Slugs and their relatives snails have become permanent inhabitants of our sites. All would be nothing, only their number strictly grows every year, as well as the number of spoiled crops in the garden. In the evening, you rejoice at the young shoots, and in the morning on the garden you can see only brilliant streams of mucus and excrement of pests. You can fight slugs with chemical methods and environmentally friendly folk remedies.
A natural pest of gastropods is a nematode parasitizing on snails and slugs. On the basis of these microorganisms produce the drug, which is absolutely safe for the environment. The only condition of application is that the soil should warm up above five degrees.
Microorganisms are diluted with water and shed beds with crops. For 7 days, gastropod pests die, and nematodes live in the soil for about a month and wait for new victims. True, to get such a drug is difficult, since its shelf life is only a month, and then the microorganisms die.
Snails and slugs enter the diet of hedgehogs, thrushes, starlings, ground beetles, frogs, lizards and toads. It is enough to create comfortable living conditions for them, and you will forget about such a misfortune as slugs. For amphibians, build a small pond, make a hedgehog shelter from brushwood and branches in a corner of the garden, leave ground leaves for small ground beetles, and lizards have a pile of stones. Birds will come to like nesting, hung in the trees, and feeders in the winter. Then birds of habit will visit your site in the summer. Periodically feed the healthy tenants and they will repay you a hundredfold.
Council If there is a bird in the farm, then release the poultry into the garden in spring and autumn, not a single slug will leave their watchful eyes, and birds will receive a valuable protein supplement to the diet.
Intoxicating drinks like everything
Snails and slugs are very attracted to the smell of kvass, beer and honey. Drink traps are effective at night, when gastropods are particularly active. You can use jars or plastic bottles filled with treats, and even the bears will crawl to the last feast. How it's done.
- Take a can or a plastic bottle with a cut-off top.
- Slightly below the neck is slightly smeared with honey.
- There is some beer at the bottom. By the way, Bavarian gardeners claim that slugs are still gourmets and prefer dark beers.
- Capacity digs into the ground flush with the soil.
- A piece of slate or curved cardboard is placed on top.
- You can purchase a trap with a lid that looks like a bowl in the garden center. It works on the same principle as the bank, only it looks more beautiful.
Mollusks themselves will come to such a treat, you only need to periodically add bait. It should be noted that this method does not show high efficiency in all regions, so look at the situation.
Physical methods of destruction
The easiest method is to collect by hand, although it is very time consuming. The best time to “catch” is early morning or evening, as well as right after the rain, when the snails crawl out en masse. The heaps of freshly cut grass, boards, pieces of linoleum, simplify the task a little, the clams hide from the scorching sun beneath them, and crawl out at night to fish in search of food.
Another method of destruction is by spraying plants, on which slugs are noticed, with hot water.
Some gardeners sprinkle the soil in the beds with salt, supposedly salt has a detrimental effect on the pest, but it should be remembered that salinization of the soil adversely affects plant growth, so you should not get carried away in this way.
They do not like slugs and soil sprayed with iron or copper sulphate. Powdered with lime or chemical fertilizers. Lime absorbs mucus from the surface of the mollusks, they die from dehydration.
The industry offers tools based on metaldehyde. This is a well-known Thunderstorm and Thunder. Preparations are blue granules, which are scattered along the landings strip. The substance affects the digestive tract of the pest, safe for humans and soil microorganisms, as well as birds. However, it is recommended to use it with caution, after all it is a toxic chemical.
In nature, mollusks play a positive role: they eat dead litter, plant shoots, and mushrooms. However, their mass march through the gardens like a locust invasion, and there is no point in thinking about the benefits of snails. But not all greens willingly eat snails and slugs. Here are the observations of gardeners:
- Mollusks do not particularly favor nettle, so the dried grass is used to mulch the planting of vegetables. They do not like the beds covered with pine needles.
- It is noticed that the pest smells off the smell of aromatic herbs: lavender, rosemary and sage, laurel, santolina, parsley. Many combine planting these herbs with vegetable beds.
- Effective sprinkling around the landings with hot pepper. But after the rain, the powder needs to be updated.
- Mustard decoctions and garlic tinctures make the plants sprayed with this potion unattractive for slugs.
