On the territory of our vast country, you can notice thickets of a field plant with yellow flowers. Many people do not even realize that this ordinary weed called clover (grass) is a very useful medicinal plant, which is still widely used in cooking as a fragrant spice.
There are many types of this miraculous weed, but the beneficial properties are attributed to only two species - sweet clover (yellow) and white. The first mention of the plant was found by scientists in the ancient annals of famous Aesculapius, such as Avicenna and Galen. As you may have guessed, it will be about an extremely useful sweet clover.
The healing grass of sweet clover is a shrub plant about a meter high. Belongs to the legume family. You can recognize it by a powerful bare stem and oblong toothed leaves of a rich green color. At the base of each stalk there are yellow flowers collected in small inflorescences.
A distinctive feature is the pronounced flavor, reminiscent of the smell of freshly mown hay. What is remarkable clover? The grass tolerates frost well and feels great on arid soils, ravines, pastures, forest edges and mountain slopes. Therefore, its habitat is quite extensive: from the North to the Far East. Often shrub weed is found among grain crops, delivering a lot of trouble to summer residents.
Collecting and harvesting
Tear off the plant should be in the period of active flowering, or rather, from July to October-month. It is better to choose dry weather for gathering, as a wet plant does not dry well and starts stinging during storage, and such raw materials are unsuitable for medicinal purposes.
It is better to collect side shoots with tops, although the leaves also contain a lot of valuable elements. After that, you need to lay out the grass on a fabric or paper base and dry thoroughly in the attic or in a well-ventilated room. In the process of drying should be turned over the raw material so that it does not block and darken. Readiness is determined by the fragility of the stalks.
Grass clover: useful properties and components
The plant has a rich composition, for this reason it is used to treat numerous diseases. The substance coumarin present in the grass gives the characteristic aroma of hay, and also has a positive effect on the functioning of the internal organs. It improves blood flow, increases blood pressure and brain activity. When coumarin decays, a no less valuable substance is produced - dicoumarin, which dilutes the blood, preventing the formation of blood clots.
The plant shows a bactericidal and astringent effect due to the presence of tannins. And the mucous substances contained in the grass have a softening and enveloping effect. Also in the composition are resins, of which pharmaceutical companies make bactericidal patches and medicinal infusions. Grass clover, whose properties are due to the content of saponins, has a tonic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic effect.
The plant contains a lot of ascorbic acid, protein, starch, fatty oils, vitamin E, holil and flavonoids. All of these elements and vitamins enhance healing properties and help to fight with various ailments. No wonder folk healers highly respect this herb and use it as a sedative, wound-healing, antiseptic and painkiller. However, it should be remembered that the plant is poisonous. Therefore, uncontrolled reception is fraught with trouble.
Use in traditional medicine
Not only traditional medicine practices the use of this plant. Modern pharmaceuticals also use raw materials for the production of herbal medicines and drugs. The therapeutic effect of infusions and decoctions of this plant has been repeatedly proven. Grass clover medicinal, as noted above, is an excellent expectorant, diuretic and antibacterial agent.
It is often used as a laxative and carminative lung. A valuable extract is obtained from the plant (biogenic stimulator), which is characterized by a wound-healing effect. Showing drugs on the basis of a tributary for leukopenia, convulsions, migraine, respiratory pathologies and insomnia.
The substance coumarin improves memory, attention, strengthens the heart muscle, and also treats (in combination) gout, urinary disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Traditional medicine recommends ...
Most people prefer herbal medicines, considering them the safest and most effective. Among the popular medicinal plants in the first place is the grass clover. The application is recommended by experienced healers with hormonal imbalance, menopause, diseases of the female reproductive system.
Infusions help to normalize the menstrual cycle, relieve from debilitating pain and PMS. Use solutions for the treatment of furunculosis, inflammation and wounds: make compresses, wraps, lotions, add to the bath. Such procedures help speed the healing process and soften the skin. The only thing that needs to be remembered when using a plant is that it is poisonous and can harm the body if the correct dosage is not followed.
1. Independently prepare medicinal decoction is easy. This will require 400 ml of cold water and ten grams of grass. Pour the solution into a thermos and leave for half an hour. Take with high pressure, neurosis, fatigue, insomnia and migraine a hundred grams twice a day.
2. For similar disorders, you can make the following infusion: five grams of a plant (preferably crushed) pour a glass of warm water, insist about two hours and drink ¼ cup before bedtime.
3. Medicinal tributary will help to cope with flatulence. Grass (dry) in the amount of five grams is poured boiling water (200 ml) and boiled for ten minutes. Cool broth, strain and use a tablespoon three times a day.
1. Apply the drug for colds. When a strong cough appears, such an infusion is prepared: stir 20 grams of the plant in a glass of water and heat it in a water bath for 15 minutes. Then add the same amount of liquid, strain and drink twice a day for half a glass. Store the solution in the refrigerator for no more than two days.
2. In case of nervous disorders, a drug is used, for the preparation of which a grass of yellow clover (10 g) and boiled water in the amount of two tablespoons is required. Insist a few hours, strain and take 70 g four times a day.
3. With bronchitis and cystitis: chopped leaves (large spoon) pour boiling water (cup). Within four hours, insist, strain and drink 50 ml three times a day.
1. If you are tormented by boils or sore joints, the healing ointment from dried flowers of the tributary of yellow (50 g) and butter (two spoons) will help to cope with these ailments. Combine both components and lubricate sore spots.
