Potted flowers and plants

How to care for begonia at home

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This flower is originally from the Antilles. The flowering plant was found and described in 1687 by the botanist Charles Plumier, but the plant was named in honor of Michel Begon. It was he who organized the expedition to the islands and invited the French botanist to join her.

The plant loves a tropical and subtropical climate. The ideal place is wet and shady. In nature, you can meet in the wet forests, on the rocks near the sea. Wherever wild begonia does not grow - in Africa, Asia. But in Europe, the plant managed to take root, and all thanks to the unique ability to adapt to new conditions.

Botanical description

Begonias are annual and perennial. Among this species there are both herbaceous plants and huge shrubs. There are flowering begonias (even those that bloom all year round!), And there are decorative leafy ones. Rhizome can be creeping or thickened. In a word, it is difficult to distinguish the characteristic features: begonias differ from each other both in the shape and color of leaves and flowers, in height. But still there are “identification marks” for this family.

  • Leaves. In all species, the sheet is oblique, asymmetrical. This is the “calling card” of the flower. The leaves can be whole, cut into slices, with wavy edges and notches. The outer part of the sheet is painted in green shades (from light to deep dark), and the bottom - dark purple, reddish, brown. In some species on the leaves you can see blotches, geometric patterns, villi.
  • Flowers Monophonic, with brightly painted perianth. Colors may vary. The most common indoor plants with white, pink, yellow, red flowers. Flowers with edging on petals look unusual.
  • Fetus. If the inflorescences are not removed, the fruit will appear in the form of a box. There are seeds in it. In nature, they begonia multiplies: ripened fruit cracks, the seeds carry the wind.

Types for breeding at home

In nature, there are about 800 species of begonias. Another about 2 thousand varieties managed to bring breeders. All varieties are described in specialized directories. But novice grower is interested not so much dry information, as the answer to the question, what kind is better to buy for the house. Tuberous plants are best suited for landscape decoration and vertical gardening. They "go" for the winter. For home, it is better to choose unpretentious hybrids of root begonias. Conditionally begonias can be divided into two groups.

  1. Decorative flowering. Varieties from this group are "favorites" of flower growers. They are unpretentious and grateful: if the care of begonia is correct, it can bloom on the windowsill almost all year round. The best option for beginner gardeners is the Begonia semperflorens (Ever-flowering) variety. Lush bush covered with flowers 12 months of the year. In summer, this view can even be planted in a flower bed, and with the onset of cold weather, it can be returned to the window sill. But planting in open land is optional.
  2. Decorative leafy. Although plants of this species can not boast of beautiful flowers, for which everyone loves begonia so much, but they look no less luxurious than flowering ones. Large, bright, with fancy leaves pattern - this is the "highlight" of this species. Experienced growers recommend starting acquaintance with decorative leafy varieties with Begonia rex ("Royal"). With all its truly royal beauty, the plants of this variety are so unpretentious that even a person far from floriculture can grow a subject on his window sill for pride. And the truth is proud of what it is: the leaves of the Rex begonia are so original as if the artist had painted them, connecting all their imaginations.

What to look for when buying

It has long been eyeing the begonias on the shelves of flower shops and finally decided to get the "beauty"? Carefully choose a flower! It is important to buy a healthy plant, then it will delight you for a long time.

Carefully inspect the leaves: they should be elastic, without spots. Gently turn the leaves and check for insects, cobwebs. Experienced growers recommend choosing specimens with half-open buds: a tropical guest will get used to a new home and enjoy a lush flowering, while a flowering plant can drop inflorescences from a change of scenery.

Have you decided to grow begonia from a tuber? Choose small and elastic. If there are brown spots, it is better to refuse to buy: they indicate inappropriate storage conditions.

Home adaptation: 4 rules

Begonia care after purchase has some nuances. Inexperienced flower growers, not knowing about them, make mistakes that can lead to the death of the "pet." So myths appear that tropical windows (including begonias) do not suit sills. If you follow the four rules, the plant will appreciate the rapid growth and lush flowering.

  1. Choosing a place. The flower in the new house will get accustomed to the right place. If begonia appeared in the apartment in the autumn-winter period, it is better to put the pot on the west or east window. Bought begonia in spring or summer - put it on the windowsill, facing north. Under the scorching sun, the leaves of the plant, which entered the house from the greenhouse, turn yellow. During acclimatization, drafts are especially dangerous: try to exclude them.
  2. Do not water. The first five days after the purchase is not necessary to water. Let the plant adapt to new conditions. If you are afraid that the flower will lack moisture, place a container with water near the pot. When the adaptation time passes, assess the condition of the earthy coma: if it has dried up, then water it.
  3. We do not transplant. Immediately after the purchase to transplant a tropical beauty is not worth it. Especially if she got into the house already flowering. Emergency transplanting is necessary only when it is clear that the flower is flooded or the condition of the soil in the pot is in doubt.
  4. We observe quarantine. It is important to wait for quarantine for two weeks and only then put a new plant in your subwindow greenhouse. Quarantine has two goals. First: do not infect old plants if begonia “brought” into the house of insects. The second: to prevent infection of the begonia itself, for which the “relocation” is stress - a weakened plant cannot cope with new difficulties.

Begonia care: 5 recommendations

How to care for begonia in a pot? Everything is very simple: you only need to remember the five rules, and you will get a reason for pride.

  1. Lighting. Begonia - light-loving plant. To grow well, you need to provide a lot of light. But direct sunlight can leave burns on the leaves: shade the plant in the summer. When choosing a place for the pot, please note that the ornamental deciduous species necessarily need diffused light.
  2. Temperature. Begonia does not like heat, but it can also wither from the cold. In spring and summer, the optimum temperature is 22ºC. In autumn and winter, it is permissible that the thermometer scale drops to 15 ° C, below begonia can not survive. Do not allow a sharp change in temperature, take care that the transition from heat to cold and vice versa was gradual.
  3. Watering. Begonia need to be watered with an eye on the season. In the summer, watering is carried out about once every three days. If the pot is on the sunny side, it may require daily watering. In the cold season watering is reduced. The main landmark is the state of the earthy coma. It is best to water the soil impregnation method: put the pot in a container with water and hold until the soil is saturated. A prerequisite - the water must first be softened: it is defended, filtered.
  4. Humidity. Do not forget that the homeland of begonias is tropics, the air there is humid. To make the plant comfortable on the windowsill, the humidity in the room should not fall below 60%. If the air in the apartment is dry, pour gravel or expanded clay into the pan, moisten it. Spray the plant is not worth it: from contact with water on the leaves appear brown spots.
  5. Top dressing. When the budding period begins, you need to feed the begonia for abundant flowering. It is better to use weak complex compounds. Feed continues until the plant does not bloom. Complex fertilizer is suitable only for decorative-flowering species, it is introduced twice a month. Decorative leafy family members are recommended to be fed with compounds containing nitrogen. He is responsible for the development of deciduous mass. If the nitrogen fertilizing to offer flowering begonias, then, according to reviews of flower growers, it will throw down the buds or not bloom, even if it was collected.

