Begonias have long gained popularity among Russian gardeners for the incredible beauty and variety of inflorescences and leaves. Among all the representatives of these plants, the Royal Begonia occupies a special place. It is also called Begonia Rex (Begonia rex), which translated from Latin means king, royal person. And the Rex really deserve such a high rank. These flowers are characterized by unusually elegant, relief-shaped leaves of various colors: from light green to almost black tones with all sorts of patches of silver, scarlet, lilac and other shades. The flowers of this species are rather inconspicuous, and they are usually removed. It is for the extremely beautiful decorative foliage and appreciate this culture.
What you need to plant a royal begonia at home
The queen of begonias is very thermophilic. Her homeland - rainforests in Southeast Asia. Therefore, in our climatic conditions, it is grown only as a houseplant. These flowers do not require any supernatural conditions, but at the same time extremely sensitive to a specific microclimate. (2.8)
Humidity and watering
Rexam requires moisture more than any other individuals. With a lack of moisture, the edges of their leaves become dry and brittle. therefore plants are watered regularly, preventing strong drying out of the soil. But excessive watering will be disastrous. Excessive moisture will damage the fleshy roots and stems. In winter, as a rule, the intensity of irrigation is reduced, especially if there is a decrease in the temperature in the room.
In summer, the Royal Begonia is watered plentifully, as it does not tolerate dry soil on hot days.
In addition, do not tolerate rex and dry air. As a rule, in the conditions of our apartments it is required to organize additional moistening for these colors. This can be done using:
- decorative fountain
- humidifier of air
- simply jar of water
It is important to remember that, like other species, Royal Begonia does not tolerate moisture on the foliage. Rex is not recommended to spray, and watering should be strictly at the root. The dust formed on the leaves is wiped with a dry cloth.
Temperature and lighting
The queen begonias feels well in the temperature range from 17 to 25 degrees Celsius. Drafts are undesirable for them.
The bright color of the leaves of the Royal Begonia requires a sufficient amount of light
Comfortable for the royal begonia will dim diffused light. Direct sunlight causes burns. With a lack of lighting, Rex loses the brightness of colors and turns pale.. The best location for flower pots will be shelves, cabinets, tables, located opposite the light source, but at some distance from it. Window sills that look east or west will also work.
Soil and fertilizers
Rex's prefer nutrient medium acidic soils. The structure of the soil should be loose, airy, dry quickly. Ready substrate can be easily found in any specialty store, but also prepare it yourself is easy. To do this, mix the following components:
- peat (1 part)
- sand (part 1)
- leaf earth (2 parts)
- sod land (part 1)
In addition, it is permissible to add pine bark and vermiculite.
Royal Begonia prefers light nutritious neutral soils with a pH of 5.8 - 6.5
With the onset of spring, regular feeding is introduced. As a source of additional nutrition using mineral and organic fertilizers.. In order to fully meet the needs of begonias in nutrients, fertilizing is carried out at least two or three times a month.
How to choose a pot
Royal Begonia belongs to the group of rhizome plants. It has a thick fleshy root, which is not characterized by strong rooting deep into. therefore the pot should not be too deep. In width, it should be consistent with the development of the root system. Pots with drainage holes on the bottom and sides are considered ideal.
How to cut a flower and when to do it
As such, pruning for the royal begonia is not required. Flower stalks are removed during flowering period. (t. to. they deplete the plant, depriving him of the leaves of their inherent beauty).
Before the beginning of the active growth phase, pinching of the rhizome is performed and the young parts of the root are redirected to the center of the pot. As a result, the growth of young shoots is resumed, and the bush acquires a magnificent shape.
Diseases and pests
Royal begonia is subject to a number of diseases, among which:
- rotting rhizome (main reason — excessive soil moisture)
- the appearance of dark spots on the leaves (as a result of direct sunlight)
- drying the edge of the sheet (lack of moisture)
- fungal diseases (powdery mildew — again due to excess moisture)
It is possible to eliminate the manifestations of these ailments by creating appropriate conditions for care - to reduce the frequency of watering, to create the right lighting. In the fight against fungus fungicides will be good helpers..
Begonia suffers with inadequate care often and severely.
In addition, the Rex begonia, like many other cultures, may be affected by active pests. For example, spider mites, aphids or scale insects. You can help the flower with insecticides.
