Arrangement of the garden plot is not complete without fruit shrubs and trees. In the garden with beautiful landscape design there should be a place for berry bushes: raspberries, gooseberries, currants, sea buckthorn, honeysuckle, blackberries, blueberries, shadberries. We offer you an overview of the most popular shrubs.
Surely you have heard about the wonderful properties of raspberry. It is difficult to imagine that raspberry bushes used to grow exclusively in the forests. And only a few centuries later it began to breed in the garden plots. Raspberry has a lot of advantages, it is simply necessary in the garden. Shrubs, depending on the variety, have red berries, less often yellow and purple-black.
- Traditional varieties of early, middle and late maturation. Adapt to any conditions. The disadvantage is low yield.
- Large fruits are considered high-yielding. Allowed to grow berries weighing up to 12 grams each.
- The most popular are repairmen. Fruiting begin in the first year.
Berry shrub requires regular watering, loosening and fertilizing. Landing is made in spring or autumn. In winter, the soil around the bush is insulated. In the spring it is necessary to make pruning and garter. All of the above measures will be useless if you do not protect the shrub from diseases.
Gooseberries are often called northern grapes or Russian cherry plum. Unpretentious culture gives good yields. Bushes feel great on the lighted areas. They are afraid of the shade and waterlogging. You can find gooseberries in almost all regions. Bushes begin to bear fruit from the third year. Berries can be green, yellow or reddish brown. At least 1500 varieties are counted.
- European varieties - praise for high taste. The disadvantage is the instability to diseases and frosts.
- American - are not afraid of drought, give a good harvest. Largest berries are inferior to European varieties.
- Hybrid - combine in themselves all the best. On the garden plots are considered the most common.
- Straight BlackBerry - considered the most common. Bushes give a good harvest and save space on the site.
- Semi-vegetative varieties - extremely rare. Experienced gardeners recommend planting this particular variety.
- Blackberry Repairman - allows you to harvest 2 crops for the season: June, August.
- Black currant of early, middle and late maturity. The most popular are the large-fruited varieties.
- Red currant - differs in more weighty clusters. Bushes can grow without a transplant of up to 20 years.
- White currant - variety to taste and benefit is not inferior to red.
- Hybrid varieties - bred by breeding varieties of gooseberry and currant.
Fruit trees and shrubs: photos and names of popular crops
Due to the length of the country, which is spread in several natural zones at once, it is almost impossible to identify a single list of trees and shrubs. And yet there are species that gardeners necessarily try to find a suitable place. The photos and names of these fruit trees and shrubs are well known even to those who are far from gardening.
Among the fruit trees, the undisputed leaders are apple trees of different varieties and ripening terms. Next come the pears and the most common stone fruits: cherries and plums.
For fruit and berry shrubs that are found almost everywhere, is raspberry, various types of currants, gooseberries. Today is actively gaining popularity:
It moves to the blackberry orchard, and more and more often, aronia, irgu and other cultures can be found at the sites, some time ago perceived as secondary or planted only for landscaping.
The list of shrubs for the garden is much wider than the above list of trees. No wonder. A fruit garden exclusively from trees will give the first harvest no sooner than in 5–7 years, and the shrubs are ready to please the gardener already in the second or third year after planting.
An additional advantage of shrubs are their relatively small size and less labor intensive care. However, no one will succeed in replacing the currant with a pear. Therefore, without trees, the garden will never be complete.
It is believed that in the northern regions of the gardeners are limited in choosing a harsh climate, but the further south, the more diverse the population of garden plots.
Indeed, starting from the Central Black Earth region, in the ranks of fruit crops, it is not uncommon:
The list of shrubs is replenished with grapes, yoshta, dogwood and perennial fruiting vines.
But if recently gardeners of the middle zone and more northern areas were forced to be content with a very modest list of fruit crops, today things are changing dramatically.
Nurseries for a long time and successfully offer fruit trees and shrubs for Moscow region, not previously available in the Non-Black Earth Region. The boundaries of the spread of southern cultures seriously moved to the north, not only because of climate change, but also due to the directional work of breeders.
It is precisely this lure that inexperienced gardeners come across who want, by all means, to get a “paradise garden” in a limited area. You can understand them! But it is not enough to buy seedlings, it is important to plant them properly and grow them, taking into account all the demands of plants and the characteristics of the territory.
Rules for the placement of fruit trees and shrubs in the garden
Young saplings planted in the garden year after year grow. After a few years, when it is time for fruiting, the crowns grow by 1.5–2 meters. And mature trees take up even more space.
It is not enough to pick the most winter-hardy, fruitful varieties, it is necessary to accurately plan the future orchard.
