There are not many ancient trees in nature. Some of them began to be used in industry, and then they began to plant them on plots for decorative purposes. Tree sumah familiar to many. Its height reaches 5 meters, and widely spread branches with feathery leaves will attract the attention of each person. This elegant plant was known for its coloring and tannic properties.
The tree sumah is also called deer-horn for the characteristic leaf crown. In Russia, better known under the name "vinegar tree". Received its recognition thanks to the bright decorative qualities:
- original foliage,
- unusual crown shape,
- inflorescences in the form of spikelets.
It mainly grows in the USA and Canada. In the wild, it grows to 8 m. In Moscow, its growth will not exceed 4 m due to the climatic conditions. The maximum length of the leaves is 11 cm, they have a pointed shape. From the inside sheet is white.
Sumy plant blooms in spring and summer. Flowers cone-shaped, light green or brown color. On average, they reach a length of 15 cm. In autumn, the leaves turn red. Over time, they fall off. From the flowers appear small fruits. Birds do not eat them, which means fancy pyramidal inflorescences with fruits will stand until spring.
Native Americans picked berries and boiled them for a long time. The result was vinegar. Therefore, sumac vinegar is called. Today, the berries are not eaten. Due to the high concentration of tannins, they are poisonous.
Only the first years grow in height, then sumah grows only in width. The leaves on the branches are united in the "community", they include up to 31 leaves. From the side, such a bunching resembles deer antlers. Hence the second name - deer horn.
The Sumy family has more than one hundred species. For decorative purposes, you can use only some of them. There are certain reasons for this:
- The size. Sumy is suitable for medium and large gardens because of the spreading crown.
- Poisonous species. For example, toxiedron fluffy. One touch to the foliage of the tree will cause severe burns.
- Not all are adapted to the local climate.
In Russian conditions, two more species of sumach are grown. Fragrant sumac - shrub with creeping branches, some of which reach a length of 3 meters. It is spectacular and slow-growing. It blooms from the age of five beautiful pyramids openwork in the middle of summer.
Sumy is naked like a deer horn. The tree reaches a height of 3 meters. A distinctive feature - bare shoots with feathery large leaves. Bloom in summer and early autumn. Fruits remain until spring.
It is necessary to choose the right place landing sumach. Caring for a tree is simple. He will need a well-lit place, so it will grow quickly and efficiently. Therefore, it is impossible to plant it near the buildings, it is better to choose the middle of the site. This will help and if necessary, pull out unnecessary seedlings. If they are located near other trees, they will be difficult to pull out of the ground.
A sapling does not tolerate drafts, so it is better to choose a place for it without penetrating cold winds. For cultivation friable soil is suitable: sandy, sandy-clay, sandy-stony. The tree does not tolerate neighborhoods with groundwater and is sensitive to waterlogging of the soil. Easily tolerates soil salinization, it grows well on rocky areas. Can be planted near a ravine or an embankment.
A young plant is watered in dry weather, an adult does not need it. Spring pruning dead branches. Thus, you can form a crown, not allowing the tree to grow up. When pruning on the branches stands out yellow juice, which eventually thickens and dries.
The main method of propagation of the tree sumah - vegetative. Cut branches are planted in the ground and take care of them, like a young seedling. The plant has a high level of germination. From seeds get sumah almost unreal. The complex technological process of growing from seeds and low viability make this process impracticable.
Most often the vinegar tree infect fungal diseases - it is powdery mildew and the branches dry out. Spores of the fungus affect not only the tree itself, but also the ground. The leaves are covered with white bloom, which is rapidly growing and seizes the entire area, crawling on the branches and trunk. The longer the process takes, the more likely the tree will die.
The best treatment is to remove all affected shoots. Gardening stores sell special chemicals that can help deal with the problem. As preventive measures, weeds should be weeded regularly, do not plant plants close to each other and often inspect all branches.
The fungus enters the plant with bark damage. She begins to crack, shoots dry. A dead black spawn is found in dead branches. The main treatment is the removal of infected shoots and the treatment of the cortex. To do this, use special preparations.
Advantages and disadvantages
The number of advantages undoubtedly exceeds the number of its disadvantages, which is why deer horn sums are so popular in modern garden plots. About the merits mentioned above. The disadvantages include the following:
- Low frost resistance. This is due to the fact that the native land of sumach is east of North America, where it most often grows in open sunny areas. However, in some cases, this feature can also be considered an advantage, because if you have frostbitten branches, you certainly will not forget to prune in spring. And this will cause the magnificent form of the crown.
- Cultivation of sumach is very difficult. The tree, however, is characterized by the ability to recover from root shoots. The root system of the tree is actively growing, which is often used to strengthen the soil on the slopes. However, if you plant it on your garden plot, the growth of root shoots needs to be controlled.
With the reproduction of the same problems will not, and with a strong desire to garden, you can completely "populate" the offspring of vinegar.
Features appearance sumach
The tree came to us from North America, where it occurs on stony and dry soils in the mountains. It has a very attractive appearance.
A special decorative look sumaha gives the shape of the crown - umbrella-shaped. The foliage of a healthy tree is large and thick, as well as pinnate. Especially beautiful color leaves in the fall. It is during this period that it changes from the usual green to red-pink bright.
Young shoots also have their own specifics. They are covered with pubescence of red color, and somewhere resembles the surface of sumach leaves velvet. The tree blooms are also quite original. The flowers are small, located at the ends of the branches, thus forming panicles in the shape of pyramids (about 20 cm long).
At the end of the summer, sumac starts to give fruit. And this is truly a sight, because the plant is covered with carmine-red tassels, which are also covered with down. The color of the fluff is bright red. These fruits will continue to decorate the tree right up to spring, and this is really amazing. It is thanks to them that sumach multiplication occurs.
A tree cannot be called tall; in our latitudes it rarely reaches three meters. This is due to the peculiarities of the root system, which contributes to the plant-like development of the plant.
For planting take, as a rule, a sapling, which has reached the age of three years. It is best to carry out this procedure in the spring, since it is in this case that the soums will get accustomed perfectly.
The landing site must first be carefully prepared. A special soil mixture is mixed, consisting of:
- leaf earth
- coarse sand,
The ratio of components is as follows: 1: 2: 1.
The root neck of a future tree is recommended to be buried about 5 cm into the soil. When planting several plants at once, the distance between them should be at least 4 m.
After the sapling is finally planted, it needs abundant watering. This should be done over the next three days.
In addition, it is necessary to think in advance about the mulching of the earth, because the roots of a tree are located close to the soil surface, which means there is a risk of their damage during loosening. For mulching, you can take wood chips or sawdust, the thickness of which is about 5 cm.
