Hello to all gardeners and gardeners!
The modern gardening market is replete with pesticides, the use of which allows you to get rid of any pests of the garden. However, toxic compounds, toxic and far from harmless to living organisms and the environment, can accumulate in plant tissues, including in fruits, which makes their use unsafe for human health.
Fans of biological farming, who in principle do not use synthetic pesticides on their plots, know many time-tested recipes based on natural products with powerful insecticidal and repellent properties.
Aqueous extracts prepared from various plants and extracts are used to treat plantings from pests. Their effectiveness is somewhat lower than that of pesticides, however, compounds that inhibit the vital activity of insects and parasites, completely decompose in nature over time and do not accumulate in the ovaries and fruits.
So, let's talk today about application of birch tar in the garden against pests.
Properties of birch tar
One of the agents with insecticidal (exterminating parasites) and repellent (insect repelling) properties is birch tar. It is made from birch bark by heating in special hermetic containers. The output is an oily viscous mass with a sharp aroma, having a dark brown, almost black color scheme.
Substances present in the tar, provide disinfectant, disinfecting, antiseptic, antimicrobial, antiparasitic and antifungal properties. The product is widely used in traditional and traditional medicine, veterinary medicine, cosmetology, as well as in horticultural practice.
What pests of the garden does birch tar help to get rid of?
Spraying solutions, trapping belts, tar mulching and coating plant shtambov with various mixtures of tar are effective against the following pests:
- larvae of the May beetle,
Treatments of planting with birch tar help in combating all types of aphids, including gelchris aphid, destroying the stone fruit trees, black aphids, eating juices of leguminous vegetables, as well as currant aphids, melons, viburnum, raspberry, pumpkin, cabbage, pink etc.
How to use birch tar against aphids?
The easiest way to protect trees, shrubs, and tops is to sprinkle seedlings before and after flowering. A solution of tar and tar soap works well against aphids even in cases where parasitic insects have already begun their destructive activities.
To prepare the solution in a standard bucket of water, dilute the grated half of a bar of soap (50 g) and 5 tablespoons of tar. Medicinal fluid is poured into the spray gun and irrigate all parts of adult plants or seedlings, including the reverse side of the leaves, flower brushes, young shoots and trunk.
Another option for the destruction of aphids and scaring off ants from the trees, feeding on waste from their livelihoods and spreading these parasites throughout the site, is treating boles with a mixture of birch tar and ash. Having covered the tree trunks in a circle, you will not only scare away the pests, but also follow the prevention of the spread of viral infections.
And you can get rid of aphids and ants with belts. A wide layer of gauze, bandage, tow or natural fabric is impregnated with birch tar and wrapped. early spring around the trunk of the problem tree. The release of specific odor and repellent substances occurs throughout the summer season.
Well, another option for using birch tar in a garden and a vegetable garden for the prevention of planting by aphids is to mulch the soil in tree trunks and between the rows of berries. Wood shavings or sawdust, abundantly moistened with tar of birch, pressed and filled with hot water before swelling are used as a covering layer. This product mulch planting in the garden and in the garden.
And you still do not use birch tar at the dacha? Then it makes sense to go to the nearest pharmacy for the miraculous elixir in order to purchase a powerful product against the pests of the garden, flower garden and vegetable garden!
Characteristics and release form
Get tar from birch bark by dry distillation. The process is called pyrolysis. At the outlet, the tool acquires a very thick consistency, coal-black color and a strong, peculiar odor (tar is a part of the very popular Vishnevsky ointment, the smell of which is familiar to almost everyone). The sale of tar comes in glass bottles with a volume of 20, 40, 80 mg. The main components of the tar:
Advantages and disadvantages
There is both benefit and harm in the use of tar.
The advantage of tar is in its full naturalness and safety for people. Moreover, he does not destroy anything alive, but only scares. Also from the side of pests is not observed addiction to the smell of tar. Its very important property is a long-term action. Having once treated the plantations, you can be calm for about a month.
There are some drawbacks. Concentrated solution is an allergen, so when working with it you need to use a respirator.
The smell of tar is firmly introduced into the taste of the fruits of crops, if they are treated with a solution of a substance. Also, do not wait for the arrival of bees to collect nectar and pollinate flowers, as they also do not like the smell. You also need to keep in mind that this tool is never washed off.
The resin does not dissolve in water, which is why it is necessary to constantly shake the composition during the processing time.
Ways to use
There are no exact rules and instructions on how to use tar in gardens and kitchen gardens. Long since people have noticed the unacceptability of the aroma of this resin for pests (and not only). Each grower uses his proven methods. It can be watering with the addition of tar in the water, and spraying the solution, and rassaglavvka impregnated with the composition of objects in the right places.
To keep the agent on the leaves and branches longer, it is advised to add grated soap to the solution.
Many harmful insects can be driven away by watering the plantations with birch resin solution. These include:
Onion fly. As the name suggests, she attacks onions and garlic. To combat it, they apply watering with a solution (10 g of tar per 1 l of water) of the beds before and after sowing. Only in the second case, the resin concentration will be 20 g per bucket of water.
Carrot fly. Attacks root vegetables. It is recommended to water the vegetable beds twice during the summer: in June and August. The working mixture is prepared from 1 tbsp. spoons of resin, 2 tbsp. spoons of grated soap and 10 liters of water (basic, traditional composition).
Wireworm. This insect loves potatoes most of all. Also, do not hesitate and other root vegetables. The processing methods are slightly different. Tubers are treated before planting, and watering beds after germination. The composition of the solution is the same: 1 tbsp. spoon of tar in 10 liters of water (you need to insist at least an hour).
Hawthorn. Here it is not the butterfly itself that does harm, but its larvae. These caterpillars indiscriminately eat the leaves and flowers of garden trees. It is advised to carry out the treatment three times (May, June, July) and to combine spraying with irrigation of the soil in the area of the trunk. The solution is mixed traditionally, that is, 1 tbsp. spoon of tar in a bucket of water.
The benefits of tar and the advantages of its use in the garden
Birch tar is a natural and safe remedy that has long been successfully used in household, traditional medicine, cosmetology, horticulture and horticulture due to its many beneficial properties (antiseptic, antiparasitic, antimicrobial). It consists of resins, paraffin, organic acids, phytoncides, natural antiseptics (phenol), guaiacol ...
Of course, we do not urge you, by the example of your ancestors, to grease cartwheels with tar or to make leather with it, but believe me, it is highly advisable to use it in a garden with a vegetable garden. Because of its sharp peculiar smell, it works as an excellent repellent repeller for harmful insects and small mammals, and the healing properties of tar help the plants to fight against various diseases.
The use of birch tar in the area, compared with the usual toxic chemicals, has many advantages:
- the drug is safe to use for a person
- works against a large group of pests of the garden and vegetable garden - from mammals to insects,
- not addictive in insects,
- does not destroy pests, but only scares them away, which is especially important in the case of forest mammals that are “undesirable” only on the backyard plot,
- does not require complex equipment for use and even self-production (see below),
- can be used at once in several ways (including without contact with the plant itself, so as not to have a negative effect on it),
- possesses a long-lasting protective effect - from three to four weeks to the full growing season.
How to cook tar yourself and where to buy it
Since birch tar is gaining increasing popularity in various fields, from gardening and horticulture to medicine and cosmetology, you can buy it at several points at once - in a regular pharmacy, in specialized garden stores, in online stores.
