Vegetables

When is it better to plant cucumbers for seedlings and how to do it right

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To build a greenhouse of polycarbonate, suitable areas with a flat surface or some southern slope. It is advised to select a site with a groundwater level at a depth of 2 m. It is necessary to make the height of the greenhouse about 2 m. It is not recommended to do less, as the cucumber vine grows to 3–3.5 m. You shouldn’t build a greenhouse above, either. will warm up more slowly.

When can be planted cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse

It is better to sow seeds of self-pollinated varieties in peat pots in an apartment. Cucumber seedlings are planted in the greenhouse when 3–4 true leaves appear on it. This usually happens when the seedlings reach the age of 1 month. But seedlings should not outgrow.

Experienced gardeners are advised to replant seedlings as soon as possible, the younger they are, the easier it is to transplant and adapt better. This is due to the fact that small roots are less damaged during transplantation. Therefore, planting cucumbers in a greenhouse seedling is possible in the phase of cotyledons.

Cucumbers in the greenhouse

They are transplanted into an unheated greenhouse when the soil warms up to 15 ° C, since cucumbers need warmth.

On a note! It is necessary to measure the temperature in the morning. On the soil where the temperature will be measured, you can lay a board or plywood, then this area will not be heated by the sun.

Next, into the ground where the seedlings will be planted, insert a thermometer to a depth of about 20 cm, leave it for half an hour. Then the result will be the most objective.

So that the soil warms up faster, you can cover it with a polyethylene film or build a warm bed, spill it with hot water, and then cover it with a film.

In an unheated greenhouse in the Moscow region, seedlings are required to be planted in early May, that is, the house must be sown for seedlings in early April, while tomatoes are sown in February.

The temperature of the air in the greenhouse during the day should be + 22-25 degrees, and at night + 16-20 degrees.

Everything you need to know about disembarking

The land for cucumbers should be fertile, air- and water-permeable, have neutral acidity characteristics. Perfect loam. The clay soil is too heavy for this culture, it does not allow air to pass through. The sandy soil is friable, but moisture does not linger in it, and plants do not grow without water. Sandy loam may also come up if you add a little clay to it.

Loamy good for cucumbers

Seedlings should not be planted in the ground in which any members of the pumpkin family grew; fungi, bacteria and pests characteristic of cucumbers are preserved in the ground.

Cucumbers can be planted after growing solanaceous in the greenhouse - tomatoes, eggplants, peppers.

Land preparation

It is possible in the fall after harvesting to plant siderats, and to dig up the ground along with siderarates before the frost. Leaf mustard is best suited, it will disinfect the earth, as well as saturate it with microelements.

In winter, it is required to cover up the snow in the greenhouse, then in the spring the ground will be sufficiently moistened.

Then you need to make a substrate, mixing 4 shares of sod soil, 2 shares of humus and 1 share of sand. Substrate sift, to avoid lumps. It is desirable to ignite in the oven for half an hour to disinfect.

Tip! You can make the substrate in the fall, put it in a bag and put it on the balcony, then in winter all the microbes will die.

Then in a bucket of substrate you need to pour 1 l of vermiculite, a glass of ash, 2 tbsp. spoons of superphosphate. After sprinkle the mixture over the greenhouse.

Another composition - mix 5 shares of peat, 2 shares of field soil and 3 shares of humus. It is also recommended to pour sawdust from pines and firs. When rotting, they will enrich the substrate with nitrogen and release heat.

Important! It is impossible to plant fresh sawdust into the ground before planting seeds or cucumber seedlings, as they take potassium from the soil. It is necessary to use only those sawdust that have lain for 1 year.

It is required to scatter 30 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium sulfate into 1 m², dig up the ground to a depth of 20–25 cm, shed it with a solution of copper sulfate (7%). That is, you need to pour 700 g of copper sulphate into a bucket of clean water (10 l), mix thoroughly and shed the ground. Then it is necessary to break up large lumps of soil with a rake or a shovel. On the lunar calendar, seedlings can not be planted with a new moon and the full moon. In 2018, seedlings are better to replant April 29.

Landing pattern

To make beds, ridges, you need to dig a trench 40 cm deep, and pour fresh manure to the bottom.

Further, for planting cucumber seedlings in a greenhouse, fertile soil should be poured with a layer of 15 cm. The planting pattern is a distance between rows of 40–70 cm, and between ribbons - 75–90 cm. In a row between seedlings should be a distance of 30–40 cm

So approximately the beds should look like

It is also necessary to make tapestries of twine and wire, they need to be put in 10–15 cm at a height of up to 150–200 cm.

How to transplant cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse

It is necessary to dig holes, keeping a distance of 30–40 cm. After them, it is required to shed warm water with several crystals of potassium permanganate in order to disinfect the soil.

We deepen cups from peat to the first real leaf

Seedlings should be planted by digging cups of peat to the first real leaf or cotyledon. Soil a little compacted, sprinkle with dry soil. You can also put mulch on the beds so that the moisture evaporates more slowly and remains warm.

Further care: advice from experienced gardeners

Seedlings need to be watered, loosen the ground. Bushes need to feed in 10-15 days.

  • Before blooming, it is required to feed the seedlings with nitrogen, and after - with phosphorus. When flowering need to regularly fertilize. Fertilizing planting is better in the evening, it should be done 4 hours after watering. It should also be watered cucumbers in the morning, it will moisten the ground, and the second evening watering will protect the plants from burns.
  • It is very good to do foliar feeding on foliage. To do this, 2 g of boric acid, 2 g of potassium permanganate, 2 g of copper sulphate, pour in a bucket of clean water (10 l). Spray the foliage and stems in the morning or evening, trying to get on the reverse side of the foliage.
  • You can fertilize planting infusion of the tops. Pour the mowed grass, fallen leaves into the barrel for 2/3, pour the water to the top, cover with a lid. Leave the infusion for 10 days to ferment. Feed the culture when the infusion is completely fertile. To do this, pour 1 liter of infusion into a bucket of water. It is necessary to water the bushes under the root. But this dressing has a minus: when it wanders, it produces an unpleasant smell. To somewhat reduce the intensity of the smell, it is worth dripping a few drops of valerian into the barrel.
  • You can feed the yeast: 100 g per bucket of clean water, add 2 tbsp. spoons of sugar. If the yeast is fresh, you can start watering immediately after placing it in water, if it is dry, you should wait 2 hours for the solution to infuse, and then water it.
  • Yeast can be fertilized no more than 2 times during the vegetative season. After such a fertilizer bushes begin to grow actively.

It should be watered with extremely warm water, as cold water causes root diseases, such as root rot. It is best to make grooves around the bushes and pour water into them. If you water the bushes under the root, and not in the grooves, it can expose the root system, which will lead to a strong decrease in the number of ovaries.

Important! If the roots of the culture are bare, you need to spud the plants or pour the ground.

Water can be pre-set and left in the greenhouse, then it will be at room temperature. In the heat should be watered bushes daily. This is done in the morning before the sun rises, or in the evening after sunset.

It is necessary to pour out 15-25 liters of water per day for 1 m². And with the appearance of the ovaries, the volume of water should be increased, pour out 20–30 liters per 1 m².

Loosening the ground, airing the greenhouse

It is imperative that the soil be loosened shallowly, this will help ensure the supply of oxygen to the roots, then they will not rot.

Tip! The roots of the culture are close to the surface, because of this, it is necessary to loosen the ground very carefully to a depth of 5–7 cm.

It is necessary to air the greenhouse on the day of 30–70 minutes. in cool weather. If it is hot, the vents need to open for the whole day.

First you need to plant the seedlings, 7 days after that you should stretch a wire or a cord from nylon at a height of 1.5 m and stretch the twine from it to each seedling.

You can also stretch the mesh in the form of 2 canvases at an angle, and attach the bush mustache to the mesh.

Seedling problems

  • If the bushes stretch the stems, and the leaves turn pale or yellow, you need to feed them with a solution of urea, pour 50 g in a bucket with clean water.
  • If the bushes grow quite intensively, but there are very few flowers, the plants probably lack phosphorus and potassium.
  • If the plants have a small amount of ovaries, it is necessary to feed them with a solution of chicken manure. This should be done when the temperature is set to + 17–18 degrees during the day. It is necessary to ventilate the greenhouse at night, but it is impossible to arrange drafts.
  • If the bushes a large number of ovaries, but the bushes grow slowly, they are recommended to feed with mullein.

Diseases and parasites affecting the bushes in the greenhouse

Cucumber bushes in a greenhouse can get sick with anthracnose, downy mildew, gray and white rot, root rot. They can be attacked by parasites: melon aphid, spider mite, whitefly greenhouse.

This is a fungal disease. Anthracnose can be detected by brownish-yellow round spots on the foliage. As the disease progresses, the leaves become brittle and begin to crumble. Deep spots appear on the vine, they are covered with pinkish-red mucus. Zelentsov taste becomes bitter. When the disease appears, cucumbers should be thrown away, and the bushes should be sprayed with 0.4% copper chloroxide (0.4%).

