Strelitzia, also Strelitzia (lat. Strelitzia) is a very beautiful exotic plant. Its flowers are shaped like a bright tropical bird. There are several types of plants, but in the apartments mainly royal strelitzia is grown. Care at home for her is not very difficult, but has its own characteristics. All the details of growing described in detail in this article.
Description and features
This is a herbaceous evergreen plant, blooming with beautiful bright flowers of unusual shape. Leaves petiolate, leathery, elongated, up to half a meter long. From the bases of the petioles a short, false stem is formed. Strelitzia at home sometimes grows to 1.5 meters, but more often its height does not exceed 90 cm.
Flowering begins in spring or summer for 4-5 years of life. Strelitzia produces stems with large, unusual flowers. Their form is asymmetric, the outer leaves of the six-membered perianth are orange, the inner ones are dark blue. In appearance, the flower resembles a bird in flight, for which the people call it the “bird of paradise”.
Flowers are odorless, but very rich in nectar. It literally overflows the rook, droplets of nectar flow along the outer edges of the flower. In nature, there are five types of Strelzia. Flower growers are engaged in breeding royal strelitzia, which, with its spectacular appearance, is distinguished by unpretentiousness in cultivation.
Interesting fact! In nature, small nectar birds are engaged in pollinating flowers. When they touch a flower's beak, its anthers burst, firing pollen. At home, you have to pollinate the plant manually to get seeds.
Features of growing
For active growth and lush flowering, it is important to organize the proper care of the arrow. It is unpretentious, but it develops better under certain rules.
- Temperature. In spring and summer, the plant is recommended to keep in a room with a temperature of 20-25 ° C. In the fall, it is gradually lowered, bringing to 14-16 ° C in the winter. In late January, the pot is moved to a warm place. It promotes early flowering.
- Lighting. This is a light-loving flower. Strelitzia prefers intense, but diffused light. The rays of the sun endures with firmness, but in hot weather it is prune. It is not recommended to place the plant on the north side; the rest of the windows will grow well. If possible in the summer the flower is carried to the air - on the street or balcony. It is put in partial shade to avoid sunburn.
- Watering. From spring to autumn, they provide enhanced watering, repeating them as the top layer of soil dries out. Water is used only soft, defend it within 1-2 days. Stable soil moisture is maintained without drying out and waterlogging. Excess water from the pan is poured immediately after watering. In winter, the frequency of watering should be reduced.
- Humidity. Strelitzia calmly tolerates dry air, but gratefully responds to periodic spraying. To clean the leaves of dust, wipe them once a week with a damp sponge.
- Feeding. From spring to autumn, Strelitzia is recommended to be fed with any means for flowering plants. Feeding is carried out with a frequency of 2 weeks. In winter, fertilizers are not applied.
- The soil. Soil for strelitzia use light, nutritious with acidity to pH 6.5. The optimum combination of sod, humus, leaf earth and fine sand in the ratio of 1: 1: 1: 0.5.
- Transfer. Young specimens are transplanted once a year, adults - in 2-3 years. For large flowers growing in tubs, they simply replace the top layer of soil. The optimal time for the procedure is spring. For strelitzia they use high, narrowed pots, up to 5 cm of expanded clay is poured to the bottom. Transplantation is complicated by the fragility of the roots. In case of breakage, the damaged areas are powdered with activated carbon pounded into powder.
Tip! If the strelitzia has reached the age of 4, but it still does not bloom, then try to create a stressful situation for it. In early spring, the flower is carried to a glazed balcony, kept at 12-14 ° C for a month, then transferred to the room and the usual care is resumed.
For breeding Strelitzia flower growers use three methods - planting seeds, reproduction by division and side shoots. Any of these methods gives a strong, healthy plant with vivid characteristics of the variety.
- Reproduction by seeds. Strelitzia seed grows for a long time. Before planting, seeds are soaked for 24 hours in warm water, periodically changing it. It can be planted in a common container or immediately into individual cups, so as not to disturb young plants with an early pick. At the bottom of small plastic cups or pots make holes for the outflow of excess moisture. Soil is used light - a mixture of compost, peat and sand. The containers are filled with soil, compacted, watered, and a layer of fine sand is poured up to 2 centimeters from above. Swollen seeds are pressed into the sand. Strongly deepening is not necessary! From above cover with a film and put in a warm place. Strelitzia seeds germinate unhurriedly - from 1.5 to 6 months. All this time, the soil moisture is controlled, moistening it with a spray bottle as it dries. Young plants are transplanted into larger pots several times a year.
- Reproduction by division. Divide the bush after flowering. Ensure that there are at least one healthy escape on the part to be deposited. The pots are selected depending on the size of the arrow, fill them with the same soil mixture as when sown with seeds. The division of the bushes is carried out carefully, trying not to damage the roots.
- Propagation side shoots. They are carefully separated, avoiding damage to the roots, and transplanted into a separate container. Light soils are used, drainage is poured at the bottom of the pot. For quick rooting, the planted shoots are recommended to be kept at a temperature not lower than 22 ° C.
Important! Only fresh seeds are suitable for planting. They very quickly lose their germination - only one year out of ten seeds only one germinates. The best option is to plant freshly harvested seeds. When buying seeds in the store, see the term of packaging.