How to transplant begonia at home
It is advisable to transplant begonia every year. Moreover, if the root system does not grow much, then it is quite possible to leave the same pot. This is done as follows.:
- prepare drainage at the bottom of the pot
- top drainage needed pour a layer of soil
- neatly take out the plant (not breaking a clod of earth)
- put a flower in new pot
- sprinkle with substratea little bit tight
Begonias at home can be propagated by cuttings, seeds, rhizomes, tubers, children and with the help of leaves.
For this purpose, cuttings of 10–15 cm long with 2-3 leaves are cut. Lower leaflets are removed. The upper cut to third. For a while, the stalks are left alone to allow the slices to dry. Then they are placed in water or in specially prepared soil. Capacity with cuttings covered with a plastic container or plastic bag, while providing daily ventilation. The appearance of the first new leaves will signal that it is time to transplant the plant to a permanent place.
Seeds for seedlings are sown from late December to March in a tray with moist soil. To create a greenhouse effect, put glass on top or press plastic wrap.. After the emergence of shoots, the plants dive several times, and then the strengthened seedlings are planted in separate containers.
Using the root system
The separation is carried out as follows:
- root system free from earthy coma
- with a knife rhizome divide into several pieces, each containing a sprout or a bud
- slices are disinfectedpowdered with crushed coal
- received delenki placed in separate pots
After some time, the first shoots appear.
With the help of leaves
Begonia is one of the amazing plants whose leaves are suitable for rooting. The easiest option - cut a good sturdy leaf with a petiole (without signs of rotting or disease) and place it in water. With the advent of roots, the sprout is transplanted into a pot.
Suitable for breeding and part of one large sheet. For this the leaf is cut into peculiar triangles, in each of which a part of the main vein should pass. After that, the resulting blanks tightly pressed to the ground and covered with a film. About a month later, new shoots appeared at the site of the cuts.
Carry out with a flower transplant. In this case young shoots, without damaging the roots, are separated from the parent plant and planted in separate pots. Further care is no different from caring for an adult plant.
It is used in tuberous begonias. Conducted in the spring. Tuber with a knife is divided into separate parts so that on each fragment there is a fresh sprout or a bud. Slices are treated with ash. Then tuber slices are seated in a pot with soil, only partially deepening. When the shoots that appear, reach a height of 8-10 cm, the tubers are completely covered with the substrate..
As for the royal begonia, it is very simple to reproduce by leaves, parts of a leaf and petioles.
Royal begonia - a plant of amazing beauty. If properly organized care, she will give her owner a riot of colors, pomp forms and will become a real decoration of any dwelling or office.
Botanical description of the royal begonia
The flower belongs to the Begonia family (Begoniaceae). Its Latin name is Begonia Rex. It is a perennial herb from the northeastern part of India.
Royal begonia is small. In adulthood, it does not exceed 40 cm and looks compact. There are also miniature varieties - up to 15 cm tall. The culture is characterized by a fleshy stem, which is covered with reddish setae along the entire length.
The main feature is large asymmetric leaves with jagged edges. They have a very bright and varied color. In it you can find not only green, but also red, purple, crimson and other inclusions.
Royal begonia blooms in small pink flowers (their diameter does not exceed 1 cm). They are almost invisible among the leaves and do not represent a decorative value. Seed ripening occurs in small fruits.
Popular varieties of royal begonias on the photo
In addition to the royal, there are other types of this begonia, for example, ever flowering or tuberous. But these are different plants.
Rex begonia cultivators include:
- Mini merry christmas. This variety has the most variegated sheets. The center of the sheet plate is colored brown. Towards the periphery, the leaf becomes first red and raspberry, and then black and green with white patches. At the bottom of the sheet there are large streaks. The plant is small, on average its height is 30 cm.
- Escargot. The shrub is characterized by a size of about 30 cm. The leaves of the Escargot begonia are dull and covered with small villi. Their color combines silver and green shades. The name of the plant was assigned due to the fact that its leaves resemble a snail.
- Dollar down. This variety most often reaches a height of about 30 cm. Sheet plate has the form of a fan. The leaves are cherry-red with a darker shade along the edge.
- Gryphon. Representatives of this variety is one of the most unpretentious in the care. Coloring foliage - white and green. The height of the shrub is 40 cm.
- Dark mambo. Plants are characterized by a dark green color of leaves, which at a certain angle appears black. The reverse side of the sheet plate is painted in brown-cherry color.
