Fruit shrubs

Dereza vulgaris: description, photo, where it grows in Russia, planting and care

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Probably, it will be interesting to many people to find out that common wolfberry and famous goji berries are practically the same thing. At least, so many local experts say. It turns out that the very, extremely popular lately, expensive goji berries, which are brought to our country from China, can be found growing along the Russian roads. In addition, the berry shrub can be grown in your own garden and enjoy the healing properties of the healing berries for free.

Is common wood gum sold at the pharmacy, where it grows in Russia, where to buy its seeds for breeding at your own site? All this and our discussion today. To begin, let us recall the beneficial properties of sweet and sour berries:

What is the value of berries wolfberry?

It must be said that goji is grown on Chinese plantations for more than six thousand years. From the same old times to the present, I use them for medical purposes. Its appearance red ripe fruits resemble barberries, and taste like a mixture of cranberries with raspberries. According to the absolute majority of specialists, goji has a powerful healing effect on the human body.

For example, it is known that it is a strong natural antioxidant, an antidepressant, invigorating, improving mood, encouraging optimism. Regular consumption improves health, improves the condition of patients with cancer, and also prevents the development of malignant tumors. Berries are recommended for people with a diseased liver suffering from diabetes.

Since the berries contain large amounts of various nutrients - vitamins, microelements, antioxidants, valuable acids, nutrients, they have a versatile positive effect on the body. For example, their use slows aging, strengthens the body's immune system, normalizes pressure.

Some substances contained in the berries, set up in an erotic way. Therefore, it is useful to use them for men with erectile dysfunction.

Berries are considered a powerful fat burner. In addition, their use prevents new fat deposits, as they convert fats into energy. For example, tea brewed their ripe berries, helps reduce appetite, helps maintain normal weight.

Recipe of use: place 1 tbsp. l berries in the teapot, pour boiling water (200-300 ml), cover with a thick napkin. Wait half an hour, and then you can drink. The first time drink a cup of healing tea in the morning, immediately after waking up. The second cup is better to drink before bedtime. Berries, of course, also eat. Well, do you like a wormwood?

Where grows up in Russia?

It must be said that China is by no means the only place on earth where healthy goji berries grow. In fact, you will find this plant along rural roads, on the forest edges of many regions of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and other European countries. Only here these berries are called wolfberry, or zamaniha, or wolfberry (not to be confused with poisonous wolf bast!).

By the way, goji is the fruit of Chinese wolfberry (Lycium chinense). This Latin name is consonant with our common tree (Lycium barbarum). Its fruits are no less beneficial to health. Of course, the berries of a plant growing in Tibet contain more nutrients. But our dereza is also rich in minerals, vitamins, natural acids. Therefore, it has almost the same healing properties.

At the same time growing it does not pose any difficulty. Dereza vulgaris grows in central Russia. It is found in the Kuban, Primorsky Krai, the territory of the Caucasus and Central Asia. Surely many of us very often passed by this bush, not knowing the name of the plant.

Dereza ordinary - inconspicuous prickly three-meter-high shrub. It has narrow leaves and purple flowers resembling bells. When the fruiting season comes (end of summer), the branches are covered with red sour-sweet berries. They can be simply collected, dried and used for recovery. And you can land a wank on your site. Whereas you can buy goji in a pharmacy or order it on a special website on the Internet for quite serious money.

Where to buy berries wolfberry ordinary?

As we have said, dereza ordinary at the pharmacy for sale. Although of course not our domestic dereza, but the Chinese - goji berries. Many pharmacies now offer this product for sale. Therefore, the consumer always has a choice: to buy medicinal fruits or try to grow a wretch on your own plot.

Is it possible to grow a wartwort?

Many lovers of various exotic plants, manage to grow at home all sorts of useful plants, such as pineapples, mango or kiwi. Some even pistachios are grown. Therefore, for our gardeners, gardeners nothing is impossible. Especially since the wank grows is not difficult. The plant is extremely unpretentious, normally tolerates drought and salinization of the soil.

Therefore, if you want to have healing berries in your home all year round, buy planting stock. Specialized shops, large horticultural enterprises offer seeds at a price of about 50-100 rubles. for 10 pieces. Saplings can be bought from 250 rubles for one piece. The shrub will begin to bear fruit about three years after planting.

In order to preserve the beneficial properties of the fruit as best as possible, they are recommended to be dried in the fresh air, in the shade under the awning, spread out on a flat surface. Do not use preservatives to preserve them. It is not recommended to dry in the oven or oven.

So, buy medicinal goji at the pharmacy or grow at least a useful wolfberry under your window - the choice is always yours. Be healthy!

Botanical description

Goji is found in Russia, neighboring countries, China. Under natural conditions, the shrub grows in the forest and forest-steppe zone. The average height of wolfberry is 1.5 m, the maximum is 3.5 m. In the period of active growth, the culture forms a crown up to 6 m.

Dereza ordinary has a developed root system consisting of "offspring". The branches of the plant are light yellow, covered with small thorns. The leaves are light green, shaped like an ellipse.

Dereza vulgaris gives dark pink or purple flowers that emit a delicate scent. The fruit is presented in the form of a small elongated box of bright orange or red color. Its maximum value is 2 cm. The shrub bears fruits from the third year of life. In the photo you can see what the healing plant looks like.

Seed preparation, seedling cultivation

Woods are propagated by seeds and small cuttings. Seeds are best sown in spring (stratification is not necessary). In order for the sprouts to break through faster, it is necessary to soak the seed material in the water, holding 3 hours.

Seeds need to be deepened by 3 mm in a mixture of 30% peat and 70% loam. In order for crops to grow well, it is necessary to cover them with plastic wrap. Recommended temperature content + 25 degrees. Ensure that the soil does not dry out. Do not keep crops in conditions of temperature drops!

If planting material takes root in a new place, after 2 weeks it gives sprouts. It's time to determine the crops in a bright place. But remember, they should not be exposed to direct sunlight!

When the miniature plants form three fully grown leaves, it will be necessary to plant them on the garden bed and grow within a year. Seedlings are sensitive not only to temperature extremes, but also to frost. Be sure to cover them for the winter. In spring, young plants are determined to a permanent place. They begin to bloom after 3 years, and fruiting - after 4.

Vegetative breeding method

In my opinion, it is better to propagate the plant by cuttings. You just need to cut 1 lignified shoot and lower it into a solution that promotes the formation of roots. Planting material must be kept in such a composition, adhering to the instructions, then landed in a greenhouse or on a bed, covered with film.

The cuttings feel good in a cool room. You can place them on the loggia, at the beginning of spring - to land in open ground.

Dereza berry does not place high demands on the composition of the earth, prefers a well-drained substrate of a weakly acid reaction.

Landing features

Goji plant in the spring. Dig a trench of 40 x 40 x 40 cm. Observe the distance between the specimens of 1.5 m. In order to strengthen the immunity of the plant, it is necessary to apply fertilizer during planting. Organics are mixed with chemicals: they take 9 kg of compost, 130 g of granulated superphosphate and 40 g of wood ash. This number is calculated per 1 square. m

The root neck should be 1 cm above the ground level. After planting, it is necessary to slightly compact the soil, after which - water the plant. When it absorbs moisture, you will need to grind peat. Planting and caring for culture will not take you much time.

How to care for a medicinal plant

Young shrub requires constant attention. In order for it to grow well, it is necessary to moisten the soil in the circle of the trunk, but you can not make too much water, otherwise the roots will rot! When the cold comes, cover the tree circle with polyethylene (preferably dense).

As they grow older, the shrub becomes stronger. An adult plant normally reacts to an increased level of humidity, it is not often possible to water it. In a drought, make water 1 time in 5 days. To improve the quality of berries make mineral compounds from the third year of life.

