Planting roses is a favorite occupation of many experienced and beginning flower growers. These wonderful plants bring a lot of positive emotions in the period of their beautiful and fragrant flowering. To achieve this result, you need to know the rules of cultivation. Most often, roses are planted in the ground in spring, when there are more opportunities for branching of the root system and acclimatization. How to do everything right? The publication will give the necessary recommendations.
Selection of roses for planting
The choice of the variety of the future flower will depend on the following criteria:
- Color buds.
- The size of an adult bush.
- Type of variety: old-type or modern.
- Place of landing.
- Preferred root system: open or closed.
- The resistance of roses to rain and disease.
All these nuances should be taken into account in order for the flowers to take root in your region and please the eye.
It is customary to classify these flowers according to the principle of use for landscaping the site. In total, there are three groups.
1. Species. These are wild varieties.
2. Garden. These are cultivated modern hybrids.
3. Park roses. For planting in the spring in the open ground they were actively used until 1867. These flowers belong to the old-type, but domesticated.
In turn, the groups are divided into varieties. The most popular are the following roses: Chinese, tea, hybrid, climbing, remontant, many-flowered, ground cover and miniature. In general, their landing is almost no different.
Selection of seedlings
Before buying plants, be sure to inspect their root system. Therefore, to acquire planting material is not recommended in online stores. It is important to assess the viability of the flower and the quality of its roots. Good seedlings are easily recognized by the following features.
- The roots are branched, developed, have a light shade on the cut.
- No mechanical damage and symptoms of moisture deficiencies.
- The plant has at least a little woody shoots.
- The leaves have a smooth green color without any spots.
- The shoots are dense and smooth to the touch.
Only roses that meet all the above criteria are suitable for planting in the ground in spring. Such seedlings will be completely healthy and normally take root in a new place.
Disinfection of new plants
Experienced growers strongly recommend disinfecting seedlings immediately after purchase. This process is very easy and does not take much time. It is enough to dip the roots of the plant in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and hold them there for several hours.
Disinfection destroys potentially dangerous pathogens and larvae that may be on the roots. In addition, the treatment is simply necessary because it is not known in which soil rose was grown before. Decontamination protects the flower from death and helps it take root in the new soil.
Actions during freezing of seedlings
It happens that when buying frozen parts of shoots and roots are invisible. Beginning flower growers often throw out such seedlings. And make a mistake. The plant is quite possible to reanimate, even frozen. You just need to know how to prepare the roses before planting in the ground in spring.
First of all, they remove all the frozen shoots and roots. The cut should be done at the level of healthy parts. After that, the plant is placed for several hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Planting roses is carried out with great care. The place is chosen protected from the cold, and the well is filled with nutrient and high-quality substrate. After that, it is desirable to fertilize the soil with mineral dressings.
Preparation of seedlings with dried roots
The opposite situation often happens - the roses dry up before they land on the ground. Such a plant is also subject to salvation, it only needs to be revived.
For dried seedlings prepare a special nutrient solution. Ten liters of water are taken in a tablespoon of urea, superphosphate, and a few drops of rose stimulating agent. Mix everything thoroughly and leave the plant in the resulting solution for half a day.
Only after impregnation can the roses be planted (in spring) in open ground. Clay is mixed with the same special solution and still wet applied to all the roots. Now flowers can be lowered into the prepared hole.
In order to properly plant roses, you first need to decide on the optimum temperature of the soil and air. The best time is the period from mid-April to the end of May. During these months, the ground completely thawed out after the winter chill, and the air warmed steadily above ten degrees. Such conditions are ideal for planting roses.
Shrubs for the first time cover or mulch to save the young shoots from frost. This not only protects against temperature extremes, but also retains moisture in the soil, and also prevents the growth of weeds. Shelter is removed only with the onset of consistently warm weather, characteristic of summer.
Choosing a place for a pink flower garden
Of great importance for the proper planting of roses in the ground in spring is not only time, but also the place of the future flower bed. Experts give the following recommendations on this issue.
- First of all, the place should be closed from drafts and have well-drained soil.
- It is important to make shading on the site so that the plant's petals and leaves do not burn the midday sun.
- Roses can not be planted in the lowlands, where the groundwater lies close. This will lead to the accumulation of moisture near the roots and their subsequent decay.
- The area allotted to flowers should be spacious enough so that there is some distance between the bushes. This will not only allow plants to grow well, but will also greatly facilitate care.
To prevent seedlings from being exposed to cold air, it is best to place them near buildings or ornamental shrubs. This planting of roses in the ground (spring) is considered the most correct.
Preparation of soil for planting roses
First of all, one should carefully dig up the soil and fertilize it with rotted manure. Fresh organic matter for rose bushes is not suitable, because it leads to the decay of the roots and the death of plants. It is recommended to enrich the earth with a glass of wood ash. For acidic soils, a little lime will do. It is advisable to fill the prepared wells in poor areas with nutrient substrates of rotted manure, compost, mineral fertilizers and loam.
Preparation of holes
The depth of the future holes in the soil depends on the fertility of the soil, the width and length of the roots of the rose. So, on a quality soil a hole is dug about half a meter wide. At the same time in depth it should be five to ten centimeters longer than the length of the roots. For example, in areas with clay soil, the wells deepen to seventy centimeters.
Great importance for planting roses in the ground in the spring has its quality. If the soil is depleted, then the earth mixture is better to buy in the store. It is allowed to fill the wells only with fertile soil, which remains from the removal of the top layer when digging holes.
The flower variety directly determines the distance between the bushes. So, park roses should be a meter apart. The minimum distance must be at least seventy centimeters. This need is dictated by the need for sufficient space for a spreading crown, which is formed in an adult plant. You also need a place for the development of an extensive root system.
For hybrid tea, multi-flowered and polyanthic varieties, they maintain a distance of 30-60 centimeters. Climbing roses are planted in a meter. In addition, a support should be inserted into the ground in the spring, thanks to which numerous plant stems can be fixed.
Pruning seedlings when planting
Before planting roses, remove all damaged, dried and frozen parts. Healthy roots are also recommended to be shortened so that their length does not exceed forty centimeters. This procedure must be carried out with trimmed plants, but in this case simply update the slice.
As for the shoots, they are also shortened. It is enough to leave only two or three strong buds so that the roses quickly take root. The plant should not expend strength on the development and feeding of excess shoots. The only exceptions are ground cover roses. They are not shortened, but only update sections on the roots.
Planting rose bushes
Planting roses cuttings in the spring in the ground is made with strict adherence to technology, because these plants are too sensitive. Let's summarize what the sequence of actions should be.
1. Wait until the air warms up to ten degrees heat.
2. Soak the roots of seedlings in the nutrient solution for several hours.
3. Dig up and fertilize the holes in advance.
4. Lay the nutrient substrate on the bottom of the wells.
5. Plant roses in the soil, sprinkle with soil.
6. To ram the ground around the bush so that the roots touch it more closely.
7. Water the flowers and cover the shoots with mounds of soil. Shelter can be removed after one or two weeks, when the plant is fully acclimatized.
Features of planting roses in pots
Some gardeners prefer to buy roses in pots. The substrate in the containers in which they sell flowers is usually too dry. Therefore, before planting roses in the spring in the ground with a closed root system, you need to put the plant in a bucket of water. At the same time, the pot itself must be completely submerged. Keep the seedling in the water until it stops forming bubbles on the surface.
If the rose was sold in a two-liter capacity, it is not rooted for real. This flower must be transplanted into the ground or pots more spaciously. But roses in four-liter and more voluminous pots are already rooted, therefore they can exist for a long time.
After planting, it is important not to forget about regular watering and the timely introduction of fertilizing. Then the noble flowers will be for a long time to please the eye with its magnificent beauty.
Planting roses in open ground
Without a period of winter dormancy, it will be difficult for the plant to enter the active growth stage in spring. At the same time, it is in the fall, when it rains, the culture will not have to be watered, it is not necessary to protect it from too active sun.
In general, rose bushes grown in closed pots can be planted at any time during the warm season of the year. These are only seedlings with open roots should be cultivated in the fall or spring. Any of the periods has its advantages, and we will talk about how to plant this culture in the open land in the spring, so that in the summer and until late autumn you can admire its colorful buds.
It was during the spring period that one could not be afraid that the flowers would freeze from unexpected severe frosts. There is one drawback in spring planting - the fact that with increasing ambient temperatures, the culture will require additional watering and protection from the sun.
