Gardeners and those who love live plants, garden gerberas are very popular. This beautiful flower looks like a chamomile, different colors. Grow flowers of all shades, except blue. On a photo You can see all this riot of colors.
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Garden Gerbera is a perennial plant of the Compositae family, it is also called Transvaal chamomile. Gerberas adorn in greenhouses around the world for cutting and further drawing up bouquets. They are grown in an open area in the garden, as well as indoor flower in pots. Garden Gerbera Perennial grows up to 60 cm, in miniature varieties - up to 30 cm. The flower looks like an inflorescence-basket with a diameter of 5 to 12 cm. The plant is very whimsical and capricious, it is not so simple to grow it yourself in the garden.
the problem is the choice of seeds. Seeds can be of poor quality, obtained from plants that have previously pumped various stimulants.
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The next nuance is the climatic conditions. Gardener in the middle lane will be hard to grow this flower, and only as an annual. In the autumn, it will need to be dug up and placed in a basement or other dark cold place. But it will be easier for a resident of the southern regions - the gerberas on the areas lit by the bright sun will bloom from April to frost. In central Russia, the plant will not bloom so abundantly; in addition, for the winter it will need to be dug up and stored in a dark, cool place.
Garden Gerbera: Description
The wide range of colors of this garden plant, discovered more than a century ago in the territory of South Africa by the Dutch botanist Reman, will fully fill the garden with bright colors. Adapted for cultivation in the garden and in the indoor environment, gerbera has more than 100 varieties. The most famous are red colored species, Saskia, Rudy Amsterdam and Robin. Although lilac, pink, cream, yellow and white gerberas are not less, and perhaps more charming.
Garden gerbera, planting and care that require compliance with certain conditions, is a perennial plant, characterized by basal leaves and chamomile-like flowers. In the garden, its flowering can be enjoyed from early spring to late days of autumn. The height of the garden beauty reaches 30 cm on average, some specimens can reach 60 cm. The diameter of flowers (simple, double and semi-double) is about 12-16 cm. In addition, the garden gerbera, which is also quite simple at home, looks great on the windowsill.
Features of the plant
Beauty is not the only virtue of a gerbera; still a flower is loved by flower growers for its unpretentious care, fast growth and development, a long flowering period and durability when cut. Gerbera flowers are recommended to be broken out of the nest, and not cut off, the smallest part of the flower stem remaining on the bush can cause the plant to rot completely.
The above properties in full form are a charming garden gerbera, planting and caring for them is a real pleasure, it grows in areas with mild warm climate, of which hot summer is an integral part. Place for landing, it is desirable to choose the sunlit most of the day. This will prevent unnatural stretching of peduncles in height and will ensure the size and color of flowers provided for this variety.
Garden Gerbera: planting and care
Photos of this flower are unlikely to leave anyone indifferent. And to grow such a miracle yourself is not too difficult! During the growth period, watering the gerbera should be abundant, moderately cautious during dormancy, the flower is critical of both the drying out of the soil and the excess of moisture. When watering, it is important to make sure that the water (soft and at room temperature) does not fall on the leaf plates and does not flow into the sheet rosette, because it is fraught with plant rot. For high-quality gerbera growth, it is necessary to ensure regular fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, about once every 2 weeks.
In autumn, the gerbera needs to be dug, transplanted into a spacious container, the size of which is determined by the size of the plant. The optimal soil composition for transplantation will be a mixture of peat and leafy earth (2 parts) and sand (1 part). Be sure to require good drainage, for which suitable expanded clay. To avoid the appearance of rot when planting and transplanting a plant, the root collar should be placed above the ground.
Propagation of garden gerbera
Garden gerbera reproduces, planting and caring for which do not constitute a particular difficulty, by seeds and dividing the bush - the most common and also simple way. In the spring (about April-May), bushes of 2-3 years of age are required to be divided into several parts, leaving 2-3 leafs on each. It is recommended to trim the roots to 10 cm. When planting, it is necessary to control that the socket is located 1-1.5 cm above the ground, this will determine good growth and flowering.
Seeding is done in a light soil mixture in January-March, to a depth of 2-3 mm. For optimum germination, the temperature should not be below +18 degrees. If all conditions are met, the first shoots will appear in one - maximum two weeks. After the formation of 4-5 leaves on seedlings last can be planted in pots. The first bloom is a garden gerbera, the cultivation and care of which is enjoyable and distract from the pressing problems, will delight in 10-11 months from the moment of sowing. It is worth knowing that plants grown from seeds do not have maternal properties.