Corrective pruning and pest control

Dereza actively form the crown, it is recommended to adjust it. Sanitary pruning not only increases the decorativeness of the crop, it is the key to a rich harvest.

It is necessary to remove the weakened and dried shoots, leaving only those that bear fruit. On one branch should be 4 - 6 buds. Shrub grows quickly. When it reaches a height of one and a half meters, hang the lower branches to the support.

Pests attack goji under conditions of high humidity. To get rid of those, it is necessary to spray the plant with wormwood extract. Shrub, not received wood ash, prone to late blight and powdery mildew.

In order to avoid these diseases it is necessary to fertilize in time. Having found the sick deformed leaves, it is necessary to powder and their ashes. If it does not give a positive result, apply a fungicide.

Dereza is resistant to cold weather, but you need to mulch it for the winter, especially if the weather is snowless. The plant must not be allowed to cool. Autumn should be covered with spruce branches. If a non-winter hardy variety was originally selected for planting, carefully dig it out, transplant it into a container. Determine this capacity in the basement.

Goji collection and storage

Ripe berries have a rich red hue. They are collected as follows: under the shrub enclose a soft cloth and gently knock. Use caution when picking berries, wood bark - prickly plant.

Goji is laid out on the film, determined in a sunny place, and after a couple of days they check how the skin goes. If it leaves easily, it means the berries are edible. It is recommended to store them in glassware.

Useful properties of goji

The fruits of wolfberry are composed of such valuable components:

  • iron,
  • zinc,
  • phosphorus,
  • biologically active acids,
  • ascorbic acid
  • antioxidant compounds.

The Chinese use berries to treat diseases of the liver and kidneys. Goji is used in diabetes, as they normalize glucose levels.

The fruits of wolfberry are useful for people suffering from migraine and insomnia. Berries improve health, restore hormonal balance during menopause. Contraindications to the use of individual hypersensitivity.

Now we know where dereza is growing in Russia and what medical properties it has. The shrub does not place high demands on the conditions of detention, but you need to take care of it regularly. The main thing - to moderately make water and cover for the winter.

General information about the shrub: wormwood

Dereza vulgaris, it is Dereza Berber (Latin Lycium barbarum), perennial, deciduous shrub of an extensive family of solanaceae, a related species of Lycium chinense, the so-called. Chinese wolfwood, or is identified with it. In Chinese transliteration, the name sounds like Níngxià gǒuqǐ, in English as Goji is the same goji, known as the superfood of the last decades.

The distribution area is the central part of China, the foothills of Tibet, most of Eurasia, including Russia and the south-east of Europe, North America, Australia.

Industrial cultivation is concentrated in the northern and western regions of China, from where it is imported as a raw material for juices, in dried form to the European Union, the United States and other countries, including Russia. Among the manufacturers of dietetic products, juices are Coca-Cola, PepciCo, Schweppers, Dr. Pepper, etc.

The beginning of the global branding of goji as a “superfood” was laid by Freelife International, an importer of dried fruit and a juice producer. Freelife accounts for 90% of sales in 26 countries, and an estimate of annual turnover is nearing $ 500 million.

In Russia, wild wolfberry is found in the Middle Belt, Primorsky Krai, in the North Caucasus. Wild-growing culture can be found everywhere: Dereza grows on forest edges, dry slopes, along roads, on vacant lots.

Practiced and amateur growing barbarum. Gardeners note the aggressiveness of the plant, to get rid of the shoots which accounted for using herbicides. There is also a similarity of the Himalayan miracle saplings bought for a lot of money and the culture that has chosen the wastelands.

Dereza ordinary: about the benefits of the product

Lycium barbarum is advertised as a product that works wonders with the cardiovascular system, the kidneys and the liver, reduces weight and sugar level, increases potency and immunity. Among the stated beneficial properties:

  1. Improving metabolism, psycho-emotional state, potency.
  2. Weight reduction, stabilization of hormonal levels.
  3. Inhibition of cholesterol synthesis.
  4. Reduced sugar levels.
  5. Adaptogenic, immunostimulating properties.
  6. Hepatoprotective.
  7. Cytotoxic (anticancer).

Declared properties are not confirmed. On the contrary, the FDA has more than once stopped deliveries of wolfberry due to the high content of insecticides, fungicides. To this day, the wolfberry imported under the “natural” brand has not received approval from the Department.

Representatives of Freelife International were caught on false statements, including about antitumor efficacy of berries. So, Earl Mindell, marketing director, cited non-existent research at Memorial Sloan-Kettering, a cancer center in New York, allegedly confirming the cytostatic activity of the culture.

According to the National Institute of Health, there are no current or pending studies on the properties of bastard today. The wording sounds like "we did not explore the wench and do not investigate."
There are also lawsuits with Freelife International, the subject of which is “providing false information, false allegations”.

Dereza ordinary: the composition of "superfood"

The wolfberry fruit contains:

  • 22 significant macro and microelements,
  • 6 essential vitamins
  • 18 amino acids

  • alkaloids (atropine, hyoscyamine), etc.,
  • polysaccharides,
  • flavonoids,
  • saponins.

Note!Due to the content of atropine, the permissible dose of "superfood" is 100-120 ml per day, or up to 50 g of dry fruits.

The content of the listed substances is comparable with many fruits and vegetables. So, the level of vitamin C, declared as the highest among herbal products, as it turned out, is inferior to citrus, wild rose. In the dried fruit it is almost none. According to British nutritionists, about 500 ml of juice will replace the usual apple.

Different sources provide different composition data. Thus, the amount of protein ranges from 0 to 30%, fiber - from 0 to 13%. The calorie content also varies: according to one source, a hundred handful of dry berries is 150 kcal, according to others - up to 300 kcal.

Note!Dereza products are absolutely incompatible with antihypertensive drugs that lower blood sugar and anticoagulants.

Only three studies of the properties of culture have been documented. The results of the first revealed in hairless mice drinking goji juice, resistance to ultraviolet radiation. The results of the second report that "the product needs to be studied." A third experiment conducted in China revealed a decrease in sugar levels in diabetic rabbits. According to the brilliant marketer Martin Lindstrom, the goji PR campaign is a capitulation of common sense to marketing. Tanning mice and convalescent crawls are not a reason to buy “hope in a bottle” with the whole world.

However, it is impossible to judge those who believe in curing the Tibetan coral berry: there is no immunity from belief in a fairy tale. And there is no answer to the uncomfortable question: who will return health and lost time to those to whom a handful of wild barberry has become the last hope.

Plant description

The plant belongs to the family Solanaceae, is a perennial shrub with an excellently developed large root system. It can reach a height of up to 3.5 m. It expands efficiently, has pliable stems and prickles on the branches.

During the flowering period it emits a pleasant aroma. Конфигурация цветов напоминает колокольчики, имеющие розово-фиолетовый оттенок, светло-фиолетовый или лиловый цвет.

Листья эллиптической формы плоды имеют красивый насыщенный красный, коралловый или алый цвет.

Стадия плодоношения продолжается с мая и до половины осени. During this period, you can collect more than 12 harvests.

The taste of the wormwood fruit is sweet-sour or sour, which additionally indicates the loyalty of the findings of scientific workers about the content in the extract of a significant amount of vitamin C.

Growing conditions

Dereza in growing plant unpretentious, it takes root with ease and grows well. For planting can be used as seed, and seedlings. And those and others are available in special stores.

Dereza safely withstands any weather conditions, even if it is a mighty thirty-degree cold or a sultry rainy summer.