Preparation of soil for planting roses in the spring
The first important step is the choice of the location of the rose garden on the territory of the garden plot. The best place which is suitable for favorable rooting of a rose in an open ground is the flat territory hidden from the wind. As for the type of soil, we must pay tribute to the unpretentiousness of this miracle, however, the loamy soil when adding peat, compost, and humus to it - is best suited.
It is recommended to add sand to loamy soils. Other mineral compounds are better to make only if they are lacking in the earth, prepared for a breakdown of the rosary. For this you need to do a soil analysis. How to find out for yourself that soils are too oxidized and they need to be skimped? It is necessary to mix the land from the site where the planting of the bushes is planned, with ordinary water and put a litmus test paper in the mixture.
If the soil is excessively acid - the paper will turn red. If the ground is alkaline, the litmus test turns blue. Alkaline soil is also not always a good influence on the development of roses, because they develop a disease such as leaf chlorosis (iron deficiency, leading to yellowing).
But organic matter as a fortification can be applied right before planting when digging a flowerbed, to a depth of 0.5–0.7 m. You should not be afraid of just excess organic fertilizer. Moreover, with abundant watering, they quickly go deep into the soil, and the roots of young seedlings also rush there.
Requirements for seedlings for spring planting
Before purchasing seedlings in the store, you need to carefully examine them. A high-quality shrub has live roots, up to 20 cm long and several green branches up to 30 cm high. The branches should have a green and smooth trunk. With a visible corrugated (compressed) bark on the twigs, it must be borne in mind that the seedling is dry and will not grow. The roots of bona fide suppliers are wrapped in a raw bag of cotton fabric (burlap). If the seedlings are ready for planting, then there are no questions. You can start work.
But, if some period is needed for the storage of plants, then it must be borne in mind that waiting for their planting in open ground, the roots must also under certain conditions. It is best to wrap each sapling in a newspaper, sprinkled with a solution of potassium permanganate. They should be stored in this form in a cold room at a temperature of 0 to +5 degrees. There is one more nuance, during storage each seedling should be in a vertical position. Periodically it is necessary to check the wrapper for the presence of rot and fungal bacteria. The found damaged branches need to be removed from other healthy plants.
Another way to save purchased bushes is to plant seedlings in tall containers. But, for this, it is better not to use plastic bottles of such forms, from which the seedling will be difficult to reach without losing around the root ground. If, when transplanting from a bottle into an open ground, such a lump falls apart, then the rose will be harder to tolerate engraftment. Saplings purchased in greenhouses are already sold in the correct tall and rectangular containers; you will only need to carefully transplant and protect the planting bush from unexpected frosts or sunburn.
In spring, beginning in April, seedlings with an open root system are better taken root. If flowers grown or bought in pots (with a root system formed in the ground) are subjected to spring transplantation, then before planting in the open ground, they are first recommended to take to the open air and let them stand for a week at outdoor temperature (temper). So the plant is better survive the subsequent landing in a free ground.
Planting roses in open ground in spring
Planting roses in the spring in the ground too early (March - early April) is not recommended. During this period, the earth is still frozen. Roses should be planted only in completely thawed soil, their roots do not tolerate cold. The best spring planting season is April from about 5 to 20, as the soil thaws after winter, when it warms up to about +10 degrees. And, in general, the exact date will depend on the climate in which the flowers are grown. In some cases, spring planting is done in May.
The selected area under the rose garden should be well lit and heated, protected from the wind and equipped with drainage. If groundwater is located close to or water may stagnate with abundant watering, then such a place for growing roses is unsuitable. Roses for development and flowering need a lot of air and sun. Therefore, plant bushes in the unopened, spacious areas of the garden, without tall bushes and trees nearby, so that the shadow of the crown does not fall on them.
Pre-digging for each planting a separate hole. Its size should be about 40 cm in diameter. It is necessary not to forget, just before grounding the seedling, cut its roots to 20 cm. This is done because uncircumcised roots quickly penetrate deep into the soil, through the fertile layer, and the flower will try to look for additional dressing for growth in the lower depleted karst, where there is no advance depth up to 0.5 m fortified composition. And by all means dip the trimmed roots into the clay mixture (mash).
The chatterbox is prepared as follows:
- Mix 1 volume of clay and the same volume of mullein (organic fertilizer - cow manure).
- Add water to form a liquid consistency that can not drain from the roots, in the form of a protective and nourishing layer.
On the selected branch of a rose sapling, we cut off all the shoots, leaving only 3-4 strongest ones. Carefully place the seedling with the trimmed root and the treated shoots in the finished hole for planting. Roots need to straighten and sprinkle with soil, gradually compacting each layer. We provide good artificial watering bush. It's all. The rose is ready for active vegetative growth and delivery of new young shoots. Поливать культуру нужно не чаще 3 раз в неделю, но обильно. При тёплой и солнечной погоде саженец примется и будет дальше только радовать хозяев. При холодной температуре воздуха можно обложить сверху корневища соломой или хвойными ветками (мульчировать).
Последовательность работ по посадке розы
Давайте по пунктам запомним, как правильно посадить розу:
- Готовим лунки или траншеи (при посадке в ряд нескольких культур) 40х40 см.
- Выбранный из лунки грунт mix with humus (organic fertilizer) and pour the resulting substrate into a hole in a small layer.
- With excessively clay soils add mineral fertilizers. They can be:
- "Azofoska" - 25 grams for each seedling,
- "Kemira" - 35 grams for each seedling.
- Landing hole With two layers of fertilizer (organic and mineral), plenty of water to fill. We must wait until it is completely absorbed into the ground.
- We put a sapling and straighten the root. At this stage, we closely monitor the place where the shoots start from, since they must be located 3-5 cm above the ground. In this case, other young shoots that hinder the growth of the main ones will not develop.
- If you plant several bushes in a rowthen it is necessary to arrange the roots of each seedling relative to each other freely. In close quarters, it will be difficult for them to fortify. The distance between seedlings during group planting depends on the characteristics of different varieties of roses and can vary:
- from 0.2 m to 0.3 m - between seedlings of climbing roses,
- from 0.3 m to 0.5 m - between saplings for tea roses of hybrid varieties (such as Polyanthus roses or Floribunda varieties),
- from 0.4 m to 0.6 m - for bedding compact cultures (Marie Curie, Marie Antoinette, etc.),
- from 0.5 m to 1.0 m between the bushes - for park lush varieties (Canadian or English park roses).
- Gently fall asleep hole with a bush, compacting the layers of earth around the seedling with your hands. If over time the earth shrinks, then the soil must be added.
- We roll the top layer 20 cm around each bush and pour water well again (up to 10 liters per bush). At the same time, care must be taken not to form holes around the bush, this will lead to stagnation and an excess of moisture and the roots will begin to rot.
- To regular hilling procedureLoosening the land around the planted rose should be approached seriously. This procedure is performed regardless of the period in which the rosebush is planted. Hilling protects the root system from frost in the fall and from excessive overheating in the spring, and also contributes to better rooting of the young seedling and saturation of the soil with oxygen.
- When the spring planting of roses you need to gradually razokuchit earth around the bush, that is - to remove, even. But, this should be fully done only in two weeks, when fresh shoots will appear on the branches. Hurry is not worth it. The weather should be completely settled, the return of spring night frosts should be excluded.
Some features of planting different varieties of roses
- Climbing Roses. Bushes of these varieties can be planted both in spring and autumn. When planting, the seedling is recommended to be immersed in the ground deeper than the grafting site (beginning of the shoots) by about 10 cm. These varieties need shelter for the winter and install a supporting support during flowering. When planting, the seedling is tilted to a support located at a distance of not more than 0.5 m from the bush.
- Park roses. For the planting of these roses, the hole is made larger than usual, approximately 0.9 m in diameter and 0.7 m deep. In case of group planting, it is necessary to ensure that there are no empty places in the row. Park roses on free places will give extra shoots that hinder the development of the main flower. You can plant voids with annual garden flowers.
- Hybrid Tea Varieties. This is the most fastidious and thermophilic pink flowers. They are planted better in May or even June. The main thing is that the weather was already steadily warm. At the first signs of flowering, it is recommended to break the buds (from 4 to 6 pieces). But then you can count on a long flowering.
- Floribunda Tea Rose. For this beauty spring disembarkation in an open ground is recommended. Rose "throws out" young young shoots, so for them it is necessary to prepare in advance the support. But it is better to plant in small pits (up to 0.5 m in diameter) and at a distance of no more than 0.5 m between the bushes.
