The only plant that can be found on any continent, even in Antarctica, is moss. Unlike other representatives of the flora, it does not have roots, flowers, stems, it appears first on areas of uninhabited soil, it can be seen not only on the trunk of the tree, but also on the stones. Any species of mosses and lichens perfectly retain moisture, as a result, they play a major role in regulating water balance and slow down the process of soil erosion.
Due to its appearance, decorative moss for the garden is very widely used by designers in the formation of various landscape zones. In Japan, decorative moss is used as a mandatory element in creating the style of bonsai. Many land owners allocate a small part of the territory under the lawn. For those who want to have a beautiful platform with deep emerald green vegetation, but are not set up to work associated with planting grass and subsequent care for it (which includes the processes of watering, mowing, weeding, harvesting), can use decorative moss as an alternative.
He is absolutely unpretentious, does not require much attention. This plant does not need to be protected from pests - insects simply do not eat it, do not need to be watered - it tolerates a lack of moisture. To this should be added such a feature as the ability to maintain color at any time of the year. Decorative moss (photo - in the article) perfectly tolerates sudden changes in temperature.
Any type of this plant, regardless of whether it is wild or decorative moss, quickly takes root on the stones, so it is often used as an element of a common ensemble when creating a rock garden or in a Japanese garden. If the site is supposed to create a small area on which any kind of moss will grow, to speed up the process, it is necessary to release the selected pad from any other herbs. Then you need to slightly tamp the ground so that it becomes more dense. The landing process itself does not require any additional skills. It is enough to take a decorative moss, spread it on the ground and press it down as closely as possible to the ground, thereby giving it the opportunity to gain a foothold.
We must try to eliminate the appearance of air gaps between the plant and the soil. Loose fit can cause moss death due to drying out. If desired, you can use the dressing, which is used in the cultivation and cultivation of rhododendrons, but you should forget about the use of fertilizer with ferrous sulfate - decorative moss for the garden tolerates it very badly. The plant does not like too flat surfaces, it is more comfortable for it in areas with difficult terrain.
The main thing that should provide the owner of the lawn, covered with a carpet of moss, is a shade and a sufficient amount of moisture. At the first stage, the plant needs to be watered regularly, but after 4 weeks it will finally take root on the site and will be able to provide itself with the required volume of water. Care for such a lawn is only to clean fallen leaves and branches.
Decorative moss: where applicable
As an element of interior decoration moss can serve as an excellent tool for any designer or just a connoisseur of this contract, you can create special phytowalls from this panel moss insert inscriptions decor for existing plants.
Phytostenes are entire wall elements that are decorated with not conventional columns, for example, or with a different color of wallpaper, but with moss. This allows you to add freshness and brightness to the interior. This technique is often used in modern offices, when people are sitting at a computer for a long time so that the human eye can rest, being distracted by such green walls.
The possibilities of decorative moss allow you to create whole decorative paintings from this material. The decor in these pictures is some kind of plants or other elements. The main background is moss.
No matter how decorative moss is used, it will be a striking design element that focuses on one's views and will have a positive effect, because of its origin and pleasant color.
Names and types of mosses
For decorating the walls are used several types: it is a moss-shaped moss, flat and spongy. The appearance of the first moss is fully described by its name, this type of moss allows you to make volumetric scenery that will serve as an oasis in the concrete cell of the city. Such paintings are very similar to natural, created by nature on the rocks of the composition. The hummocks of a given moss can be from several centimeters to two dozen centimeters in diameter. Shot moss can be used for decoration of business spaces, also for living spaces.
Flat moss creates the feeling of having a carpet in the house, only this carpet is made of natural material. Flat moss is used in the interior as a separate element, also in conjunction with other decorative elements, such as stones and plants. Nowadays, the inscriptions on the walls of the interior of natural fur are very popular. Such an inscription can just be created using this type. Spongy moss differs from the previous ones in its volumetric texture, which is very pleasant and soft to the touch, it can be used both for walls and for other surfaces, for example, for finishing the internal space.
"Velvet carpet" as a decorative ornament
Mosses are unusual both in their structure and in their way of life. Unlike the rest of the summer representatives of the flora - trees, grass, flowering plants - they do not have roots and flowers, but the outgrowths that replace the leaves have a unique decorative effect.
