For most people, only one tree is known, called the willow - it is a weeping willow. But in nature there are many different species of this plant, such as willow Matsudana. Photos of this beauty are now in front of you. Among her relatives, she stands out for her unusual beauty. Such twisted in a spiral, winding branches with silver-olive folded leaves you will not see on any tree. Such decorative beauty is not created by human hands, but by nature itself. The color of the leaves changes with the change of each season, so that the garden in which this miracle of nature “lives” turns into a real fabulous place. If you decide to “plant” a tree such as willow of Matsudana in your plot, planting and caring for this plant will not be very difficult for you. And if you plant not one, but several garden beauties, then you can make the Japanese version, instead of the usual Japanese sakura, the Japanese willow of Matsudana will please you with its abundant and beautiful color.
Iva Matsudana: photos, description
In open ground, Matsudan has the appearance of a tree, whose height is about 8 meters, and the branching crown is about 5 meters in diameter. The crown of the willow is very beautiful, openwork, wide pyramidal shape.
Young shoots of yellowish-olive color have slight pubescence, after a while they become bare and become brown in color. The leaves are lanceolate, can grow up to 10 cm in length. Flowers earrings are small, about two centimeters in length. Flowering begins simultaneously with the appearance of leaves.
Iva Matsudana: reproduction
Matsudana, as well as all its relatives, grows very quickly, in the first years of life, the growth of a tree per year is about 1 meter, then an adult plant adds 50-60 cm per year. So, in order to breed these beautiful plants in your garden plants, a lot of time and effort is required.
Willow Matsudana winding does not form root offspring, so that in this way the plant can not be propagated. Seed propagation is also ineffective. You can apply the separation of the bush, but in the best way grafting has proved itself.
Cuttings form roots very easily and quickly, so the method of cuttings can be said to be quite simple. It is necessary to take lignified cuttings about a finger thick, plant them in spring in nutritious soil and water. Very soon the roots will grow from the cuttings, and you will be able to see the first young shoots. Thin cuttings should not be used for breeding, as they take root much worse.
Although willow Matsudana and unpretentious to the soil, but grows best on light and medium loam. Like all willows, it easily tolerates close bedding of groundwater. When choosing a place for a Japanese beauty, you need to take into account the fact that she loves the sun, so “settle” her in a place where the sun is open. At the same time, the willow does not tolerate places where the wind freely walks, the gusts of the northeast wind are especially destructive for it. It is best to plant Matsudana surrounded by other trees and shrubs, thereby protecting it.
For planting willow, you need to dig a hole 50 cm by 50 cm in size, 40 cm deep. Then prepare the soil mixture, which should consist in equal proportions of soil, compost or rotten manure and peat. Depending on the soil, sand up to 20% and complex mineral fertilizers can be added to the soil. Prepare the mixture half fill a hole dug for planting, mix the soil thoroughly. If you plan to plant several plants to create an alley or a hedge, then prepare a whole trench 50 cm wide, 40 cm deep at once.
If seedlings with a closed root system, they easily take root at any time of the year, they can be planted safely from April to October. Only in this case it is necessary to ensure that the coma and the roots are not dried out. This rule does not apply to all saplings, plants with open roots are recommended to be planted in early spring, before the time when buds are in full bloom, or in the middle of autumn, when leaves begin to crumble. When planting seedlings in October, it is necessary to remove all leaves.
In the first year of planting a young plant needs abundant regular watering. Depending on the size of the willow, it will take from 20 to 50 liters of water once every two weeks. If the air temperature is too high, watering the tree during the dry period is necessary every seven days. When the willow is stronger, it will be enough moderate irrigation.
A true decoration of the garden is the willow of Matsudana. Plant care is simple, but some rules must be followed. As mentioned earlier, the tree is completely unpretentious, able to endure both frost and drought with a little help from the person. The adult willow has very deep roots, so that during a drought, it itself copes with a lack of moisture, feeding in the depths of the ground. Autumn sometimes it is necessary to remove fallen leaves from the site. In summer or autumn, grafted trees must be freed from wild shoots.
