The plant is an evergreen perennial, from the Amaryllis family. And florists are most popular as houseplants, two types such as Gemantus Katharina and belotsvetkovy gemantus, also found bright red, with large leaves, wavy along the edge and pointed to the top, and many-flowered with fairly large red raspberry buds that smell of coconut .
Gemanthus belotsvetkovy has a fairly large onion, about twelve centimeters in diameter, which is sometimes flattened laterally. Leaflets and peduncles about twenty centimeters long.
And what we used to call a flower, as such, is not, in fact, it is a cluster of white stamens in which yellow dusts. With self-pollination, seed formation is possible. Baby, forms an independent root system, and is formed at the bottom of an adult onion.
Leaves of this species remain green all year round. flowering of the white flowering hemantus occurs in the summer and autumn, and in the winter, the rest comes to the hemantus. At this time, it is necessary to water it very rarely and it is better to put it close to the window.
Gemantus Katharina sometimes botanists call scadioxus, according to those it’s just a close relative of gemantus. The flower differs from its relatives wavy on the edge, petiolate leaves, which reach forty or more centimeters in length.
The rest period of Gemantus Katharina comes in the autumn - the beginning of winter, in which plants can shed their leaves. The peduncle of hemanthus is much higher, which reaches about fifty centimeters, and the inflorescences with red bracts reach about twenty centimeters.
Gemantus home care
The flower is not moody at all. Caring for a plant, according to many gardeners, is similar to caring for succulents. During the rest period, hemantus is practically not necessary to be watered, since its thick leaves contain a supply of water and nutrients.
During the period of growth, gemantus, in contrast to other Amaryllic, forms no more than two leaflets. With warm wintering very often there is a delay in the development of leaves, as well as the flowers themselves. If your gemanthus dropped the leaves, in no case do not worry, the next season they will grow again.
In summer, the plant is better to pritenyat, so that the leaves do not get burns from the bright sun. A flower will more easily tolerate a water shortage than an overabundance, which can cause a bulb to rot.
Betatsvetkovaya hemantus transplantation
The houseplant hemantus, which has reached a certain age, is transplanted quite rarely once every four to five years, at the same time planting the separated daughter onions. Bulbs must necessarily be with leaves and roots. If hemantus is transplanted before growth begins in late February and early March, it quickly takes root. The plant can get sick if the roots are damaged during transplantation.
When planting onions, they are buried by only a third, as the gemantus does not like to sit deep. The pot should be used wide but not deep. For greater decoration, you can land several copies in one container. Also, from watering to watering the soil should dry out.
The seed mixture is made from turf, leaf and humus earth with sand in equal proportions. We feed gemantus with usual fertilizers for flowers, in the summer period they can be alternated, and sometimes they can be pampered with organic matter. Plant pests are rarely damaged.
Gemanthus belotsvetkovy reproduction seeds and cuttings
If you decide to breed hemantus, the seeds should be sown immediately after harvest. But most often and easier to get a plant from the children and rooting leaf cuttings.
To do this, you need to separate one of the old leaves with a fleshy base, which is attached to the bottom. Cut the cut with charcoal, after which we dry it during the day and plant it in a mixture of sand and peat for rooting. As a rule, a hundred percent result can be achieved if rooting cuttings in vermiculite.
Care is needed the same as for leaf cuttings, if you used cuttings. After a while, new small onions appear at the base, which need to be separated, and then planted in the usual flower soil for growing.
For planting use a pot about twelve centimeters in diameter. After three or four years, obtained from leaf cuttings of the plant will begin to bloom. It should be remembered that with a large amount of soil in a pot of flowering may not occur.
On the windowsills of city apartments, the flower is often found, although not everyone knows its scientific name. In everyday life, it is called "deer language," and in Greek, gemantus means "red (bloody) flower." In Europe, he first appeared in the 17th century thanks to the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus, who brought him from Africa.
Description and characteristics
Gemantus are bulbous, deciduous plants of the Amaryllis family. Characterized by wide, elongated leaves, umbellate-shaped inflorescences, charming flowering.
In the photo a variety of flowers of white flowered hemantus or deer tongue:
Botanists count 22 species, the most popular of which are:
- Pomegranate - attractive flower with scarlet large inflorescences of a rounded shape, about 10-13 cm in diameter. It grows on the rocky soils of South America. The leaves are green, juicy, 25-30 cm longtapered towards the base, slightly wavy.
