Rukola (Indau) or, as it is also called, a sowing campaign caterpillar, arugula, rocket salad, eruka is an annual herb. Indau wild in nature grows in Europe, Asia and North Africa. In artificial conditions arugula is grown in large quantities in Italy. Gradually, the popularity of this plant conquers the north of Europe and the country of America. Mention of this plant comes from ancient times. Used to be arugula wild used as an addition to meat dishes. Currently, Indow is known for its beneficial and healing properties.
The basis of this herbaceous plant is a branched stem. Leaves of arugula are very juicy and have a nut smell. The lower leaves are pinnate with a toothed shape. Arugula begins to bloom in late spring. Flowers in long inflorescences, usually yellow. After flowering, there are leguminous fruits with brown seeds. There are so many varieties of this plant.
- Cultivar "Curiosity". Because of its taste, it is widely used in cooking. Ripens within a month, from the moment of landing of seeds. In adulthood, reaches 20 centimeters in height. The lower leaves are shaped like a lyre.
- Variety "Arrows Cupid". Very popular grade among gardeners and fans to use it as a part of dishes. Refers to mid-season species. In adulthood, like a dandelion. The leaves are carved in shape.
- Variety "Olivetta". Compared with the varieties described above, it is a fast-growing one. The whole growth process takes place in 21 days. The leaves are green with a bitter taste. Widely used in cooking giving dishes a peculiar taste.
These are just some of the popular varieties of the Indow. In fact, they are much more.
Landing Ways of Indow
Depending on the climatic conditions, planting occurs seedling or seedless. In areas with a mild climate, sowing can be carried out directly into the ground. If in your area a long winter, then you can first prepare the seedlings at home.
- Seedling preparation. Sowing seedlings need to do in early spring. The soil for seedlings can be prepared by yourself or buy ready-made in a specialized store. If the ground is yours, then it must be calcined in the oven or treated with boiling water. Before planting, the seeds must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. In the container for planting pour the prepared soil with a thickness of at least 10 centimeters. Then, it is necessary to spread the seeds 2 centimeters apart and sprinkle with sand a layer of 1 centimeter. After that, the capacity is set in a bright place. Do not forget to periodically water our crops and in 3-5 days the first shoots should appear.
- Planting eruki planting soil. In the middle of spring, when warm days come, you can proceed to planting in. First, choose a place in the garden. Given that the arugula does not like the sun very much, we choose the place of the penumbral. Having chosen the place, we proceed to the preparation of the soil cover. In case of strongly acidic soil we introduce lime or wood ash into it. So that the earth is soft and fluffy we add sand. For fertility, you can add mineral fertilizers. Then, we make grooves in the soil with a depth of 1-2 centimeters. Liberally spill them with water and fold the seeds at a distance of up to 10 centimeters between each other. We sprinkle lightly on the ground and, if it is still cold at night, then we can cover the beds with a film.
One of the important parts of care is watering plants. Care must be taken to ensure that the soil was constantly wet and loose. Planting is best watered daily. After watering, it is imperative to break through the aisle. We should not forget and remove weeds that hinder the development of plants. Careful feeding of young landings is allowed. You can feed with nitrogen and solutions of mullein or chicken droppings. To avoid the accumulation of nitrates in the grass, do not add fresh manure to the soil.
Arugula matures within 3-5 weeks and it can be torn off and eaten. Do not delay the harvest, otherwise the grass loses its taste. Sowing plants can be updated every two weeks and then the whole season you can use it in cooking.
Fight against diseases and pests
For this kind of plants are dangerous diseases such as perinospora and fusarium. The first is characterized by the appearance of brown spots on sprouts, and the second is characterized by the appearance of yellow leaves. As practice shows, fighting them is useless. Just need to change the place for sowing. Arugula, planted in open ground, may be attacked by cruciferous flea beetles and cabbage moths. Both species are strong pests of cabbage crops, as they feed on plant leaves.
