Gooseberry is very popular among gardeners. This berry bush is able to produce an excellent harvest for 20 years. And some varieties can bear fruit longer. There are cases when the gooseberry bore fruit for 40 years. To achieve such results, appropriate care is required.
Useful properties of gooseberry
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Gooseberry fruits have healing properties and are products that are allowed for dietary nutrition. Berries are used both in modern medicine and in popular recipes.
Berry pulp contains:
- sugar - 13%,
- vitamin "C" - no more than 60 mg,
- citric and malic acid - up to 1.5%,
- pectin - more than 1%,
- trace elements and salts of iron, copper, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and calcium.
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After the appearance of this berry in Russia, its varieties are becoming more perfect and more diverse. Many breeders are constantly improving both the appearance of the bush (removing spines from the bushes) and taste.
In Russia, the most common varieties are:
- Russian - treats a tall early ripe grade. The berries are oval dark red. Their weight is 4 grams. It has a sweet and sour taste, and the yield of one bush is up to 6 kilograms,
- Grushenka - has bushes of medium height, and branches wilted. Shoots practically do not have thorns. The berries are small, whose weight is 5 grams. Their shape is pear-shaped, and the color may change in the process of maturation (from light red to bright purple). The climate of central Russia is most suitable for this variety, as it is resistant to both frost and drought. Has immunity to many diseases
- Gingerbread Man - prickly bush medium size. Spikes are mainly located at the bottom of the bush. The berries are quite large, the weight of which is 7 grams. The color of the fruit is pale red, and the shape is slightly elongated. It has a pleasant sweet-sour taste. The variety is resistant to frost, and to diseases such as powdery mildew and anthracnose.
How to choose a landing site
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Like all berries, gooseberry needs a good light area. If you do not comply with this requirement, the yield will fall by several times. Gooseberry also does not tolerate excess moisture.
With a large amount of moisture increases the likelihood of rotting of the root system, which will lead to the destruction of the bush. Therefore, the wetlands and areas with closely located groundwater will not be suitable for this crop.
Tip! It is not recommended to grow gooseberries in heavy clay soil.
Planting gooseberries in a permanent place is made both in spring and autumn.
In the spring, gooseberries are planted in a very short period - between thawing of the soil and swelling of the buds. Not everyone can get into such a period. Late planting can have a negative effect on survival rate.
Based on this, many gardeners plant gooseberries in the fall. In such cases, landing occurs 4-6 weeks before the onset of the first frost. So the bush will have time to germinate young roots and settle down on a new place.
During planting maintained interval between the bushes. Compact varieties have enough 1 m, and overall - 2 m. The dimensions of the holes for planting depend on the size of the plant itself. The trench, with a depth and a diameter of half a meter is great for one- and two-year-old seedlings.
In addition, fertilizers are applied to the trench or pit:
- wood ash - 100 g,
- double superphosphate - 50 g,
- potassium sulphide - 40 g.
- rotted organic matter (fallen leaves, manure) - 10 kg.
Before planting, dried roots are removed from the seedlings and the upper parts of the branches are cut off. Approximately 5 buds are left on each shoot. In the pit, the bush should be placed slightly tilted. The soil that falls asleep in the pit, compacted to avoid the appearance of voids. The final stage of planting is abundant watering.
Planting gooseberry on the trellis
The first step is the construction of a trellis. In the form of supports, you can use either plastic or iron pipes. Also use wooden or reinforced concrete pillars, the length of which is 2 meters. As required, they can be concreted. Three rows of zinc wire are pulled over the structure. Between the rows there should be an interval of 50 centimeters.
The distance between the seedlings along the trellis is no more than one meter. Each seedling should grow from the root of 4 branches. These branches are fan-shaped when they are tied to the bottom wire.
For excellent development and stable yields of gooseberries, around it periodically digs up and loosens the soil. The intensity and depth of digging depends on the soil structure itself. If the soil is dense, then digging should be carried out with a shovel, and when loose soil is used, the soil is plowed up with garden forks.
The roots of the bush are close to the surface, so loosening or digging up the ground should be done carefully.
During loosening, the upper part of the ground is touched, and the depth should not exceed 7 centimeters. Outside the root system, processing is more thorough.
Tip! Do not forget about the removal of weeds, because they can increase the level of moisture near the root system of the bush. Such an environment is great for the development of bacteria and diseases.
Gooseberry refers to the prolific shrubs. Based on this, it is necessary to fertilize each year. For one bush there is a standard set of fertilizers:
- potassium chloride - 20 g,
- saltpeter - 40 g,
- superphosphate - 80 g,
- rotted manure or compost - 10 kg.
Top dressing needs to be made twice a year.
The first feeding is carried out immediately after flowering. This will increase the level of yield and positively reflect on the development of shoots.
The second feeding - after harvest. This dressing prepares the gooseberry for laying the flower buds for the next season.
Pruning a bush
One of the most important stages is the formation of a bush. Pruning in the early years is aimed at the correct formation of the bush. Perennial branches are shortened by half, root growth is removed.
Pruning to avoid thickening is carried out with the fourth year of the shrub. Incorrectly growing, weak and dried shoots are removed completely. The main part of the berries grows on branches that are from 3 to 6 years old.
The formation of the bush is carried out either before bud break or after the foliage falls.
Some gardeners carry out other types of pruning. To increase the yield, it is practiced shortening green branches in the summer, while leaving 5-7 leaves on each. And the top cut off. This method can bring large berries.
Watch the video! Pruning and reproduction of gooseberries
When breeding in this way, pre-grooves are prepared in the projection of the bush. They need to put one-year strong shoots, which are secured with wire pins. Shoots must be lowered to the ground. After some time, the first greenery should appear from the ground. As soon as the green shoots reach 10 centimeters in length, the soil must be kept moist. In autumn, young plants must be separated from the mother liquor and transplanted to another place. This method is considered the most common method of reproduction.
This method is almost identical to the previous one, but the difference is that the escape is fixed to the ground only once and not far from the top. And the top itself should remain underground. With this method of breeding seedlings come out strong and high quality, but in small quantities. For reproduction by vertical layers, a strong pruning of the mother liquor is necessary. In each bush small hemp is left, which have 5 buds. Their earthing up is carried out in loose and moist soil, and in autumn they are separated from the mother bush. Larger seedlings are planted in the garden, the rest are sent to shkalku to grow.
Reproduction by division is carried out in the event that other methods are impossible. Shrubs are dug out and divided into several parts, while young roots and shoots must be preserved. Delenki dipped in a talker of clay, in which the growth catalyst was previously diluted. After that, the plants are planted in the same place, loosen the soil, spud and well watered.
