Pepper (Latin Cāpsicum) is an annual plant of the Solanaceae genus. The homeland of peppers is a subtropic of Mexico, from which culture gradually spread throughout the world. Nowadays it is difficult to imagine a vegetable garden in which there would be no pepper. Culture is loved not only for the huge amount of vitamins contained in it, but also for the attractive appearance of the fruit.
Varieties of pepper are divided into:
- Ultra Early, ripens in less than three months.
- Early ripening is about one hundred and twenty days.
- Sredneranny, which ripens in one hundred and thirty days.
- Late, it takes a hundred and fifty to ripen.
- Very late, will require more than one hundred and fifty days to ripen.
Height characteristic: short, medium and tall varieties.
Thus, the varieties there are a great many, and one of the most popular and beloved - California miracle pepper.
Pepper of this variety belongs to the medium early, for ripening it takes about one hundred thirty days, it reaches seventy centimeters in height. From one bush can be collected about ten fruits.. The peppers are cubical, red in color, with a bright characteristic aroma and sweetish taste. Fruits are suitable for consumption both fresh and in the form of blanks (marinade, lecho, etc.).
You can grow peppers with seedlings. Seeds are sown in February, since the seedlings must be at least sixty days old for transplantation.
Before planting, the seeds must be disinfected with a solution of manganese, washed, dried and placed in a growth stimulant solution. After that, the seeds should be put on a wet natural cloth and wait for spitting. Next, there is a direct sowing in a wet ground. Since pepper reacts painfully for transplanting, it is better to sow in a tank of peat. After planting, the containers are covered with a greenhouse film, which is periodically removed for ventilation. Shoots will appear fairly quickly, approximately within a week.
When the seeds have risen, the containers are placed in a bright place or provided with additional artificial light. Greenhouse film is removed so that the seedlings get used to the conditions of the room. Having watered regular, it is carried out by settled water of room temperature, spraying is possible. Planting during this period does not require plants.
Toward the end of May, seedlings can be planted in a greenhouse. Landing is possible in warm climates. into the open land.
Prepare the soil before planting.. At the beginning of the period, the ground can be disinfected with a prepared solution. For good growth of peppers, the following conditions must be met:
- Land for planting should be well warmed (at least eighteen degrees).
- If the soil is clay, it is necessary to make sand in it, and if sandy - peat.
- Ready mineral or organic fertilizers are introduced into the soil, followed by digging.
Before planting the seedlings in the soil, they should be gradually hardened. To do this, you need to make containers with plants to fresh air, first for a short time, and then for the whole day. A few days before planting, peppers can be fertilized with mineral fertilizer and treated with Bordeaux mixture to eliminate the development of diseases.
Planted plants about forty centimeters from each other, so about five bushes per square meter. Peppers should not be deeply deepened, if they did not grow in a peat tank, you need to carefully consider the root coma, as the roots are still weak and easy to damage.
Pepper Californian miracle is quite unpretentious, but you still need to follow some rules of care. Peppers are moisture-loving, so you should observe the correct mode of watering. Watering is done with warm water under the root of each bush, however, it is not necessary to flood the plant, as this can lead to decay. Soil should be wet, and the greenhouse air, therefore, it is necessary to water not only the plants themselves, but also the ground between them.
If the weather is hot and humid in the summer, it is necessary to conduct a pinching (removing the lower branches), and if it is dry, then no steps should be made because the lower shoots protect the soil from drying out. Pepper roots need air very muchtherefore the soil should be loosened regularly. Plant roots are close to the ground, so when loosening you need to be very careful not to damage the root ball. It is desirable to promulcate the soil under the plants with sawdust or rotted straw. Mulching will avoid the appearance of weeds. Pepper is a fragile plant, therefore, requires a mandatory garter.
Also, all bell peppers need feeding. The first fertilization occurs at the seedling stage, and the second, approximately ten days after planting the plants in the greenhouse. Nitrogen fertilizers for peppers are undesirable, since with their use the stems of plants will become very powerful, and the number of ovaries will decrease several times. Well peppers respond to fertilizing diluted manure.
The plant is subject to such diseases:
- White rot, description: The leaves of the peppers turn yellow and become covered with whitish spots. The treatment consists of treating the hive with a solution of copper oxychloride.