Mealy dew

At the onset of the disease a small whitish bloom appears on the leaves. Then the leaves turn brown and fall off. When a disease is detected, it is necessary to cut off the diseased leaves, stalks. And then spray the culture with drugs with sulfur, for example, Tiovit Jet, Topsin. And after 1-2 weeks to re-process.

Downy mildew

At first, brownish-yellow specks are visible on the foliage. Then they gradually expand and merge. On the underside of the foliage you can see a grayish-purple patina. And after the bushes shed leaves. When a disease is detected, it is worthwhile to stop watering, to powder the ground with wood ash. Spray the plants with a solution of phytosporine.

Downy mildew

Gray rot

On the fruit slippery grayish spots are visible, they increase. Sick cucumbers need to be thrown away, cutting the infected parts of the stems. Place slices sprinkled with lime, crushed into powder with coal. You can spray bushes Bordeaux mixture. If the disease has spread much, you should spray the beds Rovral or Home.

White rot

On the foliage, the vine appears whitish fluffy patina, like cotton wool. The plaque is converted to mucus. Shrubs rot. If the fungus has just arisen, the bushes should be powdered with copper-chalk powder. It is necessary to spray the vine and foliage with drugs Profit, Fast.

Small pale brown sores are visible on cotyledons, and angular spots on leaves. Then the foliage becomes brown, dries and falls. It is necessary to cut off the infected foliage. Process plants Bordeaux mixture.

Gourd aphid

These are tiny parasites having a body length of about 2 mm. They are black or dark green, appear in July or August. To eliminate well helps such an infusion: 30 g of red hot pepper and 200 g of tobacco dust must be poured into a bucket of hot water, leave for a day, drain, add 3 tbsp. spoons of wood resin and pour 1 tbsp. spoon of detergent. It is also possible to spray Inta-Viri shrubs from aphids.

Spider mite

It can be found on a small cobweb on the culture. Plants should be treated with drugs Fitoverm, Akarin.

With proper observance of all the above conditions for growing cucumbers in a greenhouse, you can harvest a bountiful crop of crispy cucumbers.

Growing cucumber seedlings

In the southern regions of our country, cucumbers are sown with seeds immediately in the garden. Where the climate is cooler, only part of the seeds are sown early in the seedlings. And nursed her while there are cold in the premises. Planted in greenhouses to try the first cucumbers at the very beginning of summer. And with the onset of steady heat, the rest of the seeds are sown in open ground. In cool regions with a short summer, only the seedling method of sowing cucumbers is used, for growing them in greenhouses or under shelters in beds. And the harvest directly depends on the quality of seedlings.

It is important to find a convenient place for containers with seedlings. As a rule, it is a window sill facing south or southeast. If the windows of a house or apartment go out in the direction of other parts of the world, the seedlings will have to be illuminated with special lamps, otherwise it will be thin, long and pale. Direct sunlight is best avoided, slightly pritenyaya plants in hours of greatest sun illumination.

Cucumber seedlings on the southern windowsill are light and comfortable

Selection of cucumber seeds for sowing

From the quality of the seed depends on the time of the beginning of fruiting and the size of the crop. You can not buy seeds from random sellers. There is a huge risk to buy substandard, expired, unknown varieties. Hybrids are best bought from reputable companies to avoid resorting. Seeds of high-quality cucumbers for sowing better to collect their own. It must be remembered that seeds fully grow and grow for 3-4 years of storage, and germinate up to 5-6 years. For planting selected full-weighted seeds without damage. Empty, broken, irregularly shaped must be sorted and discarded.

For sowing select full-weight and one-dimensional seeds without visible damage.

Terms in which it is necessary to plant cucumbers on seedlings

The term of planting seeds for seedlings depends on several factors:

  • Region of residence.
  • The quality of the greenhouse, the availability of covering material and arcs on open beds.
  • Constant stay on the site or just arrivals on weekends, that is, having the opportunity to protect the planted plants during unexpected frosts.

When to sow seeds for a greenhouse

As a rule, cucumber seeds are sown at the beginning or middle of April in the middle lane for seedlings. From sowing to planting seedlings in the greenhouse should be 25-30 days. Planting date depends on the quality of the greenhouse (heated or not), weather. Based on this, the day of sowing seeds is calculated. It is not recommended to keep seedlings indoors for more than a month. Overgrown poorly take root and will not be able to develop into a full-fledged plant.

If there are no greenhouses, seedlings are planted on a garden bed with established arcs. Covered with agrospan, and on top of it, during cold snaps, they also cover film. Shelter collapse when the temperature at night is set not lower than 15 o C.

The seedlings planted in the greenhouse additionally shelter from sudden frosts with agrospan or film

Terms for open ground

In order to get seedlings in time for planting in open ground without shelter, they determine the end date of late frosts and establish warm (not lower than 15 ° C) nights in this region, and sow seeds 30 days before this time.

In order to stretch the fruiting of cucumbers for the whole summer until the cold, varieties of early ripening are selected, given that:

  • In early ripe cucumbers, the first fruits are tied at 32–45 days after sowing.
  • In mid-season for 50–55 days.
  • Late-ripened cucumbers are tied for 55–70 days.

Determining the time of the lunar calendar

Days of sowing seeds for seedlings can be determined by the lunar calendar. It is noticed that the best cucumbers grow when sown on the growing moon. Or when she is in such zodiac constellations as Capricorn, Pisces, Taurus and Cancer. You need to verify your actions with the lunar calendar and not sow cucumber seeds on unfavorable days. The time of day for sowing does not matter.

Lunar calendar 2017 will tell the dates of sowing seeds for seedlings

Seed preparation for sowing, germination

Preparation for sowing in hybrid and varietal seeds is different. Hybrid seeds go on sale already treated with various disinfectants. They should also not be heated, since the high temperature stimulates the development of future flowers on the formation of female plants, and in parthenocarpik hybrids they are already female.

Varietal seeds, especially those collected personally, must be warmed and sanitized before sowing. Warm up the seeds, wrapped from drying in a plastic bag, can be on the central heating battery for 20-30 days.

There are many ways of disinfecting treatment. The simplest of them: hold the seeds for 15–20 minutes in a strong, dark purple potassium permanganate solution, then rinse with cool water and dry.

The less the shelf life of varietal seeds (up to two years), the more they need warm-up for the awakening and the formation of female flowers. Heating them for 15–20 minutes in a thermos with water heated to 53 ° C, you not only stimulate germination, but also destroy pathogens of diseases such as bacteriosis and anthracnose.

To awaken the growth processes, the seeds need oxygen, moisture and heat. Оптимально обеспечить этим будущие растения, позволит замачивание семян в ватных дисках или салфетках, пропитанных талой водой. Отобранные для посева семечки располагают между двумя такими дисками, помещёнными на блюдце.So that they do not dry out, the container is placed in a plastic bag and tied up. The temperature in the house should be 23–26 ° C. Sprouted seeds should be planted immediately in moist soil.

Cucumber seeds in wet cotton disks germinate in 2-3 days

What is the best soil to grow?

The quality of seedlings depends on the composition of the soil in which it is planted. The soil can be bought ready, but it is better to cook it yourself. Cucumbers grow well in a light, loose, moisture-intensive land. It should not be too nutritious so that the plants do not stretch. Assemble it from several components:

  • Neutral peat - 1 part.
  • Sod land - 1 part.
  • Compost or humus - 1 part.
  • Shattered sawdust (before laying scalded with boiling water) - 1 part.
  • River sand -0.5 parts.
  • Kiln ash of deciduous trees - 1 tbsp. l on 1 liter of mix.

If a hydrogel is added to the soil for seedlings, 1 tablespoon of soaked granules per 0.5 liter of soil will be halved, and the plants will be provided with constant moderate humidity.

Features of packaging and planting seedlings

For cucumber seedlings it is especially important to preserve the integrity of the root system. If during transplantation of grown seedlings damage the delicate suction roots, which are not restored, the development of the ground part will stop until new roots grow. Therefore, plants planted later directly into the ground are often ahead of seedlings in development and fruiting. Containers for cucumber seedlings should ensure the integrity of the roots during transplantation. For this, peat-humus or paper pots are suitable, which, dissolving in the soil, enable the roots, after transfer to the greenhouse or bed, to continue their development without delay in recovery.

A paper cup from an old newspaper will keep its roots from damage when transplanting a plant.

The simplest and most accessible seedling containers can be made from old newspapers folded in 3-4 layers wrapped around a can. The resulting container is filled with a soil mixture of 2/3 and watered. Seed with a crooked root is very easy to damage. Therefore, they take it carefully, with tweezers, put it on a wet surface and sprinkle it on top with the ground, deepening 1.5–2 cm. After that, water it again. Before the emergence of seedlings, the temperature in the room should not be below 23 o C.

