Apple flower beetle damages the buds of the apple tree. Spraying of trees during the period from bud breaks to bud exposure, during the transition of beetles from wintering grounds to the crown to laying eggs by females, one of the toxic chemicals helps: chlorophos at a concentration of 0.2% (20 g per 10 l of water), 0.1% Sevine, 0.15% Phosphamide, 0.15% Trichlormetaphos-3, metaphos at a concentration of 0.3%.
All this is diluted with one liter of water and the infected tree is sprayed.
You can also use another way to deal with ophint. This is a high hilling rate. But this method is the most time consuming to use.
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Very often, fruit trees and bushes are subject to various diseases, as well as the effects of pests. The main pests of the garden: beetle flower beetle, moth, apple podozhorka. Let's take a closer look at what effective methods exist to combat them.
Apple flowering beetles have few natural enemies. A small number of them are eaten by small birds. Also, pests are killed by parasitic wasps, the females of which implant their eggs in the larvae of the tsvetoeda.
In the spring, when the beetles crawl out of their secluded places after wintering, you need to immediately take steps to save the next harvest. Pests can be eliminated without chemicals. You cannot completely get rid of all pests by safe means, but their number can be significantly reduced.
Spring is not only the time of plant awakening, but also of garden pests. In order to preserve the harvest on fruit trees, it is necessary in early spring to take measures to combat the most common garden pest, the apple-flowered beetle.
In the case when after shaking off a tree there are 40 or more beetles, it is necessary to spray the plant with insecticides: Intavir, Kinmiks, or others intended to destroy leaf-eating insects. It can also be treated with Tanrek, which is not washable with water and acts in a wide temperature range. To combat the weevil, it is recommended to do one treatment per season.
Preventive measures against the defeat of plants by the flowering beast should be started long before the budding. First of all, you should clean the trunks of trees from the remnants of dead bark, which serves as a convenient place for wintering pests. This operation allows you to destroy a significant number of beetles, settled to wait out the cold season. But to do this cleaning should literally with the first warm days, otherwise the pest will have time to leave their shelters.
The beetle beetle is called the beetle family of the weevil brownish-gray color with oblique white stripes on the elytra, up to 0.45 cm in size, having an elongated head in a long proboscis. At the end of such a proboscis there is a special gnawing apparatus for feeding on leaves and buds. This gluttonous pest is widespread throughout the entire Nonchernozem zone. But it causes the greatest harm in the northern regions, where effective control of the flower beetle becomes especially necessary. It damages the pest of apples, pears and other fruit trees.
In an integrated garden protection system, the need for spraying is determined not by the number of the pest, but by the force of flowering of the tree. With abundant flowering up to 15% of the remaining ovaries of the total number of flowers will give a full harvest. In this case, the extermination measures can not hold. With weak flowering weevil fight is necessary.
Additionally, you need to conduct an annual cleaning, collection and destruction of the bark, which dries up, that is, dies. Also, it must be remembered that it is very important to dig up the earth until the autumn.
The moth is a caterpillar that eats apple fruits. One such pest can eat up to four apples. Damaged fruit moth fruits fall and rot.
What does an apple blossom tree look like?
If there are apple trees on the plot, then it is necessary to take care of their protection, namely, the destruction of the flowering beetle beetle.
Without the use of chemicals pest control of fruit trees is not effective. For the destruction of adult tsvetoyorad insecticides used a wide range during the blooming of the kidneys. Modern chemicals do not affect the eggs and larvae of pests.
Lime whitewashing can protect against pests.
How to deal with tsvetoyedami without chemicals
Flowerbed on apple bud
If bugs are found in the crown in the summer, then the tree can be treated with toxic chemicals only in the fall. But this must be done, even with a small number of pests. One female tsveroyeda can lay up to hundreds of eggs, and when they are laid, no preparations will work on them. And next spring there will be much more pests in the garden, which will necessarily affect the quantity and quality of the crop.
The next stage of preventive treatment will be whitewashing trunks. Both experts and amateur gardeners have noticed long ago that flower beetles are much less populated with fruit trees, which were whitewashed before the buds swell. To prepare the solution, take 2 kg of fresh lime on a bucket of water. But experienced gardeners sometimes deliberately leave one of the apple trees without whitewashing - to attract beetles and their subsequent destruction.
Adult beetles winter, hiding in bark cracks, under fallen leaves, or simply in the upper layers of the soil. With the first heat, the weevils begin to rise in the crowns and feed on the kidneys, eating out narrow indentations in them, very similar to needle pricks. Often on such kidneys can be observed drops of juice, speaking from wounds - "the kidneys are crying." With the beginning of the outcrop of the buds, the females of the flower beetle gnaw through holes in them and lay there in an egg — one in each bud. The larvae appear after 7 - 8 days and begin to eat the contents of the buds. Affected buds no longer bloom, and dry up, never opened. When it comes to the formation of ovaries, the larvae pupate directly in the damaged buds. Young insects come out during the shedding of excess ovaries and feed on the pulp of the leaves, eating away the “little windows”. In July and August, beetles no longer feed, but begin to climb under the bark, hiding under fallen leaves, in the soil - for wintering. During the season only one generation of tsveroyed develops.
One apple tree consumes from 3 to 10 liters of this composition. It all depends on the age of the tree. Processing should be carried out in warm and clear weather, so that the beetles are the largest number, otherwise they will all be hidden in the cold.
