An orchid is a very beautiful flower that many houseplant lovers would like to have in their homely flower garden. However, among flower growers, especially newbies, there are those who fear that they will not be able to provide them with the necessary conditions for normal growth and flowering due to the “picky nature” of these flowers. An excellent option for them will be orchids of Cambria ("stars") - flowers are elegant, like all orchids, but at the same time unpretentious and most importantly, intended specifically for indoor breeding.
Not everyone knows, but by this common name is meant immediately. group of hybrid orchid species. The first of them was bred at the beginning of the 20th century in England by breeding several orchid species found in nature at once. The hybrid turned out so successful that it immediately fell in love with many gardeners. Later, other hybrids were obtained from the same natural species. Today the most popular of them are:
It is rather difficult to give a general description of the hybrids obtained, since each species of the cambrian orchid is beautiful in its own way. But it is always bright, often variegated flowers, among which are white, cream, yellow, pink, red, burgundy and even brown specimens. Petals can be both pointed and rounded. There are species that have a delicate delicate aroma and species that do not emit fragrance at all.
A common feature for all hybrids is the sympodial (escape) type of growth. Each such plant has several false bulbs (pseudobulb), which are needed for the accumulation of nutrients that help the plant survive the extreme conditions for them. Therefore, when buying a cambrian orchid, you should pay attention to the number of pseudobulbs - the more of them, the stronger the plant and the more peduncles on it will appear.
Each false bulb produces up to three narrow, long, dark green leaves with a pronounced midrib. Cumbria throws out several flower stalks at once. One flower arrow puts dozens of buds that open at the same time.
The weak side of the cambrian orchid is its root system. The roots of these hybrids are thin and very vulnerable, which you should pay special attention to when planting a plant.
Roots of cambria do not tolerate waterlogging, which can cause them to rot. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to ensure good ventilation of the root system of the plant, the presence of drainage is obligatory.
Ceramic is suitable for cambria or plastic pot with drainage holes on the walls and bottom. Unlike other types of orchids, hybrid cambria have roots that do not need light, so opaque pots are better suited for them. The pot volume should be such that the roots of the plant fill it almost completely.
Soil You can use purchased in flower shops, intended for epiphytes and orchids. You can also prepare the substrate yourself using fern roots, pine or fir bark, charcoal, coconut chips and forest moss. If there is high humidity at home, you can add pumice pieces that will absorb excess moisture, with low humidity you should add a little peat that can hold moisture.
On pot bottom need to put a few large pieces of bark as drainage. Top with a smaller layer of bark smaller. When planting, the roots of the cambria must be gently straightened along the walls; it is impossible to bend them inwards. Care must be taken to ensure that when planting a pseudobulb remain not covered with soil.
When the asterisk orchid is planted, it should be left in the chambers for 7 days, not watering it and not moving from place to place. After this time, the cambria is looked after as usual.
Despite the fact that the species of cambria are outwardly different from each other, they are equally picky (since they were bred for breeding at home) and require identical care.
Care for cambria at home will be built mainly on the right watering, creating the right temperature and light conditions.
This is a plant that feels great. in moderately warm rooms. The optimum temperature in summer is +22 - +24 ° С, in winter +16 - 18 ° С. At the same time, the difference between day and night temperatures should not exceed 3 ° С. Such conditions will contribute to the good development of the root system and the formation of inflorescences.
If the blooming cambria is placed in a room with a temperature above +26 ° C, then all its inflorescences will fall. Winter air temperature of +14 - + 16 ° С will cause the plant to become dormant. If the temperature drops even lower, the cambria could die.
Cambrian orchids like abundant diffused light, but direct rays (especially of the summer sun) can burn the plant. The best place for cambria is window sills facing north, northeast, east, west. In summer, cambria can be brought to the balcony, taking care that the flower is not in direct sunlight.
If the period of flowering of cambria falls in the fall or winter, it is necessary to provide the plant with additional light. An ordinary fluorescent lamp mounted next to a flower pot is suitable for this.
Care for the flower at homeOf course, involves watering. And florist immediately worth remembering a few rules:
1. Immediately after landing, the cambria cannot be watered for 7-8 days,
2. until a pseudobulb has formed in a plant, it should be watered plentifully and often,
3. as soon as the plant is fully formed, you can take a break in watering for 2-3 weeks, this will contribute to the appearance of the peduncle,
4. The usual mode of irrigation of cambria 1 time per week in summer and 1 time per 2 weeks in winter. However, this is just an approximate graph, it is better to focus on the condition of the soil - it should dry out completely between irrigations, that is, the frequency of irrigation will be adjusted depending on the conditions - humidity, temperature and light,
5. watering cambria should occur by immersing the pot for 30 minutes in prepared water at room temperature. In this case, only filtered or distilled water should be used (tap water will not work). The plant quickly gets used to the water, so the method of water preparation is better not to change,
Hybrid cambria, in contrast to the natural types of this plant, quite unpretentious to the home conditions associated with moisture. It will grow well with a moisture content of 25-30%.
During flowering, it is useful to increase the humidity to 35-40%. To do this, it is enough to spray once a day with separated or filtered water next to the flower. It is important to remember that you need to direct the stream into the air, so that the drops do not fall on the plant itself. Also spraying 1-2 times a day should be carried out during the period when the cambria does not bloom, if the room temperature exceeds + 22 ° C.
Organic fertilizers for domestic orchids are used to feed the Cambrian. However, to prevent burns of tender roots, the concentration of the drug should be reduced by 2 times, diluting it with water.
Fertilizers can be applied in the period of the appearance of new leaves, flower stalks and budding. With the beginning of flowering, fertilizing should be eliminated; all the necessary elements during this period will receive cambria from accumulated substances accumulating in a false bulb.
