In recent years, more and more often on the balconies and terraces of amateur flower growers magnificent cascades of caliberraa began to appear.
This remarkable plant with an unusual name was known for a long time and was considered a species of the genus Petunia, which was approved by special floriculture literature until 1990. And only after scientists discovered the difference in the DNA of these plants, the genus Calibrahoa was identified in a separate category.
Calibrachoa is a perennial plant of the family Solanaceae, in the wild it is common in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. In garden culture are grown hybrids of natural species, they are considered annual plants. Calibrahoa flowers have long drooping stems, due to which the plant is considered ampelous. The length of the shoots, depending on the variety, varies from 0.5 m to 1.5 m. The stalks of the plant branch and lignify over time. The leaves are small lanceolate about 1 cm wide and 3-4 cm long. The stems and leaves are pubescent.
The flowers are shaped like little “gramophone” diameter of buds about 2.5-3 cm.
Caliberhoha buds are purple in the wild. However, to the joy of flower growers, hybrids with corollas of different colors are bred: white, pink, yellow, red, crimson, blue, brown with different shades. The central veins along the petals have a more intense color.
The yellow “neck” and dark veins in the middle of the petal are a distinctive feature of the calicracha.
Million bells in one basket
Thanks to the active work of breeders, the opportunity to grow different types and varieties of calicrachos:
- "Million bells."
The most widespread varietal series "Million Bells" (Million Bells). The name speaks for itself - an adult plant is so densely covered with open flowers that sometimes due to abundant flowering greenery is not visible. This allowed breeders to give such a loud name to the variety. Calibrachoa Million Bells - ampelous, its adult shoots reach a length of 1-1.5 m and look spectacular in hanging pots and containers. The series has 18 varietieswhich are distinguished by the color of the corolla: pink-coral (Coral Pink), yellow-orange (Apricot Punch), pale pink (Pink shiffon), purple (Grape Punch), white (Calita White) and others.
Sort Calibrachoa Kabloom Deep Blue F1
This is the first plant of the genus Calibrachoa, which began to grow from seeds in our latitudes. This variety is formed in the form low bush 20-30 cm, the diameter of an adult plant reaches 25-35 cm, abundant bloom. The Kabloom series has several varieties with a white, yellow, blue and dark pink color. Looks winning in floor vases and balcony boxes, suitable for planting in open ground.
Calibrochoa MiniCompact Pink ’Double. On the title photo - the same grade.
The “Double” and “Compact Double” series includes several varieties of various colors: bright yellow (Double Yellow), pink (Double Pink), ruby (Double Ruby), blue (Double Blue). A characteristic feature of this series is the structure of the flower - the rims of the caliber of the magnificent, multi-layered. The only drawback of terry varieties - less abundant flowering, which is compensated by the beauty of the buds.
Growing from seed
Sort Caloha Double Dark Red
You can propagate caliber vegetative and seed.
The seeds of the plant are round. Experienced growers recommend keeping the seeds in a solution "Epin" or "Zircon" about a day. After soaking, the seeds are dried on a thin cloth or paper towels. However, this measure is not always a guarantee of good germination.
It is recommended to sow seeds in peat tablets. To do this, each tablet must be soaked in boiling water and wait for complete cooling, sow the seeds from above. Tablets placed in a greenhouse, using doshodyvanie fluorescent lamps. The total light day for seedlings should be at least 16 hours..
In 5-7 days after sowing, the first shoots will appear, which should be hardened. For hardening, it is necessary to remove glass or film from the greenhouse for a while, and remove it completely after 2-3 days.
As soon as the first leaflets appear on the shoots, you need to begin feeding. For young sprouts, vitamin B12 can be used as a fertilizer, the ampoules of this drug are inexpensive and are sold in any pharmacy.
The vitamin solution should be alternated with watering with warm clean water and feeding with complex fertilizer containing microelements. Top dressing is carried out under the root and by spraying.
When through the mesh pills will be visible the roots and There will be 4-5 true leaves, the plant can be transplanted into a glassand pinch the top. Pinching contributes to the active formation of lateral shoots.
Further feeding is carried out regularly once a week. During this period, it is undesirable to fertilize young plants with organic matter, which can contribute to the development of diseases. The optimum temperature for growing seedlings is + 21 + 24 ° С. If the seedlings grow poorly, you need to water it with a solution of a suitable growth stimulator.