Sowing cucumber seeds for seedlings - video

When transplanting finished seedlings into the soil, paper or peat-humus pot is placed in the hole, made by its size, and plentifully watered. The walls of the pot soak, and the roots grow freely further.

Peat-humus pots are not always of high quality, they may turn out to be too strong, and the roots of a plant will not be able to develop. Therefore, before sowing seeds, you need to check the ability of the pot to soak, immersing it in water for several hours.

Light mode

In April, when seeds of cucumbers are sown for seedlings, the day is not long enough. And the conditions of the enclosed space do not give the plants the level of illumination that is required for normal plant growth. If the house is too warm, the seedlings will be elongated, pale, weak. She needs additional lighting with special lamps. Ordinary home lighting is not suitable, they have the wrong range. For the proper development of cucumber seedlings, LED lamps with blue and red parts of the light spectrum are needed. Highlight plants need at least 12 hours a day.

It should be remembered that plants for normal growth need at least 6 hours of complete darkness.

Highlighting the cucumber seedlings with a red-blue spectrum strengthens the plants and increases their productivity.

Temperature conditions

After the emergence of seedlings, so that the seedlings do not stretch, the temperature in the room should not be higher than 20–23 o C during the day and not less than 18 o C at night. Cucumbers are suspended in growth already at 15 ° C, and at temperatures above 28 ° C the seedlings are strongly drawn out, especially with a lack of light. The room in which the plants are located must be aired, given that the drafts for cucumbers are destructive. When planting seedlings in the ground, it is desirable that the bed warms up to 18 o C, and night temperatures do not fall below 15 o C.

Vital temperatures for cucumbers

Top dressing and watering of cucumber seedlings

Begin to feed the plants after the appearance of the first true leaf. Nitrogen fertilizers can cause undesirable growth enhancement and seedling stretching. Cucumbers at this time it is better to give mineral supplements. Best suited infusion of wood ash. To make it, 0.5 cups of ash are poured with a glass of boiling water, infused for 24 hours, mixed with 5 liters of water, filtered and watered with this solution once a week. Feeding is carried out on wet soil. In the evening, the plants are watered and fed in the morning. In one pot poured 0.5 cup of infusion. As foliar fertilizing, it is useful to spray the seedlings with Humate EM. One such feeding is enough. Water the seedlings regularly, only with settled warm water, not allowing strong waterlogging, but also preventing the soil from drying out. Leaves and central shoot do not moisten to avoid disease.

Care for young stock before disembarkation

From germination to planting, seedlings grow 25-30 days. All this time, monitor the temperature of the air and light plants. It is important to maintain a constant moderate soil moisture, to feed the seedlings with fertilizers. During these 30 days it is enough to spend two or three root and one foliar feeding of cucumbers. For the prevention of disease every week it is useful to spray the plants with a pink solution of potassium permanganate with the addition of boric acid (powder on the tip of the knife to 3 liters of solution).

How to save sprawling seedlings - video

The quality of the seedlings depends on the future crop of cucumbers. Carrying out simple rules of care, maintaining the correct temperature, highlighting, watering and fertilizing their plants, vegetable growers lay the foundation for further abundant fruiting.

The advantages of growing cucumbers in greenhouses

If we talk about the benefits of this technology, we note the following:

  • Significant improvement in yields.
  • Prolonged fruiting period.
  • There is the possibility of early planting vegetables.
  • A gardener gets the opportunity to grow southern thermophilic varieties, which are not possible to plant in open ground in the middle lane.

If in the recent past, the technology of planting cucumbers in the open ground was the most popular, today, more often, gardeners and gardeners choose greenhouses and greenhouses, which allows them to use the available land area with maximum efficiency. Thanks to modern opportunities, the production of greenhouses and greenhouses is not difficult, so each of us can assemble such a structure or purchase it on the gardening market.

Ways to grow cucumbers in the greenhouse

Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse perhaps by different technologies. First of all it is necessary to distinguish the way of planting. They can be planted as seeds, and use purchased or self-grown seedlings.

When planting seeds, the gardener has the opportunity to somewhat simplify the cultivation of vegetables, among other things, the cost of acquiring quality seedlings is reduced. However, there is a danger of growing a large amount of barren flower, which does not produce any good yield. Such a barren appears when using improperly treated and insufficiently heated seeds before planting.

Today, an increasing number of gardeners tend to grow cucumbers in greenhouses using seedlings. This allows you to immediately plant in a warm greenhouse adult seedlings, which will soon begin to bear fruit perfectly. You can independently grow such seedlings on the windowsill or purchase them in specialized stores and horticultural markets.

How to grow seedlings at home

We can recommend the technology of growing this vegetable by planting seedlings in the greenhouse to beginner summer residents and gardeners. This will make it easy to get a good harvest, while you will be completely confident in the quality of your cucumbers.

Growing seedlings on their own is not particularly difficult.. Usually from the moment of planting seeds to transplanting seedlings takes about a month. It is recommended to plant seedlings in early April, so that by the end of the month they can be transplanted into a heated greenhouse.

We offer you simple recommendations for growing cucumber seedlings:

  • The optimal size of the pot for growing seedlings is 8 by 8 or 10 by 10 centimeters. You can plant seedlings in flower pots or paper cups.
  • It is best to use for planting a special fertile mixture of peat, earth, humus and sawdust. It will be useful to add one tablespoon of ash to a bucket of cooked fertile land.
  • For disinfection, spill the prepared mixture with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
  • Plant grown seedlings in a greenhouse can only be planted when they have a strong root system, and the plants themselves finally get stronger.

Directly planting cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse is not difficult. Purchased or prepared by yourself seeds should be planted in pots with fertile soil. Remember to regularly water the land as well as maintain a constant temperature. The optimum temperature indicator is 20-22 degrees, and at night the air temperature should not fall below 18 degrees. Approximately in a week the first leaves will appear, after which the gardener will need to water the seedlings regularly, and in two weeks to feed them with a weak solution of mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen and potassium.

When can be planted in a greenhouse cucumber seedlings

Determine when to plant cucumbers in a greenhouse is not difficult. As soon as home grown saplings 5-6 leaves will appear and two tendrils will grow You can perform a transplant of plants in the greenhouse.

Tightening with this work should not be, as the seedlings develop a large root system, which is damaged during transplantation and subsequently the plant is sick for a long time and does not bear fruit well.

When choosing a time when planting cucumber seedlings in a greenhouse, you should consider the climatic and weather conditions. The temperature of the earth by this time should warm up to at least 10 degrees, and the air temperature should be about 12-15 degrees. Lowering the temperature to 10 degrees and below is not desirable, since such plants subsequently suffer a lot and do not bear fruit well.

How to feed greenhouse cucumber

Timely fertilization when growing cucumbers in greenhouses will allow the gardener to obtain the maximum possible yield. Such feeding does not present any difficulty, and you can use purchased store mineral complexes, which greatly simplifies the care of plantings.

For the preparation of a nutrient solution, you can use mullein or bird droppings, which dissolves in the consistency of 1 to 10.

The resulting solution should be infused for about 3 days, after which the plants should be carefully watered, at the rate of one bucket per 10-15 bushes.

Also for the growth and fruiting cucumber will be required various minerals. It is recommended to use superphosphate, urea and potassium sulphate for feeding seedlings during the fruiting period. To prepare such a nutrient solution will need to be dissolved in 10 liters of water in a teaspoon of superphosphate, urea and potassium. There will be enough prepared solution for processing of three square meters of a bed.

Feed plants after planting can be the following composition:

  • Wood ash - two tablespoons.
  • Superphosphate - two teaspoons.
  • Eco special mineral fertilizers or composition for cucumbers 2 kilograms.

The prepared nutrient composition will be enough to feed 80 square meters of beds.

How to tie cucumbers in a greenhouse

When growing cucumbers in the greenhouse is required perform their garter. Approximately two weeks after the appearance of the first shoots, the length of the main stem can reach 15 centimeters. It is at this time that cucumbers should be tied to the wire with string or plastic twine. The wire itself is stretched over the entire surface of the greenhouse at a height of about 2 meters. In the future, such a garter will not only simplify the harvest, but also improves the performance of fruiting, and the gardener can easily pinch and handle the row spacing.

But without a garter, when the cucumber whips spread along the ground, yields are much worse. After planting, such plants often suffer from various fungal diseases and are affected by pests. Without a garter, cucumbers are difficult to care for, which, in turn, leads to a general weakening of plants that bear poor fruit and often get sick.

How to care for cucumbers grown in the greenhouse

Caring for cucumbers in the greenhouse after their disembarkation does not present any difficulty. In the hot season it is necessary to maintain the humidity at a constant level, for which you can spray the plants or install a tub filled with water inside the greenhouse. They also regularly water plants that require irrigation at least twice a week during the growing season.

