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Loch narrow-leaved: description, useful properties, photos

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The loch is a treelike thorny shrub that has a number of useful properties used in various spheres of human activity. Musical instruments are made of its wood, the leaves and bark are suitable for tanning and dyeing leather, and glue is made from gum. The loch is a good melliferous plant and a unique medicinal plant, which has, in addition, nutritional value.

From the point of view of traditional medicine, its fruits are the most valuable, although flowers, leaves, bark and resin are also used for medicinal purposes. The fruits of this shrub contain proteins and carbohydrates, tannins and dyes, organic acids, salts of phosphorus and potassium. The leaves contain vitamins E and C, in the flowers - essential oil.

When harvesting raw leaves collected in the first half of summer, flowers - in May and early June. Dry them under a canopy or in special dryers at a temperature not higher than 40–50 ° C. The finished raw material can be stored within two years, after which it loses its useful properties.

Use of sucker

In folk medicine, the plant is used as an astringent, antiviral and antibacterial agent, it is prescribed for inflammatory processes in the body. Broths and infusions are prepared from the leaves, contributing to a decrease in body temperature during fever and colds, they are used externally with radiculitis, rheumatism, and gout.

The fruits of the sucker are able to improve memory and facilitate the flow of malaria, they also have an expectorant and diuretic effect. In addition, its berries are a tasty tonic and fortifying agent, necessary for all who have problems with the cardiovascular system. A decoction of dry fruit helps with colitis and diarrhea.

Broth of fruits: you should pour 30 g of dry berries with a glass of boiling water and boil them for about half an hour in a water bath. Strain the mixture can be hot through several layers of gauze. The resulting volume must be brought to the original using hot boiled water and after cooling, store the broth for no more than two days in the refrigerator. Dosage - 2 tablespoons of drink 3 times a day for 10-15 minutes before meals. Means well removes inflammation and kills pathogenic microbes.

Tincture of flowers: 100 g of dry or fresh flowers are required to be poured with 1 liter of 40–50-degree alcohol and infused for a month. To prepare the tincture, a glass container with dark walls and a dense stopper is used. The drug is taken in 20-25 drops, diluting them in 100 g of water at room temperature.

Sugar berry

The fruit of the plant is dry, false, ovary, oval in shape, 0.7–2.0 cm long, with yellowish powdery pulp, slightly astringent, but sweet and juicy. They ripen in late September. Berries are formed by not only the ovary, but also the perianth, the lower part of which grows, becomes fleshy and covers the ovary.

The most valuable part of this shrub are the fruits, they are not only tasty, but also very useful. They can be consumed fresh, and they retain their healing properties for more than four months, and also in a dry form - as additives to bread, cereals and other culinary dishes. From the berries of the sucker prepare infusions and decoctions used in the treatment of a number of different diseases.

Flower sucker

Flowers of the plant are small, not more than 1 cm, on short pedicels. They are located on the 1-3 pieces in the axils of the leaves. Each flower has a simple four-membered bell-shaped perianth, 4 stamens and a pistil with a thread-like column. The shrub is cross-pollinated with insects. During flowering, the sweet and fragrant scent of flowers can be heard from afar.

In folk medicine, preparations of flowers prescribed for edema, colitis, bronchitis, heart disease, as well as a wound-healing and antihelminthic. They are effective for rheumatism and gout, for hypertension and high temperature.

Broth: for its preparation, you need to steam up 6 grams of dried flowers with a glass of boiling water and insist on a water bath for 15–20 minutes. The finished product should be drained and bring to the previous volume by adding boiled water. Take the medicine 15–20 minutes before meals 3 times a day for 1/3 cup.

Sucker silver

The homeland of the silver sucker is Central China, where it has long been revered as a magical plant, rejuvenating the body and giving strength. This tree shrub reaches four meters in height and is distinguished by the silver-metallic luster of the leaves on the reverse side. The crown of this plant is very decorative.

Shrub berries exhibit antiviral and antibacterial activity, they are used as an astringent, anthelmintic and sedative (sedative) drugs. Drugs of them stimulate the heart and prevent sclerosis. The flowers of the plant have been used in the perfume industry, various handicrafts are made of wood, curative decoctions and infusions are made from fruits.

Loch narrow-leaved

A representative of this species is a low prickly tree with a curved trunk and silver leaves. His young shoots are also grayish-silver, the others are gray. This type of sucker emits gum, which is used to make glue for the furniture industry. The plant is very drought-resistant and almost does not suffer from hot dry winds, grows well on saline soils and forms a lot of adventitious roots when the trunk falls asleep.