If you need large amounts of this tool, and you are not afraid to work with your hands, you can make birch tar yourself.
There are two types of tar - birch and birch. The first is obtained by dry distillation (pyrolysis) of birch chips, branches and bark, the second - only birch bark of young birch bark. The main difference is in the concentration of aromatic substances in the resulting substance. If birch tar differs in a rather light smell and goes mainly to the production of medical and cosmetic preparations, then birch, with a sharp spirit, is a dark oily liquid and is perfect for gardeners and farmers. It is both an excellent protection against various fungal diseases, and a great antimicrobial agent, and an excellent antiseptic. This absolutely natural remedy perfectly protects against many pests of cultivated plants.
We offer you a recipe for birch tar:
- Make a hole in the bottom of a large iron container, tightly fill the container with young dry bark and small chips, and if possible tightly close the lid.
- Put a smaller container into the hole dug in the ground - it is in it that the resulting tar will be collected.
- Directly above the shallow tank, place the large one - with the hole down (tar will flow from there).
- Cover the upper tank with firewood and set it on fire.
- After 4-5 hours, you can evaluate the first results - tar should already be collected in the lower container.
From 10 kg of birch bark it is possible to overtake about 3 kg of tar.
Pharmacy and store tar will already be cleaned and, therefore, more effective than homemade. This does not apply to cosmetic products on the basis of tar - for example, tar soap - there is so little tar there that they will be almost useless as a repellent repeller in a garden.
How and against what pests of the garden do they use tar
As a substance acting primarily due to its sharp smell, tar in the garden and the garden is more effective against those pests that have a keen sense of smell, as well as underground inhabitants (there the smell does not disappear longer and does not disappear) - bear, small mice, moles . Processing against them, in connection with the situation described above, is usually sufficient to carry out once a season, the deterring effect of tar in the soil lasts more than a month.
As a repellent, tar in the garden and garden can also be successfully used against flying insects (Colorado potato beetle, butterflies, moths, flies, sawflies, etc.) and ground rodents - however, it acts on them less and less in time, about 20 -30 days, so the processing will have to be repeated.
The weakest (several days) tar acts on ants and the majority of adult beetles (bronzovok, clickers, weevils). Combating these pests only with the help of tar will not be entirely successful, you will have to combine it with other drugs.
Tar in mixtures is incompatible with almost all synthetic pesticides and biological products - they are even recommended to be stored in different rooms. But with mineral substances and natural extracts, the product fits well. Their complex use even enhances mutual action.
So, from what pests and diseases does tar help in the garden? Your attention - 21 ways to use this popular tool.
1. Birch tar from the Colorado potato beetle
Potatoes, eggplants, tomatoes and peppers will be grateful if you spend spraying them with tar solution against the Colorado potato beetle.
The solution is prepared as follows: 10 ml (2 tsp) of tar and 50 g of soap are dissolved in 10 liters of warm water. They can spray the plants (before flowering, during the appearance of buds and during the period of intensive flowering) or to moisten the bushes plentifully, as well as the soil between the rows before a moist film forms on the leaves.
2. Birch tar from the bear
From the bear, tar will help save your plants in several ways at once.
The first is the dressing of sowing and planting materials - for example, the lubrication of tubers with undiluted preparation. The second method is spraying the plants that have already risen with the above described tar-soap solution (the soap here acts as an adhesive).
3. Birch tar from moles (hamsters, woodchucks)
It is also possible to expel moles, hamsters, marmots and other burrowing mammals from the site. For example, by shutting down all the discovered entrances to their holes with pieces of cloth, abundantly saturated with undiluted tar, and covered with earth from above. For this impregnation can be applied and tar oil mixture (3 parts of tar in 1 part of vegetable oil). It is better to start all these activities from early spring, in the summer it may be too late.
Another way is to drive small (about 20 × 4 cm) wooden pegs abundantly greased in the lower part with tar over the whole area at a distance of 3-4 m from each other. If necessary, they can from time to time to dig out and update the "fragrant" processing.
4. Birch tar from hares (mice, voles)
To protect trees and shrubs from rodents like mice and hares, autumn mulching of pristvolny circles of plants with sawdust impregnated with tar solution (1 tablespoon of tar per 10 liters of water) and autumn whitewashing of the bottom of trunks and lower branches with a special solution (10 liters of fresh manure, 1 kg of finished whitewashing and 3 tablespoons of tar to dilute with water to the consistency of thick kefir).
5. Birch tar from the onion fly
To get rid of the attention of onion flies, planting material of onions and garlic literally half an hour before sowing is recommended to soak in tar solution (1 tsp of tar per 1 liter of water).
After germination of seedlings, it is also worth shedding the rows of these plants with a solution prepared from 10 liters of water, 30 g of soap and 1 tbsp. tar, repeating the procedure again in 10-15 days.
The mulching of the beds with sawdust soaked in tar solution also helps (see the preparation scheme above).
8. Birch tar from carrot flies and leaflets
Tar also helps carrots - to escape from carrot flies and listobloshki who also do not like his smell.
The recipe you already know - 10 liters of warm water + 1 tbsp. birch tar. Carrot beds are watered over this pre-moistened soil bed twice per season (in July and August). If the invasion of insects is large, you can shed the beds a couple more times, as well as spraying - to the above solution, then 20-30 g of soap chips should be added as an adhesive.
10. Birch tar from sawfly
There are several types of sawfly (gooseberry, cherry, etc.) that damage a wide variety of plants: white and red currants, gooseberries, cherries, pears, plums, and apple trees. However, all these pests do not tolerate the smell of tar, so they can be successfully controlled with this tool.
The bushes are sprayed 3-4 times per season with the following mixture: in 1 liter of boiling water, dissolve 100 g of grated soap, half a glass of ash and 2 tbsp. tar, dilute the mixture with 5 liters of warm water.
Trees will also have to be sprayed several times per season (at the beginning of leaf blooming, and then, if necessary, at intervals of a week) with the solution you already know: 10 liters of water, 1 tbsp. birch tar, 30 g of soap.
11. Birch tar from the wireworm
Potatoes, carrots, beets, radishes and other root vegetables should be protected from wireworms, including this can be done with the help of tar.
In advance, you can etch the seed in a tar solution (1 tablespoon of tar per 10 liters of water) for 40-50 minutes and moisten the wells with the same solution before planting. Plants grown from seeds, just watered with this solution several times per season with an interval of 2-3 weeks.
13. Birch tar from ants
Если уж упомянули тлю, сразу вспомним и ее практически постоянных спутников – муравьев, против которых деготь тоже помогает бороться.
Деревья, на которых муравьи "пасут" тлю, обильно смазывают неразведенным дегтем по стволу или обматывают ветошью, пропитанною им же – сооружая такой своеобразный ловчий пояс. If the ants have settled right in your garden, you can pour a few milliliters of pharmacy tar on the top of the anthill - insects will definitely not like it, and they are more likely to leave the inhospitable site.
15. Birch tar from cabbage whitefish
The cabbage soup (cabbage tree), which is familiar to all gardeners, is easy to scare away from the landings with the smell of tar. To do this, arrange in the garden pegs, wrapped at the ends of a rag soaked in undiluted birch tar. In addition, you can decompose sawdust soaked in water-tar solution on the beds - this will help from other insect pests.