- Belotsvetkovy - the most common form. Differs in large, light, snow-white inflorescences, umbrella-shaped. Stamens pronounced, bright, yellow. The inflorescences are wrapped in white-green bracts. The leaves are green, bright, juicy, about 35-40 cm long. During the rest period, it may not shed its leaves, which is also a characteristic feature of the species.
- Catherine's Gemantus - grows on the rocky hillsides of Natal in Africa. Differs in intensive growth, large scarlet-red flowers. Green bulbs. The stem is strong, tall, 13-16 cm long. The leaves are fleshy, juicy. Some scientists consider it a hybrid grenade species. Flowering period: July-September.
- Gemantus Linder - bulbous plant with a strong stem and rhizome. In nature, it is found in a mountainous area near the tropical humid forest of the Congo. The leaves are wide, elongated, juicy, long 25-30 cmrounded to the base. Inflorescences umbrella-shaped, 18-20 cm in diameter, scarlet-red color.
The flower prefers good lighting, but does not like to be exposed to direct sunlight. Conditions should be created diffused lighting.
The ideal place in the apartment is the windows of the west, east side, southeast side. When grown on the north side, the plant may not bloom.
Observe a comfortable temperature in the apartment (19-23 degrees). Late autumn comes a period of rest. The plant contain at a temperature of 14-15 degrees.
More often air the room. At the same time avoid temperature drops, drafts.
Watering should be moderate, careful. An excess of moisture easily leads to rotting.
- Between irrigation, the soil should dry approximately one third.
- After watering on the surface of the soil and in the pan should not be water.
Gemantus calmly carry dry air. Feel comfortable without spraying in the heating winter season. It is recommended to wipe the leaves from time to time with a damp cloth or rinse under a warm shower, refreshing and cleaning from dust.
The soil should be light, nutritious, it is good to pass oxygen, water.
- Best suited mixture consisting of greenhouse, sod, deciduous land with the addition of peat.
- You can buy ready-made mixture for growing pot plants, but pay attention to the composition! If necessary, add brick dust or sand for drainage.
During the period of growth and flowering feed organic fertilizers. Feeding is not required in winter.
Gemantus is not required pruning, but from dried leaves and peduncles should get rid of. Do not rush to remove them ahead of time, so as not to damage the flower.
As a rule, onions are replanted every two to three years with the onset of spring. If the old bulbs are not replanted, the flowering abundance will begin to decrease.
During the landing should observe some rules:
- The tip of the bulb during planting must necessarily remain on the ground. Do not fill it completely with soil, otherwise it will lead to the appearance of rot, improper oxygen supply.
- Choose a wide and not deep pot with a drain hole at the bottom.
- The ideal time for planting - the beginning of spring.
There are several ways to breed.
- The simplest is by young onions, formed next to the mother. In the spring they can be separated and transplanted into separate pots.
- Can be propagated by leaf cuttings. To do this, one of the large leaves is separated along with the base, treated with a cut of charcoal and placed in a peat-sand mixture for rooting. Once the bulb is formed, it can be transplanted into the soil for permanent cultivation.
- You can grow from seed, but in the practice of indoor floriculture, this method is rarely chosen. It is too laborious and requires more patience and strength.
The video gives general guidelines for reproduction and planting:
It comes in the summer. Try to pay more attention at this time to the correct mode of watering, fertilizing, adherence to temperature.
Can I keep a flower at home?
Some gardeners are afraid to keep gemantus at home, as it belongs to the poisonous representatives of the fauna. In fact only his bulbs are dangerouswhich contain a high concentration of toxins. When handling a flower, try to follow simple rules:
- Keep it away from small children and pets.
- Plant and transplant only with gloves.
Diseases and pests
The flower has good immunity, which protects it from pests and diseases. Problems with growing most often appear in violation of the rules of care.
- Too high a temperature in the room can lead to the appearance of a scythe. Pests are located on the lower or upper side of the leaves. The leaves begin to dry out and fall off. An effective method of struggle is treatment with karbofos, roger.
