Imagine beautiful landscaped garden without flowering plants, not everyone can. It is the beauty of flowers that can create a special mood in a corner of nature created by man. The flowers that allow you to decorate any garden, of course, can be attributed ipomeyu.
This is a flowering plant belonging to the family. Vynukovs. This genus has a large number of species represented by annuals and perennials, trees, shrubs and vines.
Florists used about 25 species of this plant.
It is imported from tropical regions of North and South America.
The name of this plant has received for the similarity of the root system with worms. Translated from the Greek ips means "worm", and homoios - "similar."
Few people know that food crops such as yam and water spinach are its congeners.
As a perennial culture, the plant does not grow in central Russia, as it does not tolerate frost. Therefore, it is grown as an annual crop.
This is a vine that can reach a height of up to 5 meters. The stems of this creeper are densely covered with heart-shaped leaves. Ipomoea flowers are large, fragrant, interesting shapes in the form of a gramophone trumpet. Can reach sizes up to 20 cm. Pedicels are long. Ipomoea flowers are located on the stem densely. A variety of colors will satisfy any demanding grower. Already in the early morning, the ipomoea begins to dissolve its flowers, which close at noon. And in cloudy weather, Ipomoea flowers can stand open until the evening. Flowering continues until frost. Buds quickly fade, but due to the large number of quickly emerging buds, this plant always looks elegant.
Since the ipomoea stems prefer to curl over any support, it is mainly used to decorate arbors, walls and fences.
Ipomoea annual: planting and care
A lot of trouble in the care of ipomoea will not bring. So that she long pleased you with large beautiful flowers, in caring for her the main thing is to follow the following rules:
- Do not use fertilizers with large amounts of nitrogen. This will lead to the active growth of the leaves of the plant, and there will be practically no flowers. But the complete absence of nitrogen in fertilizers can affect the condition of the plant. Conclusion: use nitrogen moderately when feeding ipomoea.
- Provide strong plant support.
- Water ipomeyu periodically, but do not water the soil to avoid rotting the roots.
- Loosen the ground after watering and rains. This will ensure that sufficient oxygen is supplied to the roots.
- Remove faded buds to stimulate the plant to form new buds.
- When pests appear, fight them.
Ipomoea perennial planting and care are similar.
Planting is carried out by seeds or seedlings. How to plant ipomeyu depends on its grade. Seeds better plant small-growing fast-growing morning glory. They quickly germinate, grow and bloom in mid-summer. Large-flowered varieties are best planted through seedlings. So she quickly pick up the green mass and bloom.
Landing Ipomoea rassadny way
- Planted ipomoea on seedlings begin around the end of April, a month before planting in open ground. It is necessary to do this immediately in separate cups, since the roots of this plant do not tolerate picks.
- Soil from the garden for ipomoea seedlings is not suitable. You must either purchase a universal soil for flowering plants, or mix earth, sand and peat in equal proportions.
- Before sowing, it is necessary to soak the seeds in hot water, with a temperature of about +50 degrees, for a day. They should swell. If swelling did not occur, it is recommended to pierce the seed coat with a needle. After that, soak them again and leave to swell.
- Sowing of seeds is carried out to a depth of 3 cm in the amount of 2-3 seeds per one capacity. After sowing, it is necessary to water the land.
- For germination, you must put the pots on a sunny warm place, covered with glass or film on top. Approximately in a week the first shoots will appear.
- Ipomoea is growing very fast and it is necessary to ensure the possibility to curl over the support already at the seedling stage. Otherwise, the stems of the seedlings will become thin and intertwined so that it will be very difficult to unravel them without damaging the flower.
- Additional lighting using fitolampy help avoid unnecessary stretching of the seedlings.
Ipomoea flower - description
Perennial and annual plants of this kind can be found all over the world: they can look like grass, creepers, bushes and even small trees, but most of the ipomey are climbers. The most famous morning glory - food crops sweet potatoes and water spinach. 25 species are cultivated in the culture, as well as many varieties and hybrids of this plant. The ipomoea flower is poisonous. It has heart-shaped leaves and funnel-shaped flowers. Ipomoea fruits are cone-shaped boxes with seeds that do not lose their germination up to 4 years. Ipomoea garden is simply necessary in the case when you need to create a partition, a screen in the summer cottage, decorate a garden arbor or disguise an unattractive structure.
Sowing Ipomoea seedlings
Since Ipomoea is thermophilic, it is better to grow it in a seedling way. Sowing seeds for seedlings carried out in late March or early April, and then strong seedlings will be ready by May. Ipomoean seeds are desirable to scarify before sowing, but it is possible to keep them in warm water for a day swelling by placing them in a thermos. For those seeds that have not swelled for 24 hours, they pierce the shell with a needle, after which they are put into a 50-degree-long water poured into a thermos bottle for a day. Ipomoea does not tolerate transplantation, so seeds are sown 2-3 pieces to a depth of about 2 cm in separate cups and it is better that they are peaty.
The soil for the Ipomoea should be uniform, nutritious and loose. The optimal composition of the substrate for seedlings: decontaminated garden soil, peat and sand in equal parts. After planting, the soil in cups is watered with water at room temperature, then the crops are placed on a tray, covered with film or glass and kept warm under bright, diffused light.
Care for ipomoea seedlings
The optimum temperature for seedling development is 18-23 ºC. The substrate in cups regularly watered, keeping it moist, but not wet. The first shoots can appear in a week, and already at this stage it is necessary to organize a support for the seedlings: stick a stick 30–35 cm high into each cup, and then, when the seedlings are strongly stretched, you need to tighten the strings for it and strengthen them horizontally.
Care of seedlings before planting in the open ground is watering and carefully loosening the soil around the seedlings. It is possible that you will have to arrange additional lighting for her with phytolamp in the morning hours and in cloudy weather. After the seedlings form 4-5 leaves, the top of each plant is clamped to stimulate the formation of lateral shoots. A week before transplanting seedlings gradually begin to accustom to the open air.
When to plant ipomeyu in the garden
Thermophilic ipomeyu planted in the garden when the threat of night frost has passed and the soil warms up to 10 ºC, and the temperature at night will not fall below 5 ºC. In regions with a warm climate, the morning glory is carried out in mid-late May, and in areas with long and cold spring in early June. Actually, in the southern regions, seeds of fast-growing small-flowered ipomoeans are sown immediately in May in the ground, but large-flowered species of vines, characterized by slow development, are still better grown through seedlings.
How to plant ipomoea
Planting and caring for ipomoea will not seem like a difficult task, since you are dealing with a very unpretentious plant. Ipomey do not need specific conditions of detention. Although, if we talk about preferences, the ipomoea grows better and develops on light loamy soils with a neutral reaction.
The most important requirement when choosing a place for Ipomoea is illumination: the plant needs sunlight. Morning gramophone ipomoea open towards the sun, and closed after noon. And also: take care of ipomoea from the wind, which can damage not only delicate flowers, but also the stems of the plant.
The distance between the holes should be at least 20 cm. Pass the seedlings together with the earth clod into the holes, seal them, lightly tamp the surface and water the planting. If Ipomoea grew in peat pots, then plant seedlings with them.
