The jasmine-shaped gardenia is decoration of any room and an interior. She creates comfort in the apartment with her unique grace. Among all types of this plant it is the most unpretentious. This mini-tree will be able to give its beauty only under certain conditions of detention. To gardenia for a long time was the accent of your home, follow the basic rules of caring for it:
- The flower does not tolerate sudden temperature changes.
- The plant always needs moderately moist soil. Underfilling and excess moisture are unacceptable.
- The ideal soil for growing is sour.
- The plant should be in a well-lit place, but not in direct sunlight.
- It grows well in conditions of high humidity.
- At the stage of bud formation and during the flowering period, it is impossible to change the place of cultivation and even turn the flower, since the buds can crumble.
- The plant likes a warm climate, the best temperature conditions for it are 20 degrees of heat (plus or minus 2 degrees).
- Watering should be carried out only with purified, separated or rain and always warm water.
Gardenia: care and cultivation at home
Arranging the perfect lighting for gardenia is not easy. And its long and abundant flowering directly depends on a sufficient amount of light. This flower needs good lighting almost 24 hours a day.
There is plenty of light on the southern windowsill, but direct sunlight can damage the plant. On the north - the lighting is not enough. Therefore, the best place for gardenia is the window, which is located on the west or east side. In the warm season, it needs solar heat, but not direct sunlight and, all the more, drafts. In winter, the most dangerous for the life of this indoor plant is to transfer it to another place or turning in different directions. This is absolutely impossible to do!
In summer and winter, the plant needs a different temperature regime. In the warm months for full development and abundant flowering plants need a temperature of about twenty-two degrees of heat. In the cold months, gardenia actively lays buds for flowering, needs a wintering period and the temperature in the room must be appropriate - from 16 to 21 degrees of heat. At higher temperatures, some important processes slow down.
The temperature of the air and the soil should be as equal as possible, since the root system of a plant should not be supercooling. Sudden changes in temperature will adversely affect the upcoming flowering. Just a few temperature fluctuations - and the plant will no longer bloom at all.
Watering and humidity
Gardenia jasminoid requires strict adherence to water balance, and in different periods and at different times of the year, the rules of watering change. It is because of the peculiar water nutrition that the plant is considered capricious and difficult to grow.
During the period of active growth and development of the plant it is necessary to water it abundantly, but only when the top layer of soil dries out completely. In the autumn and spring months it is necessary to water the gardenia 2-3 days after the top soil has dried. And in cold wintertime, watering is reduced, water nutrition remains minimal.
Water for irrigation should be slightly warm and must be separated or purified. You can use rainwater. Since acidic soil is necessary for the full growth of gardenia, you can periodically add lemon juice to the irrigation water. Just do not overdo it with lemon, because the excess acid will affect the appearance of the plant. The leaves will become yellowish and become small in size. The optimal acidified solution is a few drops of juice per liter of water.
To create full conditions of the plant it is very important for the plant to be in a room with high humidity or to periodically create such conditions. Humidity is of paramount importance during the budding of gardenia.
While the buds are closed the plant can be sprayed daily. But as soon as they begin to open, spraying stops. This should be done mainly due to the fact that after water droplets on the petals of white flowers will remain yellowish spots. This will make some negative changes in the decorativeness of the plant.
Since the humidity of the air needs to be maintained during the flowering period, instead of spraying, a small container filled with water can be placed next to the gardenia.
During the period when the plant actively grows and develops, it is vitally necessary to regularly feed in the form of liquid fertilizers. You can purchase complex fertilizers for flowering houseplants. Only during their application to the soil should the fertilizer saturation level be reduced by half.
In order to slightly reduce the acidity of the soil during the formation of buds and during flowering, it is necessary to use preparations with a high content of iron. Such preparations must be applied to the soil twice in each of these periods.
Plant maturity and readiness to take supplements can be determined by the development of its root system. If the roots of gardenia have grown so that they completely occupied the bottom of the flowerpot and the moisture is absorbed very quickly, then we can safely make both mineral and organic fertilizers. Such dressing taken alternate with each other.
This naughty houseplant absolutely does not tolerate transplants. Therefore, this process should be carried out only with special need. Gardenia has very fragile and thin roots prone to damage. During transplantation, growers recommend making a minimum pruning of the roots. Soon they will grow and recover.
First, the third part of the flower pot must be filled with drainage. The rest of the tank is filled with a suitable soil mixture. In no case can not use the lime soil. This ornamental plant will accept only acidic soil, the level of which is PH 4.0–5.5. The soil mix recommended for flowers of azaleas perfectly will be suitable for gardenia.
