicentra gives distillation in early spring or winter.
Description: Dicentra or Broken Heart
Dicentrabroken heart - the name of the genus of herbaceous perennials. Comes from North America and Asia. In nature, there are 20 species of dicenters, of which only one grows on the territory of Russia. 10 species are used in culture. The flower of the Dicentre looks original, having a heart-shaped pink, red, yellow, or white color.
Dicentra splendid, or spectabilis, is a plant with a straight stem up to 60 cm high. Most of the leaves are at the base of the stem. They are not scalped and consist of several elongated segments. The lamina on top is bright green, on the other hand is bluish-greenish. Flowers with a diameter of about 3 cm form a brush. Sepals are triangular-egg-shaped. Reed flowers - pink or pale red. Fruit Dicenter - box. Dicentra is beautiful, or formosis - a plant up to 30 cm high. The carved leaves on long petioles are light green, with a ‘gray’ shade. Numerous flowers are pink. Flowering lasts all summer. Dicentra skandens is a grassy vine up to 2 m in height. Requires reliable shelter in the winter. Dicentre exceptional, or superior has leaves similar to ferns. The flowers are pink, white or red. Abundant flowering throughout the summer ..
Dicentra - The plant is quite unpretentious. It prefers sunny places, and grows in partial shade. Loves fertile, light, well-drained soil, without excessive moisture. Dicentra requires regular weeding, loosening, dressing and moderate watering. To prolong flowering should be trimmed faded brush. In the autumn, the center is cut to a height of 5 cm. In areas with a frosty climate, shelter is required for the winter. Dicentre is used in group and single landings, in parterres, borders and mixborders. Low-growing species are used for alpine slides and in mixed plantings.
The genus of the center consists of 20 species. Under natural conditions, it is found in the Far East, in eastern China, and also in North America. Externally, the plant looks very beautiful:
- Height - from 30 cm to 1 m.
- Flowers - heart-shaped, with two spurs. Their diameter is 2 cm. The shape is slightly flattened, the tones are different. They are located in the form of inflorescences-tassels on a long stalk.
- The leaves are green, with a slight blue-gray tint.
- Root - powerful, grows deep.
- The fruit is a small box, 3.5 cm long. It contains from 2 to 8 oblong black seeds. They are suitable for landing 2 years. But sprout hard enough.
Planting Dycenters in the Garden - Terms and Rules
Dicentra planted in the garden in spring or autumn. If it lands with the arrival of spring, then it is better to do it in the last days of April - the first week of May. September is the optimal time for autumn planting. The main condition - the sapling must take root and take root before the first serious frosts.
Dicentra not too demanding on the site. It will grow even in badlands. Will not die in the shade. But it is better to follow a few rules. Then she will surely please with lush buds.
- Plant better on a plot with good sunlight. The plant feels great on shaded flower beds. But under the sun, it blooms much faster.
- It is desirable to select the soil nutrient and light. Undemanding flower grows in areas with different soils. Loose, not too heavy ground - an ideal condition for lush flowering. The soil should be saturated with useful elements. This will also improve the formation of buds.
- A well drained area is also an important condition. Where water stagnates, healthy and beautiful flowers can not wait.
How to prepare the ground for planting a flower broken heart?
Planting a flower immediately in the ground should not be. Prepare the soil before planting. If a spring transplant is planned, then the earth is being prepared in the fall. We chose the autumn version of the landing - prepare the site in the spring. What do you need to do?
- The earth is carefully dug up. Depth - bayonet spade.
- When digging, organic fertilizers are introduced - humus (3-4 kg per 1m2).
- Then the earth is shed by water with mineral dressings (20 g / 10 l of water).
Rules for planting flower seedlings broken heart
If the soil for planting is ready, it is necessary to break through the holes. Their depth and diameter are the same - 40 cm. A distance of about 0.5 m is left between them. After that, the drainage is laid at the bottom of the pit. This may be a pebble, broken brick, small stones, crushed stone or expanded clay. A layer of earth is sprinkled on top - garden soil mixed with compost. Then in the hole have a seedling. You need to ensure that the roots are not hesitated. They should be evenly distributed over the hole. From above the garden ground with compost falls asleep again.