How to care for ipomoea
Caring for ipomoea consists in regular and sufficient watering of the plant, loosening the soil around it, removing weeds, dressing, pruning, protection from pests and diseases, but most importantly, what you should think about if you are going to grow ipomeyu is about a reliable support. A vertically installed grid, stretched wire, cord and other more complex structures that need to be installed immediately after planting seedlings in the garden will be suitable for this purpose.
Liana does not tolerate either drought or stagnant water in the roots, so you need to make up such a mode of irrigation so that the soil around the roots of the morning glory never dried out, but there should not be any liquid mud in the root zone either. Lack of water is dangerous during the period of growth of the green mass of ipomoea: with a deficit of moisture, shoots stop growing, and, on the contrary, flowering may begin earlier. When flowers appear on the vine, moisture is not so frequent, allowing the top layer of soil to dry out between waterings. To prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil, the root area is mulched.
After watering, it is easier to loosen the soil around the bush and remove weeds.
For abundant flowering, health and well-groomed species of ipomoea in the open field needs fertilizers. The first time it is fed in the period of active growth with a mineral complex, for example, “Fertik. Spring for the garden. Do not allow too much nitrogen to enter the soil, otherwise the vine will give few flowers. As soon as flowers begin to form on the Ipomoea, it is important to feed it with phosphorus, and a potassium-phosphorus complex is added to the peak of flowering. For fertilizing use granular fertilizer, which is scattered under the bushes, close up, and then the soil around the bush must be watered. Many gardeners prefer to apply fertilizer in liquid form.
Perennial ipomoea after flowering
In the annual species of morning glory, the ground part of the autumn dies off, so they are simply destroyed. Ipomoea perennial can winter in the greenhouse, and in regions with warm climates it is left in the garden. In September, they cut off most of the stem, remove broken and diseased leaves and shoots, after which the plant is dug out, transplanted into a large pot or container and transferred to a greenhouse. If you are going to leave the vine in the garden, cover the surface around it with a sprig of it to protect the roots from frost. If they do not die, they will give new shoots in the spring.
In general, Ipomoea is sufficiently resistant to diseases, but in case of violation of agricultural engineering, in particular, overmoistening of the soil, fungal diseases can attack it: powdery mildew, rust, white swelling and various rot . As soon as the first symptoms of ill health appear, immediately stop watering and start treating the Ipomoea with fungicides: early in the morning, in dry and calm weather, the liana is plentifully sprayed with Topaz, Strobe or Skor.
Sometimes, primarily because of sucking insects that are carriers of diseases, the ipomoea can catch a viral infection. It is impossible to cure such a plant, therefore it must be quickly removed and burned, and the place where it grew can be plentifully shed with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. Nothing can be grown on this plot for at least two years.
From the pests of the Ipomoea, ubiquitous aphid and spider mites can plague.
If the morning glory leaves become covered with yellow spots, look closely: it is possible that they are parasitic. aphid - sucking insect, peddler of viral infections, which was written above. Aphids bite through the leaf plate to feed on the cellular juice of the Ipomoea. It leaves on the leaves and sprouts pad, or honeydew - feces, which are a fertile environment for the development of soot fungus, covering the ground parts of the ipomoea with black bloom. As soon as you determine that the plant louse has settled on the plant, treat it several times with a systemic insecticide.
Spider mites - also dangerous sucking pests, but they are not insects, but arachnids, therefore, they are destroyed by acaricides. And you can guess their presence by the thinnest web and traces of punctures - tiny yellow or colorless dots on the leaves of the plant. Fortunately, spider mites are rare guests on the Ipomoea, because they like a very dry environment, and the Ipomoea, on the contrary, needs regular moistening.
Types and varieties of Ipomoea
As we already wrote at the beginning of the article, ipomoeus is also called fabricis and qamoclite. Perhaps botanic scientists could explain the difference between the factory and the ipomea or the ipomoea and the kamoklit, but we offer you a description of all these plants in the ipomei article, as they are either of the same kind or very close relatives.
Ipomoea red-blue, or tricolor- perennial climbing plant originally from America, cultivated as an annual. Its branched stems reach a length of 4-5 m. Large opposite heart-shaped leaves, naked and wrinkled, arranged on long petioles. Sky-blue flowers with a diameter of up to 10 cm with a white tube, changing the color to purple-pink, are collected in bunches of 3-4 pieces. Each flower lives only one day. In cloudy weather, the flowers are open from morning to evening. In culture, the view from 1830. Grades:
- Airlie Call Mixtche - Ipomoea with lavender-blue or pink flowers with a wide white stripe along the edge. They are not completely symmetrical and reach 10 cm in diameter
- Havenley blue - sky blue or purple flowers with a diameter of up to 10 cm with a white and yellow center,
- Perley gates - creamy yellow flowers with a bright yellow middle,
- Flin sausiz - bright blue flowers, streaked with white strokes, directed from the center to the edges.
Ipomoea Nile, or Asagaoas the Japanese call it - a short-lived liana with strongly branched and fast-growing stems 2.5-3 m long. Its leaves are opposite, long-petiolate, heart-shaped or broadly oval. Funnel-shaped flowers, up to 10 cm in diameter, red, lavender, purple, pink, sky blue or dark blue with a white throat. Ipomoea nile is a species very beloved in the Land of the Rising Sun and one of the symbols of traditional haiku poetry.
Ipomoea ivy come from tropical areas of America. This is an annual with a climbing stem 2-3 m long, large three-lobed heart-shaped leaves resembling ivy leaves, and funnel-shaped flowers with a diameter of 5 cm in pink, purple, red or sky-blue in color, 2-3 pieces each. In culture, this species since 1600. A popular variety is:
- Roman Candy - A plant with white-green variegated leaves and cherry flowers with a white throat.
Ipomoea purpurea, or Ipomoea violet also comes from tropical areas of America. This vine grows to a length of 8 m, it has low branching stems, three-lobe heart-shaped leaves on long petioles and bell-funnel-shaped flowers with a diameter of 4 to 7 cm, collected in 2-5 pieces in the axils on long stem. The color of the flowers may be dark purple, pink, purple, blue or red, but the inside of the corolla is always white. Flowers open in fine weather early in the morning, and at 11 o'clock they close. On an overcast day, they are open until about 2 pm In culture, the view from 1621. It has variegated forms and varieties with double flowers. The most popular varieties of the species:
- Scarlet O'Hara - a plant with red flowers with a white throat,
- Purple star - Ipomoea with large purple flowers with a purple star,
- Scarlet Star - Abundantly blooming variety with cherry flowers with a white edge and a white star.
Ipomoea-kvamoklit blade, or "Spanish flag", or a star-shaped bindweed - spectacular annual with a native of Mexico. It has twisting stems up to 3 m long, three-blade-heart-shaped leaves with three thin stipules near each leaf and droplet-shaped flowers up to 2 cm long, collected in a one-sided spicate inflorescence from 15 to 25 cm long. then lemon yellow and creamy white at the end of flowering. It is striking that in one brush there can be 12 flowers of different colors. In culture, the view from 1841.
Kvamoklit fire-red, or "star-beauty" - Annual liana from South and Central America up to 3 m long with thin shoots, heart-shaped leaves up to 10 cm long and tubular scarlet flowers up to 1 cm in diameter with a yellowish throat. The ivy form of this kvamoklita possesses more attractive leaves of dark green coloring, dissected on 3-5 blades.
