Parsley is considered one of the main condiments that everyone uses in the kitchen. No feast is complete without this herb, because salads, hot dishes, snacks and more cannot be imagined without it. Parsley can increase appetite and improve digestion. But what do you need to know in order to grow this grass in your garden, and can you plant it at home?
Parsley is a biennial herb of the umbrella family. For the first time grass appeared on the island of Sardinia, and the first mention of it was still in the ancient Egyptian papyrus. According to legend, the grass came out of the blood that spilled out of the eye of Horus, when the evil Seth pulled it out without pity. In the wild, parsley can be found along the shores of the Mediterranean, and as a crop it is grown in the USA, Canada and throughout Europe, with the exception of Scandinavia.
Parsley will grow well in fertile soil, it loves the sun and moisture, but plant it better in a not very sunny area and a place protected from drafts. If the soil is dense and the beds are constantly wet, then in this place the grass will not grow. It is necessary that the soil let the air through, and the moisture was normal.
Autumn necessarily need to fertilize the soil with humus. The best place to plant will be where cucumbers or cabbages grew. In the spring on the same place parsley will perfectly feel.
To grow a plant on a windowsill in special containers, you need to choose a light and nutritious soil and be sure to make a drainage layer. If you ensure optimal watering and enough sunlight, then parsley can grow on the windowsill. Thus, it can be grown throughout the year.
Parsley seeds need to be sown in early spring. You can do this in the fall, if the winter is not so cold and the thaw does not happen, because otherwise the seeds can germinate and die of frost. The safest time for planting is still early spring, when the soil begins to thaw. If you sow dry seeds in the ground, they will sprout for a long time, so it is best to soak them or germinate at home.
Seeds should be put on a cloth, which is pre-moistened with water. From above cover them with gauze or put a rag in a container, and then pour it with warm water. Gardeners prefer to use the following method: the seeds are left in hot water, and when it cools, it is poured again. So they do 2 days, and then put them on a wet rag and wait for them to germinate. This is done so that the seeds of parsley ascend faster.
But this method has its opponents, who argue that by doing so, the seeds lose their ether shell, which contains potassium. This may lead to the fact that the crop will quickly rise, but the shoots will be weak.
All methods can be tested only in practice, and everyone has the right to choose for himself how to sow parsley. It is best to soak the seeds and wait for one week when they germinate than three weeks if you sow them dry.
So, as soon as the water has thawed out, it is necessary to add mineral fertilizers to the soil and only then begin sowing. To plant parsley in the open field, on the beds make grooves of about 2 cm and put the seeds there. Then watered and covered with soil. On one square meter should be no more than 0.5 kg of seeds. Between each groove should be a gap of 15-20 cm.
But the cultivation of parsley with roots is a completely different process. The grass root system develops as a cone, and it should be planted in mid-April, and at a permanent place. Shoots will have to wait a long time. Before planting, it is best to fertilize the soil with ashes.
Parsley is unpretentious grass, but still it is better to use some tips to make it grow better:
- should not be planted in the shade or in the sun. The sowing site should be lit by sunlight, but there should be no drafts,
- the soil need loose and always with fertilizer
- don't sow grass to the places where carrots and all umbrella plants grew, it can be planted in their place only after 4 years.
What days to plant the plant
If parsley is planted on a windowsill, then it is best done in January, on those days when the moon is growing. And in the open ground should be planted on certain numbers:
- from 1 to 8 and from 24 to 31 March,
- from 1 to 6 and 23 to 30 April,
- from 1 to 5 and 23 to 31 May.
The only problem: dry seeds germinate slowly, and if you sow parsley in April, you can only eat it in June. If you want to speed up the process, the seeds are best soaked. Many outdoors cover them with polyethylene. This method also helps sprout faster. As soon as green shoots appear, polyethylene can be removed.
How beautiful to plant
Parsley is famous for its curly leaves and long-lasting green appearance - almost to the very cold. Therefore, many use parsley as an ornamental plant. It is decorated with various flower beds or planted on the edge of the beds. In addition, green grass looks great in garden vases.
If parsley is sown often, then it must be thinned several times. To form an excellent outlet, you need to adhere to a distance of 10 cm, if it is grown at home, then this distance may be 5 cm. The grass loves moisture and watering should be frequent but moderate so that the water does not stand and the roots of the plant do not rot.
At home, it is difficult to monitor the level of humidity, but in the garden it is easier to do. On the windowsill you need to water parsley every day. On open ground, you should check the soil moisture, if necessary, water can be 2 times a day, but little by little.
