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Description and characteristics of the Victor grape variety, pros and cons, cultivation

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Growing grapes every year is gaining increasing popularity.

At the same time, new varieties appear, the taste of which is not yet familiar to lovers of this berry.

Many amateur gardeners prefer to grow several varieties at once, in order to be able to match the taste of each of them.

It is worth paying attention to one of the popular hybrid grape varieties - Victor grapes.

Variety description

It is known that new grape varieties are displayed quite often, however, it is very difficult to keep track of this process. Of great interest is the grape called Victor, bred famous breeder Viktor Nikolaevich Kraynov, in whose honor this variety was later named. Parents of this beautiful grape were varieties such as Kishmish Radiant and Talisman.

This hybrid variety belongs to the table and it ripens very early: the full period of its ripening is about 100-110 days. That is, in early August, you can already fully enjoy a tasty harvest. The Victor grape variety is characterized by full ripening of the vine and powerful bushes. Its flower stalks are bisexual, due to which pollination occurs perfectly without the participation of bees and other grape varieties.

The saplings of this grape are best propagated by cutting, so that they are able to better adapt to environmental conditions.

For pruning this grape, the most suitable ways are:

  • Long pruning - 8-10 eyes.
  • Short - 3-4 eyes.

It is worth remembering that an adult plant can withstand a load of no more than 35 eyes, and for a young shoot, this number is reduced to 25.

To provide normal nutrition for the vine, need an area of ​​at least 4-6 m². Accordingly, the yield depends on the number of eyes. It is noteworthy that the grapes of this grape have a different size and can be from 500 to 750 g, but with good care, its weight can increase to 1 kg or more, inexpressibly pleasing it to their owners.

According to the description, the grape variety Victor is quite different large berries of medium density. The size of the berry is directly proportional to the size of the bunch, and the larger the bunch, the larger its fruit, respectively. The mass of one berry can be 15 g, characterized by an elongated oval shape, resembling a finger with a tip.

The color of the berries can also vary from pale pink or lilac to bright red or purple, and the latter can be seen after they are fully ripe.

They have an excellent taste, and their skin, although noticeable, is practically not felt when consumed, which makes this grape even more popular.

Advantages and disadvantages

Like all other grapes, Victor has its advantages and disadvantages. Among the advantages of this hybrid species are the following:

  • Ability to self-pollination.
  • No tendency to pea.
  • Stable large yields.
  • Ripening of the vine by two thirds.
  • Earlier crop ripening.
  • The absence of difficulties in the process of reproduction, due to the rapid rooting and good adaptation of the plant to environmental conditions.
  • Frost varieties.
  • Resistance to defeat by gray rot, mildew, oidium.

One of the main drawbacks are the large attractiveness of the fruit for wasps, as well as very early flowering. There is some danger of damage to the ovary late frosts in the spring.

However, the vineyard can be protected by pre-watering the bushes and covering them with agrofiber. Then the material must be sprinkled with water. Another method of protection can be a temporary film greenhouse.

Features of growing

This variety has good yields, which can not fail to please lovers of grapes. After all, collecting about 6 kg of berries from one vine each year is quite a lot. In addition, Victor grapes are characterized by excellent transportability, which preserves the original appearance of the berry.

Frost resistance is another characteristic advantage of this variety. It can withstand temperatures down to -22-24 ° C without the use of shelter.

The resistance of the Victor variety to various diseases and pests has not yet been fully studied. It is known that it is slightly affected by gray rot or mildew, as well as the attack of the axis and other insects.

Features of growing this variety include the following items:

  • Pre-installed additional supports or slope to the building or construction.
  • Well lit, sunny place.
  • Constant watering and fertilization, but without much diligence.

Since the grape clusters of this variety are very heavy, they should be grown on a special support.

Some nuances in the care

As you know, the greatest attention and care plants require in the spring. It is at this time that the sap is moving in the plant. After the release of the vine from the winter shelter in late April, you must leave the bunches on the trellis. Grape shoots begin to come to life immediately after the snow melts.