Garden gerbera: diseases and pests
Some disadvantage of gerbera can be considered its high susceptibility to various kinds of diseases. Therefore, in order to prevent the destruction of the flower of various kinds of pests before planting the soil is required to be treated with special preparations. Most often, the gerbera is affected by the rotting of the root collar, the causative agent of which is a fungus caused by soil contamination or moisture stagnation. For prevention, it is recommended to observe the irrigation regime, it is also necessary to improve soil drainage.
Gray rot, due to an excess of moisture in the ground, is destroyed by special preparations. However, it is not recommended in the process of processing their contact with the flower, which can cause the appearance of ugly spots.
Mealy dew can strike gerbera in the summer heat at elevated temperatures. Measures to combat this disease will be the use of appropriate fungicides or sulfur-containing drugs.
Aphids, spider mites and thrips are diseases that can kill the plant. Signs of their appearance will be the yellowing of the gerbera and its withering. In this case, the plant should be rescued by insecticidal special preparations.
Winter Gerber Care
For winter, the garden gerbera, planting and caring for which require knowledge of some features, needs covering, suitable material for this is straw or dry leaves. In areas with a cold climate, a gerbera is grown as an annual plant or is dug up on the eve of winter with a soil clod and transplanted into a voluminous pot, which will be kept until spring. The room for this should be lit, well ventilated and cool: 7-8 degrees Celsius. It is in such conditions that the gerbera garden can easily survive the cold time. Winter care is compulsory for cold climates.
In conclusion, it should be said that the cultivation of gerberas is troublesome and painstaking. Under all conditions of its maintenance and ensuring proper care, such a luxurious flower, resembling a beautiful huge chamomile, will delight with its gorgeous blooming for a long period, filling the garden with bright colors.
The garden gerbera became known as early as 1737 thanks to botanist J. Gronius. However, the plant got its modern name a little later, twenty years later. It was awarded in honor of biologist F. Gerber.
Gerbera flower looks very similar to chamomile and this is confirmed by its name in some sources - transvaal daisy, which translates as "Transvaal daisy." This flower is considered to be a symbol of innocence and youth. One of the legends about him, tells the story of a beautiful forest nymph named Gerba. Her beauty admired young guys, girls and old people. But the constant universal attention so tired the girl, that she chose to become an amazing flower - a gerbera.
Garden gerbera, planting and caring for which require a certain knowledge, belongs to the family of hard-flowers. Her flowers are collected in the center of the outlet and can be of different sizes. On average, their size is twelve centimeters in diameter. There are low-growing and tall varieties that can reach a meter in height. However, most gardeners prefer to grow plants no more than thirty centimeters high.
Gerberas of any species are characterized by long flowering: one flower pleases with its beauty for about a month, then it is replaced by the next, and this process lasts all summer. Has its own characteristics of planting and care of the garden gerbera in the open field. For the winter, the plants should be covered with a well-ventilated layer of rags or transplanted into a pot in the bushes and stored in a cold room at room temperature.
In the world, this plant is very popular, and breeders in different countries are constantly working to create new, more original varieties, of which there are already more than a thousand. All of them differ in color, shape and size of flowers, which can be of any color, except blue.
The overwhelming number of varieties derived from two species - Jameson's gerberas and green leafy gerberas. In industrial floriculture, the perennial garden gerbera is divided into several groups:
- small-flowered - with inflorescences up to ten centimeters in diameter and fine-gorgeous baskets,
- narrow-flowered, large-flowered - flowers with reed flowers and petals three millimeters wide with a length of fifty millimeters,
- large-flowered large-flowered - petals of these flowers up to twelve millimeters wide and about fifty millimeters long,
- semi-double-reed central petals in the inflorescence are noticeably shorter, they form a separate corolla,
- terry - this group of petals that are directed to the center shorter, they fill all the inflorescence.
If you want to grow a gerbera flower at home, then pay attention to the dwarf species that do not exceed twenty-five centimeters in height - Hummingbird, Happipot, Parade and Durora mix.
Garden Gerbera Varieties
Today, each owner of a country plot can choose varieties in accordance with their preferences and features of the landscape design of the site.
This plant is considered the ancestor of all species. The perennial garden gerbera of this species is distinguished by a massive stem and large flowers, up to fifteen centimeters in diameter. They can be of different colors, with baskets being simple, double or needle.
As a rule, it is grown for cutting and decoration of bouquets and flower arrangements. Very long stored in a vase. Flowering continues until the cold.
And this is an exact copy of chamomile, but more impressive (up to fifteen centimeters) sizes. White flowers have a yellow core.
Alcor and Aldebaran
These varieties belong to the small-flowered and narrow-leaved group. Alcor flowers are colored dark cherry color, and Aldebaran - in bright pink.