- Ground Roses. An important condition for the growth of these flowers is the absence of weeds in the area. Since the name of the variety speaks for itself, it is better to fill the ground around the bushes with sawdust or shredded bark (sold in a flower or any garden store). The root system of soil roses is located on the surface itself, filling the space with its flexible and thorny shoots.
Rose bushes planted in the garden. Their fate now depends on your further attention and care. In addition to work on the landing in the ground, you need to adopt also information on the proper care of the garden rose garden, possible pests and unwanted diseases.
Preparation of seedlings and soil
Planting roses in the spring is performed only after the soil is well warmed. It is necessary to wait until the weather is warm outside. It is not recommended to plant bushes or seedlings in May, as drought is possible at this time. If you choose a later date, the risk of slow adaptation of plants and poor flowering during the first year increases. Therefore, planting roses in the spring in the ground is carried out quite early. However, some gardeners perform this operation in the spring.
What is better - to plant flowers in spring or autumn - each gardener decides for himself, since a certain period has its advantages and disadvantages. When determining when to plant roses, many factors need to be taken into account (for example, weather conditions, variety, etc.).
It should be noted that it is necessary to plant roses in open ground only after preliminary preparation of the purchased seedlings. Their preparation is performed as follows:
- the plant is exempt from packaging. Removing it you need to act very carefully so as not to damage the seedling. Planting along with packaging is carried out only if it is provided for by the manufacturer (for example, seedlings with a closed root system),
- further straighten the roots of the plant and carefully inspected. Only a good sapling with developed roots will be able to quickly take root at a permanent place of growth,
- It is desirable to treat the roots with biofungicide. If dry roots or rotted patches were found, they must be cut off. Trimming is done 1-2 cm, to healthy tissue. Also, too long roots are shortened,
- Further, the shoot should be cut at an angle of 45 degrees. Pruning is performed on the outer bud with an indentation of 0.5 cm from it. If the stem of the plant is coated with paraffin, then it is brushed off with a wooden toothpick. Although some gardeners say that wax can be left,
- then soak the roots of the plant so that they fill the lack of moisture. The seedling is lowered into the water to the level of the root collar for 2–3 hours. You can also dissolve a growth stimulant in water. Buy these drugs should be only in a specialized store, and use only according to the instructions.
Planting roses in open ground in the spring, you should first prepare the soil. In the chosen place on the flowerbed, a hole is formed, at the bottom of which a fertilizer is placed. Only after the soil and bush has been prepared, we plant the purchased roses in spring or autumn.
General landing rules
It is necessary to understand that it is necessary to plant roses in an open ground by a certain technique. Therefore, many novice growers often wonder "how to plant a rose." The first thing to look for when determining how to plant roses is the type of plant. After all, each species has its own requirements. However, for all varieties, there are general rules that you must adhere to if you want to care for roses after planting as simply as possible.
The general rules for planting these flowers are as follows:
- correct choice of location. The flower bed must be well lit, and also have protection from the wind,
- soil indicators must meet the requirements of the purchased variety. The parameters of the soil can be changed using fertilizers
- determine when to plant roses,
- the pit should be 40–60 cm wide. Although in some situations it is allowed to increase this parameter by 15 cm,
- before planting a sapling, it is recommended to dip its roots in a clay mash,
- after planting, the ground around him is compacted,
- purchased rose must be watered well after planting.
Based on these rules, you should plant roses in spring and autumn. It is important to know how to care for roses. The quality of flowering directly depends on the correct care.
Regardless of the time of year (spring or autumn planting) and the type of plant, all planted bushes should be spud. This procedure allows you to increase the trenches of a plant for survival by stimulating the formation of additional roots. When autumn planting hilling will allow the root system to move the cold well.
If the flower growers who grow roses in their own garden, perform the necessary care for them, then you can count on annual and prolonged flowering.
Features of planting different types of roses
On your backyard you can grow a wide variety of varieties. However, each species has its own characteristics of landing. Consider them in more detail.
Climbing roses are planted to a depth of 8-10 cm from the place of perfect grafting. There is no need to cut the stem. Enough to update the slices. Such a plant should be planted near a special support. The approximate distance to it should be 30 cm. The distance between the seedlings should be 100-150 cm.
Planting Floribunda roses involves planting seedlings 3–8 cm from the inoculation site. During pruning, 3-4 buds should remain on the shoot. The distance between adjacent plants should be 30–35 cm, and between rows 60–90 cm.
In case of planting English roses, the grafting site should be deepened by 5 cm. These flowers should be grown 1.2–2 meters apart. When planting long shoots should be cut to 5-7 buds.
If park roses are planted, they are buried in the ground to the vaccination site by 5 cm. At the same time, the stem is trimmed to 5-7 buds. In this case, the distance between the bushes should be half the height of an adult plant. This means that if a bush grows in height by 1 m, then the distance is taken at 50 cm.
Being engaged in the cultivation of ground-covering roses, the grafting site should be deepened by 5 cm. In these varieties, the stem is not trimmed. It is necessary to update the cuts a little and just remove the damaged shoots. A distance of 50–150 cm must be maintained between adjacent bushes.
The deepening of hybrid tea roses runs to a depth of 3–5 cm from the site of grafting. On the shoot should be 2-3 buds. Seedlings should be planted at a distance of 30-50 cm from each other, and between rows - 60-90 cm.
Knowing how to plant roses, you can grow on your site a variety of varieties of these flowers. With proper care, the bushes will delight you with abundant and beautiful flowering.
When and how to plant a rose in the ground in spring
For the bush to bloom beautifully for many years, you need to choose the right sprout and plant it. In the future, the plants also require careful care, which includes loosening, watering, fertilizing and loosening for the winter.
It is not enough just to know how to properly plant a spring in the ground, it is also important to choose the most suitable site. The place should be protected from drafts, and the soil should be moderately wet, but without stagnant water.
When disembarking in spring, it is better to start making out a flower bed not earlier than mid-April. These crops are very sensitive to temperature extremes, therefore the soil and air must be sufficiently heated.
The best time to plant roses in spring
Spring is considered the best time for planting a crop (Figure 1). For several warm months, the plants have time to get stronger and fully acclimatize before winter. However, this does not mean that transfer to the ground can be carried out at any time.
Figure 1. Spring landing technology
If in the spring it was not possible to transfer the flowers to the flowerbed, it is better to save the seedlings and transplant them in the autumn. High summer temperatures and low soil moisture can adversely affect the growth of bushes.
At what air temperature can you plant roses in spring
To know how to plant a culture in the spring, you first need to decide on the temperature of the air and the soil.
The best time is mid-April and the end of May. At this time, the soil completely thawed out after the winter, and the air temperature stabilized at around 10 degrees. Such conditions are great for flowers.
So that the young shoots do not damage the frost, the bushes for the first time can be sheltered or mulched before the onset of consistently warm summer weather. Shelter will help not only protect plants from temperature extremes, but also help preserve moisture in the soil and prevent weed growth.
When is it best to plant roses in the autumn
If the cultures could not be transplanted into the open ground in spring, the procedure can also be carried out in the fall (Figure 2). September and early October are well suited for these colors in temperature and humidity conditions.
Note: Autumn planting, carried out according to all the rules, will allow the bushes to take root before the onset of frost. Thus in the spring you will receive a fully accustomed plant, ready to bloom. Figure 2. Proper planting culture in the fall
Planting in the fall has several advantages. First, during the summer months, the soil has enough time to warm up, and precipitation falls significantly more than in spring. Secondly, the humidity in the autumn months is great for rooting, so in some cases they take root much faster than the bushes transplanted in the spring.
However, it should be borne in mind that the procedure should be carried out in strict accordance with the technology so that the plants receive enough moisture and nutrients for acclimatization.
You will learn more about autumn planting from the video.
Choosing a place to plant roses in spring
Not only the time when plants are beginning to be planted in open ground is important, but also the place where the flowerbed will be located.
To choose the right plot, follow these guidelines.:
- The place should be closed from drafts, with well-drained soil,
- Do not plant plants in the lowlands with close groundwater storage. This will lead to the accumulation of moisture near the roots and the rotting of the lower part of the stem,
- It is advisable to choose a place with a slight shade so that the leaves and petals are not damaged by the noonday sun.
In addition, the site should be spacious enough so that the bushes can be located at some distance from each other. This will not only give the plants the opportunity to grow, but also greatly facilitate care.
How to choose and prepare the soil
The site should be located on a small elevation, as these flowers do not like overmoistened soil and stagnation of groundwater. In addition, the place must be protected from drafts and cold wind.