Calibrahoa seeds are sown in the earth mixture. To do this, it is necessary to put a drainage (pebble or expanded clay) in a box with a layer of 4-5 cm, then sand with a layer of 1 cm, and then a soil consisting of leafy soil, peat and humus. Seeds are sown on the surface at the rate of 50-70 pcs per 1 sq. Dm. Further care of the seedlings is the same as when planting in peat tablets.
Young plants can be taken out on the balcony after the appearance of 3-4 leaflets on the stalks. If you plan to plant further seedlings in the ground, then you need to wait for warm weather + 20 + 22 ° С.
Reproduction by cuttings
Grade Aloha Hula Orange
For calarahora there is a more convenient way of reproduction - vegetative. During vegetative reproduction from the mother bush cut off apical cuttings 4-6 cm long and rooted in the ground.
Cut cuttings are buried in a wet soil mixture, while removing the lower leaflets. To speed up root growth, it is recommended to equip a mini-teplichka, covering the seedlings with glass, transparent cups or putting in a transparent container. Plants need to be ventilated daily by removing the lid or cups for a short time from the greenhouse.
Superbells Candy White
So you can save the plant during the winter, only flowering in this case is not worth the wait. In the spring, it will be possible to cut the tops off the grown bushes and root them again.
Knowing how to grow a calabrahoa from cuttings, you can save your favorite variety for several years without the cash costs of acquiring expensive seedlings or seeds.
Vegetative breeding method ensures full compliance of the characteristics of the grown young bushes with the mother plant.
MiniFamous Double Compact Rose Chai
The Calibrachoa flower likes open sunny places, so the best result can be achieved by planting it in the garden in areas with long daylight.
When cultivating on balconies or terraces, the south or southeast side is more suitable.
Plant can grow in partial shade, but then the flowering will not be so abundant.
The soil for the plant needs nourishing, light and loose - loamy or sandy with a pH 6-7. For one bush requires 2-3 liters of soil. It is not recommended to add a hydrogel to the planting mixture, because during the active growing season the plant does not need wet soil. From constant moisture the roots rot, and the plant may die.
Maintenance and care
Hula Godiva Grade
Calibraho shrubs should be regularly sprayed. - whenever possible daily, but only in those hours when the sun's rays do not shine on the plant. Watering the bushes is necessary at the root is not too plentiful 1-2 times a week.
For lush and prolonged flowering the plant requires good nutrition. With the active growth of the caliber, the supply of nutrients in the soil quickly dries out, so you need to feed every week. During the active growth of the stems, the bushes should be fed with complex fertilizers with a high nitrogen content, and from the time of budding, phosphorus and potassium.
To make the plant look aesthetically pleasing, you need to regularly cut off the faded buds. This measure will prevent the setting of seeds and prolong the flowering time of the remaining buds.
Application in landscape design
Calibrachoa looks very impressive in any hanging container - balcony drawers, pots, baskets, patio containers. Due to the long hanging stalks formed a lush waterfall of flowers that will decorate any balcony or terrace. Low-growing varieties can be planted in floor pots of different heights or in open ground. Original compositions can be created by planting together several varieties with different colors.
Calibrachoa combines well with other plants. The options for planting in hanging baskets and pots with lobelia, ivy, vervain and pelargonium ile-leaf will be successful. In flowerpots and containers, the flower can be combined with fuchsia, chlorophytum, sweet peas, pelargonium zonal and balsamic.
In the photo kalibrahoa, grade "Million bells"
In hanging pots
In hanging pots
In combination with other plants.
In the floor vases.
Spectacular combination of several varieties
Varieties and types
Flowers Calibrachoa initially had only purple shades, and after the selection work was carried out, new colors appeared: white, pink, cherry, yellow and blue.
The main feature of the flowers is that they have a heterogeneous color. And this is not a smooth transition of one color, but two different ones with a clear border, for example: pink and yellow, dark purple and pink, white and pink, white and yellow, and so on.
After the selection work was carried out, a great many species and varieties of this flower appeared. The brightest are as follows:
Calibrachoa Series Kablum has four varieties:
- Kablum Deep Blue (very dark purple-blue shade)
- Kablum Deep Pink (bright pink and crimson color),
- White Kablum (delicate white or slightly milky color),
- Kablum Yellow (rich yellow color).
Chameleon - It is a representative of a new species of Calibrahoa, whose flowers have a half-terry shape and varying color. Bushes are of medium size.
Calibrachoa Hybrid Tequila Sunrise - the new deduced look, having a very effective coloring: the main color is yellow with rich veins forming the shape of a star. The shoots are strongly branched and form a spherical bush with a diameter of 35-40 cm.