Quamoclitus pinnate or cypress liana comes from the tropics of South and Central America. Это быстрорастущая ипомея, способная за один вегетационный период дать прирост в 2,5 м. У его звездчатых цветков диаметром 2-3 см венчики обычно карминово-красные, хотя есть сорта с белыми и розовыми цветками.
Квамоклит-ипомея Слотера, или кардинальская лиана из тех же мест, что и предыдущий вид. Это нежный однолетник гибридного происхождения с блестящими пальчато-рассеченными листьями до 7 см длиной и ярко-красными цветками диаметром до 2,2 см.
Ipomoea white, or moon-blooming, or moonflower prickly - A plant from the American tropics. It is a strongly branching grassy vine with shoots reaching 6 m and large heart-shaped in the lower part and trilobar leaves in the upper part. Flowers - spectacular, fragrant, with a diameter of up to 10 cm, similar to lanterns - open at night and wither with the dawn, but in cloudy weather they are open all day. In culture, the view from 1773.
Sowing in the ground
Ipomoea crops in the ground produced from the end of March to mid-May. The depth of seeding is 1-2 cm. Sown in a row less often, leaving 5-6 cm between the seeds. The planting site is usually chosen near the fence, gazebo or other vertical support, which will braid the plant. You need to water in moderation so that the earth crust does not form on top. The seeds sprout in a couple of weeks and quickly grow, drowning out the weeds. But do not hope for the “vitality” of the Ipomoea, all the weeds need to be weeded, and also thin the seedlings, leaving a distance of 7-8 cm.
Ipomeyu can be sown and winter in autumn, at any convenient time, just to allow weather conditions. The plant does not rise until spring, the seeds require stratification. Liana aggressively multiplies by self-sowing, keep this in mind if you sow it in the garden: you still cannot remove seed boxes in time, there will be too many of them. Therefore, take the beautiful place where she will not score cultural planting.
Growing home morning glory seeds
Seedlings Ipomoea photo
Sow ipomeyu home in the substrate, pre-scarifying the seeds - violating the integrity of the shell, or soaked for swelling for a day in water with a temperature of 25-30 C. If the swelling did not occur, you should pierce the shell with a needle and repeat the soaking.
Ipomoea propagated by seeds that remain viable for three to four years after harvest.
Choose a soil according to the species, so African varieties love the land for succulent flowers with crushed clay, while American varieties need to mix two pieces of leaf humus, adding peat, vermiculite, coke fiber one by one and half of the crushed clay.
Plant two to four seeds in small cups with the substrate, form a mini-greenhouse, covered with film, glass. Required temperature 18-20 degrees, watering as needed, airing, removal of condensate. Expect friendly shoots after 10-12 days.
Care for home ipomoea
When the seedlings reach about 15 cm in height, tie a string at the base of the sprout, pull the second end up and secure it - a growing flower will climb on this support. As you grow, you will have to move the ipomoea to a large container a couple of times using the method of transshipment, in order to avoid exposure and damage to the roots. For more side shoots, pinch the seedlings above 4 sheets.
When and how to plant ipomoea in the ground seedlings
The method described above is grown and the Ipomoea garden seedlings. The grown seedlings are transplanted into the open land in late May - early June, when the soil is warm enough and the night frosts threatening the young bindweed are not terrible.
Using the method of transshipment, transplant young shoots, keeping a distance of 10-15 cm between the seedlings, immediately install the future support - the stretched fishing line, the trellis of twigs.
Pruning Ipomoea perennial at home
Ipomoea perennial intensively grows, gradually exposing the lower stems and produce unsightly plants with long “tails”. In order to maintain the aesthetic appearance of the plant, the ipomoea is pruned and pinched, forming a dense crown with many side lashes.
Usually, three central shoots are left, which are pinched over a 4 leaf, and then side shoots are also shortened. The crown is formed depending on the type of support and the space allotted to the plant.
In spring, the ipomoea is cut short, and the lashes obtained are used for grafting and rejuvenating planting material.
Reproduction Ipomoea cuttings
Grafting of the Ipomoea Indian photo
Perennial vines multiply by cuttings and leaflets, such as Indian and Ipomoea-sweet potato. Cut the shoots cut into cuttings 15-20 cm long, keeping two internodes, make the lower section at an angle of 45º at a distance of 15 cm down the node. Remove the leaves from the bottom, place in water, waiting for the roots - they will appear pretty quickly - for 3-5 days. Green cuttings are planted from March to April, half-woody - the entire summer period.
Diseases and pests
Vine plants suffer from fungal diseases (white rust, various types of rot), viruses (numbering about twenty), but white edema is a physiological disease. Fungi often appear from waterlogging - some can be overcome by removing the damaged area, treated with a fungicide, but with rot you have to get rid of the plant completely.
From viruses save only burning plants. White edema is manifested from excess moisture in the form of "blisters" on the leaves, which lead to yellowing and falling leaves, but by observing proper watering, you can avoid this problem.
Pests are spider mites, aphid, but by detecting them immediately, you can quickly and effectively carry out plant disinfection. Aphids can be treated with soapy water, and the mite can be ruined by ordinary spraying with cold water, but only systemic insecticides can cope with the aphids and mites.
How to collect seeds of morning glory
It is advisable to collect seeds from the second and third buds. After the flowers wilt, a small box of brown color with a cross-shaped opening will appear in their place - it will dry out and slightly open after a month. After pouring the seeds out of the box into a paper bag, write the name of the variety. Germination lasts about three to four years.
In a harsh climate with cold winters with frost, zero degrees and more grow only one-year-old ipomoea, with the onset of autumn, the stems are removed, the earth is dug up, and sown again in spring. It is noteworthy that the ipomoea is spreading self-seeding famously, so do not be surprised at the friendly shoots of the beauty of the vine at the place of last year’s place.
Especially valuable varieties are dug, shortly cut and planted in pots that are brought into the house. In February-March, plants are grafted and in spring, when night frosts recede, they are planted in open ground.
Ipomoea Cairo Ipomoea cairica
Ipomoea Cairo Ipomoea cairica photo
Coming from Australia, Asia, is distinguished by thick bright blue flowers, the length of the whip is up to 5 meters. A perennial liana, thickly wrapped around a support, covering everything with a solid carpet of thick leaves with flowers scattered over. Luxurious decoration of glazed loggias, spacious rooms, terraces. It belongs to the genus of sweet potatoes.
Ipomoea purpurea Ipomoea purpurea
Ipomoea purpurea Ipomoea purpurea photo
Annual, reaching 8 meters with single multicolored flowers - there are varieties with white, pink, blue, purple, purple shades, flowers can be terry.
Ipomoea sweet potato Ipomoea batatas
Ipomoea batata Ipomoea batatas photo
Perennial liana with highly decorative flowers and leaves, like maple, forms tubers. Especially popular varieties with purple leaves, for example, Sweet Georgia.
What is ipomoea
Ipomoea is a decorative and unpretentious liana. Its other name is Farbitis. Many people call this plant a bindweed, which will surely become a bright decoration of your arbor, hedge, arch or pergolas. It can reach five meters in length. In our gardens, an annual or perennial vine is often planted, which is also called the flower of the morning dawn. This poetic name was given to Ipomee for good reason; its bud-gramophones bloomed one of the first, in the early morning, when other flowers had not yet awakened from sleep.