It is better to do this on a sheet of paper, based on measurements of the distances from the landing zone to the nearest buildings, roads, fences of neighboring possessions. When planting fruit trees and shrubs in the garden plot, one must take into account not only the aesthetic preferences of the owner, but also the mandatory norms. They regulate the distances from large plants to residential and outbuildings, transport routes, communications, and the survey line between sections.
For example, from an apple tree or pear to an apartment building or a garage should be at least 3.5–4 meters. This distance is due to the safety of the structure and the need for constant care of a large garden crop. For shrubs, the distance is smaller and is one and a half meters, which makes it possible to:
- carry out maintenance of walls, windows and other structures and communications without hindrance,
- not to be afraid of excessive moisture with close contact with vegetation,
- take care of fruit and berry crops, harvest, trim and transplant them.
In addition to the mandatory restrictions dictated by common sense and safety, there are other rules that should be considered when planning a fruit garden.
It is extremely important to adhere to the distances between the seedlings in the rows, as well as take into account the deadline for growing a particular crop in one place.
Useful and harmful neighborhood of fruit trees and shrubs in the garden plot
Of considerable importance for the future of planting is the knowledge of the needs of individual plant species and their features:
- Some cultures prefer to grow in the sun, others easily adapt to the shade.
- For part of the fruit trees and shrubs in the garden area, an open, windy place will be suitable, and the other will have to find shelter.
- The demands of plants for fertility and watering vary.
It is unlikely that in a limited area of the plot it will turn out to please all the requests of green pets. Inevitably, in a small country garden, some shrubs are under the canopy of growing trees. So that this neighborhood does not affect the yield, the meta for planting shade-loving fruit trees and shrubs in the garden is determined in advance.
These crops include black currants, honeysuckle, undersized, berry bushes, for example, cranberries, blueberries and lingonberries. If the shady corner of the garden is well ventilated, viburnum will live well here. In the partial shade grow blackberries and raspberries.
Gardeners have long noticed that even in comfortable conditions, garden plants sometimes refuse to bear fruit in full force, look depressed and grow poorly. It turns out that the reason for this behavior is an incorrectly chosen neighborhood. As in nature, in the orchard, trees, shrubs, and grassy crops form close communities. The above options for a successful and dangerous neighborhood of fruit trees and shrubs in the table will help create the best conditions for each species and get the most out of it.
It is possible to arrange plantings so that closely related plants are nearby. Such a solution would be extremely useful, for example, for cherries and petioles, many of which are self-productive, and they need a pollinator to get a crop. A similar pattern is observed when growing sea buckthorn. True, here on several female plants one male bush must necessarily come.
In addition, for sea buckthorn, readily propagated by root layering, blackberries and raspberries, it is better to find a place away from the rest of the garden plantations, otherwise powerful shoots of these crops in a year will master half of the garden.
A wealth of choice
In each individual region there are different types of fruit trees and shrubs for the garden plot. This is due to soil characteristics and climatic conditions. Plants that require an abundance of moisture will not be able to fully grow and bear fruit in arid areas. Those who require high temperatures are unlikely to be comfortable in severe snowy winters.
Thanks to the painstaking work of breeders, the multidirectional varieties of most well-known fruit and berry shrubs are bred. The cultivation of such species representatives is available in most regions of our country. The most common plants are receiving increased attention among beginners and experienced gardeners.
Genus - Currants, family - Kryzhovnikovye. Perennial shrubs, the average period of fruiting is 15 years. Shoots of different ages allow you to get a harvest every year. Branches that have reached the age of six are cut off (rejuvenation of the bush is carried out). Reaching one decade of years, it is recommended to completely replace the bush to prevent degeneration.
The height of the aerial part reaches one and a half meters. The root system consists of branched roots, up to forty centimeters deep. The fruits are represented by berries of different colors in dark colors (usually black) and sizes (maximum weight of five grams). Varieties differ in maturity (early, late, medium), the process of pollination (mostly self-bearing), resistance to cold.
May blooms are characteristic for early varieties (first half of the month). The key to obtaining the harvest will be covering events during the spring frosts. Early varieties are the following representatives:
- The seaside champion is distinguished by the absence of the characteristic aroma characteristic of currant berries. Powerful plant has good winter hardiness and high yield.
- Raisin. Sweet large berries ripen in the first half of July. Differs drought resistance, winter resistance. This variety is resistant to damage by kidney mite, powdery mildew. Difficulties observed in rooting cuttings.