Why there are no colors and how to fix it

Flower growers are especially fond of those types of begonias, which for a long time delight with a lush cloud of flowers. A flowering plant transforms the interior, creating a special energy in the room. When does the room begonia bloom? Most decorative-flowering indoor specimens bloom in the early - middle of spring and fade away only with the onset of cold weather. In addition, there are ever-flowering varieties, and there are those that bloom only in winter (variety "Elatior").

Butonov "maiden beauty" owners are waiting with a sinking heart. But the tropical guest is not always in a hurry to please the owners of the house: sometimes it is impossible to achieve flowering from her. To remedy the situation, you need to understand why begonia does not bloom. This is mainly due to the errors of care:

  • not enough light
  • waterlogging,
  • irregular watering
  • too high or low temperature
  • nutritional deficiencies
  • oversupply.

A weakened plant will not bloom, it simply does not have the strength to do so. Therefore, if the “girlish beauty” does not bloom, check it for insects. Weakens the plant and lack of rest: most species need a three-month rest. Perhaps begonias do not suit the soil, water or the pot, it stands in a draft, often moves from place to place - absolutely any nuance can affect the flowering process.

Blossom stimulation: secret method

Filled care gaps, created the perfect climate, and the begonia never bloomed? Use a secret that only experienced growers know about. Reception is called "short light day" and is carried out in four stages. This life hack can be used even if the begonia blooms “according to the schedule”, but quickly fades. After playing with the light, “girlish beauty” blooms profusely and continuously.

  1. Pinching. It is important that at this time begonia does not grow in height. Otherwise, all the forces will go to growth, and you need to send them to bloom. To avoid this, the plant should be pinned. Two or three times is enough.
  2. Reduce the light. Cover the plant with black film, thereby reducing the light day to nine hours. With light play daily for two weeks. This activates the bookmark buds.
  3. Feed up. Feed the begonia special complex fertilizer.
  4. Increase daylight hours. Increase daylight by half. If necessary, further highlight.

What are the types?

Among the plants are found and miniature bushes, having a height of not more than 5 cm, and large specimens up to 3 m. Classify them in different ways.

In a popular interpretation, 4 types are mentioned, among which:

  1. flowering flowers - they are distinguished by elegant flowers of the most different colors, fullness and shape,
  2. shrub and semi-shrub,
  3. tuberous,
  4. decorative and deciduous - have carved characteristic colored leaves.

There are a lot of blooming beauty varieties, more than 1000. Having spread from the shores of Asia and Africa, as well as South America, it became popular all over the world.

Watering and moisture

The main care for begonia in the hot summer is abundant and frequent watering with soft, settled water. You will be able to understand that the next moistening is necessary, if the upper earthen layer is 1 cm dry. Since the native climate for the flower is tropical and subtropical, then dry air is unacceptable for it. But you can not spray the leaves, because they may appear ugly brown spots. What to do? Put the pot on a pillow of expanded clay, to which as it dries pour water. When evaporating, it will saturate the air well with moisture.

To provide high-quality care for room begonia in winter, you need to reduce watering. You can also insulate the pot a bit so that the root system is not affected by coolness. In the midst of cold weather, the plant freezes in growth. During this period, it is not necessary to fertilize, replant, rotate or pour it. It is important to provide him with the necessary peace.

How and when should be begonia be transplanted?

It is not necessary to replant just bought flowering bush. Having experienced stress after a change in growing conditions, the plant may be sick for a long time, the flowering period will noticeably decrease. It is time to change the shipping capacity to a more beautiful and original pot, if the roots do not have enough space to grow, and they begin to look in the drainage holes. Choose a pot a couple centimeters larger than before.

Standard landing scheme:

  • on the bottom lay a layer of small pebbles,
  • expanded clay sprinkled with suitable soil in 1.5-2 cm,
  • having washed the pot from all sides, the bush is carefully taken out of it, trying not to damage the roots,
  • if necessary, a wooden stick is unraveled with a wooden stick, straightening it,
  • having placed the plant in a new pot, the roots are gradually sprinkled with new soil, slightly tamping it down,
  • after watered with soft water.

The soil is better to buy ready. After all, special demands are made of it: it must have a certain acidity, be light and loose, have nutritional properties.

Top dressing of window begonia flowers

For the colorful coloring of the stems, the long flowering phase, large buds, the plant needs fertilizers. Potted begonia flowers, which are taken care of without regular dressings, look weak and depleted. It is recommended to make complex mineral mixtures in the spring-summer period, when active growth is observed and budding takes place. There are specialized formulations designed specifically for flowering species of begonias. They are used as prescribed - once or twice a week. Apply supplements worth competently, their excessive amount will not bring. If you are the owner of the ornamental deciduous begonia, then in the fall you need to stop fertilizer. If your plant blooms for a long time in winter, feed it before the end of flowering.

Do not be afraid to start charming begonia. If you can provide her a good environment, she will thank you for her beauty and long flowering.

Types and varieties

Begonia belongs to the genus Begonevah, which has more than 800 varieties of plants. Homeland begonias are the tropics and subtropics of Asia and Africa.

All species of this indoor flower can be divided into 2 large groups: flowering and deciduous varieties. A distinctive feature of the latter are colorful leaves of various shapes. Among flowering plants there are such popular varieties in home floriculture:

  • Tuberous begonia. The plant variety differs in a variety of inflorescences. Petals can be a different color, ranging from white to dark red. The inflorescences are of two colors at the same time and reach a diameter of 5 to 15 cm. In appearance, double flowers are very similar to roses and peonies.
  • Begonia ever flowering. An everlasting flower variety is the most common, it can be grown both in flowerbeds and indoors. In apartments, this variety can produce inflorescences throughout the year. They are collected from small flowers of red, pink or white.
  • Royal Begonia Different and valued for the beauty of the leaves. They can be of different colors and reach a length of up to 40 cm. At the same time, the foliage can take several shades, and even with the edging of a different color along the edge.

To grow begonias at home should follow some rules and nuances:

  1. Create favorable conditions for the active growth of the flower.
  2. Try to protect him from drafts and wind.
  3. Ensure optimal environmental conditions in winter.
  4. Try to choose a suitable place for the flower so as not to disturb it.

Important! It is not recommended to purchase begonia and replant it in winter. She may not settle down and die during a transplant from a transporting pot.