16. Birch tar from gooseberries
Gooseberry moth, damaging the thickets of gooseberry and currant, actively damages the ovary of these plants. To combat it, before starting flowering, berry bushes should be sprayed with tar solution (1 tbsp of tar and 20 g of soap chips per 10 liters of water), and later just hang containers with tar on the branches inside the bush.
17. Birch tar from moth
Garden plantings are very often affected by the “work” of the moth. Apple, cherry, plum - all its species are equally dangerous and can destroy up to half of the crop. The winter period of the caterpillar of this insect is carried out under the bark of the tree, and during the flowering period, having already turned into butterflies, they begin laying eggs at the bottom of the leaves. Hatching moths from them feed on fruits.
Therefore, while the butterflies have not yet flown out (at the beginning of flowering) and immediately after flowering, the trees and the soil beneath them can be sprayed on the already familiar odorous tar solution with water and soap. Small containers with tar solution (1 tsp tar per 5 liters of water) suspended in the tree crown shortly before their flowering will be useful.
18. Birch tar from Hawthorn
Hawthorn larvae wield on Rosaceae family cultures (apple, cherry, pear, plum, apricot, etc.) similar to the pinwort, actively eating buds, young leaves and buds, only hibernate the insect in nests located on leaves that are pre-wound with cobwebs . These sockets need to be removed first. Then the soil under the tree and the plant itself is treated with tar solution (traditionally, 1 tablespoon of tar and 30 g of planed soap is taken for 10 liters of water). The first treatment is carried out in the "green cone" phase, the second - shortly before flowering (April), and the next immediately after flowering with an interval of two weeks (depending on the presence of caterpillars).
19. Birch tar from raspberry-strawberry weevil
Raspberry, blackberry and wild rose bushes are often damaged by a raspberry-strawberry weevil: dried ovaries are vivid evidence of this. Therefore, before the appearance of buds, berry bushes should be plentifully sprayed with a water-tar solution with the addition of soap (see the recipe above). A week later, the procedure can be repeated.
20. Birch tar from the cherry weevil
The cherry weevil feeds not only on the leaves, but also damages the young shoots of the stone trees, buds, ovaries and inflorescences, and after the fruit ripens it reaches them. To combat this pest, also dissolve the tar mixture with soap and water in a bucket of water and thoroughly moisten the trees from the sprayer with this odorous solution. Carry out the procedure in early spring before bud break, then repeat when bud break and shortly before flowering.
21. Birch tar against scab and other bacterial and viral diseases
Tar is also able to rid your plants of many bacterial and viral infections that can leave you completely without harvest. To prevent their development, fruit trees and shrubs are abundantly treated with the above described tar-water solution with soap added (only tar should be taken more, 1.5-2 tbsp) or smeared with a mixture of undiluted tar with ash (2: 1) the period of the emergence of young leaves.
The disadvantages of using tar in the garden
There will be no real harm from birch tar as such - on humans it is not poisonous (in medicine and cosmetology there are many preparations based on it), most of the pests are frightening away and not killing, do not accumulate in large quantities in plants. However, there are some disadvantages and disadvantages in its application in horticulture and horticulture. Here are some:
- A strong, unpleasant smell that can scare away even neighbors and relatives from the site.
- It acts equally on both harmful and beneficial insects - you risk being left without helpers in the garden and in the garden.
- Tar should not be used for fruits and edible green mass, because spoils their taste and smell.
- For the same reason, its use in an apartment for indoor plants is excluded.
- Concentrated tar is toxic, it is necessary to prepare working solutions with it with precautions for substances of the 3rd hazard class.
- Working solutions (mixtures) are difficult to mix with other substances (due to the insolubility of tar in water) and quickly stratify at rest - they need to be used for an hour or two.
- The clothes stained with tar are not washed, and the metal parts of the sprayers are practically not cleaned (only with organic solvents).
You see for yourself what a simple remedy, like birch tar, can save your garden and garden from a multitude of flying and crawling pests - maybe worth a try?
Spraying is used to expel the Colorado potato beetle:
- Potato field is sprayed with a mixture (1 tbsp. Of tar for 10 liters of water) twice - immediately after germination and before budding.
- On eggplants and peppers, the same composition is sprayed on the stems before fruit set.
Removal of codling moth. Despite the fact that there will be difficulties with pollination, this insect can be fought only during flowering, that is, a mixture of tar and water (10 g per 10 l of water) is sprayed with the crown of the tree.
Gooseberry pest control:
Gooseberry sawfly. Processing is carried out up to 4 times during the growing season. The solution is somewhat different dosage and components. It is prepared from half of a piece (100 g) of a mild soap, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of tar, 1 teaspoon of ash and 1 liter of boiling water. After the soap is completely dissolved, the concentrate is diluted with 5 liters of non-hot water. The composition is ready to use.
Gooseberry Fire. The pest is dangerous for gooseberries and all kinds of currants. The composition of the solution is basic, although the amount of tar can be doubled. Spraying is carried out before flowering.
Berries also have their pests, for example, raspberry-strawberry weevil. It is also called tsvetoedom. To save the flowers, the treatment of the bushes should be carried out before flowering with the usual tar solution.
Stone stone are often the object of attack:
Cherry sawfly. Spraying carried out several times, starting in early spring, with a break of a week. Dosage solution base.
Plum moth moth. To remove the pest will help treatment of trees immediately after the budding, before the formation of ovaries. A mixture of traditional.
The most insidious of the bushes pests (also room plants) is spider mite. A special composition is prepared for it:
- boiled water - 1 l,
- sugar sand - 2 tsp,
- gasoline - 2 tbsp. l.,
- tar - 1 tsp,
- soap - 1 tsp. + shower gel - 1 tsp.
All the listed ingredients should be stirred with water alternately and thoroughly shake again before processing. The success of the treatment depends on the full coverage of the crown.
A lot of harm to garden plantings bring aphid and ants. These insects work in tandem. Having smeared the trunks of fruit trees with tar, you can get rid of those and others. You can also spray the planting solution, for the preparation of which half of a piece of tar soap is dissolved in a bucket of water and tar is added (5 tbsp.).
Gardeners are advised to save themselves from rodents in somewhat unusual ways. Calling them a trap is probably not very correct. Although, if these compounds fall into the stomach of the pest, it is unlikely to be of any benefit to him.
Such options are offered:
- Cook millet porridge on the water and for every kilogram of the cooled product mix 4 tbsp. l tar. Next, the "delicacy" is laid out in shallow grooves in the right places and sprinkled with earth.
- Take dry grain (corn, wheat or oats) and mix with pure tar. Only very carefully that each grain was covered. Next means it is required to decompose in the habitats of pests (in small pits, priporoshiv soil).
The action of the mash lasts up to three months, so do not remove them just because more rodents do not appear. It can be removed if the amount of the mash does not decrease over time. So there is nobody to it.
Medvedki do much harm to garden crops. They spoil all the plants indiscriminately. Work under the ground and on the surface. Therefore, the ways to deal with them combined. As for potatoes and other root crops, they need to be treated with a solution (base) of planting material before sowing. Also successfully used mixed with child chip sawdust. They should be scattered on the beds and between the rows.