Council If the soil is too heavy, ordinary sand will help loosen it. It is advisable to take a river, coarse. Just add it to the soil and mix well. You can dilute the soil with limestone. It will help improve the chemical composition of the soil, as well as provide additional drainage.
How to care for the center
In the care of the flower - not complicated, does not require a "special approach". But to know about its features - it means to get a beautiful plant in your flower bed. To do this, you must follow the three main rules of caring for a heart-flower.
- Watering should be moderate. Gulf roots can provoke rot. The plant may die.
- The soil must be constantly loosened, while removing weeds. Good air exchange is a guarantee of health and beauty of the flower.
- Spring shelter. In the spring days the threat of frost persists. At this time, gentle shoots need heat protection. At night, they are better to hide. Ideal - non-woven materials.
- Water for irrigation should be soft. She was first defended. If the summer is too hot, then you need to water more often than usual. It is important to ensure that an excessive amount of moisture does not destroy the roots.
How to feed the center
A little attention - and the plant will bestow luxurious long-term flowering, lush green leaves:
- At the beginning of spring nitrogen fertilization is made.
- During flowering superphosphate "food" is required.
- In the fall, in preparation for the winter, fermented cow dung diluted in water 1:20 is used. They water the plant around the root, and then fall asleep with mulch.
When and how to plant a flower a broken heart?
How to split a bush
The most common varieties Dicenter - perennials. They live long in one place. Replant them no more than 1 time in 5-6 years. After that, it is better to change the "place of residence". But once a year or two, you need to plant a flower. Otherwise, the roots will destroy themselves. The root system will start up too many processes. They either wither or rot. To avoid this, it is necessary to divide the bush and transplant new shares to other areas. This is done simply:
- The bush, 3-4 years old, is dug out and divided into several parts. Each of them should be with roots, 10-15 cm long and kidneys (not less than 3-4 pieces).
- Sections must be sprinkled with ashes. This is done so that they do not rot and garden parasites do not start.
- Wells are prepared according to the scheme - 40 cm x 40 cm (depth x diameter). Between them, 0.5 m recede.
- Root lobes with shoots are planted in new areas. Planting technology coincides with the rules for planting seedlings.
- In one hole you can plant several seedlings at once. So they take root better. If they interfere with each other’s growth, they are always easy to remove.
How to multiply the center?
This plant is bred in several ways:
The first of them was already mentioned in the previous section. But there is another option - seed multiplication. This technique is more complicated. Requires skill and experience. It is not popular among fans. Such breeding under the power of professional gardeners. But if you wish, you can master this technique of breeding.
Growing seedlings from seeds
Seeds Dicters photo
Growing seedlings start from the end of February. Dicenter reproduction seeds can master even a lazy grower:
- Seeds one by one are planted in cups, watered and covered with foil. Shoots appear only after a month. It is important to maintain a constant temperature - 18-20 ° C.
- You can sow in a common container, keeping a distance of 2-3 cm between seedlings.
- After two true leaves appear on the stalks, the seedlings will need to be smashed into separate containers.
- Caring for seedlings is simple: you need moderate regular watering and good lighting.
Seedling Dicters Photo
In late autumn, seedlings harbor for the winter. For these purposes, use a cut of polyethylene.
Saplings from seeds grow very long. The plant will dissolve the first buds only in the third year.
How to treat the center? Diseases and pests
Dicentre rarely suffers, as she is naturally rewarded with resistance to viruses. But she also has several enemies:
- Кольцевая пятнистость. На листьях начинают появляться пятна или кольца светло-зеленого цвета.
- Табачная мозаика. «Раскрашивает» листья светлыми пятнышками.
- Микоплазменная болезнь. Этот недуг деформирует побеги с бутонами, снижает темпы роста цветка, окрашивает цветы в желтые или зеленые оттенки.
Prevention will help to avoid such troubles. The flower must be properly watered. Excessive watering reduces the immunity of the plant, making it vulnerable to disease. A wonderful remedy for the "seven ailments" of the flower is formalin. With its help, you should treat the site a month before planting. The concentration of the solution is 5%.