A variety of colors, from bright green to red-brown, allows you to create unusual velvety lawns, decorate alpine slides and rockeries, “aging” brick fences, tree stumps and stone framing ponds
The first began to use moss in landscape design attentive to the little things the Japanese. They noticed that miniature thickets in a certain, comfortable environment for them, live and develop no worse than garden plants, and in some cases overshadow them with their appearance.
As early as the 14th century, Japanese monks created the garden of moss Saihoji, which, while slightly modified, still exists.
Diverse species of moss and lichen cover small islands, stones, tree trunks, soil with a thick multi-colored lawn, creating an atmosphere of peace and quiet
The tradition to use moss in landscape design has spread to Europe, and then to other continents, to all regions where the climate has to grow these special plants.
The most popular decoration technique, suitable for the dacha area - the creation of mossy stone, which is part of a stone garden or rock arias. Half-covered with green velvet, the stone takes on a completely different look - more ancient, mysterious, fabulous.
Mosses and lichens organically fit into the composition of coniferous forest trees: covering the lower parts of the trunks, they simultaneously protect them from drought and overheating
From the point of view of the possibility of decorating large and small forms, moss is universal. He perfectly "old" statues, vases, fountains and garden sculptures, located in the shade, but also serves as an excellent additional protection for the roofs of houses and gazebos. And of course, as a cover plant, it frames the garden paths, small flower beds, ponds and banks of streams.
The secrets and rules of growing moss
If you are an experienced florist and have already learned how to grow flowers, care for lawns and collect a rich harvest of fruits by autumn, feel free to start breeding moss and decorate country décor or a fence with it.
Beginner designers can grow mosses or lichens on their own, learning the basics of caring for unusual representatives of the flora.
Where is it better to locate the garden of mosses?
As you know, moss likes penumbra and a large amount of moisture, so before purchasing decorative species in a store or self-catching them in the forest, make sure that there is a territory in your country estate that meets these requirements.
For example, it may be a small patch of coniferous or mixed forest in which pines, spruces, larch or fir grow.
As a rule, the branches of conifers create the necessary partial shade, and the soil contains a sufficient amount of water. If the light pine grove is located on dry sandy soil, it is not suitable for growing moss.
The northern side of the gazebo or the building, where the sun peeps in the early morning or late evening, is also suitable for creating velvet carpet. A small amount of ultraviolet light can be useful - under the rays of the sun, peculiar leaves change color and acquire many interesting shades.
A great place for the first landing of moss - garden soil. From small fragments of mossy turf, you can collect amazingly beautiful lawn, iridescent in different colors.
Moss cushions can be planted both under tree canopies and on open, but shaded areas - they form beautiful, unique in appearance lawns
If a boggy area remained by chance in the country, it is the moss that can become the main decorative element for its decoration. In the center of the site is placed a small pond with aquatic plants, and the banks of the reservoir and the surrounding territory are decorated with the help of various types of moss-like plants and lichens.
In such an extraordinary landscape, the scattering of moss-covered stones, and the mossy old cracked jug, and the decorative boat, which is buried in the soft mossy shore, fit harmoniously into the landscape.
Shadow and moisture are not the only conditions for the successful growth of moss. Experienced florists recommend pre-study the acidity of the soil. Ideally, the pH value should be between 5 and 6.5 units.
Preparation of plant material
So, we have found a site for the experiment's behavior, it remains to acquire the plant itself. We will not be engaged in growing moss in disputes, but we will find adult plants at once - at least in order to immediately see the result. We have two options available:
- buy a few ornamental species in a flower shop,
- go to the forest and independently get samples.
The first option is good because it will be an opportunity to purchase different types of color and growth features. However, there is no certainty that they will quickly take root on your site, so be sure to ask the seller where and in what conditions the proposed specimens were grown. Purchased moss is fed with fertilizers and treated for diseases in order to better become comfortable after moving.
Plants from the nearest forest are likely to quickly become accustomed to a new place of residence if it is similar to a former place of growth. Where can I find moss in natural habitat? First of all, in the near coniferous forest.
Select those types that you will use: if you decide to decorate the stone, remove the pads from the stones, wood moss will decorate the tree trunks, and the green carpet covering the soil will be useful for decorating alpine hills and lawns
Moss can be found in the city. Visit old parks and squares, ancient monuments of architecture with high stone fences, overgrown ponds - somewhere you will surely stumble upon a thick green carpet.
Try to find as many different types as possible, differing in height, shade and growing conditions - experimenting with them, choose the most resistant plants suitable for your site
Choose mature, healthy specimens that are distinguished by rich color and thickness. Do not pull out the plants and do not cut only their tops. It will be right to undermine the pad from all sides and carefully separate it from the base.