The best time for grafting is July, when the process of lignification of the cutting tissues takes place. Green shoots are cut into cuttings, which are 10-12 centimeters long. The tip remains untouched. The cut is moistened with water, then lowered into a “Kornevin” type catalyst to form a root system. Next, planted in open ground at a depth of 2-3 centimeters. After two weeks, rudimentary roots will begin to appear at the ends of the cuttings. In winter, the cuttings should remain in the same place, while covered with a large layer of mulch. Rearing should occur one more year.
Fight against diseases and pests
Aphids, moths and sawflies - lovers feast on gooseberry leaves and stems. To avoid their invasion, an infusion of ash is used (1 kilogram of wood ash is diluted with 3 liters of water), karbofos and biological preparations. Processing is carried out in the spring. Additional processing may be required after the flowering period.
Among the diseases, the main enemy of gooseberry is powdery mildew. Its symptoms are the appearance of gray spots on the stems and leaves.
To combat this disease, you need to use a solution of baking soda (5 grams of soda per 1 liter of water), iron sulphate (3 grams per 1 liter of water). Processing is carried out after the detection of the first signs of the disease.
Gooseberry is a summer berry, so harvesting is carried out in the period of July-August, depending on the variety. Berries grow and ripen at the same time, but the harvest can be harvested for one month.
Another advantage of gooseberry is that even when ripe, the berries will not crumble.
Important! Productivity directly depends on the conditions in which the shrub was grown, as well as on its variety.
The average yield of one bush is from 6 to 8 kilograms. The size and weight of the berries is also different. Normal mass of large-fruited varieties is 15 grams, small-fruited - 2 grams.
In order to give a gooseberry bush in the country or in the garden plot not only to grow, but to give a high yield, it is necessary to follow the rules of cultivation and to take proper care of it.
Watch the video! Secrets of growing a large gooseberry
Description of the bushes
Gooseberry bush grows. Its height can reach one hundred and twenty centimeters. The bark of the plant is gray-brown in color and has thorns, the origin of which is leafy. And on the cylindrical young shoots can be found thin spikes. There is also a gooseberry without thorns, planting and caring for which will be discussed in more detail below. The leaves of the plant reach a length of six centimeters and are rounded. Flowers bloom in May and have a reddish or greenish tinge. Fruits are oval-shaped, smooth or covered with small setae. Usually their size reaches twelve millimeters, but there are instances in which berries grow up to forty millimeters.
Fruit ripening occurs in July or August. In color, they can be green, yellow, red and even white. Berries are very good for health, because they contain organic acids and salts of many metals. Gooseberry is a self-fertile culture. This means that even one bush in the garden will bear fruit regularly over the years.
When to plant gooseberries
If you decide to plant gooseberries on the plot, planting and care in the open field will require some knowledge and skills from you. You can plant a bush either in spring or in autumn, but only from late September to mid-October.
For a plant, it is necessary to choose the right place, since its root system is long enough, it should not be planted gooseberries in a valley. So you increase the risk of his fungal diseases. It is best to choose a sufficiently lit place on a plain or hillock. Try to choose a site that is protected from the wind. Good results can be obtained by planting bushes on sandy or clay soil. Only it is important not to forget that such soil requires frequent loosening.
It is necessary to consider another point when choosing when to plant gooseberries. Planting and departure in the spring is not much different from the autumn activities. Experienced gardeners are advised to choose the fall time for planting. This is due to the fact that the bushes planted in October, growth and survival of shoots is much better.
Planting gooseberry in autumn
If you have decided what time of year to plant the gooseberries (planting and leaving in the fall is preferable), then we can proceed to the theoretical part of this question.
Weeding out the soil around the gooseberry bush is very inconvenient: all because of the large number of thorns. Therefore, cleaning the area from weeds is carried out in early autumn. To do this, the area on which it is supposed to plant bushes, digging. During this process it is necessary to carefully remove all weed roots from the soil.
The next step after cleaning will be the preparation. The surface of the soil is leveled with a rake. All earthen lumps are properly broken. Two weeks before planting, cave-shaped pits are dug up. Each face must be half a meter. This is done in advance so that the earth will settle before planting the bushes. The fertile layer of earth, which is located at the very beginning, is removed and mixed with fertilizer. If the soil is clay type, then you need to add to the mixture also a bucket of river sand.
Between two neighboring bushes should observe the distance from one to one and a half meters. But the distance between the rows of bushes should be at least three meters.
Choose one-year or two-year-old seedlings. Their root system is well developed and is about thirty centimeters in length. The ground part of the plant should be formed by several strong shoots. Before planting, soak the roots for twenty-four hours in the fertilizer solution. Prepare it by adding three or four tablespoons of nutrients to five liters of water.
It is necessary to have a seedling in a hole directly, giving it a slight slope. Roots gently and carefully straighten, ensuring that the root neck is slightly below the level of the soil. The earth is poured into portions: each part is well compacted.
One bush is used for watering a bucket of water. After soaking the soil with moisture, produce mulching. To do this, use peat or humus. Then the shoots are pruned, leaving five or six buds on each segment.
In order for you to grow a beautiful, healthy, and most importantly - well-fruiting gooseberry, planting and care must be carried out according to all the rules.
When nature awakens from winter sleep, gooseberry requires some care. Planting and caring for this crop does not pose any difficulty for experienced gardeners or for beginners. The main thing is to follow all agrotechnical rules. As soon as spring came, before the snow had even melted, it is necessary to expose the gooseberry bushes to spraying with boiling water through a spray bottle. This is done in order to prevent damage to plants by pests and diseases.
In early May, it is necessary to loosen the soil around each bush, going ten centimeters deep, and then mulch the soil. At the same time feeding.
Gooseberry refers to those plants that are too acutely experiencing a lack of moisture in the spring and summer. The best way to watering is in-soil or drip. These options allow you to transport moisture straight to the root system, which is located at a depth of from five to forty centimeters. Thus, the gooseberry is watered about five times during the growing season. Watering the plant in the upper way with cold water is not acceptable.
If you have decided to arrange gooseberries in rows in your garden, planting and grooming in a complex of events will require the support of low-hanging branches. To do this, at a height of about thirty centimeters between the rows stretch stretch or use nets.
Autumn care for gooseberries is in activities that prepare the bushes for wintering. First of all, it is feeding. Fertilizer allows gooseberries to lay fruit buds next year. Also in the fall produce pruning. If you trim the bushes in the springtime - it will weaken the plants, which will contribute to the emergence of various ailments.
