Lush large buds, as if descended from old paintings, strong aroma, beautiful colors of buds, some of which change shade when blooming, round shape - Austin's English garden roses are easily recognizable by these signs.
History and description
These wonderful flowers appeared thanks to the long-term hard work of the English breeder David Austin.
"Pat Austin" - the variety is named after the breeder's spouse, its copper-orange buds turn yellow after opening. Shrub up to 120 cm. Blooms repeatedly during the summer, the scent is tea rose.
"Claire Austin" - received the name of the daughter of a grower. The length of the branches reaches 2.5 m, the whips are decorated with flowers from the very bottom of the bush to the crown, which allows you to beautifully decorate arches and gazebos.
When choosing a planting place for an English rose and planning care, consider the size of the shrub, the type of stem and the garden composition:
- climbing roses need to be supported
- flower beds - suitable for medium-sized flower beds,
- bush - to create a hedge,
- ground cover - to create a chic "carpet" of bright fragrant flowers.
Flowers can grow in poor soil, but subject to loosening, mulching and fertilizing the soil. The soil should be:
- breathable, loose, with good drainage,
- fertilized, ideally - swollen manure and bone meal.
Preparation of seedlings and planting dates
The optimal time for planting seedlings with an open root system is autumn, the last week of September is the beginning of October. Seedlings must take root and adapt to a new place to constant frost.
For seedlings prepare deep, 50 cm, and wide holes. They need to be positioned so that the grown bushes harmoniously developed and created a beautiful composition. David Austin himself offers a classic planting scheme, 3–5 single-sorted plants, the recommended distance between them is 0.5 m. At the same time, seedlings should not be too close to interfere with air circulation around the branches.
How to water
Roses are watered depending on the type, condition of the soil and weather conditions. It is better to water the rose garden in the evening, so that overnight the water seeps into the soil and does not evaporate from its surface. Approximate amount of water:
- shrub roses - 5 liters to 1 bush,
- climbing - up to 15 liters per bush.
How to trim the plants
The classic form of the crown is rounded. Pruning bushes throughout the season:
- first pruning - in the spring before the awakening of plants,
- in the summer, the tops of the young shoots are pinned off to form lush branches,
- overgrown shoots and flowering buds cut off.
Preparing roses for winter
Before wintering, pruning of unripe shoots is carried out. For ripening at the end of the summer, the flowering buds are cut off. The shrubs are warmed by an air-dry method: a non-woven material over the frame covers the aerial part of the plant, the edges of the material are pressed to the ground, a little sawdust and soil are poured from above.
Low bushes are completely covered with mulch (sawdust) and covered with spruce branches or nonwovens.
Advantages and disadvantages of varieties
Among the advantages of English roses Austin note:
- spectacular buds, interesting colors,
- long bloom, strong aroma,
- resistance to disease and frost.
How was this variety created?
In the middle of the last century, a breeder like David austin decided to create a new flower that would look like old bush roses, but at the same time it had a strong fragrance and refined buds.
The breeder was faced with the task of not easily bringing a new variety of roses, and making them re-blooming and such that they can grow normally in different climatic zones. David Austin noted that the vintage varieties did not have yellow or orange colors, this is what the scientist wanted to fix.
For breeding, varieties such as Belle Isis and Le Grasse were chosen. The first English rose was born in 1961, and was very similar to a peony.
What characteristics did the English rose take from its progenitors?
The flowers inherited the following specifications:
- strong and resistant stems
- good growth rate
- bloom throughout the season
- good resistance to diseases and pests.
Despite the fact that these plants took a lot of things from their ancestors, they have their own distinctive features. So, such flowers are universal, as English roses are presented in a wide variety of colors and shapes.
The flowers that David Austin brought out have their flaws, which you should be aware of before planting. These disadvantages include the following nuances:
- Some varieties cannot always open their petals on their own, so sometimes the gardener must do it on his own,
- The flowers themselves are very heavy, so sometimes the buds can fall due to their own gravity.
General description of the plant
Bred flowers By david austin, very similar to such old varieties as the Bourbon and Gallic flowers, as well as albu.
They have the following characteristics:
- flower shape in the form of a glass,
- clean and delicate colors
- juicy and memorable aroma,
- good resilience.
David Austin's most popular rose varieties have the following titles:
- Benjamin britten - A low shrub that is unpretentious in the care and well opposed to powdery mildew. Petals of this plant often have red or orange shades.
