Plants that for normal development are sufficiently rarefied sunlight penetrating to them through the crowns of trees or they are in the sun are considered to be shallow. just a few hours a day. They have bright juicy green foliage, because it does not fade in the sun, if they are planted on sunny areas they grow poorly.
Plants for shade can be divided into flowering and decorative leafy.
TO flowering shade include: lily of the valley, bleaching center, garden geranium, anemone, foxglove, great astronomy, primula, aquilegia, astilba, bathing, beautiful hydrangea, periwinkle, volzhanka, devyasil.
Decorative leafy shade-loving are: hosts, geyhery, ferns, Badan, Bruner.
In the shade well grow such vines as: actinidia kolomikta, girlish grapes, Chinese magnolia vine. They decorate fences and walls of domestic premises.
For the summer season, shaded areas of the garden can be decorated with flowers in pots, such as everglowing begonia, lobelia, balsamines and low-resistant hydrangeas. In the autumn, at the end of the summer season, they are brought into the house, where they winter well until next summer.
Let's get acquainted closer with shade-loving plants.
Unpretentious Perennial charming with its tenderness plant. She has beautiful flowers not only of different colors, but also openwork foliage.
Aquilegia is unpretentious to the choice of soil, it grows on loose, moist soils, but when compost or humus is introduced into the soil, it grows powerful and blooms profusely. The care consists of moderate watering followed by loosening the soil and dressing once every 3 weeks. Propagated by seed, dividing the bush.
Having planted a geranium in the most unattractive place, in a year you will not recognize it. The fast-growing plant with its lush, openwork bushes fills the free space so tightly that even the weeds can not break through.
Perennial garden geraniums are popular with gardeners due to:
- drought and frost resistance
- long bloom and rich colors, which is not yet only yellow and orange colors
- longevity and resistance to diseases and pests
Geranium care consists of watering and dressing. In early spring, nitrogen fertilizers are applied, and throughout the season once a month, complex minerals are applied.
Dicentra - shade tolerant perennial. When planting under the trees flowering is delayed, but the color of flowers is brighter. It is moisture-loving, responds well to fertilization. A few years after the landing of the bleaching center forms a powerful, richly flowering shrub.
It is better to cover the center for the winter, in order to avoid freezing. It reproduces by dividing overgrown bushes and grafting.
Perennial frost-resistant the plant is 1.5-2 m high and the bush width is up to 1 m; it is very decorative, you can even say spectacular. A sweet honey aroma emanates from the blooming white panicles, and the openwork foliage adorns the Volzhanka up to the most frost.
Volzhanka unpretentious, but grows best on fertile soils. It is quite drought-resistant, but it is not terrible for over-wetting the soil. After flowering during June, faded panicles must be removed so that the plant does not lose its decorative effect. In late autumn, the stems are cut at a level of 5 cm from the soil.
Hortensia - luxurious flowering shrub is one of the most impressive in its flowering garden. Hortensia loves a sour, nutritious and well-hydrated soil. To maintain the acidity of the soil and moisture in it, it is necessary to mulch the fallen needles, sawdust, peat.
Hydrangea blooms from late June to frost large flowers.
The hydrangea has many varieties: tree, paniculate (the most winter-hardy), petiole, large-leaved. Most of the hydrangeas are winter-hardy, but shelter for the winter does not hurt. Even if they freeze slightly in severe winters, they are easily restored with good care over the season.
Perennial undemanding in the care of the plant, bringing a bright accent to the flower gardens and gardens. Pleases with its colorful foliage from spring to autumn. The composition of the soil for planting is not particularly important, the main thing is light and without stagnation of water.
Once a month you can feed, but the dose of complex fertilizer should be halved compared to others. In the winter outlet need to pile up and zamulchirovat.
Flower growers appreciate it for:
- compactness, frost resistance and unpretentiousness,
- a wide variety of varieties and colors
- flower bed decoration all season and good compatibility with other colors,
- ease and speed in reproduction,
- absence of diseases and pests
- very good in containers.
Hosta - queen of shadow. In the shady areas all the beauty of its leaves is revealed, when grown in the sun, they fade, fade and lose their decorative effect. The host is unpretentious, cold and drought-resistant. It grows very well. It blooms with bell-shaped flowers of white or lilac color, which gracefully rise above the green mass of leaves.
The variety of colors of the leaves of the host is impressive: from pale green to dark green, there are variegated varieties with white and yellow stripes. The sizes of the hosts are also different: from dwarf to giants. The height varies from 5 cm to 1.5-2 m. There is something to stop your choice on.
Astilba is a little shadow princess. Plant moisture-loving and unpretentious. Astilbe is beautiful, both in flowering both before and after it due to its carved foliage. After flowering, the flowering inflorescences can not be removed, they also decorate it.
Astilba blooms with white, pink, red inflorescences-panicles in the first half of summer. The soil for cultivation must be fertile and moisture-consuming. It is desirable to mulch the plant to maintain soil moisture.
Fern is herbaceous perennial shadow a plant which loves moisture and shady places.
In this case, the plant is drought-resistant, if the plant dries out during a strong heat without watering, next spring it will delight you with its appearance again. Planted in the shade of trees, they give the site a tropical forest view.
Actinidia - colomicta
Actinidia-colomikta - perennial fragrant deciduous liana, decorativeness gives it a variegated color of leaves. The shoots of actinidia require support and can grow up to 7 m in height. Actinidia is also valuable for its healthy, tasty fruits like kiwi.
For planting using seedlings no older than 4 years of age, because adult plants do not survive.
On summer days, shady parts of the garden are equipped and used for recreation, where you can enjoy the coolness, hide from the heat of the heat and the scorching sun. The recreation area can be decorated with shade-loving plants, creating flower beds or islands of lush greenery. The choice of plants for this is great and varied.
One of the most common perennial shade-loving plants is the host, which is rightly called the "shadow queen" and the "twilight princess".
This plant is really charming, and is able to decorate the most exquisite garden, withstanding any competition. The flowers of the hosts are like small purple bells, and quite inconspicuous, but the beauty of these plants is not in flowers, but in ornamental leaves (see photo).
The leaves of the hosts come in different sizes and shapes, and their color varies from dark green to bluish and yellow. They can be light green, blue-gray, spotty, striped, almost white, with wavy edges, or edges that look like lace.