You can prepare the soil for the plant and independently. It should include the same parts of coniferous, sod, peat and leafy land, as well as sand.
Ornamental, evergreen, tropical shrubs require periodic pruning. Be sure to cut dried flowers and weak shoots. As you grow and develop, you can thin out the thickened foliage. In order to form the pomp of the plant, you can pinch the tops. The remaining shoots after pruning can be used as planting material. To do this, they need to root.
Breeding methods of gardenia
The main breeding methods for gardenia are seeds and grafting. Immediately it is worth noting that at home the seed method is almost hopeless. This process is so complex that in rare cases leads to a positive result.
For propagation, cuttings will need cuttings of young shoots (about 10 centimeters long). To increase the root system of the cuttings can in the water and in the soil mixture. The best time for plant breeding is December, January, February and March.
If you decide to germinate the cuttings in water, then to speed up the process, it is better to add a growth stimulator to it, which will help the root formation process.
Most often, rooting cuttings are placed in a special soil mixture (for example, sphagnum moss and peat), watered and covered with a transparent film or glass. With a constant temperature of soil and air (about twenty-four degrees) in about a month the young plant will grow noticeably.
Planting a young gardenia in a separate flower pot is necessary when the height of the plant is at least ten centimeters. When transplanting use the method of transshipment, so as not to damage the delicate root system. The grown shoots are planted in the same soil as for adult plants. Immediately take care of the formation of the future lush crown of the indoor flower. Periodically pinch his tops.
If you follow the rules for the care of a young indoor plant, after about a year it will be possible to admire its unique flowering. And the rules are as follows:
- Strict compliance with the temperature in the room,
- Periodic feeding,
- Timely and proper watering.
Fight against diseases and pests
1. Fall of flower buds. The reasons:
- Irregular watering, the soil is dry.
- Cold in the room (less than 16 degrees Celsius).
- Use cold water for irrigation.
- The plant does not have enough light.
- Rearrangement of the flower pot at the stage of bud formation or during flowering.
2. The leaves first turn yellow and then fall off. The reasons:
- Use too cold or undiluted water for irrigation.
- The place of a houseplant is at the cold badly warmed window.
3. The bright green color of the leaves becomes faded. The reasons:
- The soil requires feeding.
- Humidity exceeds normal.
- The plant does not have enough light.
4. Formed buds did not bloom. The reasons:
- Lack of light.
- The soil requires acidification.
5. On the leaves appear yellow stains. The reasons:
- Chlorosis disease.
- soil requires acidification.
6. Plant growth has slowed noticeably. The reasons:
- The appearance of pests (for example, aphid, spider mite, scab).
To combat insect pests need to use special insecticidal drugs. They are used according to the recommendations on the package, but usually it is once a week.
Detect pests can be a careful inspection of the plant. Their presence is indicated by numerous gray dots on the upper parts of the leaves - these are thrips. A web on a plant and curling leaves is a spider mite. After the "work" aphids on the leaves and flowers there is a slight stickiness. And the shield damages the leaf part of gardenia. Small dark brown specks of a round shape are its traces. If you immediately start pest control, the plant can still be saved.
The healing properties of gardenia
Jasmine-shaped gardenia is not only an ornamental plant, but also a home healer. In folk medicine, it successfully uses its flowers, fruits and roots. On their basis, prepare tinctures and decoctions, make compresses.
Flowers and roots of gardenia can treat various organs: lungs, liver, kidneys, intestines. You can get rid of skin diseases and stomatitis, from mastitis and dysentery. Fruits have anti-inflammatory, choleretic, wound-healing effect. Gardenia has numerous healing properties that are well known to the older generation.
Modern flower growers still more respect gardenia for its decorative qualities and unique aroma.
In the wild, gardenia is an evergreen shrub that can sometimes have a tree shape. Belongs to the Marenov family. It grows in tropical and subtropical forests of China, India, Indonesia, is found in Japan. It is a compact bush with a smooth stem and short branches with leathery shiny leaves of rich green color.
Flowering is long, begins in mid-summer and ends in October. With proper planting and proper care during this period, its shoots are completely covered with numerous flowers in varying degrees of budding. Outwardly, they have similarities with roses, it will not yield to the queen of flowers and in delicate pleasant aroma. The elegance of appearance allows the use of gardenia in the design of interior solutions of the most different styles.