Iva Matsudana is growing so fast, but if she is properly fed, she will start to gladden her hosts with her extraordinary rare beauty much more quickly. Most of all this plant loves when it is “treated” with organic matter. During the spring and summer, two or three times it is recommended to apply complex fertilizers, in the end of August it is necessary to add potassium sulfate and superphosphate.
A very branchy tree is the willow of Matsudan, pruning its lush crown is simply necessary both for the care of the plant and for the creation of a beautiful decorative form. Pruning is one of the most interesting stages in the care of winding willow. Without a "haircut" Matsudan very thickened, so be sure to do at least a corrective pruning.
For creative people, pruning this tree turns into a true masterpiece creation. You can “wipe out” willow and create a most bizarre shape with shears, you can give a bobbed shape to a magnificent crown.
Many plant lovers every spring cut the winding willow on the stump, as a result of this cut, the willow does not freeze, but grows with a bush. Such an original bush with beautifully curved branches looks very beautiful on any site.
Young shoots need to be periodically pruned in order to form such a crown, what you want to see in the garden, there are many options for pruning. Garter no Matsudane required, it is the work of nature itself. The winding willow perfectly tolerates pruning and allows you to "sculpt" from its branches all sorts of forms.
Thanks to the beautiful branches, willow is used by designers in the design of Japanese gardens - this is becoming a classic gardening. Also, willow looks good both in single plantings and when creating complex compositions. In addition to the fact that the beautiful plant serves as a decoration for the landscape, you can use the twisted willow branches for wicker handicrafts from the vine and for flower arrangements.
Preparing for the winter
Yves Matsudana is considered winter-hardy, but young plants and those varieties that do not tolerate frosts too well need shelter for the winter. It is recommended to warm your green pets in October or in the first half of November. If, despite the efforts of the owner, the branched beauty froze through in winter, then you should not get upset too, after a while with proper care and warm weather, the willow will recover and will again delight with its beautiful view.
If it was a rainy year, the owners of winding willow should be prepared for the fact that black and gray spots similar to a dirty patina may appear on the leaves of the tree. Panic, noticing such a nuisance is not necessary. To return the plant to its former beauty, it is necessary to spray it with copper oxychloride (HOM) or oxyhom.
Iva Matsudana, besides being very beautiful and exotic, has many useful properties:
- tea from fresh leaves relieves fatigue
- white willow bark has astringent, antipyretic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic action,
- osteochondrosis and gout are treated with a broom in the bath,
- quinine contained in the plant is a powerful anti-malaria drug
- a weak solution of bark used in the treatment of weak and brittle hair, it fills them with all the necessary substances,
- willow is used externally: for rinsing the mouth and throat, for douching, for varicose disease, for skin diseases, for sweating feet,
- willow - wound healing agent
- scientists proved that willow is able to absorb heavy metals, thanks to which the plant perfectly cleans contaminated areas,
- willow is one of the best plants that can trap dust; an adult tree can hold about 38-40 kg of dust in one summer.
External features of the willow tree Matsudana
Willow, Matsudana, is a fast-growing tree or large shrub with a broad pyramidal crown with thin stems. Twisted branches with leaves form the original pattern inside the crown.
Bright orange branches twisted in spirals hang down downwards, giving the tree an exotic look. Elongated leaves also have a twist feature.
Yves Matsudana is always unique and inimitable, because the branches always twist in different ways. There are no absolutely identical trees. Demonstrating fantastic beauty, the tree is particularly pleased with the view during the flowering period. However, the willow of Matsudana is extraordinary at any time of the year.
The tree grows quickly in places with fertile soil in lighted areas.
Iva Matsudana: landing and care
Universal plant is easy to grow, as the tree feels good, both on wet, alkaline, neutral soils, and on dry. Yves Matsudana grows well near the house, in the park, in the garden, in the park, as it is not afraid of dust or gas pollution. It is resistant to excessive moisture, excessive soil compaction.
