Fruit trees

What 4 self-fruited plum varieties should be in each garden

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Today in the gardens of Russians there are many plums of various species. It is believed that the yellow self-fruiting plum and its different types are cherry plum, and only in a warm climate can you find the true fruits of this plum. However, this is not true. Gardeners nowadays plant different types of plums and cherry plums, they retain the best properties from different varieties of plums:

  • cold tolerance,
  • large harvest
  • increased taste properties
  • larger fruits.

Nowadays, breeders have deduced many unique varieties of plums, among which there is a suitable variety for any region of the country.

Altai variety

This variety of self-fruited plum has excellent cold resistance and brings a large crop. At the same time, it is characterized by:

  • an attractive view of ripe fruit
  • balanced sweet and sour taste,
  • fast, already on the 3rd or 4th year the onset of fruiting,
  • high yield,
  • early ripening.

The mass of fruits varies from 15 to 19 grams, they have yellow flesh and thin skin, which becomes pink in the sun. Sometimes it spreads on almost the entire surface of the berry, so a person from the side will not immediately guess what kind of variety is in front of him.

Description of grade Renklod Green

This variety is characterized by early fruiting. The ovary begins to form when the plant reaches three years of age. After about 3 years, the plant will allow to collect about 40 kilograms of plums, which will have a dense and sweet flesh. These fruits are perfect for making jam or jam.

Plum varieties samoplodnoy yellow Renklod collective farm

The weight of the fruits of this class will have a weight of about 20-25 grams. The flesh and rind of these berries are greenish-yellow and have a sweet-sour flavor. Renklod contains less sugar than Michurinsky plum varieties, but at the same time they are much more juicy, and also bear fruit every year.

Honey Plum Description

This variety is characterized by oval berries, their skin has a transparent effect. Fruit weight reaches 50 grams, while the berries have a pronounced honey flavor. The flesh is colored greenish-yellow and will be easily separated from the stone.

Under the influence of sunlight the skin becomes slightly orange.
Yellow honey variety is not very susceptible to any diseases, this culture also easily suffers from a lack of moisture in the soil, and in time the harvested berries are well suited for both transportation and storage.

Description varieties yellow hots

When the plant reaches the age of four years, an ovary begins to form in the trees. Fruits suitable for harvesting at the end of August have a bright yellow color. In addition, this variety demonstrates excellent cold endurance.

  • a large, easily detachable bone,
  • round shape with a weak seam,
  • sour-sweet taste
  • bitter skin,
  • juicy and aromatic pulp,
  • small dimensions
  • weight about 15 grams.

Consider that when cooking compote with this sort of plums, it will have a bitter taste.

Late Golden Major

Each year, this variety will provide a yield of 25-30 kilograms per plant. The berries have a very sweet taste, great aroma and a light yellow color. The weight of the fruit reaches 40 grams, and the peel will be covered with a coating of wax of natural origin. At hit of sunshine on it the pink flush will be shown. This variety has an excellent ability to ripen after fruit removal and they are stored for up to 45 days.

Grade Skoroplodnaya plum

This yellow plum arose as a result of the crossing of the American and Ussuri plums. Its dessert fruits, weight 20 grams, are amber in color. According to reviews have:

  • thick pulp, melting in the mouth,
  • sweet and sour pleasant taste.

The fruits ripen in mid-August, but alas, the harvest will not be regular and very abundant. But the trees have resistance to pests, cold and disease.

Grade Smolinka

The very sweet fruits of this variety are egg-shaped, which is regular. Trees are resistant to temperature extremes. Features:

  • the crown is very thick, so the trees on the site take up too much space,
  • vaccinations are allowed,
  • at frosts it freezes a little, but it recovers very quickly,
  • fructification begins at the age of two,
  • tree height over five meters
  • high yield
  • earlier entry into fruiting.

Fruits ripen in the second half of August, one tree gives about 23 kilograms of berries, the weight of one fruit is 40 grams.

Variety Hungarian Korneevskaya

These berries have a dark color and high sugar content, so they make prunes. Fruits are large, about 50 grams. The tree begins fruiting for 3-4 year. The lack of varieties: fragile branches that can not bear the weight of the fruit, so the plant will need to install props.

Variety Zarechnaya early plum

Plums have a dark purple color. Fruit weight reaches 55 grams. Due to the fact that the stone from the berries goes quite easily, the housewives make these plums from the variety. Features:

  • sweet-sour taste with a pronounced aroma
  • early entry into fruiting (for the second year),
  • stable yield,
  • high frost resistance.