- The spider red mite is causing quite a few troubles. It multiplies rapidly and envelops the leaves with a thin web. To destroy it, the plant is washed under warm water, treated with a solution of actellica or insecticidal soap.
- It is very dangerous the occurrence of root rot, which is formed when excessive watering. Most often, the plant is thrown away, but you can try to transplant it into a new pot with pretreatment of the bulbs in a solution of potassium permanganate.
Benefit and harm
In medical practice, there is no evidence that gemantus brings any benefit to human health.
- Once upon a time, African tribes used its juice as an anti-inflammatory agent. for wounds and burns.
- It was also believed that the flower contributed to the protection of the house. from evil spirits, helped to preserve harmony and peace in the family.
Hemanthus is a charming, unique plant that is increasingly preferred by many growers. If you follow the simple rules of care, it will become a real decoration of your interior! Do not forget that the flower is poisonous, therefore it requires careful handling during landing.
Popular plant species
- Hematus Multiflora. Peduncle is very long, and the plant itself has about 5 large leaves. The shape of the inflorescence is often compared with an umbrella, which can include up to 80 small red flowers.
- Gemantus Belotsvetkovy. The most popular plant species among flower growers, which was taken as a basis for breeding other hybrids. The plant is not whimsical in terms of planting and care. Inflorescences are large, snow-white. The leaves are fleshy, bright green shades, there is a fringe around the edges. The color is mainly from mid-summer to early winter.
- Gemantus Katharina. Flower bulbs up to 8 cm in diameter. Leaves can reach a length of up to 35 cm. The species is suitable for growing indoors. Not whimsical. Begins to bloom from mid-summer with red flowers.
- Gemantus Tiger. The leaves are wide up to 10 cm and elongated to 45 cm. The flowers are mostly red in color or shades, large.
At home, preference is given to breeding the white-flowered hemanthus and Katharina’s hemantus. There are no particular differences in care and cultivation.
Methods of reproduction of white flowering hemantus
At home, there are 3 ways:
- Children. A quick and easy way, in which “kids” are separated from the main bulb, they can be immediately planted in separate flowerpots. Rooted quickly enough, but flowering can occur only at 3 year or even later,
- Seeds. They can be prepared on their own, collected immediately after flowering gemantusa or buy at a flower shop. If the seeds are harvested independently, it is better to sow them in the first days after harvest. Before planting, moisten the soil and then disperse the seeds. Flowering can be admired only for 5-6 years.
- Cuttings. The most time consuming and lengthy landing process. The oldest leaf of the flower is cut off with a base. The cut-off area is treated with activated or charcoal and dried for 1-2 days. The first landing is made in the composition of sand and peat. After the plant is rooted, transplanted into a "permanent" pot.
Care and landing features
- Temperature mode. The optimal temperature conditions for growing gemantus are + 18-22 ° C. The only exception may be the rest period, when the temperature regime should be reduced to 11 ° C (with the exception of the white flowering gemantus, which does not have a rest cycle). If on the street suitable conditions, the plant can be taken out of the room or even transplanted into open ground for a while.
- Requirements for lighting. Most species of this plant require only well-lit places. But it does not tolerate exposure to direct sunlight. In the hottest period is better pritenyat.
- The level of humidity in the room and watering plants. In almost all periods of growth, the flower requires moderate watering (avoiding drying out or over-wetting the soil). During the rest period, it is better to completely stop watering for 1.5-2 months. The flower will not tolerate too dry indoor air, but there are no special criteria for watering. It is enough only from time to time to rid the flower of dust, wiping the leaves.
- Selection pot. The pot must have drainage holes. It is advisable to choose a shallow, but wide. The diameter of the pot should be 3-4 cm larger than the bulb itself.
- The soil. There are no special requirements for the ground. At home, you can use as a prepared soil intended for plants that are grown from bulbs, and prepare yourself. For preparation, you need a well-mixed mixture of sod land, foliage, sand and peat (2: 1: 1: 1 ratio).
- Hemantus fertilizers. Excessive amounts of organic fertilizer can destroy the flower. It is better to take only mineral, which are designed specifically for bulbous plants. Florists recommend fertilizing no more than 1-2 times a month before flowering begins. In the period of flowering and dormancy gemantus is better not to feed.