Diseases and pests
Errors in cultivation lead to a weakening of the plant, diseases, damage by pests.
- Dark spots on the leaves. They appear as a result of excessive watering or poor drainage. The number of irrigations is limited, the flower is transplanted into a new pot, pouring a layer of expanded clay to the bottom to 5 cm.
- Leaf dropping in winter. Speaks of too low temperature. Even in winter, it should not be below +10 ° C.
- Slow development. The problem arises from the use of poor soil. The plant is recommended to transplant, every 2 weeks to feed it with mineral and organic fertilizers.
- Rotting stem base. The result of abundant watering at low ambient temperatures. The frequency and intensity of irrigation limit, rearrange the plant in a warm place.
- Pests. Strelitzia is damaged by scutes and spider mites. When they are detected, the plants are treated with anti-coccidal agents.
The popularity of strelitzia among flower growers is due to its high decorative value. It can not be confused with any other plant, so it occupies a special place in the collections of home flowers.
About the view of Strelitzia Reginae
Strelitzia Korolevskaya (in Latin Strelitzia reginae), “Bird of Paradise”, “Royal Bird”, small-leaved Strelitzia - plant of the Strelitzia species, family Strelitzie, herbaceous perennial.
The British discovered this flower in the mid-18th century in the lands of southern Africa, but Strelitzia is now cultivated on the coast of Chile, in Mexico City and Bangladesh. Its botanical name "Bird of Paradise" was named after the wife of the English King George III, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
A plant of a rhizomatous species, it grows on average up to one and a half meters, but can reach two meters. The leaves are oval, powerful, bald, dark green, 30-60 cm long and 15-25 cm wide, evergreen, arranged in two rows and form a crown.
Inflorescences are located above the leaves. Cobs emerge from them, which have fallen asleep, resembling a beak, envelopes. The latter are directed perpendicular to the stalk, which provides the “Bird of Paradise” with such an exotic and sharp look. Such an arrangement of inflorescences makes them a convenient place for planting Nectarnits, surprisingly beautiful birds, by the way, which pollinate the flower. The inflorescence opens and pollen sticks to the legs of the bird, and then spreads through the hot forests.
The flower itself consists of three orange or purple-blue sepals with white petals. Two blue or white petals form an arrow.
Difference from other species
The main difference between Strelitzia Royal from other representatives of a kind is a certain compactness and its suitability for home cultivation. Her leaves are not as large as those of Strelitzia Nicholas, she is smaller than Mining, she is neater and more graceful than Reed and much brighter than Strelitzia Belaya.
Such a simple but undeniably useful set of qualities provided Strelitzia with small-leaved popularity among amateur gardeners and people cultivating this species for cutting inflorescences.
Next you will see a photo of an amazing plant.
Strelitzia reginae is a rather popular ornamental plant. Therefore, there are a lot of people interested in cultivation. Although "Bird of Paradise" plant is not capriciousCompliance with the rules of maintenance will help extend the life and visual appeal of the plant. Here are some recommendations in this regard.
In warm periods, watering must be abundant and carried out every three days.
The earth should not dry out completely. In the cold period, starting around December, watering should be gradually reduced. The main thing is not to do this dramatically, since these actions can cause the plant to stress, which will lead to illness and death.
At the peak of winter time, watering should be carried out twice a month. Excessive moisture can lead to rotting of the root system, which will cause the death of the plant.
In winter, an acceptable temperature will be 12-14 degrees. In the summer it can correspond to room. During periods of rest, the plant requires specific care.
Humidity should be around 60%. To do this, practice spraying spray. Also, you can wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.
The plant needs scattered bright sunlight or lighting of the penumbra. If possible, you can put the plant on the balcony, avoiding direct sunlight. Also, quite comfortable adult plant will feel under or near the window sill.
Nitrogenous fertilizers are recommended for Strelitzia. In the spring and summer, it is possible to feed supplements once in 11-13 days. In addition, it is recommended to alternate mineral and organic fertilizers. The soil should contain a clay-sod base with admixtures of leaf and peat soil and sand.
At the initial stages of development, the “Bird of Paradise” is very active. Therefore, transplantation should be carried out annually in spring. When the plant matures, transplantation should be done once every 2-3 years.
Besides, when transplanting, you must be extremely careful with the rootsthey are gentle with Strelitzia Royal and require delicacy.
Description of the plant and the conditions for its successful cultivation
Strelitzia (or strelitzia) royal is the only one of 5 species of the herbaceous perennial of the Strelitzia family, available for breeding in domestic greenhouses. In its homeland - the south of the African continent - it grows up to 2 m. At home, its height is more modest: 0.9-1.5 m. Large flowers with a diameter of about 15-20 cm resemble the head of a bird with a tuft and beak. Therefore, along with the official name, popular nicknames are common: “bird of paradise”, “firebird”, “crane”, “swan”.
Another remarkable property of a tropical plant is a long flowering period, up to 2 months. All this time, the inflorescences, whose shape is unique in nature, exude a strong pleasant aroma. Leathery leaves 45 cm long serve as a worthy frame of peduncles. On their back you can see pinkish streaks. The foliage is collected in the outlet and has a bluish-green color.
