Before the New Year, when it is cold and cold outside, and all home plants are sleeping awaiting spring warm days, a Decembrist flower blooms suddenly on the windowsill. He was called so for flowering in December.
The Decembrist, or “grandmother’s flower,” is a type of cactus, although it does not have thorns. Looking at him in the summer, it is impossible to understand why many growers adore him so much. But waiting for flowering, you can forever fall in love with this lovely creature. This amazing feeling of warmth that this flower gives in cold winter warms the heart and soul.
But only with proper care you can see the Decembrist bloom.
The second name of this flower is Schlumberger zigokaktus. This is a species of forest cacti, but without thorns. Under natural conditions, the Decembrist uses roots and stems of plants for growth.
Green branches of this bush consist of many segments resembling leaves. They fall and branch, forming a cascade up to 30-40 centimeters in length.
The roots of Schigumberger zygocactus are weak, unfavorable conditions can easily destroy the plant. But it is saved by the presence of air processes, roots, with which the zygocactus eats moisture that is in the air. Thanks to this Decembrist manages to survive and restore the root system.
In nature, the zygocactus has white or red flowers with spectacular long stamens that pollinate hummingbird birds.
Domestic varieties are distinguished by a variety of shades bred by breeders. You can find a bush with flowers of crimson, purple, pink, yellow, white color.
In the natural environment, this epiphyte grows in tropical forests with high humidity, at temperatures above 20 degrees, in constant shade or partial shade, in thickets of other trees.
In order to achieve flowering of this unpretentious plant in the care, it is necessary to provide him with competent care that would correspond to his natural growing conditions.
For Schlumbergera zigokaktus, it can grow as an epiphyte, living in trees or in the ground. The composition of the soil for the Decembrist: humus soil and sand, in equal parts.
Although the plant does not have any special claims to the soil, but still the acidic environment will not work for it. In addition, it is better to provide it with more breathable, lightweight soil.
Temperature and lighting
To ensure proper care for epiphytes, it is necessary to pay special attention to temperature and lighting. After all, failure to comply with these conditions leads to the fact that flowering may not occur at all.
The most important condition - compliance with the temperature. Although the Decembrist comes from tropical forests, this does not mean that it is necessary to constantly maintain the temperature above +20.
The plant can feel great and even bloom in a room where there is only +15, even +10 degrees. For him, the danger in temperature changes, from this plant receives stress.
In addition, the Schlumbergera zygocactus begins to bloom only when the day falls. It is a short light day - a signal to stop the development of green mass and the beginning of the formation of flowers. And if the plant did not receive such a signal, the daylight is still long, then there is no need to wait for flowers.
Therefore, about any additional highlights in the winter should not even be mentioned.
In summer, the light regime for a zygocactus requires only one condition. Zigokaktus Schlumbergera does not tolerate direct sunlight. This will entail a cessation of growth and development of the Decembrist, the leaves traumatized by the sun will begin to turn yellow and shrink, the plant may die.
Watering and humidity
With breathable soil and good drainage, there is no fear of over-wetting the Decembrist. In summer, the plant must be watered daily, and in winter it will be enough once a week. But pouring water into the pan with a pot is not recommended. Stagnant water can lead to rotting of the root system of the plant and its death.
Air humidity - the higher the better. Tropical flower needs to be moistened with air.
The best way to grow an epiphyte will be to create a microclimate corresponding to the natural conditions of zygocactus growth.
To do this, on the windowsill on the west or east side of the house should be put a lot of pots with such plants so that they are closely intertwined, as in a tropical forest. It is better to isolate this forest from the room with a dense curtain, which will create the necessary microclimate.
At the same time, one can trace the zygocactus by testing the humidity of the air. If he formed air roots and did not dry after two weeks, then you can be sure that the air humidity is suitable for a Decembrist.
When dry air should be carried out daily spraying with warm and soft water. You can also put a pot with epiphyte on wet moss or wetted clay on a pallet.
From the first spring days it is necessary to carry out monthly feeding of the bush with complex fertilizers for indoor plants. When you apply fertilizer, you need to reduce the dose of fertilizer specified in the instructions, twice.
With the arrival of summer days, the bush is fertilized every two weeks, and in the autumn time, feeding is stopped.
During the care of the zygocactus should be carried out in time to trim a bush. As a result, the plant will have a more accurate appearance and abundant bloom.
To this end, in the summer, better in this in June, should be shortened shoots that are ugly and wrong grow. To do this, it is better not to cut them with a knife, but just to unscrew the branches from your hands.
Decembrist transplantation is best to do after that when flowering is over. Capacity for planting must be chosen sufficiently wide, and not too large in height, since the root system of the plant is shallow. A good drainage layer is laid out on the bottom.
The soil for the plant is breathable, loose, consisting of: 2 parts of peat, 1 part of humus soil and 1 part of coarse sand.
In order to disinfect the soil from undesirable microorganisms, crushed coal is added in a small amount. To improve permeability, the soil is diluted with vermiculite or brick dust.
When transplanting, you can add rotted compost - this contributes to a more abundant and prolonged flowering.
Transplantation of young plants should be carried out every year. In this case, the pot must be chosen a couple of centimeters more than the previous one. Old bushes are transplanted only if necessary, about once every 3-4 years.
In terms of vitality and adaptation to different temperature conditions, the Decembrist will give one hundred points ahead to any indoor plant. It will easily tolerate 40-degree heat and a temperature drop of up to +2 degrees. But, of course, that there is also the most comfortable temperature for him, and it is within + 18-25 degrees. But for more successful flowering in time, before it starts (September-November), it is highly desirable to hold it in cooler conditions (+ 15-16 degrees), and during the flowering period to move to a warmer place. After flowering, return to cool again. In the summer, when the plant is actively growing the stems, it can be taken out into penumbra in the street.
Zigokaktus does not like bright light. From the sun it is necessary to pritenyat. The correct light mode is a guarantee of abundant Decembrist flowering. But more on that below.
Watering, air humidity and dressing
Unlike their cacti relatives, the Decembrist must be watered regularly and plentifully. But while maintaining a reasonable measure. It is necessary to water it only after the top layer of the earth in the pot dries, and the water that has poured into the pan must be drained 20-30 minutes after watering. This is especially true when kept in cool conditions. From excess moisture in combination with low temperature, the Decembrist's roots can rot. Do not water the Decembrist cold water and water containing lime. For irrigation, you can use boiled, cooled to room temperature, water.
Another feature of this cactus is its need for spraying. In the warm season, spray the Decembrist regularly, and on hot days, especially often and abundantly.
It is believed that the Decembrist is indifferent to dressing. But if it is fed several times with special fertilizer several times during active growth (in summer), it will benefit the plant.
The Decembrist does not need frequent transplants. Is that at a very young age. Then he changes every year. When the plant comes into force, it will be enough to replant it every 5 years.
Pot for Decembrist desirable to take a wide and shallow, this is especially important if you grow it as an ampelnaya plant. The pot must have good drainage holes.