2. With hemorrhoids will help a set of medicinal plants: sweet clover-grass (dessert spoon), mountaineer (5 g), lush carnation (10 g), multi-colored carnation (two spoons). Grind all these components in a coffee grinder, from the resulting collection take 20 grams of powder, mix with melted goose or pork lard and boil for 3-4 hours in a water bath.
3. With varicose veins: two spoons of clover pour a glass of water (hot), boil the mixture until it decreases several times, then filter. Half of the drug combined with two parts of vaseline and lanolin. The ointment is ready for use.
1. In case of a benign formation, fresh leaves of the plant should be crushed and applied to the sore spot. Such compresses can be done with purulent wounds.
2. For poultices and wrappings (furunculosis, conjunctivitis, boils, acne): pour a glass of dry grass with a liter of water (hot), leave for half an hour and carry out treatment.
3. With the same diseases, poultices of clover flowers, which are pre-steamed in boiling water, will help.
1. It will prevent and relieve such a decoction from a migraine: pour a glass of boiling water over a dessert spoon of hop cones and sweet clover. Boil the raw material for five minutes. Insist in a thermos or sealed container for an hour and use 50 g before meals (three times).
2. Vegetative collection for adnexitis: take five grams of oregano, coltsfoot flowers, and an umbrella and yellow millenium. At 10 g of the mixture will need a glass of boiling water. Leave the liquid for three hours. Ready infusion filter, use about a month for 1/3 cup. During therapy, exclude sexual contact.
3. Poultice for rheumatism: in a canvas bag pour three parts of chamomile, althea medicinal and four parts of the clover of yellow. Pour the collection with water and boil for ten minutes. Apply to the affected area.
4. For patients suffering from pancreatitis, we recommend preparing an anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic collection of herbs. Ingredients required: on one part of the leaves of the marsh calamus and thyme, two parts of the calendula, plantain, chamomile, sweet clover and ash trees, three parts of the marsh dried and galegi.
Pour five large spoons of cooked collection with a glass of boiling water. Pour into a thermos, wrap a thick cloth and insist half an hour. Drain the liquid, and shift the herbs to a gauze base, hold the compress for about an hour in the pancreas area, cover with a towel. The course of treatment is 14 days.
Grass clover: contraindications and side effects
The plant is poisonous, therefore at reception it is required to observe certain precaution and not to exceed a dosage. Despite the abundance of therapeutic properties, it can not be used during the period of carrying a baby, with low pressure, pathological processes in the kidneys and liver. It is undesirable for people with poor blood clotting grass clover.
Useful properties will be negated if you do not follow the instructions and prescriptions of the doctor. In case of overdose and prolonged use, pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, nausea and even vomiting are observed. Also marked by rapid pulse, high blood pressure and arrhythmia.
Grass clover (instructions warned about the presence of certain contraindications) can provoke dizziness, fatigue, apathy, weakness and drowsiness. Not excluded subcutaneous hemorrhage, an allergic reaction in the form of itching and burning. To avoid the above problems and intoxication, we urge you not to neglect the elementary rules of therapy.
For the purpose of prevention and treatment, the yellow healing clover is used. The white representative is toxic and requires careful handling.
The healing qualities of the plant have been known since antiquity:
- In medical treatises of the first and second centuries BC, the use of a clover as an emollient poultice for external use is indicated.
- Inflammations are cured by using tinctures, compresses and decoctions.
- Hippocrates valued the flowers of the plant for its antiseptic properties.
Currently, the medicinal qualities of herbs attract the attention of both traditional and traditional medicine.
From the white and healing yellow clover, a unique preparation “Meliocin” was obtained, which stimulates the biogenic processes in the body, the activity is twice as high as aloe.
"Melilotus" copes well with headaches, malaise during menopause, with psychosis and nosebleeds. This homeopathic remedy brings relief from childhood cramps.
A green plaster is prepared from the grass, which accelerates the opening of boils and boils.
White clover differs from its relative, yellow medicinal, both in appearance and healing possibilities.
Features of white clover
In the people, this biennial plant is called white burkun, male tributary, gunba, Verkina grass, wild hop. This is a grass with white small flowers, gathered in a brush, toothed trifoliate leaves, which reaches two meters in height. At the end of the second year, a wrinkled, egg-shaped bean with seeds occurs.
The variety is different from the clover of yellow late flowering also it is more poisonous. For internal treatment, it should be used with caution.
Studies of the chemical composition of the plant revealed the presence of: coumarin, methylamine, choline, starch and protein. It contains oils, tannins, resins and glycosides. The presence of these substances allows the use as a healing tool for a large number of ailments.
Indications for use
Clover - natural antibioticgently prevents all sorts of inflammatory processes in the body,
- Useful for varicose veins and hemorrhoids, used in gynecology and male prostatitis.
- With acute pain in the joints and muscles, relieves swelling, cramps and varicose symptoms.
- Eliminates constipation and flatulence, is used for diuretic purposes.
- Ulcers, boils, arthrosis, and arthritis are cured with lotions and ointments.
For the manufacture of tinctures, decoctions use the top of the plant: dried racemes of inflorescences, leaf tips, shoots and root system.
- Roots cure thrombosis.
- The aerial part is known as antifebrile and lactogenic medicine in the form of decoctions and infusions.
- Leaves and flowers are added to the healing wounds.
White clover promotes:
- Scaring off bloodsucking insects.
- Removing worms from the body of people and animals.
- Treatment of boils and boils.
- Elimination of pain with radiculitis, joint diseases and osteochondrosis.
- Infusions and decoctions heal wounds, cope with spasmodic phenomena, alleviate pain.