- Blackleg. The plant fades, is covered with a bloom of gray. There is no effective treatment, infected bushes must be removed, the soil must be disinfected.
- Gray rot. With this disease, the fruits themselves are stained with gray. The diseased plant should be treated with ready-made solutions, which can be purchased at a store for gardeners.
- Alternaria Fruits are covered with black spots, the leaves begin to die off. Treatment will help Bordeaux liquid.
Pepper variety California miracle is a very useful and beautiful vegetable that will decorate any dish, and the body will be happy with a lot of vitamins. Therefore, every gardener should grow California miracle pepper on your site, and if you follow all the rules of planting and care, the plant will certainly please with a bountiful and tasty harvest.
The California Miracle Sweet Pepper Variety: Short Description
This species is not a modern hybrid, presumably it was derived a century ago in the southern states of America, from which the name came (in English, "California Wonder"). The variety appeared on the Russian territory in the middle of the 20th century - it was introduced by one of the enthusiastic gardeners. It spread very quickly, because it settled down well in the local climate and began to produce excellent yields. However, a variety of sweet pepper was officially recognized in 1999, when the name “California miracle” was entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation.
And to this day, the variety remains one of the most sought after in the country, despite the emergence of many dozens of new hybrid species. "California miracle" - a time-tested option that is not inferior to competitors in the main characteristics: unpretentious, excellent survival rate, good yield, excellent fruit quality.
Pepper "California miracle" has a powerful trunk with a height of about 100 cm
Plants have a fairly thick trunk with a height of up to 100 cm with elastic shoots and bright green glossy leaves, able to withstand the weight of 10-12 large peppers without a garter. However, if the harvest is very abundant, then it is better to install props. The culture tolerates dry periods and significant daily temperature drops without any problems, and is resistant to most common diseases. Unfavorable conditions affect the ovary: the fruit will be less, but they still produce tasty and large.
Varieties of "California miracle"
Peppers of this variety may have different colors. At the stage of technical ripeness, it is thick green, but as it reaches biological maturity it acquires a red, orange or yellow color. Recently, variations with the fruits of black and chocolate shades were also derived. Coloring does not affect the taste and other features of the variety, it just adds to the culture of external aesthetics. Only yellow varieties differ from their counterparts more fleshy walls (11-12 mm thick).
Table 1. Varieties of pepper "California miracle"
Varietal properties of the fruit
- The shape fits into a cube, each pepper has four well-defined edges, running from the tail to the base.
- The mass is quite significant, although not outstanding - 95-135 g weighs one fruit.
- The surface is shiny, monophonic, without relief marks.
- The average wall thickness is 6-10 mm.
- The taste of pepper is juicy and sweet, with no signs of sharpness or bitterness. The sugar content is much higher than that of competing hybrids. Fruits are distinguished by a characteristic varietal smell. They are great for fresh consumption, can be used to create hot dishes and homemade preservation, and during heat treatment do not lose their taste.
- Due to the thick walls and durable peel the pepper is stored for a long time and transports without any problems.
Fruits of the "California miracle" large and tasty
Reviews on the merits and demerits of the variety
There are a lot of responses from those who grew the “California miracle” themselves, and they are mostly positive. The owners of household plots note a good yield: from 5-8 plants it is possible to get up to 10 kg of peppers per season. Gardeners from more northern regions like the fact that the variety has 100% survival rate. He ripen where ordinary hybrids do not ripen even in greenhouses. If there was no rain for a long time in the summer, the plants do not die and need only artificial watering in a timely manner, otherwise there will be no ovary. Many of this pepper is left on the beds after having tried several other options.
Negative reviews are also found. Gardeners favor mainly for small-sized peppers and low crop yields. But this is most likely a consequence of improper care of the bushes, and not the shortcomings of the variety itself.
Variety "California miracle" has mostly positive reviews
In the climatic conditions of the middle band, this variety begins to give yields approximately three months or 100 days after planting in the soil under the open sky - it is included in the group of mid-season varieties. So, if you move the seedlings to the beds in late April, then the fruits will reach technical ripeness in early August. For the northern regions, the period increases by about another 30 days.