Since the fruits on the gooseberry ripen for many years, then it absorbs the nutrients from the earth in large quantities. This leads to the need for annual fertilization. And they should be mineral and organic nature.In order for a healthy and prolific gooseberry to grow on your plot, planting and care (you can see the photo in the sections of the article) should certainly include nutrient management activities.
In the spring, the following mixture is prepared: for a half-bucket of humus, superphosphate in the amount of fifty grams is added, as well as ammonium sulfate and potassium sulfate. The last substances are twenty-five grams each. If the bush is very large and gives a bountiful harvest, then all components should be doubled.
Make nutrients should be on the perimeter corresponding to the size of the crown. After fertilization the soil is loosened. As soon as the gooseberry has faded and after another two weeks, the plant is fed with a mullein solution. Mix one part of the mixture into five parts of water. Each bush should have at least five liters.
Gooseberry: planting and care, pruning. What year is bearing fruit
The gooseberry bush, planted on the plot, begins to bear fruit after three years. Harvest plant brings over ten or even fifteen years.
The branching of the bush is quite strong, which does not contribute to a good harvest. That is why the gooseberry should be cut. This can be done in spring or in autumn. In general, the bush should have ten shoots of different age categories.
Spring pruning is done before the buds swell. It is necessary to ruthlessly remove all the shoots that after wintering were weakened, dry, diseased or broken. In addition to all the listed candidates for removal, it is necessary to cut off the shoots near the roots and weakened ends of the branches. All this must be done before the plant awakens, and it happens very early. If you are late with pruning, you will cause a lot of damage. Based on this, it becomes clear why experienced gardeners prefer to cut the bushes in the fall. So you can less injure gooseberries. Planting and care (pruning) produced in the autumn time allow the bushes to better adapt to the winter and get cold resistance. And also practically negate possible damage.
Autumn pruning is performed annually. If this is not done, by the third year the bushes will thicken to such an extent that the fruits lose their quality. Branches of five and seven years of age are the most valuable. Also ramifications of the first three orders. All others do not have good productivity. Shoots older than ten years are black in color and are removed below their very base. Do not forget that too long branches should also be shortened. After pruning is completed, all cuts must be processed with a garden pitch.
Gooseberry: planting and care, reproduction by cuttings
This culture, like all other plants, needs reproduction. We discussed earlier in the article, in what conditions should the gooseberry grow. Planting and care, breeding and seating - all this requires certain knowledge and skills. Reproduction by cuttings is considered the most time consuming option. And the result can be obtained is not always positive. Most often, this method is good for breeding American varieties. Blanks are made in October or even in November. They select one-year shoots and cut off the tops of 25 cm in length. They must be completely healthy, without any signs of indisposition. All leaves must be completely cut, and the sections are paraffin-treated. This stalk is stored in the refrigerator or buried in the snow. As soon as spring comes, such blanks are buried to a depth of fifteen centimeters. If you plant several copies, the distance between them should be at least twenty centimeters. When digging in cuttings, it is important to follow one simple but mandatory rule. Two buds should be left above the surface of the soil, updating the cut, and four buds are located underground. The earth around is compacted, watered and mulched using peat or humus.
Gooseberries can also be propagated using layering. This is done as follows. We select the branch that is most strongly close to the ground and make an incision on it. We dig a shallow hole in the soil, bend a branch with a notch to it and fix it using a wire bent in the form of a hairpin. We sprinkle it all over with earth and water it well. While the growing season lasts, this place should be constantly wet. In the fall, roots will appear in this section. The following year, as soon as spring comes, the rooted seedling must be separated from the mother bush, using a sharp shears for this. Now it remains only to transplant a young bush where it should grow constantly.
Gooseberry without thorns
Gooseberry varieties, which are partially or completely devoid of thorns, are becoming increasingly popular among gardeners. What is different gooseberry without thorns? Planting and caring for such plants have their own characteristics. These varieties love fertile soil, containing in its composition a large amount of humus. After planting, the bushes are pruned in such a way that two to four buds remain on the ground on each shoot. The fruits ripen in the second year, and their number reaches one and a half kilograms of berries from one bush. Reproduction occurs by grafting.
Gooseberry without thorns, planting and care that require a lot of attention, needs timely feeding. In the spring (from late March to mid-April, as well as from late May to early June) ammonium nitrate or urea is added to the soil. In the autumn, in the first half, organic fertilizers are used. And three years after planting, potassium salt and superphosphate are added to the soil annually in the autumn. In the hottest time required mandatory watering.
Self-fertility of this sort is low. Experienced gardeners recommend planting several bushes at a distance of one meter from each other for super-pollination.
Periodic spraying of plants is also necessary to prevent pest invasion and to avoid powdery mildew. Twice a season is sprayed with “Karatan” or “Topaz”. And in the period when leaf blooming occurs, it is one of the insecticides, for example, Novaktion.
There are several types of planting: according to the seasonality of planting and the type of tree planted. It is possible to use the acquired ready sapling, at the same time it is necessary to be extremely attentive to the acquisition. The plant must be vaccinated against quarantine diseases and diseases.
Important! To make sure that the seedling is alive, it is necessary to make a small lateral cut on the trunk. A white, creamy cut would indicate that the bush is alive, but black or gray indicates that the plant is not alive and should not be taken. The kidney must be alive and feel soft when palpating.
You can also plant a stalk, prepared by yourself. The cuttings are selected from strong young bushes, preferably in the late spring. The number of nodes on the handle should be at least 10 pieces, and its length is about 20 cm.
By seasonality planting is divided into spring and autumn. Both species have a place to be. The most important thing is to follow the basic rules of plant care.
Where better to plant gooseberries on the site
The most important condition that must be met when planting seedlings is the selection of a bright place. In shady terrain, the quantity and quality of the harvest will steadily decrease. The soil should not be swamped and loamy.
The plant will tolerate drought better than stagnant moisture. Therefore, it is better to choose a place for landing located on a hill. If the soil is infertile or clayey, organic matter and humus must be applied to enrich it with oxygen. You should not choose a place where raspberry or currant used to grow. These plants greatly deplete the soil.
In order for a sapling to be planted in the fall to settle down and to overwinter, certain conditions should be followed:
- It is necessary to prepare the soil at the beginning of September, having dug it up to the depth of a shovel, thoroughly gnawing and removing weeds.