In addition, weed elimination and rare fertilizing with fertilizer are included in the care. The appearance of a small stalk with three leaves suggests that the harvest is ready. Parsley should be cut off near the ground, it will stimulate plant growth, and the next harvest will be even greater. If you tear the leaves from above, it, on the contrary, slows the growth of grass.
As soon as the parsley has risen, in 2 months from this day comes maturity, and at this time at least 6 sprigs are formed in each outlet, and the leaves can grow to 15 cm. In one summer, the plant is able to produce 4 crops.
In August, it is necessary to water the grass abundantly in the evenings, it is necessary to dig up the roots in September and store them in a refrigerator or cellar. At the same time you need to remove all remaining leaves.
Important: some of the root crops can not dig and leave for the winter, it will allow to get a small crop in early spring. To do this, mulching should be done from peat, fir twig, sawdust and fallen leaves. The thickness should be at least 3-5 cm, which will protect the remaining root crops from rodents and frost if winter is cold.
Application of parsley
Parsley roots are able to heal wounds, strengthen the gums, correct kidney failure and preserve vision. They are composed of potassium, iron and phosphorus. They can be used as a spice for pickles in canning, as well as during the preparation of soups.
In leaf parsley, only leaves are used as food. It can be a part of salads, added to the first and second dishes, to meat and fish. And also it can be dried and frozen, and with proper storage, all its useful substances are preserved. In addition, the plant is used in medicine and cosmetology.
Parsley is a crop that can suffer from disease. It usually affects the following diseases:
- powdery mildewwhich is characterized by a white bloom on the plant. The fight is to destroy all the remnants of grass after harvest, and then you need to treat the site with Bileton,
- stolbur causes chlorosis on the leaves and at the bottom of the plant. As the disease spreads the leaves turn red. You should not allow tsikadki appeared in the garden, and you need to remove weeds in time, and then the risk of infection will be minimized,
- alternarioz may appear during cultivation and during storage. Black rot is able to hit any part of the plant, after which it begins to rot. In the fight against the disease includes compliance with crop rotation and burning residues. And it is also worth treating the culture with Homa solution,
- white spot affects leaves, stalks and leaf stalks, with its development, the leaves begin to turn yellow, the stalks break, which affects the yield. If the disease has occurred, it should be treated with Energen,
- rust may appear on the grass at the beginning of summer on the leaves, and they dry out and lose their flavor. With this disease, it should be treated the same way as with white spot,
- chalcosporosis: If the humidity is increased, the leaves begin to become covered with gray bloom, and then turn yellow and dry. As soon as the disease has appeared, it is necessary to treat the area with Bordeaux liquid.
Parsley has a pleasant smell, but insects dislike it.. Therefore, the cultivation of parsley in the garden brings its benefits. It will repel many insect pests. When growing on a windowsill, you can not worry about summer that flies or mosquitoes will disturb you.
How to plant parsley on the windowsill
Root vegetables and parsley contain many useful substances. Buying it in a store or on the market is not necessary. You can grow a plant with your own hands in the open field, greenhouse, or even on a windowsill.
Tips from our article will help you choose the right variety for cultivation at home. We have also prepared detailed instructions and useful tips that will help plant parsley so that it will quickly grow and you can enjoy the harvest of fresh, fragrant greens.
Features of the plant
In the open field, sowing is carried out from the beginning of April to mid-August. In the greenhouse and on the windowsill can be grown all year round.
It is highly resistant to diseases, pests and low temperatures. It grows well even on soils with low fertility.
Seeds are treated before sowing to accelerate germination. In the process of growing, they conduct regular watering, remove weeds and thin out the crops.
Essential seed oils are used to eliminate inflammation, strengthen the immune system and speed up the metabolism.
Planting and care in the open field can be carried out at almost any time of the year, except for winter. This culture tolerates a decrease in temperature and even autumn frosts.
Note: Frost resistance of the culture allows you to grow it in a conveyor way. To do this, the first sowing is carried out in early spring, and then repeated after 2-3 weeks until late autumn. This will allow you to constantly get a harvest of fresh greens.
A bed is prepared from autumn: they dig up and apply organic fertilizers. In the spring they are loosened repeatedly and supplemented with mineral dressings. Sub-winter seeding can also be carried out when the ground is already slightly frozen. The site is covered with mulch and film, and in early spring, when only the snow melts, you can begin to cut the greens.
Growing greens in the open field suggests a certain care for the culture. If you sow the root, it needs to be watered periodically (preferably in the evening). This will allow the root crops to build up a large mass.