The closest relative of this tropical flower is coffee.
Types of gardenia with photos
Botanists describe about 250 species, among which gardenia jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides) from the southern provinces of China is most suitable for home cultivation. The second, almost unused variety name is Gardenia Augusta. Her dual inflorescences resemble camellia. Trying to grow at home and the African variety of gardenia tunbergia (Gardenia thunbergia), characterized by single inflorescences. You should know that the second type is more capricious. In addition, knowledge of how to care for gardenia is not enough without meeting a number of subjective conditions (for example, the absence of windows of the desired orientation or their shading by trees).
As a result of the long cultivation of the jasmine variety, a variety of varieties have appeared, from which the most popular and suitable for growing in rooms and greenhouses can be distinguished.
- Beauty - tall variety with large terry wax flowers, blooming throughout the summer season and until the last days of October. In greenhouses can reach 2 meters in height.
- Chuck Hykse - semi-terry very fragrant variety with ivory flowers. Flowering summer, quite short. Differs in the increased resistance to cold.
- Amy - it is allocated with lighter color of foliage. The flowers are terry, have almost perfect shape, which makes them look like artificial. Highly valued for its ability to bloom twice a year.
- Mystery - tall, large-flowered variety with very dark leaves. Terry inflorescences have a flat shape, up to 13 cm in diameter. Forms a very strong bush with a tendency to vertical growth. Also may bloom again.
- Belmond - large-flowered and densely double, has a high tolerance to low temperatures and diseases. The diameter of the inflorescences with a stunning aroma reaches 10 cm.
- Variegata - slow-growing compact shrub with rounded variegated leaves that have transitions from green to light beige. A good option for pot growing at home.
- Radicance - dwarf varietal line, which is an ideal option for bonsai. The width of the crown exceeds its height. The leaves are small, leathery, with a wax shine, flowers terry, medium-sized. Flowering occurs later than other varieties of jasmine gardenia.
- Radikan Variyegata - variety derived from the previous one with more grown characteristics. It grows extremely slowly, which makes it an excellent candidate for bonsai, green leaves have a light cream strip along the edge of the edge. Blooming later, short, in the summer.
- Golden Magic - white corolla of inflorescences have a characteristic transition to a golden-yellow color. Blossoms effectively and continuously.
Features of the purchase of gardenia
Despite the increased demands of the flower for heat, it is now possible to buy it all year round, although in winter it is certainly more difficult to do this. In sold copies there is a pronounced division into "estates" by category of their value from manufacturers. The most expensive copies are put up for sale in the bud stage, which requires assistance for its disclosure. This should be done under a warm, but not hot shower.
Moving the gardenia to the house (or any other place) is much more stressful for her than for many other plants, so many specimens die already at this stage. According to reviews of florists, drugs such as Appin, Zircon or HB101 can help her survive the stress. The dosage and frequency must be observed in accordance with the attached instructions.
In expensive specimens, the inner petals are often neatly sealed with wax, which requires the same careful removal. On top of the buds may have supporting leaf collars. In cheaper grades (or producers), the buds are usually smaller and more open, often wearing plastic collars.
When buying gardenia as a gift, it is worthwhile to think very well about whether the bestowed can cope with this flower and provide him with the care he needs. Otherwise there will be only disappointments from the gift.
Gardening care in indoor conditions
Each item of requirements for agricultural engineering is in this case important and requiring rigorous execution.
The flower likes full lighting throughout the day, but it does not respond well to direct midday rays. The ideal would be a very bright, but not hot, place on a window facing west or south-west, on which a thin tracing paper is glued to protect it from the direct sun at noon. In winter, tracing paper can be removed. The window should not be shaded by trees growing behind it.
Gardenia is extremely sensitive not only to the intensity of light, but also to its focus. In the period of budding and flowering, it can not only be moved to another place, but even rotated relative to the light source. Buds may fall off.
Love a flower in the heat does not mean that it should be kept in a hot room. There is a certain range of comfort, which directly depends on the season and the stage of vegetative development. In spring and summer, the optimum temperature lies within + 20 ... + 24C. In winter, it should be gradually reduced by 4-5C compared to the summer. The minimum temperature threshold is + 16C. During the budding period, it rises to + 18 ... + 20С. In any layout, the roots should never be in cold soil (colder than the air in the room). Особенно опасны для культуры резкие колебания температурных показаний. Зимой растение испытывает нехватку света, и более прохладные условия могут отчасти ее скомпенсировать.