For star orchids, it is better not to add organic substances than to get too many of them, because the plant does not tolerate salinization of the soil. Even in the period when the plant “feeds”, it is necessary to alternate its watering with fertilization and watering with ordinary water.
Signals about the wrong care
Sometimes for the cambria, the care of which is not particularly complex, some conditions may still be unusable. Incorrect care will be indicated by the following signs:
- if the false bulbs have wrinkled - the plant lacks moisture, urgent watering is needed,
- the leaves turned yellow - there is an excess of light, you need to rearrange the plant in a more shaded place,
- the leaves are white - excessive feeding, you should reduce the amount or concentration of fertilizers,
- leaves curl and wither - not enough heat and water, you need to water the plant more often and move it to a warmer room,
- the plant does not bloom for a long time - there is an overabundance of moisture, it is necessary to increase the interval between waterings.
Orchid Cumbria does not like transplants, so you should not replant the plant more often 1 time in 2 years. Transplant is produced during the period when flowering is over. This should be done only if necessary:
- plant closely in the old pot - the roots or pseudobulbs do not fit,
- the roots began to rot.
Before you put the cambria in a new pot, you need to cut off the rotted roots (if any) and sprinkle them with coal or cinnamon.
Cambrian breeding at home, occurs due to the traditional division of the mother plant. This is done during transplantation, that is, also no more than once every 2 years. Seated Cumbria with small root systems will take root more easily, since it will be easier for their roots to enter the new ground.
Cumbria Orchid - A Perfect Homemade unpretentious plant. Caring for him will be able to master even a beginner florist, while the plant blooms twice a year and pleases with its exotic beauty.
Botanical description and description of this plant species.
Cambria (Cambria) belongs to the Orchid family, it belongs to a simpoidal type of orchids (that is, flowers bloom only from new pseudobulbs, the old ones shrivel over time and become unsuitable for flowering). Also, this plant has a different name, which is more common among the people - "Orchid Star". It has pseudobulbs up to 8 cm in size, on which grow long sheets of dark green color. Several pseudobulbs may be located on one stem.
Flowers reach 10-12 cm in diameter, have a color of shades of red, purple, yellow, covered with small bright specks. The middle of the flowers are bright yellow. Petals have an uneven, slightly curved outward shape, resemble a starfish.
When buying Cumbria in a store, you should choose a plant that has at least two pseudobulbs. The flowering period can begin and repeat several times. at any time of the year, lasts up to 2 months. Before its onset, Cambria should be watered in very moderate volumes. After the orchid blooms, it is necessary to cut the dry flower and moisten the soil more abundantly. When new pseudobulbs appear, watering should be stopped for about 20-25 days.
One growth cycle of this plant lasts approximately 9 months.
At some point, Cumbria may stop blooming for a long period. Usually this phenomenon is caused by an excess of moisture in the soil. To eliminate this problem, the number of irrigation procedures should be significantly reduced.
You will see a photo of a Cambria flower:
Cumbria was brought under laboratory conditions by an English breeder C. Velsteyke in 1891. For this, he took the best features from other species: a pleasant smell from Miltonia, a beautiful and bright color from Beallar, a large size of flowers from Odontoglossum. Further Velsteyk improved Cumbria and registered its name in the 20s of the 20th century.
One of the subports of Cumbria is named after this breeder. Cumbria differs from other orchid varieties by its weak and poorly developed root system. and the fact that she has a pseudobulb. The roots of this flower are fragile and easily broken, so when transplanting them should be treated with particular care. Also, this plant can not be grown in transparent containers (it is better to choose pots from plastic or ceramics) and you do not need to wait until the soil is completely dry before the next irrigation procedure.
Suborts and their names
The most common varieties are:
- Anna Claire,
- Bartley schwarz
- Purple Princess,
Necessary care at home
Cumbria hybrids are designed specifically for home maintenance and care.In the wild, this species does not occur. How to care for a flower?
- This plant prefers a temperature regime in the range from 17 to 26 degrees. In cooler environments, it develops better and faster.
- Cumbria is a light-loving flower, it requires diffuse natural lighting. Scorching direct sunlight can cause foliage burns, causing brown spots to appear on it.
- Do not change the location of the plant. It is best to put a pot of Cumbria on the windowsill on the west side.
- The plant does not need pruning and shaping.
- Cumbria should be protected from drafts and sudden changes in temperature, as this can cause frostbite of young shoots.
- Humidity should be high, as the natural for the flower is a subtropical climate. Avoid proximity to central heating radiators, as too dry air can cause the plant to wilt.
- Green leaves should be regularly cleaned with a damp towel and prevent them from caking dust.
- Cumbria needs regular feeding with a special complex developed for orchids and supplying the soil with mineral fertilizers. You should not use drugs in pure form, their weak solution is better suited. You can also add a small dose of fertilizer to the leaf spray liquid. During the winter period, fertilizing must be completely abandoned, because at this time of the year Cumbria poorly assimilates chemical fertilizers.
Water should be at room temperature., cleaned, without harmful impurities of scale and chlorine. You can use rain or melt water.
The most appropriate and effective way to perform the irrigation procedure: put the pot in a deep container with water so that the liquid does not reach its edges and does not cover the soil. Leave on for 20-25 minutes. During this time, the plant will independently take the amount of moisture it needs through the holes at the bottom of the pot. Water should not fall on the pseudobulb. Repeat the irrigation procedure should be every 7-12 days.
This plant is propagated by dividing the rhizome into several parts. Spring is considered the most suitable season for this, since during this period Cumbria has a phase of intensive growth and vegetation.
- To obtain a new process, one should carefully, so as not to damage the very sensitive roots of the plant, cut off the pseudobulbs with a sharp knife or shears at a 90 degree angle.