Calibrachoa Kalita of the ampelnoe series, it has terry semi-circular flowers of bright colors.
Calibrachoa growing and care
For the favorable growth of calicrachoa, it is necessary to provide him with comfortable living conditions, namely: good illumination (plenty of light, but not the scorching midday sun).
The absence of drafts (for example, open and too flushed balconies or open terrain with frequent gusts of wind), the soil is light (slightly acidic or neutral) and well drained.
You need to be very careful when watering. Avoid overmoistening, otherwise root decay will occur very quickly.
But to moisten the flower necessarily and regularly, especially on hot days. Spray 3-4 times a day, just not at the moment when the sun hits the bush.
Soil for Calibra
The soil should consist of a mixture of humus, peat, turf and leaf soil with the addition of sand. The amount of each component can be different, the main thing is that the substrate is quite loose, but moisture-intensive.
A drainage layer is poured on the bottom of the pot or box (about 5 cm), then the required amount of substrate is applied, watered with mineral fertilizers, the seedlings are laid down and sprinkled around the rest of the soil.
The seedlings are planted in boxes and pots very tight - about 60-70 seedlings per square meter, to ensure lush flowering.
Many believe that this is an annual plant and therefore get rid of it at the end of the season, but in fact, if you keep this plant in a cool and damp room, for example, a glazed balcony with air temperature not falling below 5-10 ° С above zero, and if the caliber of winter overwinter, then in the spring cuttings are cut from it and rooted (for further reproduction), and the bush itself may bloom again.
During the flowering period, to maintain a beautiful appearance, the bush is “cleaned up” - wilted flowers and leaves are cut off, and during the flowering period, somewhere in the middle of summer, the stems are cut to half length, which will serve as a good stimulation for growth and branching young shoots and, consequently, an increase in floral ovaries (even more flowers).
Calibrachoa reproduction by cuttings
To do this, at the end of summer (or at the beginning of autumn), the upper young shoots are 5-6 cm long (cutting off the lower leaves) and planted in a light, moist soil. Then covered with a glass jar or cut plastic bottle to create a greenhouse, which contributes to rooting.
Every day for a couple of minutes this greenhouse is worth airing. After the plant is rooted, you can take care of it like a normal houseplant. The plant tolerates winter.
In the spring, the apical processes are re-cut from these shrubs and rooted - from them, the flowering calicrai are obtained.
Calibrachoa seed growing
With this reproduction, there is one significant drawback - the plant does not inherit maternal characteristics, for example, the color and size of flowers.
For sowing a peat tablet is taken, which is soaked in boiling water, wait for complete cooling. To avoid diseases of the black leg, the peat tablet is poured over with water with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Further, seeds are placed on the surface and create greenhouse conditions, covered with plastic wrap, for example. The important point is the lighting - set the lights (at night off).
About a week later, the seeds will begin to hatch, when the first leaflets appear, it is necessary from time to time to air the seedlings. After a couple of days, they will get used to the room dry air and you can remove the film.
Diseases and pests
If you violate the conditions of care for the flower, then it is likely to face such a problem as the black leg - a fungal infection, in the fight against which it is necessary to use drugs containing mancozeb and oxadiksil.
If ordinary garden soil is used for growing caliberraha, this can be fraught with a number of consequences, for example: death due to root rot, the development of chlorosis (symptoms: a weakened plant with pale yellowed leaves).
The treatment of chlorosis begins with a decrease in the amount of watering and the treatment of the whole flower with preparations with iron chelate.
Petunias and Calibra - Similarities and Differences
In order to better understand the features of the appearance and decorativeness of the calicracho, you can compare it with all the familiar petunia, or rather, to highlight their differences.
- The most interesting difference between these flowers is the pubescence of the leaves and shoots of Calibrachoa, as well as their size: they are much smaller than those of petunia, and are about 3 cm in length and 1 cm in width.
- The stem of petunia is green and flexible, while the shoots of calarachoa are prone to lignification.
- As mentioned above, Calibrachoa has a more vigorous flowering than petunia. Although due to the presence of a huge number of different varieties of the latter on the market, it is quite difficult to determine the difference on this basis.
Cultivation of seed from home at home (step by step)
Moreover, they are very small in size and for the convenience of sowing it is recommended to buy granulated seeds, that is, having a special soluble shell. Of course, in this situation there are also disadvantages: where is the guarantee that there is a seed in this shell?