Hosts can resemble large fountains of round leaves and reach a height of 70 cm, and can be small bushes with narrow elongated leaves. However, any hosts add to the garden of mystery and charm of the present East.
Planted hosts should be in the shade. It cannot be said that this plant categorically does not tolerate the sun, but in sunny areas the hosts will lose their charm, and their leaves will become green for all plants. The brightness and diversity of the host saves it in the shaded areas of the garden.
In this case, the host is quite an unpretentious flower, and does not require special care. Its only preference, besides the shaded area, is moisture. Khosta loves wet land and prefers abundant watering.
The beauty of the hosts is also in the fact that it decorates the garden all season, and begins to wither and fall off closer to the frost. If you do not pick up the withered leaves of the host, and leave them in the garden until spring, your plant will not require any additional shelter.
Following the host in terms of quality is another shadow lover - lily of the valley. This flower is best planted under the trees, but keep in mind that the lily of the valley has a very strong and extensive root system. In a few years it will grow throughout the site, but the largest and most fragrant flowers will appear in the shade. In the sun lilies of the valley become small, and bloom not for long.
It is difficult to imagine a flower that compares beauty, refinement and aroma with lily of the valley. Small white bells are not just spring decoration of the garden, but also exude such a smell that it is simply impossible to pass by.
Lilies of the valley do not require special care, they grow and multiply beautifully, and the only thing that can be “reproached” with this lovely flower is its short flowering. By the end of June, the lily of the valley will fade, and only elongated leaves will remain from its subtle beauty.
The third leader among the shade-loving perennials is the Celtic "witch violet"; the symbol of marital fidelity is the periwinkle.
A persistent, unpretentious groundcover can also grow in the sun, but it is in the shade that its leaves acquire a glossy shine, and small flowers create a heavenly brightness.
Periwinkle practically does not require care, it grows quickly and is simply indispensable in decorating shady areas on the north side of the house and near the fence, where sunlight does not fall.
The periwinkle will successfully mask the most unsightly places of your garden, close the soil tightly, and during the whole summer you will not have weeds in the area - the periwinkle will displace them from the beds.
Shadow Tolerant Perennials
Shade-tolerant plants can grow both in the shade and in the sun, without harming their ornamentation and without damage to flowering. Often these plants are very beautiful complement each other.
Astilba, irises, forget-me-nots, violets and balsam are among the plants that equally well tolerate both sunny places and shady areas.
Shade-tolerant astilba with multi-colored inflorescences looks great in compositions with hosts. Astilba is valued for its long flowering throughout the season, shade tolerance and unpretentiousness.
A bush with spreading leaves looks beautiful not only during the flowering period, but also after it, retaining its decorative effect all summer.
Given the variety of colors of this plant, gardeners love to combine among themselves astilbe with inflorescences of different colors, planting them in one flowerbed. Different shades of one flower look very interesting and unusual.
Nevertheless, a combination of astilbe and hosts is considered a classic. These plants perfectly complement each other, and the composition of them gives the garden a special charm.
Another beautiful shade-tolerant perennial - iris. Irises for their unusual shape are called northern orchids. This flower can be bulbous and rhizomatous, and depending on this, you need to choose a place for planting. Lovers of shade and moisture are exactly rhizomatous irises, and their bulbous brothers grow best in sunny, dry places.
For some reason, it is believed that the irises love sunny areas. Nothing like this - this flower grows well in the shade. You shouldn’t plant irises near the ferns - its roots do not like excessive moisture, but in a shaded place, for example, under trees, if you do not allow overflow, the iris will feel fine.
Irises look good both by themselves, in single plantings, and in combination with other colors. The most interesting irises look even with some lovers of shady areas - conifer.
The Canadian spruce prefers shady parts of the garden, which can rightly become a real decoration of your garden. Since tall specimens of Canadian spruce in nature reach a height of more than 30 m, the best choice for a garden or garden is a dwarf plant with a rounded crown, for example, Ekhiniformis.
This plant grows beautifully in the partial shade, and is not capricious. He is suitable for any soil, so long as they are sufficiently wet. Canadian spruce Ekhiniformis is resistant to frost, drought, and gassy air.
Another shadow lover is evergreen yew. Berry and Canadian yew are the most suitable species for the garden.
The Canadian yew is a low (about a meter high) shrub, whose crown in scope reaches about one and a half meters. This yew loves sour, fertile enough land.
Canadian yew grows slowly enough, has a strong but shallow root system.
The berry yew is a coniferous shrub. It can grow both vertically and climb - it depends on how it is planted. If, during reproduction, we take cuttings from the branches that are directed upwards, then the berry yew bush will grow vertically. If the cuttings are taken from branches growing horizontally, the bushes will be low and spreading.
Berry sprawling yew, which is most suitable for shady gardens, reaches about 60 cm in height, but it can be up to five meters wide. The branches extend horizontally from the trunk and are pressed to the ground.
Berry yew grows slowly enough, loves moisture, and prefers to grow not in the darkest corner of the garden, but rather in partial shade. Soil this plant prefers fresh.
Immediately, we note that the berries of this plant are poisonous.
Annuals that grow in the shade
For shady corners of the garden is easier to pick perennials. But often you want flowers to start to delight you this summer. Annual plants are best suited for this.
Annuals usually prefer the sun, but among them you can find lovers of twilight. And it is they who will give the shady places of your garden the decorativeness they lack.
In such places, you can plant annual phloxes that prefer partial shade. This flower begins to bloom around the middle of the forest, has bright inflorescences and reaches a height of 80 cm.
Phlox care is simple - they love loose soil, watering and fertilizing throughout the season. For the winter, phloxes need shelter, as their surface root system may freeze through.
Another shadow lover is the annual balsam. This flower was grown for a long time in indoor conditions, but later it became popular as a garden crop.
Balsam - is a low shrub up to 50 cm in height. The flowers of this plant are quite large, and have a purple or lilac color. Balsam blooms in early June and blooms until frost.
In the shade, this flower feels great, but it does not bloom as abundantly as in more lighted areas of the garden. Nevertheless, he does not lose his decorativeness, the bush grows high, and there are enough flowers to ennoble the shady place of your garden.