Like all semi-epiphytes, zigakaktus most suitable light, fertile soil. Many successfully grow up a Decembrist in the soil for cacti, but a mixture of two parts of peat, one part of forest land and part of coarse sand (and even better - perlite) . Add a little wood ash to the mixture for disinfection. If there is no ash, then activated charcoal can be used.
Do not fill the bottom of the pot with a layer of drainage material (expanded clay).
How to prepare the Decembrist for flowering
This is the most important moment of care for the Decembrist with nuances. Preparing the Decembrist for flowering is necessary, if you, of course, want it to be rich in color and beautiful. Many novice growers do without it. The Decembrist is in bloom, and such a florist believes that everything is in order - preparation is not needed. But he, alas, does not even suspect how much more luxurious a Decembrist's bloom would be if he prepared it.
First of all, it is the temperature. With the onset of autumnal cold weather, when the outdoor temperature becomes lower than indoors (mid-late September), the Decembrist must be brought to fresh air, if you have not done so in early summer, of course. If he is already standing there, then provide him with protection from rain and from bright light (put in the shade).
The second condition is the most “cruel” - it is impossible to water it during this period! Any moisture ingress on it is undesirable. Do not be afraid, if the leaves a bit swell, this is normal. In such "non-floral conditions" the Decembrist is kept for about a month. But we should not forget that we are still not tropics and by the middle of the autumn can already have a strong cold. If the air temperature on the street drops below +10 degrees, bring it into the room and start rare watering. The effect of this will decrease somewhat, but the flowering will still come, although it may be less abundant.
And finally - a change in the intensity of illumination. At the end of October, the zygocactus must be placed in such a place that it receives light no longer than 10 hours a day. From the moment it is placed in such a shaded place, the countdown to its flowering begins. This term will be 50 days. That is, in this way, you can affect the period of flowering of the plant and coincide with a certain date. It should be borne in mind that after 10 hours of lighting, there must be total darkness for the Decembrist. The planned flowering period can be disturbed even by the street light, not to mention the indoor lighting.
All these measures are necessary for the plant to stop its buildup of shoots and move on to the setting of flower buds. In late November, you can rearrange the Decembrist to a permanent place. But at the same time make it so that the place really becomes permanent for the entire period of budding and flowering.
It is important! Rearranging to a new place and even turning the pot, will provoke a reset of the buds.
Also, if you want the bloom to be brighter and longer, then try that the temperature of the air at the time of budding is about + 17-19 degrees.
Decembrist care after flowering
When the plant ottsvetet it can again be moved to a cool place to rest. Watering at this time shorten. Before this, pinch the shoots to stimulate the future branching of the Decembrist, and therefore more abundant flowering. But it is necessary to pinch, not cut. To do this, simply "unscrew" the last segment of the stem. The pinching process can be skipped during this period, and it can be carried out in June, aligning (if necessary) with reproduction. The rest period of the Decembrist after flowering lasts until the end of March. After that, it can be transplanted if necessary and begin normal care.
For reproduction, you can use the segments of the stem, remaining after pinching. But at the same time to separate from the stem, not one, but two or three segments. Before planting, they need to be slightly shaded for a couple of days. For rooting cuttings clean wet peat is quite suitable. Plastic cups can be used for planting, but pour drainage at a third of the cup height. After planting, cover the stalk with a transparent cap (glass jar, PE bag, etc.). In the process of rooting, periodically moisten the soil and ventilate the stalk. The optimum temperature for rooting the Decembrist cutting within + 18-20 degrees. For more information about the breeding of the Decembrist, see the photo lesson - HERE.
Good luck in growing and abundant flowering!
Botanical description and features
The root system is underdeveloped. In adverse conditions, the roots die off, but are restored after the resumption or adjustment of care. Additionally release air roots to obtain moisture from the environment. Upon contact with the soil, they are quickly transformed into a real root system.
Flowering begins in winter. Buds are formed on the tops of the shoots. The structure of flowers is interesting - several tiers of petals, an elongated tube and long stamens in the center. In natural varieties, flowers are white or red. The artificially obtained hybrid varieties are distinguished by a variety of colors.
It grows quickly, in favorable conditions it blooms profusely and for a long time. In nature, it is pollinated by hummingbird birds. At home, if it becomes necessary to obtain seed material, pollination is carried out manually. It is considered an unpretentious plant. Growing up the Decembrist at home is possible even for beginners in floriculture.
The Decembrist is the common name for the three types of zigokactus. The genus is called "Schlumberger" by the name of the breeder of cacti. In some sources, there is another name - "epiphyllum."
- Decembrist Gertner. Large, fast-growing species. The segments are fleshy, up to 7 cm long. Many-tier flowers of different colors. The petals are elongated, with a sharp point at the tip. From the central part there are long hanging pistils.
- Decembrist Bookley. Quite a large variety - height to half a meter. Segments leaf-like with sharp teeth on edge, dark green shade. Surface - smooth, glossy. Flowers up to 8 cm long, consist of several tiers, different colors. Flowering occurs in late November and lasts until March.
- Decembrist truncated. Tall variety. On the tops of the shoots of light green bloom large multi-tiered flowers. The coloring depends on a grade - red, white, pink. After flowering fruits ripen - red berries.
Nuances of care and creating a favorable microclimate
Home care for Schlumberger means creating favorable conditions for growth, timely watering, spraying and feeding. Recommendations for care are based on the opinions of experienced flower growers. The following list contains all the basic flower care requirements.
- Lighting. The place is chosen light, but protected from direct sunlight. Excess sun adversely affects the condition of the flower - shoots change color, dry up. Great location - east and north windows. The Decembrist likes fresh air. In the summer it is carried out on the balcony or in the garden. So that the crown is illuminated and formed evenly, the pot is regularly turned around its axis.
- Temperature. In the warmer months, at normal room temperature, they contain 20–23 ° C. In winter, coolness is needed - 10-15 ° C. Delivers short-term lowering of temperature to 3 ° C. Low temperatures during this period stimulate the budding of flower buds.
- Watering. Often do not need to water the Decembrist. Stick to moderate watering with clean, warm, well-settled water. Slightly more moisture is required during the budding and flowering period. Watered after drying the top 3-4 cm of soil. Overflows are avoided - when the stagnant fluid rots the root system.
- Humidity. Increased humidity favorably affects the decorativeness of the flower. Need daily spraying, periodic bathing Decembrist shower. Avoid getting water on the flowers.
- The soil. The optimal composition of the soil - a mixture of leaf earth, turf, sand and peat. For loosening add fine brick chips. The use of coniferous land is undesirable - it inhibits growth. Can be grown in ready-made substrates for cacti. Purchase soil compacted turf.
- Feeding. Make liquid fertilizer for succulents and cacti. Non-specialized mineral complexes for indoor plants are diluted before application. Концентрацию уменьшают в два-три раза по сравнению с указаниями в инструкции.
