Spicy and medicinal herbs

How to grow cilantro in open ground

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Cilantro refers to the annual spicy-flavored vegetable crops. It has a specific flavor that is not liked by everyone, but in the Caucasian cuisine, weed is very popular and is added to most vegetable, fish and meat dishes.

Spicy weed can still be found under other names, such as coriander, klopovnik, kismets.

Cilantro blooms in the second half of the summer and until the end of August and is a good honey plant attracting bees to the garden. When growing cilantro, it should be borne in mind that it needs long-term illumination, and an average of 45 days passes from planting to harvest. In addition, with insufficient moisture coriander quickly releases flower stalks.

The name of the plant comes from the Greek word "Kores", which means "bug". Perhaps cilantro got it because of the special, not very pleasant smell, which produce immature fruits and the green part of the plant.

Favorite varieties of gardeners

The most common types of coriander grown on the plots are:

  1. Venus. Differs in early ripening, is used in salads. Height of a bush is up to 80 cm.
  2. Picnic. Early ripe low bushes no more than 40 cm in height with a large number of large leaves. Ripens in 35 days. It has a high yield - from 1 square. m. area can be collected 3 kg of greenery.
  3. Borodinsky. Mid-season variety, ready for use after 45 days from planting. The height of the bushes to 70 cm, high yield.

Planting seeds

The most favorable time for planting seeds is the period from April 15 to April 30, when the soil has already warmed up a little, but has kept moderate humidity. Night frosts up to five degrees of frost are not frightening to young cultures. With such terms of planting in early June, you can get the first leaves of cilantro. In order for healthy greens to be on the table throughout the summer season, it is recommended to plant the seeds in several stages, approximately every two weeks or use different varieties of coriander for ripening.

Seed selection

You can buy coriander seeds in retail and pharmacy chains. When buying, you need to pay attention to the age of the seed material. High germination can provide only seeds that are not more than 2 years. After 3 - 4 years of storage, they lose the growth property, and the seedlings turn out poor quality and uneven. 2.5 grams of seed are required per square meter of land.

Seed preparation

The dense rind of coriander seeds may contribute to a delay in germination. To speed up this process, it is necessary to soak the seeds in water with a temperature of 22 to 25 degrees for two days or at least for several hours.

Choosing a landing site

The landing site should be open sun or penumbra, away from tall trees and shrubs. Well, if this site will be on a small hill. Light-cilantro cilantro will not give a good harvest, being in the shadow of other plants or structures. The soil in the area should be light and fertile, with good water and air flow, with a moderate reaction. Heavy soils, which easily form a dense crust on the surface, do not fit coriander.

Neighborhood with other cultures

When sowing seeds of cilantro, it is necessary to take into account the predecessors, since the future harvest will depend on them. It is recommended to sow the seeds after:

and next to onions, cucumbers, carrots. Such a neighborhood is very useful and the planting is carried out randomly on vegetable beds or along the edges of plantings and between rows. But after cabbage, carrots (next season) and spicy herbaceous plants, sowing cilantro is undesirable.

Sowing rules and patterns

Seeds are sown in prepared well-moistened wells 1.5–2 cm deep. The distance between the grains is 5–10 cm. Sprinkled with dry earth is planted above. Row spacing is about 30 cm. With sufficient soil moistening, the first seedlings will appear approximately 2-3 weeks after planting the seeds.

Watering requirements

The frequency and volume of irrigation changes depending on the period of growth and development of plants. Young seedlings need two irrigations per week of 5 liters per square meter. In the period of enhanced green mass growth, irrigation water volumes increase to 8 liters. And after the fruit ripens, the amount of water decreases again and is about 2 liters.

Watering should be carried out regularly and in a timely manner. You can use any water. Overabundance and lack of moisture can not be tolerated. The lack of moisture will affect the quality of the green, it will become dry and harsh. Excess water will lead to rotting roots and delayed development.

Loosening and weeding

Loosening the soil allows for easier air penetration to the roots of plants. This is especially important for cilantro during the growing season. Regular loosening of the soil does not form a crust on the surface. Even a slight drying of the surface of the earth will hinder the development of green crops.

Loosening is recommended a few hours after watering.

Weed control begins immediately after the emergence of shoots and continues until the crops gain strength. Adult plants themselves cope with weeds and weeding can be carried out very rarely.

Harvesting and storage of the crop

The optimal time for harvesting occurs approximately 40 to 50 days after the seedlings appear. During this period, the height of green bushes reaches 15 - 20 cm and attracts attention with its juicy green shade. Cutting greens is recommended in the morning. After harvesting, the grass must be thoroughly washed and dried from moisture.

Store cilantro can be dry and frozen. Before freezing, the green mass is finely cut, packaged in tight containers or bags and placed in a freezer. For dry storage, moisture-dried stems with leaves must first be tied up in small bunches and hanged in a dark, dry room with good ventilation. After the cilantro finally dries, it is crushed and laid out in dense glass containers or paper bags.

Useful spice is suitable for consumption for more than one year. It can be added to various vegetable and meat, first and second courses.

Coriander seed or cilantro

Green has long become an integral part of human life, especially in cooking: it is added to salads and various vegetable and meat dishes.

For example, coriander or cilantro is found in many recipes, where it acts as a spice that improves the taste of dishes. Let us dwell on the most popular varieties of this spicy plant and find out how it looks and in what conditions it grows.

Coriander: description and history of appearance in Russia

Coriander seed - Coriandrum sativum L

Annual herb of the umbrella family, reaching 70 cm tall. It has a fusiform root and straight rounded stems, branched from the base, with pinnately dissected leaves.

It blooms in May-July with small pinkish or white flowers, gathered in complex umbrellas. Coriander fruits, ripening in July-August in the form of brown seeds, up to 0.5 cm long, have a strong odor.

In its wild form, coriander grows in the south of the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, in Central Asia and the Crimea. Coriander is massively grown in the North Caucasus, in Ukraine, in the European part of Russia. The most desperate gardeners manage to grow cilantro even in the central regions of Yakutia!

Historical roots of cilantro

Coriander came to our country not so long ago - at first it settled in other countries:

  • In the countries of Western and Central Europe, coriander appeared thanks to the Romans. In particular, he was brought to England in the 1st century AD. e., where it was grown for a long time in the southeastern counties (now it grows there as wild grass).
  • In New Zealand, America and Australia, Europeans brought cilantro at the time of geographical discoveries in the XV-XVII centuries.
  • In Russia, coriander seed began to grow only in the 30s of the XIX century, although it first appeared in our country in the 18th century. Together with anise, cilantro in the form of seeds was brought from Spain by Count PI. Apraksin. He distributed the seeds of anise to the peasants of the village of the Red Voronezh province, so that they began to grow a new spice. Among the anise seeds were coriander. They were ordered to weed out like weeds, but cilantro was tenacious. Over time, it tasted and recognized as spicy grass.

Photo cilantro

We enclose for review several photos of coriander (greens and seeds) in order to understand what coriander and cilantro look like in reality.

Photo plant coriander or cilantro How to apply cilantro

Areas of application of coriander seed or cilantro

It is used in various fields of human life as greens and seeds of cilantro, and its essential oil. Here are some ways to use this spice:

  1. Essential oil of cilantro serves as a raw material for the synthesis of aromatic substances included in cosmetics and perfumery.
  2. Coriander fatty oil, which remains after the distillation of ether, is widely used in printing, textile and soap industries.
  3. Coriander is added to various foods: bread, sauces, pastries, cold cuts, cheeses, beer and liqueurs. It enriches the taste of homemade dishes, so it is served to meat dishes in the form of greens, rich in vitamins A and C.
  4. Cilantro seeds help to heal wounds, relieve pain, improve digestion and liver function, eliminate constipation, heal hemorrhoids, therefore they are used for medical purposes. Cilantro in veterinary medicine is used to remove the worms in animals.
  5. Nutritious meal of coriander goes to feed for poultry, rabbits and livestock.

Types of cilantro

Any cilantro varieties contain a lot of carotene, vitamins A, C, B1 and B2, and their seeds include sugar, starch and the most beneficial essential oil. Consider the best varieties of coriander.

  • Coriander Amber and CARIBE F1. Essential spicy varieties with abundant green mass, late rifle and a pronounced smell. The varieties are rich in essential oils, so the seeds and leaves emit a strong aroma. The leaves are tender and tasty, well suited for first and second courses, salads. Seeds can be added to sausages, pastries and marinades.

The variety "Yantar" and "CARIBE F1" are sown on fertile light soils until mid-summer with an interval of two to three weeks. Shoots appear at 12-15 days. When the plants reach 10-15 cm tall, we can cut them into greens. If you need seeds, collect them when they turn brown 40%.

  • Coriander Debut. A variety that ripens in a month and a half from sprouting. It is grown in open ground as a spice and as a variety of cilantro for greens. Forms a semi-sprawling raised rosette of leaves with abundant green mass, reaching 29 cm in height and 25 g of weight. Leaves and petioles are green. They are valued for their pleasant delicate taste and strong spicy aroma. Since they contain a large amount of vitamins P and E, they are put in meat and fish dishes, fresh salads. A fragrant seeds enrich the taste of sausages, sauces, bread, pastries and marinades.

Seeds of the variety “Debut” are sown in April. In order to have fresh cilantro green on the table for a long time, regularly we add it every 2-3 weeks.

Types and grades of cilantro

  • Vegetable coriander Stimulus. Mid-season variety with a neat rosette of abundant glossy leaves. One outlet can weigh 45 grams. It is best to sow it after table root vegetables, potatoes and legumes, which are fertilized with organic matter. We sow a variety in April with a repetition every 2-3 weeks until mid-summer to eat fresh greens every day. If you need seeds, sow coriander in early spring with a thirty-centimeter distance between the rows.
  • Coriander Borodinsky. Spicy variety with juicy fragrant leaves that can be cut off 35-45 days after germination. Fruits are harvested after three months. Fresh leaves of cilantro are good in salads, meat and fish dishes. Seeds are used in the form of spices in pure form or mixed with other spicy plants.
  • Coriander Taiga. Spicy annual plant of late ripening: greens can be cut after 35-45 days after germination. The variety has a very bright color, thick foliage and strong peculiar aroma. The leaves of young plants are used in cooking various dishes, the seeds - as seasoning.
  • Coriander Venus. Late maturing variety with a half-raised rosette of tasty leaves that emit a delicate aroma. Like other varieties of cilantro, used in cooking as greens and seeds.
  • Coriander Vanguard. Low highly aromatic variety with a raised rosette of leaves of medium size and white flowers. Delicate leaves and young stems are good in salads. Ripe seeds and dried leaves are an excellent spicy seasoning for dishes. The variety is mid-season, so the first cut for greens can be made after 45 days.

These are not all varieties of cilantro - new ones appear regularly, with improved taste and aromatic qualities. But, whatever the variety of sowing coriander, all of them are endowed with a mass of health-friendly properties.

Cilantro - varieties for cultivation, features of planting and care, video

Cilantro refers to the annual spicy-flavored vegetable crops. It has a specific flavor that is not liked by everyone, but in the Caucasian cuisine, weed is very popular and is added to most vegetable, fish and meat dishes.

Spicy weed can still be found under other names, such as coriander, klopovnik, kismets.

Cilantro blooms in the second half of the summer and until the end of August and is a good honey plant attracting bees to the garden. When growing cilantro, it should be borne in mind that it needs long-term illumination, and an average of 45 days passes from planting to harvest. In addition, with insufficient moisture coriander quickly releases flower stalks.

The name of the plant comes from the Greek word "Kores", which means "bug". Perhaps cilantro got it because of the special, not very pleasant smell, which produce immature fruits and the green part of the plant.

How to plant cilantro correctly, and what grade is better to choose

Before you choose a grade of cilantro, you need to decide for what purpose you need spice. If the greens, the choice is better to stop on vegetable varieties - they are characterized by high aromaticity, special tenderness of the leaves and late flowering period. If cilantro is grown to produce coriander, then varieties should be planted, from which quality seeds grow. The most popular vegetable varieties are:

  • Avant-garde - a compact plant of small height with a dense leafy part and a strong spicy aroma, you can sit in the house on the windowsill, balcony,

  • Karibe is a compact, well leafy and late-flowering variety, highly cut greens with delicate flavor and intense aroma,
  • The King of the Market is an early ripe variety, distinguished by a significant amount of green mass, compact plants with a juicy, tender green and strong spicy aroma,
  • Borodinsky is a mid-season variety, compact, but tall (up to 70 cm) plants, greens have a mild flavor, suitable for salads and decoration of dishes, intended for cultivation in the ground,
  • Taiga is a late ripening variety, but resistant to flowering, compact small plants with a dense deciduous part,
  • Picnic - an early variety, compact bush with dense toothed leaves, intense aroma and mild flavor, can be planted on the windowsill.

For the production of greens and fruits, varieties suitable for growing only in the soil are suitable:

  • Amber is a plant with a green leaf that is well leafy, delicate in taste, the seeds have an intense spicy aroma,
  • Venus - lettuce variety with thick delicate greens, the seeds have a soft spicy aroma, used to flavor marinades, baking,

  • Alekseevskiy is a mid-season variety, late blooms, resistant to low temperatures, tender, spicy greens, seeds with a high content of esters.

Landing features

To get a high yield of fragrant greens, cilantro must be properly planted, taking into account some features:

  • the area on which the spice is planted is supposed to be open, sunny, or semi-shaded — it is not recommended to sow spice in the shade of the trees, as the bushes grow weak, the flower stalks quickly appear,
  • it is better to plant the plants on a flat area, or on an elevation - if the crop is sown in a hollow, the plants will die from excessive moisture before maturation,
  • the soil in which the cilantro is planned to be planted must be nutritious and loose, if this is not the case - fertilizer should be applied: humus (0.5 buckets / 1 square meter) when digging, or mineral mixture (20-30 g / 1 m . square.) in early spring,
  • sowing of crops is carried out throughout the warm period - many gardeners prefer to sow cilantro at a dacha several times per season in open ground, so fresh greens are available all summer and autumn,
  • Before sowing the seeds in the ground, the site needs to be dug up and moistened well,
  • You can sow seeds at any time and according to any scheme: randomly, in rows, into holes,

  • sowing is carried out with dry seeds: 2-3 seeds are laid at a distance of about 10 cm - if you sow thicker, the plants will grow poorly in green mass, and early flower buds will appear,
  • рядки, в которые будет проводиться посадка семян, следует располагать на расстоянии не ближе 15 см — растения не будут затемнять друг друга, и это облегчит уход за грядкой,
  • у кинзы крупные, с плотной оболочкой семена, поэтому их посев осуществляется неглубоко (1,5 -2 см),
  • sowing seeds in the open ground can be in the middle of April, when the earth is warmed and saturated with moisture - in order to get several harvests per season, seeds are sown at 2 weeks intervals.

To grow spices at home on the windowsill, sowing is carried out in early March. In long boxes, seeds can be sown immediately at a distance of 5-6 cm; 2 seedlings should be planted in pots, or glasses. Planted seeds need to create greenhouse conditions for germination - cover the container with film or glass until the first shoots appear.

Growing cilantro on the windowsill requires additional lighting. This is especially necessary if planting is carried out in winter, or in early spring, when daylight hours are short. Having provided the plants with all the necessary conditions for the growth, the first crop of greenery can be harvested within 3 weeks after the planting was done. If desired, cilantro seedlings grown on a windowsill can be planted in a country house in the open field. This method is often practiced by gardeners, as it allows you to grow fresh greens much earlier than is possible if you sow the seeds directly into the soil. In addition, plants grown from seedlings do not require intensive care.

In the cold season, cilantro can be grown not only on the windowsill, but also in greenhouses. It is quite cold-resistant, quietly tolerates frost. Having provided the minimum leaving and enough light and moisture, it is possible to receive fresh greens from the first spring days.

Care for cilantro

Spice care does not cause much trouble, however, it should be carried out properly and regularly. In favorable conditions, seedlings begin to appear in the second week after the sowing of seeds. During this period, the entire care, as a rule, consists only in systematic watering. You need to water a week no more than 2 times, at the rate of (4-5 l / 1 m. Square.) This dosage is acceptable for the growing season, when the plants are gaining green mass. During the period of ripening of seeds, watering should be reduced to 2 l / 1 square meter.

When plants reach a height of 2-3 cm, they must be thinned out. Pulling out sprouts, you need to make sure that only the strongest ones are left on the garden, and the distance between them is at least 6 cm. Further care of the plants involves loosening and removing weeds. If the plants were able to be planted at a normal distance, then weeding and loosening can be done with the help of a tool, if it was necessary to sow, then weeding is done manually. If the spice is grown on a window sill or in a greenhouse, then care for it consists only in regular watering and loosening of the soil.

How to harvest

Harvest cilantro, as well as most herbs, harvested before flowering plants. The greens of flowering bushes are bitter, and unsuitable for consumption. To prolong the harvest period, inflorescences of plants should be regularly cut as soon as they begin to be laid. Most spicy cilantro greens become when the growth of plants stops - this means that the time has come for the final harvest, as the flowering begins. During this period, the foliage is cut and used for harvesting. Cut greens better in the morning.

For storage, cilantro is recommended to be dried, forming large bunches, and hanging them in a dry dark place. Grind the spice is recommended only after complete drying. Coriander (seeds) are harvested at the end of summer. Harvesting should be carried out several times within 1-2 weeks, as they mature unevenly and crumble as they mature. Dried coriander in the sun - the readiness of the spice is evidenced by the characteristic spicy aroma coming from the seeds.

The story of appearance in Russia

In Russia, coriander began to spread relatively recently. Initially, the plant settled in the territory of European countries in the western and central parts. For the first time, cilantro in the form of seeds, together with anise, was brought to Russia from Spain by Count Apraksin. Coriander seeds were distributed for growing to the peasants of the village of the Red Voronezh province. Among the seeds of anise there were coriander seeds, which they wanted to destroy as a weed. Over time, cilantro plants tasted and began to be used as a fragrant spice.

Variety description

Sowing coriander belongs to the herbaceous plants of the umbrella family. Despite the unusual aroma, the plant occupies a high position among all known spices. Among all the essential oil crops grown in Russia, coriander owns more than 75% of the area.

Appearance

The cilantro plant reaches a height of about 70 cm, possesses rounded stems branched from the base, an erect spindle-shaped root and pinnately dissected leaves. At the edges, coriander leaves can be toothed or three-lobed. During flowering, the plant is covered with small pale pink or white flowers, folded in umbrellas. The ripened coriander fruit is a dark achene about 50 mm long. The spherical fruits of coriander are brown-yellow in color when they are scattered into two miniature spheres.

Chemical composition

Spicy coriander is a rich source of rutin, B and C vitamins, carotene, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. Dry cilantro seeds have a cool burning sensation and a special aroma, since the drying procedure removes the trans-tricentenol-2 aldehyde from the plant.

Beneficial features

The essential oil culture is used in various industries due to its beneficial characteristics. These include the following:

  • cilantro enriches dishes with vitamins A and C,
  • plant seeds promote healing of abrasions, reduce pain, stabilize the digestive process and the liver, help in the treatment of hemorrhoids and eliminate constipation,
  • frequent use of coriander strengthens the immune system, has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects,
  • greens improve appetite, activates the process of excretion of toxins from the body, improves intestinal motility, strengthens blood vessels and favorably affects the blood composition,
  • Coriander lowers blood sugar, so it is recommended to include it in a regular diet with diabetes,
  • essential oil culture helps to maintain its shape and fight overweight.

Where is growing?

Any varieties of cilantro sprout better in sunny areas with fertile soils with a weak acid reaction. When choosing a place for planting coriander, you should avoid heavy, clayey soils, which form a dense crust. You can plant coriander not only in the beds at your summer cottage, but also at home.

The nutritional value

100 g of cilantro contains 1% of the daily requirement of carbohydrates, 3% of protein and 1% of fats. The plant carbohydrate content in grams is 3.7 g, which is about 52% of the total energy from a serving or 15 kcal. The total caloric content of coriander is 23 kcal.

The composition of greens includes 0.9 g of sugar and 2.8 g of fiber. Coriander does not contain trans fats and cholesterol. Of the fat-soluble vitamins are present: beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, vitamins A, E and K. Also in the composition of coriander there are a number of macro-and microelements.

Coriander Spices

Coriander is a common spice of Indian, Georgian and many other Oriental cuisines. Coriander greens are included in recipes for pickles, pastries, marinades and liqueurs. Due to the light taste, cilantro is ideally combined with other spices, for example, with basil, dill, chili pepper, mint. The most popular combination of cilantro with cumin. Cilantro is also included in the Indian mixture of masala and curry seasonings.

Benefit and harm

Coriander has a beneficial effect on the human body, it is used for depression, catarrhal diseases, diabetes. The essential oil contained in the spice has a strong anti-inflammatory and antiviral effect, and is eliminated through the urinary system, healing the kidneys and the bladder.

Despite the beneficial characteristics of coriander, the increased use of cilantro can lead to negative consequences. Greens are contraindicated in myocardial dysfunction, thrombophlebitis and vascular diseases. Coriander can provoke an allergic reaction, so allergies should use a small amount of the product. To include cilantro in a diet in limited quantities is also necessary for women during lactation or during pregnancy.

King of the Market

Variety of plants with dense vegetation. The leaves are medium in size, rich green, smooth. The main advantages of the variety include high aromaticity and resistance to frost. Productivity - 2.9 kg / sq. m

The fast-growing form of cilantro, ripening in 35 days. The leaves are large with jagged edges. Productivity - 3.2 kg / sq. m

Late-ripening variety of coriander. The ripening period is 35 days. Small plants up to 40 cm high. Yield - 3.2 kg / sq. m

Well leafy plants 50–60 cm high. Mid-season variety grows in 40–45 days. The yield is low - about 0.8–1.2 kg / sq. m

Alekseevsky

Cilantro plant variety with smooth leaves and umbrella-shaped inflorescences. Plant height 85-90 cm. Productivity - 1.4 kg / sq. m

Compact coriander variety weighing 20–40 g and a height of about 50 cm. The protein content is 9% and twice the standard. The yield of the plant is 1.5–1.7 kg / sq. m

Growing up

Cilantro seeds can germinate even at low ambient temperatures ranging from 6 degrees Celsius. You can start planting plants in early spring by placing the seeds in open soil. Many gardeners plant a plant in several stages, leaving between them breaks of two weeks. It is allowed to start sowing coriander from March to the end of summer. Large seeds are sown in wide rows, leaving gaps of about 40 cm. The optimum depth for arranging seeds is 2–3 cm.

Early shoots of coriander tolerate late frosts, up to 7 degrees negative temperature. At the same time, for active growth and achieving good yields of coriander, warm conditions are required - over 20 degrees Celsius.

Also, plant seedlings require the sun, so when planting you need to avoid dark areas. In the absence of sun, coriander bushes will reach up and will not give thick vegetation. The land for growing must be fertile. Regardless of the variety, it is recommended to grow cilantro after cabbage, tomatoes, legumes and potatoes. Reproduction of coriander is exclusively seeds.

Maturation of cilantro does not require special care. Enough to follow a few standard rules. First of all, abundant watering is important for the plant. The maximum need for watering occurs at the beginning of the growing season. During seed ripening and in the budding phase, moderate watering is required. Under the condition of long rains, plants can not be watered, since excessive moisture leads to the formation of rot.

In the first month of growing coriander after each watering, the top layer of the soil should be carefully loosened to improve the aeration of the roots. Otherwise, the plants will significantly regress in growth. To build thick vegetation shoots need to dive or thin out at the stage of growth of the second sheet.

Pests and diseases

When growing coriander there is a risk of colliding with aggressive pests. The most dangerous is considered coriander seed, gnawing holes in the fruit and causing significant damage to the crop. Once inside the fetus, the larva is activated and gnaws the endosperm. When a pest is found on the beds, it is necessary to sow seed seeds and constantly remove weeds with further digging. In addition to the seed eater, cilantro can be struck by a winter scoop, striped and umbrella bugs. Methods of dealing with them are similar, and as an additional measure, you can apply insecticidal fertilizers.

Among the diseases spreading on cilantro, ramulariasis and powdery mildew can be distinguished. Ramulariosis affects plants with excessive moisture and constant frosts. Dark spots appear on the leaves of the crop, which are gradually covered with bloom. Over time, the affected plant dies. Mealy dew is a fungal disease that is quickly transferred from one plant to the next. The leaves of diseased plants begin to turn yellow and fall away. The main measures to eliminate coriander diseases are periodic feeding, following the rules of care and seed dressing.

Harvesting and Storage

Cut the vegetation to the moment when the plant will lay flower stalks. If the buds have already appeared, then the greens will acquire an unpleasant taste and begin to taste bitter. When harvesting, it is recommended to leave a small petiole about 10 cm tall so that cilantro can grow again. At the same time, the second wave of a full-fledged harvest does not always grow, and in case of growth the leaves become smaller. Picking coriander can take several days with uneven disembarkation.

Cilantro can be stored in different ways. At home, greens well retain their beneficial properties when left in the refrigerator. The plant can be wrapped in foil or placed in a jar. The main thing is that cilantro should be sealed and no air should flow to it. Leaving fresh coriander in a sealed tray, it will be stored for about 8–10 days. If necessary, to ensure prolonged storage of coriander, it is better to use methods of freezing, salting, drying and pickling.

If you need to leave fresh greens for the winter, it is better to dry it. To do this, wash the plant well in water and completely wash off the dust and remnants of the earth. First, the greens should dry out a bit, after which it is necessary to cut it and spread it out on a paper sheet in a thin layer for complete drying. You can dry the coriander in a dry, well-ventilated space, or in an oven heated to 40 degrees. Dried coriander should pour in a glass jar or bag. In the dried state, the shelf life is about a year.

Using the method of freezing, it is possible to keep cilantro in a saturated green color. To do this, it needs to be washed, allowed to dry, put in plastic bags or airtight containers and put in a freezer. At a constant temperature of -18 degrees store coriander is allowed for a year. It is better to spread the cilantro in small portions in order to get the right amount at any time.

Description: varieties and varieties of culture

This culture is one year old. It is called cilantro in the case when it is grown on greens. If cultivation is done for the sake of seeds, another name is used - coriander. Many simply do not know that cilantro and coriander are one plant.

This herb with beautiful openwork leaves (similar to parsley leaves) looks very attractive both in the open field on the garden and in the house, which can be seen when viewing the corresponding photos. Cilantro has a strong spicy taste and a very unusual flavor that many do not like. But with regular use of the plant to the original smell quickly get used to.

Culture is unpretentious in growth, does not require too much attention and any special conditions in planting or care. Its reproduction can also occur by self-sowing, when part of the seedlings with ripe seeds were left in the autumn. There are many varieties of this culture. They are all very similar in appearance. This is easily seen by looking at photos of different varieties.

Depending on whether the crop is grown for the production of greens or for the sake of seeds, the selection of the most suitable variety, taking into account the ripening time, takes place. There are early, mid-ripening, late varieties. And the most popular among gardeners for cultivation in the open field include such ones as:

  • The King of the Market - early, with a large volume of juicy greens,
  • Amber - densely leafy, with tender greens and fragrant seeds,
  • Alekseevsky - average terms of ripening and late flowering, resistant to lower temperatures,
  • Borodinsky - mid-season, the taste of the green is soft, the plant is tall, but compact,
  • Venus - refers more to the salad varieties,
  • Taiga - late ripe, resistant to flowering, densely leafy.

Planting a plant

In order to get a good harvest, well-lit or slightly shaded places are chosen for planting cilantro. Under the shade of the trees, the plants will develop poorly. They will begin to reach out to the light and become weak. It grows better on flat or elevated areas without close location of groundwater, which must be considered when planning work on planting crops in the spring in the garden.

Attention! Planting cilantro in low places where water stagnation is possible is undesirable, as the plants may die before maturation from an excess of moisture.

The soil under the planting culture should be light, loose and fertile. Soils are preferably neutral. Fertilizer in the garden, planned for the cultivation of cilantro, it is better to make in the fall. And just before planting, the plot is also fertilized, and also it is well dug up and moisturized. Planted with dry seeds in open ground to a depth of about 1.5 cm. This is done around mid-April, when the soil is completely thawed and warmed up sufficiently.

Sowing can be carried out according to different schemes:

  • рядами – для облегчения ухода за растениями необходимо соблюдать расстояние между рядками не менее 15 см,
  • в лунки – сажают по 2-3 штуки семян в каждую с расстоянием между ними в 10-15 см,
  • вразброс – этим способом семена разбрасывают по грядке в произвольном порядке, но без излишнего загущения.

It is possible to sow cilantro in the open ground during the whole season, which is done by many gardeners in their cottages and personal plots. This approach allows you to provide yourself with fresh fragrant greens all summer and autumn before the onset of cold weather.

Care culture

Cilantro is distinguished by unpretentiousness in growing, without requiring any special handling procedures. It consists in:

  • removing weeds,
  • loosening the land around seedlings,
  • regular watering
  • thinning (if necessary).

Fertilizers should be applied only in the fall or spring just before planting the crop. Further care is not required. But especially you need to pay attention to watering plants. They should get enough moisture needed for their normal growth. Watering cilantro in small quantities leads to a deterioration in the quality of greenery. It gets dry and stiff. To retain moisture can be carried out mulching. But an overabundance of water also adversely affects the culture. In addition, you need to water less coriander during ripening seeds, which will later be used as food or for propagation of plants.

Fertilizer and dressing cilantro (coriander)

Culture prefers humus-rich soil. But feeding during the growth of cilantro is not recommended, as it contributes to the accumulation in the green of some substances harmful to humans. Manure or humus must be introduced into the ground immediately at the stage of preparing the beds for planting crops. Favorable effect on plants and the introduction of wood ash. You can also add fertilizers that contain phosphorus or potassium.

Plant propagation

Reproduction of this culture is made by seeds. They must fully mature. This is determined by the color of the fruit. When they turn brown, acquiring a brown color, they are easily removed from the plant by hand or begin to crumble, the seeds are ripe and ready to be harvested. Reproduction of coriander can occur as a result of self-seeding, when some of the seeds are missed during harvest and then crumbled to the ground. Having completely safely wintered under the snow, they usually come together fairly well in spring.

What diseases and pests does this plant have?

Plants can be affected by diseases such as powdery mildew and Ramulariasis. Among the pests affecting this culture, one can name coriander seed seed, bedbugs (their various species), an umbrella mole, as well as a winter scoop, gnawing the stem of a plant, and a wireworm, which damages the root system.

The combination of cilantro (coriander) with other plants

Culture coexists perfectly with almost any plants. Especially good to plant it in combination with other herbs, such as anise or cumin. The combination with this plant is not very good for fennel only. Coriander oppresses him. The best precursors for cilantro can be called perennial grasses, winter crops, and tilled crops.

Cilantro (coriander) is a culture unassuming to growing conditions. Sowing it on your plot, you can not only provide yourself with fresh greens with a spicy taste during the whole warm season, but also prepare fragrant seeds to use them later in baking and for preparing various dishes.

Features of cultivation of cilantro in the open field, the choice of varieties, planting and care

Coriander, or cilantro, is a great spicy greens, seasoning for a large number of sauces and culinary dishes.

The irreplaceable aroma of coriander is capable of amazingly complementing various foods, giving the food a certain piquancy. It is for this reason that today the cultivation of coriander from seeds is so popular.

This spicy grass is famous for the spread of Korean cuisine in our country. Residents of the countries of the Rising Sun, growing cilantro for more than seven thousand years, and today attributed to this plant the power of longevity.

Coriander or cilantro is an annual plant that is representative of the umbrella group. In greenery, as in the seeds of this spicy culture, due to the presence in its composition of essential oils, a very pleasant aroma is noted. Apply cilantro can be dried and fresh.

Variety selection

Before planting cilantro, you need to decide for what specific task you need this plant. If the greens, it is best to stop their choice on vegetable varieties - they are characterized by a late flowering period, a special tenderness of the leaves and high aromaticity. If the plant is grown to produce coriander, then it is best to plant varieties from which quality seeds can grow. The most popular vegetable crops are:

  • Karibe - late-flowering, well leafy and compact variety, greens with intense aroma and strongly dissected with a delicate flavor,
  • Avant-garde - a small plant of compact size with a strong spicy aroma and dense deciduous part, can be planted in the house on the balcony or windowsill,
  • Borodinsky is a mid-season, compact, but still tall plant (up to 75 cm), the greens are characterized by a mild flavor, the variety is intended for cultivation in the open field, suitable for decorating dishes and salads,
  • The King of the Market is an early ripe variety, which is characterized by a large volume of green mass, a plant with a strong spicy aroma, tender greens and compact size with juicy branches,
  • Picnic - a bush with thick compact and jagged leaves, mild taste and intense aroma, can be planted on the windowsill, is an early variety,
  • Taiga is a late-ripening plant, but it is resistant to flowering, small compact plants with dense foliage.

For the production of fruits and greenery suitable varieties, in which cultivation is carried out only in open ground:

  • Alekseevsky - resistant to low temperatures, late blooming, mid-season variety, spicy greens, tender, seeds with an increased amount of esters,
  • Venus - the seeds have a spicy soft aroma, are used to flavor pastries, marinades, salad variety with delicate thick greens,
  • Amber is a grass with a delicate green leaf that is well leafy, the seeds have a spicy intense aroma.

How to choose a grade

Before you choose a grade of cilantro, you need to decide for what purpose you need spice. If the greens, the choice is better to stop on vegetable varieties - they are characterized by high aromaticity, special tenderness of the leaves and late flowering period. If cilantro is grown to produce coriander, then varieties should be planted, from which quality seeds grow. The most popular vegetable varieties are:

  • Avant-garde - a compact plant of small height with a dense leafy part and a strong spicy aroma, you can sit in the house on the windowsill, balcony,

  • Karibe is a compact, well leafy and late-flowering variety, highly cut greens with delicate flavor and intense aroma,
  • The King of the Market is an early ripe variety, distinguished by a significant amount of green mass, compact plants with a juicy, tender green and strong spicy aroma,
  • Borodinsky is a mid-season variety, compact, but tall (up to 70 cm) plants, greens have a mild flavor, suitable for salads and decoration of dishes, intended for cultivation in the ground,
  • Taiga is a late ripening variety, but resistant to flowering, compact small plants with a dense deciduous part,
  • Picnic - an early variety, compact bush with dense toothed leaves, intense aroma and mild flavor, can be planted on the windowsill.

For the production of greens and fruits, varieties suitable for growing only in the soil are suitable:

  • Amber is a plant with a green leaf that is well leafy, delicate in taste, the seeds have an intense spicy aroma,
  • Venus - lettuce variety with thick delicate greens, the seeds have a soft spicy aroma, used to flavor marinades, baking,

  • Alekseevskiy is a mid-ripening variety, late blooms, resistant to low temperatures, tender, spicy greens, seeds with a high content of esters.

Video "Practical recommendations how to plant greens at home"

Informational video with practical tips and advice on how to plant greens at home.

Coriander oil

Spicy oil, created with the use of greens, is widely used in aromatherapy, medicine and other industries. The list of useful qualities of organic oils of the coriander plant includes antibacterial, soothing, choleretic and warming properties. By adding coriander oil to your daily diet you can prevent the development of diseases such as gastritis, flatulence, dyspepsia. It is proved that natural oil of cilantro promotes good appetite, gland secretion and active development of gastric juice.

As a preventive measure, it is recommended to use 1–3 drops of coriander oil mixed with honey daily.

External application of the oil product helps in the treatment of joint pain in rheumatism or arthritis, as well as in the removal of convulsive symptoms and muscle spasms. Due to the anti-infective effect, coriander oil is used for skin diseases and the formation of inflammation. The calming effect of the oil relieves nervousness and improves the condition in stressful situations. Use of the product is recommended for general fatigue and reduced immunity.

Application

Medicinal properties of cilantro allow its use in traditional medicine. Infusion of cilantro seeds is extremely useful in the fight against colds. Boiled dried boiled green is used to eliminate bad breath. Alcohol tincture of coriander can act as a sedative for nervous disorders and hysteria. To prepare the extract seeds of greenery insist on vodka.

Sometimes tea is made from the seeds of a herbaceous plant, which can be drunk while preparing for childbirth. It is better to drink the drink from the plant 2–3 weeks before the planned delivery. It is important to understand that during pregnancy, it is necessary to use cilantro in a limited amount so as not to provoke possible allergic reactions.

A decoction of coriander seeds is used to treat flu and tonsillitis. The presence of the antiseptic properties of the plant provides rapid healing of the patient and sanitation of the oral cavity. In folk therapy, decoction and infusion of coriander is used to treat eczema and dermatitis by applying compresses to problem areas of the skin. When washing with coriander solution, it is possible to make the skin soft and velvety.

The most widespread plant received in cooking due to its special taste and bright aroma. The plant is used as a seasoning, spice or freshly harvested. Green cilantro is added to food at the end of cooking or sprinkled on the finished dish to give a bright color and rich flavor. Coriander is suitable for combination with any vegetable salads, low-fat soups, fish and meat dishes.

Coriander oil is actively used in cosmetology for the production of cleansing tonics and lotions for skin care. Cosmetic products based on it are used to eliminate acne and acne, to combat flaky skin and puffiness. Creams that contain cilantro are an effective preparation for rejuvenating and maintaining the skin in a healthy state. Hair products containing cilantro prevent early gray hair, eliminate dandruff and stabilize the secretion of sebaceous glands.

Eat cilantro can be for weight loss. The product is allowed to use at any diet which provides presence of greens in a diet. Coriander stimulates an accelerated metabolism in the body. Adhering to a diet, it is recommended to snack on cocktails with vegetables and greens. The presence of coriander in the composition of such cocktails gives strength and vitality, helps to withstand training and actively lose weight.

Soil preparation

The grass loves a light sandy and loamy soil and is well lit by the sun, bright places. Cilantro grows well in semi-shaded places, but not in the shade of trees, otherwise it will quickly overgrow the peduncles and grow stunted, and in fact we first need greens.

If the land on the site cannot boast of lightness and fertility, then we add sand to it or feed it with humus (0.5 buckets per 1 sq. M.), Or mineral supplements with 35 gr. per square meter, conducting these manipulations in the month of May. Before planting, we properly moisten and dig up the area.

The bed with coriander should be on a flat or elevated site. If you sow grass in the valley, the plants will not have time to grow - they will perish from waterlogging.

Seed treatment and seeding

You can sow coriander in early spring, when there is a large amount of water in the ground, especially since this frost grass is not afraid.

Seeds are soaked in ordinary water or with the addition of a growth promoter for fast growing. If you do not really want to use chemical activators, then soak the plant seeds in aloe juice. Subsequent crops perform dry seeds.

Already in early March or late February, cilantro seeds can be sown in the greenhouse. After the seeds rise, peduncles form after 1.5 months.

If you sow the seeds at the beginning of summer, then on the 20th day you can get a harvest. Cilantro in open ground sown in 20−28 May. On one square meter will be needed 2.7−3 gr. seeds. The seeding depth of coriander is 1.6–2.1 cm, the distance between the bushes is about 11–14 cm, between the beds 17–32 cm (it is not necessary to soak cilantro seeds before sowing).

During the appearance of two true sheets, thin out, leaving a distance of 9 cm between the plants. It is necessary to grow coriander with a temperature of 21-26 C, and there should be a lot of lighting, because this plant is a long day. During poor lighting, coriander growth will slow.

Coriander reproduction

Reproduction of this plant is carried out by seeds, so they must ripen completely. This can be determined by the color of the fruit. If they turn brown, get a brown tint, then they easily begin to crumble or are removed from the plant by hand, the seeds are ready to be harvested and matured.

Cilantro can also propagate as a result of self-seeding if a certain part of the seeds crumbled into the ground during harvest. Wintering fairly well under the snow, they tend to sprout quite amicably in springtime.

Harvesting greens and seeds

This plant can be grown both for seed and for greenery. Both options are considered a great spice in dry and fresh form. In order for the grass to have a characteristic smell, it is necessary to know at what time it should be properly collected and how to prepare for storage.

If you grow coriander, then, accordingly, plan to harvest greens. In this case, it is necessary to cut the plant without fail before flowering. After the appearance of the ovaries, the taste of the greenery gets very bad, and the fruits appear. Catching this moment is quite difficult, because experienced flower growers are advised to collect the leaves right there when they reach a height of about 11–14 cm.

Preparation of the crop must be done either in cloudy weather, or early in the morning. Cut twigs need to be collected in small bunches and hang in a good draft to dry in the shade. Make sure that the sun does not fall on the spice, otherwise it will almost lose its amazing flavor. Dried coriander can be further crushed. In this form it is much more convenient to store it in special containers with tight-closing lids.

Site preparation for coriander cilantro planting

How to grow coriander coriander from seeds How to care

  • For the cultivation of cilantro, light loamy or sandy loamy soils are preferred.
  • The soil must be fertilized: for 1 m², add 2 kg of humus or 30 g of mineral fertilizers for digging.

Illumination area

Best of all cilantro grows in areas well lit by the sun. Perhaps a slight shading: plant along the fence, near the bushes, but not in the shade of the trees. Then the shoots will be stunted, they will quickly overgrow the flower stalks, which will negatively affect the greenery.

The bed should be on a flat area. In lowland cilantro develops slowly, may die from waterlogging.

How to collect seeds?

How to collect coriander seeds photo

The maturity of the seed is determined by the state of the fruit:

  • When the seeds turn brown, they are easily removed by hand and even more so when they began to crumble - they are ready to be harvested.
  • Seed germination is stored no more than 2 years.

Coriander successfully multiplies self seeding. Crumbled seeds hibernate safely under the snow and provide fairly friendly entrances in the spring.

When to sow cilantro?

In spring and summer: sowing cilantro in open ground is carried out starting from April 20 until the end of the month. When sown in May-June, flower stalks appear after about 20 days. In the greenhouse can be sown in late February and early May: flower stalks will appear on the 40th day.

Cilantro is a long daylight culture. As it decreases, growth rates slow down.

June is ideal for collecting coriander (seeds) - sow in early spring. From July to early September, the throwing of arrows is minimal, and the green grows most violently. Чтобы получать зелень, на ранних этапах следует удалять цветоносы.

Осенью: подзимний посев кинзы проводят в середине-конце октября, когда уже минует бабье лето и потепления не предвидится. За зиму семена пройдут естественную стратификацию и рано взойдут с появлением первого тепла.

Как сеять кинзу в открытый грунт

  • На 1 м² понадобится около 2,5 г семян.
  • Close them to a depth of 1.5-2 cm.
  • Shoots thinned several times.
  • Between individual plants in the end, keep a distance of 10-13 cm, between rows - 15-30 cm.

The term of emergence of shoots is 2-4 weeks, depending on weather conditions.

For regular receipt of greens during the warm season, you can carry out crops with an interval of 1-2 weeks. After 40-55 days, they are ready for cutting: several yields can be grown in one area. When re-seeding for 1 m², add 1 tsp. nitroammofoski or superphosphate.

How to care for cilantro in the open field

Shoots need careful care. Timely remove weeds, detrimental to fragile plants. Thin out the bed, removing weak plants - they can be eaten.

With a height of 5 cm, feed the cilantro with nitrogen fertilizer. After that, grumble the soil - it contributes to the preservation of moisture, inhibits the growth of weeds.

To obtain juicy green cilantro must be regularly watered. From a lack of moisture, the leaf rosette is formed poorly, cilantro begins to release arrows. Shoots need 3-4 liters of water per m², during the period of active growth make about 8 liters of water per unit of area.

Diseases and pests

Ramulariosis, powdery mildew - possible cilantro disease. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to observe the landing technique and avoid over-wetting. Remove the affected areas, carry out the treatment with a fungicide (greens in this case can not be cut for the duration of the drug).

Pests: various types of bedbugs, seed, winter scoop, umbrella moth, wireworm. Insecticide treatment required.

How to sow cilantro on the windowsill, look at the video:

Since cilantro is a fast growing plant, it is very easy to grow it on a windowsill in winter. It is easy to sow it in the seedling box, and the requirements for maintenance are simple: room temperature, moderate soil moisture and a long light day with bright lighting. In the short winter days will require illumination fitolampami.

Harvesting cilantro

Cilantro should be harvested before flowering, as its taste deteriorates. It is important not to miss this moment. It is best to cut greens with a height of 10-12 cm. Do it in the morning or in cloudy weather. Collect the cut twigs in bunches and hang them to dry in a draft. Afterwards, grind and store in an airtight container.

Seeds are harvested when they turn brown. Sift them through a sieve with large cells to get rid of the husk. Store in a dry, dark place.

Popular vegetable varieties of cilantro:

Cilantro avant-garde photo

Avant-garde - a compact densely bush, greens have a thick spicy aroma, can be grown in indoor conditions. The first cut can be done after 45 days of growth.

Kinza Karibe photo

Caribe - late blooming variety. The leaves are strongly dissected, have a delicate taste, the aroma is intense.

Cilantro Market King

Market King - A variety ripens early. The amount of green mass is significant, the leaves are juicy, the taste is thin.

Coriander Borodinsky photo

Borodinsky is a compact shrub up to 70 cm in height with an average maturity. Greens have a mild flavor, good for salads. It is grown only in open field. By harvesting, you can start after 35 days of growth.

Kinza Taiga photo

Taiga is a low bush with thick greens. Variety ripens late: more than 45 days.

Picnic - a variety of early ripening. Serrated leaves, mild taste, rich aroma. Suitable for growing on the windowsill.

Varieties most suitable for coriander production:

Coriander Amber photo

Amber - well leafy shrub, delicate green flavor. Shooting later. The aroma of seeds is spicy, intense. They are added to marinades, sausages, pastries.

Coriander Venus photo

Venus - thick greens are good in salads, seeds have a soft spicy aroma.

Coriander Alekseevsky photo

Alekseevskiy - a variety of medium ripening. Flowering later, but the plant is resistant to cold snaps.

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