Among most people who care about their health, tobacco is notorious. Mostly tobacco is associated in people with cigarettes, which take away not only health, but also beauty, are also harmful. Future offspring of a smoker. Probably, there would be quite a few people who were not against completely destroying this plant from the face of the Earth. Despite the fact that the plant does contain narcotic substances, it is not included in the list of prohibited substances.
Few people know that the plant is capable of bringing benefits to people. It can not only fight the home moth, but also heal people for many diseases. In the old days, many healers used tobacco. not only for their magical rituals, but also for healing people. In the end, tobacco is just a plant, and the person decides how to use it, for good or for harm.
What can tobacco leaves give to a person?
It is difficult to imagine, however, the tobacco plant belongs to the same family as eggplant, tomato, and potatoes - to Solanaceae. Its Latin name is Nicotiana, it can be in the form of a perennial or annual bush, which is capable of reaching a height of 2.5 meters, as well as grass.
Whole tobacco leaves, large, some species have a five-pointed shape, their color is mostly green. The flowers of the plant may be white, red or pink. The fruits look like boxes, inside of which are dark brown oval seeds.
Nicotiana grows best at temperatures between 24 and 28 degrees. In addition, growth requires a large amount of moisture, since it evaporates strongly from the broad leaves of the plant. Best soils for plants are loamy, chernozem and sandy loam, which are characterized by the presence of soil nitrogen and potassium, which are so necessary for the growth of tobacco.
Types of tobacco
Now on the planet are more than 70 species of this plant. The most common types of tobacco:
- decorative or winged
- Makhorka or village
The most important for tobacco culture are:
In Russia, the most popular are 2 types:
For the cultivation of Nicotiana in Russia, the soil and climate of the Krasnodar Territory are most suitable. World leaders in the cultivation of this plant are China and India, more than half of the crop of which is bought by the United States, which is the leader in the production of tobacco products.
Harvesting and storage of tobacco leaves
For the quality of tobacco is very important moment of cleaning. The fact is that if the leaves are collected too early, they will be low-aromatic and will rot during drying. Therefore, only a specialist can determine the exact time of collection.
You can collect in 2 ways:
- immediately the whole plantation
A gradual fee is more expensive, but the quality and price of the final product will be much higher. In this case, the leaves are harvested as they mature, starting from the top. After their removal, the leaves, located a tier below have the opportunity to ripen, getting more sunlight.
The leaves, immediately after harvest, are sent for drying and fermentation (fermentation). This process takes place either right there, under the open sun, or in special chambers. It is very important not to overdry the leaves, as the drying process affects the strength of the final product. The longer the process, the less strong the tobacco will be at the end. And long-term fermentation, in turn, reduces the amount of nicotine in the leaves.
After the fermentation and drying processes are over, the resulting product is dumped into large piles that can be stored for up to several years.
The benefits of tobacco leaves in everyday life
The plant can be successfully used in the fight against the voracious moth. Tobacco leaves just need to be spread out in the closet, or put them in a bag with a fur coat, so that any desire to feast on it can disappear from the moth. Just a few leaves enough so that the clothes are protected from the pest for the whole six months.
Gardeners and agronomists are also well aware of the beneficial properties of this amazing plant. A special decoction is made from the leaves of tobacco, which is sprayed with vegetable, fruit or flower beds. In this way, insects that destroy the fruits and leaves of plants are scared away.
Tobacco dust is also included in the arsenal of tools that are effective in pest control. It is used for fumigating apple orchards to combat such a pest, like an apple cider. And if you mix tobacco dust in equal amounts with lime, it will be an excellent tool in the fight against garden fleas.
Plant tobacco and its properties heal
Nicotinic acid contained in the plant is necessary for human life. Without her participation, redox processes in the body, can not pass fully. If the body lacks this substance, the person will be bothered by the following symptoms:
- muscle weakness
- gastric disorders
- loss of appetite
- pellagra (coarsening and peeling of the skin)
It is also surprising that anti-smoking products are also made from tobacco leaves.
The plant has a huge amount of medicinal properties that are used not only modern medicine, but also folk. The most common healing properties of the plant Nicotiana:
- Pain reliever
- Helps with epilepsy, seasickness
- The enzymes contained in the leaves, destroy various bacteria that can affect the skin of a person, treat poorly healing wounds. For the treatment of boils and boils, enough attach the leaves to the sore spot. A decoction can be treated with various dermatosis and scabies
- Aromatic enzymes of dried leaves, have a beneficial effect on the nasal mucosa. Therefore, funds on the basis of tobacco can be used for inhalation, in order to restore the normal state of the mucous. Of course, in this case, we are not talking about snuff
- Anti-inflammatory components that stand out from the dried leaves of the plantThey do an excellent job with sore throat and other sore throats.