Therefore, immediately after planting, it is recommended to cover the plants, for example, with agrospan. And also you can periodically sprinkle the leaves with tobacco dust or ash. From cabbage moth well help infusions of wormwood and potato tops.
Useful properties of arugula
In addition to its nutritional value, this plant is widely used in medicine. Even in ancient times, their properties were used to treat bruises, wounds, sprains and pains in the head. In the present days - this plant is widely used in diseases of the skin. Mustard grass contains mass vitamins, as well as useful elements: zinc, magnesium, manganese, etc. It is noticed that this herb has a beneficial effect on the work of the digestive tract.
It successfully fights a number of bacteria and viruses, increases hemoglobin in the blood. It also strengthens the human immunity, lowers blood sugar levels and regulates the water-salt metabolism. Eruka is used as a dietary product, as it has a low calorie content.
Exotic tasty, which grow on the windowsill by force even a child. A huge complex of vitamins, ascorbic acid and the unforgettable Hazelnut mustard taste will conquer you from the first acquaintance! I will show and tell you about my own indecent darling!
I welcome everyone who looked into my review. Oh, this unique "mustard" taste! He drove me crazy a year ago and I aggressively began to look for Semen Rukol or Indus. Crunchy, juicy greens do not compare with shop grass offered in supermarkets. Therefore, we buy a package of seeds for 15 rubles and in an easy way, since growing arugula forgive a simple one even on a window sill!
Semen bought by me in January and I immediately planted them in pots. Vigor is 100%, so the packaging was enough for me to summer seed. Variety does not like heat, therefore THIS IS A COLD SUMMER IDEAL FOR CROPING AND CULTIVATING THE NEEDLE!
Early ripe cold-resistant variety (the period from germination to harvesting the first greenery is 20-25 days). Forms a rosette of leaves with a height of 30-50cm. It is intended for cultivation in an open ground, under film shelters, as a pot culture on a window sill. Appreciated for the pronounced aroma and taste. Her young, deeply dissected lyre leaves are rich in a complex of vitamins, especially ascorbic acid. They are recommended as a garnish for meat and fish dishes, improve the taste of legumes, they can be added to soups, salads, cottage cheese or used on sandwiches. Rukola strengthens the walls of blood capillaries, promotes digestion and activates the immune system, normalizes metabolism, increases the level of hemoglobin in the blood, helps with obesity and diabetes. It is used as a tonic. The variety does not tolerate heat and when drought shoots.
Today we have dolma with vegetables for dinner and of course there was no cost to add RUNOLS. I am very keen to grow and try to cook dishes with arugula, it is very tasty!
Despite the recommendations of the manufacturer, my caregiver does not need to be treated. But still rekomenduyu familiar with agrotechnikoy:
I transferred the arugula to the garden with the early spring from the pots and that's it! This is the end of the care, it is raining and the cold is doing its job. Arugula grows juicy and very tasty. I plan to fall in autumn again to pick up a couple of housings from the garden. For tasty and vitamin winter dishes.
This variety is not hot or hot, it is loved by children in vegetable salads. You can read about the benefits of arugula, even hemoglobin elevations are controlled by arugula!
Well, let me remind you that you can plant rumen seeds spring and from July a month to autumn!
Recommended Semena Rucola (Indau) from Plasmaz Agronica LLC! Quality and taste on top!
Description and useful properties of arugula
The plant is a relative of mustard and cabbage. It has many other names that can often be found in descriptions of dishes or articles about arugula. Rocket salad, arugula, caterpillar, indus, eruka, walker - this is one and the same. Also, greens called indow.
Salad leaves are rich in vitamin B and C, magnesium, zinc, iron, selenium and folic acid. These components in the complex strengthen the human immune system, destroying harmful bacteria. The flavonoids in the composition make the walls of blood vessels strong and elastic. Arugula is an excellent medicine for people suffering from stomach ailments. Regular consumption does not allow cancer cells to grow.