- Dachnitsa. Sweet fruits are large, thin-skinned. The variety with an average yield, resistant to frost, disease and pests. Maturation occurs in early July. Crop wavy, overripe berries showered. Recommended props under the branches.
This group includes such varieties as Exotica, Moscow, Premiere, Belarusian Sweet.
Varieties of medium pore ripeness are subject to gathering berries from the middle of summer. These include:
- Pygmy. Compact bushes are characterized by frost resistance. Berries of different sizes are covered with thin skin, have a sweet dessert taste. Fruiting in the last days of July. Resistant to anthracnose.
- In memory of Potapenko. The large-fruited variety has good resistance to fungal diseases and tick infestation. Productivity is low.
- Black Pearl. High frost resistance combines good yield and transportability of fruits. Medium resistance to powdery mildew.
Continuing the list are: Enchantress, Vigorous, Boskopsky giant, Gulliver, Titania and the Treasure.
Late representatives include shrubs, which are harvested by the end of summer, in August. Among them:
- Gross The weight of the berries comes to five grams. Good resistance to fungal infections. Weaker hold on the tick.
- Oryol Serenade. Good performance for the collection of fruits with medium-sized berries. High resistance to pests and diseases.
- Vologda. Strongly spreading branches require mandatory support. It tolerates winter frosts, but spring frosts badly affect the health of the bush. Good resistance to harmful organisms and diseases.
The late group includes the following varietal specimens: Baldwin, Daughter, Lazy.
Fruiting bush lasts for two decades. In height, shoots are stretched to two meters. A powerful root system is able to feed the plant for a long time without changing its habitat. Flowering occurs at the end of spring, bypassing the threat of short-term spring frosts.
It tolerates drought, winter frosts. Self-fertile varieties are practiced with good harvesting performance and endurance in relation to climatic features, pests, diseases.
A species is subdivided according to several basic features. For example, there are three groups, the division of which is based (as in the case of black currants) on the maturity dates. Early varieties (ripening at the end of June):
- Firstborn Variety bred by Finnish breeders. It is frost-resistant, productivity to ten kilograms of berries from a bush. Fruits are medium in size. Shows high resistance to mycoses. Serves as a suitable pollinator for various varieties requiring mandatory pollination.
- Viksne. Latvian breeding variety with dark cherry-colored fruits. Not afraid of no frost or drought. Excellent immunity to diseases and pests. Crops reach about six pounds from one plant.
- Early sweet. Capricious variety in relation to the composition of the soil and the rules of care. The return is a good yield of berries of equal size, average indicators. High cold tolerance.
It is worth noting the following early varieties: Chulkovskaya, Kristalnaya, Dutch Red, Victoria, Konstantinovskaya, Generous, Rachnovskaya and Serpentine.
The following representatives are located in the middle (mid-summer readiness):
- Red Cross. Selection of English directions. Large bushes with spreading branches. Berries good taste bright red color. Productivity is average.
- Houghton Castle. English hybrid varieties from Red and Ordinary. The compact size of the bush, pollination of the neighboring variety Red Cross. Medium sized berries are collected at the top of each brush. Resistant to anthracnose and powdery mildew.
- Dutch pink. A hybrid variety from the same ancestors, with a difference in the direction of selection. Bred in the Netherlands. Distinctive features from the English version in good self-pollination, larger berry size, elongation of the brush.
The list should be supplemented with such varieties as Gazelle, Natalie, Red Andreichenko, Uterbogskaya, Neenaulna.
Late maturity (closer to August and the beginning of the month) include varietal specimens:
- Smolyaninovskaya. Russian breeding for cultivation in the north-west, southeast and south-west. Long racemes hold up to fourteen large-sized berries. Low productivity pays off with increased winter-resistance and keeping low temperatures during the flowering period.
- Ronde. Foreign variety with long tassels and large berries. In features - good adaptability to the climatic conditions of placement and soil composition. Weakly prone to disease.
- Varshevich. Polish widely known variety. Rare tall bush (up to two meters) with short tassels, on which a large number of berries are densely located (up to 15 pieces). The color of the fruit is very dark, to black, the taste is sour. Suitable for processing. Prolific and winter-hardy specimen.
This group includes: Dutch Red, Jam, Roland.
The composition of the soil is suitable for any, except for stony and firmly clay areas.. Good drainage properties of the soil have a beneficial effect on the development and fruiting of plants. Attention should be paid to watering, pruning and fertilizing fruit bushes.
Representatives of currant bushes are sorted by the size of berries, sweetness of taste, the best indicators of frost resistance and susceptibility to diseases and pests. Ассортимент представлен сортами для выращивания практически в любых климатических условиях и на любой вкус.