- Substances that make up the leaves to successfully fight malaria
- Enzymes found in plants improve digestion and speed up metabolism.
- Tobacco leaves can stop the growth of new and the division of already existing abnormal cells in the human body. Medicine has known cases where the use of decoctions or tinctures on tobacco leaves resulted in complete healing from oncology.
How to use tobacco leaves for home treatment
In order to defeat certain diseases at home, it is not necessary to poison your body with chemical chemistries with long list of side effects. Often, for recovery, it is enough to use proven recipes for generations and time.
For example, with a cold or other chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, dried leaves of Nicotiana can be used. They need to grind and breathe aromatic enzymes from the resulting powder up to 5 times a day. Care should be taken not to inhale small particles of leaflets. Usually, after 2-3 days, runny nose recedes, and the condition of the mucous is normalized. In the case of tonsillitis, it is not necessary to chop the leaves. It is enough to take 1-2 leaves and put them under the tongue. Enzymes released from the plant will mix with saliva and have an antimicrobial effect.
For the treatment of scabies, dermatitis or lice, prepare a decoction. To do this, take 5 liters of water, which must be put on fire. While boiling, add 1 tablespoon of salt and 700 grams of dried leaves. Then, the fire turns off, and the saucepan with the broth is covered with a lid and wrapped with a towel for 2 hours. When pediculosis decoction is necessary to wash your hair. For scabies, lubricate damaged areas with it 3 times a day. After 3 days the itch will almost completely subside, and after 5 days all ticks will die. For prevention, the solution must be used for another 2 days after the disappearance of all symptoms.
A paste of leaves and stems of tobacco can cope even with such a serious disease as tuberculosis of the lymph nodes. To do this, pour the crushed stems and leaves with water and boil until the liquid evaporates and turns into a friable mass.
Sesame oil is added to this mass, by eye, everything is mixed until smooth. The resulting gruel every morning and evening will need to lubricate the affected lymph nodes. Usually, a few days after the start of application of tobacco paste, pus from the fistula is less and less, and by the end of the first month of treatment ceases to stand out. Then comes a gradual healing and full recovery. The course must be at least 2 months.
If tortured corns or cracks on the heels, 500 grams of powder from crushed leaves, mixed with the same amount of honey. The resulting mixture should be at bedtime to lubricate the feet and then wear warm socks. The course is 12 days, after which the heels become tender, like in a baby.
To treat cancer, tincture of tobacco is used. Naturally, such treatment can be carried out only after consultation and approval of the attending physician. To prepare the tincture, 30 g of crushed dry leaves pour 200 g of pure alcohol. Capacity tightly closed and left in a dark, cool place for 20 days. Then, filter the contents and leave in the same conditions for another 5 days. After a specified period, the contents are poured into glass jar and store in a cool place. Tincture is used to treat any malignant tumors at any stage of the disease.
The treatment of tobacco tincture lasts about a year. Use the tool in the morning as follows: in 100 ml of warm water, add 1 drop of tincture and drink before meals. Once every 3 days, the dose of alcohol tincture is increased by exactly 1 drop. Thus, the dose of tincture is brought to the amount of 14 drops per day, while the volume of warm water remains the same. After within 3 days the amount the infusion added to the water was equal to 14 drops, its dose is also gradually starting to decrease by 1 drop in 3 days. When reaching 1 drop per day, the intake is stopped for 10 days. After 10 days, the course is renewed in the same manner and so 3 courses.
Like any medicinal plant, tobacco can be a poison, and maybe a salvation - it all depends on the dose and method of use. It is undesirable to use for the treatment of a plant grown and cooked personally. Especially careful to treat alcohol tinctures with this plant and in any case not to use it for pregnant, lactating or children.
Before you begin to use medicinal decoctions and tinctures inside, it is necessary to consult with your doctor. The doctor will warn you about possible side effects and tell you how to avoid them.
In that case, if the consultation of the doctor was ignored or the dose of the substance was exceeded, the patient may experience such manifestations of poisoning as nausea, dizziness, fever and headache. Hoping the symptoms will pass on their own is unwise and dangerous. It is necessary to call an ambulance as soon as possible, and before it arrives to flush your stomach yourself, for example, using potassium permanganate.