Gardenia categorically does not tolerate drafts, reacting to them by dropping buds and buds. Ventilate the room better with the help of forced ventilation, directed to the other side.
High and uniform humidity is one of the conditions for the successful development and flowering of the plant. It places particularly high demands on moisture during the budding period. With dry air, the process may stop developing, and the buds that have begun to form may fall off. The problem will be solved by a pallet filled with sphagnum or wetted clay, but the flower pot itself should not touch them with the bottom. Regular spraying of foliage is recommended, however, the water should not fall on the flowers or unopened buds (ugly spots may appear).
For irrigation, you should use warm and soft water, it is desirable that it was separated, boiled or filtered. In summer, watering should be stable to maintain the soil in a moderately wet state. Overflow is extremely undesirable. The plant loves a warm shower, but at this time it is necessary to close the earthen room. In the winter season, watering is reduced to moderately restrained, but the earthen ball should never be dried out.
It is necessary to provide additional food in the period of active vegetation and flowering, in spring and summer (1-2 times monthly). Use liquid complex top dressing for flowering crops, but in half of the recommended dosage in the instructions.
Culture not only tolerates pruning, but also periodically needs it. Pruned shoots after flowering, leaving them half or third. During the period of active growth, you can pinch the tops of non-flowering shoots to stimulate the growth of new ones.
The cut parts of the stems can be used as apical cuttings for propagation.
What land do gardenia need?
Calcareous and alkaline soils are not suitable for it, high acidity values from pH = 5 and slightly higher are needed. When transplanting gardenia after purchase, you should try to preserve its soil room as much as possible, for adding to which it is recommended to buy a ready-made substrate for azaleas. Experimenting with the compilation of your own soil mix is better not to start with. With later transplants, you can add a composition of equal parts of three types of earth (coniferous, sod, leaf) and quartz sand.
How to transplant gardenia after purchase?
First of all, do not rush to do it. Let the plant stand and adapt to the new conditions (additional measures of adaptation are written above). After that, you should make sure that the plant is closely (usually it happens) by pulling it out carefully with a solid lump of earth after examining it. If you can see a lot of roots on the outside of the coma, the gardenia should be transferred to another container, completely preserving the substrate and adding it to the volume of the prepared soil mixture for azaleas.
The frequency of a planned transplant is usually two years. The new tank should be 2 cm wider than the previous one. In order to transplant gardenia painlessly and correctly, you need to handle its root system as gently as possible, keeping the earthen clod. This is done in early spring before the beginning of the active growing season and the release of buds. During flowering transplant is absolutely not recommended and can only be justified by the threat of death. A flower will not only drop buds, but may die. Must be provided for good drainage!
As a result of planned pruning, there remains an excellent material for vegetative propagation — apical cuttings. They should be about 10 cm long. For their rooting, they use a warm nutrient substrate (see above) and any root stimulator. Arranging a mini-press with a can or transparent package will speed up the process. It is permissible to keep the cuttings in water, but in this case they may not give roots. After the stalk doubles the height, it is pinched. You need to be prepared for the fact that the process will be long and not always successful.
Of the pests, thrips, aphids, scale insects and spider mites were most frequently observed. The first three are most often caused by infection from neighboring cultures, and the appearance of a tick can provoke too dry and hot contents. Methods of control are traditional with the use of insecticides. If the number of pests progresses, the treatment is performed three times with a week break.
- Very slow development, lack of flowering, pallor of foliage. The flower lacks power and light.
- Gardenia leaves turn yellow or become covered with yellow spots, stains. Not enough acidity of the soil, the soil must be acidified.
- The flower wilts, loses buds, leaves become sluggish. It is necessary to control the temperature, most likely it is below normal.
- Leaves fall, while sometimes remaining green. Cold water irrigation, lack of moisture.
- Gardenia dries up. Various adverse factors can occur, the most frequent being dry air, lack of moisture.
- Reset buds and flowers. Draft or rearrangement of the pot from place to place, a sharp change in light intensity.
In areas where the plant grows in the wild, it is used to make decoctions and infusions. Their action is directed against lung diseases, herpes, infections of the oral cavity, externally for the healing of wounds, tumors, eczema, burns. Chinese herbalists widely use gardenia as an antiseptic and diuretic, as well as to solve sexual problems in men.
What to do after purchase?
This plant does not like moving, transfers, transfers, so it is better to immediately find a permanent place for it. Replace gardenia in another pot a few days after purchase.when the flower has become accustomed to a new home (you can find out here how to make gardenia transplants at home.