- Tall varieties - feel good as a hedge. The bushes are branched, their berries are intense, blue or blue.
- Low-growing blueberries - blooms luxuriantly in spring, pleases with excellent yields and trim bushes.
- Southern varieties - were eaten by hybridization for growing in arid climate.
- Redhead Irga is a shrub richly blooming in spring. In autumn, the leaves turn a bright color. Up to 10 kg of berries can be obtained from a plant.
- Canadian shadberry is a tall tree shrub. The berries are fleshy and pleasant to taste.
- Irga is blood-red - slender srednerosly shrub. The berries are very juicy, with a thin delicate skin.
There are a lot of species of fruit bushes, and subspecies diversity is large. The most common types are as follows:
All these shrubs bring the harvest of berries. Usually planted annual bushes, rarely two-year and three-year. For the shrub to settle down, it is better to purchase it with a closed root system, or more simply, in a pot. If in the nursery you are offered to dig a sapling directly from the ground, then it is better to ask for the same, but in a pot, then the probability of survival will increase many times.
You should not expect a large crop from the bush at once - in the first year it needs to root well, it will bloom little, and it is good if it blooms in the second year and at least a couple of berries appear on it. Shrubs begin to bear fruit from at least the third year.
Raspberry is a favorite shrub that brings delicious healthy berries from year to year. There are many varieties of raspberry, each of which has its own peculiarities. Basically it is the size and color of the berries. The vast majority of raspberry fruits on last year's shoots. Therefore, as soon as the berries on the malinka ran out in July-August, you need to get rid of those shoots where they were, and in the winter leave two or three powerful young shoots per bush.
It is not necessary to leave long branches, the length of branches in human height will be quite enough. Nothing good from the long branches will not work - they will either be frozen to frost, or next summer they will have to bend down. It is also impossible to thicken raspberries too much, because she has a lot of strength going into shoots, and the berries are shrinking. It is impossible to leave the shoots that ordinary varieties give underground. The forces of the mother plant also go to shoots, as a result - small berries.
Raspberries, unfortunately, are prone to pests, namely, aphids. Therefore, as soon as you see the aphids in May, you should immediately pour it with a special solution, otherwise the entire crop will go down the drain.
Raspberries usually have red berries, but there are also varieties of yellow raspberries, which have yellow berries. In taste and yield, it is not much different to all of us familiar red raspberries.
Blackberry - a relative of raspberry. True, she has a different taste and black berries. Blackberry has now become fashionable to squeeze in the suburban areas, because it is very unpretentious. It is easy to propagate it - it, like raspberry, gives a lot of underground shoots. Blackberries are perfect not only for fresh consumption, but also for cooking jam, stewed fruit, and so on.
On the suburban areas grow three main types of currants: black, red and white. Black currant is very rich in vitamin C, it is completely edible fresh, because it is not too sour. In contrast, the red and white varieties are very sour, and are suitable only for jam, jams, tinctures. Fresh to eat them a lot will not work.
Currants simply multiply, even without buying seedlings. If neighbors have currants, and you like the variety, it is enough to ask them for a sprig or a couple of twigs in the spring. These branches need to be lowered into the solution with a root, until you see the shown roots. Usually in a week the roots appear. Then they are planted in the ground, right on the site, but best of all in the shade. Ideally, cover the top with a five-liter jar of plastic (for example, from under the water), and leave the twigs there, not forgetting to water. Soon you will see that new leaves have appeared - the branches will come alive. They will have time to root perfectly before winter, and the next spring you will see that the branches will give many new shoots from last year’s buds, and will start to grow. Thus, it is possible for two or three years to grow currant bushes on your site without any extra effort and expense.
Gooseberry - a prickly bush with large berries. There are varieties of both green and red, varying degrees of acid berries. The main problem of gooseberry is that many varieties are susceptible to powdery mildew, so before purchasing a sapling, it makes sense to read about a particular variety - perhaps it is more susceptible to this disease or, conversely, to a lesser extent. It is great if you purchased just such a variety that does not have many black dots on the fruit due to dew.
Gooseberries can be propagated in the same way as described above for currants. It survives well and breeding problems never arise.
Ornamental shrubs too great variety. Usually these plants rarely reach more than two metros in height, although, of course, exceptions are possible. Prized for long and abundant flowering. Flowers, as a rule, small, but very numerous, inflorescences collected in various forms. Color varied, can be from white to crimson.
Decorative flowering shrubs are absolutely not demanding to the soil, hardy and light-requiring. Many species perfectly tolerate the conditions of a gassed city, which is why they are planted at the edges of the roads as hedges.