It takes about two more weeks for the pepper to ripen completely and acquire a bright shade. They can be left at this time on the bushes, if the weather permits, or they can be torn off and laid in boxes. In a dark and dry place, they perfectly “reach” and do not lose their taste. In addition, if you collect the grown fruits in advance, an additional ovary may appear on the bushes, and the crop will increase. But if you need to get seeds, then on a couple of the most powerful plants, the fruits should be left to full maturity.
California Miracle pepper seeds can be harvested on their own from home beds.
Seeds obtained from their own beds, not inferior counterparts. It does not need to be treated with growth stimulants or specific fertilizers. It sprouts beautifully and demonstrates almost one hundred percent germination. However, seeds cannot be stored for a long time - a maximum of two years after receipt.
Seeds should be planted until mid-February - then during the period of transfer of young plants to the beds, their height will be 55-65 cm. You can use pressed seedlings made of peat, arranged in a narrow box, or individual cups for seedlings. The variety “California miracle” should not dive - the variety does not tolerate this procedure very well, therefore it is recommended to immediately place the seed with significant intervals. It is advisable to pre-sanitize it - soak it in a 1% aqueous solution of potassium permanganate, then rinse and leave for germination on a damp cloth, covering it with another thin layer of soaked cloth on top.
Why disinfect the seeds?
After a couple of days, sprouts appear, and the seeds can be moved to the ground. It makes indentations of one centimeter, then the landing is covered with a film or a piece of transparent glass. Boxes and pots are left in a heated room (the temperature should be about 23-25 degrees). Green entries will take about a week. For good growth, they must be illuminated by the paw of daylight and do not forget to water or spray with water of a comfortable temperature (30 degrees). It is also advisable to air the seedlings, but avoid drafts.
Seedlings can be planted in individual cups
Transfer of young bushes to the garden is carried out in May or even the end of April, depending on how warm the weather has stood out. But especially it is not necessary to hurry, even if spring seems to be sunny and dry: in the regions of the middle zone of the Russian Federation, and even more so in the northern regions, frosts often occur, destructive for heat-loving crops. But if the cooling has come, the pepper bushes should be covered with glass jars or plastic bottles with a cut neck.
Step-by-step instructions for preparing the soil before planting:
Step 1. In the place where you plan to place the "California miracle", you need to make phosphate and potash fertilizers at the rate of 40 g per cubic meter, and nitrogen fertilizers - 30 g per cubic meter.
Nitrogen fertilizers increase productivity
Step 2. If the site is dominated by loam or clay, then it is necessary to add manure, humus, silage or rotted sawdust.
The most non-aggressive fertilizers among all types of manure are goat, rabbit and, in part, sheep.
Step 3. Landing permissible shed solution cowshed - five liters per square meter.
Step 4. They carefully dig up the earth, and then plant young plants.
The earth should warm up to at least 18 degrees.
Pre-seedlings for seven days hardened: put out in the daylight on the street air or on the balcony. In the garden the plants are placed at intervals of 10-25 cm (in general, one meter square should be from 4 to 6 seedlings). Peppers are transferred along with the earthy lump, trying not to damage the roots. Planted not very deep, otherwise the bushes are at risk to rot and die.
Seedlings of peppers "California miracle" is placed on the garden along with the earthy bundle
Although the California Miracle variety is positioned quite unpretentious, it cannot be left unattended to get a good harvest. In addition, additional measures of care allow you to achieve the best taste characteristics of the fruit.
Plants belong to the category of heat-loving, and therefore, even in temperate climates, should receive a sufficient amount of sunlight. Since summer is not always hot and generous with ultraviolet in the middle lane, it is necessary to place pepper bushes in the area so that they are lit most of the day. They should not be blocked by higher garden crops and trees. Constant penumbra has a negative effect on the ovary: it either does not form at all, or is thrown off by a shrub before the peppers are formed.
For a good harvest need care!
For the fruits to be juicy and sweet, timely watering is necessary. Under standard conditions, it may not be too abundant, but during dry periods, it is advisable to repeat the procedure in the morning and evening. It is not worth bending the stick either - waterlogging of the soil leads to diseases and rotting of the roots. Water should be used to keep it warm and warm.
