The Vititsell group includes varieties, one of whose “parents” is clematis violet, and the Jacquman group, respectively, is the Clematis Jacquesman. The shoots of these shrub vines grow up to 3-4 m in length.
The flowers of the Vititsella varieties reach from 8 to 12 cm in diameter, the Zhakman group - 10-15 cm, and in individual varieties up to 20 cm. The beauty of these clematis is that they bloom profusely and continuously in summer (and the varieties of the Jacman group - and in September) on the shoots of the current year and belong to the third group of pruning. And this means that it is not necessary to preserve old shoots - the plants are pruned in the fall to a height of 10-15 cm. This fact will save you forever from the trouble with shelter for the winter.
Of course, skeptics will say that the most beautiful, large-flowered and terry varieties are represented by clematis of the second group of pruning. But their shoots need to be removed from the supports for the winter, gently bend down, making sure not to break, cover, spring in time to "unpack" and free from shelters, lift and fix the shoots on supports, check how well they overwinter and carry out sanitary pruning.
All these troubles can be avoided by planting varieties from the Vititsell and Zhakman groups. Their flowers do not lose much in size and color options. Moreover, selection does not stand still, and all new varieties of the third group of pruning with large semi-double and double flowers appear.
OPTIMAL CONDITIONS FOR CLEMATIS
Clematis need the sun. Only the lower part of the plant should be shaded, and the soil should be mulched - this will prevent the root system from overheating. The site must be protected from the wind.
Soils are preferred loose, fertile, well-drained (the whole area - a layer of gravel in the planting pit on heavy soils will not save).
Ideal if it is loam or sandy loam. Acid reaction - from slightly alkaline to slightly acidic.
THESE CLEMATISTS IN GARDEN DESIGN
Due to the fact that clematis shoots of the third group of pruning do not need to be kept for the winter, they are the best partners for roses. These creepers can be let through other shrubs, as well as decorating them with tall tree trunks and eastern and western facades of houses. By planting several of the same or different varieties in a row, you will be able to form spectacular “flowering walls” from them.
Any varieties from the Vititsella and Zhakmana groups on beautiful supports perfectly fit into traditional mixborders of the cottage garden. A compact bush monotonous varieties with medium-sized flowers will look good as vertical accents and in modern meadow flower beds. However, clematis can be used not only for vertical gardening.
Running them on low horizontal supports, you can create flowering borders. Or remove support in general and use vines as ground cover plants.
The Estonian red-purple variety Rahvarinne ’(U. and A. Kivistiki) is distinguished by its beautiful flower composition and a royally velvety texture. Brushes of the same breeders belongs to the grade ‘Bella ’ rare for the Jacqumann group of white colors. Clematis flowers ‘Stasik ’ 9-12 cm in diameter, and they are beet-red at the dissolution, over time they slightly brighten. The downside is much lighter.
Length of lashes 1 -1.5 m. MF. Sharonova named this variety in honor of her grandson. Another representative of the Soviet classics - Clematis ‘Elegy’ was introduced by A.N. Volosenko-Valenisi MA Beskaravaynoy in 1963, but still remains a model of high-quality breeding work. It blooms from June to frost, blue-purple flowers - from 10 to 15 cm in diameter, shoots - 3.5-4 m.
KLEMATIS VAN ZOEST
Not the largest, but cute flowers of the Dutch variety ‘Lucky charm’Have an unusual color: white with a violet border. 'Super nova’- a more compact and richly blossoming version of an old cultivarVenosa violacea’.
A clematis ‘Jackmanii PurpureaAlthough it has medium-sized flowers, it looks bright due to the contrast of dark purple color along the edges of the petals with white center.
English breeder Raymond Evison is known for his productive and spectacular varieties. Many in his piggy bank and clematis third group pruning. So, in 2017, he presented three new cultivators at once. SortSacha ’ with purple-blue sepals and grayish-pink stamens due to its compact size (1.2-1.5 m), it will perfectly fit into small gardens. Clematis ‘Kitty ’ can be called dwarf - height from 60 to 90 cm.
It has creamy white flowers (8-9 cm) with a pinkish-brown center. Both are suitable for growing in containers, a ‘Kitty ’ can be grown even in balcony boxes. 'Charmaine ’ - a long-awaited terry novelty with bright crimson-red flowers (10-15 cm) and yellow stamens. At the same time on one plant you can see both simple and double and semi-double flowers.
Earlier, Evison represented another semi-terry variety of the third pruning group - light purple-blue compactReflections ’.
