Kizilnik brilliant - an interesting and very beautiful plant belonging to the family of Pink. Very often, this shrub is used to decorate parks, squares and private territories. In natural conditions, it can be found on the territory of Buryatia and Eastern Siberia. Resistance to adverse conditions makes this plant particularly popular among many gardeners. In this article we will tell you all about the care and landing of the shiny cotoneaster. This process is rather troublesome, but only in the first two years.
Kizilnik brilliant - upright growing deciduous shrub, having a very dense foliage. Small leaves, the length of which is not more than 4 centimeters, have an ovoid shape and pointed tips. The surface of the leaves is smooth, and the color changes from tender to lush green in springtime.
A distinctive feature of this ornamental shrub is the change in color of the leaves in the autumn. As shown in the photo of the cotoneaster shining below, the leaves become purple. Thyroid pink inflorescences consist of 5-8 flowers. The shrub begins to bloom in May-June, after which fruits appear in the form of small berries. Separately taken flowers do not carry noticeable decorative qualities. But the combination of lush pink flowering against the background of lush green foliage makes the shrub particularly attractive. Cotoneaster berries at the initial stage of formation have a light green color, which, as it ripens, turns into almost black. The mature fruit of the cotoneaster is quite edible and has a large amount of nutrients.
In the wild, it is not so easy to meet the thickened planting of this bush. Most often, these are single bushes that have weaker decorative qualities as compared to garden specimens.
Advantages and disadvantages
When choosing shrubs for decorative functions, it is important to study not only the merits of a particular variety, but also its disadvantages. The photo of a hedge from a brilliant cotoneaster clearly illustrates its positive decorative qualities. In addition, it has a number of advantages over other shrubs, namely:
- unpretentiousness in caring for an adult plant,
- neat appearance
- resistance to almost all diseases
- immunity to air pollution from dust, soot and exhaust gases,
- the absence of strict requirements for the selection of soil and place for planting.
That is why this plant is often used to decorate urban parks and alleys. However, the cotoneaster needs constant pruning and has rather complicated growing methods.
Landing: the choice of location and soil
Kizilnik brilliant grows equally well both in sunny areas and in partial shade. But in any case, it is important to have a shelter from the draft and not close proximity of the groundwater. Planting of seedlings carried out at a distance of not less than one and a half meters from each other, because over time, their crown grows significantly. Under the landing of the harvested wells depth of 70 centimeters, at the bottom of which pour a good layer of drainage.
For the development of a healthy and beautiful plant it is necessary to prepare a certain soil mixture. It consists of two parts of turf, one part of peat or compost and two parts of river sand. A small amount of lime is added to this mixture - no more than 300 grams per square meter of land.
Seed propagation method
This method is considered quite time-consuming and troublesome. In addition, you need to be prepared for the fact that not all seedlings germinate, but only half. To increase germination rates, it is important to conduct a comprehensive preparation of planting material.
Seed stratification begins in the autumn, immediately after harvest. Seeds are put in a metal container and sent for storage in a refrigerator or a cold room, for example, in a basement. Planting is carried out only next fall, when the seeds are fully ripe. You can shorten the preparation period. To do this, the seeds are immersed in sulfuric acid for 20 minutes, then hardened for a month.
Before sowing, seeds are soaked in water to determine empty specimens that float to the surface and are to be destroyed. Healthy seed is buried 4 cm in soil, and the distance between rows should be at least 15 cm. The time of emergence of shoots is rather long and does not depend on the thoroughness of care and the creation of comfortable conditions for germination. During the first year of growth, seedlings reach a height of thirty centimeters. And only a year later will begin the formation of the crown. Bloom cotoneaster bloom begins 4 years after planting.
The most used method of breeding the cotoneaster brilliant is vegetative. For him prepare in advance green or lignified cuttings, the length of which must be at least 15 centimeters. Well-developed and strong copies should have at least two internodes.
Harvesting green cuttings carried out in July. Before planting the planting material in the ground should be immersed for several hours in a growth stimulator, and only after that should be distributed among the boxes with the substrate. The soil for planting cuttings should consist of equal parts of humus, sod and sand. Before digging the cuttings, the soil is well wetted with water. The process of planting cuttings consists in their penetration into the soil at 5-6 centimeters at an angle of 45 °. After that, they cover with a film or a can and go to a well-lit place. Observing all the conditions of planting and care, by the fall you will receive seedlings with a powerful root system, ready for transplanting to a permanent place. After transplantation into the open ground, young plants will take refuge for the winter.
To obtain lignified cuttings, harvesting is carried out after the onset of the first frost. Cut the shoots placed in the sand and sent for storage in a cool and dry room. In the spring, cuttings are cut into pieces, the length of which is 20 centimeters, after which they carry out a similar preparation.
Regardless of the variety, cotoneaster is considered to be a very drought-resistant plant. That is why, even on hot summer days, he calmly dispenses with additional watering. It is enough to water adult bushes 3-4 times during the whole vegetative season, adding at least 8 liters of water to each plant. However, you should not over-water the cotoneaster shiny, as excessive soil moisture leads to root rot and disease development.
Permissible to refresh the plant on hot days by spraying. A jet of water will not only wash away a layer of dust from the leaves, but also fill them with necessary moisture. Especially it concerns a hedge from a brilliant cotoneaster.