Periodically, the bed is thinned and weeds are removed by weeding or loosening. Sheet thinning may not be necessary if you constantly gather fresh greens from the garden.
Root varieties are fed twice a season. To do this, choose phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, which are applied in liquid form at the root.
When grown at home it is necessary to fulfill several conditions. First of all, carefully loosen the soil. Although parsley grows well on any soil, the ground should be fairly moist and soft. In addition, pre-sowing seed treatment is carried out. You can sow them dry, but the seedlings will appear a week earlier if the seeds are soaked in water for two days.
After soaking, the seeds are lightly dried and sown in shallow grooves (up to 1 cm) at a distance of 15 cm from each other.
Parsley on the windowsill - growing from seed
Growing root species on a seed sill is more difficult than in a greenhouse or open field. First of all, you need to choose the right place and capacity for landing (Figure 2).
Note: It is better to plant greens indoors, and not on the balcony or loggia. As a container take large boxes or wide and deep flower pots. Figure 2. Examples of containers for growing greens on a windowsill
After disembarking, the vegetables are watered regularly (about once a week), and the room is aired, avoiding drafts.
The author of the video will tell you how to sow the culture for growing on a windowsill.
Parsley root sugar
Sugarcrops grow best on fertile soils. On clay soil, roots will be too branched, and they will be inconvenient to store. The site should be well lit, but at the same time it is desirable to protect the bed from drafts.
Caring for crops includes regular watering, fertilizing, loosening and removing weeds. Watering is carried out every week, but stopped in rainy weather. For dressing use phosphorus-potassium liquid fertilizers, which are applied when sprouts appear and during flowering.
Loosening is carried out as needed, and the weeds are removed regularly, so that the vegetables have enough space for development. Greens of root varieties are better not to pluck, so as not to reduce the size of the roots.
Petrushka Bogatyr: cultivation
The grade is intended for cultivation not greens. Therefore, planting can not thin out, but only periodically pluck fresh greens.
In general, the cultivation of a variety is carried out according to the requirements common to the crop. The plot is dug up in the fall, and in the spring they are loosened once more and fertilized. Seeds are sown in grooves with a depth of not more than 1 cm and sprinkled with a small amount of soil.
After the emergence of seedlings begin to water, and the soil gently loosened. It is also necessary to remove the weeds until the plants are strong. Parsley Bogatyr is good because it has rather large leaves, and the aroma of greens allows using it both fresh and frozen or dried.
Parsley ordinary sheet: planting and care
Ordinary leafy greens will grow well on any site. It is undemanding to soil conditions, tolerates frosts well to -10 degrees, and is suitable even for underwinter seeding.
However, to obtain a more abundant harvest, it is better to choose fertile areas. It is recommended to additionally fertilize the soil with organic and mineral supplements and to deep-gout the soil.
Rows for sowing seeds are placed at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other, and the depth of the hole should not exceed one and a half centimeters. Before planting, it is advisable to soak the seeds in warm water for about two days in order to speed up the time of their germination.
Curly parsley - growing from seed
Curly parsley differs from the usual only in the shape of the leaves. Growing such greens in open ground is carried out according to the general rules described above. In addition, it is excellent for conveyor planting: it grows quickly, and after cutting green, it releases new shoots in a short time.
Figure 3. Parsley varieties: 1 — sugar root, 2 — the Athlete, 3 — plain leaf, 4 — curly
Culture can be grown at home, sowing it in ordinary flower pots. You can sow it so that it quickly rose. To do this, soak the seeds in warm water, slightly dry them and scatter on the surface of the soil. Top can be sprinkled with a thin layer of soil and cover with a film. After the appearance of the first shoots the shelter is removed, and the plants are watered. Within a few weeks you will be able to enjoy fresh, hand-grown herbs.
Growing parsley on the windowsill in winter
Growing parsley on the windowsill in winter is easy, but there are some nuances that must be taken into account:
- Seeds soaked in warm water a few days before sowing. The fluid is changed twice a day. Immediately before sowing, additional treatment is carried out with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This will protect the seeds from diseases and ensure their germination.
- Growing tank should be with drainage holes in the bottom. Spread the soil in the drawer. It is better to use special soil purchased in the store.
- Soil watered with warm water and slightly compacted.
- In the ground make shallow grooves, not more than half a centimeter. They spread the seeds and sprinkle them with loose earth.
In the process of germination can not allow drafts, although the cool air has a beneficial effect on the appearance of sprouts.
The author of the video tells how to properly conduct sowing for growing greens in winter.