Garden gerberas: cultivation
It is no secret that the planting of any plant on the site is primarily related to the choice of place for it. This heat-loving plant needs a well-lit place - gerberas do not tolerate shade at all. Plants are planted in the open ground in spring, having previously prepared the soil and provided it with drainage. Water the flowers at room temperature as needed. Garden gerbera is propagated by seeds. From them grow seedlings, and then it is transferred into the open ground.
How to grow seedlings?
If you want to grow a houseplant, then you can do it at any time convenient for you. But if you need a garden gerbera, the seeds are planted in March. First you need to prepare the soil and special containers for seedlings. The earth for it is pretreated with a hot solution of potassium permanganate. After that, seeds are sown in a moist soil and sprinkled on top with peat or forest land, the layer of which should be no more than 0.5 cm.
After this box with seedlings covered with glass or plastic wrap. Every day it is necessary to open the crop and check the soil moisture. On the tenth day you will see the first shoots. During this period, seedlings will need good lighting, but in such a way that direct sunlight does not fall on it.
In winter, when the day is very short, provide young plants with additional lighting using fluorescent lamps. Duration of daylight should be at least twelve hours. When the first three or four leaves appear, the seedlings will swoop. Each plant is placed in a separate pot. They should not be too deep.
When growing seedlings in the room should be a constant air temperature of about +20 ° C. Many growers recommend using peat pots for growing seedlings. In this case, the young plants will not damage the roots when planting it in the ground with a pot. Thus, the plant adapts faster.
Planting in open ground
With the onset of heat, it usually happens in the middle or end of May, seedlings can be planted in the ground. At this time, the probability of night frosts is minimized. For planting select healthy and strong seedlings.
Bush division and grafting
For these methods of reproduction suitable adult plant with a strong root system. To graft a bush, it is necessary to dig up and gently clean the root of the soil, then remove the socket. After that, the prepared rhizome is planted in the prepared soil and create greenhouse conditions, observing constant humidity and temperature. Two weeks later, from the axillary buds, shoots will appear, after another ten days, when they have gained strength, cutting out of them.
They can be planted directly in open ground. Caring for cuttings is quite simple, they take root perfectly and form a new plant. The division of the bush is usually carried out in early spring. To do this, pick a strong large plant and separate small shoots from it with leaves.
Basic requirements for landing
- For garden gerberas you need heat and moisture.
- The flower is very fond of well-lit areas.
- Gerbera garden watering prefers moderate, should avoid excessive moisture and marshiness of the soil.
The soil for gerberas should contain:
When preparing the soil, if possible, use forest soil that is rich in organic matter. It should be well drained, because the plant does not tolerate even the slightest stagnation of moisture.
Many gardeners like garden gerberas. How to care for her, so that the bushes pleased with large and bright flowers? This plant, which today appealed not only to amateur gardeners, it is massively grown on an industrial scale. Someone considers it a bit capricious, but competent care and the desire of the grower to decorate his site, allow you to grow great samples.
We will build on the fact that the seedlings are already grown and planted in open ground. Therefore, we focus on the basic rules for the care of an adult plant.
The most important moment in the care of the gerbera. Only warm and soft water is used for this purpose. Watering is carried out from a special watering can, so that the flow is dispersed, and the jet does not expose the root system, it is better to water the gerbera under the root. Quite often and abundantly bushes watered before the appearance of the first flowers. After they bloom, the amount of moisture can be reduced to a minimum.
The lack of minerals in the soil can be replenished using regular supplements, which are usually carried out twice a month with special formulations that can be obtained in specialized stores without any problems. With a nutrient deficiency, the plant develops poorly, its flowers become rather small, the flowering period is noticeably shorter, and sometimes it may not come at all. Therefore, you should pay particular attention to the nutrition of the soil, if you want to grow a strong and healthy plant.
Такое многолетнее растение, которое выращено из семян и высажено рассадой в грунт, может радовать вас своим роскошным и обильным цветением в течение нескольких лет. Если в вашем регионе зимы не слишком морозные, то можно подрезать подсохшие стебли на уровне до десяти сантиметров от почвы, а куст покрыть соломой или сухими листьями.
Но за таким укрытием необходимо очень внимательно следить: при теплых зимах вполне вероятно подпревание куста. If the winters in your area are very cold, then it is more expedient to dig flowers from the ground and transplant them in pots. In a warm room, they have a great winter.
Flowers should be scooped up with a little earth. This will minimize trauma to the roots. Bushes are kept in winter in a bright room, which must be constantly aired. The air temperature in it should not be below +6 ° C, but not higher than ten.