- The cut must be treated with charcoal to prevent rotting due to the ingress of excessive moisture into the stems.
- The resulting young plant should be placed in a small pot with fertile soil in order to strengthen and develop the roots.
Replant the plant only as a last resort., as it does not tolerate a change in the growing environment. Every few years Cumbria should be transplanted into a larger container due to the growth of the root system. The most suitable time for this procedure is considered the period after the plant has faded.
- To begin with, the plant is released from the soil and washed with warm water.
- The soil should be sandy and enriched with oxygen. You can buy a special soil for orchids in the store.
- The bottom of the pot should be covered with a layer of bark, which will act as a drainage.
- When planting it is impossible to immerse pseudobulbs in the ground, as this will prevent further growth of Cumbria.
Combating diseases and various pests
Due to improper home care, Cambria can be exposed to various diseases and insect attacks. The most common problems in growing Cumbria:
- Defeat fungus. To remedy the situation, remove the affected shoots and treat the cut sites with charcoal. Next, be sure to transplant the flower in a new soil and pot to avoid re-infection.
- Yellowing Cumbria. One of the signs of a strong overmoistening of the soil. In order to get rid of this disease, you need to remove the plant from the soil and leave for some time to dry the stems and rhizomes. Next, you need to transplant a flower in a new ground. Also, yellowing may indicate the need for fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
- Lethargy leaves. Indicates a too high temperature environment.
- Rotting roots. This process begins due to over-irrigation or too frequent fertilizing. To save the plant, you need to remove the affected roots, and the rest placed in the new soil, as during reproduction. It is worth considering that such a Cumbria will develop and recover much longer than a healthy flower.
- Белый налёт на стеблях. Появляется из-за излишнего содержания соли в почве. Следует пересадить растение в другой грунт и тщательнее следить за качеством воды для полива.
- Паутинный клещ. Через отверстия в листьях растения питаются его соком, что вызывает полный сброс листвы. To combat this pest, you need to spray acaricides in Cumbria.
- Whitefly. To prevent its occurrence, you should regularly wipe the leaves of the plant with a cloth moistened with a concentrated solution of soap.
- Shchitovka. Insects need to be cleaned with a cloth dipped in a kerosene-soap emulsion.
- Mealybug. If you grow several orchids, you should isolate the affected flower from the rest. Process solution of the drug "Tsvetofos" or Decis ". Repeat the procedure 2-3 times.
Cumbria is an excellent option for orchid breeding at home. She is not too demanding to care and, subject to simple recommendations, even a beginner and inexperienced florist will cope with its cultivation. Cumbria favorably with its bright and pleasant aroma, as well as the beauty and variety of shades of flowers.
The first orchid of the genus Cumbria was bred at the beginning of the 20th century. in England. When creating it, the following types of orchids were used: Odontoglossum, Oncidium, Miltonia and Brassia.
On the basis of this first orchid many species were bred. They all belong to the genus Cumbria.
The most common ones:
Cumbria bloom approximately once in 9-10 monthsregardless of the time of year. Flowers are very bright, beautiful, lasting for a long time, about 4-7 weeks.
Photo orchids Cumbria.
By the end of flowering, a new cambria will form. pseudobulb, from which the following year grows spike. How to properly care for the Cumbria orchid, so that it annually delights the eye with its flowering?
The unique hybrid orchid has absorbed the best features of parents - large flowers from Odontoglossum, shape and unique aroma - from Miltonia, their abundance, unpretentious care - from Oncidium. In the flower shops under the brand Cambria, you are likely to offer popular hybrids.
- Aliceara or Bakerara is the daughter (grand-niece) of Miltonia, Oncidium and Brassia, attractive with large flowers of white color up to 17 cm in diameter with a purple zone in the center or small brown spots.
- Colmanara in the photo impresses with its unusual color and abundance of flowers. A purple-brown star contrasts with a bright lip - usually red with yellow or white strokes. On one peduncle can dissolve up to 50 buds.
- Oncidopsis is the fruit of the love of Miltonia and Oncidium with very bright and fragrant carmine shades. This Cambrian is unpretentious in the care, at home, quietly living on the same window sill with potted flowers.
- Miltonidium is another hybrid involving Miltonia and Oncidium, equally bright and unassuming in care.
- The Brassidium in the photo is a powerful bush with a meter-shaped peduncle covered with yellow-brown stars of flowers up to 20 cm in diameter.
Where to place the flower?
If you were presented with one of the most beautiful hybrids of the cambria, then first of all you need to find the most suitable place in the apartment for growing a flower. Almost all of the listed varieties are suitable for approximately the same lighting conditions. Cumbria is a light-loving orchid, but the lighting must be diffused. Bright rays will burn not only the leaves of the plant, but also instantly dry delicate buds. It is best to put the pot on the east or southeast window.
In winter, natural lighting may not be enough. At this time, she can plunge into a state of rest. This is normal. She needs to rest after flowering and gain strength. But if this did not happen, and buds continue to appear on the peduncle, artificial lighting will be required. It is necessary to extend the daylight using a fluorescent lamp to 15-18 hours.
Good for this orchid root ventilation. Good drainage is required. Roots do not tolerate overmoistened soil and can begin to rot. A pot for planting is better to choose ceramic or plastic, with drainage holes in the bottom and in the walls.
The size of the pot is selected in such a way that the roots almost completely fill its volume. They gently straighten along the walls, not bending inward.
The soil should contain coal and bark, and be quite coarse-grained.
When planting cambria one should rather carefully handle its fragile roots. First, it is the roots that are dipped in the pot and, holding the plant on weight, they begin to gently fill the substrate. After planting, the bark is covered with a small pillow of sphagnum moss, preventing rapid drying of the surface.