If the summer was hot, with increased humidity, then lower shoots should be removed. The root system needs a constant flow of air, so the ground under the bushes must be loosened, but very carefully, so as not to damage the plant. You can also just mulch the soil, for which fit straw, grass collected in the garden, sawdust. Layer should be made from 4 cm thick. To feed adult plants can not very abundant. Basically, this is required to be done during periods of fruit set and growth. You can choose a universal mineral and organic complexes. With nitrogenous dressings need to be handled carefully - they add power to the bushes, but the peppers from them tied worse.
Pepper "California miracle" must be watered in time
Fight against diseases and pests
Variety "California miracle" is quite resistant to all major diseases. But under adverse conditions, the bushes and the peppers themselves can become victims of phytosis, gray rot, macrosporosis, apical rot, septoria, blackleg. Sweet fruits like to spoil such harmful insects as slugs and caterpillars of the whitefly butterfly. The leaves devour the larvae of the Colorado potato beetle and aphid, and the roots can damage the bear. A folk remedy helps from the latter: before placing the seedlings in the beds, you need to pour water in the harvested holes and wait about an hour. From the rest of the misfortunes, a solution of wood resin is used, which is sprayed over the plantation several times over the summer.
Можно также использовать отвар полыни от тли (один кг растений на один л воды, кипятить 15 минут, процедить и развести на 10 л), а от слизняков присыпать почву солью, известью или табаком. Если у растений скручиваются листья — в почве не хватает минералов, необходима подкормка селитрой. If vertex rot is affected, the bushes should be sprayed with a solution of calcium chloride, which is sold in pharmacies.
Gray rot on the fruits of the "California miracle"
Characteristics and description of the variety
The fruits of pepper The California miracle is distinguished by a pronounced sweetness, excellent taste, bitterness occurs only in adverse growing conditions. The size of the fruit is 9 × 11 cm, they have a characteristic cuboid shape with a fractional division, most often tetrahedral.
The color of fruits in the stage of technical ripeness is dark green, in biological it is bright red, and the skin is shiny. The flesh of the fruit is very juicy, fleshy, crunchy. The skin is dense, but not rigid, the wall thickness of the fruit is 5-8 mm. One fruit contains the daily rate of ascorbic acid. The mass of peppers varies from 80 to 150 grams.
Bushes reach a height of 50-70 cm in open ground and 80 cm in greenhouse conditions. The habitus of the bush is dense, powerful, with well-developed branches and wide leaves.
California miracle belongs to mid-season varieties, fruit ripening from germination to the stage of technical ripeness takes 100-130 days.
The yield of the variety is high, as on the bush with good care ripens up to 10 large fruits. With one square meter of landings it is possible to obtain 10 kg of yield. Fruits can be harvested both green and ripe, peppers picked from the stem are better kept.
Important: the first harvest must be taken in time, otherwise the ripening of subsequent fruits is delayed.
Harvested peppers are well dispensed in the room. Fruits are distinguished by high commodity qualities, transportable and long stored. Their purpose is universal: fresh use, in salads, for stuffing and blanks.
History of origin
Variety California miracle bred in the United States and has nearly 100 years of history. His outstanding qualities invariably keep the variety at the peak of popularity, his dignity does not diminish against the background of super-modern hybrids.
Despite its American origin, the variety is grown everywhere in the territory of the Central Belt, in the northern regions - in protected ground. An important advantage was the resistance of the variety to the tobacco mosaic virus, which allowed the variety to spread in many countries around the world.
Over the long term cultivation, several color variations have appeared: the California miracle is golden, yellow, orange, black. All of them have a shape close to the original, and excellent taste of the fruit.
Californian miracle grade reviews
The experience of growing a variety on Russian soil has shown the success of its introduction. Reviews on the variety range from enthusiastic to positive, there are few flaws.
All gardeners celebrate high yields, excellent fruit taste, decorative plants. Seed germination is very good, seedlings easily take root when transplanted into the ground. The variety is unpretentious, but responsive to dressings and caring care.
From the noticed minuses of a grade - fast loss of germination of seeds. Seeds of the California miracle sprout in harmony only the first year after harvest, there is no point in storing them further. Fortunately, this is not a hybrid, and you can provide yourself with fresh seeds, planting peppers annually.