It withstands safely and dry seasons. In order for the plant to develop normally, wretch should be watered only once in 14 days.

In the spring under the plant is recommended to make fertilizer. Suitable urea and potassium nitrate. If the plant grows in very alkalized soil, then it is necessary to pour ashes, approximately 500 mg per well with a seedling, once a year.

For the winter period it is necessary to pour directly under the roots of dried leaves, cover with snow.

Dereza has immunity to a variety of diseases and parasites, has excellent adaptive qualities, does not fear sudden changes in weather conditions. As a precautionary measure, you can spray a tincture of garlic or wormwood once a year.

Dereza can be seen on the forest edges, at the foot of the mountains, near the paths or forest landings. However, the majority of summer residents began to plant the plant on their own plots, wanting to strengthen and improve their well-being with the use of amazing medicinal berries of the crop.

Essentially, common wolfberry berries are nothing but the same well-known Goji berries, but it is dereza that grows here, in the country, and not in foreign and distant China on foreign soil and has, accordingly, a slightly different chemical composition. .

Goji berries in hypermarkets and pharmacies selling at very high prices. Sensible people grow medicinal berries on their backyards at no cost.

It has long been noticed and confirmed that those fruits and berries that grew in their own personal area, on their own soil, give optimum results for health.

Imported fruits do not have this kind of healing effect on the human body, due to the fact that they grew in other soil, the organic content of which differs from the native.

The fact is that the human body from the birth has individual components for the splitting of precisely those fruit crops and berries that grow in their native region.

Products and fruits imported from abroad, no matter what healing properties they might have, will not provide such a therapeutic effect to a person as those that were grown in their native area, surrounded by their own care and poured with water with their usual composition.

Healing and beneficial properties

In Dereza almost all the components have shown themselves helpful:

Leaves and roots for storage of healing properties are collected in the period of blooming flowers, dried in a darkened place and stored no more than 2 years.

They contain phenolic components, carotenoids, minerals and vitamins, biologically active compounds, steroid saponins.

Particularly valuable raw materials are barley berries, which contain a rich complex of minerals, macro- and microelements, vitamins, amino acids, polysaccharides.

It is because of its miraculous medicinal properties of the plant was called "a means of 1000 ailments."

It is familiar to people from ancient times, they healed a lot of ailments. This plant had the greatest fame in the company of the monks of the most ancient Tibet.

Dereza berries contain substances that provide the following properties:

  1. The release of the body from toxins toxins, pathogenic infections (eliminate E. coli, candidiasis, used as an additional tool for infection of the genitourinary system).
  2. Correction of the cardiovascular system, the elimination of migraine and dizziness, the normalization of pressure levels.
  3. Increased visual acuity.
  4. Lowering blood cholesterol and sugar.
  5. Dullness of the manifestations of rheumatism, pathologies of the system of muscles and joints.
  6. Strengthening of childbearing function (both in men and women), correction of sexual frigidity and male power.
  7. Improving the functioning of the gallbladder and kidneys.
  8. Strengthening the immune forces of the body.
  9. Burning excess fat, losing weight.
  10. Improving the severity of memory, concentration, concentration.
  11. Increase the tone, adding energy and strength.

The healing characteristics of wolfberry are so varied that it is very difficult to specify them all and would take too much time.

It is not for nothing that healers admit that dereza cures a thousand diseases, brings strength and energy, "pleases" the heart, clarifies the mind, is a powerful antioxidant, increases the duration of life and renews the human body as a whole.

Planting seedlings and plant care

The fastest way to get a crop is to grow a plant using the cutting method. At least 4 buds should remain in the shoot. They must be at least 20 cm in length.

The landing process is as follows:

  1. The shoot is cut at an angle of 40-45 degrees and planted in a greenhouse, the soil of which is rich in fluorine.
  2. When the root system is formed, the plant is transplanted into open ground.
  3. Planting a seedling requires digging a hole about 60 cm wide and 50 cm deep.

Add the following composition to the well:

  • wood ash (ca. 40 g),
  • compost (80 g),
  • superphosphate (200 g).

Sapling must be well deepened into the ground, prikopat and pour. Dereza prefers the sunny side of the land, does not like excessive moisture. This plant begins to bear fruit about 3 years after planting.

The use of berries and root wolf in medicine and cooking

Berry Infusion Recipe against overweight and to maintain health: 1 tbsp. l Pour the berries of woodwort into a glass and pour hot water over it, leave to brew for half an hour. Drink daily for 30 days, 2 times a day for half a cup.

Recipe for swelling of neurological origin: 1 dessert spoon of dried roots is added to 300 mg of hot water, 20 minutes. languishes on a quiet fire, and then 40 minutes in a warm place. Broth is filtered. Inside take 250 ml 5 times a day to relieve swelling and diseases of neurological origin.

Vitamin decoction soup to strengthen the body's defense systems with wolfberry. Take 100 grams of berries, 50 grams of cheese (you can "Feta), 2 fresh tomatoes, 1 onion, 2 fruits of bell pepper, 100 mg of water, oil and salt to taste (preferably olive oil).

Pre-soaked berries in cool water for a quarter of an hour. All components, except cheese, grind, insist in a cold place and a half hours. Put in plates, season with chopped cheese, add some broth or water (if you are preparing a dish for vegetarians), add salt to taste, you can pour ground pepper, dill and parsley. The dish is ready.

Berries and roots wolfberry are widely used not only in traditional medicine. Often they are part of the culinary dishes.

Protein shake with fruit tree for recovery as a result of stresses: it is prepared a day before intensive physical training: 3 tablespoons of berries are poured with a liter of milk (low-fat, preferably 1.5%), covered and set aside in a cool place in order to infuse.

Next, beat until acquiring a homogeneous mass. Cocktail is ready to eat. You can throw 2 leaves of mint or dry cinnamon on the tip of a knife. It will improve and emphasize the taste.

Cocktail should be drunk immediately after training, training or hard physical work. He will very soon recover his strength, return his working capacity and strength. For protein value, this cocktail of wolf is many times greater than royal jelly.

Dereza can be dried in a darkened place and in the winter time to use instead of pharmacy complexes of vitamins. On the day you can drink no more than 30 mg.

In addition, dried berries are added to such dishes:

Wonderful teas and jellies are prepared from them, brewed and used instead of ordinary water as a prophylactic against a large number of diseases.

It is noted that people who regularly use these berries feel great and are less likely to get sick. Recently, scientists have discovered an element in disinfection that lowers the risk of developing oncology.

About the main thing: about the benefits

Lycium barbarum is advertised as a product that works wonders with the cardiovascular system, the kidneys and the liver, reduces weight and sugar level, increases potency and immunity. Among the stated beneficial properties:

  1. Improving metabolism, psycho-emotional state, potency.
  2. Weight reduction, stabilization of hormonal levels.
  3. Inhibition of cholesterol synthesis.
  4. Reduced sugar levels.
  5. Adaptogenic, immunostimulating properties.
  6. Hepatoprotective.
  7. Cytotoxic (anticancer).

Declared properties are not confirmed. On the contrary, the FDA has more than once stopped deliveries of wolfberry due to the high content of insecticides, fungicides. To this day, the wolfberry imported under the “natural” brand has not received approval from the Department.

Representatives of Freelife International were caught on false statements, including about antitumor efficacy of berries. So, Earl Mindell, marketing director, cited non-existent research at Memorial Sloan-Kettering, a cancer center in New York, allegedly confirming the cytostatic activity of the culture.

According to the National Institute of Health, there are no current or pending studies on the properties of bastard today. The wording sounds like "we did not explore the wench and do not investigate."
There are also lawsuits with Freelife International, the subject of which is “providing false information, false allegations”.