To simplify the process of planting a plant, it is better to buy a tree with a closed root system.
Landing. Seedlings in a container with the necessary fertilizers are planted in the planting pit. This will prevent damage to the root system. In the pit pre-spread mixture consisting of turf land, peat, sand, leaf soil. The tree when landing quickly takes root.
Crop. Wood tolerates molding pruning. Shear heavily thickened willow to create an attractive appearance, preserve the decorative. Matted branches do not allow to consider the twisted ornament of spiral branches.
Trees grow freely until they reach a height of 1 m. After that, they begin to prune. Young shoots are shortened by 15-20 cm. The buds, which are directed upwards or to the side, are left. This is a wonderful tree for bonsai lovers.
Yves Matsudana Erythroflexuosis is used in a single planting at the pond, near the lawn as a solitary plant.
A tree is planted in the foreground in a group composition. Willow in perfect harmony with coniferous plants: pine, spruce, and also looks original against the background of a flower bed, juniper, spherical tui.
Fertilizers. For favorable development, growth should be regularly fed the plant with organic, mineral fertilizers, vermiculture.
Yves Matsudana needs abundant watering, timely weeding, corrective pruning of branches. In the spring, the soil around the willow of Matsudan cake should be loosened periodically, then mulching should be done with peat.
The reproduction of willow in nature is carried out by seeds.
Since willow Matsudana is an unpretentious tree, gardeners lovers will not have any special difficulties in caring for it. At home, gardeners prefer a vegetative cutting method.
Pests. Untreated tree can be damaged by the following pests: aphids, dustworm, lepidoptera caterpillars, spider mites, barbel, fungal diseases. It is necessary to process the plant with fungicides in a timely manner in order to protect the plant from pests and fungal infections.
- they grow fast
- very hardy
- like wet soils
- breed easily
- do not require special care.
Another willow matsudana called winding. It has an unusually twisted shape - with serpentine, curved, ascending, olive-green shoots. This willow is just that unusual, that its branches can wriggle and give the plant an unusual shape and charm. It blooms with small yellow flowers, which are collected in buds, earrings.
Planting willow matsudana
Now there are a lot of nurseries that implement willow in containers, but if they wanted to grow it from scratch, then it is quite possible. It is necessary to cut a twig twenty centimeters long before bud break, that is, in early spring. Prepare the soil, as it is called, of medium lightness, from sand, humus and sod land. The stalk easily takes root, but for complete certainty, it can be treated with a root formation stimulator. Almost completely sprinkle a branch on the ground, just leave a small piece of five to seven centimeters with three buds above the surface. To maintain moisture, cover the tank with a bag. When willow is enough to take root, you can safely open it.
When choosing a place for planting willow matsudana you need to remember that it is first of all photophilous planttherefore, you need to choose a place where there will be enough sunlight. And also you need to make sure that the plant is not damaged by the northern wind, which is destructive for him. You need a decent free space so that its branches do not curl.
In order to plant a willow sapling you need to dig a hole fifty-fifty centimeters, and to a depth of forty cm. It should be filled with a special soil mixture, which consists of compost or rotted manure, soil and peat, all this is necessary in the ratio of one to one. In addition, we must not forget about complex mineral fertilizers.
A tree whose root system is closed is well and quickly takes root from April to October. The main thing is that the roots are not over dried. But the plants, which have an open root system, it is better to plant in early spring, if the buds have not yet blossomed, or in October, when the leaves begin to fall. If planting was done in the fall, then it is necessary to remove the leaves from the seedling.
At first time after planting willow must be watered abundantly, once every two weeks for twenty liters of water, it depends on the size of the plant itself, and in the dry period of time - about once a week. Later she will have enough and moderate watering. It is necessary to feed the plant three times per season with various organic fertilizers, sometimes it is also possible with mineral fertilizers. The willow itself is in principle frost-resistant, but it can still freeze in extreme cold, so that it is necessary to warm it at this time of year. But there is a risk that it may be blocked, therefore it is not necessary to cover it too tight.