Try not to damage the decorative upper part and lower outgrowths. The collected pads (pieces of mossy turf) gently fold into a basket, at the bottom of which is placed a wet piece of cloth. When filling the basket, be sure to cover the samples so that direct sunlight does not fall on them and the moisture does not evaporate ahead of time.
The nuances of proper planting moss
To begin with, the moss planted in the fall, take root much better. You can try and spring planting, and then analyze the difference of the results. Perhaps your conditions are ideal for spring work.
Soil-filler is better to prepare in advance. Make a nutrient substrate: mix in equal parts of black soil and peat, add a small amount of clay and expanded clay. Peat and expanded clay will help retain moisture in the dry season.
If the moss is found in the forest or on the shore of the lake, take the soil in the old place of growth - it is ideal for adaptation in the new territory
Next, perform the following actions:
- We take a bucket, a basin or a friend of a convenient container, fill it with clean water (preferably key) and lay down the mossy turf collected or bought in layers in order to feed it with moisture before disembarking.
- If the place chosen for planting was covered with leaves or overgrown with weeds during your absence, remove all that is superfluous, so that a clean, “bare”, overgrown-free patch remains.
- The soil, suitable for the characteristics, is simply loosened a few centimeters deep (up to 5 cm, no more), otherwise we dig a lot of mini-holes and fill them with a prepared substrate or soil brought from the forest.
- We plant moss pads according to a project invented in advance - separately, in strips, in a checkerboard pattern. You can use the same color pieces, collecting a plain rug, and you can use different colored fragments to form patterns and ornaments.
- For subsequent growth and renewal, it is recommended to keep small intervals between the planted islets.
- Ensure that the pieces of turf are tight to the soil, leaving no air gap. However, it is not worth pressing the plants too much.
- After planting, fresh lawn must be watered, and further ensure that the humidity is at the required level.
As you can see, the landing rules are pretty simple. Let's look at some more features.
When planting moss on an alpine slide, additional initial fixation is required so that the sod pieces do not peel down. To fix them on the slope, we simply stick thin sticks (toothpicks will do) or pieces of wire. Later, when the moss grows, they can be removed.
On old stumps, only those specimens that were removed from a similar surface, rotting wood, “nestle” well.
On the contrary, if you found a beautiful spectacular specimen on a rotten stump and you want to decorate it with a dacha composition, you will have to get an old stump dumped with a log or a piece of wood with traces of decay.
Sometimes a smooth mossy surface looks dull and monotonous. To revive the composition, use partner plants. Suitable residents of coniferous forests:
- berries (lingonberry, blueberry, strawberry, blueberry),
- low flowers (like violets),
- any species of lichen, including moss.
These tips are good for mossy lawn, and now consider how to grow moss on the rocks. This will require a mixture of pieces of moss, water and forest soil. These components are mixed in a blender, and then applied to the surface of the stone.
The first time will require additional care. You can cover the stone with a film for several days, arranging from time to time a short airing.
Beautiful and laconic on the background of a green carpet looks like a stone placer, but it is better to pick up not gray granite fragments, but ordinary gray stones.
Sometimes prepare the mixture on a biological basis. To mossy sod add a little sugar, kefir, water, beat and sticky mass dab the stone. Products fix the plant particles and play the role of a nutrient mixture.
Instead of kefir, you can use yogurt or beer, instead of sugar - any sweet syrup. Not only stones, but also stone fences, brick buildings, and wooden fences are decorated with this method.
With good growth of moss on concrete, stone and wooden surfaces, it is possible to create graffiti, ornaments and “live” drawings from its fragments.
How to care for mossy lawns?
Like any lawn, flower bed, or rockeries, a mshanik requires regular maintenance, which consists in moistening, thinning, renewing and elementary cleaning. The moss grows rather slowly: the first young pads will appear no earlier than 4-5 weeks after disembarkation. They will occur near the "parent" nests from all sides or in one direction, the most favorable for growth.
At this stage, you should adjust the size of the "mat" if you need it to be in strictly limited limits. Until the young shoots have grown, planting should be kept wet.
It happens that the plants do not survive and die. Не страшно: подберите другой вид и высадите на прежнем месте. Иногда мох засыхает из-за недостатка влаги или сильного воздействия солнечных лучей. Возможно, обильный полив оживит засохшие растения
В отличие от традиционного газона, мшанику не требуется регулярная стрижка. Однако необходимо следить за его чистотой. Forest trash will not only spoil the aesthetics of the decorative cover, but also cause the death of moss or the appearance of ugly bald patches.