Sumy is a dioecious plant, therefore for planting it is necessary to choose both female and male individuals.
Sumy - a tree, care for which has no particular specifics. As for watering, it should be moderate. Young plants need watering only in dry and hot weather. Sumy is characterized by the ability to withstand short-term drought without additional irrigation, so no need to worry about it during the holidays.
Increase the number of flowers, and hence the fruit will further help mineral feeding. The number of these procedures should not be more than once a year, otherwise the plant can only be harmed. In addition, you need to choose the site for planting. Best of all, if it is acidic or saline soil. In some cases it is fertilization that leads to a similar result. However, it does not matter much for the successful cultivation of sumach.
Other rules of care
In addition to watering, the tree needs to provide optimal lighting. It is better to plant soums in areas of well-lit, he loves it. However, if there is no such possibility, slightly shaded places will not become an obstacle to getting a beautiful and healthy tree.
It is possible to ease the care, if you carefully choose the agrotechnical before planting, because some species of this tree can be poisonous. Just like other plants, sumac is susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests that may prevent other trees in the garden from developing normally. Therefore, when detecting the first signs of the vinegar should be treated immediately.
Transplantation should be carried out only when the plant is still young, but even at this age there is no special need for this. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the time of year. The best time for a transplant is spring. In the fall, young shoots may simply freeze. However, in this case, you can use some trickery: sumah is characterized by the ability to recover from their buds, which are located on the lower and middle shoots.
Mulching is carried out in preparation for wintering, and it is impossible to spare raw materials in this case.
The purpose of trimming can be the formation of the correct crown or any other at your discretion. This will allow you to create whole compositions in the garden, there are no restrictions in the forms.
In addition, every year in May, it is required to remove dried and frozen branches. If you do this regularly, you will end up with a lush and large shrub.
If you follow all the rules of care, then in the fourth or fifth year your soums will bloom.
The only drawback of this plant is the short life span. Sumy dies off after 20 years of life, but it does not become a hindrance to its cultivation.
Compositions with vinegar
Sumakhas are ornamental trees, the species of which require their respective neighbors. Since its appearance is unusual for the middle band, this uniqueness must be emphasized. The varietal coniferous plants, which are characterized by a horizontal crown or blue needles, will help in this. This neighborhood will create the contrast necessary for the attractive appearance of the garden.
In addition, sumac deer horn goes well with many perennials that are part of mixed groups. Creating such compositions, you need to focus on the brightness of colors in the fall.
Sumy is a tree (reproduction is possible both by seeds and by vegetative root offsprings), which will become indispensable if you want to create a Japanese or rocky garden.
Sumah furry or deer horny - we are increasingly called vinegar tree. This most elegant, extravagant tree, in all seasons of soums, looks amazing, and in the fall it is probably even somewhat defiantly bright.
Fluffy soumas, in the age of reaching maturity, has a height of about four, rarely up to six meters. Although, like all plants can have and exceptions, for example, in the wild, a plant can reach a height of ten meters. It grows straight up to a young age, and having reached it, already in adulthood, it begins to grow in breadth. Its branches with a rich crown occupy a rather large diameter around it. With age, the tree becomes wider, spreading and more solid. Over time, the older the tree becomes, it only wins in terms of beauty.. The shoots of the plants look like antlers, unusually brown color.
About the leaves need to be said separately.
- The structure of the leaves is unusual, each complex leaf consists of 11 to 31 small leaflets, and to the touch they resemble velvet material.
- On the edge of the leaves, large teeth, if you turn the sheet, from the bottom side you can see its whitish color. The shape of the leaves are long, slightly pointed.
- Leaves - one can say huge, they form a crown and create the illusion of some kind of fabulous tree that came straight from the fairy tale.
In the autumn, the crown of sumach, wearing its bright festive costume made of a blood - orange crown - looks like an explosion of fire.
When the foliage falls, its unremarkable flowers are changed to the most beautiful inflorescences in the form of a candle. They seem to actually burn in a tree, like a garland on a New Year tree. There is no explanation for such beauty; it is simply the most beautiful creature of nature from all the trees in the entire universe.
Fluffy sumah bloom begins in June or July, changing its flowers to the beautiful blossoms of huge candles. Flowers gather in pyramids - inflorescences. The height of such an inflorescence reaches twenty centimeters. From the side, if you look closely, they seem to be laced, because the flowers are so close to each other. The flowers that make up the pyramid inflorescences are very close to each other, so it seems that the pyramid of inflorescences is a single whole.
Sumy plant is dioecious. On its inflorescences flowers are conveniently located. with red pistils and light green flowers with stamens. Together they create a tandem of beautiful inflorescence. After flowering, the fruits are tied, the so-called fruits - drupes, with a shape in the form of a sphere, all covered with red stamens. These fruits are decorated with sumach by their presence until spring.
Deer horn soum has several decorative forms:
- laciniata - differs from other forms of sumachus only by the structure of the leaf, its leaf is thinner and the teeth are deeper at the edges, it is also different in lance-shaped lobes of leaves.
- Dissecta is the most attractive of all the decorative forms of sumach. It is so charming because of its feathery leaves, they are painted in a bluish-silver color, and the leaves themselves are more like the structure of fern leaves. The stem of this form of sumach, different from the relatives, their brightness is not comparable with any other inflorescences.
Some of the other sumac species
In the wild, there are about two hundred varieties of sumach. But in decorative gardening of sumachs, by no means all species can be used for their intended purpose, namely, not many sumachs can show their beauty in the gardens. For example, in small gardens soums cannot be present for the reason that he simply does not have enough space to spread out in breadth. Therefore, he can only plant medium and large gardens..
In nature, there are also poisonous sumac species, even at the slightest touch of its leaf, you can seriously get burned, for example, such a representative of sumach as a fluffy Toxicodendron. More often than others, two non-toxic species are used in decorative gardening; they are fragrant soums and sumac naked.
- Sumy fragrant is one meter creeping bush in height, only its branches can grow up to three meters in length, but not always. It grows very slowly. It starts blooming at the age of five, the flowering time is June, its inflorescences are pale, but on bright foliage, they look very original.
- Sumy is naked - very similar to his brother, the deer horn, because of the similarity in appearance they are often confused. Sumy grows naked in the form of a small tree, more like a shrub, usually up to three meters high. Its leaves are huge, the size of its length is amazing. The leaf can be about fifty centimeters long. Its complex leaves in the form of feathers consist of the largest laceous lobes, they can be up to twelve centimeters long. In autumn, the leaves turn orange and carmine.