When caring for this species should be careful and pay attention to the stepson, from stepchildren should get rid of.

Features of the cultivation of samoplodnyh varieties

Plum self-bearing has its advantages and disadvantages. Experienced gardeners note that the degree of yields of self-productive varieties is much higher, and the fruits are larger. However, self-bearing plums do not need pollinating trees, and if they are planted next to each other, the crop will be several times larger than those of the self-fruitless ones. You can also not be afraid of bad weather conditions that prevent the bees from performing their function.

Trees can self-pollinate, which greatly facilitates the care of them. Partially self-fertile varieties also exist, but they also need pollinators. It is important to note that self-fertility is not a guarantee of the harvest. Such trees also suffer from cold, frost, drafts, improperly selected soil and neglect of caring for them.

For the normal growth of the tree and abundant fruiting, first of all, you should choose the right place for planting. This should be a plot located at a small elevation or with a deep groundwater storage. Also, the place you need to choose a sunny, protected from drafts and gusting winds. Agrotechnical procedures should not be neglected: regular pruning, watering, fertilizing.

Oryol dream

No wonder the tree has received such a name, because the merits of this variety can not be challenged. Dream plum appeared recently, but has already gained confidence among gardeners. A low tree, about 2 m high, with a classic medium-thick, sprawling pyramidal crown and slightly raised shoots. Small size and early fruiting greatly simplifies harvesting. The bark on the trunk and branches is smooth, rich-brown in color, in young shoots the color is closer to brown.

The plum of the Oryol dream belongs to skoroplodny varieties, begins to bear fruit in the third year after planting in open ground.

The yield is average, however, with cross-pollination it can be higher. The tree has a high degree of frost resistance, and cold and freezing are not terrible, not only to the shoots, but also to the kidneys. Therefore, it is necessary to cover the plant only in conditions of particularly severe winters. The tree is resistant to common fungal infections, as well as kleasterospiosis.

The fruits of the Oryol plum are rather large, more than 4 cm tall and 40 g in weight. The color of the skin is bluish-red, the subcutaneous spots are numerous and pronounced. Evaluation of commercial quality plums high.

The flesh is yellow, fibrous, not too dense, with a high content of colorless juice. Fruits of table purpose, sweet-sour taste. With a large number of fruits become smaller.

Red ball

This variety belongs to the Chinese species of plums, obtained as a result of crossing the American and Chinese varieties. The tree is medium thick, with medium thick rounded crown. The branches are down. The shoots are strong, with a smooth bark of rich gray color. Bouquet twigs and last year's shoots bear fruit. Skoroplodnoe, the first fruits appear in the second year after planting. Does not require pollination, blooms early, and the fruits ripen by the end of July.

Plum yields generous yields. It tolerates strong frosts, is not afraid of spring frosts and stone fruit diseases. Fruits are large, rounded in shape, by weight 30–40 g. The color of plums is saturated red. The skin is dense, with a noticeable wax coating. The flesh is light yellow in color, with a loose structure, fibrous, very juicy. Taste is sweet, aroma pleasant, pronounced. Despite the high commodity and taste, it is called plum "an amateur."

In memory of Timiryazev

Popular variety in the central regions and the Volga region. Plum medium in size, compact, with a rounded crown. May be bushy. The degree of thickening is average. The shoots are medium-sized, lowered down, with smooth light brown bark.

Bouquet twigs and annual shoots bear fruit. A long-lived tree, yields more than 20 years. Fruiting begins in the 4th year after disembarkation. The yield is above average, however, slight irregularity may be observed.

Perfectly adapts, quickly restored after trimming. It is not prone to the disease of cholesterol and fruit rot. Drought tolerates normal, but not too long period. Not frost-resistant: shoots frosting up strongly, the kidneys are exposed to frostbite much less.

It suffers from attacks of ticks, which can destroy a tree if it is not treated with chemical means. Fruits are oval, small, red in color with burgundy sides. With yellow, fine-grained dense pulp, sweet with sourness. Transported well.

Description of the Altai variety

Many self-fertile plum varieties begin their genealogy from Manchu, Chinese and Russian varieties.

These plants have frost resistance, unpretentiousness and, as a rule, a high yield level. No exception is also the self-fertile variety of the Altai jubilee.

This culture is able to winter and produce fruit beyond the Urals.

It also differs:

  • early ripening,
  • high yield,
  • fast, already on the 3rd or 4th year the onset of fruiting,
  • balanced sweet and sour taste,
  • an attractive kind of ripened fruit.