Sowing a California miracle on seedlings in the Middle Zone is preferable in the middle - end of February.
Seeds are prepared for sowing as follows:
- disinfect seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate,
- soaked in hot water with a temperature of up to 60 degrees for several hours before swelling,
- wrapped in a damp cloth and kept in a warm place until the seeds begin to peek.
Germinated seeds are planted one by one in prepared cups with a primer, as the peppers do not like picks.
The soil for pepper should be loose, permeable, fertile, neutral in acidity. Recommended composition: on one part of leaf humus, garden soil and sand. Specialized soils for vegetables are also suitable.
Growing and planting seedlings
After sowing seeds, soil is watered and covered with foil. Before the emergence of shoots they are kept in a warm room. When the shoots hatch, plants can be placed on a warm window sill, where the difference between day and night temperatures will be ensured - 27 degrees during the day and 13-14 at night are considered desirable. Watered with warm, settled water. In February-March, the plant requires additional lighting.
Before planting the seedlings should be hardened - carried out to the open air at a temperature not lower than 14 ° C. Plants are planted in open ground not earlier than the end of May - mid-June, in greenhouses - in April. The soil needs a well-prepared, loose, filled with humus. Seedlings are planted in the holes corresponding to the size of the pot, without deepening. The distance between plants is 40 × 40 cm.
Variety California miracle hygrophilous. Both in open ground and in the greenhouse it needs to provide abundant watering. It is also recommended to water the plants with the appearance of each flower. During the heat, the plants are watered in the morning and evening. However, excessive watering can cause root rot. The soil must be kept loose.
Shoots below the main branch are cut or pinned.
During flowering and fruiting, plants are fed weekly with organic fertilizer solutions (mullein) diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 10. According to many vegetable growers, it is useful to sprinkle ashes between rows.
In the heat, pepper mulching with a layer of straw is useful; hay is up to 10 cm thick - this will prevent the roots from overheating and drying.
Fruits are recommended to cut with a stem, so that they are better kept.
If you have not grown the California miracle on your site - be sure to do it, the variety will delight you with its beauty and tasty harvest.
Before growing peppers, the California miracle should start planting seedlings. This is done in mid-February, as young bushes need to be transplanted into the open ground 100 days after planting. If this is done later or earlier, the growing season may slow down due to adverse climatic conditions.
Planting seedlings consists of several stages.
Disinfection is carried out to protect future seedlings from bacterial and fungal diseases. Seeds can be disinfected dry and wet. The most common dry method is keeping seeds in the sun for one week.
Numerous reviews indicate that the best means for wet disinfection is a 1% solution of potassium permanganate. To do this, the seeds are placed in a heated liquid for 25-35 minutes. You can also use a 2% solution of hydrogen peroxide. Before adding seeds, it is preheated to 35 o C.
To protect the plant from bacterial diseases can be with the help of aloe juice. For this, seeds are kept in a liquid for several days.
To pepper has a good yield, its seeds must be soaked for 4-6 hours in warm water. After that they are put in wet gauze for pecking. Store the seeds in a plastic bag so that they do not dry quickly. They will be planted in the ground in 2-3 days after soaking.
After the appearance of the first leaves, pots of sweet peppers should be moved to a room with additional lighting. You should also remove the plastic wrap so that the plant gradually gets used to the new conditions. The optimum daily temperature for growing is 25 ° C, and the evening temperature is not less than 10-15 ° C.
Water the seedlings need two or three times a week. To do this, it is recommended to use warm water with a temperature of about 35 o C. If you water it with cold liquid, then the yellow pepper bushes can get sick and die over time.
The soil can be treated with mineral fertilizers several times a month. However, if all the conditions of growing peppers are observed, then you can do without it.
Yellow California miracle is an unpretentious plant, but this does not mean that you do not need to care for him.
If there is an insufficient amount of moisture in the soil, plant growth will slow down. It should be watered regularly and at the root. To do this, use well warmed water. When growing bushes in a greenhouse, not only the land is watered, but also the aisle with paths. This will help maintain the required level of humidity and increase yields.