Optimal conditions of detention

  • Shine. Plant need to settle on the windowsill with lots of light. But it is necessary to protect it from direct sunlight, especially during flowering, otherwise burns on the leaves. To avoid this, you need to create some shading with the help of a curtain or blinds.
  • Day length Decorative growing flower requires a light day lasting up to 12-14 hours. In autumn and winter, he needs to arrange additional lighting with the help of special lamps.
  • Temperature. The best indicator is 15-22 degrees. In winter, a favorable temperature will be 19 degrees. Do not allow strong temperature drops and lower than 14 degrees, otherwise the plant may lose foliage or die.
  • Humidity. It is necessary to organize this figure at 80 percent. Чтобы повысить его, можно рядом с горшком поставить емкость, наполненную водой. А можно и вовсе поместить кашпо с растением на аквариум.

Important! It is impossible to irrigate and spray the crown of the plant, otherwise spots will appear on the leaves.

Watering and feeding the flower

Water the plant is necessary as the drying of the earthy coma.

  • During the hot summer months, watering should be done daily.
  • It is impossible to overmoisten the soil, so as not to rot the roots. Especially often exposed to tuberous begonia rot.
  • In autumn and winter, watering should be reduced to 1-2 times a week.
  • It should be remembered that begonia has its own requirements for water - it must be clean, pre-settled and room temperature.
  • Do not allow water to fall on the leaves during watering.

Top dressing must begin during the formation of inflorescences. For this fit liquid complex fertilizers. They are made with water during irrigation. It is necessary to feed begonia in the spring and in the summer 2 times a month. In winter, the plant does not need fertilizers.

To save it in winter and create suitable conditions, you must follow these rules:

  1. Equip additional lighting to provide light day up to 14-15 hours. With a lack of light, the stems of the plant are drawn out.
  2. Provide optimal temperature conditions (18-19 degrees) and prevent temperature drops below 16 degrees.
  3. Reduce watering to 1 time per week.
  4. Do not put a plant pot near a radiator.
  5. For the tuberous begonia in winter, it is necessary to reduce the humidity so that its tubers do not rot.
  6. When yellowed leaves appear, you need to inspect the plant and remove the affected dry parts.

When all the rules of caring for a houseplant are fulfilled in winter, with the onset of the spring period, begonia will delight the host with its flowering, which will last until the very end of summer.

Transplant houseplant

Replant the plant should be as far as filling the pot root system. Begonia has no particular requirement for soil. You can buy ready-made soil or prepare it yourself. To do this, mix in equal parts of the leaf earth, sand, peat and humus.

  1. The pot must be chosen more than the previous size of 3-4 cm in diameter. At the bottom it is necessary to organize a good drainage, so that moisture does not accumulate there and the roots do not rot.
  2. It is better to transplant with the arrival of spring. The frequency of transplantation is once every 2-3 years.
  3. Before the procedure, the flower should be well spilled to make it easier to remove it from the ground.
  4. Remove excess ground from the roots and remove damaged parts.
  5. For the prevention of diseases of the root system, you can put the plant in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes.
  6. In the new container you need to gently place the plant without damaging the roots. Lightly sprinkle with earth and compact it.

The first month after transplantation of begonias needs more attention. Provide more light, abundant daily irrigation and a temperature of 22-23 degrees. It is desirable to observe special conditions until the plant takes root and begins to grow actively.

To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Cut 10 cm long with a sharp knife so that each has 2-3 leaflets.
  2. You can put the workpiece in clean settled water before the formation of the roots. After that, they are planted in a pot prepared with soil.
  3. It is allowed to plant the cutting immediately in a container with soil. Then from above it is necessary to cover it with polyethylene.
  4. After the new leaves appear, the bag is removed and the cutting is transplanted to a permanent place.

The method of reproduction by dividing the sheet is suitable if you want to get more planting material.

  • For this, a large sheet is cut into several parts with a sharp knife so that each has a central vein.
  • After dividing the part should be put in a box on top of the soil, slightly pressing down. You can slightly deepen them into the ground.
  • Top drawer covered with film or glass. Daily airings are carried out.
  • When the seedlings take root, they are transplanted to a permanent place.

Seed way more troublesome. Sowing must begin in early February, so that the seedlings have time to grow and grow stronger by the winter period.

  • First, prepare the boxes with the soil, on the surface of which seeds are evenly distributed.
  • On top of them sprinkled with a thin layer (about 0.2 cm) of the earth.
  • The boxes are covered with film or glass.
  • Every day, you should moisten the soil from the sprayer so as not to "wash" the seeds, as well as to air them.
  • When shoots appear, the film must be removed.

To propagate a flower by dividing the rhizome, it is necessary to take it out of the ground, divide the roots into several parts with a sharp knife and plant them in containers prepared with the ground. And for the tuberous types of begonias, the method of reproduction by division of tubers is suitable. It begins with the onset of the spring period. The tuber must be cut into several pieces so that each has 1 kidney. Tuber pieces are planted in separate pots.

The main pests include:

  • whitefly,
  • false shield,
  • spider mite,
  • aphid
  • nematode,
  • thrips.

If pests appear on the bush, it is necessary to treat it with insecticides and remove all affected parts. Otherwise, you will have to get rid of the flower so that the pests do not colonize healthy plants.

The main problems with growing

When growing begonias in room conditions, there may be some problems if the agrotechnical requirements for caring for them are not observed.

  1. Root and stalk rotting due to frequent watering.
  2. If the foliage falls in winter, then the temperature in the room is low.
  3. Begonia ever flowering ceased to bloom, slowed growth? This suggests insufficient nutrient supplementation.
  4. Dry and sluggish leaves talk about dry air and insufficient humidity.
  5. Leaves become yellow if there is insufficient watering and low temperature in the room.

In order to avoid problems with the cultivation of the indoor flower, it is necessary to give it a little time and care. Then he will delight the whole year with his flowering and multi-colored colors of inflorescences and leaves. At the slightest appearance of pests, it is necessary to act urgently so that the plant does not die.

Pleasant acquaintance with the queen of the tropics

Among the huge number of species and classifications of begonias, we can note the main ones:

  • leafy varieties
  • blooming species
  • deciduous,
  • evergreens
  • tall
  • creeping begonias on the ground
  • with tuberous roots,
  • with strong rhizomes,
  • perennial varieties,
  • annual species
  • street options
  • room begonias.

Each plant has beautiful unusual leaves. Large and small, green and red, glossy and velvet, monophonic and with patterns. Most of them resemble maple leaves or palm trees, which makes the flower original.

No less attractive and forms a hardwood plate. Some are large, like burdocks or the ears of an African elephant. Others are round, resembling glossy plates. There are varieties whose leaves are cut along the edges, which creates the appearance of asymmetry.

The main vein of a leaf divides it in half into two different parts. Therefore, they always have a fancy shape. On the stem the leaves sit in the form of a mosaic. This allows them not to shade each other from the main light source.

The upper part of the sheet plate is most often green. Depending on a grade, gradation of shades is allowed. The back of the sheet is colored red, purple or brown.