The growth rate and development of young shoots directly depends on the fertile composition of the soil. To obtain a lush, thick and beautiful crown of rich color, you should regularly make various dressings in the soil. Especially valuable supplement that activates the growth of green, are nitrogen-containing drugs. And for the general maintenance of the balance of mineral substances, superphosphate and potash fertilizers are introduced into the soil.
Also important for cotoneaster and organics. Manure is preferably diluted in water in the ratio of 1: 6, and when using bird droppings one part of the fertilizer is diluted in ten parts of water. The resulting composition is used during the spring digging of the soil around the bush. In addition to manure, use other organic fertilizer, such as compost and humus.
A shrub of this type requires some care. Cotoneaster shiny, like many other ornamental plants to create a hedge, requires compulsory pruning. After this procedure, the branches of the shrub grow well and give the plant the desired shape. You can give the cotoneaster absolutely any shape (ball, square, cone), but you should start mold trimming no earlier than two years of age when the shoots have reached 60 centimeters in length.
First, pinch the tops of young shoots, and after reaching the required density, begin a full cut to a third of the length of the branch. To obtain a neat and even geometric shape, it is important to have scissors, as well as a tight rope. However, the most convenient is the use of a wooden frame. You can build it yourself, from any wooden bars. To perform a large amount of work, it is desirable to use a special brush cutter. Increase the cutting height by 6-7 centimeters annually until the shrub reaches the required level. Also, when pruning, it should be remembered that the upper tier grows much more actively than the lower tier and may overshadow it.
Shelter for the winter
Despite the general frost resistance, in especially severe winters, the cotoneaster is shiny and preferably covered. As a material for shelter, dry foliage or peat is well suited, a layer of which must be at least 6 centimeters. The branches of the tallest bushes at the same time bend down to the ground and are accurately fixed so that they can be covered. Fallen snow can be used as additional warming.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Landing
- 3.1. When to plant
- 3.2. How to plant
- 4. Care
- 5. Reproduction
- 5.1. Seed propagation method
- 5.2. Cuttings
- 6. Cotoneaster brilliant in landscape design.
Planting and care for cotoneaster brilliant (in short)
- Bloom: during the month in late spring or early summer.
- Landing: best during the period of leaf fall, but it is possible in the spring, before the buds swell.
- Lighting: bright light or partial shade.
- The soil: fertile, well-drained, rich in humus, in the area with deep groundwater.
- Watering: several times a season at an expense on each adult bush on a bucket of water.
- Top dressing: spring and summer organic and mineral fertilizers. From August, feeding is stopped.
- Trimming: early spring for sanitary purposes. Anti-aging pruning and shearing of hedges, too, is carried out before the start of sap flow.
- Reproduction: seeds, as well as green and lignified cuttings.
- Pests: spider mites, scale insects, aphid, apple moth and yellow bear.
- Diseases: fusarium
Kizilnik brilliant - description
Kizilnik brilliant - upright and densely leafy deciduous shrub with pubescent shoots of the current year. The height of the cotoneaster shining is about 3 m, and the diameter of the crown is one and a half times larger. The leaves are pointed, elliptical or ovate, up to 5 in length and up to 3.5 cm wide. The upper side of the plate is dark green, shiny, bare, the bottom is yellowish-felt, initially pubescent, and yellowish and balding for a time. In the fall, the leaves of the cotoneaster shining acquire a reddish-brown hue. Flowers - small, pinkish, collected by 5-12 pieces in loose corymbose brush - cover the surface of the bush in such an amount that leaves are not visible. Flowering begins in late spring or early summer and lasts a month. Black, spherical, with a diameter of up to 9 mm, the fruits of the cotoneaster are shiny with red-brown pulp and contain two or three bones. Fruiting begins in the fourth year.
When to plant cotoneaster shiny.
The cotoneaster gets acclimatized almost painlessly; therefore, they plant it both in spring, before the start of sap flow, and in the fall, after leaf fall, but many gardeners prefer an autumn planting. The site for the plant is chosen to be protected from the wind and sunny, although the cotoneaster normally grows in partial shade. The occurrence of groundwater in the area should be deep.
How to plant cotoneaster shiny.
Despite the low consumption of cotoneaster brilliant in composition of the soil, for its quick and proper development it is necessary to prepare in advance the fertile soil, which fill the pit during planting. Mix two parts of coarse sand and sod land and add one part of the compost or peat, and then add lime to the soil mixture at the rate of 300 g per 1 m² plot.
The depth of the pit should be not less than 70 cm. A drainage layer of rubble, gravel or broken brick about 20 cm thick is laid on the bottom. Then, the shiny cotoneaster seedling is lowered into the pit and filled with fertile soil, tamping the soil as the pit is filled. After planting, the root neck of the cotoneaster should be at the level of the surface area. Water the seedling and grind its tree circle with a layer of peat about 8 cm thick.
If you plant several bushes at once, the distance between them should be from 0.5 to 2 m, depending on the expected diameter of the crown. If you plant a decorative hedge, place the seedlings in two lines, keeping a distance of 30 cm between them.
Carpet care brilliant
Planting a shiny cotoneaster and caring for it is not at all laborious: the list of plant cultivation activities includes watering, loosening the soil in the tree circle, removing weeds, fertilizing, trimming the bush, protecting it from diseases and pests and preparing for wintering.