Care for royal begonia at home
Rules for the care of begonia Rex focused on keeping the color of its leaves. For this plant needs regular watering. The soil should not dry out, because this culture needs moisture for full development. But water the bushes should be moderate, because an excess of water in the soil can cause rotting of the roots and stems. It is very important to drain the soil so that the fluid does not stagnate. During watering, the water should not fall on the leaves so that they do not start to rot. Use need filtered or distilled water.
Shrubs of the royal begonias prefer well-lit places, but it is necessary to shade them from direct sunlight. Excessive sunlight can damage the leaves and lead to the loss of unusual colors. Therefore, flowerpots with a flower should be placed on window sills, located on the east or west side.
The emergence of peduncles can cause depletion of begonias and degrade its appearance. Therefore, they are recommended to be cut. Before the beginning of spring, you should pinch the rhizomes to activate the growth of new shoots. This contributes to the formation of a lush bush. Cut off cuttings from old plants to give them an attractive appearance.
Rules care royal begonia at home is clearly in the photo:
This plant develops well at temperatures ranging from 17 to 25 degrees. Excessive heat, it does not tolerate. Air overheated by heating devices in winter also negatively affects the development of the shrub. Therefore, you should not be too active to protect it from coolness.
It is also not necessary to lower the temperature during the rest period, since the culture grows well throughout the year. In winter, its development is only slightly inhibited.
The duration of the bush depends on the conditions. Usually it is about 3 years. After that, the plant can be divided into cuttings and propagated.
Fertile soil is necessary for full development, therefore it is recommended to often fertilize the soil on which the flower grows. It is especially important to do this in the summer-spring period.
As feedings you can use both mineral complexes and organic fertilizers. Make them should be three times a month. With the onset of cold weather, the culture no longer needs a lot of nitrogen and potassium, therefore it is necessary to use fertilizers with their content much less frequently.
Transplant plants carried out in the spring. During this period, Begonia has a good ability to recover, so the bush can easily cope with fractures of the roots.
It is necessary to choose a pot with a larger diameter than the previous one. Greater depth is not necessary as the root system develops close to the surface. In the process of work, it is necessary to carefully remove the clod of old earth and immerse the plant in a new substrate.
It occurs in the winter and is characterized by slow development. Special conditions of the plant is not required. Moderation is important irrigation.
It is also necessary to maintain the necessary air humidity, since overdried air due to central heating can harm the royal begonia. Therefore, it is worthwhile to install a humidifier or put wet claydite in the pan. Spray the flower should not be.
Leaf and cuttings
The most popular breeding method for rex begonias is vegetative. It involves the use of leaf plates and cuttings. They need to be placed for several hours in the solution of the rotor, and then into the substrate.
For germination suitable wet mix of peat and vermiculite. Capacity cover with plastic or lid. Periodically need to moisten the earth. It is possible to transplant sprouts after the appearance of 2-3 sheets.
Growing from a leaflet:
Growing begonia from seeds is a difficult task, because planting material is very small. For the seeds to germinate, you must carefully follow the rules. And their germination is very low.
Therefore, most often this method is used only by breeders. At home, it is ineffective.
Roots and tubers
This method of reproduction is rarely used. It is more suitable for tuberous varieties of culture. But if you want, you can try to divide the root of the plant.
Only it is necessary to divide so that growth buds are present on the cut off parts. For the material to take root, slices need to be treated with growth stimulants.
Description of the royal begonia
Root system represented powerful creeping rhizome.
The stem is fleshy, small in size, covered with reddish bristles.
Leaves large, asymmetrical, pointed, have oblong petioles and a jagged edge. Sheet plates have a bright and varied colors, has green, scarlet, crimson, purple, purple and even silver inclusions. Veins on the leaves may be a different color.
- Interestingly, the particular decoration of this plant is caused by certain physical needs:
The flowers are pink and inconspicuous with a diameter of up to 1 centimeter. Against the background of bright leaves do not carry decorative value. Seeds ripen in small fruits.
Home care for royal Begonia
Begonia does not require special conditions of detention but in order to preserve bright colors, it is necessary to create certain conditions.
The first planting of the plant after successful cultivation from the seed is made on the fourth week. When planting should follow the recommendations on the composition of the soil and type of pot.