Rocket salad has the ability to soothe the nervous system, therefore it is recommended to hot-tempered people. Greens reduce cholesterol and removes excess fluid from the body. Fans of diets do not bypass the plant with a nutty flavor, as arugula helps to lose weight and maintain beauty. 100 g of the product contains only 25 calories.
Acting inside the body, improves the appearance of the hair and strengthens the nails. Arugula is not only eaten, but also used for the preparation of masks and other care products. It is useful to include it in the mask. It has a rejuvenating effect, making the skin elastic.
Among the existing varieties of arugula are annual and perennial. They are intended for greenhouses and open ground. In order not to engage in planting lettuce every year, it is better to choose perennial varieties. The root system tolerates winter well, and the green appears in early spring.
Breeders have developed many varieties of arugula. All that are on the market, suitable for gardeners living in the suburbs. They have similar characteristics, but differ in taste and appearance. Among the large number of types of arugula, everyone can choose what they like.
Included in the group of mid-season varieties. It is suitable for the use in 4 weeks from the moment of emergence of sprouts. Culture rosette height - 22 cm. The peculiarity of arugula is the late rifle and the preservation of a good presentation.
The leaves at Cupid Arrows are wavy, having a rich green color. They are raised above the ground and form a uniform outlet. During the flowering period, yellow flowers appear on the plant. From 1 square. m for the season collect up to 3 kg of green.
In the descriptions of the varieties of Arrows Cupid and Dakovina can be found a lot in common. Shrubs reach a height of 20 cm. The plant is covered with leaves of medium size. The color is green, the surface is smooth, devoid of roughness.
The weight of one bush of Curiosities varies within 20 g. The blooming arugula flowers have a cream shade and are covered with brown veins. Indau forms an arrow rather late. Culture develops well on soils with high humidity. It continues to give greens before the onset of cold weather, as it can preserve food quality for a long time.
Is a record for the appearance of green leaves. From the moment the shoots appear until harvest, it takes only 3 weeks. The height of the plant is 25 cm. The leaves are strongly dissected and painted green.
At the time of use of arugula bitterness is felt. From fresh greens comes a spicy aroma. From the yellow flowers of Olivet small light brown seeds, similar to poppy seeds, are formed. Productivity is not very high - about 2 kg of greens are collected from a small area.
Another representative of early ripening varieties. Dark green leaves have a wavy shape, and the plant itself is finely toothed. From the leaves comes a delicate mustard scent. After pruning on the bush, new ones appear, having the same bitter-sharp taste.
Rocket leaves are rich in vitamin C. Suitable for growing in open and closed soil. Used to prepare various dishes. These can be simple snacks or complex main dishes.
Pruning is recommended 3 weeks after the sprout. The variety is considered universal, since arugula can be planted in a greenhouse and sown in open ground. The outlet height is average - from 15 to 25 cm. The leaves cover the shrub and are slightly raised above the ground.
The culture has a rich green color with light streaks. When sliced in a dish there is a strong aroma. Thanks to the nut-mustard flavor, it goes well with vegetables, meats and cheeses. It is considered a dietary product. Arugula Victoria is a real source of vital minerals, vitamins and other equally useful substances.
Enjoys great popularity among lovers of greenery. The early ripe grade is characterized by fine tastes. It forms the basis for salads and light dishes for fish and meat. Peak cultivation falls in the middle of summer.
Arugula variety Poker is not similar to other representatives of greenery, because the bush has a branched stem. Thanks to this feature, the plant reaches a height of up to 1 m. With the help of green leaves, a rosette is formed in height up to 25 cm. The leaves are periodically cut for use, and new ones grow in their place.
In greenhouse conditions, the outlet is only 12 leaves. In open soil, the amount increases by 2 times. Arugula flowers have a pale cream color. Productivity is not very large, despite the fact that the variety is considered early.
It was bred by breeders back in 2007. Since then, he took the place of honor on the land plots of many gardeners. Perfectly transfers winter in an open ground, giving green sprouts in the early spring. On maturation takes from 20 to 30 days.