Useful properties of tobacco
Tobacco in nature is nothing but a plant. Last, by the way, depending on the species has its charms, so you can often find tobacco as an ornamental plant in someone's flowerbed. But about growing tobacco a little later, first about its beneficial properties. So, what can a plant:
- Lower cholesterol and blood sugar
- Remove the pain of the heart and gastrointestinal tract
- Improve the body's redox processes
Surely, such useful properties will seem very strange to you, because the truth about the dangers of smoking hammered in your head still does not allow you to believe in the benefits of tobacco. But all these useful properties are explained by the composition of useful substances. The composition is not so great, but it is enough for the erection of a medicinal plant.
As we know, tobacco contains nicotine. This substance upon ingestion slightly changes its shape. For example, certain processes turn nicotine into cotinine, which is an excellent way to improve memory. But tobacco is still remarkable nicotinic acid, often referred to as vitamin PP or B3. Surprised? But it is this vitamin is necessary for relieving pain and reducing cholesterol, and it is in tobacco that it is located. How is tobacco used?
As already mentioned, tobacco is rich in vitamin B3, capable of bringing enormous benefits to the body. Its use allows:
- Improve memory. Vitamin B3 itself and its derivative, cotinine, can cope with memory loss in old age, including facilitating the course of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.
- Stimulate blood circulation. When nicotinic acid enters the body, the processes of recovery of blood vessels occur much faster, as well as increases the speed of blood circulation. As a result, there is a rapid healing of skin lesions, eliminating the main symptoms of diabetes, which are associated with blood circulation.
- Normalizes weight. Nicotine is able to influence the metabolic processes, leading them to the desired indicators. This allows you to lead to the normalization of body weight with the previous disappearance of excess fat. Of course, fats do not disappear on their own, but the fact is proven. It is also important to note here the ability of nicotine to affect appetite, which is significantly reduced when nicotinic acid is consumed.
- To cure diseases of the digestive tract. Nicotinic acid can have an anti-inflammatory effect, which is simply necessary in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Its effect allows to improve peristalsis and to form a new protective layer of mucus at the site of the damaged one.
- Eliminate skin diseases. A decoction of tobacco leaves allows you to speed up the healing process of abscesses, abrasions, boils, scratches, cure scabies and dermatosis.
Naturally, scientists could not stay away from tobacco, and their careful research showed very interesting results. It turns out that, in addition to the abilities listed above, tobacco is well suited for vaccine production, having better performance than its predecessor, potatoes. It also turns out the ability of tobacco to influence the slowing down of the growth of cancer cells.
Of course, smokers can now be very pleased with the arguments presented, citing them as an excuse for their addiction. However, here again it is worth remembering that we are talking about real tobacco, which has several varieties. If you want to see such an unusual plant on your site, you should learn a little more about it.
Tobacco storage and storage
The collection and harvesting of raw materials is carried out at the end of the summer and extends almost until the middle of autumn. The collection begins from the very top of this plant. The reason for this is simple - the upper leaves receive the maximum amount of light. After about 45–50 cm from the upper edge is collected, the plant continues to grow and the lower layers also begin to receive sufficient sunlight for the normal components of the desired components.
Procurement is as follows. Collected leaves are immediately placed in the drying chambers. But the drying process is additionally accompanied by fermentation, which helps reduce the amount of nicotine (there is a lot of it in fresh leaves), as well as increase the aromatic indices. By the way, the duration of drying in the chambers affects the strength of the future tobacco, and they are in inverse proportionality. The longer the tobacco undergoes fermentation, the lower the nicotine content. Then the leaves of tobacco continue to dry in natural conditions - placing in the open air and sunlight. At night, it is advisable to cover the leaves, because there are insects that feed on them.
If tobacco is not grown in an industrial way, then in this case, due to the absence of fermentation, its strength is the maximum level that can be. It is advisable to keep dried tobacco leaves in a dry place in fabric bags. Shelf-life Unlimited.
Application in everyday life
Today, tobacco is used in everyday life to protect fur products from moths. So, just put a few dry leaves in a bag that contains fur clothing to protect them from pests for the whole summer and autumn period. Sometimes a decoction of tobacco leaves is used to spray the beds to rid them of insects that eat the leaves of cultivated plants, vegetables and fruits.
- Broths of tobacco are widely used to destroy various bacteria, including those that cause various skin diseases. Этому способствуют ферменты, содержащиеся в листьях. Сегодня данный способ применения табака является одним из наиболее распространенных.
- Inhalation of the aromatic enzymes of dried tobacco leaves helps to restore the normal state of the mucous membrane. Of course, for such purposes do not use snuff, which even after 2-3 months of use is addictive.