If you scatter the seeds in a bag, you can feel them with your fingers or you can see them already at the opening, then in the case of the granules you cannot check their presence. So, growing seedlings calibrahoa includes the following steps:
Preparing land and seeds for planting
If the seeds were purchased non-granulated, then it is desirable to subject them to treatment with growth stimulants, soaking is most often used during the day in Epin or Zircon.
Soak seeds in granules, of course, cannot be, because the shell will dissolve and there will be no meaning in it. In addition, it is believed that the granulated seeds were already fully processed by the producer.
As soil, you can use the land, compiled independently, or buy it in a specialized store. In the second case, you should pay attention to the composition of the soil. It should be loose and breathable, that is, contain peat, perlite, vermiculite.
If the land was brought home from the site, then the ground can be made up by yourself. For this, it is necessary to mix peat, garden soil, compost and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 0.5, respectively.
In addition, mineral fertilizers are added: superphosphate and phosphorus-potassium.
If sowing is done in peat tablets, they should be soaked in a box before full swelling.
If a dive of a seedling of a calicrachoa is not implied, then the landing of seeds takes place already in a permanent place. В связи с этим в вазонах, кашпо, ящиках необходимо положить дренаж для оттока лишней воды при поливе.
You can use medium-sized river pebbles or purchased drainage, lay about 3 ... 4 cm in the bottom of a pot or box, then fill it with sand (1 ... 2 cm) above and only after that you can lay the soil in the container.
Sowing seeds when planted on seedlings
Calibrachoa is planted at about the same time as petunia: in late February - early March.
In this case, an important role is played by the landing site:
- if there is no transplant, then there are 70 ... 80 seeds per 10 cm 2 capacity (due to bad germination)
- if a picking is planned, then it is advisable to sow much less often, so that later it would be convenient to plant sprouts in separate pots.
Calibrachoa seeds are sown at a depth of 0.5 cm in well-spilled soil. Then the planting container is covered with glass before germination. It is impossible to put it in a dark place for this period, the calarachoa rises only in the light, but it is undesirable to allow direct sunlight on it.
Mandatory daily wetting of the earth, but only with a spray (a jet of watering can wash the seeds). Water must be separated.
The first shoots will appear on the surface in 10 ... 14 days with an average air temperature in the room +22 0 C.
After the emergence of seedlings, the glass is removed, watering is reduced, and the temperature is slightly lowered.
Care for growing seedlings
In order for a seedling of a calicraho to be strong and healthy, it is necessary to ensure the following conditions during its growth:
- timely watering. When the shoots are still quite fresh, watering is done from the sprayer. Do not allow excess moisture, and allow the soil to dry. Of course, cracking it is also undesirable.
- top dressing. Calibrahoa seedlings are very responsive to liquid supplements. It is better to carry out their complex water-soluble fertilizers. Plants are equally good for root and foliar feeding,
- temperature control. It should be around 20 0 C. If the weather has already established good weather with such a temperature, then you can begin to make boxes of seedlings, pots and vases to fresh air,
- ventilation. It is necessary to prevent the appearance of root rot and black leg disease. However, it must be remembered that the calicracha does not tolerate drafts and strong winds.
Planting seedlings in open ground
The seat for the calicraho should be well lit, as the culture is very light-requiring.
Prefers loose and fertile soil, so before planting it is possible to add vermiculite and nitrophoska to it. Of organic fertilizers recommended compost and humus.
In no case can not add fresh manure - seedlings get sick!
As already mentioned, this plant does not like acidic soils, so if necessary, it is deoxidized with lime or dolomite flour.
Summer Care Care
In principle, this flower culture is not capricious. She needs moderate watering, which is made at the root, while you need to try not to fall on the flowers. For the density and decorative flowering it is necessary to conduct phosphorus-potassium supplements weekly.
Reproduction by cutting
This method of reproducing calibrachos is less laborious than sowing seeds. In this case, the cuttings with 4 ... 5 leaves should be cut from the uterine bush, leave only the top two and shorten them by half.
Material should be planted in поч all lengths of the cuttings in light soil, leaving a distance of 2 cm between adjacent cuttings. At least two weeks must pass before the cuttings root well.
How to save in winter
In order to keep the caliber of the pot during the winter and land the plot next season, you just need to bring the container with the plant into a room where three conditions will be met:
- moderate watering
- good light
- air temperature not less than 10 0 С
Growing a Million Bells Caliber
The Million Bells varietal series has about 18 varieties with pink, pink and purple, violet, cherry, red, lemon yellow, raspberry, dark yellow color.