In principle, hydrangea is considered a shrub, although many stubbornly believe that this is a common perennial. Hortensia - a plant of amazing beauty. Little can repeat the beauty of its colors. The fact is that there are different types of hydrangea, they differ in frost resistance and color of inflorescences. Ordinary white tree hydrangea has large caps of white flowers, even with green leaves, colors. She is not afraid of frost at all, it can not cover for the winter. All care is timely pruning and feeding. Other, colored types of hydrangea need to be covered for the winter with non-woven material, and in the spring to ensure that the plant does not “suffocate” under the film. They need a sour dressing, and the sour the dressing, the bluer the flowering will be.
Jasmine is a beautiful shrub with an amazing scent. Varietal species have a delicate smell when flowering and very unpretentious. In another way it is called Chubushnik. Jasmine should not be planted in full shade, but the bright sun is also not very shown to him. However, definitely, a lighter place is better than just a penumbra. It blooms in June, when the fruit trees have already dissolved the leaves, so planting it under them will fail - it will be dark.
The variety of lilac varieties that are sold in nurseries is amazing. They are really a lot, there are even species with multi-colored flower petals. Delightful flowering time comes in May, usually by the end of May - the smell around the lilac becomes amazing. The flowers are mostly lilac gamma, but there are bright maroon, and pale pink, and white. Old, "grandmother's" varieties give abundant shoots around. From this deficiency free new varietal species. There are no shoots around them, and the flowering is always strong and bright.
Forsythia is a low-key shrub, rather low, if cut in time and not run, it blooms in April. It is remarkable that its flowering begins even before the leaves are released, and indeed it blooms very early, at the same time as snowdrops and sprouts. Therefore, it can be very effective to plant a semicircle around the Forsythia forsythia - the forsythia blooms in yellow, and the scilla in blue.
Forsythia sometimes frost freezes in winter, therefore it is possible that only that part of the twigs, which is lower to the ground, will not have time to frost, being covered with snow. In general, some varieties of forsythia can reach a height of one and a half meters, and even higher, but for a plant such thickening does not represent anything good, it will bloom weakly, and it looks sloppy. Therefore, in the summer you need to arm yourself with a pruner and regularly cut the plant, once a year - necessarily.
There are a lot of spirea species, and they are very different from each other in shape, color during flowering, even in leaf color.
Spiraea belotsvetkovaya often found in cities, where she landed as high curbs on both sides of roads, in pedestrian areas. This is a small shrub up to about half a meter tall. Its branches are strong, erect. Inflorescences, panicles rather large and dense, always white. Such spirea blooms for a long time - up to 2 months.
Spirea Billard differs sprawling branches. It blooms from the second half of summer and until the cold, until October.
Spirea Van-Gutta is a gorgeous shrub up to one and a half meters tall. The flowers are collected from him in dense hemispheric inflorescences, which are painted white.
Spirea is a tall shrub, up to two meters in height. It is remarkable by the fact that in autumn the leaves get a smooth yellow color, and the flowers are white.
Spirea Douglas is a upright shrub up to one and a half meters tall with ribbed pubescent shoots. And the flowers are not white, but dark pink, inflorescences dense pyramidal.
Decorative leafy shrubs
Ornamental leafy shrubs are distinguished by the fact that they have very decorative foliage, and it remains so throughout the entire summer-fall period. As a rule, they do not change color in autumn.
Flowering time in Aralia - from August to September. It differs in that the leaves are green, but at the edges have a beautiful white edge. Plant aralia is necessary in the sun. It is difficult to cut, it is easiest to acquire new plants if you need to propagate. The flowering itself can hardly be called decorative, more decorative foliage. Aralia is a large shrub, it can grow up to three meters in height. Since it gives a lot of shoots, it is necessary to prune it in order to preserve accuracy.
Barberry - a low shrub with very showy purple leaves. It can be planted in flowerbeds and as a border, especially if we are talking about a low-growing variety. It is very beautiful to use it as a background for some perennials or annuals. Barberry is unpretentious, it does not need to be covered when cold weather sets in, but sometimes it is still necessary to prune to maintain the shape of the plant.
Classification of garden trees and shrubs
Before planting a site with one or other garden plants, it is worthwhile to designate their purpose. Traditionally there are two types:
- Garden fruit trees and shrubs.
- Garden ornamental trees and shrubs.
If you plan to use the plot for harvest, then you should make a choice in favor of the first type. And the second type is suitable for those for whom the garden is a place to relax and admire nature. The following sections take a closer look at each type of garden plant.