The features of the variety include:

small fruits, the mass of which is 14 to 18 grams, with yellow flesh and thin skin, which in a warm and sunny summer is covered with a pink blush,

sometimes a bright top coat covers almost the entire surface of the plum, so that you can forget that you have a yellow-fruited variety of plum.

Variety of early Altai yellowanniversary plum forms a tree of small size with a medium-sized bole and a crown, which has a moderate density. As well as the majority of plums of this variety type, the Altai Jubilee is self-fruitful. In this regard, for stable yields, it is necessary to provide pollinating plants.

Description of the plum self-fertile yellow Renklod collective farm

The remarkable taste qualities of the green Renclod interest the well-known I.V. Michurin. In order to bring the yellow-fruited variety, which would have a much greater winter hardiness, he proceeded to cross the drowns with the thermophilic "Frenchman".

In the late 40s of the 20th century, the newly-born Renklod collective farm was entered into the State Register and recommended for cultivation in the northwestern, middle zone, as well as in the chernozem regions of Russia.

On srednerosly trees with a rounded crown yellow round fruits ripen in mass up to 20-25 grams. The flesh of these fruits and its thin skin has a yellowish-green shade and a pleasant sour-sweet taste. Michurin varieties, unlike green greenwood, they accumulate less sugars inside themselves, however, they are much more juicy and delight their owners with their annual harvests.

Description of a grade of yellow plum Hoppa

The growers of Siberia, the Urals, and the Far East are perfectly familiar with the yellow variety of Hopta, which was bred in the first half of the twentieth century. The first ovaries on these tall and sprawling trees of this variety begin to emerge already in the fourth year after planting. Harvesting can begin at the end of the summer and in the first weeks of September. Variety Hopta demonstrates excellent frost resistance and endurance in general.

Bright yellow plums of the specified grade have:

  • weight up to 15 grams
  • small size
  • the pulp is juicy and with a light aroma,
  • bitter skin,
  • harmonious sour-sweet taste,
  • round shape with inconspicuous seam,
  • large, easily detachable bone.

Landing and care of the yellow plum of the Hopta Consider the height of adult trees, as well as the obligatory presence of pollinators.

The gentle and thin skin is easily damaged by long storage and transportation. The food should be eaten. Short shelf life is allowed when using them as a raw material for jams and preserves. It is worth considering that in the compotes its skin keeps a bitter taste.

Plum variety Skoroplodnaya

Due to the interbreeding of the Ussuri and American plums, the yellow Skoplodnaya plum appeared. She has dessert fruits. Their weight can reach 20 grams. Fruits - amber, with a red superficial blush possess:

  • sweet and sour sweet taste
  • dense pulp, melting in the mouth (according to reviews).

This early variety of yellow plum is ready to harvest in the first half of August. It is a pity, but his fruiting is not distinguished by regularity and especially abundant fruiting. However, these serious varietal deficiencies are compensated for by excellent winter hardiness and immunity to damage by various diseases and many tree pests.

Yellow varieties in Russia are recommended to be planted in the spring. Why not fall? The fact is that the plum trees planted during the autumn period do not have enough time to gain a foothold in the soil by winter and often die. The main thing here is to decide where it is better to plant a yellow plum, and prepare this piece of land in advance. The wells begin to prepare in the fall.

If, however, preparation takes place in early spring, then, nevertheless, preparation should begin no less than 14 days before planting.

Depth of the landing pit must be at least sixty centimeters, its diameter is about seventy. The soil extracted from the pit in the process of digging, must be thoroughly mixed with humus. It should be half the volume of the soil. The resulting mixture is placed back into the dug hole.

General characteristics of self-priming yellow plums

The central region, which includes the Moscow region, is characterized by moderately cold winters, with frequent and sharp temperature fluctuations. Its climatic features require careful selection of varieties of plums for cultivation, since the flowering period for these trees often coincides with return frosts.

Attention! The varieties selected for planting in the Moscow region should be resistant to temperature fluctuations.

Steady high yields with minimal care are characterized by self-fertile varieties of plums. Self-fertility is the ability to pollinate trees without the participation of bees or pollen from other plum varieties. Their own pollen acts as a pollinator. The main advantages of this species are:

  • guaranteed yield,
  • no need for pollination by insects,
  • the universality of the fruits - they are used for table use and preparations.

In order for this species to bear fruit for a long time and successfully, it is necessary to correctly choose a place for planting. It should be a sunny, windless place where snow and water do not linger - best of all on a hill.