At first, the flowers of Calibrachoa were purple - this is the “native” coloring of the plant. Already later, when the plant became interested in breeders, varieties with red, white, pink, yellow, blue, and brown flowers were bred.
A distinctive feature of Calibrachoa is that its flowers have a “throat” that differs in color from the corolla. The “throat” can be brownish or yellow.
As a rule, the flower of Calibrachoa is simple, resembling a petunia bell. But today you can also see terry varieties, a little losing in the splendor of the flowering of the calracho-crooks.
What is the difference between calicrai and petunias?
Sometimes Calibracoha in garden centers are sold under the name “ampelous petunia”, “surfinia,” or something like that. There is no point in blaming the manufacturers. These names are addressed to consumers who do not know about Calibrahoa, but have already been informed about Surfynia.
If you are also faced with this situation, you have never seen the calibrahoa, but it seems to you that the selling "surfinia" is she who does the following:
- look at the size of the flower - it has already been written above that the caliber has no more than 3 cm. But, this indirect “clue”, because at the mini-tune (Shock Wave), the flower is also not large,
- direct your attention to the throat ("throat") at the base of the corolla. Zev sharply different in color, as a rule, it is bright yellow,
- Consider the leaves - probably this is the most direct and obvious difference between the caliber of and petunia. Calibrachoa leaves are small (width is no more than 1 cm, length - 4 cm), elongated, covered with short hairs. The same down is on the stalks,
- look at the stem. Stem kalibrahoa dense, prone to lignification. In petunias, it is grassy, flexible; in calibrachoa, it looks like a shrub trunk.
Cultivation and care
For a good growing caliber is necessary a lot of heat and light. Sunny terraces or balconies of southeastern or southern orientation are very good for calibrachos. But without the drying heat. With an aggressive midday sun, the plant can burn out - you need to pritenyat it during these hours.
Does not like caliberrahoa and strong wind, which can disrupt and tear the stems, as well as flowers. An open balcony on the highest floor of a high-rise building is not the best place for a plant. It is best to grow Calibrachoa in a place protected from winds.
Put kalibrahoa in balcony boxes, flowerpots, hanging baskets. One plant will require at least 3 liters of land. The substrate should be light, best with a lot of baking powder.
Calibrachoa is much less in need of moist soil than petunia. On the contrary, moisture is unacceptable. Calibrachoa is easy to pour, and its tender roots rot, and the plant itself dies. But the constant spraying Calibrahoa loves. On hot days, do not be greedy in the water and spray calibrahoa 3 times a day.
All the time of the growing season, the care of Calibrachoa requires intensive feeding. Be sure to fertilize once a week. For budding and flowering of calicrachos, use formulations with a high content of potassium and phosphorus.
For continuous flowering, wilted flowers need to be cut off so that the seeds are not tied. In the second half of summer, when flowering becomes weaker, the stems can be pruned. This will be a good stimulation for branching and laying young buds.
The plant propagates vegetatively, that is, cuttings. This does not mean that the plant does not form seeds - but ... The problem is that the plant grows from seeds not similar to "parents". Grown from the seeds of calibrahoa, can bloom poorly, the flowers may be of the wrong color, small size.
The best option is reproduction by cuttings. To do this, cut the apical cuttings 4 cm long from the uterus in early autumn. Break off the bottom leaflets and plant in a wet ground. To rooted cuttings, place them in the "greenhouse". Or cover the cutting with a plastic cup and open it daily for a few minutes.
In the "greenhouse" cuttings rooted well. Then you can take care of the cuttings of Calibracho, like houseplants. They are unpretentious and survive the winter. In the spring, the apical cuttings are cut from the grown bushes and rooted anew - of them they grow calrah.
Calibrachoa is an ampelous culture, it has long, saturated green stems. Over time, the stem hardens and changes color. Approximate leaf size - 3 cm. The plant has very interesting flowers, in form they resemble loud earphones. The size of a single flower is 3.5 cm. Violet species are common. Calibrachoa is often confused with petunia, in fact, the plant has its own unique features. It is worth paying attention to the whisk, it combines two colors: light and dark. Unlike petuniasCalibrahoa has a larger halo. Breeders experiment and develop new varieties of this crop.
- Gardeners prefer to grow the Million Bells series. Flowers of various color look good in a hanging container. In the series "Million bells" collected a large number of species that differ in color.
- In the garden you can plant a series of "Kablum". It consists of ampelous flowers, reaching 30 cm in length. Kablum blooms profusely. In this series there are yellow and white and pink flowers! They can be placed in a container or, directly, in the ground. Some varieties resemble a tea rose. White, blue, bright yellow, pink flowers are common in Russia. Blue varieties have a lush corolla.