You can grow royal strelitzia in a flowerbed, in a greenhouse and in a regular room. The main requirements are correct lighting, plenty of fresh air, as well as large space, since the plant is 0.5–1 m wide. Bright sunshine is not allowed for shooting, diffused light is more suitable. You can put pots in partial shade or shade. The heat regime in the summer is at room temperature, in winter it is no higher than + 12 ... + 14 ° C. During this period, the flower does not develop, but is gaining strength.
Attention! Strelitzia has low toxicity, so keep it away from children and pets.
Growing seed crops
One of the main difficulties that lie in flower growers is obtaining material for breeding. The shoot is taken from a plant that has turned at least 7 years old. The division of the bush is practiced starting at the age of 5 with royal strice. You can buy seeds, but sow them right away. The longer they are stored, the more rapidly they lose their germination. When purchasing seed, check the expiration date on the package.
The process of sowing a tropical culture is as follows:
- soak the seeds in water with a temperature of + 35 ... + 40 ° C. Leave them for a day, but all the time, replace the cooled liquid with a new, warm,
- prepare the substrate by mixing peat, river sand and vegetable humus from the compost heap (proportions 1: 1: 1),
- in one-time cups of 0.25 l, make one or more holes,
- put the soil mixture in there by filling them in 2/3 mini-pots,
- spill the ground with boiling water,
- after cooling the substrate, put the seeds on it and slightly push them,
- cover the cups with glass and leave to germinate in a lighted place without the direct rays of the sun.
The appearance of sprouts will have to wait a long time, from 1 to 6 months. Set a goal not to touch the pots until you see the seedlings. After pecking off the first leaflet, remove the glass for 15-20 minutes. in a day. Water the sprouts with boiled water, and when grown up, transplant into larger containers.
Competent care for growing maturity
Young plants need moderate watering and temperature conditions at +22 ° C. Do not fill the flower, beware of drying out the top layer of soil. Later, when Strelice is stronger, from spring to autumn it needs to be watered every 3 days. The soil must be wet. In winter, reduce the frequency of watering up to 2 times a month.
- Repot the flower every spring. Its roots are long, fragile, so handle the culture with care. If damaged root system - sprinkle these places with charcoal. An alternative to traditional transplantation is the replacement of 8-10 cm of the upper layer of the substrate.
- Provide shooter with good humidity: wipe the leaves with a wet cloth, sprinkle with water at room temperature (cool in winter). Put wet pebbles in the pan.
Royal Strelitzia blooms 3-5 years after planting. It produces orange-violet buds, as well as yellow, lilac, blue and other shades. With proper care, the culture will bloom twice a year. She will please the owners with her magnificent appearance for 12-15 years.
Strelitzia came to our region from South Africa and Madagascar. It belongs to the family of the Strelitzievs (lat. Strelitziaceae). This flower was named after the wife of King George III Charlotte-Sofia Mecklenburg-Strelitz, which was also known for its love for plants and its influence on the development of the royal Botanical Garden. In nature, there are only 5 species of this exotic plant:
1. Strelitzia white (Strelitzia alba) - more like a tree than a flower or shrub. Reaches a height of 6 meters and is characterized by huge massive leaves up to 1.5-2 meters long. The flower has a dark purple color with a white core.
2. Strelitzia Nicholas (Strelitzia nicolai) is named after Russian emperor Nicholas I. This powerful evergreen plant grows up to 12 meters in height. Peduncle is dark with a purple tint, and the petals are white with blue, up to 50 cm in length. 3. Mountain strelitzia (Strelitzia caudata) or African desert banana is a huge (up to 8 meters in height) tree-like plant, more like a palm tree. The inflorescences of this species, 45-50 cm in size, are especially impressive with brown-red coloring with white petals. This species is common in South Africa and Swaziland, and it is almost impossible to find it anywhere else.
4. Royal Strelitzia - (Strelitzia reginae) is the most common species in the world, and not only at home in Africa. This low shrub up to 1.5 meters tall has leaves that are very reminiscent of banana. This is the kind that can be seen in our flower shops or in a pot at home. 5. Strelitzia The reed or African desert banana (Strelitzia juncea) has recently become a separate species, as its flowers resemble the royal stent. But genetics still found specific differences between them. Thus, a distinctive feature is thin needle-shaped leaves, reaching a height of two meters.
Location and lighting
It may seem to you that royal strelitzia is a capricious exotic plant. But in fact, for a lush growth and flowering you need to put quite a bit of effort. When planting we take into account that the bush is rather big and requires a lot of space.We put a pot with a flower on the east and west window, although it can be kept on the south one, providing protection from the hot summer sun. When the warm summer days are already settled, you can safely take the pot to the balcony or garden.
Watering and moisture
Since the described plant is tropical, the ground for strelice must always be wet, but do not let the water stagnate, as the roots simply rot. The same goes for air. Spray a flower regularly or do a wet blot. Water for irrigation is better to take soft, separated and warm.