- William Shakespeare 2000 - this rose grows in a straight bush. The flowers have a dark red color. This variety is distinguished by its long flowering.
- Abraham Derby - its color range varies from copper to apricot. The weight of the flower head can be large, so a slight deformation is not excluded.
- Graham Thomas is a plant that has bright yellow flowers and long blooms.
- Charlotte - this rose is distinguished by its yellow terry flowers. This variety tolerates cold.
- William Maurice is a plant that has rosette-like peach and pink flowers. Closer to the center of the bud color more saturated, and outside it may be white. The flower is well resistant to spotting and powdery mildew, as it tolerates high humidity and long rains normally.
Planting and care
Even a novice gardener can plant this flower, it’s enough to stick to the elementary rules and recommendations.
Before planting, be sure to cut the roots and leave them in the water for a day. The pit in which you plant the plant should measure 50x50. In order for the plant to settle down better, humus and compost are added to the planting pit, which are then mixed with the ground and poured abundantly with water. For better rooting, after planting should spud the bush.
Caring for such a plant is practically no different from caring for other varieties of roses. The standard complex of care measures includes watering, fertilizer, weeding and prevention of diseases and the occurrence of pests.
Water the bushes should as they drybest done in the evening. One rose bush will need about 5 liters of water, and for climbing species you need 15 liters of water.
Fertilize the plant need more before flowering. For fertilizing, you can use fertilizer, which contain nitrogen in its composition.
During flowering, the plant can be fed with phosphate or potash fertilizers.
Like other rose bushes, this species needs periodic pruning. Old, diseased and underdeveloped stems should be removed. After removing all unnecessary twigs, you can begin to form a bush. If you need a low bush, then the branches are cut by half, but if you need a tall and large bush, then the stems should be cut by one third. Please note that climbing varieties should be cut to length. Pruning is needed to form new shoots, stronger and healthier.
How to prepare the plant for winter?
The flowers that David Austin brought out are pretty tender, so not very well tolerated frosts, with improper winter preparation, they may die.
It is important to properly care for the plant throughout the season, the rose must receive the right amount of nutrients so that it will be healthy and strong by winter.
In the autumn, wait until the rose has faded, the leaves will fall, you do not need to cut the buds yourself or the leaves, as you can interrupt the ripening of the shoots. With the advent of the first cold weather, one should remove unripe lateral stems and gradually begin preparing the plant for winter.
Fully cover the bush should be only when there is a constant low temperature - below 0 ° C, but not less than -10 ° C. Pay attention to create shelter above the bush is possible only after hilling.
To create a winter shelter you can use the following materials:
- foam panels,
- plywood boards
Having made a frame from one of the above material, you should fill it dry leaves, humus or shavings. Weaving varieties should be laid on the ground and covered with a thick layer of leaves.
The top layer of cover is a film or roofing material. This design helps to protect the plant from severe frosts, it should be removed only when a stable temperature is above 0 ° C.
Diseases and their prevention
Despite the fact that Austin roses have good immunity to diseases, sometimes they can still suffer from ailments.
What diseases occur most often and how to prevent their development?
Symptoms of the appearance of this disease - the presence of small black spots. Please note that this disease affects only the stems, so it is problematic to identify black spot. The infected plant begins to grow poorly, deform and soon dies. To prevent this from happening, preventive measures should be taken. Spray the plant with a solution of mullein or ash, or you can use a manganese solution. Twice a season the plant should be pollinated with wood ash.
Often this disease begins to appear closer to mid-spring, when the rose opens its buds. The first sign of the disease - the formation of growths. Rust actively begins to develop in wet weather, it begins to spread throughout the bush in the form of yellow spots. In the end, rust covers the whole plant.
In order to provide the appearance of this disease, it is necessary to remove fallen leaves in a timely manner not only in the autumn, but also as they settle throughout the season.
The use of English roses in landscape design
Due to its ease of planting and cultivation, this type of plant is very often used for decoration of gardens and household plots. Some varieties are great for forming hedges. Shrub roses are used to replenish flower beds, although they can grow on their own. English roses feel good both in the pot and in the open field.
The history of the series
English roses David Austin were born in a very curious way. In the middle of the XX century (we are talking about the fifties), Austin, while in France, drew attention to the ancient species of roses, which captivated him with their beauty and elegance.
This is what inspired the breeder to bring out a variety of flowers that was modern and at the same time reminds man of the foggy romanticism of ancient times.