Another subtlety is bark pretreatment. Before use, it is recommended to boil 2 - 3 times, which will help remove the resin and well soak the pieces with water.
This plant loves heavy ambient lightingwithout direct sunlight. If blooming occurs in the winter, then Cumbria needs additional lighting with a special lamp. It is better to have this orchid on the windows of the east, west and north-east direction.
In the hot summer days it is necessary to pritenyat it.
Lighting should be bright, but without direct sunlight. For its maintenance, windows of east and west directions are best suited. On the south window you need to create a light shading from the midday sun.
In the dark winter period, an orchid needs additional illumination with phytolamps, forming a full day of light for at least 10 hours.
Table: Home conditions
In summer, the flower feels great in the fresh air. In the garden or on the balcony for Cumbria fit a secluded spot, protected from wind, rain and direct sunlight. In room conditions, the flower requires good air circulation, but is afraid of drafts.
When watering must be careful, this plant does not tolerate waterlogging. Watering is necessary when the soil is almost completely dry. The ideal option for watering is to immerse the pot with a plant in boiled, slightly warm, water for 20-25 minutes.
Ensure that no water flows over the top of the pot. Thanks to the drainage holes, the plant will absorb as much water as it needs.
Orchid is best water immersion. For this, the pot with the plant is immersed to the top in a container with water for 20–30 minutes. During this time, the bark will have time to get wet enough, and the loose velamen of the roots will absorb enough moisture. After this, the pot is removed, the excess water is drained off and the cambria is put in its usual place.
Despite the fact that there is a stereotype among the people about the orchids' moisture-loving nature, it is extremely undesirable to overdo it with watering. Often it is the waterlogging of the substrate that leads to the death of the plant, as it contributes to root rot. It is recommended to use a regime in which the bark in a pot can dry completely between waterings.
Water only with well-settled soft water at room temperature. If the condition of the tap water leaves much to be desired, it should be filtered before irrigation.
As a rule, the Cumbria orchid does not have a distinct rest period. In winter, when the temperature drops, they reduce watering and stop feeding. If the period of flowering or growth of false bulbs falls in the winter, then the plant is provided with additional illumination, fertilizing and watering.
Cumbria pruning is not carried out. After flowering the dried peduncle is removed from the plant.
The orchid does not tolerate the transplant, so it should be done no more than once every 2 years. It is necessary to focus on the false bulbs that cannot be placed in a pot. Transplantation is carried out after the end of flowering or during the germination of new roots.
Plant gently shake, if necessary, cut off rotten roots. Places slices sprinkled with cinnamon or charcoal and planted in the prepared soil.
Pests and diseases
Most dangerous for Cumbria, the pests are scale, spider mites, aphids and thrips. The infected plant should be isolated and the leaves treated with a concentrated solution of soap or an insecticidal preparation.
Of the possible diseases, Cumbria can suffer from bacterial and fungal infections. In this case, the affected leaves are removed and the plant is treated with special medicines, and then transplanted into fresh soil.
Table: pests and diseases attacking the plant
- Apply Fitoverma solution (up to 4 times at weekly intervals). The solution for spraying prepared according to the instructions.
- Actellic is also used for pest control.
- If the lesion is strong, the substrate is treated with an insecticide.
- The plant is transplanted into fresh soil mixture.
- Maintain the necessary humidity.
- At the first signs of damage, the leaves of Cumbria are wiped with a damp cloth moistened with a mild soap solution.
- The shield is removed manually with a cotton swab moistened with soapy water.
- After a few days, the procedure is repeated until the pest completely disappears.
- Wash the leaves with soapy water or spray it with citrus water: a handful of crusts are poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for three days, filtered, used every 4-5 hours.
- Soaked citrus peels are placed on the soil surface.
- After spraying, blot water that has accumulated in the leaf axils.
Life cycle features
Physiological processes of a plant proceed cyclically, conditionally they can be divided into periods.
- The orchid begins its growth phase from the moment it appears at the base of the maternal bulba of the shoot. In parallel with the leaves, the growth of roots is activated - this can be seen from the green tips.
- Flower stalk laying and flowering is the next stage, which begins simultaneously with the growth of bulba. The timing, intensity of these processes determine the conditions of the plant.
- The rest period of the cambria is relative, it depends on the care at home - in the photo you can often see how, during the flowering of one bulba, an escape to another begins to grow. Rest often forced, due to lack of lighting in winter.
At home, Cumbria breeds by the traditional division of the mother plant with the next transplant, and therefore not more than a two-year cycle. This should be done only when necessary, when the roots visually cease to fit in the pot, at this time orchids slow down growth.
Planned transplantation and division of the plant are carried out at the beginning of the period of root activity or shortly before it. So a new orchid will take root more easily and quickly. The painful reaction to transplantation is due to the fact that the roots firmly grow together with the lumps of the substrate, shards and even the inner walls of the pot. With the most thorough procedure, it is difficult to avoid damage, when immersed in a new substrate, the root ends can die off.
To carry out transplantation and reproduction should be at the time of the end of flowering. At this, the bush is simply separated into small parts with the roots belonging to each of them, leaving three sprouts in each of the parts. When dividing the bush, it is important to observe hygienic rules - work only with disinfected tools, treat the places of forced damage and cuts with charcoal powder.
To this end, all procedures and transplantation itself should be done "dry".
Do not bury the orchids in the ground, and even more so, to cover them with sphagnum. New plants should be firmly fixed immediately in the pot, this will help the stable rooting of the orchid. The growing tips of young roots are very sensitive and easily stop growing at the slightest injury.
Planted young orchids obtained by dividing the mother plant need new land.
