Clover is a very common plant, it can be found everywhere in meadows, fields, on light forest glades, along forest edges, along roads, on wastelands. It is difficult to find a person who is unfamiliar with this herbaceous plant, numbering more than 300 different species.
In the CIS there are more than 70 species of this plant. The most numerous of the clovers is the well-known meadow clover, having flowers from pale red to dark purple. After it comes a creeping white clover. with small heads of white flowers - white clover, which is also known as Dutch clover, white porridge, medunitsa, honey cake, curly honey plant, whitehead, white activity.
In the middle zone of temperate climate, this species can be found quite often. But in recent years, this sweet and simple plant with white fragrant flowers can be seen on many private plots. This is because the white creeping clover, planting and caring for it is very simple. Lush lawns and small lawnscovered with white clover, like a soft fluffy blanket, can become a real living adornment of the dacha plot and a country house, creating a peaceful and very natural beauty there. Such a carpet lawn is an excellent original alternative to the usual classic green lawn.
Description and features of creeping clover
This clover subspecies is a perennial plant and belongs to the legume family. The stem is short, and the shoots are branched and rather long. Flowers moth with small heads in the form of balls, collected in panicles of small size, white and sometimes slightly pinkish.
The stalk of creeping clover is easily woven on the ground, so the plant got its name. Propagated by vegetative means, resistant to trampling and cattle eating. Easily rooted lower stem nodes when in contact with the ground, therefore, even severed stems do not die with good soil moisture and can develop on their own.
Leaf petioles and long flower stalks with beautiful and very magnificent heads of white flowers go up from the stem. It blooms earlier than other clovers and twice per season - from May to late autumn, almost to the most frost. The plant is short, the overall height rarely exceeds 10−15 cm. But sometimes it can reach up to 25−30 cm.
- Clover creeping unpretentious, but it is light-requiring and moisture-loving,
- It prefers marginal soils without high grass, where there will be no competitors taking light,
- It germinates perfectly in moderately moist soil, where there is no excess moisture, but there is no lack of it.
By biological parameters and the characteristics of a creeping clover is significantly different from other subspecies of its family. The life span of the plant reaches 5 years, and under good conditions, when the stems root easily and freely, clover retains its vitality for much longer. Winter-hardy and disease-resistant.
White clover is an excellent melliferous plant; small flowers of the plant allow bees to easily extract nectar from flowers of creeping, rather than meadow clover. This honey plant attracts bees.which, in turn, pollinate other plants and trees nearby.
Planting and care features
Due to the unpretentiousness of white clover, lawns from it are becoming increasingly widespread. The plant is easy to grow in the open field, just take care of it.
Choosing a place for planting, it is worth considering some of the features of this culture, which are listed above. This is a plant's love of light; in shady places, a clover can wither. He also loves moisture, but in moderation, he does not tolerate stagnant water. The plant grows very quickly and can take all the open space on the plot, crawls out beyond the boundaries of the lawn set aside for him, turning from a decorative culture into a common weed and plant aggressor. Therefore, it should be planted away from other plants, especially those that have a weak root system.
Clover can be sown in open ground from April to June. Of course, you can plant it in the fall, but then the temperature should not be lower than 10−13 degrees, it is this temperature that is well suited for the best rooting. But in the fall the plant grows more slowly, so before the first frost the young growth should have time to sprout by 7−10 cm.
In dry weather, it is advisable to water the area where the clover will be planted a day before sowing. The optimal depth for sowing is 1.5−2 cm, with greater deepening plant germination decreases.
The seeds of crawling clover are very small, in order to maintain the correct sowing density and evenly sow the area, you can simply add the usual 1 to 1 sand to the seeds and mix. It is not necessary to buy plant seeds. You can independently collect the seeds of the plant you like. Such seeds have excellent germination..