Several times a month you need to loosen the soil. This is done very carefully, so as not to accidentally damage the roots of the plant. In order not to do weeding often, the soil must be mulched. For this, the earth is covered with a layer of straw, sawdust, humus or mowed grass.
Feed the sweet Bulgarian pepper should be several times during the season. The first dressing is carried out immediately after the appearance of the first leaves on the bushes. The following should be carried out only in 2-3 weeks. Nitrogen fertilizers should be used very carefully, as they can reduce the number of ovaries.
This pest feeds on sap from plant leaves. You can get rid of it with a special solution. For its preparation, a glass of ground garlic is mixed with liquid soap, dandelion leaves and 5-8 liters of water. Strained liquid is applied to the leaves of the plant.
Very dangerous pests that eat fruits and leaves Californian. Lest the slugs appear on the bushes, you need to regularly loosen the soil and pollinate the plant with dry mustard.
The main indicators of the leader among the Bulgarian peppers
- The variety is large. On one bush 10 or more fruits are formed. The average weight of the fetus is 100-130-160 g,
- high yields are characteristic of the variety when cultivated in protected and open ground regions of Russia,
- A distinctive feature is the simplicity of the variety. Even in conditions of insufficiently favorable, it maintains high productivity,
- the most valuable quality of a variety is its resistance to diseases, including the most dangerous - the tobacco mosaic virus,
- It has increased keeping quality, which allows to transport fruit over long distances.
How to get away from fakes varieties "California miracle"
Recently, the market has been pushing hard for multicolored variations of the California miracle variety. New varieties are as close as possible to the characteristics of the "founder", but these varieties are not a California miracle, but its varieties. They differ in the mass of fruits (up to 250 g), the greater thickness of the fruit walls of the seed box. Naturally, plants acquired new qualities:
- the growing season is extended
- changed color of the fruit. Appeared varieties allegedly miracle of California with yellow, dark red, almost anthocyanin, orange fruits.
"California miracle" with purple fruits
"California miracle" yellow
"California miracle" orange
"California miracle" black
Varieties of varieties beat the brand "California miracle" in the names of the new varieties:
- Californian miracle is yellow,
- Californian miracle orange
- California miracle golden
- California miracle chocolate,
- Californian miracle black
- Wonder Gold and others.
Standard grade indicators
To get away from fakes and varieties of the original, the standard of the bell pepper variety, the California Miracle (Agros seed company, 1999) was registered in the State Register of Russia for the following indicators:
- a variety of medium early ripening, non-hybrid,
- from germination to mass formation of technical ripeness of green color for 100-115 days,
- from germination to harvest of biological ripeness fruits 120-130 days,
- wall thickness of the seed box 4-8 mm,
- branded fruit brand - cubical, slightly elongated shape, rounded at the bottom,
- fruits leveled, tetrahedral, weight 80-150 g, limiting dimensions 9x11 or 10x12 cm,
- The color of technical ripeness is dark green, biological color is bright red.
Depending on the conditions of farming, deviations from the standard may be, but the color of the fruit and their shape will allow to distinguish this variety from others.
When buying planting material (seeds and seedlings), please contact only official sales pointshaving the appropriate license, and then you will be able to grow on your site exactly the sort “California miracle”, and not another one, albeit with the best indicators.
Biological features of the "California miracle"
Variety California miracle bred by American breeders.
When sowing seeds in late February - the first decade of March in compliance with all agrotechnical requirements, mass shoots appear in 8-12 days. In northern regions, when the temperature is disturbed, shoots may appear in 25-35 days. After 100-115 days from mass shoots, you can begin harvesting technical ripeness. The mass of the fruit reaches 80-120 g. It also takes a month for the variety to ripen. After 120-130 days from mass shoots (around mid-July), the California miracle forms fruits in biological ripeness. Mature (not overripe) fruits are elastic, fragrant, they increase the weight to 100-170 g. During this period they are bright red, of different colors. Other coloring of fruits is absent.
Bush srednerosly (70-80 cm tall), spreading. The branches are elastic, easily broken, which requires careful attention when forming a bush. Depending on the type and fertility of the soil can form shrubs of greater habit and height.
The bush is leafy, it reacts poorly to thickening. Based on the agrotechnical characteristics of the soil, they regulate sowing / planting schemes for pepper. For more high-quality large fruits, it is better to form a bush in 2 branches.