Depending on the variety, the Ipomoea flowers may be double or regular, the colors being the same various - blue, purple, blue, burgundy, pink, white, red, pale lilac, bicolor. As mentioned above, the ipomoea is unpretentious, it grows very quickly and braids any support it offers. Long flowering is another advantage of this flower, from the first days of summer until the onset of cold weather it will decorate your garden.
Every day a new flower is blooming. He lives not for long, sometimes until noon, sometimes until evening. And long-term flowering is achieved due to the huge number of flowers and buds.
Ipomoea Carnival of Venice
Cultivation of the Ipomoea is possible not only in the open field, but also in the conditions of an apartment, especially on balconies and loggias, where it will feel great.
This plant is very often used in landscape design. Its bright beauty, excellent survival rate and rapid growth help in a short time to change for the better the look of the gazebo, veranda, fence and other garden elements.
Ipomoea Windmill at the pergola
The leaves of the Ipomoea are also noteworthy and decorative - large, lobed, heart-shaped, saturated dark green shade.
In landscape design, the ipomoea is perennial more often used, but annual varieties can be found all the time in the summer cottages, in flower beds, in flowerbeds, in flowerpots, and also in the form of live carpets. The plant prefers sunny places, good watering (especially in summer), does not like drafts, but still grows normally, even in windy places.
Ipomoea has an interesting feature: the buds bloom with the onset of morning, and close in the afternoon — this factor is due to the sensitivity of the plant to lighting. If there are cloudy days, the flowers may not close at all, but remain open until dusk.
Ipomoea purpurea (Ipomoea purpurea)
It is one of the most famous varieties. In favorable conditions, the length of the shoots can reach 8 meters. The flowers are large, 5-7 cm long, can be red, white, pink, blue, dark burgundy, purple. The variety has both common and terry varieties. The most common varieties are: Star of Yalta, the Milky Way, Scarlett O'Hara.
Particularly interesting is the Ipomoea purple variety of Paradise Stars - it is a free-flowering plant, reaching a three-meter height, with buds of different colors, heat-loving, light-loving, characterized by long flowering.
Purple Ipomoea, photo:
Ivy ipomoea (Ipomoea hederacea)
Liana in length can grow up to 3 meters. The shape of the leaves is three-lobed, reminiscent of ivy, hence the name. The flowers are medium in size (about 5 cm in diameter), mostly blue, light blue shades, but there are also red, pink. Blooms in mid-summer (July) and continues to bloom until October.
Ipomoea ivy-shaped, photo:
Ipomoea Nil (Ipomoea nil)
Also reaches three-meter length. It blooms from July to mid-autumn. The flowers of this variety are distinguished by amazing decorativeness: contrasting bicolor, with edging of different shades, with an unusual color (pink-brown, bright orange, cream-pink, golden variegated). The form of a bud can be star-shaped, with double edges, with rounded petals.
Ipomoea Nil, photo:
Ipomoea flower diameter 13.5 cm Ipomoea Terry Serenade ↑ to contents ↑
Ipomoea kvamoklit (Ipomoea pennata) or cypress liana
This ipomoea is an unusual species with tracery small-cut foliage and small star-shaped flowers. Kvamoklit branches reach a five-meter length, flowering begins in July and lasts until September. This is a very showy plant, with rich green foliage and bright red multiple flowers. Kvamoklit unpretentious, quickly goes to growth.
Ipomoea heavenly blue
Sometimes this kind of morning glory is also called "Glorious morning." She pleases the eyes with sky-blue flowers from mid-summer and until the first frosts. The flowers are large, in diameter can reach 10 cm, shoots grow up to 2 meters. This heat-loving plant, preferring the sunlit areas, loves watering, but it does not like overwetting the soil.
Ipomoea blue photo:
Moonflower Ipomoea (Ipomoea noctiflora)
Amazing night flower, blooming in the dark and closing its buds with the onset of morning. The shoots of this plant reach a three-meter length, the flower itself has a diameter of about 10 cm. It begins to bloom in mid-July and continues until October. Delicate almond flavor - another plus of this snow-white flower.
Ipomoea moon blooming, photo:
Of course, there are a lot of varieties of Ipomoea, all of them are beautiful in their own way, each of them has its fans. Through the efforts of breeders, more and more new hybrids appear, striking in their beauty and individuality.
Ipomoea harlequin Ipomoea Mauro Ipomoea Orange Ipomoea Neil Kaykio-zaki Ipomoea Blue Bliss
Today, the sale can be freely purchased most varieties of Ipomoea in the seeds, and in the appropriate forums - cuttings or seedlings of the species that interests you.
Ipomoea - planting and care in the open field
The most common method of reproduction of this plant is self-sowing, in which the ipomoea sheds seeds after they mature. With the onset of spring, young ipomoea sprouts spit and reach for the sun. You can also buy seeds of the desired variety, and then, according to the rules of sowing, germinate them and sow them in the ground. You can even just sow the seeds immediately into the soil, deepening the hole by about 2-3 cm - there will be a positive result. The distance between the pits should be approximately 20 cm; 2 or 3 ipomoea seeds are placed in each depression. This process can be safely launched as early as the second half of April (in the Kuban) or May (middle Russia).
Ipomoea seeds of different varieties, photo:
You can go a more difficult way and germinate the seedlings on the seedlings. To do this, they are germinated and planted in peat tablets or in a container with a suitable soil.
When to plant ipomeyu seedlings?
In March, pre-soak the seed in warm water (for 24 hours), and then put it in tablets or in separate cups of soil. If some seeds are not swollen after such a daily bath, then you can use a needle and pierce them, and then put them back in water for a similar period of time.
The method with seedlings is more suitable for cold regions, since at the same time high-grade young plants are planted in the soil, and not tender seeds. Caring for seedlings is simple, shoots can be observed as early as 10 days, watering is carried out as the soil dries out (slightly warm water). In the room where the seedlings are located, the air temperature should not be below + 19 ° C.
In the last days of May or in the first week of June, already grown up morning glory can be transferred to the open ground.
How to plant ipomeyu?
Try to carefully remove the plants from the tanks, with a large clot of soil, as this culture does not respond well to replanting. The distance between the holes should also be about 20 cm. After planting, water the flowers with warm water, when they are actively growing, install a support near each plant (if you didn’t have planted ipomeyu near the support element).
Ipomoea seedlings, photo:
Ipomoea: planting and care in the open field
When the air temperature at night stops falling below 5 degrees, you can plant ipomoeus seedlings in open ground. In the middle part of Russia, this time falls around May - June.
Choosing a place for planting Ipomoea seedlings, give preference to a sunny place, closed from strong wind. Plant seedlings with a distance of at least 20 cm between plants.
Collect the seeds you need in the fall. The box with seeds formed in the place of the wilted bud should be cut off when it turns brown. And extract from it the seeds that can be used as seed next year.
Virtually all types of Ipomoea in our conditions are propagated exclusively by seeds. Cuttings, layering and tubers on our territory can be propagated only yam.
Reproduction by cuttings
At the end of winter it is necessary to cut the upper cuttings from the yam. On each of them there should be 2-3 interstices. Cuttings must be put into the water. The roots form very quickly. About the fifth day.
When the roots appear, the cuttings are transplanted into individual containers and when warm weather sets in, they are planted in the ground.
