Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Zibold hosta


If you were looking for a detailed description of the various types and most popular varieties of host - you are on the right track. This article is a world host guide with photos and detailed descriptions.

Khosta - an indispensable plant for the garden. She is unpretentious, shade-tolerant, beautiful. Although at first glance the various types and varieties of the host may seem almost identical, in fact there are a great many of them. Our article will help you navigate this diversity.

Frequent "companion" hosts - garden geyhera. These plants perfectly complement each other in flowerbeds and mixborders. If you want to diversify your flower garden not only with hosts, but also with other herbaceous perennials, pay attention to our Guide to the types and varieties of garden geyher.

Hosta white-haired (Hosta albomarginata)

White-haired host hails from Japan. These elegant bushes are grown in gardens for almost a half century. To understand why the species received such a name, just look at the leaves of the plant - the leaf plate around the perimeter is decorated with a white border.

White-haired host prefers penumbra, tolerates winter frosts well, loves light soils.

general information

Ziebold Khost is named after botanist and researcher Philip Ziebold, who lived in the late 18th-mid 19th century. Its homeland is considered the Japanese wreck of Honshu. Outwardly, it is a large shrub with wide and dense leaves, with a bluish bloom, shaped like a heart and ribbed to the touch, attached to a plate about 30 cm long and up to 25 cm wide.

On a note! Peduncles are low, less than 40 cm tall, almost without leaves, the flowers are pale lilac, resemble a funnel in shape. The ripened fruit is a trihedron, with black, winged, flat seeds. The rhizome is compact, short, almost without branches.

In nature, there are more than 600 varieties of host. In their description it is indicated that one of the most beautiful representatives of this family is considered to be the host Elegans (Eleganse). In height, the plant reaches 65-70 cm, width in adult condition up to 90 cm. The color of the leaves is gray-blue, especially manifested in the shade. The leaves are large, bubbly, heart-shaped, with a pointed end. The flowers are pale purple. Host Elegans is great for group plantings on flower beds, and for solitary.

Hosta Frances Williams

Hosta Frances Williams (Francis Williams) is characterized by large size and uneven color sheet, which at the edges has a fringe of yellowish-cream color. The leaves are bluish-blue, compressed with a sharp edge.

Planting and plant care

For better growth hosta Siebold choose a semi-shady place that is protected from open winds. The plant loves a fertile, light, permeable ground. Seedlings are planted in spring or early autumn. For this you need:

  1. Dig the designated area,
  2. Dig holes, the distance between which they do, given the size of the plant in the future (usually from 30 to 80 cm),
  3. Fill the bottom layer of drainage,
  4. Pour 2/3 of the height of the compost, humus or peat, forming a mound,
  5. Add fertilizer
  6. Plant seedlings, gently straightening the roots,
  7. Well pour and cover with earth,
  8. Top grind with sawdust, bark or peat.

Important! You can not fill the ground growth point host.

If the planting was done in the fall, and the winters in the region are cold and frosty, you can cover it with agrofiber for the winter. Although plants are considered to be frost-resistant, but young seedlings shelter will help to survive the first cold. Caring for a plant consists in frequent watering, preferably in the morning. Feed the host Siebold Elegance 3 times per season:

  • In the spring, during the period of growth, at this moment they give complete mineral fertilizer with microelements.
  • During the flowering period, give the plant phosphorus and potassium (potassium monophosphate or superphosphate with potassium sulfate)
  • Closer to the fall just feed up with potassium sulfate.

Zibold Hosta (Hosta sieboldiana)

You can pour under the bushes rotted organic matter throughout the season. Also in the summer, weeds are removed, the soil is loosened under the hosts, and the flower stalks are cut off after flowering.

Siebold hosts reproduction

Propagate hosts in three ways:

Before dividing the bush, the plant is plentifully watered, dug, cut with a sharp knife, and if the plant is old, then with a shovel. The second method involves the separation from the bush sprout with a rhizome without digging out the entire plant. The third method, seed reproduction is considered the most time consuming. Seed germination is about 80%, and gardeners prefer to buy ready-made delenki.

Additional Information! If the seedlings have already been purchased, and the planting time has not yet come, you can store it on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, basement, or warmed balcony at a temperature of + 5-10 degrees.

Diseases and pests hosts

Among the host is the HVX virus that infects only these plants. Therefore, when buying seedlings on the market, you should look at the material being sold. Hatching, stripes, rings, specks appear on the leaves, which sellers can pass off as features of the variety. If you look through the leaf at the sun, in these places it shines through. The virus is transmitted through the sap of the plant, so when pruning the host in the garden it is worth disinfecting the garden tools. This virus is not treated, it is necessary to burn the diseased plants.

Root cervical rot occurs in plants:

  • planted on clay soils,
  • with excessive fertilizing,
  • with a deep landing.

It is expressed in yellowing and dying off of the leaves, they become sticky and soft to the touch. The diseased plant is excavated, the diseased part of the root is cut off to healthy tissue, treated with a solution of strong potassium permanganate or fungicide. They are planted in another place, adding sand or peat when planting in clay soil, putting 2 glyoxidine tablets on the bottom of the planting pit.