Protecting the velvet mat from fall foliage is very simple: Spread a fine mesh over the whole lawn, and then just roll it along with the leaves.
Popular types of moss for country design
The soft-green pads of a round, slightly convex shape form the moss Leukobry.
Plants of the genus Leucobryum take root well and develop in the shade, on moist sandy soils, although a small amount of sunlight will also not harm them.
For decorating stone or concrete paths, patio or low fencing used Gipnovoy moss. Previously, it was used in dried form for warming wooden huts.
Genus Hypnum feels great on stony, woody and brick surfaces, although it is often used to create lawns
All mushroom pickers are familiar with Kukushkin flax - small vertically elongated plants-columns. This polytricum ordinary, a bright representative of the Japanese gardens of moss.
Plants of the genus Polytrichum commune prefer moist forest soil or wetlands. In favorable conditions, the plant reaches a height of 35-40 cm
Dikranum green moss is a real find for decorating stones and concrete fences.
Small rounded pads of bright green hue are small in height - up to 4 cm, therefore they are excellent on vertical surfaces.
The fern moss creates dense picturesque thickets and outwardly with its carved leaves really resembles a fern.
Thuidium just loves the shady areas of the garden and loneliness, so be careful not to make compositions of this moss and other plants that he will surely survive.
Sphagnum is often used in indoor floriculture and for the cultivation of ornamental plants in the garden. The plant stems are added to the flower ground to make it looser and softer.
Peat moss has a lot of bright colors - from pinkish red to rich green. The best places for its growth are the banks of streams, artificial ponds and natural reservoirs.
As you can see, growing moss is not so difficult. Its breeding does not require financial expenses, and the benefits are incomparable with anything: even in the dull period of the off season, evergreen rugs will delight you with bright colors.
Blooming for the garden
Leucobry. It allows you to create small light green pads of convex shape, suitable for planting on sandy soils in dark and wet areas.
Hypnous moss Used for decoration of stone and concrete surfaces, is also very good for breeding on patios or fences.
Kukushkin flax. Actively used for the design of Japanese gardens, is a small bollards that extend vertically.
Dikranum It is a small pads of bright green color. Height is no more than a few centimeters. Due to its low height, it is excellent for vertical surfaces.
Fern moss allows you to create thickets that attract with its picturesque and beautiful carved leaves.
Sphagnum. It is used for indoor floriculture and decoration of the garden plants. Allows you to make the soil softer loose.
For the interior
Moss is an amazing plant that amazes with its vitality and beauty, so it inspires artists and designers to create incredible designs and compositions. This incredible material allows you to be inspired by working with him. In other words, it is also a muse tool. Moss is able to grow in almost any environment in which there is moisture and shade. The only place in which he can not grow is salt water. The variety of moss is amazing. Scientists have found about twelve thousand varieties of this plant. And artists and designers have found even more use of moss.
moss in the interior
For example, Francois Robeter combines the power of nature and the power of art, creating unusual moss paintings on the walls of houses and public buildings. One of the last impressive works is the portrait of Nelson Mandella, which is made on the facade of a French hotel. This work of art attracts the eyes of passers-by and tourists. The only drawback of such a sculpture is that it needs to be cut like other plants. However, it only requires care a couple of times a year.
Architects also saw in the application of moss and practical purpose. The fact is that the walls that are decorated with moss compositions not only have an unusual and pleasant look, but also are capable of purifying the surrounding air, which is incredibly important in the modern world.
There is a huge number of varieties of ornamental moss. He has no leaves. It is worth noting that Mosses are a separate section from all plants. Scientists call them higher plants. The department includes them:
All species of this plant are different from each other, and now imagine how many different mosses you can see in all its glory at the dacha. it very common ornamental plant. Since all the mosses are different, it is completely impossible to describe them in general, it is necessary to tell about each separately. If you grow any kind of moss on the plot, then place it near other plants that require additional moisture. Thus, the moss will moisten the soil and not let them dry out.
The plant is considered one of the most unpretentious, and, of course, durable. It can grow and spread over the earth for centuries. Very often you can find it growing on a surface such as:
Landscape designers always consider it necessary to enter into the composition. carpet from such a plant. This desire is most likely due to the fact that he always has his permanent color and does not fade in the winter period. It is in those moments when the first snow begins to cover the ground, the combination of ever-flowering mosses and snow is pleasing to the eye and leaves no one indifferent.