Botanical description of the fruit
- Fruits are large, cubical
- Variety of bell peppers California miracle large-fruited. The ovary is formed in the sinus leaf 1-2 fruit. The skin is dense, smooth, with a brilliant gloss. The flesh is fleshy, juicy. The thickness of the pulp reaches 8-9 mm. Fruits are resistant to shocks, perfectly tolerate transportation.
- Fruits initially have a green color, in the process of development and maturation become bright red.
- The taste of the fruit on a 5-point scale occupies the top line. The fruits are sweet. Aroma steady with a specific smell of fresh greens, influencing taste buds.
- The fruits of the California miracle used in vitamin salads in fresh form, in the preparation of culinary dishes and canning.
Fruits contain in high quantities:
- the most essential vitamins of group “B” (“B1”, “B2”, “B3”, “B9”), “A”, “C”, “E”, H, “PP”, “K”,
- a large list of macro and microelements, including potassium, sodium, iron, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium, copper, iodine, sulfur, manganese, chromium, cobalt,
- organic acids, essential oils and enzymes.
Formed sweet pepper bush
- Due to the long growing season, the cultivation of Bulgarian pepper “California miracle” is carried out through seedlings.
- Sowing on seedlings carried out depending on the region in January, February, taking in some years and part of March.
- At the age of 55-60 days (70 days in the north), seedlings are planted permanently. In the south, planting is carried out immediately in open ground. In cold regions, after passing the spring return frosts - under temporary shelter.
- Pepper needs constant soil moisture, regardless of the method of cultivation. Especially important is watering when growing seedlings and fruit growth.
- Feedings are carried out weekly with a complete set of basic nutrients, including trace elements and organic matter.
- When landing on a permanent station, the California miracle forms bushes up to 60-70 cm in height. Under optimal conditions, the bushes can be large.
- When disembarking, the distance in the row is 35-45 cm, the spacing is 65-70 cm.
Pepper on the trellis
In protected soil, the cultivar is best grown on a trellis, forming a bush in 2 branches. Without reliable support on the bushes under the weight of the fruit branches break off.
At observance of the required agrotechnical measures, the pepper practically does not get sick and is not affected by pests. Products are environmentally friendly. These properties due to its high demand in the agricultural market.
Harvesting is carried out in 2-3 steps, initially selective, and the last harvest is massive.
Sweet pepper California miracle: characteristics and description of the variety
This variety bred by american breeders in 1928, is non-hybrid, although hybrid features are inherent in it. Main characteristics:
- middle ripeness, on maturation takes 110-130 days,
- height of the bush is about 50-60 cm,
- yield of at least 7-10 fruits from the bush,
- the fruits are large, round, weighing up to 160 grams, fleshy, densely-skinned, have a pleasant sweetish taste,
- stress-resistant variety, successfully withstands mosaic virus,
- fruits are able to be stored for a long time
- You can eat fresh or make preparations for the winter.
Pepper is a California miracle, although thermophilic, considered quite unpretentious in growing. To achieve maximum yield and perfect taste of the fruit you need to follow some rules.
The grade is thermophilic, unpretentious in cultivation, on reaching a ripeness becomes red
For cultivation of pepper the California miracle in an open ground in a midland of our country, plant seedlings need no later than February.
Then, when planting in the beds, seedlings reach an age of about 3 months. Это оптимальный возраст для адаптации растений к возможным неблагоприятным условиям и заболеваниям.
Подготовка семян к посадке:
- обеззараживание семян раствором перманганатом калия (1-2%) комнатной температуры в течение 20 минут. После обработки посевной материал следует промыть проточной водой,
- growth stimulant treatment for strong and simultaneous shoots,
- soaking in hot water. Then the seeds are wrapped in cheesecloth and in order to prevent drying they are placed in a plastic bag and kept at a temperature of 20-25 ° C.
After 2-3 days, the first shoots will appear, then weak copies should be rejected.
Fertile soil can be bought in the store, and you can prepare yourself by mixing humus, garden soil and sand.
Sprouted seeds should be planted in the soil moistened with a sprayer, to a depth of about 1 cm. Then the soil should be moistened again gently and covered with plastic wrap.
