Calceolaria is a member of the Calceolarium family. Previously, the plant was in the genus nornichkovye. Recent studies have revealed that it not only does not belong to their genus, but has also itself become the ancestor of many plants of the order of clear-flowered flowers.
Homeland plants is the Central and Southern regions of America. The flower grows up to 45-50 cm tall. The leaves are medium in size (about 10 cm), elongated, veined and with a pubescent inner side. Leaves rich green color. If you translate the name “Calceolaria” from Latin into Russian, you get “slipper”. This name she received because of the similarity of the flower with a shoe or a handbag for money.
Flowering occurs from early March to July. On one plant appears immediately to 50-60 flower ovaries. The plant has gained its popularity due to unusual bichromatic flowers (large spherical and small barely noticeable). They are pot-bellied and resemble wooden clogs. Calceolaria is an ornamental plant. At home, grown as annuals or biennial flowers.
Such a herbaceous and abundantly flowering plant as calceolaria at home grown as an annual or biennial. Its popularity is associated with very spectacular flowers, which have an unusual shape, resembling a “wallet” or “slipper”. So, these bright flowers are double-lipped, the upper lip of which has an extremely small size, and the lower one is large, spherical, swollen.
The genus Calceolaria (Calceolaria) has about 400 species of the nativegrass families. In English taxonomy, Calceolariaceae are distinguished in the family. In the wild, such a flower can be found in Central and South America. "Calceolaria" in Latin is translated as "little shoe".
This genus includes dwarf shrubs, grasses, shrubs, in which the leaves are opposite or whorlled. The flower calyx is four-membered, and the corolla is swollen, two-lipped (with the upper lip, as a rule, smaller). It has 2-3 stamens. The fruit is presented in the form of a box.
Calceolaria most species are very beautiful and are grown as ornamental plants. Hybrid garden varieties were created from such species as: S. arachnoidea, S. corymbosa, S. crenatiflora, as well as others. For growing in cool greenhouses, as a rule, choose hybrids, the flowers of which are colored purple, orange, yellow or red, and they can also have ribbons with shaded or speckled spots. For their reproduction, cuttings or seeds are used.
This flowering plant will delight you with its flowers in springtime, while you should know that it is problematic to grow it at home, as it prefers cool places. Its spherical, bright, bubbly flowers stand out in particular. Often there are many different spots and spots on the flowers. Calceolaria usually blooms from March to June. Flowering lasts for 4 weeks. 18–55 flowers may form on one plant.
Cut off after flowering shoots can be rooted in water or soil mixture. You can cut them both in August and in February-March. When rooting, an activated carbon tablet is pre-dissolved in water, and the container is chosen from dark glass. This reduces the risk of rotting cuttings.
When the cutting is dug into the soil, it is covered from above with a transparent bag or bottle, increasing the humidity around it. Rooting will take 3-4 weeks. When the shoots will give roots, they can be transplanted into a permanent pot. For pomp in a single container several cuttings are planted.
Calceolaria is a capricious plant that can die with the slightest mistake in care. It lives for 1-2 years, but is easily propagated by cuttings or seeds. Mainly for growing buy flower seeds, which are sold in any flower shop. Packaging costs about 55 rubles. Having mastered the rules of care, you can regularly enjoy the beautiful flowers of calceolaria.