Preparation of vegetable raw materials
In June, the first flowers begin to appear at the white clover. Flowering continues until August. During this period, the procurement of raw materials is in full swing..
- In dry weather, parts of the grass are cut into thirty centimeters: the top and side shoots. Wet plant loses its healing properties and quickly darkens.
- Stems unsuitable for therapeutic purposes.
- Drying should be carried out on paper, in a ventilated room, closed from the sun, until a plant becomes brittle. In order not to overdry, a layer of grass should be constantly mixed.
- Drying in a special apparatus requires forty-degree temperature conditions.
If the process went right, it turns out a consistency smelling like fresh hay, a salty taste. The sweet aroma of dry material is greatly enhanced due to the content of coumarin in the clover.
The dried plant should be stored no more than two years in a sealed package.
Yellow and white clover is not recommended to be dried together due to the difference of healing properties.
In pharmacies, a large assortment of fitosborov.
White and medicinal tributary irreplaceable as infusion and decoction. The advantage of plant treatment is that it lowers the pain threshold, and in some cases is a good painkiller.
The volume of dried leaves or flowers can range from tea to two tablespoons per cup of boiling water.
Fresh herbs take more than 1.5 times.
Broths help with skin diseases, dandruff and injuries. To do this, well used in the bath fitonastoi.
Steamed flowers are applied to boils, boils, flux. This method of treatment cures otitis, purulent diseases of the mammary glands in women.
Used for tincture the ratio of alcohol and dried raw materials is one to five. The dwell time of a substance is ten days or more.
For ingestion, the resulting product must be diluted with water and consumed thirty minutes before meals. With a headache tincture is better to drink at night.
Healing ointment is obtained by mixing powdered sweet clover with fat, vegetable oil or petroleum jelly. Careful rubbing gives both anesthetic and healing effects.
Powder herbs and flowers clover used for the preparation of ointments. To do this, grind dried flowers and leaves in a coffee grinder, then rub through a sieve.
The most honey species is considered white clover. He lures bees like a magnet. "Honey Clover" exudes a strong aromatic smell, attracting bees. Before the rain, this fragrance only intensifies.
There is a belief that when traveling through the grass thickets, the traveler goes knee-deep in honey nectar. With one hectare of seeding of clover, you can collect up to six hundred kilograms of honey products.
Sweet clover honey has a distinctive odor, acts as a general tonic, removes inflammation in the body and is a good preventive product.
Where is clover still used
Roots and leaves They are added to improve the flavor of tobacco products and liqueur - vodka beverages, in brewing, in the production of green cheese. The root part of a young sweet clover is welcomed in roast and boiled from the inhabitants of the Caucasus.
In agriculture, the sweet clover serves as an excellent nutritional food for animals and poultry. Donnic fields are good grazing. Трава перерабатывается на силос, сено и муку.
Растение обогащает почву азотом. Популярно в качестве мелиорации солонцовых грунтов. Посевами донника закрепляют песчаники.
Из стеблей получают волокно для изготовления верёвок
Clothes, peppered with grass and flowers of clover, protects from moths.
Amateur anglers use grass clover as bait fish in standing water. To do this, they immerse the beam in the water. Coumarin, highlighting the flavor, lures the fish.
Leaves dye fabric in a yellow shade. These properties of the plant are successfully used in France and Tajikistan.
Grass of clover is a wonderful soap fragrance and fixer of smells in the perfumery business.
Grass clover can both cure and kill. The plant is poisonous, with a slight narcotic effect.
It should be used with caution infusions inside. With a large dosage, head spin and sleepiness, nausea and vomiting can be obtained. Troubles are expected with renal ailments, insufficient coagulability of blood cells.
In traditional medicine and medicine tradition, there are clear guidelines for dosage, proven recipes and contraindications that should be followed in strict accordance with the recommendations. Take any medications for more than two weeks is not worth it. There must be a one month break between courses.
Treatment with white clover should be resorted to with extreme caution. It is better to use only external use, alternating with other methods of treatment.
Particular contraindication for surgical operations during pregnancy. It is strictly contraindicated the use of grass clover breastfeeding mothers.
Coumarin has a poisonous effect. It does not produce prothrombin in the liver, which is responsible for blood clotting. As a result, hemorrhages occur in organs and tissues. Poisoning occurs in a period of one to three weeks. Symptom of poisoning is the appearance in the urine and fecal blood secretions, anemia and convulsive phenomena.
In case of overdose, it is necessary to do a gastric lavage and urgently consult a specialist. In some cases, with non-compliance with contraindications, urgent blood transfusions are prescribed.
When self-procurement of medicinal and white clover should be given special attention on the humidity of raw materials. Improper drying and storage technology can be very harmful. With increasing humidity, coumarin is formed, causing serious poisoning.
Plants clover white and yellow: what is the difference
In fact, the species of the plant is much larger, but white and yellow are the most famous. The officially recognized medicinal plant is a yellow clover, white is no less often present in traditional medicine recipes for similar indications, and, like yellow, is considered a very productive honey plant.
The stem is erect, branched, 1-1.5 m high.
The leaves have 3 lanceolate leaves, serrated along the edge. At the base of the long petiole there are styloid stipules, which are several times smaller than the leaflets, have whole or jagged edges. The middle leaf is located on a longer stem than the side leaf.
Drooping flowers are collected in long, narrow apical and axillary loose brush, small size and yellow color, located on short pedicels. Corolla moth, and calyx five-toothed. There are 10 stamens in the flower, 9 of them are spliced by 2⁄3 threads, and 1 is free. The bloom falls on June-September and lasts for more than a month: the medicinal clover blooms a couple of days earlier than the white clover.