Before planting moss need to pay attention to some features of the plant.
- Planted best in the fall. Flower growers believe that this time of year is the best for rooting moss.
- Pay attention to the fact that if you decide to transplant the moss that has previously grown on a rocky surface into another habitat, then you will fail. You can land such moss only on stones. Similarly with other species of this plant. For breeding, mosses are taken from one place and planted in the same habitat, but in another place.
Stony surface can be both natural and artificially created.
Florists recommend choosing rocky surface with a porous structure. Moss loves a rough surface. But smooth stones are suitable worse for the growth of this plant.
The landing of this culture on the surface of the earth should be done as follows:
- It is necessary to mix the nutrient solution, on which the moss will be planted. To do this, take 0.5 liters of kefir, as well as crushed moss. Everything is as it should, mixed. Please note that the solution should not be too thick, and be easily smeared over the surface. If you notice that the solution is thick or, conversely, liquid, add more components to settle the composition.
- Once the tool is ready, you can proceed to its application. To do this, take a nutrient solution and using a paint brush, apply it to the surface.
- Now you need to wait about 50-60 days for the first shoots. If after this period of time you did not notice any growth, then, most likely, the experiment failed, and something went wrong. You may have mixed up moss species and landed on the wrong surface.
If you propagate the moss, then planting also require good moisture. This will allow the moss to settle down on the site of the new landing. As soon as you find a very thin film of green color, then it is safe to say that the crops have grown 100%. If some parts of the moss do not survive, it can easily be changed to other landings.
This plant is quite unpretentious. If you landed it near the reservoirs, created by an artificial method, or in the area dominated by swamp soilsYou can forget about taking care of him. But if there are no reservoirs nearby, care should be as follows:
- Regular moistening of the entire surface of the plant.
- The introduction of nutrient minerals should not be done very often, but it is not desirable to completely ignore.
- If the temperature regime is too hot and natural precipitation is not expected, then gardeners recommend spraying. It is worth doing this manipulation daily, on particularly hot days you need to do it several times.
If the carpet of this green plant fades, just wet it, it will start to delight you with its beauty again. Constant moistening is required for decorative plantings only during breeding. As the moss settles down, it will start breeding, forming next to large plants. slightly smaller landings. And in the case when you do not want to allow a large sprawl, make sure that the newly formed shoots do not crawl away, stop them, giving shape to your creeping carpet.
Moss is the most advantageous option than lawn grass. He does not require constant trimming. But it should be noted that the entire surface of this wonderful carpet must be cleaned from fallen leaves and fine dirt. In the event that you do not cope with the care and cleaning of the carpet, bald patches will appear on the surface. If a strong wind is planned, and accordingly a large leaf fall, then spread a protective film or net on the surface of the decorative moss, after the weather subsides, you can easily remove and throw away everything that falls on top of the covering material.
Scientists have about 300 varieties of this species. It is this kind that has exceptional medical properties. With their help in traditional medicine and not only treat wounds, but also impose on purulent formations, for pulling out dirt from them. And it is also worth noting their exceptional use in the treatment of burns, and frostbite of the skin. Sphagnum perfectly fighting fungal infections. Perfectly tolerates moisture overload. It has a chic moisture capacity, and if you have very heavy bleeding, then attach a layer of this plant, it will absorb blood and cover with a crust, which is perfectly able to stop the bleeding.
These plants are a separate class. The name of this species is directly related to its form. It resembles a liver. They are located in places where the climate prevails in the tropics and subtropics. Varieties that are classified as this species have tall stems among all species, and, oddly enough, leaves grow on them. In folk medicine, this plant is used to make agents that fight bacteria, it helps very well from severe headaches and migraines. Dried moss is ground to powder and put into food before eating. Such a powder will help the digestive system to work properly, and remove more harmful substances from the body.
This is a very large species, more than 11 thousand varieties are attributed to it. They are also called green mosses. The view is very widely represented over the entire surface of the globe. Is he - perfect opposite hepatic species in terms of choosing the place of growth. Loves the cold climate. It grows very strongly on any surface. Most often you can see them on wetlands. They have a well-developed branching protonema. Reproduces, like many other plants of this department, spores, which are scattered over the surface of the soil.