Austin's main task was to ensure that in the selection process the English park rose retains its appearance and unique delicate aroma. Classical representatives gained new characteristics: the breeder achieved their re-flowering throughout the summer season, and also gradually selected more resistant and undemanding specimens.
By the way: before the Austin English rose appeared in all its beauty and diversity, the old varieties had neither yellow nor orange color. David took care to fix that too.
In 1961, for the first time, a new rose, created by a specialist, was “published”. It was called "Constance Spray" and was obtained by crossing one of the modern species with an old flower from Galle.
In appearance and color, this specimen resembles a large peony, its smell is similar to the scent of myrrh, and the buds are large, in the shape of elegant bowls. The view of “Constance Spray” is still loved in the horticultural environment - despite the fact that it blooms only once during the summer season.
For more than twenty years, Austin continued to work. In 1984, a major exhibition was held in the English city of Chelsea, where he had already presented to the general public fifty different varieties of roses, bred as a result of repeated crosses. An interesting fact is that an ordinary wild rosehip took an active part in the selection.
General characteristics of Austin roses
The English rose, whose color has an enviable variety, is resistant to the harsh climate, while having a somewhat old-fashioned and nostalgic appearance. Austin's roses are not too demanding of lighting: five or six hours of sunbathing per day will be enough for them.
In his numerous interviews, David Austin loves to repeat that when creating his flowers, he especially focuses on the shape of the buds. He tries to have three main forms:
Wishing to preserve the individuality of their wards, the breeder tries to prevent the appearance among them of species with buds that look like a truncated cone. The smell of flowers is always pleasant and intense, and the number of varieties has long been more than two hundred.
In order to clearly define their priorities, Austin outlined four basic requirements that his flowers should ideally meet:
- necessarily beautiful shape
- the purity of the color palette,
- persistent and pleasant smell,
- high level of vitality.
With regard to the behavior of Austin roses in temperate Russian latitudes, experienced gardeners note the following features of their growth:
- they are resistant to frost,
- grow much higher than at home,
- some varieties, on the contrary, are prone to slowing growth processes,
- in the second year after planting, flowering is less abundant,
- There is a weakness of the branches, but after adaptation, everything returns to normal.
It is important to remember that the “bogs” in the first year after planting will not differ in the intensity of flowering, because they need time to adapt to a new place.
English park roses, characterized by tall, have a rosette or cupped buds. Among them, the Crown of Princess Margaret is particularly notable; its height can reach up to 180 cm. The flowers have a rich yellow-orange color, and are distinguished by a delicate aroma with fruity notes. The variety is resistant to fungal infections and other typical diseases of roses.
Variety Gertrude Jekyll can grow up to two meters in height, has a rosette flower shape and a characteristic pleasant smell of rose oil. Color - saturated, pink, resistance to diseases - medium.
Light pink variety Spirit Of Freedom is also characterized by a rosette-shaped flower, emitting a slightly tart, but pleasant smell of myrrh. In the Russian latitudes can grow up to 150 cm in height.
All tall varieties of English roses are ideal for creating hedges - including Austin climbing roses, characterized by flexible and strong branches.
Roses for growing in containers
For those who wish to grow David Austin's beautiful flower in a container, Anna Boleyn's rose may be a good option. It has a rosette shape of glasses, a delicate pink color and a barely perceptible odor, which will be appreciated by people who do not tolerate strong flavors.
Christopher Marlowe flowers in rose and hues resemble a large wild rose with a yellowish-golden center. They have the smell of rose oil, are highly resistant to any environmental factors.
Grace variety is distinguished by large apricot glasses, resembling dahlias in shape. Just like Christopher Marlow, has the smell of rose oil.
Roses with especially large glasses
As is known, almost any English rose is distinguished by a large bush size and luxurious lush flowers. But if it is about growing the largest representatives from David Austin on your site, the beautiful Lady of Maginch is one of them.
Deep pink flowers are characterized by intense growth, and the unique smell, alternating with raspberry notes, fascinates with its unusualness. Lady of Maginch is resistant to diseases and perfectly adapts to difficult weather conditions.
Нежная Констанс Спрей имеет светло-розовую окраску цветков чашевидной формы и немного терпкий, но приятный запах мирры. Единственный ее минус — высокая восприимчивость к холодам и типичным заболеваниям, поэтому она нуждается в особо трепетном уходе.