Fresh leaves of the sucker of narrow-leaved can be applied to purulent wounds, as they accelerate the healing process and relieve inflammation. A decoction of the leaves rinse the mouth with stomatitis and gingivitis. Infusions of flowers help with hypertension and diseases of the upper respiratory tract. For inflammation of the stomach and colon, a decoction of dry berries is taken orally.

Loch multicolored

This type of sucker once grew only in the forests of Japan and China. It was brought to us by the Japanese, who settled in the beginning of the 20th century in southern Sakhalin. They often planted a plant near their homes and called it “gum”. The Japanese still believe that its berries are the fruits of youth and longevity.

Multi-flowered loch grows in the form of a shrub 1.0–1.5 meters in height, with nitrogen-fixing bubbles forming on its roots. Its fruits in appearance resemble dates, they ripen in early August. They contain leucine and lysine, arginine, aspartic and glutamic acids, amino acids.

Berries are used as an effective anti-inflammatory and tonic agent, preparations of them are prescribed for stomach disorders. Fresh berries can be stored no more than 5-6 days. The leaves also have beneficial properties; they contain a lot of vitamin C. They are dried and brewed alone or with tea.

Sucker umbrella

At home, in Japan, the umbrella sucker grows up to four meters high. It has many varieties and is quite popular with gardeners. It is a good honey plant with delicious edible fruits. They are used not only fresh, but they also make wine and jam from berries. The plant is unpretentious, grows relatively quickly and enriches the soil with oxygen. It is of interest to gardeners in the formation of single and group plantings for decorative purposes, when creating contrasting groups.

Contraindications to the use of sucker

The plant has practically no contraindications, perhaps, except for individual intolerance. However, for pregnant women and women during lactation it is best to consult with your doctor about the use of drugs based on it.

Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).

Healing properties

Loch's preparations are of low toxicity, they have an anticholinergic effect, and also have a pronounced effect on blood circulation (a positive effect on heart activity, lowering blood pressure) and respiratory organs.

Loch narrow-leaved has sedative properties, enhances the effect of hypnotic substances, suppresses orienting reactions, prevents the development of aggressiveness and rage.

Medical applications

Loch narrow-leaved is used to treat diseases of the central nervous system, as one of the most effective anticholinergics.

From the plant receive a concentrate tannins and colloidal substances.

It is used as a binder for enterocolitis.

A decoction of the berries of the sucker is prescribed for colitis, diarrhea, gastric diseases, and also as an anti-inflammatory agent for respiratory diseases.

Preparations of the sucker of narrow-leaved have a pronounced effect on blood circulation, positively affecting the work of the heart, lowering blood pressure in hypertension.

Sugar berries have a sedative effect and are able to increase the effect of hypnotic substances.

In folk medicine, the narrow-leaved sucker is used in the treatment of diseases of the stomach, intestines, pancreas, heart and kidneys.

The article uses materials from open sources: Author: Oksana Ivanovna Rucheva - Book: “Healing Berries”

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Locations and growing conditions

This plant is found preferably in forest-steppes and steppes, as well as on the river banks of the European part of Russia, in Ukraine, in the foothills of the Caucasus, in Central Asia, Siberia and Kazakhstan, where there are whole thickets of shrubs.

As an ornamental and fruit plant, the narrow-leaved loch is bred in parks and gardens, as a result of selection in this culture rather large fruits. Silver foliage adorns it parkland.

Loch narrow-leaved grows rather quickly, about a meter per year. After 4 years there are downy side shoots of silver color. Propagated by cuttings, seeds and branches.

Plant description

The trunk of the sucker, covered with brown bark with 3-centimeter spikes (which are not present in the cultural forms of the plant), is bent during rapid growth. The plant has a strong and strong root system that adapts to any soil (even sandy and highly saline) and moderately moist soil, withstands droughts. It is unpretentious to urban dust and air pollution, but is afraid of frost.

The leaves of the sucker are oval, lanceolate, similar to laurel, gray-green above and white below, covered with small scales. They are attached to the trunk using narrowed to the base of 5−6 cm petioles.

Flowering and fruiting begins three-, five-year plant. Flowers - single, small, orange-yellow inside and silver-gray outside, located in the axils of the leaves, have a strong aroma. Flowering plant starts in June, flowering continues for 3 weeks.

In August, the fruit begins to ripen in the form of an oval-shaped orange drupe about 1 cm long and weighing 3 g with a stone inside. Fully ripening fruit favors long warm weather. Fruits have astringent sweet taste and have great nutritional value. They are easy to collect, as they have a long thin stalk. Fruits are stored for quite some time, they can be kept at room temperature all winter.