For rex begonias, nutrient soils with medium acidity are preferred. In specialized stores you can buy ready-made soil for begonias. For self-preparation of the soil will need to mix the following components: торф – 1 часть, песок – часть, листовая земля – 2 части, перегной – 2 части.
To capacity for planting royal begonias there are some requirements. The pot should be wide for the characteristic development of the root system, contain drainage holes and a tray. The height of the pot is not critical, as the roots do not go far.
Watering should be moderate and regular. Earthen ball should not be overdried, the soil needs a slightly moist condition.
But excessive moisture contributes to the deterioration of fleshy stems and roots, so the stagnation of water in the pot should not be allowed.
When watering is recommended to avoid moisture on the leaves, which can lead to leaf rot.
Watering is carried out with filtered or distilled water at room temperature.
Royal Begonias require good lighting with diffused sunlight. Direct sunlight is undesirable for leaves. Window sills are suitable with a reference point to the east or west.
From the beginning of the flowering period, it is recommended to cut the flower stalks, as they lead to depletion of the plant and deterioration of the appearance of the leaves.
At the end of winter - the beginning of spring is approaching a period of active growth, which should be prepared by pinching the rhizome and reorienting the young parts of the root to the center of the pot. Thanks to the actions done, the growth of new shoots on the thinned rhizome and the formation of lush bushiness are resumed.
It is advisable to graft an old plant to restore an attractive appearance.
The optimum temperature for good development of the royal begonia ranges from 17 to 25 degrees Celsius.
Begonia grows well all year round, slightly slowing down the development during the onset of cold weather. In this regard, the creation of a rest period with a reduced temperature is not required.
Fertilizer and dressing
In the warm season, the flower needs constant feeding with the use of mineral complex fertilizer. Top-dressings should be done 3 times a month, stimulating active growth.
Organic fertilizers are very useful for begonias. Well-fermented for two weeks manure, which is applied in liquid form when diluted with water.
During the spring period, the fertilizer should consist of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in a ratio of 1: 1: 1, and by the beginning of cold weather the content of potassium and nitrogen is reduced by 2 times.
Royal Begonia follows replant in spring, because during this period, it is more resistant to root fractures and can recover quickly.
The pot for transplantation is chosen with a wider diameter than the previous one. Capacity should not be deep, as the root of the plant grows closer to the soil surface and does not go far.
In the process of transplanting rhizome can be carefully freed from the old substrate.
Diseases and measures to prevent them
Diseases of the royal begonias develop as a result of violations of the conditions of care.
- Diseases and their causes:
All these ailments happen through the fault of the florist. Therefore, it is not difficult to eliminate them by resuming the correct care of begonia.
Pests and methods of dealing with them
Begonia can be affected by scutes, thrips and spider mites.
For prevention, you should conduct regular inspections of leaves for the presence of pests.
In advanced cases, treatment with special medicines will be required.
Royal Begonia perfectly fit into any interior. Due to the colorful color of the leaves, it will become a rich living decoration in the house.
Then you can see home care photos of the royal Begonia rex:
It may have a very multifaceted color of the leaves: with green, red, pink and silver stains, as well as on the sheets, streaks and spots of various shades may appear. The surface can also be completely silver with a pink or reddish sheen.
Thanks to the crossing, the plants received different leaf shapes:
- simple rounded
- oblique heart-shaped,
The edges of almost all the leaves are jagged or wavy, very rarely found solid. The stems and leaves are covered with thick short hairs, due to which Begonia gets velvety appearance. The height of the shrub reaches 30-45 cm.
With proper care for Begonia Rex, you can achieve the following results at home, as in the photo below.
Like all other types of begonias, Tsarskaya also requires periodic updates. This usually happens every 3-4 years. To rejuvenate a flower, you need to plant a new stalk, which will eventually replace the old plant. Soil for planting, you can use the purchase or prepare it yourself.
To do this, take the sheet, sod land and peat in the ratio of 2: 1: 1. Alternatively, you can add to the mixture of bark of conifers or leaf humus. This will allow the ground to pass air. Do not forget about the drainage layer, which will help avoid the accumulation of water at the bottom of the pot. To obtain a non-standard flower arrangement in one wide, but small pot, you can plant several cuttings of different types.
But we must not forget that exposure to direct sunlight can harm Rex and leave burns on the sheets, which will cause their deformation and twisting. Try to find a suitable place with a diffused light.. Such demanding of the flower to the light is associated with the peculiarity of the climate and vegetation of the Begonia homeland - there the trees to shelter the leaves from the rays of the burning sun.