- Transfer. Периодичность пересадки декабриста — через один-два года для молодых растений, три-четыре года для взрослых экземпляров. Размер горшка небольшой, чуть больше старого.The use of a spacious pot leads to an enhanced set of green mass, the growth of the root system, but reduces the abundance of flowering.
- Crop. If the Decembrist is properly cut, it will bloom more abundantly and longer, the bush will get a neat compact look. The branches are not cut, and unscrew. Knives and other tools are not recommended. Unscrew the tops of the shoots to enhance branching, shorten or remove completely deformed, excess shoots.
What factors inhibit flowering
The main reason - inappropriate conditions of detention, violation of the rules of care. A number of factors lead to a decrease in flowering:
- lack of moisture in the soil or air,
- poor lighting
- too large pot
- nutrient deficiency in the soil.
How to stimulate
Flower arrange a period of rest. In early autumn, it is rearranged in a cool place, limit watering and completely stop feeding. In such conditions, the Decembrist is held until the end of November, then gradually returns to the usual mode of care. The pot with the plant is transferred to heat, put on a well-lit place, gradually increasing the abundance of irrigation.
Just a week later, the flower “wakes up” and starts picking up the buds. Consider five more secrets of abundant and long flowering.
- Additional lighting. In winter, the Decembrist put under fluorescent lamps or special fitolamps.
- During the flowering period, the Decembrist does not disturb. You can not rearrange, move the pot. Cutting also set aside for another time. Judging by the reviews, any actions during the flowering period can lead to a partial or complete dropping of the buds.
- Cool. In cool rooms, flowering will last longer. The optimum temperature is 16 ° C. But sharp temperature drops are avoided - the buds can fall off.
- Pot. For the active bookmark flower buds choose a small, narrow pot.
- Feeding. To Decembrist bloomed, it must be fed with phosphate-potassium fertilizers immediately after a period of rest. These trace elements have a positive effect on budding.
Florists practiced seed and vegetative reproduction of the Decembrist. Both methods are effective, but grafting produces faster results. A young plant may bloom in the planting year already.
- Cuttings. As a cutting take a piece of the stem from three to four segments. Cuttings unscrewed manually, and not cut. For two days they are dried in a shaded, ventilated place at room temperature. Planted in a light, moist soil of sand and peat. Keep under cover - cover with a jar, plastic cup or plastic. Keep at 20 ° C, moderately watered, airing the pouch daily. Shelter removed after signs of growth. A hardened plant is transplanted into a pot with a soil mixture for an adult plant. It is important to properly place the Decembrist in the pot - stick to the recommended composition of the soil, fill the bottom layer of drainage to 4 cm.
- Seeds. Seed material collected from your plant is not suitable for breeding. Seedlings lose the characteristic varietal characteristics of the mother plant. Seeds are best purchased at a specialty store. Sow them at any time of the year. As in the case of cuttings, hold under the film until germination.
Inadequate conditions provoke attacks of common pests of indoor crops. Most often we have to deal with spider mites, scutes, and mealybugs.
- Spider mite It settles on the underside of the leaves. It looks like a small spider red or yellow. Detect it by the appearance of small bright spots on the surface of the sheet and a thin cobweb. The plant fades, weakens, the extreme segments begin to wither and fall off. The diseased plant is sprayed with means "Fitoverm", "Vertimek".
- Mealybug. Small insect no more than 7 mm in length. The Decembrist's stalks are covered with white bloom, the buds fall off, the segments of the stem shrink. To combat the scarlet use insecticides - "Aktara", "Confidor". Mealybug infects the root system. In order to avoid relapse, the flower is transplanted into a new pot, fresh soil with pre-treatment of the roots with an insecticide solution.
- Shchitovka. It feeds on plant sap. The Decembrist sheds leaves, weakens, turns yellow, dries out. Insects are removed mechanically - the stems are treated with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol, a solution of karbofos and "Tanrek".
Problems related to care errors
Irregular irrigation, dryness or high humidity, lack or excess of light - all this affects the condition of the plant. Understand that it is not enough for the Decembrist, it is possible by its appearance.
- Lethargy. Possible causes - dry air during the heating period, lack of moisture or stagnant water at the level of the root system. After adjusting the conditions of detention, the Decembrist recovers quickly.
- The fall of the buds and segments. Segments fall due to pest damage and root rot. Dropping buds due to the same reasons and a number of additional factors - the movement of the flower, the drying of the soil, a sharp temperature drop.
- The leaves turn red. A slight reddening appears in the period of growth of new segments. The remaining causes are sunburn, excessive watering, excess fertilizer.
- Lack of growth. Two main reasons are the lack of nutrients and the systematic drying out of the soil. From spring to late summer, when the plant is gaining a green mass, it is recommended to make mineral complexes with a high content of nitrogen and phosphorus.
Since it is quite simple to care for a Decembrist at home, it can be recommended to beginner growers for their first experiences. This unpretentious, grateful and beautiful flower will decorate and enliven the interior of the apartment.
How to care for the Decembrist at home
Despite the fact that forest cacti are quite unpretentious and undemanding, in order for these plants to please their owner as long as possible, you need not only to approach the choice of purchase correctly, but also to take into account some points.
Healthy Flower Decembrist
Choosing a plant in the store, you should pay special attention to its appearance.
- A green pet should not have signs of rot, and the substrate should not be too wet, or vice versa, completely dry.
- Almost always forest cacti go on sale blooming. Stop your choice on the plant, the bulk of the flowers which are not fully disclosed, otherwise the plant will quickly lose its decorative effect.
You also have to come to terms with the fact that your new purchase may lose most of its buds as soon as it is at home.
Replanting a flowering plant is undesirable, but if the need arises, you can make the transfer into a larger container without disturbing the earthy clod.
Many people believe that the transport ground is dangerous for plants, but this opinion is common. The only thing you can agree with is that the substrate made on the basis of peat dries out very quickly, and instantly sours with excessive watering.
And then, almost all imported plants are well nourished with fertilizers and treated with growth inhibiting substances to maintain compactness. Of course, soon the action of these substances ends, the bush starts to grow and begins to feel the need for food.
In order to prolong the bloom of the Decembrist:
- The pot with the plant should be placed in sufficiently cool conditions, away from heating appliances.
- The place should be very bright.
- Occasionally, the flower can be fed with potash fertilizer in low concentration.
- It is important to stop feeding the flower a month before flowering.
Rozhdestvenniki not likes, as surplus water, so and its lack. Moderation is needed.
- During flowering, you need to maintain a constant humidity of the earth.
- And after flowering until spring watering is reduced.
- In the summer, the Decembrist is watered only when the soil becomes dry.
- From autumn and until the first buds appear, it is also very rare to water a flower.
Watering is better with warm and soft water. In the heat, the plant must be sprayed, it can be washed in the shower, but the ground is closed so that the water does not stagnate at the roots.