At the same time, red flowers and whitish male flowers bloom, together they combine into spectacular inflorescences that look like candles about twenty centimeters high. Possible re-bloom in the fall. Its fruits are like a ball, slightly flattened and covered with small setae, ripening takes place at the end of September, and can stay on the tree all winter.
Role in Ornamental Horticulture
В любом декоративном оформлении любого сада, уксусное дерево будет всегда кстати. Любой участок сада преобразится с таким соседом. Великолепному, раскидистому красавцу в саду всегда, как правило, выделяется персональное лидирующее место.
Planted the plant in the compositions, but a large single focus is placed on him. That is, the main role in the decorative composition always belongs to the imposing handsome fuzzy. As a rule, minor roles in such a decorative composition are given to small, low-growing shrubs. Sumy does not like tightnesshe grows freely in breadth and doesn’t need any serious bulky neighbors. It is very good to use it in the Alpine hills, here it certainly gains a decent position with its extraordinary beauty and not only, even soums are suitable for strengthening the slopes and soil.
Very effectively, fluffy can emphasize the beauty of a large lawn, or, for example, decorate a simple flat area. In such areas, it may even resemble a distant relative of a palm tree, with its beautiful sprawling extraordinarily beautiful feather leaves. Graceful look only emphasized in the vicinity of conifers. In tandem with such neighbors, it seems that soumas came to an ordinary forest from an unusually beautiful fairy tale. Sumy and coniferous trees complement each other, and they are perfect for any decorative landscaping.
In general, as a rule, ornamental gardening assumes that a composition with the participation of a given plant, by itself, implies a brightness of colors. For example, composition in one green color, it is necessary to dilute with bright eccentric spots.
In whatever composition the soums appear, it will no longer be a boring place, but a bright explosion of extraordinary beauty. It looks great in the winter garden.
Sumy is unpretentious to the conditions of growth. It will grow beautifully in poor, unsaturated soils, it feels great in the polluted atmosphere of cities. It is photophilous - that is why it prefers large, free and open areas for the sun.
And yet, the composition of the soil when planting need to pay attention. Despite the fact that this plant is picky, it also has its preferences. They do not imagine their existence without sandy, sandy - stony, sandy - clay soil.
It is also necessary to remember that, like any woody plants, sumachs put up with the soil - salinity of which is insignificant, but groundwater and swampy soil are unacceptable for it, although it can withstand medium moist drained soil. There is no better soil option - as a loose and dry garden soil.
Acetica Care. There is no need to care for sumach, just need to give him freedom. All care is to remove damaged and dry branches. The tree cannot be pruned, its beautiful spreading branches should be given freedom to grow, because part of the beauty of this tree lies in its branches that grow precisely in breadth. And with age he becomes more beautiful thanks to growing branches. The only thing that needs to be removed is the extra sections of the root system.
The root system spreads very quickly and if it is not removed on time, its shoots will grow throughout the territory. The tree is almost not sick. He is not interested in insects and pests. This plant is not afraid of droughts, heat-resistant, it does not need watering, does not need additional dressing. Under favorable conditions, can rejoice flowering.
In winter, sumac needs shelter in winter frosts. The climate where it can freeze is the middle lane. The shoots of this tree may have time to stiffen about 2/3 of the plant, but despite this, it tends to recover quickly from winter. There are practically no traces of winter damage on the sprout.
Sumy grows vegetatively. What is interesting is its most important drawback, when reproduction is the most successful advantage. The root system, which develops with such ease, helps to obtain all new copies for reproduction. The shoots separated from the tree adapt very well to the new place. But getting a seedling with a seed process is time consuming and inefficient.
Description of the variety and varieties of sumach
In our country, a tree rarely grows very high, usually its height is limited to 3 meters. By 10 years old sumac deer horny stops growing upwards and begins to actively grow in breadth. The crown can reach a diameter of 6 - 8 m. To see this, look at photos of adult trees.
The branches of the deer-horned sumac are fancifully bent and form amusing openwork weaves that are easily visible in the winter, when the plant shed its foliage. The shoots are covered with a short nap, resembling deer antlers. This feature was the reason for its name. However, old branches lose this decorative property and become smooth.
Leaves odnoperisoslozhnye collected by 11-31 pieces. Each leaf can reach a length of 10 cm. The inflorescences are gathered in panicles, during the flowering period they have a rather nondescript look, but after the fruits ripen, the peak of their ornamentation comes. In the fall, the foliage is painted in crimson colors, and the inflorescences take on the form of beautiful cone-shaped candles that persist throughout the winter. The tree really becomes the pride and decoration of the garden.
In addition to the deer-horned sumach there are other varieties:
- sumas naked. The differences are only in the appearance of the bark, there is no hairy pubescence on it.
- fragrant sumac has an incredible smell. Pleasant thick aroma, as if swaddling shrouds the landing site. It differs from the previous 2 species in the form of foliage.
All these varieties are not poisonous, have a high decorative value and can successfully be grown in open ground in private areas and in parks. Starting from the 3rd climate zone. To choose the best option for yourself, look at the photos of plants.
Planting, care and breeding plants
Unfortunately, it is very difficult to grow deer-horny soum from seeds, therefore this method of planting has not become widespread. Use it only when there is no opportunity to get a young sapling. Seeds have a very low germination rate. And those of them that still germinate, in half of the cases die in the first years of life, despite the most careful care. If, by virtue of the circumstances, you have decided on this method of reproduction, plant with a reserve. Extra saplings can always be distributed to neighbors in the dacha plots.
Attention! Deer-horned sumah seeds require mandatory stratification. Such is the biological feature of this tree. If the seed does not stand for 3 - 4 months in the cold, seedlings can not wait.
Seed Stratification at Home
What is stratification and why is it needed? In the seeds of a deer horn sumach, the embryo sleeps so well that it can wake up only a few years after maturation. Artificially accelerate the process of awakening possible. To do this, it is necessary to create for the seeds the conditions under which their shell softens and the embryo enters the awakening phase.
Now it is not at all difficult to stratify seeds at home. The required temperature ranges from +1 to +5 degrees Celsius, just as much in domestic refrigerators. In addition to temperature conditions, it is necessary to provide increased humidity. This is also an easy to do item. Place each seed pot in a plastic container with a tight-fitting lid. Get an improvised camera with the necessary conditions.
Stratification of deer-horned stakhis seeds:
- Treat seeds with fungicides to reduce the likelihood of decay.
- Soil substrate of compost, coarse sand and hardwood, calcined in an oven or microwave to destroy the pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms that it contains.
- Fill a small pot with soil mixture and sow the seeds. Water the soil.
- Place the seed pot in a container or plastic bag with a lock and refrigerate for 3 - 4 months. In the spring you will have ready seed for planting in open ground.