Counteraction to rodents and moles
Winter is a difficult time for any living organism. Wild hares are no exception. In search of food, they often come to the gardens and to the dachas and enjoy the bark of young trees and shrubs. To rescue them, it is enough to coat the bottom of the trunk (branches of the bush) to a height of 80-100 cm with a creamy whitewash solution. It is prepared from 1 kg of whitewash, 50 g of tar and 10 kg of mullein.
Such small rodents as mice are known to all owners of summer cottages. Plants are especially defenseless against them in the winter. Therefore, to protect the landing from the invasion of mice should be even in the fall. After harvesting and carrying out seasonal work, you need to scatter wood chips in the root zone of each plant, saturated with birch resin. The solution for this is prepared ordinary - 1 tbsp. l 10 liters of water.
Another unwelcome guest of private gardens is the mole. The same tar will help him out. To do this, dilute the third of a glass of any vegetable oil and a glass of tar. Next, saturate the cloth with this mixture and place all mole paths on all the entrances.
Concentrated birch resin is classified as a third hazard class. Therefore, it is desirable to keep the bubbles with tar in an inaccessible place, it is better to close the key. In addition, you can not keep other biological products close to them (it is better not to store them even in the same room).
When mixing the solution and processing plantings of one mask is not enough, you need to use a respirator. Accidentally, a drop of product on the skin should be immediately wiped off (rubbed) with alcohol and then rinsed with soapy water.
Sterile conditions for farming do not exist. In order to preserve a fruitful vegetable garden, sooner or later it is necessary to resort to medical preparations and insecticides. Among them there are biological and chemical (often poisonous) means. Depending on the extent of the damage, each person decides on the choice of one or another method.
Birch tar in the garden from pests is the most natural and, as practice shows, quite effective. If you follow the rules of mixing, processing and storage, then it is quite capable of helping in the fight against known pests.
How best to apply birch tar in the garden from pests
This product, obtained as a result of dry distillation of birch wood (that is, wood resin), has unique antiparasitic, antiseptic, antimicrobial and sanitizing properties due to its biochemical composition. From time immemorial, tar has been used for the treatment of many ailments and for cosmetic purposes. But not everyone knows that the product is a biological repellent and an insecticide that inhibits many types of dangerous pests of the garden.
Judge for yourself, because no insect will fly on the smell of fire, right?
What insects can be used effectively against birch tar?
Among the pests that are sensitive to the constituents of the tar, include even such malicious and intractable parasites as the Colorado potato beetle and the wireworm. The larvae of these very “enemies” cause the most tangible damage to the planting of potatoes and other solanaceous crops, not only feeding on mature tubers and tops, but also spreading bacterial and fungal diseases throughout the site.
Application of tar in the garden and in the garden will allow you to protect your plants in a natural way from the following pests:
- onion fly
- cabbage fly,
- cabbage butterfly (white),
- gooseberry sawfly pale,
- Codling moth,
- cherry moth,
- plum moth,
- carrot fly
- carrot listobloshka
- gooseberry fire,
- strawberry-raspberry weevil,
- sprout fly,
- sea buckthorn fly
Tar-soap concentrate against the Colorado potato beetle and not only
In a bucket of tepid water dissolve 50 g of liquid or rubbed soap and 10 g of birch tar. Insecticide spray planting potatoes before flowering, during the appearance of buds and during the period of intense color. The composition is treated with plantations of eggplants, vegetable peppers and tomatoes in cases where the Colorado potato beetle in search of food appeared on these plants.
The same solution is effective against carrot flies attacking the carrot planting during thinning. It is enough to spray the plantation out of the sprayer with the composition and spill the beds with the treatment mixture before removing the extra seedlings. It helps the treatment of this tool pumpkin crops against sprout flies, plums from the plum moth, apple trees in the flowering period against the codling moth, cherries from the cherry sawfly, gooseberry and black currant from the fry (before flowering).
Tar solution against wireworm
Processing planting potatoes before sowing and moistening the soil in the planting holes is an effective means of preventing the invasion of wireworm. To prepare the solution, a tablespoon of tar is dissolved in a standard bucket of water. In the therapeutic fluid potato tubers are soaked for 60-90 minutes, it also shed planting grooves / holes.
Tar from cabbage whitefish
Pegs scared off at the ends and towed with birch tar help to scare away the butterfly and prevent the eggs from laying on the cabbage leaves.
In addition to insects, birch tar is used from rodents that feed on sprouts and bark of your plants in winter. In particular, mulching pristvolny circles of shrubs and trees with sawdust impregnated with a solution of tar (15 g / 10 l of water), eliminates the invasion of mice, and adding the product to the composition for autumn whitewashing (10 l of fresh manure, 1 kg of finished whitewashing and 50 g of tar Birch water to the consistency of thick kefir) helps to prevent the eating of bark in the winter time hares.
Tar from garden pests
We have already written how to apply tar against garden pests in an article about protection from the codling moth. We will not repeat, just place another photo with lids from soda, where the gauze is impregnated with tar. We hang out 2 covers on a tree in the spring, and in the summer once more with a pipette we soak gauze again:
If you have not tried the miraculous birch tar to protect your plants, then it's time to go to the nearest pharmacy for a few bubbles with a medical composition. The use of birch tar in the garden and garden gives a tangible result, be sure to try - cheap and cheerful.
Stay with us by subscribing to the newsletter announcements of articles, and you will learn many popular plant protection recipes without the use of chemistry.
Advantages and disadvantages
Birch grove and birch tar
The use of tar in the garden and the garden against harmful animals gives a trace in comparison with pesticides. advantages:
- The drug is effective against pests from the most distant from each other systematic groups - from mollusks and insects to mammals.
- Does not cause the resistance of elimination objects.
- Does not require to work with him complex expensive equipment.
- Safe to use: PPE needs basic: latex gloves on hands, preferably gauze bandage and goggles on face.
- It does not destroy the objects of elimination, therefore the tar from pests is suitable for fighting animals, at the site they are harmful, but useful in the wild nature - hares, moles.
- It has a long protective effect - from 20-30 days to the full growing season.
- It can be used in a contactless (for plants) way, see below, which completely eliminates the effect of treatment with the preparation on the crop.
- Negative post-effects from the systematic application of tar on the site are absent.
However, the disadvantages of tar as a remedy for pests are significant:
- It also scares away beneficial insects, therefore it is not applicable to plant pest control measures against pests.
- Also not applicable for fruits and edible green mass, because accumulates in all parts of plants. Overdose, however, can not be afraid: the crop will acquire an unpleasant odor and taste much earlier.
- For the same reason, unsuitable for processing indoor plants.
- In tank mixtures is incompatible with most of the means of agrochemistry.
- Нерастворим в воде, поэтому приготовление рабочих растворов затруднено (см. далее), а использованы они должны быть в течение 1-2 часов, чтобы исключить расслоение смеси.
- Концентрированный деготь токсичен, содержит канцерогены и аллегрены. Как следствие, готовить рабочие растворы с ним нужно с предосторожностями для веществ 3-го класса опасности (также см. далее).
- Сильно налипает не детали насадки опрыскивателя. If it is not collapsible or is not subject to washing with organic solvents, it will be necessary to spray the plants in a grandmother’s way - a broom from a bucket.
- For processing by spraying requires the mandatory use of the adhesive, however, inexpensive - laundry soap.
- Stinks, tar-stained clothes don't wash off.
Which is better?