From the novelties of 2016 it is worth remembering clematis ‘Tekla ’ with pink flowers very rich tone and the original lowVolunteer ’whose purple sepals are decorated with a carmine strip in the center. Pretty close to the red color of purple clematis ‘Alita ’. The same master's hand owns the hits ‘Chelsea ’, ‘Neva ’, ‘Giselle ’, ‘Guiding Promise’, ‘Samaritan jo’.
The variety ‘Venosa Violacea’, obtained in the late XIX century in France by Lemoine, still remains one of the most popular cultivars, its flowers are of medium size.
Warm pink with yellow stamens English Clematis ‘Barbara harrington’And very dark purple German‘Rasputin’Have already gained popularity and become classics.
But the two-color variety thundered on the last Chelsea Flower Show ‘Taiga’Japanese breeding still raises doubts about its winter hardiness. Although he is the third group of pruning, he belongs to the Florida group, which means he needs shelter for the winter in the middle lane.
CARE OF CLEMATIS DURING THE SEASON
From May to September, clematis require regular and abundant watering once a week - the soil should remain wet. In this case, the water should not fall on the lower leaves of the plant. The first fertilizing complex mineral fertilizer is carried out with the advent of the first shoots. Dose and time of subsequent dressings are calculated according to the instructions. Fans of watering clematis with “milk of lime” can do this at the end of spring, but in principle, this is not a mandatory procedure. It is desirable that the plants were mulched (by humus, bark or mowed grass) with a layer thickness of 3-5 cm.
Potted seedlings can be planted from spring to autumn, but the best time is August - the beginning of September, when the soil temperature is ideal for rooting. The depth of the landing pit is calculated so that one, and better, two internodes are 7 cm below ground level. That is, seedlings are planted with the deepening. In the summer, they continue regular watering and fertilizing of rooted bushes with complex fertilizer.
In early September, 2-3 cups of wood ash should be added to each plant. Feeding complex fertilizer stop. The third group of pruning is the most radical: shoots are pruned, leaving 1-2 internodes on each, i.e. up to 15-20 cm in height.
PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
Clematis is susceptible to fungal diseases and various pest attacks.
All of them can be fought by purchasing the appropriate fungicides or insecticides. The sad exception is wilt, a fungal disease that causes the clematis shoots to dry out completely. There is no government on him. Fortunately, varieties of the third group of pruning are less susceptible to wilt than, for example, large-flowered cultivars of the second group.
Clematis Jakman description
Climbing vine up to 4-5 m in height. Stem ribbed, brownish-gray, pubescent. The leaves are pinnate, consist of 3-5 leaves. Leaflets up to 10 cm long and 5 cm wide, elongate-ovate, pointed, with a wedge-shaped base, dark green. Flowers solitary, at least 2-3, from 7 to 15 cm in diameter. The color of flowers is varied: white, light pink, pale blue, purple, dark red.
Clematis Jacquesman, or Clematis Jacmans (Clematis Jackmanii). © MsRCooper
In temperate climates, the buds swell in the second decade of April, their disclosure occurs at the end of April, the first leaves appear in early May: from this moment the active growth of shoots begins and lasts until the end of June - beginning of July. Blossoming plentiful and long. Mass flowering occurs from late June to late August. Separate flowers can be seen in September.
Clematis Jakman landing
Due to the peculiarities of its ecology, clematis saplings are usually planted in spring in sunny and protected from the wind places on light or medium loams, where they bloom earlier and bloom profusely. 6-8 kg of compost or humus are introduced into each planting pit, and lime or chalk on acid soils. When planting Clematis Jacquesman, root collar is deepened in sandy soils up to 15-20 cm, and in loamy soil - 8-12 cm. This contributes to the development of a more powerful root system due to the formation of adventitious roots, and also guarantees vines from freezing in harsh winters. Around the planted plant the soil is mulched with sawdust or peat, which protects the roots from overheating, and the soil from drying out and weed development. After planting vines set support, on which they climb.
Care clematis Jacman
Well-rooted plants (planting of the past years) are watered with lime "milk" in the spring. For these purposes, 100-150 g of ground lime or chalk is dissolved in 10 liters of water. At the same time in the spring make nitrogen fertilizers. In the summer during the growing season and flowering plants abundantly watered. After 15–20 days, they are fed either mineral or organic fertilizers. A mixture of mineral fertilizers (40-50 g) is dissolved in 10 liters of water.
Mullein (1:10) is used as an organic fertilizer, i.e. ten parts of water and bird droppings are added to one part of cow dung (1:15). These solutions are carefully fed lianas, and then plentifully watered with water.