Pests also rarely overcome this flower. But from the invasion of aphids no one is immune. If this happens, then it is easy to overcome them with "Biotlin" and "Antitlin".
Care of a flower broken heart after flowering
After a massive flowering in place of flowers appear seeds. They do not need to collect. They sprout very badly. Caring for seedlings is a complex and unproductive process. For the middle band, this method of breeding is most often unsuitable at all due to poor seed aging. It is better to use the division of roots for reproduction. But if you decide to try to collect the seeds, wait until the pods turn brown, and only then remove them from the bush. Pods are crushed, seeds are separated and dried in the shade for several days. Before sowing, they will need stratification to increase germination.
How to collect seeds Dicters photo
Preparing Dicters for Winter
- The first step - you need to cut off the upper part - the stems. Almost the entire stem is cut. Leave only small columns, 3-5 cm long.
- The second step is to ram the land around. Dicentra is a cold-resistant plant, but without mulch it can disappear into severe cold. More than 5-8 cm layer do not need. Roots may suffer if sawdust or leaves begin to sweep.
Dicentra magnificent Dicentra Spectabilis
Dicentra magnificent Dicentra Spectabilis photo
Tall, up to 50-60 cm in height, spreading bushes of the plant have many shoots with large dissected leaves. Peduncles long, deflected down, topped with a number of large flowers, hanging from inflorescences like fairy lanterns.
Dicentre excellent or exceptional Dicentra eximia
Dicentra exclusive Dicentra eximia photo
It was brought to us from the North American latitudes. Perennial flower with thickened, long stems. Their height reaches 20 cm. There are no leaves on the shoots themselves, they grow with a rosette at the root. Inflorescences are formed from flowers of pink color. Each of them is 2.5 cm in diameter. They are assembled in brushes in the form of an arc. In length, they reach 15 cm. The flowering period - the end of May - August. It tolerates even the most severe frosts - down to -35 ° C, but needs shelter with mulch.
Dicentra beautiful Dicentra formosa
Dicentra beautiful Dicentra formosa photo
Her homeland is British Columbia. Plant height - 30 cm. It forms leaves "bundle" near the root. The leaves are pinnate, carved, located on the high petioles. Their color is green, the lower part - with a bluish bloom. The arrow forms long (15 cm) inflorescences. Flowers are purple-pink, their diameter is 2 cm. Flowering is long (last days of May - end of August).
This species includes many different varieties. Most growers liked two of them:
- King of Hearts - bright pink flowers, petals bent outward, like a bell. The leaves are pinnate, gray-green.
- Aurora - its flowers are painted in two tones: white - from the bottom, creamy pink above, at the pedicel.
Dicentra klobuchkovaya Dicentra cuccularia
Dicentra klobuchkovaya Dicentra cuccularia photo
Its natural habitat is the states of Oregon and Washington. The plant reaches a height of 30 cm. The flowers are white, with elongated spurs. Sheet rosette - lush, dark green, with a gray tint. Often this type of flower is grown as a pot.
This species includes the Pittsburgh variety. Its flowers are pink, with long spurs. Their shape resembles hare ears.
Dicentra Golden Dicentra chrysantha
Dicentra Golden Dicentra chrysantha photo
Found in habitat in Mexico and on the Californian hills. It differs from the previous varieties in its high “height” - from 45 cm to 1.5 m. Its flowers are golden yellow. Two petals bent out. At home, the plant is capricious, requires careful maintenance. In his native places likes to settle on land affected by fires.
Dicentra single-flowered Dicentra uniflora
Dicentra single-flowered Dicentra uniflora photo
Lush inflorescences in this species is not. Only a few delicate pink flowers on the stalks. This is also a newcomer from the North American lands. In their homeland, the flower was called “ox-head” because of its shape. Two curved petals look like the ears of a bull, and the flower itself looks like its head. Flowering begins in February and ends in July. Its originality requires sacrifice - it is a very difficult form to grow.