On a regular basis, you should pinch the plants and remove all lateral processes that weaken the parent plant, impairing the yield. Every three weeks it is necessary to loosen the earth to a depth of no more than 3 centimeters. Simultaneously with such loosening of the ground, weeds should be removed, which can contribute to the appearance of various infectious diseases.

Experienced gardeners recommend installing in a greenhouse tub with dung chaffin which the putrefactive process will take place and carbon dioxide is produced. Such a high content of carbon dioxide significantly increases the yield indicators, having a positive effect on the taste characteristics of the grown crop.

Conclusion

Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse is easy and allows you to get a great harvest. Only necessary to plant seedlings in the greenhousewhich subsequently provides appropriate care. In this article, we told you how and when cucumber seedlings are planted in a greenhouse, which will allow every gardener to get a good harvest.

Greenhouse and soil preparation

Without preparing greenhouses and soil, it will be difficult for the gardener to obtain the desired crop, since diseases and poor fertility can destroy all plans. Therefore, since the autumn and early spring, a number of measures need to be taken:

  1. In late autumn or early spring, the greenhouse must be disinfected. To do this, it is treated with a solution that is prepared as follows: in 10 liters of water you need to dissolve 1 tablespoon of karbofos and copper sulfate. This solution will be enough for processing 20 square meters of greenhouse area.
  2. In early April, begin to prepare the soil. In order to obtain high-quality soil, many mixtures were invented with the following main components: peat, humus, turfy ground and sawdust to which sometimes wood ash is added. The most common mixture is soil prepared from the same amount of ingredients with 5% wood ash added. In this case, the mixture must necessarily be evenly mixed. In no case can the soil be taken from places where pumpkin crops were previously grown (cucumbers, zucchini).
  3. The prepared soil is placed in greenhouses and make beds up to 40 centimeters high and 80 centimeters wide. Between the beds, be sure to leave a width of at least 50 centimeters.
  4. Mineral and organic fertilizers are applied to the ridges per 1 square meter: 2 tablespoons of superphosphate, 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate and urea.
  5. After fertilization, the ridges are poured on the strained solution of hot (70-80 gauss) water from 0.5 liters of liquid mullein or bird droppings and 1 teaspoon of blue vitriol. For 1 square meter you need to use 5 liters of solution.
  6. After watering, the beds should be covered with polyethylene to keep warm and moisture. All these procedures are done 5-6 days before sowing the seeds of cucumber or before planting the seedlings, which is more effective.
  7. Above the beds at a height of 1 to 2 meters, 2 wires should be pulled at a distance of 25-30 centimeters from each other.. The wire must be used strong, so that it can withstand the weight of the shoots and the future harvest. Also, the wire should be securely fastened on strong supports.

Planting seedlings in the greenhouse

The most crucial moment for the gardener is planting seedlings in the greenhouse soil. Seedlings need to be planted according to a premeditated method:

  1. Before landing on the beds you need to make holeswhose size should be slightly larger than the pot in which the seedlings were grown.
  2. Wells need to pour the solutions of growth stimulant in the proportion indicated on the package.. At the same time on 1 well, you need to use at least half a liter of solution.
  3. Seedlings taken out of the container together from the earthy clod or planted with a pot.
  4. Для лучшего освещения рассаду высаживают на расстоянии 50-60 сантиметров и преимущественно в шахматном порядке.
  5. Если рассада вытянутая, то стебель до семядольных листьев часто засыпают торфом и опилками, перемешанными в равном количестве.
  6. Для профилактики корневой гнили рассаду можно опрыскать специальными препаратами (Заслон).

Высадка огурцов в теплице начинается с подготовки теплицы и заканчивается, когда все растения будут распределены на подготовленных грядках. Proper planting of cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse allows you to get large yields with minimal care, since all the necessary fertilizers were made in preparing the soil. Growing cucumbers in a greenhouse takes more time and requires more resources than growing in open ground, but the resulting crop will be received almost a month earlier and its amount will be several times larger. Therefore, in most cases, all costs are fully justified.

Additional information about cucumbers - useful to read.

Attention: notes to the last tip. 1. Thoroughly rinse and drain the shell - so that you do not have a disgusting smell of decomposition. 2. The method requires exceptional dexterity due to the fragility of the shell.

Greenhouse processing

During the operation of polycarbonate greenhouses the walls become dusty, they let the light worse. In the soil and on the elements of the structure accumulate harmful microorganisms. In the autumn the greenhouse needs to be processed:

  • wash
  • remove topsoil
  • sanitized.

Wash with water with 72% household soap, use a rag or a soft sponge. Topsoil needs to be removed, because after the summer season there can live there:

  • pathogens of tomatoes,
  • pests of vegetable crops,
  • insect larvae.

At least 1 time in 2 years it is necessary to remove the top layer of soil in the greenhouse (5 - 10 cm) and take it to the garden for restoration.

Disinfecting a greenhouse with sulfur checkers destroys fungal spores, viruses, and bacteria. It is necessary to carry out processing no later than October. To achieve the effect observe the conditions:

  • air temperature in the greenhouse is not lower than 10 ° C,
  • metal elements of construction are covered with paint,
  • the soil has been dug up
  • doors and windows are tightly closed.

Soil preparation

Intensive use of the greenhouse depletes the soil. To restore fertility, organic matter (humus, compost), ashes and mineral fertilizers must be applied annually.

Organic matter, superphosphate, potassium nitrate and ashes should be added in the fall under digging. Urea should be added in the spring, two weeks before planting cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse.

After autumn treatment with a sulfur checker, the biological preparation Baikal EM1 will help restore the balance of beneficial microorganisms in the soil.

7 days before transplanting, spill the soil with a biological product. When can I use it and what conditions to comply with:

  • soil temperature - not less than 15 ° C,
  • solution temperature - 25 ° C.

Arrangement of beds

In summer, gardeners start a hot time in both the literal and figurative sense. On a sunny day, the air temperature in the greenhouse is above 35 ° C. It is easier and faster to work in a well-equipped greenhouse.

It is necessary to plant cucumber seedlings in a greenhouse on well-prepared beds. It is necessary to adhere to the following rules:

  • dig up the soil on the spade bayonet,
  • mark ridges, based on the size (width) of the greenhouse,
  • to form ridges 25 - 35 cm high,
  • ridge width - 60 cm
  • row spacing - 70 - 80 cm.

Make ribs of wood, slate, galvanized iron or plastic near the ridges.

Pluses fenced ridge tangible:

  • neat ridges - a beautiful greenhouse,
  • the ground does not fall into the paths,
  • water does not flow from the ridges,
  • easier to fertilize - an aqueous solution of fertilizers does not spread around the perimeter of the greenhouse.

In addition to the ridge, you need to build a trellis at the same time. For a string of garter, you can use both a thick steel wire with a section of 2 - 3 mm, and thin bars of 25 * 40 mm.

Manure - fertilizer and heating

If there is an opportunity to buy cattle manure, buy and arrange with it comfortable conditions for seedlings of cucumbers in the greenhouse. To do this, in the center of the ridge you need to dig a trench: depth 50 - 60 cm, width - 30 cm.

Fresh manure 30 - 35 cm thick should be laid down and covered with earth from the ridge. A layer of soil over manure - 25 cm. Fresh, rammed manure in 5-7 days will “burn”, release heat and heat the earth.

In the summer, decomposing, mullein will supply greenhouse plants with nitrogen. Planting cucumber seedlings in a greenhouse in the presence of biofuels (manure) is the most economical and easiest to implement method of obtaining early greenmen. We learn how to replant cucumbers grown from seeds.

Planting seeds for seedlings

You can significantly bring closer the moment of harvest of Zelentsov, if in April to plant seedlings with seeds. A big role is played by a choice of a grade. For early production, you need to choose ultra early hybrids or varieties for greenhouses.

Late and middle late canned cucumbers are ideal for winter harvesting.

The best varieties for greenhouses

Of the many varieties of cucumbers consider only two groups:

  • self pollinated,
  • non-pollinated (parthenocarpic).

Bees and other insects pollinate plants that grow in the open field. In a greenhouse, crops have to be pollinated by artificially or correctly choosing varieties that do not require pollination with female flowers.

Choosing varieties

Novice gardeners can be advised for the new season proven hybrid from the Netherlands - Herman F1. Having chosen it, people will definitely not be left without cucumbers. For a variety of stable yield typical. Timely transplantation of seedlings in a greenhouse or a greenhouse in April-May - and greens can be eaten in 36 days. Commodity cucumbers with light spikes - an excellent raw material for winter harvesting. From them in the summer prepare tasty, crunchy salted cucumbers.

It is necessary to take note of another fruitful hybrid from Holland - Courage. Its fecundity - 25 kg from a bush - will not leave anyone indifferent, and resistance to diseases and a pest is beyond competition. The fruits are good in any form. Breeding Courage usually seedlings for early production, seeds - for harvesting and autumn consumption.

Container and soil for sowing seeds

Cucumbers do not like transplanting. A separate tank for landing in the form of peat cups will solve this problem. The volume of containers should be at least 400 - 500 ml. This size is enough to get full seedlings.