Moonshine tar is free, but the least effective and contains the greatest amount of harmful substances. Therefore, birch tar in the garden and garden, it is desirable to use the purchase of different degrees of cleaning (from left to right in the figure. Below).
Preparative sales forms of birch tar
Purified tar is no longer a black slurry in appearance, but a dark brown translucent substance. By the way, the working mixtures from it are not homogeneous for 15-20 minutes, but more than an hour. The most expensive, but also the most effective substance - perfumery. Perfume tar is used for aromatherapy and add flavor to smells. For both, the drug is, of course, in micro doses.
Note: in the late '70s - early' 80s, a men's cologne with the smell of a Cadillac upholstery made a male sensation. However, the hunters of rich suitors and swindlers with their intrinsic scent immediately understood that the smell of a car for 100 thousand bucks and she herself is not the same, but she herself and the same money in the account of the victim all the more. "If earlier, marrying a guy on a steep car, you became the wife of a real kid, now you will most likely get a middle manager with an unpaid loan."
Almost equivalent to the perfume, but a lot cheaper medical tar. Veterinary is not much cheaper than medical, but only slightly more effective than moonshine. But tar soap, although it contains a ready-made adhesive, as a pest repellent is not very effective. The tar in it is quite a bit, in a safe dose for humans, which almost does not scare off pests.
Video: harm and benefits of tar for the gardener
Do not need to store tar preparations according to the usual rules for agrochemistry. Under constipation in a separate room inaccessible for children and animals, it goes without saying. But, if biological preparations are used at the site, it is impossible to store them in the same room and even in the same closet with tar.
To prepare working solutions and mixtures with tar you need in a respirator lobe instead of a gauze bandage (see above). It is also necessary to prepare a vial of alcohol or vodka or household (not fuel!) Gasoline or kerosene. If tar gets on the skin, it is immediately removed, without rubbing, with a cotton swab moistened with a solvent (preferably 2-3 swabs in series), and then the affected area is washed with soap and water.
Who scares the tar
As a repellent tar in the garden and the garden is most effective against the objects of elimination, with a sharp scent and leading the underground life completely or partially, because in the soil active ingredients of tar remain longer. These factors mutually reinforce each other. On this basis, the deterring effect of tar on different groups of pests is divided into 3 categories:
- Strong - lasts more than 30 days. As a rule, one treatment in a season is enough for the elimination facilities to withdraw from the site who goes where,
- Medium - lasts up to 30 days, but stable,
- Weak - lasts less than 30 days. In cold weather, weakens or stops.
Hardest tar drives away Medvedok, moles, voles and unpaired silkworm, see fig .:
Pests that tar scares off much
The latter does not live underground, but the scent of its males is super-thin: they find females by smell for kilometers. Tar stench disrupts the search for mating partners, and the population in the vicinity dies out. But, if you also have large, beautiful and harmless Peristose butterflies (for example, a large night peacock eye - a pear peacock eye, an artemis peacock eye, an eye serrated), then they will be lost too. Visits of such specialized pollinators as hawk moths, after treating the plot with tar, can also not be expected. You can get rid of tar from the bear for the whole season at once, see for example. video:
Video: tar against the bear and mice
Medium tar drives away Colorado beetles, butterflies of whitefish (cabbage), moths, ognevok, phytophagous flies (onion, cruciferous), larvae of click beetles (wireworms), sawflies, other rodents, hares and slugs, see fig .:
Pests that tar scares off with average power
The use of tar against these pests is fully justified, since allows you if you do not expel them completely, but greatly reduce the dose of pesticides and the cost of them. How to help with the tar to fight the Colorado potato beetle, see the plot:
Video: processing of potato tar
Note: slugs almost do not smell at all, but, crawling on the surfaces treated with tar, they poison and die. That is, for them, tar is already a more cumulative poison than a repellent.
Finally, tar weakly scares off ants, elephant and weevil beetles, adult clickers and bronzovok, see the trail. rice Combating these pests with tar alone is unlikely to be successful. Ants - foragers and shepherds from a tar aphids may die, but their loss for an anthill as a "superorganism" is generally no more sensitive than we are for cutting hair or nails. Tar can drive out ants from the site only if the anthill is outside and measures are being taken to combat aphids. Then the "superorganism" will redirect the foragers to another place, and the shepherds will force them to move there too.
Pests of plants on which tar acts weakly
Birch tar is used against pests. ways:
- Contactless - installation of smell emitters. Effective against moles, rodents, hares, butterflies, flies, sawflies, beetles, slugs.
- In traps - trapping belts and circles. Effective against rodents, hares, slugs, ants.
- By pickling the planting material - acts from the bear, wireworms, rodents.
- Watering the soil for sowing suspension - the action is the same.
- Spraying of plants with a suspension (always with an adhesive) - acts on all harmful insects, except for bears and wireworms.
This method is good because you can successfully apply the moonshine tar. In the garden, 3-5 m apart, hang small containers, perforated in the upper half, for example, cans. In the berries, the same cans are placed on pegs, which are stuck into the ground in each bush. In the capacity put the rags plentifully impregnated with tar. As the substance dries, the filling of the emitters changes. To protect the cabbage plantations from the whites, prepare kvashi - pegs, wrapped with a rag on top. Kvash is dipped in tar and stuck into the ground among plants after 2-3 m - there will be no egg-laying.
From moles and rodents
It is even easier to drive out moles, hamsters and marmots from the plot with tar: the burrows are caulked with tar-soaked rags. Difficulties can only be with hamsters: if this goon has already begun to stock up for the winter, it will not go away. Therefore, it is necessary to drive hamsters with tar in spring.
First, make a stinky mixture: in 1 kg of ready-made whitewash for trees (lime and clay 1: 1, it is possible with copper sulfate 20 g per bucket) injected with stirring 2-3 kg of dry ground mullein. Preparing the seed in a bucket. When the mass has become homogeneous, add water to the level of 12 l (the upper belt on the buckets made of galvanized), again thoroughly mixed and with stirring, injected 50 ml of tar. From hares, the resulting mixture whiten the trunks / shtaby for the winter. From ants, small rodents, etc. - it is saturated with the material of trapping belts and circles. If the area is not heavily contaminated by rodents, mulch the trunks around sawdust near the winter, prepare a suspension (see below) from 10 ml of tar in a bucket of water and pour mulch on it at the rate of 2-3 liters per 1 square meter. m
Etching and watering
With tar from pests, seed seeds of potatoes, root crops, and onions are pickled. In the first case, in suspension 10-20 ml of tar per 10 of water, the seed is soaked for 3-5 minutes (it is dipped). 1 kg of onion sets in a tightly tied plastic bag poured 1 tbsp. l tar and the package shake for a long time until the mordant is distributed evenly. Stand the material for an hour. Processing is carried out immediately before sowing.
If it was not possible to pickle the material for any reason, a suspension of 10-20 ml of tar and 40-50 g of soap per bucket of water is prepared before sowing, see below. Under her potatoes poured in 150-200 ml per well. Onions and root crops are watered at the root for the first time, when the seedlings grow on the half palm - palm, again after 2 weeks. Irrigation rate - 1-2 liters per 1 m ridge.
Technique to help
Further, if you spray the "grandmother's" way, you had to immediately go to the site, dip a broom into the suspension, each time making it difficult for them 2-3 times, and sprinkle. Summer residents-atheists instead of a broom preferred a church sprinkler: they do not need to interfere, and the spray gives smaller.