Dicentra vagabond Dicentra peregrina
Dicentra vagabond Dicentra peregrina photo
Small dissected leaves resembling wormwood, with the same bluish-blue tint, are collected in a lush rosette. The plant is short, up to 15-20 cm in height. On high, bare peduncles, paniculate inflorescences with 5-7 flowers resembling hearts are located. Petals are voluminous at the top, narrowed to the bottom and twisted outwards.
Dicentra Canadian Dicentra canadensis
Dicentra Canadian Dicentra canadensis photo
Dicentra Canadian pleases with tender buds of pure white color, they look very noble, bringing special romance to any composition in garden design.
Dicentra whitish-yellow Dicentra ochroleuca
Dicentra whitish-yellow Dicentra ochroleuca
The look differs in dense massive inflorescences with a set of flowers of the extended form. White petals have a dirty-yellow tint and are slightly tinted lilac at the edges.
Dicentra few-flowered Dicentra pauciflora
Dicentra few-flowered Dicentra pauciflora photo
Low-growing bushes of few-flowered Dicentres are very elegant: delicate inflorescences of volumetric flowers, painted in light pink with crimson shade, appear above the rare delicate leaves.
Botanical description and types of plants
Broken heart - a perennial flowerwhose height depends on the variety and can reach from fifteen centimeters to three meters. It belongs to the smoky family. His homeland is Asia and North America.
The root system is a rod type. Fleshy roots and go deep into the ground. Stem erect type, branched. Leaf with petioles, has a feathery appearance and dissected conc.
Flowers are collected in racemes, can be of different shades and have the shape of small hearts. After flowering, the fruit is formed - seed box, filled with small seeds. Able to reproduce with the help of seeds (extremely rarely), by dividing the bush or cuttings.
The flowering period depends on the variety. Some varieties are able to bloom throughout the summer, and some fade away after a month.
There are not so many plant species. In nature, about 20 plants are known, of which no more than 10 are cultivated. Among them are the following:
- Dicentra magnificent (spectabilis). Its size can reach a meter in height. Flowering begins in May and lasts no more than a month. Flowers are collected in clusters of racemes. Coloring foliage has different shades of top and bottom. This species includes such varieties as a bleach and a magnificent alba, a spectabilis alba (a bleach is white), it grows to a height of 70 centimeters, Gold Heart, etc.
- Dicentra beautiful. Not too high view, whose height reaches an average of forty centimeters. Flowering continues throughout the summer.
- Dicentre exceptional (excellent). It has a gray-blue foliage that looks like a fern. Flowers can be different shades: white, pink, purple.
- Cloak beetle center. The smallest variety of plants, reaching a height of only 15 centimeters. Inflorescences may be white or pink. Used in pharmaceuticals. The foliage of this variety is poisonous.
- Climbing fencer. It has the appearance of creepers and grows up to two meters in height. Blooms in mid-summer. Flowers yellow or pink color.
- The wandering dissentra. It is considered a rather rare species. Her foliage is dark-gray, reaching a height of fifteen centimeters. The inflorescences are large, white or pink.
Flower care rules
When the flower is planted correctly and the place is well suited for it, growing the plant and caring for it does not cause much trouble. Regular watering is especially important. We can not allow the soil to dry up, but too much moisture can harm.
They start caring for a flower from the beginning of spring, when leaves appear from under the ground. During this period, the soil near the plant is loosened and mulched. If frost occurs at night at this time, it is best to cover the center because they can destroy the young shoots.
To bloom lasted longer, flowers that have faded away need to be removed. After the end of the flowering period, the leaves that fade must be cut off completely, leaving only small stumps.
In winter, the plant must be covered so that it does not die. As shelter, you can use peat, which is covered with a layer of 5−8 centimeters. This is done only in the northern areas, in more southern areas it is usually not required, because the flower can bloom.
In the spring it is recommended to apply fertilizer. Great for this superphosphate. After the beginning of flowering, fertilizers with a nitrogen content are applied under the bushes. This may help extend this period. In the autumn should be made under each plant humus and pour manure. With proper care, a large and fluffy bush with numerous flowers.
The breeding center reproduces mainly by dividing the bush or grafting. Seed propagation method rarely brings any results. Shoots practically do not appear, and if they suddenly appear, the plant begins to bloom only after three years.