Care during the breeding season
After the relaxation procedure, care is provided to provide temporary rest and stable external factors. It is forbidden to water the orchid for about two weeks, to ensure a uniform optimum temperature, to avoid direct sunlight. Emphasizes the inadmissibility of transfers, loosening and fertilizer.
Before planting, the substrate prepared for rooting must be completely saturated with soft water. Instead of watering apply spraying softened water. Do not feed.
It is necessary to produce regular dressing only when the plant begins a phase of active growth, budding and flowering. You need to apply special fertilizers marked "for orchids." Cumbria does not tolerate salinization of the soil, so it is better not to abuse fertilizers.
Breeding success secrets
In order for a new plant to take root as soon as possible, you need to follow the basic simple rules:
- the pot is best to take a ceramic, preferably unglazed, in order to avoid moisture stagnation and, as a result, rotting processes,
- the roots must be evenly distributed on the walls, they are strictly forbidden to turn them up,
- the size of the pot is determined by the size and condition of the roots,
- the substrate must be selected so that it dries out for a week maximum,
- coal and wood bark must be added to the soil,
- drainage should be effective.
Pumice pieces and peat plates can be added to the bottom of the pot to enhance drainage.
Possible problems with growing Cumbria orchids
If the plant does not bloom for a long time or instead of a peduncle, a new false bulb appears, the cause may be overmoistening of the soil.
If the leaves turned yellow - too much light.
The leaves turn white - excessive feeding. Carefully fertilize Cumbria. Due to the high salt content in the soil, it can die.
Leaves wither and curl - the plant does not have enough water and heat.
Orchids always arouse admiration for their beauty, but due to the complexity of care, not all flower growers tend to have this wonderful plant in their home.
Table: Why the flower grows like a ladder, leaves turn yellow, and so on - mistakes of gardeners
- If the pseudobulbs wrinkle strongly, moisten the plant using the dipping method. Leave Cumbria in water for 1 hour. The pseudobulb turgor should recover in 2–3 days.
- Make sure that the water does not fall on the plant, soak the moisture in the sinuses between the leaves.
- If the plant is in contact with the glass in winter, move it a little further.
- When airing, remove the plant from the draft.
- Choose the right fertilizer.
- Feed very carefully, spreading the specified dose in water more than the prescribed rate.
- Release Cumbria from the old substrate.
- Wash the roots in water, remove all rotten to healthy tissue. Powder wounds with crushed coal or cinnamon. Leave to dry.
- For significant lesions, treat with Mikosan.
- Plant in the bark of the middle fraction. Do not dig in the pseudobulb.
- Do not water for three weeks.
- Be sure to put Cumbria in a bright room.
If the plant has suffered too much, unfortunately it cannot be saved.
The origin and description of the orchid cumbria
Cumbria is the common name for complex orchid hybrids. The plant is bred by the breeders specifically for home cultivation, so even a novice grower will be able to create the conditions for it.
Flowering plant looks very impressive. From the "parents" Cumbria inherited a star shape and bright color. A characteristic feature is oval bulbs about 8 cm long.
Pseudobulba - a thickened lower part of the stem, characteristic of plants of the orchid family.
Cumbria has green broad lanceolate leaves (up to 50 cm in length) with a clear central vein. Flowers up to 10 cm in diameter, the lower petal, or the so-called lip, is red at the base, the color of the petals depends on the species. Peduncle capable of branching. The flower remains on the plant for up to 8 weeks. The roots grow not only on top of the substrate, but also inside.
Cumbria is the name of a whole family of orchids, which include:
- Brassia hybrids. They have large fragrant flowers of different colors.
- Miltonium hybrids. Have large flowers, similar to pansies.
- Beallary and Wilsonari. Their flowers have almost no smell.
- Colemans. Peduncles can be up to 1.5 m tall. Flowers are usually maroon.
- Vuilstekeara. Complex hybrid with red, yellow or pink flowers.
Planting and transplanting
Orchid substrate can be purchased at a specialty store. If it is decided to prepare the mixture yourself, then its components can be:
- fern roots,
- pine bark.
Before planting, the substrate is impregnated with soft distilled water.
Too dry air will quickly dry the soil - in this case, pressed peat will help, which will retain moisture. With increased humidity, you can add pumice pieces to the ground.
Cumbria does not like transplantation, so it should not be disturbed more than once every 2–4 years. Signals to the fact that the plant requires a new pot and substrate:
- Orchid roots closely in the pot and they crawl out,
- the substrate turned into dust or was covered with mold, signs of rotting appeared,
- The plant has just been bought and does not bloom.
When buying a cambrian, it is better to purchase a plant with at least three bulbs.
How to water?
The plant is very sensitive to the quality of water - it should be soft, clean and clear.
When the temperature in the room is above 24 ° C, then the frequency of watering is 1 time in 5 days, if about 20–22 ° C - 1 time in 7–10 days. But first you need to make sure that the soil is dry after the previous moisture.
Корни Камбрии очень хрупкие и легко поддаются гниению из-за переизбытка влаги. Поэтому в случае с этим растением действует правило: «лучше недолить, чем перелить». Застой воды в горшке недопустим!
Метод полива не такой, как для остальных комнатных цветов. Горшок с растением (на 20 минут летом и на 5 — зимой) погружают в широкую посуду с водой, например, таз. During this time, both the roots and the soil are saturated with water (moisture will enter the pot through the drainage holes). Do not allow water to enter the bulby, as this threatens them with rotting.
In the spring, when the plant begins to grow actively, it needs feeding. They need to be carried out 1 time in 1,5–2 weeks.
Salinization of the soil will lead to disease or even death of Cumbria, so you should be careful with dressings.
Suitable for this purpose special fertilizer for orchids. They are bred according to the instructions and water the plant.
Fertilizer for orchids is used from March to September.