This plant prefers nutritious soil and moist soil. It is better to avoid overflowing to avoid stagnation of the soil.
Multicolored begonia is also an annual plant that can grow in the shade. This plant has many species, but our climatic conditions are most suitable for growing evergreen begonias and tuberous begonias. At the same time, even in the case of growing begonias in the shade, it, unlike other annuals, does not lose its bright color.
In the shade a flower called “lobelia” feels great. You can not call this annual shade-loving, but it grows well in the shade, without losing the brightness of color and decoration. In addition, adult lobelia calmly tolerate lower temperatures and wet weather. In any conditions, lobelia blooms beautifully.
If suddenly the flowering becomes less plentiful, then you just need to cut the plant stalks shorter, almost to the ground, leaving literally 5-6 cm, and flowers will soon appear on the growing shoots again.
Lobelia needs to be minimized, since as a result, the number of leaves will increase, but flowering can be reduced.
If you like bright sunny colors, plant a mimulus under the trees and on the north side of the house - a bright spotted flower that cheers up even in cloudy weather. This funny flower is also called the “jigsaw”.
This shade-loving annual plant does not change color even in the darkest corners of the garden, and does not tolerate direct sunlight. It is unpretentious, resistant to temperature extremes, withstands small frosts, calmly refers to wet soil and does not require maintenance.
If you are the owner of a plot with dry soil, and the groundwater is not very close to the ground, you can plant an American forget-me-not in the shady corners of your garden. Это неприхотливое теневыносливое почвопокровное растение с голубыми мелкими цветками пришло к нам из Америки.
В наших садах она почему-то встречается нечасто, хотя все характеристики для того, чтобы занять достойное место среди популярных садовых растений, у нее имеются.
Nemofilu can not be called a lover of dark corners, it grows well in the sun, but tolerates the shadow quite well, without losing its decorative effect.
This is a beautiful, unpretentious, abundantly flowering plant, and the only thing that Nephilia does not like is that it is too moist soil. The flower does not tolerate excessive satisfaction, however, it is necessary for a non-philophylist to water in a dry summer.
As you can see, there are quite a few varieties of garden plants that will help you create real flower oases in the shady corners of your site that will decorate your garden and will delight you all season.
Combine coniferous plants with flowering annuals, hosts with astilbe and irises, plant lilies of the valley under the trees, do not forget about the Canadian spruce, and there will always be a summer mood in your garden!
Varieties of shade plants
Garden flowers - which grow in the shade, are adapted to poor lighting, but like the sun-loving, fertile, loose soil suits them. Watering depends on their location.
So, if the plant is in the constant shade of a tree or shrub growing alongside in the summer cottage, as well as near the building, then too often it is not necessary to moisten the soil. The more light gets on a plant, the more often it needs to be watered.
Be sure to feed the plants.
Pick up fertilizer for each individually, instructions for it has information about the number and frequency of feeding.
Flowers for dark corners of the garden
Garden flowers - who love shade, are mostly perennials.
If you think that there are few of them, then you are deeply mistaken, there are a lot of varieties, so even the darkest areas will become an excellent blooming place.
- They feel excellent in the penumbra, and under the condition of constantly wet soil in the illuminated areas, the foxglove, the water collector and the gravilatum.
- Shade-loving garden flowers - black cohosh, epimedium, mertensia. They must be protected from the sun even before noon.
- They will be pleased with the beauty of the leaves of the cuff, badan, funky, geyhery.
- Buzulnik, Volzhanka, astilba will give saturated colors.
- Dicentra magnificent and kupena are among the most elegant inhabitants of the kingdom of shadows. Their stems are similar to the thread, and delicate flowers on the beads.
- The foot of the tree and the shrubs will be decorated with white and blue flowers, an anemone of the forest, a noble liverwort, the umbilical spring, which bloom from April.
- Will be pleased with the May flowering of the crested hen, the large geranium, epimemedia.
- In the summer, the flowering shadows of love are not so much - a bell, a lacticulum meconopsis, astrantia.
- Not sure which garden flowers grow in the shade in autumn? We answer - until October the hybrid anemone Japanese blooms, a wrestler, fuchsia.
- As soon as winter retreats, the black hellebore and the eastern hellebore will please with fresh blooms.
- If you learn how to combine cultures correctly, then you can make dark corners bloom for a whole year, without a fern, of course, no flowerbed will cost you in the garden at the cottage.
The main features of shade-loving colors
It is not difficult to grow a shade-loving plant - some of them are propagated by seeds, the price of which is quite affordable, others - by cuttings. Whatever cultures you choose, it is important to know their basic characteristics so that in the future you can create a unique composition for dimly lit places.
When disembarking, do not confuse cultures that love shade and partial shade.
In the shade, the plant receives three hours of direct light in the middle of the day, and in partial shade - 3-hour illumination, either in the morning or in the evening.
Choosing a landing site
Before you choose the appropriate flowers for the shadow, you need to assess the state of the territory where they will be planted, paying attention to such features:
- Shading density at the site. It is important to understand that some flowers need a solid shade, while others live freely in diffused light,
- The presence of trees and tall shrubs. This factor is very important, because many green areas like to grow near trees, bushes or thickets,
- The quality of the soil composition. Due to the lack of normal lighting, some varieties and species of plants prefer nutrient soil compositions,
- Groundwater allocation. Most shade-loving plants need abundant moisture, although some species are free to do without it,
- Probability of flooding. If there is a risk of flooding in your territory, plant only those crops that are not afraid of stagnant water and calmly cope with prolonged exposure to high humidity,
Having decided on a suitable place for planting, you can begin to choose flowers for plants.
Variety of colors for the shade
In most cases, trees and shrubs are grown in a shaded garden, but flowering plants also survive freely in such an environment. If you divide these flowers into two groups, they will be called:
Representatives of the first group are afraid of contact with sunlight and high air temperature, so they will simply die in hot places. Among the similar plants: host, periwinkle, hoof, kupena, begonia, lily of the valley.
As for shade-tolerant green spaces, they live quietly in the shade, and with scattered lighting. The list of plants includes: astilba, aquilegia, badan, balsam, zhivuchku, iris, daylily, forget-me-not and violet fragrant.