To transplant this grape variety, you must adhere to the following rules:

  • Saplings need to dive in the middle of spring, it should not be forgotten that the vine grows very quickly and its proper formation will have a positive impact on the future harvest.
  • Superfluous shoots must be constantly removed, so that all food will be supplied to already formed vines.
  • In summer it is necessary to cut the vine, because it should not be longer than 1.7 m.
  • Feeding should be carried out at the rate of 2 kg of cow manure per 1 bucket of water, 100 g of wood ash and 50 g of superphosphate. All this must be thoroughly mixed and insisted for 30 minutes, then pour this content under the root of the vine.
  • During the ripening of the clusters it is necessary to remove those leaves that interfere with direct sunlight. This will help provide additional plant nutrition, as nutrients will not go into the leaves, and in the fruit.
  • In the autumn period after harvest, the plant is also recommended to feed 1 time, so that it has the opportunity to restore the strength spent on the harvest.
  • Before the onset of cold weather bushes should be pruned, tilted to the ground and covered with various materials.

To obtain a large and high-quality harvest, you must also carry out the following procedures:

  • It is known that for the berries to acquire a larger mass it is necessary that there should be 76 leaves on the bush. In this connection, it is necessary to buy seedlings not earlier than in May.
  • In the first year after landing on a permanent place shoots can start a strong growth. However, this variety requires that all clusters on it, except for one, be torn off. This will help the plant to gain some strength.
  • After irrigation, the soil must be loosened to ensure the required level of humidity and air permeability.
  • In the spring, you need to check the presence of dew roots, which easily freeze through and prevent the formation of a new root system.
  • Young saplings varieties Victor must be pruned 2 times during the summer.
  • During the quotes, they remove the old bark, which contributes to better growth due to improved air flow.

Interesting Facts

The characteristics of Victor grapes and its properties, as well as resistance to various diseases and pests are still under study. This is a fairly young variety: it was first bred around the mid-2000s.

Amateur gardeners experimentally try to determine which soil and climatic conditions, external factors are best suited for this variety, and also have the greatest impact on it.

Victor variety is equally suitable for use in food and for wine production. Its great taste will not leave indifferent the true connoisseurs of this delicacy, and high yields will delight the hosts for many years.

History of growing grapes Victor

Victor grapes is a hybrid form, not registered in the State Register. This relatively “young” variety was bred in 2000–2002 by the Kuban amateur breeder V.N. Krainov on the basis of crossing Kishmish radiant and Talisman.

Despite the relatively short history of existence, Victor gained popularity among winegrowers practically throughout the entire territory of Russia due to good frost resistance and crop yields. In amateur descriptions, he even gets the title of a grape of premium class.

Bunches of grapes Victor in the photo

The clusters are very solid in size (600–1100 g) and have a conical shape, although sometimes they are also shapeless. Their structure is loose. Ripening berries occurs evenly. The berries are very large - they can be about 4 cm long, sometimes up to 6 cm, and the mass of a single berry reaches 16–18 g. Victor’s berries look like a Lady's finger. The skin color can vary from greenish-pink to dark mauve, depending on the degree of ripeness and lightness.

The flesh is firm and elastic, with high juiciness, it tastes pleasantly sweet with a little sourness. The sugar content is 17%, acid - 8 g / l. The skin, with all its density, is rather thin and is not felt when eating fresh berries.

Characteristics of grapes Victor

Victor grapes are characterized by several advantages:

  • self-pollination
  • high yield (6–7 kg from 1 bush),
  • resistance to transportation and good keeping quality
  • excellent taste and beautiful appearance
  • good resistance to low temperatures (up to -22 ... -25 o C),
  • weak susceptibility to disease and pests.

Of the negative traits of the variety, early flowering periods can be noted, endangering the harvest during spring frosts and susceptibility to attack by wasps.

Planting and growing rules

The technology of growing grapes Victor is a little different from the cultivation of other varieties.

When choosing a place for planting Victor grapes, it must be borne in mind that this variety does not like stagnation of cold air and drafts and is in need of good lighting. It is best to plant grapes on a small hill on the south or south-west side of the site. It is undesirable to plant close to buildings or trees. The distance to neighboring bushes and trees should be 5–6 m.

The soil is preferable to light, well permeable to moisture, although Victor can grow on any soil. It should be borne in mind that the volume and quality of the crop will depend on the quality of the soil. The close occurrence of groundwater adversely affects the root system of grapes.

The best time for planting grapes is spring, although in the southern regions with a late onset of cold weather, it is possible to plant in the fall.

Victor grapes can be planted in different ways - with the help of saplings, cuttings or cuttings, as well as sowing seeds. With any method of planting grapes perfectly take root.

Sowing seeds is a fairly reliable way in which you can get a plant that completely repeats the properties of the parent. The only drawback is the long wait for fruiting.