- Features transplantation. Transplanting should be done only then.when the bulb began to grow strongly. On average, the procedure is carried out once every 3 years (after the winter or during a rest cycle). At the same time, the bulb should be deepened only by 2/3 and from time to time pour a fresh thin layer of soil. It is important to monitor the roots, in most cases, damage to the roots leads to the death of the plant.
- Trimming gematus Katarina. After the flower sprout, it is better to remove it. Break off and dried leaves.
Problems with growing hemantus
- Leaves quickly drawn out and brightened. This happens because of a lack of light. To remedy the situation, it is enough just to change the place of the flower. It should not be exposed to direct sunlight.
- On the leaves appears light bloom. The reason most often is too hard water for irrigation. It is better to replace it with soft water that has settled.
- The leaves turn yellow and dull. This is due to the fact that the flower is too long in the open sun. In this case, it is worth priteny plant.
- The appearance of brown spots or rotting of any part of the plant. This indicates an excess of moisture. If the roots rot, the plant will be very difficult to save. Alternatively, you can transplant the plant and normalize watering.
- Gemantus Katharina does not bloom. The most common cause is the absence of a rest period in a flower. For this, in winter (after flowering) the flower is kept in cool conditions, watering is significantly limited or stops altogether. Plus, mandatory compliance with all conditions of care and proper fit.
- Cessation of growth. If there is no growth immediately after planting, the bulb may not be viable.If growth stops suddenly, then this may indicate a lack of nutrients that can be easily corrected with the help of growth stimulants or nutritional supplements.
- Blackening buds. The reason may be too low temperature or high humidity (including excess water for irrigation). To do this, it is better to plant a flower, normalize watering, using only warm water for this.
Dangerous pests and diseases
Shchitovka and spider mite are the most unknown "guests" of gemantus. A particular danger is that at room temperature pests spread very quickly.
Signs of spider mite infestation: white cobwebs on the leaves, rapid appearance of brown spots on the leaves. Before using special chemicals from pests, it is desirable to wash the leaves with warm soapy water.
Signs of defeat by the shield: sucks all the sap of the plant under the leaves. If you do not take action, the affected foliage quickly dries and disappears. Eliminates infection with insecticides and non-rigid brushes.
Beautiful healthy flower can be obtained only if you follow the simple rules of planting and care.
The content of the article
Like Amaryllis, Clivia, Achmea, or Hippeastrum, hemantus belongs to the notable Amaryllis family. But it so happened that among the florists he did not receive such a spread as his popular relatives. Rules for caring for him are not particularly difficult. So we analyze them.
Home care for gemantius
In the care of gemanthus, this item is one of the most important. Most species of this indoor flower require bright but diffused lighting. In almost all these species, the rest period is clearly expressed. After flowering, they shed their leaves, and "retire." During this period, the lighting on the contrary, should be weak, and the temperature of the content is cool. But not all gemantius require rest. There are evergreen species. That they do not need a bright light, they can grow in partial shade.
Optimally - + 18-22 degrees. That is, the most normal and healthy room temperature. For those plants that retire, the temperature drops to + 10-15 degrees. But the fact is that the period of rest of the gemantus sometimes falls on summer time. And to find him a place with such a temperature is quite difficult. Not everyone has a basement. Yes, he is not really needed. As practice has shown, in summer gemantus can relax at room temperature. At home, if it is very hot, then the plant pot is simply rearranged to a shaded place (on the balcony as well) or simply put on the floor.
Important! Do not remove faded leaves! They contain many useful substances that are returned to the bulb. But the spike, after flowering can be removed.
Watering, air humidity and fertilizer
Like all bulbous plants, gemantus is very sensitive to waterlogging. It should be watered only during the period of active growth, while observing moderation. It is recommended even to let the earthen bit dry up to half, and only then to water. But mostly watering depends on air temperature. And to determine at what depth the earth has dried is difficult. Therefore, water gemantus after drying the top layer of the earth. With the onset of the dormant period, the beginning of which is indicated by the yellowing of the leaves, watering is reduced to a complete cessation (by a couple of months).
Air humidity for gemantus is not important. But for plant hygiene and maintaining proper appearance, wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.
For fertilizing gemantus use only mineral fertilizers. Organic for this indoor plant is not desirable. Fertilizers pick potash.