The composition of the "superfood"

The wolfberry fruit contains:

  • 22 significant macro and microelements,
  • 6 essential vitamins
  • 18 amino acids

  • alkaloids (atropine, hyoscyamine), etc.,
  • polysaccharides,
  • flavonoids,
  • saponins.

The content of the listed substances is comparable with many fruits and vegetables. So, the level of vitamin C, declared as the highest among herbal products, as it turned out, is inferior to citrus, wild rose. In the dried fruit it is almost none. According to British nutritionists, about 500 ml of juice will replace the usual apple.

Different sources provide different composition data. Thus, the amount of protein ranges from 0 to 30%, fiber - from 0 to 13%. The calorie content also varies: according to one source, a hundred handful of dry berries is 150 kcal, according to others - up to 300 kcal.

Attention! Dereza products are absolutely incompatible with antihypertensive drugs that lower blood sugar and anticoagulants.

Only three studies of the properties of culture have been documented. The results of the first revealed in hairless mice drinking goji juice, resistance to ultraviolet radiation. The results of the second report that "the product needs to be studied." A third experiment conducted in China revealed a decrease in sugar levels in diabetic rabbits. According to the brilliant marketer Martin Lindstrom, the goji PR campaign is a capitulation of common sense to marketing. Tanning mice and convalescent crawls are not a reason to buy “hope in a bottle” with the whole world.

However, it is impossible to judge those who believe in curing the Tibetan coral berry: there is no immunity from belief in a fairy tale. And there is no answer to the uncomfortable question: who will return health and lost time to those to whom a handful of wild barberry has become the last hope.

Dereza, Goji berries: growing and use

text and photo: online store OPT-HOZ

Dereza ordinary, Dereza Chinese, Goji berries, bulldogun, Lycia, Tibetan barberry (Lycium barbarum) are the numerous names of the amazing plant and its medicinal fruits. Dereza is a perennial deciduous shrub of the hairy family.

The elongated red-orange fruits of the lice are shaped like barberries.
Sometimes the wolfberry is erroneously called “wolfberry”, implying that the plant is poisonous.

Dereza in the garden

Dereza prefers sunny places. The young lice shrub begins to bear fruit very early, already on the 2-3rd year after planting.

For growing in the garden is recommended the tree «New Big» (Lycium barbarum «New Big») - Chinese large-fruited variety. This valuable fruit and ornamental plant adorns the plot wonderfully throughout the garden season. Goji berries of the “New Big” variety are larger (length 2 cm, diameter 1 cm) and sweeter than the fruits of non-varietal wolfberry.

The bush is cold-resistant in the middle lane (according to Western catalogs Zone-4 (5) -8), it is undemanding, it easily adapts to different growing conditions. Woodcut is absolutely unpretentious and can grow on any soil, even the poor and slightly saline.

In the photo: the abundant fruiting of New Big

The maximum height of the wolfberry bush is about 2-2.5 m, the annual increase is 0.5-1 m.
Dereza has a well-branched root system, from which offsprings actively grow, so the plant quickly begins to occupy the surrounding area.

Wormwood sprouts are flexible, curly, they have spines, thorns (varietal wolfwood has less spines). Elliptical, entire, alternate or close-bunched leaves, gray-green, up to 6 cm long. Small purple-purple flowers (0.7-2 cm in diameter), bell-shaped, single or 2-5 each in the leaf axils, have a nice thin smell. The red-orange fruits of Lice ripen in August-October.

Planting seedlings tree trunks and plant care

Dereza loves the sun very much, so it’s better not to place it in poorly lit areas of the garden - the plant will not be able to fully display its decorative qualities, and it will not bear much fruit.
Plant a wank should be at some distance (at least at a distance of 30 cm) from the walls or from other plants.

It is recommended to submerge the container with tree saplings before planting for 10-30 minutes in water.
At the bottom of a dug pit (size 40x40x40 cm), fill in well-decomposed cow manure or compost (10 cm layer), top with fertile soil.
Then remove from the container and place in the pit earthen clod with root system of woodworm.

When planting a sapling of a lice, the root neck is recommended to be slightly buried, but not more than 1 cm.
After planting the seedling woods, pour the ground around the plant and grumble (with peat, bark or wood chips).

In July, it is recommended to apply a complex mineral fertilizer (for example, Osmocote 5-6 M).
During the period of active vegetation of the lice in the absence of rain, especially during a long drought, the plant needs regular moderate watering.

When grown for ornamental purposes, bush pruning is not required. It is carried out only if necessary - if the plant grows strongly, or it will be necessary to give the bush a certain shape.

In the Moscow region, a young plant of wolfberry is recommended to shelter for the winter (hardy to -25 ... -27 degrees), south of Voronezh shelter is not necessary.

Growing bush wolf on a support

If you leave the wolf without support, then its branches will be arched and bend, leaning towards the ground.

Dereza shrub can be grown with a garter - just like a climbing rose, by attaching flexible plant shoots to a variety of supports, trellises.

The simplest support: a stake about 1.5 m long is hammered next to a young tree of Dereza, to which branches are tied.
In wilts on a shtamba (about 1 m in height from the ground) all buds are removed. At the bush at a height of from 1 m to 1.5 m thinned side shoots, leaving the strongest at a distance of about 30 cm from each other. At a height of 1.5 m, the main shoot is pruned so that the bush does not grow any more.

Remember that most of the harvest berries give last year’s wilderness shoots. Therefore, in order to obtain maximum yields and not thicken the crown of the bush, three-year branches are removed.

Use of barbarum in cooking and medicine

Dereza has been used in cooking and traditional medicine (Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Tibetan) for many centuries. Of particular value are the red-orange fruits of lice, often referred to as Goji berries and Tibetan barberries. There is no second plant like this on Earth.

The fruit of wolfberry is added to various dishes and drinks, including tea.
Fully ripe goji berries are delicious, sweet. They contain 2500 mg of vitamin “C” per 100 g, thanks to which Dereza is included in the group of plants with a high content of this vitamin (Japanese quince, lemon, black currant, gooseberry, kiwi, etc.). Also, Goji berries are distinguished by a high content of vitamins B and E, vital trace elements (zinc, iron, copper, calcium, germanium, selenium, phosphorus). The wolfberry fruit contains 21 minerals and 19 amino acids necessary to maintain human health.

Regular consumption of Goji berries delays the aging process, strengthens joints and bones, increases the body's resistance. Beta-carotene contained in wormwood improves eyesight.

In 2006, Dr. H. Wu’s study of biologically active substances present in Goji berries and their effects on the human body was published in Japan. The scientist argues that the juice of the Tibetan barberry is even able to restore the destroyed DNA structure.
Who knows, perhaps due to this plant, the Chinese living in the Himalayas sometimes live up to 130 years or more. Существуют свидетельства о неком Ли Кин Йене, который жил 252 года (1678–1930 г.г.), каждый день принимая в пищу плоды тибетского барбариса.

Studies of modern scientists have shown that regular consumption of Goji berries normalizes blood pressure, reduces the risk of cancer, lowers cholesterol, normalizes blood sugar, improves sexual activity, normalizes metabolism, improves sleep, strengthens the heart, improves immunity, improves blood and heals disorders of the bone marrow, supports the work of the liver and kidneys, restores hormonal balance, helps in the treatment of infertility, strengthens muscles and bones, improves memory, removes res. Goji berries are used to combat obesity - they burn off excess fat, allowing you to control your appetite, and with it weight.
Daily intake is 1-3 tablespoons of dried Goji berries (up to 30 g per day).

Infusion of wolfberry. 1 tablespoon of fruit pour 1 cup boiling water, cover and leave for 30 minutes. Drink infusion in equal portions 2-3 times a day. Remain after straining berries eat.

