- a variety of late ripening, existing for about 100 years, is very fruitful, berries are more suitable for processing, as they have an acidic taste. It starts fruiting early (for 2-3 years), by the age of 8-9 years it is fully productive, and by the age of 18-20 it grows old and loses most of its yield.
- appreciated for the great taste of the fruit. Late-ripening variety, yield - 20-25 kg per tree, has excellent winter and frost resistance.
Bright red large fruits ripen by the end of July. Up to 10 kg of fruit can be obtained from a single tree. Because of their rich acidity, cherries are more often used for processing. The advantages include the fact that the fruits are not showered from the tree for a long time. And of the minuses, it is worth noting the average winter hardiness and weak susceptibility to coccomycosis.
In this variety, it is not only wood and buds that are winter-resistant, flowers are also able to withstand spring frosts. In addition, Generous Cherry is resistant to drought and pests. Moniliasis and coccomycosis affects the tree moderately. The variety, though related to the self-fertile, is surrounded by varieties such as Beacon and Vole and brings a richer crop.
It is equally important to choose varieties resistant to the dangerous mushroom disease - coccomycosis. Not afraid of this disease varieties: Generous, Turgenevka, Chocolate, Volochaevka, Assol, Silva, Oblachinskaya, Students, Rastorguevskaya, Anthracite, Silva.
Cherry varieties: early, late, winter hardy
How beautiful cherry blossoms can be, pictures can not fully convey, but most gardeners still try to grow on their plots those types of crops that bring edible fruits. Common cherry is especially widespread, the varieties of which we will consider below.
Another pair: Raditsa - Tyutchevka. Srednerosly grades, rather steady. Fruits with good taste.These varieties of cherries are perfect for the suburbs.Cherry is a useful stone fruit crop, which is home to the Mediterranean countries. This means that, by nature, cherry trees love the sunny and warm climate of moderate humidity. However, the breeders made sure that the cherry feels comfortable in central Russia, enduringly enduring winter frosts, dry heat in summer, daily temperature drops and a number of diseases that trees are prone to. This is especially important because in our climate cold reaches 40 degrees Celsius. Therefore, cherry for the Moscow region, a frost-resistant and heat-resistant variety, is very relevant for comfortable growth and fruiting in the region.
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Cherry is a very healthy berry, rich in vitamins and minerals. It is used for freezing, processing and fresh consumption. If there is even a small summer cottage, you can grow a tree yourself, but do not rush to plant the first available variety. Choose the best cherry that will produce maximum yield and perfectly adapts to your climate.
Which of the high-yielding varieties of cherries grow better
Buying a sapling, pay attention to the rate of its yield. Gardeners have identified several varieties that, in their opinion, are the most productive in the subsidiary farm:
The grade "Nochka" is considered the most high-yielding. Up to 70 kg of berries can be harvested from a single adult tree. Harvest ripen in early summer, friendly returns. The berries are dark red, large, fleshy and sweet. The variety is remarkable not only for stable yields, but also for its high threshold of winter hardiness and disease resistance. Recommended for cultivation in the Moscow region and central Russia.
Excellent yield has a variety of "Toy". The tree is vigorous, often exceeding 7 m in height. Begins to bear fruit three years after planting. The average yield of adult cherries to 50 kg. The berry is large, dark in color, with pleasant sweet-sour pulp. The skin is thin, the stone is easily separable. The variety has a high threshold of winter-hardiness and is not susceptible to drought, but flowers and buds can suffer during a long spring.
No less popular cherry "Black Large". The tree is medium thick, bears fruit in the middle of summer for the third year after planting. The berries are large, dark cherry color, soft and pleasant to taste. The variety is self-productive, with good pollinators, the yield reaches 30 kg per tree. The advantage of a grade is high frost resistance, cherry maintains lowering of temperature to-35 ° C. With proper farming, you can grow in the northern regions of the country.
The best self-fertile varieties of cherries for the garden
Recently, self-fertile tree varieties have become particularly popular. They allow you to save space in the garden and at the same time get a good harvest. Gardeners should pay attention to the following varieties:
Variety "Garland" is considered one of the earliest, suitable for cultivation in the northern regions of the country. The tree is fully self-fertile with a good yield, can withstand temperatures as low as -35 ° C. On average, for the season from 10 to 20 kg of cherries are harvested. The berries are large, dark in color, dense, but juicy. The harvest tolerates transportation and does not lose its presentation for a long time.
The variety of cherries “Youth” is not only self-fertile, but also short with a drooping crown. The height of an adult plant does not exceed 2.5 m. The berries are red in color, sour-sweet in taste, with small bones, which are well separated. The advantage of a grade is the increased winter hardiness and resistance to diseases. The tree painlessly tolerates lowering the temperature to - 30 ° С. Productivity of a grade to 10-12 kg from a tree.
Among mid-ripening samoplodnyh varieties stands out Cinderella cherry. With good care can collect up to 15 kg of cherries. Berries of medium size, bright red, taste sweet and sour. The tree does not need treatments for pests and diseases, it tolerates low temperatures in winter.
The best of the undersized varieties of cherries
Low-growing varieties of cherries have always been valued among fans. The following varieties are especially popular:
Variety "Chocolate" is notable for its dark chocolate color. The tree does not exceed 2.5 m, fully self-fertile. The berries are medium in size, very tasty, sweet. The flesh is dark red in color, the bone is small and well separable.
The bush variety "Mayak" is used for industrial cultivation. The plant does not exceed 2 m, but requires enough space. His crown is spreading thick. The berries are large, maroon, peel with a characteristic luster. The taste of cherries is gentle, sweet. Productivity to 15 kg from a bush. Berries ripen in early August. The variety is designed for cultivation in Siberia.
Cherry "Brunette" is popular not only for its small tree height, but also for its early growth, self-fertility and regular crops. In addition, it is a variety with a high threshold of winter hardiness, recommended for cultivation in central regions. The berries are dark, medium in size, ripen in mid-summer, taste sweet and sour. Suitable for processing and fresh consumption. Productivity to 10 kg from a tree.
The most winter hardy of the best varieties of cherries
Varieties for the northern regions and Siberia are chosen very carefully. The following types of cherries will like the gardeners of this area:
Variety "Ashinskaya" is considered to be the best among winter-hardy. Shrub tolerates frosts up to - 55 ° C. Its height does not exceed 1.5 m, flowering and fruiting begins in the fourth year of cultivation. The berries are dark, with a specific astringent taste, with small bones.