Tincture of tobacco cancerous tumors
About 30 g of dried, crushed leaves should be placed in a glass jar and pour 200 g of pure alcohol. Cover tightly with a plastic cap, then place in a dry and cool place, protected from sunlight. Keep necessary for 20 days. After that, strain the entire contents of the jar, and then place it again in the same storage conditions for 5 days. After a specified time, it is necessary to pour the contents into a new clean glass jar, close the tight lid and store in a cool dry place. Tincture can already be used to treat malignant tumors of any origin and location.
The method of application is the following: it is necessary to dilute every morning 1 drop of tincture per 100 ml of boiled warm water, then use it before meals. Every three days it is necessary to increase the amount of consumed tincture exactly 1 drop. Having reached the number of drops in 14 pieces, it is necessary to reduce every 3 days by 1 drop and, upon reaching 1 drop per day, stop taking it. The maximum number of such procedures is 3, but with intervals of not less than 10 days between them. The whole period of treatment will take about 1 year.
Tobacco in the treatment of rhinitis and other chronic diseases of the nasopharynx
It is enough 4-5 times a day to sniff some crushed tobacco leaves, but in such a way that the particles do not fall on the nasal mucosa. The aromatic enzymes contained in the leaves are enough to normalize the condition of the mucous membrane, eliminate its inflammation and create a normal width of the breathing channel.
Tincture of tobacco leaves in the treatment of scabies
The process of making tinctures next. It is necessary to boil 5 liters of water. As soon as it boils, it is necessary to add one tablespoon of salt (with "hill"), as well as about 650-680 g of dried and crushed tobacco leaves. After that, turn off the heat, cover the pan with a lid, on top of a towel and leave to infuse for at least 2 hours. After that, take a small amount of liquid straight from the pan with your hands and rub it into the damaged skin. As a rule, it is between the fingers, the inside of the hips, the back of the hips, etc. This procedure is repeated 3 times a day, with the latter preferably before bedtime, since the most unfavorable time when damaged skin begins to itch terribly. Repeating this procedure, in 2-3 days the intensity of the effects of the action of ticks will fall off sharply, and on the 4th-5th day the disease will begin to "recede." As a prophylactic for 2-3 days you can still continue rubbing even after the disappearance of scabies.
Juice of tobacco leaves with angina
2-3 pinches of crushed dried leaves are enough to put under the tongue. Due to the presence of foreign substances in the mouth, saliva will start to flow freely. It needs to be swallowed, but try to do it so that the pieces of tobacco do not fall on the mucous membrane. There are enough beneficial enzymes in saliva. Repeat this procedure 5-6 times a day, relief from swallowing you will feel already on the 2nd day. The minimum amount of time to keep tobacco in the mouth is 3 minutes, the maximum is 6 minutes. For such a short period of time, a sufficient amount of saliva will be released in order to abundantly lubricate all the damaged areas of the mucosa.
The juice of the leaves of tobacco and cranberry for the treatment of malaria
It is necessary to place 5-10 g of dried and crushed tobacco leaves under the tongue. Hold for 5 minutes in this way, it is necessary to swallow the drool formed as a result of this, and spit out the remaining tobacco leaves after the procedure. After that, immediately drink about 50 ml of cranberry juice. Repeat the procedure 2-3 times a day until the signs of malaria disappear (fever, chills, headache and muscle pain, diarrhea, nausea, dizziness, etc.), and also as a prophylactic for a couple of days afterwards.
The benefits of the plant "Tobacco"
Oh, that smoking is a bad habit, I think everyone knows.
About the dangers of smoking have written more than once. It has long been proven that smoking has a very negative impact on human health. As a non-smoker, I have always associated tobacco and nicotine with something harmful to health and definitely not good, so I was genuinely surprised when, looking through the reference book on medicinal plants, I saw tobacco. I read and found out that this plant, it turns out, can be useful and is used in traditional medicine.
Generally, when tobacco only got into Europe (and it happened in the 16th century as a result of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus), he was considered medicinal herb and even a panacea for all ills. It was believed that tobacco smoke cures burns, wounds, soothes pain. In the form of tinctures, it was used as a laxative and anthelmintic, tobacco smoke was prescribed for asthma, cough and catarrh.
However, very soon this addiction spread widely and even became fashionable, but, together with this, it became addictive and addictive. Then everyone understood that tobacco and, in particular, nicotine, are not so harmless. Since then, the irreconcilable struggle against smoking has begun, which continues to this day.
Currently, there are many varieties of smoking tobacco, as well as various decorative forms. In Europe, mainly two types are bred: real tobacco and the so-called shag. The mahorka differs from the tobacco of the present by its smaller size and quality, and is also a more cold-resistant culture that allows it to be grown in more northern areas.