Clematis Jacquesman, or Clematis Jacmans (Clematis Jackmanii). © tmmtx76
Clematis jacmanne pruning
In varieties of clematis Zhakmana flowering occurs on the shoots of the current year. Therefore, one of the main agricultural methods is the correct pruning of vines. The first pruning is done at the beginning of the summer, when weak shoots are cut to enhance flowering on the main, vigorous vines.
Then at the end of June, part of the shoots (approximately 1/3 or 1/4) are cut over 3-4 knots in order to prolong the flowering period. After such a pruning, new shoots of a second order grow from the upper buds of the upper nodes, of which flowers appear in 45-60 days.
Finally, in the fall after the first frosts, all shoots of Clematis Jacman are cut at a height of 0.2–0.3 m from the ground. Without such pruning, the vines are severely depleted, in the spring they are more often affected by fungal diseases, they bloom poorly, lose their decorative qualities and often die quickly. Cut the shoots can be used for vegetative propagation.
In addition to pruning, during the period of growth shoots they are periodically sent in the right direction and tied to a support.
Clematis Jacquesman, or Clematis Jacmans (Clematis Jackmanii). © Doug Waylett
Clematis Jakman diseases
Clematis Jakman plants are occasionally affected by some pathogenic fungi - powdery mildew, rust, ascochytosis, and septoria. Control measures are the same as those recommended for the disease of other flower-ornamental cultures. Good results are obtained by spraying the plants in early spring and autumn before the shelter with a solution of fungicide Foundation (at the rate of 20 g of the drug per 10 liters of water).
Particularly dangerous for Clematis Jakman fungus disease called "wilt", "black death" or "withering." This pathogen is insidious because it penetrates the plant quickly without noticeable symptoms of the disease. In a diseased plant, apical shoots or whole vines suddenly fade. Unfortunately, the control measures are still unknown. Faded shoots are urgently removed. The stalks of the bush dig up from the ground up to 3 cm, cut off the entire above-ground part and burn it. Already healthy shoots grow from the lower sleeping buds of the plant.
Clematis Jacquesman, or Clematis Jacmans (Clematis Jackmanii). © Diane McCarthy
Clematis Zhakmana is one of the most popular among the beautifully flowering vines. The beauty and diversity of flowers, the abundance and duration of flowering, many of its varieties are second only to roses.
Clematis Jakman varieties
The following varieties and forms of Clematis Jacquesman are of most interest in the middle lane: Crimson Star (red color of flowers), Andre Leroy (purple-blue), Miss Cholmondelli (sky blue), Contests de Bouchard (lilac-pink), M — M Edward Andre (crimson-red), President (violet-blue), Gypsy Quinn (velvety-dark-violet), M. - M. Baron Vailar (pink-lilac), Alba (white).
Some varieties of clematis woolly
In addition to clematis, Zhakman is quite popular among gardeners with another type of clematis - clematis woolly, or clematis lanuginosa (Clematis lanuginosa).
Clematis lanuginosa species is particularly attractive in the form of clematis lanuginosa such as Lanuginosa Candida (white), Ramona (blue), Nellie Moser (white with red stripes), Lawsoniana (bluish-lilac), Blue James (blue). Crowns of the Vititsell group deserve attention. They bloom profusely and continuously. The most popular variety is Ville de Lyon (red), its terry form Flore Plain (smoky-purple), Ernest Margham (brick-red), Kermesine (pink).
Clematis woolly, or Clematis lanuginoza (Clematis lanuginosa). © rachelgreenbelt
Hybrid forms and varieties of clematis Zhakman and other large-color groups propagated by cuttings, layering, grafting.
Clematis Jakman's use in landscaping
Clematis Zhakmana can be successfully used in the decoration of public gardens, open areas of gardens and parks, front gardens, residential courtyards, territories of educational and medical institutions. Liana is appropriate when creating colorful arches, trellis, pergolas, trellis, as well as for decorating the walls of buildings, terraces, gazebos. In addition to open ground, Clematis Jacquman is also used as a pot and tub culture in enclosed spaces when decorating spacious halls, lobbies, lobbies, verandahs, and exterior design of windows, balconies, and loggias.
Overwhelmingly, Jacquesman’s clematis are varieties and hybrids bred by crossing Lanuginose crops with Vititsell varieties. As a rule, these are shrubs-vines with a powerful root system and stems that are 4-6 m long. Decorative lianas are provided not only by long flowering, but also by a beautiful dense, pinnate foliage. Different varieties of group C bloom with the formation of shoots of the current year and are represented by various in size and shape flowers, single or collected on three buds, reaching in diameter from 7-8 to 20 cm. Blooming Clematis Jacquesman generously and long enough. Their feature is the lack of flavor, as well as white in the color of flowers, in the palette of which, however, there are all possible shades.