Growing grapes from pits - video

For grafting cuttings, it is necessary to prepare cuttings having at least 2-3 eyes and a perfectly clean cut in advance (from autumn). During storage, the cuttings need to be waxed - this will not only protect the cut from drying out, but also enhance the ability of the cutting to adapt. Store the prepared material in the refrigerator. In the spring, cuttings of the cuttings are refreshed and grafted into the split of the adult stump stock.

With a successful graft, the buds on the handle are foliage and start growing.

For the reproduction of grapes Victor layering need to choose a long, well-developed vine, put it in a pre-prepared trench 30-35 cm deep and sprinkle with earth. The end of the vines produced at the desired distance from the uterine bush and tied to a support. Layers must be well watered to give roots.

With the help of layering, you can get a number of vines

Planting grapes seedlings available to any gardener. If you buy a ready seedling, pay special attention to the root system - it must be developed, with white side branches. With the help of seedlings. Seedlings can be grown independently by placing cuttings with 4–5 eyes in water or moist soil in February. By May, the seedling will be ready for planting in the ground.

Grape cuttings placed in water quickly give roots

A grape pit is prepared in advance (2–3 weeks before planting) for the soil to settle. The dimensions of the pit should be not less than 80 cm by 80 cm. The pit is filled with a nutrient mixture of fertile soil and humus with a small amount of nitrogenous fertilizers and wood ash to a third of the height. The mixture of fertilizers is covered with soil (2–3 cm layer). The seedling is placed in a hole carefully, as the young (white) roots are very fragile, sprinkle with soil, compact it, water the planting and mulch the soil with sawdust or peat.

Planting Grapes - Video

When planting in cold regions, place the bush under the protection of the wall, be sure to put a drainage layer of expanded clay or broken brick on the bottom of the pit, and trimming boards (they will protect the roots from cold) on top of it. At a distance of 50–60 cm from the center of the pit, install pipe cuttings in order to irrigate them under the root with warm water.

When planting in cold areas, it is necessary to protect the roots from groundwater and deep cold using a drainage layer and board lengths

Vine Care

Planting care consists of watering, fertilizing, pruning and protection from pests and diseases.

Victor has good winter hardiness and it is necessary to shelter him for the winter only in cold regions (at winter temperatures below -22 ... -23 o C). For shelter, grapevines are bent to the ground, tied together and covered with foil, straw or sprinkled with soil.

To protect against the winter cold, you can pour down the soil on the ground vines

In the spring, after the snow cover disappears (usually in April), the winter shelter should be removed, the vines should be raised and secured on the trellis. Hybrid Victor has a high growth rate, so it is necessary to timely pruning to form a bush and rationing the crop. Pruning can be done both short (3-4 buds) and long (8-10 buds). As a result, 25–35 eyes should remain on the bush. Young shoots are tied up with supports as they grow, and extra stepchildren break out.

For the normal development of the grapes must be tied to the trellis

In summer, the vine should be regularly pinched and not allowed to grow by more than 1.6–1.8 m. In mid-summer, when the clusters begin to ripen, it is recommended to cut off the leaves in order to provide sunlight access to the berries.

Watering the grapes should be regularly in the first year of life. For good rooting of a seedling requires constant moderate soil moisture, which is achieved by watering every 7-10 days. Excessive moisture should be avoided to prevent rotting of the roots.

Adult grape bushes do not need frequent watering. 2-3 irrigations per season are sufficient (in very dry weather this number increases).

It is not recommended to water and feed the grapes before flowering! In this case, the nutrients will go on building up the green mass.

Fertilization of the vineyard is carried out 3-4 times per season: after flowering, during the growth of berries and after harvest. A good fertilizer option is a mixture of superphosphate (30–35 g), ash (50–60 g), manure (2 kg) and a bucket of water. The specified amount of fertilizer is applied to each square meter of the wheel circle.

In the adult grape bush Victor, the nutritional area is approximately 6–6.5 m2.

Pest and disease protection

One of the main advantages of the Victor hybrid is its high resistance to such common diseases as gray rot, oidium and mildew. Still, it is better to produce 2-3 preventive treatments in order to preserve the harvest.

The best time for preventive spraying is the period before the beginning of flowering, and then the stage of berry growth. The last treatment is carried out before the shelter for the winter.

For the prevention of fungal diseases fungicides are recommended: Tiovit Jet, sulfur Oxyhom, Thanos. In the winter, once every 3 years, they are treated with DNOC or Nitrafen.