For the growth of this type of plant need a temperature not higher than minus 4-6 degrees. They are very rigid in their structure, of short stature and its leaves have a straight shape. The structure of this plant is very interesting, it has villi, thanks to which it grows well on the surface of stones and rocks. At its growth, this species forms something like a pillow. The species includes approximately 100–110 varieties. For such a separate class of plants, Andrei mosses are a very small species. Reproduction occurs not in spores, but in a vegetative way. It is worth noting that in our country you can see not such a large number of varieties of this plant, only about 10–12, but no more.
This is one variety, isolated in a separate species. This variety is called Evernia plum. Loves cooler habitats, and grows, as a rule, on such trees as:
It looks like a small bush. It has such a rare ability as a change in shade, this feature depends on the growth conditions of the plant. If they change, then the color also begins to refract.
This sort may cause allergies. But this does not prevent some perfume companies to add it in minimal quantities in perfume. Its aroma is very saturated with notes of needles, and it is greatly appreciated in it. In antiquity, when many people often went to the forest, this species was used to scare away wild animals. It contains very valuable essential oils, which traditional healers often use in the treatment of various diseases.
Structure and distribution
Mossy plants are distinguished by the absence of flowers and the root system. Some species have rhizoids, processes that resemble the roots. The leaves have a supply of chlorophyll and support vital functions. There is also a sporophyte, consisting of a leg and a box in which spores that serve for reproduction mature. The maximum height of the stem is 5 cm, with the exception of some aquatic mosses and epiphytes. It should be noted that reindeer moss, called moss and reaching 20 cm in height, does not belong to the moss department.
Moss is an example of plants using two breeding methods for greater survival: sex and asexual. During the breeding season, spores of shoots may appear to bloom due to the appearance of flowering green heads. Spores retain their viability for decades, with the help of threads that appear, they are attached to the selected surface.
Mosses can be found in almost all corners of the planet. Most of the species for growth prefers moist soil in the marshland, shady places and tree trunks. In the event of a dry period, the bryophytes temporarily cease to grow and fall into a state of anabiosis. Less often, as a habitat for spore plants, rocks and stones can be observed.. These representatives of the flora can not be found in the seas or in areas with saline soil, as they do not tolerate salt.
The first representatives of the mossy department began in the Carboniferous period long before the appearance of flowering plants and apparently did not undergo any changes, retaining the original appearance to our times. Currently, the number of moss species is about 20 thousand, including the department of liverworts and anthocerothophytes.
The following classes exist:
- Leaf stem (brie).
From the list, you can select subclasses:
- Sphagnum (peat or white),
Brieve or briopsida
The leafy stalk is one of the largest classes of mosses. Distributed throughout the world. There are both annual and perennial samples. The height can be as low as 5–10 mm, or as high as 15 cm. Difistium has many leaves, for example, can be attributed to especially small mosses.
Known representatives of briopsids are considered kukushkin flax and fontinalis fire-fighting, which can often be found in the forests of Russia of northern and middle latitudes. Due to the abundance of flat leaves, the kukushkin flax resembles a small part of a coniferous branch that grows up, but the fountaininis more like a tiny fern.
On the southern lands, there is a small-leaf funaria and a wavy mnium - low plants with pointed leaves of green shades. Rhodobrium rosette, on the contrary, prefers to stay in the shade of coniferous forests.
Another sample of briquettes - brilliant gilocomiumhaving leaves in the form of scales. Consists of several tiers thanks to a special branching and thick leafy coating.
An example of the most famous subclass of bryophytes is sphagnum. There are more than 300 species, which are characterized by red, greenish-white or yellow color and relatively large sizes. Sphagnum grows in the tundra and forest lowlands with damp soil, forming a dense carpet due to the dense growth of leaves. If young shoots have rhizoids, then adult representatives of the species are completely devoid of root-like formations.
Popular representatives: sphagnum swamp, brown, hairy, Magellan.
Peat, the source of which is sphagnum, is actively used in agriculture and industry to produce peat gas. Carboxylic acid secreted by moss has found application in medicine due to its bactericidal properties.
Takaki, Gipnovye and Andreevye
The moss-like ones belonging to the Takakiya class are rather inconsistent plants. Первое время бриологи относили этот класс к печёночникам из-за характерного строения гаметофитов, однако, после подробного изучения спорофитов, растение было переклассифицировано в листостебельные. Визуально такакия отличается от других бриофитов. Существует два вида такакиевых: такакия роголистная и лепидозиевидная. Habitats are the Far East, as well as Northwest North America.