Chemical preparations to combat insect pests of fruit trees
It is necessary in the early morning or in the evening, at a temperature of about ten degrees Celsius, to shake the apple trees on the pre-covered film, then knock on the trunks with a big stick and collect the bugs, which are subsequently destroyed. Such an operation should be carried out quite often in the period of blooming of the kidneys before the formation of buds.
Therefore, re-treatment of trees should be carried out in July to reduce the number of pests before they hide in the bark of trees for the winter.
In the spring, before the buds bud, it is necessary to clear the trunk of the tree and the skeletal branches from the old bark.
Apple blossombird - small weevil beetle dark brownish in color with white stripes, insect length about 5 mm. This pest damages the buds on apples and pears, and females of flowering bees lay eggs in flower buds.
Experts recommend the following chemicals for processing fruit against a weevil: Novaction, Fufanon, Fastak, Iskra, Sherpa, Karate. It helps very well to restrain the number of beetles, the drug Decis at a dilution of 10 ml per bucket of water. But if you use it only for several years in a row, then the pest will soon adapt to this poisonous substance and produce the same unresponsive offspring. Therefore, it is desirable to alternate all insecticides for at least one year. You can also use herbal extracts: pharmacy chamomile, tansy. Herbal remedies are much less effective than chemicals, but they are safe for animals, bees and other beneficial insects, do not pollute the soil and do not harm the environment.
We protect the apple trees from the beetle beetle
A large number of dried buds remaining on the branches of an apple or pear tree testifies to the damage by a weevil. As well as the so-called “flower-eater huts” - glued petals of flowers, which dry quickly and form peculiar brown caps. If such a cap is lifted, there will be a larva of light yellow or white color, and sometimes a brown beetle.
Around the trunks make traps of dry grass, where beetles are arranged for the winter. Late autumn grass is raked and burned.
When leaves and buds appear
In the fight against the pinwort itself, it is necessary to make a solution that consists of:
- An experienced gardener knows how to recognize the appearance of this pest. On the bushes of gooseberry or currant appear red berries, which are entangled in cobwebs. Butterflies that fly out of the ground in early spring lay their eggs in the ovary. Born caterpillars eat green berries. One such larva can eat up to 8 berries.
- You can also prepare a special solution and spray them with apple trees in the same period.
- Spraying trees with chemicals is the most effective measure.
At the base of the shtamb, you can apply glue belts or belts soaked in Carbofos. Pests that accumulate under them, you need to collect and destroy.
Ognevka: control measures
The larvae appear from them in a week and completely eat away the flower bud. Adult beetles gnaw leaves and damage the ovary. At the beginning of autumn the pests hide under the bark and hibernate there. Flower beetles can destroy a significant part of the crop, so you need to fight with them.
Cutting off dried-out buds on low fruit trees will also be useful in the fight against tsvetoedom. The removed buds do not destroy, but put in a jar without a bottom or a sieve, cover with gauze and put in a well-ventilated place. When the larvae in the buds pupate, the reservoir is covered with dense material. By the time the young beetles emerge, the pamples will also fly out at the same time - their parasites, insects resembling a wasp. They have transparent wings and a brown torso. The pamples are very mobile, and when removing the covering material they immediately fly out into the garden. After that, the remaining weevils should be destroyed.
In the autumn it is necessary to collect and burn leaves fallen from the trees, dig up the soil in the garden. Sometimes they also use such a simple trick to combat the tsierouedom: around the shtambas, special heaps of leaves are laid out, attracting pests to hibernate, after some time they are burned along with the bugs that have gotten there.
Damage to fruit trees by the beetle is especially dangerous in cold springs, when the flowering of trees is delayed, as well as during the years when the apple blossoms are weak. In these cases, the apple flower beetle is able to destroy more than half of all buds, significantly reducing the yield.
How to get rid of the apple moth
And I have these parasites devour daffodils. I'm just in shock. Just brazenly eat flowers. When they eat pistils on flowers of apples or pears, I’m not particularly upset. All the same, there are too many colors, and the ovary will fall off in huge quantities. But who needs gnawed daffodils.
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- You can fight the following method. In the autumn period of time or in early spring, after the snow melts, it is necessary to cover the base of the bush with roofing material to the crown. Thus, the butterflies wintering in the soil will perish, as they will not be able to get out into the wild and the berries will remain unharmed.
- 10 liters of water to take:
Karbofos is used to destroy tsieroedov. Spraying is carried out with a 10% solution in the period when a green leaf tip appears on the swollen bud. Such preparations as Decis, Kinmiks and others are also quite effective.
During the period of swelling of the kidneys in the morning at a temperature not higher than 10 degrees, the beetles are shaken off onto a film and poured into a bucket filled with salt water.
Description of the species
Apple or Apple tree beetle (Anthonomuspomorus) is a small beetle from the weevil family. The body size of imago is 3-5 mm. Body shape is oval, head elongated. Color brownish-brown. The whole body and limbs are covered with gray hairs. The front of the head passes into the robe or proboscis. This is a hallmark of weevils. The organ ends with a mouth device of a gnawing type. Clavoid club-shaped antennae. Legs with a reddish tinge, large teeth on the thighs.
Imago apple beetle
Information. Sexual dimorphism of insects is manifested in the structure of the rostrum. In males, it is shorter than in females and slightly curved.