Yam can only multiply in tubers in the south. Tubers dug up before the onset of frosts should be removed in a dry basement room, the temperature of which should not be below + 5 degrees. In February, the tubers need to get and put in a pot for germination. Sprouts should form roots. Once this has happened, the sprout is separated from the parent plant and transplanted into a separate pot.
Types of Ipomoea
Moonflower Ipomoea (Calonyction).
it incredibly beautiful plantwhich refers to the plants of the night bloom. As soon as twilight gathers, she opens her buds and gives her bewitching scent. It is a vine with long shoots up to 6 m, it grows up to 3 m in height. It grows very densely, that is why it is loved so much in gardening arbors.
Flowers are spectacular, large, white. Buds bloom only one day. But due to the abundance of flowering and the rate of growth of new buds, it will long delight with its flowers.
Это растение можно выращивать в горшках для озеленения балконов.
Удивительно это растение за то, что увидеть раскрытие бутонов можно своими глазами. Удивительно, но перед тем как раскрыться, бутоны как бы вздрагивают и, издав слышимый человеческим ухом щелчок, раскрываются. Раскрытыми они стоят до утра, а в пасмурную погоду стоят целыми днями раскрытые. Цветёт этот лунноцвет с июля до заморозков.
Пурпурная ипомея (Ipomoea purpurea).
The stems of this creeper can reach a length of 8 meters. Flowers are large, with different colors. They are pink, red, purple, dark lilac, blue. There are varieties with motley flowers, and even with terry. The inner part of the bud is white. This plant blooms in the morning. In sunny weather until 11 o'clock in the morning, and in overcast weather - until 14 o'clock. Flowering begins in July and before the frost. The most popular varieties of this species are: Star of Yalta, Scarlett O’Hara, Caprice, Paradise Stars.
Ivy ipomoea (Ipomea hederacea).
It has not very long stems, about 2-3 meters. The leaves are like ivy, hence the name. Buds are pale blue, pink, purple and red. Unlike the two previous species, in which flowers grow singly, in the ivy-like form they grow by 2-3 pieces on one long peduncle. Flowers open in the morning and stand open until dinner. After they fade. Blossoms from July to October. This species is of particular interest variety Roman Candy, whose variegated white and green leaves.
Tricolor ipomoea (Ipomoea tricolor).
Stems can reach a length of 5 meters. Flowers grow in a bundle, 3-4 flowers in one bunch. Revealed before lunch, some varieties may be open until evening. The most common varieties: Sky Blue, Morning Call, Pearl Gate, Flying saucers.
Ipomoea lobata (Ipomoea lobata).
Very unusual and spectacular flower. Stems reddish, twisting. 1.5–3 meters in height. The flowers are drop-shaped, up to 2 cm in size. Collected in one-sided spicate inflorescences up to 25 cm in length grow. One inflorescence can contain up to 12 different shades of buds. Their color flows smoothly from red to yellow or white. The flowering period - the beginning of August - the end of October.
Bright red ipomoea (Ipomoea coccinea).
It reaches a height of 3 m. The flowers are tubular, small (up to 1 cm), red, yellow core. This species is not very popular among gardeners because of its short flowering period. It blooms only from the beginning of June until the end of July. In August, it already produces seeds and all the greens begin to dry out.
Kvamoklit (Ipomoea quamoclit).
The leaves of kvamoklit are similar to fern or cypress leaves. It reaches a height of 3 m. Very quickly increases the green mass. Small flowers, up to 3 cm in diameter, usually red, but there are varieties with pink and white buds. Flowering begins in August and stops deep in the fall.
The most popular types and varieties with photos
In the genus Ipomoea more than five hundred representatives, which are lianobodobnye grass, shrubs and shrubs. Among them are two edible varieties: sweet potatoes and water spinach. Interestingly, the enemy of the farmers of the field bindweed is also a close relative of the decorative ipomoea. In culture, growers grow only 25 species of ipomoea, but given the breeding achievements, varietal diversity is difficult to imagine. Briefly about the most interesting and famous types and varieties of flowers.
Ipomoea lunar flowering (Ipomoea Noctiflora) comes from the American tropics and is a night vine. Its height is from 3 to 6 meters. Heart-shaped, and at the ends of the shoots are three-finger, the leaves are so tight to each other that light and water do not pass through them.
Fifteen centimeters, white flowers have a strong almond smell. Usually they appear before sunset, opening up with a clapping sound, live only one night. Ipomoea blooms from mid-summer to frost, has been grown for more than two centuries. Suitable for decorating nightclubs and discos. This ipomoea likes nutritious soil, but feels best on wet loams.
The homeland of Ipomea ivy-shaped (Ipomea hederacea) is the American tropics. On three-meter shoots grow trifoliate, elongated with teeth at the ends of the leaves. Five-centimeter flowers are blue with a bright border, red, pink or burgundy. They appear in the middle of summer and delight flower growers to frost.
Although ivy-shaped ipomoea is divorced for more than three hundred years, but it is not popular in breeding. Varieties of rare beauty with large flowers are derived: dark purple with a bright border and white. The most interesting variety of Roman Candy is famous for its decorative green leaves with white specks and cherry-white flowers.
Ipomoea tricolor (Ipomoea tricolor) comes from the American jungle. Branched stems rise to a five-meter height. Wrinkled large leaves sit on long legs. Ten centimeter flowers grow in several pieces in a common outlet. Having blossomed out in the early morning, they are sky-blue with a white core, and by the end of the day they turn purple-pink before withering.
The decorative look has been cultivated for almost two hundred years; many varieties have been developed:
- Blue Star - with white and blue flowers,
- Summer sky - blue flowers with white specks,
- Wedding bells - milky white with yellow,
- Sky blue - blue or purple flowers with a white and yellow heart.
Ipomoea Kvamoklit (Quamoclit) is represented by several varieties:
- Kvamoklit Slaughter. She has one and a half meter stalk, seven centimeter light green leaves, bright red flowers, appearing from July to September. Propagated exclusively by seed.
- Cirrus or cypress vine with similar to cypress feathers openwork, light green leaves. Flowers are small, star-shaped, appear in July-September. More often they are red, but they are pink or white.
- Flame red with thin three-meter stem and heart-shaped leaves. Bright and small scarlet flowers with yellow receptacle appear only for a month in July.
- Fire Red Ivy with decorative leaves and larger flowers that last two months.
- Bladed or Spanishflag originally from the mexican south. Its twisted three-meter shoots of a reddish shade, leaves heart-shaped. The flowers are in the form of droplets, reach a size of 3 cm, are grouped into 40-cm brushes. During flowering, flowers change colors from red to pale yellow or almost white. Flowering continues from late summer to October.
Attention! The seeds of some species of morning glory contain psychotropic alkaloids ergin and its derivatives. These seeds were used in their manipulations Indian shamans.
Preparing for sowing
Seeds after harvest are stored for several years. They are first soaked for several days in warm water. If they are too dense, they are pierced with a needle (scarified) and then soaked again until swelling.
It is important to choose a suitable soil.
- African migrants need soil for succulents, which includes small clay.
- For the American Tropicans, equal proportions of peat, vermiculite, coconut fiber, some fine expanded clay are added to the soil mixture, and leaf humus is used as the base.