As I have already mentioned, gemantus is very sensitive to excess moisture in the soil, the likelihood of bulb rot is high. Therefore, special attention should be paid to creating good drainage. If you do not buy ready-made land, but prepare it yourself, you can use the following recipe:
- Two parts - turf ground,
- One part is peat,
- One part is sand,
- Half part - humus.
The need for hemantus transplantation is directly dependent on the growth of the bulb. The width of the pot does not matter, and 12-15 centimeters will be enough depth. But try to keep from the bulb to the edges of the pot at least 3 centimeters, but it is better to take it with a margin. Hemantus does not like transplants. On average, it is transplanted once every three to four years.
Types of gemantus
The most famous of the 40 types of gemantus are the following:
Gemanthus belotsvetkovy - the most popular room gemantus. As it develops, it forms several stems with fluffy snow-white flowers. Its leaves are fleshy and wide, up to 20 centimeters in length with a width of up to 10 centimeters. The flowering period from late summer to mid-winter.
Pomegranate gemantus it is distinguished by narrow elongated wavy leaves and red-yellow flowers with green bracts.
Gemantus Katharina has a wide solid stem, at the top of which are long and narrow leaves. Flowering occurs in July, then bright red inflorescences appear on the plant.
Hematus of many flowers it is distinguished by 2-3 pairs of leaves and a disproportionately long peduncle. 50-90 flowers are collected in a bright - red umbrella inflorescence.
Gemantus tiger has spotty elongated and wide leaves, inflorescences of small size, round shape, bright red color.
Cinnabar Hemanthus characterized by 2-4 elongated leaves, high peduncle, round-shaped inflorescences themselves reach 8-10 centimeters in diameter. Blossom starts early in April with cinnamon-red flowers.
Linden Gemantus intended for planting in open ground, has 6 wide and long leaves and a large multi-flowered inflorescence.
Scallache Hemanthus. Its leaves are distinguished by the fact that their tips have a red color, as well as flowers, collected in a dense inflorescence in the form of an umbrella.
At home, you can grow gemantus belotsvetkovy and gemantus Katharina.
Watering and moisture
While the plant is actively growing it should be watered as the soil dries out, avoiding overwetting. When the plant is in a dormant period, watering can be stopped altogether for a couple of months.
The flower does not require special conditions of humidity, simply wipe its leaves from dust every 2 months.
The soil. Hemantus has no particular preferences for the soil composition, you can choose any soil for bulbous plants, or prepare the soil yourself.
The following composition is optimally suitable: for 2 parts of sod land for one part of leafy land, peat and fine sand.
Top dressing. When choosing fertilizers, give preference to mineral potash and phosphate fertilizers or use ready-made fertilizers for bulbous plants. Fertilizing is necessary to make 2 times a month before flowering.
Transfer. Plant transplantation should be carried out with growth once every 2-3 years in February-March. When choosing a container for transplanting, give preference to wide pots, and they should not be too high.
Transplantation should be carried out carefully, without damaging the roots. Transplanting onion need to be immersed in the ground no more than 2/3 of the height.
Hemanthus flower - description
The white flowering gemantus belongs to the evergreen plants, and this distinguishes it favorably from other amaryllis plants: the plant does not stop growing and does not lose its attractiveness even in winter. Other types of gemantus prefer to rest in winter.
The bulbs of the gemanthus are pear-shaped or ovate, sometimes flattened on the sides, up to 12 cm in diameter. The few fleshy green leaves have a belt-like shape and rounded ends. Both leaves and powerful hemantus peduncles reach a length of 20 cm. Each bulb forms up to three pairs of leaves, and only one pair is formed in one season. The surface of the leaves may be glossy, pubescent or sticky to the touch. The leaves are arranged in pairs and hang symmetrically.
Interestingly, the flower of hemantus, in fact, is not a flower: it is a spherical bunch of stamens collected in an umbrella with yellow anthers. The stamens are surrounded by four succulent bracts of the same color as the stamens — red, orange, or white. The color of the stamens and stipules is due to the variety and type of gemantus. These unusual flowers, similar to openwork pompons, appear in the middle of summer. Flowering lasts until late autumn. A characteristic odor for gemanthus is appears when the plant produces pollen and nectar: gemantus self-pollinates and forms the ovary in the form of round white and red berries with a diameter of 1-2 cm, which quickly lose their germination.