Kingly look delicate hairs on the stem and leaves of the plant. They are painted in scarlet or green, white or bronze color. Due to this, begonia has a delicate and velvety look that you want to touch.

The originality of the leaves give intricate patterns, a variety of spots or strokes. Sometimes, it seems that the leaves are the flowers of the decorative begonia.

To prevent the leaves from losing their original beauty, they should not be sprayed. When water drops on them, stains occur. Subsequently, the sheet dies.

In fact, when the plant blooms, you understand that the leaves are just a prelude to luxurious decoration. Inflorescences of begonias please the eye with such colors:

  • scarlet and deep red,
  • snow white and dairy
  • pink and gentle lilac,
  • dazzling yellow and orange.

In addition, these cute bouquets exude a pleasant aroma. When the plant blooms, miniature boxes appear on the stems, inside which there are seeds. Matured "capacity" crack, and they fly apart. Thanks to this, the earth is filled with new flowers.

As practice shows, the begonia has spread throughout the earth and perfectly caught on in the middle latitudes. Since its main residence is residential space, it is important to properly care for it.

Simple rules for the care of begonia

The houses where tropical beauties find their refuge remind of a haven of pleasure. They constantly delight the eyes of households with lush greenery or charm of flowers. Without proper attention to the plant, this is impossible to achieve. Adhering to the simple rules of care for begonia at home, you can create a paradise.

Guest from the tropics does not require special attention, but the basic principles must be followed.

Enough light

Since the homeland of the queen of indoor plants is the tropics, she constantly needs lighting. If it is not enough, the plant will lose its decorativeness. At the same time it is important that he was a scattered character. Bright rays of light often provoke burns on the leaves. To create a comfortable light conditions, it is recommended to put begonia on the shaded areas of the house.

To create a beautiful crown, the pot can be periodically exposed to the light.

Optimum air humidity

When the question arises: how to care for begonia, the adjustment of humidity in the room is not the last. This plant needs high humidity, but not by spraying.

To solve the problem, you can make this design. Place the plant pot on a small stand. Then it is placed on a wide pallet, which is lined with expanded clay at the edges (moss can also be used). After that, it must be regularly moistened to cause evaporation. As a result, begonia gets its dose of moisture.

Literate watering

To ensure proper care of begonia should take into account the weather and watering. Although initially it grew in the tropics, where there is a lot of precipitation, you should not over-fill it.

To avoid overflow, drainage is poured at the bottom of the tank into which the begonia is planted. In this way, excess fluid can flow freely. It is important to ensure that the water does not stagnate in the pan.

To water a begonia is better than pure settled liquid. The operation is recommended to repeat as the top layer of soil dries.

It’s wise to stick with this begonia irrigation scheme:

  1. In the summer months it is necessary to water the plant abundantly twice a week.
  2. When there is a strong heat outside, moisten the soil every day.
  3. In the fall (starting in October) - as the top of the soil dries.
  4. In winter, the plant does not need abundant moisture. Only by need.
  5. With the beginning of spring, the volume of watering should be gradually increased to stimulate plant growth.

It is desirable to act in accordance with the needs of begonias, given its type and flowering period.

Regular feeding

To begonia flowers were always juicy, you need to feed them regularly. For this there are special fertilizers.

As soon as the begonia begins to bloom, it requires feeding. Therefore, once every 14 days the soil is filled with useful minerals.

If the chemical feed includes nitrogen, it is used for hardwood begonias.

Creating lush bushes

An exotic guest from the tropics almost always looks flawless. However, in some cases, it loses its decorative effect. To correct this flaw, the plant is advised to cut. At a height of about 5 cm from the edge of the vase, cuts are made. Due to this, the lateral buds come to life and begin to actively develop.

Pruning branches preferably with a sharp knife, so as not to damage the inflorescences of begonias.

Gentle care of flowers

Most often you can enjoy the blooming begonia in the summer, on bright sunny days. Only some varieties bloom all year round. Therefore, caring gardeners, during this period, try to gently take care of flowers. To the plant is not depleted, some of the buds are torn off. As a result, the plant is less sick. Looking at the photo of flowers begonias, you can imagine what this pleasure takes care of such a plant.

Applying these simple rules of care for begonia, you unwittingly get a lot of positive emotions. But, what will help to grow such a queen of the tropics at home? Reasonable advice flower growers.

Growing begonias at home

Before planting a begonia in your home, you need to select a suitable container. The best option is ceramic pots. They should be a little more than 4 cm behind the root system of the plant. If the tank is too spacious, then the plant may suffer from excess moisture. As a result, the flowering period is disturbed.

Soil can be bought in the finished form or cook yourself. Take a bit of leafy land, add sand, peat and humus there. Plant the plant mixture.

In order to grow and care for begonias at home has brought decent fruits, it is important, first, to plant it properly.

Drainage is placed on the bottom of the prepared container. The next layer (3 cm) - charcoal, which serves as a means of protection from rot. Then place a plant with a small amount of soil. The resulting voids are filled with prepared soil. After that begonia plentifully watered.

Planted plant preferably in mid-March. Just at this time enough light appears for the young begonias.

Tuberous varieties of the queen of the tropics are first germinated in trays, without digging into the soil. They are placed in well-lit rooms at a temperature not lower than 16 degrees and high humidity. When the plant is rooted, it is planted in a permanent place in early spring.

It is also important to know how to properly transplant indoor begonia. As it grows and takes root, it becomes necessary to move it to another pot. To do this, first, the soil is poured abundantly with water so that the plant can be freely removed from there. It is better to transplant it the next day, so that the soil was not wet, but slightly moist.

When the plant is already in the new pot, it is important to fill it with earth to the brim and immediately fill it with water. After a week the soil will sit down and the top layer will dry. If necessary, add the missing amount of soil. During the first week, begonia can not be watered, but only periodically sprayed. Also carefully protect it from drafts and bright lighting.

If the begonia is not flowering, care at home implies periodic pruning of the branches of the plant. Especially after the transplant. This approach helps to create beautiful bushes and decorative forms.

Reproduction overseas beauty

A unique tropical flower propagates in several ways:

  • seed sowing method
  • division of a tuber,
  • grafting,
  • separation of bushes
  • cutting rhizomes.

The most suitable period for breeding begonias is spring or the first month of summer.

Sowing seeds

Sowing seeds is recommended at the end of winter or in the first week of March. They are scattered on the ground in a special container. Without covering the top with earth, cover with glass and carry in a warm, bright place. It is possible to water a surface with a spray.

When the third leaf appears, the begonia dives for the first time. After 2 months the second. Then the begonias are transplanted into separate pots, where they take root. With a lack of light, additional lighting is used.

The sooner the seeds are planted, the faster the begonia will bloom.

Tuber division

This breeding method is performed by cutting the tuber of the begonia into pieces. Place the slices sprinkled with charcoal to dry. After that, germinated in flower vases or boxes.