During flowering Cumbria is not fertilized. In September, with the onset of colder weather, feeding is stopped.
A dormant period after flowering and lower temperatures will enable Cumbria to bloom again. Peduncle grows from the base of the bulb.
Cumbria blooms profusely, flowers remain on the plant for up to 2 months. The process is sometimes repeated several times a year. After Cumbria ottsvetet, flower stalks need to be cut.
If Cumbria does not want to bloom for a long time, but it looks good and is not susceptible to diseases, you can do the following:
- As soon as a new sprout forms a young pseudobulb, reduce watering. And after its final formation, stop moistening the soil in general. Pseudobulbs shrivel.
- The "drying" period lasts up to 4 weeks. After which there is a flower spike.
- Now you can return to the usual frequency of watering.
Table: care errors and their solutions
- the plant is planted too deep
- water fell on the bulbs.
- Remove rotten bulbs.
- Replant cambria so that the bases of the bulb are on the ground, and not in it.
- When watering, make sure that the bulbs are not in contact with water.
- excess light
- direct sunlight.
- disease or pest damage.
- Move the plant to another place, excluding the ingress of direct sunlight.
- With the defeat of diseases or pests apply special preparations.
- For a stable position, a support is needed - a wand that is tied to a flower.
- Replant the plant.
- not enough water
- began the process of decay.
- Change the watering mode.
- Remove the plant from the substrate, evaluate the roots. If the roots rot, trim them and transplant the plant to a new ground.
- substrate salinization due to the use of hard water
- defeat fungal disease.
- Change the soil, stop feeding, pour boiling water.
- Use special preparations.
- fungal disease
- lack of light
- excess moisture
- substrate compaction.
- Take the plant out of the ground.
- All damaged roots cut, process cuts charcoal.
- Plant transplanted to a new soil.
Resuscitation Cumbria without roots
If Cumbria has lost its roots (for example, they have rotted due to waterlogging or acidification of the substrate), the plant can be saved.
- All rotten roots cut off and leave to air dry for several hours.
- Then place the plant in a fresh mixture of bark and coal, provide the necessary lighting (at least 8 hours of daylight), and often spray it by adding a weak Epin solution 1 time per week (1 ml per 7 liters of water).
- Since the plant has no support, then it is worth helping it — put a wand next to it and tie it with a thread. After some time, the young bulbs should give roots.
Everyone knows that orchids are rooted in water. But Cumbria is an exception. You can go the other way: to fix the plant that has lost its roots, above the surface of the water, excluding the contact of the base with the surface of the liquid. The wait will be short, and when the roots appear, fasten the plant on a piece of bark and spray.
The origin and description of the orchid of Cumbria
The Cumbria Orchid is not a single plant species. The name is rather a commercial one, combining hybrid species, in the creation of which three or more genera of the oncidium group were used. Nevertheless, each flower has its own name - for example, the name of the scientist who created this or that hybrid.
Orchids of Cumbria amaze with beauty and variety.
A common feature of hybrids is the sympodial (escape) type of growth. Cumbria has an oval, round or egg-shaped pseudobulb. They are also called false bulbs. The main task of such - to accumulate nutrients to help the plant survive the extreme conditions. The more false bulbs, the healthier Cumbria and more magnificent flowering.
Each pseudobulb produces up to 3 leaves. They are painted in dark green color, narrow and long in shape - up to 50 cm. The central vein is pronounced.
Unlike other orchids, which have a strong root system capable of keeping the plant on the carrier, the roots of Cumbria are very thin and easily vulnerable.
Cumbria is capable of throwing out several flower stalks simultaneously. On one floral arrow dozens of buds are located. They are not revealed all at once. The sizes of flowers, various in a form, fluctuate from 5 to 10 cm. They can be white, yellow, claret, cream, pink. As a rule, Cumbria bloom several times a year.
Cumbria blooms several times a year.
In nature, these plants are not found. They were created exclusively for indoor floriculture. Cumbria are unpretentious and perfectly adapted to the environment. These are perhaps the most undemanding members of the Orchid family. Therefore, for beginner gardeners who are in love with orchids, Cumbria is ideal.
When buying Cumbria in a store, choose a copy with a few pseudobulbs. A plant with one false bulb is usually not viable.
- Colemanara is a hybrid of Miltonia, Odontoglossum and Oncidium. Long vertical peduncle, appearing at the time of maturation of the young false bulb, topped with 5 or 20 flowers. The colors are dominated by yellow and red colors. Duration of flowering - up to 8 weeks. Popular varieties: Wildcat Bobcat, Wildcat.
- Vuilstekeara - a hybrid, bred by crossing Odontoglossum, Kochlyodes and Miltonia. On long and graceful peduncles from 5 to 20 flowers are located mainly in pink, yellow or red colors. The flowering period - from late winter to early summer. Duration - up to 2 months. The species is represented by numerous varieties, including: Linda Isler "Red", Yokara Perfection, Melissa Brianne "Kai, s Choice".
- Burrageo is a complex hydride whose parental forms are Miltonia, Cochliode, Odontoglossum and Oncidium. It is distinguished by its sophistication: several flowers gather in inflorescences. Combinations of yellow and red tones prevail in coloring. Flowering occurs in the winter. The smell of such an orchid resembles the scent of a rose. Grades: Stefan Isler, Stefan Isler "Living Fire", Nellie Isler "Swiss Beauty".
- Beallar is a complex hybrid obtained by crossing 4 types: Brassia, Miltonia, Odontoglossum, and Kochlyodes. The flowering period falls in the middle - the end of summer. Graceful flowers are cream colored with dark spots or white-pink-purple hues. From a large number of varieties stand out: Peggy Ruth Carpenter "Morning Joy", Marfitch Howard, s Dream, Tahoma Glacier "Ithan", Patricia Mc Cully.