The combination of fruit plants among themselves
Planting a garden with fruit crops should be treated with particular responsibility. After all, it is important not only to choose a variety of trees or shrubs, but also to take into account their comfortable accommodation on the site. Very often, inexperienced gardeners, wanting to plant the land with a large number of crops, absolutely do not care about their combination with each other. But not only the quantity and quality of the harvested crop directly depends on the rational planting of garden trees, but also the health of garden trees in general.
A special note can be made about the walnut tree. If the climate of your region allows you to grow this plant, then be prepared for the fact that it is necessary to allocate a fairly large area for it. Due to the high content of tannins in its leaves, the soil at 18-20 m around becomes unsuitable for growing any other trees and shrubs.
Not the best neighbors will be apricots with cherries, as well as peaches with cherries. Despite the similarity of cultures among themselves, these trees should not be planted at close range from each other. Also, the cherry does not tolerate the proximity of pears and apples.
Planted raspberry bushes should be away from apple and pear trees. Hawthorn bushes do not tolerate neighborhoods with cherries.
Quite a capricious pear. In addition to cherries, it also does not adjoin to cherry plum, barberry shrubs and raspberries.
Caring for fruit trees and shrubs
Like any fruitful culture, trees and shrubs require timely and proper care. One of their most important roles in this is pruning garden trees. It is thanks to her that it is possible not only to preserve the proper appearance of the plant, but also to prolong its fruiting period. Gently removing excess branches, you can achieve the appearance of gaps, which will allow the sun to cover a greater number of fruiting shoots. This means that you will increase the chance to get a rich and healthy harvest.
Removal of old plants
Sometimes, acquiring a plot, you can find old, dried trees and stumps on it. In this case, it is necessary to make a full release of the site by cutting garden trees and uprooting stumps. To date, there are many organizations that can facilitate your work. But if you wish, you yourself can clean your site.
How to do it? There are no special requirements for cleaning the site from unsuitable plants. It is necessary to cut down old wood as low as possible - it will be easier to remove the stump. And this is just necessary. It is imperative to remove stumps, as they are an excellent breeding ground for fungal diseases and pests.
Diseases of garden trees
Fruit trees are quite susceptible to various diseases. In this section, we will show you how to recognize these diseases, and give tips on how to combat them.
- Rust. It appears as numerous spots of brownish or brown color on the leaves and contributes to their early fall. You can fight this disease by immediately removing infected areas.
- Cystosporosis. With this disease, small wounds form on the tree, from which gum-like resin oozes. It is dangerous because in such places other diseases develop very quickly. Therefore, it is necessary to promptly remove the affected branches and close the damage to the garden pitch.
- Scab. A common fungal disease that affects both young shoots and ripe fruit. Learn this disease can be on greenish-brown spots that appear on the leaves and fruits. Fighting scab is quite simple: carefully dig up the earth around a tree or shrub, and burn leaves in the autumn.
- Mealy dew. It is characterized by a white mealy bloom on shoots, leaves and fruits. There are other signs. With the progression of the disease, the growth of shoots stops, drying and falling leaves occur. To combat the powdery mildew, spraying with boiling water or soda ash solution is performed.
- Anthracnose. Most often, the disease manifests itself at high humidity and looks like brownish sores on the stems and leaves. As the disease progresses, the leaves of the garden trees curl and fall. The main method of fighting the disease is the timely detection and immediate destruction of infected plant parts.
Ornamental trees and shrubs
To create a harmonious view of the territory of your garden, it is best to seek the help of a specialist in this matter - a landscape designer. It is he who will tell the optimal combination of certain trees and shrubs, which is suitable for your site. In general, planting ornamental plants is reduced to emphasizing the relief of the territory and creating compositions that emphasize all the advantages of the garden.
Features planting ornamental plants
The main principle of landscape design is landing on the principle of tiered. This means that you should not mix trees and shrubs in any order, but it is necessary to plant them along the height of plants: from low to high or vice versa. Be sure to take into account light and shade plants. Also, when creating a composition, it is necessary to pay attention to the seasonality of trees and shrubs. That is, each composition group must perform decorative functions throughout the season.
Popular ornamental trees and shrubs for the garden
Every year the range of these plants is growing incredibly fast. We present a list of the most popular and least whimsical in the care of trees and shrubs, with which you can decorate your garden area.
- Spirea. A hardy plant, covered with white or purple flowers during the flowering period. The height of the bush reaches one and a half meters, the diameter is about a meter. The only requirement in the care - timely pruning.
- Maple. Virtually any maple variety will look decent on the territory of your garden. Particularly beautiful is the combination of several varieties of this tree in one composition. A photophilous plant that does not require pruning, grows to a height of 6 m and has a crown of about the same diameter.