Specialists recommend sharing bushes every three or four years. Due to the fact that the root system grows too much during this period, the roots may begin to rot. The division is best done in early spring, before the period of active growth begins. It is also allowed to resort to similar breeding in the autumn, after all the flowers have blossomed.
The root system of the plant should be excavated and carefully divided with a knife into several parts. At each delenka there should be 3 or 4 good shoots. Delenki can immediately be planted in permanent places, preparing a hole for them.
Young shoots and root processes up to 15 centimeters are suitable for grafting. Cuttings is better to plant in the greenhouse first. You can plant them immediately in open ground, but you need to make sure that it is always moist. The cuttings should take root by next spring and then they can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Her roots in abundance require oxygen, so you need to regularly loosen the ground under the bushes.
In case of spring cooling, it is necessary to close slightly sprung sprouts with a dense polyethylene film. By the way, sprouts of the dicenter should be covered only with non-woven material in order to ensure proper microclimate inside the shelter.
When it blooms, branches are cut to the root, leaving stems 3-5 cm high. Dry branches draw out life from a sleeping plant, therefore they must be removed at the end of each season.
Great fertilizer for dicerra will be nitrogen fertilizers, they should feed the bushes during flowering. In early spring, it needs superphosphate, and in the fall, under each bush it should be poured with humus and thoroughly watered it at the root with infusion of mullein (manure). With proper care, the shrub grows extraordinarily, but it never becomes a weedy plant.
This flower loves consistency - it does not need an annual transplant and blooms beautifully in one place for 5-6 years. After this period, he will need to find another place in the garden.
Dicentra magnificent (Lamprocapnos spectabilis, previously - Dicentra spectabilis)
In the darkened part of the garden grows up to 1 m, on the sunny side there is no higher than 30 cm.
This is the most fastidious type of plant that requires close attention: you almost in time pour it in dry weather - it immediately begins to wither. But it is also extremely undesirable to re-moisten, and it does not tolerate the close occurrence of groundwater. Here is such a "capricious."
Dicentra beautiful (Dicentra formosa)
She emigrated to Russia from North America. The height of the bush varies from 30 to 60 cm, depending on the shady or sunny side of the planting.
Peduncles are much higher than those of the magnificent center. Flowers of lavender color are elongated, graceful, I would call them curvaceous. The flowering period is long: from late May to early September.
Grade 'Golden Tears'
Curly perennial, adorned with yellow and pink inflorescences, reaches a height of 3 m. Long flowering: from the beginning of summer to the first frost. He is picky, feels great in the shade, need support.
Dicentra variety 'Golden Tears'
The grid-support can be made of ordinary wooden slats, for 2-3 years after planting the climbing branches of the plant will completely close it.
Variety 'Candy Hearts'
The plant is up to 15 cm tall, perfectly adapts under the shade of garden trees and tall shrubs.
Dicentra variety 'Candy Hearts'
Flowers-hearts are distinguished by a delicate pink-purple shade. The leaves resemble foliage. From this unique perennial flower mats can be made in the garden. Moreover, if you walk on such a rug, due to the flexibility of the stems and the powerful root system, the plant is quickly restored.
These are my charges, each with its own character, each is attractive in its own way. All the chores of growing pay off handsomely when you look at their blooming splendor. And in your garden grows a bleachers?
The height of the ficentre reaches 30-120 cm, has greenish foliage with a gray or gray shade. The main feature of the plant is its unusual shape of the original flowers, and really like hearts. The color of the buds can be pink, as well as yellow and white. The diameter of one flower is about 2 cm, but due to multiple inflorescences the shrub looks quite lush and elegant.
After flowering fruit is formed. It has the form of a small box about 3.5 cm in length. In one such seed is from 2 to 8 suitable for further reproduction of seeds. We note, however, that at home seed reproduction is quite difficult and troublesome: most gardeners prefer the vegetative variant.
Broken heart looks quite appropriate as a separate shrub, and in combination with other plants. Compositions with a bath, lungwort, hyacinths, tulips and daffodils look beautiful. If we talk about non-flowering plants, we recommend planting hosts and ferns next to the center of the lake.