The most dangerous pests are the wasps, which attract early ripening sweet berries. Some gardeners recommend hanging os traps on vines - honey solution with insecticide additives. However, this method may harm other insects (for example, bees). To protect against wasps, you can use another, very reliable, albeit time-consuming method — tie each brush with a bag of light fabric. This operation is carried out 7-10 days before the onset of technical ripeness.

Harvesting and Harvesting

In the first decade of August (later in the northern regions), you can begin harvesting. The ripeness of the berries can be determined by the color of the skin - it should get a pink shade. However, clusters that grow in the shade may not pick up color, so it is better to determine the ripeness by taste.

Гроздья нельзя обламывать — их срезают секатором, оставляя «ножку» длиной 4–5 см. Для транспортировки урожай нужно уложить как можно плотнее в корзины или деревянные ящики.

Сохранить свежий виноград можно, подвесив гроздья в прохладном тёмном помещении. Там они могут продержаться 2–3 месяца.

Свежевыжатый виноградный сок — не только вкусный, но и полезный напиток

Mostly Victor's berries are intended for fresh consumption, but are also suitable for making wines, juices, raisins.

Gardeners reviews

Victor leaves no one indifferent. Some berries reach a size of 52 mm. Highly resistant - this year it took one preventive spraying. The buds opened up after wintering by 100%. Berries began to color. The number will reach maturity by August 5–8. Miracle!

Yu.D.

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=3646

Victor is a dining-room hybrid form of amateur breeding grapes (VN Kraynov) of a very early or early ripening period, in the conditions of the city of Novocherkassk it ripens in early August. Shrubs of great growth power. The clusters are large, weighing 500-1000 g, of average density. The berries are very large, 9–14 g, long with a slightly pointed tip, pink in color, harmonious taste. The flesh is fleshy and juicy. Shoots mature well. The resistance of Victor to fungal diseases and frost is being studied.

Lozovod

http://www.vinograd777.ru/forum/showthread.php?t=466

Victor is a magnificent grape, but very afraid of overload.

Alexander Mumanzhinov

http://www.vinograd777.ru/forum/showthread.php?t=466

G.f. Victor, his third-year-old, gave out three clusters of 600 g each, showed the average growth power, but last year it was grafted on Moldova (“black to green”) this year gave 6 clusters on average 1.2kg of the main crop and the number of pasynkovogo. what I left, 8kg ripened completely, and 5kg was removed at the end of September to be immature. Of course, one must take into account that September was frost-free. As for the power of growth, it will obviously be very close in the allotted three meters .kloza with two embossing is the most powerful in thickness and up to 4 m long.

Victor51

http://www.vinograd777.ru/forum/showthread.php?t=466

I want to share first impressions. I bought Victor in the spring of vegetative sapling. To date, the growth of 2 vines per 4 + green cuttings rooting is just excellent for rooting my first experience. Disease resistance is better than Arkady (planted side by side) with the same care

Hunter

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=3646

The early ripe grapes, resistant to diseases and frosts, will decorate any garden. It is only necessary to correctly prune and normalize the load on the bushes, timely feed the plants and protect their crops from voracious wasps. If you follow these simple rules grapes will delight you with large and tasty berries.

Breeding history

Brought this grape variety amateur VN. Krainov, living in the city of Novocherkassk. Surrounded by, he was called a “private breeder”. In fact, he did not work in educational institutions or special laboratories, he created new plant varieties in his favorite garden. An amateur has become a new grape since 1995.

Name VN Kraynova is immortalized in his varieties of Victor and Victor-2. The scientist has received new types thanks to the crossing of the Talisman and Kishmish Radiant varieties. As a result, the sort Victor was obtained. Victor-2 is similar in appearance, its second name is Sympathy.

Description of grapes Victor

In order to understand what a shrub looks like, it is necessary to examine its description in detail:

  1. Pollinated with bisexual flowers.
  2. Forms stepchildren, which appears harvest.
  3. Ripening of the vine occurs on 2/3. This phenomenon is considered favorable.

Fruiting depends on proper care of the shrub.

Characteristics of a variety

The grapes are large, conical. Particular attention should be paid to the characteristics of the berries in order to understand the uniqueness of the grapes:

  • the average weight of a bunch of grapes varies from 0.5 to 1 kilogram,
  • when harvesting from one bush, 6-8 kilograms of juicy, tasty grapes are removed,
  • no pea fruit. The size of the berries are large, each weighs from 15 to 19 grams. Form - oval, with a slightly pointed end. In appearance, this variety can be confused with ladies fingers,
  • the size of the berries can be from 3.5 to 6 centimeters,
  • pits develop inside each fruit, but there are very few of them (1-2 pieces),
  • the color of the grapes depends on the time spent in direct sunlight: pink, dark red, purple,
  • tastes at height. The flesh is fleshy and saturated, the skin is thin (not felt when consumed),
  • the presence of sugar - 17%, acid - up to 8 g / l.