The enviable decorativeness of clematis is a fertile prerequisite for the creation of new varieties, but also proven cultures, obtained by breeders for a long time, have been valued by gardeners for their amazing sophistication and beauty. For example, such varieties that meet the preferences of many gardeners are popular:
• Rouge Cardinal - winner of prestigious international exhibitions, vine with two-meter shoots and open cruciform flowers, characterized by luxurious velvety purple sepals. Flowering is long and abundant, continuing from July to October. The culture is moderately winter-hardy, it requires additional shelters.
• Star of India - liana shrub with three-meter shoots and curly leaves of 3-5 slightly pointed parts. Blossoming flowers, reaching 15 cm in diameter, are painted in purple hues and are distinguished by a bright purple median strip. Blooms in the 2nd half of summer.
• Gipsy Queen is a shade-tolerant shrub liana, forming up to 15 new shoots up to 3-3.5 m long in season. Large, upward buds blooming are remarkable, blooming with bright purple velvet flowers, practically not fading into the sun and reaching 15 cm in diameter . The variety blooms generously from the second half of the summer to the onset of frost, forming up to 20 buds on each stalk. He is famous for his excellent resistance to various fungal diseases.
• Bella - winding vine with wax light yellow star-shaped flowers (up to 10-15 cm), covering two-meter stalks. The variety is hardy and winter-hardy, immune to fungi. It flourishes from early July to September.
Clematis purple (Vititsella)
Among the representatives of the Jacquman cultures, a special place is occupied by a plant with purple flowers - Vititsell clematis, which are also the basis for many new varieties. The speaking name indicates the color of flowers - violet-lilac with varying degrees of intensity.
The flowers in this species are simple, rarely drooping. Fully blooming, they, depending on the variety, reach in diameter from 10 to 20 cm. Fast-growing stems grow up to 3-3.5 m per season. This species is represented by many varieties. Вот наиболее распространенные из них:
• Виль де Лион – многолетняя лиана с бурыми стеблями до 3,5 м в длину и направленными вверх пурпурными цветами 10-15 м в диаметре, расположенными на длинных тонких цветоносах. За сезон куст образует до 15 стеблей, на каждом из них распускается 12-15 цветков.
• Viola is an abundantly flowering variety with large, densely violet flowers (10-14 cm), similar in shape to the propeller. Shoots growing up to 2.5 m are covered with decorative three-blade leaves. Flowering begins in July and continues until the onset of cold weather.
• Polish Spirit is a climbing vine with long 4-meter shoots covered with medium-sized (up to 8 cm) lilac flowers, which bloom in July. The bush retains decorativeness until October.
General characteristics of varieties
The plants in the group of clematis "Jacman" in the photo look very different. However, they have a number of common properties. We give them in the table:
In relation to flowering clematis "Jacman" inherent in the following features:
- plants form buds of elongated conical shape, directed sideways or upwards,
- flowers, as a rule, simple (non-double-ended), open, "looking" up or sideways. Drooping forms are rare,
- petals can range from 4 to 6-7. They have an ellipsoid shape, pointed tips, smooth or velvety surface. Can wrap out or partially overlap each other,
- flower color bright. Dark shades of purple, violet and blue prevail. In some varieties, the petals have a two-color (with stripes of a different color) or a gradient (with changes in the intensity of the fundamental tone) color.
The resistance of varieties of the group to diseases and the degree of susceptibility to pests can be different, but all these plants are distinguished by not too high demands on weather conditions and the intensity of agrotechnical measures. Most varieties can be grown in almost any climatic zone of our country.
The group was named after one of the most “deserved” cultivated varieties, on the basis of which all its varieties were derived. Clematis "Jacman" (C. x jackmanii Th. Moore) was obtained in the nursery of Jackman (England) in 1858 and for many decades enjoyed wide popularity among gardeners in most European countries. This is a shrub vine with stems up to 4 m long, abundantly blooming on the shoots of the current year. When opened, the flowers have a diameter of 10 to 15 cm.
Petals (4, less 6 pieces) are located crosswise. The color of the flowers is dark purple, under direct sunlight it “burns out” to bluish-violet. Anthers are light yellow or cream with a brownish groove. The variety is distinguished by unpretentiousness and does not require time-consuming care. It is these qualities that made it possible to use it widely for breeding work.
Today in our country it is almost impossible to acquire planting material of this variety: as a rule, under his name or under the name "Jacquesman Superba" seedlings of other, more modern clematis, having a similar shape and color of flowers (for example, "The Unexpected" variety of domestic selection) implement. Quite common clematis "Jacquesman Alba" from the group of "Florida" and "Barbara Jacques" (group "Patents") are not related to the plants described in this article, and are not even their "close relatives".