Care for parsley on the windowsill
The rules of plant care on the windowsill are slightly different from those that are observed when growing plants in open ground.
First of all, it is necessary to control the soil moisture. Полив проводят регулярно, но при этом нельзя допускать ни пересыхания, ни чрезмерного увлажнения грунта.
Note: If pots or boxes stand near the battery, watering is carried out more often, and sprouting sprouts are periodically sprayed so that the air is not too dry.
It is also necessary to maintain a stable temperature. The optimal rate is 15-20 degrees. When it decreases, it will grow more slowly, and if the plants get hot, they will begin to dry out.
After germination, thinning is performed, removing the weakest shoots. In winter, it is necessary to increase the length of daylight by installing a fluorescent lamp above the pots.
Parsley: planting and care in the open field
Before sowing, they dig and fertilize the bed. By this time, the soil should warm up, so the landing is most often carried out in early or mid-April.
Planting and care for root and leaf varieties in open ground includes (Figure 4):
- Shallow grooves are made on the prepared bed, placing them at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other,
- After sowing, the seeds are sprinkled with a thin layer of earth and watered,
- Before the emergence of seedlings cover the film. This will not only accelerate seed germination, but also prevent the evaporation of moisture,
- When growing root varieties, the plants are fed several times in a season. Leaf species do not require additional fertilization.
- Watering is required only in the absence of rain. The soil should not be too wet, as in this situation the roots will begin to rot.
Also in the process of growing periodically thinned shoots. This requirement is especially important for root varieties, since the leaf is periodically cut for fresh consumption.
Growing parsley in a greenhouse
Growing parsley in the greenhouse, you get fresh greens, even in winter. In addition, there is much more space in the greenhouse than on the windowsill.
Due to the resistance to cold, sowing begins in January. But this applies only to heated rooms. In the greenhouse without heating, the last crop is harvested in December, and the new one is sown not earlier than March.
Growing greens in the greenhouse is carried out according to the following rules (Figure 5):
- Equip artificial lighting to extend daylight. It accelerates the growth of seedlings and activates the formation of green mass,
- Watering is carried out as drying of the top layer of soil. As a rule, the soil is moistened after the next cut of greenery,
- Humidity should not be below 75%, and the temperature - 12-15 degrees. If this figure is higher, the leaves will start to wilt,
- Airing is carried out periodically, but drafts and sudden changes in temperature should not be allowed.
Soil can be used almost any. But, if possible, preference should be given to moderately fruitful light soil.
Growing parsley in the garden
In comparison with growing in a greenhouse or in the garden, forcing greenery in the garden is much easier. To do this, it is enough to dig up and fertilize the bed with organic matter in the fall, and in the spring to loosen it again, making mineral fertilizers.
Pre-soaked seeds are sown in shallow grooves, sprinkled on top of a small layer of soil, lightly watered and covered with film. When the first shoots appear, the film is removed. As the growth of greenery, plants periodically thin out. You can also make dressing, and when the soil dries out - conduct evening watering at room temperature.
It is recommended to sow in several passes, after about 3 weeks. So you will constantly receive a harvest of fresh greens until late autumn.
Leaf parsley is cut gradually, as it is grown. With the onset of autumn cold, you can cut off all the leaves, chop them and store them frozen or dried (Figure 6).
Figure 6. The collection of seeds, roots and parsley
Root crops are harvested a few days before the onset of sustained autumn frosts. Some roots can be left in the ground to get fresh greens in early spring. Root vegetables are cleaned from tops and stored in a dark cool place with good ventilation.
Parsley seeds: the benefits and harm
Leaves, seeds and roots contain many vitamins and nutrients. Regular use of this plant strengthens the immune system, stimulates the metabolism and reduces pressure. Essential oils, which are contained in the seeds, are used to treat diseases of the joints and eliminate inflammatory processes. In addition, fresh greens perfectly removes toxins and toxins from the body.
However, the use of greens can cause harm to the body. For example, buying greens in a store, you do not know about its origin. Therefore, to eliminate possible harmful impurities, greens should be soaked in water for several hours. An overdose of parsley seed essential oils can cause nausea and dizziness.
Description: parsley varieties and varieties
According to the content of vitamin C, it will easily furnish a lemon, and by the amount of vitamin A it will leave carrots behind. The representative of the extensive family of Umbrella - Parsley - frost-resistant biennial. It can withstand temperatures down to -9 ... -10 degrees C. Of course, its main advantages are its pleasant spicy taste and healing properties.
An experienced gardener will distinguish the varieties of this crop even from the photo. Parsley happens:
- Stem. Grown for fragrant foliage. Varieties: with smooth leaves - Breeze, Bogatyr, etc., with curly - Astra, Triplex, etc.