Grains - small beans, bare, brown, with transverse folds or veins, contain clover seeds - one, rarely two, dull at the top, with an awl-shaped spout, located on a short stalk. Maturation begins in August.
The main therapeutic properties are associated with the presence of coumarin, a camphor-like aromatic substance, which is formed from glycosides, which can improve memory, attention, stop seizures, eliminate anxiety and depression, improve blood circulation in the brain and abdominal cavity, increase the force of contraction of the heart muscle. In addition, the plant found:
- vitamin C. Antioxidant, immunostimulant and regulator of redox processes,
- vitamin b4. Promotes normal liver function
- saponins. They thin the sputum and improve its excretion, have a sedative, antisclerosis, diuretic effect,
- carotene. Participates in antioxidant protection,
- tocopherol. It has an antioxidant, anti-aging effect,
- Dicumarol Thins the blood and prevents the formation of blood clots,
- protein. It is a catalyst for certain chemical reactions in the body,
- fiber (up to 25%). Promotes the removal of metabolic products,
- tannins. Possess anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, astringent properties,
- tsimarin. Cardiac glycoside,
- resin. Characterized by wound healing and anti-inflammatory effects,
- flavonoids. Helps eliminate free radicals and radioactive substances
- minerals. Participate in metabolism
- essential oil (about 0.01%). Oil-like, rapidly evaporating substance. It has a soothing, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory effect,
- sugars, mucus, fat-like substances (about 4.3%).
Many substances are formed in therapeutic concentrations only after cutting and drying the raw materials, therefore, dry grass is more effective than fresh.
Useful properties of clover
Due to the presence of coumarin plant preparations:
- soothe the central nervous system,
- relieve convulsions
- reduce blood pressure
- increase the contractile function of the myocardium and the minute volume of the heart,
- improve blood supply to the myocardium, brain, abdominal organs,
- reduce puffiness
- Stop the inflammatory process.
Active substances found in grass are biogenic stimulants. In experiments on experimental rats, it was found that the use of an aqueous extract of a clover makes it possible to prolong the life of animals after the administration of high doses of strychnine. Also on the background of the treatment with a sweet clover in experimental rodents, an increase in the number of leukocytes in the blood was detected (more due to granulocytes and less due to lymphocytes) with an increase in their phagocytic activity.
Clover preparations have healing properties:
- Melilot officinalis Dry vegetable raw materials with a wide range of applications for the preparation of various dosage forms. Refers to a group of drugs with anti-inflammatory activity.
- Included in the Cardiofit - a combined cardiological drug prescribed for functional cardiovascular disorders. It has a mild hypotensive, cardiotonic and antiarrhythmic action.
- Included in the series of means to maintain the vessels of the legs - Venokorset production "Evalar" (capsules, gel, drainage).
In addition, the plant is part of a variety of herbal.
Sweet clover honey
Melilotus officinalis is a wonderful honey plant, emitting a large amount of nectar during flowering. The special structure of the flowers allows nectar to be preserved even after rain and during a period of severe drought. From the nectar collected from 1 hectare of a wild plant, bees produce 200 kg of honey, and from 1 hectare of the cultured clover - 600 kg. Sweet clover honey refers to high-quality, has excellent taste, light amber or white color, delicate aroma, similar to the smell of vanilla. Contains fructose (39.59%) and glucose (36.78%). In addition to honey, the plant gets useful pollen.
The product is valued as an effective drug and helps with diseases of the digestive system, hypertension, cough, headache, neurosis, fatigue.
Massage with honey well helps with arthrosis and arthritis, but it should be remembered that in the acute phase such procedures are most often contraindicated.
Special instructions and possible side effects
In case of overdose and hypersensitivity to the plant can be: nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, tremor. In severe cases, it can develop: liver damage, hemorrhages in the muscle tissue, internal organs, under the skin, and even paralysis of the central nervous system.
You can not take drugs clover with the means to reduce blood clotting. It should also be remembered that when used in large doses, preparations of clover are poisonous.
If surgery is to be performed, a month before it should stop taking the clover: problems with blood clotting may develop.
What it looks like
Appearance of the medicinal sweet clover A medicinal sweet clover has a thick taproot with many processes. The plant has a strong coumarin odor, which can be compared with the smell of freshly cut grass.
The plant has a straight, branched stem. The height of the shoot is from 1 to 2 meters.
The leaves are lanceolate, toothed, grow 3 pieces on a long petiole. The surface of the leaf on top of a bluish-green, pale at the bottom.
Small yellow flowers are collected in loose drooping inflorescences in the form of brushes. Each flower consists of 10 stamens, 1 halo and 5 petals. Clover blooms from mid-summer to early autumn. Grains with pollen are ellipsoid. The color of pollen is yellow.
Fruits are smooth flattened beans. Consist of one, rarely two seeds. The length of the bean is 3-4 cm. It begins to bear fruit in August.
Melilotus officinalis occurs in the steppe and forest-steppe zones. It grows in meadows, wastelands, along roads. The plant often forms thickets with white clover, which differs only in flower color and bean shape.
Melilotus officinalis grows almost throughout the territory of Russia. It is found in Europe, Asia, New Zealand, North America and the British Isles.
For more information about clover, see the following video:
Melilotus officinalis is well studied, unlike white clover, therefore it is more often used as a medicinal plant. It has expectorant, analgesic, anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory effects. Plant-based products are used to treat diseases of the respiratory tract, hearing and gastrointestinal tract.