Light yellow larva has a crescent shape. Body length 5-6 mm. The head is brown, the legs are reduced, there are many tubercles on the back. The pupa retains the size of the larvae, but has the rudiments of wings, a rostrum and limbs.
Weevils are insects with complete transformation. Their development cycle takes 35-40 days. Winter at the imago stage. Cold stays in the crevices of the apple bark or litter near the trees. Beetles wake up in early spring, as soon as the temperature rises to + 6 °. Flowerbirds rise to the top of the crown. Weevils feed on the swelling buds of leaves and flowers. Beetles prefer different varieties of apple, but can live on a pear. The greatest number of pests is observed in the extreme trees.
The period of insect mating begins after the opening of the buds of the apple tree. Fertilized female gnaws a hole in the petals and lays an egg between the stamens. On one flower there is one oblong, white egg. Masonry comes at the end of April. The fecundity of the female is 100 eggs. At an optimum temperature of + 22 °, a larva appears after a week. Leaving the offspring of the overwinter generation is dying off. One generation changes per year.
Development of larvae
Congenital larva eats the stamens and pistil of the flower. Her excrement remains inside the bud and glue the petals together. Damaged flowers become brown in color, dry and fall. The larval stage lasts 2-3 weeks. During this time, the insect molts twice and increases in size by 3 times (up to 6 mm). The next stage - the transformation into a pupa. Its development in warm weather takes 1 week.
Flower larva larvae in bud
Young apple flowering beetles remain in bud until hardening of chitinous integuments. Then they gnaw through the course. Weevils of new generation feed on leaves. With the help of wings, they are settled on neighboring trees. Summer heat beetles wait out, hiding in the cracks of the bark. In the autumn, after leaf fall, flowering beetles are looking for wintering grounds. Insects descend to the ground and burrow into fallen leaves.
Information. The massive years of beetles occur in late May and early June. It coincides with the flying of an extra ovary on apple trees.
The distribution area of the pest coincides with the habitats of the apple tree. It starts from Western Europe and ends with the Ural Mountains. The northern boundary of the habitat passes through Scandinavia and the Leningrad region. From the south, distribution is limited to the Caucasus. Apple weevils are found in the Far East and in Korea. Beetles prefer thickened planting, the first to inhabit the trees on the north side.
The harmfulness of the apple tree beetle
Apple flowering beetles are fertile and mobile pests. They quickly multiply and easily capture new areas for food. Damaged by the larvae buds do not give fruit. Damage caused by the phytophage affects the yield and health of the tree. The maximum number of weevils, which does not lead to catastrophic consequences, is 20-40 adults.
Buds damaged by maggots
Attention. Floral beetles cause the greatest harm in cold spring, when budding extends for a period of up to three weeks. The female has time to lay many eggs, the number of weevils increases many times.
Распространенный механический способ борьбы с вредителями – устройство ловчих поясов. Их конструкция настолько проста, что может быть изготовлена в домашних условиях. Полоса шириной 20-25 см из плотной ткани (мешковина, рогожа, брезент) или из картона крепится веревкой к стволу яблони. Материал предварительно обрабатывается раствором инсектицида. Существует несколько типов поясов:
- Dry and smooth over which the insect cannot climb.
- Belt impregnated with pesticides that kill pests when in contact with the surface.
- Adhesive - the surface is treated with a non-drying adhesive mass, in which beetles and caterpillars get stuck. After filling the pest belt burned.
Installation of trap belts against insects that went into the soil for the winter. In the spring they wake up and climb the apple trees. Getting into a trap, pests cannot damage the kidneys and give offspring. It is important not to be late with the installation of the belt. Apple bloom eaters wakes up in early spring, as soon as the air warms up to 6 °. The method is effective and environmentally friendly. Catcher belt removed from the trunks after flowering.
The second mechanical method is knocking down beetles from branches. To do this, you need a long stick, which is wrapped with a cloth from one edge. The sixth tapping on the branches of a tree in the upper part of the crown, where weevils gather. Under the apple tree spread plastic wrap or tarpaulin, which fall pests. Fallen flower beetles are burned or drowned. The procedure is performed for several days in a row. The optimal time for dropping pests is early morning, until the temperature has risen to 10 °. Later, the beetles become active, some of them fly apart.
Tip Experienced gardeners noticed that apple trunks whitewashed with lime mortar frighten off pests.
Treating trees with insecticides has negative consequences (the death of beneficial insects), is the most effective method for the destruction of pests. Among the popular preparations for apple flowering beetle:
- Karbofos is a broad-spectrum organophosphorus compound. The drug is easily dissolved in water, has a pungent odor. An effective contact insecticide with frequent use is addictive in insects.
Karbofos granules and emulsion
- Spark double effect - a tablet containing two types of pyrethroids: cypermethrin and permethrin. Insecticidal preparations of contact action actively destroy pests, complementing the action of each other. The tablet is dissolved in a small amount of water, then the amount of liquid is adjusted to 10 liters. Apple trees are processed immediately after preparation of the solution. The optimal time is morning hours. The amount of the drug per tree depends on its size and degree of infection, 10 liters is enough for 1-5 plants.