Gardenia is a tropical plant, which means it is very fond of heat and needs sufficient lighting. Light should come to the pot throughout the day. It is better to choose therefore for the maintenance of the plant the southern or western window-sill.
In winter, the plant light may not be enough, so it is often necessary to provide the southern beauty with additional light, attracting artificial lamps for this. Arrange artificial light sources at a distance of 60-70 cm from the pot.
In the summer midday heat of gardenia requires protection from direct sunlight. To provide this protection, shade the window with a light cloth or translucent paper. This measure will help preserve delicate flowers and leaves of the plant.
It is not necessary to turn the pot with a plant, as many do, trying to provide sufficient lighting for the whole bush. Gardenia does not like permutations, including a simple turning around its axis of the pot. Shrub can react very violently to such turning over: it can also throw off leaves and flowers.
What to do to accelerate growth?
In order for home gardenia to grow more actively, to increase its pomp and decoration, it is necessary to cut the flower from time to time. Pruning is done after the shrub has faded. - that is, in the fall.
If you pluck the young shoots during the growing season, the shrub will grow more magnificently, and it will also bloom more abundantly. Use healthy and strong stalks that remain after pruning for breeding gardenias - ready-made planting material should not disappear.
Transplanting a new pot
To transplant gardenia, you must be consistent and accurate. It is important not to damage the root system of the plant. And first of all you need to choose a suitable pot. If you just brought a plant from the store, you should not pick up a pot of enormous size for it - enough capacity, more than 2-3 cm in diameter in a store pot.
- In order to properly carry out the transplant, carefully along with the earthy clod, remove the bush from the old pot. Try to remove the old soil from the roots (without fanaticism), and then place the plant in a solution with a biostimulator.
- At the bottom of the new pot, it is necessary to place the steam-sterilized drainage (expanded clay or sphagnum), then pour a layer of clean river sand, then coal, only at the end the ground. The last layer should be more than any other, this is understandable.
- Gardenia remove from the biostimulator, a little straighten the roots, put in a new pot. Lightly sprinkle on top of the soil, crush the ground a little as it is poured.
- After the bush is in place, pour the soil on top of the bio-solution in which it was wetted. Then the pot must be placed in a warm, sunny place, but protected from direct rays.
Watch the video on transplanting gardenia:
What is a gardenia
At home, however, grown only such a species as Gardenia jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides). In room conditions, the bush of gardenia grows, as a rule, up to 45-50 centimeters. It has leaves of great beauty that glitter and are painted in a dark green color.
Gardenia bloom continues for quite a long time, namely, from July to almost the last days of October. If this flower is well cared for, then on its shoots buds will be visible, and then flowers in a very large number. Terry flowers are large enough and have a white color. They are very similar to roses and have just excellent aroma.
This plant is able to decorate absolutely any room, successfully fitting into its interior and bringing some sophistication.
Gardenia is very demanding and capricious. In the room where it is located, there should be no drafts, and only soft water will be suitable for watering. Also, this flower is warm and light-loving, and feels great when the humidity in the room is quite high. If you care for gardenia correctly, then you will definitely be rewarded for your work with an abundance of lovely colors.
Often, this wonderful flower is given as a gift, and its new owner can hardly guess how to take care of it. And there are cases when gardenia dies due to a change in habitat and changes in temperature. Despite the fact that it is rather difficult to “make friends” with this beauty, it is certainly worth it.
Gardening at home
If you want to grow this plant in your apartment, then you certainly should know and follow a few important rules. The main thing to remember is that your plant should have enough moisture, heat and light. It is also important to know that gardenia loves absolutely no changes. It is not allowed to rearrange the pot from place to place, temperature drops, over-wetting of the soil or, on the contrary, overdrying.
This flower is very fond of light, and throughout the day it needs full lighting. However, in the summer at noon, gardenia must be protected from the direct rays of the sun.
It is best to put a flower pot on the window sill located on the east or west side of the room. In winter, a window located in the southern part is perfect for this. This plant is very sensitive to changes in light. This is especially true of the period when he begins to lay buds. The fact is that if you start to turn a flower pot or move it to another place, the buds may fall off.
After the purchase
Recently acquired gardenia should not be disturbed. She needs time to recover from the transferred stress associated with transportation, change of location.