Tobacco leaves contain alkaloids Cornicotine, nicotine, nicotine, nicotellin, citric and nicotinic acids, glucose. Narcotic action in smokers is caused precisely by the nicotine contained in tobacco. 8 green leaves -1-9% nicotine, in dry - 1-5%. And this, as we know, is a strong poison, 1 g of which kills a horse. The lethal dose for humans is a few hundredths of a gram. Nicotine poisoning causes scratching of the throat, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, burning mouth, confusion of consciousness, vision, deafness, a deep faint. And in such cases can not do without emergency medical care.
8 traditional medicine fresh tobacco leaves are applied to furuncles, carbuncles, purulent wounds, boils. A decoction of the leaves is used for washing, lotions, compresses for diseases of the skin of the scalp, for scabies, all sorts of rashes. Powder tobacco leaves sprinkled with non-healing wounds, ulcers, sniff it with a headache, runny nose, flu.
Given that tobacco is poisonous, care should be taken!
There is such a popular recipe for pain in the legs: tobacco powder is mixed with honey and grease the feet every night before going to bed for 12 days.
Official medicine uses tobacco as a raw material for the production of nicotinic acid or vitamin PP, which has important physiological significance.
Nicotinic acid is essential for the body, as it is part of the enzymes involved in oxidative processes. With a lack of vitamin PP, a person loses his appetite, stomach pains, nausea, diarrhea, and general weakness occur.
Nicotinic acid is prescribed for atherosclerosis and other diseases of the cardiovascular system, respiratory and digestive organs, for diseases of the skin, eyes, and for diabetes mellitus.
Waste tobacco production (in particular, tobacco dust) is also used as an effective means of combating insects - pests of the garden. So, tobacco dust is used to fumigate orchards against apple brassis. In a mixture with lime (in equal amounts) - against garden fleas.
So, in principle, tobacco can be considered as a useful plant.
This statement, however, does not apply to heavy smokers, because their “friendship” with tobacco does not bring any benefit to them or others.
When seedlings reach a height of about 15 cm, they should be planted already on the plantation. The plantation should be protected from winds and located on a small slope. At such a place, the water will not be able to stagnate, and the soil will not leach out with the rain. In the soil itself, it is desirable to add the old roots of tobacco, which are left from previous plants. In addition, you need to add sand to the soil - it is necessary for good growth of the roots, and it is easy for the roots to move around.
Now that the tobacco seedlings are on the plantation, they need everyday care, which consists in loosening, weeding, watering and protecting against pests.
Useful properties and use of tobacco
Tobacco has analgesic and antihelminthic properties. The plant is often used to treat seasickness and epilepsy. Surprisingly, tobacco is used as a means of quitting smoking.
Tobacco is used in the treatment of wounds that do not heal for a long time. This plant is used for diseases of the eyes, skin, nervous and cardiovascular systems. Tobacco leaf paste helps to cure lymph node tuberculosis.
Broth tobacco with scabies, dermatitis. To make it, you need to take 2 tablespoons of crushed tobacco leaves and pour 400 ml of water. Then put the composition on the fire for 20 minutes, filter the finished broth and use as a means for washing, compresses and lotions for skin diseases.
Tobacco paste for tuberculosis of the lymph nodes. We take the leaves of tobacco, chop them, add to them the crushed stems of tobacco. Fill all with water and set on fire. Cook the contents until the liquid becomes a puff. A little sesame oil is added to the finished stretch mass and mixed until homogeneous. The finished mass lubricates the affected lymph nodes. The course of such treatment is 2 months. In the first weeks of treatment, fistula will no longer stand out from the fistula, and in the third or fourth week the person will recover completely.
Tobacco tincture with seasickness. Take 1 tablespoon of tobacco leaves and pour half a glass of vodka. Leave for 10 days to infuse and filter. The tincture is taken three times a day, 1 drop, diluting it with 100 ml of water. The same tincture helps in the presence of dizziness.
Tobacco for pediculosis. A decoction of tobacco is prepared, as described above, and the head is washed until it is completely cured.
Tobacco with a cold and flu. Fresh tobacco leaves are ground to a powder. This powder just needs to be breathed several times a day.
Nicotinic acid contained in tobacco is recommended for the treatment of atherosclerosis, respiratory organs, diabetes mellitus and digestive organs. Tobacco is often used to treat foot problems.
Tobacco for feet. Take 500 grams of tobacco leaves and grind to powder, add the same amount of honey and mix. The finished ointment grease the feet every day before bedtime. The course of treatment is 12 days.