The variety “Altai Swallow”, although it does not produce large yields, but perfectly tolerates the harsh climate of this area. The shrub grows to 1.5 m, bears fruit in the middle of summer, with good care it is harvested up to 5 kg of berries. Cherries beautiful taste, medium in size, dark.
Very popular cherry "generous" bush type. The plant reaches 2 m in height, unpretentious, bears fruit on last year's growths and bouquet sprigs. The bush of the average period of flowering, fruiting enters the 3-4 year of cultivation. Productivity is stable for many years. The bush is self-fertile. Frost resistance up to - 45 ° С. The berries are bright red, sweet and sour, do not crack on the branches. Suitable for all types of processing and fresh consumption.
Middle-late cultivars include the Blizzard cherry. The bush grows to 1.5 m, it starts to bear fruit early, the yields are stable. The berries are medium in size, red, with tender and juicy pulp, sour taste is present. The yield is average, with good agricultural technology, they collect up to 5 kg from a bush.
Among the late ripening varieties for Siberia, Sverdlovchanka cherry stands out. The tree begins to bear early, gives stable yields every year. Flowers and shoots are not susceptible to returnable frosts. The tree does not exceed 2 m in height, blooms at the end of May, refers to partially self-bearing. For better yields, pollinators are grown nearby. The berries are large, dark cherry color, sweet, with a dense skin. Transportation is well tolerated, do not lose their presentation. The grade is intended for all types of processing.
In order to choose which varieties of cherries are best planted in the Moscow region, you need to pay attention to some criteria for their selection. The climatic conditions of the middle zone of Russia impose increased requirements on frost resistance and winter hardiness of fruit trees. The first factor implies the ability to overcome the negative effects of icing, alternation of thaws and frosts, and the second - the ability to withstand a decrease in temperature to critical values. It is also desirable that the variety of cherries be resistant to diseases and pests.
The most popular varieties of cherries in the Moscow region
These varieties are valued for the combination of excellent fruit flavor with unpretentiousness, resistance to harsh winters and diseases of the cherry. The most popular varieties among middle belt gardeners:
- Miracle cherry - mid-season variety with very large (10g), sweet fruits. Winter-hardy, resistant to fungal diseases, yield - 15 kg per tree.
- Griot Moskovsky - the mid-season variety is not afraid of return frost, it has a higher than average yield. Trees quickly come into fruiting, give large, sweet-sour and dense fruits.
- Turgenevka - appreciated for the great taste of the fruit. Late-ripening variety, yield - 20-25 kg per tree, has excellent winter and frost resistance.
- Excellent Venyaminova - mid-season drought-resistant and frost-resistant variety with unusually tasty fruits, which are well separated bone. Both this and the previous varieties hardly suffer from coccomycosis.
- Zhukovskaya - variety of late ripening with large fruits of almost black color and excellent sweet-sour taste.
Low-growing varieties of cherries for the Moscow region
The low growth of these trees does not affect the yield at all, and is an additional advantage for those gardeners who do not want to experience difficulties in harvesting. Here are a few low-growing varieties of cherries suitable for cultivation in the Moscow region:
- Youth - high-yielding variety of medium ripening (late July), obtained from the crossing of Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya. The variety is also self-fertile, has sweet-sour dessert fruits, high frost resistance, is not picky in its care.
- Lighthouse - does not grow above one and a half meters, has large fruits, good yield and winter hardiness.
- Menzelinskaya - a crop from a tree this grade gives not less than 15-20 kg, needs pollinators.
Such varieties for the middle band as Mtsenskaya, Tamarin, Bystrinka, Mashkin Memory, and Malyshka also belong to the undersized one.
The best self-fertile varieties of cherries for the Moscow region
To obtain a good harvest, these varieties do not need cross-pollination, which is convenient for owners of small areas. We must pay tribute, with additional pollination, the yield of these trees still increases significantly.
- Apukhtinskaya - very tasty and large fruits of this variety resemble a heart in their shape. A variety of late ripening (late August), begins fruiting in the second year, is very winter-hardy, but not sufficiently resistant to coccomycosis.
- Lyubskaya - a variety of late ripening, existing for about 100 years, is very fruitful, berries are more suitable for processing, as they have an acidic taste. It starts fruiting early (for 2-3 years), by the age of 8-9 years it is fully productive, and by the age of 18-20 it grows old and loses most of its yield.
- Zagorevskaya - an early ripe fruitful grade with large very tasty fruits. Winter hardiness is average.
- Volochaevka - this mid-season variety has excellent winter hardiness, a tree up to 2.5 m gives up to 12 kg of berries. It has large fruits with dark red juicy pulp. The taste is sweet and sour.
- Chocolate girl - very beautiful and tasty fruits, high resistance to diseases compensate for the average yield (11 kg per bush) of this variety with very high self-fertility.
The following varieties can be attributed to the self-fertile varieties of the middle band: Meeting, Garland, Brunette, Cinderella, Xenia. A wide selection of varieties of cherries will allow the gardener to easily select trees with the desired characteristics for his garden plot.
About what varieties of apple trees are best planted in the suburbs, you can in other articles on this site.
Home / Garden with designs / What is good cherry felt?
What is good felted cherry?
The beauty of felt cherries is a joy to people. And the fruits in any form - fresh or processed (jam, juice, fruit juice, jam) - are very tasty, they have a juicy, tender pulp and the same tender skin. But there is a cherry that does not suffer from coccomycosis. She is very fruitful, winter-hardy, undemanding to care, but if her care is good, then the cherry generously gives the owner abundant annual crops - up to 20 kg of fruit from the bush. In the middle lane, it is not affected by diseases and it does not have to be sprayed with chemicals, one of the unpleasant and time-consuming procedures disappears, and most importantly, the garden is environmentally clean. It's time to call the miracle plant. This is a felted cherry - shrub 1.5-2 m tall with grayish-green corrugated and pubescent leaves (for which it is called felt). In any period of its growing season, the plant is elegant and beautiful. It blooms in early spring in a leafless state and then looks like a delicate white cloud or lace. And when it bears fruit (in July-August), it is decorated with continuous garlands of brilliant bright red berries.
The beauty of felt cherries is a joy to people. And the fruits in any form - fresh or processed (jam, juice, fruit juice, jam) - are very tasty, they have a juicy, tender pulp and the same tender skin.