To carry out effective gardening of the shaded area of the garden, you can use one and other plants. Before choosing the appropriate colors, you need to decide which types are suitable for you: annual or perennial.
Annual shade plants
It is known that the life cycle of annual plants lasts only one year. They sprout, grow, give seeds and die in just one season. The fast-growing plantations belong to the group of ephemera. If they start growing in the autumn period - to the group of winter crops. Annuals are distinguished from perennial species by the particular brightness of the inflorescences.
Among the multiple grandeur of colorful annuals should be highlighted pansies, daisies and others. Their presence in the garden allows effectively decorate landscape design and transform it into a true work of green art. However, unfortunately, the bright flowering can please the eyes of a gardener or a summer resident only for one season, after which you will have to plant new plants.
Currently, the list of the most popular annual shade-tolerant colors, one of the leading places occupied by pansies. These tiny inhabitants with a beautiful appearance and unforgettable aroma prefer well-lit places, but they are not afraid of a significant shadow. The plant needs moderate soil moisture, and the flowering period begins in spring, summer or autumn. The maximum height of adult specimens reaches 50 centimeters.
Pansies possess thin stalks of the branching type, on which there are beautiful miniature leaves, resembling a heart shape. Sometimes they are oblong. The diameter of the buds reaches 10 centimeters in diameter. They are on long legs and grow one by one. As for coloring, then in pansies it is the most diverse. In addition, there are monophonic, and two-tone, and multi-tone shades, including:
Another popular type of plant that lives freely in a garden with abundant shade is daisy. Such tiny flowers are able to form real flowering thickets, in places where even weeds cannot grow. Annuals love both light and half-shade. When grown in good lighting conditions daisy can be a perennial. The special advantage of these creatures lies in the amazing winter hardiness. The flowering period begins in May-June.
Most often, perennials are grown in the garden with a lifespan of more than two years. Upon reaching a certain age, such flowers continue to develop and form new inflorescences, and not to die, as the annuals do. The root system of representatives of this type is deeply rooted in the soil, due to which flowering occurs for several years in a row. A distinctive feature of such plantations is the ability to quickly adapt to any changes in the environment.
In most cases, representatives of a multi-year group love shade and react badly to contact with sunlight. Many of them freely tolerate low temperatures, but there are also those that require special shelter for the winter, and sometimes even digging to be transported to cool places with temperatures not lower than -5 degrees. Some plants fall off the leaves in winter, while others are able to continue their life cycle all year.
A valuable perennial is zhivuchka. It can be called universal, because it can be both shade-loving and shade-tolerant and light-loving. The plant responds well to moderate humidity and calmly cope with the cold. Flowering occurs in spring or summer. The bush belongs to the low-growing cultures, growing to 10-40 centimeters in height. Zhizuchku can be used as an excellent decoration or live carpet for other greenery.
Another popular flower can be called Goryanka. This shade-loving perennial needs shelter for the winter. It blooms in May-June, but the culture behavior at this time differs by one feature: in May the leaves start to dry and fall off, and until new ones appear (it takes up to one week), the flower loses its decorative value. When flowering looks very beautiful and magnificent.
The hellebore is a shade-loving perennial that grows up to 30-40 centimeters in height. It is characterized by dense leaves and beautiful flowering in April-May. It copes with any frosts and does not show high whimsicalness to the choice of conditions of detention. In most cases, serves as a stylish decoration. A flower can love the strongest shadow and grow in it no worse than light-loving species.
Attention should be paid to the fact that today, many indoor cultures are planted freely in the garden. A vivid example of such plants is everglowing begonia and Waller's balsam. The derived hybrids calmly tolerate the effects of cold weather and the absence of intense lighting.
When grown in the garden, most often used tuberous begonia and calla. Given the unbearable nature, these flowers are able to grow in a strong shade, but for the winter period it is better to transfer them to a house or basement, because frost them extremely dangerous.
There are some indoor plants that need to be transplanted into the open soil for summer time. A similar procedure is better to start after the 20 numbers of May and up to 10 numbers of June. The soil is pre-fertilized with humus, after which a hole is dug and a bush is inserted. It is important to take great care not to accidentally damage the root system of the flower. Replanting the plant, take in places with no aggressive exposure to sunlight.
The following types of plants need a summer transplant from a pot into the open soil:
- certain types of citrus,
The most popular shade-loving and shade-tolerant plants
There are many beautiful plants that feel perfectly in conditions of strong shade. Among them: delicate violets, lovely primroses, colorful tulips, hyacinths, lilies of the valley and many others. It is better to plant such green plantings near shrubs or under trees - they feel especially good there. It is important to understand that representatives of shade-loving and shade-tolerant flowers have time to finally bloom before the leaves open, therefore protection from exposure to direct sunlight should be artificial.
The gorgeous center looks special and graceful, it can transform any shady area in the garden. The blooming of flowering elements takes place on the arcuate stem, and this composition looks simply irresistible.
A very beautiful flower, which gives preference to enhanced shadow, is a bell-flower.
Old-time garden plots are called large-flowered geranium. Culture is considered to be the favorite neighbor of many garden plants. It is distinguished by unpretentiousness in the choice of conditions of detention and care. Duration of flowering reaches a long period, and flowering looks really amazing. The plant boasts many unique properties and virtues.
Japanese anemone received great popularity due to bright beautiful flowers and large-sized leaves, which can effectively complement any darkened area.
A flower with a beautiful name fuchsia lives free to the very cold. Each shaded part of the garden can look even more beautiful with the help of such a plant. With fuchsia aconite gets along well, which also blooms before winter.
A gorgeous shade creature is a watershed. It can bloom bright blue, purple, pink and red flowers, which allows you to create on its basis the most amazing floral arrangements.
The snapdragon plant is characterized by a variety of buds and the ability to grow above one meter.
Conclusion and valuable tips
When choosing suitable crops for growing in a shaded garden, consider the fact that any lack of light is a serious test and stress for all plants. Even the strongest species react poorly to long-term growth in the shade, and some do not tolerate such an environment at all. Based on this feature, when choosing the right species, give preference to proven unpretentious species. For their normal growth and development, you need to take care of moderate watering and compliance with basic rules for care. Planting in open ground is recommended in May, when the probability of night frosts will be zero.