Cotoneaster is watered only a few times per season, spending a bucket of water on each adult plant. But if summer will be with rains, then it is quite possible that water kiln will not need to be watered, since it is distinguished by high drought tolerance. However, from time to time, dust from the leaves is still better to wash off with a stream of water.
Brilliant cotoneaster shrub needs timely feeding: in early spring a solution of 100 g of Kemira-station wagon or 25 g of urea in a bucket of water for each m² is brought into the tree near-stem circle, and 15 g of potassium sulphate is embedded in the soil just before flowering 60 g of granulated superphosphate with mandatory subsequent irrigation. The cotoneaster brilliant and organic fertilizers respond well, for example, a solution of one part of cow manure in six parts of water or one part of chicken manure in ten parts of water. Since August, the plant ceases to feed, so that its shoots have time to mature and woody for the winter.
The cotoneaster is pruned in early spring, before the awakening of the kidneys: remove damaged, broken, frozen or dried shoots. At the same time, they make rejuvenating pruning, if necessary. The hedge from the cotoneaster brilliant is also subjected to formative pruning, after which the shrub grows rapidly, retaining its shape.
Of the diseases, kizilnik brilliant can suffer from fusarium, which manifests itself in yellowing and falling leaves. The diseased plant is late with flowering, and if left untreated, it quickly dies. As soon as you find a problem, you should immediately remove the affected areas and treat the bush and the soil around it with a fungicide solution. If you miss the onset of the disease, you may lose the plant.
Spider mites, scutes, aphid, apple moth and yellow bear are also damaging the cotoneaster. If the pests on the bush a bit, try to destroy them with tincture of garlic, infusion of potato leaves or decoction of yarrow or wormwood. But if there are many insects, it is necessary to resort to insect-acaricides - Karbofos, Rogor, Metafos, Aktellik.
Kizilnik brilliant is a frost-resistant plant, therefore in an area with mild, snowy winters it is not covered. However, if a harsh and snowless winter is approaching, a layer of peat or dry leaves with a thickness of at least six centimeters should be sketched into a tree trunk circle, and it is advisable to bend the branches of tall bushes to the ground and cover them with spanbond or lutrasil to protect the kidneys from freezing.
Cotoneaster brilliant in landscape design
Kizilnik brilliant - highly decorative, shade-tolerant and relatively winter-hardy plant, widely used in landscape design in single and group plantings, for decoration of borders and edges, as well as a hedge. It has a thick shiny crown, which with the onset of autumn acquires a beautiful purple hue, and bright fruits, which do not fall down for a long time from the bush. The crownwood crocodile's crown is easily shaped. The plant is suitable for growing on slopes, slopes and alpine slides. But its main advantages are undemanding to growing conditions and unpretentiousness in care.
Kizilnik brilliant: description and characteristics
Kizilnik brilliant is a densely leafy, upright and deciduous shrub, reaching a height of two meters. It has small (about 4 cm) dark green ovate leaves, pointed at the end. They have a smooth surface, so that the plant can be classified as decorative. Leaves appear in early spring and have a soft green color.
A characteristic feature of this plant is the ability to change its color: with the arrival of autumn, the cotoneaster fence becomes purple. Inflorescences are pink, corymbose and combine 5-8 flowers. Цветение кизильника начинается в мае или в начале июня, после чего формируются круглые плоды, похожие на маленькие ягодки (сохраняются на кустах до самой осени).The cotoneaster flowers themselves are inconspicuous, but when they simultaneously open, pink buds look more than attractive against the background of green leaves, giving the bush additional decorative effect.
The fruits of the shiny cotoneaster are formed from almost every flower. At the initial stage of maturation, they are green, but over time they change color and become saturated red. When berries are fully ripe (change color to black), the cornel of this species is completely edible.
In the wild, this shrub most often grows alone, although thickened plantings of cotoneaster, which we are more used to seeing in private gardens, are also common. When grown in a midland, both the open areas with good sunlight and shady areas are equally well suited for it, but we'll talk about this later.
Advantages and disadvantages of the form
When breeding a cotoneaster, it is important to consider not only the advantages of growing this plant, but also to take into account the existing drawbacks. The advantages of the presence of a cotoneaster brilliant on its site include the following:
- unpretentious care and neat appearance,
- good resistance both to frosts, and to the droughty periods,
- almost complete immunity to disease,
- unpretentiousness in growing conditions (feels great in places of strong air pollution with soot, dust, exhaust gases),
- undemanding to the composition of the soil and the level of illumination of the site.
- the need for regular pruning cotoneaster,
- comparative reproduction difficulty.
Features planting cotoneaster brilliant in the garden
All the types of cotoneaster existing today calmly endure the landing and take root in the new place almost painlessly. But for breeding the cotoneaster brilliant by planting seedlings in open ground, it is better to wait until spring comes (the early spring also fits as soon as the snow melts and the night frosts lose their former strength) or perform the procedure at the end of autumn.
How to choose a place for planting a cotoneaster brilliant, exacting type of lighting
Cotoneaster bushes are best placed in well-lit areas, although they grow well in penumbra. In any case, the prepared site should be well protected from the wind, as well as be distinguished by deep groundwater. The planting pattern of the cotoneaster involves placing the seedlings at a distance of 1.5-2 meters from each other (more accurate figures depend on the future diameter of the crown). Plant seedlings are buried 70 cm into the soil.