Modern technology allows you to save the employee from tedious, and for the believer, and blasphemous, procedures, and get a tar slurry, suitable for filling the sprayer tank. To do this, after step 5, the ultrasonic washing machine is immersed in the bucket with the mixture for 15-20 minutes. Not sure what it is? For clothes - and correctly, after ultrasonic washing, it quickly breaks. But for the preparation of a homogeneous and stable for 1-2 hours suspension of tar, this device, like a soap box on an electric cord, is what you need.
Tar from insects
Plants from insect pests are treated with tar tar irrigation, mulch impregnation and spraying. The treatment of certain crops from pests of specific species is carried out as follows:
- Potatoes and others. Solanaceous from the Colorado potato beetle - a suspension of 10 ml of tar and 40 g of soap. The consumption rate - before the formation of a wet film on the leaves without flowing drops. The frequency of treatment - 2 weeks. The multiplicity of treatments - without limitation as needed.
- Carrots from flies and leaflets - twice pouring root crops (July and August) are watered under the root of a suspension of 1 tbsp. l tar and 20 grams of soap in 10 liters of water. The rate of irrigation - 100-200 ml per plant.
- Currants and gooseberries from flares and tsvetouedov - before flowering, spraying a suspension of 10 ml of tar and 30 g of soap. After processing, smell emitters are placed in the bushes, see above.
- The same, from sawflies - a suspension of 40 ml of tar, 1 tsp. woody ash ash and 100 g of soap. On a bucket of working solution you need 2 liters of stock solution, see above, 50 g per 1 l. Spraying treatment, frequency 2 weeks during the season.
- Fruits from moths - at the end of flowering after pollinators leave, crowns and tree trunks are sprayed with a suspension of 10 ml of tar and 30 g of soap. Consumption rate - 1 l per 1 sq. M. m crown and 2 liters per 1 square. m of soil. After spraying in the garden, the smell radiators are hung.
- Pumpkin from a sprout fly - sprouts half-palm-high are poured with a suspension of 10 ml of tar per 10 liters of water. Irrigation rate - 1-1.5 liters per 1 meter ridge
- From flies-phytophages (cruciferous on cabbage, radish, etc.) - a suspension of 10 ml of tar per 10 liters of water impregnates sawdust and mulch them between rows. On the cabbage from the whites additionally put the smell emitters.
Note: On the use of tar from pests of cabbage, see also the video below:
Together it is more capable
In tank mixtures, tar is incompatible with almost all synthetic pesticides and biologics. But with minerals and natural extracts combined well. Their complex use is synergistic, i.e. acts better than the same substances in the sum separately. Therefore, in conclusion, see the video, how to prepare a "hellish mix" of pests with tar:
Birch tar in horticulture and horticulture - the advantages and disadvantages
A natural remedy does not cause damage to the human body. It has been used for many centuries for domestic purposes, non-traditional methods of treatment, cosmetology purposes, the treatment of summer cottages, and a vegetable garden.
In addition to all its properties:
The properties of a birch resinous substance are due to its rich structure.
It is essentially a repellent and its main task in gardening, repelling insects. It should be noted that the destruction is not about. It is valuable that, having irrigated the plants, there is no doubt that insects do not have a desire to make laying eggs on foul-smelling sheets.
In comparison with pesticides, birch composition in gardening clearly benefits:
- he is harmless to man
- effective at repelling many pests in horticulture, gardening, the action is not limited to repelling insects,
- effective in rodent raids,
- it is not addictive for insects,
- they can not be killed, but you can only scare,
- not difficult to use
- you can choose a convenient way of processing without even affecting the plant,
- retains its effect for a long time (up to a month).
The substance has some disadvantages, which should also be considered. Birch tar can not be applied directly to the fruit, edible fragments of vegetables and fruits.
Chances are good that if the product comes to the surface, it will affect the taste and smell of the crop. The components of the resinous liquid have a cumulative effect.
How to choose tar?
Birch hood sold in pharmacies without a prescription. It can also be purchased from sellers on the Internet in more extensive containers - barrels, cans. Often, garden stores put in the implementation of this tool to combat various pests.
When choosing, you should pay attention to some nuances. In total there are two types - birch and birch tar. Birch is made by pyrolysis of all components of the tree, birch bark - from young birch bark and used in cosmetology, for medical purposes.
How to make birch tar?
The recipe for the preparation of a natural product is not difficult:
- In a large metal tub make a hole in the bottom.
- Densely stuffed with bark, chips and other fragments of birch.
- Tightly sealed with a lid.
- A level lower, a bucket or saucepan is buried in the ground to collect the resinous liquid.
- Tub should be placed above the pan.
- Top container obkladyvayut firewood and set on fire.
- After 5 hours you can see drained tar.
In order to collect about three liters of valuable liquid, it is necessary to overtake about 10 kg of birch components.
Cooking tar is an invaluable experience, but it is necessary to understand that under industrial conditions it is possible to achieve a high degree of purification and to put on sale a more concentrated and effective component.
An important point - tar soap is almost useless in gardening because of the low content of the main active ingredient in the structure.
Application of birch tar in the garden
Fight with the help of tar in the gardening pests, came up with the gardeners themselves. Difficult to find clear instructions for use of the substance. Recipes for processing compositions differ in auxiliary components and concentration.
Usually, each is guided by personal practices. Some summer residents use birch tar in horticulture, someone scares them of cows, so as not to invade the backyard.
From cabbage flies
- Attention flies attract all crucifers, therefore, it is necessary first of all to timely remove weeds.
- To protect the cabbage, radish, daikon, sawdust is soaked in the resin solution (1 tbsp per 10 liters of water).
- Under each bush they crush nested chips on the ground. There is no doubt that birch tar will drive the insect away.
- White larvae, seemingly harmless butterflies, are capable of destroying the entire crop of cabbage. They eat juicy leaves of seedlings and ruin the heads.
- Fans of gardening and horticulture resort to various tricks to scare away the butterfly, do not let it sow eggs.
- Reiki or pegs are instilled in the area around the perimeter, and a rag filled with tar mixture is wound onto them.
From the Colorado potato beetle
- In order to get rid of the Colorado potato beetle, potatoes are treated with a resinous solution.
- At the same time, it is possible to treat the well itself where the seeds and tubers are placed, irrigation of shoots and shoots also helps.
- Eggplants, pepper seedlings are also treated with a mixture of tar and water (1 tablespoon per 10 liters).
- Previously, for better dissolution should be combined with soap and tar.
From onion flies
- Obviously, harmful insects harm onions and garlic.
- To prevent an attack, you can soak the seeds before sowing (1 liter of water: 10 g of tar).
- During the period when the fly makes laying eggs, it is possible to water the earth with a solution (1 bucket of water with 20 g of tar).
- Such irrigation of the soil should be repeated every 10 days.
- A lover of root crops harms the harvest of potatoes, beets, carrots.
- In order to save the vegetables or to avoid the appearance of the wireworm, the tubers are moistened with birch before planting, and the seeds of other plants are watered with a solution before germination.
- For these purposes, make a tincture (a bucket of water with 1 tablespoon of resin), set the mixture aside for an hour.