- Forsythia Incredibly beautiful shrub with golden flowers and blue primroses. В высоту и диаметре это растение способно достигать трех метров. Форзиция светолюбива и неприхотлива в уходе. Главным требованием, как и у спиреи, является обрезка побегов.
- Гибискус. Кустарник высотой и диаметром около двух метров, усыпанный благоухающими яркими цветами. Отлично подойдет как для создания композиций, так и для одиночной высадки. Hibiscus love for the widest range of colors and a variety of varieties. The only disadvantage is poor resistance to cold.
- Decorative apple tree. From this tree should not expect a large harvest of tasty fruits. It is valuable for its appearance. Especially during the flowering period, when the tree is completely covered with white, pink or red flowers. However, these varieties have their disadvantages. Ornamental apple is prone to diseases such as scab and powdery mildew.
- White acacia. Sun-loving and moisture-loving plant has gained its popularity due to the abundant flowering and amazing aroma of flowers. Mostly trees grow to 25 m, but there are also lower varieties - about 6 m high.
They relate to higher plantings of shrubs, are formed by cutting into the fence of 1-2 meters. Perform mainly protective function, but sometimes used as a separator for individual sections of the garden.
Hedge of shrubs planted along the border of the suburban area, away from home. These plant massifs allow to reduce street noise and gas pollution; they perfectly restrain strong winter winds. Near the house have low ornamental shrubs. This allows the house to be well lit, it is better to warm up with the sun, to ensure maximum visibility. The exceptions are the southern areas where a different way of planting is preferred.
Most of the bushes are located directly next to the house to protect it from the scorching sun. Planted in hedges:
Most often, hedges mark the boundaries of the garden, provide privacy, but sometimes they perform other functions: they mask not very attractive buildings, divide the entire dacha area into zones, can serve as a border for flowerbeds.
Important! The high and dense hedge can grow strongly on the territory of the neighboring site, therefore for such landings it is necessary to obtain the consent of the neighbors.
From the shrubs construct a special type of borders - monobunds containing plants of the same species. Monobordures from rhododendrons can be amazingly beautiful. A good option dacha decor can be considered Border of such plants:
Periodic haircut gives them a strict geometric shape.
Mixed border or otherwise - miksborder is a peculiar and spectacular type of decoration of the suburban area. Its peculiarity is that from early spring to the deepest autumn there is always blooming vegetation. At the heart of the mixborder can be shrubs and perennials. In addition to them you can sit down annuals. Mixborder is located along the walls of the house, paths, next to water.
Ornamental shrubs for the garden
Beautiful flowering shrubs, which can improve any garden plot:
Lilac. A very popular garden shrub found everywhere. At the time of flowering is unusually beautiful. Nature has given lilac not only a fragrant scent, but also useful medicinal properties. A favorite plant for breeders, displayed a huge number of different varieties that differ in color, shape and size of the inflorescences. Winter-hardy shrub, can grow even in the northern part of the country.
Rhododendron. The family has about 1300 species, distributed throughout the world. Amazingly beautiful shrub, whose name translates as "rose tree". Rhododendrons are very durable, garden owners can count on a thirty-year violent flowering of this plant.
Hydrangea. An exceptional feature of this shrub is the ability to change color during flowering. Gardeners observe an amazing sight, as the entire snow-white shrub can be pink at first, and then becomes dark burgundy. Such a variety will please any owner of the dacha.
Shrubs that bloom all summer, winter-hardy varieties:
Jasmine (Chubushnik). The name comes from the Greek name of the fragrant bushy plant - Philadelphus. Ornamental shrub with white, very fragrant flowers, collected in a brush. For chubushnik preferred sunny areas, in shading flowering may stop. Can be planted on the lawn, placed on the background of buildings.
Spirea. Decorative, frost-resistant plant. There are both tall and dwarf varieties. It blooms from May to October. A feature of the plant are heavy clusters of purple and white small flowers. It can reach heights of up to 2.5 m, with occasional pruning to form low lush bushes.
Buddleya. It blooms from July to October. The height of the decorative bush can be up to 3 m. It has various shades of flowers: white, purple, pink, lavender. Pruning of the bush is required, during which the reddened branches are removed. It is well going through the winter, but still, a slight warming of the roots is necessary (hilling, shelter with lapnik works).
Shrub rose. Of the rose family - the most enduring variety. The varied shape, shade of flowers and exquisite aroma make this plant very popular with gardeners.
Important! The plant has thorns, it is not recommended to plant near the garden paths.