Council As a diversionary maneuver, scatter your favorite greens of slugs over the beds: lettuce, beet tops, and tomato. Snails in the first place will be taken for this treat and will not crawl to the main culture in the garden. Foliage periodically replace fresh. Especially well this bait works in the greenhouse.
Mechanical barriers to pests
Various tricks used to combat a voracious pest significantly limit the freedom of movement of the pest:
- The industry offers plastic gutters for bordering ridges. The device is attached to the fence, filled with water. The enemies cannot overcome such a moat and often drown in it. For single plants produce plastic rings,
- fine gravel, crushed eggshell and broken seashells do not cause positive emotions in slugs, therefore such materials work well in between rows, but only in dry weather,
- coarse sand is used for dressing beds with young shoots,
- craftsmen fringed the borders of the beds with wire connected to a battery. Trying to crawl the obstacle, the pest closes the circuit and receives a small electric shock. Not deadly, but rather unpleasant to try again.
It is impossible to completely clear their possessions of snails and slugs. If only because the new individuals crawl up to you from neighboring areas. But you can restrain their numbers. If you do not have time to mess with folk remedies, then apply chemicals. In any case, there is always a way out, because it is very difficult to put up with a spoiled crop and eaten seedlings.
Fighting snails and slugs: photo
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How to prevent snails?
In the diet of snails there are not only fresh juicy leaves. Mollusks still feed on dead plants, and therefore bring not only harm, but also the benefit of gardeners-gardeners.
Although most often this benefit is hardly noticeable, because these harmless-looking animals look like the scientists counted more than 14 thousand teeth, with the help of which they fray all the juicy that grows in their way.
That is why people have to look for ways to destroy the voracious individuals in the garden and in the garden.
To fight the invasion of such pests is difficult. To derive them, it is recommended to use mechanical, chemical and folk methods.
But most of all lucky gardeners who have learned to prevent the appearance of snails in the garden and in the garden.
Experienced gardeners recommend eliminating favorable conditions for mollusks. First of all, you need to get rid of the shelters in the garden and in the garden, in which snails can live.
Most often it is mowed weeds, tall grass on the borders of the vegetable garden or in the garden, heaps of stones.
Sometimes the gardener does not even suspect why it is so difficult for him to get rid of snails, and this factor is explained by the dense planting of plants and the inopportune removal of the lower leaves of seedlings, under which the mollusks hide.
Fighting pests in the garden should be regularly weeding the soil, which will not allow them to hide in the cracks of the earth.
Get rid of the snails will always be, if you do not leave them a chance to survive in the cold season. To this end, it is recommended after harvesting from the garden to remove all remnants of plants in which they could hide and feed.
Although the snail is a natural orderly, it still harms the crop. Of course, it is necessary to fight it, but taking into account the fact that everything in nature is interconnected, and each inhabitant of the fauna has its own role, and the snail is no exception.
Therefore, wanting to get rid of mollusks that cause damage to the crop, you need to understand that if you completely destroy them on the site, then no one will be engaged in the health of the ecological system of the garden.
How to deal with clams in the garden?
It’s hard to imagine how much harm a little snail can do to a huge garden.
Well, who would suspect a defenseless creature hiding under the shell when rodents and insects are around that daily harm the flora.
“It is from them that one must get rid of, and not fight with some snails,” so thinks a large number of amateur gardeners.
Of course, living in the wild, the mollusk actually feeds on the remains of plants, berries and mushrooms found.
But individuals living in the cultivated garden do not bother to search for food, which is what harm the plantations.
Snails bear great harm with the arrival of spring, when young shoots appear in the garden. The most interesting thing is that from the garden they move to spend the winter in the cellar, where fresh vegetables and fruits are stored.
This is where the patience of the owners of the site comes to an end, and they begin to look for all sorts of ways to get rid of harmful mollusks.
And yet, despite the mischief and hassle that snail gardeners deliver, environmentalists argue that the fight against them should be soft.
For example, a good way is to catch snails with your hands: animals are slow and at the same time more noticeable than other pests, which allows them to be quickly removed from shrubs.
Moreover, in order to get rid of snails, they can be lured with the help of sweet compote, which is sure to succeed, because they have a very keen sense of smell.