In the opinion of everyone who already grows a garden gerbera in their plot, planting and caring for this plant is not particularly tedious. Of course, the plant has its own characteristics, small whims (for example, wintering), but all the efforts of gardeners aimed at growing these flowers are more than compensated for by abundant and long flowering.
Not many gardeners lovers know that the garden gerbera is a rather capricious flower. Without special knowledge of its care and planting it will be difficult to grow.
This plant belongs to the companion family, with the size of the bush in height reaching 20-30 cm . it has thick leaves, which by nature are collected in a rosette, there is a spike between the leaves. The diameter of a flower can reach 12 cm. One flower blooms for about a month, and the bush itself lasts all summer. For such a period of time on the bush can form up to 20 flowers or more.
Features of growing in the garden
Gerbera flower is whimsical, she loves moisture and heat, absolutely does not tolerate a temperature difference (cold). The best time to plant a plant is the end of spring.when the frosts are over, but not later, as you can significantly shorten its flowering time.
The soil for planting should be nutritious. To do this, use a mixture of: peat, sand, deciduous turf. In addition, specialty stores offer their customers a special ground for gerberas or for planting roses.
How to grow seedlings
An economical option for breeding and planting is growing seedlings. To do this, you need to purchase plant seeds in the store, with a good shelf life (seeds are only valid for 7 months, after their collection, not later). It is necessary to start growing seedlings in early autumn.However, experienced gardeners practice this throughout the year.
For planting seeds it is necessary to use a light and nutritious soil based on:
Pre-cooked soil is poured into the container, after it is loosened and seeds are scattered through it, which should be easily sprinkled with the same soil, then thoroughly moistened. After sown seeds, cover with polyethylene or glass.
Planting gerbera seeds begin in early autumn
After planting, the seeds must be protected from direct sunlight, the scattering light would be the best option.. Future seedlings need to be ventilated and sprinkled with water from time to time. The soil should not dry out. The first shoots may appear within a few weeks after planting.
In a few more weeks, the first leaflets will begin to appear. As soon as the leaf appears on the seedling 3, then you can begin planting in open ground.
Humidity and watering
If the gerbera began in the open field - this indicates compliance with all the rules for transplanting it, this is one of the most difficult tasks in the care. However, in order for the plant to give color it should be watered correctly.
- Requires good watering before the birth of the buds,
- As soon as the plant began to bloom watering should be reduced, but at the same time, without letting it dry out,
- Water for irrigation must be separated, not less than 1 day,
- Water should be room temperature,
- When watering, care should be taken to no water gets on the leaves or the socketThis will cause root rot.
Watering gerberas in winter is required if, for security, she was transplanted into a pot to be at home. Watering should be regular, but not abundant., you should not flood the flower, because with this you can do much harm to it.
Temperature and lighting
As mentioned earlier, the gerbera does not tolerate frost, so the optimum temperature of its existence should be more than 10 degrees .
Seedlings of the garden Gerbera must be protected from excessive direct sunlight, it is better to use diffused light for these purposes.
The lighting when growing seedlings from seeds should be optimally moderate (diffuse). When disembarking in the open ground or growing her house, the lighting must be good, because it blooms. Planting a gerbera outside is necessary in predominantly open terrain, with full access to the sun throughout the day..
Soil and fertilizers
Soil for planting plants should be nutritious, mostly sour. This can be achieved by means of impurities in the ground aluminum sulphate or acidic fluoride.
Like any plant, a garden gerbera loves top dressing, she needs them every 2 weeks. . For its fertilizer suitable various mineral impurities, which are purchased in specialized stores for gardeners. The positive quality of such mineral complexes is that in their manufacture all the proportions necessary for this plant were observed.
Diseases and pests
One of the disadvantages of this plant is its susceptibility to various types of diseases. This is due to soil damage or moisture stagnation. To prevent the occurrence of decay is necessary:
- Process the soil before planting the seedling with a special solution,
- Increase drainage before disembarking,
- Make water mode, do not fill in or keep the soil dry,
- When watering prevent water from entering the leaves plants.
Gray rot is also a disease affecting the gerbera, this is due to increased moisture. You can remove the rot by means of special preparations, but to exclude them from falling on the inflorescences.
Pests are aphids, spider mites and thrips.. It is also necessary to fight them with special insecticidal preparations.
Features care in summer and winter
Leaving in the summer, as mentioned earlier, involves regular watering, fertilizer, soil loosening, as well as protection from diseases and pests.
Winter care will differ significantly from the summer season, as the plant “hibernates” for this period. If the climate in which the gerbera is grown is favorable, that is, its temperature exceeds 10 degrees, then the gerbera is required simply in wrapping for the winter.