To comply with these conditions in the summer, Begonia needs to be placed in a slightly shady place, but in the winter, on the contrary, try to locate the pot closer to the southern window-sill.
Since this plant is home to the tropics and subtropics, it loves the heat in the room (but not the heat!). The optimum summer temperature will be a period from 16 to 22 degrees above zero. In the warm season, the pot can be put on the street or on the veranda, but to guard the flower from drafts.
In winter, the air temperature is reduced to 16 degrees Celsius.. During this period, the most important thing is that the roots do not overcool, because they will stop supplying the nutrients of the ground part of the flower. And the leaves should not be overheated, because because of this they can dry out and the plant will lose its attractive appearance, which for a long time will not be able to recover. All the important tips on caring for the Royal Begonia can be found in this article.
Begonia must be watered abundantly, especially in a hot period. The signal for the next soil moisture will be a dry top layer of soil. The “queen” prefers humid air around her, but she doesn’t need to spray it, because spots can appear on the leaves. The best way out of this situation would be spraying air or placing it next to a flowerpot of a container with water.
This species of Begonia has very large leaves, collecting a lot of dust on its surface. therefore it will not be superfluous to wipe the flower with a cloth moistened at least every half a month.
Remember that all queens are very fragile creatures. Begonia is no exception. Therefore, when caring at home, be very careful when handling the indoor plant.
Keep in mind that waiting for the full return from the plant is not worth it if you do not resort to using complex fertilizers. It is especially necessary to do this in the spring, during the period of awakening and active growth of the royal flower. The composition of the feed should include nitrogen and potassium.
And to stimulate root growth, phosphorus is also added to these elements. Water the soil well before fertilizing.because dry feeding can hurt.
In addition to mineral elements, gardeners are advised to use organic. It can be horse or cow dung diluted with water (200 g of manure is added to 1 liter of water).
This procedure is necessary when growing plants. It is necessary to improve flowering, maintain the ratio between the underground and above-ground part of the flower. preservation of aesthetic appearance. Begonias grow relatively quickly, but at the same time the foliage becomes smaller in size, and flowering ends.
The first pruning should be carried out when the height of the flower reaches 10-12 cm. You have the opportunity to choose and form the desired shape of the plant. After this procedure, reduce watering until the start of active growth. Do not forget to get rid of the curves and dried branches.
If you still did not cut the "princess" in time, and she lost her aesthetic appearance, we recommend her to re-root. Use knives or scissors with well-ground blades, so as not to injure the shoots. Sprinkle the cut areas with wood ash to speed healing.
- Sliced cuttings that can be taken both from the top and from the side parts, sits in a moist, moist soil, it is good to stimulate the roots.
- Cover the pots with young sprouts with a film to form condensation.
- Large leaves are cut into triangles so that at least one oily vein remains in each of them.
- The resulting leaves tightly pressed tightly to the ground and covered with a film.
- The film is opened daily for hardening a young plant.
After a couple of weeks you will be able to observe the appearance of new shoots on the triangles. Wait until the shoots are strong, and transplant into a new container.
Division of rhizomes
To get a new plant division of rhizomes, separate part of the roots during transplantation and place in a separate pot with moistened soil.
Seed propagation is the most difficult task. This is done only by experienced gardeners to preserve varietal qualities. It is better to purchase seeds in specialized stores.. Better to do it in early spring. The transparent container with a centimeter drainage layer will be suitable for sowing.
- Seeds spread on the surface and gently press down.
- Cover with foil or transparent cover. The soil should always be well hydrated, even the slightest dryness leads to the death of seeds.
- There should be a lot of light. If not enough natural, resort to the help of artificial.
- Every half an hour temper sprout.
After 20 days, the first true leaves will appear, after which the plants can be seated in separate pots. The land should be the same as when sowing. Do not forget to fertilize the plants and move the flowers in flowerpots corresponding to the size of the rhizomes.
And in conclusion, I want to say the plant is your little child who needs constant care. The Queen will delight you with her beautiful view only if all the above rules and recommendations are provided.
How to care for the royal begonia at home?
Soil substrate should have a weak acid reaction. The place where the pot will be placed should be well lit with diffused light.
Water the plant must be abundant, but to prevent stagnant moisture can not be. Also need to monitor the humidity.