When planting, it is advisable to thoroughly feed the soil composition with organic fertilizers, which are well-proven ready-made mineral complexes based on wood ash, compost, humus and manure. Also, it will not interfere with soil mulching with leaves or peat, and carrying out some work on the arrangement of drainage, which will contribute to the normal movement of moisture to the root system.
Choose flowers for shady areas correctly and responsibly. In this case, planted green "friends" will delight you for many years.
Shade-loving and shade-tolerant flowers - what's the difference?
Often the gardener looks at empty areas of his plot with sadness, not knowing how to transform them. The walls of outbuildings, dense crown of trees, fruit and ornamental shrubs create a certain amount of shade, and most plants simply die from a lack of light. Therefore, a gardener should be aware that there are many flowers that not only tolerate shading, but also grow much worse in the sun.
When picking flowers for shady places, you should carefully read the cultivation agrotechnics, which is indicated on the packaging of the responsible manufacturer. In addition, the shadow is different in intensity.
Stable or deaf, as it is often called, it is when the sun's rays do not make their way to this place throughout the day.
Partial shadow implies shading at some point in time, depending on the position of the daylight.
In the thick shadows can grow a magnificent gorgeous, stonecrop shooter, kupeny. For hellebore, primrose, astilbe, dark geranium, good moisture and nutritive soil will be required. Only in this case they will grow well and develop in shady places.
A diffuse shadow is formed in areas where the sun's rays penetrate the foliage of the trees. This shade is preferable for many plants.
In addition to the degree of shade of the site should take into account the soil moisture and fertility.
Stray shadow created by high plantings, suitable for daylilies and lupins. In such places, peppermint and lemon balm grow well. In addition, some plants are not only not afraid of the shadow, but prefer such places.
This is the difference between shade-tolerant and shade-loving flowers.
Perennials growing in the shade
Most shade-loving and shade-tolerant plants can be found among perennials. A significant part of the bloom occurs in early spring, when the buds on the trees are just beginning to bloom. Therefore, planting shade-loving plants in stem circles not only decorates the dacha, but also significantly saves the area under crops.
One of the few perennials that most fully reveals its decorative qualities precisely in deep shadow. This fact determines the status of the flower - the queen of the shady garden. Although you should make a reservation and note that this does not apply to all varieties of hosts.
On a note. In dense shade, hosts grow more slowly, but form larger leaves. And the plant itself becomes taller and stronger.
At one place a flower can grow for about 20 years, if it will be carried out proper care.
This tall perennial is also shade-loving. Его посадку можно проводить на участках с любой степенью затенённости. Однако необходимо учитывать, что густая тень ослабит обильность цветения. Поэтому место, куда солнце проникает на 2-3 часа утром или вечером будет идеальным вариантом.
Посадка на открытых солнечных местах может привести к ожогу нежной ажурной листвы астильбы. Растению будут необходимы частые поливы и мульчирование почвы.
Violet fragrant, she viola
Ideal for growing in areas with light shading. For a short period, it forms fluffy flowering rugs that transform empty places near trees and shrubs.
Flowers of violets are small, up to 3 cm in diameter, purple or blue, but abundant blooms create the impression of an ever-blue glade
Violet is grown from seeds, and further propagated by dividing the bush, simply cutting the desired part of the plant along with the sod. Transplant carried out before or after flowering. With tenacious roots, violet easily tolerates transplant.
In the spring dividing the bush violet bloom in the same year. Autumn transplantation will allow the flower to form a good root system, and the flower will bloom in the spring of next year.
Choosing a place for this flower is best to opt for a half-shaded area, because the flower does not tolerate direct sunlight.
Aconite bush can reach a height of 1m, and requires division every 3-5 years. The flowers are painted in all shades of blue and lilac.
On a note. All parts of aconite are poisonous. Therefore, work associated with planting a flower should be carried out with gloves.
Unpretentious shade-loving perennial, with large, heart-shaped leaves. Small blue flowers gathered in a whisk. Flowering begins in April and lasts for a month. In nature, it grows in forests, so it can be grown in trees and shrubs in garden plots.
Excellent flower for the penumbra, where the soil is well hydrated and fertile. In such conditions, the plant dissolves many flowers in the form of stars of various colors. They can be white, red, pink and blue. It is necessary to update the planting every 3-4 years, because the decorative qualities of the flower weaken.
And also aquilegia is called a catchment. After the rain or morning dew, the cups of the flower are filled with droplets of water that shimmer with all the colors of the rainbow in the rays of the rising sun.
Perennial creeping plant, which is not afraid of shadow. Early spring, the periwinkle dissolves the purple or blue flowers, with which it is practically strewn.
The shoots of plants are spread out on the ground, spontaneously take root and in a short period form dense flowering glades. In order to prevent a strong growth of plantings, it is necessary to regularly remove excess plants. They are simply cut off from the main part with a shovel or shovel and, together with the turf, are either transplanted to another place or destroyed. As an option: you can share with your neighbors in the country.
Rooting periwinkle passes quickly and painlessly. In principle, this work can be carried out at any warm time of the summer season, as the transplant will be carried out in a shady place, and the plant will not suffer from the sun's rays.
It looks most impressive in shady places when it dismisses white flowers with a delicate scent. After flowering in their place a fruit is formed, a small berry that matures by the end of summer.
On a note. Cute red berry kupeny contains toxic substances. Perhaps, therefore, it is called "wolf berry."
Kupena refers to medicinal plants.
The classic option for filling empty places under the canopy of trees and along fences. The fragile and charming flower possesses quite aggressive properties. A powerful root system allows it to grow very quickly and capture new areas.
To limit its place of growth, you can dig into the ground pieces of slate to a depth of about half a meter. This will not allow the roots to go beyond the designated area.
The most charming primrose with many bright flowers of the most diverse colors. It prefers partial shade, so planting under fruit trees and shrubs will be for them the most successful place.
Primroses bloom almost immediately after the snow melts and bloom until the end of May. At this time, the foliage on the trees is still gaining momentum and let in a sufficient amount of light.
Originally from Central America, where it is cultivated as a perennial. And in the open spaces of Russia, it is grown as an annual crop and propagated by annual sowing of seeds for seedlings. Bright, multi-colored color of rather large flowers will be a worthy decoration of the dacha. In addition, the flowers have the aroma that will accompany the gardener throughout the flowering of fragrant tobacco.