Note: To prevent the plants from being damaged by cold air, it is better to plant them near ornamental shrubs or buildings.
The soil is carefully dug and fertilized with rotted manure (Figure 3). Fresh organics can not be used categorically, as it causes rotting of the roots and death of seedlings. It is also recommended to add a glass of wood ash to the ground, and if the soil is acidic, a little lime.
Figure 3. Site preparation for planting
In poor areas, the prepared well is filled with a special nutrient substrate of loam, compost, rotted manure and mineral fertilizers.
Preparation of the hole
The depth of the hole depends on the length and width of the roots, as well as the fertility of the soil. For example, on fertile soils, a hole is dug 5-10 cm deeper than the length of the roots. In width, it should be about half a meter. In areas with clay soils, the well is deepened to 70 cm (Figure 4).
Figure 4. Proper preparation of culture wells
It is important that in areas with fertile soil, the top layer of soil can be used to prepare the substrate, which is subsequently filled with the hole. If the land is depleted, the soil mixture is better to buy in the store.
Fertilizers when planting in spring also play an important role. In the well, surely bring rotten (not fresh) manure, ashes and mineral fertilizers. This will help the plants to take root in the soil faster.
How to choose and prepare seedlings
When choosing a seedling, it is imperative to inspect its root system. Therefore, it is recommended to buy planting material in specialized nurseries or stores, and not on the Internet. Only in this way can you evaluate the quality of the roots and the viability of the plant as a whole.
The roots of a good sprout can be recognized by such signs.:
- The root system is branched and well developed,
- There are several woody shoots or leaves of a smooth green color (no spots),
- The roots should be bright on the cut,
- On the roots there should be no signs of lack of moisture or mechanical damage.
When buying, it is also advisable to touch the shoots. They should be tight, smooth and shiny. This indicates that the plant is completely healthy and will transfer the transplant normally.
Disinfection of seedlings after purchase
After purchase, all sprouts should be sanitized. To do this, it is enough to immerse the roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several hours (Figure 5). Это необходимо, чтобы уничтожить потенциальных возбудителей болезней или личинки вредителей, которые могут находиться на корнях.
Рисунок 5. Обработка саженцев перед посадкой
Кроме того, дезинфекция необходима потому, что вы не знаете, в каком именно грунте выращивали растение. Без обработки корневая система может не прижиться на новом месте, и цветок погибнет.
Что делать, если саженцы подмерзли
Бывает и так, что при покупке мы не замечаем подмерзшие части корней или побегов. You should not make a common mistake and throw away the plant. It is quite possible to reanimate and put in the ground. Even frozen cultures can take root, if properly prepared.
First of all, it is necessary to conduct an image of all frozen roots and shoots. The cut is made at the level of healthy wood or part of the root. After that, it is advisable to place the plant in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several hours.
Planting frozen specimens carried out especially carefully. Choose a place that is as protected from the cold as possible, and fill the well with a high-quality nutrient substrate. It is also recommended to fertilize the soil with mineral dressings.
If the seedling has dried roots
Often there are saplings that dry up before planting in open ground. You can save the plant, and it will get acclimatized on the flowerbed.
In order to revive dried saplings, they need to be placed in a special nutrient solution for 12 hours. To do this, in 10 liters of water dissolve in a tablespoon of superphosphate and urea and add a few drops of growth stimulant. After that you can land. The roots are wrapped in moist clay mixed with the same nutrient solution and placed in a previously prepared well.
How to cut seedlings when planting
Before planting, you need to carefully examine all the seedlings, their shoots and roots. All dried up or damaged parts of the plant must be removed (Figure 6).
Note: Do not be afraid to cut the roots or stems. Damaged roots or shoots will prevent the bush from taking root.
Even healthy roots are shortened so that their length is more than 35 cm. This procedure is also carried out on seedlings with cut roots, only in this case it is enough to simply update the cut.
Figure 6. Pruning seedlings before planting
Be sure to shorten and shoots. It is recommended to leave only 2-3 strongest buds. This will help the plant to take root faster, without wasting energy on the development and nutrition of the kidneys. The only exceptions are ground cover varieties that do not prune, but only update root sections.
If there is no possibility to transplant plants immediately, they can be stored in a basement or other room with a temperature not higher than +7 degrees. Roots are wrapped in a damp cloth moistened with water with a few drops of growth stimulant.
Planting a seedling in the hole
Proper planting in the wells is carried out in strict accordance with the technology, since these plants are very sensitive to the nutritional value of the soil and air temperature.
To plant a flower, follow these instructions. (Figure 7):
- Landing is carried out at a temperature of from 0 to +7 degrees. A lower rate will slow down the process of adaptation, and if it is too hot outside, seedlings can get burned.
- You should dig and fertilize the hole in advance. The standard pit size is 45-50 cm deep and 50 cm wide, but on clay soils the hole is made deeper.
- At the bottom of the hole stack nutrient substrate consisting of fertile soil, mineral fertilizers and rotted manure.
- The roots of seedlings are pre-soaked in water for several hours.
- The vaccination should be several centimeters deep in the soil. The earth around the bush is tamped down so that the roots touch the soil more closely.
After that, the ground needs to be watered, and the shoots are better covered with a mound of soil. After 1-2 weeks, the rose will take root, and the shelter can be removed.
At what distance to plant roses from each other
The distance between the bushes depends on the variety. For parks, the minimum distance between seedlings should be at least 75 cm, but if possible, they are placed a meter apart. This is necessary because adult plants form a spreading crown, and their roots need enough space for development.
Polyanthus, hybrid tea and floribunda roses are planted at a distance of 30-60 cm. For climbing grades, the gap must be at least one meter. In addition, care must be taken of the support on which the stems will be fixed.
Hilling seedling after planting
After planting, seedlings require some care, which will speed up the process of acclimatization. First of all, the plants need to be watered and spud. For this, the stems are sprinkled with loose earth (Figure 8). This will give the plants the opportunity to settle down faster in a new place.
Figure 8. Hilling of roses after planting in the ground
As a rule, an earthen mound can be removed within 2 weeks after disembarkation. During this time, the rose has time to take root and grow stronger. In the future, the land around the bushes are regularly loosened and watered (in the absence of natural precipitation). It is also necessary to periodically make feeding.
More useful information about the features of planting roses tells the author of the video.
Rules for planting garden roses in the open ground at the cottage
Best of all, if planting roses in open ground is carried out in the spring months. So the plant gets more opportunities for acclimatization and build-up of the root system.
For planting roses in the country, you can use seedlings and cuttings, purchased and your own billet.
This article describes in detail the planting of roses in the ground in the spring and gives all the necessary instructions for using this agricultural technology in the fall. If everything is done correctly, then the planting of a garden rose this summer will please, though not very lush, but it is a very desirable flowering plant.
How to choose a rose for planting flowers in the garden
Before you choose a rose for planting, answer the following questions:
- where will you plant the rose
- what color are the flowers,
- what size should be an adult bush,
- Which group do you prefer?
- what kind of variety will it be - modern or old,
- with which root system the seedling will give preference.
When choosing a variety for planting roses in the garden, pay attention to the resistance of the whole plant to disease, and flowers to rain.
A variety of seedlings for planting rose flowers is amazing, but when making a choice, you need to focus on the practical advice of experienced growers.
The supplied rose seedlings come with an open root system, with a closed root system and grown in containers. Saplings with an open root system should have three or two healthy shoots.
Root system without land, at least 25 cm long.
They can be planted throughout the summer. It is better to purchase seedlings with an open root system. If they are properly stored, plants will easily survive after planting.
Terms of planting roses in spring and autumn
In the fall in central Russia, roses are planted in August and September. This is the optimal time for planting roses in the open field, you should not do this later. Root seedlings with an open root system should be with green bark, a good fibrous root system. Do not buy roses, which have wrinkled bark on the branches - they will not survive.
But the timing of planting roses in the spring is somewhat stretched. In the spring, in the middle zone, roses are planted from late April to late May. Many roses come to our market and are sold in hypermarkets.
The likelihood that you will grow a rose in accordance with the grade indicated on the package is small.
Planting roses in the fall should be carried out exactly within the specified time, but in the spring you can plant the cuttings at home early, for example, in March.
Some garden centers deliver roses in February. How to keep the roses before planting: this can be done only in the dark at a temperature of about 0 ° C. If the rose has dried, hold it for several hours in a bucket of water.