Princess Alexandra of Kent is distinguished by a thick pink color and in appearance resembles a large wild rose. Its smell can change, depending on the flowering period: first tea appears, and a little later - a pleasant fruity aroma.
If there is a desire to grow large English specimens on the site, it is important not to forget that the maximum size of the bud and the size of the bush will delight with its beauty not immediately, but only a couple of years after the seedlings are planted in the ground. With regard to commercially available varieties of Austin roses, the best varieties can always be ordered individually, in specialized stores.
There are Austin roses represented by pure flowers. Their gamma is as follows: classic red, white rose, many colors of yellow to an unusual shade of orange. One of the most famous representatives is Graham Thomas. Bright yellow glasses in the shape of a bowl emit a delicate smell of rose oil. Located close to each other.
Claire Austin is a delicate white flower with a pronounced musky scent and an average level of climatic stability. It is also worth noting the rich red variety Brightwite and pink Brother Cadfael, obtained by crossing with a tea variety.
Selection of seedlings for planting
If you want to grow English park roses, you should be concerned with the question of where you can buy good seedlings and make the right choice. You should buy them only in specialized stores or flower shops: an experienced seller will briefly tell you how roses should be planted. When choosing, it doesn’t hurt to focus on the fact that you want to buy Austin roses, which are blooming continuously - then the seller will immediately understand which sort is in question.
Choosing seedlings, you should pay attention to the fact that their roots on the cuts should have a pure white color. Healthy stems are green, and the kidneys should be in a "sleeping" state.
In order for the English rose of David Austin to take root well, seedlings must first be provided with high-quality storage. If possible, you can equip at the summer cottage so-called prikop, which should be done before the first frost hit.
Any bed is selected on which a sheet of foam or polyurethane is put about 10 centimeters thick. Thus, the land in the area of Prikop in winter will not freeze and in spring will be an ideal place to store seedlings.
As soon as spring comes, the snow is dug up at the place of the prikop, the insulation is removed, and the seedlings are put in a trench, the depth of which is no more than one shovel bayonet.
Since the ground in the place of prikop remains soft, it will not freeze until spring. Seedlings can safely be placed in a trench, bury, cover the top with the same layer of foam, sprinkle with snow and quietly wait for a favorable time for their planting. The method is a little time consuming, but for storage it is the most reliable.
A simpler method is storage in a conventional refrigerator. In this case, the roots should be wrapped in damp paper and wrapped in plastic wrap. Weekly you need to check the condition of seedlings, in order to avoid mold on the roots. It should be borne in mind that if they are stored in the refrigerator for more than a month, the survival rate may deteriorate significantly.
Diseases of English roses
Most often, the English rose is sick of various fungal infections in the event that the summer was overly rainy or the owner went too far with watering. Typical diseases are all sorts of “spotting,” which appear as black, brown, rusty or gray spots on the leaves, branches and trunk.
Mealy dew is often found when the leaves are covered with a sticky grayish bloom and start to rot. If signs of fungal infection are noticed, the first thing to do is to remove all the affected parts of the bush and be sure to burn them so that the infection does not spread further.
For treatment purposes, it is recommended to use such agents as copper-soap solution, Topsin, Bordeaux composition. Application scheme: the bush itself is sprayed and all the land around it is plentifully cultivated.
The number of treatments - from three to five, the intervals between them - ten days. For the prevention of one of the compositions of the rose is processed in the spring, before flowering and before sheltering for the winter season.
Shelter bushes for the winter
Wintering and weathering the cold Austin roses can, if properly organize them "wintering". The root system is covered with a mound consisting of land and sawdust. Its height is fifteen centimeters. If the variety is climbing, it is removed from the supporting structure and powdered in the same way.
Shelter itself is done after the first regular frosts begin. The bushes are covered with a dense layer of cellophane or spunbond, and to prevent the improvised greenhouse from being blown away by the wind, it can be lightly fixed using boards or a long thick scarf.
English roses - "wines" - are beautiful and take root well in our latitudes. With proper care and cultivation, they will annually please their owner with continuous flowering and aroma, which is the personification of the unique era of romanticism.
Characteristic features of English roses
This group of roses appeared as a result of crossing the other two - the old and floribunda. New varieties incorporate the best qualities:
- long flowering
- abundance of shapes and colors
- strong persistent aroma
- even distribution of buds on bushes,
- shade tolerance.