Evergreens for the garden - this is an excellent option for decorating the garden area, creating an atmosphere of comfort at any time of the year. These plants create a pleasant shade in the summer and look great against the background of sparkling white snow.
The most common types of evergreens:
Barberry. Among gardeners, this evergreen shrub is very popular. It is so unpretentious that it can grow in shading, on heavy soils, areas that are blown by the winds. Barberry does not require constant trimming, garters, it is enough to remove unnecessary branches after flowering. This plant is practically not affected by pests and diseases. But the main thing is that evergreen barberries are an ornament of a summer house all year round.
Heather. Reaches a height of 60 cm. Beautiful purple flowers appear in August. Can grow on poor and sandy soils. It is recommended to land on a large space, since the heather tends to grow rapidly. In the hot summer in open sunny areas it needs watering.
Boxwood. The plant is very appreciated by landscape designers for beautiful, shiny leaves, unpretentiousness, the ability to easily tolerate pruning. From the bushes you can create a picturesque fence or borders, decorate lawns.
Yew. Dark green color of the bush, but there are varieties with golden foliage. Coniferous plant, better than others tolerates winter and adverse conditions. Its leaves and seeds are poisonous. The very valuable wood of this shrub, capable of killing microorganisms, even in the air, led him almost to complete destruction in natural conditions.
High temperatures from hot asphalt, dust, pollution, lack of moisture in the soil - all this is not the best way affects the plants. Therefore, for the city chosen unpretentious types of ornamental shrubs.
Types of shrubs for the city:
- Ginnala maple,
- dog rose
Ornamental plants for the garden are very popular with gardeners. They allow not only to diversify and revitalize the garden plot, but also have practical value: they protect it from strong winds and prying eyes.
Adding an article to a new collection
Shrubs and trees - the foundation of any garden. Therefore, they need to be placed on the site correctly and in accordance with a particular style. We will tell you how to do it right.
The choice of plants and their location depends on the garden in which style you plan to create. And in the first place planted trees and shrubs, because they focus on the main attention, and only then organize flower beds with flowers.
Regular garden style suggests a geometrically correct composition of plants. Trees and shrubs are cut so that their crown is flat. Often, they form hedges.
In such a garden, plants are planted that tolerate a good haircut and shaping: for example, small-leaved linden, common spruce, western thorn. For high fences often use elm elm, irgu, maple, hawthorn, sloe, juniper and virgin, barberry, and for low - yew berry, boxwood, undersized, common hedgehog, spiraea, silverweed scrub.
High hedge perfectly replaces the fence
If you want to create a corner of wildlife on your plot, give preference to a garden in a landscape style. In such a composition can be deciduous and coniferous plants. At the same time they should look as natural and even slightly casually. In the landscape garden, trees and shrubs look like they were never touched by a human hand, and nature itself formed the crown.
Coniferous plants (thuja, juniper, spruce, etc.) can be alternated with such ornamental shrubs as chubushnik, lilac, viburnum, bubble tree, hawthorn, spirea, snowberry, dogrose, cotoneaster. They bloom beautifully and thus make the garden bright.
The main feature of the landscape garden is naturalness. The most natural in this garden look junipers and thujas, whose crown does not need to be shaped
We form group compositions
If on your site grow tall old trees, make a composition so that these krupnomer "played first violin." And so that the garden does not seem empty, plant fast-growing shrubs between these plants: dogrose, spirea, silverweed, snowberry.
Contrasting groups of plants that vary in height, shape, and crown color also look great. Keep in mind that trees and shrubs are better to have several "islands". Uniform distribution of tall plants on the site will not bring the desired effect.
It is important not to overdo it with the number of tall trees. It is better to plant them alternately with short, so that in the garden did not form a thick shadow.
When choosing plants, it is important to pay attention to their individual characteristics, growth rate and appearance. Also should be taken into account preferences in the composition of the soil and climatic conditions.
Currently, coniferous trees are popular: they take root well, many species easily adapt to any climate. Evergreen conifers look great next to roses, heathers, cereals, rhododendrons, and ground-cover perennials.
Compositions of coniferous trees can be varied with deciduous trees: rowan, downy birch, Manchurian maple and silver. A large plot will also look great standing alone oak, chestnut, maple or linden.
Fruit trees are also able to decorate the garden. So, apple trees of small-fruited varieties, which during flowering resemble spectacular sakura, will make your site irresistible in spring.
Small-fruited varieties of apple trees called raznekami
In the design of the garden you can use exotic trees. However, this is not possible in all regions. Before you get exotics on the site, ask your landscaper if a “foreigner” can survive in your climate.