Varietal fruits weigh 4-5 g. The early spring temperature fluctuations do not interfere with the flowering and abundant fruit setting. The plant is pollinated by bees and wind, but requires cross-pollination, so several different types and forms of felt cherry grow in the garden. It does not give root shoots, and its roots, spreading horizontally, almost do not extend beyond the crown of the bush. By planting small seedlings at a distance of 1.5-2 m one from another, the land between the bushes for the first 3 years can be used for vegetables and other crops. Cherry felted seeds, cuttings, layering. When propagated by seeds, seedlings do not have sharp deviations from parental forms.
It is good to carry out autumn sowing in October when spring seeds are pre-stratified for 3-4 months and sown immediately after the snow melts. It is necessary to sow on ridges 20-30 cm high in order to avoid shorting and rotting. Ridges for sowing are prepared in the fall, trying to ensure that the soil is breathable and nutritious. Seeds are laid out in the grooves 2-2.5 cm deep at a distance of 5 cm from each other with row spacings of 25-30 cm.
Cherry for the Moscow region the best grade
At cultivation of cherry felt the initial formation of a bush is of great importance. The amateur gardener A. Frolov from the Moscow region was convinced of this. To form a strong bush, she believes, you need to leave only the three lowest skeletal branches. They will form a good strong branches of the second and third orders. The whole bush is illuminated by the sun, which contributes to the large-fruited, sugar content of the fruit. A well-formed shrub early comes into fruition: in the second or third year after planting. In the future, pruning is required only for rejuvenation. Cut relies only old, broken, poorly fruiting branches. If one admits an incorrect formation of an annual sapling, then in most cases the crown is strongly thickened with thin, weak twigs, the fruits shrink, and the entry into fruiting is removed.
The longevity of the bushes is 15 years, but the experience of the gardener shows that with proper anti-aging pruning, the period of fruiting can be increased to 20 years.
A. Frolova planted seedlings on a sunny elevated place to avoid the closure of the roots (and in case of close groundwater, drainage should be made of rubble or broken red brick with a layer of 10-15 cm). The size of the pit is 40x40x40 cm. On heavy clay soils, it is better to increase the pit (50x50x50 cm), so that the nutrient mixture is enough for the growth and development of the fibrous thin roots of the seedling for two years. Когда появятся утолщенные корни, они осилят и тяжелые глины.The gardener fills the pit with an air-permeable nutrient mixture, adding lime, rotted manure or compost, mineral fertilizers to it: 150 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium sulphate, Sapling plants overpriced on a mound without digging down the root neck and not filling it with soil.
In the future, when fruiting cherry felt per 1 m 2 of area, 6-8 kg of rotted manure or compost, 100 g of urea, 60 g of potassium sulfate contribute. Land limes every 4-5 years. Nitrogen makes only in spring, before flowering. In the second half of the summer gives phosphorus and potassium. After fruit set, good feeding with trace elements is good. Loosens the soil around the bush shallow, by 8-10 cm, so as not to damage the small roots close to the surface.
Cherry felt is incompatible with ordinary cherries, but grafts of plums, cherry plums and apricots are well suited to it. She pereopylyaetsya and cherry sand.
Early Cherry Varieties
- - does not grow above one and a half meters, has large fruits, good yield and winter hardiness.
- Excellent Venyaminova
- These varieties are well suited for growing in Russia, but Shpanka is a cherry zoned for Ukraine. Ukrainian gardeners highly appreciate this variety for its unpretentiousness, undemanding of soil conditions, high regular yield and good winter hardiness. Remarkably, the juice of the cherry Shpanka is slightly colored, transparent, unlike other varieties of cherries.
- In the photo is a variety of cherry "Generous"
Frosty winters near Moscow
As mentioned above, the winters in the suburban region are quite severe, often in them there are such disasters as icing. Concerning Cherry varieties for this region should have:
- good frost resistance - needed to be able to withstand such a low temperature,
- winter hardiness is necessary to withstand sudden frost or icing.
The most common diseases of cherries
Fruit trees, including cherries, which grow on the territory of the Moscow region, are most often prone to disease, the first places among which are such as:
- Coccomycosis. This disease of fruit trees has a pathological effect on the deciduous part of the plant - its leaves gradually begin to change their color, as a result, they turn yellow and leave the branches.
- Monilioz. The berries themselves are striking - a white bloom begins to appear on them, after which the fruits rot and become unfit for consumption.
It is because for the Moscow region the plants should also have an increased immunity to these diseases, because trees can be protected from them only with the help of chemicals, but this will make the berries unsuitable for food and even for making jams, jams, etc.
Matching all the required characteristics that should have the best trees for the specified area of our country, Among them are several typeswho feel comfortable in the local climate and are not predisposed prone to diseases:
- Apukhtinskaya cherry
- Lubskaya cherry,
- Youth cherry,
The variety does not differ in particular heightwhich is less than 2.5-3 m, in shape it resembles a bush. It begins to bear fruit abundantly in the second year after planting with large dark red fruits slightly resembling hearts. The fruits have a slight bitterness.
Apukhtinskaya cherry attributed to the late self-bearing trees. It blooms in mid-June, and the harvest can begin to collect in late summer. Due to the late flowering is quite resistant to the winter season. but at the same time due to its immunity to winter and is not suitable for use in cross-pollination. In addition, if autumn comes too early, which, unfortunately, every year happens more often, and with it sharp cold is pressed, then the trees may not meet the deadline, mature and fall off. But this variety is almost completely opposed coccomycosis.
When choosing to plant Apukhtinskaya cherry in the Moscow region, you should prefer the two-year-old seedlings. The most suitable territory for a young tree is considered south side of the garden, because there he will get enough of the sun's rays, which he needs so much for normal development.
It is best to plant Alushta variety in autumn. It is recommended to choose a place as far as possible from the groundwater - preferably not closer than 2.5 m to the surface of the earth.
This variety is quite possibly attributed to the best for the Moscow region, because it is completely undemanding to care. It is advisable to cut and fertilize the tree in time. The first dressing is made at the landing (potash, superphosphates and organic fertilizers). The following feeding is carried out every three years. Carrying out activities for pruning this tree, you must leave only 5 shoots to form the crown. The first pruning is carried out immediately after landing in the ground. after that, each autumn period, the crown is simply thinned a little to produce a bountiful harvest and maintain shape.
As for the timing and amount of watering, then be sure to implement it only once when planting a seedling. and the subsequent spend only in dry time. At all other times, this tree will have enough natural natural precipitation.
One of the main advantages of this variety is its small heightwhich it grows to reach adulthood. The tree does not rise more than 3 meters, which greatly facilitates the process of harvesting.