Bright sun can lead to the death of the Decembrist. In the summer months, you can put a flower on a plant outside, but always in partial shade. And everywhere to protect from ultraviolet rays.
Flowering Decembrist prefers western and northern windows
How to save the injured plant
It so happens that a healthy-looking plant suddenly begins to wither and may even die after purchase. It is unpleasant, but most likely your fault is not here. Perhaps your green pet suffered while still in the store, because the conditions there are usually not the most suitable. If you notice that the cactus is sick, you can try to save it, or at least root several segments to grow a new plant.
In order to assist the injured Decembrist, it is necessary to assess the state of the root system. Remove the shrub from the pot and inspect the roots. If most of the roots are alive, then they should be thoroughly washed from the remnants of the soil (warm water). Use a sharp knife to remove all the damaged areas, to dry a little, and, after processing with a special powder to stimulate growth, to plant in fresh ground. Note that the volume of the pot must match the size of the root system. Do not forget about good drainage.
Diseases and pests
Terrible Decembrist phytophthora, fusarium - fungal diseases.
At the first signs of a bacterial or fungal infection (the formation of mold or dark weeping spots on the leaves), it is necessary to shed the soil with a solution of a fungicide prepared according to the instructions. Good results are given by phytosporin.
Spider mite - reddish, yellow or rusty spots are visible on the leaves.
We'll have to handle special preparations.
Mealybug - white lumps similar to cotton wool are formed on the plant.
In addition to treatment with fungicides, reduce watering.
- Nutritious soil. It can be purchased on the basis of peat or cooked on its own - a mixture of peat, leaf soil, sand and brick dust.
- Good drainage is required. He has to fill the flower pot by a third.
- A small pot - it should be the size of the roots, but no more.
- Transplant is performed without flowering.
- It is useful to do every year. Adult plants need to be transplanted once every three years.
Why doesn't the Decembrist bloom?
Many flower growers faced with the fact that this unpretentious plant will fade away some time after purchase and does not want to bloom anymore, despite feeding and sufficient lighting. Making your cactus make buds is quite possible if you create the necessary conditions for it.
When the plant has completely faded, you need to stop feeding and reduce watering. Remember that the Decembrist will more easily transfer the drying of the substrate than the overwetting.
In the spring, transplant zigokaktus in fresh soil. The soil can be used ready, or make it yourself.
Do not plant the plant in too large a container, otherwise there is a risk to pour the roots, moreover, your Decembrist is unlikely to bloom.
Do not forget to feed the plant once every two weeks with a special fertilizer throughout the entire growing season.
In the summer, it is better to take out the pot with cactus to fresh air, placing it in the shade, and maintaining moderate watering.
At the end of the summer, bring the green pet into the house and put it on the bright window. Usually, after a period of rest, the Decembrist picks up the buds from about October to December. Remember that during the period of budding and flowering, the plant can not be rearranged and rotated, otherwise, it can throw off the buds.
With proper care, forest cacti can bloom a couple of times per season for a long time.
Decembrist flower - growing features
The Decembrist is a forest cactus that grows in the wild on the trunks of tropical trees. Their root system is little resistant to adverse factors, this can cause the death of the plant. Decembrist bloom begins in November and ends in February.
With proper care, the plant can live up to 20 years
During flowering can not rotate or move the pot, because of this may fall buds. The Decembrist does not like dry air, therefore it is permissible to spray him from a spray bottle. In order to prolong flowering, you can lay a plant trunk with snow or ice from the refrigerator.
How to care for the plant at home
The Decembrist loves water, and this is different from other cacti. It should be watered with a warm liquid, and you can also place a flower on a pallet with wet pebbles. It is better to grow it on the eastern windows. In summer, the flower can be taken out to fresh air, and in winter to keep the room at a temperature not lower than 10-11 degrees Celsius. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight and do not turn it only one side to the light, otherwise the plant will be "one-sided".
The Decembrist is susceptible to fungal and bacterial diseases, so from time to time it should be examined. Possible damage to the flower spider mite, shield and mealy worm. At the first signs of the disease it is necessary to begin treatment with drugs.
The Decembrist cannot be kept under the scorching sunshine, he will be much more comfortable with ambient lighting. It is best to place it on the east or northeast windows. If the zygocactus can only be placed on the south side, the plant will need to be shaded in order to avoid sunburn.
For flowering the Decembrist needs a day to be short, this period falls in the winter. The temperature in the room at this time is reduced to 10-15 degrees. It often happens that only the part of the flower that was facing the cold window blooms. But it is also impossible to lower the temperature too much, the plant does not tolerate frost and may die. In the summer, the Decembrist feels great at 18-24 degrees Celsius.
First of all, you need to carefully consider the choice of soil for the pot. The Decembrist likes light nutrient soil with good drainage. The soil should easily pass moisture and air. Often for these purposes a mixture of peat, leaf earth and sand is used. You can also add humus and sod to the soil. The best soil for a Decembrist is slightly acid. You can use ready-made soil mixture for succulents.
Before planting a flower, the ground needs to be sanitized. For these purposes, you can apply crushed coal. For greater airiness of the soil, small pieces of bark and perlite are added to it.
The plant is watered all year round. Although the cactus can store a certain amount of water in the leaves, it will not be enough for a long time. Decembrists in nature grow in tropical rain forests and they need liquid. Drought will lead to the death of the roots and the death of the plant.
Watering should be constant, but moderate. With prolonged overmoistening, the roots of the plant may rot. Water the flower after the top soil has dried. You can place the pot on a wet pebble pan.
From the beginning of September, the Decembrists begin feeding with potash fertilizers and stop after flowering begins. After the fall of the buds, the plant rests on nutritional supplements. Starting from March-April, the tropical cactus is fed with complex fertilizer for potted flowers.
How to cut the Decembrist?
June is the best time to circumcise the Decembrist. In order to form a beautiful crown, remove shoots that grow incorrectly. After the procedure, the plants bloom more intensively and look better. It is better not to prune the shoots, but to unscrew it, so less damage is caused to the flower.
The young Decembrist needs a transplant once a year, in spring time. The pot is chosen not too large, as it is easy to re-moisten the plant. Adult Decembrists change every 3-5 years.
It is best to choose a low, but wide pot. The plant is forbidden to replant in the time of flowering, it will adversely affect its health. The container is filled with drainage to one third, the rest is occupied by the soil layer, which is previously disinfected with crushed coal.
When transplanting, loosen the earth around the edges of the pot and remove the plant along with the earth. Slightly clean the root system of soil residues and bury the Decembrist in the new soil. After transplanting the flower pour abundantly.
Is it possible to still rotate and rearrange Schlumberger zigokaktus
Many experts claim that in no case should Niva be rotated or even moved a flower at the time when its buds began to form, otherwise they may crumble.
Indeed, it is well known that any plants can turn towards the light source, because they are all phototropic.
This mechanism works in all plants during growth, before flowering. The position of the leaves changes at different angles of incidence of light. For ampelous zygocactus, this is not significant after the onset of flowering.