- Dig one hole and fill it one third with a mixture of compost, topsoil and fertilizer.
- Leave a hole sit for 3 weeks.
- After a time, a sapling is planted, placing it vertically in the hole with a slight slope.
- From above, the plant is filled with a fertile layer of earth, leaving a place for mulch.
- When planting gooseberries in autumn, it is better to stamp the ground around it. This will ensure faster formation of lateral shoots.
The mulch-sprinkled plant will not only be actively enriched with oxygen, but will also calmly overwinter. If winter promises to be of little snow, you can cover the roots beforehand with dead wood or humus.
Planting and care for gooseberries in the open field
The quality and quantity of the crop harvested from one bush directly depends on the correctness of its care.
The first and important step in the care of gooseberries is weeding and loosening the soil. Removing weeds is an important and indispensable procedure. Due to the fact that the roots of the plant are located close to the surface, weeds can jam the bush, taking away some of the nutrients. For the same reason, loosening should be carried out carefully, not deeper than 7 cm inside.
The second part of the care of gooseberries, providing abundant fruiting, is fertilizing organic fertilizer. The procedure is carried out annually in two stages:
- The first top dressing is carried out shortly before the bush picks up color, in order to obtain a better crop of berries.
- The second feeding is made after picking the berries, in order to prepare the plant for wintering and the next year.
Gooseberries without thorns: planting and care
Since the appearance of the gooseberry in the gardens and vegetable gardens of Russia, the breeders have stepped far forward, bringing more and more new varieties with different ripening periods, different sizes of berries and spike. The latter kind of gaining popularity, crowding out the "fellow" studded with spikes.
Planting in the fall
Planting gooseberries in autumn is a matter of some preparations. You need, first of all, to clean the area from weeds and debris, since the bush is prickly, it will be difficult for you to weed it later. Then, the already cleaned area should be dug and removed the roots of weeds, to level the ground with a rake, breaking the lumps.
Many gardeners are advised to dig a hole with a depth and width up to 50 cm for 2-3 weeks before planting, in order for the earth to settle. The upper, most fertile soil layer should be removed and put aside; the same operation should be done with the lower infertile soil layer. Next, prepare the fertilizer for planting gooseberries: in the fertile soil, add 10 kg of decomposed humus, 50 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate. This fertilized land plant should be enough for several years.
If you plant several plants, then the distance between them should be at least a meter, between rows - up to 3 m.
One-year-old saplings with roots 25-30 cm long are well suited for planting. The ground part of the plant should consist of several strong branches. Before planting a plant, its roots should be soaked in a solution of any fertilizer that stimulates growth.
Young bushes of a plant should be planted under an inclination that the root neck was lower than the level of soil, it is necessary to straighten the roots well. Pour the earth piecemeal, each layer being tamped with a layer of peat and humus.
Landing in spring
Planting gooseberry in the spring is no different from autumn. If you are thinking about planting gooseberries in spring or autumn, most gardeners recommend doing this in the fall. Planted in the autumn, the gooseberry will take root better, the shoots will be stronger and stronger than the bushes planted in the spring.
What should be the place for landing
Gooseberry - light-loving plant. Therefore, it should be planted in sunny places.
Does not like overmoistening (begin to rot roots) and tolerates drought well. Gooseberries need to be planted in places with low groundwater levels, at least 1.5 m from the surface. The plant needs planting in a place where you and your family members will be able to take care of it unhindered. Pruning a plant should also not be a problem for you.
If you have little space on the site, then The plant can be planted between fruit trees, but at a distance of at least 2 meters. You can also land along the fence - no less than 1.5 meters.
Gooseberry does not like highly oxidized soil. The acidity of the soil should not exceed 6 Ph, if the level is higher, then lime should be added to the soil - 200 g per 1 square meter. m
Soil preparation and planting scheme "northern grapes"
Gooseberry is not demanding on the soil. In addition to acidic soils, also does not like very wet and cold land. If the plant is grown on clay soil, then it is necessary to carry out frequent loosening, and in sandy, sandy loam - to make fertilizer.
After carefully cleaning the soil for planting, you need to remember to add fertilizer. Knead fertile soil with manure, humus, compost in the ratio of 4 kg per 1 sq. Km. m plot. If the soil is poor, then you need to increase the amount of organic fertilizer. In such cases, additional urea (20-30 g), superphosphate (50 g), potassium chloride (15-20 g) should be added.
For greater effect, when the soil is poor, organic fertilizers are applied directly to the planting pit. With sandy soil, clay is laid at the bottom of the pit (up to 7 cm), with clay - river sand.
How to care for gooseberries in spring
In the gooseberry, the growing season begins in early spring. The plant blooms in May, and the fruits begin to ripen in late June and until August.
In the spring, before budding, in the soil under the gooseberry need to make mineral fertilizers - potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen. During the period when the buds open, feed the plant with manure or compost (12 kg per bush). At this time, it is also necessary to treat the gooseberry with preparations from various insects.
Against aphids, moths, sawfly apply soap solution with ash - 10 liters of water, 50 g of soap and 40 g of sifted ash to insist day. This solution is sprayed on the plant in the spring, during the bud period.
It is believed that For fruit shrubs, the best time for pruning is early spring, but spring pruning of the gooseberry can be fatal for its future harvest. The plant wakes up earlier than others: the snow has not yet melted, and the gooseberry already dissolves the buds. It is better to cut gooseberries in late autumn, when the plant is ready for winter. If you need seedlings, then you need to loosen the ground under the bush, apply fertilizer, make small grooves and fill them with water. Then in these grooves lay 2 sprigs of gooseberry, carefully crushing them in a moist soil and attaching to the ground with hooks. In the fall you will receive shaped seedlings that need to be divided into parts and planted.
What to do in the summer
In the summer, you need to periodically weed the plant, loosen the ground near the bush (up to 10 cm deep) and water it after each loosening. "Northern grapes" tolerates drought well, but at such times it pulls moisture from its fruits, leaves and shoots, so that the plant does not deplete its resources, it is necessary to water it well during drought.
The gooseberry, in the period when it begins to bear fruit, needs light portions of organic fertilizers. Mix 1: 1 compost, peat or manure with the ground and stick the mixture under the bush of the “northern grapes”.
Caring for the gooseberry in the fall
In early autumn you need to weed gooseberry bushes from weeds, to remove various organic debris that has accumulated over the summer. When the foliage has fallen, it will also be necessary to remove it near the gooseberry and burn it, since pathogens of various diseases can remain in it.