In the lower part of the tank it is worth making holes with a diameter of 3-4 mm, which are necessary for the outflow of excess water and ventilation of the roots. Containers put in a plastic pallet 3 - 4 cm high.

The soil can be prepared in the fall. Take on 1 part:

  • forest or garden land,
  • peat,
  • humus,
  • rotted sawdust.

All components mix well and add 1 tbsp. l ashes and any complex fertilizer at a rate. Before planting seeds (for 14 days), pour the mixture prepared with autumn with a biological preparation “Baikal EM1”. For lack, you can limit yourself to a solution of potassium permanganate. It is easy to prepare: take a few crystals and stir in the separated water until a saturated pink color is obtained.

The biological product stimulates the development of beneficial microorganisms, potassium permanganate kills harmful microbes and fungi.

To spring seedlings in time:

  • containers can be filled with soil in the fall,
  • put in the winter in the greenhouse,
  • throw snow.

When the time of sowing the seeds is suitable, bring it into a warm room to thaw and warm the soil.

We are engaged in seeds

Bought seeds, checked the year of collection or expiration date? We read the instruction on the bag. If it says that seed treatment has been carried out, we consider that they are ready for planting.

It is necessary to carry out the preparation, if there is no such information and the seeds are white, with no hints of processing. Of course, you can drop them out of the package right away, but it's better not to risk it. If the seeds are infected, time for treatment will take more.

Do not take seeds that have expired: they survive for no more than 2 years.

Prepared as follows:

  • warm the seeds on the battery,
  • visually inspect, discard seeds with mechanical damage,
  • drop selected seeds into salt water - those that surfaced, discard,
  • drain, seed dry and use for planting.

Sowing seeds

Earth, if the soil is dry, moisten. In the center of the glass with your finger or a marker to make indentations. Spread the seeds in them. Sprinkle the soil with a layer of 1.5 cm. Cover the trays with seedlings with cellophane and place them near the battery.

After 5 to 7 days, if the air temperature is 25 ° C or higher, cotyledon leaves will appear. The film can be removed. Trays put on a window or rack with backlight.

Seedling care

Seedlings that can be transplanted, has from 3 to 5 leaves and 25 days of age. To grow it, do not need to be wise. Care rules are simple:

  • watering seedlings, if the soil is dry,
  • fertilize at least once with liquid complex fertilizer,
  • highlight seedlings by placing a fluorescent lamp above the plants,
  • at the age of 20 days to harden (to make on the balcony, street),
  • monitor the health of seedlings.

It remains to land the seedlings. The main thing - you need to know exactly when to land.

Landing dates

First, we determine the timing. The criterion will be the temperature of the topsoil in a polycarbonate greenhouse. To determine, you can buy a special thermometer.

The temperature must be measured correctly, with the measuring device in the shade, not in the sun. A stable temperature of 14 - 15 ° C indicates that it is time to plant cucumbers in the greenhouse. Usually in an unheated polycarbonate greenhouse this is done in May, and in the presence of biofuels (manure) - in the last decade of April.

How to plant seedlings correctly

We will understand how to plant cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse. The root system in young seedlings is tender, it is easy to damage. Many gardeners put a pot with young seedlings in the water - this facilitates transplantation.

A clod of earth with roots is easily separated from the walls of the container. The humidity of the earth is optimal. Roots are not subject to mechanical stress. How to plant seedlings correctly can be seen on the video - in the videos the process is shown clearly. We will understand how to plant.

To prevent the knee knee from all possible rotting, it is not buried in the soil. The plant together with a lump of earth is placed in a dug hole, covered with soil and watered.

Gardeners advise not to neglect mulch when sowing (peat, humus, dry grass, mowed on the lawn). A mulch layer of 5 - 10 cm is capable of:

  • improve the microclimate
  • inhibits the growth of weeds,
  • maintains the soil moisture level required for cucumbers,
  • protects the roots from cold and overheating,
  • forces and time are saved for loosening the soil around cucumbers in the greenhouse.

You can properly transplant cucumbers, if you adhere to the planting scheme specified in the attached to the seed list. The distance between two seedlings depends on the variety. Densely planted plants are more likely to suffer from fungal infections, aphids, or powdery mildew.

If in doubt, how to plant young cucumbers correctly, place all the holes at a distance of 35 cm from each other, leaving a wide aisle 60 - 75 cm.

Cucumber - Liana, which need support:

  • for the full development of cucumbers in the greenhouse,
  • increase the illumination of cultivated bushes,
  • good airing
  • crop protection from infection in the soil.

How to make a trellis for cucumbers in the greenhouse, it was described above. We note that natural twine serves well during the season. The photo of cucumbers after planting in the greenhouse shows how they are attached to the trellis.

We organize the right care

Planting cucumbers in a greenhouse takes not much time away from a gardener. Cucumber transplantation ends in June and the main care for greenhouse plants begins:

  • the formation of the bush
  • top dressing (root, extra root),
  • watering
  • maintaining optimum air and soil temperatures,
  • disease prevention, combating them,
  • protection of cucumbers in the greenhouse from pests,
  • garter lashes,
  • collection of greenberries.

Formation

Understood how to plant cucumbers, now you need to understand how to shape them. Before transplanting cucumbers, a trellis was constructed and a rope (string) was tied in front of each hole. Days after 5 after the transplantation of the lash must be attached to the trellis.

As they grow, they need to be twisted around the string. Do it in the internodes area. The central shoot, which reached the top of the trellis, needs to be thrown over the top wire (bar), to pinch the top of the head when it goes down 40 cm. At this, the formation of the central shoot ends.

Side shoots grow throughout the growing season. From the lower 4 sinuses remove all shoots. Side shoots (braids) are not needed in this part of the stem, because they will slow down the growth of the central shoot, pull all the nutrients.

Sinuses 4, 5, 6 blind partially, leaving 1 ovary (bundle). In the next 3, 4 sinuses leave 2 ovaries, above - 3. Thanks to this scheme you can get a good cucumber bush, formed in one stem.

Cucumbers love moisture. Even in such a simple lesson, as watering, there are features. For example, the quality and temperature of water for irrigation, which affects not only the general condition of the plants, but also the quality of the crop.

Water for irrigation needs warm (23 - 25 ° C) and settled. Watering with cold water provokes rot, delayed development of the root system, contributes to the accumulation of bitterness in the fruit.

In hot weather, the soil in the greenhouse dries quickly. Water will often have to - every 3 days. Excessive watering should be avoided; water should not stand on the ridge. The approximate volume of 1 m² in the flowering phase - 5 liters, in the fruiting phase - 10 liters. These rates are approximate. In fact, it all depends on the weather, temperature and humidity, method and frequency of ventilation of the greenhouse.

Want a good harvest - apply fertilizer. If you do not like "chemistry", use organic. Fertilizers not only contribute to the harvest, but also strengthen the immune system and prolong the fruiting period to the middle, or even to the end of September. This allows you to use the greenhouse at full capacity.

Top dressing are of two types: foliar root.

Usually root dressings are confined to irrigation. Wet soil does not allow the roots to get burned when in contact with an aqueous solution of fertilizers.

As a mineral fertilizer for cucumbers grown in the greenhouse, you can use:

  1. Superphosphate.
  2. Urea or ammonium nitrate.
  3. Borofosku.
  4. Potassium nitrate.

Before flowering and during flowering, the percentage of nitrogen in the aqueous solution of fertilizer should exceed the phosphorus content. During fruiting, plant demand for potassium and phosphorus is increasing.

Do not use urea and ammonium nitrate in the second half of the summer. Nitrogen leads to an increase in green mass, delayed fruiting.

It is possible to use one of the popular fertilizers for dressings:

Fertilizer poured at the root. Falling on leaves or fruits can cause burns. An important point: compliance with the dosage specified in the instructions. Excess fertilizer in the fruit can be harmful to health instead of the expected benefits.

How to control the temperature

There are two periods in the season when there may be real problems with the temperature in the greenhouse. It is spring and nighttime low temperatures and a hot summer with the midday heat.

If frosts are expected in the spring, and the young seedlings are already sitting on the garden, but not yet tied to a trellis, they will save covering material. In this case, everything is simple: to throw, it is better to turn it in 2 layers, and in the morning after sunrise to remove.

Another simple technique is plastic bottles with a cropped bottom. If such a design is put on a seedling, it will suffer less from a decrease in temperature. If there is a source of electricity near the greenhouse, you can switch on an infrared heater or a heat gun for the night.

Heat for plants is no less a problem than cold. At noon, the thermometer can reach up to 38 °, or even higher. Draft cucumbers categorically do not like that in the heat becomes a big problem. From the sun, the greenhouse can be shaded by whitewashing the upper part or by stretching white fabric under the ceiling. Reduces the temperature of watering tracks, the installation of cold water tanks.