Если в период цветения аккуратно развернуть растение цветами к публике, это не будет губительным для него. Но после отцветания следует с такой же осторожностью повернуть его в прежнее положение и до следующего цветения не поворачивать вокруг своей оси.
Уход после цветения
После цветения декабрист перемещают в прохладное место и немного ограничивают в поливе. The room should be protected from direct sunlight, it is better if it will be partial shade. At the end of March, the flower is transferred back and increases the flow of moisture. Also begin to make mineral fertilizers.
Reproduction flower Decembrist
Flowers of the Decembrists are propagated by short cuttings, 2-3 links each. The pieces of the stems gently break off from the plant and leave to dry for 2-7 days. For faster rooting, the procedure is carried out in the spring and summer, when the night is shorter than the day. Best temperature for breeding Decembrist 25 degrees Celsius.
Before planting, process the lower tip with Kornevin and deepen the cutting into the substrate. The best soil will be a mixture of equal amounts of peat and perlite. Liberally water the plant. Periodically spray the flower with a spray bottle, this will contribute to faster rooting.
No need to create a greenhouse effect, covering the process with a glass jar or bottle. With free access to air and favorable temperature conditions, the plants root perfectly. Ensure that the soil does not dry out. Keep the flower in the shade and avoid direct sunlight.
Many growers combine reproduction of the Decembrist with its pruning, because in the process a large number of cuttings are formed. Since the plant is pruned in June, it is justified, because in the summer months are favorable for obtaining new zigokaktus.
Also the Decembrist is susceptible to infections:
Prevention is a regular inspection of the flower and quick treatment at the first signs of the disease.
With a bacterial infection, slippery wet spots appear on the plant. For treatment, it is possible to remove the affected shoots, but this method does not always have a positive effect and the disease spreads. In this case, you can take healthy cuttings for reproduction and root them, and destroy the old plant.
When a fungal infection, the Decembrist becomes pale, shoots begin to wither. This is due to damage to the root neck of the plant. For the treatment of used drugs that can be purchased at a flower shop, for example, Topaz or Maxim.
The most common causes of the poor condition of the zygocactus:
- defeat by pests or infections,
- poor moisture intake,
- bad light,
- insufficient nutrient soil
- too hot room
- the pot has become small and the plant needs a transplant.
If you recently purchased a flowering Decembrist and his buds have fallen off, then you should not worry, as the plant reacts to a change of location.
Dream Interpretation: red kitten - why dream
Two Decembrists grow up in my house, so the topic of this article is very relevant for me. With each of the Decembrists, I had my own difficulties, which I have now been able to overcome.
My first Decembrist was just very sickly. There were few shoots, and they were all weak. The leaves were soft, not elastic. In general, this Decembrist looked depressing. I read on the Internet that the Decembrist may feel bad due to excessive watering. The author of this article also mentioned this problem: “With prolonged waterlogging, the roots of a plant can rot.” I decided that the ideal solution would be a transplant with a decrease in watering. During transplantation, I discovered that the Decembrist really poured in: the ground was not just wet, but very damp. After the transplant, I began to water less on the Decembrist, and soon he really felt better. The leaves became more resilient, and over time, new shoots appeared.
My second Decembrist, unlike the first, was not initially weak. He was a real "king of the Decembrists" - big, sprawling, powerful. He came to me in the warm season, and I put it on the balcony. There Decembrist and stood until mid-winter. Severe frosts began, and I got worried: isn't it cold for the Decembrist? In the end, I moved it to heat. The Decembrist reacted very badly to a sudden change in temperature. The leaves sagged, and soon the whole shoots began to fall off. I had to pretty much obkromsat Decembrist, leaving only those branches that have retained a more or less decent appearance. But this Decembrist was not in vain “the king” - he quickly recovered and grew new shoots. Now it is even more than it was originally.
I fertilize both my Decembrist regularly. True, I do it differently, as recommended by the author of this article. I do not change the type of fertilizer depending on the time of year. I just use the succulent fertilizer once every two weeks.
Where are you from, handsome?
Decembrist happy flowering in the long winter
This perennial magnificently flowering plant in our country is grown only in closed ground - at home or in greenhouses, because its homeland is a tropical subequatorial forest of South America. Many names gave him our lovers of floriculture. For the flowering time, which is unusual for our lands, it is called a Decembrist, Christmas tree, Christmas and forest cactus, and a barbaric color. Botanists called this epiphytic cactus earlier a zygocactus, now it belongs to the Schlumberger genus and officially bears this name.
The plant has an original appearance. Its branching drooping stems consist of separate flat elements of complex shape, similar to the leaves adhered to each other. At their ends of the stems flower buds are formed. Interestingly, the flower of the Decembrist petals and sepals are identical in color and have such a similar structure that it is almost impossible to distinguish them. Another feature of this cactus is that there are no thorns on it.
There are many signs and superstitions that discourage flowers from the institution of the Decembrist. One of the most terrible that the flower can predict death in the house. Such an event is allegedly planned, if a lushly flourishing earlier zygocactus, for no apparent reason, began to dry, or even die. We live in the modern world, so mysticism can be left behind the threshold: perhaps your flower just got sick!
Differences from ripsalidopsis: table and photo
The Decembrist is often confused with a very similarly similar plant, ripsalidopsis. This is also a cactus, but it belongs to another genus - hatiora. It is also called easter egg. However, they are very different. These differences are shown in the table.
The external difference in the shape of the elements of the stem and colors can be seen in the photo below.
On the left is ripsalidopsis, on the right are two types of zygocactus
Razyatsya between themselves and the flowers of these plants.
Left and above Decembrist, to the right an asterisk of ripsalidopsis
Under natural conditions, the Decembrists grow in a humid, shady forest of the tropics, therefore, when growing them, it is necessary to create similar conditions: diffused light, humidity, moderate heat, free access of fresh air. Zigokaktusy - plants epiphytes. They settle on the branches and trunks of other species, but do not parasitize them, do not receive nutrients from them.
In natural growing conditions
In nature, there are six types of Christmas carols: truncated, Kautsky, Russellian, orssishiana, opuntia and microsphaerica. In culture, numerous hybrids are bred. The flowers have a variety of colors and shades: white, yellow, red, pink, crimson, orange, salmon and so on. All of them can be grown at home. They are not very difficult to care for, you just have to follow a number of simple rules. In good conditions, the life of the plant is up to 30 years.
Rules care for the Decembrist at home
Each plant has periods of active growth, flowering, fruiting, dormancy. No exception Schlumberger. She will feel most comfortable and reward with abundant flowering if the conditions of detention correspond to the periods natural to her existence:
Flower growers who are not able to strictly follow this scheme may adhere to the following less burdensome rules:
- you can not organize a period of rest,
- the temperature in the room should be between 15–25 ºС, but without sudden changes to one side or the other,
- in the room in which the Decembrist is contained, there must be fresh air, but it is necessary to exclude the occurrence of drafts,
- You should maintain a fairly high level of humidity, because the plant is tropical and absorbs water and aerial roots, and green shoots,
- water for spraying should not contain chlorine and lime, if there are no other options, you can use the cooled boiled.