The adaptation period usually lasts 2-3 weeks, not more. Perhaps the store bought a flowering plant, then it is important to let the gardenia blossom. However, not always everything goes smoothly. It often happens that on arrival home gardenia drops buds.
Thus, it responds to a change of residence, transportation, relocation. After 3 weeks or at the end of flowering, the exotic beauty should be transplanted. The transfer is connected with the fact that the soil in which it was sold, has almost no nutrients.
Gardenia, of course, prefers the light, so it would be good to put it in a bright place. But when it comes into contact with scorching sunshine, burns on the leaves occur.
On hot days the bright sun needs to be pritenyat. The best option would be windowsills on the west or east side.
In the cold season, the south window is suitable. Gardenia does not accept displacement, especially during budding. This is fraught with dropping the buds.
Jasmine gardenia, like most plants, does not tolerate transplantation. This process should be performed 1 time in 2-3 years, as the root system grows. Young individuals should be transplanted annually. The process of soil renewal is usually performed in early spring, necessarily after flowering.
- Pour the soil well and allow time to stand for easier extraction of the exotus from the tank.
- Then take out the plant.
- At the bottom of the new pot, put the expanded clay granules with a layer of about 4-5 cm.
- Pour a piece of earth over the drainage.
- Put a flower in a pot with a lump of soil.
- Sprinkle on the sides and top with fresh substrate.
- Moisturize In the water, you can add a couple of drops of Kornevin or Epin to stimulate root growth.
Read more about gardenia transplants in this video:
Photo of indoor flower
See the photo of how this exotic plant looks like:
Problems and Diseases
For non-professionals, caring for a plant is quite a challenge. After all, if the existing parameters do not correspond to the required ones, a number of health problems with gardenia arise.
- the emergence of dry foliage - a sign of improperly done transplant, improper soil, disturbed irrigation system,
- the fall of the buds indicates a flower overcooling, excess moisture, moving the pot during flowering, low humidity,
- the appearance of old spots on the leaves indicates the development of the disease chlorosis,
- if the leaves turn black and fall, then there is a problem with the roots, it is possible to flood, also dry air in the room, lack of nutrients, infection with spider mites,
- if the foliage turns yellow - this is evidence of low temperature in the room, lack of fluid, improperly selected soil, watering with hard water.
In more detail about the problems with the leaves, we wrote in this article, and what diseases and pests can bring your darling trouble, you will find out here.
To stimulate growth and prolonged flowering, it is important to subject the plant to pruning. Conduct this procedure after the flowering stage, namely in the fall. First of all, diseased, damaged, underdeveloped processes are removed, this will add strength to the flower.
During the growing season they pinch the side shoots, so the bush looks more lush and neat.
Indeed, jasmine gardenia requires increased attention. But this does not mean that it does not need to be bred at home. Even an inexperienced but purposeful florist can cope with this. It is important even before the purchase will familiarize with the rules of care, and create the necessary parameters in the room. And in the future, simply support them and comply with the above recommendations.
Gardenia care at home
How to care for gardenia - temperature . In the winter months, the plant should be kept cool. Cool nights (about 16 ° C) and warm days (24 ° C) at the end of winter - early spring contribute to the formation of flower buds. The rest of the time, the room temperature is perfect - 18 - 24 ° C. With a constantly high temperature - above 24 ° With the plant will increase the green mass to the detriment of flowering.
Lighting . Plants need a lot of light to bloom. Place the plant where it will receive several hours of bright sunlight every day. Shade only on hot summer days. If there is a shortage of natural light, use additional fluorescent lighting.
Gardenia plant - care, pruning . Proper care of the plants will allow you to enjoy the abundant and long flowering of these indoor plants. Cut gardenia at the end of winter with sharp shears. To make the crown more dense - pinch the tips of the shoots when the plant is at rest. Pruning contributes to more abundant flowering next year. In the warm season, you can take the plant to fresh air. Gardenia loves bottom heating, but it should be canceled during flowering. In flowering plants, it is not necessary to change the conditions of existence - they will drop buds.
Gardenia Pot - Ground . Prefers a soil with an acidic pH - from 5 to 6. Choose a soil on the basis of peat with a sufficient content of organic matter in the form of humus, well drained. Ready-made soils should buy azalea soil or add finely chopped pine or fir needles to the soil to acidify it.
Growing gardenia - feeding . During the period of active growth, 2 times a month with fertilizer intended for plants loving acidic soil - with a high content of potassium and iron, diluted by half. Loves feeding iron chelate and organic. Apply top dressing only after or together with watering - so you can avoid the burn of a delicate root system.