Do not expect flowering immediately after emergence. Clover blooms only in the second year, but then blooms twice a season, allowing you to admire fragrant lush flowers until November. After the first flowering, it must be mowed, which will allow the plant to bloom abundantly a second time and make the lawn more lush and neat. You should not use a lawnmower., the best option for mowing is a trimmer.
Clover lawn does not require special care. But so that it does not grow and fill all the space around, becoming a weed plant, it must be cut regularly. It is advisable to do this every two or three weeks.to provide a short and lush lawn cover, ensuring its decorative effect.
Clover survivability, its resistance to trampling is another feature that is very important if the plant serves as a lawn or lawn, where children and animals are actively frolicking. It is ideal for sports and children's playgrounds, providing a soft and gentle finish.
White clover can be used in a variety of ways. in landscape design - to create original lush carpets from this fragrant beautiful plant between trees, gazebos, buildings, near fences, on empty plots of various sizes, giving them an aesthetic appearance. This emerald green carpet will bloom and smell from spring to late autumn.
Given that the clover plant is a perennial, then lawn rejuvenation will be required only after a few years. After 3-4 years, you can again sow a portion of the seed.
So, to create a cozy and beautiful lawn, an original corner of the wild nature in your own yard, white creeping clover is perfect. And planting and care do not require special knowledge.skills and material costs.
Harvesting plants and use in traditional medicine
For medicinal purposes, you can use all parts of the plant - the heads of flowers, the stems and leaves themselves. It is in bloom that grass and flowers containing trifolin and isotrifolin glycosides, essential and fatty oils, vitamin C and other beneficial substances are collected. Leaves and stems also contain significant amounts of vitamin C, carotene, contain xanthine, hypoxanthine and adenine.
Grass after harvesting is sorted out, removing sluggish, darkened, rotted parts. It is possible to dry both in the open air and in the ventilated room, but without the access of the sun's rays, spreading out the raw material freely and fluently, in order to ensure the penetration of air into it. During the drying period, the grass must be turned and loosened at least once a day so that it does not become damp.
Ready dry raw material is used for one year.. From it make a variety of decoctions, infusions of water and alcohol tinctures for indoor and outdoor use.
Having a valuable chemical composition, white clover has long been known in traditional medicine and is used for medicinal purposes as a tonic, hemostatic, wound healing, disinfectant. It is used for anemia, whooping cough, chronic cough, cold and other lung diseases, painful periods, other female diseases, hemorrhoids, tuberculosis, gout, as an expectorant, a weak diuretic. With boils and burns, the inflammatory processes of the ears and eyes are preparing a decoction for external use. White clover is an excellent raw material for making C-vitamin infusions.
For the treatment of various diseases, you should observe the dosages indicated in the recipe - decoctions or infusions are drunk as tea or in tablespoons.
Apply and fresh clovermaking gruel of leaves and stems. Compresses of such a slurry help to cure boils, tumors, bleeding wounds, reduce hemorrhoids and inflammatory processes. An excellent remedy for wounds is fresh plant juice.
Despite the many very useful properties, there are plants and contraindications, which should not be forgotten.
- during pregnancy
- with thrombophlebitis,
- heart attacks
- serious heart disease
Creeping clover is used not only for medicinal purposes, but even in cooking. As a seasoning for soups and other dishes take dried flowers of the plant, young leaves are added to salads, dry and crushed leaves are added to breadwhich is considered dietary.
White creeping clover is a perennial grassy crop, it is distinguished by:
- core and branching root system
- a creeping stem that creeps and roots in the nodes,
- foliage of long petiolate tripartite type of wide ovoid shape with notched top and petioles 30 cm long.
White clover Rivendel has heads of flowers of an axillary form and almost spherical shape. They are loose, and can reach 2 cm in diameter. The plant has a long peduncle that exceeds the leaf stalk and can reach 30 cm, and after flowering is bent down. Clover has a rim of white or pinkish color, but when it blooms, it starts to grow brown. Flowers plants with a pleasant and sweet aroma. Inside you can count about 10 stamens, 9 of which are spliced into a single tube. At the very bottom of the crown of the plant is stored nectar, just near the ovary.