- Kinmiks - means is issued in the form of the concentrated emulsion, packed up in ampoules of 2,5 ml, bottles of 10 ml, canisters of 5 l. Treatment with kinmiksa solution allows you to rid the garden of apple blossom beetle, aphids, leafworms and silkworm caterpillars. One ampoule is diluted with 10 liters of water, the treatment is carried out during the period of bud break.
- Decis is a synthetic contact-intestinal pyrethroid. It acts on the nervous system of pests one hour after the treatment of the apple tree. Moderately dangerous to humans, does not accumulate in the soil.
Treating trees with insecticides
Attention. Alternating insecticides during the treatment of trees will help eliminate the addiction of pests to the action of poisons.
Not only gardeners, but natural enemies of the insect are engaged in the destruction of apple flowering beetle. Among them are birds and riders. Feeders are installed to attract birds. Allies in the fight against weevils are tits, flycatchers, nuthatches. Parasitic wasps and flies lay eggs in the body of the weevil larvae. The victim quickly ceases to eat, becomes lethargic. Soon the offspring of the riders out of the body of the larva, which dies. The number of entomophages varies in different years. Cases have been recorded when 90% of the larvae of the beetle turned out to be infected.
Simple preventive measures allow to prevent the harmful actions of the apple flowering bean:
- The exfoliated bark serves as a winter haven for weevils. It is removed, and exposed areas are covered with lime mixture.
- Fallen leaves, weeds and branches rake in heaps and burn. Part of the beetles will die in the fire, individuals buried in the soil will remain in the cold without shelter and freeze.
- They dig up the near-wake zone, taking weevils from the ground.
Maintenance work is carried out in the fall.
Apple blossoms - how to recognize a pest?
In early spring, when the air temperature rises no higher than + 6 ° C, beetle beetles read crawling, feeding on swelling buds, and piercing them. A clear juice emerges from these wounds, and it seems as if the kidneys are crying. And when it comes time to bloom, the flowers of the apple can be dried. These characteristic signs are evidence that the tree is affected by the apple tree beetle. Spring processing of trees is a reliable protection of the apple tree from the flower beetle.
How to deal with apple flowering folk remedies?
It is necessary to start the destruction of the weevil before it begins to be active. To destroy the apple tsvetoeda, you can use traditional methods of struggle:
- in the spring, before the appearance of buds, the skeletal branches and the trunk of the tree must be cleaned of the old bark, collected and destroyed,
- at the base of the tree to put glue or karbofosny belt. Pests collected this way must be burned,
- during the swelling of the buds on the apple tree and if the temperature is above + 10 ° C, the beetles are shaken off the film spread under the tree, striking the branches with a stick,
- spraying pear and apple trees with a solution of lime in water will help protect the trees from the weevil beetle,
- all brown unblown buds need to be torn off and destroyed,
- in the fall, collect the fallen leaves and burn them, and dig the soil under the trees.
Preparations from the flowering beetle on the apple
Weevil is capable of causing significant harm to fruit trees. Often, he leaves without harvest of apples of all gardeners in the neighborhood. Therefore, methods of dealing with apple flowering plants using folk remedies cannot cope with the invasion of this beetle completely. And here chemical means of combating weevil can come to the rescue. To destroy adult beetles should be in the period of budding on the trees. After harvesting, re-treatment should be carried out, which will reduce the number of flowering beetles before they go for the winter.
How to process the apple trees from the floret?
If you are interested in how to deal with the color beetle on an apple tree, then you should know that there are several effective insecticides for this:
- Malathion, its 10% solution is used for spraying trees,
- Decis Available in 2 ml ampoules, which are diluted in a bucket of water
- Kinmiks solution prepared from the ampoule of the drug 2.5 ml and 10 liters of water,
- universal drug Spark double effect is available in tablets, one dose, dissolved in 10 liters of water, enough for 2-4 trees, depending on age.
When to sprinkle apple trees from the flower beetle?
It is very important to carry out the processing of fruit trees from the apple tree beetle in time. This period of bud break does not last long, only 5-7 days. And if you do not have time to precisely sprinkle the apple trees, then later your efforts will not have the expected effect. Experts recommend alternating chemical means to combat this pest: this year, for example, use the drug from the apple-flowering beetle Decis, and the next - Karbofos or Kinmiks.
When is the pest most active?
Adult tsveroyedov until the blooming of buds on apple trees live in the bark on a tree trunk or under a layer of foliage, which are their wintering grounds. As soon as the spring sun warms, they crawl out and begin to feed on young buds.
It is very difficult to notice tiny holes in the kidneys, which they gnaw, as they are completely invisible, similar to the puncture needle of a sewing needle. As a result, juice begins to flow from the kidneys. This phenomenon is called "crying kidneys."
Further, the insect females inside these weeping buds and buds lay eggs that ripen within 2-3 days. The bloom-eating larvae that have emerged from them eat all the buds that start. At this place the fruits will not appear.
One female is able to lay 50-100 eggs, and accordingly the same number of floral ovaries. Only 5 females are capable of breeding offspring, which will destroy the harvest of a medium-sized apple tree. Unfortunately, this insect is guaranteed to destroy 100% of the future crop, since by the time its vigorous activity becomes noticeable, it is no longer possible to save the crop.
However, an insect-infested tree is still subject to mandatory processing, since the pest has very few natural enemies, and small birds eat them in insufficient quantities.
How to deal with apple blooms?