- Root. Herbs are rarely cut off, giving the opportunity to ripen the root vegetables, which are used for marinades and pickles. Grades: Fruitful, Spicy, Sugar, etc.
Planting in the country
For the cultivation of parsley friable, neutral or slightly acidified soil is suitable. Land for planting should be in the sun, but you can pick up and partial shade. It is better to cook the beds in the fall, digging them together with organic and mineral supplements. Seeds are kept for 24 hours in water or a weak solution of manganese. Then put them in cheesecloth and germinate until white sprouts appear.
Council For the seeds to sprout faster, soak them for 4 hours in milk and then in potassium permanganate.
For the prevention of diseases and pests, some gardeners recommend heating the seed in a thermos with hot water (t ... + 45 ... + 50 oC). The seedlings are placed in the grooves with a depth of 1-2 cm at a distance of about 15 cm from each other. After that, three times, with an interval of 15 minutes, sprinkle the grooves with fine quicklime. The soil is slightly compacted and mulched with compost.
You can sow dry seeds, but they will grow a week later. This method is more suitable for winter sowing in open ground. If you want to pluck fresh fragrant greens from spring to late autumn, use the conveyor planting method. To do this, add parsley twice a month.
Fertilizer and fertilizing culture
The composition of the fertilizer depends on the plant variety:
- If you are a leaf grower, stock nitrate or another nitrogen-containing product. So you will help the plant to grow lush greenery. Consumption of nitrate - 50-60 g per 10 square meters. m. Ready tools use the instructions.
- Parsley root need fertilizer with phosphorus and potassium. In the spring it can be any mineral dressing, which includes these elements. At the end of the summer, add 50 g of potassium salt and 70 g of superphosphate to the soil. This number is calculated at 10 square meters. m
Attention! If in the fall you feed root parsley with nitrogen fertilizer, it will become a source of nitrates.
Plant propagation by seeds. Winter forcing greens from root vegetables
Even root varieties of parsley can be propagated only by the seed method. Material collected on the 2nd year. Plants with seed boxes mow and laid to dry. After that, they are threshed, dried and eliminated from the husk and impurities.
If you do not want to wait for spring for sowing and want to get fragrant greens for the New Year holidays, do this:
- In the fall (near the end of October), dig out roots from open ground. Their length should be at least 5 cm, width - about 4 cm. Note that this method of cultivation is suitable only for root varieties.
- Disinfect container with potassium permanganate.
- At the bottom fill the drainage, then - the nutrient mixture. Moisturize her.
- Plant the roots close to each other. On the surface, leave only the heads.
- Lightly seal the ground. Next - abundant watering.
At first, keep the container in a cool place, and moisten the roots moderately. When sprouts appear, transfer the container to heat (about + 20C). Light and water parsley. With proper care, you will start harvesting in about 2 months.
Diseases and pests. Methods of struggle
- Mealy dew. To combat the disease it is advisable to use biological products - for example, Fitosporin.
- Stolbur. Parsley plantings require attentive care: weed removal, herbicide treatment. Disease transporter - cicadka. Do not allow its appearance and reproduction in the garden.
- White spotting. Twice treatment during July with Energen's solution (20 drops per 1 l of water) is recommended.
- Rust. The treatment is the same as in the case of white spot.
- Carrot listobloshka. For the struggle use, for example, the preparations of the Phytopherm or Iskra Bio
- Carrot fly If you look at the photo of the leaves of diseased plants, it is clear that they become red-purple. You can scatter naphthalene between rows or a mixture of red and black pepper.
Council To be effective, fight the root cause by destroying insects first on carrots, onions, garlic, and melons and gourds.
Parsley: combination with other plants
On the same bed with parsley asparagus, garlic, sweet and hot peppers will get along well. Often there is a combination of this culture with tomatoes, cucumbers and legumes. If you are engaged in the cultivation of different varieties of cabbage - safely sow between the rows of fragrant greens. It will be a good neighborhood for her in the open field with onions, spinach, leek.
Parsley can be sown not only in the garden, but also in the flower garden - for example, next to roses, daisies, cosmea and a lion's throat. A fragrant grass curb around the strawberry beds protects delicious berries from an invasion of slugs and snails. It is worth avoiding unless joint landing with corn and asters. With such a variety of combinations, you can sow parsley every time in different areas. This corresponds to the rules of agrotechnology, because planting a culture in the same place should be at an interval of 4-5 years. Of course, the land will not be empty at this time: potatoes, onions, garlic, tomatoes and legumes will grow well after parsley.