It is easy to care for her, she quite cold hardy and thanks to deep roots, it copes with the lack of moisture. About feeding mentioned above in the article.
Pruning - This is one of the most interesting aspects of the care for winding willow. Correction of the crown is necessary, for this you need to have a pruner and special garden shears. If you have time and desire, you can create a real masterpiece from willow. There are many variations, for example, interlacing of branches or a delicate crown. This is the best option for those who want to have on the site original shrub. And you can also “age” a tree and give it the most incredible shape, holding only one shears in your hands. No garters are required, as nature itself does.
Application in landscape design
The willow of matsudan will add to any garden. It is used in landscape design most often as a solitary plant in a single planting on a lawn or near a reservoir. If the group landing, the emphasis is on it. It is well combined with various conifers, more with deciduous trees and bright shrubs.
More willow can serve as an excellent background for a flower garden. It is quite difficult to imagine a Japanese garden without this beautiful tree, which creates an atmosphere of pacification around itself, thanks to the calm swaying of its winding branches, as if it was specially created for such a corner of relaxation. Willow vines are often used by florists for their dry compositions.
If someone still decides to buy such a beautiful woman in the garden, then he will not regret it at all. It will perfectly fit into an existing landscape design or help create a new and unique corner. Because it does not require special care, it will not be a problem for any garden owner.
Thanks to its unusual twisted branches and leaves, it will add sophistication to the garden. And also due to the fact that it is necessary to cut it periodically, everyone can create a suitable tree to their own taste. Looking at your garden, everyone will feel the atmosphere of peace, tranquility and originality.
Planting and care
Почва для посадки ивы Матсудана подходит разная: песчаная, болотистая, не очень плодородная, щебнистая.
Посадка ивы: расстояние между растениями в группах от 2-4 м. Глубина посадки 40 см, при этом следует учитывать быстроту роста. Пересаживать иву матсудана лучше до трех лет. Дренаж из песка или щебня слоем 20 см обязателен на тяжелых глинаистых почвах. In winter, twisted and curved branches of orange willow, look great against the background of white snow.
Yves Matsudana (Salix matsudana Koidz). Slender tree up to 10 m, with an openwork, broad-pyramidal crown, smooth maloshibistom trunk. Shoots are straight, ascending, thin, young - slightly pubescent, yellowish-olive, later naked, brown. Leaves narrow-lanceolate, up to 10 cm long, long-acuminate, obtuse at the base. Earrings up to 2 cm, on long pubescent legs, bloom along with the blooming of leaves. Yves Matsudana has an unusually decorative, twisted (f. Tortuosa) form, with serpentine-curved, ascending, olive-green shoots. Sometimes you can find a willow growing in the form of a low shrub with a wide pyramidal openwork crown.
In culture since 1925. Of no less interest for ornamental gardening is the hybrid of willow of Matsuda and the willow of Babylon (S. matsudana x S. babylonica), which has the appearance of a tree with a weeping crown and yellowish-red falling, serpentine-curved shoots.
Yves Matsudana (Salix matsudana) will appeal to those who love unusual plants. The shoots of willow are fancifully curved, this is because as the willow branches grow, the thickening of the branches and trunks is uneven. And its leaves twist into incomplete spirals.
Due to the high decorative qualities of the main and hybrid species and especially the convoluted form are among the most interesting plants for landscaping. They can be used in single landings and to create original landscape corners. The fantastically curved shoots of willow of Matsudan are an excellent material for creating flower arrangements. The main species in culture since 1905.
Care: in hot weather, moisture-loving willow matsudana, if it does not grow near water bodies, it is recommended to water and spray it. Willow tolerates dry soils, tolerates spring flooding.
