Gherkins, which combine delicate taste and compact presentation, are very popular among gardeners. The hybrid variety of cucumbers Masha F1 stands out among them due to long-term storage, taste and strength of fruits.
For more than 5 years I have been cultivating this variety with its subsequent sale and I am ready to tell you in detail about Masha F1.
One of the Dutch seed supply companies has launched a new hybrid variety of cucumber Masha F1. It received official registration on the territory of the Russian Federation in 2000. And since then, the popularity of this hybrid grows every year, because it is highly resistant to many diseases and pests, and is also suitable for growing throughout Russia.
This hybrid has high yields due to long-term fruiting and a bouquet type of ovary. So on one node can be formed up to 8 fruits.
As for pollination, this process does not require other pollinating varieties or insects. Thanks to this feature, Masha F1 is an ideal variety of gherkins for growing in greenhouse conditions.
Masha possesses determinant shrubs, which are characterized by a low degree of shoot formation and stunting after the appearance of flowering brushes. Thanks to this feature, compact bushes are formed.
The leaves of this variety grow rich green color, medium size and moderate wrinkling. The skin is rather dense. Fruits in mature condition grow up to 8 cm, having the form of a cylinder and large tubercles. The mass of a cucumber usually ranges from 80-90 g.
The maximum length of the gherkin can be 11-12 cm, but to keep them to this state is not recommended. Otherwise, the nutritional properties of the fruit are lost, taste deteriorates and the development of all other cucumbers decreases.
Important! Hybrids are not able to transfer their benefits to offspring, so growing over-ripe cucumbers does not justify itself.
In a greenhouse with 1 m 2 planting can be collected up to 12 kg of cucumbers. At the same time, the yield of such a crop is close to 96%. Fruiting comes from 36 days after the shoots appeared. This result is by far the earliest among all varieties of gherkins.
According to its use, the variety is equal to the universal one, since it is suitable for use both in fresh form, and for pickling and canning.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Masha F1 gained her popularity due to a number of advantages, including:
- Rapid maturation
- Good immunity against many diseases and pests,
- High yields
- Ease of care
- Good transportability
- Compact size bushes.
Among the shortcomings, some gardeners note the rapid maturation, which involves the daily harvest. However, this feature is a disadvantage only for summer residents who come on weekends.
Special care recommendations for this variety do not exist. Watering beds should be done depending on weather conditions: during the heat, the procedure is carried out daily, in the presence of moderate precipitation - 1-2 times a week.
Another mandatory procedure is the regular weeding of the beds and the timely removal of weeds.
Tip! In order to grow more side shoots, you can hold over 5 sheets.
Top dressing, as well as for other grades of gherkins, are carried out in several stages. The first fertilization should be carried out after the appearance of 2 mature sheets, the second - after 2 weeks. Subsequent feeding takes place every decade.
For these purposes, dissolved manure with the addition of wood ash is well suited.
Diseases and pests
This variety has good resistance to many diseases, but you should not rely 100% on immunity, but carry out preventive measures aimed at preventing the following diseases.
- Anthracnose. The disease is represented by brown spots on the leaves and pink bloom on the branches and the stem. The optimal conditions for its distribution is increased humidity, which contributes to the defeat and subsequent death of the root system. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to treat with a solution of bleach or Bordeaux liquor.
- Root rot. With improper care and sudden temperature changes can be observed root rot, which is accompanied by a thinning of the stem. As a rule, the affected bushes are to be removed, and prevention is to comply with proper agricultural practices.
Of insect pests for Masha F1, spider mites, slugs and melon aphids are dangerous, in which the drug Inta-vir can be used to combat.
Oksana, 29 years old
Living in a country house, I decided to grow vegetables. As for cucumbers, experienced gardeners recommended this variety to me. For the second year I have been growing Masha F1 gherkins, and I am extremely pleased with my results. During this time, no plant is ill, and the harvest is abundant.
Sergey, 43 years old
I am engaged in the professional cultivation of cucumbers and, in my opinion, this variety is the best among all existing ones! Pleasant taste, presentation and good transportability make Masha grade an indispensable assistant to my business.
The main characteristics of the variety
Masha cucumbers belong to the first generation of hybrid plants, and this indicates that they have improved characteristics. Please note that the seeds of this variety can not be used for subsequent plantings, as they begin to lose their properties.
Such plants are distinguished by a powerful stem on which more than 5 fruits can grow. The skin of the fruit is thick and covered with tubercles. The mass of one ripe cucumber is not more than 100 gand the length is not more than 8 cm.