Purpose . Highly appreciated for the abundance of fragrant flowers, great for cutting.
Гардения дома - время цветения . С мая по июль, но периодически зацветает в любое другое время. Сформировав бутоны осенью растение может простоять с ними до весны и только с наступлением длинного светового дня они раскроются.With proper care can bloom 2 times a year.
Air humidity . High. Use a room humidifier or place the pot on a tray with wet pebbles. It is good to apply spraying in the summer in the morning. Try to prevent water droplets from falling on the flowers. He likes good air circulation, but without cold drafts.
Gardenia watering . Blooming gardenias consume quite a lot of water. Drought makes the buds fall. Keep the soil moist but not damp. Slightly reduce watering in winter. Yellowed leaves, as a rule, talk about waterlogging. Use a pot with large drainage holes and allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings. For irrigation, use softened water at room temperature and, if necessary, periodically add lemon juice or citric acid to it.
Gardenia transplant . At the end of winter, when transplanting, you can control the size of the plant by transplanting it into a small pot. Instead of transplanting, it is better to apply transshipment to fresh ground, since the plant does not suffer damage to the root system. After planting, carefully tamp the soil around the bush to remove the air pockets. Do not touch flowering bushes - for transplanting, wait until full flowering or use transshipment. After transplantation, when the plant is overrun, it is worth covering the crown with a plastic transparent bag to maintain moisture.
Gardenia reproduction, landing . Apical cuttings about 8 cm long in spring or early summer. The use of growth hormone at the same time contributes to the most rapid and successful rooting. Stick the cuttings into a moist, loose soil, cover with a plastic cap or glass to maintain humidity and keep at a temperature of about 25 ° C. Gardenia is also successfully grown from seed - however, this method is suitable for patient growers.
Pests and diseases of gardenia . Whiteflies, mealybugs, aphids and spider mites. The fall of the buds when the air is too dry, too wet, or the soil is dry. The leaves turn yellow with the wrong mode of irrigation - when the bays or dry soil. Gardenia leaves dry when kept in an too dry atmosphere or near heating appliances. The plant does not bloom when there is a lack of lighting and does not like watering with cold water.
Note. Do not rush to repot the bush immediately after purchase - watch the plant in new conditions, leave gardenia to get used to it without immediately putting additional stress on it.
You may also be interested in:
Gardenia - home care
Jasmine-shaped gardenia is one of the most beautiful ornamental home plants. And if you decide to start this flower on your windowsill, you should carefully and thoroughly examine the features of caring for them.
Under natural conditions, gardenia has the appearance of trees or large shrubs. The homeland of this plant is Southeast Asia. A distinctive feature of this flower is a magnificent aroma and large, very beautiful flowers. By its aesthetic properties of gardenia not inferior to roses or peonies.
How to fertilize
From March to August, while there is an intensive growth, it will be necessary to fertilize the gardenia every 14 days. To do this, it is best to use liquid fertilizer for flowering houseplants. The required amount of fertilizer to be applied to the soil is calculated as follows: you need to divide the dose recommended in the instructions by 2.
Transplantation is carried out at the very beginning of spring. As a rule, they do it in 2 years. Do not disturb the plant during flowering, otherwise its buds will fall. Do not forget about good drainage.
What soil is suitable
Do not use the soil, which is composed of lime. Best suited acidic soil mixture with a pH of 4.5 - 5.5. The soil mixture consists of land such as: coniferous, sod, leaf and peat, sand is also added. Everything is mixed in equal parts. When buying a finished mixture is best to opt for the one that is intended for planting azaleas.
After the plant ottsvetet, it will be necessary to prune by ½ or 2/3 of the length of the shoots. When vegetation is observed, it is necessary to pinch the tops of the young shoots. Thereby you will stimulate the growth of new shoots and increase the number of flower buds. Shoots that have been pruned can not be thrown out, but used for breeding gardenias.
Pests and diseases
Often this flower is attacked by thrips, spider mites, aphids, and also scab. If pests are seen on a plant, then it must be treated with an insecticide, for example, decis, Intavir, fitoverm or aktellik. If there is a small amount of pests, it will be enough to spray gardenia once. However, if there are many of them, then the treatment will have to be repeated 3 times, while doing the gap between them in 7-10 days.
When growing gardenia, you may encounter the following difficulties:
- The flower grows extremely slowly, there are no buds, and the leaves are very pale. - insufficient amount of light or essential nutrients.