Grow ipomoeya rassadny way
Prepared seeds for a pair of pieces are placed in cups with an earthen substrate, covered with glass or film. Such an improvised greenhouse is periodically aired and watered. They are kept at a twenty-degree temperature until seedlings appear in a couple of weeks. Then the film is removed.
When the plants reach a height of 15 cm, a cord is attached to the shoot, securing its second end at the top. On it climbs climbing. As they grow up, they are rolled over to a large container a couple of times, while pinching the tops.
When the plant will have at least 4 full leaves, it can be transplanted into the ground. The seedling must be carried along with a large lump of earth. This is important because the ipomoea does not like transplants.
Planted young ipomoea after the appearance of 4 of this leaflet
Ipomoea, grown in middle-latitude garden plots, is a garden Ipomoea, a liana about 5 m long. The heart-shaped shoots are densely leafy. Large flowers are very fragrant and they have long pedicels. The shoots are densely covered with flowers, opening early in the morning and turning over the sun. Their closure is observed at noon, but if the day was cloudy, this can only happen in the evening. Terry flowers or simple flowers have a shape similar to a gramophone tube, they can be painted in a variety of colors, for example: in red, blue, white, pink, etc. Flowering begins in the first summer weeks, and ends with the onset of frost. Under natural conditions, such a liana is a perennial, but in mid-latitudes it is cultivated as an annual plant.
With regard to pests, the most malicious enemies of this plant can be considered spider mites and aphids. In the early stages, aphids can be removed by irrigating the leaves with a strong soap-water solution. The spider mite surrenders its positions from ordinary cold water, however these methods work at the very beginning of the pest invasion. If the parasites attack the plant in full force, then they need to be fought with the help of systemic insecticide preparations, such as Karbofos, Aktellik or Fitoverm.
Morning glory in winter
With the onset of winter, the ipomoea perennial should be carefully dug out and moved to a voluminous pot, which should be placed in a room or basement. At the same time, the ground part of the plant is naturally cut off. If you have in the region are not too harsh winters, it may well winter in the open field.
Here, in principle, all the nuances relating to this plant. With minimal labor costs, you can create unprecedented beauty at your summer cottage. You will love the ipomoea! Planting and care, photos of this flower and all the above information, I hope, will help you to strengthen in choosing the option for decorating the dacha, gazebo, fence or other garden element.
Ipomoea Ruby Lights
This look is similar to ipomoea purple. It has larger flowers, leaves and stems smooth. The flower during the period of its life changes color three times, and this effect gave the name to the species. The buds are painted in a rich red-purple color, the blooming flower acquires a blue or blue color, and the fading petals are pale purple. In nature, it is a perennial plant, in our conditions it is grown as an annual. Examples of varieties: Gisele, Flying saucer, Blue Star.
Ipomoea nile (ivy-shaped, white-boned, Japanese)
A close relative of the previous species. The size of the flowers is larger than that of the Ipomoea purpurea, growing more slowly. The species is very popular in Japan, where many varieties of morning glory are bred. They differ from varieties of other species in greater "complexity": the presence of a white border along the edges of the flowers, their star-like shape, wrinkled petals, coloring with specks, strokes and spots. Examples of varieties: Scarlett O’Hara (it differs from the ipomoea purple with the same name by the absence of a white eye), Chocolate, Pikoti (various colors), morning Star, Blue bliss.
Penumbra is best suited for planting ipomoea. Strong shading leads to slower growth of the vine and shredding of flowers. But the bright light is also not suitable for Ipomoea. Its already short flowering is reduced. Flower in direct sun is compressed. This worsens the decorativeness of plants.
When planting creeping vines near the walls of buildings, it is necessary to provide that rainwater from the roof does not fall on them.
Attention! Thin stems of vines easily get confused and break when strong gusts of wind. Therefore, when planting Ipomoea, it is necessary to avoid places with drafts.
Ipomoea does not like bright sunlight and prefers partial shade
How to plant seedlings
This heat-loving plant is planted with a stable average daily temperature above 12 degrees. The site before it is fertilized with organic matter and dug over. The distance between the pits should be at least one third meter.
Planted vines are covered with loose soil, and sprinkled with a five-centimeter layer of peat mulch on top. Above the shoots build a support from the grid, twigs or pull the fishing line, securing its lower end on the peg at the base of the vine.
Required plant care
In Moscow, planting and caring for ipomoea is carried out as for any flowering letnik. As a perennial, it grows only in a warm climate.
Often Ipomoeus is planted not only in the garden, but also on the balcony. Caring for a liana on the balcony is to protect it from the wind: it must be glazed. Each plant should account for about 3 kg of soil. Important timely watering and full dressing.
Caring for ipomoea is no different from caring for flowering letniki
Fertilizer and ipomoea feeding
Care for ipomoea simple: water it regularly, preventing stagnant water at the roots. Moreover, in the summertime it is impossible to allow the land to dry out, and in the fall, when its upper layer dries out.
Feedings are carried out during the growing season 2 times a month with fertilizer for ornamental flowering plants or for cacti. But it is important not to overdo it: an excess of dressings leads to an increased foliage growth to the detriment of flowers. Observe the same concentrations as for room flowers.
Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the form of root dressings. Extra root dressings are sprayed through a spray bottle. Phosphate fertilizers are suitable for this purpose. They are introduced into the soil while planting bushes, and then sprayed during their growing season.
During flowering fertilizing trace elements are useful. At the same time vines grow lush, resistant to weather extremes and diseases.
Ipomoea needs regular feedings
Support for creepers
A thin-stem plant cannot grow on its own and needs strengthening and directional supports. They can be different: simple and curly. It all depends on the functions of the plant and on the creative ideas of gardeners:
- A pyramid of dozens of metal rods diverging at an angle, fastened at different levels by parallel spaced rings. Creates a vertical accent in the garden.
- A thick fishing line stretched parallel to the ground, from which it is easy to shoot plants in the fall.
- A hollow wooden cone, which in winter can be used to protect young Christmas trees.
- Ipomoea can climb a nearby tree. Often the plant is planted along fences and fences.
- It hangs on a special garden grid or lattice gazebo or other garden facilities.
- Three-dimensional figures of metal mesh, wooden arches or pergolas, arranged in fancy order pillars.
Possible diseases and pests, fight against them
Ipomoea suffers from fungal diseases (rust, rot), viruses and physiological disease - white edema.
Ipomes are often affected by fungal diseases.
For fungi, contaminated soil or water stagnation is the cause. Fungicides save them, but in severe cases the plants have to be destroyed. Ipomoea infected with viruses burned. Only greenhouse and domestic plants are prone to white edema.
Dangerous for tropical bindweed aphid and spider mite. If they are detected in a timely manner, the plants can be saved by treatment with soapy water. In advanced cases, only systemic insecticides help: malathion, fitoverm, or actellis.
Ipomoea in combination with other plants and in landscape design
For landscaping often use ipomoea Batat with large decorative foliage of different colors: different shades of green, yellow and red. Variegated varieties with pink or white specks on the background of green. For flower compositions combine different varieties of such Ipomoea.
Ipomoea blends well with other plants used for vertical gardening: Campsis, wild grapes, ivy, hops. It looks elegant in the vicinity of deciduous trees.
Ipomoea is often used for vertical gardening.