Application of birch tar in the garden
Gardening is very suffering from the invasion of pests of bark, twigs, leaves, fruits. Losing seedlings, the harvest people are in constant search for safe means for health.
Plots located near the forest, reserve, it is important to treat compounds that contribute to the safety of gardening and possess only repellent properties.
From the hawthorn
- Бабочка боярышница сама по себе не представляет опасности, но ее появление сигнализирует о надвигающейся катастрофе. Ее личинка-гусеница нарушает целостность листьев плодовых деревьев, черемухи, рябины. Садоводы, упустив момент могут лишиться урожая еще на стадии цветения.
- The first leaves and flowers on trees in spring should be watered, as the caterpillar awakens in May, and in early summer the butterfly will fly to start laying under the leaves.
- When spraying, it is necessary to carefully treat the crown, bark, soil under the tree.
- Usually costing means - a bucket of water, 1 tbsp. l resin, soap (30 g).
From cherry sawfly
- Awakening of spring is the time of preventive work in gardening. The first blooming sheets are treated with a foul-smelling solution.
- It should be noted that the cherry sawfly is a serious enemy of gardening and it is impossible to cope with it once. A week is worth repeating the procedure. The further algorithm of actions of the summer resident depends on the results of the work done.
- For effective processing use the composition: water (10 liters), birch resin (1 tbsp. L.), Laundry soap (30 g).
From the gooseberry firing
- The fire bark along with the sawfly harms gooseberry bushes and currants of different species and varieties.
- In order to remove the harvest of the berries according to the season, they are treated with a solution: water (bucket), resin (2 tbsp. L.), Grated soap (30g).
- Before the budding, it is necessary to have time to process it.
- After the beginning of flowering, it is enough to hang vessels with pure tar on strong branches of bushes.
From gooseberry sawfly
- A pale-legged pest also attacks the currants and gooseberries.
- An individual solution is used to scare away the sawfly: they combine laundry soap (100 g), tar (2 tbsp. L.), And ash (1 tsp.).
- The whole composition is diluted with boiling water (1 liter). Water is poured in to the substance formed (5 liters).
- Requires multiple processing during the season (4 - 5 times).
From the bear
Medvedka can flood the whole garden. It damages potato tubers, tomatoes, cabbage, root crops, eggplants.
Mostly these crops are grown by summer residents and gardeners, respectively, to preserve a good harvest, much attention is paid to the fight against the Medvedka:
- you can arrange the pegs on the site saturated with birch tar,
- wet the potato seeds before planting in the soil,
- in a bucket of water, dilute 2, 5 st. l of resin, to squeeze in the wood chips, crush the soil a little way away from the trunks of greenery,
- For irrigation of greens apply a solution: 10 liters of water with birch resin (10 ml).
From spider mite
- Spider mite - the enemy of gardeners and its destructive effect is directed to the seedlings of tomatoes. In addition, he may well be divorced from indoor flowers and harm gardening.
- The recipe for tick control: boiled water (1 l), sugar (2 p. L.), gasoline (2 tbsp. L.), Birch resin (1 tsp.), Liquid soap, dishwashing detergent (1 hl.).
- Constantly stirring all the ingredients contribute to the water. Irrigated bushes will be as if varnished.
From aphids and ants
- Aphids and ants often live together. If the tree parasitizes aphid, ants are bred under the tree.
- In the fight against small insects use tar and tar soap.
- Recipe: tar soap is crushed (50 g), diluted with boiling water (1 l). A resin (1 tsp) and water (20 l) are added to the mixture. This composition is used for thorough irrigation of leaves, branches, bark and reused a month later.
- In order not to bother the ants, it is recommended to cover the tree trunk with tar tar.
From codling moth
- It is possible to scare the apple moth during the flowering period of the garden.
- The tree is sprayed with a mixture of water (10 l), resin (10 g), soap (30 g). To branches hang vessels with pure tar.
- Hares love to eat young plants. They are attracted to the bark of seedlings.
- To scare away the rodent, to preserve the work of gardening and not to harm the animal, use: whitewash (1 kg), birch resin (50 g), mullein (10 l).
- Bringing the solution to the state of sour cream, make the lower part of the tree approximately 80 cm.
- Rodents cause colossal harm to gardening. Moles spoil the roots, make reserves of the crop in their burrows. Dried piles of soil on the site do not look too attractive, and there may be many of them, since the mole is constantly in search of food.
- The best way to save the crop and not to harm the animal is to apply a mixture of tar (200 ml), a third cup of vegetable oil.
- This composition is saturated with old rags and placed them deep into the wormhole.
- There is no doubt that the smell will drive the rodent away, since it mainly uses the smell of smell to search for prey.
- Experienced lovers of gardening and gardening know well how to save fruit trees from the attack of small rodents.
- Garden work in this case is carried out in the winter.
- After harvesting in the fall, all trees and shrubs are sprinkled with wood shavings filled with the composition: a bucket of water with diluted resin (1 tbsp.)
Tar Against Wireworm
One of the most dangerous pests of root vegetables is considered wireworm - a worm of rather small size, which is difficult to notice. However, the most embarrassing fact about this pest is that it multiplies very quickly.
Therefore, it is not worthwhile to postpone the fight against this parasite for a long time if you notice a yellow-white worm in your garden or in the garden.
- If your goal is to plant potatoes or other root crops on a wire-infected area, you should first protect insect planting material. We breed 2 tbsp. tablespoons of birch tar in 10 liters of clean, preferably rain water. After the solution is ready, thoroughly bathe the potato tubers in it. The smell of this substance will scare the wireworm, and it will stay away from your harvest for a very long time.
- If you want to completely eliminate this pest from your site, then you should prepare the solution in exactly the same way as before, and then spray it with a spray gun to all beds and wells that you make before planting or sowing. Professionals in horticulture and gardening argue that after the first such treatment, the number of parasites should be reduced at least twice.
Application from onion and carrot flies
In gardening and horticulture very often you can encounter very tenacious larvae. onion flywhich is hard to fight. The process of combating this type of pest occurs in two stages. First, you will need to thoroughly sanitize the soil into which you plan to lower the seed.
To do this, we dilute 25 grams of tar in a bucket of clean water, after which we spray the entire soil out of the sprayer with the resulting solution as thoroughly as possible. Then you need to wait two to three days for the solution to do its work and destroy all the larvae of the pests. After that, you can safely proceed to the sowing of seeds.
The second stage to combat onion and carrot fly:
- heat about 10 liters of water
- dissolve in hot water 25 grams of soap,
- add two spoons of tar to the soap solution and mix everything well,
- spray the resulting solution to the adrenal part of vegetable crops,
- To achieve the maximum effect, process twice a summer: at the beginning and at the end.
Remedy for medvedki
Perhaps immediately worth mentioning that with Medvedka fight quite difficultbecause this parasite moves underground all the time. Therefore, spraying the upper parts of the plants will not lead to anything. It remains to use only radical methods in the fight against Medvedka:
- cook ordinary wheat porridge on the water,
- completely cool the healthy food and add tar to it,
- about 1 kg of the finished porridge must take 4 tablespoons of tar,
- mix the components well together, then lay them out in our garden,
- this will require several shallow grooves, which will be located along the entire perimeter of the landing area,
- we lay the prepared remedy in the grooves and cover it with soil,
- in order to achieve the best effect, additionally make a few grooves with the medication from the bear between the rows with planted crops.