Flowers, in the form of stars (up to 8 cm in diameter), are blue and lilac, crimson and pink, yellow and white. It should be noted that this is the merit of the breeders: in nature fragrant tobacco is found exclusively with the white color of flowers.
Many gardeners believe that the flower has lost its relevance, has become outdated and not very attractive, and it is in vain. Nasturtium is truly universal. Dwarf varieties can be used as a border or ground cover plant, their height is only 15-20 cm.
Curly varieties can reach 2.5 m and look great in vertical gardening. Thickets from nasturtiums along arbors, terraces, and unsightly outbuildings fill the air with a pleasant aroma.
Plants of medium size (height up to half a meter), can be grown in containers - suspended or above ground, under fruit trees and shrubs. The main thing is that the shadow was scattered, not deaf.
Grow nasturtium from seed. Someone resorts to the seedling method, and someone sows them directly into the ground. In any case, it should be remembered that the flower has a superficial and very delicate root system. Therefore, if the gardener wants to get earlier flowers, it is better to use peat containers in order not to injure the plant at the time of transplanting.
Shoots appear in 10-14 days. Young shoots do not tolerate even the slightest drop in temperature, and this must be remembered, sowing seeds immediately in open ground.
Flowers at nasturtium are relatively large, their diameter is 4-5 cm. They can be double, semi-double, simple and have elegant coloring. Pink, salmon, dark red, yellow and bright orange.
Scattered shadow will save nasturtium leaves from burns, and flowers - from burning out.
Another Letnik preferring penumbra. It will grow well under the canopy of garden trees and shrubs. And under the scorching rays of the sun and in an open place, blown by all the winds, the flower can not survive.
Growing garden balsam begins in March, sowing seeds for seedlings. Next, the seedlings go through a stage of diving, and with the arrival of stable heat, the grown bushes are transferred to the open ground.
You can conduct sowing of seeds and directly on the site, but in this case, flowering will occur much later.
Plant care is not complicated. Regular watering and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. Nitrogen-containing substances contribute to the formation of buds.
Garden balsam blooms profusely and for a long time, from the beginning of June to the cold. Terry or simple flowers have a bright rich color. From pink to dark red, from lilac to purple.
Roly wet, as the flower is called in the people, is often grown as a houseplant. But in the conditions of the apartment it should be protected from direct sunlight.
To create charming flower gardens in the shady corners of the garden, you need to be patient and familiarize yourself with the list of flowers for which these places will be the most suitable option.
These are flowers that love the shadow familiar to very many since childhood. It is it that grows in the shade of the forest and if you taste the stalk bed, it will be sweet to the taste. Hence the name of this color. The leaves of this plant with white spots, flowers change color from pink to blue. There are varieties with whole green leaves and various colors of flowers. Plant height is 30 - 40 cm. It can grow strongly and belongs to the ground cover flowers, because the flowers can bloom a lot. Divide and transplant the medunitsa 1 time in 3 years. Belongs to spring flowering plants. Flowering time: April - May.
It looks like ornamental rhubarb and can grow in a shady and wet curb. Finger leaves on long petioles, flowers without petals are collected in fluffy panicles. Refers to perennial and multiplies by dividing the bushes in spring or autumn.
These are tall flowers that love shade in the garden, grow up to 1.8 m in height, compact plants up to 1 meter. Excellent plant for decorating country fences and buildings.
Rogers Care Tips:
- abundantly watered in drought,
- in the fall cut off at the root.
Bordyurny perennial with arcuately curved stems that crowned racemose inflorescences of tiny star-shaped flowers. Fragrant flowers are often replaced by red berries. This plant is for a wooded corner of the garden, which is better not to disturb. And if you decide which flowers grow in the shade, and the shade, similar to the forest, it is uniquely smilatsina, which quickly grows, forming beautiful ornamental shrubs and creates a spiritual landscape design of the site.
The height of flowers is 60 - 90 cm. The best kind for growing in the garden is Smilatsina brush-like, forming large bushes. Flowering period from May to June.
Care tips for smilacin:
- be sure to shade
- spring soil needs to be mulched
- propagated by dividing the bushes in the spring.
Beautiful border perennial and perennial for rock garden with a plant height of 30 cm. Wonderful flowers - medallions hang from arcuate peduncles above the pinnate foliage. These flowers for shade need a protected place for growing: young leaves suffer from the cold wind. These flowers can be planted in the shade of a tree. Flowering time from May to June. Color - pink, mauve, red.
Dicentra care advice:
- the roots of the plant do not lie deep, so the soil around the stems are not loosened.
Host is grown for elegant foliage. This ornamental leaf garden flowers in the shade is the pride of any gardener. Foliage is with longitudinal stripes yellowish or white, bluish - green. The host blooms with paniculate inflorescences, with numerous flowers resembling bells that bloom in June-August. Grows well in partial shade, under the trees. Refers to the border perennials.
Propagated by dividing the bushes and nests in the spring. Plant height 50 cm.
Host Care Tip:
- add organic before planting,
- the soil at the landing site of the host must be well drained,
- protect the plant from slugs.
There are different types of violets, which are also called pansies. But, if you select a list for the garden, from the category of what flowers bloom in the shade, then you need a perennial violet. It:
- Viola fragrant Viola odorata - 10 - 15 cm. White or blue color. Fragrant. Flowers are 2 cm in diameter. It blooms in May.
- Viola horned Viola cornuta - 20 cm. Lilac. Blooming all summer from May to September.
- Violet Labrador Viola labradorica - 10 cm. Violet - blue. It blooms in spring at the beginning of summer.
- Violet yellow Viola lutea and two-flowered Viola biflora - 10 cm. Yellow. It blooms in May - June.
Perennial violets necessarily need a shadow. Faded buds should be regularly removed. The plant is protected from slugs. In drought, watering is necessary.
There are perennial and annual phlox. And both species, which flowers like a light shade. Bloom profusely in the second half of summer. Dwarf species of perennial phlox species are grown in rock gardens.
Phlox bloom inflorescences of small bell-shaped flowers, the total size of the inflorescences reaches 10 cm in diameter. Flowers with rounded or pointed petals. More popular modern varieties like Phlox Drummond ‘Tapestry Mixed’ are more compact and have a brighter color than older varieties. The height of perennial plants is 50–80 cm, annual phlox reach 20–50 cm.