How to soak the seeds
Dill and parsley seeds are sown before winter or early spring. In the autumn you can do this if the winter is not too harsh or there is no thaw. If a thaw happens, the seeds can germinate, and the frosts will then kill them. Parsley can withstand temperatures not lower than -8 degrees, more severe frosts for it are disastrous. It is safer to sow dill and parsley in early spring, when the earth thaws. Around the end of April it happens in the middle lane. If dry unprepared seeds are sown on a bed, they will sprout for a long time, so they are usually soaked in spring or even germinated at home.
You can put the seeds on a rag soaked in water, cover with a gauze on top, you can simply pour them with warm water, cover the container with glass. Experienced gardeners do this: pour the seeds with hot water, after cooling they pour it out, pour it again hot - this is done for 1 - 2 days. After that, the seeds are folded on a wet cloth and left to roll over (several days). Planting parsley with crooked or sprouted seeds is a common practice; they do this so that the greens quickly grow.
It must be said that soaking seeds has opponents. It is believed that along with the ether shell, because of which the parsley, dill, carrot so slowly sprout, dissolves and the potassium reserve. This leads to the fact that sowing can sprout quickly, but sprouts turn out weak.
You can check everything only in practice, because everyone decides how to grow parsley, whether to soak the seeds. The summer is not too long, wait for the greens to come not for 1 week, but as many as 3 - not everyone will choose. In addition, you can apply fertilizer before planting parsley.
Landing in the ground
After the land has thawed out, excess water has descended, mineral fertilizers have been brought into the ground, you can start sowing. They make grooves on the garden bed, 2 cm deep, lay the seeds, sprinkle them with water, cover them with earth on top. Some gardeners shed grooves before sowing with hot water, and then they no longer water from above. On 1 square meter of a bed sow 0.5 g of seeds. Between the furrows leave a distance of 15 - 20 cm, the seeds do not lay too often.
In the northern regions, parsley and dill are sown in spring in the following way: in March, snow is swept from the garden bed, furrows are shed with boiling water, powdered with wood ash, seeds are laid, powdered with dry earth, and snow is thrown over the bed. Shoots very friendly appear quickly, as soon as the earth thaws. For this method, you need to prepare the grooves at the site from autumn, and hide the bag of land in the barn so that it does not freeze.
You can grow seedlings at home on the windowsill, and as soon as the earth thaws, plant it in open ground. This method is only suitable for leaf culture, but the root must be sown immediately to a permanent place, because the taproot, so that it grows well, cannot be transplanted from place to place. Homes on the windowsill when the temperature is above zero, shoots will appear quickly, on days 5-6. After 1 - 1.5 weeks, a pair of true leaves will appear. After that, you can transplant plants - plant on the garden bed or just rarely plant in other pots at home.
How to care for parsley
If you sow parsley or dill often, you will have to thin them several times. To form a good outlet, the distance between the plants should be no less than 10 cm in the garden, and you can leave 5 cm at home on the windowsill or balcony. She likes moisture, so you need to water it, but do it moderately - if the water stagnates, the plants will rot. It will be right to arrange drip irrigation from the time as soon as the seedlings have risen from the seeds.
Oddly enough, it is easier to do this on the garden than at home - it is difficult to keep track of the humidity level at home on the windowsill, so you have to pay attention to dill and parsley every day. It is necessary to check and adjust the soil moisture. The rest of the care of dill and parsley in the garden is the timely removal of weeds, periodic feeding (if required).
When a stalk appears with three fully grown leaves, you can harvest. You need to cut off the outer stems near the ground - it stimulates growth, parsley will quickly grow greens. If you collect leaves from the tops, it will slow down the growth. After 60 - 70 days after it has risen, maturity begins: at each outlet there are at least 6 sprigs, the leaves grow with proper care, up to 15 cm.
Over the summer, parsley gives 4 crops. Parsley and dill have a spicy smell that insects do not like, you need to use it - grow them all over the garden (if you manage to create optimal conditions). When growing their house on the windowsill, you can not worry about flies and mosquitoes all summer.
Composition and useful properties
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In parsley a lot of ascorbic acid, the content of which is inferior to her many vegetables and fruits. It is also enriched with vitamins of group B1, B2, potassium, iron and magnesium. The properties of parsley during processing are not lost, but are preserved.
It is important to know! The plant contains a large level of essential components for the body, and the caloric content of the product is low - only 47 Kcal per 100 grams.