- Degarmoara is an intergeneric hybrid of Miltonia, Odontoglossum and Brassia. It has a variety of shape and color flowers up to 10 cm. Some of these orchids have a pleasant aroma. Flowering plant year-round. Grades: Flying High, Winter Wonderland "White Fairy".
How to water the soil?
Cumbria are not as moisture-loving as the rest of the orchids. The plant can not pereulazhnyat. Cumbria's refined root system is extremely sensitive to water stagnation and can die very quickly. Therefore, they water the flower only after the substrate dries, especially in the middle of the pot. But this does not mean that you can forget about Cumbria for a long time. If pseudobulbs begin to shrivel, it means the plant has used all the accumulated reserves and needs urgent watering. The mode is as follows:
- in summer - every 6–8 days. When it is very hot, the period between moistening is reduced,
- in winter, if the heating system is not working yet, and it is already cool and damp outside - 1 time in 10-14 days.
The ideal irrigation method for Cumbria is to immerse the pot 1/3 in water. In summer, the plant is saturated with moisture for 20 minutes, in winter this value is reduced to 5 minutes. Water for irrigation or immersion is used only pure, well settled or filtered.
Should I put in the substrate feeding?
Feed Cambria should be very careful because of the sensitive root system. Usually fertilizers are used for orchids, but they are diluted with water above the prescribed rate. Excessive amounts can burn the roots of the plant. The feeding period lasts from March to September, the optimal frequency is 1-2 times a month.
Some growers prefer foliar top dressing, using a very weak concentrate of fertilizers.
Top dressing stops when flowering begins. The accumulated pseudobulba of useful substances is quite enough for this period.
What to do with an orchid when it blooms or has faded?
Flowers appear on Cumbria throughout the year. If the period of flowering falls on the autumn-winter season - be sure to use additional lighting, so that the spike does not throw off the buds. Peduncles (one, sometimes two) develop on new pseudobulbs every 9 months, usually without requiring any stimulation. The duration of this phenomenon is 5-7 weeks.
When it’s snowing outside, Cumbria will remind you of summer
Novice growers sometimes complain that Cumbria does not bloom for a long time. There can be several reasons:
- insufficient lighting, especially in winter,
- very high air temperature in the room
- waterlogging of the substrate.
To make Cumbria to bloom can be as follows. At the moment of the beginning of the formation of the new pseudobulb, dramatically reduce the frequency of watering. When the false bulb forms and ripens, stop watering at all, arranging a period of drought. The pseudobulba will begin to frown, then it will be necessary to water Cumbria a little, and then again thoroughly “dry” it. In this mode, keep the plant until a new flower stalk appears. This usually occurs within 2–4 weeks. Then the watering mode resumes.
After the end of the flowering period of Cumbria, the dry peduncle is completely removed.
Cumbria does not have a clearly defined rest period. Still, after flowering, you need to give the plant a little rest, so that it can gain strength before the new one. For this flower create certain conditions: contain at low temperatures (15–16 ° C), watered at a minimum, and feeding and stop altogether. As a rule, the period when the plant rests falls on the cold months.
Light and temperature preferences
It is believed that the lighting hybrid orchid is less whimsical than its natural congeners. The plant feels comfortable on the north-eastern, western windows, and loves a bright light - just not midday scorching. In a room with southern exposure, it is better to remove the pot from the window or to close the blinds during the hot hours.
The temperature range of content is due to the moderately warm preferences of the parent group of the hybrid. Temperature 22–25 ⁰ With a daytime and 4–5 degrees lower at night, ideal for growing season and uninterrupted flowering. Between heat and cool, the Cambria orchid will prefer the latter option, but preferably not less than 15–16⁰ C.
Tip! When choosing a location for the plant, remember that one of the flowering conditions is a colder content at night. In a room with a bright sun, it is easier to achieve a temperature drop than in a room that is shaded around the clock.
Caution with water!
The root system is a vulnerable Cambria site. If only for some reason they stop consuming moisture (cold, hot, stress), but they are in a wet substrate, the probability of rotting is high. This feature is due to the regime of water procedures.
- Between watering bark should dry out completely, and not just on top.
- The best way to water is to immerse in warm water (30–35⁰) for 15–20 minutes.
- The frequency depends on various factors - temperature, humidity, the composition of the substrate. Approximately, once every 5–7 days in summer, 10–14 - in winter.
- Orchids are drier than usual when bulbs begin to grow - this is due to the laying of the flower stem. The second dry period is immediately after flowering, so that the plant rests before forcing the young shoots.
- You need to be careful with water when the young sprout just started. As long as he has no roots, he eats at the expense of the pseudobulb and does not need additional moisture.
- If the flower is healthy, immersion can be replaced from time to time with a warm shower. Imitation of rain stimulates physiological processes, flowering. The procedure is contraindicated if there is a risk of rotting of the roots or bulbs.
Orchid cambria does not require high humidity; at home, the usual 35–40% is sufficient. It should be increased in the heat to compensate for the evaporation of moisture leaves. Effective spraying of the leaf zone with water dust, installation near the tank with water.
Tip! Cambria hybrids are susceptible to substrate salinization, so water for irrigation must be of high quality - purified, distilled, boiled or distilled.
Care at home for the cambria includes top dressing, but due to susceptible roots with fertilizers it is impossible to overdo it. When do you need nutritional support for a plant?
- During the growing season of the young shoot, before the beginning of the growth of the pseudobulb. As soon as the bulb appeared, feeding is stopped.
- Continue when the orchid began to expel the flower arrow and before the first bud blooms. It is not necessary to feed during flowering.