English roses - photos of blooming yellow buds
Traditionally, flowering occurs in two waves - in mid-June and late summer. Flowers of most varieties of English roses are shaped like a bowl, rosette or pom-pom with a large number of petals. As blooming petals fade in the sun and brighten, and in one bush you can see flowers of different shades. The bushes themselves are distinguished by a variety: they are climbing, sprawling, dwarf, tall, thick and sparse. Because of this, English roses are very widely used in garden design. Another advantage is the stock, which does not give wild shoots with proper planting.
English roses in landscape design
No matter how hard the breeders tried, they failed to completely rid the new varieties of the shortcomings of vintage roses and floribunda. First, in rainy weather, the buds do not open, and if the rain does not stop a few days, much of the flowers disappear. Secondly, the heat is also poorly tolerated, the flowers become smaller, they burn out faster and crumble. Thirdly, many varieties have a weak resistance to diseases, as a result of which the decorativeness of the bushes decreases markedly. In addition, re-flowering in individual varieties is much weaker than the first.
English roses David Austin
The advantages and disadvantages of English roses
Planting english roses
For flowers to develop normally, the place for them must be chosen very carefully:
- the site should not be heavily blown by the wind and be in deep shadow,
- Roses should not be planted in lowlands and in places with high levels of groundwater,
- It is not recommended to plant new bushes in the place of old ones, where causative agents of rose diseases can remain in the soil.
Tip! If it is not possible to find a new place for seedlings, you should replace the soil layer to a depth of at least half a meter, or even better - 70 cm. This should be done in advance so that before planting the soil is well compacted and does not subside under new bushes.
The stock of English roses is very unpretentious and undemanding to the soil. Nevertheless, light clay soil or loams rich in humus and saturated with oxygen are more suitable for planting. If the soil is too dense and heavy, it is imperative that sand be introduced into the planting holes, as well as humus or compost within reasonable limits. Excess fertilizer will negatively affect plants. Poor sandy soils need to be improved by adding organic matter and sod land.
For spring planting site is recommended to prepare in the fall. Digging should be deep, at least 50 cm, with simultaneous introduction of humus or compost to the full depth. Fertilizer application rate is 30 kg / m2. Fertile soil does not need to fertilize, just dig up before the onset of frost. The acidity of the soil should not exceed pH 5.5-6.5, otherwise the application of lime in the amount of 500 g / m2 is required. If the land is not fertile enough and fertilizer is low, it should be applied immediately before planting in the pits.
The optimal time to plant roses is from early September to mid-October. Spring planting is usually held from mid-April to May 20. Seedlings carefully inspect after storage, dried roots are dipped in water for 5-6 hours. When planting in the fall shoots need to be shortened to 6-8 buds and completely remove the leaves.
Step 1. Prepare a clay solution for the roots: for 10 parts of water, take three parts of clay and manure, add any vegetable stimulant and mix thoroughly.
Application of mineral fertilizers before planting
Step 2. They dig a planting hole 40x40 cm and a depth of 30 to 50 cm - depending on the length of the roots. Fill the pit with the following composition:
- 2 buckets of garden soil,
- 1 bucket of sand, crushed clay, peat and humus,
- 2 small handfuls of superphosphate,
- 2 cups of bone and dolomite flour.
Step 3. Water is poured into the pit and allowed to soak. While the water is absorbed, the roots are dipped in a real clay mash.
Step 4. Lower the seedling into the pit, gently straightening the roots. The boundary of the stock should be 7-10 cm below ground level. They begin to pour the soil and compact it with their hands so that the roots do not have voids. After falling asleep the ground trample down the feet and once again shed water. When water is absorbed, the bush is spud up to a height of 10 cm, which allows it to retain moisture longer and contributes to the survival of the plant.
Application of mineral fertilizers before planting
How to plant a rose correctly
Pruning, watering and feeding
Watering roses after planting
For English roses, pruning is a must. Shrubs begin to form almost from the moment of planting. After waking up the buds in spring and the formation of the first shoots up to 5 cm in length, the soil from the base of the bush is scooped up, soil is slightly loosened and sprinkled with sawdust, pine needles or straw to preserve moisture. As soon as the stems get stronger, the bush is thinned, leaving 3-4 shoots. To get the most large flowers, the grown shoots are shortened by half, and if you cut the stems by a third, the bush will be covered with buds. Climbing varieties are cut off by only 1/5 of the length. Faded buds and withered roses must be promptly removed from the bush to promote the formation of new flowers.