Neat green leaves of Solitaire have incisions along the edges. At the end of the vegetative period, the plant forms flowers of a gentle yellow color. The aroma of greenery is very strong, the taste has a mustard and nutty notes. Arugula is suitable for the conveyor method of growing.
Arugula is full of vitamins and essential oils. The complex of vitamins B and C increases hemoglobin and helps reduce salt deposits. It carries a strong cold, and it does not affect the culture. It gives a green mass early, so it is possible to prepare dishes from fresh greens. The height of the bush is not very big - only 18-23 cm.
In greenhouse conditions
As the land is protected, this will ensure arugula harvest for a whole year. An important condition for the greenhouse is temperature. The pointer should not fall below 16 degrees. If sunny days are far behind, the salad needs artificial light with special lamps.
Soil preparation before sowing:
- To loosen the procedure to a depth of 20 cm.
- To clear beds from weeds and the remains of other cultures.
- After 12 days do the plowing. In this way it will be possible to destroy the weeds that fell into the deeper layers of the soil.
- To harrow. This allows moisture to linger in the ground for a long time.
At first glance it may seem that the preseeding stages are difficult, but this is not the case. If you follow the instructions, the person will succeed. As a result, sprouts will appear, and over time an adult culture.
Many gardeners and gardeners practice this way of growing crops. Lettuce seeds sown from mid-spring until the end of August. The procedure is repeated every 10 days to always have fresh greens. If summer days are very hot, choose a site that is in the shade. Arugula does not tolerate direct sunlight.
The procedure for sowing seeds in open ground is the same as in greenhouse conditions. It is recommended to follow these rules:
- the distance between the rows should be within 45 cm,
- seed material to deepen into the soil no more than 1.5 cm,
- around the plant should be at least 5 cm of free space.
The density of sowing negatively affects the growth of each bush. Extra shoots are removed when they have 2 leaves.
Growing by seedlings is also possible. To do this, take individual cups or a large pot. In the latter case, 30 pieces are sown. In each cup should be planted 2-3 seeds to select the strongest sprout and transplant in open soil.
Shoots appear very quickly. When the seedlings are strong enough, they are transferred to a permanent place in the open ground together with the earthy clod. For normal development, a temperature of 9 degrees is sufficient. To protect young seedlings from the cold, sprouts are covered with cans and removed in the morning.
Growing up on the windowsill
An excellent alternative for citizens who do not have land. If you have a balcony, this is only a plus, since pots with greens can be taken out to fresh air. Рекомендуется не сажать много ростков в один ящик. Для каждого кустика лучше выбрать всего одну емкость. Особое требование, которое должен соблюдать человек при выращивании рукколы на подоконнике, заключает в ящике — его глубина не должна превышать 10 см.
Правила ухода за посадками рукколы
Листья эруки начинают обрывать, когда в длину они достигнут 10 см. Это способствует обновлению культуры, благодаря чему появляются новые листики. If the greens outgrow, it will affect its appearance and taste.
Succulent leaves lose their attractiveness, become rigid with a large number of fibers. They are no longer suitable for food.
New leaves will appear if the culture is constantly watered. Especially it needs abundant watering on hot days. Not every gardener adheres to this rule. The lack of moisture changes the taste of arugula, as it becomes very bitter.
During irrigation, you can not pour water directly on the plant. It needs to be sprayed so that the soil evenly absorbs water. For this purpose, use a watering can. If we are talking about large plots with arugula, a sprinkler will be useful.
Between the beds with lettuce lay a hose and as needed moisten the soil. As a rule, this is done in the morning and evening, after the heat subsides. In addition to watering, the earth needs to be tipped up. This contributes to a better penetration of air masses and moisture to the roots of the plant.
As for feeding, it is carried out twice per season. Fertilization occurs simultaneously with watering plants. Substances for feeding are chosen based on the period of ripening greens. Since it stands out for duration, manure and other mineral fertilizers are not used. Otherwise, the green mass will accumulate a large amount of toxic substances.