Choose a landing site. Fertilizers and plant nutrition
Sumy deer-horn is absolutely unpretentious to the composition of the soil The tree grows equally well and on stony sites, and on fertile soils. However, if the land is too poor or contains a lot of stones, do not be lazy and make a substrate of compost, hardwood and coarse sand in the same proportions for filling the hole. Add a portion of the complex mineral fertilizers. This will help the plant to quickly settle down and develop a strong root system.
During the life of the soum, deer horny does not need to be made with mineral and organic fertilizers, but, like all green plantings, is responsive to their application.
The tree tolerates very dry periods with low rainfall, and therefore does not need regular watering. Deerhorn sumac quickly goes into growth, so immediately after planting, put a strong peg next to it and tie it up so that the trunk is level.
In the first years, it is advisable to regularly pruning, and to form several beautiful central branches, so that the tree really becomes a decoration of the garden. In the remaining years there is enough sanitary pruning.
The tree makes bad stagnation of thawed and rainwater, so do not plant it in the lowlands. It should be noted that a developed root system with a large number of offsprings well holds the soil in ravines, ravines and on steep slopes.
Diseases, pests and combinations with other plants
Deer Horn sums are not exposed to diseases and pest invasion. Therefore, care for him is minimal and does not require a lot of time and effort.
The tree looks great in large areas with low lawns, as a tapeworm. In this case, Sumakhu doesn’t interfere with anything, and over the years his crown grows to enormous size.
Landing of the deer horn sumac along the alleys are interesting. In these cases, a tree is formed with a high stem, and only then it is allowed to grow to branches that are woven at the top, and in summer form a thick shadow. It is extremely rare to plant ornamental plants under the tree, because it is very often necessary to remove the root processes.
However, the tree of this variety can be planted in rockeries, and so that it does not take up much space, artificially restrain the growth of the crown, producing regular pruning. The combination with low compact conifer, emphasizes the luxury of openwork branches.
Plant the Sumy deer-horn in open ground on your plot, and then an unusual tree will delight you with its appearance all year round. And care for him does not take much time and effort, it will be enough to remove the growth and fertilize it once a year.
First steps after purchase
The best solution for growing Sumach - purchase ready seedlings. 2-3 year old plants are usually sold with a closed root system. Planted in open ground is recommended in the spring at a distance of at least 2 meters from each other. The root neck is buried a maximum of 5 cm. After planting, the seedling must be watered abundantly. Water treatments are repeated for 3-5 days. It is advisable to mulch on top of peat.
Cultivation of sumac from seeds is somewhat more complicated. In autumn, fresh seeds can be sown in the open ground. For spring sowing, long stratification is required. To improve the germination rate, it is recommended to lower the seeds into concentrated sulfuric acid (50 minutes), and then scald it with boiling water. Shoots in this case appear in a month.
Secrets of success
Heliophilous Sumy easily adapts to existence in partial shade. If possible, choose a place protected from wind gusts.
The plant is more than drought resistant. Water only young plants. Adults quite cost natural precipitation. If a particularly hot summer without rains has fallen, you can conduct a neat watering.
To air humidity Sumy is indifferent. He is not afraid of elevated air temperatures. Frost-resistant plant. However, the basal circle for the winter is recommended to peat or foliage. With the arrival of spring, the shelter is removed, dry and frozen branches are pruned.
Feed Sumy once a season. In early spring, they make a complex mineral fertilizer for garden plants.
The absence of flowers and fruits in young plants is quite natural. Only 5–6-year-old Sumy trees begin to bloom. It should be borne in mind that in dioecious plants male and female inflorescences are radically different. To get the fruit must be planted "opposite-sex" copies.
In cold winters, ground units freeze. But after cutting from sleeping buds young shoots grow. True, the emergence of new branches should not wait until June.
The most important difficulty in keeping Sumachos is to keep it from spreading. Root growth even leaves stumps, and is found at a considerable distance from the parent plant. Sprouts need to mow in the early summer.
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Acetic tree (sumach) - a spectacular plant for your garden
One of the most common ornamental trees is the Sumy Deer Horn or Acetic Tree, the photo and description of which, the content of our article.
Sumy deserved so much attention due to the fact that it is unpretentious, has many useful properties and is the main decoration of any yard.
Its huge leaves in summer and spring give a pleasant shade, and in autumn they are painted in incredibly bright colors.
- How does it look
- When it blooms
- Application in landscape design
- Care features
- Preparing for the winter
Application in landscape design
Thanks to its lush and rich form, the culture looks perfect on empty areas of the lawn, scattering like an acacia in Safari. It is combined with coniferous cultures.
It should be noted that the culture in the garden reaches a maximum of 5 meters. It is important that it can be planted on poor and dry soil. The main condition for growth is a sufficient amount of light and the absence of waterlogging.
Culture absolutely does not require any care. She calmly tolerates drought, does not require watering, can bloom several times per season.
Interestingly, not required and pruning, more precisely, it is completely prohibited (with the exception of sanitary procedures). But this tree has a huge disadvantage! Root growth can fill the entire garden, with its abundance of sprouts similar to wild cherry.
Sumy - spectacular and bright vinegar tree
One of the most ancient plants on our planet, soums, can boast not only dyeing and tanning properties, but also decorativeness.
Among dozens of species of this large, but elegant and sprawling plant with luxurious feathery leaves, a special place is occupied by the reindeer sugary - the vinegar tree. Slow-growing, not exceeding 5 meters, he is recognized as one of the best soloists among large trees.
Its main advantage is the high decoration from early spring to the spectacular leaf fall, replaced by winter decorations-fruits.
Spread miracle with luxurious leaves
Sumy can be easily recognized at a glance. Low deciduous trees, gradually spread out so wide that they seem almost bushy, attract attention and crown structure, and luxurious foliage.
Cirrus, with simple lobes, on rounded or winged petioles, with nondescript flowers, collected in spectacular panicles and spikelets of inflorescences and bright autumn color of the crown make soups one of the most impressive woody trees.
Furry bag or deer horn (rhus typhina) is better known as the vinegar tree. This woody is considered one of the most elegant.
Parade, catchy beauty attracts admiring glances to the summers and makes it one of the best purely decorative candidates for the status of a family tree.
The combination of unusual feathery foliage and extravagant pattern of the crown, spread out in breadth, almost bush-like can not but admire. And the attractiveness of soum saves all year round.
A vinegar tree in garden culture rarely grows to 4-6 m (not to mention the natural ten-meter height), most often limited to 3 meters. It grows straight, a little strictly only at a very young age, then wide shoots continue to manifest themselves.