According to the modern classification given in the monograph by M. A. Bezkaravayna, the group consists of more than 90 varieties. They are obtained by hybrid crossing of forms derived from the original “ancestor” with clematis belonging to other groups. The Zhakman group includes plants bred not only by foreign, but also by domestic specialists. In particular, the great contribution to this work was made by the Soviet (Russian) scientists A. N. Volosenko-Valenis, M. A. Beskaravainaya, M. I. Orlov, and M. F. Sharonova, as well as the Estonian breeder U. Ya. Kivistik.
The most interesting varieties of the group
Comtesse de Boucho
Bred in France, at the beginning of the twentieth century. The variety is medium tall (up to 3 m). The flowers are cup-shaped, with a diameter of 10 to 15 cm, of 6 wide petals that overlap each other. The color is mauve with purple streaks. Anthers are light yellow.
More information about this variety can be found in the article on our website.
It was obtained by A. N. Volosenko-Valenis in 1958. The plant is vigorous, with shoots up to 3 m. The diameter of the flowers is 8-12 cm. Petals are usually 4 (less often 5-6). They have a rhombic shape and pointed tips, often bent outwards. Color lavender with the transition to a bluish closer to the center. The tips of the petals are often purple or greenish. Anthers are pale, greenish-yellow.
A. N. Volosenko-Valenis and M. A. Beskaravayna in 1962 were bred. Powerful, strong-growing liana (up to 4.5-5 m). The average diameter of flowers is 16-20 cm, but there are specimens up to 26 cm. Petals, as a rule, are 6, they are oval, slightly overlapping each other, with edges bent slightly outwards and pubescent "underside". The color is very bright, purple-violet. In the heat, it becomes slightly paler, and when it becomes cold, it becomes saturated again. Anthers are large, thick, light yellow.
Obtained in 1958 by A. N. Volosenko-Valenis. The plant is vigorous (up to 4 m). Flowers with a diameter of up to 14 cm consist of 4-5 petals. The color is chocolate-violet, “fading” to deep blue with violet tint and rare greenish spots. The color of the anthers is greenish yellow.
The author of the variety is M.I. Orlov (1964). Powerful vines with shoots up to 4 m. Flowers with a diameter of 10-12 cm, from 5-6 (rarely 4) diamond-shaped, separated from each other petals, slightly curved edges outward. The color is very rich, purple-black, with "grooved" stripes in the center. Anthers dark with yellow tips.
The variety was developed by Polish breeders in 1975. Middle-sprout (shoots about 2.5 m long). Flowers up to 15-17 cm in diameter. Petals (from 4 to 6 pieces) velvety, dark purple, ellipsoid, with pointed tips and "grooved" stripes in the center. Anthers are bright yellow.
Bred in France, presumably in 1968. Medium-growth plant (shoots 2-2.5 m in length). The flowers are cruciform, with a diameter of up to 15 cm. Consist of 6 diamond-shaped petals with sharp tips. The color is saturated, purple-red, dark. The surface is velvety. Anthers are light purple.
More information about the variety can be found in the article on our website.
The author of the variety is U. Ya. Kivistik (1981). Bushes are low (up to 1.5 m), compact. Flowers with a diameter of up to 18 cm (about 12 cm on average), usually consist of 6-7 pointed petals with slightly wavy edges. The color of the petals and anthers is bright, dark purple. Flowers have a not very strong, but pleasant aroma.
Created by M. F. Sharonova in 1975. The plant is medium thick (about 2.5 m). The diameter of the flowers is up to 16 cm. Petals (6-7 pieces) are of a rare grayish-pink color with a silvery sheen. The color of the anthers is pale yellow.
Bred in 1972, M. F. Sharonova. The plant is not high (shoots from 1 to 1.5 m long). Flowers with a diameter of 9-11 cm, consist of 6-7 velvety petals, slightly coming at each other. The color is unusually rich: wine-red or cherry, over time, it “burns out” to reddish-violet. Anthers are dark red.
Received in 1981 by U. Ya. Kivistik. The plant is low (1.5-2 m). The diameter of the flowers is up to 14 cm, the petals are separated from each other, usually 6. They have pointed tips, wavy edges and a very original color: bluish-purple with evenly spaced bright dots. Petals look like shreds of slightly worn denim. Anthers are light grayish-purple.