To this end, a wide vessel with a low side should be placed under fruit plantations.
It will take a long time to wait, because the clams are very slow, but when they slip, they can be easily collected.
Fighting snails in the garden can be biological, because birds, hedgehogs, frogs and lizards will wish to eat them.
To get rid of the invasion of mollusks will help a hedgehog, which can be attracted, leaving a saucer with milk for the night in its section.
It is possible that next time a hedgehog will bring his family to the treat. It should be noted that one hedgehog can eat as many snails as it weighs itself.
To get rid of snails with the help of frogs, you need to leave the dishes with water in several corners of the garden.
At night, when the frogs, feeling the moisture, come to get drunk, they will surely feast on snails.
The fight against the use of chemical methods should be applied when there are too many pests.
Snail Control Chemicals
Some chemicals help to get rid of snails in the garden and in the garden, but it must be remembered that their components are harmful not only to mollusks, but also dangerous to the human body.
An example is Metaldehyde. The tool is produced in granules and tablets. With it, save young shoots from the invasion of snails in early spring.
The substance is considered poisonous, so people after using it in the garden have to wash vegetables thoroughly.
Otherwise, the poisoning of the body threatens to damage the digestive tract, brain, kidney and liver system.
In this case, it is a molluscicidal agent. Its granules contain about 5% metaldehyde, which eliminates severe poisoning.
But still you need to be careful with its use. If a liquid preparation or flammable tablets are used for baiting mollusks, then the concentration of poison in them is much higher, which threatens a person with severe poisoning with a fatal outcome.
Snails do not tolerate superphosphate and lime. If these preparations are scattered in stripes with an interval of 15 cm, then in this way it is possible to stop the progress of the snails in the garden.
But this method is only suitable until it rains.
Negative effect on the nervous system of snails coffee solution. Its use allows you to destroy small individuals and drive into a stupor adult mollusks.
Coffee solution sprinkle the leaves of plants or watered the soil. One method of preparing a coffee solution involves the use of 10 g of instant coffee and 200 ml of water.
Copper tools help to control the movement of snails in the garden or in the garden. They are self-adhesive tapes and rims, may have a different shape.
Upon contact with such a tool, the mollusks experience electric shock, as a result of which they cannot overcome the obstacle.
At the moment, the rims are implemented, which run on a battery, but give a result similar to copper devices.
If there are very few snails, then you can use a special tincture, which is made on the basis of garlic. After sprinkling them with a plant, it will be possible to scare off pests from plantings.
Folk methods of dealing with snails in the garden
There are also less expensive methods that help to clean the snails in the garden and in the garden.
If there is a desire, then you can try to get rid of snails with folk remedies, for example, to build an insurmountable obstacle in the form of strips of eggshell in front of mollusks.
Instead of eggshell, you can use crushed shells, sawdust and other materials with a porous and barbed structure that are unpleasant for the body of snails.
They are scattered stripes between plants, but it is worth noting that such a barrier is temporary - under the rain drops, it loses its effectiveness.
Do not forget about the option, which comes down to the manual collection of snails, damaging the garden and garden.
Pre-collector must wear gloves, which will eliminate infections by worms, because as mentioned above, the snails are carriers of worms and other parasites.
For the same reason, fruits, herbs and vegetables should always be washed before eating. It is necessary to collect pests manually every evening or right after the rain, in cloudy weather, when they go hunting. After which they are destroyed or taken away from the shelter.
Some gardeners have learned to keep snails at a safe distance for young shoots by scattering the leaves of other plants around the beds. But in this case, it is necessary to constantly replace the freshly topped fresh.
In order to reduce the number of pests, their manual collection is recommended. Snails do not like alkaline materials very much - in order to discard mollusks, you can periodically sprinkle a garden plot, a vegetable garden or plants with baking soda or wood ash.
A very ancient method of getting rid of snails is a trap: they dig a vessel into the soil in such a way that its top is level with the surface of the earth.
Then it is filled with sweet water or compote, and so that rain and leaves do not fall into a container with liquid, a canopy is constructed above it.
It is necessary to collect pests and change the bait every morning, preferably as soon as the sun appears in the sky.