- The terry variety blooms not so plentifully as others, but the flower buds turn out to be very beautiful.
Growing a calibraho is a simple process. This culture feels good in the garden and at home. Gardeners emphasizethat this plant is not as whimsical as a petunia. It is demanded at all times with a refined gauge, the cultivation and care of it must be correct. The peculiarity of garden culture is that it gives lush flowers. The flowering period lasts a long time. It is worth noting that the plant is resistant to rain.
General plant information
Calibrachoa is a large and lush shrub consisting of a multitude of flowers and stems that, when woven together, form a ball. The size of the opened bud is about 3 cm in diameter. Initially, the darling of millions was a purple hue. Now interest in culture is only growing. New and new colors are coming out and more and more people want to get such a decoration.
Therefore, you can meet:
- hot pink,
- brown and other tones.
Care is easy. To flower was beautiful enough to follow some rules.
Until the 90s, Calibrachoa was called petunia. Scientists believed that these are different types of the same flower. However, according to studies conducted, it has been proven that calibrahoa differs from petunia even in DNA.
Calibrachoa is called ampelnaya due to the fact that it can be planted in hanging pots. This plant falls from the pot by a long shoot. The flower itself is very simple, looks like a bell. But, interestingly, the neck of a bud is always different from petals by a shade - such is the peculiarity of the calicracha. Often the flowers of the plant are simple in shape, but lately there are terry species that are somewhat larger in size than normal ones. On the bush they will be less than simple. But in spite of this, calibrahoa never ceases to lose its appeal.
Cultivation and outdoor care
Location The plant feels great not only in pots, but also in open ground. A prerequisite for successful flower growing is the presence of a large amount of light. Culture loves the sun, reaching for it, but the intense heat has a detrimental effect on the bush.
A good option for growing a flower is a veranda or terrace.
Calibrahoa should be planted only on those areas that are bathed in the sun in the morning, and shaded in the daytime. It is better not to keep the flower completely in the shade. Lack of sun can lead to tarnish buds and a short flowering period.
Irrigation. The plant loves systematic watering. If you irrigate the land correctly, then the bush will have a rich shade and constantly bloom. Water should be applied only well separated. If possible, it is better to collect rain.
Proper cultivation and care for calicrahoa includes protecting the plant from strong and gusty winds. Much depends on compliance with this condition. If you plant a bush in a windless place, then the plant will be a whole summer until the autumn cold weather to delight with its unique buds.
Features of growing at home
Calibrachoa is grown in hanging boxes and baskets. For the full growth of one flower take 2-3 kg of land. Bush should be provided with loose and light soil, preferably, slightly acidic or neutral. Watering should be constant, but moderate. It is very easy to pour a flower and then it will disappear. You can sprinkle a flower with water: such activities like the plant and have a beneficial effect on its growth and reproduction.
If you grow caliberraha on a balcony, then you need to choose the south or south-east side. During the solar peak it is necessary to protect the flower, otherwise it may dry out. Not the best place for breeding Calibrachoa is the balcony of the last floor, which is constantly hit by the sun, and where the wind walks. In this case, it is recommended to put the pot in the room at least at lunchtime.
During the vegetative period it is necessary to provide an active top dressing for the flower to ripen as many seeds as possible. It is best to choose fertilizers, which include phosphorus and potassium, and add them once a week.
For the best growth of the flower, it is recommended to periodically cut its stems.
In order to preserve the attractiveness of the calicracho in the winter, you should install fluorescent lamps near the flowerpot. Devices should be kept almost constantly on the flower. Calibrachoa is a rather tender and fragile flower. If something heavy falls on the leaves or buds, they may die. First of all it concerns rain. Therefore, if the flowers grow on the open balcony, you can make them a visor or a canopy.
You can choose vegetative or seed. Calibrachoa produces fertile seeds. Before planting in the ground, you need to keep them in a solution of epin. After 24 hours, the seeds are pulled out and laid out on paper. This procedure helps to improve the shoot. To get beautiful flowers, it is necessary to put the seeds in peat tablets. These tablets are moistened in hot water, you need to wait for them to dry and put the seeds.
For flowers to grow well at home, they should be warm. To accelerate the germination will help fluorescent lamps. It is desirable that the seedlings were in the light for 15 hours. On the 6th day, the seeds begin to sprout, it's time to harden them! Initially, the film is removed for a while, then it should be removed for good. The seedlings are watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, thus preventing disease.