Hosts are very fond of slugs and snails. When they invade, the leaves of young plants do not even have time to turn around, thin-leaved hosts are particularly affected.

Note! If mollusks chose the garden, Siebold's host doesn't like it with its thick waxed foliage!

So that other members of the family do not suffer from gluttonous slugs, they are mulched with pine needles, sprinkled with crushed eggshell, plants are sprinkled with tabazole, tobacco dust, ash. If folk remedies do not help, then use chemicals, such as slizneed and thunder.

Zibold's host with minimal care will delight the entire summer period with large bluish foliage and decorate flower beds.

Main genus: Khosta

The species got its name in memory of the famous explorer and botanist Phillip Siebold, who lived in the late 18th - mid 19th century. The homeland of Siebold's Hosts is the Japanese island of Honshu.

This large shrub has dense and wide leaves. They are ribbed to the touch, decorative heart-shaped. The plate is a little more than 30 cm in length from above and below, and covered with a bluish bloom in width of 25 cm.

Not too high peduncles (up to 40 cm) are practically hidden in the foliage. They are almost devoid of leaves. In July, the tops of peduncles crowned with flowers of a pale lilac color. They are funnel-shaped and in length reach 5-6 cm.

The most famous garden hybrids were eaten in Japan - Elegans, Herkules, Semperaurea. As a result of crossing Hosta sieboldiana and Hosta tardiflora, stunted and medium-sized shrubs with a bluish tinge of leaves (Halcyon) were obtained.

By combining Hosta sieboldiana, Hosta fluctuans, Hosta negrescens, and other large foliage representatives, the breeders developed giant varieties that are distinguished by massive, dense bushes and leaves with a bluish-gray tint.

Other types of "Hosta"

"> Hosta Plantain

"> Hosta swollen

"> Siebold's Host 'Francis Williams'

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Planting and care

The host starts to grow later than other plants. It can be safely planted in the spring, in April or May. When choosing a place, it is necessary to take into account that varieties with a dark green or blue color, such as a Siebold host, should be planted in the shade. The soil should be fertile, moist, light. Water is the best ally of these plants. It does not tolerate clay and sandy soils. Soil acidity is not important.

When choosing a seedling, you need to pay attention to its roots. They must be at least 10 centimeters. The more buds in the seedling, the better. A young plant with 3-4 buds - this is what you need. It should take into account the size of the hosts in a few years. When planting time is better to choose the evening, after 18 hours. The sun no longer burns, and the air temperature drops. Young seedlings will be easier to transfer stress.

Wide and deep pits are dug. Compost or rotted manure added to bottom. For breathability it is good to add peat. Hydrogel or perlite is placed in the soil to retain water. The earth is shed by water, and the sapling falls. It is important that all the buds remain above the soil level.

Care is regular watering after sunset. Leaves should dry out by night. Wet leaves of the hosts attract different kinds of slugs. Siebold is not very fond of watering the leaves, because they are covered with a wax film, which is washed off with this care. Foliage becomes unprotected, and lost visual appeal and blueness. During the rainy summer you can see how the blue host turns green. The bluish-gray shade is not achieved due to pigment, but due to scattering and reflection of light through a special wax coating.

Feeding is carried out 2-4 times per season. Last feeding takes place in mid-August. It is better to use complex fertilizers with a balanced composition. Fertilize the plant after abundant watering in the morning, up to 11 hours. Feeding blue varieties, such as Siebold, spend on the lower edge of the sheet.

Hosts are resistant to diseases. They may be subject to pest invasion. More often it is caterpillars, slugs and snails. Large holes in the leaves are a sign that pests have appeared.

After flowering, you need to delete the arrows. They spoil the appearance, and a lot of energy is spent on seed aging by the plant. For the winter, the whole bush must be cut. Cover optional: it is winter-hardy. A natural layer of autumn leaves is adequate cover..

Popular species

As already mentioned, there are several dozen host varieties. They vary in leaf color and size. All types are difficult to describe:

Hosta wavy refers to large plants. Its bushes reach 75 centimeters in height. Wavy leaves. The middle is white, and at the edges is a green border.

Hosta swollen grows to 50 centimeters. Her leaves are with pointed tips.

Khosta in landscape design

In order to create in your garden a cozy corner for family gatherings or for meditations, it is not necessary to turn to modern landscape designers if a person has become friends with hosts. Several copies of this wonderful plant with different colors of leaves in a shady place, torches on solar batteries, comfortable benches. That's all that is needed for arranging a place in the garden where you want to come more often. After all, even from the most beautiful and vibrant colors sometimes you want to relax. Hosta with its noble serenity brings harmony.

Hosta is an inexpensive plant and can appear in any garden. You can pick up varieties for absolute shade, and for relatively sunny places. Blue and dark green species of plants will reveal their beauty in absolute or openwork shadow. For yellow and light green, diffused light is preferable.

It is universal. It is capable both to create independent compositions, and to be combined with any plants. Harmonious compositions are obtained from a wavy host with Volzhanka, ferns, geraniums, and Hellers. It looks fascinating on rocky slopes or with stones laid out between its bushes. In reservoirs, it is simply irreplaceable. An excellent solution - landing hosts at the main entrance to the house.