It is best to use nitrogen-based fertilizers. For this perfect chicken or cow dung. It is necessary to breed, observing proportions. 25 g of substance take at least 10 liters of water.
Salad plant has many names - arugula, Indau, Eruk and others. For many centuries known in many countries. It is valued not only for its taste, but also for its beneficial properties, the ability to use in medicine and cosmetology. Cultivation does not take much time, besides it can be done on the windowsill. If a gardener tries arugula at least once, he will not be able to abandon it.
What is arugula or indow
Arugula - a type of spicy grass. belongs to the cruciferous family. originally from the Mediterranean, and now popular in many very different countries. in my opinion, the taste of this salad is not similar to any known spice.
Few people know that in the Caucasus and the Crimea, a long time ago a wild arugula grows like a weed or
fine leaf litter (other names - sowing campaign, rocket salad). This is a view
belonging to another genus of the cruciferous family, but its basic properties are very similar to arugula or Indo sowing. Indau or arugula is also found in the wild in many countries.
These salad cultures, in spite of their southern origin, feel remarkably in our middle zone.
There are differences between them: an arugula is an annual plant, a two-rowed tree is a biennial, its socket winters, the next year it gives seeds and dies.
Tasty herbs have become popular in Russia relatively recently - less than ten years have passed.
Today, there are many cultivated varieties of Indo and a two-leaf thin-leaved. in taste, the latter is sharper. The leaves of the two-rowed are smaller and pointy. There are no special differences in care. as in gardens, the two-rowger is grown as an annual.
Growing arugula in open ground
- Landing time - the end of April and the beginning of May, depends on the weather. Then you can plant even in August, as the varieties are mostly early, ripen, give full greens 25-30 days after germination. Arugula seeds germinate quickly - for 3-5 days.
- The landing site is without shadow and bright sun, for example, in the morning there is light from the east, after lunch there is a light shadow. I plant arugula in containers that I built from 7-liter buckets from under water-based paint. Of course, there are drainage holes there and a quarter of a bucket filled with expanded clay.
- I take light soil, but it is possible and loam, experience has shown that it is not so important. From autumn I put some ash on it, cover it.
- In the spring, the ground is a little loose, then slightly compacted. Soot the seeds, sprinkle them with a centimeter layer of soil, a little water from the watering can. Since the soil is wet in spring, watering may not be necessary. From above, I cover the bucket with a spanbond, sticking its edges from below with the same bucket. This saves from possible freezing, as well as from drying out of the soil, pests. Very comfortably!
Such buckets can be put in different places in the garden. From this, the garden will be more comfortable, besides, the containers can be easily rearranged to the place you like and green.
Rucola salad, photo:
I do not use fertilizers when growing arugula, as the use of nitrogen will lead to the formation of nitrates.
On a bed landing is made in the same way. The distance between the rows is 20 cm,
plants - 5 cm. When thinning greens are used for their intended purpose: salads, seasonings, additives to the first. main dishes.
Care is watering. quite often. it is done by sprinkling or
row spacing. The more often watering. the more tender taste. when a drought arugula begins to taste bitter, shoots faster, gives seeds, but becomes inedible.
Further care - thinning. weeding as usual.
Growing Indus through seedlings
Planting time is mid-April. I plant them in 100 gram cups of coffee. By the May holidays I plant on a bed, cutting along the wall at the pot. During the cultivation of seedlings constantly moisten the soil from the sprayer. Indau saplings will survive frosts to -5, but it is better to arrange a temporary shelter for the first time after planting.
How to grow rocket on the windowsill
- The window sill is located on the sunny side.
- Used purchased land for vegetables. There are no pests, causative agents of many diseases of cabbage cruciferous crops.
- Prepare a container, make holes, put drainage, fill with earth. Depth 10-15 cm. The soil layer does not reach the edges by 3-4 cm.
- Let the arugula varieties be early.
- On the ground moistened with a sprayer, lay the seeds 2x2 cm, sprinkle with a layer of earth 1 cm, we moisten again.
- Cover the container with a lid. We put on the window sill.
- In 3-5 days there will be shoots. Now we air the container daily, and on the 5th day we remove the lid.
What kind of care? - Only watering from the sprayer, then as usual. excess water from the pan
Growing arugula on the windowsill in the winter, as you can see, can be done by anyone. A month later, we cut off the young leaves.
Arugula is so unpretentious that in cool weather or frost can
stay on the balcony or loggia, of course. within reasonable limits. it will even improve her taste and benefits.
Indau contains a lot of essential oil that repels diseases and pests. Nevertheless, the cruciferous flea, the cabbage fly, bothers her most. Tip: immediately after planting cover non-woven material. You can wake up the aisle dry mustard.
Arugula: beneficial properties and contraindications for use
The benefits of arugula are as follows:
- Immunity increases as it contains a lot of vitamin C.
- Oncology prevention, in this arugula vies with broccoli cabbage.
- The level of sugar and cholesterol in the blood decreases.
- The metabolism, work of a stomach and intestines improves.
- Strengthening effect on the nervous system.
- Arugula for pregnant women is useful, there are many trace elements.
- It helps to lose weight, since the calories of arugula are only 25 kcal.
- Cosmetology uses rucola oil for masks on the skin and hair.
- Since ancient times, and now people use a salad with arugula as an aphrodisiac. that is, arousing sexual desire.
Contraindications of arugula are rarely encountered - if it is consumed immoderately, an excess of nitrates may cause allergic reactions: rash, nausea, upset stool.
The use of arugula is diverse. Most often used fresh for salads, side dishes for meat, fish, beans. And the leaves are not cut, and tear hands, or served intact. When we live in the country, not a single dish is practically complete without indow. It fascinates from year to year and still seems unusual with every use the taste of walnut, olives, mustard flavor, which gives us arugula.
You may be interested in the following information:
Arugula: one name - two plants. How to distinguish
If you already have experience in the cultivation of arugula, you may have noticed that plants grown from seeds with the same name could be different in appearance and taste, or different names of plants could appear on the packaging next to the name of the same variety. Confusion may arise with the appearance of the picture. Everything is explained simply: under the name "arugula" two cultures are hidden.
The commercial name that came to us from Italy is today actively used in trade (in stores, on packaging, in catalogs), among vegetable growers, in cooking. In the special botanical literature, another name is used - Indow sowing campaign, or eruka sowing campaign (from the name in Latin). This plant belongs to the Indus genus of the Cabbage family and is arugula cultivated.
Inda plant annual, prostrate, reaches a height of 30-60 cm, characterized by broad lyre leaves with jagged edges. Inflorescence - a rare long brush. The flowers are light, almost white with purple veins, sometimes yellowish or cream. Small, light brown seeds of arugula, similar to mustard seeds, are arranged in two rows in a pod 2-3 cm long. Green arugula has a spicy-spicy taste.
Thin leaf leaf - a perennial lodging plant 40-70 cm tall, belonging to the genus Cabbage. This plant, which is rarely used in our country, is grown as a leafy lettuce culture with the commercial name “Arugula Wild.” It is characterized by narrow leaves with more dissected. The flowers are yellow, with time - orange. The seeds are very small, similar to poppy seeds, placed in two rows in pods 2.5-4 cm long. Greens taste more pungent than those of the Indo.