Adult shrubs are recommended to be pruned in April, before buds bloom. Later pruning postpones the flowering of the rose. Patients, broken, weak and small shoots need to be removed without regret. Old woody shoots are cut out every 4-5 years, making room for young shoots. It is very important to take into account when pruning the characteristics of each particular variety, and instructions on the formation of a bush are usually included in the descriptions in the catalogs.
The trimming tool should be well ground so that the cut is as smooth as possible. Dumb pruners are very easy to damage the bark and carry the infection, resulting in shoots begin to shrink. Another important rule: cuts should be made at an angle and at a distance of 5 mm from the kidney. Place the cut, it is desirable to immediately treat the garden pitch or disinfectant solution.
Pruning roses with shears - photo
English roses are watered as the soil dries up: for climbing varieties up to 15 liters per bush are required, for ordinary ones - 5 liters. Watering is best in the evenings, defended by melt or rainwater, but to use chlorinated water from the tap is highly undesirable. Needless to moisturize the leaves of plants is also not worth it, from this disease develops in roses. You can not water the rose often and in small doses, as this results in superficial roots, which are easily injured during tillage. The most optimal regimen is once in 4-5 days in dry weather. When the heat sets in, the water for irrigation should be taken only warm, otherwise the absorption capacity of the roots decreases, the plant weakens, the buds do not open. Stop watering around the end of August, and in the rainy summer a month earlier.
Watering and dressing roses
Bushes are fed at least three times a season: nitrogen-containing supplements are applied before flowering, organic matter and complex microelements are required during flowering, and before wintering plants need fertilizer with phosphorus and potassium most of all. If the landing pits were filled according to the rules, in the first year, roses can not be fed.
In the second year, a good result is given by feeding bird droppings or mullein infusion. Litter diluted with water in the ratio of 1:20, mullein 1:10. Infusion is used only freshly prepared. To improve the structure of the soil and better assimilation of useful elements, the soil around the bush should be mulched with a layer of peat up to 8 cm thick. This protects the roots from overheating and accelerates their development.
English rose description
Varieties of English roses are very different from others. You can talk a lot about their benefits.
- have a special cupped shape of flowers, harmonious structure of the bush and a wide range of pleasant aromas,
- bloom steadily throughout the season
- resistant to disease
- unpretentious to the conditions of growth,
- do not require increased attention
- can alter the shape and appearance of the bush, depending on the conditions.
The form of double flowers may be different and resemble a pom-pom, a bowl or a rosette.
English rose: reproduction
The easiest way to propagate roses is by cutting. To do this, choose a developed and healthy shoot of the first wave of flowering and cut it into cuttings, 10 cm long. Then, the blanks need to be buried in a shady place and covered with transparent caps. You can use the top of a plastic bottle with a cap. Unscrewing the cover, it is convenient to water and air cuttings.
Climbing roses are easier to propagate by layering. One of the faded outer lashes must be bent to the ground, prikopat and fix the wire. In the spring of this seedling can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Preparation and planting flowers
Consider the process of preparing and planting a sapling on the example of the English rose Falstaff. Purchased seedlings should be strong, healthy, with flexible roots and green shoots (at least 3 pieces).
The best place for landing is a sunny area, where there are no sudden gusts of wind. Do not plant roses in areas with high groundwater levels.
The dimensions of the pit are standard: width - 70 cm, depth - 60 cm. For planting, prepare a substrate of sand, rotted manure, peat and fertile soil. It is advisable to add special fertilizers for roses and a glass of wood ash.
Rose Falstaff is better to plant in the spring. The soil should be heated to a minimum of 14-15 degrees.
Before planting, sapling soak in water with root. Procedure for landing:
- Pour a mound of earth to the bottom of the pit.
- Carefully straighten the roots.
- Cover the roots with soil, so that the root neck is 3-4 cm below the surface.
- To ram the ground and water well.
- Mulch the ground with leaves, straw, bark, mowed grass.
After that, the constant care of the seedling should include regular watering, fertilizing and loosening the soil. The rate of irrigation - 10 liters of warm water under each bush weekly. In the first year after planting, fertilizing is not needed.
Nuances of growing and caring for English roses
Caring for and growing roses is quite a challenge even for beginners. However, you should know some of the nuances.
It should be borne in mind that in regions where it is often rainy weather, terry cupped and spherical flowers may simply not be revealed. Sometimes gardeners have to do this manually, carefully opening the rows of outer petals.
Young plants need support, as their thin branches are strongly bent under the weight of lush flowers. But over the years, this problem disappears, as the shoots become strong and strong.