Note! Clover flowering period - from May to the end of autumn.
Blooming bud occurs from the periphery to the central part. The pollen grain of the plant is a three-fold oval-shaped ellipse. Clover fruit is a long-term flat-legged bean. Each contains either a few reniform nuclei or a heart-shaped seed of gray-yellow or orange color. Clover ripening starts from June to July. Propagated by seed or vegetatively.
The plant distribution area is the territory of North Africa, Small, Front and Central Asia, Pakistan and almost all of Europe. This culture naturalized in the region of southern Africa, in Asia, in particular, its tropical region, as well as within Australia and New Zealand. White clover is also found in the Russian Federation in the European region, as well as within the Caucasus, Siberia and the Far East. This variety of creeping clover prefers to sprout in fields and meadows, as well as not far from water bodies, near roads, pastures and housing. Often you can see it as a weed in the field of crops, as it has no special requirements regarding the soil. It is moisture-and photophilous, resistant to frost. Foliage is built in 6 records, but there are species with a record number of 21.
Types and varieties of clover
How to plant a clover lawn? Initially, you need to deal with the types of this grass and the features of the locations, climatic conditions that they prefer in order to get a positive result from planting clover. Worldwide, there are about 300 species of plants, but many are interested in what kind of clover in the country will be able to grow with your own hands. The most common variety in Russia is considered to be meadow, which grows for about 200 years, and it was from him that new species were derived. This herb is used as feed for livestock. Meadow clover often grows on the territory of meadows and fields, as well as in mountainous areas.
There are several main varieties of plants that are in great demand:
- Clover is white or creeping. This is a perennial plant, in which a creeping stem, reaching a length of no more than 40 cm. The foliage is ternate and round. This clover is very tenacious and can tolerate trampling with large cattle and even severe frosts. Negatively, the plant grows very quickly and literally blinds the entire flowerbed.
- Atropurpurea clover has three- and four-lobed leaves with an unusual color. In the middle there is a purple color, and the edges are green. Light-loving variety, and in the shade begins to wither, which may result in the death of the plant.
- Clover Purpurascens has leaves of red-brown color, the bottom of which is framed by a green border. Very quickly grows in the flower garden. In its inflorescence there are 4 petals.
- Good Luck Clover has 4 leaves and is green or purple at the edges, but the first color is more common.
- Pink clover (or Swedish, hybrid) prefers to grow on the territory of the Crimea and the Caucasus, as well as in the central Black Soil Region. The grade is hardy enough. Sowing is done in spring. It is preferable to grow on pasture as feed, as it is more juicy and useful relative to the meadow. Clover has an instability to acidity in the soil, therefore, it should be sown in the soil where constant humidity is present, for example, near water bodies. Flowering plant begins in June and continues until the fall. Trefoil leaves have an ovoid shape.
- Reddish clover. The first difference from other varieties is that this plant is very beautiful and grows in the form of lush large bushes, whose height reaches 60 cm. The culture has large elongated inflorescences of raspberry-red shade and large three-lobed foliage. This grade is perennial. It is planted by hand in open ground, growing seeds. Experienced breeders prefer to propagate it by dividing the shrub. This variety is strictly forbidden to mow and cause any harm, as it is listed in the Red Book.
Important! All varieties of clover, except the first, are considered the most popular among connoisseurs of decorative flowers.
How to plant white lawn clover to get a beautiful flower bed? Reproduction occurs through seeds. The division of shrubs is possible, but the benefits of the resulting small shrubs will not be great. For example, if you sow seeds and young plants in one term, no matter what type it is: lawn, meadow or decorative, the first plants will take root, will actively grow and develop much faster.