If the seedling began to frown on the bark on the branches, put it in the water for a day. Then wrap the roots and graft site in a damp newspaper or cloth. Put on a plastic bag. On top of the branches before the spring planting of roses, also wear a package.
Store the rose in a cool place (temperature not higher than 4 ° C).
If the roses have woken up, the shoots that have grown by 2-3 cm should be broken, it will not hurt, because new buds will wake up. Pick up a pot of at least 4-5 liters, you can use a cylinder out of the water, cutting off the top of it and making holes in the bottom. The soil is either universal floral or special for roses. Place the seedling so that the grafting site is 1-2 cm below the edge of the pot.
If the roots do not fit, trim them. To prevent fungal diseases, put a glyocladin tablet in the pot. Water well. The soil should be wet throughout the volume. After planting, you must put the pot in a bright, cool place. Rose in a pot of 2 l - in fact, also a sapling with an open root system, only sprinkled with substrate from drying.
The first thing to do is to put the rose pot in a bucket of water so that it is completely covered with water. Keep it in a bucket until the bubbles stop going.
Take out the pot and put it on the pan so that the glass is water. If the rose with sleeping buds, then put the pot in a dark, cool place, wearing a cap on the branches from the newspaper.
If the rose is awake, put it in a bright cool room.
Buying roses in late autumn. You purchased a sapling of roses in the prewinter, when the earth was grabbed slightly by frost. At this time, roses should be placed in the prikop. Select a site that is not filled with vernal waters.
Dig a trench 30-35 cm deep, place roses under our name, so that the roots, the grafting site and part of the branches are covered with earth. If the frost has already grabbed the ground, then buy a package of ready-mixed soil.
Place lutrasil in a trench, pour a part of the mixture, on it - roses, on top of them - the remaining mixture and cover it with lutrasil. Lay frostbite on top. If the snow fell, throw them prikop.
The roses are planted in spring in late April - May, or in September. Own and standard roses are planted only in spring. All purchased seedlings, or rather their root system, before planting it is useful to place for 20-30 minutes in a solution of copper sulphate (1 tbsp spoonful per 10 liters of water) to prevent diseases.
If you still have 2-3 weeks before planting, then the soil can be shed with diluted extract of fermented grass or mullein. It is also good to use the solution of the Radiance drug. After the ground, it is desirable to close the black lutrasil.
The depth of planting rose saplings depends on the structure of the soil and the site itself. You may have a soil that quickly passes moisture or, conversely, is overwetted. These two extremes require a different approach.
For proper planting of roses in the spring in dry conditions, the grafting site should be deepened by 5 cm.
If you have a constant excess of moisture, you need to make a bulk bed and plant a rose so that the place of inoculation was above the general level of the soil in your area, but 3-5 cm below the level of the soil in the flowerbed. This will allow the rose to not lock and freeze.
Hold the cutting on the day of planting in a heteroauxin or zircon solution for 10-12 hours. Dig holes 30–35 cm deep. The distance between the plants is about 40 cm. Put rotted manure at the bottom of the pit and sprinkle with earth. Trim the roots to 2-3 cm.
When planting roses in the spring, keep in mind that there is a balance between the above-ground and underground parts of the plant. So, shorten the long shoots of a climbing rose to 20-30 cm.
Planting roses with an open root system implies the need to create conditions for the rapid acclimatization of the plant.
Liberally pour a seedling of 5-10 liters of water, spud earth and pritenite lutrasilom. Keep the seedling under the lutrasil for two weeks. During this time, the buds begin to grow.
When the shoots become apparent, unravel the bushes, prune the branches.
Be sure to grouch the ground around the bushes! You need to add a compost bucket, a glass of ash, 1 glass of bone meal to one plant pit, provided that this site was previously well prepared.
Sapling in a 2-liter pot is not truly rooted. The substrate in pots contains a lot of peat, often overdried.
Before planting roses with a closed root system, place the seedling in a bucket of water so that the pot is completely submerged in water, and hold until bubbles stop appearing on the surface.
With a water wetted lump, the rose will die. Prepare a hole, free the sapling from the pot or metal mesh and lower the seedling into it.
Put the pot in a bucket of water. Dig a hole a little larger than a pot, taking into account the depth of the grafting site. Loosen the bottom of the pit, add compost. Carefully free the seedling from the pot and place it in a hole.
If a ball is strongly entwined with roots, cut it in several places and flatten the roots. Pour with a mixture of soil and compost, spill well, grumble the soil. Pot roses require more care than roses with an open root system.
The main thing here - regular watering.
Kornes own roses
Kornes own roses are planted in spring. Shoots before planting must be pruned. The level of the earth coma should be 2-3 cm below the soil level of the flowerbed. The rest is like when planting grafted roses. Kornes own roses do not spud.
Planting Climbing Roses
When planting climbing roses, consider the following:
- where the support will be located
- where the rose will be tilted at shelter.
It is necessary to provide that a climbing rose, growing, will occupy a lot of places because the shoots from these roses are long.
Planting a standard rose
Standard roses are planted in spring. It is necessary to place the rose in the landing pit, rejecting it by about 30 ° in the direction in which it will be necessary to tilt the stem for shelter. I root the neck of the neck by 10 centimeters. Beforehand, I drive a strong stake into the hole, which I have to get to the crown. I leave the rose in a tilted state for 2-3 days, and then I tie it up to a support in 2-3 places.
One garter must be at the base of the crown. After planting, the crown should be well sprinkled with water, and the grafting sites should be wrapped in wet moss. You can wear a bag made of lutrasil. This prevents the boles from drying out during rooting. All this time you need to make sure that the moss was wet. As soon as the buds begin to germinate, you can remove protective materials.
It is better to do this in the evening or in cloudy weather.
What to do after planting roses
It is time to learn about what to do after planting roses, what agrotechnical measures for plant care should be planned.
Mulch can be compost, rotted manure, mowed grass, bark shredded in a shredder, or boughs of trees, straw.
Mulch interferes with the appearance of weeds, soil crust, saves the soil from drying out, provides nourishment to soil bacteria, and when it turns over it enriches the soil with organic substances.
It can also serve as an ornament. The thickness of the layer of mulch is not less than 5 cm. Roses are usually mulched after spring pruning.
Rose needs to be unleashed, to remove pritenyuschie bags of lutrasil. Loosening the soil for a while can replace watering. It is important to avoid problems associated with the appearance of diseases or with the attack of pests.
If the rose does not wake up for a long time, the use of drugs of different spectrum of action helps. First you need to water a sapling with heteroauxin or humates. Then I use the help of zircon and epin. I water with zircon, and after a week I spray with epin, after another week I spray with zircon, then again with epin.
How to plant a rose
To challenge the ancient claim that the rose - the queen of the garden will not be anyone. Without it, and the garden is not a garden. In order for roses to grow well and bloom profusely every year, it is necessary to choose and plant a sapling. A few helpful tips on how to plant roses.
Before you go to the nursery or garden center to choose your seedling, you need to decide on the place of planting and the view of the rose itself. Roses are climbing, growing in height by several meters, they need support. Park roses give compact bushes with large flowers.
Groundcovers have the ability to grow rapidly, covering the soil with a plexus of branches. What to plant and where - these issues should be worked out before buying. And yet ... When a flower lover enters the nursery or the flower show, the case is rarely limited to acquiring the planned plants.
It is hard to resist the beauty! As a result - urgently required to find a place for new pets.
Conventionally, we divide the whole process of planting roses into the following components:
- Selection of seedlings
- Choosing a landing site,
- Site preparation and landing pit,
- Seedling preparation,
- Actually landing
- Post-treatment care
When to plant roses?
Planting time is spring and autumn. In spring, the best time is before the start of growth, it may be from March to May, depending on the climatic zone. Autumn transplanted after the onset of cool nights and flowering. When planting in autumn, it is important that the rose has time to take root before the soil freezes.
Selection of seedlings
Buy seedlings need in specialized centers or take from proven nurseries. Only this way you can be sure of the correctness of the variety and the health of the plant. At garden exhibitions, it is better to choose trees, shrubs and perennial flowers from nurseries close to the climate zone. It makes no sense to plant roses that can not winter in your area.
More attention needs to be paid to the condition of the roots of the shrub than to its crown. The branches will grow if the plant is rooted normally. The root system must be healthy, branched, free from damage and rot.
Sometimes in the autumn markets sell rose bushes with flowers. This seems like a good option - you can see what you are buying - but such plants do not take root well. Саженец должен быть подготовлен к периоду покоя.