The older the sumac becomes, the more it grows wider, becoming more and more razlohim, luxurious and spreading. Surprisingly powerful, fast-growing branches require the allocation of a large area for sumach.
But the spectacle of bizarrely curving branches, which can only be assessed in winter, fully compensates for the girth of the crown.
And the older the vinegar tree becomes, the more beautiful it looks. The shoots of sumach are light, brownish, thick, and the truth is somewhat reminiscent of deer antlers. Leaves are pinnate, with lobes up to 12 cm long.
In each complex leaf - from 11 to 31 leaves, while the surface of the leaf plates resembles velvet, the shape is pointed, long, the teeth are large at the edge, and the underside of the leaves is whitish.
The huge feathery leaves of sumach, and so in the summer forming a fabulous crown, seem to embrace a purple fire in the autumn, and the arboreal itself turns into the brightest color spot in the garden except maples.
Но и с опадением листвы декоративное шоу сумаха оленерогого не завершается: соцветия сменяются такими же эффектными пирамидками-метелками соплодий, которые не привлекают птиц и украшают кусты подобно роскошной гирлянде.
Цветет этот сумах в июне и июле, присоединяюсь к мощному взрыву красок начала лета.
Цветки мелкие, но собраны в пирамидальные соцветия до 20 см в высоту с густоволосистой осью, кажутся плотными и кружевными. Растение двудомное. In sumac inflorescences are located red pistillate and green stamen flowers.
After flowering, knotted spherical-shaped fruits of red bristles are knotted, which are held in pyramids until spring.
The deer horn sumach has several decorative forms. The lanceolate form (laciniata) differs from the basic culture only in thin, lanceolate lobes of leaves with deeper teeth.
Particularly attractive is the form of a deer horn sumach “Dissecta”. This is a unique woody, whose feathery leaves, painted in a bluish-silver tone, resemble a graceful frond of fern.
And the fruit of this variety is very bright, carmine.
Other types of sumach
Despite the fact that in nature there are more than a hundred species of sumach, the use of these trees in landscaping as ornamental plants is significantly limited. First of all, almost all species of sumac are woody for medium and large gardens.
And secondly, there are species in the genus that are so poisonous that even accidental contact with foliage causes burns on the skin (for example, poisonous sumac (rhus toxicodendron, today attributed to the species Toxicodendron fluffy (Toxicodendron pubescens).
As decorative, in addition to the vinegar tree, only 2 non-toxic species are used:
- sumac fragrant (Rhus aromatica) - limited to 1 m in height creeping shrub, individual branches of which can grow up to 3 m in length. Spectacular, catchy, slow-growing, it blooms from the age of five, offers to admire the pale openwork pyramids in the second half of June,
- sumah naked (Rhus glabra) - a species that is often confused with deer-horned sumach, a compact bush tree up to 3 m in height with beautiful umbrella-shaped crown outlines, bare shoots, complex feathery leaves consisting of large lanceolate lobes up to 12 cm long. The whole leaf grows to half a meter in length. Beautiful bright color, jagged edge give the leaves a special elegance, and in autumn they turn orange and carmine. On the plant at the same time dense panicles with red female flowers and looser panicles with whitish male ones bloom. The inflorescence reaches a length of 20 cm, very spectacular. Fruits are spherical, flattened, bristly, stick in stems literally all winter, ripening in September. May bloom not only in June, but again in early autumn.
The use of sumach in ornamental gardening
The vinegar tree is one of those woody trees that are more suited to the role of soloists. The beauty of sumac is spectacular, it is a textural plant with extraordinary foliage.
But since they require large areas and do not like a close neighborhood, they are better planted as large single accents or in such compositions in which sumachs will be surrounded by short and strict companions.
Great for strengthening slopes and soil, in places of erosion, as a major dominant in rockeries and alpine hills. Especially effective on large lawns and flat areas. Externally, the vinegar tree is perceived almost as a relative of palm trees, exotic, catchy, surprisingly spectacular. Its appearance is impossible to get used to.
Coniferous plants perfectly underline the beauty of sumac. When planting vinegar, it is better to focus on autumn and winter: it is placed where the landscape is dull during the cold season, because the bright autumn outfit and beautiful drawings of branches and stems make soums one of the best decorations of the winter garden.
Despite the rather large size in nature, in garden culture, soups are limited to a modest 3 meters maximum height, it develops in breadth, and not up. The plant can be used not only in large gardens, but also as main trees in small areas.
Deer Horn Summing
Olenergy sumac is considered one of the best woody trees that can grow well in poor soils and even in polluted urban conditions. This is a photophilous plant that prefers open solar grounds.
The only difficulty in the selection of conditions for deer horned sumach is the preference of the plant to the composition of the soil. This woody plant grows well only in sandy, sandy-stony, sandy-clay soils.
Sumy prefers dry and loose garden soils, does not tolerate high occurrence of groundwater and waterlogging, dense soils, but can withstand moderately moist and wet drained soil types.
The undoubted "plus" - sumachs can put up with a slight salinization and settle in places where most classical wood trees will not grow.
In fact, the sumachu reindeer is no care at all. This plant is not afraid of even severe droughts and does not require watering, it is heat-resistant, it can surprise with a repeated wave of flowering. There is no need to feed for this woody.
One of the key features of this species is the ban on pruning. Admire the unique bends of branches and bizarre pattern of the crown is possible only in adult trees, on old, pristine shoots. All pruning procedures are reduced to the removal of dry, damaged branches, that is, to sanitary measures.
If you want to succeed in its cultivation, the plant will allow better to grow freely. But if the tree itself is not touched, then with the root shoots will have to fight tirelessly. Sumy grows very actively, produces numerous root processes and in this looks like wild or old garden cherries.
And if you do not remove the sprouts, then sums will literally flood everything around.
Sumy practically does not get sick, does not attract garden pests.
In spite of the fact that deer-horn sumas in the middle lane freezes over, it does not need protection for the winter and grows well without any shelter. The shoots of this tree have time to woody only 2/3 of the length, but it is quickly restored and there are almost no signs of winter damage on the vinegar tree.
Sumy - growing, planting, breeding and care
Sumy - one of the plants, the beneficial properties of which are known from ancient times. Sumy is famous for such qualities: tannic, dyeing and decorative properties. The plant has several species, among which the most common is the deer horn sumah or its second name is the vinegar tree.
This variety stands out among the rest with its feathery leaves and a height not exceeding five meters. But the main advantage is the increased decorativeness, starting from the beginning of spring and lasting until the end of November. After which stands out the appearance of beautiful winter fruits. To know sums is not difficult at first sight.