How to care for a flower?
The plant is unpretentious in the care. It is necessary to feed when the seedling forms 2 mature leaves. Young colors need nutrients. Calibrachoa is fertilized with vitamin B12, it is affordable and sold in a pharmacy. One ampoule can be diluted with 300 ml of water. For feeding a young seedling is recommended to use complex formulations. They make the root and are used for spraying.
When you see that the plant has formed 4 leaves, transplant it. If you pinch the top, side shoots will form faster. Care at home should be permanent. When the plant becomes an adult, you need to make feeding once a week. Organic products are not recommended. If used, the plant will be sick. Calibrachoa grows well at a temperature of + 23 degrees. If you see that seedlings do not develop well, pour a solution that will accelerate their growth.
Seedlings can be easily grown at home. It is necessary to take the soaked seeds and place in the ground. A box is taken under the seedlings, a layer of pebbles is laid in the bottom 4 cm.
The soil may include leaf mixture, humus. An alternative option is landing in peat tablets. Caring for seedlings at home is also simple. After the plant will form 4 leaves, you need to do hardening.
Wait until the weather is warm. Seedlings should be carried out in the garden (or on the balcony). They develop well at a temperature of + 21 degrees. Calibrachoa is best propagated by seedling. Seeds can grow poorly in open ground. The plant is propagated by cutting. To get child flowers, it is necessary to cut the upper part of the cutting 5 cm. These cuttings are placed in the soil, you must first moisten it. From the child cuttings are removed leaves located below. In order for roots to take root faster, you need to make a small greenhouse.
Seedlings should be covered with a transparent cup. Periodically need to air the seedlings. If this is not done, moisture will start to stagnate, and a favorable environment for pests will arise. Если соблюдать все правила посадки, черенки быстро укоренятся. Уход за цветами прост. После того как цветок подрастет, надо будет срезать верхушки и высадить в грунт. Черенкование - выгодный метод размножения. Для того чтобы выращивать калибрахоа , вам не придется постоянно покупать семена.
Прищипывание цветка и его зимовка
Many do not know how to properly pinch the caliber and why this procedure is needed. This event is designed to make the bush more voluminous and sprawling. Pinching is to pick off the upper cuttings and spikes of the flower. Thus, the plant will grow not up, but in breadth. Tear off unwanted processes can be both hands and nail scissors. The main thing at this moment to be careful and do not cut too much. If everything is done correctly, in a short time the caliber will become lush, and the shoots will descend through a beautiful waterfall, forming an excellent decoration for your veranda.
Experts note that every year almost all the land in the pots must be changed to ensure the full growth and maturation of the flowers. This is due to the fact that very few nutrients remain in the old soil.
Most of the popular varieties of Calibrahoa are annuals. Therefore, you can not worry about their wintering. However, experienced gardeners know that some species can be saved and the next year they will again delight with their usual colors. In order to ensure proper wintering of the calicrachoa, a pot with a bush that has finished flowering is placed in a dark place and practically it is not watered or fertilized. You can lightly spray.
Thus the plant is in a preserved form. In the spring, you need to get it and start caring exactly the same as last year. It is important to provide the flower with a sufficient amount of daylight or artificial light, and then everything will go according to plan.
The main ways of breeding calabra
Calibration of cholerachoa. In late August, you need to cut a few tops of the parent plant. Their length should be up to 5 cm. The bottom of the cuttings should be freed from the leaves, and then landed in the ground. In order for the plant to start as quickly as possible, it will be necessary to provide it with a moist soil, and to create greenhouse conditions for a while. The easiest way to do this is with a plastic bottle: cover it with the cutting and open it once a day for the planting material to breathe. When the plant is taken (usually in 2 weeks), you can remove the plastic and perform the same care as for an adult bush.
Propagation of the caliber with seedlings. You can get new plants with the help of grains. In this case, the seedlings are first grown, and then the ready seedlings are transplanted into the ground or pots. To make the seedlings healthy, you need to take care of sufficient soil moisture. For these purposes, you can land the seedlings in a box, the top of which is covered with foil. It turns out the greenhouse effect and the flowers will grow much faster.
Seed preparation and planting
Experts say that if you collect the seeds and plant them in a pot, you will not always be able to grow a beautiful flower. Often, on adult bushes, simple buds are formed that look like wild calarachoa. The plant may not bloom as much as its ancestor and have a different shade. Exceptions to the rules of course are: then the bush turns out the same size, volume and shade as the mother.