The beneficial effect of this culture on the body lies in its properties:
- is an antiseptic,
- lowers blood sugar levels
- leads to the work of the heart and blood vessels,
- reduces the level of toxins in the body,
- helps fight overweight.
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Parsley is a world famous spicy plant. Especially recommended to use greens in combination with vegetables and protein products.
Leaf parsley is grown to produce healthy greens. The roots are also used in food, despite the fact that they are inferior in taste to tubers of root varieties.
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It has the form of a large rosette with a set of flat dark green leaves with developed stems. This kind of parsley is an early one.
Comfortably grows in the shade and in the sun. This variety allows you to harvest several times per season. The plant has large leaves with a steady aroma. Parsley root is not suitable for human consumption. This species will get acclimatized in the open field and at home. Harvest can be collected two months after sowing. On average, the yield is about three kilograms of greenery per square meter of sown territory.
Differs in an unusual form of leaves. Caps of green plants can reach a height of 40 cm. Thanks to its decorative leaves, this variety is popular in cooking. Sprigs of green often decorate dishes. Curly parsley has a delicate flavor, and cut greens can stand in water and preserve the appearance during the week.
Such varieties as: Breeze, Delicate fragrance, Festival and Green Crystal.
Parsley Root Varieties
Green parsley root is also consumed, but it should rarely be cut so that the root is not deprived of nutrients.
Already a hundred days from the time of sowing is ready for use. The plant consists of a rosette with leaves and a sharply shaped root, which can be as long as 30 cm. Outside, the root crop has a grayish-white shade, and inside is a light yellow core. Sugar spice is popular due to its bright taste.
Is an early ripe grade. The average period of ripening is 130 days from the moment the first green appears. The plant consists of a semi-sprawling rosette with leaves and a pointed root. The root of this sort of parsley has excellent taste.
Watch the video! Types and characteristics of parsley varieties
It also grows well in summer cottages Eagle, Berlin Root, Bordovik.
Planting parsley at the dacha
Parsley can grow on the site without much care. The culture is resistant to drought and does not require additional feeding. However, if the plant is completely devoid of elementary care, then the juiciness and aroma of greenery is lost. That is why lovers of quality products should take responsibility for the cultivation of this culture.
Selection of site and time of sowing
It is important to correctly select the sowing time based on the climate of the region. It is worth monitoring the weather forecast. After the soil gradually begins to warm up at the site, you can begin sowing.
Important! In Russia, the time of sowing parsley is the end of April. Prewinter sowing lasts for October.
The plant grows favorably on fertile soils and is a fairly light-loving plant. To avoid gusts of wind, it is necessary to choose areas along the fence or near buildings. You can safely choose the places where tomatoes, cucumbers, onions were previously grown. But if at the given place other spicy herbs were previously grown, then it is worthwhile to find another place.
Tip! The bed must be prepared in the fall. It is recommended to add humus to the ground. A mineral fertilizer is better to postpone until spring.
Sowing parsley in open ground
To improve seed germination, it is recommended to soak them in water for a day, pre-wrap in cloth. Next, the seeds should dry out and you can start sowing. Often gardeners leave seeds in the water before sprouts appear from the seeds.
Optimal furrows for sowing seeds should not exceed 2 cm with a distance of 15 cm. Seed should be carefully sprinkled into the furrows, then the bed should be leveled, a wide board should be put on top for leveling the ground. After removing the board, it is necessary to water the beds well.
Watch the video! How to sow parsley in the spring in the open ground
Tip! It is necessary to take into account weather conditions. If light frosts are possible, then it is important to cover the bed with polyethylene. Such a simple greenhouse promotes seed germination.
If you follow the technology, the first shoots will appear in 10 days.
Growing parsley in the ground does not require special care and labor. To have fresh greens on the table, you need to add new seeds every three weeks. After sprouting has appeared, it is necessary to thin out the plants: leave strong seedlings and remove weak ones. The optimal distance between seedlings is 3 cm. After a while, a second thinning can be done.
Important! Do not forget about weeding. Weeds can significantly deplete the soil.
For a good harvest is of great importance watering plants. If the climate is rainy, then you shouldn't moisten the soil once again. In dry weather, watering is required. The optimal watering time is morning or evening hours. For a good harvest of root varieties in late August, you need to water the plants plentifully.
You can feed the culture several times. When it comes to leaf parsley, then the best fertilizer is saltpeter, and potassium and phosphorus-based fertilizers are suitable for root grasses.
For 1 m² beds you will need:
The plant is rarely attacked by pests and it is resistant to diseases. If, nevertheless, rust, onion nematode, and melon aphid are found on the leaves, it is worth treating the beds with chemical preparations or using folk remedies.