Diseases and pests

A rare summer resident manages to avoid cucumber diseases or pest invasions. There are years when, even with proper care, weather conditions (heat, rain) and the invasion of a volatile form of aphids turn beautiful green plants into diseased ones.

In wet weather, root rot is dangerous. In the initial stage can be saved ash mixed with lime-fluff. The proportion of 3: 1. This mixture should be powdered affected stalks and pry the ground to them.

If aphid appeared on the back of the sheet, ash will help too. On a bucket of water you need to take it 1 tbsp., Water should be hot. After a day in the infusion add rubbed soap. Wash the plants with this solution or spray them with a sprayer.

One treatment with aphids can not cope. The procedure will have to be repeated at least 1 time per week. After the ground under the bushes can be powdered with sifted ash.

To strengthen the immune system helps iodine. It must be added to the milk (35 drops per 1 liter) and in the evening sprinkle all the plants in the greenhouse. After a couple of days, the vines will prettier and turn green with fresh foliage.

Mistakes gardeners

Let us examine the mistakes of gardeners, which inhibit the growth of fruits. If a healthy plant has few flowers and ovaries, specify the variety. Most likely, the variety planted in the greenhouse needs to be pollinated by bees.

You can solve the problem: you just need to lure the main pollinators, the bees, into the greenhouse. They will be attracted by the sweet water, which needs to be sprayed with cucumber rows. Artificial pollination also helps. It is carried out by touching the male flower of the center of the female flower.

Netherwood is another problem that a gardener can face when growing cucumbers in a greenhouse. There may be several reasons for it:

  1. Watered the plants with cold water.
  2. The weather is cool, abundant watering, the soil is excessively wet.
  3. Plants are often planted and they are forgotten to form.
  4. Excess nitrogen in the soil.

Можно решить проблему с помощью бочки, травы и воды. Емкость нужно заполнить водой, туда насыпать травы, можно бросить буханку старого хлеба для закваски. Выделяющийся при брожении травы газ стимулирует плодообразование.

Сбор зеленцов

Когда идет волна плодоношения, огороднику нельзя расслабляться. At least 2 - 3 times a week planting need to inspect and collect greenhouses for the production of winter blanks, larger cucumbers - for salads and pickling.

The shelf life of the fruits of each class is different. Variety labels will help determine where a variety grows, how it can be used. Many make the mistake of planting a number of lettuce and canned hybrids next to them: the pickled cucumbers in the marinade spoil its quality.

How is the soil being prepared

2 kg of ready-mix “Exo” or special for cucumbers.

The main condition for a good harvest of vegetables is the presence of fertile soil. Ideal for cucumbers would be a mixture of sod land, peat and humus in the same ratio. Be sure to check the acidity of the soil. If it is higher than 6.5, it is better to dilute it with lime material. Cucumbers do not like sour soil. In addition, pests live and multiply in it. So that the vegetable is not affected by pests, ash is introduced into the soil. Fertilize the soil a few days before planting the seeds, make urea, superphosphate, potash fertilizers.

The hole is filled with water.

Special attention should be paid to the variety for the “Non-Salable 40” greenhouse of Voronezh selection. The generous harvest of this mid-season variety will delight its owner right up to the most frost. Grown in a greenhouse, cucumbers "Non-destructible 40" are characterized by long storage. However, the variety has a flaw: it is not for salting.

Greenhouse installation: types and main works

There are several ways of planting cups cucumbers. For example, wide-row, when planting is necessary in rows at intervals of about 1 m, and between holes - 30 cm. For band planting, you can place plants in rows with a distance of about 80 cm, and in normal rows use a row spacing of 60-70 cm.

Warm greenhouse: manufacturing

If this rule is violated and when cloudy weather is inhibited, the plants are strongly drawn out in the zone of the semi-cleaved knee.

When cucumber seeds are hardened, they must be constantly moistened, and for this purpose it is better to use special solutions instead of water in order to stimulate the growth and speed of seedlings and the appearance of flowers. There are several recipes for such formulations (the content of a substance per 1 l of water is indicated here):

  1. Cucumbers are the most common vegetable crop, the cultivation of which can be produced both in open ground and in indoor. Although these plants are not high in calories, they are very useful due to the content of useful minerals and vitamins. At the same time, cucumbers have the ability to increase appetite and improve the work of the digestive system, they are also recommended for various diseases. Provide your diet with such fresh vegetables can, if you grow them in a greenhouse.
  2. Before planting seedlings spend a little watering and dig holes. They should be at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other, in a checkerboard pattern, which will provide the best coverage for all plants. Pour them with a solution of organic fertilizer "Effekton-O", taking about 3 tablespoons per 10 liters of water 30 ° C, and with a consumption of a liter per well. But remember that the greenhouse soil, like air, has its own temperature regime, and during the planting of cucumbers in the greenhouse it should not be below 18 ° C.
  3. Try to sprinkle all these fertilizers evenly, and then iron them up to a depth of 10-12 cm with an iron rake. Also pour all Energen growth stimulant: dilute one capsule in 10 liters of warm water (approximately 50 ° C), stir and distribute over the surface , with the calculation of 2-3 liters per 1 m2. This tool saturates the soil with humus, which is why its fertility depends, if you remember from school textbooks on biology.
  4. We offer video tips gardeners

How to properly prepare the seeds?

Approximate scheme of planting seeds.

Excellent absorption and throughput.

  • When planting, the plant is placed so that the cotyledon leaves are at the level of the surface, fall asleep tightly around the soil and water abundantly.
  • The soil for cucumbers and tomatoes, when it is necessary to grow seedlings, should be fed with fertilizers.
  • 20 mg of boric acid,
  • Fruits of cucumbers are picked unripe when they are still green.

Plant the seedlings vertically. If some plants are elongated more than necessary, after planting, fill them with a mixture of peat and sawdust in the calculation of 1: 1 - to the seed leaves.

Sowing Seeds: Highlights

The weakest point of any greenhouse cucumber is a bad root. Too small, too gentle, which is why plant care is rather complicated. And because many greenhouse owners practice grafting on another root, such as pumpkins.

Cucumbers in the greenhouse, growing.

  • At the end of planting, mulch the soil.
  • In cold regions it is customary to plant cucumbers on “hot” beds. For this, manure or compost is introduced into a greenhouse or greenhouse. Fresh manure is placed in a special elongated high bed, the width of which is about 1 m. Above the manure loose soil is poured, and everything is plentifully watered.

Varieties for winter greenhouses:

Close to neutral reaction.

Growing seedlings: the main rules

Landing should be carried out in cloudy weather, and in sunny - in the afternoon.

The first application is made one week after the first shoots, the second two weeks after the first fertilization of the soil, but before the appearance of flowers. The content of mineral substances is indicated in the table (the amount of substances is taken per 10 liters of water):

300 mg of methyl blue,

  • When planting cucumbers in the ground, you must remember that the stem of the plant does not give lateral roots
  • Plant cucumber seedlings into greenhouse beds carefully: the stem cannot be deeply tilted or tilted, otherwise the plant will disappear. Water the seedlings so that the water reaches the depth of the roots, because if it is 3 cm, then for one square meter you need 3 liters of water. Consider that during fruiting the roots already penetrate to a depth of 18 cm.
  • Such a plant will be much stronger and healthier. Try it, it's not difficult:

Cucumbers are planted with seeds or seedlings. Everyone decides for himself how to grow cucumbers. But it is important to know that when planting seeds in a greenhouse, there will be many barren flowers on the plant. Planting seedlings takes more time. But the harvest you get in earlier periods. In a poly-carbonate greenhouse you can plant cucumbers in any way.

Top dressing seedlings: how to make fertilizer formulations

Cucumbers in the greenhouse quickly go into growth, and very soon their stems begin to need different additional support. For this purpose, trellis made of cord or wire is most often used, which is pulled along each row at a height of 150-200 cm. Twine is fixed to each trellis to the trellis, and the culture is carefully tied at a height of 10-15 cm above the ground with a free loop. In addition, there are other ways to grow cucumbers vertically.Sow seed culture, spreading them evenly over 4 plants per 1 m². Soak and sprout cucumbers before this is not necessary. It is better to plant 2 seeds in one well. After sowing the beds are covered with a film or any light material that is stretched over the arcs. Get a kind of greenhouse in the greenhouse. Such actions are necessary for additional heating of the culture.

Table of dates for the cultivation of cucumbers.

Experts believe that the best soil for a greenhouse or greenhouse will be a mixture of fresh humus and soddy soil.

The process of growing plants is reduced to the creation and maintenance of optimal temperature regimes. Cucumbers and tomatoes grow well in greenhouses at 25 ° C, exceeding more than 30 ° C is unacceptable, otherwise the ovary may fall off and the pollination of flowers will deteriorate. To avoid unwanted temperature increase, it is recommended to air the greenhouse. It should be borne in mind that cucumbers do not like drafts and can not open the end inputs. In springtime, the greenhouse is ventilated only during the day and closed until the sunset at several hours. In addition, you need to maintain the level of optimal humidity - 90-95%.