How to care for gemantus in the apartment.
The plant gemantus has a docile nature, so problems in its cultivation occur rarely. Amateur flower growers claim that caring for this plant is similar to caring for succulents. Hemanthus is comfortable in the usual for human dwelling temperature - 18-22 C. In winter, evergreen species of hemantus do not need to change the conditions of detention, since these plants are not included in the rest period. Deciduous species and varieties prefer to relax in winter in cooler conditions - at a temperature of 10-12 C. Summer vacation gemanthus happy to spend outdoors, but you need to organize for him protection from drafts.
Gemanthus also does not impose any special requirements on lighting: it can grow both in partial shade and in bright sun. Ideal for flower placement near windows oriented to the west, east and northeast. You can grow it on the southern window-sill, but in the afternoon it will need to be shaded from direct rays.
Water the hemantus at home as the soil dries out, preventing overmoistening, since it can lead to rotting of the bulb. Closer to winter, watering is gradually reduced, and by the beginning of the dormant period, which lasts 1-2 months, the moistening of the substrate is completely stopped. Watering carry out thawed, passed through a filter or separated water at room temperature. Gemantus is fairly normal for living space humidity, so you do not need to spray the plant, just from time to time wipe its leaves from dust with a damp cloth.
Hemanthus is fertilized exclusively by mineral complexes, since this plant does not like organic matter. The complex should be dominated by the potassium and phosphoric component. Gemantus is suitable fertilizer for bulbous plants. The frequency of making supplements - 1 every 2-3 weeks. Fertilize the plant from the beginning of active growth and before flowering. In the dormant period, planting is not needed.
Diseases of hemanthus and their treatment.
Hemantus rarely gets sick and mostly from improper care. For example, due to excessive or too frequent watering, a plant can begin to rot onions or other fungal diseases. Sometimes a red burn can occur with gemantus, or red rot - staganospora, which mainly affects amaryllis and hippeastrum. In case of signs of disease - red-orange spots and stripes on the leaves - remove the affected organs and treat the plant with special preparations that can be purchased at a flower shop: Bordeaux mixture, copper oxychloride, copper sulphate or other copper-containing compounds that are used to kill fungal infections . Provide gemanthus with good lighting and develop a watering regime in which the plant will receive enough moisture, but it will not suffer from its excess.
Sometimes a state of hemanthus, not associated with any disease, is of concern. For example, why gemantus does not bloom? The reason for refusal to form flowers may be insufficient watering during the period of active growth or improper maintenance of the flower during the rest period, especially if you grow deciduous species of hemantus: the resting plant needs a cool room, a lot of light and very little water.
Hematus pests and control.
Most often, gemanthus suffers from the attack of spider mites or scutes. Especially it is necessary to fear the appearance of pests in the hot season. Shchitovok, which usually hide in the axils of the leaves and on their underside, are removed from the plant with a cotton swab dipped in soapy water or alcohol, after which the flower is washed under a shower, allowed to dry and treated with a solution of Karbofos or another drug of a similar action. As for spider mites, their presence can be guessed by a thin web and bleached dots on the leaves - prokusam. During reproduction, mites leave dark spots on the leaves of gemanthus, which gradually turn yellow and dry. Spider mites are destroyed by acaricidal preparations - Aktellik, Aktar, Fitoverm.
Hematus white flowers (Haemanthus albiflos)
- a very attractive evergreen with dark green, wide, thick and glossy tongue-like leaves about 20 cm long and 10 cm wide with cilia along the edge. The length of powerful peduncles of this species does not exceed 25 cm. Flower arrows are crowned with white spherical umbrellas with golden tips-anthers. The most famous variety of the species is:
- Prince albert - a plant with larger inflorescences than the base species, painted in a rich orange color.
Scarlet Hemanthus (Haemanthus coccineus)
- The owner of half-meter leaves with red tips, spotted peduncles and original red inflorescences with yellow anthers and large perianth petals. Unfortunately, in the culture this species does not bloom every year, besides its blooming occurs in the autumn and does not differ in duration.
Hemanthus - home care
Exotic gemantus differs unpretentious cultivation at home.
Haemanthus belongs to the undemanding cultures.