Besides, you need to create a soil pillow near the bush, it will protect the plant from pests.
In the autumn, it is necessary to treat the plant with fungicides from rust, powdery mildew, and anthracnose.
It is recommended to carry out a top dressing of a plant during soil digging. Fertilizers and potash fertilizers should be included in the dressing - 30 g of the preparation should be used under each bush. Before the first frost, it is necessary to put humus with peat up to 10 cm thick under the bush.
In late autumn, before the first frost, you need pruning gooseberries - This will help in the formation of fructifying bush and remove old and damaged branches. After such pruning, up to 6 strong evenly spaced shoots should remain on the bush. This is the basis for a good harvest next year.
In December, when the first snow fell, you need to throw it under the gooseberry to protect against the upcoming frost. If winter promises to be of little snow, then the plant should be covered with agrospan or other similar material.
There are several ways to reproduce gooseberry. Each gardener chooses one convenient for him. The most common and popular ones are:
- Reproduction by layering
- Propagation by arcuate layers
- Vertical layering
- Lignified cuttings
- Green cuttings
- Combined cuttings
- Perennial branches
- The division of the bush.
The main rule for such gooseberry breeding is the presence of wet ground for rooting plants.
Harvesting and storage
Harvest time of gooseberry depends on the variety. The peak of the collection falls on July-August. Most of the berries ripen almost simultaneously, so that the harvest can be collected immediately.
There are two stages of gooseberry maturity: technical and consumer. При технической зрелости, такие плоды прекрасно подходят для варки варенья, компота. Они вошли в свою форму, и начинают приобретать цвет, соответствующий сорту. Но мякоть ягоды еще кислая.
Потребительская зрелость - This is when the berry has fully formed, the color of the fruit has become consistent with the variety, the taste is sweet, with mild acidity, the peel crunches under the teeth.
On average, one bush can collect up to 8 kg of berries.
Storage conditions for gooseberry berries will depend on their degree of maturity. If the berries are ripe, then you need to collect fruits in containers up to 2.5 liters, and they are stored for up to 4 days. Berries with technical maturity can be stored for up to 10 days in a cool room.
Berries of both types of maturity should be dried and checked for damage. Such berries at zero temperature can be stored for up to 1.5 months. You can increase the shelf life up to 5 months if you freeze the gooseberry berries in plastic bags.
Gooseberry - a plant whose cultivation does not make you problems, and care for him, and even cut off will please the gardener. But truly he will delight you with his juicy berries, and in winter - jam and compotes.
Pruning gooseberry bushes
The formation of bushes is a very important stage. In the first years, pruning is aimed at forming the base of a bush: perennial (skeletal branches) are shortened by half and most of the root growths are removed.
Since the fourth year pruning comes down to the elimination of thickening. Weak, dried out and “wrong” growing shoots are completely cut. The main share of the crop is formed on the branches, which are from 3 to 6 years old. Therefore, older shoots can be removed without regret.
The formation of the bush is carried out after the leaves fall or until the bud breaks. But some gardeners are not limited to this type of pruning. To increase the yield of gooseberries, they practice summer shortening of green shoots. On each such branch, leave five to seven leaves. And the top cut off. This technique allows you to grow the most large berries.
Pest and disease control
The gooseberry quite often becomes a victim of an invasion of moths, aphids and sawflies. To protect against them, you can use karbofos, biological products and ash infusion (1 kg of wood ash per three liters of water). Processing should be carried out in the spring. If necessary, spraying is repeated after the flowering period.
Another scourge of the gooseberry is powdery mildew, which is indicated by gray spots on the leaves and shoots. Solutions of baking soda (5 g per liter of water) and iron sulphate (3 g per liter of water) are an effective remedy for eradicating the disease. Processing should be carried out immediately after the discovery of the first signs of plaque.
One of the most dangerous diseases of gooseberry is powdery mildew. Her other name is a sphere library. This ailment is capable of destroying the entire crop overnight. And if the disease is not treated, then in a few years the end will come to the whole plant. The most dangerous time in this respect is when the weather is warm and humid. The gooseberry is covered with a friable bloom of white color that appears on the leaves, shoots and tied fruits. Later, this raid is transformed into a crust that has a brown tint. The shoots under it are bent and dry, the leaves break, but the fruits do not ripen and fall down on the ground. To prevent the disease with powdery mildew, it is necessary to process the gooseberry before it starts blooming with a solution of a preparation containing HOM copper. Forty grams of the drug is used per ten liters of water.
Of the other ills of the gooseberry most often can be found anthracosis, mosaic and rust glass.
Mosaic refers to viral diseases. Get rid of him the plant is impossible. If the affected bushes were noticed, they should be immediately excavated and burned. The rest can be cured. For this, the plant is treated with "Nitrafen" or copper sulfate. Spraying is done twice: first, before budding, and then ten days after the harvest. To prevent such diseases, it is necessary to remove all last year’s leaves from under the bushes in the spring, and also not to allow weeds to appear in the garden.
We looked at how to maintain healthy gooseberries (planting and grooming), diseases, and how to prevent them. Now let's talk about pests.
Of the pests most common shoots aphid and gooseberry ozhivka. Moth lays eggs in flowers. Caterpillars emerging from eggs eat fruit in all directions. And the shoot aphid as a result of its vital activity leads to twisting of leaves and twisting of the shoots. The berries are crushed and fall off.
Of course, pests can be fought using various insecticides. But it is better to hold preventive events. Immediately after the snow comes down, cover the ground under the bushes with dense material. Sprinkle the edges of the canvas with earth. Then the fires cannot get out of the ground. After the gooseberries fade, the material can be removed. In the autumn should be hilling bushes. Do it to a height of about ten centimeters. If you notice fallen berries, and even with caterpillars, it is best to collect them immediately. When the plant has faded, treat it with Lepidocide or another similar remedy.
This article examined the plant so popular in our gardens - the gooseberry, planting and caring for it, as well as methods of reproduction and prevention of its diseases. After studying all the simple rules of cultivation of this crop and consistently putting them into practice, you get beautiful healthy bushes, bringing a bountiful harvest of tasty berries for many years. And also in the wintertime you will delight yourself, your friends and loved ones with fragrant gooseberry jam.
One of the first places in the list of fruit shrubs, especially favored by summer residents, is the gooseberry: planting and caring for them are not difficult, and there are many ripe berries. He is also a long-lived. With the right approach to the cultivation of culture, the bushes will delight with a generous harvest for decades - from 20 to 40 years.