Ukrainian selection: Witch Doctor and Lybed
In 2008, the first variety of domestic plant breeding Indow was introduced into the State Register of Plant Varieties suitable for distribution in Ukraine - the Witch Doctor created at the experimental station “Mayak” of the Institute of Vegetable Growing and Melon Melon Growing of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine (Chernihiv region), where now certified arugula seeds. This is an early ripe variety, the first shoots appear on the 5-6th day, from the shoots to harvesting takes 27 days. The stem is straight, with a very thick planting can be bent. A sprout is characterized by weak anthocyanin staining. The leaves have a width of 6-10 cm and a length of 23-25 cm, moderately intense green. In the outlet is 5-7 leaves. The flowers are white, with a diameter of 2.2-2.5 cm with purple veins. The yield of 1-1.3 kg / sq. The variety is suitable for cultivation in thickened crops and under conditions of mechanized technologies. It is recommended for implementation in all zones of Ukraine.
In 2014, the Lybed variety was registered by the Kiev enterprise NK EL_IT. This early variety of arugula pleases the first crop within 20 days after germination. The growing season is 95 days. In the outlet there are about 10 long leaves of moderate green color without pubescence and wax gloss, the first sheets are not dissected. The average yield of arugula Lybid is 2.5 kg / sq. m This variety of arugula is characterized by high yield and resistance to bolting. Varieties of arugula Ukrainian breeding suitable for cultivation in the open and closed ground.
The most popular variety of Indow is Poker, registered in 2005 by the Research Institute for Vegetable Growing of Protected Ground (Moscow) and the breeding company Gavrish. This early Russian variety is valued for its excellent taste and is recommended for salads and side dishes for meat and fish dishes. From sprouting to cutting green takes 20-25 days. Branched stalk of arugula "Poker" reaches a height of 40-80 cm. Strongly dissected green leaves form a rosette 18-20 cm high. In a protected ground rosette consists of 12 leaves, in the open ground - 20-28. Arugula Flower Poker - pale cream. The yield of the variety is 1-1.3 kg / sq. m. The variety is suitable for conveyor cultivation in the summer.
The mid-season Russian variety Sicily is entered in the register in 2006 by the Scientific-Production Company “Russian Seeds”. The greens of this variety have a pronounced nutty flavor and aroma. The leaves can be eaten 27-30 days after emergence. The plant grows 60 cm high. Cold-resistant (brings frosts down to -6 ºС), but does not tolerate heat, during droughts it starts up arrows. The leaves of arugula are Sirelium lyrate, pinnately dissected, and the flowers are yellow-white with purple veins. Green yield is 2.5 kg / sq. m
The broadleaf variety of the Russian breeding Rococo was registered in 2006 by the company Semko-Junior. The variety is early ripening: greens ripen for 20-25 days. It has a spicy taste and strong aroma. The green leaves of medium size are slightly jagged along the edge, gathered in a socket with a height of 12-18 cm and a mass of 20-25 g. The flowers are white. The yield of green - 1.6 kg / sq. m
The mid-season variety Corsica was created by the Russian Seed Research and Production Company and the Euro-Seeds company in 2006. Greenery becomes edible for 30-32 days from germination. The semi-raised rosette of leaves reaches a height of 62 cm. Narrow leaves have a smooth surface, green color and a lyre form with a notched edge. The flowers are white with a touch of pink. The variety is resistant to cold, but does not tolerate drought and is fast on the arrows.
Dutch variety Koltivata entered the register in 2015. It is early ripening: greens can be eaten for 20-25 days. Large green leaves are strongly dissected and form a rosette 10-15 cm high. The flowers of the plant are cream. The yield of green 2.4 kg / sq. m, the mass of the plant - 40 g This variety of arugula has a strong aroma and a sharp nut-mustard flavor, its juicy leaves are rich in essential oils and healthy substances. The variety is suitable for cultivation in the open and closed ground.
The mid-season variety Indow Dukovina was registered in 2010 by the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable and the agricultural company "Search". The semi-raised, 18–20 cm high rosette consists of medium green leaves of a lyre form with a smooth surface. A curiosity flower is creamy with brown veins. Plant weight - 18-20 g. The yield of green - 1.7 kg / sq. The variety is resistant to cold, loves moisture, preserves its nutritional quality for a long time and starts the arrow late.