The bush grows well and develops at a temperature of + 16 ... + 24 ° С.
Planting plants carried out at 4 weeks (when grown from seed). The pot should be spacious, have drainage holes and a tray.
The bush should be replanted every 3-4 years. This is best done in the spring, because at this time the plant is best adapted. For transplanting pick up a pot of larger diameter than the previous one, but not very deep.
In order to form the correct form, it is necessary to nip the bush. Early in the spring, when new shoots started growing, they pinch their tops (1 cm from the top of the shoot).
If the plant is afflicted with a disease, the affected parts must be removed with a sharp disinfected knife. Place the slices sprinkled with activated carbon powder.
In winter, the royal begonia should be placed in a room with a temperature not higher than 15.5 ° C. Care should be taken to irrigate - do not allow any overflow of water or underfilling.
How to propagate the royal begonia?
You can multiply the plant:
- leaf - healthy and large leaf blade is divided into parts above the bifurcation of the main veins (after 1.5 cm). Leaf cuttings are placed in a moistened soil substrate, covered with a film. Every day the film is lifted for airing. After 30 days, the roots are formed, and a month later - the first leaves,
- stem cuttings - cut off the shoots about 15 cm long with 3 leaves, process the growth stimulator, planted deep in a moist soil substrate, covered with a glass container and placed in a warm place. Further daily carry out the ventilation and, if necessary, the moistening of the substrate. A month later, the root system is formed,
- seeds - in winter is carried out surface sowing in the prepared substrate. Then the seeds are sprayed with water from a spray bottle and covered with glass, which is then periodically lifted for ventilation. When sprouts appear, the plants are transferred to a cool, well-lit room (for the prevention of extrusion). After the appearance of the first pair of leaves, the plants are transplanted into separate dive glasses, filled with the soil substrate. In begonia flowerpots, the king is transplanted in the phase of 5-6 leaves.
The advantages of this breeding method are the preservation of varietal characteristics and qualities of the parent plant.
- children - when transplanting, young plants are separated along with the root system and planted in pots filled with substrate,
- dividing the rhizome - a bush that is not less than 5 years old, is removed from the pot, the roots are washed, divided into parts (each must have a kidney or a process). Put in wide flowerpots, watered and placed in a bright warm room.
Use in landscape design
For the formation of a hospitable atmosphere, the pot is best placed in the living room. The plant will attract year-round attention and delight with its appearance. It is very good to use a flowerpot with a royal begonia when creating a winter garden. If you place a pot with a plant in the open air in the garden, it is only in partial shade.
This royal bush has a lot of fans, because its fancy, interestingly colored leaves are superior to many flowers in beauty. For many people, royal begonia is a favorite plant for growing at home.
Rex Begonia Care
In all types of begonias rich bright green leaves, this is achieved due to the high proportion of light, with insufficient light, it becomes pale. However, she does not like direct sunlight, there can be burns on the leaves, they will start to curl and dry. In the summer, when the sun's activity is maximum, royal begonia is best applied, in winter, the southern sill will be the best place, where it is lighter.
Watering and humidity
Begonia royal summer watered abundantly. Moisturize the soil as the top layer dries. The plant likes moist air, but spraying does not tolerate. If this is done on the leaves may appear brown spots that will spoil the whole appearance of the beauty. To create a microclimate around her that is suitable for her, put the plant pot on wet expanded clay or place a container with water next to it.
To maintain the decorativeness of the leaves, at least once a month it is necessary to wipe its leaves from dust with a damp sponge or napkin. It is important to do this carefully, because the royal begonia flower is very fragile, like crystal, and one wrong move will result in a piece of wood.
When caring for a plant at home it is necessary to conduct periodic dressings (once a month) complex mineral fertilizers. At the same time, it is important to adhere to the rules that state that before applying fertilizer a plant needs to be watered with settled water, that is, as usual. This should be done to prevent root burns.
Mineral fertilizers alternate with organic. Fermented manure from a cow or horse is suitable for it, it is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 5.
The royal begonia, which grows at home, requires an annual transplant. The plant is transplanted into the already prepared soil, bought in a special store, or prepared in their own hands. The royal begonia is planted in a substrate consisting of:
- 2 pieces of leafy ground
- parts of turf,
- parts of peat,
- parts of river coarse sand.