Shrub organically looks in mixborders, rockeries, like a curb. If we are talking about a high variety, it can also be grown as a solo decoration of a recreation area, lawn, house territory. There are flower growers who grow Dicentra in large flowerpots, it is often also possible to meet her on the Alpine hills, as a decoration of various slopes.
We will get acquainted with the types of plants that are more often used in gardening.
The plant is 50-60 cm tall, rather sprawling. A lot of shoots topped with buds and large carved leaves give a spectacular, elegant look. The buds are small in size, but assemble into lush groups and hang down, looking like elegant lanterns (see photo).
The plant is originally from Colombia, reaches a height of only 30 cm. The leaves grow unusually - a bundle protruding from the base of the stem. By the way, the foliage of this plant is also original, giving the flower a peculiar zest. The buds have a purple-pinkish tint, reaching a diameter of 2 cm. Note that the flowering period of this diaceter lasts all summer.
The North American flower is probably the most beloved among gardeners. It is a perennial with thickened and rather long stems. The leaves form a rosette at the base of the shrub; they do not grow on the shoots.
The buds have a pink tint, reach a diameter of 2.5 cm. Inflorescences in which the buds are collected show off a spectacular appearance: they have the appearance of arched long tassels approximately 15 cm long. It blooms for a long time - from May to August. This species is well adapted to the frosty climate, but in the northern regions it needs to be mulched before wintering.
In nature, it grows in Mexico and California. It is distinguished from other species by high growth, sometimes reaching one and a half meters. The flowers are also unusual - yellow-golden hue, with a pair of petals elegantly curved outward.
Quite a capricious variety, care for this flower requires careful. Interestingly, in natural conditions often grows in areas where there were fires.
Look at the pictures, where the most popular types of centers are presented.
Location and lighting
The flower does not place too high demands on the place of growth. However, the most decorative will manifest in sunny areas, well lit. In the penumbra, landing is also quite possible, and in the shade is not prohibited. But in the latter case, the flowering will come later and will last less.
It is impossible to plant a plant categorically only in one case - if in this area there are stagnant water phenomena in the ground or the place is located in the valley. Переувлажнение почвы цветок не любит, реагирует на данный факт негативно, иногда даже прекращая полностью цветение.
Температура и влажность
Разбитое сердце любит температуру умеренную, неплохо переносит и прохладную. Выращивать ее можно даже в северных регионах. А вот жару и зной растение не слишком жалует — от прямого солнца ее лучше притенять. К влажности воздуха растение тоже нетребовательно. Лучше растет при умеренной влажности, а вот повышенная для цветка нежелательна.
The shrub can grow and even bloom on poor, marginal land. But, of course, if you want to achieve a longer, lush flowering and active growth, it is better to fertilize the soil. It is also important that the soil on the site is loose, light: the permeability of the soil is necessary for the roots of the plant.
Clay soil is not suitable for shrubs. If the site is exactly like that, before planting it is necessary to loosen it. Add sand to the soil - it is better to take the largest possible. If the soil is acidic, add lime powder.
When the buds fall, the seed box appears in their place. Typically, seeds of plants are not collected, as they multiply in this way is quite problematic. However, if you decide on seed reproduction, it makes sense to collect a few boxes. It is necessary to wait for the full maturation - the browning, darkening of the achene will signal this.
In warm and climatic conditions, the plant can winter without preparation. However, if we are talking about the middle zone and, especially, the northern regions, it is desirable to prepare for the cold weather.
The aboveground part of the flower in any climate is cut off almost to the ground. Leave only hemp 3-5 cm.
Bottom circle after making cow dung should be covered with a mulch layer. This shelter will help the roots better survive the frost. A layer of mulch is made 5-8 cm thick. It is not recommended to make a thicker layer, as in this case there is a danger of roots rooting during thaws.
If the climate is extremely harsh, it is better to throw a non-woven cover over the top. Also suitable cardboard boxes for the size of the bush.
- It should be dug out of the ground adult, fairly overgrown bush. Young plants do not divide.