Cuttings

On cuttings for breeding should be at least 3 leaves. Sections must be sprinkled with powdered activated carbon. The plant takes root in 1 month at a temperature of 21 degrees and high humidity.

Sad Reality - Disease

How sad to observe when a begonia loses unblown flower buds or leaves. Sometimes it is dry air, lack of water or light. Such problems are easily solved.

But when the plant infects a spider mite or aphid, it takes more effort. The insect settles on the back of the leaf and, like a cancer cell, feeds on the sap of the plant. To rid begonia from pests, it is recommended to spray sick leaves with special substances.

Begonia, of course, will not be able to thank his master for his attention and care. But, she carefully cleans the air in the room. Will give positive emotions during flowering. Original decorate home interior or garden. And also recall the beauty of the earthly paradise, which once existed on earth.

Begonia features

In addition to about 1 thousand species existing in nature, there are still about 2 thousand hybrids of this plant. In this regard, the averaged description of this plant simply does not exist. Плюс ко всему такие растения в различных классификациях делят на декоративно-цветущие и декоративно-лиственные, листопадные и вечнозеленые, многолетники и однолетники, стелющиеся и высокорослые, корневищные и клубневые.Flower growers grow at home a huge variety of begonias, and all of them need to be cared for when cultivated at home, about the same.

How to care for begonia

Home-grown begonia needs consistency. In this regard, she needs to choose a certain place in the room where the flower will stand all the time. This place should be well lit, but the plant should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Decorative flowering species are especially light-requiring; therefore, it is recommended to choose a sill of western or eastern orientation for their placement. The plant feels best at an air temperature of 18 degrees at any time of the year. However, in the summer, it is able to withstand a certain increase in temperature.

Since this plant is tropical, it requires high humidity. However, it is not recommended to moisturize the foliage of a flower from a spray bottle, because after this procedure, spots of brown color are formed on its surface. In order to increase the humidity of the air (especially in winter, when the air is dried by heating devices), you need to turn the tray and insert it into a larger tray, then a container with a flower is placed on top of it. Around the inserted pallet it is necessary to pour the clay and wet it, while it is necessary to ensure that it is constantly hydrated.

Begonia needs space, therefore when choosing a place for it on the window sill, where other plants are already standing, this fact must be taken into account. Also, this flower must be systematically ventilated, while it must be protected from drafts and excessively high or low air temperatures. If these conditions are not followed, the flower will start to wilt, as well as reset leafy plates and flowers.

Selection of soil and pot

Before proceeding to the direct planting of begonias, it is necessary to choose the most suitable pot for it. For such a plant, it is recommended to choose a small pot that should be made of ceramic. Thus, the diameter of the container should exceed the size of the flower root system by only 3-4 centimeters. If it is planted in a larger pot, the plant may suffer from waterlogging, and in this case it will bloom a little later. Ready soil mixture for planting can be bought in a special store, but if you wish, you can prepare it with your own hands. To do this, connect the leaf earth, sand, high peat, turf ground (can be replaced with humus), taken in the ratio 2: 1: 1: 1. The acidity of the soil should be around pH 5.5 to 6.5.

Planting begonias

The capacity intended for planting begonias 1/3 fill the drainage material. Then it is necessary to lay on it a two-three-centimeter layer of charcoal, which is necessary to prevent the development of rot. After this, the flower itself must be placed in a container together with a clod of earth and it will only remain to fill all the existing voids with the earth mixture. When the plant is planted, it needs to be watered. It is recommended to plant begonia in spring from the second half of March, after the light level and the duration of the daylight become suitable for its growth. If the plant is a tuberous, then it needs preliminary germination. For this purpose, the tubers are placed on top of the substrate in a box (not buried), and are removed to a normally lit, cool (from 16 to 18 degrees) place with a humidity level from 60 to 70 percent.

How to water

If begonia is grown indoors, then it just needs to be watered properly. Such a plant loves moisture, but it does not need frequent watering. It is much more important that the air humidity is high enough, otherwise the tips of the sheet plates will begin to dry out. However, in summer, in the heat, begonia should be watered more abundantly, but at the same time it is necessary to avoid stagnation of fluid in the root system. Water should be watered at room temperature, which should be defended for at least 24 hours. Watering is recommended to be done only after the topsoil dries to one and a half centimeter depth. In winter, the plants should be watered less often and moderately, but if you have a tuberous species, then at this time of the year they are not watered at all.

In order for begonia to grow and develop normally, it must be fed in a timely manner. It is necessary to start feeding ornamental flowering species after the budding period. Top dressing is carried out 1 time in 2 weeks and use for this purpose a liquid complex fertilizer for flowering plants. When the formation of ovaries begins, the plant will need additional fertilization with potash-phosphate fertilizers (Ovary, Bud, Pollen). Fertilizers containing nitrogen, need to feed only decorative and deciduous species, otherwise the flowering of decorative flowering species may not begin at all.

How to transplant

In order for the plant to develop normally, it must be systematically transplanted. Transplantation is carried out at the beginning of the spring period, before the growing season begins. The fact that the plant needs a transplant, say its roots, which are beginning to appear from the drainage holes. The plant should be pulled out of the tank and carefully remove the remaining substrate from it. Then the roots should be dipped in a solution of manganese potassium, the color of which should be light pink. After that, the roots should be carefully washed, removing residual soil, using well-settled water. Then, an examination of the root system is carried out and those areas where there is rot are removed. After the root system dries, the plant must be planted in a larger container. How to do it correctly is described above. After transplantation, begonia must be put in its usual place. The first time she will need frequent watering.

Young specimens transplanted is quite simple, and they normally respond to this procedure. However, it is more difficult to transplant adult specimens, because they have a lot of accrued fragile leaf plates. In this regard, after the flower is 3 years old, it is recommended to divide it into several parts.

Begonia in winter

Evergreen species have a mild rest period. Tuberous species need a fairly long period of rest. Features of care for begonia in winter, when there is a period of rest, directly depends on the species. Bush and decorative species at this time put in a place where the air temperature should be from 15 to 22 degrees and there is high humidity (for this you can hang moistened rags on hot heating pipes or purchase a humidifier).

From the middle of the autumn period, the tuberous species of this plant begins preparation for a rest period. Leaf plates they wither and die, in connection with this water these flowers need less. After the complete termination of the above-ground part of the container with plants, the darkened cool (from 10 to 15 degrees) place should be rearranged for the whole winter. It happens that the tuberous plants "do not want" preparing for a rest period, in this case they must be forced to do so, otherwise the following year you will not see a lush flowering. So, watering should be significantly reduced, and the part of the plant above the soil surface should be cut off.