The requirements of the cotoneaster shining to the soil
The composition of the soil for the cotoneaster brilliant does not play a significant role, but at the same time for its proper and rapid development It is necessary to prepare the following soil mixture: Mix 2 parts of sod land with 1 part of peat or compost and 2 parts of coarse sand. It is also useful to add lime to the obtained substrate at the rate of 300 g per 1 m² of land area.
The most common method of vegetative propagation of the cotoneaster is brilliant - this is reproduction by cuttings. For grafting harvesting green or lignified cuttings. In any case, the selected specimens must be well developed and large, at least 15 cm long. In addition, at least two interstices must be present on each such part. The best time to perform the procedure is July.
Before planting the cuttings, it is better to place them in a root formation stimulator for several hours, and then plant them in boxes in a prepared substrate. It should consist of humus, sod land and sand, taken in equal amounts. Before placing the cuttings in the ground soil must be well shed with water. The prepared parts of the plant are placed in the ground at an angle of 45 °, deepening the soil by 5 cm. Then they are covered with glass jars, which must be regularly removed to air the cuttings and water them.
If you decide to use lignified cuttings for reproduction, then they should be cut off with the onset of frost, after which it is necessary to place the cut parts in the sand and store them in a cool place. With the arrival of spring, the cuttings are taken from the shelter and cut into pieces up to 20 cm long (there should be at least three buds on each such part). In the future, rooting is the same as in the first case.
The shoot itself is placed to a depth of about 10 cm from the surface of the soil, fixed with a metal or wooden bracket and sprinkled with soil mixture prepared according to the specified recipe. Carry out the procedure in early summer, and in the fall cut off the layering of the parent bush and until the spring left in the same place. At the beginning of the growing season, the rooted cuttings can be transplanted.
Any kind of cotoneaster has a high drought resistance, so even in very dry summer shrubs easily do without watering. Adults plants cotoneaster brilliant enough to be watered several times a season, bringing under each bush 8 liters of water. The main thing in this business is to prevent overwetting, because an excessive amount of moisture in the soil can destroy the cotoneaster.
On hot days, especially if the plant grows in dusty places, it can be periodically refreshed by flushing the dust from the foliage of the shrub. This is especially true in the case when the hedge serves as a fence and is located on the border of the site.
How to fertilize a plant
How fast the cotoneaster will grow is brilliant, largely depends on the regularity of fertilizer application. So, if you want to get a beautiful and abundant crown, having achieved good growth during the season, then it is necessary to feed the shrub with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, and before direct flowering (approximately in the middle of May) a bush should be applied under the bush, containing phosphorus and potassium (for example, superphosphate). You should not overlook the organic matter (humus or manure). Slurry is diluted in water at a ratio of 1: 6, and when using bird droppings, 1 part of fertilizer should account for 10 parts of water. The resulting composition shed the soil during the spring digging around the shrub. The same method can be used to fertilize the soil with the help of dry complex formulations.
Basics trimming cotoneaster brilliant
To create fences and decorative figures from the cotoneaster, they mainly use molded pruning, after which the shrubs grow quickly, but retain their original shape. When using this method, all shoots are pruned to one third.
The special hedges are particularly sophisticated and attractive. However, to get a neat and smooth living fence, performing trimming under any geometric shape, you must have special trellis scissors and a tightly stretched rope, although the most acceptable option is a ready-made template made of wooden frame. Such a frame or frame can be created independently: from the bars they make a shape in the form of a trapezoid, in which the upper part will be 10-15 cm lower. Anyway the form for the hedge should correspond to its purpose and height, taking into account the small margin left for the growth of the shoots.
Before cutting between the two frames, which are set across the landings, the rope is tensioned, the correction surface for cutting. In the event that there is a large amount of work to be done on pruning, then it is better to use a special garden tool - a brush cutter.
For young plants, the height of the annual pruning should increase by 5-7 cm until the desired size of the green hedge. You do not need to be very zealous in removing or shortening the lower tier of the branches and it is advisable to leave them 10-15 cm wider than the upper layer, which grows more actively, thereby causing partial darkening of the lower shoots.
Do I need to hide cotoneaster for the winter
Despite the fact that cotoneaster is a cold-resistant plant, in harsh winters it is still better to shelter him. For these purposes, dry foliage or peat are well suited (a layer of up to 6 cm thick is formed). Branches of bushes that are too high need to be bent down to the ground, which will help to keep buds during frosts. When the snow falls, you can add some bushes to them.
As you can see, even taking into account all the nuances of care, growing a cotoneaster will not create many problems, but putting a little effort, you get the original decor of your site.
The plant belongs to the group of deciduous shrubswhich possess rather large and magnificent krone, bright tones and unpretentious character. The plant is perfectly prone to pruning, so the creation of any compositions will always be very successful. Siberia is considered to be the birthplace of the bright cotoneaster, although under natural conditions it is not as common. Most varieties are hybrids - the result of breeding.
The name of the culture came up with the Swiss scientist Caspar Baugin. Externally, the shrub resembles a quince, so in its name there is the word "cotonea", which translated from Greek means "quince".
Many people mistakenly think that cotoneaster and dogwood are the same plant with edible fruits, but they are deeply mistaken. Edible berries - the characteristic of cornel. Cotoneaster they completely unsuitable for use as food.