Young plantings loosen in the spring to the depth of the spade bayonet, and then mulch with a layer of peat up to 5 cm. They cut off the dead branches, form a crown and stem. Remove very long shoots at the bottom of the trunk. Plants tolerate a haircut well if it is not a weeping form. Old copies can be cut "on a stump".
10/9/2018 admin Comments No Comments
For a single landing,
Low tree, slow growing. Decorative thanks to unusual twisted spiral shoots.
Diameter of the crown of an adult plant (m): 4
Height of an adult plant (m): 4
Eritrofleksioza spiral willow is a low slow-growing tree. Decorative thanks to unusual twisted spiral shoots.
Used in single and group plantings, for decorating reservoirs.
Crohn dense globular.
Blossoms in April – May.
Earrings are yellow. Flowers inconspicuous, gray.
Prefers fertile, moist soil. Loves the sun, takes out the penumbra.
With a lump of land planted in April and October.
It requires feeding, loosening the wheel circle, trimming.
Watering regularly during the first year (25 l per week).
It is frost-resistant, but in zone 4 it is possible that a part of a bush or tree is freezing above the level of snow cover, which does not prevent the rapid restoration of the crown.
Resistant to pests and diseases.
Willow Matsudana - a tree of unusual beauty
Many people know only one name for willow - weeping. But in reality there are several types of willow in nature and one of them is willow matsudana with twisted branches and leaves. This plant of this Japanese silhouette is notable for its excellent decoration and helps to realize even the most ambitious ideas of landscape specialists and designers. Willow matsudana add garden territory refinement and refinement. This plant is great for urban areas, thanks to its unpretentiousness. It is suitable for single landing. Willow Matsudana is considered a healing tree. Its bark has antipyretic, astringent and diuretic properties. Willow bark contains a substance such as salicin.
Grow willow matsudana not be easy. This tree requires attentive attitude and systematic care.
Twilight Willow or Yves Matsudana
Here is a tip that will help those who want to plant and grow this willow in their garden:
- willow saplings are better to plant with a closed root system,
- prepare the landing pit and pour into it a natural mixture of peat and sand,
- willow matsudana prefers moist, fertile, acidic, alkaline soil,
- a tree is not afraid of gas and dust,
- not afraid of stagnant water in the soil
- if the soil is poor, then fertilizer is obligatory for it. With top dressing the main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise, the tree will lose its decorative effect,
- Matsudana willow likes spraying abundant watering, loose soil and weeding,
- strongly thickened branches are cut off in order not to spoil the decorativeness of the plant,
Willow matsudana, which is grown in a container will be a wonderful decoration for the balcony and loggia. The willow matsudan tree of erythroflexuosis is also very popular. It grows quickly, has a dense crown, not high, about 5 meters in height. Even without leaves, willow looks very aesthetic. This tree is suitable for small garden areas. This type of willow matsudana unpretentious, not afraid of pest attacks and resistant to disease. Amazingly beautiful willow tree winding matsudana. It will become a real masterpiece for landscape design. Her curved twigs look very unusual. This tree is very common in garden stores, so finding it will not be a big problem.
Yves Matsudana - a tree of this Japanese silhouette. Japanese artists love to depict the branches of this plant in their paintings. The unusually twisted picturesque branches, having at the same time red, yellow and green color, are asking to be imprinted on paper. Thanks to these spiral shoots with slightly twisted leaves, willow looks very impressive.
The property of wriggling branches is laid genetically in willow. This form of branches is caused by the fact that as they grow, the shoots thicken unevenly, which leads to their curvature or twisting in a spiral.
Thanks to its amazing decoration, willow allows you to realize the most courageous ideas of designers., wishing to give a garden composition refinement, or to convey the refinement of a Japanese garden with the help of this unusual plant.
In its natural habitat, willow Matsudana likes to settle along the banks of rivers and lakes. The distribution area of this plant covers China, Japan, Korea and Manchuria. In nature, willow has medium size, grows up to eight meters in height with a crown diameter of five meters.