Important! Not always planted seeds germinate in the first year, since it is possible that from one seed of the plant over time several hard seeds are formed that are able to maintain viability and germinate, giving healthy shoots a little later.
According to ancient folk healers and herbalists, this plant is worthy of respect. They had an idea of the beneficial properties of clover and used it for good. Namely, this plant contributes to:
- normalization of the menstruation cycle,
- elimination of inflammations in the female genital system,
- reducing the onset of PMS symptoms,
- strengthening the walls of blood vessels
- increase potency
- eliminate irritation
- stress relief
- blood improvement
- cough removal.
Clover boosts immunity
It would seem that a modest plant, but in fact it was very much appreciated hundreds of years ago, especially when faced with:
- intrauterine bleeding,
- lower body tone
- violation of the outflow of bile,
- bronchitis and cold,
- hormonal problems.
It is the type of white clover that is especially beneficial to health, but only if it is advisable to use. There are contraindications, which include:
- the period of pregnancy and lactation,
- a period of 2 weeks before or after surgery
- recently suffered a stroke
- oncological formations, especially in the area of the ovaries and uterus,
- protein deficiency.
With an overdose or simply with clover intolerance, symptoms may occur in the form of:
- skin rash,
- pain sensations
- bleeding in the uterus,
Clover is used as animal feed.
Clover is used as a forage grazing plant that readily eats any livestock. It is also recognized as an excellent siderat, capable of improving the properties of the soil. In the northern part of the European side of the Russian Federation, this culture is considered an important honey plant, since throughout the summer a large amount of nectar and pollen boring pollen collect in it. Clover honey turns white.
Diseases and pests
Planting clover looks very thick, and it is because of this that the soil under it does not have time to dry, which contributes to the formation of high humidity. This leads to the appearance of snails and slugs, and is also the reason why the clover is exposed to fungal diseases. For the prevention of a regular haircut.
Кроме улиток и слизней, вред растению могут нанести другие насекомые:
- Люцерновый клоп. In order to overcome this parasite, insecticides are used at the beginning of budding. This is important, because at this time the insect lays the larvae, which will also be destroyed.
- Clover weevil. To prevent its occurrence, clover seeds are also treated with insecticides.
- Locusts. Such pests cause great damage to plants of various crops, especially the Siberian and dark-winged locusts and filly. The way of struggle is the same prophylactic treatment with insecticides.
Of dangerous diseases, clover can be affected by powdery mildew, for the prevention of which you need to thoroughly clean, sort and store the seeds properly, and pickle before sowing. Do not forget about fertilizing in the form of phosphate and potash fertilizers.
Clover: varieties and varieties
Clover has more than 300 species, but most of them are common on other continents. On the territory of the CIS can be found about 70 species of clover that grows in the wild. Only three of them were cultivated:
- Red clover. The most common type of clover of all. Strong roots of this plant penetrate up to 2 m, due to which the plant has an increased resistance to drought and to low temperatures. It is very well pollinated and is an excellent honey plant.
Planting white clover in open field
White clover is photophilous and in shaded places may wither. It is worth considering this when choosing a place for landing. Also keep in mind that the plant is growing rapidly and takes up all the available space on the site. Therefore, it is preferable to plant it separately from plants with a weak root system. Clover is undemanding to the soil, but it does not tolerate stagnant water.
Clover is planted in open ground from April to June or in autumn, when the average daily temperature is about 10–13 ° C. This temperature contributes to better rooting.
Tip It should be remembered that in the fall the grass germinates more slowly, therefore it is necessary to sow clover in such a time that the young growth has managed to reach 7-10 cm before the first frost.
November is considered an unfavorable time for planting, because a large number of seeds may die, and the rest will grow unevenly.
If during the sowing season the weather is dry, then it is necessary to water the plot of the future bed a day. It is not recommended to deepen the seeds by more than 1.5-2 cm, otherwise their germination decreases. To visually determine the density of sowing seeds, you can add 1: 1 sand to clover seeds. After sowing, roll the seeds with a roller. You can grind a thin layer of peat.