Hegley Hybrid (Hagley Highbreed)
Bred in England in 1956. Medium-growth plant (up to 2.5 m). The flowers are large, with a diameter of 18 cm, petals (6 pieces) with wavy edges and pointed tips, slightly overlapping each other. The color is rare for this group of clematis: light pink with a light pearl-lilac shade and small purple-purple dots. Anthers are dark, purple-red.
Obtained in England in 1936. Medium-growth plant (up to 3 m). The diameter of the flowers is 12-15 cm. Each one consists of 6 wide petals with wavy edges that overlap each other. Coloring of petals is red-crimson, anthers are cream.
Detailed information about the variety can be found in the article on our website.
Basic rules of fit and care
Shrubs are planted in a permanent place, both in spring and autumn. Specific dates of planting are chosen based on the climatic conditions of the growing area. In the southern regions, it is usually the middle of March or the end of September - the beginning of October. In areas with more severe climates, mid-April - early May or late August - early September are considered the best landing times.
The distance between adjacent seedlings should not be less than 100-150 cm. The root system of clematis usually grows more in depth than in width, but some gardeners still dig underground “fences” around the planting pits (for example, from sheets of roofing material) to the bushes did not inhibit the growth of each other. Plants are not too capricious, although they respond well to the introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers. When planting, it is much more important to keep in mind that clematis is difficult to develop and often ill when cultivated on soils that have a reaction that is very different from neutral. In areas with acidic soils, it is usually recommended to add wood ash or dolomite flour to planting pits, which promotes some alkalization, and when planting on alkaline soils, acidifying additives, for example, fresh sawdust or pine needles.
Lanes, which will then "climb" lianas, usually also set at the time of planting: plants very quickly reach a considerable height, and most support varieties are required in the first growing season.
When choosing a place for planting clematis, you must consider the following nuances:
- bushes are very "afraid" of stagnant moisture at the roots. If the groundwater at the site lies at a depth of less than 100 cm, landing pits should be done on specially raised elevations, around which drainage grooves are arranged,
- for normal development, it is necessary that the aboveground part of each plant be at least 6 hours a day in the sun. On the other hand, flowers of many varieties that belong to the “Zhakman” group tend to “burn out” under too intense light. Some gardeners believe that this reduces the decorativeness of the crop, and try to plant bushes so that they are in light penumbra,
- Clematis often suffer from overheating of a part of the root system located close to the soil surface. To protect the delicate roots, the ground above them is usually mulched with peat or loose plant residues. A similar result can be obtained by sowing undersized annuals of annual flowers or lawn grass,
- in areas constantly blown by strong winds, clematis is better placed in places provided with protection (behind trees or on the leeward side of the house). Otherwise, the wind will break off the young fragile shoots and spoil the flowers,
- when placed near a solid support (for example, a house or a barn wall), it is important to understand that such an neighborhood can not only harm the plants, but also have a bad effect on the state of the material from which the wall is made. On the one hand, the water flowing from the roof can wash away the bases of the bushes or accumulate in the zone of the roots. On the other hand, the dense mass of stems and leaves will strongly shade the wall, creating conditions favorable for the vital activity of harmful insects and mold fungi. Therefore, in such cases, clematis planted at a distance of at least 50-60 cm from the walls, and stretch the wire trellis obliquely, from the roof to the base of the bushes. At the same time between the plants and the wall there is a gap, which is constantly aired and allows you to regularly cut the stems, excessively thickening bushes.
Caring for clematis "Jacman" is not too complicated. Standard agricultural technology includes spring sanitary pruning, fertilization, irrigation (especially in dry weather), loosening of the soil (very careful not to damage the root system) and spraying with drugs that protect plants from diseases and pests. The described varieties bloom on the shoots of the current year, and by the type of autumn pruning belong to the third group. This means that when preparing for winter, all the stems are shortened radically - to the 2-4th bud, counting from the level of the soil. In the southern regions of the bushes winter well under a layer of mulch. In areas characterized by long and harsh winters or alternating frosts and thaws, the aerial parts of plants are usually additionally covered with sheets of nonwoven material, roofing felt or roofing felt, which are then covered with peat, humus or sawdust. Clematis, which are included in the Zhakman group, are considered cold-resistant enough to grow successfully even in the northern regions of our country.
Use in landscape design
Decorative properties of clematis "Jacman" are used extremely widely. Shrubs bloom quite long and very abundantly (often more than 500 flowers on each), creating real "living walls". These plants are planted near the porches, verandas and gazebos, with their help hiding not too attractive areas of hedges, as well as the blank walls of buildings. Many gardeners prefer to build an individual support for each clematis (often of a complex, interesting shape), or to plant several different varieties along a separate long trellis. Creepers are able not only to climb up the supports, but also to position the stems obliquely or horizontally. This property allows you to use clematis as a ground cover plants when decorating low fences, alpine hills or walls, which are used for zoning gardens.