Новые саженцы куплены, возникает вопрос — где посадить розы, чтобы они были здоровыми и радовали обильным цветением?
Выбор места для посадки
Роза любит хорошее освещение в течение дня. Солнечный участок – лучшее место для нее. The size of the plant and the number of flowers directly depends on the duration of the lighting during the day.
Small roses in the sun give a compact bush with dense foliage, and in the shade their shoots are drawn out, the leaves are small and the distance between them is longer, the bush is falling apart.
Climbing roses only in the sun reach their full size.
Rose health is also very dependent on the sun. On well-lit areas, plants are less likely to be affected by fungal diseases.
Many popular varieties of heat-loving, they grow well in the northern regions, but under one condition - if planted in a sunny place protected from the cold northern winds. In the south, roses grow better where there is no overheating of the soil on a hot afternoon; there may be a slight shading from the crowns in the middle of the day.
Roses do not like excessive moisture. They do not take root in swampy places and where meltwaters stay in the spring for a long time.
In addition, such wet lowlands in winter are cooled to lower temperatures, and in the spring they do not warm up well, which is bad for wintering roses.
If the site has a high level of groundwater, then the only way to grow roses is to make a high flowerbed, raise a flower bed 30-50 cm from the ground level.
A sunny place near the south side of the house without stagnant moisture, a gentle southern slope is the right place to plant a rose.
How to prepare a place for landing
When a place for planting roses is chosen, then it is imperative to dig a lot deep to destroy perennial weeds. If this is not done, then they will have to be destroyed later, and at the same time it is easy to damage the roots of the newly established plant.
In the fertile garden soil, the planting pit is dug up to such a size that the root system can easily fit there and has a small reserve of growth (plus 10-15 cm).
The top layer of soil (approximately 20-25 cm) is the most fertile, it is removed and deposited, the next layer of earth (20-25 cm) is poured on another pile.
The pit deepens to the required depth, its bottom is well dug up and mixed with the top layer of the removed soil. It is useful to water so that the soil settles before planting.
Dense clay or sand at the site dictate their conditions.
The pit is digging more than is required for the root system, fertile soil with fertilizer is poured into it, slightly compacted or shed with water for precipitation.
In dense clay soil at the bottom of the pit for better drainage, it is desirable to pour gravel or broken brick. In heavy soils it is useful to add peat, compost, well-rotted manure, sand, ash.
Purchased seedlings of roses is best planted immediately after purchase. If this is not possible, then you need to put them in a cool and dark place. Seedlings sent by mail sometimes come too early, when the soil is still not thawed. They need to be placed in a cool dark place, sprinkle open roots with moist loose soil.
When buying seedlings with open roots, you can see the status and size of the root system, but it is unknown how long they were stored in this form. Dried roots can be soaked for a day, it will help save the plants. If the seedlings are sold with trimmed roots, the slices need to be updated, cutting them with shears by a few millimeters.
Purchased with a closed root system seedlings removed from the package before planting. If the roots are in the film, then it is useful to unwind it and soak the roots in water or a root formation stimulator for a couple of hours.
Roses supplied with a closed root system in containers, manufacturers recommend planting as is - in the grid, peat pot or other container supplier. If there is no experience, do so. But it is better to carefully remove the plant and inspect the roots. There are often a lot of damaged, broken, curved roots, which is unacceptable during planting.
Experts advise before planting the roots of the seedling to dip into the talker of the following composition: 2 parts of clay, 1 part of fresh mullein and some water to bring to a creamy state. This will protect the roots and give them the necessary nutrition for the first time.
Planting a rose
No matter how the rose is planted, the main thing is to follow two rules:
- The place of budding (grafting) should be hidden from the sun's rays, therefore it is necessary to bury it 3-5 cm into the soil or place it flush with the ground and heat a small hill of earth on the bases of the shoots after planting,
- After the rains, the soil at the landing site will give a few drops, consider this when choosing the depth of planting a rose.
Digged earth can be used to fill the pit. But it is better to prepare a fertile mixture of about this composition:
- 1 bucket of fertile garden land,
- 0.5 buckets of humus, sand, peat, clay, sod land,
- 1 handful of ash, bone meal and complex mineral fertilizer.
All components are mixed in a large container or poured onto a spread film and mix.
First way. At the bottom of the pit slurry cooked mixture. Over its surface evenly distribute the roots of the rose so that they do not bend upwards.
Gradually fill the roots with earth, carefully compacting it with your hands.
It is good to water a sapling, and if after that it is noticeable that the earth has strongly settled and the grafting site has turned out to be too deep, then the sapling will slightly raise and add earth.
Second way. Pour a bucket of water into the prepared pit. You can dissolve a rooting stimulator tablet in it.
Lower the seedling into the pit to the desired depth and gradually fill the roots with the prepared soil mixture. The earth immediately gets wet and does not form voids filled with air.
With this method of planting the soil almost does not settle, moisture in the depths of the pit is enough for the development of the plant.
Care of the planted rose is timely watering in hot spring weather. Autumn watered as necessary, often enough rain. It is better to water in the evening, so that the crust does not form in the sun, making it difficult for the roots to get water.
If at planting mineral fertilizers were not applied, the soil was not enriched with humus, then at the beginning of the active growth of young shoots it is recommended to apply fertilizers specially designed for roses.
After the rose has got accustomed, cut off old escapes and weak sprouts, leaving only strong and healthy. It stimulates the growth of its crown and root system.
Planting roses with a closed root system
Now popular seedlings of roses with a closed root system (ZKS). These are roses that are sold already planted in containers. These seedlings have their advantages: they quickly and easily take root, if planting in open ground is done correctly. How should they be planted?
Roses with a closed root system do not require immediate planting, in good conditions they can be maintained for a long time, even until next year. It is best to put pots with roses in a shady windless place in the garden. To the roots do not overheat and do not dry out, it is desirable to dig pots into the soil or sawdust.
Water the seedlings of roses regularly before planting. Spraying leaves with plain water is also helpful. If planting is delayed for more than 2-3 weeks, start weekly feeding seedlings with liquid or soluble fertilizer for flower seedlings.
Need precisely seedling fertilizers used for plants in pots. Specialized fertilizer for roses in the care of seedlings are not suitable.
They are ideal for roses already planted in the ground, and if you pour these fertilizers into a container, you can accidentally burn the roots.
If you bought rose seedlings at the end of winter or early spring, when the temperature is still below zero, they will have to be stored and looked after indoors. How to do this, read the article: Save the roses before planting.
Place for planting roses
The rose can grow in one place for decades, so a place to plant requires careful preparation.
Prepare a landing hole. The size of the landing hole for roses 60x60, depth 50 cm. Leave the upper fertile layer of soil near the pit, remove the lower layers of soil.
Soil for planting roses should be loose and fertile, so add humus or well-rotten compost, peat, sand to the soil from the upper layer, as well as 0.5 cups of double superphosphate.
Roses prefer a neutral soil, so add additional additives to reduce the acidity of the soil: 1-2 glasses of wood ash or 1 cup of dolomite flour. All components are thoroughly mixed and fill the landing pit with a mixture.
If you dug a landing hole just before planting a rose, then pour the mixture in layers, compacting each layer so that after watering the ground is not too settled.
How to plant roses
Plant roses right in the grid or in a cardboard insert, but those parts of the insert where the roots have not yet had time to germinate can be carefully removed.
This will provide air access to the root system, and the rose will root better after planting.
Place the seedling in the prepared recess. Check again the level of deepening of the top of the earth coma (5-7 cm) and pour the solution remaining after soaking into the well.
Pour the hole with the remaining fertile mixture flush with the edge of the pit, so that during the rain it does not get too much rain water and stagnate.
Pour over. After watering a rose seedling after planting, you need at least 8-10 liters of water to soak all the soil in the planting well.
After watering, check the rose planting level again. If necessary, correct: either pour the soil, or, conversely, gently pull the base of the bush so that the root neck is closer to the soil surface.
After irrigation, grumble the surface with peat to avoid formation of a soil crust.
If the weather is hot, then for the first time after planting the roses should be priten. The easiest way to put a small arc and pull on them any covering material.
How to plant roses bought in a box: the selection and cultivation of seedlings
Many are accustomed to purchased seedlings of roses with open roots and long stems. And recently appeared on sale cardboard tubes in which shortened copies are packed, the flower growers are alarming.
There is an opinion that these seedlings have little chance of rooting because of the very pruned roots and sprouts. In fact, the flower dies due to improper unpacking and planting.