The frequency of dressings - on the second, third watering, address fertilizers, containing NPK in equal shares or with the prevalence of the phosphorus-potassium group. In order not to burn the roots, alternate root dressings with spraying over the leaves and stems. In the latter case, the concentration of the solution is reduced to 25% of the norm.
Secrets of flowering
The flowering of hybrids of this species is not tied to the season, it depends on the maturation of the bulb. Each arrow blooms 1–1.5 months. If the bush is large, consists of uneven-aged bulbs, then flower stalks can replace each other.
Tip! If the orchid has expelled the arrow in the winter, you should worry about additional lighting, otherwise it can dry the buds.
When do you need a transplant?
Caring for cumbria at home requires a transplant. The plant does not like to be disturbed for no reason, he likes small pots - the maximum of the roots and the minimum of the substrate. There are several reasons for transplantation:
- unsuitable substrate - saline minerals, sour, compacted,
- problems with the root system
- the orchid has outgrown the pot - the bulbs have no place to grow,
- desire to share overgrown bush.
Substrate for planting take the same as for phalaenopsis. Large pieces are put on the bottom, they are covered with small ones from above. Pots fit plastic, clay, there are special - with side holes for air circulation.
The optimal transplanting time is the beginning of growth, when the new shoot reached 5–7 cm and began to grow roots.
How often do you need to water?
Watering these flowers has several features.
- Its frequency depends on the formation of pseudobulb. As long as the cambria (an orchid of any sort or hybrid) has not formed a pseudobulb near the base, it requires abundant and frequent watering. But as soon as it is fully formed, it is necessary to take a break of up to three weeks between waterings. So you can achieve the appearance of a new flower spike. As soon as he began to grow - watering is resumed.
- Like other species of these tropical plants, orchids should not be watered at the root or left in the water for a long time. They need to be immersed for half an hour in the prepared water about once a week. Between irrigation the soil should dry out. In winter, it is possible to water even once every two weeks due to a decrease in temperature and a decrease in the level of evaporation of moisture.
- Regular tap water for irrigation will not work. It must be at least filtered or separated. And it is worth knowing that the plant gets used to a certain water and sharply reacts to the change of its quality.
Recommendation: Do not allow water to enter the pseudobulb to prevent it from rotting.
Is it possible to fertilize flowers?
Very well responds to the organic dressing Orchid Cumbria (photo clearly demonstrates the abundance of flowers on a healthy plant). But you need to fertilize only in a certain period, metered.
Basic rules for dressings:
- A good time to apply a dose of fertilizer is the period of development of young leaves, peduncles and budding.
- As soon as flowering begins - the introduction of fertilizing is excluded.
- To prevent chemical burn of sensitive roots, the recommended dose is halved and diluted with the specified amount of prepared water.
- Very often the plant should not be fertilized, the most optimal scheme - regular watering alternates with watering with the addition of organic elements.
- While the pseudobulb is formed, it accumulates all the necessary substances for flowering, so the cambria does not need additional feeding during flowering.
What temperature is suitable for growth?
Cambria grows at home at a temperature of +15 to +22 degrees Celsius. A higher temperature in the summer will cause all flowers and buds to crumble. Допускается небольшое колебание температуры в ночное время, но не более трех градусов. Именно такой режим способствует хорошему развитию корневой системы и формированию новых соцветий.
Если зимой температура воздуха понизится до +14…+16 градусов Цельсия, растение может перейти в состояние покоя. Однако выносить не цветущую камбрию на балкон нельзя. Температура ниже +14 градусов будет губительной для растения.
Do I need to repot the cambria?
After a beautiful representative of tropical flora stayed on your windowsill for one or two years, she needs to change the pot and substrate. Since during this time he was fed with remnants of mineral substances, which oxidize over time. In addition, fragments of soil can perepret and crumble. Another reason is the increase in root volume. They grew and ceased to fit in the pot.
When is the best place to replant?
Orchid transplantation (cambria in this case is the subject of our conversation) is made at the moment when new roots on the pseudo-bulbe just have to appear. Pick up a pot of opaque plastic or ceramic a little more than the previous one and prepare the primer. Fit ready-made substrate for orchids or shredded pine bark.
Further actions are performed according to the following algorithm:
- The plant is carefully removed from the old pot.
- The roots are cleaned from the remnants of the soil and carefully inspect.
- Sick, dried or rotten roots cut with a sharp knife and sprinkle with a charcoal cut.
- At the bottom of the new pot, you can put a drainage or a piece of bark larger to improve air circulation.
- Next, the plant is placed in a pot and gently sprinkled the roots with new soil.
- Pay attention: bulbs should not be filled up from above.
Transplanted orchids do not need to be watered during the week.
Is it possible to propagate a hybrid at home?
How is cambria orchid bred? Reproduction occurs by dividing the bush. If during transplantation you notice that the plant has more than one pseudobulb, you can divide it and plant it in different pots. After removing the plant from the pot, it is necessary to divide it in half, trying to damage the tender roots as little as possible. If this happens, they must be powdered with charcoal powder. Next, split bushes are planted in separate pots in the usual way.
It is important! Divided specimens should not be watered for a week and fertilized for a month.
The plant does not bloom. What to do?
Usually varietal cambria bloom once a year. Duration of flowering - from three to seven weeks. If your orchid cambria has bloomed, care for it needs to be strengthened. Dry peduncles are cut, begins the period of feeding and drying. That is, the orchid continues to be watered as usual, with the addition of fertilizers into the water until the process of forming a new pseudobulb is complete. As soon as this process is over, the plant is stopped watering altogether for two to three weeks. During this time flower stalks form, which soon appear from the base of the bulb. The rest period and the growth of the new bulba in total may be about 10 months.
The cambria beauty at home feels great and can bloom more than a year. The main thing is to comply with the specified conditions of agricultural engineering.