Seedling content temperature - 26 ° -28 ° Cgood illumination at this stage is not required.
After the emergence of shoots need to remove the film and provide a good lighting of the shoots. In winter, you can arrange artificial lighting using energy-saving lamps, mounted on the seedlings.
Water the seedlings need warm water, moderately, but not allowing the land to dry out. Spraying is well suited to maintain a comfortable air humidity.
For the proper development of seedlings need to provide fresh air, but with protection from drafts. It is not necessary to feed the plants during this period.
The root system of the seedlings is weak, it is recommended to plant the seeds immediately in peat tablets or peat pots
Transplantation in open ground
With the beginning of the first warm spring days, it is recommended to begin gradually hardening the seedlings and teaching them to direct sunlight.
In the open ground seedlings are planted in May and Juneafter the weather has stabilized. In the greenhouse without heating can be planted earlier.
Growing the same crops in one place leads to soil depletion. Excellent pepper precursors California miracle - cabbage, carrots, beans, onions, cucumbers.
Before planting (approximately 3-5 days), the soil should be treated for pests and diseases with a weak solution of blue vitriol (1 tsp to a bucket of water).
The preparation of the pepper seedlings itself is applying potassium phosphate fertilizer.
California pepper miracle grows well in light fertile soil, which is advised before planting add saltpeter at the rate of 40 g per 1 sq. m.
In open ground, seedlings are planted in May and June; they can be planted earlier in the greenhouse without heating.
Landing and further care
Plants are planted under the scheme 40x40 in heated soil (not less than 10 ° C). The depth of the wells should correspond to the height of the tank with seedlings.
Do not unnecessarily bury the seedlings and cover the basal neck with earth, otherwise rotting is possible. After planting should be watering the seedlings.
Subsequent care is simple:
- watering as needed,
- mulching - especially if the hot dry weather holds,
- fertilizer - an infusion of humus, chicken manure or mullein must be applied to the soil about three times per season,
- loosening - regular and shallow,
- garter plants.
Subject to these recommendations, the California miracle pepper certainly will give you a great harvest in about 3-3.5 months.
For the formation of lateral shoots need to pasynkovanie upper leaves. At the same time, it is better not to touch the lowermost leaves, as they cover the ground at the roots and reduce the evaporation of moisture from the soil.
Slicing tips for pepper:
Possible problems with growing
A pale plant with a small green mass is evidence of a nitrogen deficiency. Twisted leaves with dry edges indicate a lack of nitrogen in the soil. If the reverse side of the leaves has acquired a purple hue, then the matter is magnesium deficiency.
- white rot,
- top rot,
- late blight,
- aphid - To combat it, it is necessary to treat the plants with a solution of whey (1.5 liters per bucket of water), and then sprinkle with wood ash,
- Medvedka - spraying with wood ash solution will help,
- Colorado beetle - manual collection of insects or spraying with a solution of the drug "Commander" in accordance with the instructions,
- bare slugs - control methods: timely weeding of beds and the preparation of metaldehyde, the granules of which need to be decomposed in the habitats of the pest (5g per 1 sq. M).
Need to pre-select a strong bush pepper. After the appearance of the first buds, it should be covered with a small greenhouse, in order to avoid cross-pollination with neighboring plants.
After the formation of ovaries, the shelter is removed, and the plant is labeled for subsequent collection of purebred seeds from it.
Vegetable growers reviews
The reviews of vegetable growers about this variety are mostly positive, only sometimes the fruits may have a bitter taste associated with inappropriate growing conditions.
Tatyana: “This is my favorite sweet pepper variety! Fragrant, large, fleshy! It is good both in salads, and in preparations for the winter. Undemanding in care, there were no pests. ”
Igor Ivanovich: “We plant a variety of California miracle for several years. Bushes are strong, many fruits, tasty, sweetish. It is stored perfectly, for our middle band is the most! ”
Helena: “I bought a sort of pepper for testing the California miracle, 100% germination rate! In the ground they got accustomed with minimal losses. Caring as usual, watered a little. Already in August, the harvest started, it was enough for us and even treated the neighbors! ”
We hope that this material will help you in the cultivation of this amazing vegetable!