Amateur gardeners, keen on cultivating clematis, often create wonderful compositions, planting alongside varieties with flowers of various colors. At the same time, the possibility of changing the “color palette” not only vertically, but also horizontally is taken into account. The fact is that the varieties of clematis differ from each other not only in the shape and color of flowers, but also in their location on the stems. By planting a row of stunted varieties and clematis that bloom on the upper half of the shoots, surprisingly spectacular results can be achieved. In addition, flowering vines perfectly in harmony with the bushes of roses, especially climbing and park. Both cultures need similar farming techniques and the same pruning for the winter, which greatly simplifies the care of plantings.
Clematis can be used in landscaping balconies, loggias and patios. Both stunted and tall varieties are suitable for this, but it is better to give preference to varieties that have a not too powerful root system that does not dry out in the heat and does not freeze in frost when placed in a planting container (pot, container or tub). Recently, these plants are increasingly attracting the attention of professionals involved in the design of interiors. They are quite actively using clematis for decorating office and even residential premises.
When cut, flowering stalks of vines are included in bouquets. Sometimes for decorating the premises they use large flowers, separated from the shoots and immersed in flat containers with water, which looks especially interesting during the cold season. Enthusiasts (so far few in number) obtain material intended for such decoration with the help of winter forcing of low-growing varieties of clematis in protected ground.
Clematis are not without reason considered to be the "kings" of decorative vines. They can decorate any area, help in the zoning of the garden, hide the visual defects of buildings. The varieties included in the group "Jacman" easy in planting and care, unpretentious and surprisingly diverse. This makes them one of the most sought-after plants that have received excellent reviews from many Russian summer residents.
Irina, 56 years old, Dolgoprudny
I have long wanted to have clematis, but I did not dare: I was afraid that I could not cope with leaving. I was advised to start with the plants of the Jacqueman group as the most unpretentious. The first was bought by a sapling “Comtess de Boucho”, and a year later - “The Unexpected”. Both planted near the house with a support on the pillars of the veranda. It took root perfectly and almost did not require care. When blooming, indescribable beauty. Now I am thinking about buying a couple more varieties for planting in flowerbeds.
Nikolay, 44 years old, Tver
My clematis of this group has been growing for 10 years already. Two bushes of tall “Ernest Markham” have been planted near the deaf wall of the house. The undersized "Tex" and "Stasik" - on individual supports in the garden. Problems with growing has never been. By the winter I mow all the growth and mulch the soil with peat. Underground buds do not freeze, in the spring the bushes quickly grow. They bloom every year for a long time (almost to frost) and very beautiful. Beautiful plants for vertical gardening, and do not require extra work.
Nina, 35 years old, Lipetsk region
Clematis "Polish Varshavyanka" and "Moonlight" have long been with us: my grandmother planted. True, the names were forgotten, I had to restore them, learning from the fans on the forums. A few years ago I decided to decorate low stone walls with vines that separate the barbecue zone from the garden at the site. Low-growing varieties of “Tex” and “Ruute” for this purpose fit perfectly. Я укрепила на стенках металлическую сетку и пустила побеги по ней горизонтально. Получилось очень эффектно. К тому же, растения эти неприхотливы, и зимуют у нас отлично. Думаю подобрать еще сорта этой группы для украшения сада.
Елена, 48 лет, г. Пермь
У меня растут клематисы «Лютер Бербанк» и «Руж Кардинал». Очень красиво цветут, и уход несложный. При радикальной обрезке зимуют успешно, даже при наших довольно холодных зимах. The soil for planting, however, had to be “alkalized” with dolomite flour, but there were no other problems.
Natalya, 59 years old, Samara
Clematis are my favorites. I have a lot of them, there are also from this group. About two years ago, she found a sapling of the Silver Trickle variety, which she had long wanted. I planted it next to a bright red climbing rose. When flowering together, it turns out a rare beauty spectacle. All the neighbors come to admire.
Igor, 51, Omsk
He considered clematis plants to be quite tender and not quite suitable for our places, until he bought some of the Jacquesman group: first Negro and then Moonlight. No difficulties with growing not noticed. Grow well, bloom annually, do not get sick. For the winter I make small shelters of lutrasil, fall asleep on top of foliage. Still, our frosts in winter are strong and long. But in the summer we rejoice in abundant flowering. Perhaps this is the most convenient plants for decorating the site.