It is also important that Lubskaya, when growing up, forms the crown of moderate thickness, although quite sprawling. This greatly simplifies the care of this variety during pruning. Its side branches are formed as an arc and are located at an acute angle to the main trunk. The bark has a brown color with a gray tint, and the surface of the Lyubskaya bark variety is covered with characteristic cracks.
Her fruits have an attractive beautiful rich red color.. In the taste characteristics of this variety is dominated by a sour taste. In this regard, any cherry cherries are mainly used for compotes, jams and jams, where the sour note can be smoothed by adding sugar.
Lyubsky variety belongs to the self-fertile, it can even bear fruit alone. Harvesting is possible from the second year after planting a tree, and upon reaching the age of two, this fruit tree enters into full force and begins to bear fruit as abundantly as possible. Its fruits are usually resistant to transportation. At the same time, twenty years later, his life cycle ends, the tree is exhausted and the harvest can no longer be expected.
The disadvantages include features of its bark. Due to the fact that it has deep cracks. Through them during severe frosts, the tree can get burned. In this regard, the trunk and also the roots require additional shelter.
In the process of growing Lyubovskaya cherry on soils with an acid reaction, before starting planting a seedling, it is necessary to lime the ground, because this variety can hardly grow at high acidity indicators.
In addition, Lubskoe tree reacts negatively to regular chemical feeds. but at the same time she gratefully accepts a fertilizer rich in organic matter. In the care of any variety is completely unpretentious, does not require pruning, except for the need to sometimes remove dry shoots and abundant watering (watering should be carried out in moderate quantities and not too often to avoid stagnant moisture near the root system).
This variety was obtained as a result of hybridization, in which two varieties participated - Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya. Youth cherry can grow as in the form of a tree, and as a shrub. The tree reaches a maximum of 2.5 meters, and the harvest can begin to collect in the last days of July.
The fruits of this variety have rich red color, they have a juicy flesh, and taste has a sweet-sour taste. Youth cherries are most often consumed fresh, but it is also excellent in conservation.
The tree bears fruit every year and very abundantly, withstands the winter cold and serious frosts. Flower buds in this variety are not particularly resistant to spring frosts. Moreover, with a rather humid summer, which is also accompanied by a high temperature of air, they often undergo fungal diseases.
To start growing cherries of this variety, you must first with full responsibility pick up a well lit place. It is desirable to ensure that it was located on a hill. The Cherry of a Youth grade prefers a neutral sandy soil and the moderate mode of watering, and also demand cutting for formation of krone and removal of the dried branches. Young seedlings need additional shelter with the onset of winter.
Cherry Turgenevskaya obtained thanks to the variety Zhukovskaya. Turgenev cherry is a low tree, rarely growing above three meters. His crown resembles an inverted pyramid. Berry ripening begins at the beginning of the July days. If the summer was warm and at the same time with a good level of precipitation, then in its succulent cherries the acidity is almost completely absent.
Turgenev's variety is distinguished by such an indicator as low self-fertility, and therefore the appearance of a crop requires the proximity of pollinator varieties. The best options in this case is Lubskaya Cherry.
Turgenev cherry is considered to be the best variety for the Moscow region. Turgenevka winters well in severe frosts, has a strong immunity to various diseases. In addition, the variety has a high yield level, and its large fruits are well transported.
When caring for Turgenev cherry due attention should be paid to such points:
- Avoid lowlands during landing.
- To prune the tree annually, paying special attention to the lower branches of the tree in order to defuse the crown.
- During the ripening of the fruit is necessary to conduct additional watering.
- Cover the trees for the winter to protect them from pests.
When choosing Turgenevka variety cherries for planting in the Moscow region, it is necessary to take into account the moment that it begins to bear fruit only 5 years after planting, and the buds of future flowers are very afraid of spring frosts.
All the varieties that we have discussed in this article survive without problems in the climatic conditions of the middle zone, including the Moscow region. They will give their owners abundant harvests if they proper care will be provided and all the necessary conditions for their development.
Another popular cherry variety in the Moscow region is Volochaevka. This tree has average dimensions. It is characterized by good annual fruiting. The main characteristics of this species include:
- yields regularity
- self-fertility. Characterized by the formation of male and female flowers. Therefore, near Volochaevka, you can avoid planting self-pollinated varieties of this fruit crop,
- middle ripeness
- low frost resistance, which means that the tree must be carefully prepared for the winter period. With proper preparation, the tree is able to tolerate frosts normally,
- average immunity before rot. Its development occurs in the rainy season,
- large-fruited. Fruits weigh about 4.5 g.
Volochayevka forms sweet fruits that have dense and juicy flesh. Thanks to this stone is very easily separated from the cherry. The color of the skin is ruby. The fruits have a pronounced cherry flavor.
Many varieties of cherries for the Volga region are suitable for cultivation in the Moscow region. These include Zagorevskaya variety. This variety is a hybrid, which was obtained by crossing cherries varieties Lyubskaya and Consumer black.
It is a dwarf tree, which is distinguished by its short stature and shrub form. This variety has a thin but spreading crown. It has a wide diameter.
The variety has the following characteristics:
- fruiting regularity
- good frost resistance. But with severe frosts, kidney freezing is possible,
- yields are average. There is a decrease after especially cold winters,
- moderate immunity to various fungal diseases (especially coccomycosis).
Fruiting is carried out on annual shoots. The fruits have the following description:
- round shape
- brown or dark red color
- large size
- weight about 3.7 g
- the flesh is firm and sweet to the taste with a light chocolate aftertaste. Its color is also dark red.
The separation of the fruit occurs with some effort. The first harvest tree forms only 3-4 years of life. The collection of ripened fruits occurs in July - August.
Zagorevskaya is suitable for cultivation in northwestern and southwestern parts of Russia. Choosing varieties for the northwest, you should definitely focus on the cold resistance of plants. This requirement applies to the western region.
Self-fertile varieties of cherries, which can be grown in the Moscow region, include varieties that form fruits with different characteristics. The Lubskaya variety is quite popular in the Moscow region. Choosing early varieties of cherries, be sure to pay attention to this variety. This is a self-fertile variety. The height of a tree rarely exceeds 2.5 m. Its crown is spreading, but not dense.
Lyubskaya has the following characteristics:
- high yield
- early fruiting
- poor frost resistance
- low immunity to many types of diseases
- compactness, which makes the harvest process easy.