Advantages and disadvantages

Distinguish the advantages of the variety:

  1. No policing.
  2. Stable, regular fruiting.
  3. Vine ripening occurs at 2/3.
  4. Harvesting is possible early.
  5. Rooting rate is good, adaptation to climatic conditions is fast.
  6. Able to survive at low temperatures. Maintains frosts to -23 degrees.

To the negative sides of the variety include:

  • attractiveness for insects in early flowering time
  • increased risk of damage to the ovary late frosts.

Landing features

Planting seedlings in the ground carried out in the 3rd decade of April. At this time there is no snow. The plot is required to choose on the sunny side, without cold winds and drafts. It is worth remembering that an adult shrub needs a plot with an area of ​​at least 6 square meters. Between seedlings should be left 5 meters of free land.

Favorable places are considered a hill, a hill. In such places cold air does not linger.

The soil should be light, well permeable, not swampy. Excessive moisture adversely affects the grape root system.

Consider step-by-step actions for the proper planting of the seedling:

  1. 20 days before the proposed planting of the bush to dig a hole. This is required in order for the earth to settle. Size: 80 * 80 * 80 centimeters.
  2. Fill organic fertilizer at 1/3 and add potassium salt, nitrogen and superphosphate. On top of the hole to fill the ground with ordinary earth about 10 centimeters. This action will help avoid burning the root system, and at the same time the seedling will receive nutrients from the soil in a timely manner.
  3. Plant a shrub so as not to bury the root neck. Trample the ground. Liberally pour and grind with sawdust or moss, for a more long-term preservation of moisture.

Care Tips

In order for the grape Victor to grow and bear fruit, it is important to properly care:

  • pruning. When the vine is still small, it is recommended to pinch it in order to properly form a shrub. As soon as she has grown to 170 centimeters, pinch her. To increase the yield will help regular pruning of excess shoots. For the quick ripening of fruits, it is worth cutting the leaves around the clusters, as they will get more sunlight. Pruning fruiting vines make short (remove 4 eyes) or long (up to 10 holes). Strongly overload the plant is not recommended, otherwise the shrub will not be able to bear fruit,
  • feeding is recommended in the first half of summer, and preferably several times. Fertilizer can be purchased at a specialty store or made independently at home. In the latter case, the following components must be combined in a capacious container: wood ash (50 grams), water (10 liters), cow manure (2 kilograms), superphosphate (30 grams). Stir - fertilizer is ready. It is recommended to fertilize after harvesting,
  • watering to carry out timely and abundantly. It is necessary to avoid excessive moisture or drying of the soil. To maintain soil moisture will help foliage, moss, fir branches.

Breeding varieties

Victor grapes propagated in 4 ways:

  1. Saplings
  2. Grafting cuttings.
  3. Layering.
  4. Underwire.

Regardless of the method chosen, grapes take root well and retain their properties. When grafting cuttings, it is worth remembering that the result may be a hybrid plant that preserves the properties of the mother bush and Victor grapes. When using the seed, patience is required, as it will take a lot of time for the first berries to appear on the shrub.

Fruit Description

Victor stands out large, strong clusters that have a conical shape. On average, the weight of one such cluster is from 0.5 to 1 kg. With all the requirements of agricultural engineering and appropriate care, the weight of the brush can reach 1.8-2 kg. From one vine there is an opportunity to receive up to 6-7 kg of a crop.

It is distinguished from other varieties by the complete absence of the "pea" of fruits.. The berries are very large, the average weight of the grape is 15-18 g. They are rounded, the tip is slightly pointed. In appearance, the berries resemble the ladies finger.

The size of the fruit varies in such limits: from 2 * 3.4 centimeters to 2.6 * 4.2 centimeters. Professional gardeners often observe large numbers - with responsible care, the size of a grape can reach up to 6 centimeters, and its weight can reach up to 20 grams.

Clusters of grapes does not contain too much - no more than one or two stitches on a vine. The color of the grapes can depend on how long during the day it turns out to be in the sun: from intense light pink to dark red-violet. The color of the berries also affects the stage of ripening. Brushes of grapes Victor ripen evenly.