- when planting they make organic fertilizers in the soil,
- spring soil around the bushes mulch,
- if necessary, tie stalks,
- watered moderately
- at the end of autumn, perennial phloxes should be cut at the root.
Perfectly feels in an easy partial shade on a site. Requires fertile soil. Therefore, before planting astilbe need to make organic. Spectacular paniculate inflorescences can be left on the bush until autumn. Cirro-dissected leaves in spring often acquire a copper hue. In drought it is necessary to water the plants. There are drought-resistant species - this is Chinese astilba.
A fairly tall plant - 90 cm, can grow in the background or middle plan of the flower bed. Used as a border perennial and perennial for rock garden. It is necessary to plant these flowers in the shade.
Bulb primrose. Small graceful flowers - heralds of spring. It blooms in early spring, one of the first in the garden, in April - May.
The snowdrop looks like a white-flowered flower, but it has three inner “petals” with green tips, and three outer ones are pure white. Low-growing flower, height about 15 - 20 cm. Loves humus-rich soil and light shade. These lovely flowers should be planted in the shade.
Shade-loving ground cover plant grown for flowers and berries. Characteristic trifoliate leaves can decorate a shady garden and create an atmospheric corner.
Strawberries grow quickly and can drown out weaker plants. It blooms in May - June, at the end of June - July the most delicious and fragrant berries ripen. Suitable for creating a spicy vegetable garden. Plant height 10 cm - 20 cm.
Traditional watersheds have white or blue flowers with short spurs. Now cultivated with long spurs, terry, and dwarf for rock garden.
These are flowers that love shade and bloom in the shade in the first half of summer, from May to June. For prolonged flowering, you need to remove the flowers that have faded and watered abundantly in drought. Grow well in constantly wet and shady places.
Propagated by seeds that can be sown directly in open ground in spring or divide overgrown perennial bushes.
These flowers blooming in light shade appear in the middle of summer, above the rosettes of belt-like leaves on long peduncles. Each flower lives only 1 day, but communication bloom plants lasts for many weeks.
Unpretentious, easy to grow a plant. Requires watering in drought, can grow along the banks of reservoirs and along the house. The height of the plant is 90 cm. The color of the flowers is yellow, orange, dark red. A perennial plant that propagates by dividing the bushes.
15. Begonia ever flowering and begonia species with tubers
Begonia ever flowering, usually grown as an annual, which grows well in partial shade. The color of the rounded fleshy leaves varies from pale green to chocolate brown. The size of the flowers can vary from 2 to 15 cm. The color varies from white to almost black. When planting begonias make compost in the beds. Planted in late June (not in May!) Begonia blooms, which loves the shade from June to September.
Almost every summer cottage will not interfere with climbing plants for the north side of the house. It is here that a deep shadow is formed, little is growing, and in spite of this, one really wants to plant trees on that particular part. There are not many climbing plants that can be planted on the north side of the house and they will feel good there. The unpretentious evergreen liana - ivy concerns to such. Ivy does not harm trees and buildings and can grow strongly.
Read the topic:
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A good housewife doesn’t lose anything, everything goes on course! Therefore, indoor plants grow like yeast. And indoor flowers bloom - there is no place more beautiful! And fertilizing home flowers helps people in this.
When to dive petunia after germination.
If you sowed seeds of petunias on seedlings at the end of February, then in about 7 to 10 days the seeds will hatch and seedlings will appear. The first cotyledon leaves appear. A week later, you can open the roofs.
Landscaping in front of the house.
Proper design of the site in front of the house makes it possible to draw the line between the common street and private ownership. At the same time, it serves as a home decoration. Therefore, he needs to be given enough c.
Flower beds near the house - 18 beautiful flower beds near the house.
The most spectacular and long blooming crops that can tolerate partial shade
Below are the flowers that really bloom brightly for partial shade, partial or diffused shadow:
- Day-lily - many spectacular hybrid varieties for abundant flowering require good lighting, but in nature this plant grows on the forest edges, that is, in partial shading, so it is quite possible to create a flowering flower bed in the shade, if you choose the right variety - especially beautiful in partial shading (in the morning - the sun, in the afternoon - a light shadow) varieties of dark shades (red-black, purple-black, purple) look, they fade in the sun and quickly fade. In terms of flowering there are different groups, the duration of flowering is about a month, but you can combine different varieties and get a long-blooming flower bed.
- Delphinium - for abundant flowering, good lighting in the morning and shadow starting at noon. Blooms from the beginning of June to the end of Julyafter proper trimming by the end of August bloom again.
- Reymaniah — blooms all summer, feels fine in partial shade, flowers like foxglove, only brighter and larger, rather rare plant, though unfairly.
- Pansies — этот очаровательный летник растет как на солнце, так и в полутени. На солнце цветы крупнее и ярче, но зато в полутени цветение будет более длительным. Сроки цветения можно варьировать на свое усмотрение (посевом семян в различный период).
- Бальзамин — растение плохо переносит попадание прямых солнечных лучей, нуждается только в рассеянном свете. Цветет from July until frost.
- Ever-blooming begonia - requires a bright but diffused light, it can fade in the direct sun, it blooms all the time, grown in the open ground by seedlings as an annual.
- Sweet Tobacco - flowers from June to frosts. Loves well lit places, but light partial shade is acceptable.
- Astilba - blooms in June-July, about a month, loves a thin soft shadow. Flowers-panicles are very spectacular, there are lots of varieties. The appearance of the plant - elegant, feminine, bright.
- Astrantia - the period of flowering depends on the variety, but it is one of the most long-playing plants, some varieties bloom from June to the end of September, it feels good in the sun, in partial shade, and even in full shade (only in strongly shaded places, the flowering will not be so bright), it grows well under the trees.
- Mimulus - in direct sun can burn, the best place is well lit, but with partial shading. It blooms with original flowers, resembling orchids, in two waves - in spring and autumn.
Astilbe and Host ‘Sun Power’
Medicinal, spicy, aromatic herbs feel good in the penumbra:
- Radiola pink,
- perennial bows,
- Lemon balm.