When and how to bloom
After compliance with all the recommendations for the care, we will be able to observe how the strelitzia blooms. The flowering process lasts a couple of weeks, and flowers up to 15 cm in size unfold one by one. On a long green-gray peduncle, similar to the crane's beak, a slit appears in the middle, from which long needle-like petals resemble a bird's tuft are shown. In color, they are from yellow to bright orange, with lilac splashes. It also happens that the plant grows for a long time, and you are all wondering, "Why doesn’t my strelitzia bloom?" There can be several reasons:
- the plant is slow flowering, and if it is less than 4 years old, do not wait for flowering,
- in winter, the temperature was not observed, up to + 14 ° С,
- too small pot or not enough space in the room,
- dry air or soil
- plant attacked by disease or pests.
How to transplant at home
A young plant needs to be transplanted every spring, and the strelitzia over 4 years old can be transplanted every 2-3 years. Choose a spacious and high pot, as the strelitzia roots grow in length. At the bottom of the pot lay thick drainage to avoid stagnant water. Ideal for a mixture of turf, leaf soil, compost and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 0.5. When transplanting carefully handle the roots, as they are fragile and easily broken. If something is damaged, lubricate this place with charcoal. During transplantation, you can divide the flower, but more on this in the next section.
Vegetative breeding methods
There are two variants of vegetative propagation of Strelzia - by dividing the root and lateral shoots (both procedures are convenient to perform during transplantation), but they must be at least 6 years old. Side shoots are carefully separated along with the rhizome without damaging it. A new plant should have at least three shoots. New plants are planted in the pot using the same technology as transplantation of strelitzia.
How to deal with possible diseases and pests
Strelitzia, like all the other flowers in your home, is prone to diseases and attacks of pests.
The main pests are the scale and spider mite. Recognize the spider mite, you can carefully examine the leaves of the plant. If you see a small cobweb or small points, as if from a needle, then you can definitely say that a new resident has settled. The shield is recognized by sticky spots on the leaves and is rather difficult to remove from the plant. But with an integrated approach with the use of insecticides, it is possible to fight with these shkodnikami.
Universal acaricides such as Aktara, Aktellik, Fitoverm, Neoron will come to the rescue. Do not forget to take the pot to the balcony or garden during processing.
If the leaves of your beauty began to become covered with dark spots, reduce watering, because the soil is too wet. From this can rot the roots and stems.
Leaves may wither in winter when the temperature is too low below + 12 ° C. Increase it to +14. + 15 ° C, and they return to normal.
Growing from seed
As a rule, the reproduction of Strelitzia royala occurs through the separation of ripened lateral processes from the plant. But there is a way to grow their seeds and plant the “Bird of Paradise” at any time of the year. This path is more thorny and time consuming, but its result is no less colorful and beautiful.
- So, having bought the seeds of Strelitzia Royal, it is worth exposing them. Seeds are covered with small villi, they should be delicately removed.
- Soak the seeds in warm water. Tap water cannot be used.
- The germination process should take place at 24-25 0 C.
- After soaking it is necessary to slightly damage the seed shell. For example, to scratch it with a needle or nail file. This is done to ensure that the grains absorb moisture better and sprout faster.
- This finishes the preparation of seeds end and you can plant them. For this purpose, a completely universal soil for indoor plants or its mixture with sand in equal shares will be suitable.
- Soil before planting need to shed warm water.
- It is better to plant each seed in a separate “potty” (a plastic cup is suitable for this purpose). Also, it is necessary to ensure good drainage.
- The plant should be kept in warm and abundant lighting under diffused rays.
- Landing depth should not exceed one centimeter.
- Next, you need to pour plenty of seed and cover the "pot" with a transparent film.
- Germination can take from one month to six months. Periodically it is necessary to remove the film, air and water the plant about once every 7 days.
When the sprout made its way, it is necessary to “harden” it with air so that the plant is accustomed to its habitat. Starting from 15 minutes of being in the air, this period is worth increasing over time.
After 4-5 years it is necessary to observe periods of rest of the plant, lowering the temperature and cutting watering for 3 - 4 months.
Additional breeding methods
In addition, the reproduction of the plant is carried out when it is transplanted by separating the shoots. But this method is unsafe. A gardener can damage a plant's delicate root system than inflict irreversible damage to Strelitzia.
- When the plant reaches 6-7 years of age, after its flowering period, the plant is freed from the pot and divided.
- They divide it in such a way that each part has at least one escape.
- Selected shoots are planted in a pot about 20 centimeters in diameter. Pot sizes can vary depending on the size of the seedling.
- The soil in the pot should be suitable for Strelitzia and well hydrated, the composition described above.
- The first two weeks of watering is not required. Further, according to the rules of care for "Bird of Paradise".
It is necessary to be extremely careful with the root system. Physical damage affects the condition of the plant.
The period of flowering Strelitzia begins after reaching its 4-5 years. Prior to that, it should be maintained at 20-22 0 C. After the content should be adjusted. In the period from November to February, the plant enters a state of rest.
The temperature should be 13-16 ° C, and watering should be done 1-2 times a month. With the onset of spring, the content must be returned to its usual state. Compliance with this rule is important for keeping the plant healthy.
This phenomenon can be observed with a lack of lighting, root rotting or low temperature content. Therefore, when choosing a place for a plant, its needs for lighting should be taken into account, and also not to forget about maintaining the required air temperature.
Inspect the roots. If it is a matter of them, engage in their treatment, but before that, carefully study the necessary information so as not to inflict even more harm on the flower.