- The dug up bush is shaken off the ground carefully and is divided into several parts with a sharp knife. Make sure before division that each part will get its roots.
- Sections should be sprinkled with wood ash for disinfection and quick drying.
- In another area, dig holes for landing: standard depth and parameters. Water the pits.
- Parts are planted each in their hole, powdered with soil. By planting two or three parts at once in one well, it is possible to achieve rapid rooting of the plant and its greater pomp in the future.
In addition to dividing the root, you can propagate a broken heart with cuttings or even seeds. More details on these two methods.
Along with the main method, grafting is also very popular. The procedure is simpler than dividing a bush, but it will take longer to wait for flowering in this case. It is desirable to conduct grafting in early spring - the degree of survival of cuttings in this case is higher. Shoots 15 cm long are cut, some must be young, flexible, healthy.
After cutting, lower the lower part of the cutting into the root stimulator - Zircon, Kornerost, Kornevin or another. Experienced growers add vitamins B1 or C to the core stimulant solution to enhance the vitality of the plant. The residence time in the solution - the day.
Disembarking is done in a room flower pot, the top is covered with cans. The cuttings can be transplanted to the garden only next spring, and the current year is recommended to grow them indoors.
The procedure for seed reproduction is much longer and time consuming than the previous two. For beginners, this option is not suitable because it requires knowledge, skills and experience from the grower.
- If you decide to plant seeds, do it at the end of February. Seeds of seeds are planted in cups with moistened soil. Cover them with film. It is possible to make planting in a common container, keeping a distance of 2-3 cm between the seeds.
- Do not forget to clean the film daily for airing, you also need to remove the accumulated condensate and spray the soil as needed. For germination the most suitable temperature is + 18-20 degrees.
- A month later, about shoots appear.
- If you sow in a common container, you will need a pick on individual cups. Perform this procedure when the seedlings acquire a pair of these leaves.
- Next is the standard care of seedlings. And the next year, grown bushes can be planted in the garden. Flowering occurs only in the third year.
Important: for the northern regions and the middle band this method of reproduction is unproductive, since in the coolness the seeds rarely fully ripen.
Protection from pests, diseases, possible problems
Sick plant rarely, possessing genetic resistance to some viruses. But still, the broken heart is not insured completely from the problems - let's get acquainted with the most probable misfortunes.
Other diseases of the viral nature, such as tobacco mosaic, ring spots, and less often mycoplasmosis affect the center. Diseases manifest first in the form of spots, stripes, strokes of a contrasting shade on the foliage. Then the situation is aggravated, and the result may be the complete destruction of the whole flower.
It is extremely difficult to treat viral diseases, often therapy does not bring positive results. Therefore, only competent prevention protects against adversity. The most important thing is not to allow overmoistening of the flower, as in the conditions of constant dampness the immunity of the plant is reduced.
Also in order to protect the recommended treatment of the land before planting liquid formalin (5%). This substance effectively destroys the viruses, fungi and other microorganisms living in the soil.
The plant is not insured against pests either. There is a lesion has occurred, it is recommended double treatment with Antitlin or Biotlin.
So, we met with a wonderful plant - a broken heart or a Dicterra. It is easy to grow it, and the shrub is able to please the eye throughout the summer. In addition, it is unpretentious, and well take root even in conditions of poor soil and relatively cool climate
Soil preparation for planting
Plant can be planted twice a year.. Either with the onset of heat, namely in the period of the end of May-beginning of April, or in autumn in September before the arrival of frost. After all, the roots must be taken in the open field and begin to develop.
Dicentra grows well both in shady places and in the sun. However, she feels more comfortable in the shade, especially under the trees. In sunny areas, the plant begins to bloom much faster. But in darkened places, the duration of flowering is longer, and the coloring of flowers is richer.
Any soil will do.. However, a much cozier plant will be moderately moist soil. In dry ground bleaching center blooms worse, and the color becomes pale. Overdoing with watering is not worth it, because the roots of a flower may eventually just rot. It will be good if the soil is saturated with fertilizers.
The soil must be prepared in advance. If planting is planned for spring, then the site should be prepared in the fall. On the autumn planting preparation begins in the spring.