Grass clover has a calming effect. Plant-based products reduce blood pressure and restore the nervous system. They are used for nervous disorders, migraines and insomnia.
The plant helps women cope with mastitis and menstrual disorders. Funds based on it normalize hormones.
Melilotus accelerates healing of wounds, treats furunculosis and acne. The plant is added to homemade ointments for external use.
How to apply
Grass clover medicinal can be purchased at any pharmacy. On the basis of the clover medicinal prepare infusions and decoctions for oral administration. The plant is used for the preparation of monocomponent funds or added to medicinal fees.
Infusion clover medicinal used for the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous and cardiovascular systems.
The tool has an anticonvulsant effect and improves blood circulation of all organs. Infusion plants are used externally for inflammation of the joints, rheumatism and radiculitis.
Decoction of clover is used to treat diseases of the respiratory tract, accompanied by cough: bronchitis, asthma, tracheitis.
The tool narrows blood vessels and eliminates varicose veins. Decoction acts as an antiparasitic agent, effectively destroys worms. Ointment on the basis of clover medicinal used for the treatment of furunculosis, ulcers and purulent wounds.
Broth for varicose veins
Melilotus officinalis reduces capillary permeability, eliminates heaviness in the legs and relieves puffiness. Decoction of the plant is often used to treat varicose veins and thrombophlebitis. The tool is taken orally and make on its basis lotions and foot baths.
- Grass clover medicinal - 1 tablespoon.
- Water - 400 ml.
How to cook: Crush the grass, cover it with warm water, cover with a lid and let it brew for 4 hours. Filter the finished broth using a strainer or gauze.
How to use: Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals.
Result: Decoction eliminates cramps, swelling and heaviness in the legs. The tool is effective for venous insufficiency.
Melilotus officinalis (yellow) it is distinguished by high (up to one meter) branched stems and yellow flowers.
This type of clover (as opposed to white) is more studied, and therefore it is much more widely used both in traditional and traditional medicine, in the treatment of the following conditions:
- increased nervous irritability,
- menstruation disorders
- purulent wounds.
White clover has small flowers of white color. The chemical composition and properties of the white clover and yellow are different.
Important! The white clover is poisonous, for this reason only experienced herbalists use it as a therapeutic agent.
This type of clover has insecticidal properties, that is, it repels blood-sucking insects, for which the plant must be crushed or kneaded before the formation of juice.
The plant is used for:
1. Removal of worms.
2. Increased appetite.
3. Treat boils, ulcers, boils.
Collection and storage
Donnik (both medicinal and white) is harvested during its flowering, that is, from June to August. In the process of collecting plants are cut with knives of its tops, as well as side shoots, the length of which does not exceed 30 cm, but the thick and coarse stems for the preparation of medicines are not suitable.
It is recommended to collect sweet clover in dry weather: the fact is that a wet plant, collected immediately after a rain, quickly warms and darkens, as a result of which its healing properties weaken. The collected clover should be dried immediately, for which the raw material is laid out on paper under a well-ventilated canopy, a thin layer (the layer thickness should not exceed 7 cm), while the raw material must be turned over periodically. Drying the plant stops when the stems become brittle. It is important not to overdry raw materials, otherwise the leaves may peel off.
If a dryer is used to dry the plants, then the temperature in it should not be more than 40 degrees. Properly dried sweet clover has the smell of fresh hay, and a salty-bitter taste. Dried raw materials are suitable for use for two years, and because of the strong odor it is stored in hermetically sealed containers, in a place well protected from light.
Important! Melilotus and white clover, often growing mixed up, can not be mixed during drying and preparation of raw materials.
The composition and properties of the medicinal clover
It is from this substance that coumarin is released during the drying of the medicinal clover, due to enzymatic cleavage.
Properties of choline:
- fat absorption
- normalization of the liver, as well as the gallbladder,
- lowering blood cholesterol
- improving attention
- stimulation of cardiac activity
- strengthening the nervous system
- stimulation of the intestinal smooth muscles,
- prevention of premature aging.
Tannins destroy the structure of the protein, as a result of which a protective albuminate film is formed, which has bactericidal and microbial action on microorganisms. Tannins have astringent properties.
Used as enveloping and softening agents in the treatment of burns, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, as well as the digestive organs.
They have a bactericidal, bacteriostatic and anti-rotting effect, thanks to which they are widely used in medicine for the manufacture of patches and tinctures.
- regulation of water-salt metabolism,
- elimination of inflammatory processes
- lowering blood pressure
- normalization of cholesterol metabolism,
- strengthening the body's defenses.
Properties of saponins:
Protein is a source of energy that provides the human body with hormones, antibodies and other vital enzymes (for example, amino acids that ensure the structure of new tissues, in particular muscles and internal organs). The protein also provides restoration and support of the already existing structural elements listed above. A lack of protein can cause digestive problems and fluid retention in the body.
Starch is a complex carbohydrate with high energy value. It is starch, passing through the gastrointestinal tract, is transformed into glucose, which is a source of energy for the work of all muscle groups, including the heart.
Properties of flavonoids:
- wound healing
Flavonoids strengthen capillary walls, increasing their elasticity and lowering blood pressure, which is the prevention of atherosclerosis.
Действие аскорбиновой кислоты:
- нормализация функционирования ЦНС,
- stimulation of the endocrine glands,
- improved iron absorption
- normalization of blood formation,
- elimination of toxins.