The main characteristics of the form
From the main features of the description it is important to highlight such:
- Deciduous shrub has an average height and lush crown. Some varieties belong to the group of evergreen plants, due to which they do not lose their amazing appearance throughout the whole year,
- The shape of the shrub is formed by erect stems that are placed very close to each other,
- On the young shoots there is a small down, which disappears with time,
- The maximum height of an adult does not exceed two meters,
- The crown is characterized by magnificent pomp and density. It is covered with small ovoid leaves. Sometimes they have an oblong shape,
- The diameter of relatively small leaves rarely reaches 6 centimeters. In most cases, it varies between 2-6 cm. The sheet plate has a smooth and shiny surface, which explains this name,
- The greatest value of the cotoneaster is its foliage. In the summer, she pleases the gardener with a lush green color, and in the fall - reddish or purple. With the right combination of varieties, the composition looks simply irresistible,
- Duration of flowering reaches 1 month,
- The first fruitful elements appear on the shrub only after four years. They are also considered excellent decorative value, which acquires a contrasting look in the autumn,
- For the cotoneaster brilliant, a high growth rate and a long lifespan are characteristic. With proper maintenance, the bush lives quietly in one area for up to 50 years, creating a beautiful hedge or decorative composition,
Planting, care and breeding
Beautiful mid-sized shrub It is considered one of the most unpretentious green plantings. From the description it can be understood that he is not afraid of the harsh conditions of our area, therefore, quietly growing and developing in mid-latitudes. If you wish to plant a culture on your territory, you will not have to learn any difficult secrets and subtleties. It is enough to take into account the basic care recommendations and act according to the circumstances.
Today, gardeners use several methods of breeding cotoneaster brilliant at home. Among them:
- dividing the bush
Each of them is characterized by its strengths and its shortcomings. In any case, a properly chosen breeding method will allow you to grow a healthy culture in a short time.
Planting cotoneaster: subtleties and secrets
It’s best to start transplanting and planting a cotoneaster in the spring, you need to choose a time when the soil has already thawed and the buds have not started to bloom. All cotoneaster easily tolerate spring transplant. Autumn is suitable for planting a shiny and black fruit cotoneaster - it is carried out after leaf fall, but you should try to complete the planting work before the first frost.
If a shrub is planted to grow a hedge, then first dig a trench with a depth of 35 to 70 cm and a width of up to 0.5 m. In order to plant the bushes strictly in a straight line, in the center of the trench pull the string.
The composition of the soil plant is undemanding, but to prevent the accumulation of water at the roots, it is necessary to arrange a reliable drainage. At the bottom of the trenches fall asleep expanded clay, broken brick or a mixture of coarse sand and gravel. For better survival of the shrub trench can be filled with fresh soil, composed of peat, humus, sand and sod land in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 2. In the soil it is useful to add up to 0.3 kg of lime.
When planting cotoneaster stands between plants from 0.5 m.
Important! It is impossible to deepen the root neck, it is necessary to strictly follow the vertical position of the seedling in the pit.
Kizilnik brilliant: we provide the correct care of a plant
It is quite simple to take care of the cotoneaster - watering the plant is done when planting, the rest of the time the plant can go without water for a long time. Overflow is the biggest problem for shrubs, so it is best to avoid excessive moisture. In especially hot summer time, 5-7 buckets of water once every 2 weeks are enough for 1 watering.
The rest of the care of the crop includes the removal of weeds, which must be done in a timely manner, preventing the formation of seeds on weeds. It is useful to periodically loosen the soil under the bushes, but this should be done carefully so as not to damage the root system.
In hot weather, the plant should arrange a shower, washing away the accumulated dust from the leaves. When growing cotoneaster in the form of a hedge, a very important element is mowing the crown.
There are several types of trimming cotoneaster. It is allowed to carry out sanitary pruning as necessary at any time.
- Anti-aging pruning - held in the spring.
- Forming pruning is a radical cutting of the cotoneaster bushes to create landscape compositions. Such pruning is carried out in early spring.
Cotoneaster: how to propagate a plant correctly
Cotoneaster can be planted with cuttings, layering and dividing of adult bushes, and besides this, sowing seeds. But the method of plant propagation by seeds is rarely used, since the seeds have a low germination rate. Seed germination requires prior stratification. Vegetative breeding methods are much more effective, are carried out in the spring time.
Tip! For rooting cotoneaster, you can use cuttings that remained from the spring pruning of bushes during the formation of the crown.
Rooting cuttings is carried out in greenhouse conditions with pre-treatment of planting material with growth hormones. Young plants are ready to be transplanted to the open ground next spring.
The division of the bush can be carried out only when the plant reaches a mature age. The operation is carried out in the spring, it is desirable to have time with the division of plants before the start of sap flow. When dividing the bush is required to use a sharp sterile tool, the wound surface is treated with charcoal or garden pitch.
Diseases and pests cotoneaster
Speaking about the killer's disease and damage to the plant by insect pests, it is worth noting the plant’s high immunity to diseases, but occasionally on the shrub you can see aphids, spider mites or shields. The cotoneaster leaves have wrinkled, and the young shoots are withered? This is what a plant looks like after an aphid invasion. It is worth fighting pests with the help of special system preparations.
Infection with spider mites is easily identified by the appearance of the thinnest spider web on the back of the leaves, but the appearance of the spider web indicates a significant degree of infection. The mite is activated during strong heat, in dry air, therefore it is useful to sprinkle plants more often on the leaves with water. To get rid of spider mites will help such drugs as: "Fitoverm", "Aktellik", "Neoron".