2 g of zinc sulphate,

Seedlings in pots are not recommended to keep more than 24 days. The best time for planting seeds for seedlings is mid-April (number 17-20), depending on where you live. For seedlings maintain a temperature of 22-24 degrees. When there are 4 true leaves can be planted in the greenhouse at an air temperature of 25 degrees.

Remove the first cucumbers quickly - it stimulates fruit formation.

The first shoots usually appear after 4-5 days. It is necessary to air them during the day. It is necessary to closely monitor the temperature of the soil and air. Even on a cool day, but in the bright sun the plants can “burn”. The optimum temperature for the growth of young cucumbers is + 18- + 30ºС. The dung bed itself “burns” for about a month, after which its temperature gradually decreases. This factor must be taken into account when calculating the time for arranging beds and sowing seeds.

For sowing, choose the largest seeds to ensure 100% germination.

Planting seedlings in greenhouses

At the same time there is a rapid growth of weeds, so it is necessary to weed the soil in 3 steps. Watering is carried out regularly on warm days with water at room temperature, even during the appearance of flowers. After warm weather is established at night + 12 ° С, film coatings can be removed and stored.

  1. 500 g of soda.
  2. Work on the preparation is the cleaning of the soil from weeds and other debris that need to be burned off-site. At the same time, ash can be used as a fertilizer.
  3. Borage

Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse

The traditional scheme of planting cucumber seedlings in a polycarbonate greenhouse is as follows: 100x50 cm, and the distance between plants is 40 cm.

Cucumbers are planted rarely so that they bear fruit well and do not hurt. In the hole, 5 cm deep, lay rotted manure, mix with the ground. Plant a seed, sprinkle lightly on the ground, pour plenty of water, cover with foil.

The formation of the bush begins after the appearance of 8-10 true leaves. At this time, produce "blinding" - pinching in the lower nodes of the new lateral shoots. In the following nodes (usually 5-6 nodes) shoots pinch on 1 cucumber and leaf. After that, the side shoots pinch on 2-3 leaves or fruit. After reaching the growth of the tapestry, the main whip is twisted around it a couple of times, tied up and pinched.

When to plant seedlings of tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers in the greenhouse

For those who, for whatever reason, cannot or do not want to deal with manure, there is a worthy alternative - garden compost. It may include last year’s foliage, sawdust, tops, and any organic material. The more fresh and green waste is in the compost, the “warmer” the bed will be. The principle of the creation of beds is similar. It is recommended to plant cucumbers in compost already germinated. Further care is also no different from the care of cucumbers grown on manure. The only thing to consider is that the temperature in this case will be somewhat lower. Therefore, this method of growing cucumbers is more suitable for warm regions. Cold regions can use it only for planting seedlings after spring warming.

"Surprise 66".

A mixture of peat, humus and field soil will be suitable as a substrate. You can add sawdust of coniferous trees to it, which will only positively affect the yield of cucumbers. Soil preparation technology is very simple. After harvesting and its plant residues, the soil is disinfected. To do this, you can use a 7% solution of copper sulfate. Before the procedure, the earth is dug up to a depth of 25-30 cm. In addition, it is desirable to enrich the land with any nutrients before planting. Fertilizer can be purchased ready-made in specialized stores or to use the most affordable for many summer residents - ordinary manure.

Similarly, it is possible to grow not only cucumbers, but also tomatoes. The seedlings in the greenhouse are well received due to the preheating of the soil and the necessary moisture. In this case, you can collect a good harvest of vegetable crops in earlier periods.

In addition, you can soak the seeds for nutrition in mineral solutions: 5 g of potassium nitrate, 0.2 g of magnesium sulfate and 10 g of superphosphate are needed per liter of water.

The soil must be fertilized with organic compounds, they are made immediately before digging the soil. Nutrients are evenly distributed over the surface of the site, while at least 10 kg of compost and 300-400 g of superphosphate are needed per square meter for depleted soil, and for fertile soils - the amount is halved. If it was not possible to enrich the soil with organic substances, this can be done in the spring, directly when transplanting seedlings directly into holes or rows, at the rate of 3-5 kg ​​of humus per 1 m2.

Bow on the feather (here it is just planted).

In the prepared beds you can plant both seedlings and germinated seeds. In the first case, you will already be sure that all the plants are strong and healthy, and in the second you will not have to go through a rather complicated procedure - transplanting cucumbers with tender roots to a new place.

How to grow cucumbers in the greenhouse?

Cucumbers in the greenhouse cultivation

Planted cucumbers in the greenhouse need very careful care. For watering use warm water. In winter, it is recommended to water the crop on a sunny morning. With the onset of warm days, watering is done 2 times a week, and on sunny days it is increased to 3-4 times. Soil moisture should be at a level of 60-80%. In addition, it is necessary to make a shallow loosening. This will maintain the air permeability of the soil and prevent root rot. The greenhouse must be regularly ventilated. After establishing stable warm weather, leave the greenhouse open for the whole day.

Ways of arrangement of beds

Humus, turf ground and fresh mullein - 7: 2: 1.

It is important not to forget to make three kerfs on each log for brackets that act as retainers.

Since it is impossible to maintain different humidity in different parts of the same greenhouse, ideally, seedlings of cucumbers and tomatoes should be planted in two greenhouses.

But parthenocarpic cucumber varieties need to be planted according to a different scheme:

Why for growing cucumbers recommend polycarbonate greenhouse? Firstly, it is easy to create the necessary microclimate for plants: there are no gaps, ventilation is organized correctly, and the sun's rays do not burn leaves. Secondly, polycarbonate does not need to be removed for the winter, but because spring works run faster, and heat-loving cucumbers can be planted earlier. This is good, but there is still a lot of work to do. At least, it is already possible to forget about drafts from cracks and the scorching sun.

Greenhouse preparation: protection from pests and diseases

At the bottom of the trench, you need to lay out a layer of insulating material and evenly lay the layer of biofuel up to the top, with a little compaction in the center.

"Train". At first, the seedlings are simply taken out to the greenhouse for several hours (usually at noon), and then the seedlings or pots are placed on the shelves or simply on the ground. After about a week of "training" seedlings can be planted in the greenhouse ground.

Step 3. As the plants grow, they form a green cone, which looks nice and is quite comfortable in harvesting.

Preparation of beds for planting seedlings

Before planting cucumbers in the greenhouse, the beds in it need to be prepared. Let's proceed from the fact that like this liana? Cucumber grows well and bears fruit on loose, rich in organic fertile soils. That is why it is not so much desirable to bring manure or compost into such a closed ground as it is necessary, in the fall or for spring processing. Optimally - up to 10-15 kg per square meter.

Growing cucumbers in a greenhouse is a very simple and very interesting exercise. It is only necessary to take into account a few simple rules, and there will definitely be a rich harvest.

  • "Regatta".
  • Vicenta F1.
  • In the Urals and Siberia, frost often happens in the first decade of June, therefore, it is better to plant seedlings of cucumbers not earlier than May 20-25. In the Moscow region, it is advisable to plant cucumbers before June 5, the earliest date is from May 20. In St. Petersburg with planting seedlings in no hurry, the optimal period from May 25 to June 10. As for the southern regions of Russia, it is possible to start planting greenhouses in mid-April.

The following temperature regime is required:

Cover with frames and mats for several days (up to 5), during this time the layer of manure will slightly decrease. Therefore, it needs to be supplemented, compacted and the top layer of earth is about 20 cm filled up. The greenhouse is ready, and when a warm microclimate is established, you can plant cups of cucumbers directly into this prepared soil.

Relatively undersized peppers are usually placed near the side walls. The height of the greenhouse at the walls is less, but it does not harm the peppers. Tomatoes are placed closer to the middle.

Is it possible to plant seedlings of tomatoes (tomatoes) and cucumbers in the same greenhouse?

Dried cucumber seeds are deepened directly into this watery mixture and covered with cling film.

2 tsp superphosphate

​Сначала нужно подготовить саму теплицу. Проводят дезинфекцию с помощью раствора хлорной извести. Также в теплице должен быть градусник, она должна проветриваться и при необходимости обеспечить притенение.​

​Формируется совком посадочная лунка, в которую вносят органоминеральную смесь.​

Мульчировать ли почву?

​на 6 день роста - 20-24°С.​

​Кроме того, семена растения необходимо закалить. To do this, they are placed in special bags of gauze and soaked in ordinary water for 12 hours at room temperature (20 - 22 ° C). Then take out and leave in a room at a temperature of about 20 ° C, so that the seeds germinated. As soon as they swell and small shoots appear, the bags are moistened and placed in a cold place (-2 ° C, - 3 ° C) for 12 hours, and after that they should be kept at 18 ° C for about 6 hours.