In landscape design, it serves to decorate open terraces, arbors. Often located next to stylized antique buildings or lanterns, and also decorates walls, fences, gates, columns.
In horizontal decoration, plants of contrasting shades that adorn one surface, flowerbed, and live carpet look spectacular. Picturesque living fence of plants with leaves and flowers of different colors. Strengthens the effect of neighborhood with conifers.
If the arch of the moon-flowering morning glory is lit up, then with properly selected backlighting, the snow-white flowers will look like fabulous lanterns. And their amazing scent will give the summer garden even more mystery and charm.
The composition looks great with flowers planted in garden vases, which, if there is a floral bouquet carcass above them, will first be wrapped around it and then hung almost to a green lawn.
Good looks blooming ipomoea on a high pergola
How and when to collect Ipomoea seeds
Seeds are collected from the lower buds of brown boxes, which should dry out and slightly open. Do it a month after flowering. Seeds are dried a little and put in paper bags, which are labeled with the names of varieties. They can be sown over the next three years.
Attention! Seeds of some types of garden Ipomoea (for example, sky blue) are poisonous.
Ipomoea after flowering (winter)
After the leaves wither, the Ipomoea stalks are removed from the supports and cut off. Rhizomes are destroyed, the tubers are stored for storage, and the earth is dug up. The following spring, new plants from the seeds collected in the fall are planted in this place. But often they come up by themselves. Многие семена высыпаются из коробочек и прорастают в следующем сезоне. Часто это получается при озеленении оград и заборов.
Предлагаем познакомиться с тонкостями ухода и выращивания ипомеи. Приятного просмотра!
Выращивание ипомеи из семян
Для размножения ипомеи используют генеративный (семенной) способ. Семена данной лианы остаются всхожими на протяжении 3–4 лет. Sown seeds for seedlings in mid-May, but before that they should be subjected to scarification (disrupt the integrity of the shell), instead they can be placed in lukewarm (25 to 30 degrees) water for swelling for 24 hours. , it is necessary to carefully pierce their shell with a needle, after which the seed is soaked again.
It is necessary to take into account that for each species a certain soil mixture is necessary, and this is the main difficulty in the cultivation of morning glory. For the sowing of African species, you should use a ground mix intended for succulent plants, into which small clay expanded clay should be poured. For sowing seeds of American varieties need to use a substrate consisting of peat, coconut fiber, leaf humus, vermiculite and fine expanded clay (2: 2: 4: 2: 1).
Small cups need to be filled with a suitable substrate, after which 2–4 seeds are placed into them, the container should be covered with film or glass on top of the container, and the result will be a kind of mini-teplichka. If necessary, water crops, arrange them for regular airing, remove condensate from the shelter, and also maintain the air temperature within 18–20 degrees. If everything is done correctly, the first seedlings will have to appear after 10–12 days.
For planting in the open ground of young plants use the method of transshipment. Between bushes must be kept a distance of 20 centimeters. After disembarking over the seedlings, it is necessary to establish a support, for example, you can stretch the fishing line or use a grill of rods.
Seeding can be done directly in open soil. Sowing is carried out in the last days of May, after the threat of recurrent frosts has passed. For landing, you must choose a windless and well-lit area. Best of all, this vine grows in slightly acid well-drained soil.
When cultivating such a plant, it is important to remember that in all its parts there is a large amount of poison. In this regard, this vine should be grown only on the street.
Watering morning glories should be systematic, but moderate. Do not allow liquid to stand in the root system of the plant. In May – August, you should water these flowers regularly, without waiting for the topsoil to dry out.
Liana is fed in the period of intensive growth 1 time in 15–20 days. Used for this fertilizer for cacti or for ornamental flowering plants. But remember, if you overfeed the ipomoea, especially fertilizers containing nitrogen, it will positively affect the growth of foliage, but it is extremely negative in flowering. In this regard, to feed the vine should be in moderation. The concentration of fertilizer should be the same as that used for indoor plants.
Sometimes creepers need pruning. So, you need to cut out all the injured or diseased shoots. Pruning is recommended in September, which will allow to bring ipomeyu in order before wintering. In spring, the bushes should be thinned out, with no more than 3 shoots remaining on each of them. There are cases when such a vine needs thinning during the growing season.
Morbid pests and diseases
Ipomoea can get fungal diseases, for example: anthracnose, white rust and various types of rot - root, stem, black, soft, viral diseases (there are about 20 different viruses), as well as a physiological disease - white edema.
The defeat of the liana by fungal diseases most often occurs through the soil, especially if it constantly stagnates liquid. Plants afflicted with such diseases can be cured; for this, rotted places should be cut out, and the bush itself should be sprayed with a fungicide preparation. However, root, soft and stem rot are considered incurable, in connection with this, the diseased bushes must be excavated and destroyed. An effective medicine has not yet been found for viral diseases, so sick vines should also be dug out and burned. White edema is a non-infectious disease, only those vines that have grown at home or in a greenhouse are affected. The development of this disease is observed with very frequent watering, excessively low temperature and high humidity. In diseased plants on the leaf plates form cones and blisters, painted in green or light yellow color, which eventually turns to brown. After that, the foliage turns yellow and flies. In order to prevent such a disease, one should adhere to the rules of agrotechnology of this culture.
Such harmful insects as aphids and spider mites are the most dangerous for the Ipomoea. If the pests are few, then you can try to eliminate them by sparing methods. To exterminate the aphids, the bush is sprayed with soapy water, while the spider mite can be disposed of with cold water. If there are a lot of insects, then the bush will need to be sprayed with a systemic insecticide, for example: Karbofos, Aktellik, Akarin or Fitoverm.
What time to collect seeds
Experts advise to collect seeds from the second and third bud. After the flowers wither, a box of brown color forms in their place, wait until it dries and opens slightly. As a rule, this occurs after 4 weeks. Pour the seeds into a bag of paper on which to write the name of the variety. Seeds remain viable for 3–4 years.
Ipomoea Cairo (Ipomoea cairica)
Homeland of this type is Australia and Asia. The length of the stems of this plant can reach 5 meters. It blooms very abundantly blue flowers. During flowering, such ipomoea looks like a carpet. Cells lobed leaf plates are carved.
Ipomoea Nil (Ipomoea nil, Ipomoea Imperialis), or in Japanese asagao (morning face)
This strong-branching vine is an annual, it can be up to three meters long. Opposite large leaves have a wide oval shape, dark green color and long petioles. Funnel-shaped flowers in diameter reach 10 centimeters, they can be painted in dark or light blue, purple, red or pink color. Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts until October. Grades:
- Pikoti - semi-double flowers have a red or blue color and white edging,
- Serenade hybrid - corrugated double flowers in diameter reach 80 mm, they are painted in lilac or dark red color.
Choosing a place
Ipomoea is a light-loving plant, so a bright place is chosen for it, but hidden from the winds. Slight shading is permissible in southern areas. The lack of light stimulates ipomeyu to the formation of green mass and interferes with flowering.
Ipomoea buds usually open from morning to afternoon, so the east side is preferable to it south and west. North - undesirable.
Do not plant ipomoea on elevations, such areas are usually windy.
Germination of fresh seeds is good, almost 100%, lasts up to 4 years.