If the roots are in order, then change the conditions or consult with experts to help solve the problem and give necessary recommendations and advice.
Strelitzia reginae was called the “Bird of Paradise”, which is completely justified. Even in the 18th century, it declared itself in the botanical and public circles. She got her place in the royal greenhouse. Became a symbol of Los Angeles. Earned national importance in the countries where it was cultivated.
And nowadays the plant is amazing and exotic can be a decoration and your home with a little work, but a great desire. From it will blow freshness and beauty. A whole firework of colors and faces will open before you after a while, if you give it your attention and care.
Planting and caring for Strelitzia (in brief)
- Bloom: in the spring for one and a half months.
- Lighting: bright diffused light (western or eastern window sills).
- Temperature: during the growing season - normal for residential premises, but in winter - no higher than 14 ˚C.
- Watering: in the period of active growth - moderate, but frequent: the soil should be slightly moist all the time, in winter - no more than once every 10 days.
- Air humidity: increased. The plant requires spraying the leaves in the heat.
- Feeding: during the period of active growth and flowering three times a month with organic and mineral fertilizers alternately.
- Rest period: conditional, in winter.
- Transfer: young strelitzia are transplanted annually, adults - once every 3-4 years.
- Breeding: freshly harvested seeds, side shoots and parts of those plants that are 6-7 years old.
- Pests: scale insects, mealybugs, aphids and spider mites.
- Diseases: The plant is generally stable, but root rot can develop from excessively moistening the substrate.
Flower Strelitz - description
Strelitzia flowers in nature are evergreen herbaceous perennials, the largest of which reach a height of more than ten meters, and the rest - from two to three and a half meters. The root system of Strelitzia is pivotal, extending deep into the ground. Strelitzia leaves are large, oval-shaped, leathery, green with a bluish-blue patina, 30 to 200 cm long, 10 to 80 cm wide, strongly resemble banana leaves, only with longer petioles, from 50 to 90 cm. Flowers on a long peduncle with orange and purple petals in a horizontal inflorescence, similar to a tuft of a strange bird, reaches a diameter of 10 to 20 cm. There are 5 to 7 flowers on one peduncle, and 6 or more peduncles on a single plant, therefore flowering of Strelitzia may last up to six months. With proper care, a room strelitzia can bloom not only long and abundantly, but several times a year. Strelitzia flowers stand for a long time in cutting - from two to four weeks.
How to grow Strelitzia.
Strelitzia at home is not at all capricious, despite its exoticism. It is best to place it on the east or west side under a bright diffused light, but at the same time protecting it from direct sunlight. Strelitzia is thermophilic, but likes to spend the winter in a cool room where the temperature does not rise above 14 ºC. The rest of the time she will be comfortable in the temperature that suits you. The houseplant Strelzia loves fresh air, and if you have the opportunity to take it out in the summer to the balcony or to the garden, be sure to use it, but remember that Strelitzia needs to be shaded from the bright sun and protected from the wind. Strelitzia is watered in the warm season so that the soil is always slightly wet - often, but not too heavy, avoiding stagnant moisture in the roots. In winter, it is enough to moisten the soil once a decade. Water for irrigation is defended or filtered and, if necessary, heated to room temperature or a couple degrees warmer. Home Strelitzia prefers a slightly increased air humidity, therefore in the heat of its leaves should be sprayed or wiped with a damp sponge.
Caring for strelitzia provides for the alternate application of organic and mineral fertilizers three times a month during the period of active growth and flowering. When strelitzia ottsvetet, dressing stops the month for 2-3, while the rest period lasts. Before placing the plants on rest in cool conditions, it is better to cut the stalks.
Annual spring transplant of young plants accelerates their development. Mature plants are transplanted less often - after 3-4 years, because fragile roots of Strelitzia are often injured during transplantation. How to plant Strelice to relieve the root system of stress? First, we will prepare the soil for Strelitzia: loose fertile soil consists of leaf, humus and sod land, peat and sand in equal proportions. The pot for Strelitzia is chosen high and deep, a thick layer of drainage material is put on the bottom, then a layer of soil, and then the plant is gently rolled over, if it is healthy, into a new container. It only remains to add soil to the pot and tamp it down until it gets enough soil. If the plant has problems with the root system, then the planting of Strelzia in a new pot is preceded by the removal from the roots of all unhealthy and suspicious areas and the treatment of wounds with crushed charcoal.
Pests and diseases of Strelitzia.
Sometimes Strelitzia affects spider mites, mealybugs or scale insects. Cheervets and scale insects are destroyed by double treatment of the plant with an aktar with a gap between sessions of three weeks. Ticks eliminate acaricides. Strelitzia is very resistant to diseases, and if you take proper care of it, it will always be healthy and beautiful.
Why strelitzia does not bloom.
The plant begins to bloom when it reaches the age of four or five, but what if the strelitzia does not bloom, although it is already mature enough for this? Arrange for her temperature stress: take out the plant in winter or early spring for a while on a warmed balcony, loggia or on an unheated veranda, when the temperature there is kept within 10-12 ºC. After that, move it to the usual conditions, put on a well-lit place, resume normal care and wait for flowering.