Properties of tocopherol (vitamin E):
- stimulating the production of estrogen
- acceleration of wound healing on the skin,
- protection of the skin from the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation,
- slowing down skin aging
- maintaining water-lipid balance, which allows to eliminate the peeling of the skin,
- elimination of acne,
- stimulation of glands, including sex,
- elimination of puffiness
- Improving the absorption of vitamin A.
Fatty oils contain both unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are not produced by the human body, but are also essential for health. In addition, it is in the composition of fatty oils includes many vitamins that provide skin regeneration.
Thanks to the listed healing properties, the sweet clover plant is used in official medicine as an effective anticonvulsant. And in folk medicine, the use of this plant is much broader. So, drugs from the medicinal clover are used as painkillers, antiseptic, wound healing, sedatives and expectorant drugs.
The composition and properties of white clover
This substance has antiseptic properties.
The substance belonging to the class of tannins, which in the process of modification of the protein of the cells forms a protective film, thereby exerting both bactericidal and bacteriostatic effects on the pathogens. The preparations of the white clover (due to the presence of tannin in the plant) have an astringent effect, as a result of which they are commonly used as mouth rinses and wound healing agents for burns. Tannin also helps to normalize the gastrointestinal tract and eliminate symptoms accompanying poisoning with heavy metals or poisons of plant origin.
It has the following properties:
- pain killer
Essential oil normalizes the functioning of the cardiovascular system, helps to soften the cough by increasing the separation of mucus. Also, the essential oil improves both motor and secretory functions of the gastrointestinal tract.
- increase immunity
- participation in building muscle mass
- ensuring the synthesis of hormones and enzymes.
The ashes contained in the white clover have an anti-inflammatory and disinfecting effect, due to which compresses and ointments from this plant are used to treat purulent wounds and boils.
White clover has the following pharmacological properties:
- anticoagulant (slows down blood clotting),
- fibrinolytic (dissolves intravascular thrombi, due to which it is used in the treatment of arterial and venous thrombosis),
- wound healing.
The use of clover medicinal
Melilotus has a expectorant and softening effect, and therefore is indicated for respiratory diseases.
The plant has analgesic, sedative and anti-spasmodic properties, due to which it is used to treat the following conditions:
- headache provoked by hypertension,
- climacteric neurosis,
- stomach ache,
- pain in the bladder.
It is proved that drugs clover medicinal effect on the body as follows:
- significantly improves the blood supply of both myocardium and peritoneal organs,
- eliminate cramps
- reduce blood clotting,
- promote the regeneration of liver cells,
- increase the content of leukocytes in the blood,
- increase milk production in lactating.
Donnik is a part of the medicinal fees used for the treatment of rheumatism, as well as cancer.
Melilotus officinalis has also found application in the treatment of women's diseases and disorders, including:
- painful menstruation,
- violation of the menstrual cycle,
- diseases of the female genital organs.
The plant has a carminative effect, that is, it normalizes intestinal motility and reduces increased gas formation.
Preparations from the clover of medicinal are effective both in internal and external use. Thus, when applied externally (in the form of poultices, compresses and powder), this plant contributes to the rapid maturation, softening and, accordingly, opening of abscesses, ulcers, ulcers and boils.
Also, external use of the medicinal clover is indicated for such diseases:
- joint inflammation
Medicinal preparations of clover are used in the form of:
- compresses and baths.
Compresses and baths
For outdoor use preparing the infusion, for the preparation of which 2 tablespoons. raw materials are poured 500 ml of boiling water. The resulting product is infused for 30 minutes and filtered. Infusion will help reduce inflammation and contribute to the rapid healing of wounds.
In addition, to eliminate pain in the joints can be applied for 20 minutes bags with well-steamed clover grass. Course duration - 10 days.
Important! Melilot officinalis has a fairly wide range of effects on virtually all human organs, so before taking medications from this plant, it is necessary to consult with your doctor without fail.
The use of white clover
White clover is used in medical practice for the following diseases:
- coronary atherosclerosis, as well as cerebral arteries (tincture),
- hypertension (decoction, tincture or tincture),
- furunculosis (plaster),
- purulent wounds (compresses),
- myositis (baths).
Ointment of white clover flowers is shown as a wound healing agent.
It should be noted that the white clover, used externally, helps to eliminate pain in such diseases:
3. Diseases of the joints.
The above-ground part of the plant, used to prepare infusions, decoctions and tinctures, has a lactogenic, anti febrile, wound-healing, analgesic and antispasmodic effect, while the roots of white clover are used in the treatment of thrombosis.
Important! White clover is a poisonous plant, which, if the dosage is exceeded or taken for a long time, can cause bleeding. Therefore, taking drugs from this plant is carried out strictly after consulting a doctor.
- Sowing oats straw - 5 parts
- Calendula - 3 parts,
- Sushenitsa - 3 parts,
- spruce shoots - 3 parts
- dandelion leaves - 2.5 parts,
- chamomile - 2.5 parts,
- plantain leaves - 2.5 parts,
- clover medicinal - 2 parts,
- peppermint - 1.5 parts,
- ordinary lilac - 1.5 parts,
- heather - 1.5 parts.
100 g of collection are poured over 2 liters of boiling water, infused in a warm place for three hours, then the infusion is filtered through three layers of gauze and added to the bath. Water temperature should be 35 degrees. Bath is taken lying down.
Important! When taking a bath can not be immersed in the water zone of the heart. The duration of the procedure is no more than 15 minutes. After the bath it is recommended not to wash, but just wet the body with a towel. Duration of treatment is 14 days (baths are taken every other day).