Representatives of the Hypnous species form a plant carpet on wet soils and rocks. Shoots are copiously covered with leaves from all sides, hypnosis mosses spread mainly in the north. A well-known representative of the species cypnum cypress is also common in the forest belt; it can be found both in a dense grove and on rocky uplands.
Mossy, belonging to the Andreev class, prefer cold terrain. Due to the peculiarities of the structure and the ability to take root in the stone pores, they can grow on rocks and in stony soils. There are about 100 species of Andreev mosses. Examples: Andrew is cold and Andrew is rocky.
There are varieties of ornamental moss, suitable for decorating aquariums. Moss-like animals are loved by aquarists due to the high level of survival, unpretentiousness and slow growth. A large number of variations in appearance is another advantage in favor of bryophytes.
Key moss, fontinalis, javanese moss, Riccia, ricardia are examples of plants suitable for decorating an aquarium.
Mosses occupy not always a noticeable, but extremely important role in the life of people. In addition to applications in construction, medicine, industry and aquarism, bryophytes can be a subject for collectibles and numerous photographs.. These creations of nature are truly amazing and beautiful.
Why is garden decorative moss so popular?
Moss unpretentious, but durable. For example, in one of the Kyoto gardens, where more than a hundred species of moss on two hectares of land, it has been growing since the 14th century. One type of plant, yellow-green leucobry, is famous for its ability to absorb sounds, which creates the necessary atmosphere of tranquility in the garden.
A variety of lichens and plants with a soft, velvety surface are usually considered moss, but in fact, bryophytes are called plants that reproduce by spores. And they prefer to dwell in the most humid corners of the planet, usually located on the ground, trees, stones and rocks. Decorative varieties of bryophyte are widely used for decoration of flowerbeds, stone compositions. It gives a special color to the garden, decorating the roots of trees, ceramics, small lakes and waterfalls, and also creates beautiful soft lawns. The advantage of moss is that it always remains blooming, so when the first snow falls on the ground, the picture becomes fascinating from an interesting combination of colors symbolizing completely different seasons, also in spring, when the last snow melts, a green rug of moss looks out of it, reminiscent of the coming heat.
How to use the moss in the interior
There are many types of moss, suitable for decoration. These are plants with colorful leaves and patterned crowns, and plants with boxes with spores resembling natural fruits, and plants that look like a combination of algae and mushrooms. Most often, decorative moss does not grow alone, it forms into beautiful emerald pads or even whole carpets.
If you want to create moss compositions in the interior with your own hands, you need to take into account the fact that this plant loves the northern side of the dwelling (that is, the one with the least light), as well as the clean, unpolluted atmosphere.
For the garden, as a decorative moss, scale, bushy and leafy lichens that can create a magnificent ensemble of colored and silvery fragments in garden decoration will perfectly fit.
What are the benefits of moss if used in a garden
Garden blooming moss quite unpretentious. Unlike most cultivated plants, it does not need good lighting or fertilizer. It is not necessary to cut it, and also it is absolutely hypoallergenic, and therefore does not pose a danger to people.
On the ground occupied by moss, usually there are no problems with weeds, as the moss competes with them. Many gardeners are also pleased by the fact that the plant hardly reacts to temperature changes. Thus, there will be no trouble with moss.
Most often in the garden they grow moss called kukushkin flax, which is a stalk with dernik from dark green leaves up to 40 cm high. Moss is propagated by spores.
In the garden, the plant is grown in two ways: using seedlings or creating favorable conditions for the appearance. But the moss is a slow plant, so you have to wait a few years for the moment when it will appear or grow.
Because gardeners prefer to use seedlings. You can not only buy it in a specialty store, but also dig up moss records from the nearest forest with your own hands.
If you decide to take moss in the forest, you need to undermine it along with part of the soil - this will speed up adaptation to the soil in your garden. Moss pads should first be moistened with water, and then spread out from each other in 20-25 centimeters, gently pressing them to the ground in order to simultaneously remove the air and not damage the structure.
If you are going to plant moss not on flat ground, but on any unevenness (for example, a slope), you should fix the pads with chips or wood bark to prevent them from slipping after the rain.
Although moss and unpretentious in the care, still not forget about maintaining comfortable conditions for him, especially if you used seedlings. The main condition for the growth of moss is to maintain the necessary soil moisture, especially in the first two weeks after it was planted.