Growing Strelitzia from seed.
Strelitzia seeds very quickly lose their germination. It is best to propagate the plant with freshly harvested seeds, but at home they can only be obtained by artificially pollinating the plant, therefore, buying Strelitzia seeds in the store, look carefully at the labeling, as only tenth of the seeds that turned six months are viable. After the acquisition, sow the seeds, without delay and regardless of the season, but pre-soak them in warm water (35-40 ºC) for a day, all the time changing the cooled water to warm. Then remove from the swollen seeds the remnants of the pulp of the fruit, if any. While the seeds swell, prepare a soil mixture of peat, compost and river sand in equal proportions, fill it with 2/3 plastic cups with a capacity of 250 ml by making several holes with a diameter of 5 mm in the bottoms of the cups. Liberally spill the soil with boiling water, compact it, let it cool, put a two-centimeter layer of sand on top, then put a cup of seed in each cup and press it into the sand so that the “backs” of the grains remain visible. Now put the cups of crops in a bright warm (22-24 ºC) place where direct sunlight does not fall, cover with glass and forget about them until you see the first sheet. It will not happen soon - you will have to wait from one and a half months to six months - but try to overcome the temptation to remove the glass before the shoots appear. And even when some shoots will give the first sheet, you can remove the glass from them only for 15-20 minutes a day, the rest of the cups should remain under the glass. Sprouted seeds require moistening of the soil with boiled water, which is carried out only after the upper layer has dried. Grown seedlings are carefully transplanted into larger pots. Remember that the roots of strelitzia stem, long, thick and fragile, and their injury is fraught with growth retardation or even death of the plant. Young strelitzia is grown at a temperature of 22 ºC, good lighting and moderate watering.
Vegetative methods of breeding Strelitzia.
For this type of breeding, the side shoots of Strelzia or parts of a plant that have already turned 6-7 years old are used. It is best to divide strelitzia after it has faded. The plant is removed from the pot and divided in such a way that each tree has at least one shoot. Delenki or side shoots, depending on their size, are planted in pots with a diameter of 16 to 20 cm, the composition of the earthen mixture is the same as for the seedlings of Strelitzia. Once again we remind: try not to damage the roots of the plant.
Strelitzia royal (Strelitzia reginae).
Most often, the plant grows the plant royal stelice, which is otherwise called small-leaved strelitzia (Strelitzia parvifolia). This species lives in the Cape Province of South Africa, in mountain forests and reaches a two-meter height. Large, up to 45 cm long, slightly wavy leathery leaves at the edges of royal sturlitzia, dark green in color, on petioles up to 90 cm high are gathered in thick rosettes. Peduncle high, axillary, with a veil green with red streaks. The flower has orange outer petals, up to 15 cm long, and the inner ones are dark blue. Strelitzia royal blooms twice a year.
also grows in tropical forests, ravines, in the mountains at an altitude of about 300 m above sea level in the Cape Province. The plant looks like a banana, so it is sometimes called the “wild banana of Natal”. Nicholas Strelitzia grows in height up to 10 meters, therefore it is a tree species. Her "trunks" are similar to palm because of scars from fallen leaves. Flowers are just as monumental as the plant itself: on axillary peduncle, with four beak-shaped red-green bedspreads, with white outer and blue inner petals up to 17 cm long.
growing in the very south of Africa. This is a rare species called the local “desert banana”. Стрелиция горная представляет собой древообразное растение, достигающее десятиметровой высоты, с гигантскими листьями, растущими двумя рядами и обхватывающими низ ствола.Flowers are also large, white, with pointed red bracts in the form of boats up to 45 cm in length.
Cane Strelitzia (Strelitzia juncea)
grows in the east of South Africa, tolerates long-term droughts and sudden changes in temperature, down to minus. With flowers, it is very similar to the royal strelitzia, but its leaves are narrow, needle-like, growing in a dense rosette with a diameter of two meters.
Strelitzia Augusta, or Strelitzia white (Strelitzia alba)
originally from South Africa, from the Cape Province. This is a perennial plant with woody bottom. Its long elliptical glossy leaves of light green color reach a length of one meter, at the base they are heart-shaped. Peduncles axillary, with two lanceolate bracts, with a single blanket of purple color. Petals are white flowers.
There is also a hybrid of royal strelitzia and white strelitzia.
General characteristics and types
Today, five types of Strelzia are known, each of which was discovered at the end of the 18th century in South Africa. The flower received its unusual name in honor of Charlotte von Strelitz, who was the wife of King George III. Accordingly, the most popular type of this flower became “royal”. In addition, there is also a kind of strelcius Nicholas, named by the German in honor of the Russian tsar.
Another feature of Strelitzia is that it becomes really beautiful only during its flowering period. Throughout the rest of the time, this plant is quite common. At the same time, the flower still does not form a trunk, and all the leaves grow directly from the root collar in the form of a bush.
The natural habitat of these flowers is drying out rivers, in the shade of tall grasses, and also in semi-deserts that are quite common in South Africa.
Despite the high fertility of the local soil, there is an excess of gravel and sand in it, as a result of which there is no problem with air permeability and stagnation of water. But protection from direct solar radiation plant is obliged to higher grasses, in the neighborhood with which it grows.