Treatment of pancreatitis with phytotherapy is recommended to be supplemented with beekeeping products, namely sweet clover honey, propolis or pollen.
Where is growing
The habitat of clover covers:
- Western Siberia
- Central Asia
- individual regions of Russia.
Wild burkun can most often be found:
- at the roadside,
- on the shore of the reservoir
- on the steppe meadow.
However, farmers can grow this grass on their plots.
Types and features of cultivation
The cultivated burkun is represented by several dozens of species (approximately 50), but white (toothed) and yellow (medicinal) sweet clover have become most famous. These are similar varieties of plants, differing from each other in flower color.
In yellowing species:
- beans with a less embossed surface
- more even outlines of leaves,
- often lower height (about 1.5 meters).
Donnik is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, but still gives preference to non-acid limestone soil. It is cold-resistant, however, it reacts negatively to sudden changes in temperature, and prefers to grow in southern regions with a humidity of at least 60%. Without losses, it tolerates drought and even acquires a more saturated flavor during this period. Excess moisture, by contrast, can lead to the death of the plant.
In dry regions, sweet clover is usually sown without a cover, which brings tangible benefits, helping to achieve good grass mowing.
Donnik unpretentious to the composition of the soil
Fruit clover small grayish beans, inside which are seeds of yellow color. Grass that appeared in the first year after sowing, seed does not give. She doesn't even have flowers. Budding plants can be observed only in the second year of his life. At the same time, it is completely covered with flowers, becoming white or yellow, depending on the variety. The approximate life expectancy of each flower is 5 days.
However, there are types of Burkuna for which this rule does not apply. They bloom in the year of sowing. This usually applies to annual varieties.
Attention! For sowing one hundredth of arable land by clover it will take about 120 g of seeds.
The toothed and medicinal types of clover differ in yield (when harvesting from one hectare, a farmer produces up to 215 centners of green mass) and are early ripening (the time interval from the day of sowing to harvest is not more than 60 days).
If burkun is supposed to be used as fodder for livestock, agrotechnical instructions for its cultivation should be observed especially carefully. Otherwise, there is a great risk that the raw materials will soon deteriorate and cause mass death of animals.
In the second year of life, plants are recommended to be fed with fertilizers:
This rule also applies to newly transplanted plants (they are fed in the fall).
Cultural properties and scope
Burkun is widely used in traditional medicine. Most often it is used to combat:
- articular inflammations
- purulent wounds,
- an abscess
- varicose veins and venous insufficiency
- milk stagnation during lactation,
- by pain
- hormonal disorders
- kidney diseases
- nervous overexcitement and insomnia
- intestinal obstruction and hemorrhoids,
- the effects of sprains,
- prostate and urinary tract diseases,
- menopause and the effects of hormonal changes during menstruation.
From the dried grass of clover make broths and herbal teas, which have a calming and diuretic effect.
Foot baths with flowers of the plant allow you to get rid of:
Gauze compresses and lotions with Burkun infusion can stop oily lesions of the skin or weak hemorrhages resulting from injuries or burns.
Attention! The use of excessive amounts of drugs containing clover can cause insomnia, as well as bouts of nausea and vomiting. Particular attention should be paid to this moment by pregnant women and people who have had internal bleeding or increased blood clotting.
Often grass is used as a flavoring for:
Drugs, which include this plant, prescribed for angina and convulsions.
The yellow-colored species is often grown for feeding cattle and as a siderata culture. Also clover is a highly productive honey plant. About 320 kg of the product can be obtained from one hectare (this indicator reaches 450 kg in the Burkunov annuals), which is a means of maintaining body tone and preventing diseases. Such honey, like the plant itself, will have antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Thanks to its use, a person can get rid of bouts of dizziness and migraines.
About diseases and pests
The main danger to which the tributary may be exposed is the uncontrolled growth of weeds, therefore the plant requires regular weeding.
This is all the more beneficial due to the fact that other herbs can be a source of diseases dangerous for the plant:
- white rot
- powdery mildew.
The probability of relocation of diseases from other legumes is especially high, therefore the cultures belonging to this family are not recommended to be planted nearby. In addition, all diseased plants should be immediately eliminated from the site to avoid massive contamination of crops.
Important! Burkun pest attacks are almost immune. Although to some extent it can be damaged by bugs, moths, caterpillars or weevils.
How and when to collect and harvest
To prepare the leaves and flowering part of the clover, you need to properly collect and dry the plant:
- Cut the grass stem as close to the root as possible.
- Tear off leaves, shoots, tops and flower brushes.
- Smoothly spread out the collected raw materials on paper and place everything under the shed.
The whole procedure is carried out during the flowering period. In the yellow clover, it falls on the first decade of summer, and in white it starts a little later, but lasts about a month. Dried grass retains its green color and acquires a more intense smell. The maximum allowable storage period for such blanks is 24 months. It would be appropriate to use them as a brew or as a seasoning for soup or fish, giving the dish more spice.
Melilot is an unpretentious plant that can live well in the wastelands, in ravines, so it is quite simple to grow it. The herb has many useful properties, thanks to which it is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases.
Tincture for pregnancy (for infertility)
During pregnancy, drugs based on clover are contraindicated for use, as the plant is poisonous. Herbal tincture is used to treat female infertility. The tool normalizes hormones and with regular use increases the chances of conception.
- Melilotus officinalis - 100 gr.
- Vodka - 500 ml.
How to cook: Dry grass fill with vodka, cover with a lid, clean in a dark and cool place for 2 weeks. Strain the finished product.