Infusion of wolfberry leaves. 1 dessert spoon of the dry crushed leaves is filled in with a glass of boiled water, insisted 20 minutes, filtered. Take a quarter of a glass 2-3 times a day as a fortifying agent.

Harvesting Goji berries. When the wolfberry berries are fully ripe, they are harvested in dry weather. From low bushes you can pick berries by hand. Under a large bushes spread a cloth or film. Then, tapping a stick on the branches of the bush, beat the fruit on the flooring. Next, the collected fruits are taken from the garbage and dried in the shade, spread out in a thin layer. Dried Goji berries are stored in a dry, dark place. Shelf life of wolfberry is 1 year (in the factory sealed package, the shelf life is longer).

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Goji Berries

Body system: circulatory, muscular
Taste: Spicy-sweet-sour

Goji berries (Goji, other names - Lycium barbarum, Fructus lycii, wolfberry, gou qi zi) belong to the family of nightshade (Solonaceae). It is an evergreen shrub 2.5 - 3 meters high, found in temperate and subtropical regions of China, Mongolia, as well as in the Himalayas and Tibet. 40 species and 40 subspecies of this berry are known.

The history of the use of goji berries has more than 5000 years. They were used in Taoist, Chinese, Tibetan medicine to improve the functions of the heart, liver, glands, as a means of changing the frequency of the body, that is, having the ability to give longevity due to the reduction of molecular degeneration.

Berry has a strong energy effect, for which it is also called poisonous. It must be prepared in a special way, shaking off the branches and drying. Touching a growing berry gives an allergic reaction.

Power circuit

The composition of goji berries is impressive - about 20 minerals (iron, zinc, iodine, manganese, copper, nickel, chromium, calcium, potassium, cobalt, selenium, cadmium, phosphorus, germanium, etc.) and 18 amino acids, as well as polysaccharides. And this is not the whole list! But the most important thing in goji is its energy frequency, the resonance of which reaches 8.1 - 8.2 Hz, which puts this berry above all the above components, since they can change their properties when they enter the body, but the very energy of the product allows them to be generated in the body. And, most importantly, the frequency of goji allows the cell to assimilate the many biocomponents necessary for the body.

  • Blood supply
  • Vision improvement
  • Longevity
  • Deepen breathing
  • Antioxidant functions
  • Anti-cancer effects
  • Prostate
  • Uterus nutrition
  • Brain nutrition

Cautions

Given the large volumes of goji berries on the market, you need to be confident in the manufacturer. This berry is grown in a special area with a special microclimate, however, due to the growing popularity of these berries, they are now grown everywhere.

Body system: all systems.
Form of nutrition: tension body, tension body, collecting body, resonant body, truncated body.

Goji berry polysaccharides form six monosaccharide crystal groups linked by popilpeptides (containing more than ten amino acids) - arabinose, rhamnose, xylose, mannose, galactose and glucose. Of course, all these names say little about the real process associated with the processing of goji ingredients by the body, but this is a specific tangle, or a set of threads, which in a single beam can generate energy inside the body.

And when it is said about one or another effect of enhancing immunity, it is precisely the specific implantation in the body of one or another energy group. Their distinguishing feature is sufficiency, insufficiency or redundancy. So, goji polysaccharides are just the product that has a balanced internal effort in all directions. Of course, we are talking about goji from Ningxia (a region in China with special climatic characteristics).

Goji polysaccharides are capable of providing energy to all systems of the body, nourishing the skin and bone marrow, i.e.

Where and how in Russia grows dereza ordinary

act and enhance the functioning of places inaccessible to many drugs and even energetics. Polysaccharides act as orderlies supporting human microflora. Perhaps today these are the best polysaccharides that man has learned to create.

In fact, it is a liquid crystal and energy in one person. What does it mean? Goji polysaccharides retain a crystalline form and at the same time they themselves generate energy within themselves. On days when coarse food consumption is reduced, this is the ideal product for maintaining internal balance. And although you can bring an impressive list of diseases where it is proposed to use goji polysaccharides - from Alzheimer's disease to AIDS, I would highlight the nutrition of the endocrine system, bone marrow and improvement of vision.

Dereza: general description and application methods

Also, Goji berries are distinguished by a high content of vitamins B and E, vital trace elements (zinc, iron, copper, calcium, germanium, selenium, phosphorus). The wolfberry fruit contains 21 minerals and 19 amino acids necessary to maintain human health.

Regular consumption of Goji berries delays the aging process, strengthens joints and bones, increases the body's resistance. Beta-carotene contained in wormwood improves eyesight.

In 2006, Dr. H. Wu’s study of biologically active substances present in Goji berries and their effects on the human body was published in Japan. The scientist argues that the juice of the Tibetan barberry is even able to restore the destroyed DNA structure.
Who knows, perhaps due to this plant, the Chinese living in the Himalayas sometimes live up to 130 years or more. There is evidence of a certain Lee Kin Yen, who lived for 252 years (1678–1930), each day consuming the fruits of the Tibetan barberry.

Studies of modern scientists have shown that regular consumption of Goji berries normalizes blood pressure, reduces the risk of cancer, lowers cholesterol, normalizes blood sugar, improves sexual activity, normalizes metabolism, improves sleep, strengthens the heart, improves immunity, improves blood and heals disorders of the bone marrow, supports the work of the liver and kidneys, restores hormonal balance, helps in the treatment of infertility, strengthens muscles and bones, improves memory, removes res. Goji berries are used to combat obesity - they burn off excess fat, allowing you to control your appetite, and with it weight.
Daily intake is 1-3 tablespoons of dried Goji berries (up to 30 g per day).

Infusion of wolfberry. 1 tablespoon of fruit pour 1 cup boiling water, cover and leave for 30 minutes. Drink infusion in equal portions 2-3 times a day. Remain after straining berries eat.

Infusion of wolfberry leaves. 1 dessert spoon of the dry crushed leaves is filled in with a glass of boiled water, insisted 20 minutes, filtered. Take a quarter of a glass 2-3 times a day as a fortifying agent.

Harvesting Goji berries. When the wolfberry berries are fully ripe, they are harvested in dry weather. From low bushes you can pick berries by hand. Under a large bushes spread a cloth or film. Then, tapping a stick on the branches of the bush, beat the fruit on the flooring. Next, the collected fruits are taken from the garbage and dried in the shade, spread out in a thin layer. Dried Goji berries are stored in a dry, dark place. Shelf life of wolfberry is 1 year (in the factory sealed package, the shelf life is longer).

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Dereza ordinary, or Dereza berberov (lat. Lýcium bárbarum) - a type of woody plants of the genus Dereza (Lycium) family Solanaceae (Solanaceae).

Other names:

Chinese Dereza, Goji, Berber Dereza, Tibetan barberry. Also, this plant is called wolf berries (not to be confused with wolf bast, which is also called wolf berries).

Perennial deciduous shrub family Solanaceae (Solanaceae) up to 3-3.5 m. It has a well-branched root system, from which there are sprouts, and the plant quickly begins to occupy the surrounding area.

Stems are soft, prickly, half curly. The spines are small and thin. The leaves are simple, elliptical, alternate or contiguous, whole-edged. The flowers are bell-shaped, purple-pink, light purple, single or 2-5 in the axils of the leaves, have a pleasant smell. The diameter of the flowers is about 2 cm.

Dereza vulgaris, or goji berries

Calyx two-lipped. The upper lip is 2-toothed, and the lower 3-toothed. Depending on the type of woodworm, flowering occurs in July - September.