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Description of willow matsudana
Willow Matsudana - medium thick tree or large shrub, with surprisingly twisted branches and leaves, forming a fancy crown shape, always different, but very harmonious.
Cultivated plants rarely exceed three and a half meters in height even under ideal growing conditions..
Willow is a fast-growing tree, the annual growth is 40-60 cm. It is beautiful during flowering, looks amazing in the winter without leaves, demonstrating its exotic beauty, beautiful in the summer in green. Iva Matsudana is good at any time of the year.
The thin stems of willow matsudana are not inferior in beauty to the tree as a whole. Bright orange-yellow, twisted graceful spirals, they hang down in a luxuriant mass from twisted branches, giving the plant a fantastic look. The leaves, elongated and also slightly curled, complete this pictorial picture.
Yves Matsudana in culture since the beginning of the last century. For such a short period, it has gained and continues to gain incredible popularity. Gardeners deduced various ornamental plant species, differing in foliage color, growth, but the main feature — leaf twisting and wriggling branches — is retained in all related species.
Yves Matsudana, although it is well acclimatized in our climatic conditions, does not tolerate severe frosts. In the suburbs may be covered with snow covered tips of the branches. To preserve the plant, it should be covered for the winter, wrapped up with spunbond or other material, and also planted in a place protected from the wind, preferably on a well-lit, sunny.
Due to its flexibility and great decorativeness, willow branches are used by arrangers to decorate the premises, to create various compositions with dried flowers and other composite material.
- 40-60 cm
- Frost down to -30 °
- Formative, sanitary
- For young seedlings
Growing Matsudan willow is not difficult. Like all willows, the plant loves quite moist soils, grows well on neutral, acidic, alkaline. But it can also grow on sufficiently dry soils, which makes Matsudan willow a universal plant for urban conditions. In addition, the plant is not afraid of gas, dust, grows well in urban squares, parks and private gardens. Despite the superficial root system, willow tolerates excessive moisture and compaction of the soil near the trunk circle.
It is better to acquire and plant seedlings with a closed root system, it simplifies the process of planting and caring for the plant. When planting a plant, a nutrient mixture of peat, leaf soil and sand mixed with sod land in equal quantities is placed in the planting pit. The addition of an additional portion of fertilizer is necessary only on very poor soils. However, try not to overdo it with fertilizers, as this leads to increased growth of the branches, which damages the decorativeness of the plant.
The main care for willow is weeding, loosening, abundant watering and corrective shearing.
Prune heavily thickened plantssince the tangled branches of the crown harm decorativeness, they do not allow us to see the unique pattern of spiral branches. When organizing the proper care of willow in Matsudan, you can forget about diseases and pests. Do not forget that an excess of fertilizers, as well as the very launching of a plant, can lead to a loss of both decoration and the plant itself. Do not overdo it!
Iva Matsudana in landscape design
The lush, dense, strongly branched crown of willow in Matsudan has a very decorative look..
Yves Matsudana is most often used as a solitary plant in a single planting on a lawn or near a decorative pond.. In group plantings, willows usually land in the foreground, playing the role of an accent plant. Demonstrating its extraordinary beauty, willow goes well with ordinary spruce, pine pine.
It looks great on the background of high spherical thuja and junipers. such as "Blue Arrow" and "Skyrocket", Cossack juniper and horizontal, as well as the average "Pfitzerian."
Willow Matsudana can be a background for a bright flower garden or mixborder. As a true Japanese, willow is usually present in the composition of the Japanese garden. It is perfect for a garden of relaxation, because it attracts the eye, fascinates and soothes by gently rocking the unusual branches. To complement the composition with this willow will help Ginnala maple, various bansai, as well as stone sculptures and compositions.
Grown in a container willow can decorate the terrace, balcony or loggia. The container with willow can be placed in the roof garden, used in garden compositions in miniature gardens of various styles and directions.