Tar against bugs
The substance is a product that can simply cope with any kind of parasites who like to spoil vegetables. With this wonderful tool you can fight with beetles. All you need to do is dilute 3 tablespoons of tar in 10 liters of plain water from the tap, and then spray the habitat of beetles with the resulting solution.
This tool is recommended to spray with spray bottle, although it can be done in the old-fashioned way by spraying the solution with a brush. However, in the second case, there is a high probability that the antiparasitic agent will be distributed unevenly, with the result that some insects will survive.
Benefit from rats, voles and mice
If you have long been tormented by the question of how to get rid of rats, voles and mice that have settled on your site, then in this case will help to cope with the problem of birch tar. To get rid of pests once and for all, you will need to take corn, wheat or oats as bait and mix them very carefully with tar.
In this situation, you do not have to dilute the resulting product with a liquid. All that is required best to cover with oily rodent grain. Once the tool is ready, lay it in small portions in those places where you think rodents are most common.
Do not rush to clean the poison, if the rats or mice have long appeared on your site. It is best to be safe and wait a while to fully ensure that the amount of the prepared pest control does not decrease over time. Only when you make sure that nobody eats poison, can we say with confidence that you have completely destroyed all rodents.
Remedy against moles
Like most other pests, moles do not tolerate the pungent odor that comes from the tar. Therefore, to completely rid your garden or vegetable garden of this parasite, you must do in the following way.
First you need to prepare from 20 to 50 pegs made of wood (the number depends entirely on the size of your site). Then take the tar in its pure form and we coat it with about half of the wooden blanks. After that, you will need to take a hammer and hammer around the perimeter of the site smeared with pegs. Practice shows that such protection may be enough for a maximum of 3 months. After that, the pegs will need to be carefully removed from the ground, re-coated with antiparasitic agent and hammered back to the same places where they stood.
Protection from aphids and ants
Aphids and ants are very unpleasant pests, because they can affect both garden and vegetable crops. Therefore, as soon as you notice these insects in your area, immediately take appropriate measures, while pests have not spread to large areas:
- to protect fruit trees from ants and aphids, you just need to ensure that insects cannot climb them up the trunk. To do this, you can use ordinary bandages, which were soaked in tar. Try to apply the product in such a way that the material is uniformly coated with antiparasitic agent. Then bandage the trunks of the trees. If you do everything right, then you can protect your garden from annoying insects for the whole season,
- spraying is considered the best way to protect shrubs from aphids and ants. It is best to spend it in the second half of the day with a spray bottle. To carry out such protective measures, you must use a special solution that was prepared on the basis of tar. To prepare the product, it is necessary to dissolve half a bar of tar soap in 10 liters of water, then add 5 tablespoons of tar in this product,
- in the event that you face the task of getting rid of ants and aphids in the garden, you should make the following tool. We take a few kilograms of pressed sawdust and generously drip tar in them. After that, pour all boiling water and wait until the sawdust does not swell and does not increase in size. The resulting tool mulch the soil between the rows with planted crops.
Benefits against phytophthora
Phytophthora most often it affects tomatoes, and it can do this even during fruiting. In order to avoid such problems, it is recommended to do everything to eliminate its disputes while they are in the soil and in no case to prevent them from falling on the plant.
To achieve a similar result, you need to dilute 2 tablespoons of regular baking soda and 7 large spoons of tar in a bucket of water. This solution should be used to treat the whole bed before planting vegetable crops in it.
In those cases where this measure does not help to get rid of phytophthora in full, and it still falls on young seedlings, you need to thoroughly spray the diseased plants with a solution of tar and water. As a rule, only two such procedures should suffice so that the phytophthora will never again appear on your green favorites. However, consider what to do. spraying possible at intervals of not more than 1 time in 10 days.
For the destruction of mosquitoes, midges and midges
With the onset of the summer period, gardeners and gardeners begin to pester mosquitoes and midges. Most people are accustomed to fighting these pests in a very simple way, which consists in the purchase and use of special means that repel the midges with their smell.
However, no matter how good these tools are, it is best to abandon them. If you carefully examine their composition, you can see that there is a continuous chemistry in the form of substances of synthetic origin. Therefore, it is recommended to use tar to get rid of the invasion of mosquitoes and midges.
You can purchase ready-made nets, then thoroughly soak them with tar, and then distribute them around the perimeter of the site. However, it should be remembered that in order to fully protect against insects, the nets must be fastened very tightly to each other, because even through a small gap insects can get inside the weakly protected garden.
Birch tar in the fight against spider mites
More recently, it was thought that spider mite is a pest that is capable of striking exclusively greenhouse crops. Recently, however, this insect has perfectly adapted to the conditions of open space and has begun to hit plants in the open field. Most often, the pest attacks young seedlings, thus preventing it from rapidly developing and growing.
Therefore, as soon as you see light yellow stripes on the seedlings (they remain as a result of the activity of the uterus), immediately treat the affected plants with a solution of birch tar. To do this, in 7 liters of water, dilute 5 tablespoons of the oily substance, pour the product into the sprayer and treat all the plants well, including healthy ones.
But it should be borne in mind that you can get rid of parasites at once, while you need to carefully handle back of the sheets, as practice shows, that exactly there are adult individuals and the laid larvae.
Use against powdery mildew
Mealy dew is nothing more than a fungus that likes to parasitize on various vegetable crops. Powdery mildew predominantly affects those plants that grow in conditions of overmoistened soil and high air humidity combined with low temperatures.
Therefore, if you grow plants in poor-quality conditions, you should at least carefully monitor that your plants do not appear patchy - this will be the first sign of a disease culture. If this does happen, prepare a solution of birch tar and ash as soon as possible:
- we first heat about 10 liters of water,
- then we dissolve in it 1.5 kg of high-quality wood ash,
- here we add 4 tbsp. l tar, thoroughly mix the solution,
- It is necessary to spray this tool from a high-quality spray gun, not forgetting to regularly clean the device from the ash accumulated in small holes,
- it is recommended to treat all plants in the area for preventive purposes,
- it is also useful to spray it with a spray bottle or just to shed the soil in the garden.
A useful tick remedy
Immediately it should be noted that on your site there were no these pests, you need to take measures long before they appear. For a start, it is recommended to cut all the thickets on the site and carefully mow the grass. After the end of this stage, you can go directly to the preventive treatment of the garden or garden.
First you need to prepare a solution of mustard, soda and tar. We take 2 tablespoons of dry mustard and baking soda and 5 tablespoons of tar, dissolve all the components in a 10-liter water bucket and mix everything thoroughly. Part of this tool must be sprayed over the entire area of the site, and the remainder to process all the bushes and trees.
Tar against slugs
Experienced gardeners and gardeners, as a rule, struggle with slugs in stages. First they make special traps, and then they spray it. garden and vegetable crops. Чтобы изготовить простую ловушку, вам понадобится выкопать в земле ямку, поставить в нее емкость, налить концентрированный раствор дегтя. Попадая в такую ловушку, слизни будут погибать, тем самым постепенно очищая участок.
Однако бороться со слизнями только ловушками довольно времязатратное занятие. The best thing process additionally all cultures with a solution of sage and birch tar. Fill the sage with boiling water, let it stand, then mix 500 ml of the resulting infusion with 5 liters of water and 3 spoons of tar.