- This hybrid is deterministic and is characterized by precocity,
- ripens in 37–39 days,
- maximum yield - 11 kg from one meter of disembarkation,
- the fruiting period is quite long,
- landing can be both vertical and horizontal.
Mash cucumber variety is excellent for commercial cultivation. This is explained by the fact that the fetus maintains its density for a long time and tolerates transportation well. This variety can be used for raw consumption, for pickling or salting. Please note that the harvest should be on time, otherwise cucumbers will lose their taste.
Basic planting and growing tips
To grow this vegetable should be in a sunny area, but protected from drafts and wind. In the southern regions the plant is best planted in partial shade, otherwise the leaves can get sunburn. Crop cucumbers Masha best on super sandstone or light loam, but without high acidity. Please note that this vegetable can not be planted in the area where before this pumpkin grew or beets. This plant is very well combined with cabbage, tomatoes and onions.
How to prepare seedlings?
Sow the seeds should be in late April. For planting, you can use small containers or peat tablets. Seeds should be sunk into the soil by no more than 2 cm. The temperature at which seedlings should be grown should be in the range of 20–25 ° C.
A week before planting seedlings in open ground, it should be hardened. It is possible to land in open ground only when the temperature at night does not fall below 18 ° C. Often this temperature established in early June. Sprouts that are ready for transplant should have 3-4 leaves. If after planting in open ground light frosts begin, then the seedlings should be covered with a film.
Experienced gardeners recommend caring for such plants in the evening. In order to preserve nutrients and moisture in the soil, mulching should be carried out periodically. If the vegetable grows in a greenhouse, then it should be periodically ventilated so that the plant receives the right amount of oxygen.
The optimum temperature for growing is 27 ° C. If the air temperature is around 20 ° C, then the growth of the plant will drag on for at least 10 days. At a temperature of 32 ° C and higher, the growth of cucumbers Masha can stop.
How and when to water?
Watering should be done every 3 days. Watering with dressing should be done every 10 days. To prevent fungal diseases, you need to ensure that water does not fall on the leaves.
As for weeding, it should be deep, and hilling should be carried out only if necessary.
When and how to feed?
For fertilizing, you should use mineral fertilizers, including organic, as well as phosphorus agents. Phosphorus is needed to ensure that the root system is well formed. This fertilizer should be applied 3 weeks before sowing.
Organic fertilizer is needed in orderto increase yields. The first feeding should be carried out before flowering. After flowering begins, treatment should be done every 10 days. For top dressing you should use 10 g of urea per 1 liter of manure. Ash can be used to improve plant growth.
Experienced growers recommend looking at the plant. If the cucumber in its shape begins to resemble a pear, then potassium should be added, and if the tip of the vegetable begins to sharpen and brighten, nitrogen should be added.
Pay attention to the fact that Masha cucumbers can not be planted other varieties, as cross-pollination may occur.
When to harvest?
Fruit should be harvested every day; no more than 10–16 fruits should hang on one bush. If the harvest is less frequent, then the characteristics of cucumbers deteriorate. Vegetables should be picked carefully, as you can tear off an already fragile loop. Late harvest is fraught with the fact that the growth of other fruits is slowing.
What is the use of this variety?
Cucumber is 95% water, its calorie per 100 g is 15 kcal, so this fruit can be eaten even by people on a diet. The composition of this vegetable includes The following beneficial vitamins and substances:
- Vitamins A, PP, C and B,
Cucumbers are useful for cardiovascular diseases, gout, liver and kidney diseases. Please note that these vegetables can be harmful to people who suffer from gastritis or a stomach ulcer.
What are the features of this variety?
This is an early and high-yielding variety., which has a good resistance to diseases. The first crop can be harvested within 35–40 days after planting, the fruiting period is rather long. With good care on one ovary can form up to 7 fruits.
I tried many different varieties of gherkins, but this one is the best. I love him for crispy cucumbers and high yields. The main thing is that they do not outgrow. I use them for conservation.
My kids love gherkins very much. Cucumbers Masha for me is a real find, they are unpretentious, and the yield is high. I want to leave a positive review about this variety. Great for fresh salads
I have been planting this variety for a long time. Every year, Masha cucumbers make me happy with a good harvest. I use them both for salads, and for preservation.
Advantages and disadvantages
Of course, like any other variety, Masha F1 has its own advantages and disadvantages. Let's start with the second.