Not very high deciduous tree, foliage spreads out in breadth and in general the tree looks like a huge shrub. The crown structure is also very attractive. The tree looks spectacular thanks to stunning inflorescences, which are collected from small flowers.
In addition, feathery leaves with simple lobes and rounded petioles add extra beauty to this plant. And the inflorescences are shaped like a candle with a colorful brown tinge of the autumn season. Among woody plants, this plant is especially appreciated by landscape designers.
Methods of breeding sumach root offspring
Methods of reproduction of this plant mainly emit two stratification of the seeds and root suckers.
For reproduction by the second method, it is necessary to use a large number of root offsprings that the tree produces. Root offsprings are used as a basis for reproduction and further cultivation of the vinegar tree.
The method of breeding root suckers can be used both in autumn and spring. For reproduction by this method it is necessary:
- very carefully separate the seedling from the uterine process, without damaging the roots,
- dig a hole, but it needs to be made twice as large as the root system itself,
- put the sprout in the hole and spread the roots, then sprinkle everything with soil,
- attention needs to be paid to the root neck, it should be flush with the ground,
- tamp the soil and water the planted plant well.
Method of reproduction using seed stratification
This method can be produced at home. Stratification is the process of awakening the germ in the seed.
The seeds of the sumac plant contain an embryo that sleeps very well inside and it will take several years to awaken it. Therefore, the awakening process is artificially accelerated.
To achieve this, it is necessary to create special conditions for the grains, under which the embryo will begin to wake up by softening the seed coat.
Sumache seed stratification process
First, the seeds must be treated with fungicides, it reduces the likelihood of rot. Then you need to get rid of harmful bacteria and microorganisms that are in the soil substrate. To do this, put the mixture of compost, coarse sand and hardwood in a microwave or oven and warm it well.
After that, it is necessary to pour the soil into a small pot, plant the seeds and water them moderately. Then this pot with seeds planted in it is placed in a resealable bag or container and placed in a refrigerator for three months. By spring, you will receive ready-made seeds for further planting in the open field.
Seed stratification difficulties
The method of cultivation of sumac by stratification of seeds is not very proven because of the complexity of the process. Apply this method of breeding plants, often because of the inability to purchase young seedlings.
When stratification is used, the seeds do not have a high survival rate. Those seeds that still managed to germinate, almost half of them die during the year.
Even if they were very high quality care. But if you nevertheless chose this method of growing deer-horned sumach, you must take into account the loss and stock up on a large number of seeds.
Extra plants can always be distributed to friends or landed on the site.
Principles of Sumy Care
The plant does not require any special knowledge when choosing a soil. But the best substrate is recommended mixture of sand, humus and ordinary earth.
As for the care of sumach, this plant almost does not need it. But some features still will not be superfluous to remember. Sugar will not need any irrigation regime, because the plant is not afraid of even the most severe droughts. In addition, sumac may surprise repeated flowering.
As for feeding, there is no need to carry it out at all.
The most important moment in the care of the plant soums - is pruning, or rather it can not be done under any circumstances. You can cut only dry or damaged branches. And the rest of the plant should grow freely in breadth. Although the plant itself does not touch in terms of pruning, but with the root system will need to suffer.
Roots produce shoots, for which all the time you need to monitor and time to delete. The tree grows very quickly due to the numerous root shoots, if you do not trace this moment, the plant will begin to grow throughout the site. In addition, it should be remembered that the sunshine needs the most lighted area, because the plant is very fond of sunlight.
Sumy in Ornamental Gardening
Sumy, or vinegar tree, looks very majestic on the site or in the garden. Spectacular textural plants with unusual foliage, on widely spreading branches, are striking in their beauty.
The tree will need more space around it, so soums need to be planted at a great distance from each other.
It is recommended to grow a single plant, next to which planted other similar varieties of plants of low growth.
The tree looks very good on the slopes of the soil, huge lawns and alpine hills. Also coniferous species can emphasize the beauty of sumac. The plant is perfect as in huge areas, and in a small country garden as the main decorative virtue, because it grows mostly in breadth.
Adult representatives of this species are distinguished by a special level of winter hardiness. Almost all shoots are prone to independent lignification (approximately 70%), which inevitably leads to freezing in frost. The level of formation of young shoots is quite high, which allows the plant to recover quickly.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that the decorative properties of the plant do not diminish. The level of winter hardiness of young stock is somewhat lower. When planting, you should take care of temporary protection from strong gusts of wind, which the young are so afraid of. The role of such protection may be a fence or a wall of a house.
It will take additional mulching before the arrival of frost, about seven centimeters. As a winter shelter, you can use the usual already spunbond.
Every year the plant will be better tolerated by frost and the need for most additional measures will disappear.
Sometimes a young plant will feel well in an open area, while the same sprout under cover will freeze in the first winter. This can be explained by such factors:
- Well-groomed soil does not contain snow cover, while in uncultivated areas under trees, the roots are protected with the same leaves.
- If watering is too abundant, then the growth of the plant will be long, while the time to prepare for winter is significantly reduced. Young shoots simply do not have time to woody and quickly freeze. If no irrigation is carried out, the plant adapts more quickly to temperature changes and will woody.
- All imported seedlings do not tolerate our harsh winters, so in this case, foreign nurseries are not the best options. Pampered seedlings rarely survive the first frost.
Useful properties and contraindications
This genus of plants is known far not only for its excellent decorative qualities, but also for its rare properties that make it possible to use them in cooking. Considerably popular were the fruits of the plant at the time of ancient Rome. Even before the appearance of lemons there, soum was used to acidify local sauces and drinks.
Nowadays it is quite popular in Asian cuisine due to the fact that lemon is practically not used there. Using the fruit of this plant allows you to paint dishes in a beautiful red or cherry color (depending on the consistency). In Iran and Turkey, ready-made rice, poultry, fish and legumes are sprinkled with a dry mixture of sumac. Salads and sauces are made on its basis.
The plant is used when:
- increased fatigue
- disorders of the gastrointestinal tract,
- rheumatic pains
- when cleaning the body of toxins.
The plant is used not only in cooking, but also in alternative medicine. It is classified as a plant with strong antioxidant properties, which consists of various tannins, acids and oils.
Young leaves of the plant are used for wound healing and have an anti-inflammatory effect. You should not forget that any plant, like medicine, has a number of contraindications.
The plant should not be used at acute gastritis and ulcers.
It is not recommended to use the plant if a person has a low blood clotting rate and there are problems, such as thrombosis.
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Or you can seed it right in the ground. They grow, especially in the first year of life, rather quickly. Annual seedlings have a height of 2-2.5 m.