The experienced gardener tells about the care of the large-flowered clematis of the Zhakmana group (using the example of the Luther Burbank variety) in the following video:
She graduated from MGRI them. Ordzhonikidze. The main specialty is a mining engineer-geophysicist, which means a person with an analytical mindset and diverse interests. I have my own house in the village (respectively, the experience of gardening, horticulture, mushroom growing, as well as fussing with pets and poultry). Freelancer, in terms of their responsibilities perfectionist and "bore". Amateur hand made, the creator of exclusive jewelry made of stones and beads. A passionate admirer of the printed word and a reverent observer of everything that lives and breathes.
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There is no natural protection for tomatoes from late blight. If the phytophtora attacks, any tomatoes (and potatoes too) perish, no matter what is said in the description of the varieties (“varieties resistant to late blight” are just a marketing ploy).
In Australia, scientists have begun experiments on cloning several varieties of grapes grown in cold regions. Climate warming, which is predicted for the next 50 years, will lead to their extinction. Australian varieties have excellent characteristics for winemaking and are not susceptible to diseases common in Europe and America.
It is believed that some vegetables and fruits (cucumbers, celery, all types of cabbage, peppers, apples) have a "negative caloric content", that is, more calories are consumed during digestion than they are contained. In fact, the digestive process consumes only 10-20% of the calories obtained with food.
Compost - rotted organic residues of the most diverse origin. How to do? In a heap, pit or large box they put everything in a row: kitchen remains, tops of garden crops, weeds cut before flowering, thin twigs. All this is mated with phosphate flour, sometimes straw, ground or peat. (Some summer residents add special accelerators of composting.) Cover with foil. In the process of overheating, the heap is periodically agitated or pierced for fresh air. Usually compost “ripens” for 2 years, but with modern additives it can be ready even in one summer season.
The homeland of pepper is America, but the main breeding work on the cultivation of sweet varieties was carried out, in particular, by Ferenc Croat (Hungary) in the 20s. XX century in Europe, mainly in the Balkans. Pepper has already come to Russia from Bulgaria, that's why it got its usual name - “Bulgarian”.
It is necessary to collect medicinal flowers and inflorescences at the very beginning of the flowering period, when the content of nutrients in them is as high as possible. The flowers are supposed to be torn by hands, tearing off the rough stalks. Dried collected flowers and herbs, scattering in a thin layer, in a cool room at natural temperature without access to direct sunlight.
Convenient Android apps have been developed to help gardeners and gardeners. First of all, these are sowing campaigns (moon, flower, etc.) calendars, subject journals, collections of useful tips. With their help, you can choose a day that is favorable for planting each type of plant, determine the timing of their ripening and harvest in time.
Oklahoma farmer Karl Burns developed an unusual variety of multi-colored corn called Rainbow Corn. The grains on each cob are of different colors and shades: brown, pink, purple, blue, green, etc. This result was achieved by the long-term selection of the most colored ordinary varieties and their crossing.
One of the most convenient methods for harvesting a grown crop of vegetables, fruits and berries is freezing. Some believe that freezing leads to the loss of the nutritional and beneficial properties of herbal products. As a result of the research, scientists found that the reduction in nutritional value during freezing is practically absent.
Features flowering and care
Jacmatman's clematis blooms profusely and for a long time. For example, in the hybrid Rouge Cardinal, the duration of flowering of each bud is 2-3 weeks. Clematis pruning is always done before winter: shoots are shortened to a height of 0.2 m and three to five pairs of growth buds are left on them.
Climbing clematis is used in vertical gardening of gardens, manors, terraces, balconies and loggias, since, according to the recognition of gardeners cultivating clematis in their own plots, the plants develop well both in open ground and in closed containers. The only condition for the successful growth of culture is the presence of a stable support. It can serve as a trellis grid, decorative arch, railings, or even a low tree.
Planting and growing
The fastidiousness of the plant is no different. Clematis (or clematis) Zhakman does not like the sun, preferring light penumbra at a site protected from the wind - the main enemy of culture. It is worth considering the device supports, the necessary plant. The height of the structure, whether it is a trellis grid or something else, must be at least 1.5 m in height.
Planted in a culture prepared in advance pit, focusing on the size of the root system of the seedling. Liana is very sprawling, and when planting several plants, it is necessary to observe intervals between them from 0.7 to 1 m. Under digging into the ground per square meter make 10 kg of humus and 50 grams. superphosphate. After planting, young cultures are well watered.
Clematis Zhakmana distinguishes good resistance to diseases. Many varieties are hardy and winter-hardy, but it is better to cover them for the winter. Before this, clematis is pruned. In addition, the necessary traditional care, consisting in regular watering, weeding and feeding. The culture will respond to the care shown by a longer flowering, elegant and exotic.