A decoction of fruit or dried leaves

30 g of fruits or leaves brew a glass of boiling water and simmer for half an hour in a water bath, then strain hot through several gauze layers, squeeze and bring the volume to the original. Drink warm before eating 2 tablespoons three times a day for inflammatory diseases of the stomach and colon. Such a decoction can be stored in the refrigerator for a maximum of two days.

Infusion and tincture of flowers

It is used in diseases of the upper respiratory tract, to strengthen the heart muscle, in case of hypertension and as a febrifuge.

6 g of flowers poured a glass of hot water, insist on a water bath a quarter of an hour, after squeezing and filtering, bring the volume to the original. Take an infusion of a third cup before meals three times a day.

To get a tincture of flowers, take a 40-degree vodka, pour flowers sucker at the rate of 1:10 and keep warm for 10 days. The infusion is taken orally in 10−20 drops three times a day on an empty stomach.

Tincture of seeds

It is prepared in a similar way. Use tincture of seeds with skin rashes and feverish conditions.

The fruits of the sucker, pounded together with the leaves of the plantain, hemorrhoids are treated. The leaves are applied to stop the blood to open wounds, and also used to treat non-healing wounds and ulcers.

Decorative forms of sucker

A kind of sucker narrow-leaved is a prickly sucker - evergreen shrub tall up to 7 m, having spreading branches and thick spines. Due to the long shoots, with which the sucker clings to other plants, it can rise to a 10-meter height, because of which he deserves the name of a climbing shrub.

The similarity of the sucker prickly with narrow-leaved - in fruits, leaves and flowers.

In the south of Russia It is widely used in landscape design as a hedge and in special spherical molding. They can decorate fences, walls, fences. Loch prickly goes well with other evergreen ornamental plants - privet, aukuba, photinia, spruce, holly, it is used as a composition with conifers.

In medicine

Loch narrow-leaved is prescribed for enterocolitis, diarrhea, diseases of the central nervous system, for diseases of the upper respiratory tract, during the initial stages of hypertension.

Loch narrow-leaved in medicine is used as one of the anticholinergics of the most effective action for the treatment of diseases of the central nervous system.

Concentrates of colloidal and tannins are obtained from the plant.

Loch prescribed as a binder for enterocolitis.

A decoction of the sucker berries narrow-leaved is used in diarrhea, colitis, gastric diseases, as well as in diseases of the respiratory tract is used as an anti-inflammatory.

Drugs of the sucker have a pronounced effect on blood circulation, positively affecting the work of the heart. With hypertension, they lower blood pressure.

Loss of narrow-leaved berries have a sedative effect and are able to potentiate the effect of hypnotic substances.

Loch narrow-leaved has almost no contraindications, except for individual intolerance. However, for pregnant women and during lactation it is better to consult a doctor before starting the use of drugs based on sucker.

Of all the natural herbal remedies traditionally used for bathing babies, the sucker has the least drying effect on the baby's skin.

In cosmetology

Useful properties of sucker silver are used in cosmetology. Having an anti-inflammatory effect, helping with skin rashes, exerting a vitaminizing effect on the skin, the sucker is suitable for baths and washes with its decoction or infusion. For this fit his flowers and leaves. For washings prepared infusion of 2 tablespoons of dry leaves with flowers of sucker for 1 liter of water. From the flowers produce oil for the perfume industry.

In other areas

The food can be used ripe fresh fruits of the sucker with their unusual powdery-sweet taste. They are used for making wines, candied fruits, added to flour products, bread, soups.

Tea made from flowers with a small addition of leaves is no less tasty than from lime blossom, it is rich in vitamins, has a gentle, but tart, slightly oily, soft taste.

Flowers and a small amount of leaves that have a delicate, soft, oily flavor are added to aromatic sachets with a soft, not very pronounced smell.

In other areas

The wood of the sucker is used for making musical instruments.

Botanical description

Loch narrow-leaved - tree shrub from the family Lochaceae with red-brown bark, large stem spines, lanceolate narrow leaves. The flowers of the plant on short pedicels are small, no more than 1 cm. They are located in the axils of the leaves of 1-3 pieces. Each flower has a simple four-membered bell-shaped perianth, 4 stamens and a pistil with a thread-like column. The shrub is cross-pollinated with insects. During flowering fragrant sweet aroma of flowers can be heard from afar. Formula flower sucker narrow-leaved: * H (4) V0T4P1

Fruits - oval, mealy, yellowish-brown drupe, shaped like an olive tree. The fruits have a sweet, mealy, slightly astringent taste. The plant reaches a height of 10 meters.