After completion of flowering, the cotoneaster can be attacked by a mole, this pest can severely reduce fruit formation. It is necessary to carry out the treatment of the moth immediately, as soon as the pest was detected. Well cope with the task karbofos or rogor. The treatment is repeated 2 to 3 times with an interval of 2 weeks between sprays.
More often than other infections, the cotoneaster bushes are affected by Fusarium, a fungal disease that spreads quickly through a healthy plant, causing rapid wilting and total death. Treatment - treatment with fungicides, sore spots should be pre-cut to healthy tissue.
Cotoneaster - the perfect hedge
Кустарник идеально подходит для создания фигурных живых изгородей, которые особенно декоративны во время созревания ягод. На фото видно, как плотно усеивают кусты красные ягоды (кизильник обыкновенный, К. Даммера, К. прижатый). Декоративно смотрятся изгороди из кизильника черноплодного (черно-синие ягоды). Recently, many varieties of cotoneaster with variegated leaves (yellow with green spots of foliage) have been bred.
Cotoneaster hedges quickly form into desired shapes, practically do not get sick and serve as decoration for any landscape.
Cotoneaster bushes in the form of hedges are used for zoning the territory, emphasizing the geometric shapes of the flower beds, framing the tracks. The plant grows very quickly to maintain a neat shape of the bush, should be cut periodically, more often than 1 time per summer. The shaggy cotoneaster bushes look sloppy and sloppy.
Different types of cotoneaster form berries at different ages. In any case, a full-fledged hedge, with ripe berries, will be decorative no less than 5 years after planting young cotoneaster bushes in open ground.
Cotoneaster shiny - tall plant with pubescent branches. Gardeners cultivate varieties that do not exceed 3 m. The feature of the cotoneaster is that it has a massive crown.
Depending on the species, the leaves of this plant may be elliptical or ovoid, the average size of one piece is 4 cm. With the onset of autumn, the foliage changes in color, it acquires a dark red tint.
Cotoneaster is distinguished by small pink flowers gathered in inflorescences. During the period of active growth, the shrub forms a large number of flowers. Fruits are presented in the form of small spherical berries with dark red pulp and two - three stones. The plant begins to bear fruit from the age of four.
How is the landing
Kizilnik brilliant does not impose high requirements to growing conditions. I advise you to plant it in early spring, before the sap flow begins. My friend lands in November after the plants shed their leaves. The cotoneaster gets accustomed on the spacious lit site.
This shrub is resistant to cold and grows normally in the shade. If you wish, you can place it near the trees. I do not recommend planting cotoneaster if ground water is nearby. Consider the features of landing.
The plant itself is unpretentious, but for its favorable development the soil must be loose, light, fertile. I advise you to prepare the substrate in advance: take 50% of sand, 25% of sod soil, 25% of compost.
In the soil mixture, you can add a small amount of peat, if necessary, dilute it with lime. Under the plant form a trench of 70 cm in size, drainage is placed on the bottom.
I advise you to use crushed stone or broken brick. The optimal layer thickness for cotoneaster is 15 cm. Seed propagation will be considered. It is better to buy seedlings, they will soon take root in the open field.
After planting the cotoneaster brilliant, you should tamp the soil and bring in water. It is desirable that the root neck is at ground level.
After watering should perform mulching. For this purpose, I used peat, laid it in a layer of 8 cm. If you plan to create a hedge, plant shrubs at a distance of 1 to 2 m. The distance depends on the selected grade.
Like other decorative cultures, cotoneaster is prone to disease. The most common is fusarium, it is manifested by yellowing of the leaf plate. If not treated in time, cotoneaster, he will die.
Having found signs of fusarium, it is necessary to remove the affected parts of the plant, the soil and the shrub itself to process fungicide. You can not hesitate with the processing, as the cotoneaster can die! Sometimes a culture is attacked:
In the fight against pests use garlic tincture or a product prepared on the basis of potato tops. The infusion of yarrow also helps expel insects. If folk remedies do not help, I advise you to use insecticides. The most popular drug is Actellic.
The advantage of the cotoneaster is brilliant in that it is resistant to frost. The shrub is not covered in a mild climate. If the winter is harsh and snowless, the tree trunk should be mulched using foliage. The thickness of the layer of mulch should be 7 - 10 cm. Spunbond can be used as a covering material.
Seed propagation is rarely practiced in the case of cotoneaster. The fact is that the seeds of this plant do not germinate well: when sowing 20 pieces, only 8 - 9 will ascend. Stratification is a long and laborious process. You will need to collect the seeds in the middle of autumn, put them in a plate and store them on the shelf of the refrigerator until the beginning of September!
To speed up the process, it is necessary to keep the seeds in sulfuric acid for 20 minutes, then remove, rinse and place on the shelf of the refrigerator. Seed material is kept for 30 days. Before sowing a garden bed, soak it in water. A certain number of seeds should come up, you will need to remove them, the rest - to determine to a depth of 2 - 3 cm.
The distance between the beds should be 20 cm. Since the cotoneaster seeds do not germinate well, you will not see the seedlings in the next few days. Crops will appear already in 10-12 months!
One-year thirty centimeter seedling gradually forms a crown. The lack of a plant is that, when grown from seeds, it blooms only in the fifth year.