Unfortunately, prevention does not give a 100% guarantee that the beetle will not definitely attack the garden. Therefore, gardeners prefer to carry out spring spraying of trees using special chemicals. It is important to do this before the beetles lay their eggs, i.e. before pulling out of inflorescences.
It is advisable to entrust the sprinkling of apple trees to experienced professionals with relevant experience, knowledge and relevant equipment. The use of the drugs Decis, Kinmiks, Fufanon and Karbofos gives a good effect.
If the tree is already affected by the pest, then the fight against the apple-flowered beetle without chemicals will be ineffective. It is recommended to treat trees with the same preparations as in spring.
What does a weevil look like?
The flower beetle is a small beetle. Its length is about 0.4–0.5 cm. The color of this insect is dark gray or brown. The main feature of this beetle are 2 white stripes located on the sheaths.
The head of the beetle is oblong. On it is a rostrum, consisting of a long proboscis and mouth. In females, the rostrum is much longer than in males.
Weevil paws have a reddish tint. They have spikes: small at the ends, as well as in the middle and large at the front of the legs.
Additional wings give mobility to an apple weevilI. Thanks to them, he moves around the garden with ease.
Habitat garden pest
In winter, immature individuals hide from the cold in the cracks of bark or under a thick layer of fallen leaves. In the spring, as soon as the air temperature reaches +6 ° C, the beetles leave the wintering grounds.
When the apple blossom beetle awakens from hibernation, the first buds appear on the trees. It is they who are the main source of food for the garden pest awakened from sleep. After the apple tree blooms start laying eggs inside the buds. Each female is able to lay from 50 to 100 eggs!
A couple of days from the eggs of the larvae appear. They eat unblown flowers from the inside, which leads to the emergence of pineal growths and the formation of dwarf fruits. In 10 days, a mature individual grows from the larva. As soon as the beetle strengthens its wings and chitin, it gets out.
Young flower eater eats leaves of trees and hides in the foliage until about mid-summer. It is during this period that beetles gain an enhanced mass gain.
Closer to August pests crawl under the bark of trees and hide there until the beginning of autumn leaf fall. With the onset of cold weather, weevils hid under the bark again or burrow into fallen leaves.
What danger does the weevil conceal and how to find it?
The apple color beetle is a pest beetle. Gardeners fear weevil because in a short time he able to destroy the entire crop of apples. For example, only 4 females will be needed to destroy a medium sized apple tree.
The alarm bell, indicating the presence of the apple-colored tsvetnoy, for gardeners is no open kidney on trees during flowering. If you do not start a battle with this pest in time, then over time the buds will flow out and the crop will die.
To discover the weevil and begin to fight it you need to shake the branches, as well as the trunk of the apple tree, during the active solstice. We must carefully examine the affected kidneys. If thin holes are discovered on them as if by a needle, then it means that the apple tree has become a victim of a garden parasite.
The kidney, on which the pest has encroached, drops drops of sap before dying. It sparkles in the sun, so if you look at the affected area well you can easily find it.
The apple weevil can appear on the tree not only during the formation of buds or during flowering, but also before the start of fruiting.
In this case, the signal for the beginning of the pest control is the presence of openings on the leaves.
How to quickly get rid of weevil?
The spring period is considered to be the best for pest control. Experienced gardeners recommend even before the start of bud break measures to prevent the appearance of beetles. Those who do not have time to take preventive measures before the start of flowering will have to engage in active struggle with the pest!
You can use various methods to destroy apple flowering beetle:
In addition, you can also use special traps. They can easily be made independently.
A standard trap is a belt that attaches to the trunk of an apple tree. Such a barrier reliably protects the opening buds from the beetle that has woken up from hibernation.
But, at the same time, it is also worth noting that such a trap has one major drawback. It serves as a barrier only for flightless individuals.
Pest Control with Chemicals
Toxic chemicals considered the most effective means to fight weevils. The first time spraying with chemical agents is carried out in early spring, before the inflorescences emerge. This is due to the fact that the pesticides are not able to cope with the larvae and eggs of the apple-colored tsvetoeda. Modern tools destroy only adults.
Re-processing of apples is carried out in the summer. In the middle of summer spraying is carried out in order to reduce the number of pests before they arrange for wintering.
The main disadvantage of chemical processing is that it destroys not only harmful beetles, but also many beneficial insects. Unfortunately, pesticides have negative impact not only on various pests, but also on the next harvest.
Before spraying apple trees, the grower must wear personal protective equipment. This will help protect yourself from inhaling chemicals and getting them on the skin.
If the composition for spraying is used for the first time, then before treating it with the whole garden, it should be tested on one apple tree. After this, it is necessary to observe the treated tree during the day. If the result is positive, then the next day you can safely begin spraying the entire garden.
Most often, the following chemicals are used to protect against the apple-flowering tsvetoude:
Biological methods of protection
The biological method is to attract birds to the apple orchard. Weevil with pleasure will eat such birds as:
Of course, the feathered friends of gardeners are unlikely to be able to destroy all pests as soon as possible. However, it is quite possible for them to substantially thin out the population of beetles.
Every experienced gardener knows that it is much easier to prevent danger in the form of weevils than to defeat bred beetles. So that you do not have to spend all your free time on pest control, you can take certain measures in advance in order to reduce the risk of their occurrence:
- In autumn or early spring, it is necessary to remove the old bark from the trees.