Fruit ripening in October - November. The fruit is an oblong or oblong-spherical multi-seeded berry of bright red color, sweet in taste. Cornflower is common in East China, Japan, Korea, Europe, Russia.

Woods grow on dry slopes of the foothills, mountains, rocky clefts, along the roads. It is cultivated in China, Japan, Central Asia, Europe in the Hawaiian Islands. The wormwood berries are now well known as goji berries.

Collecting and harvesting

For medicinal purposes, use and harvest berries, sometimes the bark of the roots and the leaves of wolfberry. Berry picking is carried out in dry weather. When the wolfberry berries are fully ripe, a cloth or film is spread under the bushes and, knocking the berries with a stick on the stalks.

You can pick berries tearing their hands. Then they are taken from the garbage and dried in the shade, spreading out a thin layer. Dried goji berries are stored in a dry, dark place. Shelf life 1 year. In the original sealed packaging, the shelf life may be longer.

Dereza leaves harvested during flowering plants. Collect them in dry weather. It is dried in the shade in the open air or indoors with normal ventilation of the air, spreading it in a thin layer on fabric or paper and stirring occasionally. Shelf life of dried leaves 1 year.

The bark of wolfberry roots is harvested in late autumn or early spring (before the beginning of the growing season). Dug out the roots off from the ground, washed in cold water and dried. Then the bark is removed from the roots and dried in a room with normal ventilation, spreading it out in a thin layer on paper. Shelf life of dried bark of roots up to 2 years.

The composition of the plant.

Cornflower berry contains flavonoids, steroid saponins, betaine, rutin, carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin (carotenoid pigment), vitamins B1, B2, C, nicotinic acid, daucosterol, irreplaceable polysaccharides, amino acids (8 of them are essential, essential substances, and essential substances, 8 macro- and microelements (calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, sodium, manganese, magic, zinc, selenium, lithium, etc.).

The bark of bark roots contains essential oil, which contains a lot of cinnamic acid and phenolic compounds, fatty oil, leucine, choline, protein, daucosterol, fizalin alkaloid, which usually contain plants of the family of sedum.

Where is growing wolf

The most common plant in China, Mongolia, the Himalayas, the highlands of Tibet, America and Europe and Asia. In Russia, wolfberry is found in the Kuban, in Primorye, in the Caucasus, in the southern and middle belt of the country.

The most valuable fruit are wolfberry. They are not very large in size. About 1.5 centimeters in length, red, orange or purple. Raw berries can not be consumed, so they are collected and then dried in the shade. They taste sweet - salty, slightly sour.

They contain a large number of nutrients. In Russia, the berries became popular at the beginning of the two thousandth, but in China, their beneficial properties have long been known. First of all, Chinese wolfberry fruits are recommended as an effective means in the fight against obesity. According to the number of useful substances that are part of the tree trumpets, it belongs to one of the most useful medicinal crops in the world.

Dereza berries are unique in chemical composition.
They contain 21 minerals:
• copper • magnesium • selenium • calcium • phosphorus • iron • zinc, etc.
18 amino acids, 6 fatty acids, vitamins B (B1, B2, B6), E and C, polysaccharides, and more:
• linoleic acid • protein • cellulose • carbohydrates • fats • steroids • flavonoids

Useful and curative properties of wolfberry

Berries derezy ordinary call means of thousands of ailments. They give energy, strength and prolong life. The useful and healing properties of berries include:

  1. prevention of cancer, Alzheimer's disease and diabetes
  2. positive effect on the cardiovascular system, the heart muscle
  3. due to the high content of polysaccharides, have a tonic effect on the entire body.
  4. adaptogen gives strength, endurance and supports vigor and activity of the body
  5. at the use of berries the useful intestinal microflora is replenished and its vital activity is maintained
  6. blood pressure stabilization
  7. lutein has a positive effect on vision, saves the eyes from the pathology of the lens
  8. weight control
  9. normalization of gastrointestinal motility, excretion of toxins
  10. phytosterols that make up the berries normalize hormones
    fill the shortage of essential minerals, increase hemoglobin levels, combat anemia
  11. increase stress resistance, sleep normalization
  12. eating fruits improves brain function
  13. Lycopene contained in the fruits of plants strengthens the immune system, serves as a prevention of cardiovascular diseases
  14. glycosoids lower glucose levels, so eating berries is recommended for people with diabetes
  15. beta - sitosterol lowers cholesterol
  16. aging of body aging
  17. restoration of damaged structures of DNA molecules

In the East, it is said about common birch that it gives vitality, calms the spirit and pleases the heart.

The use of barbarum ordinary

The fruits of Dereza ordinary have been used for a long time in cooking and in traditional medicine of Asian countries. The recommended daily dose is 30 grams of dry berries.
There are several ways to use plants for food.

  1. Drink fruits in dry form 3 times a day.
  2. Broth berries. One tablespoon of dried fruits pour 300 ml of boiling water and keep on fire for 10 minutes. Then leave to infuse for an hour. Strain and refill to the original volume with boiled water. Berries can then be eaten.
  3. Broth roots and bark. Pour one dessert spoon of the dried parts of the plant in a volume of 300 ml and boil for ten minutes. Leave to infuse. After an hour, strain the broth and add boiled water to 300 ml.
  4. Infusion of leaves. A spoonful of dried leaves pour a glass of boiling water and let it brew. Three hours later, strain the infusion.

To combat excess weight and for general health promotion, an infusion of berries is prepared. A tablespoon of berries wolfberry ordinary pour a glass of boiling water and let it brew for 30 minutes. Take the infusion should be half a cup twice a day. Drink for a month.

For weight loss, you can also use tincture of berries wolfberry. To do this, 50 grams of fruit poured half a liter of vodka. Tightly close the jar and put in a dark place for seven days. Ready drink is recommended to be taken 2 times a day in 10 ml, previously diluting it with water

To get rid of edemas that are neurological in nature, a dessert spoon of dried roots is taken, poured boiling water in a volume of 300 ml and languishing over low heat for 20 minutes. 40 minutes to insist and then strain. The broth must be taken a glass 5 times a day until the disappearance of edema.

To recuperate after strong physical exertion, you can prepare a delicious cocktail with wolfberry. Три ложки плодов залить литром молока, лучше нежирного и оставить в холодном месте на сутки. Через сутки молоко с ягодами взбить до однородной массы. Можно добавить щепотку корицы и пару листиков мяты для улучшения вкуса. Такой коктейль после тяжёлой работы отлично восстановит силы и восполнит потерянную энергию.

Wormwood berries can be taken instead of pharmacy vitamins. The main thing here is not to exceed the permitted dosage, which is 30 grams per day.

Dried berries of a plant with success use in cookery. They can be added to meat dishes, casseroles, cereals, pastries. You can make them tea and delicious jelly.

Contraindications to eating berries

Exceeding the recommended dosage in the use of common bastard can cause symptoms of poisoning. You also can not take:

  • in diseases with high fever
  • with individual intolerance
  • with pollen allergies
  • with problems with pressure and carbohydrate metabolism
  • in the presence of pathologies of the respiratory system, such as asthma, shortness of breath
  • with increased gas formation in the intestines
  • of pregnancy
  • at children's age up to three years

Dereza vulgaris is a valuable medicinal plant. It has a unique chemical composition, which includes vitamins, trace elements, biologically active substances, steroid saponins and phenolic compounds. You can take the berries for the prevention and treatment of diseases, for weight loss, or simply instead of pharmacy vitamins to improve overall health. The main thing is to stick to the recommended dosage and then the plant will bring only health benefits.

Dosage forms and doses.