If there is no experience in growing shrubs, the first step is to figure out how to plant a gooseberry. The culture will develop best on a spacious, open to the sun’s rays and well-ventilated, but protected from drafts. The lack of light will not affect the growth of bushes, but shading will have a bad effect on their productivity. The berries on them will be tied up a little, they will be small, and their ripening will be uneven.
Gooseberry refers to unpretentious crops, it is successfully grown in almost all soils. The main thing is to regularly enrich the soil with organic fertilizers. This is especially important for European shrub varieties.
The rules for preparing the soil for gooseberries are simple.
- If the soil on the site is heavy, with a large admixture of clay, it is diluted with sand and humus (1 bucket of both of them per 1 m² of surface). The latter can be replaced by any other organic matter.
- For a light and poor land, regular application of the same amount of organic fertilizers will be required, but periodically it will also need to be mixed in with clay.
- Every year peat soil is enriched with 2 types of fertilizers - organic and mineral, containing a lot of phosphorus and potassium. Sand must be added to it. Experienced gardeners recommend that sphagnum moss should also be added to the ground. It will help the soil to remain wet and fertile longer and disinfect it. Before being placed in the ground, moss is cooked, soaking it in a bucket of water, in which 10 tbsp is dissolved. l urea.
- Sour soil for growing gooseberries will not interfere. But if the pH is less than 5.5, soil liming is carried out. Do it in advance - in the fall during the digging of the site, and even better - 2 years before the gooseberry planting.
In light soils, there is little magnesium needed for the development of the shrub. To reduce the acidity of the soil and at the same time fill the lack of this element, before planting the gooseberry, dolomite flour or gypsum is applied to the site. You can scatter wood ash over it.
Crude, boggy soils, lowlands and places prone to flooding are not suitable for growing shrubs. In such conditions, its root collar often affects rot, and the gooseberry dies. It is important to consider when planting and groundwater level. The distance to them should be not less than 1.5 m.
Selection of seedlings
The answer to the question of how to plant a gooseberry is quite simple. If an ideal place for a shrub is found on the plot, and the soil is prepared, go to a no less responsible stage - the choice of seedlings. They are examined by discarding those affected by pests and diseases, as well as those who are mechanically damaged and dry. Bushes at the age of 2 years take root well in the new place. It is better to buy from them those whose root system is open. So it's easier to choose a quality sapling.
It is distinguished by the presence of 2-3 strong 25-centimeter shoots and developed roots, the length of which is at least 20-25 cm. The buds in its sinuses are not dissolved. And the roots are already completely woody and have acquired a dark color. Particular attention should be paid to the tips of the gooseberry shoots, they must be healthy and strong. They may have leaves, but the correct seedling most of the central stem and lateral branches is bare.
Having bought such a bush, you need to take care of its transportation. To protect the roots from drying out, they are placed in wet burlap. Instead, you can use the newspaper. A plastic bag is put on top or a protective cover is wrapped with a film. The final step is to secure the structure with a rope.
Seedlings sold in pots can be purchased at any age. It is optimal if the length of their well leafy shoots reaches 40-50 cm and there are numerous white roots on them. It is important to check the strength of planting young gooseberry. Its roots should be tightly braided by an earthen clod, not going to the surface and not germinating through the bottom of the tank, and the bush itself should not be shaken out of it. Such saplings in the fall can be placed in the ground not immediately, but after 2-3 weeks. The main thing - to regularly water the plant in a pot, not allowing the soil to dry. Be sure to moisturize it and before transporting shrubs.
Practicing planting gooseberries in the spring and autumn. Professionals advise to move the procedure to a later time. With early disembarkation it is difficult to make it in time. We need to get into a short time interval when the soil has already thawed, and the buds on the plant have not yet swelled. If they have already woken up, and the ground is dry, the shrub grows heavier in a new place.
In the autumn there are no such difficulties. If you plant for 1-1.5 months before the first frost (in the middle zone this is the period from the last decade of September to mid-October), new roots will form at the gooseberry, and it will easily endure the winter. In the initial stages of shrub development, it is important to get a lot of moisture. This is another advantage of autumn planting. In the spring, when it begins to grow, the soil that is wet after the snow melts will be the key to its intensive development.
When digging a plot, it is important to select weed roots from the ground, paying special attention to wheat grass and sowing. Otherwise, they will quickly grow, depriving the bush of nutrients and moisture, and weed them out from under the sprawling bush, whose branches are covered with sharp spikes, it will be difficult.
The distance between adjacent bushes depends on the cultivar. Low-growing varieties of gooseberry will be enough 1 m of free space. Tall will need 2 times more space. Determining the depth of the landing pit, focus on the age and size of the bushes. For several plants it is better to dig a trench. If the seedlings are 1 or 2 years old, its depth is equal to 0.5 m. For single bushes, holes are dug up with a diameter of 40-50 cm. This is done in advance - in the autumn or summer (1.5-2 months before the seedlings are placed in the ground) .
The soil is filled with fertilizer:
- rotted manure or compost (10 kg per bush),
- wood ash (100 g each),
- double superphosphate (50 g),
- potassium sulphide (40 kg).
Planting gooseberry includes several mandatory steps. Begin with a careful examination of the future bush. If there are damaged or dry patches on its roots or branches, they are removed. The tops of the shoots are pruned, leaving no more than 5 buds on them. To make the bush take root faster, its underground part is dipped into the root growth stimulator solution. Fertile soil is piled on the bottom of the pit. Having installed a sapling on it, gently straighten its roots and gradually fill the hole with earth, not forgetting to compact it, so that voids do not form.
The root collar of the shrub does not need to be heavily covered with soil, the optimum depth is 3-5 cm. Having planted a young gooseberry, it is watered abundantly, and the soil under it is mulched. It is best to use peat, straw or humus for the procedure, but you can get by with dry earth. It will take 3-4 days, and watering and mulching spend again.
Growing gooseberries in the garden will not bring much trouble. For the active development and fruiting of the shrub, the soil under it must be regularly loosened or dug up. The method of treatment and the depth of impact is chosen, focusing on the structure of the soil. If the land on the plot is dense and heavy, it is better to dig it up. Light porous soil is sufficiently slightly loosen with garden forks.
Carry out the procedure carefully. The roots of the gooseberry are located almost at the very surface of the soil, and they are easy to damage. The soil, which is located directly under the crown of the plant, is loosened shallowly - by only 6-7 cm, and between the bushes - by 15 cm. Fertilizers can be scattered over the soil surface in the autumn before the procedure. During loosening they are buried in the soil. On the eve of winter, the plants slightly spud, and in the spring they gently shovel the ground from their trunk with forks. Spending loosening quite often - 5-6 times per season.