Clover bloom begins only in the second year of life. However, it blooms twice: from May to July and from August to November. Therefore, after the clover has faded for the first time, it is recommended to mow it. This will make your garden more accurate and allow clover to bloom a second time.
This perennial plant does not need special care. Moreover, it will tolerate drought quite well, in the event of a long absence of rain and additional watering. Clover is resistant to trampling. If children often frolic on your site, then this is an ideal plant that will continue to grow quietly even after it has been little remembered.
Clover needs to be cut regularly, if you do not want it to fill all the beds around, for it’s not for nothing that the clover belongs to weeds. To stimulate re-flowering, you must remove faded and dried flowers. It is not necessary to allow overmoistening, it can provoke diseases of culture and attacks of insects, such as slugs.
Clover fertilizer and fertilizer
Since clover itself is a soil-improving plant, it does not require additional fertilization when grown.
You can make manure in the fall when digging the beds for planting. And just before planting the soil can be enriched with potash-phosphorus fertilizers. If it seems to you that clover is not flourishing enough, try spraying with boric fertilizers.
Clover is considered a plant that multiplies independently. Most often, gardeners have to think not about how to propagate the plant, but how to slow down its growth. The clover propagates both by self-sown seed and by vegetative means - ground shoots that root well.
White creeping clover in landscape design
Clover is considered to be a rather aggressive plant; therefore, when grown outdoors, many gardeners advise not to combine it with flowers with a more fragile root system. Clover just will not allow neighbors to develop and "crush" them on the garden.
Clover is often used in landscape design to create a “carpet” between trees in not too shaded areas. Thanks to its resistance to trampling, they plant it on sports and children's playgrounds. In mixed lawns, clover increases the stability of cereals (especially ryegrass), their growth improves, thereby giving a rich color to the lawn.
The powerful clover root system strengthens slopes and slopes, so they are often planted on sloping surfaces. In its pure form, clover looks best on large areas.
If you have a lot of free space on the plot, and you do not know how to decorate it, plant a clover. He will in a short time create for you a beautiful emerald carpet that will bloom from spring to late autumn with white fragrant flowers. With proper care and regular haircut, it will delight you for many years.
The presence of a creeping root caused the name of the species, which is often called white clover in the literature. The ability of the crawling clover root system to grow rapidly, displacing other plants, leads to the formation of green glades over large areas. A typical variety is represented by perennials with three-fold leaves and white, fragrant buds, the timely removal of which, after drying, allows us to observe flowering from late spring to mid-autumn. Graceful and flexible shoots can develop in height up to 30 cm.
Planting and care for clover
The plant is considered unpretentious and resistant to various negative factors, but it has its own characteristics about planting:
- he is completely undesirable shadow
- you want to choose an open and bright place,
- It is extremely important to avoid excessive moisture at the roots of the plant in order to prevent the formation of rot, mold and parasites,
- due to the presence of a dense root system, it is perfectly located on the slopes and strengthens them,
- the white shamrock prefers to grow on loamy, neutral and slightly acidic soil, and therefore the planting is carried out on a large open area or lawn.
Clover will be ideal for a non-shaded area in the garden. You can place it as a separate "bald spots", and as a filling of wastelands along fences and structures. As the lawn grass it can be used for a children's and sports ground, but not a football field. It is also suitable for the decoration of lawns and as a material for the formation of a Moorish lawn covering. Clover will look gorgeous on a hillside, alpine slide or as a supplement to the rose garden.
After the place has been selected, the ground is being prepared. Despite the minimum requirements, plant a crop in the raw soil can not be. Accordingly carried out:
- digging the site
- soil loosening
- cleaning soil from weeds and debris with stones.
After that, the prepared flowerbed is left for a few days for subsidence. Planting clover seeds is carried out in a moist soil and, if the weather is dry, the bed is watered. Be sure to use the potash and phosphorus type. The calculation of this - 400 g per 1 hectare.