In conclusion, it is necessary to mention that snails are not able to swim, and therefore the chances are increased by creating water barriers from the gutters to protect small beds from their invasion.
What is a pest: description and photo
Snail - hermaphrodite, capable of self-fertilization. It can lay eggs several times a year, significantly increasing the number under favorable conditions. The lifetime of the mollusk is several years.
For the winter, it crawls into a secluded place, clogs the entrance to the sink with a special membrane and plunges into hibernation. In the southern regions, snails are active throughout the year.
They prefer to live in wet places, hiding in the cool grass during the day and crawling out at night to eat. Therefore, to combat the pest, it is important to dry wet areas and mow weeds, depriving them of comfortable living conditions.
How to deal with snails
There are several ways to deal with snails in the garden. With a small number of pests, they can be collected manually. Поможет привлечение в сад естественных врагов: жаб, ящериц, ежей и птиц (особенно их любят дрозды и скворцы). Для птиц устанавливают кормушки и поилки с водой, тем самым приучая пернатых помощников прилетать на участок.
При сильном заражении участка вредителем этих мер будет недостаточно. In garden stores, you can purchase special tools to combat snails.
Important! Using chemicals in the garden, it is necessary to observe precautions. Use gloves, a respirator, eat fruits no earlier than the allowed period after processing.
Known as “dry fuel”, sold in tablets. For the control of mollusks it is produced in the form of powder or small granules of blue or pink color. Drugs based on the substance metaldehyde: Thunderstorm or Meta, Slizneed. Produced by firms "Green Pharmacy Gardener", "August", "Lonza". Bitter ingredients have been added to the latest brand products to scare dogs away. The cost of funds ranges from 20 to 40 rubles for 15 g.
The tool is scattered in the evening in places of the greatest accumulation of pests, around the bushes, between the rows. Consumption - 4-5 g per 1 square. meter. The action of metaldehyde is aimed at destroying the pest's digestive system, so it dies within 2 days.
It should not be used near green crops with a short growing season. The waiting period for harvesting after the application of metaldehyde is 20 days.
Quicklime or superphosphate powder
Gentle sensitive belly of mollusk, in contact with powders, gets severe burns. It is enough to scatter funds on the ground around the plants with ribbons 10–15 cm wide to prevent snails from reaching the plants.
However, this approach loses its effectiveness after rain.
Available in Ukraine. The active ingredient is iron phosphate. Affects contact, dehydrating shellfish for several days. Not dangerous for birds and pets, bees, worms.
Effectively help reduce the number of snails in the area using beer traps. The smell of beer attracts them more than the scent of fresh greens. It is enough to dig a few holes in places where pests accumulate, where to put the containers filled with beer by half. The mollusks will crawl at night on an appetizing smell and drown in the liquid, since they do not know how to swim. It remains only in the morning to collect the dead pests.
Instead of beer, water with jam or apple, grape juice is suitable.
A solution of ammonia and water, in a ratio of 1 to 6, sprayed on the leaves, will scare off snails and slugs from plants.
You can use a solution of strong coffee (3-4 tsp per cup). The stronger the smell of liquid, the better. It is necessary to spray not only the plants, but also the ground around them.
Another option: to prepare the infusion of bay leaf, its smell is not to the liking of the pest.
The disadvantage of all solutions is that it will be necessary to resume spraying after each rain.
It helps folding among the beds of pieces of cotton or foam, soaked with tar. The effect is achieved by a strong smell.
The paths between the beds can be thickly sprinkled with salt, it will burn the body of the snail and it will die. But do not sprinkle salt on the beds themselves, directly near the plants. The same principle acts on the pest mustard powder, tobacco dust and hot pepper powder.
If there is a sufficient amount of pine needles, eggshell, small sharp gravel, sawdust, planting can be mulched. The sharp and prickly surface of the earth is uncomfortable for mollusks; they will avoid such areas.
It is not difficult to protect the crown of trees, it is enough to mechanically block the way up the trunk.
In order to prevent the spread of harmful mollusks, it is necessary to carry out work on the drainage area. In time to mow weeds and not leave near the beds of heaps of weeds weed, scraps of boards and other trash.
Snail eggs in the soil will destroy the regular loosening of row spacing.