Replace correctly

Begonia is transplanted when the pot becomes small, if the soil is in doubt, after overflowing and to stimulate flowering. Tropical plants need loose, breathable soil, so that the water does not stand and the roots do not rot. The composition of the soil is difficult to choose on their own, especially for novice gardeners. Buy better specialized substrate in the store. Moreover, each species needs its own soil - with a certain acidity.

  • drainage,
  • priming,
  • pot with drainage holes and a tray.

  1. Take a pot about 3 cm wider than the one in which begonia grows.
  2. Pour drainage to the bottom. Layer - not less than 2 cm.
  3. Remove the plant from the old pot. Carefully free the roots from the old soil.
  4. Set in a new pot, pour the store substrate.

History of begonias

Michel Begon described it in the Antilles. Several decades later, the ever-flowering begonia from Brazil was described, then the royal from the Indian subcontinent, followed by the tuberous from South America. They were the basis for the emergence of modern varieties. First her wide used for decorative purposes - it was exclusively a greenhouse flower, then varieties appeared that could withstand the vagaries of the weather.

Around the world today there are a huge variety of hybrid forms and varieties of this culture.

Depending on the decorative qualities, all begonias are classified as follows:

Among the most popular species is tuberous begonia. Her flowers are of extraordinary beauty and brightness, and this is combined with unpretentious care.

In nature, the plant prefers a humid climate of the tropics and subtropics. It selects shady places, but can be found at an altitude of 4000 meters above the sea, in the mountains and arid slopes.

Variety of types and shapes of flowers

Begonia can be a small herbaceous plant, not exceeding 3 cm, as well as a fairly tall shrub. Some species do not have a stem, others have only one leaf. The leaves have different shades of green, the reverse happens monophonic or covered with spots and patterns. Flowers shine with a variety of warm colors.

Begonia blooms very richly and brightly. Her luxurious flowers are like roses, camellias, daffodils, carnations. Elegant various flowers will decorate a summer garden from the beginning of summer to September. If the plant is in the room, the flowering time increases - begonia blooms from late spring to late autumn. How to care for begonia at home?

Begonia. Home care, photo

Home-grown begonias can bloom during the warm season and in winter, depending on the care. Decorative flowering species are distinguished by the beauty of the flowers that form, while the decorative leafy ones are spectacular in color and the shape of the leaves, have pubescence, and the flowers that form do not have decorative value. The photo shows instances from both groups.

Lighting and temperature

Indoor plant prefers to grow in bright light. The most needy are flowering samples. However, in the very heat of the plant should be pritenyat from the active sun, because by doing this, you can prevent burns. Deciduous varieties need diffused light, the flower should be placed on the east or west window sill.

The flower begonia loves heat, in the warm season it is necessary to maintain the air temperature at around 22 degrees, in winter the air should warm up at least 15-18 degrees.

Humidity, irrigation and fertilizing

Care for indoor flower involves the creation of a certain microclimate. Since the plant is tropical, it needs high humidity, but experts do not recommend spraying. Since falling on the leaves, water provokes the occurrence of brown spots. In order to increase the humidity, creating the necessary microclimate for begonias, one should construct the following construction. Put the flower on an inverted pan, which is placed in a larger vessel, the remaining space cover with expanded clay. Constantly monitor its humidity, which will provide the necessary humidity of the air around the begonia.

In the summer, in hot weather, it is required to arrange for a lot of drinking for the plant. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that there is no stagnation of water either in the pan or in the pot itself. Watered with settled water, when 1.5 cm of an earthen coma has already dried from the previous watering. In winter, watering is reduced. Tuberous species do not water in winter at all, because they have a period of sleep, they are placed in peat.

After the begonia flower bloomed, should be carried out feeding. Fertilizers are applied 2 times a month. Decorative leafy species are fed with nitrogen, which affects the growth of leaves. Decorative flowering specimens do not water fertilizers containing this component as it does not inhibits flowering.

Begonia flower transplant

The soil for the indoor flower is purchased in a specialty store or done independently. To do this you will need:

  1. At the bottom of the pot, put the drainage of the usual sand.
  2. Half pot fall asleep leaf earth.
  3. Add one to one mixture of peat and black soil.

The soil should be prepared properly, as this will affect the growth and health of the begonia.

Begonia care is performed with a periodic transplant, it is done as needed. If the roots stick out of the drain hole, then it's time to transplant in more spacious capacity. The plant is transplanted, as a rule, in the early spring period. Begonia should be carefully removed from the pot, clean the roots from the ground and put in the solution of potassium permanganate. After cleaning and disinfecting the roots, the dead parts of the roots are cut.

Diseases and pests

Often, begonia suffers from an excess of moisture from a fungal disease - powdery mildew. In order to prevent the development of the disease in time, periodically carefully examine the core of the bush and the lower leaves. It is these parts of the plant that most affected by mildew and mildew. If you find this problem, you should immediately reduce watering and remove the affected areas of the plant. This will prevent the spread of fungus throughout the plant.

The most frequent uninvited guests of the begonia are aphid and red spider mite. To get rid of parasites, you should plentifully spray the leaves with a solution of insecticides: Karbofos, Fitoferm or Intavir. After such an execution, a packet is put on the plant that does not allow air, the plant should stay in it to enhance the effect. The appearance of pests usually arises from inadequate or improper care. Therefore, if you are doing everything right, then the parasites of your begonia do not care.

So begonia is a grateful home flowerif the plant is properly cared for. If you grow ornamental deciduous varieties, then you can create green corners where the beauty of the leaves of begonia will manifest itself in full force. And abundantly and effectively flowering samples will bring brightness into your life and give you lots of pleasant minutes.

Growing begonias from seeds

It is possible to grow begonia from seeds easily and quickly. Seeding is done in the last days of February or the first of March. To do this, small seeds should be distributed over the surface of the substrate (do not close up). Then the container should be moved to a well-lit, warm place, having previously covered it with a film or glass. Watering crops should be through the pan or with a sprayer. After the first seedlings appear, the shelter should be permanently removed. Picks are made after the plants form 3 or 4 true leaf plates. After 8 weeks, young seedlings can be transplanted into individual pots. Such begonias may begin to bloom in the first year, but in order for this to happen, they often need additional coverage.

Diseases, pests and other problems

When growing begonias, flower growers often encounter the fact that the flower becomes nondescript, loses leaves, and begins to dry. It is important to understand why home begonia disappears in order to eliminate the cause and help the plant. Mostly flower diseases are caused by improper care. If the case is not running, then the problem is solved simply: you need to optimize the watering, adjust the indoor climate. In the flowerpot can settle and pests, which in the course of their livelihood kill the plant. To determine the cause of the problem can be on the basis of characteristics from the table.