If the soil is with high acidity, then before planting it is lime, which will significantly increase the frost resistance.
Important! Since it is clover that saturates the soil with nitrogen, such a lawn does not need fertilizers with this component. If to use complex additives with nitrogen, it can provoke an overdose and lead to the death of the plant.
Sowing seeds is carried out when the average air temperature is 10-13 ° C. This is mainly spring - the beginning of summer, the period from April to June.
Note! If sowing clover falls in the fall, then be sure to meet the deadline so that young shoots reach at least 7 cm before the first frost occurs. Up to 300 seeds or 10 g of planting material can be planted for 1 m². Before that, to ensure uniform distribution, the seeds of the plant are mixed with 1: 1 sand, and then sprinkled gently on the site.
A layer of earth 1 cm thick is laid on top, after which it rolls with the help of a roller, but it is permissible to use a bucket provided that it is completely smooth. It is extremely undesirable to irrigate with a hose, but a rain nozzle will allow you to water the ground without damaging the integrity of the upper layer. With proper implementation of the recommendations after 2 weeks you can see the first shoots. Grass will begin to bloom only 1.5 years after planting. Over the summer, buds open twice.
With regard to further care, it does not require much effort, enough to carry out watering, cleaning dried foliage and debris. Watering is carried out periodically, but usually the plant has enough natural precipitation. As soon as weeds appear, difficulties may arise, since removal must be carried out manually.
With proper care and regular haircut, you can achieve a neat, beautiful and lush lawn of clover carpet, which will delight with two waves of flowering. To make the lawn brighter and more original, you should give preference to varieties with emerald leaflets, and to strengthen the plant to carry out spraying infusion based on boric acid.
Where to buy and how much are the seeds?
If your choice fell on the "green carpet" of white clover, then you can buy seeds in any gardening shop. Photos of the expected result can be seen on the box. Rivendell is good for sowing.. You can take seeds from friends who have this plant in their area, but such seeds are usually weakened and may not bring the expected result.
Packing price ranges from 650 rubles per 1 kg. Planting a crawling white clover lawn will be much cheaper than a classic lawn from lawn blends.
How to plant white creeping clover?
Those who start from scratch to plant a lawn of white clover, you need to know about the features of the growth of white clover:
- Sow seeds need on the sunny side, in extreme cases, in partial shade. Before planting white creeping clover, you need to consider what it is called creeping because it can fill a large area in a short time,
- Plant unpretentioustherefore, it grows well in sandy, loamy, neutral and slightly acidic soils.
- Clover does not need abundant watering.
- Planting clover preferably away from plants with a weak root system., because it will suppress them and away from tall flowers, shrubs and trees, which will block it from sunlight.
- Blooming clover begins in the second year of growth. Clover has two flowering waves.
- The plant saturates the soil with nitrogen, increasing its fertility.
Clover is an unpretentious plant, so it can be planted both in spring and in autumn, when there is no frost. Before sowing, the soil must be loosened and cleaned of weeds.
For uniform sowing, the seeds are connected to the ground in a 1: 1 ratio. Sprinkle them with a small layer of earth and gently watered from a watering can. On the sowed site it is impossible to walk. After 1.5-2 weeks with proper care and moderate (once a week will be enough) watering expect the appearance of the first shoots.
All about plant care
One of the main advantages of white clover is its unpretentiousness. Special care is not required. As the plant grows, the plant is cut, a trimmer is perfect for this purpose. It is necessary to cut the grass every two weeks. Feed the plant can potash phosphate fertilizers.
Cons and pros
Before planting a clover on your plot, you should consider all the advantages and disadvantages of this plant. In addition to simplicity, he has the following advantages:
- Clover lawn is resistant to trampling and grows quickly.