Fruiting of trees begins before many varieties of this fruit crop - in the second year of life. Lubskaya comes into full force in the ninth year of life. During this period, one plant gives up to 60 kg of yield. But at the age of 20 years, the life cycle of the plant ends, which leads to a gradual decrease in crop volumes.
For the fruits of this variety is characterized by the following description:
- large size
- color is dark red
- sweet and sour taste
- dense pulp that gives high transportability of fruits.
Usually cherries of this variety are used to make canned food: jams, compotes and wine. Lyubskaya is actively grown in the central zone of Russia, as well as in the Moscow region.
In memory of Enikeeva
The memory of Enikeeva is somewhat different from the varieties described above. This cherry is able to grow to a height of 3 m. The tree is characterized by a medium thickened crown of a spherical shape.
The variety has the following characteristics:
- average yield
- self-fertility without the need for additional pollination,
- high taste characteristics of fruits,
- average resistance to drought and cold.
Fruiting begins at 3-4 years after planting the plant in the ground. Harvesting falls at the end of June. One tree gives up to 15 kg of cherries.
This variety is popular because of its large fruits, which weigh about 5 g. In size, the fruits are more suited to the sweet cherry. They have the following description:
- oval shape
- color dark red,
- juicy flesh that tastes great,
- big bone.
Cherry In memory of Enikeeva often grown in regions of Russia, which are characterized by a temperate climate.
In Moscow, Rastorguevskaya cherry is very popular. This variety was bred at the beginning of this century. Rastorguevskaya is a self-fertile hybrid with a universal purpose. Harvest can be used for fresh consumption or allowed for processing.
Rastorguevskaya is considered to be a reference variety, which has simple care, good fruiting, and also forms tasty fruits.
Cherry Chocolate is famous for its unusual fruits. They have great taste and beautiful appearance. Fruits have a maroon or chocolate-colored skin, as well as red and dense flesh.
The tree is low (2-2.5 m). Fruiting begins in the fourth year of life. The following characteristics are characteristic of Chocolate Girls:
- high self-fertility
- high immunity to various diseases, but there is a susceptibility to fungal diseases (moniliosis, coccomycosis),
- drought tolerance,
- stable fruiting,
- average yield - no more than 11 kg.
Chocolate is often grown in many regions of the country, including in the suburbs.
The article described the most popular and best self-fertile varieties of cherries, suitable for the Moscow region. All of them have both advantages and disadvantages. However, they were recognized as the best in terms of care, fruiting, resistance to diseases and low temperatures. Moreover, almost all of them are dwarf or undersized varieties.
Video about cherries
Bryanochka - Michurinka. Good not tall (up to 3.5 meters) varieties, winter- and drought-resistant, resistant to diseases. Have rather strong fruits with good taste.
Today we will give you a description of the varieties of cherries
What are self-fertile and self-pollinated varieties
In the description of sorts of cherries, the concepts of self-fertile, partially self-fertile and self-fruitful are found. In samoplodnyh varieties fertilized about 40% of the flowers. In partially samoplodnyh varieties, this figure is not higher than 20%. Самобесплодные сорта вишен при отсутствии опылителей могут дать не более 5% завязи от общего количества цветков.
Для оплодотворения цветку необходимо, чтобы тычиночная пыльца попала на рыльце пестика. Mechanically, the transfer of pollen can be carried out by insects, wind, with the participation of humans or without intermediaries in self-pollinated plants. In this case, pollination occurs within a single flower or plant.
When self-pollinating plants are at a disadvantage, since in fact the genetic information almost does not change. The main qualities for survival - variability and adaptability, are obtained by cross-pollination due to various combinations of parental genes. To protect plants from degeneration during evolution, special protection mechanisms have been developed. As a rule, the flowers of the staminate thread are shorter and the stigma of the pistil is located much higher than the anthers. In addition, pollen, even on a pistil, is not capable of germinating on its own plant and cannot fertilize the ovary. Hence the definition of "samobzpledny."
Self-infertile varieties need a neighborhood of other varieties of cherries and even sweet cherries. At the same time, other trees of their variety will not be pollinators either.
Self-fertile cherries are distinguished by the structure of the flower: the anthers of the stamens are at the level of the stigma of the pistil or slightly raised above it.
The anthers of stamens of self-fertile sorts of cherry slightly rise above the stigma of the pistil.
The advantage of samoplodnyh varieties that can be limited to one tree within the garden area. Some independence from weather conditions and pollinating insects, as well as the small size of the trees, distinguish these varieties. Gardeners and specialists note that with growing pollinating trees nearby, the yield of self-bearing varieties increases significantly. And pay attention to taste. As a rule, self-fruited cherries have pronounced sourness, and sometimes they can be consumed only after processing.
Resistance of flower buds to frost favorably distinguishes this variety, providing a stable yield. Fruits ripen early. On average, 11 kg of berries are removed from a tree, and the maximum yield reaches 18 kg of delicate pink cherries. The berries are even, the average weight is about 4 g, it is easy to detach from the stem.
Trees are of medium height. Disease resistant. Self-fertility and high yield distinguish this variety.
The Bryansk bunk is distinguished by exceptionally high winter-resistance of flower buds.
Trees are characterized by low growth, high resistance to cold and fungal infections. In terms of ripening mid-season. The yield is usually 5 kg of berries from a tree, with good weather and good care reaches 9 kg. The berries are dark cherry, sweet taste with a slight sourness, the average weight of a little more than 4g.
Cherry Radonezh a small tree of average terms of maturing
The tree is fast-growing, but does not exceed the average size. Shows moderate winter hardiness. Mid-season dessert variety. The peculiarity of this cherry is in particular sensitivity to coccomycosis. Despite the fact that the leaves can be affected by the disease, they do not fall until autumn. The quality of the fruit is exceptional, the taste is superb, the sweetness is harmoniously combined with sourness. The berries are dark to black, the average fruit weight is 5.1 g. The yield is usually 6 kg of berries from a tree, but it can reach 8–9 kg from a single plant. Partially samoplodny grade.
Cherry Fad gives amazingly delicious berries
An amazing variety, which revealed its potential in adverse conditions. Mv Kanshina calls this cherry "worker". Late ripening, shows stable fruiting. The tree is of medium height, with a compact spherical or slightly spreading crown. Berries are universal, suitable for use in fresh and canned form. The peel and flesh are very dark almost black, the juice is rich dark red. The average fruit weight is 4.5–6.5 g. The taste is noble, sweet and sour. Tasters give these berries maximum five-point assessment.
The advantages of cherries Shy is winter hardiness and some resistance to the main diseases of the stone fruit. Partial self-fertility. The average yield is more than eight kilograms of berries from a tree, with careful care reaches 11 kg.