Kizilnik brilliant can be propagated by cuttings. In this case, woody branches 20 cm long are used. Each should have several internodes.
In early spring, you will need to take cuttings, place them in a growth stimulant drug, and withstand for 3-4 hours, then land, pre-wetting the soil mixture.
It’s easy to prepare, you need to take sand, sod soil and humus in equal proportions. I advise you to determine the cuttings to a depth of 6 cm, then cover with a plastic container. Take it off every day so that the seedlings can breathe fully.
In the fall, they form roots, at this time you will need to plant in open ground. In order for young plants to tolerate winter well, they must be mulched with needles. If not, dry foliage should be used.
Method of reproduction using seeds not in high demand. This is due to the fact that such planting can not boast a high percentage of germination, so get good planting material from the seeds will not succeed. Seed propagation will be successful for sectional work. Before embarking on a landing event, it is important to choose the right planting material. In this case, it is enough to wait for the full ripening of the fruit and collect them. Try to choose the highest quality seeds, guided by their external condition.
After collecting the finished fruit you need to podvyalit, and then separate the pulp from the seeds. Next, wash the planting material and place it in a container with water. If the seeds pop up - they need to be thrown away, since they are not suitable for planting. Copies that remained at the bottom, you need to lay out on a dry surface, so that they finally dry out.
The next stage involves container preparation for planting. At this stage, you need to mix the cotoneaster seeds with a small amount of peat and move them to the refrigerator. The stratification process will last until spring.
In the spring, when the snow finally comes down, and the earth warms up enough, they can be planted in a suitable place. Seeds are best sown at a distance of 15 centimeters from each other.
Landing can be carried out both in the ground and in special containerswhich are pre-filled with a suitable substrate. The soil mixture consists of peat and sand. In this case, the picking in open ground can be carried out only after a year.
However, seed propagation must take into account such a feature as a low germination rate. At best, only half of all the seedlings planted will ascend. In addition, shrubs planted with seeds will begin to bear fruit only after five years.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
This breeding method is great for novice gardeners. To successfully implement it, cut at least one suitable bush.
This procedure is done in early spring, when the cotoneaster is at the stage of formation of new buds.
In the process you should take a shovel, and with careful movements get a bush from the ground. It is important to take great care not to accidentally damage the fragile root cotoneaster root system. Using a sharp knife, divide the rhizome into several even parts, trying to leave young roots and buds.
Then proceed for the preparation of planting pits for young plants, in the process of which you need to pour a layer of drainage and fertile substrate.
In a similar way, it is especially effective to propagate the cotoneaster during the transplant of an adult plant or during its renewal.
Varieties and types
Cotoneaster shiny Siberian deciduous species. It can grow up to 2 m. The foliage is round, oblong, sharpened to the tip. The flowers form inflorescences-shields. Also look beautiful black berries that hang in the cold. It begins to bear fruit from the age of 4 years.
Cotoneaster black-fruited a variety that also withstands our cold. The berries of this species are edible, unlike most relatives. The height of the bush can exceed one and a half meters. The foliage is oblong, rounded, small. Pink inflorescences, composed of small flowers. Bringing fruit often begins only with 5 years after planting. This species is a good honey plant.
Cotoneaster ordinary This species is not particularly popular, although it tolerates winter and heat. Tall stems pubescent, but over time, the coating disappears. Foliage wide, rounded. The flowers are white with a pink tint, collected in inflorescences. The berries are bright red.
Cotoneaster horizontal or creeping evergreen shrub, whose crown lush grows in width. The foliage is oval, green in color, and by the autumn it becomes orange-red. The berries are bright pink in color and can hang throughout the winter. This view is demanding on the quality of the soil.
In the wild form grows mainly in mountainous areas. Stems also spread, and because of this, are prone to self-rooting. The height does not exceed 30 cm, but the width is very voluminous.
The foliage is small, rounded, acquires a purple tint by autumn. Inflorescences of a reddish tone. The fruits are pink, also remain on the branches for a long time and have a beautiful appearance.
It has a hybrid variety. Coral Beauty, which is slightly higher than the original plant and has a high winter hardiness.
Cotoneaster many-flowered grows above 2 meters. Stems slightly pubescent, but with aging become bare. Young foliage has a grayish color, green by the summer, and becomes red by autumn. The flowers are relatively large, form large inflorescences. Fruits are bright red in color.
In general, it tolerates frost well, but is not as stable as Brilliant. Demanding on the nutritional value of the soil.
Kizilnik splayed grows to a meter, densely branched and has a strong foliage, for which it is valued. Normally amenable to trimming. It tolerates cold normally, but may suffer if it is very cold.
Cotoneaster Alaunsky this species is listed in the Red Book. Distributed in the mountains or valleys of rivers. It grows up to 2 meters, has small pink flowers, and its fruits are red at first, and then change color to black.
Wolfberry cotoneaster an evergreen, whose homeland is China. It has not too sprawling long branches. The foliage is rather long, oblong, pointed. The flowers are small, white coloring. Fruits are red. Served to create many varieties.
Cotoneaster planting and care in the open field
Planting seedlings seedlings in the open soil is usually carried out in the spring, when the ground has already melted, but the trees have not yet dismissed buds. Varieties of brilliant and black can be planted in the autumn.
This culture normally carries a penumbra, so it can be planted not only in the sun, but for the most decorative effect it is better to select open places for planting.