Watering preferably carried out in the morning. By the evening, by the time the pests leave the ground, the earth is already dry, which makes it difficult for the mollusk to move.
Planted on the site of plants of garlic, parsley, rosemary, sage scare not asked guests its aroma.
Along the perimeter of the bed can be laid out on the ground with copper wire or tape. In contact with copper, the cochlea receives an electrical discharge and does not pass on. Trees can be protected by wrapping trunks with copper tape or wearing adhesive belts.
1. Seasoned gardeners are advised to use a little trick. The garden can be sprinkled with tobacco or shag. The acidified water will also help in this matter. Conifer needles showed themselves no less effectively.
2. Try to figure out the active habitat of the snails. Sprinkle the place with ground pepper. You can process the composition of the leaves and soil. Black or red pepper will harm the clams, after which they are unlikely to return.
3. Dig small ditches around the site or plants. Sprinkle chute with pepper, ash, or tobacco. Such an obstacle slugs and snails simply can not overcome. In most cases, pests escape to the neighboring garden.
4. Try to find out which plants are most preferred by snails. Plant garlic, onions or sage around them. Alternatively, rosemary, bay leaves and parsley also showed themselves well.
Methods for preventing the appearance of snails
1. It is best to make sure in advance that pests do not cause you any inconvenience. Breeding snails and slugs is much more difficult. The main thing is to create unfavorable conditions for mollusks. Harvest, in turn, will not suffer.
2. Timely eliminate all weeds. As soon as you decide to get rid of snails, you need to mow the grass in the country and along the tracks in time. Dry too wet soil on sunny days in a simple and banal way. In places of constant accumulation of moisture snails live with pleasure.
3. When planting the crop, observe the density of planting cuttings. There must be sufficient distance between the plants so that no shadow is created for the pests. Systematically remove the lower leaves from lettuce and cabbage.
4. Regularly plow the soil, pests often hide in the cracks. After harvesting, get rid of the remnants of leaves and fruits. Otherwise, the snails will have something to eat in the cold season.
If you seriously take care of your harvest and ask yourself a pressing question about how to get rid of the ubiquitous snails at your beloved cottage in a simple and effective way, you should carefully study the above recommendations. All means are available, and the technology of processing the site is not difficult.
Ways to deal with snails
You can fight these pests in the following ways:
Chemical method getting rid of slugs and snails is the most extreme, for example, the use of metaldehyde. Such a chemical attracts mollusks very strongly and then kills them. "Thunderstorm" and "Meta" - blue granules, which are designed to handle two square meters, they are packaged in small bags.
From the territory about which it was written above, absolutely all the mollusks will crawl up to eat and die there too. But metaldehyde is a very strong poison, so it is dangerous for the health of domestic animals and people. For this reason, the territory that has been treated with this drug, not only can not let pets, and all fruits and vegetables with herbs for eating should be very thoroughly rinsed under running water.
Ecological way The struggle is a bit simpler, it is to draw on the site of the natural enemies of the mollusks. Snails and slugs are also food for animals, for example, for hedgehogs and toads. In order for the snails to be destroyed by the toads, they will have to make a small pond in their plot, and for the bait of hedgehogs you will need to stock up on dog food. In order for the toads and hedgehogs to be constantly on your site, they need to make a place for wintering, then they will protect your territory from unwanted guests for a long time.
And also in this difficult matter you can help the birds. Garden pests love jay, starlings, wagtails and blackbirds very much. In order for the birds to fly to the site, it is necessary to restore the feeders and birdhouses. If the birds learn to eat on your site in the winter, they will do it there in the summer.
Snails and slugs do not like the smell of spicy herbs. Therefore, sage, laurel, rosemary, parsley or garlic can be sown along the length of the row, these plants will repel pests. And it is also possible to sprinkle rows with infusions of coffee, mustard and bitter pepper (for two hundred grams of boiling water, you need to take two teaspoons of powder). Nettle also does not like mollusks, to scare them away, you need to decompose into beds.
Mechanical way The fight with mollusks is a collection of snails personally, tweezers will help you with this. Since these nocturnal pests need a lot of places where there is moisture and coolness during the day, you can make traps for them. To do this, between the beds, put the leaves, boards, old bags or rags of burdock or cabbage, which before that you need to mix in fruit juice or beer. Small pests will climb under such shelter in the afternoon, and with the onset of the evening they can be collected. It is also possible to dig small containers into the ground, pour liquid into them and cover. For the destruction of mollusks suitable strong saline solution or soap solution.