The taste of fruits is characterized by nobility, harmony, balance. Loose-saturated flesh and thin skin are almost not felt when consumed, which increases the importance of this variety of culture. It is perfectly suited for making raisins.

The composition of sugar in fruits is about 17%, acids do not exceed 8 g / l. In addition to excellent taste, this grape variety is endowed with such positive properties as a tempting appearance and excellent preservation of the presentation during transportation.

The first pruner of grape leaves was a simple donkey. Winegrowers noticed that those bushes that ate animals, brought a generous harvest.

Vine Care

Presented hybrid variety does not require special attention and attention. In order to collect a significant amount of a better crop every year, it is required to perform Basic rules of agricultural engineering:

  1. Abundant watering at a set time. Excessive waterlogging, as well as excessive overdrying of the earth, are equally detrimental to Victor grapes and immediately affect the appearance and flavor of the fruit.
  2. To preserve the dampness of the soil under the vines is recommended from time to time to perform mulching.
  3. It is required at one time to remove weeds and loosen the soil under the grape vines.
  4. Winegrowers recommend in the spring time to conduct planned katarovka.

Observance of these requirements is possible even for novice gardeners.

The grade Victor is characterized by excellent frost resistance. Without cover, he can successfully survive the cold to -24 degrees. In the southern territories you can not insulate the vine, but in the northern and central areas it is desirable to worry about preserving the grapes and cover for the winter according to generally accepted guidelines for the care of grapes.

Hybrid advantages

Despite the fact that the variety appeared relatively recently, about seventeen years ago, many gardeners note a significant amount of positive qualities of Victor and his advantages in comparison with other varieties.

For a long time, this grape retains a presentable appearance, which significantly increases its value during transportation. The attractive sides of this grape variety are as follows:

  • excellent fruit taste
  • bisexual, which speaks of self-pollination,
  • high yields,
  • when you follow the recommendations for the care of the fruit does not shrink,
  • ripens quickly
  • easy to plant. Cuttings very soon "seize". The percentage of rooted processes reaches more than 95%
  • adapts easily to climate change
  • the vine is very quickly overgrown with green mass,
  • not picky about soil composition,
  • Respectful to care,
  • good cold resistance.

Raisins from this variety stand out for a long shelf life and excellent taste. In addition, the fruits are well suited for the preparation of compotes, wine production.

Distinguishes this grape Good disease resistance, such as:

  • mildew,
  • gray rot
  • oidium, as well as to many fungal infections.

However, once every three to four years, it is required to treat it with antifungal drugs as a prophylaxis. It is curious that the rich content of fructose and glucose in fruits contributes to the active work of the brain.

Planting and care

Victor can be propagated in several ways: seeds, layering, cuttings and seedlings.

Dilution by seeds is a simple and cheap way. The only disadvantage of this method is the long process of growing and the imminent onset of fruiting. In addition, there is a possibility of obtaining grapes with qualities different from the source material.

If the plot has this variety, it can be propagated by layering. At the same time, the long vine bends down to the ground, is pinned, covered with earth, and watered. The buried part grows with time, gives roots, after which it is separated from the parent bush and transplanted to a permanent place.

It is possible to plant this variety to any varieties of grapes. The disadvantage of this method is the probability of taking varieties (scion and stock) of their varietal characteristics. The taste and type of berries may differ from the original variety. But if you choose the stock correctly, you can improve the variety and make it more resistant to cold and the invasion of harmful insects.

The most common method is reproduction by seedlings. It is best to buy plants with closed, dormant buds. These seedlings go faster in growth and grow.
The best time for planting grapes is the middle of spring.

When buying plants you need to pay attention to the appearance of the seedling, especially the root system. It should be wet and free from damage by fungi and insects. The plant should not have damage and creases.

It is advisable to plant a shrub in light sandy or loamy soil, or black soil, which has high water-carrying capacity. The depth of groundwater should be at 2 meters or more.

Place for planting should be closed from the north wind, well lit and located at a distance from the fence, the walls of the house and other plants.

For planting you need to dig a hole with a depth and width of 80 centimeters. A layer of fertile soil mixed with superphosphate, nitrogenous and potash fertilizers, rotted humus is poured on its bottom. In a month, when the soil in the pit settles, the grapes are planted. A few hours before planting, the roots of the seedling are soaked in a growth stimulant solution or a clay mash.