Spread

In the wild, the loch is distributed along the banks of water bodies, in the European part of Russia - in the south, in the forests, on the forest edges in the Caucasus, in Siberia and Central Asia, in North America. As an ornamental and fruit plant, it is bred in parks, gardens and as a very suitable and useful plant for shelter shelters, and also grows along river banks, in forests on forest edges.

The loch is a very ancient cultivated plant, its cultural forms do not have thorns.

In Central Asia and the Caucasus there are quite a lot of large-fruiting varieties of this culture. These varieties are the result of breeding over many centuries. With the purpose of treatment used leaves, fruits, flowers.

Preparation of raw materials

При заготовке сырья листья собирают в первой половине лета, цветки – в мае и начале июня. Сбор не так труден, как это может показаться, но лучше выбирать деревья, где колючек меньше. Цветки лоха серебристого собирают вместе с листочками. Dry the raw materials under a ventilated canopy or in specially adapted dryers at a temperature not higher than 40-50 ° C. The finished raw material can be stored for no more than two years, the flowers are only one year old, after which it loses its useful qualities.

Description and preparation

The narrow-leaved loch has gray (young - silvery) shoots, elongated lanceolate leaves, on top of grayish-green, from the bottom - silvery-white. The bark is covered with prickles (there may not be any cultural species of spines). In height the plant can reach up to 7 meters. In May and June (depending on the region), the narrow-leaved loch blooms with white and yellow flowers located in the leaf axils. Blossom starts from 3-6 years of age. At the end of summer - the beginning of autumn the fruits ripen - spherical drupes with edible pericarp.
As a medicinal raw materials are used flowers, leaves, fruits and bark of the narrow-leaved bark. Flowers are collected during flowering and dried in the shade or electric dryer at a temperature of up to 40 ° C. Store dried flowers no more than 1 year.
The harvest of the leaf of the sucker is made at the beginning of summer: it is collected and dried in a well-ventilated room or in a dryer at a temperature of up to 50 ° C.

Keep the leaves for 2 years.
Fruits are harvested as they ripen and stored in a cool place for no more than 4 months. Immature or rotten fruits of the sucker can not be consumed.

Composition and properties

Fruits of the sucker of narrow-leaved are rich in: tannin, glucose, fructose, salts of potassium and phosphorus, organic acids, proteins, ascorbic acid, nitric and coloring substances. The flowers are rich in copper, zinc, chrome and essential oil. The leaves of sucker contain ascorbic acid in large quantities. As part of the bark there are tannins, alkaloids, coloring matter.
Due to its composition, the narrow-leaved loch has anti-inflammatory, astringent, enveloping, diuretic, anti-bacterial, expectorant, sedative and anti-helminthic effects.
In folk medicine, narrow-leaved sucker is recommended for:

  • cold, flu, fever,
  • malaria,
  • bronchitis,
  • scurvy,
  • hypertension
  • heart disease,
  • catarrh of the gastrointestinal tract, colitis and other diseases of the stomach and intestines,

  • loose stools,
  • rheumatism, gout, radiculitis,
  • swelling,
  • helminthiasis,
  • insomnia,
  • memory impairment (fruits),
  • oral inflammations
  • purulent wounds.

  • 10 g flowers loch narrow-leaved,
  • 250 ml of boiling water.

Fill the flowers with boiling water and leave to cool. Strain. Take 1 tablespoon 4 times a day. Infusion of flowers helps with hypertension, fever, cold with high body temperature, gout, rheumatism, edema, heart disease.
To make an infusion for heart diseases, increase the number of flowers to 30 grams.
Infusion sheet:

  • 20 g of crushed leaf sucker,
  • 250 ml of boiling water.

For colds, flu, fever, radiculitis, gout, inflammation of the stomach and intestines, an infusion of a sucker leaf is used. Fill the leaves with boiling water, let it brew for half an hour and strain.

Drink 50 ml three times a day after meals. Sheet tincture can also be used for rinsing and compresses (poultices, lotions).

  • 30 g of the fruits of the sucker
  • 1 tbsp. hot water.

Fill the fruit with hot water and boil in a water bath for half an hour under the lid. Strain the broth and add boiled water to the original volume. Take warm 2 tablespoons 3-4 times daily before meals. Decoction of the fruit helps with digestive disorders, loose stools, inflammation of the intestines.
Broth flowers and leaf:

  • 6 g of flowers and leaves of the sucker narrow-leaved,
  • 250 ml of hot water.

Pour vegetable raw materials with water and boil in a water bath for 15 minutes. Strain the broth and add boiled water to the original volume. Take 60 ml three times a day for edema, hypertension, fever, flu, scurvy. Also, this decoction can be added to therapeutic anti-inflammatory baths.
Decoction from worms:

  • 50 g of the fruits of the sucker
  • 250 ml of hot water.