Grape snails and slugs have a very soft body and this is also often used in the fight against them. Around the plants, where pests often appear, it is necessary to scatter dry porous material, it can be fine gravel or crushed eggshell, in such a way, a very unpleasant surface will be created for the movement of the mollusks.
Superphosphate or lime is an effective remedy for snails, they are very unpleasant for soft-bodied pests, these components should be poured into two or three strips at a distance of 15 centimeters. These drugs mucus and moisture from the body of snails are very quickly absorbed, as a result of which their movement is blocked. But this means of struggle will cease to act after the first rain.
An insurmountable obstacle to slugs and snails is water. A similar barrier can be made by the method of artificial origin: for this it is necessary to fill plastic containers with water and attach them to the assembly rows. Such a barrier snails and slugs will not be able to overcome, or if they fall into the water, they will not be able to get out of it.
Fighting snails folk remedies
- Salt treatment - The most common variant of pest control. To do this, you need to sprinkle the land where the snails live with salt or spray the plants with saturated salt solution, but this can dry the plants.
- Fighting with citric acid. The spraying solution should be weak.
- Can canning in the garden cans with lemonade or dark beer, as well as fermented compote.
- You can fight pests on strawberries as follows: sprinkle the soil with spruce needles or put a big spruce paws.
Plants that snails love
Snails are big fans of almost all vegetable and fruit plants. They eat not only young succulent leaves, but also flowers, stems and fruits. In addition to garden crops, they also harm ornamental plants. Plants with damaged, and sometimes completely destroyed leaves, flowers and stems can no longer develop normally, make photosynthesis and form fruits. The fruits eaten by snails begin to rot and lose their appearance. In addition, they envelop the berries with mucus, which is difficult to wash, even with warm water. Sliding across the plant, snails leave behind a trail of mucus, which closes the pores and prevents moisture and sunlight from entering the cells, which leads to inhibition of plant development.
The use of snails
Despite the fact that snails cause significant damage to garden plants, a small number of them brings some benefits. They play a role in the ecosystem of the garden. Snails perform the function of garden attendants, as they are able to process dead or damaged parts of plants. This is the reason for applying humane measures to combat them: preventing snails from accessing weak or young plants, reducing the number of mollusks by manually picking them up or planting plants on a site that they do not like and avoid very much - these are petunias, Euphorbia, lavender, gladioli, marigolds, garlic, nasturtium and all convolvulidae.
In addition, snails are increasingly used in alternative medicine for the treatment of skin diseases, anti-aging procedures and getting rid of stretch marks and scars. About the healing properties of snail mucus have known since ancient times. Mucin and complex proteins that are found in mucus are able to heal wounds, activate fibroblasts and stimulate the production of collagen, elastin and hyalouran acid. Regular use of snails significantly improves skin condition, smoothes wrinkles and brightens age spots. Slime can be obtained from snails by placing them in a clean container and scaring them with a wand. From fear, they begin to actively release mucus that accumulates on the walls of the container. Then the snails are removed, and the mucus is scraped off and added to the cream or mask. However, the use of live snails contact method leads to a more rapid and tangible result, as artificially collected mucus quickly loses its quality.
Methods of dealing with snails in the garden
The reason for the appearance of snails in the garden may be too thick planting, a lot of weeds, in which they like to hide and frequent moistening of the soil. If you often notice damaged leaves, flowers or fruits of plants, look in the evening to the thickets of bushes. You will probably see a few snails. Now multiply their number by the area of your land and you will know their approximate number in general.
There are many ways to protect the garden and fight against shellfish:
Create mechanical obstacles for snails around the perimeter of your site. They are plastic gutters filled with water that are attached to the fence. Snail leg is sensitive to the surface on which it moves. If you litter the aisles with dry materials such as broken shells, ash or eggshell, snails will not want to crawl along them. However, after the rain, they move perfectly and on such a coating.