The prepared plant is set in the middle of the pit and covered with fertile soil. The root neck should rise above the ground after falling asleep at a height of 5 centimeters. The earth is slightly rammed and watered with settled water. Next to the plant is driven in a peg for garter vines.

In the future, the grapes need to provide good care, which includes:

  • Trimming
  • watering,
  • fighting wasps and other insects,
  • dressing,
  • shelter for the winter.

Pruning grapes can be done both long and short (for 8 - 10 or 3 - 4 buds). On the bush there are no more than 35 holes. The strongest shoots are chosen. Extra stepchildren cut out. The remaining shoots are tied to a support.

In the spring held katarovka. Rosy roots, prone to rapid freezing, are cut off. The second katarovka young stock is made in the summer.

Unnecessary shoots without clusters, cut off during the entire warm season. The height of the vine should be no more than 1.7 meters, the rest of the pinch.
When ripe berries, shoots and leaves that interfere with the ingress of sunlight on the clusters are cut off.

The first time it is carried out in the spring before the blooming of the vines. If you water the vine with warm water, then the awakening of the kidneys is more active, and cold water slows down the growth and development of the plant.
During the growing season for one plant requires one watering per week. A month later, it is reduced to 1 time in 2 weeks. 3 weeks before picking up, watering stops.
In the autumn watering is needed to improve the resistance of the vine to frost in the winter. If autumn is rainy, no additional watering is necessary.
For watering the vine, a hole about 30 centimeters deep is dug around the trunk. On one bush 2 buckets of water are taken. The soil, after watering, is loosened and covered with a layer of vegetable mulch (needles, humus, sawdust).

Pest control

Disease resistance in grapes Victor is high. But the wasps for grapes are a real scourge. To remove pests used sticky tape, protective nets and containers with sugar and poison. For the prevention of the invasion of other insects twice a season (in spring and autumn), the plant is sprayed with protective preparations.

Top dressing of vines is made in the spring, in the first half of summer and in the autumn. For spring and summer feeding, take a bucket of water, 2 kilograms of infusion of cow or horse manure, 50 grams of wood ash, 30 grams of superphosphate. Fertilizers are applied during or after abundant watering. In the autumn, before wintering, humus or rotted compost is introduced into the soil, which can serve as mulch.

Closer to winter, the vines are pruned and shelter from the cold with spruce branches, agrofibre or other insulation. When the first snow on the bush, you can throw a snow layer, forming a snowdrift. In the spring, the winter shelter retracts at the end of April, after a complete descent of snow cover. Растение расправляется и подвязывается к опоре.

Виноград сорта Виктор: видео

Виноград Виктор появился в моём саду 5 лет назад. Уход за этим гибридом несложный и не составляет труда даже у новичков. Грозди в хороший год превышают 1 килограмм. Ягоды всегда сочные и очень вкусные. Из них получается отличный джем.

Я посадил виноград Виктор на своём участке около 10 лет назад. The bush has grown with age and turned into a powerful plant. Grapes every year gives a great harvest. I really like berries that look like fingers. Their taste is just great.

I always wanted to have a lot of different grape varieties on my plot, and the first bush planted by me was just the Victor variety. This hybrid just hit the size and shape of their berries. Their color is always varied and depends on the intensity of the lighting of the bunch. Every year from the bush I collect 5-8 kilograms of grapes. We eat fresh berries and dry them in an electric dryer.

General description of the variety

Should emphasize the fact what is grape victor - This is an early table hybrid. This variety is different from all the others in that it grows very quickly and brings good yields. Depending on the region, these grapes can be considered both early and very early. The ripening period can vary from 100 to 110 days.

The flowers of this variety are bisexual, therefore they are very well pollinated. In addition, the grape brush itself can be of medium size as well as very large, it all depends on how well the grapes receive care. The weight of the bunch can vary from 550 g to 800 g. But under good conditions, a kilogram cluster can be obtained.

It is noteworthy that the berries are large and identical. Therefore, it is great for sale. As for the color of the berries, they can be as lilac, light pink, and red or purple. Color depends on the maturation phase.

If we talk about taste, then it should be noted that the skin is edible, and the flesh has a pleasant taste.

What are the benefits of grapes Victor?

  1. This variety is self-made. Therefore, there is no need to plant near any plants. In addition, the harvest will always be consistently good.
  2. With proper care, grapes are not peas.
  3. Victor grapes are an early variety, so the first harvest will be available in late July and early August.
  4. This species is growing very fast.
  5. The plant tolerates winter frost.
  6. Great for raisins and compotes.
  7. It multiplies very easily. In addition, seedlings have good adaptability.