Variety of varieties
In natural conditions, the following types of strelitzia can be found:
- Royal - the most popular type, whose height with proper care reaches 2 meters. It is distinguished by dark large leaves up to 50 cm long, resembling an arrow. The flower consists of inner blue and outer orange petals up to 15 cm long. The natural habitat of the Royal species is mountain and tropical forests, as well as gorges. Room option blooms many times, long and quite abundant. Registered cases of semi-annual flowering without interruption (if the care is normal).
- Nikolay - A plant that prefers to grow in highlands. Its height reaches 3 meters, and dense oval leaves resemble banana thickets. Large flowers adorn the axillary peduncles. On average, the length of the corolla is 17 cm, and in it are red-green bracts in the form of a beak. Below them are the inner blue and outer white petals.
- Mountain - This flower grows in mountainous desert areas. The plant tree is able to reach 10 meters in height. Around the stalk in two rows are huge oblong leaves. The flower resembles a boat with a white sail, up to 45 cm long.
- White (Augusta) - bottom of the stem woody. It is covered under a dense rosette of light glossy leaves. The length of the foliage is able to reach 1 meter. Sometimes it takes a heart shape. Axillary inflorescence is placed on the peduncle. The snow-white petals are under the purple-colored bracts.
- Reed - resistant to drought and cold weather plant from the south of South Africa. It is distinguished by its spiny foliage of a bluish-green shade and orange-blue bright flowers. Sheet rosette in diameter has up to 2 meters.
A six-year plant produces lateral shoots that are successfully used for vegetative propagation. Another vegetative method is the use of part of the plant, dividing after flowering. Each delenka must have at least one escape.
Next, take a transplant pots with a diameter of about 20 cm. The soil composition for cultivation is the same as for seeds.
Accelerate development allows annual transplantation of strelitzia in spring. Adult plant Strelzia royal, care at home which is special, transplanted every 4 years, so as not to damage the root system.
Features care for the flower at home
The flower of a strelitzia does not differ in particular whimsicalness, however, it is possible to get a beautiful and highly decorative indoor plant only if you follow certain rules of care.
Strelitzia prefers to grow on wet groundespecially in spring and summer. It is important to prevent stagnation of water at the roots.. Water the plant should be separated water without chlorine at room temperature. In winter, watering is required moderate, without a strong drying out of the soil in the pot.
For strelitzia characteristic light-loving, and with a lack of lighting culture does not bloom. You can not place the flower under the scorching open sun in summer. Ideal - growing on the windows located on the east side of the house. Streltion will only bloom with proper care, comfortable conditions and proper location.
The main problems of room culture
Observing the technology of cultivation, Strelitzii rarely infect plant parasites and pathogenic microflora. Sometimes novice growers face the following problems:
- Damage to mealybugs, scutes, and spider mites. It is better to fight them with double treatment with Aktara and acaricides. Break in three weeks.
- When yellowing foliage, it is necessary to monitor the temperature and the level of illumination. Also, the cause may be improper irrigation and root rot.
- The lack of flowering in a flower older than 5 years requires the provision of thermal stress at 120.
- The tips of the leaves dry due to lack of moisture in the soil or with a low level of air humidity.
Popularity among the decorators of the world
This wonderful flower serves as decoration of gardens and rooms. Professional decorators became interested in them due to a number of characteristics that are found only in this plant:
- Variety of shades. Basically, the royal strelitzia is colored bright orange. However, selectors managed to achieve other shades.
- Bird-like shape. The unique form gave Strelitzia the name “bird of paradise” and “swan plant”.
- Duration of flowering - about two months. At the time of flowering plant produces a pleasant, fascinating aroma.
Decorating flowerbed with strelitzia, landscape designers manage to add a zest to the garden.
So, what should a novice grower know? Only high-quality organic-type fertilizers can be used in the care. Only they allow to achieve a good result. Approach strelitsii should, as a living creature. With the slightest problem should contact the professionals, so as not to ruin the original plant.
Where to put and what should be the lighting
As for lighting, the plant needs only protection from direct sunlight - in all other conditions it will feel quite comfortable. Therefore, you can safely put it in a place where bright diffused lighting falls, or in partial shade and even shadow.
However, Strelitzi has a requirement for the spaciousness of the room, because the indoor flower itself is quite large, and can reach even a meter in girth.
If you have the opportunity to place royal strelitzia on the balcony or in the garden for fresh air for a warm period, this will be an ideal solution for her and will bring her many benefits.
Photo: Strelitzia royal in a pot
What size pot should be
Taking into account that strelitzia's roots are rapidly growing in length, a rather deep tank should be used during transplantation, the depth of which should be at least 30 cm. To ensure the health of the plant, drainage should be arranged at the bottom of the tank.
If there is not enough space in the container, the root system of the plant will literally bulge out.
To ensure a comfortable growth of strelitzia, it is necessary to achieve the most similar to the natural conditions of growth. Consequently, the soil for planting royal strelitzia room should be different fertility, and also be sufficiently aerated. It is quite suitable option - the use of standard store soil, which is intended for flowering houseplants.
Although, the substrate can be prepared independently at home. To do this, you need to use equal shares of sod soil, leaf humus and peat. You should also worry about quality drainage, where you need to add charcoal.