Gooseberry is a rare scapula. His bushes do not tolerate the neighborhood of weeds. To harvest high yields from them, we will have to devote a lot of time to weeding. In no case should we allow overgrowth of plantings. Due to the accumulation of weeds in the soil creates excessive moisture, which can provoke the development of many dangerous diseases.
Watering and feeding
High yields greatly weaken the shrub. Therefore, during the season it needs to be fed abundantly. Nutrient formulations make twice. The first dressing is carried out when the gooseberry fades. It stimulates the development of its shoots and formed ovaries.
The second time the shrub is fertilized when the berries are already harvested from it. At this stage of the life cycle of the plant, top dressing will be a guarantee of future harvest. In the fall, flower buds will be laid on its branches. Their quantity directly depends on the nutrients obtained by the shrub.
In the dry summer gooseberries will have to be watered regularly. You can proceed to the next procedure if the soil is already dry. Water is poured at the root, carefully watching that it does not fall on the leaves of the shrub. If this happens, the gooseberry can get sick. For this reason, it does not suit such a common method of irrigation as sprinkling. Shrub is harmful not only excess moisture, but also its lack. In the spring it should not be allowed in the period of active growth of the gooseberry and the formation of ovaries, and in summer special attention should be paid to watering 2 weeks before the berries are picked.
To the bushes were healthy and attractive, and berries - large, pruned gooseberries. While the plants are very young (at the age of 1-3 years), its goal is to form their basis. In the spring of the perennial shoots that make up the skeleton of the bush, leave only ½ length. Bottom growth of gooseberry is removed almost completely. At 4 years of age and then age pruning is carried out to thin out the bush. Strong and healthy shoots do not touch. And from the weak, dry, injured, affected by diseases or pests, beaten by frost and directed into the bush of branches, it is better to get rid of.
The peak of fruiting at the branches of the gooseberry falls on the age of 3-6 years. Therefore, when pruning to regret the old shoots do not need - a generous harvest from them all the same do not wait.
The formation of a shrub is started in autumn, when it sheds leaves, or in spring, while its buds are still asleep. Many gardeners practice summer pruning, which improves the quality of the crop. Gooseberries are shortened when the ovaries appear on them, cutting off their upper part so that 5-7 leaves are left on the branch. After this treatment, the berries on the bush are larger.
Northern grapes - so called gooseberries in the people. In this poetic comparison lies the quivering love of the shrubs and sincere admiration for them. Its merits can be listed for a long time. It is unpretentious, high-yielded, frost-resistant, durable, easy to care for. It is not surprising that he has long become a familiar element of the dacha landscape.
Even novices will cope with growing shrubs. The main thing - before planting gooseberries, familiarize yourself with the features of its agricultural technology. And then it remains for the small: choose the right area, prepare the soil and purchase high-quality seedlings.
The gooseberry is a shrub from the genus Currant of the Gooseberry family, which is present in almost every household plot. Появившись в XVI столетии в садах Европы, ягодная культура приобрела такую популярность, что уже в XIX веке было выведено более 100 сортов и велась работа селекционеров по созданию устойчивого к мучнистой росе гибрида.
Выращивание крыжовника: почему его стоит сажать на участке
Many gardeners do not see much point in growing this berry and do not practice planting it, because they believe that this bush requires special care, which takes a lot of time. Really, some varieties are very demanding to care. However, the bulk of care activities occur, as a rule, in the spring. In summer and autumn, gooseberries do not require such attention as in spring. Growing a plant on the garden will help enrich the summer diet with vitamins, as the berries collected from this shrub have a lot of useful properties. Planting it is definitely worth it. Here are a few reasons for landing on the plot:
- Group landings around the perimeter of the suburban area is an excellent “hedge” that helps to hide what is happening in the area from curious neighbors,
- If the seedlings are properly prepared for planting, they will develop very quickly, and soon the cutting will turn into a flowering and fruiting shrub,
- Another reason why many gardeners plant it, lies in the fact that it belongs to the number of berry shrubs-long-livers. He can safely grow in the same place for several decades and all this time to please the gardener with an excellent harvest,
- And finally, the decisive argument in favor of planting a bush is its fruits. Gooseberry berries contain many vitamins and other beneficial substances.
Gooseberry: planting and care in the open field
Many gardeners plant gooseberries in the fall. However, most seasoned gardeners still prefer to do it in spring.. The spring planting has the following advantages:
- In spring, the earth is well warmed up, and the seedling adapts to new conditions more quickly,
- If you plant a gooseberry in the fall, it can die in severe winter frosts. But the sapling, planted in the spring, will have time to gain strength by the winter, and will easily endure wintering,
- Statistics show that shrubs planted in spring have higher yields,
- In the fall, there is often increased humidity, and in spring it happens much less frequently. In this regard, seedlings planted in the spring, less susceptible to powdery mildew.
After planting for gooseberries need to properly care. This shrub loves fertilizing. It is best to feed gooseberry mullein. To do this, take a rake or any other sharp instrument and describe the correct circle around the bush. Then follows this circle hold a neat shallow furrow. Further, the gardener spreads a mullein with water and neatly, with the help of a small watering can or ladle, spills a mullein into this furrow in a circle. At the end of feeding, the furrow is carefully covered with earth. The gooseberry will surely respond to such top dressing and will delight you with a wonderful harvest.
Watering should be very moderate. Gooseberry tolerates drought, but suffers from stagnant fluids. It is the stagnation of fluid and the lack of proper drainage of fluid most often provoke the development of fungal infections. The most dangerous of these infections is powdery mildew. So called this disease in Russia, and in the international agricultural literature, it is called "mildew."
Gooseberry: spring care
Spring gooseberry requires special attention. However, this also applies to other berry crops, such as currants and raspberries. In the spring, berry bushes emerge from a period of physiological dormancy, preparing for budding, flowering and fruiting.
After a long winter gardener must inspect the plants and see if they have suffered from severe frosts. If the gooseberry branches are blackened, the shrub most likely could not withstand the frosts, and the buds will no longer bloom. If only a few branches are damaged, they should be pruned, and then the bush will develop normally. Pruning gooseberries in the spring in any case is necessary: it is an effective way to remove old, dried branches. Having got rid of unnecessary cargo, the plant with new forces will prepare for a beautiful pore of flowering.