Another method of mechanical barrier is special granules, which are scattered throughout the site. They are able to absorb moisture and dry the mucus on the surface of the cochlea, which creates discomfort in their movement. The validity of these granules is three to four months. They can be bought in stores for gardeners.
Often snails are harvested by hand after rains or in the evening. Then they are carried to the forest or destroyed. But the easier way to catch all the snails is to create traps for them. To do this, place a few pialas at ground level and fill them with beer or juice. Snails crawl on the smell and fall into a bowl, but can not get out. You can use cut plastic bottles instead of bowls. Ur you check all the traps and remove the drowned snails from them.
You can distract snails from garden crops by scattering tomato, lettuce or cucumber on the plot of the tops. Mollusks prefer vegetation, which begins to rot, so if they are full of tops, they will not fit your plants.
Self-adhesive tapes made of copper or other copper-based covering materials can be purchased at special garden stores. When in contact with copper, the cochlea receives an electric shock insufficient to kill them, but sufficient so that they no longer climb through this tape. Headbands are powered by finger batteries and can be used throughout the site.
As a biocontrol, a parasitic nematode is used, which from spring to autumn will protect your garden from snails. This tool is a preserved microorganism, which, when released into the open warm ground, begin to wake up and destroy the snails, striking them. To use nematodes, they are diluted in warm water and watered. This method is good because it is completely safe for people and animals, is very effective and works for one watering during a month. However, this period is enough, since during this time most of the snails die.
It consists in planting on the territory of the garden of plants that "do not like" snails. These include most strongly scented cultures, such as garlic, sage, lavender, thyme, laurel and others, as well as bitter pepper, garlic and mustard infusions. You can save the plants from snails by sprinkling them with red pepper or ash on top.
It involves the use of granules of metaldehyde, which work very effectively, attracting and destroying all the snails in the garden. However, this remedy is toxic to humans and animals. Getting into the digestive tract, it causes severe poisoning and can lead to the death of the animal. Granules have an attractive appearance and children can take them for candy, so you need to keep them out of the reach of children. After applying them, you should wash the vegetables and fruits, near which this tool was used.
Другие методы борьбы с улитками
Так как нашествие улиток довольно частая проблема садоводов, каждый из них придумывает свой метод борьбы с ними.
- Caffeine. Применять кофе нужно с большой осторожностью, так как он уничтожает не только улиток, но так же и полезные насекомые и некоторые растения, особенно молодые.To use caffeine, take the coffee grounds and make with it the fences around the plants that "like" snails. The disadvantage of this method is its short duration - only a few days. You can use coffee tablets dissolved in water or instant coffee of low concentration and spray them with plants and the soil around them. According to the observations of scientists, such a weak 0.1 percent solution negatively affects the nervous system of snails, speeds up their heartbeats and frightens them away from the garden.
- Children. It is very interesting for children to collect snails and as a game they are able to collect almost all snails in a bucket or jar. You can hold a competition, who will collect more snails. Then take them all to the forest or planting.
- Animals. There are animals that love to feast on snails. These include frogs, hedgehogs, lizards and domestic ducks. Although you need to be careful with ducks, as they are very voracious and eat everything, not excluding cultivated plants and their fruits. In addition, they leave behind a lot of litter and heavily trample the ground paws.
- Salt. Salt is lethal to snails. Find in the evening places of large concentrations of snails and sprinkle it with salt. You should know that salt adversely affects plant growth and soil, so this method should be applied only for places where cultivated plants do not grow.
- Sharp barriers. Snails avoid sharp objects, so as not to injure the body, therefore, having buried in something sharp, they immediately turn back. To do this, you can use a nutshell, broken gravel or egg shells. It should be noted that by changing the direction of movement, they will crawl to another place or another garden.
- Mustard. Dissolve 50 grams of dry mustard in a glass of water and let it infuse for an hour. After this process the plants, which have chosen snails. The smell of mustard will scare away not only snails, but also frogs.
- Traps. You can set a trap out of a piece of plywood or cardboard, which is laid out at the corners of the plot, leaving behind it emptiness, in which the snails will hide. During the day, all the snails and slugs will sit under the plywood, and you can easily assemble them. If you do not make traps, the snails hide in the shadow of weeds. Therefore, regular weeding and removal of weeds also helps get rid of the mollusks.