- After the snow melts and the air warms up, lime whitewash should be applied to the tree trunks.
- Additionally, the lower part of the trunks can be wrapped with trapping belts.
- It is necessary to regularly carry out the processing of various folk compositions: infusions of shag, tansy, tomato tops, wormwood decoction, spruce, onion or garlic tinctures.
- After the fall foliage, the foliar carpet should be burned or transferred to a compost pit.
- At the end of the harvesting of leaves, the soil around the apple trees must be dug up.
- When picking apple trees for the garden, it is best to give preference to varieties resistant to apple blossom beetle: “Red Amber”, “Red Poppy”, “Aphrodite”.
If preventive measures are taken in time, the battle with the pest will end without having had time to acquire the scale catastrophic for the future harvest. Simple folk remedies will help reduce the likelihood of a pest, and pesticides cope even with a large population of beetles.
apple trees from the flower beater when it is better to process?
The main pest control measures are carried out in the spring, but in the fall some preventive measures can be taken. From under the trees, be sure to collect and burn fallen leaves. Below them can lurk a number of pests that fell from the tree, along with the foliage. Earth under the apple tree to dig up.
The fight against tsvetoedom - not a simple matter, requiring temporary, labor and material costs. Therefore, it is important not to bring the garden to a critical state, but to engage in prevention, restraining the number of pests at the “safe” threshold.
. Looking for a way to paradise.
В то время, когда происходит набухание и распускание почек на яблонях очень полезно провести стряхивание цветоедов на специальную подстилку, которую помещают под крону. Деревянными колотушками или шестами, замотанными мягким материалом во избежание повреждения коры, слегка ударяют по основным веткам дерева. From the shaking, the beetles unhook and fall down on the litter, where they lie for some time, pretending to be dead. They are burned with litter or swept into a special container for destruction. Carry out such an operation should be at air temperature below 10 ° C, otherwise the beetles will have time to scatter.
Most other weevil damaged varieties with an average flowering period. In apple trees that bloom earlier, the most dangerous period for destruction is at a time when the beetles are not yet ready to lay eggs. And late blooming varieties - when the eggs are already laid. Particularly massive invasions of weevils occur in those gardens that are located close to forest belts or forests.
Agrees with evelina fruit trees need to process three times. but how the fruits will be tied up is harmful. since they can absorb them
Fight against apple bloom
Bio spark - 0,003 l.
With the onset of summer, these facilities can be removed.
The best effect can be achieved if the same drug is not used annually, but alternated with another effective remedy. In the gardens, where trees are constantly being treated from flowering beetles, pests do not damage the crop.
If the crowns of an apple tree are whitened with lime mortar, the tsier beetles will not inhabit them.
Features of apple flowering bean
The apple tree beetle (Anthonomus pomorum), which is sometimes called the apple weevil, belongs to the family of the same name (Curculionidae) and is a pest of fruit crops.
The apple tree is most loved by him, it is rarely possible to meet it on a pear, on it a common pest is a pearloss, and even less often on a quince or cherry.
It prefers to settle on cultivated trees, but sometimes it is seen on the wild. At one time there were very few cultivated varieties, and before that it was not at all.
But the bug already existed, dwelling on wild apples. At that time, its quantity was small, and the damage was correspondingly small.
In modern cultural gardens he has where to roam. With a large number of pests can lose a large part of the crop. If an apple blossom tree is seen on the trees, the fight against it should begin immediately.
It is important not to lose a single day. In order to "know the enemy in the face", examine carefully its appearance and see how the insect reproduces.
Indeed, it is quite difficult to see it among the leaves, since the size of the bug is small - up to 5 mm.
Camouflage brown-gray or dark brown color with a reddish tinge allows it to perfectly merge with the trunks of trees.
Only rusty-red paws give it out. The body of elongated oval shape is covered with greyish hairs.
An individual feature is the bright oblique strip with hairs in the middle part of the elytra on both their sides. The name of the beetle was given by a highly elongated rostrum, slightly curved.
This organ serves him to perforate the buds of the apple tree, and in females it is a tool that also helps to create a cozy nest for future offspring, therefore their rostrum is slightly longer.
Reproduction and life cycle of an insect
This is an insect with complete metamorphosis. During the growing season, only one generation of the beetle is hatching.
- Egg. Overwhelming beetles wake up when the sun is warm. They will be able to fly as soon as the temperature exceeds + 10 degrees, but they are quite capable of crawling to food. Gnawing buds, they eat out their flesh. Drops of juice appear on the damaged area. Therefore, “crying kidneys” can determine the presence of a pest very early.
The female, in order to provide the nest for future offspring, should gnaw through a flower bud.
Even with a special body, she can do this only when he is on the verge of dissolution and all the petals are advanced from the sepals.
Their soft fabric, it can easily hole. Each egg requires a separate bud.
The female accurately identifies unpopulated full-fledged buds, makes a hole in them and lays a tiny - less than 1 mm, whitish egg. The hole quickly closes the film from the leaked juice.
In the cradle closed from climatic adversity and enemies, the egg develops within a week.
- Larva. The larva emerging from the egg is also quite small - no more than 6 mm. But it starts its harmful activity immediately, gradually eating all the generative parts of the flower. Petals dry out and form a kind of cap in which the larva pupates in 20 days.