The ability to self-fruit in plum trees can vary in degree, which allows us to distinguish the category of so-called partially self-fruited plums, whose yields are usually slightly lower. To remain high, they need a neighborhood with other pollinating trees.

Yellow fruit varieties, the fruits of which have a very pleasant dessert taste, are especially loved by gardeners. They are predominantly small in size, round in shape, weakly pronounced peritoneal suture and golden yellow color. There are also varieties with a red barrel, pinkish or greenish tint, whitish wax coating.

Overview of Varieties

As the reviews show, in the climatic conditions of the Moscow region, yellow fruit varieties will delight with good crops:

  1. “In memory of Timiryazev” is the most common yellow self-fertile plum, distinguished by its late maturity. Fruits of medium size - 3 cm, egg-shaped. Color - yellow, with a characteristic red side. Мякоть – слегка кисловатая, плотная, средней сочности. Характеризуя сорт, следует отметить, что дерево среднерослое, имеет негустую округлую по форме крону, оно устойчиво к поражению грибковыми заболеваниями, во время летней засухи, нуждается в поливе.Starts to fructify for 4 year, annually, for 20 years, pleasing with good yields - up to 9 kg per tree. Fruit harvesting date is September.

Despite the limited choice of self-pollinated plums with yellow fruits, it’s easy to choose options for planting in the garden plots, since each of them has a lot of advantages, which can be seen in photos. Given the varietal zoning when planting in the Moscow region, self-fertile plum trees grown in the Central region, are able to please with regular very high yields for two decades.

Self-made cherry plum for Moscow region: the best varieties

  • Pramen. The tree is medium. The mass of one fruit is 18-25 g. Peel is thin. The berries have a high sugar content, medium in density, have a yellow tender flesh of high juiciness. It is characterized by winter hardiness, has strong immunity.
  • Mara. The height of the tree to the 4-5th year of life can reach 3-3.5 meters. Yields are high (up to 50 kg). Enters fructification quickly - for 2-3 year. Yellow cherry plum, sweet, weight up to 25 g. Frost resistance is high.
  • Sonia - a hybrid of the Belarusian selection. Cherry plum grows to 3 meters, the branches are tilted. Yield up to 40 kg. The berries are yellow in color with a red side, round in shape, the average weight of berries is 50 g. The rind is strong and thin with a slightly visible abdominal suture. The flesh is yellowish, juicy, sweet taste with refreshing sourness.
  • Kuban comet - cherry plum medium-early, self-fertile. High productivity - up to 50 kg of fruit. They have apricot flavor, mass 30 - 45 gr. Cherry plum color is yellow-red. The plant is undersized no more than 2.5 meters. At 2 years after planting can please the first harvest. Frost resistance is high, able to withstand temperatures up to −30 degrees. Kuban comet is able to adapt to different climatic conditions, it can be safely recommended for landing throughout Russia.

Thus, today the market is a choice of a huge number of varieties for the most demanding customers. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, you can find a suitable variety for almost any region of Russia.

Adding an article to a new collection

The names of plum varieties are numerous. In this article we will focus on the most popular of them - self-fertile. What exactly these plums most attract gardeners?

Plant self-fertility is its ability to self-pollination. Such a tree does not need insects or the related culture in the neighborhood to set fruit. In many self-fertile plants, the anthers are at the level of the stigma, and fertilization occurs when the flower is still unopened. This allows you to get a crop even under adverse conditions: when a strong wind blows during flowering of plants, the flying of bees and bumblebees, etc., is disturbed.

But you should know: without the participation of a pollinator variety in self-bearing plants, only up to 50% of the available flowers are tied. Only with the help of pollinating varieties this figure can be brought closer to 100%. In addition, self-fertility is a non-permanent symptom. The same variety in one climate can be stably self-fertile every year, and in another region it can be partially self-fertile (only 20-30% of flowers are tied without pollinators). Then the harvest does not meet your expectations.

So, let's find out what kind of self-fertile plum is better to plant in the middle lane and Moscow region, so that the plant does not disappoint.

1. Anna Shpet

Large oval fruits ripen on a strong-growing tree with a rounded or rounded pyramidal crown. The color of the fruit is dark purple with a reddish tinge and subcutaneous spots. The peel is covered with a gray wax bloom, it is easily separated from the pulp. Pulp - greenish-yellow or golden, dense, tender, juicy, fibrous, sweet with a slight sourness. Fruits are suitable for fresh consumption and preparation of jam, but not suitable for freezing and production of dried fruits.