Spring - a hot time for the gardener in terms of combating diseases and pests. Many gardeners use industrial chemicals for this purpose. However, it is best to choose the “cheap and angry” grandma way. This method should be used immediately after the snow has melted, but before the buds have blossomed so as not to ruin them by negligence. This method consists in the following: the bare branches of the gooseberry must be doused with boiling water. Boiling water perfectly kills all pathogenic bacteria, and also destroys pests. The annual "bath" of boiling water - excellent method of spring prevention of powdery mildew and aphid invasions.
Also in the spring, it is often necessary to feed the plant so that the gooseberry gains its strength sooner and enters a time of flowering.
Diseases and pests
The gooseberry, like the currant, is very susceptible to disease and is often affected by pests. Of the parasites, the most of the harm is aphid. Determine the presence of aphids possible on the following grounds:
- A large number of completely dried and fallen leaves,
- The presence of deformed and twisted leaves on a bush,
- Sometimes on the leaves you can find small white eggs of aphids, as well as colonies of its larvae,
- Also on the foliage of the gooseberry you can notice the mucus secreted by the aphids.
The powdery mildew disease is characterized by the following features:
- The presence of whitish on the leaves,
- Berries quickly rot and fall to the ground
- On the berries appears characteristic gray patina. Before you eat berries or procure them for future use, this bloom must be removed,
- In severe cases, the plant root system is affected. At the gooseberry leaves begin to massively fall off, and the plant dies.
Secrets of gooseberry jam
Most often, housewives prepare gooseberry jam. This jam in the people is called "Tsarskoe", and it is no coincidence. The "Tsar's" delicacy has a noble golden color, and the large golden berries of the gooseberry in sugar syrup look very nice.
Some housewives brew the "royal" jam, not removing the seeds from the gooseberry, but in this case it does not look as beautiful as the jam with berries without seeds. Seeding is a rather painstaking job. To do this, carefully cut off the tip of the berry with a sharp knife from the side where it is attached to the branch. Then the seeds are taken out with a small teaspoon or a sharp stick. This must be done very carefully., so as not to damage the walls of the berries. And, finally, when the berry is completely cleared of seeds, it needs to trim the tail. It turns out small, hollow inside green "barrels". Of these kegs and to cook jam.
Jam should be cooked over low heat. Boil the berries should be as long as they do not acquire a golden hue. Ready "royal" jam - it's large berries, soaked in sugar syrup. They look very nice in a crystal vase. Serve the jam should be at the tea table. Syrup should not be too thick and dark. Most beautiful looks golden, translucent syrup. In no case can not be used for making jam metal dishes, because when the contact of the berries with a metal surface formed toxic substances.
Planting gooseberries on the site should be. This berry shrub will provide the whole family with vitamins, as well as decorate the garden plot with its bright green large leaves resembling stars. The main thing - to properly prepare seedlings for planting in open ground and not to neglect the main measures of care. The gooseberry will surely bring a good harvest, and the collection and harvesting of berries for the future will certainly entice the whole family. Beautiful and tasty berries will appeal to both adults and children.
Among the most popular varieties that have excellent characteristics deserve special attention:
- African - winter hardy variety with a small number of spines. Medium-sized berries have a dark purple color and a pronounced currant flavor.
- Russian - tall variety of early ripening. The average weight of dark red berries is 4 g.
- Malachite - mid-season variety with medium-sized fruits, which, when ripe, acquire a sweet taste with pleasant sourness.
- Date fruit - productive, late-ripening variety, from which up to 12 kg of berries can be harvested in the fruiting phase, with a mass of one per 20 g.
Site and soil requirements
Gooseberry shows the best results in sunny areas with light soils, where groundwater lies quite deeply. The soil is prepared for 20 days before planting seedlings: the selected area is cleared of weeds, deeply dug up with the simultaneous introduction of compost, which has a loosening effect, providing good aeration on the site.
When planting in autumn:
- Planting pits of 50x50x50 cm in size with a row spacing of 3 m and a distance of 1.5 m between future bushes are prepared at the excavated and leveled area.
- A nutrient substrate is prepared from the upper fertile layer with the addition of humus and 150 g of nitroammofoski.
- Saplings with a well-straightened root system are lowered into the pits, after which they are filled with the substrate in such a way that the root neck is 2 cm deep into the ground.
- The soil in the wheel circle is compacted, watered and, after drying, is mulched with a layer of peat of 3 cm.
- Shoots shorten to 5-7 cm.
Planting in the spring is carried out in a similar pattern, but the survival rate of the bushes planted during this period is much worse.
Taking into account the value of five to seven-year branches and branches of the first to third orders, pruning should be carried out according to the following scheme:
- Branches older than 8 years are cut to the ground, which stimulates the development of zero shoots.
- Low and far-growing shoots are also removed.
- Cut the tops of the shoots, which began to shrink the fruit.
- Places of cuts, especially on old, thick branches, are processed by garden pitch.
Gooseberry breeding, as a rule, is carried out by vegetative methods that do not cause much difficulty in carrying out - grafting, reproduction by layering.
The cuttings are carried out in a period of slower development, which falls on the month of July.
- Cuttings of the first order up to 20 cm in length with 10 internodes are cut.
- Planting material is aged for 8 hours in a growth stimulator to improve root formation.
- The prepared cuttings are deepened by 2 cm into the loose substrate of sand and peat in equal parts.
- A mini-greenhouse is created above the plantings to provide the required parameters - humidity 90%, soil and air temperature 20 and 27 ° C, respectively.
- After 10 days, the film is removed, and the cuttings are transplanted to grow.
With a similar procedure, which are subject to three-four-year bushes before the start of sap flow, the following steps are carried out:
- One-year basal shoots are selected.
- Near them are dug shallow grooves.
- The selected shoots pinch the apical part of 3 cm, after which they are placed in the groove, where they are fixed with wire clips or wooden studs.
- The first time the layers are sprinkled with soil after germination of the shoots from the buds by 5 cm.
- After reaching the young shoots of 15 cm, the hilling of shoots is carried out almost to the tops.
- By the autumn, up to six seedlings with roots, which can be separated and transplanted, will be formed from a single horizontal layer.
Plant pests and control
Often, the gooseberry is attacked by aperture and gooseberry fireworm. It is very easy to defeat aphids with an insecticide treatment. And for effective protection of the plant from the butterfly, it is necessary to know the specifics of its development. It is not the butterflies themselves that cause harm to the culture, but the hatching eggs laid out by the fireworm eggs, which begin active feeding after flowering. During this period, you must immediately spray the bushes with insecticide.