Table - Problems in the cultivation of begonias and their causes

Breeding begonias cuttings

The simplest of all vegetative propagation methods is grafting. From the bush it is necessary to cut cuttings that have 3 or 4 leaf plates. So that the slices do not appear rot, they should be processed with charcoal. Then the stalk should be planted in a mixture of leaf and peat soil and sand (1: 1: 1). The container is placed in a well-lit warm place in which there is no access to the direct rays of the sun. The cutting requires moderate watering, so it is necessary to moisten the soil only after the soil dries to a depth of 1 to 2 centimeters. Rooting cuttings can be immersed them in a glass of water. The roots will grow after about 4 weeks.

Breeding begonias leaf

Since most species have fairly large and dense leafy plates, they can be propagated by leaf cuttings. At the same time, both the whole leaf plate and a part of it will be suitable for breeding. If begonias are propagated with a single sheet, then on its seamy side it is necessary to incise the main veins. Then the sheet plate is placed notched side on the surface of moistened sand, which must be pre-ignited. After that, it is fixed in this position. Watering is carried out through the pan. Через примерно 8 недель из тех мест, которые надрезаны, покажутся корешки, а спустя какое-то время начнут расти молоденькие растеньица. Окрепшие подросшие молоденькие бегонии следует отделить и высадить в землесмесь, состоящую из лиственной земли, песка и торфа (1:1:1).

Заболевания и вредители

На комнатной бегонии могут поселиться тли, красные паутинные клещи и нематоды. Mites and aphids suck the sap out of the plant, as a result of which it loses its decorative effect and slows down its growth and development. To combat aphids, Karbofos or Actellic is used, and 2 or 3 treatments are required with a break of 1–1.5 weeks. And for the fight against ticks using a tool such as Derris, Decis or other insectoacaricides. When infected with nematodes, the plant will have to throw out, because you can not get rid of them. One can learn that begonia is infected with nematodes by bleaching platinum sheets and by sagging on the root system.

Begonia is prone to diseases such as: gray rot, black root rot, botrytis, real or false powdery mildew. Fundazol, Quadris, Bordeaux liquid, Skor, or another means of similar action will help to cure the plant. Also, this plant is susceptible to infection and incurable viral or bacterial diseases, for example: bacterial wilt, cucumber mosaic, tomato spot. Infected copy must be destroyed.

Begonia dries

Sometimes it happens that the leaf plates start to dry out. The reason for this is that the air in the room is too warm and dry and that the water is too thin. In this case, you should water the begonia and place it in a cool place, while the pot should be put on an inverted pan (more on this stated above).

Begonia turns yellow

It happens that rings or specks of yellow color are formed on the surface of the leaf plates - this is a sign of infection of the plant by tomato spot or cucumber mosaic. Infected specimens should be destroyed. If the leaves turn yellow and wilted, then the reason for this is that the plant is too cold, and the ground contains too much water. Wait until the substrate in the pot dries well, and then move the flower to a warm place.

The main types and varieties of begonias with photos

There is currently no one classification of begonias. However, in the special literature one can meet conditional variants of the separation of the species of a given plant, for example: decorative flowering and decorative deciduous, also see the parts of the plant below ground into tuberous, rhizomatous and with a surface root system, there are those who divide These species in the following groups are bushy, ornamental deciduous and tuberous. However, today experts increasingly resort to the following classification:

  • bushy with upright babmbukopodobnymi stems,
  • with flexible and thin drooping or creeping stems,
  • with rhizomatous thick enough lying or dormant stems,
  • species that are pioneers of blooming hybrid begonias.

However, for home floriculture, this classification is more convenient:

  • decorative flowering indoor plants,
  • decorative leafy indoor plants,
  • ornamental flowering pot plants.

Below will be presented the names of the species of such a plant that are most popular in home floriculture, with their description, as well as with common varieties.

Royal Begonia (Begonia rex)

The birthplace of such a flower is East India. He is considered one of the most beautiful. Breeders used this species to create a variety of decorative leafy varieties, as well as hybrid forms. The plant has a rhizome that is thickened, and its spectacular large leafy plates are bare or with a slight pubescence in width reach 20 centimeters, and in length - 30 centimeters. Their heart-shaped form is asymmetrical, their edge is uneven-toothed or wavy. The color of the leaves may be brown-bronze, raspberry-velvety or purple-red, sometimes spots of silver or purple-red color can be seen on their surface. There are hybrid forms, the leaf plates of which are almost black, and crimson specks are located on their surface. During flowering pink flowers appear that do not represent a special decorative value.

Popular varieties:

  1. Cartagena - oval sheet plates that are wrapped with a shell, painted in dark green. The central part of the leaflet is dark brown, but with age it changes its color to plum. On the green part of the leaf plate are specks of silver color, with a light pink glow.
  2. Silver Greenhart - sheet plates of silver color are obliquely heart-shaped, they also have a green-emerald border with small dots of silver color.
  3. Chocolit Cream - the sheet plate is spiral-twisted and its central part is painted in a saturated-plum color. The rest of the leaf has a silver color with a pinkish sheen.
  4. Evening Glow - leaf plates have an average size, and their central part is painted in a saturated crimson color. Veins of a brownish-green color diverge from the center along part of a raspberry-colored leaf. The leaves have a crimson edge.
  5. Hallelujah - has large leaves that twist spirally at the stalks. They are painted in a light purple color with a silver tint. The central part and the edge of the leaves of cherry color, while between them there is a fairly wide strip of rich green color, on the surface of which is a huge amount of silvery small spots.

In addition to those varieties referred to above, growers and others are grown. For example, the following varieties and hybrid forms are very popular: Perl de Paris, Rigal Minyuet, Silver Corkscrut, Black Fang, November Frost, Lilian, Red Tengo, Titic, Benitochiba, Dewdrop, Charm, etc.

Tiger Begonia (Begonia bowerae), or Bauer Begonia, or Maple Begonia

The homeland of this plant is Mexico. The bush is low (no more than 25 centimeters), it has creeping shoots and leafy plates of pale green color, on the edge of which there are specks of brown or black color. On the seamy side of the leaves is pubescence. Nothing unremarkable pale pink flowers are part of the loose drooping inflorescences. This kind of rarely can be met in the wild. Thanks to the experts, a large number of very beautiful varieties appeared.

The most popular are:

  1. Tiger - creeping shoots may have a height of not more than 10 centimeters. On the surface of the velvety leaves there is a bronze pattern, along the veins is a strip of brown color. On the surface of the light red stalks are specks.
  2. Cleopatra - on the surface of these leaf plates are the hairs of a light color, and they are able to change their color when the lighting changes. The seamy side of the leaves of burgundy or red color.