From the second year of planting should take care of timely feeding:
- in the spring - rotted manure,
- in 2-3 weeks - ammonium nitrate,
- in the period of budding and flowering - phosphorus-calcium fertilizers.
Overfeeding roses is also not worth it, as they can turn yellow and shed leaves. It is not necessary to conduct additional feeding in the autumn, so as not to provoke the appearance of new shoots.
For roses to have a beautiful shape, they need to be properly cut.
- In early spring, cut off the shoots by half before the buds swell.
- After flowering, shorten the shoots by a third.
- During the summer, pinch young stems 5 cm.
- Overgrown branches delete completely.
- Cut off faded buds.
The most winning form for English roses is a hemisphere.
English roses planting, saplings
Planting bushes of English roses can be done as well as in a well-lit place, and in the shade (that is, where the sun is 4-5 hours a day). This property (the possibility of growth in the shadows) was owned only by a climbing group. Эта особенность объясняется климатом Англии, где преобладают туманы и небольшое количество солнечных дней.
По типу роста куста выделяют низкие, средние, высокие, распростертые, плетистые, густые и разреженные розы.
Итак, посадку «остинок» можно производит и в тени, хотя в солнечной стороне они быстрее развиваются (т.е. корни не находиться в сырости и избыточная влага будет испаряться, побеги не будут вытягиваться, потому что будут получать достаточно тепла и света). In order to grow good English roses you do not need to be an expert, you should follow simple guidelines for the care and you will be able to implement the planned. First, you need to carefully and correctly choose the variety of roses David Austin, depends on this at what distance to plant roses and how to cut them. It should not be planted near trees, strongly growing perennials or other shrubs because the roots will be suppressed, as they will not have enough nutrients and will be limited in space, thus competing for survival with the root system of others. For English roses, any soil is suitable, although it is better rich in humus, the pH balance should be within 6.5, but fluctuations in the acidity of the earth are possible. Before planting, pits are made where fertilizers (organic) and peat are put in advance. The roots of seedlings of English roses should not be dry, so we soak them in water (you can cut the tips, for better branching), you can add more growth regulators or disinfect in potassium permanganate. The base of the bush (grafting site or root neck) is buried 5-7 cm in the ground. The type of rootstock for Austin hybrids is more important than for other varieties, so look closer at it when buying. Place English roses at a distance such as hybrid tea (50 to 50 cm), curly - at 70 cm, 1 m from each other.
English roses care
Regarding the care of David Ostin's English roses, we follow some rules: fertilizer, watering, disease control. Do not forget to make various fertilizers from the beginning of growth (spring), created especially for roses, then in June - nitrogen fertilizers for green mass and during the formation of buds - phosphorus and calcium. Take care not to transfer the fertilizer, otherwise the English rose will turn yellow and shed the leaves. At the end of the summer should not feed the land. David Austin's English roses have loose wood, which means they are less winter-hardy. In the care of improving resistance to frost you need a balanced diet (especially in the fall of potassium), this will help to ripen the wood. Caring for English roses do not forget about watering. It is important that the soil does not dry out. In the hot period, the frequency of moistening of roses increases. Usually on one bush goes 4-5 liters of water, on curly - 3 times more. Watering is best done in the evening, since there will be no strong evaporation. The weather is very rainy or dew bad for dense "double-pointed" pots. Such bad weather develops diseases - gray mold. To determine whether this disease has attacked the rose, look at the bud, it will have a light brown color on the extreme petals, and when touched, the bud will fall. In this case, it is urgent to cut the bush to the upper developed bud. If, having touched the bud, you will see that it has not fallen off, you need to help its disclosure by removing the dried upper petals (this is not a gray mold). So, for prolonged rainy weather, flowers in the form of a deep bowl or layer may not bloom. It is advisable to shake up the bushes during rainy weather, avoiding water retention between the petals. This is one of the disadvantages of the class of English roses. The rest of the bad features of the “toe” are not very resistant to diseases, the young branch often bends strongly from heavy flowers (over time, this problem disappears because the stems become not flexible), some species slightly re-bloom. It is recommended to remove the withered flowers to the first leaf, for an impetus in the formation of new buds. Periodically process the plant chemicals. This is especially effective at the beginning of the season, to the development of symptoms of diseases. For more information on how to fight, see the care section.