This early variety with a spicy taste appeared thanks to the agrofirm "Sedek" in 2012. Greens ripen 24-28 days. The plant reaches a height of 70 cm and a mass of 20-25 g. The rosette of leaves is half-raised, the leaves are green, medium in size, lyrate in shape and with a smooth surface. Cream flowers. The yield of green - 2.1 kg / sq. m
Mid-season arugula Victoria bred in the agricultural firm "Sedek" in 2012. Greenery becomes edible in 28-32 days after emergence of shoots. The plant has a height of 70 cm and a mass of 22-27 g. The semi-raised rosette consists of medium smooth leaves of a lyre form and a light green color. Victoria's flowers are cream. The variety is characterized by a yield of 2.2 kg / sq. m
In the State Register of plant varieties suitable for distribution in Ukraine, there is only one variety of two-leaved two-leaved leaves - Gratia of Italian selection. The Russian counterpart contains 13 varieties, three of which were introduced in 2017.
The Moscow company "LANS" registered the mid-season Rocket variety in 2006. Rocket greens can be eaten in 28-30 days. The semi-raised rosette of leaves reaches a height of up to 60 cm and a mass of 15-20 g. Medium narrow leaves have a smooth surface, bright green color, a cut shape with teeth along the edge. The flower is light yellow. Greens have a strong aroma and spicy mustard flavor. Its yield is 1.5-2.5 kg / sq. m
This early ripe variety appeared in 2007 thanks to the Scientific-Research Institute of Vegetable Growing in Protected Soil and the breeding company Gavrish and is quite popular. Solitaire is a cold-resistant variety that can winter in the open field and give greens in early spring. Its ripening period is 25 days. The semi-raised rosette of leaves has a height of 18–20 cm and the mass of a plant is 15–20 g. The leaves are medium in size and have a green, lyre-dissected shape with notches along the edge. The flowers are yellow. The greens are very fragrant and have a strong nut-mustard flavor, the yield is 1.4-1.6 kg / sq. m. Can be grown in a conveyor way during the summer.
The early ripe grade Taganskaya Semko was registered in 2006 by the company "Semko-Junior". Greens are edible in 20-25 days after the emergence of sprouts. The semi-raised rosette is 15–20 cm high and weighs 20–25 g and consists of medium dark green leaves with a smooth surface and teeth along the edge. The flower is light yellow. Greens have a strong aroma and spicy taste. Its yield is 1.3-1.5 kg / sq. m
Registered in 2007 by the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Production. Euphoria is a mid-ripening variety: 35-40 days pass from germination to use. The plant is resistant to cold and drought, has a height of 23-25 cm and a weight of 30-40 g. The rosette of leaves is semi-raised. Smooth, wavy-notched leaves have a green color and medium size, the flowers are yellow. Урожайность зелени – 3,2 кг/кв. m
Среднеспелый сорт российской селекции внесен в реестр сортов в 2011 г. агрофирмой «Поиск». Растение долго сохраняет товарные качества, поздно стрелкуется. От всходов до пригодности в пищу проходит 35-38 дней. Растение вырастает до 20-25 см в высоту. Масса – 35-38 г. Розетка листьев полуприподнятая, а листья – средние, волнисто-выемчатые, зеленые. Цветки желтые. Урожайность зелени – 2,6-2,8 кг/кв. m
This early ripe variety of the Russian selection appeared in 2011 thanks to the Semko-Junior company. “Wild Arugula” Olivet is fast growing: greens can be consumed in 20-25 days. It grows up to 20-25 cm in height, the mass of the plant is 20-25 g. Green strongly dissected leaves have a pungent taste and a strong aroma. Olivet flowers are light yellow, seeds are light brown, very small. The yield of greenery is 1.3-1.5 kg / sq. m Just a few years ago, arugula was a wonder, but today there are seeds of many varieties on sale, and this list will increase as breeding works are carried out and the greenery market is expanding. If you are interested in growing a new culture for yourself or you are a fan of arugula, you will definitely find a variety that will appeal to you.