  • How to take goji berries dosage. Dried goji berries, you can just eat a few pieces 3 times a day. The average recommended daily dose of berries - 30 grams.
  • Decoction of berries wolfberry. 1-1.5 tablespoons of berries per 300 ml of boiling water, boil over low heat for 10 minutes, remove from heat and insist for 1 hour, filter. The resulting volume of broth is brought to the initial boiled water (300 ml). Take half a glass of 3 p. in a day. Broth taken with neurasthenia and to increase potency.
  • Broth bark roots wolf. 1 dessert spoon of the dry crushed bark of a wormwood root is boiled over 300 ml of boiling water over low heat for 10 minutes, removed from the heat and infused for 1 hour, filtered. The resulting volume of broth is brought to the initial boiled water (300 ml). Take a quarter of a glass of 4-6 p. in a day. A decoction of the bark of the roots take edema of neurotic origin, fever.
  • Infusion of wolfberry leaves. 1 dessert spoon of dried, crushed leaves Pour a glass of boiling water, insist 20 minutes, filter. Take a quarter of a glass of 2-3 p. per day as a general tonic.

Growing up.

Dereza ordinary unpretentious in growing. Diluting it is easier than getting rid of it. Planted woods in sunny areas, it is well tolerated by drought and frost to -27 ° C, does not tolerate waterlogged soil. Grow it for medicinal purposes, as well as a hedge.

When growing this plant, goji berries can grow larger if the bush is properly formed. A support is made for the bush (a stake of about 1.5 m is clogged), the stems are tied to the support. On the stem with a height of about 1 m, all the buds are removed, at a height of 1 m to 1.5 m, the lateral shoots are thinned, leaving sturdier at a distance of about 30 cm. At a height of 1.5 m, the stem is cut so that it no longer grows. Last year's stalks give most of the crop, so in order not to thicken the crown, three-year-old stalks are removed.

Soil preparation

The young shoots are planted in a line so that the distance between them is 1.5-2 meters, and between rows 2-3 meters. Under each seedling, dig a hole 50x50x50 cm. Prepare a soil mixture: fermented humus, river sand and garden soil in equal proportions.

Add fertilizers to them: 200-300 g of superphosphate and 1 l of wood ash or 300 g of potassium sulphate per bush.

Seed germination

Prepare a soil mixture from one part of peat and two parts of loam. In the container with the soil, sow the seeds, deepening them by 3 cm. Create a greenhouse, covered with plastic. Maintain a temperature of 25 ° C, moderate humidity of the earth, do not allow drafts.

For this well suited conditions of the apartment.

Sprout care

The first shoots will sprout in about 2 weeks, then remove the film, provide good lighting. When the third pair of sheets appears, i.e. after about 2 weeks, plant sprouts in larger containers, deepening the roots by 7 cm. Regularly water, spray, feed with mineral fertilizers for houseplants, protect from drafts.

Transplant into the ground

About a month after planting, the first leaves will appear, and in another month the bushes will reach a size of 30-40 cm. Now transplant them into the open ground, as well as the finished seedlings.

Growing from seed

This is the longest and most time-consuming method of growing goji, it will take long preparatory work and compliance with the temperature regime. The plant grown from seeds will bloom next summer, and will begin to bear fruit only for the 3rd or 4th year.

Seed preparation

Hold the berries in warm water for 10-15 minutes, then remove the seeds from them, in each berry about 8-15 pieces. For several hours, fill the seeds with epin or zircon, biological stimulants for plant growth and root formation. Dosing recommendations are indicated on the package.

Seed germination

Prepare a soil mixture from one part of peat and two parts of loam. In the container with the soil, sow the seeds, deepening them by 3 cm. Create a greenhouse, covered with plastic. Maintain a temperature of 25 ° C, moderate humidity of the earth, do not allow drafts.

For this well suited conditions of the apartment.

Sprout care

The first shoots will sprout in about 2 weeks, then remove the film, provide good lighting. When the third pair of sheets appears, i.e. after about 2 weeks, plant sprouts in larger containers, deepening the roots by 7 cm. Regularly water, spray, feed with mineral fertilizers for houseplants, protect from drafts.

Transplant into the ground

After 2-4 months, the shoots will turn into bushes 30-40 cm tall, ready for planting in open ground. Transplant seedlings, respecting the necessary distance between them.

Plant Care

During the first years, the young goji is vulnerable, therefore, treat the watering responsibly. Do not let the soil dry out, avoid waterlogging. Excess moisture, especially at low temperatures, can ruin immature roots.

To prevent this, cover the ground around the trunks with foil during prolonged rain or frost. An adult plant grows well in conditions of moderate humidity, while it endures both temporary droughts and heavy rains. Additional watering is required only during the dry season, if the shrub grows in a sunny area.

To grow goji enough to fertilize the land before planting seedlings, and then once a year, in the spring, to make compost (organic fertilizer from garden and food waste) and a balanced mineral fertilizer containing potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. Experienced gardeners independently prepare compost and make up a mineral supplement. Beginners easier to buy ready-made mixes.

Crown formation

Goji bush grows quickly and reaches a height of 3-4 m. To increase the yield and attractive appearance of the plant, form a crown for the first few years. First, remove the extra skeletal branches, leaving the strongest in different directions.

Fruit shoulders are formed on them, and fruit branches are already on their shoulders; they should be pruned each year in the spring, leaving no more than 4 buds on each. This stimulates growth. While the bush is less than two meters, reinforce it with a support structure so that the young shoots do not spread along the ground.

Diseases and pests

This unpretentious shrub is not afraid of any of the others. Preventive treatment with chemicals is not needed. Young leaves sometimes try aphid, and in rainy periods mealy dew may appear.

Harm to the plant, they do not bring.

Goji berries ripen from spring to late autumn. Ripe fruits are oblong. Spread a tarp under the bush and rub the plant.

Check the crop regularly, every few days, because the birds also love these sweet berries. Goji is a simple crop that is resistant to bad weather and frosts, even saplings withstand temperatures down to -30 ° C. The shrub grows well in the shade and in the sun. This allows you to successfully grow it in Russia.

Goji: care and application

Goji - planting and careGodzhi (Lycium barbarum) - sprawling tall shrubs, up to 3.5 m tall. It is distributed in the Himalayas, occurs at an altitude of 3000 m above sea level. Homeland is considered to be China.

You can also find shrubs in southern Europe, Iran, North Africa. Contents:

Learn how to cheaply and quickly make the roof of a country house

Legends of Goji berries

The name Goji came from the east.

It is found in manuscripts made 650 years BC, in which the berry is called curative, possessing the properties of purifying and rejuvenating blood. In China, legends call goji berries the fruits of immortality.

One legend tells of the times of the Tang dynasty, when an extraordinary shrub grew, the fruits of which fell into a spring at the foot of the mountains after ripening. Residents who drank water from this source maintained excellent health, strength and youth. Today, goji berries are actively advertised throughout the world as "berries of happiness and longevity."

What does goji look like

Goji - deciduous shrub with thick deep roots, giving a lot of offspring. The krone is thick. Goji twigs are long, twig-shaped, drooping with age, covered with thin spines. Shoots are light yellow.

Leaflets on short petioles, alternate, entire, elliptical, fleshy, above green and bluish below. Flowers bells lilac or purple-pink color.

Fruits - red juicy berries oblong, sweet-bitter or sour taste. Fruit from May to September, in other regions until October. During this period, several harvests are harvested, the most valuable is August. Dried berries are similar to large raisins.

Seeds are small, about a millimeter.

The question of the medicinal properties of goji

In the modern world, goji berries are advertised as a source of a unique set of natural ingredients, large amounts of vitamin C, 4 rare polysaccharides, which are absent in other foods.