To preserve the decorativeness of the plant is enough to provide bright sunny lighting. Indoors, it is desirable to place a pot on the east or west window. For evenly diffused lighting, plant should be prone to light from direct sunlight.
The rest period begins after the leaves are completely dropped. It is necessary to transfer the gemantus to a cool, semi-shaded room. There are evergreens of the genus. Gemantus preferably at rest time away from the window.
Humidity does not affect the development of culture. The psychrometer index below 45% indicates overdried air. It is advisable to spray the inflorescences and foliage of the plant during the period of active vegetative development. During dormancy with a decrease in temperature, the spraying of water can destroy the plant.
Spraying in winter can damage hemanthus.
To maintain a fresh look, the culture must be replanted once every 2-3 years. It is recommended to carry out the procedure in the spring, until the moment of new growth. With the help of transplanting the plant will be able to form abundant flowering.
As a substrate in a new container, it is necessary to use in equal parts sand of medium grain, leaf soil, humus and sod soil. It is important to prepare a wide, spacious container of greater volume than used. At the bottom of the tank it is necessary to lay out the drainage layer.
It should be carefully carried out the procedure. Damage to the earth coma can affect the fragile root system.
Detailed information about the transplant can be found in the video:
The plant does not need constant pruning. After flowering, it is desirable to remove flower stalks. It is important to clean the top layer of soil from fallen leaves. Flower plots can trigger pests or infect the plant.
Open ground gemantus
Gemantus is grown as a container plant. In the summer it is desirable to make the culture in the open air. Planting on the site may cause the death of the flower. In early spring, there is a threat of return frost. Excessive rain, wind, draft or hail can damage the plant.
If the culture has suffered in the open field, you can try to save the flower. As a rule, there is only one stem on a plant without signs of life. It is necessary to remove gemantus from the ground and transplant it into a pot. The culture should be returned to the enclosed area. In room conditions the flower must be carefully maintained. In a few weeks new leaves will appear on the trunk.
In the first few months, the culture will differ in slow growth. It will take a lot of effort to restore hemantus.
Hemanthus without inflorescences is difficult to distinguish from other cultures.
Gemantus in the pot
The plant is quite difficult to find in the free market. When buying, you should pay attention to the aboveground part of the gemantus. The bulb should have leaves and roots shaped.
It is not recommended to plant the crop too deep into the ground. The flower tends to form bulbs on the surface of the substrate. It is advisable to place gemantus 1/3 into the ground.
Capacity should be chosen wide. It is not recommended to use a deep container.
For the cultivation of hemantus is not recommended to use a deep container.
Pests and diseases
Brown plaques may appear on the hemanthus. Shchitovki suck the juice from the leaves and stems. Vegetative organs become faded, wrinkled and curled. Due to the withering of buds and inflorescences, the fruits do not form. Для избавления необходимо механически собрать всех насекомых из растения. Затем нужно обильно обработать культуру инсектицидом.
It is important not to carry out the procedure in direct sunlight and at low temperatures. Perfectly destroys the Aktellik shield. It is enough to dilute two milliliters of the product in one liter of water at room temperature. It is also recommended to use "Decis" and "Malathion".
Whitish oval-shaped insects under the scales of the bulbs indicate damage to the plant Amaryllis worm. Gemantus may lag behind in development. Leaves turn yellow and fall off. Soot fungus spores appear on pest excretions. It is necessary to treat the plant with insecticide. It is desirable to maintain a moderate substrate moisture. Strongly affected gemantus should be destroyed.
The hemanthus root system is often damaged by over-irrigation. It is desirable to provide moderate substrate moisture.
The culture is also susceptible to infection with anthracnose and staganospores. You can prevent infection by daily airing and reducing the number of waterings.
The inflorescences of culture have an umbrella structure. A large number of small flowers of milk or red hue. The plant has an unpleasant aroma. Gemantus is able to self-pollinate. On peduncles formed round fruits.
The plant can cause allergic manifestations. It is advisable to handle gemantus in protective equipment.
Gemantus can be spread by babies and seeds. In spring, young onions should be separated. The first flowering delenok come in 3 years.
Grafting is also allowed. It is advisable to use a ripened outer leaf with a fleshy base. The resulting culture will form inflorescences in 4 years.
For reproduction by seeds, it is necessary to prepare freshly harvested planting material.