Of bulbous well tolerate the lack of lighting:
- White flowers.
- Scylla (scilla).
Tulips, primroses, pansies.
Plants that love light, but may feel good in partial penumbra
That is, these plants can produce abundant flowering in a flower bed, for example, from the west or east side of the house, where the light only falls part of the day. If they are planted on such a plot, then you should treat them as capricious, and provide very good other conditions (correct soil, watering, fertilizing). All these plants bloom brightly and long:
- Mac Cay
- Sweet pea.
- Carnation grenadine.
- The bell is medium and large-flowered.
Flowering plants for thick shade
These are plants for a shade where the direct sun never gets. They will feel good in the shade of buildings, even from the northern side, under the dense crown of trees, near the fence:
- Aquilegia (catchment) – blooms in June and July. The flowering time can be extended if the faded flowers are torn off, not allowing them to tie seed boxes.
- Aconite. Almost all species grow well in partial shade, curly aconite feels great in the shade. Duration of flowering different - 20 to 60 days depending on the type. Extremely poisonous!
- Brunner - blooms in the spring, with good care may re-bloom in the fall.
- Scented violet.
- Primula ordinary.
- May lily of the valley.
- Violet fragrant.
- Cardiac tiarca.
- Nard gorgeous.
- Upper spring spring.
- Fragrant ashberry.
- Carnation Turkish.
- Cornflower mountain.
- Doronikum East.
- Garden geranium.
- Siberian Irises.
Variegated lily of the valley and astilba.
Shadow under the trees
Some tree species create a light shadow of openwork, but at the same time the soil is very dry and this factor must be taken into account, because most shade-tolerant crops prefer moisture. In shade and dryness grow well:
- kupena broadleaf,
- forest anemone.
- spring primrose,
- garden geranium red-brown or Balkan.
Under the pine, where sandy or sandy soil:
Trees and shrubs for shady areas
Compositions may require shade-tolerant trees and shrubs:
- cypress pea fruit,
- thuja is western,
- Korean fir,
- Juniper Cossack,
- elder black,
- turf white,
Most popular for shady areas:
- round-leaved pliers - versatile, growing in good light, and in the shade, and in partial shade. However, in the dense shadow does not bear fruit,
- actinidia colomikta - beautiful ornamental leaves of variegated changing color,
- ivy - grows well even with strong shading.
This applies even to such a spectacular culture as clematis. Many large-flowered hybrids like coolness, no higher than 25 degrees, and light or shade is secondary for them and the shadow may even be preferable if it gives coolness.
Gaulteriya (with red berries), skimmia, freezers and ivy.
Spectacular krupnomery for a shadow with expressive foliage:
- Rogersia - blooms for a month from mid-July to mid-August. It has exotic leaves, decorative all season and especially beautiful in autumn.
- Buzulnik - blooms about a month, in August. Powerful, juicy, sculptural plant.
- Bergenia - flowering depends on the variety, some varieties have an incredibly resistant flowering - up to 2 months. Textured appearance, fleshy round leaves. Ideal conditions for culture - partial shade.
- Volzhanka - blooms for about a month in the middle of summer with spectacular panicles. Openwork foliage. The plant is elegant, elegant, elegant, lush.
- Geicher - landing guidelines vary widely. In any case, varieties with dark leaf color feel great with strong shading, lighter ones need light penumbra. The appearance of the plant is exotic, bright, vibrating.
- Khosta - classic shaded areas. Decorative all season of vegetation. It goes well with any other plants, has a lot of shapes and colors, which are good in single plantings and compositions.
- Chistets Byzantine - likes good lighting, but also grows well in partial shade. It attracts the attention of pubescent, woolen leaves bluish-gray.
- Pahizandra - frost-resistant semi-shrub up to 25-35 cm. Flowering inexpressive, but valued for dense decorative, not changing its appearance throughout the year foliage.
- Gaultería - an evergreen ground cover shrub 10–15 cm tall, blooms with exquisite white flowers in June-August, then the plant is decorated with spectacular bright edible fruits, which last until late spring. Feels great under the trees.
- White eyed - beautiful white-green foliage, the plant is very unpretentious.
- Mother of thousands - the leaves are like ivy leaves, beautiful “wrecked” flowers appear on the plant from June until frost.
- European claw - has juicy fleshy large and dense leaves in the form of a claw, creates a dense covering.
- Lamia - very beautiful silvery leaves, bright spongy flowers. He likes good lighting, but sparse, optimal places - those where the western or eastern sun falls.
Hosta, geraniums, ash trees.
Container garden in the shade
Shade-tolerant plants that do not hibernate in the open field in the middle lane, but you can plant them in pots and create a flower bed. If desired, they can prikopat so that the pot was not visible. If there is an opportunity to tinker with digging for the winter, they can be planted in the open ground for the summer, although this is rare for the middle zone. All the plants listed below are decorative all summer and do not tolerate direct sunlight. The best place for them is the penumbra or the eastern windows:
- Scimmy - shrub, leathery glossy foliage, bright inflorescences all year round.
- Coleus - Direct scorching rays of the sun does not like. Highly decorative all summer.
- Begonias - both tuberous and ever flowering need bright scattered light, but not the scorching sun.
- Caladiums - in the West, they are actively grown in the open field, in a middle zone, only in pot culture. The leaves are insanely beautiful.
- Fuchsia - needs no introduction. Charming in the standard form. It blooms from spring to late autumn, feels good in partial shade.
- Torenia - blooms all summer. It requires good lighting, but does not like the direct midday sun.
To create a flower bed in the shade that blooms all summer, you can competently “mix” plants with different, albeit short, flowering periods.
For example, the composition for a very wet penumbra:
- Kaluznitsa - low bushes, 30-40 cm, blooms in early spring, from late April to May, for 2-3 weeks. There are terry varieties.
- Garden geranium. The best views for the shadow: Himalayan, marsh, meadow.
In the photo Kaluzhnitsa Terry - Caltha palustris ‘Flore Pleno’
Top 10 shade-tolerant colors on video
Overview of ornamental plants for the shadow from the channel HitSadTV. The original presentation of the material - in the form of a rating with the winners and losers. Of course, the places are determined by the opinion of the editors of the channel. The more interesting to make your own rating of the most beautiful shade-tolerant crops.