On the North American market, it is called the “cure for all diseases.” Japanese scientist H. Wu published a study stating that goji juice is able to restore the structure of DNA molecules due to the presence of biologically active substances in it. Evidence is given that one Chinese from the Himalayas, who used goji daily, lived for 252 years. In China, Japan, Switzerland, Mongolia, Tibet, studies have been conducted that prove the effectiveness of goji in the treatment and prevention of cancer.

The antioxidant effect of berries, according to scientists, delays aging. Goji berries, juice and decoction are used to treat hypertension, lumbago, diabetes, dizziness, used to improve vision, potency, tonic, antitumor agent. The bark and roots are used in the treatment of fever, cough, to lower cholesterol in the blood, as a diuretic, laxative. At the same time, a study in the framework of consumer protection conducted by the TV channel CBC in Sloan-Ketterin - Memorial cancer center in New York, claims that the statement about prevention due to the use of juice of breast cancer diseases is not true.

Application and storage of goji berries

Goji berries are used in the preparation of desserts, yoghurts, tea, juices, wine, cocktails, fruit puree.

Berries are added to cereals, soups, pastries. Fresh fruits have a sweet taste with a taste of nightshade, which disappears after drying or freezing. The berries are sweet, reminiscent of dried apricots. Oil is produced from seeds.

Shoots and leaves are also used for making tea. They store berries in a dry dark place, extracts of berries store for no more than 2 days in a cool place. Thanks to long flowering and fruiting, the bright color of the fruit, goji is an excellent ornamental shrub.

Berry - Goji (video)

It is difficult to say when the Western world learned about goji berry (Tibetan barberry, Chinese dereza). Perhaps it all started with the publication in the Australian magazine "Bazar" in 2004, which caused a real sensation.

My acquaintance with this culture took place in the fall of 2010. Puzzled the appearance of the plant in the photo. As it turned out, it turned out to be a representative of the family Solanaceae, a genus Dereza (Lycium).

Several closely related species and subspecies of this genus (Lycium chinense and Lycum barbarum) grow from southern Europe to northern China. But in a number of world publications, goji is advertised as a special Tibetan product that can grow only in China. Plant prices are quite high.

When my friend wrote him directly from the Middle Kingdom, he gave me a few fruits for seed. According to numerous studies by American and Hong Kong scientists, the wolfberry fruit is a rich source of antioxidants, reducing heart attack risk and prevent the development of Alzheimer's disease, strengthen the immune system. Goji berries are advised to eat with diabetes.

However, the optimal dose - up to 30 g per day. And of course, do not forget to consult a doctor.Healing properties

  • Improve mood, help fight depressionPower weight lossPotential increase in men and sexual attraction in women Improve metabolism, skin condition, sleepHelp prevent negative effects of menopause, premature aging, have anti-aging effect, increase endurance, help restore energy and reduce blood sugar levels

Useful infusion1 tbsp. fruits pour 1 tbsp. boiling water, cover and insist 30 minutes. Drink infusion in equal portions 2-3 times a day. Remaining after filtering berries can be eaten.

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What are the features of Goji Bush

The first appearance and growth of the berries was observed in Tibet. Here she got her second name - Tibetan barberry. In appearance, the creeping goji shrub, which has abundant fruiting, resembles sea buckthorn.

Its berries have the same oblong shape of an orange-red color, only much larger. The bush grows up to 3 meters in height, and the diameter of the crown can reach 6 meters. There are about 90 varieties of this perennial shrub.

Despite the fact that this plant is thermophilic, it successfully survives to any climate. The only exception is the cold regions where it is possible to grow a shrub only if it is planted in a greenhouse. By carrying out the timely cultivation of the plant, you can give it a chic, decorative look.

The shrub has a fairly long flowering period, which begins in June and ends in October. Brown-purple, pink and purple blossoms have a pleasant aroma.

Goji berries

Goji fruit is not very large - about 2 cm, in bulk envelop the branch. Fruiting of the shrub begins in the third year after planting. The ripening period of the fruit occurs throughout the summer period.

They have a bittersweet taste. Dried berries are very similar in appearance to raisins. This plant of the nightshade family contains a whole range of vitamins and trace elements necessary for our body.

After research, it was found that the berries contain about 21 types of vitamins, minerals and amino acids. The content of vitamin C goji is not inferior to even an orange.

The most popular type of this genus is the New Large variety, obtained by the works of Polish breeders.

It has a special endurance to winds, heat and smoke, i.e. Quite well suited for growing in the city.

Dereza ordinary, landing and care at home

This honey plant has large and sweet fruits.

There are two more types of berries - Chinese goji and Goji Lhasa, grown on the territory of eastern countries. Stony alkaline soil is ideal for this plant. Very good for the full growth of the plant is also suitable chernozem. The main thing is to master all the necessary rules for care and cultivation in order to understand how to grow goji berries in your garden.

How to grow goji yourself

It is possible to propagate a shrub in two ways:

Growing cuttings at home is a fairly common method. But for this you need to have a mother bush or purchase cuttings from what has already grown it.

To do this, carefully cut the cuttings with a length of about 10 cm so that old wood remains on their trunk at least 1 cm. To do this, soak the cut with a root. Then cooked cuttings can be planted in the greenhouse. The ideal time for disembarking is July-August.

Cuttings have the property of fast rooting. For planting a plant, it is better to use a slightly acidic soil. Although this plant is quite unpretentious and can grow on any type of soil. The best period for planting young saplings is spring.

Landing goji in the autumn period is carried out in regions with warm climates. Dereza is considered to be a frost-resistant plant that easily tolerates severe frosts (up to -15 degrees). Young plants are planted in a hole up to 40 cm deep.

Расстояние между ямами должно составлять не менее полутора метра. Землю для присыпки смешиваем с 200 г суперфосфата, 30 г сернокислого калия, древесной золы и 10 кг торфа или перегноя. Присыпьте заглублённые саженцы приготовленной смесью.

После посадки растение рекомендуется обильно полить, а почву замульчировать торфом или перегноем.

In the countries of the East, the cultivation of goji does not require any effort, since the shrub propagates by self-sowing.

Goji seed propagation

Also, the plant can be grown by sowing seeds. Each berry contains about 30 seeds of a small size. To do this you will need dried fruits of the shrub.

In order to extract the seeds, the berries are soaked in warm water for several hours. Then the seeds are germinated. For an accelerated germination process, seeds can be put in the fridge for a week.

Then the seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth, and are in this state until germination. Planting seeds produced in pots. To do this, use the substrate for germination.

Seedlings need to provide good lighting, moderate air humidity within 20-25 degrees, as well as regular moistening. In order to preserve moisture, planted plants should be covered with polyethylene or a cap. The ideal temperature for seed germination is 7 degrees. Sowing seeds should be carried out on the soil surface or to a depth of no more than 2 cm.

It is very important to maintain the humidity of the earth. With the advent of the first shoots, the film must be removed. After 3-4 weeks, the sprouts produce the first leaves, which means that the planting period has come separately. After two years, young shrubs grown from seeds produce flowering, and at 3-4 years of life they give their first sweet and sour fruits.

Before the appearance of the fruit, you can use the leaves of the shrub, which are often added to various salads. The first berries are often quite small. But every year the plant will grow, become larger, with it the berries will become larger.

The quality composition of the fruits and their nutritional value increases every year. Goji growing in both ways is quite simple, and even a novice gardener can do it. Self-cultivation of this amazing berry at home will provide you and your family with stocks of dried fruits, which are so useful and necessary for our body. There is another method, perhaps the easiest, to buy an already prepared seedling in the nursery. Planting a young plant is carried out by the same method as planting young germinated cuttings.

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