Cherry Shy reliable and fruitful
Low-growing and dwarf varieties
Among the self-fertile cherries, which show resistance to diseases and adverse environmental conditions, it is worth recalling the varieties with a short stem.
Late maturation. Short and fast growing tree. Krone initially sprawling further wilts. Fruiting every year. Ruby berries, average weight 4,2 g. Taste is sweet-sour, according to the method of application the fruits are universal. Self-fertility is well expressed. The average yield of more than 8 kg of berries from a tree, the maximum reaches 13.7 kg.
Cherry Igritskaya late universal appointment
Short-chermed cherries. Very late, hardy. Fruits are dark red, sometimes almost black, the flesh is lighter. Berries weigh an average of 4.2 g, but they are larger, up to 5-6 g. They have a rich sweet-sour taste. Very little affected by disease. On average, 8.3 kg of berries are harvested from one tree; the maximum yield reaches 11 kg.
Morel Bryansk is undersized, but fruitful and very resistant to diseases.
Cherry bush type with thickened spherical crown. Received in the Oryol region, in the Research Institute of Breeding Fruit Crops. Berries ripen in medium terms, small size, dark red, with the tender flesh of excellent sweet-sour taste. The use of berries is universal. The average fruit weight is 3.6 g.
Grade steady. Yield, with a small size of the plant itself comes to 7.4 kg of berries from a tree. Partially samoplodny.
Cherry Bystrynka small and fruitful
Low-growth cherry with an oval crown. Medium late ripening, the originator is the same as that of the Bystrinka cherry. Rounded dark berries of small size, average weight of 3.4 g. The flesh is juicy, dark red, sour-sweet. Berries universal use. Winter-hardy, partially self-fertile. The average yield is 7 kg of berries from a tree. Cherry Mtsenskaya shows resistance to moniliosis.
Cherry Mtsenskaya and compact, and fruitful, and decorative
Short medium late cherry Oryol selection. In height rarely grows more than two meters. Dark maroon berries are almost black. The flesh is juicy, dark red. The taste is very pleasant, sweet-sour, the average weight of the fruit is 4 g. The yield is excellent. Winter hardiness is high. Drought resistance and resistance to fungal diseases is average. The variety is partially self-fertile.
Anthracite Cherry gives almost black berries of excellent sweet-sour taste
Cherry undersized, bushy type. Received in the All-Russian Breeding and Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery. Medium late variety. Fruits are medium-large, weighing more than 4.5 g. Dark maroon berries, with juicy dark flesh of a pleasant sweet-sour taste. Productivity is stable, annual. The variety is self-fertile. Winter hardy Medium resistant to coccomycosis.
Cherry Youth bushy, self-fertile and fruitful
Low-growing trees are very attractive in small gardens, they are successfully used as an element of the landscape. In addition, compact plants can be easily protected from feathery robbers and the harvest almost completely without the use of stairs and stepladders.
The cherry in the design of the garden is pleasing to the eye and provides fragrant berries
Truly sweet varieties are rarely found among self-made cherries. The sweetest fruit among the whims, Morel Bryansk and Igritskaya are among the considered. But still, the maximum tasting score of cherry berries is Shy, as the sweetness in its flesh is combined with a deep aroma and delicate sourness, creating a unique bouquet.
Medium cherry with a rounded drooping crown. Early maturity. Fruits are large, dark red. The flesh is juicy, sweet with a delicate sour taste very pleasant. Berries are universal, have a high tasting rating. Fruits are leveled, the average weight is 4.7 g. The yield is usually about 9 kg of berries per tree. Self-fertility expressed. Winter-hardy and quite resistant to coccomycosis.
Cherry Memory Enikeeva gives early harvest of sweet aromatic berries
Some gardeners, paying tribute to the great taste of cherries. Memory of Enikeeva, note its weak resistance to fungal infections.
There are general rules, following which it is possible to minimize losses from diseases. Saplings acquire in reliable nurseries to know about varietal features. It is necessary to avoid thick plantings, since cherries do not like shade, but fungi flourish in the shade. Trees should be protected from the wind and planted away from lowlands or groundwater. Cherry is fed and watered several times during the season. During the entire growing season, plantings are monitored so as not to miss outbreaks of disease or pest damage. Sanitary and shaping trimmings and pre-frosty whitewashing of trunks are regularly carried out. Well-groomed trees have sufficient immunity and are able to withstand adverse environmental conditions and diseases.
When parsing samoplodny sorts of cherries, only varieties included in the State Register were considered.
I recommend to grow cherry Anthracite 3-hletku, very good grade. The fruits are large, black and very tasty, sweet and sour. And what a jam of it turns out. I ordered the seedlings here http://hoga.ru/catalog….itovaya price is not high. The yield of this variety is high, and even high winter hardiness.
Called phytogenetics, they said that cherries were half a meter. Parcel do not send. I would take both Youth and Volochaevka (it also turns out to be self-fruitful, tasty and of the most reliable) ... But something tells us that good trees can grow from them. An example - he took the tsar's cherry plum a year ago in Michurinsky Garden - a thin branch of half a meter. And two years later a tree grew over 3 meters in height. Now it is simply covered with fruits and gives meter gains. Here you have the absence of bees (positioned as a samobedplodnaya) Hence, the cherries should bear fruit, especially self-bearing.
In 2012, I was in the collection of cherries and cherries in the garden Wtisp. The year was fruitful and I was full then to the dump of this good. Trees of Memory Enikeeva were high enough, cherries collected from the ladder. Many of the fruits she had affected seems cocomicosis. In general, not an ideal variety, although one of the most delicious or even the most ...
Cultivation of a cherry is like riding a roller coaster. At first it is even difficult to imagine how many factors affect the yield. But it is worth waiting for your own ruby berries, as doubts and fears are swept away, and your feet lead to the nursery for new varieties. As for the cherry behind the fence, no one tasted it.
Climatic conditions of the region
The Moscow region is characterized as a not very successful region for growing fruit crops. But, nevertheless, thanks to the efforts of breeders, varieties of cherry varieties adapted to the climatic features of the region are derived. Summer residents living in this region can grow their own berries without making much effort.
Planting in open ground provides for the selection of such varieties of the tree, which are not afraid of cold, weather changes and other conditions that are not the most favorable for the growth of a young plant.
The climate of the region is characterized as follows:
- Temperature difference. High in summer and low in winter.