Coral Begonia (Begonia corallina)

Such a begonia is semi-shrub, and its homeland is the tropical forests of Brazil. At home, the plant can grow up to 100 centimeters in height. Possesses bamboo, upright and bare shoots. Oblong egg-shaped leaf plates have a jagged edge. In length, they can reach 20 centimeters, and in width - 7 centimeters. On the surface of the dark green front side of the leaves are small spots of silver color, while the seamy side is pale green. Peduncles have a coral color. They carry flowers, which are part of the inflorescences in the form of a brush. Popular varieties:

  1. Alfalfa - large green leaf plates have a jagged edge, on their obverse are spots of silver color, and the wrong side has a red color.
  2. President Carnot - the thyroid leaf plates at the base are dissected, and their edge is slightly toothed. Leaflets in length reach 30 centimeters, and in width - 15 centimeters. They are painted green and on the surface there are whitish specks.

Begonia carolinolist (Begonia carolineifolia)

This begonia is one of the oldest domestic flowers. Her homeland is Mexico. The thickness of the creeping shoot about 4 centimeters. Large palmate-dissected leaf plates are placed on the petioles of a greenish-yellow color. In length, the leaves do not exceed 35 centimeters, there is a well-marked venation. Pink-green flowers are part of loose inflorescences, in the shape of a brush. Flowering begins in February.

In addition to these types of gardeners are popular: striped, metal, Bower, yellow, shiny, Mason, hogweed, white-celled, red-leaved, Limming, imperial, etc.

Begonia ever flowering (Begonia semperflorens)

The height of a compact bush does not exceed 60 centimeters. In a young plant, the stems are erect, but over time they take an ampelous or semi-ampelous form. Rounded leaf plates along the edge have a slight pubescence, and in length they reach 6 centimeters. They can be painted in dark or pale green color, and are found with a reddish tint. Small (diameter about 25 mm) terry flowers or simple, can be painted in pink, white or red. They are part of the inflorescences, which are short-lived. Opened flowers delight with their beauty not for long and soon wither, but they are very quickly replaced by new ones. With proper care, good light and regular feeding, such begonia can bloom in winter. Popular varieties:

  1. Gustav in Knaak - The height of a sprawling bush can reach about 30 centimeters. Green leaf plates have a red border. The diameter of the carmine flowers is about 3 centimeters, and they are part of the inflorescences.
  2. Carmen - on a medium-sized bush there are brown leafy plates with anthocyanin. There are also a lot of pink flowers.
  3. Ambergris - The height of the bush does not exceed 15 centimeters, the leaf plates are brown, and the diameter of pink flowers is no more than 3 centimeters.
  4. Bicola - The height of the bush reaches 14 centimeters. The leaves are green, and the white flowers have a light pink border.
  5. Orania - A small bush, whose height is about 16 centimeters. Green leaf plates have a red border. Flowers reddish orange.

And flower growers prefer to grow such varieties of this species as: Bella, Rozanova, Linda, Othello, Teicher, Leila, Lucifer, Scarlett, Albert Martin, Ball Red, Katya Teyher, etc.

Begonia Elatior (Begonia x elatior)

This hybrid form is considered the most spectacular and has the most abundant flowering. Among homemade begonias such a plant is a favorite. Bush height does not exceed 40 centimeters. The shoots are thick, fleshy, the shape of alternate leaf sheets is heart-shaped. The length of the leaves is about 8 centimeters, while the edge of them is cut. The front side of the leaves is a brilliant rich green color, and the reverse side is matte and painted in a light green color. Flowers are part of the inflorescences and have long stalks. Popular varieties:

  1. Schwabenland - On a tall, blooming bush there is a multitude of small saturated red flowers.
  2. Renaissance - on a tall bush there are terry flowers, red petals in which are crimped.
  3. Louise - flowers are painted in pale cream color, have a light pink tint.
  4. Piccora - on a low bush are rich pink flowers, which are terry.
  5. the Rose - double flowers have a dark pink color.

Also among flower growers such varieties as: Kyoto, Goldfinger, Azotus, Berlin, Sharlah, Cleo, Annebel, Bellona, ​​etc. are popular.

Ampelous begonia (Begonia x tuberhybrida pendula)

Often this species is grown as a garden flower or they are decorated with balconies and terraces. Such a flower has drooping stems, which descend in cascades, and there are a large number of flowers on them. For the cultivation of such plants are used baskets, pots or pots. Flowers can be thick, double, semi-double and simple, and they are painted in red, yellow, white, pink, orange, and also in various combinations of these color shades. Flowers can be large, medium and small. Popular varieties:

  1. Gale - on a sprawling bush there are hanging long (about 30 centimeters) stems, in the upper part of which there are pointed green leafy plates with a serrated edge. Light pink semi-double flowers in diameter can reach 3 centimeters.
  2. Christie - Spreading bush consists of rather fragile hanging stems, which do not exceed 40 centimeters in length. The diameter of double flowers is 4 centimeters, and they are painted white.
  3. Roxana - A small bush consists of dangling stems, the length of which does not exceed 40 centimeters. Four-centimeter diameter terry flowers painted orange.
  4. Kati - Spreading bush consists of relatively fragile stems, the length of which is about 30 centimeters. The diameter of the yellow semi-double flowers is 3.5 centimeters.

The most popular hybrid varieties of decorative flowering begonias

  1. Harlequin - the height of a sprawling bush is up to 25 centimeters, the leaf plates are green, and the large (diameter 12 centimeters) terry flowers are colored yellow and have red edges.
  2. Gold Dress - The height of the semi-bushy bush is about 25 centimeters. Pale green leafy plates. Pink rosemary flowers are quite large (diameter of 20 centimeters) and are colored yellow.
  3. Duck red - in height the sprawling bush reaches no more than 16 centimeters. The leaves are rich green in color, and the peony-shaped terry flowers are colored dark red. The diameter of the flowers is about 10 centimeters, while the petals are quite wide.
  4. Camelia flora - A small bush has a height of about 25 centimeters. Leaf plates are green. Large (about 12 centimeters in diameter) camellian flowers are painted pink, and their petals, which have whitish edges, are tiled.
  5. Crisp Marginata - The height of the bush about 15 centimeters. The folded sheet plates are painted green and have thin purple ropes. Large (diameter about 12 centimeters) wide oval flowers are painted white and have a rich red border. The lateral petals are wavy and strongly corrugated.
  6. Ami Jean Bard - The height of the bush is not more than 12 centimeters. Green leaf plates are small. The composition of the inflorescence includes 5 small (about 3 centimeters in diameter) terry flowers with an orange color.
  7. Dayana Vinyard - The height of a small bush about 20 centimeters. The leaves are pale green. Large (diameter about 20 centimeters) dense flowers have a white color, as well as wavy folded petals.
  8. Marmorata - The height of the semi-bushy bush is about 20 centimeters. Terry large (diameter about 12 centimeters) flowers are painted in a scarlet color shade, and on their surface there are whitish strokes.
  9. Feyerflamme - The height of the bush does not exceed 20 centimeters. The leaf plates are green and the veins are crimson. Small (diameter of about 3 centimeters) semi-double flowers have a pinkish-orange color.

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