The only difficulty is that the seeds of sumach have a very hard shell. To destroy it, the seeds are immersed for 50 minutes in concentrated sulfuric acid, and then scalded with boiling water. After this procedure, shoots appear on the 20-30th day.
It can be sown without acid treatment, in the spring after two months of stratification or in the fall. But then in the first year after sowing only single shoots will appear.
Acetic Tree Description
In regions with a harsh climate, the vinegar tree rarely grows higher than 3-4 meters. At the same time, the crown diameter of adult specimens can reach 6–8 meters. The photos made by gardeners in central Russia are the best proof of this.
Most gardeners sumah known as vinegar tree. The name of the plant received for the sour taste of ripe fruit. Even the ancient Maya Indians knew about its beneficial properties and actively used in everyday life.
Sumy is a beautiful tree at any time of the year. In spring and summer, it resembles a sprawling palm with unusual leaves. In the fall, his crown is painted in crimson and orange tones and glows with a bright spot on the garden plot. Growing in our territories, in winter they drop foliage, but even in this form they have an incredible decorative effect. Curved branches, topped with purple inflorescences, form amazing openwork weave.
Non-peristocerous leaves, collected by 25 - 31 pieces, resemble the rowanberry in appearance, but exceed their size. The length of each leaf can be from 7 to 10 cm, and the entire branch reaches 40 - 80 cm. During the flowering period, the flowers collected in conical panicles do not represent a special decoration. Бледная окраска лепестков практически не контрастирует на фоне насыщенной зеленой листвы. После созревания плодов — мелких костянок, покрытых пушистой багровой оболочкой, провялятся вся красота багровых свечей.
Возможно, вам приходилось слышать, что сумах называют оленнерогим или пушистым. Визуально отличить такой вид совсем не сложно. С поставленной задачей справится даже новичок. У оленнерого сумаха, молодые побеги покрыты коротким, густым ворсом. This feature was the reason for comparing the branches with deer horns.
Unfortunately, as the plant grows, the hairiness of the shoots decreases. The old branches and trunk of the olenaerog sumach are no different from naked (R. glabra). It is possible to distinguish these species by the color of foliage in the autumn period. In red deer, red hues prevail in the palette, and in the nude species yellow-orange colors prevail.
Sumy - vinegar tree with pinnately dissected Rhus typhina leaflets (f. Dessecta). They do not differ frost resistance and more often than others are subject to freezing. However, many manage to successfully grow it in Moscow and even in St. Petersburg.
There are also poisonous varieties. In our country, they do not grow, so you can not worry that in your garden area there will be a dangerous guest that is harmful to health.
Sweet (Rhus aromatica) differs from other forms of foliage and inflorescences. Outwardly, it resembles hawthorn. Above the plantings of fragrant sumach in the warm season there is a pleasant, deep aroma.
Habitat is not limited to North America. Natural thickets can be found in:
- the northern part of the African continent,
- southern Europe,
- in the Caucasus.
Sumac deerhogy is a deciduous tree in height from three to ten meters. Leaves with multiple 6-11-centimeter leaves (from 9 to 31), non-paristocomplex, 25-55 centimeters in length. Young scapes and branches covered with velvety hairs. Red-brown flowers are collected in cone-shaped thick panicles with a diameter of four to six centimeters and a length of ten to twenty centimeters. Fruits in the form of small red stones, gathered in panicles. In the autumn period, the foliage of sumach becomes bright red.
Why sumah is called deer-horn?
In appearance, a low tree is somewhat like a palm tree. It also has a lush crown and spreading branches, decorated on both sides with long thin leaves. That's just the stem of the plant does not look like an exotic one, and its fruits cannot be eaten.
Where did the word "deer horny" come from in the title? The answer is very simple: the fact is that the sprawling branches with thin leaves resemble the horns of a deer in appearance. Only here the dimensions are seriously different: the vinegar tree can grow to a height of up to twelve meters! Although, frankly, such giants are very rare, usually sums grow up to two meters in the courtyards and cottages.
Flowering vinegar tree in the middle of summer. At the ends of the branches appear panicles, in a few days covered with a fluff. They are somewhat reminiscent of chestnut flowering, but their particles are more intertwined with each other, and therefore form whole flowers. Some sumaha bloom in white, others - in dark red. Burgundy flowers resemble velvet, and whites are more fluffy, so the plant looks irresistible in both cases!
Sumy in winter
In winter, the vinegar bears fruit! At this time, it looks incredibly beautiful. The fruits are small dark red clusters located at the ends of the branches. In size they are about the same as the flowers of the plant with burgundy panicles. Fruits are collected in brushes and decorated with a short down.
When choosing a vinegar tree for your plot, you should pay attention to its floor. Would you like to enjoy not only the beauty of flowers, but also the kind of fruit? In this case, acquire a female. On the branches fine fruits are preserved with a dark red fleecy surface, collected in a dense vertical brush.
A vinegar plant is an vinegar tree, and when planting it is necessary to take this into account. Erect inflorescences have a racemose shape, consist of a lot of inconspicuous, small flowers. Dense inflorescences that reach twenty centimeters in length, surrounded by leaves and located at the tips of the branches.
Acetic trees used to be a real rarity. Gardeners for the sake of the beauty of such a handsome man were ready to drive almost through the entire Soviet Union. Solemnly bringing an exotic plant home, they planted it in front of the window in the most prominent place and admired day after day. It’s good if the tree didn’t give the owner any trouble. Although this behavior can be called a rarity. Usually sumac deerhogic grows and becomes a real problem for the gardener.
For its cultivation the main condition is a large territory. It is needed not only in order for the vinegar tree to scatter its root processes around, but also to effectively deal with them. If there is, where to turn, to uproot the extra trees is much easier. In addition to large space, deer horn sumah loves intense sunlight. Therefore, if you want to admire a beautiful crown that resembles a palm tree, make sure that the plant regularly takes sun baths.
Planting vinegar tree
As it seems at first glance, there is nothing too complicated in planting a sumach. However, some tricks still need to know, they will help grow on the site of this handsome man. In general, in the wild, the plant has quite “spartan” growing conditions: it lives among stones, and in this connection it cannot be called whimsical. The vinegar tree can grow even in sandy soil, where the squash does not grow. However, it is very important for sumak to have a lot of sunlight, therefore, for planting, the place should be chosen without shading.
Before planting the seedling, the roots must be cut in such a way that the roots are up to twenty centimeters long. Then you need to dig a hole the size of 50 by 50 centimeters, place in it a plant seedling and fix it with earth. It is advisable to immediately pour the tree with water.
And one more important point: deer horn sums does not like winds. If you have several buildings in your dacha, for example, a house, a barn, a bathhouse, for an exotic beauty choose a place so that it does not grow in the draft formed by these buildings.