Planting and transplanting zygocactus
Planting a young flower is easy, as they mostly reproduce by fragments of stems of mother plants. Only to create new hybrids flower growers grow a Christmas tree from seeds.
It is especially convenient to do this during the formation of the bush after flowering, when the adult plants are not cut, but carefully unscrew the terminal segments of the stems to give the flower a beautiful look.
The resulting cuttings leave to dry laid out one by one for a period of 1 to 7 days (recommendations on this about the florist different). After the formation of callus, they are planted, only slightly buried in the soil, in small pots with fertile soil, covered with a transparent film or glass jar and put in a slightly shaded place. The temperature here should be in the range of 15–20 ºС.
For successful rooting cuttings need daily ventilation and frequent watering. In most cases, this method of landing gives a positive result.
Note that the recommended period for the formation of adult bushes, and, accordingly, the planting of young plants, falls on February - early March, when severe frosts are still likely. If your young Decembrists are growing up just by the window, follow the weather and, with a strong cold snap, move them to a place where they will not suffer from an undesirable temperature jump.
You can get acquainted with the practical experience of such planting of the zygocactus and learn more about the nuances of the process in the video.
Watering and feeding
Earlier it was already mentioned that the quality of water used for irrigation and spraying is very important for the Decembrists. It should not be lime and chlorine. Most often, for this purpose water is used which is settled for a day or two or filtered. In extreme cases, it may be cooled boiled water. In any case, it should be at room temperature around 16–20ºС.
For dressing it is recommended to use fertilizers for cacti and complex. Some flower growers in the period of laying buds make fertilizer for flowering plants.
The mode of watering and feeding is different at different stages of the annual life cycle of the plant.
In the fall in September and October, the Decembrist rests, is at rest, preparing for the upcoming flowering - the buds are laid. At this time, the spraying of the Decembrists was completely stopped and they were watered very moderately, giving the upper layer of the earth to even dry out a little. Fertilizer is applied once closer to the flowering period.
Flowering plants (flowering occurs from November to January) are often watered, preventing the soil from drying out, and are constantly sprayed to maintain humidity. It is also often at this stage that the plant is fed with fertilizers that do not contain nitrogen, with a frequency of 7–10 days.
When all flowers wither, the Decembrist enters a period of rest, rests and prepares for active growth in the spring and summer. They try not to disturb him, once they apply fertilizer and water it very moderately, only so that the earth becomes wet again.
Throughout the spring, summer, and until the beginning of autumn, the Schömberger are actively growing. To provide them with nutrients, every two weeks they make complex fertilizers. In this case, the plants are regularly watered, and in the heat of July-August, they are often sprayed and bathed under a warm shower.
To make the Christmas tree even more beautiful
You can give the plant a beautiful shape by shortening the stems that do not branch and are directed to the center of the pot, twisted or too long shoots. This process is carried out, as a rule, after the Decembrist's flowering, but the nip can be done during the period of active growth in June-July. Closer to the rest period before flowering in August, such an operation is undesirable, so as not to reduce the number of future flowers.
The extra segments of the stems are by no means cut with a knife or scissors. You can remove them only with your hands, one gently holding the stem itself, and the other twisting the part to be removed around its axis. The separated parts of the Decembrist can serve as material for growing new bushes.
For the formation of a symmetrical zygocactus bush, uniform lighting of all its parts is of great importance. To do this, during the growing season the flower pot with a plant is from time to time turned with different sides to the light source. This can not be done when the buds and flowers appeared, they can fall off.
The most pleasant period
The flowering of the Decembrist becomes the crown of efforts of the grower when flowers are flashing with bright colors of the tropics against the black and white winter graphics outside the window. Here he is paid maximum attention. It is carefully and timely watered, sprayed, fed and proud of the result of their work throughout the year.
Flower stalks of withered flowers are recommended not to be removed at all, they will disappear themselves when the time comes. To disturb the plant during flowering should not, buds and flowers may fall off. In the extreme case, to maintain the aesthetic appearance of the Decembrist, the operation to remove faded flowers should be carried out extremely carefully.
Removing the decayed Christmas flowers
And what a frustrated beginner gardener feels if the bush has not bloomed. Immediately there is an annoying question: "Why?". To answer it, it is necessary to analyze the whole process of growing the Decembrist and find the error.
The Decembrist did not bloom
The most common miscalculations:
- insufficient natural light, when the penumbra created for the plant according to the experts' advice is too dense,
- the lack of nutrients, that is, the irregularity and untimely feeding, when the green mass grows and the buds are not laid,
- insufficient watering and moistening during the growing season, especially in the hot season,
- a long-term (more than five years) non-compliance with the transplant of a plant, the soil is depleted during this time even in the presence of additional feedings, the roots become weaker, there is no time for flowering,
- frequent rearrangements of the flowerpot with the Decembrist, they always negatively affect the plant and are all the more unacceptable when the buds appear,
- too large a pot that a zigocactus will tend to fill with roots, which will only increase the number of stems,
- root damage caused by rot, pests, or high fertilizer concentrations.
Having identified an error in the cultivation, it is easy to eliminate. Logically understand the actions in the first six of these cases. Even with the last mistake - the assumption of rotting of the roots - there is a way out: an emergency plant transplant with all the rules of this operation for the Decembrists.
"Leave me alone"
After a period of active growth in the spring and summer in the autumn, the Decembrist rests, gains strength before flowering, lays flower buds. Autumn care of the plant is extremely important, it depends on him whether Schlyumberber will bloom this year. During this period, the plant is less demanding on the amount of moisture and light, wants to cool and air. On the need for watering, it will signal the florist a little wrinkled surface of the segments of the stems. Well-known flower growers recommend replacing water for irrigation with loose tea during this period. This will contribute to bookmark more flower buds. It is considered useful to mulch the soil beneath the zigokaktus as hibernated tea.
If in the summer the Decembrist grew up on a balcony or in a garden, then it should be left there until the temperature dropped to 10ºС. Even a short drop to 3–5 ºС will not hurt the Christmas car.
Toward the end of October, the Decembrists are advised to feed fertilizer for flowering plants. This will contribute to abundant flowering and extension of its term.
Errors and fixes
Not only the lack of flowering of the Decembrist can be a signal that the plant has some problems. If they take care of Schlumberberger incorrectly, violate the rules of its cultivation, she often signals with her appearance. We need to figure out what caused these changes and try to correct them.
Unfortunately, there are times when it is no longer possible to correct the error. The only way out in such a situation would be to separate the healthiest parts from the plant and plant them as cuttings for growing new plants.