- Yellowish streaks appeared on the foliage. - it is necessary to acidify the earth.
- Flowers and buds fall, leaves wilt, and the flower itself wilts - most likely the air temperature is below normal.
- The foliage turns yellow and falls (or falls, even not turning yellow) - insufficient amount of moisture in the soil or watering is not made of warm water, as expected, but cold.
- The leaves turn yellow and fall off. - the plant is watered with cold water or temperature drops occur.
- Bud fall - air humidity below normal, and it may also be due to the movement of the flowerpot from place to place.
Care of the room garden at home
Under natural conditions, gardenia grows in warm climates. The soil for the plant must be enriched with oxygen and have a weak acid reaction. Is unacceptable that the soil contained lime. The substrate can be prepared at home or purchased in the store ready soil mixture for azaleas.
- Gardenia is very fond of sunlight, but it can suffer from direct rays. The lighting in the place where gardenia grows should be quite bright, but diffused. The direct rays of the midday sun can cause burns on the leaves. It is best to place a pot with a house plant on the west or southwest side. If the windows overlook the south side, during the day you will need to cover the plant from direct scorching rays.
- In the winter months, gardenia will also need bright lighting. If for some reason it is impossible, it is better to lower the air temperature in the room to 16 degrees. At low temperatures, the plant tolerates adverse conditions much better. In summer and spring, the optimum temperature during the day will be + 20–25 ° C, and at night +15–18. In winter, gardenia is not limited in the amount of sunlight and the pot is placed in places with the greatest amount of sunlight.
- To provide gardenia care and proper temperature, you can periodically ventilate the room. However, it should be remembered that the plant does not tolerate drafts. Forming buds may suffer from this. With frequent stays in a draft, the plant begins to lose the already blooming flowers, and the buds begin to dry out.
- A similar effect can be observed when the room is too hot and dry. To ensure sufficient amount of moisture in the air, special household appliances can be used or the pot can be placed in a tray with moist ceramite.
Irrigation and fertilizer rules
To provide this whimsical southern plant proper health and freshness, you must adhere to the following rules for watering:
- The crown of a gardenia flower should be regularly irrigated with warm filtered water.
- The leaves are gently wiped with a damp cloth.
- During irrigation it is necessary to ensure that water does not fall into the pot.
- The soil in the pot, where gardenia grows, should be slightly moist, but you should not allow water to accumulate in the pan.
- In the cold season, the frequency and intensity of irrigation should be reduced. At this time, the plant significantly slows its growth and therefore does not need a large amount of liquid.
- Water for irrigation room gardenia should be very soft and have a temperature not lower than room temperature. Too cold water from the plant may turn yellow leaves.
- Since the plant loves acidified soil, it needs to be watered once a month with a little lemon juice or citric acid added to the water. In such conditions, the plant will be better to absorb nutrients from the soil.
For fertilizing a gardenia flower, it is advisable to use complex fertilizers for flowering azaleas and gardenias.. To make them should be in strict in accordance with the attached instructions.
In addition to fertilizing the soil, it is necessary to regularly provide foliar dressing. For this purpose, microelement complexes are used. Such foliar nutrition will be useful even in winter, especially if the plant shows signs of chlorosis.
Fertilizer is required to make throughout the spring and summer. It should start 4-6 weeks after transplantation. The average feeding frequency is twice a month.
How to trim gardenia
To ensure abundant flowering the plant must be properly nipped and cut.
This is done after flowering or before transplanting. Flower shoots are usually shortened by half their length. In the period of active growth, the tops of new shoots are pinched. This stimulates the growth of lateral shoots. If the plant is not cut, next year it will bloom much less and its crown will look ugly.
Plant Diseases and Pests
Very often, this houseplant is thrown to such pests as scutes, aphids, thrips, spider mites.
Under the influence of these parasites the plant loses its flowers and buds, begins to grow poorly.
- When infected with a shield on the leaves and stems of the flower, brown spots appear.
- Grayish points on the upper parts of the sheet indicate damage by thrips.
- When infecting aphids, sticky secretions appear on the flowers and the tips of the shoots.
- If the leaves are covered with cobwebs and begin to dry - this is a sign of the presence of spider mites.
When detecting the signs described above in a plant, it is necessary to use insecticidal preparations. Decis products have a good effect., Actellick, Fitoverm. If the defeat is not too serious, one spraying will be enough. With a strong infection, the treatment will take several times with a break of 7 - 10 days.