Boil the fruits of the sucker in water and let cool. Strain the decoction. Drink after meals 4 times a day.

  • 100 g of fresh flowers of the sucker
  • 1 liter of alcohol.

Fill the flowers with alcohol and place in a dark cold place for 20 days. Strain the finished tincture. Take 20 drops, diluted in 100 ml of water, 1 time per day. Tincture is contraindicated in children under 12 years of age, the elderly and debilitated patients. Keep it in the refrigerator for no longer than 20 days.
Tincture with hypertension:

  • 1 part of a sucker leaf
  • 10 parts of 40% alcohol or vodka.

Fill the leaves with alcohol and let it brew in a warm place for 10 days. Strain. Take 15-20 drops, diluted in a small amount of water, three times a day before meals. Also, this tincture can be taken for colds.
In case of rheumatism, poultices are made from fresh leaves of the sucker: 100 g of a leaf of the sucker of narrow-leaved leaf in boiling water for 15 minutes, and then apply it to the sore spot for half an hour.

Compress anesthetic for gout and rheumatoid arthritis:

  • 100 g of fresh leaf of the sucker narrow-leaved,
  • 500 ml of boiling water.

Fill the leaves with boiling water, boil on low heat for 10 minutes. Strain. Use a decoction to make a compress.
For healing of purulent wounds, fresh leaves of the narrow-leaved sucker are applied to them and fixed with a gauze bandage. Change the bandages need daily.

Loch narrow-leaved is used not only in medicine, but also in cosmetology, as a plant with pronounced anti-inflammatory and vitaminizing properties.
Decoction for washing:

  • 2 tbsp. dry leaves and flowers of the sucker narrow-leaved,
  • 1 liter of boiling water.

Brew suck with boiling water, let it brew until it cools and strain. Washing with infusion of a sucker of narrow-leaved reduces inflammation, helps to get rid of skin rashes and nourishes it with vitamins.
Loch's decoction is also used for bathing small children, as it has a beneficial effect on the skin of the child and does not dry it.

Chemical composition

The fruits of the sucker are astringent, sweet, contain sugar up to 40%, consisting of fructose and glucose, tannin up to 36%. In addition, they contain: about 11% protein, nitric and coloring matter, organic acids, salts of phosphorus and potassium. There are alkaloids in the cortex and seeds, and vitamin C in the leaves (up to 350 mg%).

Various parts of the sucker contain coumarins, flavonoids, alkaloids, cyclitols, gum, vitamin C, catechins, phenolcarboxylic acids, carbohydrates, essential oils, steroids, tannins.

Use in traditional medicine

In folk medicine, the fruits of the sucker are often used as an astringent for diarrhea. For the same purpose, you can use the leaves, the powder from the fruit. Pounded fresh leaves of silver sucker are applied to purulent wounds, taking into account its anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect. In the same way you can use poultices of steamed dry leaves of sucker wrapped in gauze.

For colds, the antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, and expectorant properties of the sucker are used.

In folk medicine Transbaikalia and the Caucasus, the fruits are used as a diuretic, astringent, enveloping, expectorant.

Known anthelmintic action of the sucker. In addition, folk healers treat hypertensive disease with an extract of the flowers of this bush tree.

To reduce gouty and rheumatic pains, wrap steamed leaves in gauze. Apply pads to sore spots.

The sucker silvery is a good remedy for its use in children. Due to its non-toxicity, hypoallergenic, mild action, it is safe for them. When diarrhea children prescribe it as a binder.

History reference

The loch is a very ancient cultivated plant, a type of deciduous shrubs or short trees. Cultural forms of the sucker are devoid of thorns.

In the past, the sugary gum was used for typography, sitprinting, making varnishes, glue, paints. Bark colored fabrics in brown and black, used for tanning leather.

Literature

1. The State Register of Medicinal Products (as of October 1, 2014) (Part 2) - Document provided by ConsultantPlus.

2. A. L. Budantsev, E. E. Lesiovskaya. Wild useful plants of Russia. - SPb .: SPHFA, 2001 - 663 p.

3. A. Ya. Gubergrits, N.I. Solomchenko - Medicinal Plants of Donbass - Donetsk, Donbass, 1967. - 296 p.

4. Pastushenkov L.V. Medicinal plants. Use in traditional medicine and life. - SPb.: BVH-Petersburg, 2012 - 432 p.

5. V.P. Makhlaiuk "Medicinal Plants in Traditional Medicine" M .: Niva of Russia, 1992

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