How to plant roses bought in a box, which should take into account what kind of care is needed for the culture - we will describe all this later in the article.
The usual careful examination of the stems and root system, which is the key to a successful purchase of any seedling, in this case does not work. In the box you will find a rose with strongly shortened shoots and roots, which are wrapped in black polyethylene.
To see the state of the roots in the store or garden center is almost impossible. After all, unpacking planting material is not allowed. Yes, and incorrect extraction of the seedling from the tube can only harm him.
Important!So that buying a rose in a box does not turn into your disappointment, choose seedlings with several strong rots, on which there is a healthy and solid bark of green color, and also there are several budded buds. It is very good if the stalks of a rose are coated with wax or paraffin.
Carefully read the information on the packaging. Experienced growers are advised to give preference to grafted samples, because they easily adapt to the soil and climatic conditions of the temperate zone, develop better and bloom profusely.
Also well proven seedlings of the southern varieties of domestic or Dutch production.
Remember that bright alluring photos with roses of unreal beauty on the package often do not justify themselves precisely because of the stunted and not viable content of the tuba.
Therefore, do not hesitate to examine the available part of the product. Pay special attention to the root neck of the seedling. It should be uniform and not exceed 8 mm in volume.
Some buyers mistakenly believe that seedlings with tall shoots will bloom immediately after rooting. In fact, such instances, as a rule, do not survive.
This happens because they are weakened, and as a result of a long stay in warm conditions without the necessary lighting they have increased many thin but not viable shoots.
Did you know?The Egyptian queen Cleopatra also went down in history as a zealous fan of roses.
No solemn event with her participation could not do without these beautiful flowers. Their petals, on the orders of the Queen, densely carpeted the floors of the halls for balls. In special cases, these floorings reached half a meter in height.
Rose petals swaying on the waves always accompanied Cleopatra on her walk to the gallery.
How to save before landing
Experts consider the period from the second decade of April to the first day of May to be the optimal time for rooting acquired seedlings. At this time, the earth warmed up sufficiently, and stable heat recovered outside.
Often the roses in the box appear on sale at the end of February, so we’ll understand in detail how to save them before planting.
The first option is to artificially suspend the development of a seedling. To this end, it is placed for a month in the refrigerator, on the balcony or in an unheated veranda. Closer to the time of planting, it is desirable to give the plant a few days to move away from forced hibernation.
Another way for caring owners who are not too lazy to prikopat seedling or plant it in a small indoor pot. Before this, it is advisable to inspect the roots, remove all damaged parts and treat them with growth stimulants.
Experts advise shortening long roots. Potted roses from the tube after planting need to cover the package and put on the balcony or veranda.
Heat during this period is contraindicated because the flower will develop greatly before transplanting to a permanent place and is unlikely to survive such stress.
Did you know?Muslim peoples are very careful with rose bushes. Since ancient times, these flowers are considered the gift of Allah, so no one is allowed to step on the fallen petals.
Lighting on the site
Roses are very fond of the sun and light partial shade. In such conditions, they are provided with abundant flowering and aroma.
If the rose bush for some reason turns out to be in full shade, it will significantly lag behind in growth, it will greatly stretch and may stop blooming.
Therefore, for the landing of the garden queen, choose well-lit areas where there are no drafts and cold northerly winds. Avoid cold lowlands, because they tend to collect cold air, melt and rain water.
So that the roses in the box are well rooted and delight you with lush flowers, take seriously the peculiarities of the substrate in the chosen area. It must be of high quality and nutritious, since the root system of the bushes goes far inland.
Important!In the area where the planting of roses is planned, the groundwater level should not be closer to the surface than 1 m.
The flower will comfortably develop on nutrient-rich, light, permeable substrates. If loam or unsuitable sandstones prevail on the flowerbed, it is better not to test the plant and find another, more suitable place for it.
Professionals advise to improve the soil structure with a specially prepared mixture. It consists of equal parts of peat, sod land, humus or compost, wood ash, river sand.
To improve the brightness of the color of the buds, experts recommend adding a little clay, which wintered in the cold and dried out under the scorching summer sun. If there are heavy clay lands in the flower bed, they can be corrected by adding river sand, peat and humus. Also do not forget to check the acidity of the earth. At home, this is done using regular table vinegar.
Liquid is splashed onto a clot of substrate extracted from a depth of 20 cm. Emerging bubbles and hissing indicate an alkaline environment. Roses prefer to grow in a weakly acidic environment.
Therefore, it is possible to oxidize the soil with peat, wood ash or dolomite flour. But strongly acidic substrates are alkalized with lime, cement dust or ordinary old plaster.
Important!Roses planted in pots, closer to the period of transplanting to a permanent place, it is advisable to put out on the street for hardening and adaptation to more severe conditions.
After you have managed to keep the roses out of the box until spring, you can begin transplanting them into the garden. To do this, make the appropriate root system of the bush hole. Experts recommend digging a hole 50 cm deep and wide.
If in the neighborhood with your acquisition will grow roses, retreat from their trunks half a meter. In the case of miniature varieties, this distance can be reduced to 30 cm.
The bottom of the hole tedious lay out a layer of drainage. For this suitable claydite, brick chips or ordinary rubble. This procedure has a special place on the weighted substrates.
Then add the prepared soil mixture from peat, river sand, sod land and humus. It is also desirable to add two tablespoons of potassium sulfate or superphosphate to the substrate.
After the done manipulations in the pit, you can lower the sapling. Do not forget to straighten his roots well and water. Then the rose is sprinkled with earth.
Зависимо от разновидности культуры определяется степень погружения корневой шейки сеянца.
Если речь идет о флорибунде, миниатуюрных и чайно-гибридных кустах, место перехода их ствола в корень закапывают на 3 см. У плетистых, почвопокровных и других парковых экземпляров, в том числе и привитых, ростки углубляют на 5-7 см.
Важно!В солнечные дни молодые саженцы в первые дни после посадки нужно притенять. This will help them adapt faster and not waste their strength on the struggle for survival.
If we are talking about a pottery sample, the planting is done by the usual reloading of an earthen tuber. In this case, the roots should not be cleaned from the substrate, and the branches should not be removed from paraffin. The coating agent protects the plant from drying out and contributes to the rapid development of the kidneys.
At the final stage of planting, the crop needs to be watered and mulched once again. The following are recommended as humus: wood bark, humus, any sawdust, except coniferous trees. Then some attention needs to be paid to the stalks. Experienced rosewood growers are advised to cut them with a sharp shears at a level of 20 cm, make sure that there are 2-3 buds on each shoot.
Aftercare for the “Queen of Flowers”
With the successful rooting of roses from the boxes do not differ in the care of special requirements. For the full development of their important timely feeding, moisturizing, preparing for the winter, preventive measures to combat diseases and pests. All procedures are done as standard, as for the other "queens" of the garden.
Do not pereuvlazhnyayte beds, because it is fraught with putrefactive infections and destruction of the bushes. Fungal mycelium is often bred in a moist environment, and harmful insects also live in the habitat.
Important!Red roses are prone to fading in the sun, and therefore very soon lose their appeal. Therefore, such copies are better placed in the penumbra.
Do not let weed plants choke your flower garden. Here we are not talking about aesthetics. In fact, weeds not only spoil the look of your compound, but take away nutrients from roses. In the fight against such competitors weakened bushes are dying. You also need to regularly loosen the soil so that the roots of the bushes can gain access to oxygen.
After humidifying procedures and loosening the trunk wells, be sure to silence. This will serve as a barrier to weeds and the evaporation of moisture.
Shrubs that bloom buds need adjustment. They need to leave the central flower stalks, removing the side. And also to be removed faded buds.
At the first signs of vital activity, the pests must be treated with any insecticides ("Aktellik", "Aktara", "Bi - 58 New").
In case of defeat of roses with fungal, bacterial or viral diseases, fungicides will come to the rescue (“Maxim”, “Fufanon”, “Skor”, “Fundazol”, “Quadris”). In winter, the underground part of the plant is spuded with peat, humus or fallen leaves.
If you do everything according to the above recommendations, the roses purchased in the box will successfully take root and will delight you with lush inflorescences for years. Therefore, do not be afraid of marvelous packaging and rumors about the poor survival rate of such specimens. Avoid common mistakes in floriculture and you will succeed.