Adding bark of coniferous trees, vermiculite, leaf or sod humus to the soil will allow it to breathe. It is also necessary to make a good drainage to prevent stagnation of water in the tank.
During the transplant Choose a wide, but shallow pot, because the root system of the royal begonia is superficial.
It is possible to plant several varieties of begonias in one container, of obviously larger diameter, the original composition will be obtained.
Royal Begonia is suitable for living rooms.where people usually gather with different energies and thoughts. If the room has a Begonia Rex, then guests will feel at home - easily and naturally. Так как она способствует общению, создавая располагающую для бесед атмосферу.
По данным цветочной астрологии, листья бегонии подвержены воздействию Марса. От растения его влияние распространяется и на человека: он становится более решительным и деятельным. Cosmic energy through begonia affects a person and helps the development of oratorical abilities. That is why the royal begonia can be seen on the windowsills of teachers, journalists, writers, lecturers and politicians, because they feed the ability to speak.
Rex begonias have healing properties., thanks to which it can heal from diseases of the respiratory tract and prevent their appearance. Therefore, it is useful to grow a flower in a family where there is a patient with bronchial asthma or a smoker.
The flower is generally unpretentious, but it has certain requirements for care, violating which you can lose its decorative effect. Namely: he does not like the changing conditions of detention and poor-quality care. With poor care the rex begonia's stamina is depleted, which gives access to the attack of uninvited guests, such as:
Pests suck the juice out of it. If you let go carelessly and not to deal with pests, the flower may wither and have to part with it. But sorry for such beauty.
What then? The easiest way is to collect parasites manually. If you notice insects on it, you must first quarantine it so that other plants do not become infected. After that, collect the pests with your hands and treat the plant with soapy water. With a strong infection, manual collection will not help have to apply insecticides.
Problems with growing can be associated with violations of the growing mode:
- Begonia Rex does not bloom. This suggests that the flower is missing something or, conversely, too much. For example, not enough light, too dry air content, the wrong temperature, growing in a draft or a lot of fertilizer.
- Yellow leaves. They appear most often with a lack of moisture or nutrients. Feed more often than usual or transplant the plant into fresh soil, adjust the watering mode. Sometimes the leaves turn yellow from pests. Remove the plant from the pot and carefully examine the roots. Peel and rinse them in a weak solution of manganese, and then plant in a new pot with a high-quality substrate.
Florists choose this plant, preferring it to others, for its original lookas they can decorate and refresh any interior. Interestingly, each type of begonia Rex is radically unlike its counterpart.
They are distinguished from each other patterns and colors on the leaves, which are not repeated. When viewing, you can long be amazed and admire the beauty of the plant. The flower is fascinating from the first minutes and you can catch yourself thinking that you want to buy and grow such a miracle of nature at home.
Location and Illumination
All types of begonias are characterized by the presence of a rich bright green leaf color, which is provided with a sufficient amount of light. With a lack of light, the begonia leaves will lose their bright colors and become pale. In this case, from the action of direct sunlight, burns on the leaves of begonias may appear, as a result of which the leaves will begin to curl. In the summer, when the sun's rays have maximum activity, it is better to plant the plant, but in the winter, its place is near the southern window-sill, where it will be comfortable. The ideal place where she will suffer is penumbra.
Diseases of begonias
The royal begonia, in spite of its seeming unpretentiousness, reacts very painfully to changes in conditions of detention, as well as to poor quality care. During periods when the begonia begins to weaken, it is visited by uninvited guests, such as spider mites, scytchikas, thrips, which cause a lot of "suffering" to it. If you do not fight these parasites, the plant will wither and have to say goodbye to it. But the beauty is what! What should be done in such cases? The easiest way is to manually save the begonia from such an invasion, while at the same time, you need to remove the nearby flowers away to prevent contamination. After that, make a water-soap solution and sprinkle the plant with the leaves. If the case is strongly neglected, then it will not be possible to do it without insecticide treatment of begonia.
Amateur flower growers, and simple housewives adore this plant for its original and unique look, which is able to freshen up any decor and decorate the interior. At the same time, each type of royal begonia is radically different from its “brother”. The drawing of flowers is so interesting that you can stand and be amazed for a long time, while studying every spot and every drawing that has completely different shades. At the same time, you realize that nature has not been stingy with regard to begonias, neither for a while, nor for paints. This flower is fascinating at first sight and, at the same time, there is a great desire to grow the same miracle at home.