Planting technology Gerbera Sadovaya
Particular attention should be paid to the choice of landing site. it should be well lit, without drafts.
Take into account when planting a flower is the region. In order for the gerbera to remain a perennial plant, the optimum climate will be with a hot, humid summer - warm in winter, in this case the plant will just need to be covered for the winter with leaves or straw.
The best time for planting Gerberas on open ground can be considered mid-late spring, when the frosts have finally passed.
For a gerbera to bloom for many years, the soil must be saturated: phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, manganese. If there is a lack of these elements in the soil, the flowers will be small or not bloom at all.
Drainage required during planting. Watering is required to carry out exclusively under the root of the bush.
If you sow the soil seeds, rather than seedlings, they will bloom after 10 months . The flower itself is a box with seeds, which, after flowering, can be collected and sown with soil for the next year.
Transplanting is not difficult for a knowledgeable gardener, but not for beginners, therefore worth knowing certain rules:
- To plant seedlings is only after they appeared at least 3 sheets.
- Planted seedlings should late spring in warm ground.
- Remove seedlings for transplantation, it is necessary to be extremely careful not to damage the roots.
- After landing the plant requires careful watering until the first flowers appear, after watering should be moderate.
How to sleep and wake up Gerber
The flowering period is 3-4 months. After the plant ottsvetet it is hibernating (accumulates power to the next stage of flowering) for about 3 months (indoor plants). With garden flowers, the situation is a little different, if the climate allows you to keep the bush on the site, not digging it for the winter, then the plant begins to bloom next year. Garden gerbera blooms all summer with proper care.
Gerbera is a capricious, capricious flowertherefore, it requires special care, but even an unskilled gardener, observing all the rules for the care and planting, can easily grow this plant.
Daisies from South Africa
The numerous colors of this giant chamomile, discovered more than 100 years ago in hot South Africa by the Dutchman Reman, will decorate your site with bright brushstrokes. It has long been adapted for breeding in the garden, in open areas, and at home. Gerbera has over 100 different species..
The most famous have a red color:
Among other popular shades - pink, purple, yellow, cream and, of course, white. Such a palette for many will be even more charming. Garden Gerbera is a perennial plant, characterized by leaves growing directly from the root and huge chamomile flowers.
It reaches an average height of about 30 centimeters, some of its specimens can grow up to 60 cm. The flowers, which can be simple, double and semi-double, have a diameter of about 12-16 cm.
Photo on flowerbed
Below is a photo of a gerbera in the garden.
Flower crops similar to this plant
- First of all it chamomile. Chamomiles and most of the flora representatives like them belong to the Aster family. The first sign on which we easily distinguish them is the white petals.
- Anemone Blenda has a variety of shades of flowers.
- Calendula - similar to gerbera 0.5-0.6 meters high. It has orange or deep yellow petals.
- Daisy - has a color of white, pink, lilac flowers, and the middle is pale yellow. Neat bush reaches no more than 20 cm.
- Arktotis - on a bare stalk has chamomile-like inflorescences of 5-10 cm in size. The petals are white and also pale yellow.
- Gatsania - can grow up to 30 cm, and have an inflorescence in the region of 5-9 centimeters. The color scale is diverse, however pink and scarlet varieties of gazinia are popular.
- Osteospermum - perennial, but its cultivated varieties grow annuals. It takes the form of an average bush about a meter high and the size of the inflorescence is about 4-10 centimeters. It is characterized by white, red, purple petals.
- Sunflower decorative are miniature, with terry and dense buds, colored depending on the variety.
- Chrysanthemum - very similar to gerbera, different in size of flowers, they are much smaller. Chrysanthemum petals can have a variety of shades: from white to purple.
Other gerbera-like garden flowers include:
Can all its species be grown in the country?
In the open ground grow only tall species.. For cultivation in the garden are suitable varieties such as:
Features of growth in open ground
The most comfortable gerbera will be growing where the warm climate prevails and there is always a sunny summer. Choose a well-lit place for planting (about the rules of planting and caring for a gerbera in the garden and at home, read here). This will prevent the flower stems from stretching to the height and allow the flower to have the appearance provided for this variety.
Caring for her in the garden
Gerber care includes winter and summer. Each of them has its own actions on the maintenance of the flower. Remove the faded parts of the plant in a timely manner, it will help to stimulate the growth of new flower stalks.
About the rules of care for cut gerbera flowers and how to keep them in a vase longer, we told here.