Reproduction of zygocactus by cutting
It was already mentioned that during the formation of a bush after flowering in February, pieces of the stems, separated from the mother plant, are used as cuttings for the reproduction of the Decembrist. This process is essential for increasing the number of Christmas bushes. Only when breeding new hybrids plants, growers grow zigokaktusy from seeds.
It is possible to propagate this flower during the active growing season - in May-August. To do this, unscrew the plant part of the stem of 1-4 segments.
The stalk is separated by twisting.
Cuttings are left to dry the place of its separation from the parent plant. Sometimes at the place of separation there are aerial roots of the plant. Их не отламывают, в земле они разовьются в полноценные корни.
Разложены для подсыхания на несколько дней
Подсушенные черенки готовы к посадке.
Пора сажать в землю
Для растения подбирают небольшой, но достаточно широкий горшок, в который на треть его высоты насыпают дренаж.
Ёмкость на треть заполняет дренаж
Грунт берут покупной или готовят самостоятельно из смеси равных долей листовой и дерновой земли, торфа и песка. Он слегка увлажнен.
Легкий, водо- и воздухопроницакмый
Part of the soil is transferred to a flower pot.
Everything is ready for planting cuttings
For better root formation, you can use a growth stimulator.
To make the Decembrist more rooted
The bottom of the cutting is lightly dipped into the water.
The bottom of the cutting should be slightly wet
Then they dip it into a stimulator poured into a separate vessel.
Roots grow faster
The next stage - planting cuttings in the ground. The soil around the cutting is poured and compacted.
Stalk in the ground
The final stage - the creation of a mini-greenhouse for young plants. To do this, it is covered with a transparent film or glass vessel.
The pot with the plant is placed in a place with a light shade and a temperature of 15–20 ºС. Further care of the young Decembrist will consist in regular airing of the greenhouse and timely watering.
Decembrist growing reviews
Review: Schlumbergera's Room Flower Truncate (Decembrist) - Pleases the Eye
Advantages: does not require special care
This flower lives with me for several years. He is known under different names: "Cancer neck", "Decembrist", "Rozhdestvennik", zygokaktus Schlumberger. When the Decembrist does not bloom, it looks rather strange - and not the cactus and the plant does not look like. But during flowering Cancer neck pleases with its delicate peach flowers. In addition to proper care, a flower needs to be given attention, sometimes even talking, then flowering will be 2-3 times a year. Cancerous cervix unpretentious care, despite the fact that her hometown - tropical forests. It should grow near the windows, but not on the windowsill. Stand - perfect. This flower does not require a special comfort mode, which is comfortable for a person, it is also comfortable for him. In the summer you can make the air, but do not leave in direct sunlight. It is necessary to water moderately, although he loves moisture, but an excessive amount of water can lead to rotting of the roots. The leaves, especially in summer, need to be moistened with water through a spray bottle. The flower must be fertilized, fertilizers for cacti are well suited for it. Beautiful and unpretentious flower, I advise you to purchase.
Review: Schlumbergera's Room Flower Truncate (Decembrist) - The Mystery of Nature!
Pluses: bloom well with minimal care
Disadvantages: Not identified My wife loves to breed houseplants, and she practices the following approach: maximum results with minimal maintenance costs. And she's great at it. For about two years, the window sill of our bedroom has been decorated with three Decembrists (the official name of Schlumberger is truncated). Previously, they were with my mother, who made a titanic effort to grow well, bush and thrive. But the result was very modest: on each flower there were several buds somewhere at the beginning of winter. What only my mother did: fed, regularly watered, moved, so that they had more light ... Nothing helped! When mom was gone, we took the Decembrists to us. We practically do not take care of them. Pouring once every two weeks - that's all. Nothing else. And, lo and behold! The Decembrists began to bloom in such a way that we can never stop looking at them. It is now mid-October, and they are already blooming. Look, what a beauty. We could not understand what was the matter for a long time. Why do the Decembrists develop so well, blossom and feel great with minimal care? Moreover, in the summer we generally place them in Spartan conditions - we put them on an open balcony and for three months we do not go there. Watering - natural: rain, water from drainpipes. As an experienced grower-biologist told us, the Decembrists should not be touched at the moment when they begin to bloom. The slightest touch to them should not be allowed! Only water. And then occasionally, little by little. Then the result will be - profuse flowering. In conclusion, I want to say that our Decembrists cool decorate our bedroom. Every day we admire them! I recommend all lovers of indoor plants to purchase this wonderful flower, and with proper care it will decorate your life, give home comfort and cosiness.
The Decembrists are not whimsical at all, do not require constant attention, grow quite actively during the spring and summer, it is very easy to reproduce by ordinary pinching branches from 3-4 segments without flowers, and placing it in water. Pretty soon after that, white roots appear, which are rooted perfectly in moist soil.
Hopefully, this article has described in some detail all the features of this plant and the nuances of caring for it. Let the Decembrists growing at your place annually delight us with a lush bloom.
The real name of the plant is Zigokaktus or Schlumberger.. It belongs to forest epiphytic cacti. The term of their flowering is in December. This flower owes its name - "Decembrist". Despite the fact that it is a cactus, it has no spines.
The flower is originally from the tropics, where it grows on tree trunks or roots. The shape of the plant is a grassy bush not higher than 40 cm. Hanging stems consist of segments, very similar to the leaves.
Flowers appear at the ends of the shoots and have long stamens. In nature, they are pollinated by insects or small birds like hummingbirds. The natural color of the petals is white or bright red, but other colors are also found: pink, crimson, purple, yellow. All of them bred artificially.
The Decembrist's root system is very weak. With the slightest mistake in the care of the flower can get sick and die. On the segments of the stems you can notice small air roots, which are called "search". With a lack of moisture in the soil, they are able to absorb it from the air in the required amount, so that they can survive in extreme conditions.
Place to grow
For growing the Decembrist the windows from the east side of the house are best suited On the southern windowsills, direct sunlight will lead to yellowing and abscission of the stems. It is desirable to provide the plant scattered lighting, otherwise it should be pritenyat.
When buds form, and the zigokaktus blooms, it cannot be rearranged from place to place and rotated. He can fold both real and future flowers.
In the summer, the plant can be placed on a balcony or loggia, carried out in the garden. The place of its cultivation should be protected from the wind and well lit, but not direct rays of the sun.
The flowering period begins at the end of November and may continue until March. After that, the zygocactus should be placed in a cooler room, where it will stay until the onset of heat.
The plant feels most comfortable at a temperature of +18 to + 25 ° in summer. During this period, it is actively growing and developing, preparing for flowering. At the time of budding, it is desirable to lower the temperature to + 12–16 ° in order for the flower to gain strength. Sometimes that part of the plant that is closer to the cold window blooms. However, the temperature should not be lowered much - the Decembrist may die.