- Very coldy. In the cold season the frost reaches -35 ⁰С.
- Snowless winters. The absence of snow in winter leads to the freezing of non-adapted plants.
- Change the weather. Hot days are replaced by relatively cool.
To choose a variety for planting in this region, it is necessary to study the characteristics and description of the species. Only then make the final decision.
Characteristics of cherries for successful growth and fruiting
What qualities should a cherry have in order for it to be grown in the Moscow Region to give a positive result:
- Self-fertility. An important quality of plants, as pollination without the participation of insects is possible in any weather. In addition to rain, of course. Self-pollinated cherries give a more stable crop, they have no breaks in fruiting. This is a big plus for any gardener.
- Stunted trees less freeze in winter, they can be wrapped. So they quietly perezimuyut and continue to grow and develop in the spring.
- Winter hardy. This quality is one of the most important, if a cherry does not tolerate low temperatures badly, then no yield will overlap it. Plants just freeze out.
- High immunity. The more resistant to disease the tree, the better. A healthy seedling gives more yield.
- Resistance of buds and flowers to frost. In the spring during the period of return frost, a flowering tree may lose its harvest. But if the flowers are resistant to low temperatures, the summer resident should not be afraid of loss of the crop.
When choosing a variety for cultivation in the Moscow region, it is necessary to take into account all these qualities. Only then it is possible to get the declared harvest.
The best cherries for the Moscow region
The list of varieties that are adapted to the climatic features will help the summer resident to quickly determine the choice. He can only choose from the options. Carefully reviewing the description and comparing with the needs of the family, make the final choice.
Cherry from the people. The variety bred by gardeners has such properties due to which popularity does not fall even at the present time. The variety has a disadvantage, the fruit is very sour. But despite this, it continues to grow in areas.
The tree is low, thanks to this it is convenient to collect the fruits from it. Cherry begins to bear fruit from 4 years. Gradually increasing, the harvest reaches a peak, and this indicator is kept for a long time. Sweet varieties grown on the site are inferior to Lyubskaya by other criteria.
A big plus of the variety in self-fertility, the crop ripens stably, without interruption.
The variety is known to summer residents for a long time. Its popularity is high. The size of an adult tree is 3 m. Gardeners appreciate Turgenev cherry for a number of positive qualities:
- large fruits (6 g),
- winter hardiness
- high immunity
- yield and more.
The taste of the berries is standard, they are used for any method of processing, freezing and fresh consumption. Fruits are easily transported without losing the presentation.
Cherry universal pollination, that is, the tree is partially self-bearing. To increase the volume of the crop, it is recommended to plant near pollinating varieties. Berries ripen at the same time, it facilitates the work of the summer resident, since the entire crop is harvested at a time.
Choose a landing time
Experts recommend doing it in the spring. Before blooming buds, tentatively in early April. For autumn planting it is recommended to organize everything until October. Otherwise the tree will not take root and freeze in winter.
Among other things, the features of the sapling themselves are necessarily taken into account, some specimens may freeze. It is better not to plant in the fall, but to leave the planting in the spring, the seedling is dropped, wrapped well and left to hibernate. In early spring you can land on a permanent place.
Choosing a place
In order for the seedlings to feel good, you need to choose the right place. A well-lit area is suitable for the sun. Soil composition:
Meltwater at the landing site should not stagnate. Before planting, check the acidity of the site, it should be neutral. If necessary, liming is carried out. It is better not to use the southern slopes for planting, since in winter the tree will freeze out there, and in summer it will need plenty of water.
Cherry Care Rules
To grow a crop, you must follow the recommendations of experienced gardeners. Fulfillment of standard agrotechnical requirements allows obtaining the declared harvest from any plant, including cherries.
The rate of moisture consumed by one tree depends on the variety and age of the plant. The smaller the tree, the more often it needs to be watered. Adult cherries are watered rarely, but plentifully. It is advisable not to over-wetting and waterlogging of the soil, as well as drying.
Even during planting it is recommended to make complex mineral fertilizers and organic. In the future, as the tree grows, its appearance is monitored; external changes will signal the lack of any substance.
An adult plant is fed organically once every 2-3 years, and mineral fertilizers are applied 2-3 times per season. Attention requires feeding in the autumn and spring.
The formation of the crown depends on the characteristics of the variety. Some trees are pruned in the first year. And some require the formation of only a few years.
Do not forget about sanitary pruning. The earlier a deformed or diseased branch is cut down, the less damage it will bring to the tree.
Preparing a tree for winter
Climatic features of the Moscow region provide additional shelter for fruit trees in the garden. From autumn they feed complex fertilizers, cut off unnecessary branches, form a crown.
С наступлением холодов дерево укутывают для того, чтобы плодовые почки не вымерзли во время зимних холодов.
Характерные заболевания и методы борьбы с ними
В Подмосковье преимущественно сырой климат, поэтому вишни часто страдают от грибковых заболеваний:
Лучше выбирать сорта, не подверженные этим болезням. But even these types need to be processed for safety purposes. Use chemicals or folk remedies, depending on the stage of vegetation. In the spring and late fall boldly treated with chemistry.
Folk remedies are used during the flowering and fruiting of the cherry.
Growing cherries in the Moscow region may be recommended to choose the right variety and care for it.
Important criteria for choosing a cherry variety
- an early ripe fruitful grade with large very tasty fruits. Winter hardiness is average.
Menzelinskaya- mid-season drought-resistant and frost-resistant variety with unusually tasty fruits, which are well separated bone. Both this and the previous varieties hardly suffer from coccomycosis.In order to choose which varieties of cherries are best planted in the Moscow region, you need to pay attention to some criteria for their selection. The climatic conditions of the middle zone of Russia impose increased requirements on frost resistance and winter hardiness of fruit trees. The first factor implies the ability to overcome the negative effects of icing, alternation of thaws and frosts, and the second - the ability to withstand a decrease in temperature to critical values. It is also desirable that the variety of cherries be resistant to diseases and pests.
Baby We recommend you to pay special attention to the following varieties that are most often found in Russian gardens and are most popular with gardeners for their characteristics.
Fruiting regularityWhether you will be able to grow richly fruiting cherries with juicy tasty fruits in your garden or all your efforts will be in vain, depends largely on which varieties you choose. When buying seedlings, pay attention to suchThe easiest way when choosing varieties is to ask in the nursery to choose for you varieties that are compatible according to the ability to pollinate from the available zoned. Another way is possible: plant one of the varieties, and plant a pollinator inoculum to an existing variety of cherry, suitable for the period of flowering and fruiting.