Harvesting and storage
It is very important to begin harvesting correctly. Greens are not prohibited throughout the season to cut. Many dry or freeze in the freezer the leaves of this plant for prolonged use throughout the year.
Parsley root need to dig up to frost. Greens must be cut, and the roots should be stored in the basement in the sand. Storing parsley roots is similar to storing carrots.
Some gardeners parsley bushes planted in pots or boxes. The root of the plant contains nutrients that allow you to grow fresh leaves of such a culture on the windowsill.
How to grow parsley at home
To grow parsley at home, you should buy substrates with minerals. For more rational care, you need a rack and special containers.
Tip! It will be ideal if harvested roots are used for forcing fresh greens.
It is enough to take half the root with the tip. Root crop should not be immersed completely in the ground, it can be seen. Care must be taken that no excess water is formed in the containers. Water the plant should be carefully, not allowing water to fall into the middle of the seedling.
Given the simple conditions for growing spicy grass, you can get the necessary amount of vitamins throughout the year and keep the body in good shape. In addition, at home, it is possible to grow not only parsley, but also dill.
Watch the video! How to plant parsley in the country
Conditions for growing parsley on the windowsill
Before planting parsley, you need to take care of the soil for it and suitable containers.
The soil for parsley should be light, loose and nutritious enough for the plant to develop actively in a limited volume of the pot.
This culture will suit a mixture of one part of peat, the same amount of humus and twice the volume of garden soil. Before mixing, the ground is spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate to eliminate pathogens. When the mixture is ready, if necessary, it is lime and phosphoric and potassium additives are added to the soil. If for sowing parsley you can use small peat pots or transplanting containers, then the plant, which forms a powerful taproot, will need a deeper capacity.
When choosing a pot for growing parsley on the windowsill, it is better to turn to those that have:
- depth from 20 cm,
- drainage hole
- sufficient volume for the required number of plants.
At the bottom of the tank, a drainage layer of 1.5–2 cm is made. Now you can proceed to planting, and then growing parsley on the windowsill.
How to grow parsley on the window sill of seeds
If you grow parsley from seeds, you can try the first green leaves from your own garden on a windowsill 1.5–2 months after the seeds hit the ground.
This method requires more time and effort, but the plants for two years will delight with lush green caps. Before planting parsley, you should select the seeds. According to experienced gardeners, it is better to give preference to varieties of early ripening, which will bring the first cut of greenery for at least a week. And curly parsley on the windowsill shows itself to be less sensitive to insufficient watering and dry air, which is very important in the conditions of an apartment and working heating.
Parsley seeds are characterized by long germination, you can speed up the spitting by soaking them for a day in warm water, which will have to be changed periodically. Before planting the seeds themselves, in order to protect future sprouts, they are dipped into a thick pink solution of potassium permanganate for a few minutes. How to plant parsley in the conditions of the apartment:
- The distance between the holes make about 5 cm. If the seedlings are thicker, they will have to be thinned out when two or three leaves appear on the sprouts.
- Close up the prepared seeds in a moist soil to a depth of 0.6–1.5 cm, sprinkle with earth and again carefully watered.
- The pots are covered with foil and put on a lighted place with a temperature of 17–20 ° C.
- Until, after 10–15 days, the shoots seem to appear, it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out, or mold appears on the soil surface.
Caught sprouts develop rapidly. At this time, the film is removed, and special attention is paid to watering and lighting of plants. Water parsley on the windowsill should receive 2-3 times a week, and top dressing combined with watering and held 1-2 times a month, starting from the moment when the plant has formed a good outlet of greenery.
Growing parsley from root vegetables
To get greens by planting root crops, it is better to choose large healthy rhizomes, weighing about 65 grams.
If the root is too long, do not bend or fold it. Before planting parsley, these roots are pruned with a sharp knife so that it is 12–15 cm to the apical bud.
The cut place is powdered with crushed coal and treated with root, for the fastest rooting.
- Rhizomes can be planted with an interval of 3 cm, making sure that the points of growth of foliage during backfilling remain above the soil level.
- While the parsley root system is acclimatized and the root system is restored, the pots are darkened and placed in a cool place, where temperatures would be within the range of 12–16 ° C.
- The appearance of the first greenery is a sign that it is time to put the parsley on the window sill, where the temperature is slightly higher, 18 –20 ° C.
From this point on, parsley on the window sill can be watered and started to feed once a month, dissolving 5 grams of complex fertilizers per liter of water.