The frost resistance of the plant is medium, so the variety is more popular in the south. However, after frosting, the tree recovers well, even freezers drag on.

Although the variety is considered partially self-fertile, it produces a good harvest even without pollinators. And if you plant a variety of plums nearby Washington, Hungarian homemade, Hungarian Italian, Victoria, Catherine, Raisin-Eric, Kirk, Early, Renclod green, Peachthen it is possible to gather about 60 kg of fruits from an adult ten-year-old plant in a fruitful year.

Among the shortcomings of the variety, it is possible to note a weak resistance to diseases, a high crown (when harvesting from an adult tree without a ladder), loose wood (trees often break in strong winds).

What is the difference between yellow plum

Yellow plum is considered a hybrid form, obtained from the cultivated plum and wild plum. The result is a plant characterized by good resistance to poor growing conditions. According to the description of the yellow self-fruited plum varieties, such varieties are distinguished by excellent sweet taste and versatility of use: they can be eaten fresh, and they can also be used to make homemade preparations - jam, jam, compotes.

Mother's memory

Early variety, plum fruits are sown at the end of the second - the beginning of the third month of summer. Plums are rounded in shape, with yellow-green skin. The flesh is very tender, sweet and sour, always juicy and also yellow. The variety shows high resistance to fruit rot and another disease - klyasterosporiozu.

The variety is distinguished by cold resistance and excellent yield, as well as early ripeness, attractiveness of fruits, their harmonious taste. The plums are small, their skin and flesh are yellow, there is a blush on the surface of the skin.

Yellow honey

Early variety, has another name - White Honey. Differs in unpretentiousness to the climatic features of the terrain and soil, resistance to diseases, ease of planting and care. The fruits are oval-shaped, the skin is rich yellow with a waxy coating, the flesh is greenish-yellow, juicy, easily separated from the stone. The taste is sweet, but not cloying, with a strong taste and smell of honey. Ripe, but not overripe plums tolerate transportation and storage.

How to plant a self-propelled plum

Yellow plum can grow on almost any soil, but fertile and friable ones are still preferable. A neutral reaction is best; a weak acid is acceptable. If the reaction of the soil is acidic, it must be skipped.

Plum does not like excessive moisture, so you need to choose a place where the groundwater is not too close to the soil surface. It is necessary to have a sapling on a sunny site, but not in the shadow of buildings or other tall trees. The distance between two young plums should not be less than 3 m. The diameter of the landing pit is approximately 0.7 m, the depth is not less than 0.6 m.

  1. Drainage is poured at the bottom of the pit.
  2. Then up to half of the fertile land with humus.
  3. Plant a tree, watered.
  4. Sprinkled with earth and slightly tamped with it.
  5. Pristvolny circle cover mulch from dry grass.

Planting is done in the spring, before bud break and in the fall, after leaf fall, but before frost. In winter, a newly planted plant should be covered with plant material, regardless of whether it is cold-resistant or not.

Care for the yellow self-made plum

In the first year, there is no need to fertilize the seedlings, enough of the fertilizers that have been made in the planting pits. Only from the third year they make fertilizing with mineral fertilizers: nitrogen fertilizers - in spring and after flowering, potash-phosphorus fertilizers - in autumn, during digging. In addition to mineral fertilizers, you can also use organic matter, traditionally used for feeding garden plants: manure, sifted ashes, humus.

Watering young trees is imperative before rooting so that the earth is constantly wet, then in dry weather about 1 time in 2-3 weeks, but abundantly, pouring at least 50 liters of water under each root. Adult plums from 4-5 years old do not need to be watered, except in very strong heat.

In the first years of life, yellow plums show strong and sometimes uneven growth of the branches, so they need to be cut: remove thickening branches, in the spring - frozen parts of the shoots, shorten too long.

Preparing a yellow plum self-fertile for winter

Many adult yellow self-bearing plums tolerate the winter cold, so you do not need to cover them for the winter. But the saplings of the current year need to be covered: dig up the ground around the trunk, simultaneously cut out the entire root growth. Cover the soil surface with a thick layer of foliage, hay, straw, lapnik. Tie the branches together and cover with burlap. In the spring, with the onset of heat, the covering material can be removed, the foliage or hay can be left: they will serve as a natural organic fertilizer.

Conclusion

Plum yellow samoplodnaya like amateur gardeners for the unusual color of the fruit and great taste. Agrotechnology and its care procedures are no different from those that are recommended for plumming of other flowers, so absolutely everyone will cope with its cultivation.

Below are reviews of the yellow self-fruited plum of some amateur gardeners.

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