If you do not rush to design the garden, you can try to create the necessary conditions for the bryophyte to grow by itself. To do this, you need to dig up that part of the soil on which it is planned to grow moss, and then fertilize it with herbicide and acidify (peat is added to the upper layer of soil). The first results in the form of mossy plots you will see after a couple of years, and in another three years the moss will grow with might and main to the treated land. Do not forget about soil moisture during the cultivation of bryophyte - if there is a drought, it is necessary to provide the soil with enough moisture.
Briophyte outside the garden - a myth or reality?
Unfortunately, it is impossible to create all the necessary conditions for the breeding of a bryophyte in an apartment.
First of all, due to lack of humidity (the necessary environment can be created only if you spray moss from a spray bottle every 15 minutes). Of course, some fans of the decor of moss are trying to grow it in an aquarium or any other closable capacity, but this method requires a lot of effort and, accordingly, the desire to engage in this painstaking work.
You can decorate the ground with pots with potted plants with moss, however, to do this, water them with settled water, preferably rainwater, so that the room bryophyte does not lose its attractive emerald color.
Moss as a necessary element of the interior in ecostyle
The logical consequence of active urbanization is a fashion for environmental friendliness. Man always seeks to create a corner of nature in a polluted and dirty city. This explains the popularity of moss as an eco-element in the interior.
Moss designers usually decorate vertical surfaces, accessories and furniture. Thanks to practicality and aesthetics, the moss in the interior was a competition for indoor flowers.
Now the so-called phyto wall from decorative, stabilized (canned) moss, resembling a real piece of rustic garden in a city apartment, has gained much popularity. What are its benefits?
- To build a phyto wall with your own hands, you will not have to think about the ground or bulky structures - you just need special plates that contain moss spores. The living wall does not have to be watered and selected special lighting for it.
- Phytosten has excellent sound insulation, which is especially important in an apartment building.
- Moss, absorbing moisture from the air, controls the level of humidity in the room.
- Using different colors of decorative moss, you can make a pattern or pattern.
- Phytowall requires a minimum of care: you never have to specially fertilize or trim it.
- The living wall is an excellent platform for your fantasies on the theme of decor. You can make it more original with your own hands by adding some potted plants or, for example, a fern.
No less popular than phyto walls, and pictures of moss with the addition of various natural elements.
There are also other ways to make moss a profitable element of decor. These are, for example, moss rugs, photo frames decorated with moss, greenboards, furniture parts, silhouettes.
And all this, if desired, can be done by hand, using stabilized or artificial moss.
Artificial moss as a reasonable alternative to natural vegetation
If for some reason you cannot use a forest plant in your interior, you can try to make an analogue of your own hands. With a little effort, the output you get almost indistinguishable from the natural product.
You will need toothpicks, acrylic paints with a palette of green, transparent glue, and the hard side of an ordinary green sponge.
To begin, grind the hard part of the sponge. Mix it with paint using toothpicks. Add glue and mix thoroughly. If the glue is quick-drying, it should be applied immediately to the coating, and then lay out the moss. If the drying time is a few hours, it is kneaded with a washcloth, and only then it is formulated.
Now ready-made artificial moss is on the market. For example, moss in a roll can be used both for decorating the garden and in the interior of the apartment. Thus, it is possible without much difficulty, using creativity, to make many clever accessories and decorative elements.
The most numerous class of moss used for ornamental purposes includes more than 14,000 species collected in 700 genera.
- Sphagnum, or peat moss. Differs in large sizes, light green or red-brown color. Geographically covers the tundra area with a solid carpet and is a source of formation of peat layers. Annual growth - 2-3 cm.
- Briev mosses. Perennial plants in height from 1 mm to 0.5 m. Saturated green, brown or black color. Occur on the territory of Russia on damp rotting trees, fallen leaves. A popular representative is kukushkin flax.
- Andrei mosses. Small group, growing in permafrost zones on rocks and rocks, forming pillows.
- Oakmoss It lives in temperate and northern climates, but with a properly selected location it grows in the central regions of the country in the garden plot. Dwells on tree trunks, has a bushy body and changes color from lighting and nutritional conditions. Under drought conditions, it becomes red or yellow, in warm, wet weather it becomes whitish.
In nature, a large number of species of mosses that live in extreme conditions, but easily take root in a warm climate.
For decorating the area with mosses, it is worthwhile to choose the right place and create conditions for the growth of a moisture-loving plant. The color palette makes it possible to collect carpets with patterns and textures.