How to transplant strelitziya
Given that the young plant is growing in size quite rapidly, it needs an annual transplant, which should be carried out in the spring. When the indoor flower becomes more age, the frequency of transplants is recommended to be reduced to one in 2-3 years.
In the process of transplantation, special attention should be paid to the fact that the plant has rather fragile roots, so the transplant itself into a new and larger pot should be done with extreme caution.
Fertilizers and feeding
During the spring-summer period, strelcium needs feeding, for which it is necessary to use both organic and mineral fertilizers, which are recommended to alternate. Make a top dressing in the ground every 10-12 days. The most preferred fertilizers are nitrogen.
How to water
During the warm period of the year, royal strelitzia needs to have a fairly abundant watering, every three days. It is also recommended to ensure that the soil does not dry out completely. Starting from December, watering of a room flower should be gradually limited, and at the peak of winter it should be no more than twice a month.
For irrigation, use only separated soft water, the temperature of which should be at least room temperature.
Do I need to trim the arrow
In the process of growing strelitsiya does not need pruning. However, in order to maintain the necessary shape of the bush, as well as remove dried leaves, pruning can still be done occasionally.
Photo: Strelitzia royal successfully used in landscaping for the garden
How to care for Strelice to bloom
In order to get the main bonus from the cultivation of strelitzia - its flowers, you should very carefully monitor the health of this plant. First of all it concerns its leaves. You should also limit the flow of light, heat, moisture and fertilizer during the rest period.
The blooming of strelice can occur in both spring and summer. Depending on the genus and species, flowers can be white, yellow, lilac, blue, blue, orange or purple. The length of each flower can be up to 15 cm.
The refinement of the appearance of the flowers of this plant has led to the fact that very often florists use them to form beautiful compositions.
Considering the fact that adult plants produce a very small number of lateral processes, the seeds are practically the only method of propagation of strelitzia.
But there are several nuances here. For example, maximum germination is characteristic of freshly harvested seeds. If more than half a year has passed since their collection, then only every tenth seed will be able to grow into a new plant. Therefore, before buying seeds of such plants, you should carefully read the labeling of their bags.
It is necessary, if possible, to sow the seeds immediately after purchase, after having left them for a day in fairly warm water, which must be changed periodically.
By the beginning of planting seeds for them should already be prepared place. For this, plastic cups are quite suitable, at the bottom of which holes should be made 5-6 mm. Compost soil, peat and large river sand mixed in equal parts should be used as a substrate.
The ground for planting the seeds of Strelitzia must be poured abundantly with boiling water, then allowed to cool and cover with a two-centimeter layer of sand on top.
In each such cup should be placed one seed, while too deep they do not need. After disembarking, the glasses should be covered with any means that will prevent contact with air. The most suitable for this purpose is glass.
The need to limit the ingress of air is due to the rather long growth time of the flower, which takes from one and a half months to six months. During this time, fungi can completely destroy the stock of food for the plant.
After that, the design should be placed in a warm room, and the florist should be patient.
Care for indoor flower in the winter
With the onset of the autumn period, the plant needs rest. During the winter period, this plant almost completely slows down the processes of growth, but it is gaining strength that will help it to bloom qualitatively in summer.
In addition, a sufficiently large plant is very false to provide the necessary amount of lighting.
Therefore, preparation for the rest period should begin with the fact that under the pots of plants are located "troughs" of foam, which will help prevent the roots from freezing. This is especially true for those flower growers whose strelitzia winters on the glazed loggia.
In addition, you can not place the plant in dark basements, it needs light, the lack of which in the winter can adversely affect flowering.
Watering in winter is significantly reduced, but it is impossible to allow the soil to dry out. From dressings and should be completely discarded. In order to prevent the appearance of scythes, it is recommended to periodically wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.
Photo: look like strelzia seeds
Pests and diseases of royal strelitzia
If we ensure that the proper level of care is ensured, then the occurrence of diseases and the defeat of its pests are extremely unlikely, but no one is insured against the occurrence of difficulties. Among the pests that can be attacked by Streltion, mealybugs, spider mites and scale insects are worth noting.
- To fight the worms and the shield you should use Aktar. Room flower should be processed twice with an interval of three weeks.
- Removal of ticks is achieved with the help of acaricides.
Why leaves turn yellow
Using inadequate watering regimes can cause the flower to turn yellow. In this case, first of all, the roots of the plant should be investigated, since there is a probability of their rotting. When confirming this, the flower must be treated with special means that prevent root rot.
Also, the yellowing of the leaves of strelice can occur as a result of the fact that the plant is contained at too low temperatures. Therefore, it must be rearranged to the room with the optimum temperature.
The reason for the drying of the tips is the lack of moisture in the soil, as well as non-compliance with the optimum humidity. It is necessary to constantly maintain an adequate level of soil moisture.
Photo: Royal Flower Strelitzia
Toxicity and beneficial properties
Strelitzia is not a poisonous plant. In medicine, including and folk it is also not used. However, it is believed that the presence of such a plant in an apartment where an irritable person is located will positively affect his character.
After all, Strelitzia will begin to quietly fight with negative energy, as a result of which the atmosphere in the room will become healthy and calm.