Most species are not fastidious to soil and their nutritional value, and if nutrients are still needed, they can be added during planting.
The hole under the seedling dug about 50 cm tall, wide and long. At the bottom of the hole is placed 20 cm of drainage, and then a mixture of sand, humus, peat and sod land in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 2. Also in the mix you need to make 250 grams of lime.
The gap between individuals depends on their size - for small species, it can be 50 cm, and for large species, all 2 meters. Lowering the seedling into the pit, you need to plant it so that the root neck is level with the soil.
Filling the pit, the ground is well trampled, and the site is covered with peat mulch. If you want to plant bushes to form a hedge, then you will need to forge a trench, not a hole.
The cinquefoil shrub is also a member of the Pink family, and some species also have medicinal properties. You can get acquainted with the recommendations for the care and cultivation of this flower in this article.
Growing cotoneaster is not at all difficult. The most important thing to remember is its intolerance to excess moisture. The rest of these plants are completely independent and can withstand the heat and the lack of moisture.
If the summer is very dry and there is no rain for a long time, then once for 15 days you can spend watering using 6 buckets of water for an adult plant. From time to time, after rains, the substrate should be loosened.
To culture had an attractive appearance, it must be washed. You can do this procedure simply from a hose.
In the spring it needs to be fed with the means that contain nitrogen. For example, urea (about 30 g per bucket of water) or Kemiroi station wagon (150 g per square meter).
Before flowering, you need to have time to make potassium phosphate fertilizers in the form of 15 grams of potassium sulfate and 60 superphosphate per square meter.
When the growing season ends, the ground is covered with peat mulch.
Cotoneaster can be cut to form various shapes that will decorate your garden. Also pruning should be carried out if some branches grow old, break down or fall ill.
In general, pruning can be done at any time of the year, except for winter, but crown formation and rejuvenation by pruning are carried out in the spring before budding.
Cotoneaster in winter
Most species of this genus perfectly tolerate frosts and do not require shelter for the winter, they will have enough mulching of a 8 cm peat ball.
If your species suffers worse from cold or you live in a place with too large frosts, then bend its branches to the ground, make them remain in this form and cover with dry leaves.
Also, shelter is made if there is no snow for a long time or there is very little snow. But if enough snow falls, the shelter can be removed.
Cotoneaster seed growing
The cotoneaster can be propagated in various ways. If you have chosen the generative, then note that only a small amount of seeds is sprouting and you need to sow a lot.
After collecting the seeds, they are placed in a mixture of sand and peat and kept in a cold place at 0 ° C or lower. Sow in the fall. Such a long stratification is necessary for these seeds, but it can be reduced by 10-minute treatment with sulfuric acid. After that 2-3 month stratification will be enough.
But even so, all the seeds may not exactly go up or the seedlings will be simply minimal. More reliable would be to resort to vegetative methods.
Reproduction cotoneaster cuttings
As the cuttings use branches that will remain after pruning. To start, they are left for a day in water with a substance diluted in it to enhance the formation of roots.
After that, they plant on a flower bed at a 45 ° angle into the mixture of peat and sand, pour it with cold water and cover it with a bottle. If it's hot outside, then the shelter is removed. The next year, the bushes can be transplanted to another site.
Cotoneaster reproduction by layering
Propagation by layering is suitable for ground cover varieties, for example, for Creeping and Horizontal. They themselves can take roots from branches lying close to the ground.
To create a layer, the young stem is pressed against the ground and covered with humus at the site of attachment to the soil. The following year, this branch is cut off from the parent and transplanted to a new location. Using slips often gives the proper result.
Reproduction of the cotoneaster by dividing the bush
If the bush has grown very much, then it can be divided. This method is also quite effective.
The separation is carried out in spring or autumn and immediately after it transplanted delenki to other areas.
As in the case of seed reproduction, to bring a healthy shrub using layering is quite difficult. This technique will be effective when growing creeping varieties of cotoneaster. They are famous for their unpretentiousness and lack of difficulty in care after planting. In spring, you need to choose the strongest and flexible shoots that have good roots and healthy buds. Then you should dig a small hole and carefully bend the chosen shoot to it, sprinkling it with a small layer of soil.
В процессе нужно оставить лишь верхнюю часть посадочного материала, а нижнюю полностью погрузить под землю. Что касается особенностей ухода после посадки, то они состоят исключительно из правильного полива и регулярной очистки грядки от сорняков.
В конце лета - начале осени, при надлежащем укоренении, отводки можно отсоединить от материнского куста и высадить на постоянное место.
Features of care for cotoneaster brilliant
Care for such a beautiful shrub at home is much easier than it seems at first glance. Full growth and development is determined by observance of some basic rules, which consist of competent watering, weeding from weeds, pruning and periodic use of fertilizers.
As for watering, it should be especially intense only for young plants. Such action contributes to the rapid rooting of the new bush, which is very important for its further growth and development. Adult specimens are much easier to tolerate underfilling than overflowing. It is necessary to carry out the procedure in a period of severe drought.
Occasionally, the soil in the stalk zone needs to be loosenedthat allows you to saturate it with nourishing oxygen. Also, when conducting such activities should remove any weeds and other dangerous vegetation. It is impossible not to draw attention to the formative and sanitary pruning, which is carried out as the shrub matures. Such actions will be a good prevention of various diseases and will allow you to grow a truly beautiful plant without too much difficulty.