The soil in the place of future growth must dig up. On each square meter pour about 4 kg of humus. Then pour the mineral solution. For 10 liters of water you need 20 grams of fertilizer.
First you need to dig holes about 40 cm deep. The distance between the holes should be about 50 cm. Further on the bottom you need to pour gravel, followed by a layer of earth that was previously mixed with compost. Then the roots of the seedling are placed in the hole and are filled up to the top with the rest of the soil mixed with compost.
If the land on the plot is rather rough and heavy, then you can mix it with sand and add limestone crumb. Then the plant just "say" thank you.
If during the planting the dicters were done correctly, the soil was well prepared, then no hassle with the plant should be and special care is not required. It is only necessary to monitor the condition of the soil., water in time and in no case prevent overdrying of the earth. It is also impossible to transfuse, because they can rot the roots.
It is necessary to care for the Dicterra from the beginning of spring, when the first leaves look out of the ground. During this period, it is necessary to loosen the soil slightly and cover it with a protective layer, that is, to mulch.
If in time to get rid of the flowering inflorescences, it is possible to ensure the flowering of a longer period. When flowering ends completely, then you need to cut off all withered leaves, leaving only small hemp.
If flower cultivation occurs in the northern regions, it is desirable to cover for the winter with a layer of peat, 4–8 cm will be enough. However, in regions where the winter is warm it is not necessary to do this, the plant has the ability to wither.
In one place the dietary center can grow up to six years.therefore, there is no need for an annual transplant. Only after this period, you need to find a new place. However, planting a plant is imperative, otherwise the roots will outgrow, they may partly die off or rot. It is recommended to do it 1 time in 2 years.
When flowering completely stops, and it happens either in early May or in September, you need to dig a plant. This should be done with the utmost care, so as not to damage the rather fragile roots, to dry a little naturally and cut the roots in such a little sluggish state with the same care. Parts should be about 10–15 cm in length and have 3-4 buds. Slices should be treated with ashes. And then transplant in the same way as during the initial disembarkation. Good to water. To add to the bush density can be up to 3 divisions planted in one hole.
Pest and Heartbreak Disease
With immunity, the center is ok.. She is very rarely ill. However, it is not an exception, and the disease can still occur. Tobacco mosaic and ring spots are the most common diseases of this plant. It is very easy to determine visually. Young leaves become spotty and with stripes, and those that are more mature, take the form of oak leaves.
Also, microplasma disease is not excluded, in which growth stops altogether, and the flowers become green or yellow.
Types and varieties, photos
A perennial plant, whose height can reach 100 cm. The leaves of the magnificent centers are large cirrus and dissected.
From above green shade, from below gray tone. They are located on the petioles of about 12 cm in size. The flowers are about 3 cm in diameter and in the shape of a heart. The length of the inflorescences is about 20 cm. Flowering can reach three months, and it begins by the end of May.
It withstands winter up to -35 degrees Frosts, however, for better care, it is better to mulch it for the winter. Dicentra magnificent has 2 varieties:
- Alba, which has white monochrome flowers. Height up to 70 cm in height.
- Gold Hart - beautiful golden leaves with pink flowers.
The height of this species is very small, only 30 cm. The leaves are a light green shade. The color of the flowers may be pale pink, white or purple. The diameter of the flowers is no more than 2 cm, and the length of the inflorescences is about 10–15 cm. Start blooming from June until the very beginning of autumn. They are also quite winter-hardy, but for the winter it is recommended to cover with a protective layer. It has 3 varieties:
- Aurora - inflorescences white.
- Bacchanal - a plant with bright red flowers.
- Adrian Bloom - flower with pink buds.
It is the most stunted compared to other species. Reaches only up to 15 cm in height. Has tuberous roots.
The leaves are dissected, and have a gray-green color. Inflorescences are presented in white or pinkish color.
The plant has application in the field of pharmaceutics.
The plant also belongs to undersized and can grow up to 25 cm. The leaves are dark green pinnately-dissected. Something like a fern. Blooms from late May until mid-autumn. The buds have a white and pink color.