From the best side, the grade is characterized by the following qualities:
- The terms of fruit ripening can be considered not just early, but very early,
- Product yield of grown products is at least 95%,
- The predominance of female-type inflorescences ensures high yields. Which usually exceeds 10 kg from one meter square,
- In one node, a large number of ovaries are formed, on average 7, which guarantees a very harmonious fruiting,
- Fruit type - gherkin,
- The taste of Zelentsov is excellent when used fresh, and after canning,
- Resistance to many diseases ensures a good harvest,
- The transportability of cucumbers is high.
But there are also disadvantages to the variety. Although, they are much smaller than positive qualities, but it is worth knowing about them:
- The skin of the fruit is of medium thickness, rather dense. Many don't like it,
- Cucumbers can not boast of a rich and pronounced flavor,
- It is recommended to collect fruits every day so that they do not have time to outgrow,
- Growing up, Zelentsy very quickly begin to lose their taste.
Planting and care, agricultural technology
All gardeners know that the first step to an excellent harvest is the correct planting of plants. First of all, it is recommended to select high-quality seed material. A company that represents this variety on the market requires proper handling of the seeds. They are packaged in Holland, after which the cucumbers can be sown. No more seed events need to be done. It is especially worth noting that this seed does not require soaking before planting.
So, if the seeds are already there, it is necessary to correctly select the area where they will grow. Variety Masha F1 is rather demanding of growing conditions. First, he needs a high fever. Secondly, the plant needs sunlight. There are two factors that do not really like this variety. The first is darkening for most of the day, the second is drafts.
The soil fits different. But if we are talking about ideal conditions, then you can select your favorite qualities of the soil of the described grade. The land should be light and not acidic, but enriched with humus. It is advisable to enrich the bed for cucumbers in the fall, making manure. If for some reason this is not done, then rotted manure can be applied to the ground in the spring before planting.
To grow this variety in two ways - seedling and seedless. The first is better to use if there is a desire to get a harvest super early. Perfect in this case, ready peat pots or cassettes. Although you can use simple plastic cups or even sachets. Only 1 seed should be planted in each tank. Next, the seedlings are contained at an average temperature of about 15 degrees.
Repotting to a permanent place is time to make, when on each plant will be from 4 to 6 of these leaves. On the garden by this time there should already be enough warm soil. It is important that all frosts are over. When planting in open ground outside the greenhouse, seedlings can be covered with foil.
It is possible to sow cucumbers of this variety and simply in an open ground. They do it not earlier than the end of May - the beginning of June. To understand that the soil is ready, you can: it should be heated to 15 degrees at a depth of 15-20 cm. The external temperature should be at least 22 degrees during the day and not less than 18 at night. Deepen the seeds do not need much - about 2-3 cm.
Depending on the type of growing, we plan the sowing scheme. With a vertical 1 square meter should be no more than 3 bushes. When horizontal, about 4-5 plants are allowed on the same area.
Watering cucumbers is not sunny time - very sooner or later. Although droplets, falling on the foliage, do not cause burns, drip watering is still considered the most ideal. With it, the soil constantly maintains the desired moisture. A simple watering takes place every 1-2 days with water heated under the sun. In order not to damage the delicate cucumber roots, it is recommended to water it in the grooves, and not directly under the root. Initially, 1 bucket per square meter is poured out, and as the bushes grow this volume is enough for 1 bush.
Weeding and loosening will be useful in growing this variety. They will relieve the bushes from unnecessary shade and saturate the roots with oxygen.
Fertilizing Masha F1 is recommended every 10 days after germination. Urea (10g per bucket of water) or liquid manure is used. After the appearance of inflorescences, it is time to add organic matter — half a liter of ash, compost, manure, or bird droppings onto a bucket of liquid. When fruiting begins, make potassium and magnesium (10 g per bucket of water).
When grown in greenhouses, it is recommended to disinfect both shelters and the soil in them. This will improve the crop with a constant landing on the same place. You can use sulfur bomb for such purposes.
You can pick fruits about 40 days after disembarkation. The smaller Masha F1 cucumbers to collect, the more often it will have to be done. Growing fruits to large sizes inhibits the development of new greenmen. Fresh such cucumbers can be stored in the refrigerator for about 1 month.
I grow Masha every year in a greenhouse. If the summer is sunny, then the fruits are just wonderful. But in bad weather there is little light and the fruits are bright, the ovary was small.
I like everything in this variety, except for one. They all reach almost at one moment. After a couple of assemblies, the plant is already beginning to disappear.
When growing this variety, I always form bushes - pinch off the tops of the side shoots. So the bushes grow, the harvest period is much longer. I advise!