- Clover - honey plant will attract bees from the whole area, this will increase the pollination of fruit trees. Walking barefoot on the green is not recommended. Insects can sting.
- Clover nourishes the soil with nitrogen, perfectly prepares it for the subsequent planting of vegetables and trees.
- Aesthetic appearance.
- But the disadvantages that the lawn of clover has, can affect the choice is not in his favor.
- Because of the thick clover sod, the soil beneath does not dry out, so the lawn can be slippery.
- Clover's good spreadability will seem like a disaster when you want to get rid of it.
- After cutting the lawn, brown petioles and leaves remain visible for several days. It will not look tidy until new green grows.
White Clover Diseases
Dense thickets of white clover do not allow the soil to dry with excess moisture, so the green lawn becomes a haven of snails and slugs. For the same reason, clover is prone to fungal diseases. In order to prevent pests and diseases, it is recommended to mow the lawn regularly.
Planting and caring for the lawn of white clover will not cause difficulties even for beginners. Unpretentious plant in a short time will turn even the desolate lawn itself into a soft green carpet, which will cause admiring reviews from your guests.
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For sowing, you need to use special varieties, the best option - white clover "rivendel". Its peculiarity is short stature (about 10 cm), bright coloring of the shoots and abundant flowering. Stems are soft, branched and thin, without pubescence. The leaves are short, narrow, oval-shaped with white veins. It develops well and grows on sandy and sod-podzolic soils. This variety of clover tolerates mowing well and recovers quickly after it. It is resistant to soil compaction and mechanical damage. The first haircut should be carried out when the height of the stem reaches at least 6-8 cm.
According to its biological characteristics, this type of clover is significantly different from its counterparts - pink and red. It is rather unpretentious in cultivation, it can be planted even on clay soils, but the white creeping clover best of all feels on sandy or loamy soils, with a neutral or slightly acidic acidity level, the plant avoids acidic soils.
The plant is light-loving. It should be noted that white clover is detrimental to excessive shading, so its shoots should not be oppressed by thicker and higher grasses. Also, the plant does not tolerate excessive moisture. Clover lawn can be placed anywhere on the decorated area, regardless of its topography, but this plant is especially valued for securing slopes. Summing up, we can conclude that white clover is ideal for gardening lawns. He is very beautiful and will easily give a noble look to any site.
Before sowing clover, you must first prepare the soil, digging it to a depth of about 22-25 cm, as well as clean the top layer of soil from large lumps of soil, rhizomes of weeds, stones and other debris. If necessary, you can spend liming and make a little sand. After this, be sure to level and loosen the soil. In about a week, it is desirable to apply fertilizer to obtain optimal seed germination.
To get friendly shoots, planting white clover is to begin when the air temperature reaches 14-15 degrees Celsius. It is necessary to sow the lawn of white clover no later than the end of August - so that the culture can properly take root before the onset of the first cold weather. In windless weather, seeds must be embedded in well-moistened soil, previously cleared of weeds, to a depth of no more than 0.5 cm, and on loamy soils - up to 1 cm. The white clover seeding rate as grass for lawn is 2 to 4 kg per hectare .
To get a lawn without bald spots, sowing is carried out in two directions: half the seed across the width of the plot and half along the length. The final stage will be the movement of the top layer of the earth with the seeds sown. Then slightly compacted soil and well moistened, while avoiding leaching of clover seeds. It is recommended to cover the crops before the first shoots.
Conditions for friendly shoots
The first shoots under favorable weather conditions will have an effect in 6-12 days. After their appearance, it is very important to maintain an optimal level of soil moisture and produce small-drop irrigation. Лучшим временем для полива считается поздний вечер и раннее утро. Полного развития белый клевер достигает только на второй сезон.
За газоном из клевера уход несложен. It consists in loosening the soil, removing weeds, and applying fertilizer. Pay special attention to watering. He should be moderate. Overmoistening of the soil is not allowed.