Seeding is carried out in a light soil mixture from January to March, to a depth of 2-3 mm. For the most efficient germination, the temperature should not fall below +18 degrees. If you were able to meet all the necessary conditions, the first shoots will appear in one or two weeks.
After forming 4-5 leaves, plant gerbera seedlings in pots. Wait until the period of night frosts and gerbera seedlings can be transplanted into the open ground.
To make flowers feel comfortable, it is necessary to plant their sunny place and ensure good and regular watering. The fruits that appear after artificial pollination, are a box of seeds.
If you collect them, next year you will be able to grow new daisies. Now surely there will be no disappointment in the descendants that have grown in the future.
Plants cultivated by seedlings from seeds will not have maternal varietal properties.
How to grow a gerbera at home, read in our material.
Seed planting technology
The first option is planting seeds. Purchase the variety you like at flower shows or in stores. Pay attention to the date of issue when buying seeds, remember that they can store the germination properties for 7-8 months.
And how to grow a room gerbera from seed, you will learn in a separate article.
In April-May, bushes that already have 2-3 years old need to be divided into several parts, leaving 2-3 leaves on each. The roots are cut to 10 cm. When planting, make sure that the gerbera outlet is located one and a half cm above the ground. At the end of how you spread the gerbera, mother signs will not be lost..
The period of flowering and hibernation
It blooms - 3-4 months, that is, all summer. After the gerbera withers, it is in a sleeping state (it accumulates forces on a new flowering stage). When and how many gerberas bloom and why they do not, can be found here.
Gerbera breeding is time consuming and troublesome. If you follow all the rules of its maintenance and provide suitable care, such a gorgeous flower, reminiscent of a multi-petal huge chamomile, will please with its excellent flowering for a long period of time, filling your garden with bright colors.
There are several dozen species of garden gerberas, most of which grow in their natural habitat on the African continent and in tropical regions of Asia. Thanks to the characteristic shape of the flower, the gerbera is also called the Transvaal daisy or the daisy (Transvaal is a locality in South Africa where the flowers were first discovered).
South African Exotic Flower
The plant has the form of a bush 25–35 cm high, although some species reach half a meter. Leaves basal, fleshy, elongated with sharp tips, collected in the outlet. The roots are short, fibrous.
Peduncle is smooth and pubescent, towering above the foliage. Ends with a daisy-like flower that blooms for 30–35 days. The inflorescence is round, collected in a basket. Petals reed form, narrowed to the base. Can be simple, semi-double and terry.
The diameter of the flower is large - 10 ... 12 cm, color is allowed in all shades of white, red, pink and yellow. Flower hybrid varieties can reach 25 ... 30 cm in diameter. The middle of the inflorescence has a round shape and brown color.
Gerbera fruits - small seed boxes. The plant blooms for 3 months, and only up to 20 flowers can form on a shrub per season.
The main method of bush reproduction is the division of an overgrown bush.. Used for the reproduction of valuable plants, because it allows you to save varietal characteristics.
The division of the bush is a reliable way to preserve the varietal characteristics of the flower. Rejuvenating division is shown to an adult plant at 3-4 years of age. This procedure is usually carried out in early spring, separating from the parent bush a young shoot with 1–2 leaves. It is recommended to shorten the roots to 10 cm.
Rooting delenki takes an average of 35 days. In this case, the socket of the gerbera should not protrude above the ground surface by more than 1 cm.
Eavesdropping of an already grown bush makes it possible to obtain a viable, high-quality planting material of the variety that a gardener needs. After grafting shoots will give flowers the next year.
In order to get the cuttings should:
- Dig a bush, clean the root system of the soil, wash it with running water.
- Remove the rosette of leaves.
- To plant a cluster of roots in a greenhouse, wait for the shoots from the axillary buds to appear (this usually occurs after 2 weeks).
- When the shoots are stronger, they can be planted in open ground as cuttings.
How to grow seedlings seed way
When buying plant seeds for germination, it is important to monitor their germination period - it is only 7 months. Sow them in early autumn or from January to March. Seeds of African Exotic remain viable for 7-8 months.
African Exotic Seeds
Seeds are planted not in open ground, but in boxes or tubs with loose soil, состоящей из дерновой земли, листового перегноя, песка, перлита и торфа. Почвенный субстрат перед посадкой необходимо простерилизовать: прокалить на огне или обработать паром на водяной бане. В качестве дренажа на дно ящика обычно кладут керамзит.
A week before the intended landing, the seeds are wrapped in gauze or clothsoaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then gauze gently squeeze and store for 1-2 days in polyethylene. This method allows you to quickly achieve germination.
The landing procedure is as follows:
- Seeds scatter on the surface of the soil, poured on top of a small layer of fine river sand.