- Baby doll It is also small in size - from 5 to 6 mm. In the imago, it turns 11 days later.
- Imago Adult beetles wait until their chitinous cover is stronger, and get out into the wild. They will have to live until autumn, wintering bark in cracks or under fallen leaves, and in the spring to give offspring again.
Harm from apple flowering beetle
Many gardeners believe that the apple-flowered beetle, the larva of which eats unblown flowers, is the most harmful of all insects.
He brings especially great damage to the garden in the long cool spring when the buds on the apple trees do not bloom at the same time.
In this case, conditions are created for all awakened females to lay eggs.
And their fertility is great: each can give life to up to 100 new pests. The threshold of harmfulness is the presence on the tree from 20 to 40 individuals. It is easy to imagine the scale of the possible harm. From the damaged bud will not be able to grow an apple.
If an apple blossom tree is seen on the trees, the control measures should be taken as soon as possible.
Many inexperienced gardeners do not know how to deal with the apple-flowered beetle. We will try to help them in this.
Measures to combat apple bloom
An adult insect flies beautifully, so protection from the apple tree beetle should be carried out not only in the territory of a particular garden, but also in all nearby and distant neighbors.
Remedies for apple blooms have been invented a long time ago. The main thing is to apply them correctly, observing the norms and terms of treatments. The first step is to properly care for the trees.
It is rather a preventive measure, but it significantly reduces the number of pests.
All gardeners have long known that, first and foremost, sick and weakened trees are exposed to pest infestation.
Therefore, proper care - the key to the health of the tree.
It consists of several events:
- planting apple trees away from the wilderness, which is the natural habitat of pests,
- correct watering and feeding,
- tin-plating of the garden or maintenance of tree trunks under black steam,
- autumn digging,
- timely cleaning of trees and tree trunks from mummified fruits and fallen leaves,
- care for the bark - cleaning it of moss, lichen and dead areas - do not forget to spread a film under the branches to be cleaned: burn all waste,
- whitewash with lime solutions containing fungicides,
- timely repair of cracks in the bark,
- removal of all browned buds during the flowering period.
The range of chemicals is quite extensive.
If apple blossom beetle is found on apple trees, preparations to combat it may be as follows:
- biological pesticides,
- organophosphate compounds.
It is important to apply them before the budding of eggs. If it has already happened, no insecticides will help.
Most often, gardeners use Karbofos, Kinmiksa, Decis, Aktar, Tanrek solutions for spraying.
Most of them need to be used before flowering. If the flower buds have already blossomed, you can use Entobacterin and Dendrobatsillin.
These are biological products that are not dangerous to humans. They do well with pests.
In addition to spring processing, another spraying is required in July, when there is a massive age of beetles.
If you reduce their numbers at this time, it will be much easier to deal with weevils in the spring of next season, and the leaf apparatus of the apple will not be damaged.
Chemicals need to be changed from time to time, so as not to cause addiction in insects.
When applying "chemistry" in your garden, you need to remember about personal protective equipment, strictly follow the instructions for the use of poisons.
Inventive gardeners have long invented substitutes for unsafe chemical insecticides - folk remedies for the apple-flowered beetle.
There are a lot of them.
- Lime sulfur solution.
- Tar soap mixed with tobacco dust, pine needles, garlic and onion peels, orange peels.
- The so-called drug number 30 is a mixture of machine oil and water.
More popular methods of pest control garden discussed in the article "Pest control in the garden in the spring: the best ways." She is on our site.
Mechanical methods will also help - shaking off pests from trees to a spread film or fabric. Trapping belts are also effective, but they help until the beetle begins to fly.
They can be made by securing a sheet of cardboard in the form of an inverted funnel on the barrel. He will not let up those weevils that have hibernated on the surface of the soil or under the leaves. A more perfect option is a fabric skirt impregnated with an insecticide.
Our gardens are threatened with many insect pests. In order not to be left without a harvest, they must be disposed of.
If an apple blossom eater starts up, the gardener himself chooses the methods of dealing with it.
When using chemicals you need to weigh the expected benefits and the harm they can bring.
It may be easier to fight the pest with folk methods, attract insectivorous birds to the garden and follow all the rules of agricultural technology.
Signs of tsvetoeda on the trees
This is definitely a flower beetle - no doubt
The first signal of the parasite’s presence is unopened buds during the flowering period of the gardens. They are especially noticeable against the backdrop of violent raznotsveta. The painful parts of the inflorescences resemble burnt lumps, knobs of an unsightly brown color. Detect parasites can, if during the period of the active solstice shake the trunk and branches of trees. Examining the affected kidney reveals a thin hole, like a needle prick. This is the place of penetration of the weevil. The affected kidneys "cry": secrete juice, dripping, iridescent in the sun.
Flowerbed - a photo with a multiple increase
A lover of apple trees, pome fruit crops - Anthonomus pomorum L. - flower beetle (Apple weevil). Insect refers to the fruit weevils. Occupied the entire European territory of Russia, up to the Caucasus Mountains and the Urals. It is known about him and in Primorsky Krai. It is activated in the lean years unfavorable for farmers. The beetle is gray-brown or brown in color. Body shape, 3-5 mm long, oval-elongated. On the head is visible rostrum. The front wings cross two light stripes. During hibernation, it dwells in the bark of trees, hollows, under a pile of fallen leaves in a state of imago without sexual characteristics. Moreover, it feels comfortable in the home garden and in the forest plantings of wild pears and apple trees. Having warmed up to + 6 ° С, the air awakens weevils from hibernation, makes it creep into the tree crowns beginning to form. Emerging swelling buds become a source of food and insect development. An egg laid in a bud turns into a larva, which completely eats away the inside of the unblown flower. The remaining damaged flowers turn into inferior fruits of dwarf-sized or keratinous nodular growths.