One of the main features of white clover lawn care is that it does not accept nitrogen fertilizers (sodium nitrate, ammonium nitrate and ammonium chloride, calcium nitrate), since the biological feature of the plant is the accumulation of nitrogenous compounds in the root system. For the same reason, not only the nitrogen group ingredients, but also green manure fertilizers are unacceptable. Before applying feedings, be sure to carefully study the composition of complex fertilizers purchased for the care of a lawn on which white clover grows.
There are obvious advantages for white clover culture lawns. Useful properties allow you to use it as a fertilizer for the soil, thus increasing its fertility. Moreover, white lawn clover has high frost resistance - your lawn will look attractive from early spring to late fall.
Intensive growth and the ability to "crawl away" allows you to create the necessary composition in the shortest possible time. At the same time the lawn will be uniform and saturated, without bald spots.
Combination with various representatives of the flora
Clover can also be used when creating lawns from grass mixtures, but not more than 7% of the total mass. Atmospheric nitrogen accumulated in the roots enhances the green color of cereal crops, and also increases the growth rate and the number of shoots, as a result of which the decorative lawn improves significantly.
White clover is perfectly combined with bright colors, as well as with individual trees and shrubs. When making flower arrangements, it is best to plant clover in separate groups, thus isolating it from other plants. Consider that this kind of lawn will require special care: the growth of other plants will have to be stimulated with mineral dressings, otherwise the trefoil will drown them.
White clover is successfully used in folk medicine as an infusion or tea in the treatment of colds, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and also as a diuretic. Gruel of fresh leaves has hemostatic properties, it is applied with boils and various tumors.
However, white creeping clover as a plant for lawn gardening is not without its drawbacks. First of all, the lawn of clover, although resistant to trampling, is still not able to withstand heavy loads. It is not recommended to run or trample over clover often, otherwise the plants will quickly lose their aesthetic appearance.
As a rule, lawn care of white clover does not require much effort, but its complexity is present. First of all, in order to maintain the necessary decorative type of lawn, it is necessary to cut it frequently, as the clover grows quickly. In addition, if time does not remove the faded browned buds, the lawn will look untidy. It is not always convenient to do this, since an increased moisture level is maintained in the dense carpet weight of the leaves.
White lawn clover has a tendency to fungal diseases, and also after the rain or when the weather is wet, the grass becomes rather slippery. Therefore, the lawns of clover are not planted in areas of active recreation and on sports fields.
Root nodules not only accumulate nitrogen, but also attract a variety of weeds, which have to be weed out manually, since chemical treatment for white clover is unacceptable.
At its core, clover is an aggressor plant. It very quickly grows beyond the boundaries of the lawn and is often sown on neighboring flower beds, automatically turning from a decorative crop into a weed.
Characteristics of creeping clover
The flower is aggressive, it spreads quickly over the designated area, displacing other cultures. In the first year, roots, leaves and stems develop, flowering begins from the 2nd year after planting. For the entire period it blooms twice:
- from late spring to late summer
- from August to mid-autumn.
Between the two periods, sting a bit of planting. Determine the appropriate time for the bevel on the loss of decorative culture.
Medunitsa sown with cereals as a sodden on the slopes, flat places. By interacting with nodule bacteria, it saturates the earth with nitrogen, improving its fertile qualities. Due to this, on depleted soils the clover develops, and on fertile, saturated with mineral elements it degenerates.
For sowing on the lawn take up to 2 kg of planting material per 100 square meters. m. Seeds buried at 0.5 cm and irrigate. Lawn seeded in 2 sets. When the 1st layer is complete, the clover is mown as low as possible and the 2nd layer is grazed. Do this until August 15, so that the saplings are strengthened and rooted before cooling. Grass sown after the 15th will die when the air and soil temperature drops.
Grass endurance and the number of advantages ensure its spread. When a bald spot appears on a grassy carpet, seeds are sown in a bare area. If weed appears on crops, remove it manually.