Planting and caring for roses in the garden
- Appearance: Rosaceae
- Flowering Period: June, July, August, September
- Height: 30-300cm
- Color: white, cream, yellow, pink, orange, red, burgundy
If the lion is the king of beasts, then the rose is the unconditional queen of the garden. This plant since ancient times was considered the object of admiration and worship. No wonder that it was chosen in the symbols of love. The first mention of the rose can be found in the legends of the ancient Hindus. Legends about the beautiful flower are found in the annals of ancient Iran. According to legend, Allah himself created a charming white Rose with very sharp thorns. She was supposed to be the mistress of flowers instead of the gorgeous, but very lazy Lotus. Today, this plant can be a real decoration for your gardens, but for this you need to learn how to choose and plant a seedling, what is the right care for roses.
Choose and save seedlings
To initially ensure success in the cultivation of roses, you must purchase high-quality planting material. It is better to choose plants whose root system will be closed. When planting such a seedling, the ground around the root must be preserved.
Rose seedlings are best to choose with a closed root system: they take root more easily at the planting site and are less sick
Often in modern supermarkets you can see imported roses with a closed root system, which are implemented in advance.
Several seedlings can be stored in the refrigerator on the bottom shelf at a temperature of 0 to + 5 ° C. During storage, it is necessary to regularly monitor the condition of the substrate around the rhizome.
It should not dry out completely, but too much moisture is also harmful for it.
When to plant roses?
Spring planting of roses in the middle lane is recommended when the soil warms up to + 10 ° С. Typically, these conditions correspond to the period from late April to early May. Spring is chosen for planting standard roses.
Most of the roses recommended autumn planting. The preferred work period begins in mid-September and ends in mid-October. Earlier planting time is undesirable due to the fact that the rose can give warm fresh shoots that do not have time to get stronger and freeze in winter. Late planting is also dangerous, because before frost the plant must take root.
Most roses are planted in the fall. This is also convenient because when you buy planting material on the market, you can see the flower itself.
Determine a place to land
Place for planting roses should be sunny. In the shade of a rose, they may get bored, they stop flowering, dark spots appear on the leaves of plants, blind shoots are formed. The plant can strike powdery mildew. Choose the area that is ventilated, but has protection from strong northerly winds.
Roses adorn the garden, regardless of their location, but the plants themselves need conditions for successful growth and flowering.
Roses have no particular preferences in terms of soil. They are not as capricious as it may seem. They are suitable for any soil, except for heavy clay and light sandy. A landing site should not be located where groundwater comes close to the ground.
The process of planting roses
Planting pits need to dig such a depth and width to the roots of the plant was spacious. If the soil is fertile, then half a meter of depth and the same width will be sufficient. For clay soil with the same width of the pit in depth, 60-70 cm should be dug.
It is necessary to prepare a nutrient mixture for filling in the pit. In its composition humus or compost, rotted manure and soil. Fertilizers should not be in contact with the roots of the plant, therefore, sprinkle them with a layer of soil.
The soil or substrate, which closed the roots of the plant, must be preserved: the rose adapts faster to the new conditions of life
In the pit before planting the seedling need to pour water so that it is absorbed. If the root system of a rose is closed, it is not necessary to free the root from the ground. If the root is free, it should be cut to one-third the length and soaked in plain water or a root growth stimulator for two hours.
Shoots should also be cut:
- in polyanthus and hybrid tea roses so that 2-3 buds remain on each of the shoots,
- floribunda roses leave 3-4 buds,
- at the park roses shoots are shortened by 10-15 cm,
- in a ground cover rose, only sections of the roots are cut (renew, not shorten).
The seedling should be covered with soil so that the grafting site is about 5 cm below the ground. From the place of deepening, remove the wax, if any. Land should be tamped and watered again.
In this way, the air that could remain around the roots is removed, and the closest contact between the plant and the soil is achieved. Spud sapling can be about 10-15 cm.
The formed hill must be removed after two weeks - the time during which the sapling must take root.
Breeding the queen's garden
There are not many ways to reproduce roses. But the desire to have on the site as much as possible of these undoubtedly beautiful and diverse plants is so great that gardeners seek to master them all and to the maximum extent. Here is a list of ways to propagate a rose:
- Budding. On the bark of the plant stem, close to the ground level, a T-shaped incision is made into which the bud of the cultivar is inserted, after which it is fixed with a film. The graft can use the advanced root system of the stock. Such an operation is simple, but requires some experience.
- Seeds. This method is used extremely rarely due to the fact that the result has to wait a long time, and there is no certainty that it will be positive. And the germination of rose seeds leaves much to be desired.
- Layering. Shrub and climbing roses propagate this way because they have long and strong stems. The shoot of the plant in the lower part is incised for 8 cm, a chip or a match is inserted into the incision. The cut part of the shoot is placed in the ground and fixed, and its free tip is tied to a peg. An established shoot is cut off from the parent bush.
- Cuttings. The method is good because the roses rooted in this way will not give wild shoots. Shank - part of a strong escape. It is cut near the leaf bud, and germinated using root-stimulants. After the appearance of the root, the rose can be planted in the ground.
The method of cutting is good to use only for reproduction of plants with long stems, which are used to create a new rose bush
Manure is a natural fertilizer and preference should be given to him, of course. The best is horse manure, which has at least six months ago. Chicken and pork manure, especially when fresh, can seriously harm the plant: it can simply burn sour and young shoots. It is badly affected by fresh manure and on the soil, because it blocks nitrogen.
Manure - natural fertilizer, therefore, the most acceptable. Preference in choosing a top dressing should be given to rotted horse manure or mullein
During the period of bud formation, it is necessary to feed the plant with a solution of calcium nitrate at the rate of 1.1 l. on 10l of water.
At the time of active growth and development of the plant, it should be watered every 10-15 days with herbal infusion, a solution of mineral fertilizers, chicken manure or infusion mullein.
To make top dressing better perceived by the plant, it is better to apply the same mineral fertilizers in dissolved form and after the next watering. When the first half of summer is over, that is, in the second part of July, the feeding of the rose stops. The plant begins to prepare for winter.
Plants are also able to survive stress. It is in this state that they are in a period of intense heat, cold, or prolonged rains. To make roses easier to overcome the difficult times in your life, you need to spray them with zircon, epine, ecosil or sodium humate. Overfed roses give abundant greens, but bloom very sparingly.
Order watering plants
Roses need to be watered no more than once a week. If summer is hot, the frequency of watering can be doubled. The rate of watering - a bucket of warm water on each bush. It is necessary to pour water at the root, trying not to fall on the foliage. Water should penetrate the soil to a depth of at least 20-30cm. If the watering of the roses is shallow, surface roots can form that are easily damaged.
The rose in the dew is a magnificent sight, but nature decreed that the dew disappears with the first rays of the sun, otherwise its drops, like magnifiers, would increase the energy of the sun and burn the petals: water the roses at the root
If there is no one to water the roses for a long time (more than a week), the soil at the base of the plant should be covered with humus, mowed grass or tree bark. Such a measure will not only retain moisture at the roots, but also prevent the growth of weeds.
With a lack of moisture, the flowers in the plant can become shallow, but roses should not be poured: this can lead to a reduction in the oxygen supply to the roots. As a result, the plant will turn yellow leaves. To avoid this, after watering the soil, do not forget to loosen.
Prevention, control of disease and parasites
Of course, proper fertilizing and watering are important, but the process of caring for a garden rose is not limited to this. One of the most unpleasant diseases for garden roses is powdery mildew.
Preventive measures will help to take care of the plant health in advance. Rose must be sprayed directly over the leaves with a solution of ordinary drinking soda at the rate of 40g soda per liter of water.
This should be done from spring 2-3 times in a week, as well as at the beginning of summer.
Plants, like all life on earth, can get sick. These are not random spots or traces of fertilizer. It is powdery mildew that is easier to prevent than to cure.
Aphids - a big nuisance for roses. But you can overcome it. To do this, boil a bucket of water, put into it a piece of rubbed soap and a couple of branches of wormwood, then boil for 10-15 minutes. The cooled and filtered solution of the rose is sprayed. A week later, the procedure should be repeated. If aphid stubbornly does not want to leave the plant, you will have to use systemic poison, for example, Aktar.
Aphids will not appear on roses at all if you plant lavender or nasturtium under them. And calendula and marigolds will help get rid of bugs. By the way, the health of roses, like people, will add onions and garlic. In their environment, the plants become more fragrant and less sick.
Spots on the leaves, cracks on the stems and the cessation of the development of buds talk about the disease. Damaged branches should be removed. Prepare an infusion of horsetail, wormwood and nettle, with which you spray the rose.