How to use: Take 10−15 drops before each meal, but not more than 4 times a day.
Result: Tincture normalizes hormones, stimulates ovarian function.
Infusion with hypertension (pressure)
Melilotus officinalis is used to normalize blood pressure, vasoconstriction and increase the level of white blood cells in the blood. Infusion plants increases the minute volume of the heart. Means is accepted within 3 weeks, before a repeated course the two-week break is necessary.
- Melilotus officinalis - 5 gr.
- Meadowsweet - 15 gr.
- Horsetail - 10 gr.
- Horse chestnut - 10 gr.
- Water - 500 ml.
How to cook: Combine herbs, pour in a thermos, pour boiling water and leave for 5-6 hours.
How to use: Take ⅓ cup of infusion three times a day between meals.
Result: Infusion lowers blood pressure and normalizes heart rate. This helpful recipe is effective for coronary heart disease.
Melilotus officinalis is used to treat hemorrhoids. Broth plants are taken orally, the ointment is applied externally. Comprehensive treatment quickly eliminates the symptoms of the disease.
- Flowers clover medicinal - 20 gr.
- Vaseline - 50 gr.
How to cook: Grind the flowers into powder using a rolling pin, combine with Vaseline and mix.
How to use: Apply the product to the anal sphincter after each defecation act.
Result: Ointment eliminates pain, relieves inflammation and itching, resolves hemorrhoids. The tool is suitable for the treatment of external hemorrhoids.
What to remember
- Melilotus medicinal used in folk medicine for the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and nervous systems.
- The plants are poisonous, therefore, before using products based on it, it is necessary to consult with a specialist.
- In the culture of the southern nations it is customary to use clover in cooking. It is added to soups, main dishes and drinks.
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Photos and description of the plant
Two-year-old honey plant refers to this. Legumes The grass is called buckwheat wild, ground grass, burkun, and can also be called differently, depending on the area of growth.
The clover has a root in the shape of a rod. Its stem is straight, branching all over. The length is from half a meter to one and a half meters. The leaves are oblong or in the form of an ellipse with serrated frames. On top of the leaves gray color, bottom light. The whole plant looks silver.
There are clover moth flowers of yellow, small, up to 7 mm. Formed in the sinuses and on top of a set of brushes.
The plant has small fruits (beans) of an oval configuration, brownish in color with a sharp styloid finish. Flowering occurs almost all summer from June to August, ripening - from July and the entire autumn period of time.
Grass grows on the sidelines of the highway, in the meadows, along the ravines and wastelands. Попадается в виде сорняка в молодых лесных посадках, на сельскохозяйственных полях. Распространяется растение на Урале, по всей Европе, в Зап.Siberia, the Caucasus and other regions.
Preparation of raw materials
Tassels of flowers, side branches not more than 30 cm, and plant tops are suitable for medical purposes. Preparation is made in flowering period. You need to choose the time when the weather is dry and sunny and there is no dew anymore, otherwise the raw materials will soon darken and become unusable.
It is prohibited to collect medicinal herbs near the highway, as it collects a large amount of dust and toxic substances.
Dry the plant is not in the open sun: in attics, under roofs. Good airing is required. The raw material is laid out on a paper or cloth bedding with a layer of 5 cm, which must be turned over occasionally.
When drying in the dryer, it is necessary to control the temperature, it should not be more than 40 degrees. After drying, the grass cools and splits into special clean bags.
The plant is ready to eat when it starts to break with a crunch. The finished raw material has a salty-bitter taste. The smell of grass - fresh hay, or rather the aroma of coumarin.
Preparation of funds from the tributary
From the tributary of medicinal known many different tools for the treatment of various purposes. It may be infusions, decoctions, baths and other means.
- In 2 tsp. crushed plants poured 2 cups of hot water. The mixture is infused for 4 hours and filtered. Used by 2/3 cup 3 p. / D. half an hour before meals.
- 2 tbsp. l dry plants are placed in an enameled container, poured a glass of boiling water. The mixture is covered with a lid and heated on the steam bath for 15 minutes. Then the infusion is left for 45 minutes, filtered. The volume of the resulting infusion is topped up with boiled water to the original volume. Reception on a half-glass 2-3 p. / D.
Infusion is used as an expectorant and in inflammations of various kinds, lowers blood pressure.
The infusions are stored for no more than 2 days on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.
- 10 g of the dried crushed raw materials are taken, filled in with one glass of cold water. Within 30 min simmer, then cool and strain.
- 250 ml of water at room temperature poured 2 tbsp. l dry shoots of the plant and brought to a boil. On low heat costs 30 min. After this strain the broth.
Both decoctions are used in 1 tbsp. l 3 r. / D. with liver diseases, colds, cough, sleep disorders, bronchitis.
- Preparing an ointment from the flowers of the plant. Take 2 tablespoons of raw materials, 2-3 teaspoons of butter or some fat. The raw materials of fine fractions are thoroughly ground with fat or oil, and can be brought to a boil.
- 2 tbsp. l powder plant flowers grind with 50 g of vaseline.
It is used for boils, rotting wounds, skin rashes of a different nature, for burns with ultraviolet rays. It has the property of pulling pus.
Use in the household
It is a perfume in the manufacture of tobacco, soap supplies, used to get rid of moths and give the linen flavor. Plant leaves can be dyed fabric.
Honey from clover is among the top-notch. Honey is amber, transparent, has a pleasant smell.
The grass is used for animal feed in agriculture, nutritionally similar to alfalfa. It is a fertilizer, enriches the soil with nitrogen.