On a note. If the struggle with the flower beetle on fruit trees is ignored, it is possible to lose 30% of their number even at the stage of formation of buds. Although there are cases when more than half of them are affected, or practically all buds, the potential harvest dies.
What does apple blossom eater prefer for lunch?
Look at the inflorescences - after flowering they look like
The apple tree is not the only tree damaged by the beetle. It feeds on swollen leafy, flower buds, succulent buds. Partial to inflorescences of pears (wild and domestic). Attacks hawthorn, cherry and other fruit plants. Feels like stamens first, then pistil, depriving the flower of development. When a young garden is broken down, a site is selected on a hill far from wild-growing trees: this will reduce the likelihood of being hit by the parasite.
The fight against weevils needs to start in the late autumn.
- The trunks of trees that have thrown off the leaves are cleared of the backward bark. A bare piece of wood is whitened with a lime mixture. Waste is carefully collected and incinerated.
- So do the fallen leaves, organic plant residues. Or the biological material is laid for rotting into the compost pit.
- The earth is dug up around the trees: the beetles hiding for the winter will freeze in the cold.
Processing of apple trees in the spring from the flowering bed should begin even before the formation of buds, with the first spring rays, until the parasite has gone out of hibernation. This is repeated whitewashing of trunks, embedding of hollows, cracks in trunks.
And seemingly such a harmless bug
Actual tips: how to deal with color beetle
The most effective is the fight against apple bloom in spring.
- At the stage of awakening from hibernation and searching for food at a temperature of + 5- + 6 ° С, until the eggs inside the flower are laid, the shaking method is effective. Previously under the crown stretched polyethylene, oilcloth, tarpaulin. A mop with a wound rag knocks the trunk lightly. Sedentary beetles fall on the floor, from where they are swept and burned. Shaking is repeated at intervals of 1-2 days, until the trees are maximally free from beetles.
- It is possible in the upper part of the trunk, at the branching, to wind a bunch of hay or straw moistened with Carbofos.
- In the intermediate period, between the development of buds before blooming on the tree, in the lower part of it is made a shell made of thick cardboard, paper in the form of a belt 0.2 m wide. The belt is fastened with a string on a previously cleaned trunk. Non-drying epoxy resin is applied to the paper with a strip of 3-5 cm in width. Sticking insects every 1-2 days should be removed and destroyed.
- It is important not to lay eggs. It is difficult to do this on one individual site with the passive attitude of neighbors to the problem. An apple tree sprinkled with insecticide today, neighboring weevils will arrive tomorrow. Therefore, before treating apples from the flower beetle with toxic chemicals, until the buds have swollen, the tree is thoroughly sprayed with lime composition (dissolve 1.5 kg of lime in 10 liters of water). Dried white bloom scares insects: they do not sit on a tree and do not lay eggs.
- Twice in the spring (bare trees and with swollen buds) are treated with Decis: it is enough to dilute 10 ml of the preparation with a bucket of water. An alternative could be Fufanon, Karate, Fastak, Karbofos, Novaktion, Spark and other chemicals. In this line it is necessary to allocate means Calypso: destructive acting on beetles, it is not dangerous for bees.
In order to avoid getting used to the same drug, chemicals alternate in use.
Attention! The use of any reagent by a gardener is carried out in personal protective equipment. If it has not been used before, it is first tested on a single tree. Observation of planting lasts for a day. With positive dynamics, other trees are processed.
But, if, nevertheless, the flowering beetle on an apple tree has bred: how to fight? Dried, covered with brown bloom buds with larvae inside, break off, preventing the development of imago. Chemotherapy, unfortunately, is powerless over laid eggs and larvae hidden in the bud. It is recommended to re-spray the crops in July, while the surviving adult pests do not hide under the bark for the winter. Finding weevils in the green leaves in the summer, already with fruit, the treatment should be postponed, and the apples should be sprayed against the flowering beetle with the onset of autumn.
- Do not underestimate the effectiveness of the prepared formulations of plants. This is an infusion of tansy, tomato tops, tobacco. In terms of efficiency, they are inferior to chemicals that differ in the speed of damage. But, harmless to livestock, workers, bees, birds. For chamomile infusion will need 100-150 inflorescences. Flooded with 10 liters of water, they are aged 24 hours. After this, half a piece of laundry soap is added to the filtered composition.
- Garlic, onion and spruce tincture can be included in the traditional recipes. For this, the husks (cones, branches) are filled with water and left in a warm place for fermentation for 14 days. Strained liquid (1 l) is added to 10 l of water, sprayed once a week.
- A powerful deterrent is considered to be a decoction of wormwood. It is prepared from crushed dried plants (400 g) or 1 kg of fresh branches. Insist 24 hours, boil for 0.5 hours, add a third of the piece of laundry soap, strain, use as directed.
Not so scary, apple flowering bean, if you know how to deal with it correctly.