- Water the crop and cover with plastic wrap or glass. Place the box with the seedlings in a warm place with ambient lighting.
- In the morning and in the evening, the shelter is removed so that condensate does not form.
- As required, the soil is sprayed with water at room temperature.
- After 10-12 days, when the first shoots appear, you need to switch to regular moderate watering. From now on, seedlings are no longer covered with film.
- Saplings with a pair of leaves swoop into a new box, planting 8–10 cm apart from each other.
- Sapling with 6 leaves ready for planting in the garden.
It is important to maintain good seedling illumination - daylight about 12 hours. With a short duration of daylight hours in the winter, artificial lighting up with fluorescent lamps is allowed.
When transplanting plants you need to ensure that the root neck of the flower was not covered with primer. In this state, the shrub in the new place will not take root and, most likely, will perish due to rot.
Transplanting is a great way to “rejuvenate” an adult plant. At the time of transplanting adult shrub can be divided into several small ones. For this, the rhizome of a dug-out plant is cleaned from the ground, carefully divided with a disinfected blade or a sharp knife into 2 parts.
The cut is treated with powdered charcoal or ash, and until it begins to dry, the seedlings are planted in a new place and watered abundantly.
If for some reason plant transplantation is undesirable, then it is initially planted in a convenient container, tub or container that can be moved around the site and put into a room for the winter.
Features care during the flowering period
The stem of the flower is not pruned, like in other decorative flowers, but twisted or broken out. Since the flowering period of the shrub is quite long - 2-3 months, then care during this period should be strengthened. In addition to abundant watering and frequent feeding, it is recommended to remove dried peduncles, cutting them as close as possible to the base of the outlet.
Varietal flower variety
This method will allow for the emergence of new large buds and increased flowering.. If pruning is not done, the rest of the stem will rot, and the rot may spread to the roots.
It is also necessary to promptly remove dry foliage. - it signals the presence of gerbera disease and may contribute to the infection of other plants. Another important nuance in the care during flowering is the need to irrigate the leaves to remove dust and dirt.
In the southern regions, where winters are warm and humid, the plant waits a state of rest with a protective shelter in the form of lapnik, straw or sawdust.
In the central regions of Russia, the gerbera needs to be dug out in the fall as an annual and stored in a dry cool place, without cleaning the roots from the ground.. Right along with the earthy ball, the plant is placed in a wooden box filled with sawdust and stored in a dry basement.
In central Russia, digging is also mandatory: temperatures in these areas in winter are too low for the plant to survive them. The flower is transplanted into pots and stored for wintering in a room where the temperature does not fall below +7 - +8 degrees.
Gerbera garden planting and care
For home breeding in room conditions using special dwarf varieties.
The most common varieties of gerberas are the following:
- The blooming red hues of the Robin, Romeo and Mars varieties.
- White Maria and Labimosa.
- Varieties Jupiter and Malena painted yellow shades.
- Pink flowers can be obtained by planting varieties Migas and Vera.
Depending on the shape of the flower, gerberas are divided into the following types:
- Gerberas with large inflorescences are represented by the Mars variety.
- Terry flowers with narrow petals - Sonya and Kalinka.
- Small and narrow petals of inflorescences have varieties Aldebaran and Alcor.
- Large terry petals from the Iskra variety.
- Wide and large simple petals in Saturn, Alomat and Peter.
How to plant and propagate
There are three ways of reproduction of this flower: seeds, cuttings and dividing the bush.
After the young shoots are formed on the bush, the bush is dug out and the rosette is cut off. In the greenhouse, cut cuttings are germinated for fifteen days. When the sprouts of the leaves appear sprouts, they can be planted in the ground. Cuttings perfectly take root. In this way, they breed and replant their home and garden ones.
Growing with seeds
Seeds are best purchased at a flower shop. Before planting, they should be soaked in a container or on a wet cloth. It is important to ensure that they do not accidentally dried up, otherwise germination of seeds is difficult. After you see that the seeds have spilled, plant them in the ground and cover them with glass. Thus, a greenhouse effect will be created, through which the entrances will appear.
If you decide to collect the seeds yourself for later disembarkation, consider that they will be valid only for seven months.
Planting will require a light soil mixture consisting of peat, park soil and sand. Before sowing seeds, pour the soil with a hot solution of manganese. After planting, sprinkle them with peat on top. Seeds are planted in a container in the fall in order to be transplanted into the ground in the spring. At first they grow in a mini-greenhouse, and when they become about five centimeters high, they are opened and grown without shelter. Seedlings watered with a spray as the soil dries.