However, this variety has its drawbacks that you should know about. They are:

First of all, this variety of plant is very fond of wasps. To deal with them is difficult, but necessary. There are many ways. One of them is this: make a trap out of water with sugar and poison.

Secondly, the grapes bloom very early. Sometimes flowering period can get on frosts, and it can affect the future harvest.

Where is it better to plant grapes of this variety?

The Victor grape variety will grow well and produce a great harvest if planted in the sun. However, you should pay attention to the fact that it can not be planted in close proximity to the house or the fence. Planting plants is best on the heights. It should be noted that this variety does not tolerate drafts, so it is better to plant it on the south side. The more fertile the soil, the better the harvest you will collect. The most favorable ground - it is a black soil, because it is very good at leaking water.

What are the breeding options for grape varieties Victor?

  1. Reproduction with seedlings. This is the easiest and most accessible way. It is noteworthy that the seedlings can be planted as those that are already greenish, and those that are in a state of sleep. The advantage of this method is that it will grow exactly the sort that you planted.
  2. Grafting cuttings. By themselves, the cuttings are very well adapted, so this is a good way of reproduction. It is very important to plant cuttings on a strong and perennial plant. However, you should pay attention to the fact that if you graft a cutting on a different grape variety, you can get a hybrid.
  3. Planting green grapes Victor. This is an easy way, however, it takes a lot of time.
  4. Creation of branches for the formed new vineyard. For this, it is best to choose a strong and mature vineyard. So, you need to take the strongest escape, tilt it to the ground and prikopat. Once the plant is fully rooted, it can be transplanted.

Rules for the care of grapes that will help increase yields

  1. First, during the growth of the plant it should be watered as often as possible. And in order to quickly evaporate moisture, you can cover the soil with a layer of mulch.
  2. Secondly, grape bushes need to be fertilized every year, before they begin to bear fruit.
  3. Thirdly, both the short and medium pruning are suitable for this grape variety.
  4. Fourth, bushes should be periodically treated for fungal diseases.

Description of diseases and pests that can affect grapes

First of all it should be noted that this is a favorite sort of wasps. Therefore, in order to protect your grapes from their attacks, you should put a sugar solution with poison near the bush.

Although this grapes have good immunity, do not forget about the prevention.

Brother gave a couple of grapes saplings Victor. We liked him very much, and now we decided to plant more. In addition, he tolerates winter and gives a good harvest. Our maximum weight was 900 g.

We decided to upgrade the vineyard. We chose for a long time, read the descriptions and our choice fell on a grape variety like Victor. We were very pleased that this is an early variety. Therefore, in early August, we now enjoy delicious grapes. In addition, it is great for raisins.

About 3 years ago they planted Victor grapes. Every year we get a good harvest, and most importantly, it does not require any specific care. True, we periodically struggle with wasps, but this is absolutely not reflected in the harvest. Therefore, in this review, I definitely recommend this variety.

Lack of variety

In addition to the mass of advantages, this variety has some drawbacks.

Excess sugar content in fruits attracts many wasps. As soon as the hands enter the stage of active maturation, these insects storming the fruits. To deal with their attacks is very difficult.

Experts recommend installing insect traps. Make it easy. In a glass of water dilute large amounts of sugar. Add poison to syrup. Unfortunately, this is the only method of struggle in the maturation stage.

Since Victor's grapes bloom quite early - in early June, this is considered to be its positive quality, but this is also its minus. In the last days of spring or in the first days of summer frosts occur. Clusters that are just starting to pick up color have every chance of freezing. In this case, the crop can not be expected.

Where is it better to plant Krainova grapes?

Victor grapes grow remarkably and gives rich harvests on places open to the sun. In no case should not plant the plant close to the fences or near the houses, because the presence of a number of other trees and shrubs can lead to great "green confusion." The vine grows very soon. Also this plant does not tolerate drafts. In especially hot and dry weather, abundant watering will be very necessary.

Victor grows on any kind of soil, because it has no low chemical content of the soil. However, the more fertile the soil is, the higher the yield level will be. For winegrowers who are interested in obtaining a large crop, it will be useful to take into account that the largest fecundity is observed when breeding this plant on black soil.

According to the information presented in the article, it can be noted that the Victor grape variety is perfect for growing this crop in the household area, and for cultivation on an industrial scale.

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