If you do decide to try growing a seed from home at home, then be patient. Initially, you need to hold the planting material in the liquid for a day, and then dry the grain with a paper napkin. Capacity to use small size. Before planting calibrahoa, compost and peat should be added to the soil in advance, and it should be saturated with mineral fertilizers before planting the seeds. Shoots need to wait quite a long time, and not all the seeds will bear fruit. To stimulate growth, you can use special fertilizers, as well as a weak solution of potassium permanganate. In addition, until the seedlings are planted in a pot or soil, it is necessary to feed the crop several times along with irrigation.
After the appearance of two full-fledged leaves, a pick should be carried out. This is an important event that requires attentiveness.
At the bottom of the pot should be laid drainage layer. It may consist of pebbles or other small pebbles. Next you need to pour sand, which will loosen the soil, and only then add the basic earth mixture. After planting the seedlings in the pots you need to choose the optimal fertilizer. After all, it depends on the abundance of flowering.
Calibrachoa with other plants
In addition to decorating the beds, verandas and balconies, calibrahoa is widely used in landscape design. And we are talking not only about ampelous species, but also about stunted varieties. Combinations can be very diverse - from planting a flower on high ground with mountain plants to filling street vases.
The flower perfectly gets on both with climbing, and with the blossoming representatives of flora. Gardeners often practice planting whole flower beds of this plant. To achieve a good result, you should choose a few contrasting shades. Thus, the flower bed will be bright, it will always attract attention, and if you make it a geometric shape, then the created beauty will not escape the eyes.
Knowing when to plant Calibrachoa and how to care for it, you can grow one of the most beautiful and popular flowers of the present time. Regular watering, timely feeding, providing light, heat, proper planting and removal of cuttings - all this only contributes to the appearance of beauty on your window and in your life. Bright and original bush will give a lot of aesthetic pleasure, decorate any corner of the site or house. Choose your favorite flower color, or plant several different shades, and you will certainly get the desired result.
Everything is in your hands to create beauty around you!
What conditions does Calibra love?
The flower prefers open spaces, it is better not to plant it in the shade near large trees. If you grow a plant at home, you must maintain it in good light. If placed in partial shade, the plant will not give many flowers. Calibrachoa has fragile stems. It is not recommended to plant a culture, if in a particular area winds blow. However, you can equip a greenhouse for a flower.
Plant care must be correct. Do not water it from a hose, otherwise the flowers will die. Calibrachoa prefers neutral soil, preferably light and loose. To improve the properties of the soil, it is necessary to make mineral dressing, hydrogel is not used. During the growing season, the plant normally feels in the soil with moderate humidity. If the humidity is increased, the roots will start to rot.
To the flowers delighted with their beauty, you need to care for them daily. For spraying, use a spray bottle. In hot weather, you need to water the flower more abundantly. Spraying is not recommended if the sun's rays affect the flowers. Calibrachoa needs feeding. Fertilizers are applied 1 time in 7 days. This culture likes feeding, in which there is nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. In order for the plants to fully breathe, remove the faded buds.
Pests and possible diseases
If it is wrong to care for a plant, it is attacked by pests. Some flowers may be covered with aphids, others - exposed to spider mites. If you find pests on the leaves, use insecticides. The tick remedy is applied once a week..
- Calibrachoa is prone to black leg. To identify the disease, you need to look at the root part. Black leg occurs if you do not observe the distance during landing. The disease progresses in conditions of barren, excessively wet soil. To eliminate the black leg, it is necessary to remove shoots that have been defeated. It is also recommended to clean the earth clod. The remaining shoots are treated with fungicides. In order to avoid a black leg it is necessary to plant a flower in favorable conditions, it is important to follow the rules of watering.
- A common disease is powdery mildew. It can be assumed by looking at the leaves and flowers of the plant. Powdery mildew appears as a whitish bloom, it progresses in conditions of high humidity. To calibrate well developed, it is necessary to avoid temperature differences. If powdery mildew is overtaken, it is worth removing the affected area, processing the plant with sulfur.
- Calibrachoa may undergo chlorosis. To avoid illness, use soft water for irrigation. You can not overwet the ground. Fertilizer with iron should be used to avoid chlorosis.
Calibrachoa - a real garden decoration. Stems need to be cut periodically, so you will rejuvenate the plant. Calibrachoa is used in landscape design. Different varieties can be placed in the hanging container. If you grow at home, it is recommended to place in hanging baskets. For planting in open ground, you can use stunted species. Calibrachoa also landed in boxes, floor vases. It goes well with ivy, pelargonium and petunia.