The place where there will be a box with seedlings should be warm and well lit. And the light day is desirable for at least twelve hours. Air temperature is allowed not lower than fifteen degrees.
Strengthened seedlings are seated in individual peat pots and continue to care. In the spring they can be planted in the garden right in the pots, so the flowers will better transfer acclimatization to the new place and will be able to avoid stress due to transplantation. Landing is advised to hold when warm weather sets in. This is usually the end of May. They choose the strongest seedlings, while the weaker ones are left at home for some time.
You can sow seeds at any time of the year, but January and May are considered the best periods. At home, you can create year-round flowering gerberas. With a suitable climate to bloom gerberas, begin seven months after sowing.
It is used as the main breeding method. In March they find the strongest and largest bush, dig it up and divide the root into parts. Sit in such a way that the protrusion of the outlet above the surface is approximately one centimeter.
Growing in the garden
Leaving in the open field involves watering and sub-feed. Gerbera loves bright spots, so her requirements should be taken into account during landing. The soil is desirable light and richly fertilized with mineral fertilizers. During the period of growth and budding it is watered as often as possible, and in the fall it can be reduced to the very minimum. Try to water in such a way that water drops do not fall into the rosette of leaves, otherwise they will begin to rot.
For watering use warm water, as from the cold root can rot. If the gerbera leaves begin to dry, it means that the moisture you give is not enough. And when the stems from the ground rot away - watering is carried out too often.
She loves fertilizers and during her active growth will have to feed the plant every two weeks. Potassium and nitrogen-containing fertilizers are used during the formation of green mass, and phosphate fertilizers are used in budding. In the fall feeding stop.
Potassium chloride cannot be used as fertilizer, as the gerbera does not tolerate it. And also does not like any organic fertilizer flower. If you notice that the inflorescences have become smaller, and the growth of the flower becomes lower, then it clearly lacks nutrients.
For the winter, the gerberas are dug up and carried to a warm place. If the winters in your region are warm, then the flower can be left to hibernate only by covering it. It should be borne in mind that this plant is thermophilic and, perhaps, over the winter is an abyss.
Spacious tanks are prepared for gerberas with the following composition: two parts of parkland, two - peat and one part of sand. Everything is mixed, clayite is placed on the bottom of the tank for drainage and the soil mix is poured. In it, the gerbera will winter until spring.
In the event that you decide to leave the gerbera to winter, first cut it to ten centimeters high, and then cover it. Covered with dry leaves, and the top film. If there will be a warming in winter or an early spring comes, remove the film in time, otherwise the plant can sopret.
Pests and diseases
To prevent fungal parasites from sticking to gerberas, treat the soil before planting. This flower is often plagued by various diseases. For the prevention of fungi, try to prevent water from stagnating in the flowerbed where the gerbera grows. Major pests:
- If the leaves of the plant are covered with whitish dust, then the flower is most likely struck by powdery mildew. You can get rid of it with the help of drugs containing sulfur or fungicides.
- Antifungal drugs will help from the rot of serum, which should be sprayed carefully, without falling on the inflorescences.
- You can get rid of various insects with the help of a soap solution or garlic tincture. If they do not help, treat the flower with insecticidal preparations.
- You can not cut the flowers, otherwise the remnants of the spike begin to rot. This plant only break out.
- Very often, the gerbera rots the root neck. The cause of the disease becomes excessive moisture.
- Due to the excess moisture in the soil nematodes can start.
This plant is a perennial, and therefore needs to be transplanted. Dig it together with a piece of land and transplanted to another place.
Garden gerbera in indoor floriculture
For growing houses they choose special varieties of dwarf gerbera. For her need to create the conditions of a long color day. It should last at least twelve hours. The flowering period lasts from mid-August to December. After she ottsvetet sure to give her peace. During this period, watering should be reduced to a minimum, and fertilizer should not be applied.
If desired You can use the lamp to extend flowering until the end of spring, but then the gerbera will rest in the summer months. During this period, it will increase the green mass. The rest period usually lasts no more than three months and, if it drags on, it means an error has occurred in the care of the flower. Perhaps the gerbera was simply overfed with nitrogenous fertilizers. Often the flowers refuse to bloom if they fall into pots that are too large for them. In such cases, they are intensively increasing the root system and all the forces go to it.
The temperature in the room where gerberas are grown should be at least twenty degrees during flowering. Gerbera easily carries the summer heat, so it can be safely located on the south side and put on balconies.
In winter, the temperature should not fall below fifteen degrees and only for a short time.
Be sure to spray a flower. This is a tropical plant that needs moisture in addition to heat. You can not repot the flower during flowering.