Trimming and transplanting
Cut the plant and replant it is necessary in order to improve the growth and development of the flower. Trimming is carried out in mid-June, and transplanting - when the tank becomes cramped for the flower, as well as the need to replace the soil. These procedures are carried out as follows:
- When pruning, remove dry or protruding stems that spoil the appearance. This makes the plant neat, smooth and beautiful. On the pruned branches, side shoots will appear, due to which the flower will become more lush. Experienced flower growers are advised not to trim the stems, but to manually unscrew them to minimize damage to the flower.
- The transplant is carried out once a year for a young plant and once every 3-5 years for an adult. It is made after completion of flowering. To succeed, the earth should be burst. After that, the plant is carefully removed from the old pot with the root. We need to shake the flower and bury the roots in a new container, lightly pressing the soil around the plant. Then you need to water it and leave it for some time alone, until the flower takes root.
In parallel with pruning spend and the reproduction of the plant. After this procedure, there are many cuttings that can be successfully rooted.
The Decembrist is propagated in a vegetative way, that is, by cutting. From the stem you need to take at least two segments, preferably with roots. In order for the cuttings to successfully take root, they must be properly prepared. First, they should be dried for 1-2 days. During this time, you need to prepare a container with the soil. The dried up tip of the cutting must be processed by Kornevin and slightly buried in the substrate. After that you should water the plant.
You can dig a pot with glass or foil, while you need to regularly air the young seedling, preventing it from steaming. It is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out, and spray the cutting with water from a spray bottle. The container should be placed in a warm shaded place until the plant forms the root system.
If the landing is made correctly - it occurs within 2−3 weeks. Then you need to rearrange the pot to a permanent place.
Diseases and pests
With good care, the Decembrist is resistant to various diseases. However, even a healthy plant can be affected by diseases or pests. These can be parasitic insects or infections.
A flower may be attacked by such insects:
- Shchitovka. Visible by the appearance of brown plaques on the leaves. If you remove one of them, you can see the parasite itself. These are female individuals, they are still. Men can crawl and fly. The parasite multiplies by laying eggs. From them larvae hatch, which creep away on all plant. A soap-alcohol solution is suitable for fighting with a shield: 15 g of liquid soap, 10 ml of denatured alcohol and 1 l of warm water. They need to wipe the leaves, removing plaques. If the plant is severely affected, the following chemicals are used: Actellic, Phosbecid.
- Spider mite. It is almost invisible, as it is very small. On the leaves you can see a rusty patina and cobweb. The reason for the appearance is insufficient air humidity. To get rid of the tick, Fitoverm, Aktellik, Neoron is used.
- Mealybug. Getting rid of him is extremely difficult. Sometimes it comes to changing the soil in the pot. This parasite manifests itself as clumps on cuttings resembling cotton wool — these are clusters of pests. In the early stages, while the lumps are few, a strong solution of laundry soap can be used to wash them. If the case has gone too far, chemotherapy drugs are used: Aktara, Aktellik, Nurell-D.
To prevent and protect against parasites, the plant should be regularly inspected. Measures should be taken at the first sign of pests. In addition to insects, the flower can be infected with an infectious disease. It has the following forms:
- With a bacterial lesion, slippery spots appear on the leaves of the plant, which constantly get wet. The affected areas must be removed. If this does not help, and the disease progresses and spreads, you need to choose a healthy shoot and root it, and destroy the uterine plant. The pot should be disinfected. You can resort to special drugs for treatment.
- The most common fungal diseases are Fusarium, Phytophthora, Phytum. The root of the plant is affected first. The flower becomes mobile, badly keeps in the soil, at the same time fades and fades due to lack of nutrients. The reason may be watering with cold water or an excess of moisture in the soil. To save the Decembrist, it is necessary to stop watering it until the earthen coma is completely dry. It is necessary to purchase drugs to combat rot: Topaz, Vitaros, Maxim. If you can not save the plant, you need to take a healthy stalk and transplant it, providing him with careful care.
To avoid trouble in time, it is necessary to grow the Decembrist correctly and regularly inspect it for the presence of diseases. This will allow in the shortest possible time to cope with the disease when it appears and save the plant.
In addition to diseases, the Decembrist may have other problems. The most common of them - wilting plants, leaf fall, lack of flowering. To solve them, you need to find and eliminate the cause:
- Zigokaktus fade with fungal infections or root rot as a result of improper care. Perhaps the flower was watered a lot, or the water was cold. The mobility of the flower is noted. It must be removed from the ground and examined. It is necessary to remove the affected areas. The remaining roots should be sprinkled with crushed activated charcoal and dried, and then landed in fresh soil.
- The leaves fall off if the plant is infected, or it lacks moisture, nutrients. The optimal solution is to increase watering and feed application. Inadequate growing conditions can lead to leaf fall: drafts, dry air, not transplanted at the wrong time.
- The absence or small number of buds is usually caused by inappropriate conditions of detention.
If the buds are missing, you need to know how to care for the Decembrist to make it bloom. The first step is to create optimal conditions for flower growth.. You will need to complete the following steps:
- provide sufficient watering
- normalize lighting
- transplanted if the old pot is small,
- to feed
- optimize temperature conditions.
At the beginning of autumn, it is necessary to organize a dormant period for the zigocactus, removing it in a cool room. It is necessary to water on a minimum, not fertilizing. In mid-November, the pot is placed in a warm place and watered abundantly. The main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise the cactus can rot. With proper care, the plant will come to its senses and begin to pick up color.
Decembrist care during flowering implies abundant watering, sufficient illumination, optimal temperature and humidity. If you follow all the rules of cultivation, the Decembrist can grow up to 20 years, delighting the owner with its tropical beauty.
Why the Decembrist does not want to bloom
The main reason for the reluctance to bloom is the wrong care. First of all:
- Lack of watering
- Lack of lighting
- Lack of nutrients in the soil,
- Close pot interferes with the development, it is necessary to transplant the flower.
To get a blooming Decembrist, you need to make some effort to prepare for flowering. It is very important that the plant had a rest period before flowering.
To do this, for some time the plant is cleaned in a cool, darkened room, where the flower is practically not watered and not fed at all.
Starting from the last days of November, the pot is moved to a bright place and begins to be watered. At this time, the flower should wake up and the buds will start to tie.
Some general rules for the abundant flowering of Schlumbergera zigokaktus
- Additional lighting for the plant is not needed. In preparation for flowering light day for the Decembrist should not exceed eight hours.
- During this period, you can not change the fitonapravleniya plants! You can rotate it slightly or move it to another place, but you cannot twist it around its axis.
- It is also not necessary in the dormant period to prepare the cuttings from this plant.
- In no event it is impossible to arrange temperature drops in the room where the zygocactus is located.
- A cool temperature not exceeding +16 degrees will encourage more active Decembrist blooms.
- And even when the dormant period is over, then you need to start watering and feeding the flower very carefully. This can be the cause of severe stress, and as a result - the Decembrist can lose its buds.
But even if the already blooming zygocactus brought home, suddenly dropped flowers - this is no reason to panic. This is not a disease and treatment is not necessary here. Most often this is how the plant adapts to new living conditions at a new place.