There are no well-defined rules for trimming English roses, as for floribunda, hybrid tea, polyantium, because they have different growth forces: they are low, medium or generally large. However, you still need to cut, for this produced several ways. "Ostinki" bloom early and they are pruned before bud break, in April. They remove completely weak, small, sick, and those shoots that have not survived the winter, they still will not bloom. Old, stiff stalks (such as they are made in a couple of years) are cut so that young, strong shoots can grow. English rose will not be able to give new flowers or re-bloom, if not cut out part of the branch. Circumcision is an art, as if we are creating a sculpture, setting a bush to a certain shape, removing thin, weak stems, rejuvenating it. On the pruned branches, new, young, strong, giving a good growth. Do not allow English roses to overgrow or stretch. It all depends on how you want to see a bush: either small with large flowers (shortened by half the length), or large with a large number of buds (cut by one third). Strong pruning will give a good flower, as the power of growth will be spent between a smaller number of flowers and they will become larger, better quality, and a weak shrub. You do not need to remove a lot of wood, so as not to deprive the bush of some volume. A couple of tips are given:
- an upright shrub can be severely pruned to avoid exposing the lower stems (half of each shoot to the outer bud)
- for climbers, let it grow naturally, remove one third of each stem (outer bud), new shoots form from each bud, don't forget to remove weak branches,
- in the vast bushes, cut off every shoot by a third (to the ext. Buds),
- curved bushes cut a little (up to one-fifth or fourth of each stem) to keep the width and height,
- a small bush, like hybrid tea roses, from the soil surface by 15 -20 cm.
For the winter should cover. It is better to overwinter in an air-dry shelter.
Description of English roses
The first 12 varieties, bred by Austin, received the highest award in their homeland - the “Quality Mark” from the Gardening Community of the British Kingdom. Since then, work on the development of new varieties do not stop. There are 200 varieties of this hybrid. Saplings with different shapes and colors of flowers, tea, myrrh, musk and fruit aroma are grown in nurseries.
Ostinki - compact shrubs with a height of 1.2–2 m or climbing vines of 2–3 m in height. The plant is characterized by a variety of forms of inflorescences. It is a pompon, a socket, a bowl, and even a cone.
Botanical description of English roses:
- partial shade plants,
- flowering period - June - September,
- single flowers or gathered in a brush,
- inflorescences beige, cream, pink, orange, yellow,
- the fragrance of the flower changes its intensity depending on the climate and the time of day.
The leaves of the bush forms are large, glossy; in the climbing forms, they are small, oval, and hard. The plant is capricious, requires care, does not tolerate drought and prolonged cooling. Since the variety was developed for the climate of the British kingdom, the plant likes moisture, partial shade, diffused light and warm winter.
- Abraham Derby - flower diameter 14 cm, apricot pink. It is grown as a bush variety, resistant to cold,
- Thomas Graham - a bush with a height of 2–3 m. Peach terry flower. Diameter 10 cm
- William Shakespeare - bush 1.2–1.6 cm tall. Purple terry flowers,
- Princess Margaret is a bush 1,5 m high. Flowers terry, orange, publishing fruit aroma.
In Russia, only winter-hardy varieties of ostinos are grown, for example, Thomas Graham and Pat Austin.
The most common diseases are:
- powdery mildew,
- black spot
To prevent this, it is advisable to carry out periodic spraying.
Sometimes roses are invaded by pests - green aphids, spider mites, leafworms, sawflies, thrips. They not only damage the plant, but can also tolerate various diseases. In this case, urgent need to spray the bushes with special solutions.
Technology shelter roses for the winter
Most English roses suffer frosts up to -16-20 degrees, but in our region winters are very harsh. Therefore, in the winter they are sure to spud and spruce branches. As soon as the frosts come, make a frame and cover it with a spanbond. Climbing roses shoots gently removed, put on a pillow from a spruce branches, cover with foliage and special material.
In the spring, make sure that the rose does not pererepila. It is desirable to remove part of the shelter, but to cover the plants with material before the onset of relative heat.
Use in landscape design
In landscape design, English roses are used everywhere. They can become the main object of the garden or perform a secondary role. Proper pruning allows you to create from them a blooming hedge, which looks very impressive.
They perfectly coexist with coniferous or evergreen shrubs. Low-growing varieties are used for container gardening, as a border or for registration of group plantings.
The best neighbors in flower beds are delphinium, foxglove, veronica, sage, catnip, geranium. In the spring, flower beds with roses complement tulips, peonies, hyacinths.