Acetic tree: care
Despite the exoticism, there are very few frostlings among sumachs. In winter, as a rule, they do not frost up, unless we are talking about very cold winters. In this case, if spring fails to restore the frozen branches, they must be almost completely cut off, leaving no more than thirty centimeters from the trunk. Then this “haircut” will play the decorativeness of the tree for the benefit, because it will grow not in height, but in width. Therefore, frozen deer horn sumac will decorate the site even better than “seasoned”. Well, if you want to avoid frosting, prepare the vinegar tree for winter in the same autumn when you plant. To do this, cover the ground around the trunk with peat, dry leaves or hay.
As for fertilizers, this plant can be left without top dressing. After all, he, despite the external pomp, habitually grow in poor soil. In addition, deer-smear sumac is practically not infected, so it is not necessary to spray it. Therefore, if you like beautiful plantations that do not require special care, the vinegar tree is ideal for you. If the most important thing for you is to benefit, it is better to plant fruit trees on the plot and collect a rich harvest from them!
Sumac tree, furry, breeding from A to Z
What is sumac or vinegar tree? This is the oldest plant of our nature. Elegant sprawling plant has quite impressive size and very beautiful leaves in the form of feathers. Sumy grows slowly, in height it can grow to five meters. It is one of the best representatives of large woody plants. The tree pleases with its extraordinary beauty, starting from early spring, continues to delight in the fall - with spectacular leaf fall, and does not leave indifferent to the winter period, when its extraordinary fruits flaunt on the branches. In addition to decorative beautyThis tree also has practical properties, such as dyeing and tanning.
Tree sumac - the most impressive tree of all woody. Its unusual leaves in the form of feathers with simple lobes, as if specially planted on rounded or winged cuttings, complement the inflorescences. The inflorescences, in turn, are made up of flowers, which, if we look one at a time, are not particularly distinguished by beauty, but they are assembled in magnificent burgundy colors, we can say glaze candles. Leaves and inflorescences, collected in candles, are combined in a very spectacular crown. Especially in the fall, this bright crown color cannot be confused with any other tree. And at other times of the year, the luxurious foliage and crown structure especially attracts attention.
Sumy - low deciduous tree, it seems to grow only in breadth, so from afar it seems just a big bush. His sprawling branches, it seems about to embrace all who came to admire the beauty and grace of the plant.
Acetic tree: planting, care and use
The vinegar tree will be able to compete with many ornamental trees not only in beauty, but also in unpretentiousness. On one large leaf of the tree can be up to 28 small leaves. It has a particularly elegant and expressive appearance in the fall, when all the leaves are painted in different shades of yellow, green, and red. Flowering - first to mid-summer. Inflorescences seem lush solid cones. Fruits of some species are used to make spices. They are famous for their antioxidant properties. Tannins of wood used for dyeing and tanning leather. Healing properties of sumach used in the Middle Ages. It is actively used by many beekeepers.
Sumy has about 200 specieswhich may differ in appearance and have different growing conditions.
Types of Acetic Tree
- Fragrant. It grows to a height of no more than 2 meters. Inflorescences of yellow shades, similar to the ear. The fruits are bright red colors. In the middle there is a large bone.
- Deer Horn The most often met, magnificent and beautiful look. It grows up to 10 m. The leaves are large, slightly velvety. Inflorescences are like thick panicles. The variety has a large number of root shoots.
- Chinese. It has a small color, collected in the ear, with a whitish tinge. Place of growth - Asia.
- Tannic. The average tree height is 5 meters. Leaves in length can reach 18 cm of white or greenish shades. Inflorescences-panicles - up to 25 cm. Ripe fruits - brown-red color.
The tree gives a lot of shoots. Therefore, deciding to plant it at home, you need to be prepared for this. From it is very difficult to get rid of, because you need to constantly destroy.
- Watering. Sumy well tolerates even dry periods without watering. But in a hot time, it is still worth pampering him with water (not over-moistening) at least once in 1–2 weeks. This will improve flowering and revitalize the foliage.
- Feeding. The tree practically does not need them. Possible maximum amount of mineral supplements - 1 time per year. More frequent fertilization can have the opposite effect or even destroy the plant.
- Crop. In a natural habitat, the vinegar tree can grow up to 10 meters. At the same time, he has a drawback - poorly tolerates severe frosts. And in areas where there are severe frosts in winter, the upper branches can freeze. Thus, in the spring pruning of the branches that have been frozen out is considered a mandatory procedure. This procedure can give a stronger impetus to the growth of young kidneys.
- Preparing for the winter. The tree rarely dies due to severe frosts, even without shelter. This is facilitated by a powerful root system. In the case of frostbite and further pruning branches, they quickly grow.
- Pest control. Sumy is affected by pests and diseases in rare cases. Even the hares do not touch the bark of the tree. Sometimes it is possible the defeat of fungal infections (mainly during waterlogging).
Acetic tree in landscape design
The vinegar tree is a spectacular plant that is often equated to something exotic. It has an unusual foliage and grows very quickly, so you need to leave a lot of space for it. The last years in landscape design are very relevant, but often they are used either as a single accent, or low-growing trees are chosen as neighbors. Looks good on the alpine hills and rockeries as dominant. Thanks to its powerful root system, it is also used as a means to strengthen slopes and soil.
Its effectiveness is also emphasized by coniferous plants, especially in autumn, when bright, motley, slightly velvety foliage and seedbed of sumach are perfectly combined with strict green coniferous plants.
If at home a tree can reach and 10 meters highthen in Europe, thanks to the formation of the crown with the help of trimming, it does not grow more than 3–5 meters.
One of its many flaws is its fragility. One tree does not grow in one place for more than 20 years. But it can be easily "restored" thanks to the young shoots.
In autumn, small fruits appear on the tree.that taste sour. Most grow trees only for decoration. And the people of the southern countries make not only spice from fruits, but also make aromatic sour wine. It turns out of them and good vinegar, especially relevant for marinades.
Acetic tree: growing features
Before you decide on planting vinegar, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the peculiarities of its cultivation:
- The tree has good adaptability to different climatic conditions and easily endures high frosts and other adverse conditions.
- To obtain vinegar fruits, it is necessary to plant a female and a male individual close to each other.
Why is vinegar so called?
Sumy is called the vinegar tree due to the sour taste of its berries, the juice or decoction of which used to be used as vinegar.
Now the berries are eaten exclusively as spices, giving the dish a sour savory flavor. Due to the high percentage of tannins in its composition, berries are also used in medicine.
Planting in open ground
Despite its simplicity vinegar, to his landing should be treated with full responsibility, and follow some recommendations: