Spathiphyllum is an excellent representative of the Aroid family. This evergreen is classified as a perennial. In the people it is also called "female happiness." The flower includes several species, but at home they grow a rather limited number of them.
Spathiphyllum inflorescences have the form of a white blanket in the form of a sheet with a fork. When they appear above a thick dark green bush, it looks very beautiful. However, the owners are not always able to observe this picture. Find out how to get the spathiphyllum to bloom; advice from experienced professionals will help. This will require the plant to create the right conditions.
Experienced experts can discover some tricks on how to make the spathiphyllum bloom. Consideration should be given to the general characteristics and characteristics of plant breeding in order to identify errors in this process.
The bush reaches a height of about 30 cm. Some varieties are taller or, on the contrary, dwarf. Dark green leaves grow straight from the soil. They have an oval shape and pointed tips.
Flowering spathiphyllum can be observed several times a year. This process most often starts from April and lasts through September. When the cold season comes, the flower goes into a state of rest. This is a non-capricious plant. However, if certain rules are not followed, it can start to hurt, it does not bloom and may even die.
General breeding requirements
Considering how to make spathiphyllum blossom at home, one should understand the main rules of its breeding. First of all it is necessary to ensure the correct temperature. Spathiphyllum is considered a heat-loving plant. He feels comfortable at a temperature of 22-23ºС. The thermometer should not fall below 18ºС. Also should completely eliminate the appearance of drafts. Their spathiphyllum absolutely does not tolerate.
Also in the process of breeding to ensure proper lighting and optimize the humidity. If the owners carry out improper watering, it will immediately affect the well-being of the flower.
Over-feeding or, on the contrary, too poor soil will adversely affect the appearance of spathiphyllum. If it is incorrectly transplanted, the plant may begin to fade. These questions need to pay attention first.
Lighting and humidity
There are general guidelines on how to make spathiphyllum blossom at home. Although the flower loves heat, it can not be left for a long time in direct sunlight. Otherwise, the leaves will dry out and wither. However, the lack of coverage will adversely affect development.
Best of all, the spathiphyllum feels on the windowsills, whose windows face east. This amount of sunlight will be enough for normal development. You can also put the pot on the table near the window. An excess of light leads to drying of the leaves, and a lack of - to the absence of flowering.
Spathiphyllum loves high and medium humidity. Therefore, you can further moisturize it with a spray. Water is sprayed near the leaves, as well as around the pot and its stand.
To understand how to make spathiphyllum bloom profusely, it is necessary to penetrate into the technique of its proper watering. If moisturizing occurs incorrectly, the plant will not release inflorescences.
Water must be separated and kept at room temperature. Especially the plant needs liquid during flowering and in the warm season. In winter, watering is reduced. The pot must be moved away from the heaters. When excessive watering leaves become weak, fall. With a lack of moisture they fade.
Watering is carried out as the soil dries. At the same time it is necessary to spray leaves from a sprayer twice a week. You can wipe them with a damp sponge. If the leaves of a flower are large, it needs more frequent watering. If by chance it turned out to pour too much water into the pot, it should be allowed to drain. The soil should dry out. Only then can the soil be irrigated again.
In search of an answer on how to make the spathiphyllum bloom, many plant owners begin to add too much fertilizer to the soil. This adversely affects the well-being of the flower. Feed must be properly selected. Their number must meet the standards. Lack of nutrients in the soil also leads to a lack of flowering or even death of the spathiphyllum.
In order for the plant to bloom, in the spring and summer period additional fertilizing is made once a week. In the cold period, the procedure is carried out once a month. This will prepare the plant for future flowering.
As feedings fit a special mixture. They are sold in specialized stores. Such fertilizers contain nitrogen and some potassium. If such substances are present in the ground more than the norm, they will poison the spathiphyllum. Therefore, when applying fertilizers, you must adhere to the manufacturer's instructions bait.
Errors during transplantation
Most often, the owners of the plant consult with experts on how to make the spathiphyllum bloom after transplantation. It is after this procedure that problems may arise. Spathiphyllum root system grows very quickly. Therefore, it is necessary to replant it in a timely manner.
When transplanting is necessary to choose the right type of soil. It should be a little sour. A mixture that consists of one part of humus, peaty, leafy soil is best suited for such purposes. It also includes two pieces of wood soil. It is necessary to create high-quality drainage. In such a soil, you can add a little charcoal.
The soil should be loose. Coniferous soil is added to it. In dense soil, the roots will be hard to grow, to nourish the plant. Also, they will not be able to get enough air. This leads to insufficient development, lack of flowering.
In studying how to make spathiphyllum flower at home, you should also consider the process of its proper breeding. The best way is to split the bush. Each new spathiphyllum must contain several leaves and a separate growth point.
The division of the bush is performed in the middle of autumn. It was during this period that the processes prepared for transplantation are formed on the spatiphyllum. They have a separate root system. For transplantation of shoots pick up small containers. The soil should also be special (the composition was presented above).
Spathiphyllum is almost never grown from seed at home. This is an extremely painstaking process. If you make mistakes in it, flowering will be unlikely, as well as the full development of the plant. Breeding shoots is a simpler option.
In order to understand how to make the spathiphyllum bloom when all the rules of care are followed, a few more tricks are needed. The pot should not be too spacious. It must exactly match the size of the spathiphyllum root system.
If you do not remove the inflorescences from the bush, it will also stop blooming in the future. This procedure is performed at the moment when the white cover near the yellow cob changes color to light green or beige.
You can put the pot for a few weeks in a cool place. At the same time watering is reduced. After that, the flower is again placed near the window and added to the soil dressing. After that, the plant often begins to bloom.
Having considered the basic recommendations on how to make the spathiphyllum bloom, you can create a beautiful house plant with your own hands. It will please its owners with delicate white inflorescences for a long time.
Why does the spathiphyllum (female happiness) not bloom and what to do?
Let's look at the most common reasons why this plant does not bloom at home:
- Wrong lighting.
- High humidity of air.
- Wrong polyin the flower.
- Insufficient or excessive top dressing.
- Improper exercise transplants.
Spathiphyllum is quite a shade-loving plant, so the flower pot should not be placed in direct sunlight, as they are detrimental to the flower. You should also pay attention to the fact that the lack of light contributes to the absence of flowering. A pot with women's happiness should be placed on the east side or on a table near the window.
Since this plant is home to regions with a very humid climate, it is necessary to spray the water around Spathiphyllum, spray the pebbles on which the pot with a flower stands. Such moisture will be quite enough to create the necessary microclimate around Spathiphyllum.
Wrong watering plants
If the wrong watering of Spathiphyllum is carried out, then you should not expect flowering from it. In addition, improper watering can cause the death of the entire plant. Watering should be carried out only separated water at room temperature. In summer, the Spathiphyllum requires abundant watering, and in winter it should be reduced. The flower is not recommended to be placed near the heating devices.
Insufficient or excessive dressing
Another reason for the lack of flowering in Spathiphyllum at home is malnutrition. Additionally, it is necessary to feed the plant during all periods of its development. In spring and summer, female happiness is fed at least once a week. With the onset of cold weather, food is reduced to once a month. As feedings it is recommended to use special mixtures that can be purchased in specialized stores. Very useful for Spathiphyllum are fertilizers, which contain nitrogen and a small amount of potassium.
Improper implementation of the transplant
It is worth noting that Spathiphyllum is growing quite quickly, and its root system is rapidly filling the pot. Therefore, the flower needs a mandatory timely transplant. The pot must be selected in such a way that it is not large for the root system. Flowering begins only when the root system of the plant completely occupies all the space in the pot.
Location and lighting
Spathiphyllum feels perfect in the shade or in partial shade, so it is necessary for him to find the appropriate place in the house. The plant suffers from extremely bright light extremely poorly, so it is very important to protect it from direct sunlight, which can leave burns on the leaves or cause them to lose their bright green color. If there is no possibility to avoid bright light, then it should be diffused.
Artificial lighting also does not hurt Spathiphyllum. But a strong blackout can also lead to bad consequences - the flower will begin to lose the shape of its leaves, which will begin to stretch, and flowering will occur much less frequently. Placing Spathiphyllum on the north side is the right decision.
Spathiphyllum is a moisture-loving indoor plant, so it requires abundant watering throughout the year. The plant must be provided with regular watering during its flowering - summer and spring. However, in winter, watering is necessary to reduce slightly to moderate volumes, but do not allow strong drying of the substrate. Tap water is not suitable for irrigation, so it should be left for at least 24 hours. Water temperature should also be room temperature. If the leaves of Spathiphyllum began to wilt, this indicates a lack of moisture. If in this case, watering was not enough, and the plant did not raise its leaves, then it must be moved to a room with higher humidity.
Air temperature and humidity
- Spathiphyllum - heat-loving plant. As with many indoor plants, room temperature is enough for him. In summer, the air temperature in the room with a flower should not exceed 27 degrees and fall below 23. If this temperature condition is not observed, then Spathiphyllum may not bloom. In winter, the air temperature should be much lower and be in the range of 16-18 degrees. It is at this time that the plant begins a period of rest. If the temperature drops below this mark, the plant will begin to ache. Spathiphyllum also does not tolerate drafts and sudden changes in air temperature.
- Air humidity is the most important criterion for the successful development of Spathiphyllum. In spring and summer, the plant must be sprayed twice a day. To maintain a constant air humidity, the Spathiphyllum pot can be put in a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which must be kept moist at all times. Such an event will not spray the plant so often. Spathiphyllum is sprayed with distilled water or tap water, but beforehand settled. The water should not be too cold. Room water temperature will be the most optimal. About the lack of air humidity can speak of the dried edges of the leaves. The damaged ends of the leaves in this case are cut, and Spathiphyllum is provided with the necessary humidity.
Pests and diseases
Spathiphyllum is a fairly stable plant and is rarely attacked by pests. Usually the plant endangers the mealybug and the aphid. Aphid most often appears on young leaves and shoots of Spathiphyllum. The first sign of her presence is deformation and twisting of the leaves. The mealy worm hides in the most closed places of the plant. With his defeat Spathiphyllum begins to slowly fade, which may soon lead to the death of the plant. To avoid such an outcome, at the first signs of the appearance of pests, Spathiphyllum must be washed with soap and water in the shower. If the defeat is already serious enough and washing with a soap solution did not help, then the plant should be treated with aktellik.
Of the diseases often occurs drying the tips of the leaves, which indicates a low humidity. And if the edges of the leaves begin to turn black, and the unopened leaves to dry, then the reason for this is the low air temperature in the room.
The rest period at Spathiphyllum falls on winter time. As a rule, at this time the plant does not bloom, and the growth process slows down significantly. Feed in the rest period Spathiphyllum must be no more than two times a month. It is also necessary to provide the plant with moderate air humidity and moderate watering. The air temperature during the rest period should not exceed 18 degrees.
The flower itself is the “ear”. In the case of pollination, fruits can form.
Flowering can be divided into two stages. At the first stage, pollen forms at the plant and the first phase, the female one, begins.
The second stage is the male phase, the anthers open at the flower, the inflorescences no longer perceive pollen. This process interferes with self-pollination.
How often does it bloom?
Typically, "Women's happiness" blooms once a year. It blooms around March-April. In some housewives, the spatifillium blooms twice in a year. The second bloom is observed in autumn. The duration of the process depends on the conditions created for the plant. Some florist "Women's happiness" pleases flowers 4-5 months.
In the natural environment spathiphyllium grows in conditions of high humidity, therefore, in home conditions required humidity around 50%.
In the summer, it is advisable to spray the pot with a flower at least 3 times a week, with soft distilled water at room temperature.
We also recommend that you wipe the leaves with a damp cloth every two weeks.
The flower is contraindicated in direct sunlight, which can cause burns. Need a diffused light, moderate lighting. In winter, needs a bright light. It tolerates partial shade. If the leaves become smaller, it can be considered a signal of lack of light.
Why does not bloom?
There are several reasons why a flower refuses to bloom.
- The plant lacks nutrients. The potted soil is depleted and fertilizing is necessary.
- The roots of the plant are rotten and have a poor condition.
- Conversely, excess fertilizer. The nitrogen fertilizers applied make it possible to increase the green mass of the spathiphyllium, but at the same time they do not contribute to the formation of flower buds.
- “Women's happiness does not have enough soil moisture or the flower is simply not just flooded.
- The plant stands in a place where constant drafts.
- The flower has outgrown the pot and it needs a transplant.
- Wrong pot selected. The capacity of the plant is too large, until the roots fill all the space provided, flowering may not occur.
- Illumination does not fit the flower, there is either an excess of sunlight, or vice versa too much shade.
- Растение еще слишком молодо, либо испытывает стресс после пересадки, либо смены места пребывания.
- Созревшие цветоносы были неправильно обрезаны, либо наоборот их удаления не произошло. Сигналом, что цветонос необходимо срезать, служит изменение цвета лепестка, рядом с початком. It should be cream or light green.
- Perhaps your pet has been hit by pests, or the plant is sick.
How to make bloom?
First of all, you need to identify the reason why the plant ceased to bloom. Read the points above, maybe something from the above gives a similar effect.
If you are sure that you are properly caring for the plant, and it refuses to release the buds, then we offer you several ways to induce flowering in the plant.
Remove the plant from the bright light and put the pot in light partial shade. 2-3 weeks watering is not performed. When the leaves start to fall down a bit, be sure to follow this moment.
Water a little flower, and keep another week dry.
Next, transfer the pot to a bright place, begin to water the flower as the earthen coma dries with settled water.
Then we start feeding in the flower ration. Once a week we start feeding the plant with fertilizer. One subcortex should be organic, the second mineral and so alternate. In a month the spathiphyllium should bloom.
In the autumn, we find a cool room in the house, but where the temperature is not lower than 15 degrees. We transfer there a plant. Watering in this case is rarely done, otherwise the tips of the leaves may begin to turn black, the plant will begin to ache.
About a month later the plant is placed in a warm place, the flower will begin to bloom again.
Care during flowering
- During flowering, the plant spends more energy, so as soon as the buds begin to form, the plant needs to be fed.
- During flowering, watering is carried out more often, but at the same time we make sure that there is no waterlogging.
- During this period, the plant needs a bright scattered light.
- The temperature should be around 20 degrees.
- If the air is dry, then the plant should be additionally sprayed from the spray
Leaving after flowering
When the plant has faded, dried flower stalks must be cut at the very base, otherwise the plant may refuse to bloom in the future.
If the roots are visible from the container, then the flower must be transplanted into a larger container. Transplant Spathiphyllium in a pot that is 1-2 cm more than the previous one. Young flowers waddle over once a year; plants are older every 3 years.
In the period from spring to autumn fertilizing is made 1 time in 2 weeks.
In winter, the frequency of fertilization increases to once a week.
For dressing you need to use both organic and mineral fertilizer.
Mineral fertilizers choose lime without admixture. Fertilizer concentration should not be high.
It is better to take special dressings, but feedings will also suit: “Flower”, “Azalew”. You can also use complex formulations.
From organic fertilizers you can use tea or coffee brewing.
Impact of transplant
Sometimes Spathiphyllium does not bloom, because there is too little space in the pot. In this case, you need to transplant the plant in a large container.
The pot for transplanting should be about 1.5-2 cm in diameter. Otherwise, until the flower is filled with roots, it will not bloom all the allocated space.
A rare transplant causes soil depletion, the roots get less oxygen, and root decay can occur.
Be sure to add drainage to the bottom of the pot, otherwise excess moisture will not go away, and the plant will begin to die. Soil mixture is best purchased in a specialized store.
Flowering plant replanting is not desirable. If it is necessary to transplant, for example, you have recently acquired a plant, then we transplant “Women's happiness” as carefully as possible, so as not to damage the roots.
Diseases and pests
A flower damaged by diseases or pests may not bloom. Consider the most common ailments.
Aphid. Maybe different colors: white, green, black. It feeds mainly on plant sap. Located at the bottom of the flower.
Folding or drying of the leaves may indicate the presence of these pests. The danger of a pest is that it spreads rapidly and can infect other plants. The fight can be carried out with the help of special drugs.
Spider mite Tick has a red color. Lives on the underside of foliage. Gradually, the pest covers the plant with sticky liquid and cobweb, and you can recognize the pest itself. You can fight it with a solution of tobacco and soap. Or insecticides.
Why are blooming green?
Most often, white flowers can be found in spathiphyllia, but sometimes the plant blooms green. This suggests a varietal characteristics of the flower. For example, the variety “Adorable” initially has a greenish color.
Also, the flower turns green when its flowering period comes to an end.
Too bright sun, can also give a similar effect in white varieties. Sometimes abundant feeding, too, make the buds turn green.
Concept of process
The flowering process is a complex of physiological processes of generative reproduction. Which flow from flowering plants from the time of budding to the full disclosure of flowers. The development of flowers in all plants occurs in its own way. Some can bloom very quickly, only after having spun out of the ground, releasing a couple of leaves, they begin to bloom. Others, on the contrary, when mature, gain strength, gain strength.
There are varieties of flowers that reproduce the inflorescence 1 time in a lifetime. When the plant grew, gained strength and collected enough nutrients, it releases a flower. After giving all the power in the flowers and as a result dies. And there are varieties of bloom annually, to old age.
When does this happen?
However, the time of occurrence and the abundance of inflorescences depends on the parameters of the plant. Indoor exotic can bloom several times a year. This long-awaited time comes in the middle of spring and lasts until the beginning of autumn.
What conditions the plant needs for the appearance of buds:
- Room temperature should be within + 23-25 ° C. Required without sudden drops and drafts.
- Also not to do without intensive lighting. Spathiphyllum loves sunshine, but in hot periods with him you need to be careful.
- Watering is also important. The soil should not dry out completely, the plant prefers a moist growing environment.
- Do not forget about the soil. The optimal composition:
- humus earth with pine bark,
- brick baby.
Unsuitable pot size
Spathiphyllum is contraindicated too large and deep pots. In exotic, the root system initially grows, which fills the entire space, and then shoots appear. With a sufficiently large planting capacity of flowering, you can wait 5 years. The maximum size of the flowerpot in diameter is 30-35cm.
It is also bad if the roots stick out from the pot. In this case, too close. The indoor flower grows too fast and does not fully fit into the capacity chosen for it. As a result, there is a lack of moisture and nutrients. Therefore, when transplanting a new pot, choose 3-4 cm more than before.
Of course, this factor can provoke a long absence of buds. There may be the following problems:
- As a result of frequent watering, the earth is compacted, preventing air from reaching the roots. It is necessary to regularly loosen the surface layer.
- Inappropriate composition of soil mixture, which is low in nutrients. In such a poor soil, the plant feels unwell, not enough power to release new flower stalks.
- Also, the reason may lie in the absence of a drainage layer. As a result, stagnant fluids in the pot are possible.
The next reason lies in the possible diseases of the root system. One of these ailments is root rot. Occurs when overmoistening and hypothermia roots. The fungal disease develops rapidly, affecting all the organs of the plant, respectively, the leaves wither, flowers fall off, and the roots rot.
Sick flower accurately create beautiful inflorescences can not. First you need to overcome the disease, most likely, you will need chemicals - fungicides.
An excess or lack of moisture affects the state of the spathiphyllum. Indoor exotic demanding irrigation, but at the same time, has a tendency to decay. As for the volume of fluid, it is worth looking individually. The soil should not be dry, but at the same time wet.
The main enemies of spathiphyllum are:
There is nothing to change, they need to be eliminated. You can try to use folk remedies:
- onion decoction
- infusion on lemon peels,
- soap and tobacco solution.
But a positive result is possible with a slight defeat. If everything is running, it is better not to suffer, and immediately treat with insecticides. With the defeat of one flower by pests, it must be urgently isolated from the rest.
Lack of fertilizer
Provided that the exotic has not been transplanted for a long time, the soil is poor or originally planted in depleted soil - you can not wait for flowering. The plant is so-called fasting.
If there are no complex mineral supplements, the appearance of the plant speaks for itself. Flowers shrink, leaves turn pale, growth slows down.
To feed the plant costs all year round. At any time the spathiphyllum needs mineral fertilizers and top-dressings. If in the summer it will be good to fertilize the soil every week, then in the winter it is enough once a month.
Place for content
Lighting is an important factor in the flowering period, but the lack of light affects the presence of the flower period. Spathiphyllum is a shade-tolerant plant, but this does not mean at all that it should be placed deep into the room, into a solid shadow. The best option for the plant would be diffused sunlight.
Spathiphyllum loves humidified air.This is due to its natural habitat. Therefore, at home, it reacts sharply to dry air. The consequences - downy leaves, no flowering.
The situation is especially acute in the winter season, during the operation of heating devices. In this case, experienced growers are advised to cover the radiators with a wet towel. Spray water daily, and it is better to moisten the air in the room with a household appliance.
Plant leaves only leaves
Often a situation occurs when the plant looks healthy. Appearance speaks for itself: juicy bright green leaves, large size, the flower is actively releasing new shoots. However, long-term flower female happiness at home dissolves only the leaves, what to do in this case? Similar symptoms indicate an excess of mineral fertilizers. As they say, exot "zhiruet."
Nitrogen-based mineral preparations stimulate active growth of green mass to the detriment of flowering. To activate the budding process, the plant should be fed with potassium and phosphorus based fertilizers.It is these substances that are responsible for the future flowering.
It is important to follow these guidelines:
- To rearrange in a cool room with a temperature not lower than + 16 ° С.
- Reduce the frequency of watering.
- If dry tips appear, carefully cut them off.
- The soil in the pot should be regularly dried.
- After watering the soil loosen.
- Before the flowering period and in time to fertilize, the flower is recommended with potassium-phosphorus mineral preparations every week.
- Spray warm water every day.
- During spraying, add a small amount of Zircon to the water, which boosts immunity and stimulates flowering.
- Water to take soft, purified.
- To exclude the presence of drafts.
- Perhaps the use of drugs to stimulate flowering "Bud", "Domotsvet".
If after the work done on the errors, the spathiphyllum still did not please with the flowering, perhaps the cause is aged. The old flower does not find enough strength to begin budding. In this case, it is recommended to plant the plant in several different pots. And after the transplant, obviously, you expect beautiful, long-awaited flowering.
Spathiphyllum belongs to the aroid family, it is an evergreen. In everyday life it has the name “female happiness”, which comes from the belief that if an unmarried woman takes such a flower, she will certainly find happiness in family life, there will be half of it. But if the house is constantly present negative energy due to quarrels and disagreements, the plant dies.
On average, the height of the flower is about 30 cm, plus or minus. There are giants, and there are dwarf specimens of this variety. There are about 410 species of spathiphyllum.
This flower is very popular for the decoration of apartments and houses. "Women's happiness" boasts beautiful, thick, dark green foliage growing right out of the soil. The leaves have an oval shape with a pointed end. Naturally, an attractive and delightful white flower will not leave anyone indifferent. The inflorescence is a single bud, surrounded by a petal, a flower is arranged on a long stem. Flowering occurs several times a year: from mid-spring and continues until the beginning of autumn. As soon as winter comes, the spathiphyllum enters a state of rest.
Spathiphyllum in bloom
"Women's happiness" - a very thermophilic plant. A comfortable temperature for it will be 22-23 ° C. Temperatures close to 18 ° C, he is also not afraid, but we should not allow a larger decrease.
He does not like the flower and drafts, so you should not carry it out on the balcony for airing.
In fact, this flower is not so capricious, does not bring much trouble. But if the spathiphyllum ceases to bloom, the foliage may turn black or the color of the leaves dims, then it all means that the flower is sick or not provided with proper care. What to do in this case? Why does spathiphyllum not bloom?
Why he does not bloom
The reasons why the spathiphyllum produces only leaves may be different. Therefore, it is necessary to thoroughly understand the care, on the basis of this, it will be possible to find the reasons because of which “female happiness” has ceased to please the owners with its beautiful color. The possible "culprits" of the plant disease are listed below:
- Inappropriate lighting.
- Humidity around the flower.
- Poor spathiphyllum watering.
- Scanty or, conversely, excessive fertilization.
- Improper replanting.
Further, each item will be described in detail, from which it will be possible to draw conclusions about why the flower does not bloom.
Inadequate lighting and humidity
"Women's happiness" comfortably feels in the shade or partial shade. Therefore, do not put the pot in direct sunlight, they have a detrimental effect on the plant. But the absolute absence of light does not contribute to flowering.
How to make spathiphyllum bloom? A suitable option would be to place a container with a plant on a table (nightstand, stand) near a window or a window sill on the southeast windows. Bright light quickly dries the soil, the casting begins to turn yellow, and at the edges become browner. With an insufficient amount of light, the foliage instead of an oval shape becomes more elongated. In this case, the spathiphyllum begins to bloom less and less or stops altogether.
How to make spathiphyllum bloom? Since the plant is from regions with high humidity, it is necessary to periodically moisten the area around the flower. You can spray the spray or put a pallet with pebbles, which are constantly kept in water. This will ensure a suitable microclimate for the flower plant.
Poor spathiphyllum watering
If you do not provide sufficient watering, then flowering does not occur. In the end, it can lead to the death of a beautiful flowering plant. Soil moistening is carried out only pre-prepared water. It should be settled during the day, with a temperature of about 20-22 ° C, as in the room. A flowering plant, especially in warm weather, needs to be watered more often and well. In the cold winter season, the volume of liquid and the frequency of watering are reduced, the pot is not placed near the heating devices.
The plant does not like water stagnation. If moistening is too abundant, the foliage will fall, if not sufficient, the sheets will wither and bend.
The plant does not like stagnant water
If spathiphyllum releases unhealthy leaves, it is recommended to adjust the watering. Moisturize the soil is only when it dries. A couple of times in 7 days you need to spray the spray with water at room temperature, if you do not carry out such procedures, the greens will lose their elasticity. It is necessary to clean the leaves of dust with a damp sponge.
Be wary of the pot. If this happens, you need to give extra fluid to drain and no longer water until the drying out of the soil can be seen. The larger the sheet, the more moisture it evaporates, so its amount must be replaced.
Lean or excessive fertilization
How to make the spathiphyllum bloom, if watering is sufficient, the lighting is suitable? Perhaps the fact is that the soil became poor and for a long time no nutrients were added to it. Fertilizers are added to the soil during each period of flower development. In the spring and summer they feed once a week. When the onset of cold weather reduces the frequency of procedures to one per month.
The most suitable - this mixture, bought in a specialty store. Nitrogen-containing preparations and mixtures with potassium are very useful for this flower. Нужно быть внимательным и не перебарщивать с такими средствами, от этого в рост идет зелень растения, а цветение наступать не будет. Даже может быть отравление от избытка химических средств.
To save a flower, you need to transplant it into a new soil or dilute the old soil with fresh.
Replanting plants with errors
“Women's happiness” is rapidly growing and developing, and the root system, which in a short time completely fills the pot, is not an exception. “Female happiness” needs to be replanted in time, the appropriate period - in spring. The flower pot is chosen a little more than the previous one.
Multiply his kids. However, the plant does not like forced separation. In order not to harm the whole spathiphyllum, it is better to wait for the full development and formation of the children into an adult plant. After ripening, the finished plant is transplanted into a suitable pot.
Pot size required
When the specimen is transplanted into a new pot or the children are seated, the soil is selected slightly acidic, this will have a positive effect on the growth and development of the individual. It is recommended to stop the choice on such a mixture: manure and leafy, peaty, wood land at a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 2. Another added charcoal. Be sure to make a quality drainage system. To make the soil looser, it is advisable to add rotted wood or coniferous soil. In the case of a dense substrate, there will be poor air circulation, this will cause slow development and lack of flowering.
Flowerpot need to pick up for "female happiness" is not too big, the roots should not hang out there. Spathiphyllum blooms only after the roots fill the container.
How to provoke flowering?
Experienced growers know how to make spathiphyllum bloom. It is necessary to remove all unnecessary old parts, this will allow new inflorescences to develop.
Also, fans of indoor plants are recommended to arrange shock therapy spathiphyllum. It is done this way: take out the pot with a plant in a room with cool air, not above 12 ° C, and leave for 2 weeks. Then you need to put in the heat, feed the fertilizer. You can expect a quick flowering.
In addition to poor care, do not give bloom "female happiness" and all sorts of pests. The most common flower attacks are:
To flower began to bloom, you need to treat it from pests. Preparations can be purchased at a specialty store and process the plant according to the instructions.
In response to care and good care, it will decorate the room with its charming color, which will delight the owners of a tropical flower for a long time.
Brief about flower care, female happiness
The most favorable temperature for active growth / development of spathiphyllum at home is + 18 ... + 23 ° C, humidity - about 60%. Also, the plant requires bright lighting without direct sunlight, the complete absence of drafts, frequent spraying and moderate watering, preventing full drying of the earthen coma in a pot or stagnant water in the ground / tray after watering. Spathiphyllum is transplanted into fresh ground every year into the same or slightly larger pot with mandatory drainage holes and a layer of drainage at the bottom, the ground should consist of a mixture of turf, sheet, peat, humus soil and coarse sand in a 2: 1: 1: 1 ratio :one. During active growth / flowering from early spring to mid-autumn, the plant needs weekly top dressing with a universal fertilizer for flowering plants; in the late autumn and winter it is enough to feed the spathiphyllum once every 2-3 weeks with organic mineral nitrogen fertilizer. If all of the above conditions are met, in the warm season, the spathiphyllum blooms willingly and abundantly ... but it happens that the long-awaited flowering of the spathiphyllum never occurs. Why is this happening? How to achieve abundant flowering spathiphyllum?
Why female happiness does not bloom
- Lack or absence of dressings
Decision: regular introduction of universal fertilizer for flowering plants (Kemira-Lux, Agricola, Etisso, Uniflor-Bouton, etc.) in the spring-summer season.
- An excess of organic or mineral fertilizers with a predominance of N in the composition of N: P: K.
Decision: transplantation of a plant into a fresh earth mixture and the subsequent selection of fertilizers with a high content of potassium and phosphorus.
- Cold content for a long time.
Decision: moving the plant to a warm place with an air temperature of at least + 18 ° C.
Decision: frequent spraying of the leaves of a plant using a fine dispenser, placing a flower pot on a pallet filled with wet claydite, using a humidifier.
Decision: maintenance of the plant on the windows of western / eastern orientation, mandatory shading from direct sunlight on windows of the southern orientation, exclusion of plant maintenance on the windows of northern orientation. Both deficiency and excess illumination inhibit plant growth and prevent the formation of buds.
Decision: annual transplantation into fresh / nutritious / loose earth mixture.
Decision: transplant in a pot of the appropriate size. In an overly spacious pot, all the forces of the plant are aimed at filling the pot with roots and building up green mass; in a too close pot with a small amount of soil, the plant lacks nutrients to start flowering.
Decision: regular watering of the plant with warm water as the earthen coma dries. Both the lack and excess of moisture in the soil leads to damage (drying / rotting) of the root system and, as a result, to the absence of flowering.
Decision: Regular inspection of the plant for the presence of pests / diseases, treatment of the affected plant with special preparations in strict accordance with the instructions.
Decision: "shock therapy". To do this, you can put the spathiphyllum for a couple of weeks in a cool room with an air temperature of + 14 ... + 16 ° C, limiting watering and eliminating any additional feeding. After that, transfer the plant to a well-lit warm place, shed the soil in a pot abundantly with warm water while fertilizing it for flowering and wait until buds appear.