- The best varieties of cherries for the Moscow region are Vladimirskaya, Malinovka, Lighthouse. They are well established, as varieties resistant to diseases (scab, rot, bacteria), frost and high temperatures. With the right grafts, these varieties bear fruit better, giving yield from one young tree to 15 kg.
- - a crop from a tree this grade gives not less than 15-20 kg, needs pollinators.
- These varieties are valued for the combination of excellent fruit flavor with unpretentiousness, resistance to harsh winters and diseases of the cherry. The most popular varieties among middle belt gardeners:
- With an average height of cherry, the Baby is able to bring 15 kg from one tree. Red fairly large fruits have remarkable taste and good transportability. The tree is self-fertile. Fruiting varieties begins with the third year, you can collect juicy fruits from mid-July. Due to the high winter hardiness, the tree tolerates winter well. For coccomycosis, the susceptibility of the variety is weak.
Due to the natural heat-loving nature of the sweet cherry, it is recommended to plant it in the most lighted areas of your site.
Basic rules for the cultivation of cherries
Cherry in Russia was called “the paradise berry”; on many icons, Jesus Christ is depicted with cherries in his hands - a symbol of life, joy and fertility.
To prevent mistakes when growing cherries, you must follow the following rules:
- Sapling to buy only in reliable nurseries:
- Choose self-fertile varieties and know their specific features,
- Do not plant seedlings close to each other, cherries do not like shade,
- Provide protection from winds,
- Places with close groundwater storage are not suitable for cherry trees,
- To carry out the treatment with drugs for fungal diseases and pests,
- Water and feed trees several times a season,
- Be sure to carry out sanitary and formative pruning.
The best varieties for the region:
- Chocolate girl
- In memory of Enikeeva,
The tree is quite high, up to 3 meters with a lush crown. The berries are round, red, taste-tinged - light sour, small bone, it can be very easily separated from the pulp, weighs 5 grams, yield - up to 35-40 kg with one copy.
Varieties most popular with Russian gardeners
Homestead yellow. Samoplodny grade. Short-bodied and strong-growing. Winter hardy and fruitful. The fruits are sour-sweet.
Cherry for the Moscow region varieties Vladimirskaya is considered a traditional Russian cherry tree. It is frost resistant and well resistant to diseases. The variety is labeled as mid-season, which means that the average ripening time of the cherry is available. Fruits of the Vladimir variety have a dark red color, weight about 3.5 g, average size. Berries with dense pulp of sweet-sour taste. The sugar content of this variety is 11%, and of vitamins, in particular ascorbic acid, 27 mg / 100g of berries. Of these berries are good jam and jam.
- this mid-season variety has excellent winter hardiness, a tree up to 2.5 m gives up to 12 kg of berries. It has large fruits with dark red juicy pulp. The taste is sweet and sour.
Such varieties for the middle band as Mtsenskaya, Tamarin, Bystrinka, Mashkin Memory, and Malyshka also belong to the undersized one.
- variety of late ripening with large fruits of almost black color and excellent sweet-sour taste. Flower buds can freeze during recurrent frosts.
The tree grows to three meters, begins to bear fruit in the fourth or fifth year. Flowering occurs in mid-May, and the fruits reach ripeness by the beginning of July. Turgenevka - cherry is quite fruitful, it brings large heart-shaped fruits of dark burgundy color. The taste of cherries is sweet-sour, very juicy, the flesh has a dark red color, the stone separates easily. Most often Turgenev cherry is used to make jams, juices, stewed fruit, but fresh is no less good.
Terms of cherry blossom and fruit ripening.
But which varieties should be preferred if the common cherry has more than 130 varieties, and there are also such types of cherry as felt, steppe and sand.
Gronkavaya. Good variety with a large dessert assessment of the fruit. Pollinators: Iput, Ovtuzhenka, Raditsa, Cheremashnaya, Fatezh.
Cherry for the Moscow region varieties Malinovskaya attributed to late-ripening varieties and ripens much later than Vladimir cherry. Berries of medium size weighing from 3 to 4 g, and more are designed for processing in the preparation of jams. The flesh of these cherries is dense, but juicy. It is considered a high-yielding tree and bears about 14 kg of fruit per adult tree. The variety is very winter-resistant and disease resistant.
To obtain a good harvest, these varieties do not need cross-pollination, which is convenient for owners of small areas. We must pay tribute, with additional pollination, the yield of these trees still increases significantly.
Such varieties as Nefris, Waiting, Nochka, Biryulyovskaya are well characterized - winter-hardy, disease-resistant, high-yielding.
- mid-season variety with very large (10g), sweet fruits. Winter-hardy, resistant to fungal diseases, yield - 15 kg per tree.
The advantages of the variety include increased winter hardiness, fast entry into fruiting, immunity to coccomycosis, the average height of the tree and the excellent taste of dark red fruits. To taste the cherry Morozovka sweet with a barely noticeable acidity, so that the variety is considered to be dessert, universal application. The pulp is dense, very juicy, of intense dark red color, as is the juice obtained from cherries of this variety. The fruits ripen from the second decade of July, tolerate transportation. Of the minuses - only low winter hardiness of flower buds.
Winter hardiness of the tree itself is quite high, but flower buds can safely tolerate frost in winter to -35 degrees only in the absence of sudden temperature drops. Self-fertility varieties average, for a good harvest is better to grow near varieties of pollinators. In the photo cherry
By choosing the right cherry varieties for your garden, you will be able to harvest good yields of tasty fruits from the middle to the end of summer, pampering your body with natural vitamins and beneficial substances, which are abundant in cherry fruits.
Recommended couple: Adeline and Memory of Chernyshevsky. Both varieties have good resistance and good juicy fruits. They are pollinators of each other.
Unfortunately, almost all varieties of cherries are self-fruitful and only a small group is partially self-fertile, which, all the same, requires the presence of a pollinator variety, if you want to have full-fledged harvests. Therefore, when choosing a variety for the garden, you must immediately look at the tree and pollinator with the same flowering period.
Ideal for the conditions of the suburbs suitable frost-resistant varieties. The most popular and optimal - Lyubskaya cherry. In this region, the following grades also show good results: Morozova Dessert, Molodezhnaya, Mayak, Malinovka, Zhukovskaya, Volochaevka, Bagryanaya, Vladimirskaya, Apukhtinskaya. Particular attention should be paid to cherry hybrids with bird cherries, such varieties, in addition to frost resistance, have a very high immunity to diseases.