Planting rules seedlings

Cucumbers seedlings in a greenhouse are distributed in compliance with the interval between plants of at least 35 cm. Cucumbers do not just not like thick plantings, they can get sick, stop the formation of ovaries or give the gardener an insignificant crop of ugly hooked greens. Therefore, it is important to remember the first rule of planting cucumbers - to maintain the required distance.

Cucumber seedling for greenhouses

Seeds are planted in seedling tanks and contain them either at home or in an already prepared greenhouse with additional heating. Novice gardeners are often concerned with the question of when to plant cucumber seedlings for a greenhouse. An unequivocal answer to it is impossible due to the length of the areas and the change of climatic zones. If there is a chance of frost in the area until the end of May, then you will not plant seedlings in a greenhouse until the end of this period. This means that seedlings should be sown at the end of April or the beginning of May. In temperate latitudes, it is not recommended to plant cucumber seedlings in unheated greenhouses before May 12-15. The soil in the greenhouse at the time of planting should warm up to 15-18 ° C. This is a mandatory condition. And to decide when to plant cucumbers for seedlings for the greenhouse, can only a gardener, adapting to the area in which he lives. Since cucumbers are heat-loving plants, return spring frosts can be detrimental to them, so it is important to plant seedlings at times when cold snaps will not return, or to have on hand the means to protect and emergency heat culture. Modern covering materials, various heaters, stoves or even plastic bottles filled with water that heat up during the day and give off heat to the plants between which they are located are very effective for such situations. But, since we have not yet come to questions about the intricacies of planting, let's talk about the necessary arrangements for the preparation of seeds.

Choosing seeds

Cucumber seedlings for greenhouses can be grown exclusively from seeds of self-pollinating varieties. When buying seed, you should pay attention to it. Plants planted in the greenhouse for open ground may bring an unpleasant surprise to the beginning gardener - a meager harvest or lack of it. By the way, notes about the characteristics of the variety are always present on the seed packaging. Sowing cucumbers for seedlings for greenhouses in different areas begins at different times - from early April to early May.

Cooking seed

Strong and friendly shoots provide excellent quality cucumbers. Growing seedlings for greenhouses begins with the rejection of seeds. They are placed in slightly salted water for 20-30 minutes - they should be well soaked. Empty grains will float on the surface, they will be removed. And sunken seeds are quite suitable for sowing. Now they can be etched by placing them in a solution of potassium permanganate or a biostimulant (Epin, Zircon) for half an hour, and then put it in a moist germinating medium for 2-3 days, rinsed beforehand under running water. It is very convenient for this procedure to use a container with a lid. Seeds are placed between layers of a damp cloth or tissue, and the container is closed. In this case, it is not necessary to additionally wet the material, moisture condenses and, circulating in a confined space, returns to the fabric. To activate the growth process in such conditions, the seeds will be enough for two or three days. The swollen and slightly opened seeds are ready for planting, which means that the time when to sow cucumbers for seedlings for the greenhouse has come. Having disinfected the dishes for sowing seeds, we begin work.

We plant seedlings in the greenhouse

Transplanting cucumbers is a big test, often very poorly tolerated. Therefore, it is better to sow them not in the transfer boxes, but immediately in separate containers. Cucumber seedling for greenhouses grows well in the substrate, which can be purchased at the store or cooked from equal parts of peat, sawdust, humus and sod land. Deepen the seeds by 1.5-2 cm, watered with settled warm water. Warm watering is another rule for growing cucumbers. Throughout the season, they are watered with exceptionally warm water. This greatly enhances fruit formation.

Landings covered with foil and set in a warm bright place. The optimum temperature for seed germination is 25-28 C. When germs appear, covering material is removed, and the air temperature in the room is lowered to 20 ° C. This will help avoid pulling seedlings. If there is a lack of daylight (if it is very cloudy), additional lighting should be provided. The best option in this regard - fluorescent lamps, located at a height of 8-10 cm above the shoots. Caring for seedlings is timely watering, one-two-fold pouring the soil in pots with sprouts and dressing. A good fertilizer is the Agricol seedlings special fertilizer group. It is good to improve the soil in the pots by irrigating with a solution of peat-humic fertilizers. In addition, plants need to be protected from drafts.

Planting cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse on the ridge is carried out when 3-4 true leaves appeared on the bush, a strong root system developed and week hardening was held, for which the temperature is lowered to 16-18 ° C and at night to 13-15 ° C. If possible, seedlings are exposed to the balcony, somewhat pritenya from bright sunlight.

When to plant cucumbers for seedlings for the greenhouse

Sprouts, from the moment of germination of which 23-28 days have passed, are usually ready for transplantation into a greenhouse. Now you should think about when to plant cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse.

The dates vary depending on the territorial characteristics of the climatic zone, so we will not name certain dates. The main criterion for planting seedlings in the greenhouse is the steady temperature of the soil. Planting cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse is carried out when the soil temperature in the greenhouse is not lower than 15-18 C.

Landing technology

The seedlings of cucumbers for the greenhouse are planted in prepared holes, previously shed by a warm solution of manganese or phytosporin. Thus exclude the possibility of infection of the seedling. In the wells make a little compost or well-rotted manure and mixed with the ground. Seedlings are planted with extreme caution, because cucumbers do not tolerate transplants, the plant's structure is fragile, and the roots also break from an inaccurate touch. Seedlings before planting down in a bucket of water with a pot. A lump of soil gets wet, well slips out of the container, not scattering at the same time, and the seedling painlessly endures a stressful situation. Subdemathal knee is left above the surface of the soil, as it is subject to root rot and does not tolerate contact with the ground. After planting, the bushes water and mulch the soil once more. Much has been said about the need for this procedure, we repeat only that the mulch creates an excellent microclimate for a young plant, inhibits the growth of weeds, retains moisture and sweeps aside the efforts to loosen the soil under the plants. Once again - do not thicken the landing. The distance between the bushes should not be less than 35 cm, and between the rows - 85-90 cm. Each bush needs its own support, so from the plant root to the top of the greenhouse they stretch the rope, which serves as a support for the plant climbing up. At a height of 1.7-2.0 meters, several ropes along and across the greenhouse, interlacing them together, or a special net.

Shrubs cucumbers form in one lash. After planting, a few days later, the sapling is tied to a trellis, and as it grows, the stem is twisted around a support through each interstitial site. When the height of the stem exceeds the length of the support by 20-30 cm, the top of the head is pinched. Side shoots (sometimes called patches) are also pinned according to a certain pattern: the lower shoots and flowers up to 3-4 leaves are removed completely, because the ovary at the bottom is usually unproductive and only draws off the food to themselves. In the next 4-6 sinuses, the lateral lower shoots are clamped so that each fruit has one fruit, in the middle part of the stem - 2 fruits, and in the top part - 3 cucumbers.

Necessary feeding

The growth of cucumbers is accompanied by the pulling of nutrients from the ground. These strong plants substantially impoverish the soil. Therefore, you need to feed them constantly. More fast-acting are foliar dressing. Sprayed nutrient solution leaves begin to use immediately. While the plant is increasing its green mass, periodic supplements with urea or ammonium nitrate are mandatory. Excellent effect on the development of cucumbers dissolved in water for irrigation complex mineral fertilizers, in particular, "Kemira-Lux" (5 g / 1 l). It is important to remember that foliar application cannot be done in sunny weather - there is a danger of leaf burn, because the solution in the sun evaporates instantly, and the active substance remains on the foliage. But do not neglect the application of fertilizers to the soil, which traditionally help in the period of growth, and during the formation of ovaries.

Increase fruiting

To increase the yield of cucumbers is very conducive to their proper content in the greenhouse. The following conditions must be observed:

• Do not allow drafts in any way. Cucumbers are afraid of them. If the temperature in the greenhouse exceeds 30 ° C, then open it only on one side. If there are ventilation windows, they can also be opened alternately on one or the other side of the greenhouse.

• Avoid sudden changes in temperature. They dramatically inhibit the development of plants and can even provoke diseases.

• Planting cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse is carried out with maintaining a distance. To provide seedlings with adequate nutrition, no more than 4 plants are planted per square meter. This will allow them not to oppress each other, develop normally, eliminating the possibility of the development of diseases, often resulting from excessive thickening.

• Avoid excessive soil moisture. The optimal rate is watering 10-20 liters per m 2. During the flowering period, it is reduced by one third, and with the formation of the first ovaries and fruits, the amount of water is restored to its original level.

• In the midst of fruiting regularly, once a day or two, it is necessary to remove the greens, because the unclean fruits significantly inhibit the formation of new ovaries and reduce the quality of future cucumbers.

• It is necessary to form the lash correctly. At the beginning of development in the axils of the lower 4 leaves, shoots and ovaries are removed completely. Above the 4th leaf, the ovary is left by pinching the side shoots.

• Cucumbers - gourmets, like timely feeding.

We have listed the main stages of growing a crop - from the time when we planted cucumber seedlings for the greenhouse, until the period of active growth and plant formation.

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