Desirable before landing seed scarification (shell damage). To do this, they are pre-soaked for 12-24 hours in hot water with a temperature of + 50 C. Seeds that are ready for planting should swell.
If this does not happen, the shell must be pierced with a needle or rubbed between two sheets of fine emery paper. After that, the seeds need to soak again and wait for their swelling.
Seedling or sowing in open ground?
Flower growers often argue about how best to plant the ipomoea: seedlings or seeds in open ground. Given that the cultivation of seedlings of this crop, and then its transportation require some effort, this question is quite justified.
The choice of landing method depends on:
- from the type of Ipomoea,
- from the climatic features of the area where it is supposed to grow.
Fast-growing small-flowered IpomoeaFor example, varieties of Ipomoea purpurea, can be sown immediately into the ground. They manage to form a green mass and bloom by mid-summer.
Large-flowered species, for example, ipomoea nile, they are distinguished by slow growth and flowering when sowing them in open ground can be obtained later, scanty or not wait for it at all.
In addition, Ipomoea, sown in open ground in areas of the middle belt and more northern, blooms, as a rule, late, especially in cool and rainy summer. In these climatic zones, a seedling growing method is preferred.
Sowing seeds in open ground
In the spring, after the threat of recurrent frosts has passed and the air temperature surely keeps above +10 C, they prepare the ground. The selected area is loosened to a depth of 10 cm, the superphosphate fertilizer is spread on the surface of the fertilizer and slightly buried.
Seeds are prepared for planting - scarification is performed as described above.
Next, the swollen seeds are laid in several pieces in one hole and deepened into the ground by 1-2 cm. The distance between the holes is 20-25 cm. The earth is watered from the watering can, moisturizing moderately.
When the crops are kept at a temperature of +17 degrees, shoots will appear after 10-14 days. From the ascended plants leave 1-2 of the strongest.
After the appearance of a 4-5 leaf top can pinch to form side shoots.
Growing ipomoea seedlings
Seedlings are sown for seedlings a month before planting (at the end of April).
Ipomoea has a tap root system that does not like transplants even at a young age. Therefore, sowing is carried out immediately in separate containers, you can use peat tablets or cups.
Ordinary garden land for growing Ipomoea seedlings is not suitable. To do this, prepare a soil mixture, which consists of land, sand and peat in equal parts, or acquire a ready substrate for seedlings of flowering plants.
Next, prepare the seeds, as described above, sow them to a depth of 2-3 cm, 2 -3 pieces per container or peat tablet, watered.
Put on the germination in a bright warm place in the house or in a heated greenhouse. For rapid germination, cover with glass or film, but you can do without it.
At a temperature of + 20 - 22 degrees, the seeds will ascend for 6 - 8 days.
Ipomoea seedling grows quite intensively, so it will require a large enough area to be placed. For 10 plants you need to select a surface of at least 15x15 cm.
Already when growing seedlings, it will take support. Otherwise, thin stems will become entangled and it will be practically impossible to unravel them. It is sometimes advised to stick the chopsticks 30–35 high next to the sprung plants for this. However, such a height of the support is not enough, since before landing in the ground (until May - June), seedlings will have time to grow up to 2-4 m in height. Therefore, it is better to stretch a string of sufficient length for it.
To reduce the height of the structure, the lower part of the rope can be strengthened horizontally, parallel to the surface on which the seedlings are located, and then let it go up. Make it desirable initially, because with the growth of the plant becomes brittle and there is a risk of breaking it when bending.
When growing Ipomoea seedlings, it is desirable to provide additional illumination with phytolamp in the morning and evening hours, as well as in cloudy weather.
The grown up seedlings are planted on a permanent, sunny, windless place at the end of May into the heated soil, by the method of transshipment, without damaging the fragile, root system. The distance between plants when planting 20-25 cm.
Planting in the ground can be made no earlier than the night temperature will be above 5 degrees Celsius, otherwise the plants will die. In the middle lane, this time comes, as a rule, in late May - early June.
Transportation of finished seedlings presents certain difficulties due to the length and fragility of the stem. It is convenient to transport plants separately in small plastic buckets with a volume of about 10 liters. You can use the capacity of the building mixtures (putty).
Before laying you need to take care that the stem does not break at the base. To do this, a pot or a box with a plant is wrapped in a newspaper or paper, seizing the lower part of the stem, then placed in a bucket and the remaining portion of the stem is placed in a circle along the walls.
By the end of winter with the Ipomoea yam cut the apical cuttings with 2-3 internodes, put in the water. Already on the fifth day there are roots.
Seedlings, one by one, are placed in special containers with suitable soil mixture, put in a warm, bright place.
Podroschennye copies, in early June, landed or taken out in a container on the street.
Reproduction by layering
In July, the shoots of the Ipomoea yam, which grow around the root collar, are added dropwise with earth, leaving the apex.
After 30 - 40 days rooting takes place, the shoot is cut into individual seedlings with roots and are seated one by one.
Growing and caring for ipomoea
This culture is unpretentious in care, but still when cultivating morning glory, the following factors should be considered:
Ipomea is grown on a support. As soon as the seedling reaches a height of 25 cm, it needs to cling to something, the sooner it gets hooked, the faster it will grow. Props are very different: a simple grid - a chain-link, special nets and gratings for climbing plants, pergolas, arches, country houses: arbors, verandas, walls of houses.
Ipomoea is a moisture-loving plant, during the period of increasing the green mass, before the appearance of buds, watering is needed often enough and abundant, the earth should always remain wet, but not over-humidified, without waterlogging. If the moisture at this time is not enough, the shoots will stop growing, but the flowers will appear earlier.
When the plants bloom, you can water them less often after the top layer of the soil dries out, but avoiding drought.
In hot weather, soil under the ipomoeia must be mulched to preserve moisture.
Some species need to be said. So for ipomei sweet potato abundant watering is required the first two months after planting. Formed adult plant can withstand drought, but its development and flowering suffer from it. Waterlogging is unacceptable, because leads to decay of tubers.
When growing in open ground, Ipomeyu nile is watered only with long-term absence of precipitation. This species is drought resistant. But long drying cannot be allowed, the plants will drop flowers and buds.
The ipomoea soil is undemanding; only heavy, with an excess of moisture do not fit. Best of all, it grows in light, loamy lands with a neutral reaction.
Constant shallow loosening promotes better plant development.
Making the dressings is necessary for the culture for abundant and prolonged flowering and healthy growth.
The first dressing is carried out during the period of growth with preparations containing nitrogen substances, but without an excess of the latter, otherwise the flowering will be scarce. You can use fertilizer "Fertika spring for the garden."
The second, with the addition of phosphorus, is introduced at the beginning of flowering, the third - during rapid flowering, during this period phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are introduced. Pellets are scattered around the bush, followed by sealing, and then watered.
Ipomoea nile can do without supplements.
Use in landscaping and combination with other plants
Of course, ipomeyu is used for vertical gardening. Nooks of the garden, arbors twined with plants, not only decorate, but also give shade on a hot summer day. Plants beautifully wrap arches and pergolas. Excellent decorate household buildings and fences.
Ipomoea yam looks spectacular on the pedestal and on the veranda in hanging baskets, 3-4 plants are planted in each.
Ipomoea - a culture of self-sufficient, can be grown without neighbors. But it goes well with climbing rose, with clematis, with nasturtium.